Futurity

Can democracy survive without a middle class?

The Constitution of the United States "wasn't designed for a country with significant economic inequality," warns law professor Ganesh Sitaraman.

Preserving the middle-class in America is necessary for the United States to continue as a democracy, warns Ganesh Sitaraman.

“The shrinking middle class is a constitutional problem because our Constitution wasn’t designed for a country with significant economic inequality,” says Sitaraman, a law professor at Vanderbilt University and author of a new book, The Crisis of the Middle-Class Constitution: Why Economic Inequality Threatens Our Republic (Penguin Random House, 2017).

The problem of economic inequality is nothing new.

“From the time of the ancients, statesmen and philosophers were deeply worried about the problem of economic inequality,” Sitaraman says. “They worried that either the rich would oppress the poor or the poor would seek to confiscate the wealth of the rich, and the result would be violence, instability, even revolution.”

Throughout history, governments used various methods to create stability, such as having bodies of government representing different economic classes.

But, the United States doesn’t have these features, because the founding era was relatively equal economically. With no feudalism, no hereditary aristocracy, and vast lands to the West, the founders built the Constitution on the basis of relative economic equality. The problem today, Sitaraman argues, is that there is a growing gulf between the affluent and everybody else.

If the United States is to continue as a republic, it will be necessary to revive the middle class. Steps such as raising the minimum age, investing more in education, making voting more convenient, and campaign finance reform would help, he says.

If the issue isn’t addressed, the middle class will continue to shrink and Sitaraman believes the United States will cease to exist as a democracy.

“You’d end up with an oligarchy or revolution and mob rule, and both of those things were not what the founders wanted when they were trying to create a representative democracy in America.”

Source: Vanderbilt University

The post Can democracy survive without a middle class? appeared first on Futurity.

More from Futurity

Futurity2 min readScience
7 Signs Your Child’s Snoring Warrants Seeing The Doctor
Many children may snore at some point in their lives, especially during bouts of colds or when their allergies are acting up. It’s often a passing phase, but how do parents know if it’s an issue requiring treatment? The answer often lies in what happ
Futurity2 min read
Airbnb Doesn’t Boost Business In Black Or Hispanic Areas
Tourism activity in areas with a rise in Airbnb rentals could mean increased activity at other businesses like restaurants—unless those neighborhoods are predominantly black or Hispanic, a new study suggests. “Airbnb has made repeated claims that it
Futurity2 min read
Energy-making Gold Specks May Boost Solar Storage
Star-shaped gold nanoparticles, coated with a semiconductor, can produce hydrogen from water over four times more efficiently than other methods—and could lead to better ways to store solar energy, a new study shows. The discovery could also lead to