History Revealed

EVERYTHING YOU WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE

Q: What would you say are the three biggest turning points in the history of medicine?

A: Every historian will have different thoughts on this, but I would say inoculation for smallpox, which made its way to Europe and the US in the 18th century. The West was pretty late to the party, though, as inoculation had already been taking place in Asia and Africa for a long time. Smallpox ravaged through populations, so the idea that human intervention could actually change lives was a really important milestone.

The next game-changer was germ theory in the 19th century – the discovery that germs cause disease. And the third turning point I would choose was the advent of contraception. The ability to make pregnancy a choice rather than a happenstance was really significant, and that started to become a more widely publicised thing in the early 19th century.

Q: Do you think it’s fair to say that the history of medicine has been one of steady progress and continual improvement?

I don’t think it’s necessarily been a steady upward trajectory to

Вы читаете отрывок, зарегистрируйтесь, чтобы читать полное издание.

Другое от: History Revealed

History Revealed3 мин. чтенияInternational Relations
Conflict Within
In the wake of the October Revolution, Vladimir Lenin’s Bolshevik government was not universally recognised, and Russia was plunged into a bitter civil war. The Red Army, founded by Leon Trotsky, sought to defend what the revolution had achieved, whi
History Revealed7 мин. чтенияWorld
The Final Countdown
After the fall of the tsarist regime in March 1917, Russian society was anything but settled. Along with turmoil on the battlefields and economic unrest on the home front, there was little consensus on the shape of political advancement. The Provisio
History Revealed2 мин. чтения
BOOKS & PODCASTS
By Kate Vigurs Yale University Press, £20, hardback, 352 pages The World War II exploits of the Special Operations Executive (SOE) – a secret organisation tasked with espionage, sabotage and aiding the resistance in occupied Europe – continue to fas