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The HP Way: How Bill Hewlett and I Built Our Company

The HP Way: How Bill Hewlett and I Built Our Company

Автором David Packard

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The HP Way: How Bill Hewlett and I Built Our Company

Автором David Packard

оценки:
4.5/5 (9 оценки)
Длина:
245 pages
3 hours
Издатель:
Издано:
Oct 15, 2013
ISBN:
9780062326553
Формат:
Книге

Описание

In the fall of 1930, David Packard left his hometown of Pueblo, Colorado, to enroll at Stanford University, where he befriended another freshman, Bill Hewlett. After graduation, Hewlett and Packard decided to throw their lots in together. They tossed a coin to decide whose name should go first on the notice of incorporation, then cast about in search of products to sell.

Today, the one-car garage in Palo Alto that housed their first workshop is a California historic landmark: the birthplace of Silicon Valley. And Hewlett-Packard has produced thousands of innovative products for millions of customers throughout the world. Their little company employs 98,400 people and boasts constantly increasing sales that reached $25 billion in 1994.

While there are many successful companies, there is only one Hewlett-Packard, because from the very beginning, Hewlett and Packard had a way of doing things that was contrary to the prevailing management strategies. In defining the objectives for their company, Packard and Hewlett wanted more than profits, revenue growth and a constant stream of new, happy customers.

Hewlett-Packard's success owes a great deal to many factors, including openness to change, an unrelenting will to win, the virtue of sustained hard work and a company-wide commitment to community involvement. As a result, HP now is universally acclaimed as the world's most admired technology company; its wildly successful approach to business has been immortalized as The HP Way.

In this book, David Packard tells the simple yet extraordinary story of his life's work and of the truly exceptional company that he and Bill Hewlett started in a garage 55 years ago.

Издатель:
Издано:
Oct 15, 2013
ISBN:
9780062326553
Формат:
Книге

Об авторе

With Bill Hewlett, David Packard was cofounder of the Hewlett-Packard Company. In September 1993, he retired as chairman of the board and was named chairman emeritus. He served in that position until his death on March 26, 1996.


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The HP Way - David Packard

Dedication

This book is dedicated

to the memory of

Flora Hewlett and Lucile Packard.

Their steadfast encouragement and

their active participation in

the early years of our company

were the genesis of the HP Way.

Contents

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

FOREWORD by JIM COLLINS

Speech by DAVE PACKARD to HP Managers

PROLOGUE

Chapter 1

Pueblo to Stanford

Chapter 2

Friendship with Hewlett

Chapter 3

Garage Becomes Workshop

Chapter 4

Gaining More Space

Chapter 5

From Partnership to Corporation

Chapter 6

Growth from Profit

Chapter 7

Commitment to Innovation

Chapter 8

Listening to Customers

Chapter 9

Trust in People

Chapter 10

Growing the Organization

Chapter 11

Managing the Organization

Chapter 12

Responsibility to Society

EPILOGUE

Appendix 1

Historical Highlights of Hewlett-Packard Company

Appendix 2

Product Innovation at HP

Appendix 3

Vintage Charts

INDEX

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

CREDITS

COPYRIGHT

ABOUT THE PUBLISHER

Acknowledgments

This book was edited by Dave Kirby and Karen Lewis, who provided invaluable assistance in this role.

Many other people provided assistance to me, without which the book might never have been written. Among them, I especially wish to thank Al Bagley, Bill Terry, Dick Hackborn, Barney Oliver, Art Fong, Dick Were, and my personal secretary, Gretchen Dennis, who helped to put it all together. I’d like also to acknowledge the assistance of Margaret Paull, my secretary at the company.

The accuracy in this record is largely their contribution; the errors are fully my responsibility.

In the section about my involvement as the U.S. deputy secretary of defense, I have included only those activities that involved applying the HP Way in the DOD and some of the important management changes involving the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs.

Foreword to The HP Way by Jim Collins

On August 23, 1937, two recently-graduated engineers met to consider the idea of founding a new company. They put their thoughts to paper, beginning with a general statement about design and manufacture of products in the electrical engineering field, followed by a startling statement: The question of what to manufacture was postponed . . .

Later, they brainstormed ideas, making a long list of product possibilities. They considered phonograph amplifiers. They considered air conditioning controls. They considered television receivers, welding equipment, and public address systems. They even considered medical equipment (making a special point to avoid quackery). So long as they could make a technical contribution, any product would be fair game to get the company out of the garage. In the months after that first meeting, the young engineers kept their start-up alive with contract projects, including an electronic shock jiggle machine to help people lose weight. Finally, they hit upon the audio oscillator and sold eight units to Walt Disney, earning the company its first substantial revenues.

In teaching a class on entrepreneurship at the Stanford Graduate School of Business in the early 1990s, I would start the first class session by reading the founding notes from the 1937 meeting, careful to disguise the names of the founders. Then I’d challenge my students: Rate this start-up on a scale of 1 to 10, and jot down strengths and weaknesses of their approach. The average score would be about a 3, my MBA students blasting the founders for lack of focus, lack of a great idea, lack of a clear market, lack of just about everything that would earn a passing grade in a business plan class. Then I’d say, Oh, one more little detail. The names of the founders were Bill Hewlett and David Packard.

The students sat in stunned silence. How could this be? But we’re taught that you need a clear understanding of how you will create competitive advantage—a great idea for launching an enterprise.

But they had a great idea—the ultimate source of competitive advantage—if you can just see it, I’d push back. What might that be? After ten or fifteen minutes, someone would likely voice the key point: Bill Hewlett and David Packard’s greatest product was not the audio oscillator, the pocket calculator, or the minicomputer. Their greatest product was the Hewlett-Packard Company and their greatest idea was The HP Way.

This wonderful book, which David Packard wrote shortly before his death, outlines the history of the company and the development of the HP Way. The HP Way reflects the personal core values of Bill Hewlett and David Packard, and the translation of those values into a comprehensive set of operating practices, cultural norms, and business strategies. The point is not that every company should necessarily adopt the specifics of the HP Way, but that Hewlett and Packard exemplify the power of building a company based on a framework of principles. The core essence of the HP Way consists of five fundamental precepts.* 1) The Hewlett-Packard company exists to make a technical contribution, and should only pursue opportunities consistent with this purpose; 2) The Hewlett-Packard company demands of itself and its people superior performance—profitable growth is both a means and a measure of enduring success; 3) The Hewlett-Packard company believes the best results come when you get the right people, trust them, give them freedom to find the best path to achieve objectives, and let them share in the rewards their work makes possible; 4) The Hewlett-Packard company has a responsibility to contribute directly to the well-being of the communities in which its operates; 5) Integrity, period.

Today, we take the tenets of the HP Way almost for granted, but when first formulated, they were visionary—indeed, quite radical for the times. In 1949, David Packard, attended a gathering of business leaders. As the day wore on, Packard became increasingly frustrated with the parochial, small-minded perspective of his fellow CEOs. Peering down from his 6’ 5 frame, the 37 year-old Packard voiced a contrary view: A company has a responsibility beyond making a profit for stockholders; it has a responsibility to recognize the dignity of its employees as human beings, to the well-being of its customers, and to the community at large. Packard later reflected in a 1964 Colorado College commencement speech: I was surprised and shocked that not a single person at that meeting agreed with me. While they were reasonably polite in their disagreement, it was quite evident they firmly believed I was not one of them, and obviously not qualified to manage an important enterprise."

Hewlett and Packard rejected the idea that a company exists merely to maximize profits. I think many people assume, wrongly, that a company exists simply to make money, Packard extolled to a group of HP managers on March 8, 1960. While this is an important result of a company’s existence, we have to go deeper to find the real reasons for our being. He then laid down the cornerstone concept of the HP Way: contribution. Do our products offer something unique—be it a technical contribution, a level of quality, a problem solved—to our customers? Are the communities in which we operate stronger and the lives of our employees better than they would be without us? Are people’s lives improved because of what we do? If the answer to any these questions is no, then Packard and Hewlett would deem HP a failure, no matter how much money the company returned to its shareholders.

Most entrepreneurs pursue the question How can I succeed? From day one, Packard and Hewlett pursued a different question: What can we contribute? and thereby HP attained extraordinary success. This success, in turn, enabled them to invest even more in making a contribution, which produced even greater success, which led to increased contribution, which created even greater success. This virtuous cycle eventually enabled Packard and Hewlett to personally contribute at levels far beyond what they would have dared to imagine as young men. In 1995, Packard attended a dinner at Stanford University. Former engineering dean Jim Gibbons mentioned to Packard that, by his rough calculation, he and Hewlett had donated on a present-value basis as much to Stanford as Jane and Leland Stanford had given to fund the university. As Gibbons related in the June 1996 issue of Stanford magazine, Packard showed something he rarely allowed: a moment of visible pride. It passed quickly, and all Packard said was, That’s very interesting. Later, upon his death, Packard bequeathed nearly all of his $5.6 billion estate to a charitable foundation.

But if you were to think of David Packard and the HP Way as being all about benevolence and charity, you would be terribly mistaken. Packard and Hewlett demanded performance, and if you could not deliver, the HP Way held no place for you. In 1978, Bill Krause, then an HP marketing manager (and later chairman of 3COM), gave a presentation to HP senior management on customer satisfaction issues in the computer division. Eight years before, Krause had been laid up for months in the hospital following a car crash, and Packard personally called to assure Krause that his job was secure. According to Krause’s account in the San Jose Mercury News (March 27, 1996), David Packard showed a much tougher side when he interrupted Krause’s explanations for less-than-stellar performance. Customer satisfaction second to none is the only acceptable goal, admonished Packard. If you cannot lead your organization to achieve that goal, I’m sure we can find someone who can.

Therein we find the hidden DNA of the HP Way: the genius of the And. Make a technical contribution and meet customer needs. Take care of your people and demand results. Set unwavering standards and allow immense operating flexibility. Achieve growth and achieve profitability. Limit growth to arenas of distinctive contribution and create new arenas of growth through innovation. Never compromise integrity and always win in your chosen fields. Contribute to the community and deliver exceptional shareholder returns. Behind these specifics lies the biggest And of all, the principle that underpins every truly great company: preserve the core and stimulate progress.

Any great social enterprise—whether it be a great company, a great university, a great religious institution, or a great nation—exemplifies a duality of continuity and change. On the one hand, it is guided by a set of core values and fundamental purpose that change little over time, while on the other hand, it stimulates progress—change, improvement, innovation, renewal—in all that is not part of the core guiding philosophy. In a great company, core values remain fixed while operating practices, cultural norms, strategies, tactics, processes, structures, and methods continually change in response to changing realities. Lose your core values, and you lose your soul; refuse to change your practices, and the world will pass you by. Those who build the most iconic and enduring institutions know the difference between what is truly sacred and what is not, between what should never change and what should be always open for change, between what we stand for and how we do things.

HP struggled in the 1990s in part because it confused operating practices with core values. A consensus decision style is not an HP core value. A job for life is not an HP core value. Engineering-driven is not an HP core value. MBWA is not an HP core value. People at HP began to believe that the culture, the practices, the traditions themselves were sacred which—ironically—obscured the enduring essence of the HP Way. As HP struggled with the tension between preserving core values and changing cultural practices, it found itself outflanked by faster moving competitors.

Then in the late 1990s and early 2000s, HP veered off course, making a series of decisions incompatible (in my judgment) with the fundamental precepts that made the company great in the first place. HP brought in a charismatic CEO from the outside and embarked on a costly acquisition whose success depended largely upon a market share and cost cutting arguments, not unique technical contribution. Whether the HP-Compaq merger proves to be a success remains to be seen, although the verdict of history from similar mergers indicates low odds. Even if HP were to beat the odds and emerge with a substantial financial return on the Compaq deal, I do not think that David Packard would have been pleased at all with the state of HP in early 2005.

Yet the ultimate test of a great company is not the absence of difficulty, but the ability to recover from setbacks—even self-inflicted wounds—stronger than before. Any company can fall from great to good if it ceases to live its core values or if it refuses to change its practices, but equally, a company can return to greatness by reigniting its core values with imaginative new practices. Will HP become great again? I don’t know. Can it? Yes, absolutely. And it can do so first and foremost by embracing not the forms, but the enduring spirit of the HP Way.

Jim Collins

Boulder, Colorado

May 31, 2005

During the corrosive debate over the Compaq merger, the HP leadership at the time persistently portrayed itself as doing exactly what Dave Packard would have done. As an antidote to this dubious clairvoyance, I published a full-page ad in the Wall Street Journal (March 15, 2002) reprinting a wonderful speech my father gave in 1960 to a group of HP managers. My father’s own words, delivered on the job, seemed to me the best evidence for his business philosophy.

    The speech was informal and obviously not intended for publication. At my suggestion, Collins has reproduced it here exactly as my father wrote it.

—David W. Packard      

June 12, 2005      

Speech by Dave Packard to HP Managers

March 8, 1960

I’m glad to have this opportunity to get together with you and discuss how each of us can do our job more efficiently because as the company grows I think this is going to be crucial in determining whether we are able to continue to grow and keep an efficient organization and maintain the character of our company which we think is important. I am going to speak about things in general, hopefully to give you an idea of our overall objectives. I’m not going into much detail because I am sure others will do that.

I want to discuss why a company exists in the first place. In other words, why are we here? I think many people assume, wrongly, that a company exists simply to make money. While this is an important result of a company’s existence, we have to go deeper and find the real reasons for our being. As we investigate this, we inevitably come to the conclusion that a group of people get together and exist as an institution that we call a company so they are able to accomplish something collectively which they could not accomplish separately. They are able to do something worthwhile—they make a contribution to society (a phrase which sounds trite but is fundamental). In the last few years more and more business people have begun to recognize this, have stated it and finally realized this is their true objective. You can look around and still see people who are interested in money and nothing else, but the underlying drives come largely from a desire to do something else—to make a product—to give a service—generally to do something which is of value.

So with that in mind let us discuss why the Hewlett-Packard Company exists. I think it is obvious that we started this company because Bill and I, and some of those working with us in the early days, felt that we were able to design and make instruments which were not as yet available. I believe that our company has grown over the years for that very reason. Working together we have been able to provide for the technical people, our customers, things which are better than they were able to get anywhere else. The real reason for our existence is that we provide something which is unique.

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  • (5/5)
    Creative of course, excellent learner is being read between the lines, great tips about management.
  • (4/5)
    A very good read, the book's written straight from the Founders heart and he does a fantastic job of articulating the company's story, ethics, and values. It's a business-centric storytelling without too much focus on the timeline. The only sad part is that the company today is not reflective of its past beliefs, values, and innovation.

    HP truly deserves to be in the pantheon of tech giants that paved the path to Silicon Valley and rightfully so.