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Skin and Facial Care

Skin and Facial Care

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Skin and Facial Care

оценки:
3.5/5 (4 оценки)
Длина:
118 страниц
2 часа
Издатель:
Издано:
13 нояб. 2012 г.
ISBN:
9781301410217
Формат:
Книга

Описание

Many people neglect skin care, believing it to be an unimportant part of their lives (at least until damage begins to show). But believe me, skin care, especially facial skin, needs extra care and pampering. From acne to wrinkles, Skin and Facial Care is an invaluable resource for anyone concerned about the state of his or her skin.
Read about: general notions, pimples, black dots, the freckles, the wrinkles, cosmetic procedures, cosmetic products, and hygiene.
Beauty and skin care go hand in hand, especially for those who want to show off their best with confidence.

Издатель:
Издано:
13 нояб. 2012 г.
ISBN:
9781301410217
Формат:
Книга

Об авторе

My Ebook Publishing House was founded as part of a large project, developed to bring you quality education materials. The publishing policy is guided by professionalism and follows the educational needs of our youth. The prestige that the publishing house has reached for the last years is emphasised by the large number of people that purchase its books as well as by the constant interest for libraries and educational institutions. We invite you to join us in the wonderful world of books!


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Skin and Facial Care - My Ebook Publishing House

Skin and Facial Care

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Published by My Ebook Publishing House at Smashwords

Copyright 2013 My Ebook Publishing House

Smashwords Edition, License Notes

This ebook is licensed for your personal enjoyment only. This ebook may not be re-sold or given away to other people. If you would like to share this book with another person, please purchase an additional copy for each recipient. If you’re reading this book and did not purchase it, or it was not purchased for your use only, then please return to Smashwords.com and purchase your own copy. Thank you for respecting the hard work of this author.

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Other Titles from My Ebook Publishing House:

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Table of Contents

I. GENERALITIES

1.THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE SKIN

2.FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE HEALTH OF THE SKIN

3.THE IMPORTANCE OF KNOWING THE NATURE OF THE COMPLEXION

4.THE INFLUENCE OF THE VARIOUS DISEASES OVER THE SKIN

II. SOME UNAESTHETIC ASPECTS OF THE SKIN

5.PIMPLES

6.BLACK DOTS

7.THE FRECKLES

8.THE WRINKLES

9.COPEROSIS

10.THE EXTRA HAIR

III. COSMETIC PROCEDURES

11.THE FACIAL MASSAGE

12.THE FACIAL GYMNASTICS

13.THE COSMETIC MASKS

14.THE MASKS DESTINED FOR THE OILY SKIN

15.THE MASKS DESTINED FOR THE DRY SKIN

16.THE BRUSHING OF THE CHEEK

17.THE STEAM BATH

IV. COSMETIC PRODUCTS

18.CREAMS

19.THE LOTIONS

20.THE ROYAL JELLY

21.THE DAIRY PRODUCTS USED IN COSMETICS

22.THE HONEY IN COSMETICS

23.THE USE OF FRUITS, VEGETABLES, PLANTS

V. THE FACE HYGIENE IN DIFFERENT SITUATIONS

24.METHODS FOR CLEANSING THE DRY COMPLEXION

25.CLEANSING OR MAKEUP REMOVAL OF THE CHEEK

26.THE CLEANSING CREAMS

27.METHODS OF CLEANING THE OILY SKIN

28.THE EMULSIONS

29.THE SOAP

30.THE WASHING WATER

31.THE CARE OF THE NORMAL AND COMBINED COMPLEXION

32.THE CARE FOR THE DRY COMPLEXION

33.THE CARE FOR THE OILY COMPLEXION

34.THE CARE OF THE CHEEK IN THE SPRING AND SUMMER

35.PROTECTING THE FACE IN THE COLD SEASON

36.THE TEMPORARY TREATMENTS (REMEDIES) FOR DIFFERENT OCCASIONS

37.CARING THE NECK

38.CARING THE EYES

39.CARING THE NOSE

40.THE TANNING

41.THE RATIONAL USE OF MAKEUP

42.THE HYGIENE OF SHAVING

43.PRESERVING AND KEEPING THE COSMETIC PRODUCTS AND TOILET OBJECTS

I. GENERALITIES

1. THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE SKIN

To be able to care as rationally as possible our skin it is necessary to possess a baggage of elementary knowledge about the structure and the functions of the skin. The skin has a complex structure, being consisted from three layers: epidermis, dermis and the hypoderm. The epidermis, the surface layer, is formed out of more layers:

-The deepest layer, the germinating layer or basal, is formed from elongated cells, of cylindrical shape, which form by continuous division other newer cells. The older cells are always pushed to the surface of the skin, where they form the external layer also called stratum corneum, which comes in contact with the environment;

-Stratum corneum is resistant to the action of the atmospheric, chemical and mechanical factors, especially because his cells are impregnated with a substance called keratin. This layer is continuously scaling. The dead cells come undone and fall, being replaced with new ones. In twenty four hours it is scaled between six and fourteen grams of horned cells. The thickness of the horned layer differs from a region to another of the body (for example, in the region of the soles and palms it is much thicker).

Under the epidermis lies the dermis, a layer formed of connective tissue, in which are found the blood vessels, nerve endings whereby we touch, feel the temperature and pain, sebaceous and sweat glands, the skin muscles and the root of the hair threads. The dermis is always fed with blood and lymph, which feed the skin cells. An important peculiarity of the dermis is the elasticity, on account of which the skin can stretch and relax. This property comes down with age, favoring the apparition of wrinkles. As it has been shown, in the dermis are also found the sweat glands, unevenly distributed on the surface of the skin. They present under the form of tubes which form a small ball in the dermis, from which a canal starts which opens at the surface of the skin, through it eliminating the sweat.

The activity of the sweat glands is influenced directly by the nervous system, which explains the abundant sweat in case of emotional states. Along with sweat are eliminated various toxic and useless substances from the organism, which relieves in some way the kidney. Recurring and abundant sweat leads to pickling, scalding of the skin, constituting a good environment for developing the pathogen germs and fungus. It results that an exaggerated sweat can have unfavorable repercussions over the organism. Beside the sweat glands, the skin is punctuated with sebaceous glands which excrete a fat called sebum. These glands are more numerous on the face, on the nostrils, chin and back, being absent on the soles and palms. The only grease that lubricates these last sections is the fatness remaining after the sweat evaporation. Throughout the life, the sebaceous glands’ secretion modifies a lot.

Their activity is very intense during the puberty and lessens gradually with the aging of the organism. Under the dermis lies a layer of connective tissue, called hypodermis, which unites the skin with the muscles and bones. Here, on the eyes of the connective fibers lie the fat cells, which are distributed unevenly in the skin. Thus, at the eyelids and ears’ level are fully inexistent, while on the abdomen, breasts or thighs, they are numerous. On the surface of the skin many orifices open up, called pores, and they are actually the orifices of pilosebaceous follicles. The pilosebaceous follicle is built from a hair wrapped in its shell, a sebaceous gland and a small muscle attached to them. The pore, also called ostium follicular, represent a dead end, like a funnel, hardly visible if the skin is normal. In the case of excessive secretion, these orifices distend, making the skin look unaesthetic and porous. The skin covers the body entirely and continues at the mouth’s level, nose and other natural orifices with a finer film, called mucous membrane. The skin has a pinky-yellowish color, which varies based on the region, thickness, blood circulation and the amount of pigment. The pigment of the skin, called melanin is located in the interior of the cells from the deeper layers of the epidermis, and presents under the form of granules. The tanning degree of the skin differs from a person to another, being in relation with the speed of forming this pigment. Some persons, out of lack of pigment, don’t tan at all.

The skin has a very important role in maintaining the health of the entire body. It constitutes a protective coating against the contact with the exterior, being at the same time a barrier against the microbes found on its surface. The healthy skin, intact, cleansed by all the impurities, blocks the development of the germs. A healthy, normal skin is acid, having the pH around five-six. A skin having a bigger pH than seven is alkaline. The acidity of the skin constitutes a protective factor of the organism against infections, because microbes develop especially in an alkaline environment. This reaction, also called the acid mantle of the skin, is because of the fact that along with the sebum and sweat, a series of fat acids are also eliminated. Rational attendance of the skin makes it be maintained in a permanent health state. Irrational attendance or maintaining the skin dirty make the sweat tracks decompose, becoming alkaline. This way, it is created a good environment for spreading the germs and therefore the apparition of small infections (pimples, rashes etc.).

By thrusting away on time the sebum, sweat, dust and dead cells, the skin is maintained supple and healthy. Also, if the integrity of the skin is damaged by cracks, bruises or other lesions, these must be disinfected to stop the infections. The skin is not only a simple shell, but an essential organ to the organism. It plays an important role in maintaining constant the body temperature, role that it is played through the sweat glands (the evaporation of the sweat cools down the body). The skin protects the organism also by not letting, because of its impermeability, the water to be eliminated, the mineral salts, etc. from inside the body. It is a sense organ, because of the nervous terminations, which receive the sensations of pain, heat, cold, touch etc. Another characteristic feature of the skin is that it responds quickly to the temperature variations. Thereby, under the action of the cold, the blood vessels shrink, the skin becomes pale and the sweat drops. On the contrary, under the action of the heat, the blood vessels distend, the skin becomes red, the sweat accentuates. The skin, like all tissues, breathes, the cutaneous breathing being as much necessary to life as the lung breath. It is known that the persons having burns all over their body lose their life because of stopping the respiratory function of the skin. This is why a profound burn, but extended on a small surface, is less dangerous than a spread burn, even though it is shallow. In conclusion, we can say that a healthy skin, intact, is a mirror of health of the entire organism.

2. FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE HEALTH OF THE SKIN

Beside various diseases that also have repercussions over the skin, its health can be shaken by some external factors, whose bad influence can appear at a certain moment. The living conditions, the apartments without air, sun, with high temperature or very dry air, because of the radiator, influence the function of skin glands, leading especially to the exsiccation of the skin. This is why it is important to ventilate the house perfectly, practicing sport or walking, daily, for thirty minutes, hydrotherapy and applying creams that compensate the lack of natural grease. The nutrition especially influences the skin. If

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  • (1/5)
    This book is such a dry read, some parts of it don't even make sense. It reminds me of a book that has been translated from another language to the point were some sentences don't make sense!