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Revizor

Revizor

Автор Nikolaj Gogol'

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Revizor

Автор Nikolaj Gogol'

оценки:
4/5 (119 оценки)
Длина:
152 страницы
1 час
Издатель:
Издано:
Mar 26, 2013
ISBN:
9781782676324
Формат:
Книга

Описание

В уездном городе, от коего «три года скачи, ни до какого государства не доедешь», городничий, Антон Антонович Сквозник-Дмухановский, собирает чиновников, дабы сообщить пренеприятное известие: письмом от знакомца он уведомлен, что в их город едет «ревизор из Петербурга, инкогнито. И еще с секретным предписанием». Городничий — всю ночь снились две крысы неестественной величины — предчувствовал дурное. Выискиваются причины приезда ревизора, и судья, Аммос Федорович Ляпкин-Тяпкин (который прочитал «пять или шесть книг, а потому несколько вольнодумен»), предполагает затеваемую Россией войну. Городничий меж тем советует Артемию Филипповичу Землянике, попечителю богоугодных заведений, надеть на больных чистые колпаки, распорядиться насчет крепости куримого ими табака и вообще, по возможности, уменьшить их число; и встречает полное сочувствие Земляники, почитающего, что «человек простой: если умрет, то и так умрет; если выздоровеет, то и так выздоровеет». Судье городничий указывает на «домашних гусей с маленькими гусенками», что шныряют под ногами в передней для просителей; на заседателя, от которого с детства «отдает немного водкою»; на охотничий арапник, что висит над самым шкапом с бумагами. С рассуждением о взятках (и в частности, борзыми щенками) городничий обращается к Луке Лукичу Хлопову, смотрителю училищ, и сокрушается странным привычкам, «неразлучным с ученым званием»: один учитель беспрестанно строит рожи, другой объясняет с таким жаром, что не помнит себя

Николай Гоголь - "Ревизор".

Издатель:
Издано:
Mar 26, 2013
ISBN:
9781782676324
Формат:
Книга

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  • (5/5)
    I taught Gogol's Dead Souls a few times, but have just re-read this, a book I bought at a Princeton postdoc seminar in 1978, with the noted Russian scholar Kathryn Szczepanska (Hunter Coll) in it.Gogol's comedy satirizes the ranks of Czarist government, where a “federal” inspector is rumored to be looking into this rural town, and the fearful residents seize on a slim college-age gambler passing through as the great authority because he exhibits classy manners from St Petersburg. Hilarious because so precisely observed from life: the “types,” first, the unimaginative Superintendent of Schools, Luka; 2) the Judge, named “Bungle-Steal,” who has read six books, a bit of a Freethinker, who lets the courtroom janitors raise geese in his court;3) the Town Manager/ Police Chief, center of the play, takes bribes (of course, but he asserts mostly hunting dog puppies) and worries about complaints; 4) the simple Postmaster, who opens every letter, out of traditional curiosity and caution; and 5) the Supervisor of Charitable Institutions (the hospital and prison), corpulent and awkward, but still a schemer. Lower on the hierarchy of power, Tweedle-dee and Tweedle-dum, Bobchinsky and Dubchinsky, both fat gesticulators; various functionaries and cops, like the one who’s sent into the suburbs to break up a fight, and comes back near sunrise drunk. Boozing or alcoholism features as a running theme, along with Bribery or Corruption. In the last page the Police Chief recognizes he has made a complete fool of himself, but blames the tattling young Whiper-Snapper who “skims along the road with his bells jingling! He’ll spread the story all over the earth!” Gogol’s Chichikov in Dead Souls, six years later, travels the vast country in a tax scam, amassing peasants and wealth from illiterates. (Other traveller-satirists: Faulkner’s Ratliffe in his trilogy, as well as Tom Sawyer.) The Police Chief, on his rung in the top-down government, compares the young tale-teller to journalists, “You quill-drivers, you damned Liberals! you devil’s breed”(230). Talk about continuing relevance. And get this: Gogol is from Ukraine, where the college he attended now bears his name, a Nizhyn Gogol State University. If Manaford had been studying Gogol in Ukraine, I would be his chief supporter; but curiously, “plus ça change” Putin’s Russia has the same top-down hierarchy of Czarist, and even Soviet Russia.Wonderfully, as the Police Chief’s wife looks forward to the Capital City, she anticipates “all sorts of delicate soups” and I was told decades ago that beside blintzes, Russian cuisine has only two high points, bread and soup. In fact, in first year Russian we were taught, ordering food, to order soup: Я хочу супу (soupu).When deciding how to bribe the young Inspector, direct money may be frowned on, so “how about an offering from the nobility for a monument of some kind?” Then the Postmaster offers, “here is some money left unclaimed at the Post Office”(199). Think of the US fight over Confederate monuments today, and of course the tearing down of Soviet monuments by Eastern European cities free from Moscow’s yoke—for how much longer?The issue of memorializing Confederate White Supremacy brings us to the caution that Gogol, as arguably Shakespeare, assumes a casual anti-Semitism. Probably both derive from ignorance, having met precious few Jews—whom I must add, have formed most of my lifelong friends. Additionally, with Gogol, a comic master has to build on common assumptions. (Occasionally Gogol contradicts himself on this, noting that the anti-Police Chief complaints issue from the illiterate businessmen, who are Jews. Even the anti-Semitic would admit Jews are enviably literate.) In one last 21st C US parallel, Gogol was converted by an Elder, to see his comic writing as sin. He burned most of the MS to his Dead Souls, part 2 (Purgatory, on the model of Dante's Divina Commedia.) The house where he burned his MS still stands, in Moscow.And like Griboyedov, Gogol died young, only eight years older, at 42, largely of self-induced ascetic malnourishment.
  • (5/5)
    Brilliant comedy by one of the masters of Russian lit. Pokes fun at mistaken identities and foolishness of Imperial Russian society.
  • (4/5)
    The Government Inspector is a short, fast-paced satirical farce. I felt like it lacked some of Gogol's habitual mystic insanity, but as a comedy it fits neatly into the vein of its contemporaries.
  • (4/5)
    This is a delightful little comedy. This is not great art; it did not change the course of drama or reinvent the way plays are performed and written. It does however entertain and it holds up well more than a century later. It was turned into a movie starring Danny Kaye which is well worth viewing. This play offers gentile satire of government bureaucracy.