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The Production of Duck Eggs - A Collection of Articles on Incubators, Hatching, Collection and Other Aspects of Egg Production

The Production of Duck Eggs - A Collection of Articles on Incubators, Hatching, Collection and Other Aspects of Egg Production

Автором Read Books Ltd.

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The Production of Duck Eggs - A Collection of Articles on Incubators, Hatching, Collection and Other Aspects of Egg Production

Автором Read Books Ltd.

Длина:
58 pages
52 minutes
Издатель:
Издано:
May 31, 2013
ISBN:
9781473391147
Формат:
Книге

Описание

This is a classic guide to incubating and brooding ducks, being a collection of carefully-selected articles dealing with such subjects as incubating, hatching, caring for young, and much more. Written with the beginner in mind, it simply explains each step of the processes with the aid of helpful diagrams, making it ideal for modern readers with a practical interest in keeping ducks or other varieties of poultry. Contents include: “Natural and Artificial Duck Culture”, “Incubators”, “Best Place for Incubators”, “Suitable Buildings”, “How to Keep Eggs for Incubation”, “How to Choose and Use Thermometers”, “How to Turn Eggs”, “Domestic Geese and Ducks”, “Ducks Breeding Rearing and Management”, etc. Many vintage books such as this are increasingly scarce and expensive. It is with this in mind that we are republishing this volume now in an affordable, modern, high-quality edition complete with a specially-commissioned new introduction on poultry farming.
Издатель:
Издано:
May 31, 2013
ISBN:
9781473391147
Формат:
Книге

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The Production of Duck Eggs - A Collection of Articles on Incubators, Hatching, Collection and Other Aspects of Egg Production - Read Books Ltd.

Appleyard

Incubators.

With the necessary buildings constructed and the stock selected, the next thing required is the incubator, for I do not suppose the modern poultry grower is going to do his incubating with hens, for the simple reason that he cannot afford to. Hens show no desire to incubate when you want them to the most, or in time to command the high prices for ducks and chicks in the early spring, and this is attended with a loss of at least one-half of the season’s profits.

I often have letters filled with questions concerning incubators. Which is the best incubator? Can a person of ordinary intelligence run one successfully? Do they require watching during the night? Is there an incubator in the market today that will hatch as well as the average hen? and many more of like import. To the first I would say that modesty forbids a candid answer. There are objections to many machines, though the same do not apply to all. It does not become me to mention their failings. But first of all do not buy a cheap incubator, as the conditions to which the material of an incubator is exposed are of the severest kind. It must be exposed constantly to a temperature of 103 degrees, and that in an atmosphere surcharged with moisture; and unless the material of which the machine is constructed is of the choicest kind, well kiln-dried and put together, the chances are that it will warp out of shape, admit drafts of air and injure, if not destroy, the regulation.

I do not think an incubator can ever be complete unless it is a double-cased machine. It requires that to effectually resist thermal changes. Years of careful experiment, and of experience in the competitive show room, have convinced me of the truth of this. Extreme cold will affect the uniformity of heat in the egg-chamber of single-cased machines. Imagine if you can a single-cased machine constructed of five-eighth inch stuff, with a temperature of 103 degrees inside, and that of freezing outside. How can the eggs at the extreme corners and the thin cold sides of that machine be as warm as those in the centre? Of course that difference does not exist in warm weather, but that is the time when incubators are usually let alone and the business is given up to the old hen. Now, I say this frankly, as much for the benefit of incubator manufacturers as for their customers. I have letters every day from parties ordering circulars and saying that they have used from one to three machines of different makes, denouncing the machines and their makers in the most emphatic terms as frauds. Now, this is all wrong; one-half of the time you will find that it is the purchasers, not the makers, who are at fault. There are probably just as many honest incubator makers as there are in any other branch of business. But there is such a thing as a man being honest and yet ignorant.

Many of the manufacturers of incubators know very little about the first principles of artifical incubation. They have the idea that a simple heat regulator is all that is necessary to insure the success of an incubator, when in reality it is only one of the many requirements, I will enumerate some of the most essential points, viz.: heat regulation; uniformity of heat in egg-chamber; absolute control of heat by the operator on any given egg-tray; automatic moisture supply: accurate thermometers; thorough construction and good material to avoid warping and shrinkage, together with a safe lamp adjustment.

There are many other minor points which will come up with care of machines. I am often asked, Why do so many fail to hatch with incubators? I will answer by saying: Not because it is difficult; for I have always found it a far more difficult thing to grow ducks and chicks successfully after they are hatched, than it is to hatch them. Doubtless everyone knows that an incubator, different from other machines, must run three weeks continually night and day, (and when filled with duck eggs, four weeks,) and preserve an even temperature all the while.

Some machines as described above, are not adapted to this business, and some men are not adapted to the use of machines even when they are good ones. They are not willing to bestow the little but intelligent and regular care

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