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Sueño de una Noche de Verano: Biblioteca de Grandes Escritores

Sueño de una Noche de Verano: Biblioteca de Grandes Escritores

Автором William Shakespeare

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Sueño de una Noche de Verano: Biblioteca de Grandes Escritores

Автором William Shakespeare

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3/5 (3,291 оценки)
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79 pages
1 hour
Издатель:
Издано:
Apr 14, 2015
ISBN:
9783959282079
Формат:
Книге

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Ebook con un sumario dinámico y detallado:
Sueño de una noche de verano - A Midsummer Night's Dream - es una comedia escrita por William Shakespeare alrededor de 1595. Está considerada como uno de los grandes clásicos de la literatura teatral mundial. Al parecer fue escrita con motivo de la conmemoración de la boda de Sir Thomas Berkeley y Elizabeth Carey, en febrero de 1596. Felix Mendelssohn escribió una obertura y otras piezas musicales inspirado en esta obra que se utilizaron como acompañamiento musical de la obra a lo largo del siglo XIX. Ya en el siglo XX, en 1960, Benjamin Britten compuso una ópera sobre el mismo tema con libreto del propio Britten y del tenor Peter Pears. La obra teatral ha sido adaptada en numerosas ocasiones al cine y su influencia ha sido notable en la cultura anglosajona.
William Shakespeare fue un dramaturgo, poeta y actor inglés. Conocido en ocasiones como el Bardo de Avon (o simplemente El Bardo), Shakespeare es considerado el escritor más importante en lengua inglesa y uno de los más célebres de la literatura universal.
Издатель:
Издано:
Apr 14, 2015
ISBN:
9783959282079
Формат:
Книге

Об авторе

William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright, and actor. He is widely regarded as the greatest dramatist in the English language. Shakespeare is often called England’s national poet and the “Bard of Avon.”  


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Sueño de una Noche de Verano - William Shakespeare

alrededores

ACTO PRIMERO

Índice

Contenido

ESCENA PRIMERA

ESCENA II

ESCENA PRIMERA

Índice

Atenas. Cuarto en el palacio de Teseo

(Entran TESEO, HIPÓLITA, FILÓSTRATO y acompañamiento)

TESEO.- No está lejos, hermosa Hipólita, la hora de nuestras nupcias, y dentro de cuatro felices días principiará la luna nueva; pero, ¡ah! con cuanta lentitud se desvanece la anterior! Provoca mi impaciencia como una suegra o una tía que no acaba de morirse nunca y va consumiendo las rentas del heredero.

HIPÓLITA.- Pronto declinarán cuatro días en cuatro noches, y cuatro noches harán pasar rápidamente en sueños el tiempo; y entonces la luna, que parece en el cielo un arco encorvado, verá la noche de nuestras solemnidades.

TESEO.- Ve, Filóstrato, a poner en movimiento la juventud ateniense y prepararla a la diversiones: despierta el espíritu vivaz y oportuno de la alegría; y quede la tristeza relegada a los funerales. Esa pálida compañera no conviene a nuestras fiestas. (Sale Filóstrato.) Hipólita, gané tu corazón con mi espada, causándote sufrimientos; pero me desposaré contigo de otra manera: en la pompa, el triunfo y los placeres. (Entran Egeo, Hermia, Lisandro y Demetrio.)

EGEO.- Felicidades a nuestro afamado duque Teseo.

TESEO.- Gracias, buen Egeo. ¿Qué nuevas traes?

EGEO.- Lleno de pesadumbre vengo a quejarme contra mi hija Hermia. Avanzad, Demetrio. Noble señor, este hombre había consentido en casarse con ella... Avanzad, Lisandro. Pero, éste, bondadoso duque, ha seducido el corazón de mi hija. Tú, Lisandro, tú le has dado rimas, y cambiado con ella presentes amorosos: has cantado a su ventana en las noches de luna con engañosa voz versos de fingido afecto; y has fascinado las impresiones de su imaginación con brazaletes de tus cabellos, anillos, adornos, fruslerías, ramilletes, dulces y bagatelas, mensajeros que las más veces prevalecen sobre la inexperta juventud: has extraviado astutamente el corazón de mi hija, y convertido la obediencia que me debe en ruda obstinación. Así, mi benévolo duque, si aquí en presencia de vuestra Alteza no consiente en casarte con Demetrio, reclamo el antiguo privilegio de Atenas: siendo mía, puedo disponer de ella, y la destino a ser esposa de este caballero, o a morir según la ley establecida para este caso.

TESEO.- ¿Qué decís, Hermia? Tomad consejo, hermosa doncella. Vuestro padre debe ser a vuestros ojos como un dios. Él es autor de vuestras bellezas, sois como una forma de cera modelada por él, y tiene el poder de conservar o de borrar la figura. Demetrio es un digno caballero.

HERMIA.- También lo es Lisandro.

TESEO.- Lo es en sí mismo: pero faltándole en esta coyuntura el apoyo de vuestro padre, hay que considerar como mas digno al otro.

HERMIA.- Desearía solamente que mi padre pudiese mirar con mis ojos.

TESEO.- Más bien vuestro discernimiento debería mirar con los ojos de vuestro padre.

HERMIA.- Que vuestra Alteza me perdone. No sé qué poder me inspira audacia, ni cómo podrá convenir a mi modestia, el abogar por mis pensamientos en presencia de tan augusta persona; pero suplico a vuestra Alteza que se digne decirme cuál es el mayor castigo en este caso, si rehúso casarme con Demetrio.

TESEO.- O perder la vida, o renunciar para siempre a la sociedad de los hombres. Consultad, pues, hermosa Hermia, vuestro corazón, daos cuenta de vuestra tierna edad, examinad bien vuestra índole, para saber si en el caso de resistir a la voluntad de vuestro padre, podréis soportar la librea de una vestal, ser para siempre aprisionada en el sombrío claustro, pasar toda la vida en estéril fraternidad entonando cánticos desmayados a la fría y árida luna. Tres veces benditas aquellas que pueden dominar su sangre y sobrellevar esa casta peregrinación; pero en la dicha terrena más vale la rosa arrancada del tallo que la que marchitándose sobre la espina virgen, crece, vive y muere solitaria.

HERMIA.- Así quiero crecer, señor, y vivir y morir, antes que sacrificar mi virginidad a un yugo que mi alma rechaza y al cual no puedo someterme.

TESEO.- Tomad tiempo para reflexionar; y por la luna nueva (día en que se ha de sellar el vínculo de eterna compañía entre mi amada y yo), preparaos a morir por desobediencia a vuestro padre, o a desposaros con Demetrio, o a abrazar para siempre en el altar de Diana la vida solitaria y austera.

DEMETRIO.- Cede, dulce Hermia. Y, tú, Lisandro, renuncia a tu loca pretensión ante la evidencia de mi derecho.

LISANDRO.- Demetrio, tenéis el amor de su padre. Dejadme el de Hermia. Casaos con él.

EGEO.- Desdeñoso Lisandro, en verdad que tiene mi amor y por él le doy lo que es mío. Ella es mía, y cedo a Demetrio todo mi poder sobre ella.

LISANDRO.- Señor, tan bien nacido soy como él y mi posición es igual a la suya; pero mi amor le aventaja. Mi fortuna es en todos sentidos considerada tan alta, si no más, que la de Demetrio. Y, lo que vale más que todas estas ostentaciones, soy el amado de la hermosa Hermia. ¿Por qué, pues, no habría yo de sostener mi derecho? Demetrio, lo digo en su presencia, cortejó a Elena, la hija de Nedar, y conquistó su corazón; y ella, pobre señora, ama

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Что люди думают о Sueño de una Noche de Verano

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  • (5/5)
    My favorite Shakespearean comedy, a miracle.
  • (4/5)
    " The course of true love never did run smooth."This is one of Shakespeare's most performed comedies and as such probably one of his best known. Consequently I'm not going to going to say anything about the plot. I personally studied this whilst at school as part of an English Literature course and despite my callow years I remember enjoying. However, I haven't read it since.Now, far too many decades later, I read Bernard Cornwell's novel 'Fools and Mortals' which centres around a speculative and fictional première of the play. Having really enjoyed reading that book decided to revisit the original. Once again I found it a highly enjoyable read which made me smile and a piece of true genius.
  • (5/5)
    Finally, a Shakespeare book I can get behind. Fun, light and crisp; this tale is a hit.
  • (5/5)
    This will always be my favorite Shakespeare play. I love all the fairies, Puck especially, and I'll never get over the four lovers' quarrels when half of them are under spells. Plus, how can anyone not enjoy Pyramus and Thisby?
  • (5/5)
    "The course of true love never did run smooth,” comments Lysander, articulating one of A Midsummer Night’s Dream’s most important themes—that of the difficulty of love (I.i.134). Though most of the conflict in the play stems from the troubles of romance, and though the play involves a number of romantic elements, it is not truly a love story; it distances the audience from the emotions of the characters in order to poke fun at the torments and afflictions that those in love suffer. The tone of the play is so lighthearted that the audience never doubts that things will end happily, and it is therefore free to enjoy the comedy without being caught up in the tension of an uncertain outcome.This play has insoired many musicians, notably Felix Mendelssohn who wrote an overture and incidental music for the play. It also inspired Benjamin Britten to write one of his best and most impressive operas. Britten used the text of the play for his libretto which is rarely done. A fantasy, this is among my favorite of all Shakespeare's plays.
  • (4/5)
    The Physics of the Impossible: "A Midsummer Night's Dream" by William Shakespeare, Burton Raffel, Harold Bloom Published 2005.

    I have had a most rare vision. I have had a dream, past the
    wit of man to say what dream it was. Man is but an ass, if
    he go about to expound this dream. Methought I was—
    there is no man can tell what. Methought I was—and
    methought I had—but man is but a patch’d fool, if he
    will offer to say what methought I had. The eye of man
    hath not heard, the ear of man hath not seen, man’s hand
    is not able to taste, his tongue to conceive, nor his heart
    to report, what my dream was.
    (4.1.203–212)

    (Paraphrase: I had the strangest dream. It is outside of the abilities of mankind to explain it: a man is as foolish as a donkey if he tries to about to expound this dream. Methought I was—there explain the dream of mine. I thought I was – well no one can really say what exactly. I thought I was – and I methought I had, -- but man is but a patched fool, if thought I had – but someone would be an idiot to say what I thought I had).

    I remember watching the play for the first time in Quinta da Regaleira, Sintra in 2002 (staged by Rui Mário). Shakespeare has always been an over-riding need for me. I don't have the ability to act, though I do write betimes, but there's nothing like the thrill of a life performance, like the one I watched in 2002.

    The rest of this review can be found elsewhere.
  • (4/5)
    Well, what do you know? Third time wasn't the charm with this one – between reading it during my own education and with my kids for theirs, this is more like my fifth go with this play – but it's finally growing on me! I've always thought of this as “that stupid play with the lovers, the donkey, and all the irritating fairies,” but this time it seemed less stupid! I give the credit, as usual this year, to the amazing Marjorie Garber. Her essay, in Shakepeare After All, on this play was particularly good. Having just read “Romeo and Juliet” last week, I could fully appreciate the parallels she drew between the two plays, and she persuasively illustrated the ways the themes of love and envy, dreams and rationality, transformation and imagination give depth, meaning, and coherence to the play that I just hadn't seen before. The lovers are still silly and Theseus is still obnoxious, sure, but the play isn't quite the silly fluff I'd previously thought. A solid four stars.As well as Garber's book, my reading was enhanced by an audio performance from L.A. Theatre Works (2013) and the BBC's creative retelling of the play from their “Shakespeare Retold” series. The notes in the Folger Shakespeare Library (Updated) edition are quite adequate without being excessive, though in the mass market paperback edition I have the inside margin is so skimpy that the text threatens to disappear into the gutter.
  • (5/5)
    Great romantic comedy.
  • (4/5)
    A comedy by Shakespeare on love and marriage. The way he mixes English culture with ancient mythology is brilliant.
  • (3/5)
    Was promted to re-read this by reading Neil Gaiman's eponymous Sandman short story. Learned:That my English has gotten a hell of a lot better in the last 11 years. This was the first Shakespeare play I tried to read, and I read it by myself at the time, so I didn't really get it.That I still don't really get the "brilliance" of this particular Sandman story.That I should probably read more Shakespeare.That some of the notes to this edition are utterly useless, and that Reclam can't quite decide what level of audience they're aiming their notes and translations at.
  • (5/5)
    A great story of romance with enough trickery to make it fantastical. He loves her but she loves him, and nothing is ever clear when you're in the middle of it all!

    This is an easy-to-read for anyone who is new to Shakespeare, play formats, or both. I highly recommend this for a fun look into romance and the drama that naturally ensues. It seems that we all have our own Fae dictating the rules of our hearts, sometimes.
  • (3/5)
    In "A Midnight's Summer Dream", there are four lovers, Lysander and Hermia, and Demetrius and Helena. Hermia wishes to marry Lysander but Demetrius is also in love with her. Hermia's father, Egeus, wants her to marry Demetrius. If she refuses, she could receive the full extent of the law and be executed. Nevertheless, Hermia and Lysander plan to flee Athens the next night and marry in the house of Lysander's aunt. They tell Helena, who was once engaged to Demetrius, who still loves him even though he dumped her for Hermia. Helene wanting to regain Demetrius's love, tells him about Lysander and Hermia escaping. Demetrius follows Lysander and Hermia while Helena follows Demetrius. Fairy king, Oberon, notices how cruelly Demetrius acts towards Helena. Oberon orders Puck, a fairy messenger, to spread the juice of a magic flower on Demetrius's eye lids so that the first person he sees, he will love. Puck mistakes Lysander for Demetrius and when Lysander wakes up he immediately falls in love with Helena, who was the first person he saw. Later that night, Puck tries to fix his mistake, but it ends up that they both now love Helena. The next night Puck succeeds in making Lysander love Hermia, and Demetrius love Helena. Theseus, a duke, and Hippolyta, the queen of the Amazons, find them sleeping and take them to Athens to be married. Overall, this book was lacking. I thought this because it was dull. I found it dull because you would know what happened next. it didn't have any cliffhangers. I thought it was slow to get to the climax... if there was one. Shakespeare wrote using strong literal and metaphorical language, which makes it confusing. It was not my cup of tea.
  • (3/5)
    While I liked the overall plot, I found this to be one of the plays in which Shakespeare's language is hard for me. I have seen some of the film versions (most notably the 1935 movie with Olivia de Havilland & Jimmy Cagney and the BBC Production with Helen Mirren as Titania) & seeing the action does help (especially in the 'humorous' parts!).One thing that I noticed in reading this was how unpleasant I found Oberon to be.
  • (5/5)
    I was a stagehand for this. Incredibly fun.
  • (4/5)
    *gasp* Can I put Shakespeare in my fantasy shelf? :)

    This is just such a delicious treat to read. Do yourself a favor and read it outloud - at least parts of it. It's just so fun.
  • (3/5)
    Studied it for A Level. I wasn't really fond, though there were some good/clever bits in the writing.
  • (4/5)
    A reasonably mild edition of a great play, but one that will be eminently suitable for highschool students and actors.
  • (5/5)
    I consider this my first Shakespeare: this is the play that made me fall in love with the master. It's a supremely delightful work that never wears thin with time. It's that immortal "O lord, what fools these mortals be" that does me in every time. Humorous and splendidly human despite the fairies dancing across the words.
  • (3/5)
    As hard as I've tried, I could never quite get into this one. I've read it once and seen it performed twice. Both productions were classy. Still, I found the play tedious.
  • (5/5)
    One of my favorite comedies. Significant to me because I've actually been in a love rhombus, as it were; therefore, I can relate some of the characters.
  • (4/5)
    One of my favourite Shakespeare plays, very witty and funny.
  • (4/5)
    Having taken a Shakespeare class in college, I've read, studied and analyzed a number of the bard's plays. This was a sleeper as it turned out to be my favorite. If a book this old can make me laugh, that says something, especially when most television shows today can't make me smirk.
  • (5/5)
    Beautiful copy of Shakespeare's play, with the text written out by hand and Arthur Rackham's gorgeous illustrations and decorations. Gave away my copy of this to my niece one Christmas, and recently found this replacement. I'm not sure it's the same size.
  • (5/5)
    great!! I love this show!
  • (5/5)
    I have read this book twice and I really like it, it even might be my favorite among Shakespear books, for some reason the song "Strange And Beautiful (I'll Put A Spell On You)" Lyrics by Aqualung always reminds me of this book:

    I've been watching your world from afar
    I've been trying to be where you are
    And I've been secretly falling apart... Unseen
    To me, you're strange and you're beautiful
    You'd be so perfect with me
    But you just can't see
    You turn every head but you don't see me

    I'll put a spell on you
    You'll fall asleep
    When I put a spell on you
    And when I wake you I'll be the first thing you see
    And you'll realize that you love me

    Sometimes the last thing you want comes in first
    Sometimes the first thing you want never comes
    But I know that waiting is all you can do
    Sometimes

    I'll put a spell on you
    You'll fall asleep
    When I put a spell on you
    And when I wake you I'll be the first thing you see
    And you'll realise that you love me

    I'll put a spell on you
    You'll fall asleep
    Cause I put a spell on you
    And when I wake you I'll be the first thing you see
    And you'll realize that you love me
  • (5/5)
    Every read of this classic reveals another tongue in cheek pun. This humorous comedy of errors deals with love, romance, fairies in an enchanted forest, a traveling actors' troupe that passes itself as professional, but offers comic relief, mistaken identity, and of course parents at the crux who will not let true love have its way. Just a simple, straightforward Shakespearean tale. Enjoy!
  • (5/5)
    I love sharing Shakespeare with my 5 year old. This is a very good children's version of one of my favorites. She loved it and was scolding Puck for being such a bad boy!
  • (4/5)
    "If we shadows have offended,/Thing but this--and all is mended--/That you have but slumber'd here/While these visions did appear./And this weak and idle theme,/No more yielding but a dream,/Gentles, do not reprehend;/If you pardon, we will mend./And, as I'm an honest Puck,/If we have unearned luck/Now to' scape the serpent's tongue,/We will make amends ere long;/Else the Puck a liar call:/So, good night unto you all./Give me your hands, if we be friends,?/And Robin shall restore Amends"

    By ending the play with this quote, Shakespeare seems to leave it for us to decide whether the events that occurred in the woods, or if they were dreams. Perhaps this play is what inspired Louis Carroll and Frank L. Baum to do the same in their famous stories.

    Everything that happens in the woods is somewhat confusing--for the characters at least. We know more-or-less what is going on, being party to Puck and Oberon's doings, but, as will sometimes happen in a dream, the characters are buffeted by abrupt changes to themselves, and those they care about. One moment Demetrius is cruel to Helena, the next he loves her. At one time Lysander loves Hermia, then claims to despise her, then back again. No wonder the characters were confused. These kind of character changes only happen in dreams, or if a person is crazy.

    Every character in the play is victim to Oberon's whims, including Puck, and every character is the subject of Puck's gaffe or impishness. Oberon wants Titania's changeling. A child to whom she is attached because she was friends with his mother, and so Oberon devises a cruel game to trick Titania into giving the child to him. Along the way he decides to help Helena, but tells Puck only to find a man in Athenian clothing to enchant into love with Helena, so Puck finds Lysander, who then upsets Helena by claiming to love her, and breaks Hermia's heart. Demetrius and Lysander could have hurt one another--therefore further breaking their lady's hearts--in the turmoil that followed.

    Bottom is the subject of Titania's manipulated love and Puck's parody on the two of them. Through that the rest of Bottom's troupe is also victim, being frightened, and having their practice interrupted (maybe their play wouldn't have been so painful to read if they had been able to practice more).

    A Midsummer Night's Dream has got to be the most popular Shakespearean play there is. It's one of the one's that I became familiar with through Jim Weiss (though this is my first time reading the actual play) and it has been brought into books and movies, it has been adapted into movies. It has become a ballet via Felix Mendelssohn (part of which is a violinist's nightmare,) an opera by Benjamin Britten, and has shorter pieces written for it by Henry Purcell and Ralph Vaughn-Williams.

    (Please note that this review was written as a discussion post in an online Shakespeare class.)
  • (5/5)
    Perfect comedy.
  • (5/5)
    Read it in high school. Loved it, it was funny