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The Fascinating World of Aviation

The Fascinating World of Aviation

Автором Jaime Fernández

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The Fascinating World of Aviation

Автором Jaime Fernández

Длина:
94 pages
1 hour
Издатель:
Издано:
Aug 13, 2020
ISBN:
9781646284665
Формат:
Книге

Описание

This is an entertainment book with real facts and history concerning about these aluminum birds with big wings we see every day in the sky. After doing many surveys and talking to people in airports worldwide, I found out that people do not have much knowledge about the fascinating world of aviation. I felt that I had to tell them with simple words, a little bit of my personal traveling experience, and with all my research done with books of different languages like Portuguese, Italian, Spanish, and English. I will tell facts and history of the airplanes. We all take flight in some point of our life. Buying a ticket, first thing is to check the price and compare it with all the different airlines to get the best bargain. Timeframe, documents and visas if you are going out of the country. Check the weather, clothes to wear, seat in the plane (window or corridor), etc. Do you know what manufacturer is the airplane you are going to be when you are 35,000 feet in the air? How the huge plane with more than 300,000 lb. of weight can stay in the air? How safe are they? The difference between one and another. This book will answer these questions and many more about aviation. My book The Fascinating World of Aviation describe in an enjoyable way with the following five chapters: 1. History of Aviation 2. What Is an Airplane and How Safe Is It? 3. What is an Airport? 4. The Boeing Company and Their Airplane 737 Max 8 5. Tips and Suggestions for Passengers

Издатель:
Издано:
Aug 13, 2020
ISBN:
9781646284665
Формат:
Книге

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The Fascinating World of Aviation - Jaime Fernández

nothing."

Chapter 1

History

The idea of flying has existed in the human being since the beginning of time, just a thought. In the Stone Age, the man that feels attached to the ground had an instinct of surviving. I imagine he thought many times, How can I catch those beautiful and chubby big birds flying over my head? That would be nice, some bird wings. I think that was the beginning of our now popular buffalo wings.

The Homo erectus invented fire using pieces of flint stones (a kind of quartz) banded together. These stones created sparks, and with some dried weeds or twigs, they made a fire and were ready for some BBQ.

In circa China, 200 BC, the Han Dynasty developed the rocket, which was initially used for fireworks. History tells us that they sent bad spirits away by doing this. They also invented kites around 5 BC and used them not only for fun but to measure distance, test winds, send messages, and eventually for military purposes. The Chinese learned early how hot air rises; they designed small hot-air balloons (sky lanterns) and send them high into the sky. They were used as lamps and for the worship of the Buddha. Since that time, we had something floating in the air besides insects and birds.

In the year 67 AD, a thaumaturgy called Simon the Sorcerer or Simon the Magician jumped from the highest part of the Roman Coliseum in front of the emperor Nero and his officials with some manufactured wings made with fabric. He jumped and glided for a little bit but became badly injured during his landing. He couldn’t control the weight of his body during his descents and plumed down. Imagine the impact of his body on the ground. It was obvious his magic did not work that day, but at least, he had an idea of flying. I am writing about Jesus Christ’s time.

In AD 75, a man named Hero of Alexandria in Greece began experimenting with the first steam engine called aeolipile or the Hero’s engine. He manufactured a device to heat water in a basin and, with an airtight sphere with curved pipes, made a rotational force which caused the sphere to spin. Hero was a mathematician and engineer who also invented the first vending machine—a standalone fountain that operated under self-contained hydrostatic energy (Hero’s fountain)—a wind-powered organ, and the formula for finding the area of a triangle and how to calculate cube roots all within the first century. His aeolipile machine is the first recorded steam engine or reaction steam turbine."

In Greek mythology, Daedalus, a great contractor, constructed a labyrinth for King Minos who needed it to imprison his wife’s son who was a Minotaur—part man and part bull. There are different theories as to why Daedalus had to escape from the Island of Creta. One theory is that he killed his construction foreman because of his talent and ingenuity. Daedalus escaped with his son, Icarus. They configured some wings with feathers and wax and flew away. The legend is that Icarus was so excited about flying that he wanted to touch the sun but got to close, and the wings melted, plunging him to his death.

Around the year AD 852, another of my favorite geniuses was The da Vinci of the Islamic world. He was a polymath inventor, engineer, physician, poet, and Andalusian musician named Abbas Ibn Firnas. He invented the magnifying glass, water clock, a planetarium, and worked with the numbers from zero to nine. He was also a visionary who tried to fly many times. His most famous attempt was his last jump when he was close to seventy years old. He had a pair of wings manufactured out of silk and wood and had real eagle feathers sewed on. This famous genius, well-known in his community, jumped from the top of Jabal Al August (Tower Mozquite) in Cordova, Spain. When he jumped from the tower, he glided for approximately ten minutes with a sustained flight in front of many witnesses. As he was landing, he could not control his speed and fell (kaboom) He was seriously injured and broke many bones, but he was alive. He stated that after the experience, he would go to work on brakes for the wings but was happy with his results. His name was immortalized by having a crater on the moon named after him as well as a large airport in Baghdad named Ibn Firnas Airport as well as bridges, parks, avenues, etc.

Mr. Roger Beacon (1214–1292) was an English philosopher and scientist. He described principles of operation for the lighter-than-air balloon and the flapping wings (ornithopter). He was a great visionary and predicted his principles in the future years.

Leonardo Da Vinci (1452–1519). During the Renaissance in Florence and Tuscany, Italy lived a genius named Leonardo Di Ser Piero da Vinci, born on July 27, 1452. He was an inventor, painter, sculptor, architect, astronomer, and one of the greatest artists of all time. He worked in several Italian cities, but his research on the flight of birds he did in the castle of Ludovico il Moro. A few years ago, I was in New York with some Italian friends descendent of Florence families. While having some coffee and chatting, Giuseppe, one of my friends, told me he was told that Leonardo bought so many birds from a local salesman of animals that the man became very wealthy and bought the best house in town. Leonardo da Vinci used to buy all the birds from this salesman and let them fly. He took notes and did drawings of the movement of their wings. Leonardo is also famous for painting the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. He also invented the parachute. He was a contemporary of Michelangelo and Raphael also great artists. Coming back with Leonardo my favorite. After leaving Ludovico il Moro’s employ, he started designing several different types of ornithopters which is a machine designed to fly in the air by flapping attached wings. He wrote his ideas in a notebook known as Codices. He produced one codex entirely on the flight of birds and the nature of bird and air flight. He had great ideas that were copied in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543) was a mathematician and astronomer. He formulated a model of the universe that placed the sun, rather than the Earth, at the center of the universe.

Galileo Galilei (1564–1642) was

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