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This document is the property of M/s.

Aster Private Limited, IBO Division - and must not be passed on to any third person or firm not authorised by us, nor be copied/made use of in
full or part by such person or firm without our prior permission writing

ASTER PRIVATE LIMITED

29.05.12
DATE

1
REV.

APPROVAL
DESCRIPTION
REVISIONS

RRSV
DESIGNED

MNHR
CHECKED

RMK
APPROVED

ASTER PRIVATE LIMITED


IBO Division SECUNDERABAD
CLIENT :

CONSULTANT :
NEPAL ELECTRICITY AUTHORITY

PROJECT :

SUPPLY, CONSTRUCTION AND INSTALLATION OF


DAMAK-KABELI 132KV TRANSMISSION LINE

JOB No.
9

TOTAL NO. OF PAGES


NAME

SIGN

TITLE :

FOUNDATION DESIGN FOR TOWER TYPE DA


FOUNDATION TYPE-1

DATE

DSGN

RRSV

29.05.12

CHKD

MNHR

29.05.12

APPD

RMK

29.05.12

DOC. No.

RELEASED FOR

PRELIMINARY

TENDER

INFORMATION

APPROVAL

CODE

REV.

IS

CONSTRUCTION

ASTER PRIVATE LIMITED

DESIGN SUMMARY (TOWER TYPE - DA)


PRELIMINARY DATA:

1 UNFACTORED FOUNDATION FORCES ARE AS BELOW:


(a) DOWNTHRUST
=
29.279
t
(b) UPLIFT
=
25.921
t
(c) TRANSVERSE SHEAR
=
1.174
t
(d) LONGITUDINAL SHEAR
=
0.816
t
2 FACTOR OF SAFETY CONSIDERED IN LOADING

3 The above forces are for Broken-wire condition and this is found to be critical relative to
Normal condition.

2 OF 9

ASTER PRIVATE LIMITED


TOWER LOADING
1 DOWN THRUST
2 UPLIFT
3 SIDE THRUST (TRANSVERSE)
4 SIDE THRUST (LONGITUDINAL)
5 TOWER SLOPE
6 STUB SECTION
MATERIAL USED
1 GRADE OF LEAN CONCRETE
2 GRADE OF CONCRETE,fck
3 GRADE OF REINFORCEMENT,fy
DENSITIES & ANGLE OF EARTH FRUSTUM
1 DENSITY OF CONCRETE , dc(COMPRESSION)
2 DENSITY OF CONCRETE, wc(UP-LIFT)
3 Density of soil, ds(COMPRESSION)
4 Density of soil, ws(UP-LIFT)
5 Angle of Eearth Frustum
dry soil, d
6 wet soil, qw
7 Safe Bearing Capacity given
8 Ultimate Bearing Capacity
REFERENCES
1 I.S.456-1978
2 SP-16 : 1980
3 SP-34 : 1980

3 OF 9

=
=
=
=
=

29.28 t
25.92 t
1.17 t
0.82 t
3.6500 Deg
100X100X08

(L)

= 1:4:8
=
20 N/mm2
=
415 N/mm2
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2.4
1.6
1.6
1.2
30
30
15
37.5

t/m3
t/m3
t/m3
t/m3
o
o

t/m2
t/m2

(15 t/sq.m X 2.5)

ASTER PRIVATE LIMITED

FOUNDATION TYPE-1
CL.COVERS FOUNDATION WIDTH,B1
CHMN 50 FOUNDATION DEPTH,Df
SLAB
80

=
=

1550 mm
3150 mm

Cost

0.58 Lacs

BAR

DIA

NOS

A
B
C
D
D1

10
10
10
16
16

6
4
4
8
0

425

(B4)

471>435/276
314>297/367
314>250/160
O/W 0.251<0.292
T/W 0.336<1.118
chm 0.89% fac =0.98
866

G.L

500

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

D & D1

30
1500

(H6)

7.2

2685

3150
(Df)

9.666

(H4)
(H3)

10.116

10.62

837.158

5.4

1450

30

125
140

UPLIFT,F.O.S =1.507
O.K.
Bp ,F.O.S. =1.552/1.21 O.K.
SLIDING,F.O.S. =9.7709 O.K.

465

(H5)

(H2)

150

(H1)

50

11.16

Exavation line

X
650
1270
1550

(B3)
(B2)
(B1)

Y
150

VOLUME OF WORK / TOWER


VOLUME OF CONCRETE
LEAN CONC

GRADE 20

=
TOTAL =

EXCAVATION VOL.
REINFORCEMENT

=
=

3
0.52 m
3
5.071 m

5.591 m
3
43.1235 m
0.33736 t

BAR
E
F

TIE BARS
DIA
SPA
8
300
8
300

WORKING
POINT

EQ

EQ

4 OF 9

ASTER PRIVATE LIMITED

FOUNDATION DESIGN
DIMENSION & DEPTH
DEPTH OF FOUNDATION ,

Df

SLAB THICKNESS

H1
H2

=
=
=

3.15 m

0.05 m ,
0.15 m ,

H3
H4

OVERALL DEPTH , H5 = 0.05+0.15+0.14+0.125


SOIL DEPTH OVER SLAB ,H6
WIDTH OF FOOTINGS

B1

= 3.15-0.465
=
1.55 m ,

B2
B3

SIZE OF SQUARE CHIMNEY,B4


HEIGHT OF CHIMNEY ABOVE G.L.

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.14
0.13
0.47
2.69
1.27
0.65
0.43
0.5

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

VOLUME OF CONCRETE

SLAB PORTIONS
=
REINFORCED CONCRETE , Vc2 = 1.55*1.55*0.15
=
Vc3 = 0.14/3(1.55^2+1.27^2+1.55*1.27) =
Vc4 = 0.65*0.65*0.125
=
CHIMNEY PORTIONS
BELOW GROUND, Vc5 = 0.425*0.425*2.685
=
ABOVE GROUND , Vc6 = 0.425*0.425*0.5
=
Total concrete volume,Vc =Vc1+Vc2+Vc3+Vc4+Vc5+Vc6 =
LEAN CONCRETE , Vc1 = 1.55*1.55*0.05

0.12013
0.36038
0.27925
0.05281

m3
m3
m3
m3

0.48498 m3
0.09031 m3
3
1.38785 m

VOLUME OF WET SOIL

=
Vsw2 = 4(1/2*1.45*0.837*1.55)
=
Vsw3 = 1/3*PI()*(0.837)^2*1.45
=
Vol.of chimney in Wet portion,Vcw = 0.425*0.425*1.45
=
Less concrete volVc3 , Vc4 , Vcw = -0.279-0.0528125-0.26190625
=
Total Volume of Wet soil,Vsw =Vsw1+Vsw2+Vsw3-0.594 =
Vsw1 = 1.55*1.55*1.45

m3
m3
m3
m3
m3
3
7.71685 m
3.48363
3.76302
1.06417
0.26191
-0.594

VOLUME OF DRY SOIL

A1 = 1.55^2+4*1.55*0.837+PI()*0.837^2
=
9.795 m2
A2 = 1.55^2+4*1.55*(0.837+0.866)+PI()*(0.837+0.866)^2
= 22.0755 m2
Vsd1 = 1.5/3*(9.795+22.075+SQRT(9.795*22.075)
= 23.2873 m3
Less volume of chimney in dry portion,Vcd
= 0.425*0.425*1.5
=
0.2709 m3
3
Total Volume of Dry soil,Vsd =Vsd1-Vcd
=
23.287-0.2709375
=
23.016 m
RESISTING LOAD AGAINST UPLIFT
CONCRETE above G.L.,Vc6* dc
= 0.0903125*1.6
Below G.L.dry portion,Vcd* dc = 0.2709375*1.6
Below G.L.wet portion,(Vc2+V3+Vc4+Vcw)* wc

SOIL

= (0.36+0.279+0.053+0.262)*1.6
dry portion,Vsd* ds = 23.016*1.2
wet portion,Vsw* ws = 7.717*1.2

FACTOR OF SAFETY
AGAINST UPLIFT

38.985/(25.921*COS 3.65)

5 OF 9

=
=
=
=
=
TOTAL =
=

0.1445 t
0.4335 t
1.5269
27.62
9.2602
38.985

t
t
t
t

1.507040761

ASTER PRIVATE LIMITED


RESISTING MOMENT DUE TO SIDE THRUST AT FOUNDATION TOE

Side Thurst Force , F = 1/2 ( Kp* s*h)h*B4


THEREFORE , h = SQRT(2*F/(Kp* s*B4))
Coeff. Of Passive Earth Pressure,
= kp
=
FORCE ACTING IN X-DIRECTION

h=
Hence Resisting Force, Fx =
FORCE ACTING IN Z-DIRECTION

h=
Hence Resisting Force, Fz =

:
SQRT(2*1.174/(3*1.2*0.425))
=
1.23881 m <2.685-0.5=2.185m
Therefore the soil pressure will act upto a depth of 1.2388 m
1/2*3*1.2*1.239^2*0.425
=
1.174 t

:
SQRT(2*0.816/(3*1.2*0.425))
=
1.0328 m <2.685-0.5=2.185m
Therefore the soil pressure will act upto a depth of 1.0328 m
1/2*3*1.2*1.033^2*0.425
=
0.816 t

MOMENT AT FOUNDATIION TOE


Moment due to side thurst
Mhx
Mhz
Moment due to ecentricity
Mex
Mez
Resisting Moment due to soil Mrx
Mrz

= 1.174*(0.5+3.1)
= 0.816*(0.5+3.1)
= 29.279*SIN 3.65*0.415
= 29.279*SIN 3.65*0.415
= 1.174*(0.415+1.239/3)
= 0.816*(0.415+1.033/3)
Moment Mx =Mhx+Mex-Mrx = 4.226+0.774-0.972
Moment Mz =Mhz+Mez-Mrz = 2.938+0.774-0.62
ADDITIONAL COMPRESSION DUE TO CONCRETE

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Above G.L. = 0.0903125*2.4


=
Below G.L. = (1.388-0.0903125)*(2.4-1.6)
=
TOTAL =

4.2264
2.9376
0.7735
0.7735

0.972
0.6196
4.0279
3.0916

t-m
t-m
t-m
t-m
t-m
t-m
t-m
t-m

0.21675 t
1.03803 t
1.25478 t

CHECK FOR BEARING CAPACITY

BEARING PRESSURE
DUE TO VERTICAL LOAD =
DUE TO MOMENT
=
Minimum Bearing Pressure
Maximum Bearing Pressure

(29.279*COS 3.65+1.255)/1.55^2
(4.028+3.092)/(1/6*1.55^3)
=

12.684-11.471
12.684+11.471

FACTOR OF SAFETY AGAINST BEARING PRESSURE

F1 =
F2 =
F3 =
F4 =
F5 =

37.5/24.156

=
=
=
=
=

=
1/2*(5.4+9.666)*1.185*0.425
=
1/2*(9.666+10.116)*0.65*0.125
=
1/2*(10.116+10.62)*0.14*(1.55+1.27)/2
=
1/2*(10.62+11.16)*0.15*1.55
=
TOTAL RESISTING FORCE =
FACTOR OF SAFETY AGAINST SLIDING
= 11.471/1.174 =

CHECK FOR SLIDING

1/2*7.2*1.5*0.425

12.684 t/m2
11.471 t/m2
1.2133 t/m2
2
24.156 t/m
1.5524

2.295
3.7938
0.8036
2.0466
2.5319
11.471

t
t
t
t
t
t

9.7709

DESIGN OF CHIMNEY

Moment at the root of Chimney,


Moment ,Mux = 1.174*(2.685+0.5)-1.174*1.239 / 3
Moment ,Muz = 0.816*(2.685+0.5)-0.816*1.033 / 3
d' =
50+16/2
Tension with Bending
d'/D =
58/425
Pu/Fck*b*d = 25.921*9807/(20*425*425)
Provide 8 nos 16 dia(bar mkd D) and 0 nos 16 dia(bar mkd D1)

6 OF 9

=
=
=
=
=

3.2544 t-m
2.318 t-m
58 mm
0.1365
0.0704

ASTER PRIVATE LIMITED


Area of reinforcement provided
% of reinforcement provided, p

8*201.06+0*201.06
= 1608.5/(425*425)*100
p/Fck
=
0.891/20
Mu/Fck*b*d2
Mux1 or Muz1 = 0.036*20*425*425^2/9807000
(Mux/Mux1) + (Muz/Muz1)
= 3.254/5.662+2.318/5.662
=

mm2
%

=
=
=
=
=
=

1608.5
0.8905
0.0445
0.0362
5.6616
0.9843

=
=
=
=
=
=

0.0795
0.0824
12.893 t-m
215.34 t
0.136
1

0.4322 < 1 O.K.

t-m
< 1 O.K.

Compression with Bending

Pu/Fck*b*d = 29.279*9807/(20*425*425)
Mu/Fck*b*d2
Mux1 or Muz1 = 0.082*20*425*425^2/9807000
Puz = 0.45*Fck*Ac + 0.75*Fy*Asc
For Pu/Puz
=
29.279/215.335
n

(Mux/Mux1)^ n + (Muz/Muz1)^ n = (3.254/12.893)^1+(2.318/12.893)^1


DESIGN OF BASE SLAB

Desidn BEARING PRESSURE


DUE TO VERTICAL LOAD
DUE TO MOMENT
EFFECTIVE DEPTH
AT SEC X-X dx
AT SECY-Y dy

= (29.279*COS 3.65+1.255)/1.55^2
= 4.028/(1/6*1.55^3)
= 415-80-10-10/2
= 290-80-10-10/2

=
=

a ) COMPRESSION REINFORCEMENT
I ) BENDING AT SECTION X-X
Effective cover for comp. reinforement,d'(if required)

=
=
TOTAL =
320 mm
195 mm

12.684
6.4899
19.174 t/m2

=
=
=
=
=

95 mm
0.2969
4.7018 t-m

80+10+10/2
d'/d

Mux = 19.174*(1.55-0.425)^2/8*1.55

Mux/bdx2 = 4.702*9807000/(650*320^2)
0.6928
Xumax =
0.479*320
153.333 mm
Mu,limit = 0.36*20*153.3*650*(320-0.42*153.3)/(9807000)
= 18.70282 t-m >4.702 So to be designed as singly reinforced section
REQUIRED 100Ast/bh a 0.74903 b
-3.6
c 0.69 D.R. % =
0.2002 %
REQUIRED 100Asc/bh fcc 3.98914 sc
0
fsc 266.95 0.14294 =
0%

Ast required
Provide 6 nos 10 dia(bar mkd A)
Area of reinforement
Spacing
Asc required

= (0.2/100)*650*320

= 6*78.54
=
471.2389
= (1550-2*80-10)/(6-1)
= (0/100)*650*320
=

ii ) BENDING AT SECTION Y-Y


Effective cover for comp. reinforement,d'(if required)

mm2 >416.4 mm^2 , O.K.


=
276 mm C/C
0 mm^2 for bar mkd C

80+10+10/2
d'/d

Muy = 19.174*(1.55-0.65)^2/8*1.55

416.4 mm2

=
=
=
=
=

95 mm
0.4872
3.0092 t-m
2
0.6111 N/mm

Mux/bdx2 = 3.009*9807000/(1270*195^2)
Xumax =
0.479*195
93.426 mm
Mu,limit = 0.36*20*93.4*1270*(195-0.42*93.4)/(9807000)
= 13.5683 t-m >3.009 So to be designed as singly reinforced section
REQUIRED 100Ast/bh
c 0.61 D.R. % =
0.1757 %
REQUIRED 100Asc/bh fcc 0.007824 sc -0
fsc -11.82 -0.2027 =
0%

Ast required
Asc required

= (0.176/100)*1270*195
= (0/100)*1270*195
7 OF 9

=
=

435.015 mm2 <471 mm^2 , O.K.


0 mm^2 for bar mkd B

ASTER PRIVATE LIMITED


b ) UPLIFT REINFORCEMENT

Pressure

= 25.921*COS 3.65/(1.55^2-0.425^2)

11.643 t/m2

=
=

1.1972 t-m
2
0.1764 N/mm

I ) BENDING AT SECTION X-X

Mx = 11.643*(1.55-0.425)^2/8*0.65
Mux/bdx2 = 1.2*9807000/(650*320^2)
Xumax = 153.3144 mm
REQUIRED 100Ast/bh c 0.1764 = 0.12

Area required
Provide 4 nos 10 dia(bar mkd C)
Area of reinforement
Spacing

= (0.12/100)*650*320

Mu,limit =

9.5557 t-m

% > 0 % Required as a comp steel


=
249.6 mm2

= 4*78.54
= (650-2*80-10)/(4-1)

=
=

314.16 mm2
160 mm C/C

1.4971 t-m

ii ) BENDING AT SECTION Y-Y

My = 11.643*(1.55-0.65)^2/8*1.27

2
Mux/bdy2 = 1.497*9807000/(1270*195^2)
=
0.304 N/mm
Xumax = 93.42596 mm
Mu,limit =
13.568 t-m
REQUIRED 100As/bh c 0.30403 = 0.12
% > 0 % Required as a comp steel

Area required
Provide 4 nos 10 dia(bar mkd B)
Area of reinforement
Spacing

= (0.12/100)*1270*195

297.18 mm2

= 4*78.54
= (1270-2*80-10)/(4-1)

=
=

314.16 mm2
366.67 mm C/C

= 19.1744 t/m2
= ((1.55-0.425)/2-0.32)*1.55*19.174
= 7.207*10000/(320*1550)
= 471.239*100/(320*1550)
= 0.23416 N/mm2

=
=
=

7.2072 t
2
0.1453 N/mm
0.095 %

=
=
=

7.5787 t
2
0.2507 N/mm
0.1559 %

= 19.1744 t/m2
= 19.174*(1.55^2-(0.425+0.32)^2)
= 35.424*9807/(4*320*(425+3*320))
= 0.25*SQRT(20)

=
=
=

35.424 t/m2
2
0.196 N/mm
1.118 N/mm2

= 19.174*(1.55^2-(0.65+0.195)^2)
= 32.375*10000/(4*195*(650+3*195))
= 0.25*SQRT(20)

=
=
=

32.375 t/m2
2
0.3361 N/mm
1.118 N/mm2

CHECK FOR ONE WAY SHEAR


AT SECTION X-X

Design Bearing Pressure


Shear Force
Shear Stress
% of Steel 100As/bd
Permissible Stress

24.4423

AT SECTION Y-Y

Shear Force
Shear Stress
% of Steel 100As/bd
Permissible Stress

= ((1.55-0.65)/2-0.195)*1.55*19.174
= 7.579*10000/(195*1550)
= 471.239*100/(195*1550)
= 0.29247 N/mm2

14.8945

CHECK FOR TWO WAY SHEAR


AT SECTION X-X

Design Bearing Pressure


Shear Force
Shear Stress
Permissible Shear Stress
AT SECTION Y-Y

Shear Force
Shear Stress
Permissible Shear Stress

8 OF 9

ASTER PRIVATE LIMITED

130

1270

10

490

16

325

500

3500

10

198

255

BAR BENDING SCHEDULE FOR FOUNDATION TYPE-1


BAR MKD BAR DIA S K E T C H
LENGTH NO OF BARS
( mm )
( mm)
( nos )
1390
A
10
1390
12

UNIT WEIGHT WT / LEG


( kg )
( kg )

WT /TOW
( kg )

0.62

10.34

41.36

1270

0.62

6.3

25.2

1000

0.62

4.96

19.84

4000

1.58

50.56

202.24

1492

12

0.39

6.98

27.92

1111

12

0.39

5.2

20.8

84.34

337.36

325
F

0
23
VOLUME OF EXCAVATION
EXCAVATION VOL

3.15*1.85*1.85

=
TOTAL/LEG =
TOTAL/TOW =

VOLUME OF CONCRETE
LEAN CONCRETE
CONCRETE OF GRADE
20
SLAB PORTION
CHIMNEY PORTIONN

3
10.780875 m
3
10.780875 m
3
43.1235 m

0.13 m3

=
=

0.6924362 m3
0.5752906 m3
3
1.4 m
3
5.6 m

TOTAL/LEG =
TOTAL/TOW =
VOLUME OF FILLING
FILLING VOLUME
FORMWORK FOR R.C. WORK
SLAB
0.198
1.55*4*0.15
(1.27+1.55)/2*0.198*4
0.65*4*0.125
CHIMNEY
0.425*4*(2.685+0.5)

=
TOTAL/LEG =
TOTAL/TOW =
=
=
=

0.93 m2
1.117 m2
0.33 m2

5.415 m2
7.787 m2
2
31.148 m

TOTAL/LEG =
TOTAL/TOW =

9 OF 9

9.484 m3
3
9.484 m
3
37.936 m