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.

2010


. ..
2010


. ..
4 .
1 2 ,
3 4
,
5 6 :
,
,
( ). 7
8
: ,
,
,
(
), :
, ,
,
.

,
. ,
.

1
3x y = 4x + 8,
1.
x +1
y = log x .
2

. x > 0 x 1 :
y log2 x = x + 1 log2 xy = x + 1 xy = 2x + 1.
xy
, ,
32x + 1 = 4x + 8 (2x)2 62x + 8 = 0 2x = 2 2x = 4.
x = 1, ,
x = 2 y=

x +1
= 3.
log2 x

: {(2; 3)}.
2.

1 x
3x 2
>
.
x
3x + 4

. :
3x 2

4 2

0,

x ; ; + ,
3x + 4

3
3

1 x
x (0; 1),

> 0,

2
x
2
x
(3
x
2)
(1
x
)
(3
x
4)

+

3x 2 1 x 2
<0
2
<

x
(3
x
4)
+

3x + 4 x

2
x 3 ; 1 ,
x 3 ; 1 ,

2 4


x ; .
3
4
3 5

5x 4 < 0
x ; 0 0;
x 2 (3x + 4)

4 5

37
11 (721) 2011

: x ; .
3 5
2 4

3.
f (x) =

4
.
3 cos2 x + 2 sin x 1

. g(x) =
= 3cos2 x + 2sin x 1. sin x = t, 1 t 1.

g(x)

y(t) = 3(1 t2) + 2t 1 = 3t2 + 2t + 2,
t [1; 1]. y(t) = 3t2 + 2t + 2 t0 =

1
7
[1; 1] y (t0 ) = , 3
3

. , y(1) = 1 y(1) = 3. y(t), , g(x) 3; . 3

4
, g (x)
4 12

; ; + .

3 7

f (x) =

, f(x)
:

12
.
7

12
.
7

4. ABC, , ABC =

, BC = 5, 2AC > AB 12

CD AC

5
.
12

AC > AD,
7
5

, < . ,
>
12
12
6

25
1
5
=
, AB =
=
.
, SABC = AB BC sin
12
2
12 4
2 sin

25
.
4

5. . . 50 , ( ) .
,
10 . , ,
, ?
. s () , v (
) . .
100
.
, . , 50 , , :
50 s 10
s = 85,
=
2v
v
3

. , s < 100 ,
. 50 : -

. 1

7
,
12
11
ACB =

12

. F BAC = , ADC =
5
BDC = +
,
12

BCD =
2

(. 1). ABC DBC


:

v 50

, s
2
2v

.
3

s 10 v. :
s
s
2 + 2 = s 10 s = 80.
2v
v
v
3

50

AB
5
BD
5
=
=
.
5
11
sin


sin
sin sin +
12

12


, AB = 2BD ,
2 cos
=
11


sin
12

sin +

12
sin

sin 2 = sin + sin + 5

12

12

1
2

sin 2a = 1 cos cos + 2 sin 2 = .


2

11 (721) 2011

s
2

,
80 .
: 80 .
6. ABCD AB = 1 BC = 4,
AA1, BB1,
CC1, DD1 1. DC1 C1, DB1 , DB1,
D1. .

38
38

.
. D ,
DA x, DC y, DD1
z (. 2).

4 (4k x0 )+ 2k 2 = 0,

2
2
2
8
x
k
16
k
k
k
3
k
k
2
0

+
+
=

0
2x0 + 9k 1 = 0,

2
4x0 k + 9k 2k + 1 = 0.
k (0; 1) 1
x0 = 1.
3
1 1
3
2
R = x02 + y02 + (1 z0 ) = 1 + + =
.
4 4
2
3
: .
2

: k =

. 2

C1 (0; 1; 1),
D1 (0; 0; 1).
O
(x0; y0; z0), R DB1 E, (4k; k; k), k (0; 1), E DB1.

DC1 C1 ,


DC1
OC1 , 
OC1 R.
.
:

DC1 = {0; 1; 1};

OC1 = x0 ; 1 y0 ; 1 z0 ;
 
DC1 OC1 = 0 (1 y0) + (1 z0) = 0;

2
2
2
2
OC1 = R x0 + (1 y0 ) + (1 z0 ) = R .

DB1 E:

DE = {4k; k; k};

OE = 4k x0 ; k y0 ; k z0 ;
 
DE OE= 0 4(4k x0) + (k y0) + (k z0) = 0;

2
2
2
2
OE = R (4k x0) + (k y0) + (k z0) = R .

, , D1

, OD1 R.
:

OD1 = x0 ; y0 ; 1 z0 ;

2
2
2
2
OD1 = R x0 + y0 + (1 z0 ) = R .

x02 + (1 y0 ) + (1 z0 ) = x02 + y02 + (1 z0 )


2

1
2

, y0 = ,

3
2

z0 + y0 = 2 z0 = . :

2
1.
(x + 1) y = 8 + 32x ,

y = log (x + 1) .
3

2.

x+3
x 2
+
> 0.
x+6
x+4

3.
f (x) =

3
.
2 sin x cos 2x

4. PS PQRS 2. PR QS T, TS = 2QT. , F PSQ =


= F QPR = 30.
PQ RS , , .
5. - : , .
,
,
. 14 , ,
, . ,
2 . ?
6.
ABC 3,
AS, BS, CS 5. D
AC. BD
D, BS ,
BS, A. .
: 1. {(2; 2)}. 2. x ( ; 6) 36 ; 4

[2; + ). 3. 2. 4. PQ = 2, RS = 7. 5. 24 -

. 6.

3 3
.
4

39
39

2011

11 (721)

3.

1. 405, 18.
() n
5661. n.
. a1 = 405 , d = 18
. ap > 0 . :
ap = a1 + d(p 1) > 0 405 + 18(p 1) > 0

tg2 5x + sin2 y +

Sk

2a1 + d(k 1)
810 + 18 22
k =
23 = 4761,
2
2

5661 900. ,
m 900. m. :

Sm+ =

2a24 + d(m 1)
18 + 18(m 1)
m =
m = 900
2
2

m = 10.
, n = k + m = 33.
: 33.

a+

1
a

2 tg2 0, -

) 2.
x

4
x
+
4
(
)

2 log5x 2
1 + log x2 (x 2)(5 2x) 2 2 + log x2 (5 x) 2
2 log5x ( x 2)
2 2 log5x ( x 2)
2 log x 2 (5 x) + log2x 2 (5 x)
2,

2 log x 2 (5 x) 2
x 4

log2x 2 (5 x) 2 log x 2 (5 x) + 4
0,

2 log x 2 (5 x) 2
x 4

log x 2 (5 x) < 1,

x 4.

x (3; 4) c (4; +), 0 < 5 x < x 2,

x ; 4 (4; 5). x (2; 3),


5 x > x 2, , x (2; 3). , .

11 (721) 2011

1
a

= 2

a 1. x,
y
sin2 y cos 2y = n 3 3sin2 y = n + 1 3.
,
[0; 3],
n = 1 n = 1
. :

:
arcsin

) 2
(x 4x + 4 )

a+

2
1
2 + 2
, x = sin2 y =
.
3
5
15

4
1
2 4
, x = sin2 y =
.
3
5
15

y
, .

: x (2; 3) ; 4 (4; 5).


2

5x + sin2 y = n, n Z,

5x + cos 2y = 3,

sin y =

1 + log x 2 x 2 + 7x 10

7
2

=2

.
:

tg 5x + sin2 y = 0,

5x + cos 2y
3
+

3
5
x
cos
2y
+

sin y =

1 + log x 2 x 2 + 7x 10
2 log5x

7
.
4

2.

= 4 cos2

. 2.

423
p>
= 23,5.
18

, p = 24 . a24 = a1 + 23d = 9. ,
k = 23 ,

5x + cos 2y
3
+
3
5x + cos 2y

2 + 2
2 4
2
; arcsin
;
+ k ;

3
15
15


4
+ k , k Z.
3

4. ABCD AC
9
BAD 6 2 12 2. . .
. AB = x, AD = y, F BAC =
= F DAC = , R ABCD (. 3).
SABC = 6 2 SADC = 12 2. :
1

SABC = 6 2 = 2 9x sin ,
y = 2x.

SADC = 12 2 = 1 9y sin

2

, , BC = CD.

ABC ADC
, ,

40
40

x2 + 81 18x cos = 4x2 + 81 36x cos


x = 6cos .

a
8

, x t +

a
,
5

,
a
+
a
a
8
5a
+
min 1;

8
5
8

a +
8

a
1,
5

a 5a

5 8

4 72 16 14
.
5
5

a ;

4 72 16 14
.
5
5

: a ;
. 3

,
SABC

1
1
= 6 2 = 9x sin = 9 6 cos sin
2
2
4 2
.
sin 2 =
9

BAD ,
cos 2 = 1

1 + cos 2 2 2
32 7
=
cos =

=
2
3
81 9

x = 4 2.
, ABD, ,
BD = x 2 + 4x 2 4x 2 cos 2 =

R=

4 34
3

BD
3 17
=
.
2 sin 2
2

3 17
.
2

5. a,
64 25 y + (8 40a) 5 y 5a 0,

y
= 80 2x + 5a + a 2 x
40 5
.
. t = 5 y (0; 1]. :
64t2 + (8 40a)t 5a 0

6.
SABCD ABCD AB = 2 AD = 3. 12
23

ABCD. A, BD,
1 S SC.
?
. . SH P , SP : SH = x. P BSD , BD. SB K, SD
M. AP ( ASC) SC L. AKLM
(. 4). ABCD AX ABD, X BSD BD.
KM Y, AY AKM (
).

1
5a
5a
64 t + t 0 t .

, y a > 0,

5a

t 0; min 1; .

8
. z = 2x a > 0.
, . :
a
a
80z + 5a + 5a + 2 80z = 5a + 8 5a .
z
z

. 4

SAKM.
S, AKM,

41
41

2011

11 (721)

. SU.
1
3

SAKM V = SAKM SU .

V=

1
SKSM AX , AX 3

. :
SU = 1, KM = x BD = x 13,

AB AD
6
12
,
=
, XY = PH = (1 x)
BD
23
13
36 144
AY = AX 2 + XY 2 =
+
(1 x)2 ,
13 23
1
1
36 144
SAKM = KM AY = x 13
+
(1 x)2 .
2
2
13 23
AX =

,
SP = x SH = x
S KSM =

1 1
36 144
1 1
12
6
x 13
+
(1 x)2 = x 13 x

3 2
13 23
3 2
23 13

36 144
722
+
(1 x)2 =
x 2 92x2 + 104x 75 = 0.
13 13
13 23
1
x = ,
2

P SH.
, HSC PL ( ASC) , :
CL SP HA

= 1 SL = 1 .
LS PH AC
LC 2

: 1 : 2, S.

4
1.
376, 16.
() n
5408. n.
2.

) 2.
+ 2x + 1)

2 + log x+1 x 2 + x + 2
2 log2x

3.

tg2 7y + cos2 x +

7y cos 2x
3
+
3
7y cos 2x

= 4 sin2

5
.
4

4. ABCD BD
12
ABC 3 15 6 15. . .
5. a, 16 4 x + (2 40a) 2 x 5a 0,

x
= 20 4y + 5a + a 4 y
10 2
.

11 (721) 2011

ABCD.
A, BD,
2 S
SC. ?
: 1. 34.
3.

2. x ( 1; 0) 2 ; 1 (1; 2).


2
2 + 2
4
2 4
+ k;
+ k;
arccos
;
; arccos
3
21
3
21

1 18 4 14
. 6. 2 : 1,
5
5

k Z. 4. 4 6. 5. a ;

1
1
12
.
KM SP = x 13 x
2
2
23

(
(x

20
47

S.

12
,
23

6.
SABCD ABCD AB = 1 AD = 4.

1.
| 4x + 2x + 5 150 | = 150.
. 2x = t, t > 0. :
| t2 + 32t 150 | = 150
t2 + 32t 150 = 150
t2 32t + 300 = 0
2
2
t + 32t 150 = 150
t 32t = 0.

,
t = 32, x = 5.
: 5.
2.
(x y) y + 1 = 0,
2
2
x + 6x + y + 10 = y 8y + x + 2.
.
. y = 1, :
x + 9 0,

x 2 + 6x + 9 = x + 9 2
2
x + 6x + 9 = (x + 9)
x = 6.
, y = x 1, x 2 + 7x + 10 = x 2 7x + 2. x2 + 7x = t.
:
2 t 0,

t + 10 = 2 t
2
t + 10 = (2 t)
t 2,
t = 1.
2
t 5t 6 = 0
x, ,
x2 + 7x + 1 = 0. ,
x 1,
x=

7 + 3 5
7 + 3 5
. y = x, y =
. 2
2

, .

42
42

7 + 3 5 7 + 3 5
;
.
2
2

: ( 6; 1);

3.
9(sin x + cos x)2 32(1 + 7ctg x tg 4x)
+
+7 = 0
cos 2x
tg x + 7tg 4x

,
[0; 120]. , :
23 040.
. sin x 0, cos x 0, cos 2x 0, cos 4x 0,
tg x + 7tg 4x 0. :
32(1 + 7ctg x tg 4x)
9(sin x + cos x)
+
+7 = 0
2
2
cos x sin x tg x (1 + 7ctg x tg 4x)
9(sin x + cos x)
32

+
+7 = 0
cos x sin x
tg x
9(1 + tg x) 32

+
+ 7 = 0.
1 tg x
tg x
2

tg x = t. :

K AC BD ABCD.
ABC ADC AC, , ,
. , , BK KD.
, BCD BAD
CK KA. ,
BK : KD = CK : KA = 2 : 3,
AKD
BKC

3
2

AD BC. , ABCD (. 5), AD = 24, BC = 16, AB = CD = 20,


AB + CD = AD + BC ( ,

,
).

9(1 + t) 32
9t + 9t2 + 32 32t + 7t 7t2
+
+7 = 0
=0
1 t
t
t(1 t)
2(t 4)2

= 0.
t(1 t)


t = 4, x = arctg 4 + k, k Z. ,
x
sin x 0 cos x 0.
. :
1 tg2 x

15
0,
17
161
cos 4x = 2 cos2 2x 1 =
0,
289
2tg x
2tg 2x
240
8
tg 4x =
=
,
tg 2x =
=
1 tg2 2x
161
1 tg2 x
15
cos 2x =

1 + tg2 x

tg x + 7tg 4x 0. , x = arctg 4 + k, k Z,
[0; 120] k = 0, 1, 2, ,
119.
120arctg 4 + (1 + 2 + + 119) =
= 120arctg 4 + 7140 < 60 + 7140 =
= 7200 < 72003,2 = 23 040,

. 5

BH ABCD,
AH =

AD BC
= 4, BH =
2

AB2 AH 2 = 8 6,

HD = 20, BD = BH 2 + HD2 = 28.


:
tg BAD =

BH
= 2 6 = tg CDA,
AH

tg ABC = tg BCD = 2 6,
R=

BD
35
=
,
2 sin BAD
6

arctg 4 < 120arctg 4 < 60.


2

R ,

: x = arctg 4 + k, k Z; S = 120arctg 4 +
+ 7140 < 23 040.

ABCD, sin BAD =

4. ABCD
.
2 : 3. ABCD ,
, 24.
. , ,
SABC =

2
2
SADC SBCD = SBAD .
3
3

BH 2 6
=
.
AB
5

: 2 6, 2 6, 2 6,
2 6; R =

35
.
6

5.

)(

4 + (cos x) (log 3 x )(log 4 81)+ sin2 x log2 x 8


2 cos x 4 cos 2x + log 2 x .
.
:
4 + (2cos x)(log2 3)(log3 x) + (8sin2 x)(log2 x)
2cos x 4cos 2x + 8log2 x

43
43

2011

11 (721)

4 + (2cos x)(log2 x) + (4 4cos 2x)(log2 x)


2cos x 4cos 2x + 8log2 x
(log2 x)(2cos x 4cos 2x 4)
(2cos x 4cos 2x 4) 0
(log2 x 1)(2cos x 4cos 2x 4) 0

, x = 1 ,
:
(x + 1) (x 2 + x + 4 )> 0,
x < 1,

2
3
+
+

<
(
x
1)
x
x
3
0

x > .
4

(log2 x 1)(cos x) cos x 1 0.

(x > 0),
:

x ; 1 13 ,

x 2,
0 < x 2,

cos x 0
1

0 cos x 4
cos x 1 .
4

: x ;

1 13
( 1; + ).
2

6
1.
| 25x + 5x + 2 100 | = 100.
2.
(x y) y 5 = 0,
2
2
x 6x + y + 4 = y + 4y + x + 8.
3.

1
3

c
c
x arccos ;
2; 2
4 2

1
1

c arccos + 2k; arccos + 2k c + 2k;


+ 2k ,
4
4
2

k Z, k 1.

x (1; +).
, .

(. 68). 6
, 7
,
8 .

2(1 + 8tg x tg 4x)


9 cos 2x
+
+ 23 = 0
(sin x + cos x)2
ctg x + 8tg 4x

6. x, (x + 1)3 x2 3x 2 , x3 + 3x2 + 2x + 2 x2 + 5x + 4.
. ,

. :
(x + 1)3 < x 3 + 3x 2 + 2x + 2,

3
2
(x + 1) < x + 5x + 4

,
[0; 140]. , :
30 380.
4. ABCD
.
1: 6. ABCD ,
, 48.
5.
6 + (cos x) (log 3 x )(log2 81)+ sin2 x log2 x12

2
3
2
x 3x 2 < x + 3x + 2x + 2,
2
2
x 3x 2 < x + 5x + 4.

)(

4 cos x 6 cos 2x + log

x < 1,
x 3 + 2x 2 + 5x + 4 > 0,

2
x + 2x 2x 3 < 0
8x > 6.

11 (721) 2011

x .

6. x, (x 2)3 x2 9x + 16 ,

x3 6x2 + 11x 4 x2 x 2.

, :

. 6

. 7

44
44

. 8

2. (0; 5); 5 + 3 5 ; 5 + 3 5 .
2
2

: 1. 2.

cos =

3. x = arctg 4 + k, k Z; S = 140arctg 4 +
+ 9870 > 30 380. 4.

2 6
,
5

1
2 6
2 6
2 6
7 73

,
; R=
,
. 5. x arccos ; c
3 2
5
5
5

6
3

1
1
c 2; c arccos + 2k; arccos + 2k c
3
3
2

c + 2k;
+ 2k , k Z, k 1.
2

6. x ;

5 13
(2; + ).
2

1
4 2
tg 2 =
= 2 2 =
.
1
1 tg2
7
1
8
4 2
2 2
: cos =
.
, tg 2 =
3
7

4.
4

1. , a = 2 + 4
6a a3 , .
. :

( 2 + 4) = 2+3
3

4 4 + 3 2 16 + 4 =
3

= 6 + 3 16 + 3 32 = 6 + 6 2 + 6 4,
6a a3 = 6.
: 6.
2.
. . .
4 . ,
?
. 4 .
, 2 .
, 1 . 4 . ,
5 .
: 5 .
3. cos tg 2, ,
sin =

log9 x2 + 4 x 5

) 2log (1+ 8 x x ).
2

.
:
3

2tg

a3 =

2 2
. :
3
sin
1
tg =
=
cos
2 2

cos < 0.

3
3

cos = 1 sin2 ,

log9 x2 + 4 x 5

) 2log (1+ 8 x x )
2

2 log9 x2 + 4 x 5

) 2log (1+ 8 x x )
2

2
2log9 (x2 + 4x 5) log3 (1 + 8x x2)
log3 (x2 + 4x 5) log3 (1 + 8x x2)
2
2
x + 4x 5 > 0,
x + 4x 5 > 0,
2

2
2
x 2x 3 0
x + 4x 5 1 + 8x x
x ( ; 5) (1; + ),

x [1; 3]
x (1; 3].
: x (1; 3].
3

5. ABCD AD BC, AB CD . BC
K, BK = 2KC. AK CD
E, DK AB
F. BF : EC.
. BK = 4x, KC = 2x AD = 9x (. 9). BFK AFD 4
9

, BF =

4
4
AF = AB. 9
5

, KEC AED
2
9

, , ,
EC =

2
2
ED = CD. AB = CD, :
9
7
4
AB
BF 5
14
=
=
.
2
EC
CD 5
7

2 2
2 2
cos =
. cos =
,
3
3

cos = cos cos + sin sin =

3
3
3
1
3
2
3
= cos +
sin =
+
> 0,
2
2
3
6

.
cos =

2 2
,
3

2
3

cos =
+
< 0,

3
3
6

. 9

: BF : EC = 14 : 5.

45
45

2011

11 (721)

6. a,
x a + x 3 + 1 = 2 .
.

f (x) = x a + x 3 + 1
x b = max {a; 1}.
.
. ,

2. . . 15 , , ,
. , ?
3. sin tg 2, ,

x a + x3 + 1 = 2
,
f(x),
f(b), 2. .
a 1, :
3
f (b) = f (a) = a 3 + 1 2 a 3;

cos =

a 1 a 1; 3 .

a < 1,
f (b) = f ( 1) = 1 a 2 a 5;
c a < 1 , a [5; 1).
3
, a 5; 3

, a 3
amin = 5, amax = 3.
3

: amin = 5, amax =

4.

log2 6 + x x2

) 9log (x
4

5 x 2

).

5. AC BD ABCD E. E , CD AD BC F G . EF : EG, , AF = 2BG.


6. a, a 3 x 3 + 1 x = 4 .
4
5

3.

: 1. 6. 2. 35 . 3. sin = ,

8
3

sin < 0.

5
4

1. , c = 3 9 c +
+ 9c , .
3

tg 2 =

EF
24
= 2. 6. a = 15,
. 4. x (2; 1]. 5.
min
EG
7

amax = 17.

, !
: .. , - 30,
. -

11 (721) 2011

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46