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, -

. .

. . , 6, . , 220013,
.: +375 17 293-89-94, e-mail: nilemc@bsuir.edu.by
h1
(). h1, .

C = 69.55 + 26.16 log(f) +

I.
(),
- [1, 2] . -R P.1546
[3]
h1, ,

3-15 15
(0,2r r)
15 , r 1
.
h1 , .
,
h1
htx, ,
htx
.

ll.

h1
,

.

1, 2, 5, 10 15 .
h1,
: 150 h1 200 h1 2, 5, 10
15 .
[4] ,
h1 ( ) [5]:
x m
(1)
W(x) = e
2
m = htx , , = 2
(), .
. 1
(1) .
L, , - :

L = 69.55 + 26.16 log(f) - 13.82(h1 ) +

+ (44.9 - 6.55 (h 1 )) log(r) + A(h rx )

r , , f , ; A
(hrx) - , .
(3) :
(4)
L = C - log(h1 ) (13.82 + 6.55 log(r)) ,

(3)

,
(5)
+ 44.9 log(r) + A(h rx )

h1, L, , [5]:
dh (L)
(6)
WL (L) = Wh (h 1 (L)) 1
dL
(4) h1
:
1

C-L

h 1 (L) = 10 13.82+ 6.55log(r) ,

(7)

(1, 6, 7)
L:

WL (L) =
10

h ( L )h
e
2

C- L
13.82 + 6.55log(r)

tx

(8)

ln(10)

13.82 + 6.55 log(r)

.1-2 L
(r), , , htx, .

. 1. L (r) htx = 30-80 .


Fig. 1. Dependence L (r) for htx = 30-80 m

. 2. L (r) htx = 100-200 .


Fig. 2. Dependence L (r) for htx = 100-200 m

200616thInt.CrimeanConferenceMicrowave&TelecommunicationTechnology(CriMiCo2006).11-15September,Sevastopol,Crimea,Ukraine
2006:CriMiCo2006OrganizingCommittee;WeberCo.ISBN:966-322-006-6.IEEECatalogNumber:06EX1376

971

. 1. ,
Table 1. , parameters
r,

1
0,44
3,21

2
0,27
5,24

5
0,17
8,32

10
0,14
10,10

15
0,11
12,86


[6] :
(9)
L (r) = K lg(r) 0.8 ,
.3 (htx),
,
htx, .

lV.
[1] Manual on mobile communication development. ITU,
1999. 168 p.
[2] Siwiak K. Radiowave propagation and antennas for personal
communication. Artech House, 1995. 320 p.
[3] Recommendation ITU-R P.1546 The Prediction of Field
Strength for Land Mobile and Terrestrial Broadcasting Services in the Frequency Range from 1 to 3 GHz.
[4] . . . . - ,
1971, .60.
[5] . . . .:, 1969.
[6] : / . . . 8- ., . .: . ., 2002. 575 .: .

STATISTICAL PROPERTIES
OF THE PROPAGATION LOSSES
OF THE RADIO WAVES, CALCULATED
BY OKAMURA-HATA MODELS

. 3. (htx).
Fig. 3. Dependence (htx)


:
(10)
K(h tx ) = 7.5 e 0.022h tx
, (9, 10)

, -,
r, ,
htx, :
(11)
L (r, h tx ) = 7.5 e 0.022h lg(r)0.8 ,
tx

lII.
:
-
h1 ( );
- h1 htx;
- h1
3- 13- ;
-

htx

h1 ;
- h1, htx

htx;
- - , htx h1.

972

Metelsky A. K.
Belarusian State University of
Informatics and Radioelectronics
6, P. Brovka Str., Minsk, 220013, Belarus
Ph.: +375 17 293-89-94, e-mail: nilemc@bsuir.edu.by
Abstract A dependence of the behavior of the transmitting
antenna height h1 on a path length of the radio wave propagation was investigated. Probability distributions of the transmitting antenna height h1 and a dependence of the behavior of the
distribution parameters on a path length of the radio wave
propagation were obtained.

l. Introduction
The transmitting antenna height h1 is applied in radio wave
propagation models such as Okamura-Hata and Rec. ITU-R
P.1546 for a field strength or propagation losses. The antenna
height h1 is the height of the antenna above average terrain
height in the direction of the receiving antenna and it has a random number.

ll. Main Part


For investigation of the behavior of the transmitting antenna
height h1 the various paths of the radio waves propagation were
analyzed. The analysis was carried out using digital terrain
model. Distribution of the significance transmitting antenna
height h1 can be described according to Laplas law (1). The dependence of the antenna heights h1 standard deviation L on a
paths length r is presented in Fig.1, 2. and can be described
according to function (9). The dependence of the antenna
heights h1 standard deviation L on a paths length r and the
transmitting antennas height under grounds level htx can be
described according to function (11).

lll. Conclusion
Distribution of the significance transmitting antenna height
h1 can be described according to Laplas law. The value h1 is equal
to the transmitting antennas height under grounds level htx. With
increasing of the paths length the standard deviation of the
meaning h1 changes its size from 3 to 13 meters. The possibility of
using htx instead of h1 leads to increasing of a miscalculation.
Standard deviation of losses with replacing htx, instead of h1,
increases with increasing of the paths length and decreases with
increasing of the htx. The results of research allow making
simplified accounts of losses with determined miscalculation with
the help of Okamura-Hata models using htx instead of h1.

200616thInt.CrimeanConferenceMicrowave&TelecommunicationTechnology(CriMiCo2006).11-15September,Sevastopol,Crimea,Ukraine
2006:CriMiCo2006OrganizingCommittee;WeberCo.ISBN:966-322-006-6.IEEECatalogNumber:06EX1376