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2001

947
6 3 . 3 ( 2 8 0 ) 7 3
25

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25

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ISBN 5-94038-014-
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40- ,
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947
6 3 . 3 ( 2 8 0 ) 7 3

ISBN 5-94038-014-

., ., 2001
, 2001

0 0 0 .
01511 14.04.00
121552, , . , 30. . 141-8312, 141-7377
E-mail: Ex.Print@g23.relcom.ru
01.06.01. 60x90/8. . . .
... 9,5. 5 000 .
GRASPO CZ.a.s. ()

_________________________________________________________ " ..."



, , . " ",
"
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:
5-

- .


-60, -2
-1.

,

.
The first days of the entry
of the forces: the recon
naissance battalion from
the 5th MRD on the way
south from Kushki via the
Mir-Ali Pass. This was the
first time reconnaissance
subunits were provided
with the BTR-60PB,
BRDM-2, and BMP-1.

" ..."


40 ,
120
,
, -
. ,
,

.
,
- ,

.
,
- .

,

.

,

( ),
().

. 1979

..
,

, -
.
,

,


,
.
, "
", 538 ,
..,

"".
"":

-


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, ,
.
,

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,
10-12
.
,

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"", "


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.
,

,
"-333",
, .

: _________________________________________________________________
-


(
).


40,

.
The Tajbek Palace in Kabul
served as the seat of the
Afghan Government (seen
in the background). After
the introduction of Soviet
Forces, it was changed
over to become the head
quarters for 40th Army, and
here is where the recon
naissance directorate was
located.


,
.

"" "",

- ,
.


, 2500
, 1:4.

.

:
,
,
,


-.

,
27 .

19.30
.
""
"".
.
,
, ,
, ,

"",
,

.

, .
35 ,
23 .


.

.

40- , .

,
,
,

.




, ,

.
On the way to Herat.

___________________________________________________________" ..."

177-

.


,
"
"

.


.
The reconnaissance compa
ny of the 177th MRR on the
road in the Baglan Valley.

,
.
, ,
.
,

, .
,
,

, .

,
,
,
, ,
, .
40- ,
1980 ,
.
,
" ", .

, ,
. ,

, ,

.

,
.

,
.

,
.

,
-
.


( )


.
,
,
. ,
,
.

345-

"" .


.

,

, ,
,
.
Scouts from the 345th
Independent Airborne
Regiment move out on an
operationa in the "Green
Zone" near Bagram.

: _________________________________________________________________

:
, .

. "
7
1981 " . 40-
,

.

200 . . , 70-80
. . .
,

,
.
(
) ,
.
, , ,
" "
,

.
, ,
,
,
.
177
.
,


,

,

,


,
,
.
The reconnaissance com
pany of the 177th MRR on
the road to Tashkurgan in
Samangar Province.

-,

,

,



.


,

,

.
Beuji nomads, found in the
southern provinces, were
for the most part friendly,
but due to their fierce war
rior reputation they were
never met when carrying
weapons.

_____________________________________________________________________________


,
,

,
.
,
,
( 30% , 40-
,
).
,
.


,
. 40-

,

350-


,

.

-80
-
.

-76.
Paratroopers from the
350th Independent
Parachute Regiment pro
vided security for the Kabul
airport.

108-
-.
-60
12,

.
Scouts from the 108th MRD
in combat order near PuliHumri.


""
.
-

.
A Ural burns near Bagram
a fuel tanker.

: _________________________________________________________________

.
-0314/3/0655,
1980

( , ,
).

-17,
"",
,
" ".

,
.
40- ,
, .

,
,
. ,
"",

. ,
, .
,
,

,
,

,

, "" , -



2 ""

,

-74,


, -

.


20-
( ),
7 0 0


2 0 0 .


.
Reconnaissance subunits
used a number of special
weapons, including the NR
scout's knifre and the
shooting NRS knife with
two cartridges in the han
dle, night and optical sights
for the AK-74N, and
silencers for automatic
rifles and submachine
guns.


-25 ""
40-
1985 .


"
".
-25
,


,

.
The GP-25 "Koster"
(Bonfire) under-barrel
grenade launcher entered
service with the 40th Army
in 1985.


25

,
-25
-"",

,


"".
A special belt and pouches
were provided for carrying
the VOG-25 grenade
rounds.

____________________________________________________________________________



4 0 0 ,



. 30-
225

200 .
The under-barrel launcher
was particularly effective at
all ranges up to 400
meters, and one grenade if
fired correctly could take
out a number of different
targets. The 30mm
grenade had a weight of
225 grams and produced
up to 200 fragments.

,
. 1986
,
,
, 60%
82 51,
.

, ,
,
.

,
,

, ,
,

.

,

,
,
,
.
40- 1980
108- c,
(
), 201- c 5- c
, ,
781- , 783-
650- . .
181-, 180-, 177- (
1984 108- c ,



.

-18 "
",
2,60


.
At the platoon and compa
ny level, grenade launchers
substituted for artillery. The
RPG-18 "Mukha" (Fly) was
particularly handy due to its
light weight.


-74,
,

-
.

,



- "
"

""

.

,


.
The RPK and RPK-74 light
machine guns only found
limited use due to their
insufficient firepower.

: __________________________________________________________________

"",


.
,
-18,
,



.

-7.
Thanks to its light weight,
troops could take a number
of "Mukha" launchers with
them



18 ,


,

,

50, 100, 150 200 .
In order to use the RPG-18, it
had to be extended.

682 ) 682- , 122-, 149- 395-


, 101-, 371-, 373- , ( 1985
5 12- . ).
186-, 191- 860- .
40
24 101
.
781- 108-
25 1979
- ,
. 15.00
.
27 28
5- -
.

,
1980 373- 186-
(70- 66-
),
(24- , 234- , 285- )
. 40
38 .

,
.
,

,

.
,
.
103- , ,
80-
.
350, 357 317 ,
345 56 ,
40 .

-

-

10

_____________________________________________________________________________


-1.

,


"" ,


,
-
.


30-
.
The self-loading Dragunov
SVD sniper's rifle with the
PSO-1 sight.


,

.


-


2-3


"" "".
Along with the Kalashnikov
automatic rifle, the PK was
the most widely deployed
weapon.



,



.

-

,

,
.

-

.
The PK and PKM machine
guns differed from each
other in their flash suppres
sors, fittings made of wood
or plastic, and their ability
to fit the NSPU night sight.

11

: __________________________________________________________________
""

-.



,

2000
-4.


4-6

10-15
.
Firing the "Utes" machine
gun from its tripod. This
machine gun could be fitted
with the SPP sniper's sight
with illuminated scales,
which supported firing at
ranges of up to 2,000
meters, or the PPN-4 night
sight.

HCBC-12,7 ""
.
-
, .
The NSVS-12.7 "Utes" (Rock) with the SPP
sniper's sight. The strongpoint is formed
from boxes used to carry ammunition, now
filled with rocks and gravel.

,

.

-

2-3
""
"".
Along with the Kalashnikov automatic rifle,
the PK was the most widely deployed
weapon.

12

_____________________________________________________________________________


-74,

,
,

.
""


, ,
"", -
,

.
A personal first aid pouch was
attached to the stock of the
AKS-74 with a rubber band, where
it was always right at hand and
when used with a rubber twist,
could serve to stop the bleeding
when wounded.


-74
,

,


.
(
)

-85,
() -

.
,
,

,

,
- 45-
"" .
The shortened AKS-74U found
only limited use, as it was
designed primarily for use by
armored vehicle crewmen.

- "
"
. ,



, .
Due to its strong recoil, the
"Plamya" (Torch) really kicked
when firing. In order to support the
grenade launcher, its main braces
had to be dug into the ground or
someone had to sit on it, using
their weight to hold it down.

13

: __________________________________________________________________

.



. 103-
,

.
8-10 , 343
770 , 894
, 1062
, .
,

40.

,

,
, 40
.

,
,
50
-
-32 -
-44 ,

3 x 1 . 50-


,


"".
A belt of 50 rounds was made
up from the B-32 armorpiercing/incendiary or BZT-44
armor-piercing incendiary
with tracer projectiles.


.

1981 82-
214 "",

.
In the mountains, the only
form of artillery which could
used were mortars.



-"
"
.


, -
,


.

""
,

,

,
.
An unheralded attribute of
military uniforms was the
cargo vest - "lifchiki"
(brassieres) which had plenty
of pockets.

14

_____________________________________________________________________________


(
),


-74.



-,


,

"",
, ,
,

.


,
""
,
-

,


.
Helicopter crewmen from
Gazni with the commander
of a reconnaissance group
(carrying a captured rifle),
on the leg of which can be
seen the combination plas
tic holster for an AKS-74U.

" " AKC-74




.




,

.

""


,

.
The "Black Kalashnikov" the AKS-74 with stock and
foregrip made out of cast
thermoplastic.





.



.




.
The KZS protective mesh
set was most widely
deployed as a type of cam
ouflage uniform.

,
. 317-

,
, 345-
. 357- 350-

( "")
,



.

15

: __________________________________________________________________
9
- 102

.


.


,

,




.
Mobile Post No. 9 on a
slope - one of 102 which
formed the defensive belt
around Kabul.



.

,
, 797-
,
40. ,
,
,


.
:

1980
"

- ",
, ""

.
"" ,
,
" ". ,
(
,
, 1985
)
,
,
,
.
,

(

"
" "
").

1983 (11
), 1986 (6 ).

-
.

16


( -
..,
"
-
"),
.
,

, ,
,

"" (-
"").
:
1982 ,
,
,
,
; 66-
,
,




2 0 2 0 0
.


,

,
.
-
.


,

,

.
By the end of the first year
of the war, 20,200 officers
and soldiers were serving in
established garrisons and
bridges. Their tasks includ
ed observation and control
of local areas, defense and
security of government
zones around towns, gar
risons and highways. In this
photo, one of the garrison
teams is moving into the
Panjir Valley.

______________________________________________________________________________
""

2800 .

,

,


.


,

,

.
The "Pilotka" post, located
at 2,800 meters in the
mountain heights near
Gardez.

,
.
,
,

,

.
- ,
""
(),
,
, "
" , ,
,
,
, .


40,
,

,
, ,


.
(
),
,
.
.

,

.
,

. ,


"". 1981
5-


-.

,

.


,


,


.

,
.
A road access post on the
Kabul-Termez way. Posts
on the roads played a spe
cial role in providing securi
ty for the pathways and
moving vehicles on them.

17

: _________________________________________________________________



15-20 .



-
,
""

.

,
""
,




.




.
In the security zones, each
garrison and post was
responsible for one to 1520 kilometers of road.


6
.
,

,
,

,
"
",


.
" "
,

,


.
Garrison manning was
rotated every six months.


,
.


.

,
.
""
(
)
"",
,

,

.
40 "


".

, -

18

,

" ( , ,
).


,
, .
10 1980
:
"
.


,
".
, "
" ,
,

"
" (
),
-

____________________________________________________________________________
,
.

.
,
,
, .

. 862
, 186 184
(

1100).

.
,
. 1981
20200 .
,
,

.

,

.
1985
-
177- , 65
14 23
.
. , 31,
-
1- ,
193 ,
, ( ),
.


,
,
,


.

,
.
,
, ,
,

, -
.
" ",
,
"" (

).

,
,
.
"",


.
"" ,

.


:

,

"" -. ,
,
40 .
1984 ,
264-
- (264
).
,






,
,
,
,
,

"".
""
-
,


,
.
The continuity of supply
and communications with
the high mountain posts
and outlying garrisons was
maintained by helicopter,
who provided for troop
rotation, provisions, ammu
nition, and all other neces
sities, as well as evacuation
of sick and wounded.

19

: ___________________________________________________________________



.

,

.


,


"".
Every post and garrison
had a landing area for heli
copters.

,


,
"" ,

,
" "


.
While on the landing area,
the crew did not shut down
the engines, setting them
with "cracked throttles" so
that they were ready to
take to the air at a
moment's notice of danger.

20

______________________________________________________________________________



- "
",
.
,



,

.


,


.
All of the landing areas
were equipped with a cone
- the "kolduna" (sorcerer's
hat) which showed the heli
copters the wind direction.




-
.


,


.
,


,

,

""

,
.
Frequently the mountain
posts could not receive a
helicopter with cargo in the
normal manner - it could
not make it to the altitude.

. 1985
"-",
,
.

:
, ,

"".

. ,

, ,

.

.


,

.
,



.
1985


,
,
,
,
.

21

: __________________________________________________________________


.

,

,
"
".

10-30 - ,


,

.
For aiming the under-barrel
grenade launcher, it was
provided with a sight and
frame.




.


,



.


,
,

.
Established tasks for
formed garrisons included
reconnaissance.

,
,

.
,
40-
3,2
,


.
,

,

,
.
""
"",



.
Many posts, living in com
plete isolation, even had to
be supplied with water from
outside.

22

______________________________________________________________________________

.

-54
,
,


-30.
A machine gunner and his
PK as part of a garrison.


-12,7





1500 .
The NSVS-12.7 heavy cal
iber machine gun.

14,5-


.



.

,
""

,
"
"
.
The 14.5mm PKP heavy
caliber machine gun on its
transport carriage.

23

: __________________________________________________________________

-17
,

,
.



.

.
The basis for the position
used by this AGS-17 is car
tridge boxes.



,

,

,
,

.
The ZU-23 was valued for
its high rate of fire, weight
of throw and its powerful
round, which was far supe
rior to that of machine
guns.

24

______________________________________________________________________________
-23

23
-,



.
The ZU-23 had a wellmatched ZAP-23 sight and
KV-L collimator, and the
rotating mount gave it the
capability to rapidly shift
fire from sector to sector.

""


,

.
-23


,

.
Use of the "Zushka" was
limited only by its weight
and size.

25

: ____________________________________________________________________

,
,
,

"",
.

, ,
,
,

. -
,
.
The DShK heavy caliber machine gun. even
in spite of its heavy weight, remained a
mighty and popular weapon.

,

.
- 122- -
-20.
The 122mm D-20 gun-howitzer.

26

_____________________________________________________________________________

.
- ""


.
Deputy Commander for
Political Affairs of the
Asadabad Reconnaissance
Detachment, Konstantin
Oborin.

-

,

,

,



.
An officer from the Afghan
SPETsNAZ - the
Independent MGB
Battalion.


4 0 ( 1980 .)
Reconnaissance units and
subunits of the 40th Army
(fall 1980).

27

: ___________________________________________________________________


103- .
The workplace of the chief
of reconnaissance in the
headquarters of the 103rd
Airborne Division.


103- .
In the reconnaissance sec
tion of the headquarters of
the 103rd Airborne
Division.

-

"" -
-
,

. ""


-54,

.
Sapper-engineers lay
mines on a mountain trail.

28

____________________________________________________________

103- . ,


4 3 1 0 .
,
1988 .
The reserve command post
of the 103rd Airborne
Division, mounted on the
chassis of a KaMAZ-4310
truck. In an operation near
Kandahar, April 1988.



(
).
,


. 1980
181- .

,

.

,

. ,
,

,
...



,
, .

.
1980 ,
- , 177-
.
,

,
63 .

.. :
" , , , -


-85 (62).





CBM,
.

,

.
,
,
.
-85



,

.
The BZh-85T(6B2) light
weight armored vest.

29

: __________________________________________________________________

".

1982
16
,
11 .

.

, .

.
,

.
40 ..,
,

. "
" : 95 120

, 200
, -
.


.
, "-
,



".

.
40 .., "

- ". "
", ,

.
191-


.
,

,

. 1982 36
12 -


.

,


.
,




.



.
Checking weapons before
moving out.

,

,
.

- "",

"" - 17. "" ""
,

,


. 30-40


40-50

,
,
.
The platoon soldiers check out
their heavy weapons, equip
ment, and ammunition.

30

__________________________________________________________
, 320 , , 155
.
2500 ,
"
" .
1984 1985 .
, 1981
,
, ,
"

,
". ,
,
,

.
1985

(
, "
").


, ,

. ,
,

, ,
.

-

.
-
,



,
- ,



, ""
,
- ""

. ,


-2.

,

.

450-500 ,

.
The airborne scouts pack
up their stuff prior to mov
ing out.

-


.

:
,
""
,
"",


,
,

""
,

.



.
The airborne scouts
returned to Kabul after a
multi-day deployment.

31

: ________________________________________________________


1. , 1969 , 40-
, . , , ,
, , -
. (
), .
, .
.
,
, . 40- ,
, , .
, , "" ( -
, - , - ).
,
, ,
-5 ( 650-
).
-74 5,45 "" 7,62 ,
. ,
. ,
, . , ,
- .
2. , , ,
"". , ,
, .
, , - , ""
- , , .
"" , "" ,
, .
.
, -85 (
). -"", , .
1987-88 ., - "" ,
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( , "" ) 2 .
- , ""
, , . ,

, ( 80- "").
, , ,
, , , ,
. ,
- . , , ,
, , 35-40 . , , ,
50-60 .
3. 1984 ,
. - ,
.
40- ,
, .
, 40- , "
" ( "", ; ,
" -" ).
, , .
, . ,
. , ,
.
- ,
, . , (
, , ) ;
. , -
, . -
.
,
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, ). ,
, , .
-2 .
4. . 40-
, , - ,
, .
, - , ,
. ""
100 .
, - . ""
; , "",
, , .
, .
150 250 .
, ,
, .

32

: _______________________________________________________


5. .
3-4 ,
, . ,
, "", .
, ,
, . , ""
.
-54.
317 1982-83.
, , "
" . ,
, .
6. 40 ,
. .
"" . , , ,
- ,
, ""
. ,
-1.
, , -,
.
. . -
, .
( , ,
). ,
.
, ,
. , ,
- , .
, ,
("
!").
7. , 1984 ,
. 40 (
, ). , 1987
, ,
.
,
- " ", , , (
) , " "
.
-74 ,
. ,
.
8. 40- ,
, ,
"", , , .
"" ,
,
. ,
. .
"" - .
- "", .
-25 "" ""
. ("").
-25 -
.
9. ,
. ""
, ,
, , ,
, , .
, , .
, . ,
173- .
- .
( , " ").
, .
, - "" "", ,
, ()
, - .

33

: __________________________________________________________________

.

,

""
"",

.
,



45- .
Sapper-engineers lay
mines on a mountain trail.

1983 (
) 40 12
198 , 160
.

22,
. 1984
, 2343 .
181

.
149- , 30-40
, "",
"".

20-21
1984 , 149-
1200-1300 ,
783-
.


,
- . 150
,
,
.
,

,

. 1983
.
,
,

,
.
"
" ""

, .

,
, ,

34


-60 .
,
,

: ,
,
,
.


- ""
-80,



-163-50,
-
-159

.
On top of the armor of a
BTR-60PU command vehi
cle.

.
, , ,
,
. ,
49 ,
,
.

, .

,
,
. -

_________________________________________________________

,
,
.
40 12
11

.

. ,

,

.


. ,
1985
103- .,
,
,
80- . .

,
.
.


.


,

.
14-
"", , 19 .
11

""
.
Heavy weapons broke into
components, each of which
could be carried by one
man.



. 1986 .
Soldiers of a reconnais
sance company on a raid
into the Charikar Valley,
summer 1986.

35

: __________________________________________________________________


-2
.
,

,

.
Daytime activity by a recon
naissance group with a
BMP-2D in a depression
near the foothills.


40A
,

,

.



,
,
.




.
The 40th Army had a short
age of mountain equip
ment.

36

__________________________________________________________

103- .
"
" -


.
An armored scout group
from the 103th Guards
Airborne Division moving
into the mountains from
"Tepliy Stan" (Hot Stan) the camp used by Soviet
specialists and military per
sonnel in the security of
Kabul.



.



, ,

.
A scout raid moving along
dusty Afghan roads.

37

: _________________________________________________________________
,
.


,

.
A reconnaissance group
after it had moved into an
ambush.

-17

.

.
A grenadier with his
AGS-17 covers a platoon
attack.

,
:
,

, -

!
-
1985
,
.

38


.
18
-8 (
, ,
),
.
. - ..,

.
,

__________________________________________________________

.
, 35
.

,

,

.
,
"" ,

1986
.


.

,
,
( -

, ).

, ,
.

.
, , ,

. ,

,
.
,

.
(
"" ""
) 80-100
.
,
.

,
.



-2.


"
",


,

.
A reconnaissance platoon
with its BMP-2D escort.


,
.

" ,
- ",

,



,

.
A radio operator and rifle
man run for an opening
after climbing up the
heights.

39

: ________________________________________________________________


, "
",
.
,


,


.
Memorials which have
been there since ancient
times, signifying the
"steps" one meets when
moving into the mountains
of the Hindu Kush. They
signify the line reached by
the forces of Alexander the
Great, and also serve to
delineate the break in the
types of terrain.

,


,
.

,

,

.


-143
""
,

. ,
147 ,

.
A radio operator from a
reconnaissance group,
after choosing the best
possible place for signal
propagation, communi
cates with the base.

, ,
.

,
,
.
"",

,
.
,
,

.

40


,
, ,

.
,



, ,
(
).
,
, -

__________________________________________________________
.
- .
1984 : "

, 24

...
25- , 59- ,

10 30 ".

,
.
100 ,
.

,

.

"",

.
. 1982
-80 .

"",
-70,

14,5
7,62-
,

120 .


,



.
A BTR-80 from a parachute
reconnaissance company.


""

,

,

"
" .
: -4320" 173- .
The all-wheel-drive Ural
cargo truck became the
primary Army truck.

103- .
, ,

. 357-
..
: "

20
, ,
. :
, , ,
( ,
, , ).

.
:
6, -74 14,
,
,
, -18
4, 5, 7,
7, ,
.
".

: __________________________________________________________________


"".



,

, ,
,

.
A reconnaissance group
moves down the road to
pick up its BTR.



. ,
-50,
-

28 ,
.
32 ,
, ,

18
, 14 .
200 , 20
, 200 ""
,
, ""
.
.
,
,
"
" "
".
,

, 90%
.

,
, , ""
25 ,

.
,
,
-
,

.

,
-,

, , -

42

.

,
,

.
"",

, ,
,
.
1983
2800 262
( 9%),

(181
2084 8%).
,

,
200 . .
1984
"",


.

,
-
.
..,
, "
.
, ,
, 40-
".




1000 100 300
. "" 11
,
3 , 11
60 .

__________________________________________________________

-"
"

.
,

:
.

:
400

.
A machine gunner with his
early model PK, identified
by its characteristic flash
hider.

.


.

,


10
.
Kandahar scouts at the rifle
range.


173-

.
,

, .
10

-25.



.
Training exercise for
SPETsNAZ From the 173rd
Independent SPETsNAZ
Detachment prior to mov
ing out to set up an
ambush.

43

: _________________________________________________________________





.
, ,

(


,

;
1950-
46 ).
,

, 1984
40-
, .

469-
,
, ,

.
(
500
).
"
"
1-, 2- .. ,
154- 1- , 177-
2- .

. 154- 177
-
1981 .


154-
, 21 1981 ,

. 40
... 1982

.
177 ..
1980
16- ()
22- (),

1981 .
154- 21 ,

.

( ),
,
(
-23 ""
,

).

,


- .


.

:
( ,
-, - - )

1- 154- ,
1987 .


-

,


, .
The SPETsNAZ platoon of
Lieutenant Sergey
Mel'nichuk, 1st Company,
154th Independent
SPETsNAZ Detachment at
Jelalabad, summer 1987.

44

_______________________________________________________________

.
-

"". -17

,
.


.
SPETsNAZ from the
Kandahar Detachment
prior to flying out on a mis
sion.


.

.


,


,
,

,


.
, 1987 .
Return of a reconnaissance
group from an ambush.
Kandahar, summer 1987.

.
, "",
. , 1- 2-
-1, 3- -1, -60.

177- .

,
" "
. "
" 18
31-
.. (15 , 2 -17, 1
1 "")

,

, .
1984
. 177-

,
, ,
154-
. 10
, 173- ,

29 1980
12- (
).

.
10 , 14
,
.
: ,
,

- .

-

45

: _________________________________________________________________


,


- ,
,

.
,

-"",

-74 45
.
Kandahar SPETsNAZ check
out for a mission together
with Afghan guides.


-
.
,

,

.


.
Scouts lead their Afghan
guides to a helicopter.

21 1984 668- ("4-


") 9-
. , 1985

" "
, - " ".


4 -8 4
-24
335-
(),
280-
() 262-
() .
50 .

46

,
:
"",
,
. (
),
. ,
-17
- ""

. 1-
-2, 2- 3- -60 -70.


() 45-
- .


.

_________________________________________________________________

-8
.
-

-

.


,


.


,
.
An Mi-8MT goes out on a
mission.

-8

205- ,
173- .
"
"



.


-8,


"",

,
32-
-32-57.
An Mi-8MT from the
Kandahar Helicopter
Detachment of the 205th
Independent Helicopter
Squadron, attached to the
173rd Independent
SPETsNAZ Detachment.

40,

,
, ,
.
,

.


,
.

, ,
.

,
,
,


, , .

..
: " ,

,
, .
.
,

". 177- "
" ,
200300 .

, "", ,
, ,
, ,
, , .
-
,
7-10 .
, ""
.
5-6
, ,
, ,
-17.

, ,
, ,
, -
,

530,
"" .
1986 ,
. 154-
15
, .


,
,
,
.

.

: _________________________________________________________________
-8

.

,

,

.
150180 /,
,

,
.
An Mi-8MT comes in for a
landing to drop a recon
naissance group on the
Registan Desert.


,

,
-8
.


,

.
After making several false
landings, made in case the
enemy was watching, the
Mi-8MT sits down to drop
off the assault group.





. -,
1986 .
Landing of a SPETsNAZ
group on the Pakistani bor
der when preparing for the
Khost Operation. AlizayParachinar area, summer
1986.

48

_________________________________________________________________



.
,
,
-
,
,

.

,


.
,

"
" .
An inspection group returns
to its helicopter after con
ducting a check of a
nomad camp.


.


,
1700 ""
.

.
1987 .
Kandahar SPETsNAZ after
a successful mission. June
1987.


,


-24.


.
, 12
1988 .
After taking fire from a car
avan, the SPETsNAZ block
aded in the valleys near the
border and called for Mi-24
combat helicopter.
Kandahar province,
12 February 1988.

49

: _________________________________________________________________
-80
173-
. 1988 .
A BTR-80 armored group
from the 173rd independent
SPETsNAZ Detachment
prepares for a mission.
Winter 1988.

.

,

.
,

,

.
,
, .
SPETsNAZ taking prisoners.

,
.
,



"
"


.
,

,
,


.
Prisoners swept up in a
helicopter search.

50

_________________________________________________________________
"",
.

,
.
A captured "ghost", taken
with his weapon still in his
hands.

" "
,


2 0 30- ,
,


.
7,62




.
""
2500 ,

.
The famous "Bur" (drill) the English Lee-Enfield
magazine-fed rifle.

.

,

,

.

,
.
Searching a caravaneer.

51

: _________________________________________________________________

"" -
.



,
,

,


. , 1987 .
Landing a reconnaissance
group on the "Kalatka" the road from Shahjoy to
Kalat. Zabal' province, late
1987.



.

,

.
,
,
,
,

,
.
Inspecting a vehicle on the
road to the Pakistani bor
der.

"
"
.
,



,

"".


40- .
The Toyota Simurg pickup
was frequently found in
caravans.

52

_________________________________________________________________
, 1986
. -

.
, 12
,
,
. 20 1986

70-
, ,
.
173-
16 ( -17
).
,
. 4
, 20
.
,
""
,
.
40- , "
,
".
,
. -


,
.

-

""
.
ADushman's rifle - a
chunky piece up to two
meters long, captured dur
ing an inspection.

1 8 6 -

()

1985

1986

1987

1988

370 (15)

279 (30)

583 (17)

36 (1)

1268 (63)

4 (71)

(65)

25 (185)

5 (3)

34 (324)

1 (4)

1 (2)

2 (8)

3 (5)

1 (4)

- (1)
6 (10)

- (1)

-(-)

10 (19)


,
. .

33,5
(160,92)

11,9
(92,5)

667,15
(599,7)

7,5
(123,0)

720,05
(976,12)

108 (38)

- (358)

169 (-)

-(-)

277(396)

123 (-)

18 (-)

- (93)

-(-)

141 (93)

- (76)

62 (872)

-(-)

160 (154)

222 (1102)

36 (7)

7 (6)

45 (6)

4 (6)

92 (25)



"".


,
205- ,

,


,


.
A Toyota pickup, spotted
from the air out in the
desert.

53

: _________________________________________________________________

"".



.


,

. ,
1988 .
Inspection of a Mercedes
cargo truck. Paktia
province, winter 1988.


., ""
.
, ,
.
, ".
,
3-4
: 2-3
, 4 (2
-5 2 -1), -18 ,
200- , 5
5 , 4
82- (
) -17,
3-5 , 2-3
, - .


, .
-17,
"" 15-20 .

, "
,
".
, "" ,
35-40 , .
10
25 , ,
, ,
-17,
,

, -
.
, ,

54

,
.
,
,

.
,
,
.
, . ,

,
, ,
,
,
"".


-

.


:
. - "",


.

,

. ,
18 1988 .
A Simurg caught on the
road at night and carrying a
controlled explosive device.
Registan, 18 April 1988.

_________________________________________________________________

.



.


,




.
15 ,
,



.
, 12
1988 .
Inspection of a caravan in
the Kandahar desert. 12
February 1988.



.
3
1988
"" -

173- .




.
At the spot where a caravan
was wiped out in the
desert.

55

: _________________________________________________________________
370- "" .
-
"",
-
.
, 1987 .
Soldiers from the 370th
with a wiped-out Toyota
from a Dushman caravan.
Gilmend province, 1987.


.


,

.
After a night ambush near
Shahjoy. The shot-up pick
up carrying cargo was not
able to be unloaded by the
caravaneers, who gave it
up after a short battle.

56

_________________________________________________________________

,
- -
.



.


,



,

.


.
A machine gunner prepares
to fire using the SPS small arms and machine
gun equipment. They made
use of several SPS sets,
which permitted them to
shift fires onto various
directions. The boxes made
it possible to store
grenades and extra ammu
nition.

,

.



.
A large caravan, the camels
of which were used to carry
weapons and ammunition.

,

,
.
Goods which were taken in
combat, and which could
not be taken along, were
smashed and burned in
place.

57

: _________________________________________________________________


.



-


,

.
Morning over the battle
field: dead caravaneers
caught carrying bags with
narcotics.

-8 335
.


-54,
-


.

-62.


. ,
1986 .
An Mi-8MT from the 335th
Independent Combat
Helicopter Regiment after
suppressing an ambush
against the Jelalabad
SPETsNAZ. Nangahar,
summer 1986.


22-

.



""
,
-

"
",

.
SPETsNAZ soliders from
the staff of the 22nd
SPETsNAZ Brigde in
Lashkargah prior to return
to the Motherland.

58

_________________________________________________________________
173-


1987 .





.
- ,

-25
,
,
"
",
.
24
1987


.
Sergeant Andrey
Goryachev from the
Kandahar Detachment of
the 173rd Independent
SPETsNAZ Regiment prior
to moving out for an
ambush, fall 1987.
Sergeant Goryachev died
on 24 October 1987 from
multiple wounds received
in a battle for the settle
ment of Kobay.


-
"
",


.
The most valuable of all
trophies - missiles and the
"Stinger" manportable sur
face to air missile launcher,
capture of which led to the
bearer receiving a medal.

334-

1986

1985

1988

1987

947

1512

333

186

2978

116

262

41

420

10

15


,
. .

67,4

331,5

93,5

497,4

304

703

3020

394

4491

188

426

90

46

750

33

64

88

185

59

: _________________________________________________________________

,

:
,

, ""

,
,

, ,
,

,


,

.
Trophies taken after wiping
out a Dushman storehouse.

"" ,

. ,
,
.
, ,
" ",
. ,
, 10-20 (
).
, .
,
,
,
.

30-50 , .
, , ,

60

,
,
, .
(" "),

,
,
,
.
,
,
, .

.

, ,
2-3
, ,
,
.

_________________________________________________________________
469-



.




.
-
- "",


,


. ,
1986 .
A group from the 469th
SPETsNAZ Company in
Kabul takes up positions
inside a stone barricade
near the valley in the Panjir
area of Anava. September
1986.

,



.
, ,
,

.

:
1984/85 1460 ,

.

,

,
.
1985 ,
.
469- ,
,

.
,
, 334- ("5- "),

370- ("6- "), 186- ("7-


") 411- ("8- ").
334- 1985
5-
()
2-, 14-, 9- 22- .

, 29 .
... 334-
,
,
,

,
.


334- , , 21
,
,
..,
.. ,

.
, 29 .

1985 - 1988 . 370-

61

161

1160

441

....

214

30


,
. .

211

28

1097,1

1358,3

817

918

111

98

55

....

, .

11680

18000

: _________________________________________________________________


" "

. -26

173-


.
SPETsNAZ were used for
work as the "fire brigade" the conduct of special
operations and measures in
other regions. An An-26
brought the reconnais
sance group from the
173rd Independent
SPETsNAZ Regiment with
their equipment and
weapons back to Kandahar
after an operation.


.


"",
,

.
The group commander
leads an Afghan guide to
the helicopter.


..,
" ".
370- , 1
1985 (),
..
( ) 21 .
14
186- , (). 8-
6
1985 21/422.
" "
411- ,
70- 5- ..

,
.

15- 22-
(
).
314/2/0208
.
15- 154-, 177-, 688- 334-
, 22- 173-, 370-, 186-
411- (

62

1985 ).

"",

.
500 ,
4000 .

, ,
,

80 .

1200 .
186-
: 1985
, , 200 ,
202 45
.
(200 )

.
36 (18 %),
370 , 34
, 15 98
. 12
, .

_________________________________________________________________


40- (
1985 .)
Deployment of SPETsNAZ
forces of the 40th Army in
Fall 1985.


.
,
-74 -25,
-



-2.
Prisoners taken during an
ambush.

63

: ________________________________________________________________

40-
154-
1981 19 1983.: ;
19 1983 10 1984.: ;
10 1984 14 1985.:
/ , /;
14 1985 1 1986.: ;
1 1986 1987.:
/ 334- /;
1987 1988.: .
177-
28 1980 19 1983.: ;
19 1983 10 1984.: / /;
10 1984 19 1984.: ;
4 1984 6 1984.: ;
6 1984 18 1985.: / /;
18 1985 1 1986.: ;
1 1986 15 1989.: .
668-
16 1985 14 1985.: ;
14 1985 8 1986.:
/ /;
8 1986 14 1987.:
/ /, 22- /;
14 1987 1988.: ;
1988 11 1989.: .
334-
22 1985 16 1985.: ;
15 1985 1987.: ;
1987 1987.: / /;
1987 1988.: .
370-
1985 1986.: ;
1986 1987.: ;
1987 1988.: .

-8.


.


.
0,5-1
,

,

,
.
Training exercise for
SPETsNAZ with the partici
pation of an Mi-8MT.

64

__________________________________________________________________________


205- .
205-

,

"
"

,


.

""

-24

.
An "8", with an Mi-24 pro
viding cover, moves into a
valley near Kabul to pick up
its group.



1985 ,

().

,

.
.

, ,
, ,

.

,


. 25 1985
, 173 ,
-8 280- ,
.
-
, ,

.

,

. ,
,


. 15- 239- , -

65

: _________________________________________________________________

205- ,
.

-8 -24 (
) (),
"
"
. 205- 239-
40,

""

.


. 205-
25 1985 ,
, 22-
. 32 ( 16
-8 -24), ,
4 "" 4
" ",
.
239- 24
, 30 1986 .

""
( )
,
.
,

.. 1986
239- ,
"
".
.
,
,
335-
,
.
, (
)

.

28-29
1986
.
,
20 ,
,
,
.
8 , 2
20 ,

, . 15-
,

-,

.
,
,
,

,
.
-8 (
),
-24, ""
.

,
.
,
,

. 1987 239-
"", ,
, ,
.
,

.
,
,
,

,
.

-8 205-



.
,
,


.
The Mi-8MT from the 205th
Independent Helicopter
Squadron.

66

__________________________________________________________________________

-8 30-

.

,
,


.
-

. ,
1986 .
An Mi-8MT from the 50th
Independent Combined
Helicopter Regiment moves
out after landing a group in
the Panjir. Rukha area,
summer 1986.

""

,


,

,

,


.
250
,

400-450
,



.


,
,
.
The "8" used the tank
model of the PKT machine
gun.

205- 1988 ,

,

,
.
-,
, ,
.

. 9 1986

,
. -8
,


.
.
,
. "",

, ,

( : " ,
,
"). 1984
173- , ""
,
,
,

,
.

,
. ,

.
, .
,
25,

, .
1986 ,

""
- ,
.
-24,
""
. -2,

,
"" . 1987
239-

100 . ,
,

.

,

. ,

,

, ,
.

, ,
.

- ""
,
.

-8

.
,
.

,
,

67

: _________________________________________________________________

"".

.
,
,
.

"
- "".
,
.
,
(
800-1000
3000 ),
,

,
.
, .
, , :

,
.

, ,

.

.

,
.

,
, "
" -8 ,
, .
, 200-300 ,

.

,
, , .

186- 1986
, 168,

(16 229, 7,5%). 279
6 , 30 87
"", 6 ,
24 .
176 (14 , 8%),

, 238.
583 , 39
34 , 17
207 .

.

,

"
".
,
.
17 1984
,
,
,
. ,
, .
, 18 1985

,
.
, "
" .



,
, ,
.
,

. ,
"
",

.
The scouts unload their
stuff from an "8" which has
arrived at one of the posts
near Kabul.

68

__________________________________________________________________________
-24
""
""

. ""


-24
,

-2-30
30-.





.
The Mi-24 acquired the
nicknames "Krokodil"
(crocodile) and "polosatiy"
(striper) for its overall
shape and camouflage.

, , (),
.
,
"
",
.
,
, ,
.
""
1986 ,

173-

.
, "
" ,

. ""
. 5 1987
.

, .

. 16 17 ,

,
.
""
"",
,
" " .



15 1987
,
,

.

,
. "" ,
,

,
.
,
.
1987
"",
-
,
,
"" ,
.



. 1987
70- ,
,
""
..
.
,
, .
,
,
.
,
.

26 ,
-17,
. ,
,
.
,


.
1987
.. 108-

"" ,

. .


,
,
, .
38 ,
.
1987 ( 1
15 )
840 , 168
,
.
131 , 80 1416 ,
69 , 4500 ,
9000 2,8 .
40.
, 40-
,
. ,
- .

69

: _________________________________________________________________


,

. 8 1987
-8

:

. ,
"
",
, .
,

.

, .
,
, -8, ,
.
, -24
.
, .

.
,
, .

, ,
.
, ,

.
1986
""
"",
(

,
,
).
2801,
.

70


.
239

12
.
1987 ,
. 24
173-
75 .
. -
. 20 ,
,
. 9
, ..
,
( ,

668- "
").
, 31 ,
186- 12

.. ,
11 ,
.
,
.

. ,
. ,

.
29
1988 ,

.
,
,
,
.
1988
40-
.
154- , 334-
,
,


-12,7
-24.


4 5 0 0 /
.

3,6 / -
,
"".
Loading the ammo belts into
the YaKB-12.7 four-barreled
machine gun of an Mi-24V
combat helicopter.

-8
262- .

-
,

50 .


6-7,
.
The Mi-8MT from the
Bagram 262th Independent
Helicopter Squadron.

__________________________________________________________________________

-24
205-
.
""
-
,
, 20 820 80-
,
-
,
""
-.
"
"


,

. 1988
,
.
The Mi-24P of Captain
Belyayev from the 205th
Independent Helicopter
Squadron in flight.

173-, 411-, 370- 186- .



: , 154-
,
,
.. ( ,
)
.
205- 239- "
" .

.

, 177- 668- ,
,

40.


.

,


.

199
.
,
1988
417 , 30
. PC 25 . . 668
- - , 177-
.


371- 101- , ,
40- , 701-
108- c 783- 201- c.
783-

.
,
15 1989 .







-














-




-


-


-

-


, .

71

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