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English-Russian
D i c t i o n a r y of
GEOLOGY

P. P. T I M O F E E V
M. N. A L E K S E E V
. A. S O F I A N O

English-Russian
D i c t i o n a r y of
GEOLOGY
Approx. 52 terms

Edited by P. P. Timofeev, Cor.


Acad, of the USSR Academy of
Sciences, Prof, and M. N. Alekseev,
Dr. Geol.-Mineral. Sc.

Russky Yazyk Publishers


Moscow
1988

. .
. .
. .

52

.-. .
, . . .
- .-. . .

26.3
T 41

- .-. . .

T 41

. . , . . , . .
- : .
52 / . .
. . . M.: . ., 1988
ISBN 5200002842
52
: , , , ,
, , , ,
, , , , ,
, , .

.
-,
, .

1904000000106
015(01)-88

22488

ISBN 5200002842

26. 3-(-81.2.4

, 1988


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. 103012, , ., 1/5,
.


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, ,
.
- . ,
, ()
. : t e c t o n i c c o n t a c t c o n t a c t .
( ~ ) .
( ( } ) . : c r a c k
1. ... (} ~- i n t e n s i o n .
(||). : c r y s t a l
Il .
,
.
.
: f r i c t i o n

c a r p e t (
).

,
. : b e n m o r e i t e . (). : ,
.
,
,
[ ] . : c a v e [ c a v e r n ] b r e c c i a .
: c a v e b r e c c i a , c a v e r n

breccia.

,
, ,
. : c u s p e d ,
c u s p i d a t e .

.
.. : w h i t e s c h o r l . a l b i t e .

. . : l a m e l l a r s e r p e n
t i n e (. a n t i g o r i t e ) .
. ,
, .
:
, , .


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,

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pi



Agn. Agnatha
Alg. Algae
Amph. Amphibia ,
Ang. Angiospermae
Anth. Anthozoa
Anthoph.
Anthophyta
Arch. Archaeocyathi
Arthr.
Arthropoda
Aster.
Asteroidea
Av. Aves
Bact. Bacteria
Bel. Belemnoidea
Biv. Bivalvia
Blast. Blastoidea
Brack.
Brachiopoda
Bryoph.
Bryophyta
Bryoz.
Bryozoa
Carp. Carpoidea
Ceph. Cephalopoda
Chel. Chelicerata
Chit. Chitinozoa
. Coccolithophorida
/. Coelenterata
. Conularia
Conic. Coniconchia
Conod. Conodonta
. Crinoidea
Crust. Crustacea
Cten. Ctenophora
Cyst. Cystoidea ,
Diat. Diatomea
Din. Dinoflagellata
Ech. Echinodermata
Echin. Echinoidea
Eleuth.
Eleutherozoa

Ent. Enteropneusta
Eocrin. Eocrinoidea
Equis. Equisetales
Fng. Fungi
For. Foraminifera

Gastr.
Gastropoda ,
Grapt. Graptolithina
Gymn. Gymnospermae
. Hemichordata
Hoi. Holothurioidea
Hydr. Hydrozoa
Hystr.
Hystrichosphaerida
Inf. Infusoria
Ins. Insecta
Inv. Invertebrata
Lepid. Lepidophyta
Lor. Loricata ,
.
Mammalia
Moll. Mollusca
Myr. Myriapoda
Onych.
Onychophora
Oph. Ophiuroidea ,
Ostr. Ostracoda
Pelm. Pelmatozoa
Per. Peridiniina
Pise. Pisces
. Porifera
Prim. Primates
Prof. Protozoa
Psil. Psilophyta
Pter. Pterobranchiata
Pterid.
Pteridophyta
Rod. Radiolaria
Rec. Receptaculida
Kept. Reptilia ,
Scaph. Scaphopoda
Scyph.
Scyphozoa
SiL Silicoflagellata
Sphinct.
Sphinctozoa
Stom. Stomochordata
Strom.
Stromatoporida
Test. Testacea
Thee. Thecoidea
Tril. Trilobita
Verm. Vermes
Vert. Vertebrata


Allison I. S., Palmer D. F.. Geology. The Science of a Changing Earth, McGraw-Hill Book Com
pany, 1980.
American Geological Institute, Howell J. V.. Glossary of Geology and Related Sciences, Washin
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American Geological Institute, Howell J. V.. Glossary of Geology and Related Sciences (with sup
plement), 2nd ed., 1962.
American Geological Institute, Bates R. L., Jackson J. A. Glossary of Geology, 2nd ed., Falls
Church, Virginia, 1980.
American Geological Institute. Geotimes. News of the Earth Sciences, Periodical Publications.
Dunbar . O., Rodgers
] . . Principles of Stratigraphy, New York, London, 1957.
Geological Correlation, I G C P Special Issue, Paris, 1983.
Harland

W. .,

A.

V., Llewellyn

P. G., Pickton

A.,

Smith

A. G.,

Walters

R..

A Geologic

Time Scale, Cambridge University Press, 1980.


Hurford A . J., Jager E., Ten Cate J. A . M.. Dating Young Sediments, C C O P Techn. Secretariat,
Bangkok, 1986.
International Union of Geological Sciences. Episodes, International Geoscience Newsmagazine,
Periodical Publications.
Jolivet L.. America-Eurasia Plate Boundary in Eastern Asia and the Opening of Marginal Basins,
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 19861987.
Kretz R.. Symbols for Rock Forming, American Mineralogist, vol.68, 1983.
Poppe V., Brown R. J. E.. Russian-English Glossary of Permafrost Terms, National Res. Council of
Canada, O t t a w a , 1976.
Rayner
D. H.. The Stratigraphy of the British Isles, Cambridge University Press, 1967.
Read P. G.. Dictionary of Gemmology, Butterworth Scientific, 1982.
Rice C. M.. Dictionary of Geological Terms, 2nd ed., Ann Arbor (Mich.), Edwards Brothers, 1954.
Rittmann
A . . Stable Mineral Assemblages of Igneous Rock: a Method of Calculation, Springer,
Berlin, 1973.
Romer A . S.. Vertebrate Paleontology, University Chicago Press, Chicago, London, 1966.
Schieferdecker.
Geological Nomenclature, Royal Geol. and Mining Society of the Netherlands,
1959.
Sheriff R. E.. Encyclopedic Dictionary of Exploration Geophysics, Soc. of Explor. Geophisicist,
Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1973.
Shotton
F. N.. British Quaternary Studies, Recent Advances, Clardendon Press, Oxford, 1977.
Simpson
G. G.. Principles of Animal Taxonomy, Columbia University Press, New York, 1961.
Stamp L. D.. A Glossary of Geographical Terms, London, 1961.
Tomkeieff
S. I.. Dictionary of Petrology, John Wiley & Sons, 1983.
Washburn
A . L.. Geocryology, Edward Arnold, London, 1979.
Wright J. R.. Quaternary Geology and Climate, National Acad, of Sci., Washington D. C , 1969.

. . ,
. . . , M., , 1965.
. .. , M., , 1950.
, M., , 1973.

. 3.. , M., , 1962.


, M., , 19591964.
. ., A . M., . . .. , M., , 1981.

Aa

Gg

Nn

Uu

Bb

Hh

Oo

Vv

Cc

Ii

Pp

Ww

Dd

Jj

Qq

Xx

Kk

Rr

Yy

Ff

Ll

Ss

Zz

Mm

Tt


-
A a l e n i a n (
)
abactinal

)
abacus
abandoned
1.
;

2 . (. )
a b a p e r t u r a l (


)
a b a p i c a l (


)
a b a x i a l (

); ( )
A b b e v i l l i a n (

)
abbreviation
a b d o m e n . , ;
a b e r ;
a b e r n a t h y i t e , K(U02)(As0 .)-4H20
aberration ,
annual ~
chromatic ~
diurnal ~
a b i c h i t e . ,
abime
abiogenesis
a b i o g l y p h (

)
a b l a t i o n 1. ; , ;
(

)
2. .
ablatograph
a b l y k i t e ( ,


, )
a b o r a l .
aboriginal ,
a b r a d e 1. , 2 .

abranchiate
abrasion
,
,

fluvial ~
glacial [ice] ~
marine ~
water ~
wind ~
abrasive ,
a b r i a c h a n i t e (
)
a b r o g r a p t i d .
a b r o l h o s (

,
)
4

abrupt ,
abruptness ,
a b s a r o k i t e (
)
abscission ,
a b s i t e (
)
absorbite
a b s o r p t a n c e 1.
2 .

absorptiometer
absorption , (/.

2.

3. .


,
4. .

5.


)
absorptivity

[]

a b s t r a c t i o n 1. (

) 2. , ,
a b t r a g u n g ,
abukumalite ,
( C a , Y ) ( S i O , P O M O H , F)
a b u n d a n c e 1. .
()
,
2.. (

)
absolute ~
crustal ~
relative ~
a b u n d a n t ; ;

abut , ;
a b u t m e n t 1. , 2 . ,

a b y s m a l , .
a b y s s 1. (

) 2. , , (

)
abyssal
abyssal benthic -
abyssal pelagic -
abyssobenthic -
abyssoconite
abyssolith ,
abyssopelagic -
abyssopelite
a c a d i a l i t e (
)
5

Acadian

acritarchs

Acadian []
( ,
)
a c a n t h a r i a n s Rad.
a c a n t h i t e , Ag2S
a c a n t h o d i a n .
a c a n t h o p o r e Bryoz,
(


)
a c a n t h o s t y l e .
acanthus , ,
(
)
acarbodavyne
acarbodavynite

(
)
A c a r i d a Arthr.
a c a u s t o b i o l i t h (

)
acaustophytolith
(

)
acceleration , ~ due to
gravity
accelerogram
accelerograph
accelerometer
a c c e s s o r y 1. || ,
2 . . ||
,
corner ~
accident ,
climatic ~
accidental , ,
(.
)
acclinal
acclivity ; ; ;
acclivous , ;

a c c o m p a n i m e n t 1. 2 .
vein ~ s , ,

a c c o r d a n t 1. ,
2.
(.
)
a c c r e t i o n 1. , , ,
2. 3 . ,

continental ~ ,

ice ~
land ~
lateral ~ []
rigid plate ~ [ ]
accretionary
accumulation ,
apparent ~
crystal ~
fault-line ~

flood-plain ~
mud ~
oil ~ ,

placer ~ ,
s t r a t i g r a p h i c s c r e e n e d oil ~

talus ~
volcanic ~
accuracy , ,
acellular
acentrous
a c e q u i a .
a c e r a t h e r e s (

)
acerdese-manganite ,
T-MnO(OH)
acerose
acervuline -,

(
)
acetabuliferous
a c e t a b u l u m Echin. ;
acetplysis
Acheulean ,
(
)
a c h l a m y d a t e
a c h m a t i t e ,
a c h o a n i t i c .
a c h o n d r i t e ,
a c h r o i t e (^

)
acicular
aciculite
a c i d i t e (
,

)
acidulae
acidulate
acidulous ,
aciform
a c i n o s e (
)
ac-joint
a c l a s t i c 1. 2 .
a c l i n a l , ,
(
)
a c l i n e 1. 2 .
a c l i n i c
a c m e 1. , 2 .

acmite , NaFe(SiO^b
a c m i t e - a u g i t e - (
)
acoelomate
a c o l p a t e ( )
acoustics
acratotherm


a c r e (0,405
)

a c r e - f o o t / ( ,

, t
1 )
a c r e - i n c h / ( ,

, 1
t )
a c r e p i d (

)
a c r e - y i e l d 1 (

, , t )
acritarchous
a c r i t a r c h s (

acrobatholithic

adit

acrobatholithic
acromorph
a c r o n (

)
a c r o p o r i t 1. (
)
2.
3.
a c r o t r e t a c e a n Brack,
acrozone ,
a c t i n a l Ech.
a c t i n e ,
actinian ,
actinocamax
a c t i n o d o n t Moll,
actinoform
actinolite , ,
Ca (Mg, Fe) Si O (OH)
asbestiform ~
actinometer
a c t i n o m o r p h i c .
a c t i n o p o d Prot.
actinopterygii

[]

a c t i n o s i p h o n a t e .
a c t i n o s t e l e .
actinouranium
a c t i n o z o a n
action:
bergschrund ~
frost ~
g r i n d i n g ~ of ice ,

hydraulic ~
plutonic ~
s h a t t e r i n g ~
shear ~
solvent ~
soret ~ ,
straining ~
volcanic ~

wave ~
wind ~ []
a c t i v i t y 1. , 2 .

~ of m i n e r a l
chemical ~
effusive ~
explosive ~
H a w a i i a n e x p l o s i v e ~

igneous ~
microseismic
~

mild t y p e of e x p l o s i v e ~

optical ~
seismic ~
solfataric ~
specific ~
s t r o m b o l i a n e x p l o s i v e ~

sympathetic ~
terrestrial magnetic ~

underground mining ~


volcanic ~
a c t u a l , (


)
actualism
actuopaleontology
a c u l e a t e
a c u m i n a t e || ,

acuminiferous
acute , ,
a c y c l i c 1. 2 .
a d a m a n t ( / .

2.
)
a d a m a n t i n e (

)
a d a m b u l a c r a l Ech.
a d a m e l l i t e ,
adamite , Zn (AsO )(OH)
a d a m s i t e (
)
a d a p e r t u r a l (



)
a d a p i c a l ( / .

2.



)
adaptation
a d a p t i c a l Ceph. , ,

adarce ,
(

)
a d a x i a l (
,
;
,
)
adcumulate
addition , ,
chemical ~
adductor

(
)
a d e l f o t y p e ,

adelite , C a M g ( O H ) A s O
a d e l o g e n i c , (

)
adelomorphic
a d e l p h o l i t e (

)
a d e o n i f o r m (
)
a d e r g n e i s s ,
adfreezing
adherent
adhesion , ,
mineral ~
adiabatic
adiagnostic , , (
)
a d i n o l e (
,

)
adipocere
adipocerite, adipocire
(

)
adit ,
c r o s s ~ , , ,

2 2

adjacent

aftereffect

deep ~
drainage ~
working ~
adjacent ,

a d j u s t 1. 2 . ;
; 0 t o ~ t h e c o m p a s s
;
adjuster
(
)
a d j u s t m e n t 1. 2 . ;
; 3. 4.
-.

~ of c r o s s s e c t i o n

~ of i n s t r u m e n t
~ of s t r e a m s
intergranular ~

iotramineralization ~

isostatic ~
peg ~
s c a l e r a n g e ~ 1.
2.

structural
~

()
topographic ~
()
admittance


a d m i x t u r e ~ in p o c k e t

coarse ~
distant ~
fine ~
proximate ~ s
adnate ,
a d o b e 1. ; ; ;
(
)
,

2 .


adolescence
()
t o p o g r a p h i c ~
adolescent
a d o n t . ,
a d o I .
adornment ,
()
adradials

(
)
a d r e t ;
adsorption
adularescence
adularia ,
adularization
advance , ,

~ of sea ,

catastrophic ~

(

face ~
g l a c i a l [ g l a c i e r ] ~ 1. [ ]
2. ,

a d v e c t i o n (1.



2.


3.

)
a d v e n t i t i o u s , a d v e n t i v e 1. ;
; 2. ; ,

a d v e n t u r e
aedelite , C a M g ( O H ) A s O i
aegagropile
a e g i r i n e . a c m i t e
aegirine-augite -
a e g i r i t e . a c m i t e
aelotropic
aelotropy
aenigmatite , Na Fe5TiSi60 o
aeolation
aeolian
aeolianite
aeolianitic
aeon
a e o n i t e (,
)
aepyornis
aeration
a e r i a l 1. 2 . 3 .
a e r i n i t e (
)
aerobic
aerogeography
aerogeology
aeroides
aerolite ,
aerolithology
aeromagnetometer
aeronomy
aerosiderite
aerosiderolite

aerosite ,
aerosol
aerospace
aerosphere
aerotriangulation
a e r u g i t e , N19AS3O16
aerugo -, ()
aeschynite ,
(Ce, Ca, Fe, Th)(Ti, N b ) ( O , O H )
aethobalism
a e t i t e s (
)
affine ; ,
affinity , ;
chemical ~
a f f l u e n t ()
afflux 1. 2 .

afghanite ,
( N a , Ca, K ) ( S i , A I ) O ( C I , S O , C O a ) - H O
a f t e r d a m p
(
)
afterdeep
aftereffect
2

1 2

1 6

3 4

afterintrusion
elastic ~
afterintrusion
aftershock
,

afterworking
Aftonian

()

(
)
afwillite , C a S S i O ( O H ) S
a g a l i t e (

)
a g a l m a t o l i t e ( / . 2.
)
agaphite ;
a g a t e (
)
banded ~
blood ~
clouded ~
jasper ~
moss ~
onyx ~ []
opal ~
oriental ~
quartzy ~
r o y a l ~ (

)
ruin ~
white ~
wood ~
A g e 1. 2.
()
~ of A m p h i b i a n s
~ of F i s h e s
~ of M a m m a l s
~ of M a n
~ of R e p t i l e s
B r o n z e ~
C o p p e r ~
G r e a t Ice ~

,

I r o n ~
Little Ice ~
old S t o n e ~
S a m a r o v o Ice ~
S a r t a n Ice ~
S t o n e ~
a g e 1. 2 . ()
3.
(
)
~ of coal
~ of c y c a d s
~ of f e r n s
~ of f o l d i n g
~ of g y m n o s p e r m s
2

~ of m a r i n e i n v e r t e b r a t e s

~ of p h a s e i n e q u a l i t y .

~ of p l a t f o r m
~ of t h e E a r t h
~ of w a t e r
absolute [actual] ~
carbon-14 ~ ,

cosmic-ray-exposure ~
extreme ~
f i s s i o n - t r a c k ~ ,

g e o l o g i c a l ~ 1. 2 .

helium ~ ,

hybrid ~
ice ~
lacustrine ~
old ~ 1. ,
( ) 2.

pedologic ~
radiocarbon ~ ,

radiometric ~ ,

recent ~ ,
relative ~

terrestrial ~
TL- ~
t o p o g r a p h i c old ~


track ~
w h o l e - r o c k ~ ,

a g e d 1. (
)
2. (.
)
old ~ ( );
,
( ;
)
agent:
~ of m i n e r a l i z a t i o n
e x t e r n a l ~ ,
internal ~ [] ,
[ ]
mineralizing ~
propping ~

(

)
w e a t h e r i n g ~
a g g l o m e r a t e (,

)
shelly ~
vent ~
v o l c a n i c ~ 1.
2.

a g g l o m e r a t i o n 1. 2 . ,
()
agglomeroplasmic
agglutinate
agglutinated
agglutination
aggradation , , ,
~ of c r y o l i t o z o n e
~ of p e r m a f r o s t

coastal ~
a g g r e g a t e 1. 2.
acicular ~
a l l - i n ~ (

)
botryoidal ~
cloudy ~

aggregated

albertite

clustered ~ s
columnar ~ []
c r y s t a l l i n e ~ 1. 2 .
(.
)
curved ~
earthy ~
fibrous ~
fibrous-diverse
~
-

g l o b u l a r form ~
granular ~
parallel-columnar
~
1.
- 2 .
-

p r o m i s c u o u s ~ [ ]

radially fibrous ~ -

r a d i a t e - c o l u m n a r ~ - [
-]
radiated ~
reniform ~
scale ~
shimmer ~
sinter ~
snow ~
solid ~
stellar ~
tabular ~
testaceous ~ ;
aggregated
a g g r e g a t i o n 1. 2 . ,
3.
aggressive ,
aging
a g l e t (

)
a g m a t i t e (
)
agnathostomatous
a g n o s t i d s Tril.
A g n o t o z o i c . P r o t e r o z o i c
a g o u n i (
,

,
)
a g p a i t e .
agpaitic
a g r i c / 5 /

,
)
agricolite , , Bi SJaOi
agrogeology
agstein
a g u a d a (
,
)
aguilarite , A g S e S
ahlfeldite , (Ni, C o ) S e 0 3 - 2 H 0
a i g u i l l e ,
a i k i n i t e 1. , P b C u B i S 3 2 . ,

a i l s y t e , (
)
a i n a l i t e ( )
air ;
ambient ~
dead ~
,
;
[]
entrapped ~

free ~
interstitial ~
soil ~
subsurface ~
surface ~
airgun
airspace
airview
aisle (
)
a i s t o p o d a .
a i t (
)
ajkaite

)
ajoite , CueAbSiio0 95,5H 0
akaganeite , p-FeO(OH)
akatoreite , Mn (Si, 1), ()
a k a u s t o b i o l i t h , a k a u s t o b i o l i t e ,

akdalaite , 4 A l O - H O
akenobeite
(-)
a k e r i t e (

)
essexite ~
akermanite , Ca MgSi O?
calcium ~
a k m o l i t h . (


)
akrochordite , M n M g ( A s 0 ) ( O H )
4H O
a k s a i t e , MgBeOm 5 H O
aktashite , (Cu, Hg) AsS3(?)
aktological -
aktology
a k y r o s o m e (

, . , . .)
a l a . ,
alabandite , MnS
alabaster
E g y p t i a n ~ ,

oriental
~

;

specular ~
alabastrite
a l a d z h a (

)
alaite , V O - H O
a i a l i t e (
)
alamosite , P b S i O
a l a n g - a l a n g
alas ,
a l a s k a i t e (
)
a l a s k i t e (

)
alaskite-quartz
a l a t e . ,

a l b (
)
albafite -

a l b a n i t e (
)
albedo
Bond ~
A l b e r t a n (
)
a l b e r t i t e (
)

Albian
A l b i a n , (
)
albic ,
A l b i o n i a n (

)
albite , NaAlSbOs
chess-board ~
high ~
low ~
twinning ~
albite-diorite
albite-latite
albitite

)
q u a r t z ~
albitization
albito-monzodiorite
albitophyre
Albol ( ,

)
a l b o l i t e (
)
a l b o r a n i t e (
)
a l c h y m y ,
, ,

a l c o v e (

)
spring
~


(
,
)
a l c y o n a r i a

a l d a n i t e (
)
a l d e b a r a n i u m . y t t e r b i u m
alete ,
a l e t h o p t e r i d .
aleurite
aleurolite
a l e u t i t e (
)
Alexandrian
(
)
a l e x a n d r i t e (

)
algae
blue-green ~ -
brown ~
calcareous ~
calcareous reef-building ~
colonial ~
commensal ~
coralline ~
cyclocrinitid ~
red ~ ,
rock-building ~
yellow-green ~ -
algal
a l g a m (
)
a l g a r i t e ,
a l g i n i t e , a l g i t e (
,

)
algodonite , CusAs
a l g o n (
,


FeS)
Algonkian , ,
()

Algophytic
a l g o v i t e (
)
alidade
explorer's [Gale] ~
open-sight ~
peel-sight ~
plane-table ~
sight ~
aligner:
core ~

alignment
alimentation

);

a l i o .
a l i s o n i t e (
)
a l i v e , (
)
alivincular
a l k a l i ||
black ~
,
(

)
white ~ ,

alkali-calcic -
alkali-femahastingsite -
alkali-ferrohastingsite
alkali-hastingsite ,
Ca Na(Fe +, Mg) (Fe +, Al)[Si AlC] [OH]
alkaline
alkalinity
alkalinization
,
,

alkali-oxyapatite
alkali-rhyolite
a l k a l i t r o p h i c (
,
)
alkalitrophy
a l l a c t i t e , Mn?( A s 0 ) ( O H )
a l l a g i t e (

)
aUaIiiiit (
,

)
allanite ,
(Ce Ca Y)(Al Fe) (SiO )(OH)
allargentum , Agi_ S b
alleghanyite , M n 5 ( S i 0 ) ( O H )
allemontite ,

,
AsSb
A l l e r o d (

)
a l l e v a r d i t e (

)
a l l i n g i t e (


)
a l l i t e (,


)
allitic
a l l i v a l i t e (
)
a l l o c h e m (

)
a l l o c h e t i t e (


)
a l l o c h r o i t e (
)
2

allochromatic

alternation

allochromatic
allochronic
allochthon(e)
allochthonous
a l l o c h t h o n y (


)
a l l o c l a s i t e , (
( C o F e ) A s S , B i S .)
allocyclicity
allodelphite , ,
(Mn, M g ) [ A s O ] [ O H ]
allogene
allogenic, allogenous
a l l o k i t e ( ,


)
a l l o l i t h s (

)
allomeric
allomerism ,
allometry
a l l o m i c r i t e (
)
allomorphic ,
allomorphism
allomorphosis
allomorphous ,
allopalladium
allopatric ,
( )
allophane , A l O - S i O - K H O
allophanoid
(


)
allothigene
allothigen(et)ic
allot h i m o r p h
(

,

)
allothistereomorphic
allothogene
allothogenic
allothrausmatIC
allotment
allotrioblast
allotriomorphic ,

allotriomorphic-granular -,
-
allotrope
allotrophic
allotropy
allotype
a l l - s l i m i n g
alluaudite ,
(Na, C a ) , ^ ( F e + M n ) 3 ( P 0 ) 3
all-ups
a l l u v i a l 1. 2 . (
)
a l l u v i a t i o n 1.
(,

.)
2.


a l l u v i o n 1. 2 . 3 . 4 . ,
5 . .

2 +

alluvium ,
continental ~
perstrative ~
all-work
ally [ ]
aim (
,

)
almagra -
almandine , F e A I ( S i 0 )
a l m a s c h i t e (

)
a l m e n d r i l l a 1. ; 2 .
,

a l m e r i t e . n a t r o a l u n i t e
a l n o i t e (
)
a l o i s i i t e .
alomite ,
alongshore
aloushtite
a l o x i t e .
a l p 1. 2 . 3 .

alpestrine
alpha-quartz -,

alpha-uzbekite -
alpha-vredenburgite ,
(Mn, F e ) O
a l p h i t i t e ( ,


)
Alpides ,
alpine
alpland
alquifou

alsbachite
(-)
a l s h e d i t e (
)
alstonite , ( 0 )
a l t a ( ,


)
b l a c k ~ . a l t a
altaite , PbTe
alter (); ()
alteration
deuteric ~
endocontact ~
hydrothermai ~
progressive ~
propylitic ~
(
)
provincial ~

retrograde ~
superficial ~
wallrock ~
a l t e r i t e (


)
a l t e r n a t e , ||
,
alternation ,
~ of b e d s
~ of g e n e r a t i o n s 1. [ ] 3

altimeter
;
2.


altimeter ,
altiplanation ,

a l t i p l a n o (
,

)
A l t i t h e r m a l (

1500 4000 )
altithermal
a l t i t u d e 1. ( ) 2 .

absolute ~
pressure ~
sea-level ~ ,
,
a l t o , ,
alum , K A 1 ( S 0 ) . 1 2 H 0
a m m o n i a [ a m m o n i u m ] ~ . t s c h e r m i g i t e
capillary ~ ,
f e a t h e r ~ 1. . h a l o t r i c h i t e 2 . . a l u n o g e n
i r o n ~ . h a l o t r i c h i t e
p o t a s h [ p o t a s s i u m ] ~ 1. . k a l i n i t e 2 . . a l u m
rock ~
soda [sodium] ~ , NaAl(SO ) 12H O
alumian
alumina ,
aluminate
~ of a l k a l i
aluminite , ,
Al SO (OH) .7H O
aluminocopiapite ,
Al G Fe (SO ) (OH) -20H O
aluminosilicate
aluminous , ,

a l u m i n u m , Al
alumite ,
alumocalcite
alumochalcosiderite
alumogel
alumohydrocalcite ,
CaAl (COa) (OH) 3H O
alumstone, alunite , K A 1 ( S 0 ) ( 0 H )
alunitization
alunogen , A 1 ( S 0 ) 1 8 H O
a l u r g i t e (
)
a l u s h t i t e (
)
alvanite , A l ( V 0 ) ( O H ) - 5 H 0
alveolar , ,
a l v e o l e , , , ;
, ;

alveolinid
complanate ~
alveolitoid
a l v e o l u s . a l v e o l e
a l v i t e (
)
amagmatic
amakinite , (Fe, M g ) ( O H )
amalgam
p a l l a d i u m ~ . p o t a r i t e
4

0 I

1 2

silver ~
amalgamate
a m a n g (

,
)
amarantite , F e S O ( O H ) 3 H O
a m a r a r h y s i s (
)
a m a r g o s i t e (

)
amarillite , N a F e ( S 0 ) 6 H O
a m a t r i c e (
)
a m a u s i t e (

)
a m a z o n i t e (
)
a m b ,
amber , ,
b l a c k ~ 1. , 2 .
blue ~
b o n e ~ . o s s e o u s a m b e r
Canada ~ ,
osseous ~ [] ,

pressed ~
a m b e r a t
ambergris ;
a m b e r i n e (-
)
a m b e r i t e . a m b r i t e
amberoid
a m b i t u s , (

)
amblygonite , (Li, N a ) A l P O ( F , )
a m b l y p o d .
a m b l y p r o c t .
a m b l y s t e g i t e (

)
a m b o n i t e (

)
ambrite
(

)
a m b r o s i n e (
)
a m b u l a c r a l Ech.
a m b u l a c r u m Ech. 1. ,
2.
echinoid-type ~

ameghinite , N a B O - 2 H O
a m e l i o r a t i o n . c l i m a t i c a m e l i o r a t i o n
c l i m a t i c ~ (



)
a m e r i k a n i t e (
)
amerism
ameristic
amesite , (Mg, F e + ) A l S i 0 , o ( O H ) e
a m e t h y s t
occidental ~
oriental ~
amherstite
a m i a n t h o i d
a m i a n t h u s , ,

a m m e r s o o i t e (
)
ammiolite
a m m i t e
4

analcime

ammonioborite
ammonioborite , ( N H ) 2 B i o O i 6 ' 5 H 2 0
ammoniojarosite ,
(NH )Fe (SO HOH)
a m m o n i t e Ceph.
a m m o n i t i c o n e Ceph.
A m m o n o i d e a Ceph.
amoebocyte
a m o e b o i d (

)
amorphism ,
amorphous , ,
,
a m o s i t e (

)
amount:
~ of i n c l i n a t i o n ,
()
~ of t h r o w [ ]
n e t ~ (
)
overburden ~
trace ~
tracer ~ ,

ampangabeite ,
( Y , Tr, U , F e ) ( N b , , T i ) O
a m p a s i m e n i t e (

)
a m p e l i t e (


)
graphic ~
a m p h i a s t e r (

)
a m p h i b i a n , ||
armored ~
embolomere ~
rachitomous ~
a m p h i b l a s t u l a (
)
amphibole
amphibole-magnetite
amphibolic
amphibolide

,

amphibolite
cummingtonite ~
diabase ~
feather ~
omphacitic ~
amphibolization
amphibolize
amphibolobase
amphiboreal
amphicoelous ,
a m p h i c o n e (

)
A m p h i c y o n i n a e (


)
a m p h i d e t i c (

)
a m p h i d i s k (

)
birotulate ~
a m p h i d o n t (
)
a m p h i n e u r a n (
)
4

a m p h i n o m i d (
)
a m p h i o x e a (
)
a m p h i p h l o i c (

)
a m p h i p l a t y a n (
)
A m p h i p o d a Crust, ,
amphipodous

a m p h i s a p r o p e l (,


)
a m p h i s t r o n g y l o n s .
a m p h i t h e a t e r (
)
elongated ~
(

)
glacial ~
opened ~
a m p h i t r o p o u s (
)
a m p h i t y l o t e s .
a m p h o d e l i t e (
)
amphoteric
a m p h o t e r i t e (
)
a m p l e x o i d (

)
amplexus
amplitude
~ of c r u s t a l r e c o i l

fault ~
ripple-marks ~
seismic ground ~

a m p o u l e Ech.


a m p u l l a Aster, ,
a m y g d a l e . . a m y g d u l e 1.
amygdaloid ,

amygdaloidal ,
a m y g d u l e . 1. (

) 2.
pipe [spike] ~
A m y n o d o n t i d a e Mamm. ,

a n a b o h i t s i t e (
HUT)

"

anaboly
a n a b r a n c h 1. ,
2. ,
()
a n a c l i n a l (

)
a n a c l i n e .
a n a d a r i d .
a n a d i a g e n e s i s (
)
anaerobe
anaerobic
anagenesis
a n a g e n i t e (
)
anaglyph
Anahuac
()
a n a l b i t e ( / . 2.

)
analcime , N a A l S h O e '

analcime

analyze

analcime-dolerite
analcime-pseudoleucite -
analcime-syenite
a n a l c i m i t e (

)
a n a l c i m i z a t i o n (


)
a n a l c i m o l i t h (
)
a n a l c i t e . a n a l c i m e
a n a l c i t i t e (
)
a n a l c i t i z a t i o n . a n a l c i m i z a t i o n
a n a l X Crin. X -
analysis 0 ~ by dry way ; ~
by measure ; ~ by t i t r a t i o n
; ~ by wet w a y

~ of d i s c o v e r y i n d e x a n d e x p l o r a t i o n s u c c e s s
-
~ of v a r i a n c e
activation ~
age-frequency ~
architectural-element ~
(
)
a r e a - a l t i t u d e ~
bioiacies ~
check ~
cluster ~ [] ,
-
colorimetric ~
covariance ~
cross-spectrum ~
differential thermal ~ -

digital ~
dimensional ~
discriminant ~
discriminant function ~
elementary ~
factor ~
four-variable ~
fractional ~
grade ~
g r a v i m e t r i c ~
gravity ~
harmonic ~
hierarchial ~
humid ~
hypsometric ~
isallo ~ -
least-squares ~

lineament ~
mass-spectrographic ~
-
mesh ~
micrometric ~
microprobe ~ -
modal ~ ,

multidimensional ~
multivariate ~
[]

numerical ~

on-stream ~
particle(-size) ~
petrofabric ~
pipette ~
(

)
p l a n i m e t r i c ~ (
,

)
point-counter ~
polarographic ~
pollen ~
pore-structure ~
p r o x i m a t e ~ 1. [ ,
] , - 2.

Q-mode ~ Q-
qualitative ~
quantitative ~
quantitative mineralogical ~


radiation ~
response surface ~

R-mode factor ~ R-
Rosiwal ~
(



)
screen ~
sedimentation ~
seismic f a c i e s ~
seismic s e q u e n c e ~
semiquantitative ~
sieve ~
size ( f r e q u e n c y ) ~
soil ~ (

)
spectral ~
s p e c t r o g r a p h s ~
spectrum ~
spherical harmonic ~

s p o r e s a n d pollen ~ -
structural ~
template ~
t e r r a i n ~

textural ~
thermal ~

thermochemical ~
three-dimensional ~
time-term ~
trace ~
tree-ring ~ -
t u r b i d i t y size ~

ultimate ~
umpire ~
volumetric ~
wet ~
X-ray ~
X-ray crystal ~
analyze

analyzer

angle

analyzer
cap ~
e l e c t r o c h e m i c a l g a s ~ ;

microprobe ~
optic gas ~
volumetric gas ~

a n a m e s i t e (

)
a n a m i g m a t i s m (


)
a n a m o r p h i s m (

)
a n a m o r p h o s i s (



)
A n a n c u s Mamm. -
anandite ,
( B a , K ) ( F e , M g ) ( S i , Al, F e ) O ( O , O H )
anapaite , C a F e ( P 0 ) - 4 H 0
anapeirean
anaphoresis
a n a p h r y x i s (

)
a n a p l a s i s (

)
a n a p r o t a s p i s (
)
A n a p s i d a Rept. ,
a n a p t y c h u s Ceph., Moll, ,
a n a s c a n s Bryoz.

a n a s e i s m (

)
anastable
anastomose
(
)
a n a s t o m o s i n g (

)
a n a s t o m o s i s (

)
2. .

anatase , TiO
a n a t e c t i t e . a n a t e x i t e
a n a t e t r a e n e .
a n a t e x i s (


)
a n a t e x i t e (,

)
A n a t h e r m a l (

10000 7500 )
a n a t h e r m a l (

)
a n a t r i a e n e .
a n a t r o p o u s .
anauxite , Al (Si Oy)(OH)
a n a x i a l .
a n c e s t r u l a Bryoz.

a n c h i - - (,

*)
anchieutectic
anchimetamorphism
anchimonomineralic

a n c h i t h e r e s Mamm.
a n c h o r .
a n c h o r a t e (/.
2.

)
a n c h o r i t e (

)
a n c o r a Grapt.

ancylite , , S r C e ( C 0 ) ( O H ) H O
andalusite , Al SiOs
a n d e n d i o r i t e .
A n d e p t (
,
)
a n d e r i d i u m (
)
andersonite aHflepqoHHT, N a C a ( U 0 ) ( C 0 ) - 6 H 0
a n d e s i n e (
)
a n d e s i n i t e (

)
a n d e s i t e (
)
anorthite ~
augite ~
basaltic ~
hornblende ~
quartz ~
andesite-vitrophyre
andorite , AgPbSb Se
a n d o s o l (

)
andradite , C a F e ( S i O ^
andrewsite ,
(Cu, F e ) F e ^ ( P O ) S ( O H )
a n e g i t e (
)
anelasticity
a n e m o a r e n i t e , a n e m o a r e n y t e
a n e m o c l a s t (

)
anemograph
a n e m o l i t e (
)
anemometer
anemometry
anemone ,
s e a ~ . a n e m o n e
anemoscope
a n e m o u s i t e (
)
aneroidograph
a n e u c h o a n i t i c . ,
A n g a r a l a n d
a n g a r a l i t e , Mg (Al, Fe)IoSi O
angelellite , F e A s O n
angiosperm
anglarite ,
(
)
a n g l e
~ of c o v e r a g e
~ of d e c l i n a t i o n
~ of d e p a r t u r e
~ of d e p r e s s i o n ;

~ of d e s c e n t
~ of d e v i a t i o n ,
~ of d i p
~ of d i s p e r s i o n
~ of d i s p l a c e m e n t ,
~ of e j e c t i o n
~ of e m e r g e n c e

1 0

2 +

angle

anitaxis

~ of fall
~ of fold
~ of i n c i d e n c e ,
~ of i n c l i n a t i o n ,

~ of n a t u r a l slip
~ of p e n e t r a t i o n
~ of pull (
)
~ of r a k e ,
~ of r e f l e c t i o n
~ of r e p o s e [of r e s t ] ,

~ of r o t a t i o n
~ of s h e a r ,
~ of s h e a r r e s i s t a n c e
~ of s l i d e
~ of s l i p (

)
~ of s l o p e ;
~ of t a p e r ;

~ of t o r s i o n
~ of t o t a l r e f l e c t i o n

~ of t w i s t ,

~ of u l t i m a t e s t a b i l i t y
~ of u n c o n f o r m i t y

~ of u n d e r l a y
~ of v i e w ,
~ of w a r p ,

a p i c a l ~ ;

a p p a r e n t ~ of e m e r g e n c e

a p p a r e n t optic ~

ascending ~ ,
aspect ~
axial ~
a x i l ~ [ ] (

,


)
azimuth ~
b e d d i n g ~
bend ~
B r a g g ~ ,
B r e w s t e r ' s ~ ,

c a r d i n a l ~ .
cleavage ~
c o n t a c t ~
critical ~
digging ~ ,
dihedral ~
dip ~
direct ~
e x t i n c t i o n ~
fixed c r y s t a l l o g r a p h i c ~

h e x a g o n a l ~ 120
h o r i z o n t a l ~
included ~ s
()
0

inflection ~
(

)
interfacial ~

n a t u r a l ~ of s l o p e
optic (axial) ~
phase ~ ,
p i e d m o n t ~
pitch ~ ,
p o l a r i z i n g ~
refraction ~
solid ~
s p i r a l ~ 1. .
2 . .

true optic ~
anglesite , P b S O
A n g o u m i a n , (
.
)
a n g r i t e (

)
a n g u c l a s t (

)
angular
a n g u l a r i t y 1.
2 . .
angustimurate
angustisellate
anhedral , , ,
a n h e d r o n (
)
anhydrite , C a S O
laminated ~
anhydrock
anhydrous
anidiomorphic
anilite , C u S
animal
cold-blooded ~
d e t r i t o p h a g o u s ~ ,
invertebrate ~
moss ~
prehistoric ~ s
sessile ~
single-celled ~
vertebrate ~
Animikean, Animikie , (

)
a n i m i k i t e (
)
a n i r a d i a l .
A n i s i a n (
)
a n i s o c h e l a .
anisodesmic
anisomekactinal
anisomerism
anisometric
anisomyarians
anisotropic
anisotropy
magnetocrystalline
~
-

seismic ~
susceptibility ~
a n i s p i r a c l e Blast,
anitaxis
4

ankaramite

anthraconite

a n k a r a m i t e (

)
a n k a r a t r i t e (
)
ankerite , Ca(Fe,Mn,Mg)(CCh)
A n k y l o s a u r i a Rept.

ankylosis (


)
annabergite , ( N i , ) ( A s C j ) 8 H O
Annelida ,
annelism
a n n e r o d i t e (
)
a n n i t e (
)
annular , ,
annulate
annulation , ,
(
)
a n n u l u s 1. ( )
2 .
( )
3 .
( ) 4. .
5.
()
a n o b a s i c r i n i d .
a n o g e n i c ( / .

2.

)
anomalous
anomaly
a v e r a g e level ~
barren geophysical ~

botanical ~
Bouguer ~
free-air ~
geochemical ~
gravity ~
local ~ [ ]
magnetic ~
photogeologic ~ ,

P u t n a m ~
regional ~
residual ~
surface ~

thermal ~
a n o m i t e (
)
a n o m o c l o n e (
)
anomodont
A n o m o d o n t s Rept.

anomphalous , (
)
anorogenic ,
anorthic
anorthite , CaAl Si Oe
barium ~
body-centered ~

a n o r t h i t f e l s . a n o r t h i t i t e
a n o r t h i t i s s i t e (,

)
a n o r t h i t i t e (
)
anorthoclase , (Na,K)AlSi30s
a n o r t h o c l a s i t e (

)
a n o r t h o s e . a n o r t h o c l a s e
a n o r t h o s i t e (
)
gabbroic ~ -

anorthositization
a n o s m a (

)
anoxic
antagonism
a n t a m o k i t e (

)
antanal ,

antapical
antarctic
antarcticite , C a C l 6 H O
antecedence
antecedent , ,
,
anteclase
anteclise
a n t e c l y p e u s .
anteconsequent
a n t e d i l u v i a n , (

)
a n t e n n a Artkr. , ,
first ~
a n t e n n a t e ,
a n t e n n u l e Arthr.

antepenultimate

a n t e r Bryoz.
anterior
anterodorsal
anteroventral
a n t e t h e c a (
)
a n t e - t u r m a .
a n t h e r . ,
a n t h e r i d i u m .
a n t h e r i f e r o u s .
anthill
a n t h o b l a s t Anth.
a n t h o c a u l u s Anth.
a n t h o c h r o i t e (
)
a n t h o c y a t h u s Anth.
a n t h o d i t e (

)
anthoinite , A l W O g - S H O
anthonyite , ( , 1 ) - 0
anthophyllite (Mg,Fe)7SIsO (OH)
a n t h o z o a n
anthraces

a n t h r a c i d e s (

)
anthraciferous
anthracite
anthracitic
a n t h r a c i t i z a t i o n (

)
a n t h r a c o g r a p h y ,

anthracolithic
anthracolithization
a n t h r a c o l o g y . a n t h r a c o g r a p h y
a n t h r a c o n i t e (

2 2

Anthracotheres
A n t h r a c o t h e r e s (

)
a n t h r a c o x e n e (
,


)
anthracoxenite
(
)
anthragenesis
a n t h r a x 1. (

)
2.
a n t h r a x o l i t e (

)
a n t h r a x y l o n (


)
a n t h r i n o i d (
)
a n t h r o p i c (
)
Anthropogene
anthropogeny ,
anthropoid ,
Anthropoidea
,
()
anthropomorphic ,

a n t h r o p o p i e s t i c . a n t i s t r e s s
anthropozoic
a n t i a r c h .
antibiosis
anticenter ,
a n t i c l i n a l 1. . 2 . . a n t i c l i n e
anticline , ,
; - 0
~
w i t h curved axis
; ~ with divided axis

arrested ~ ,
;
asymmetric(al) ~
bald-headed [breached] ~ [
]
carinate ~
composite ~ ; ;
cross ~
double plunging ~ ;

elongated ~
erect ~
false ~
gentle ~
inclined ~ [ ]
inverted ~
overturned ~
p l u n g i n g ~ 1.
2. 3 .
recumbent ~
r e g i o n a l ~ ,
,

r i n g ~

salt ~
scalped ~ []

single ~
squeezed ~ []

subsidiary ~ ,

symmetrical ~
twin ~
uncompleted ~
undulating ~
upright-asymmetrical ~

anticlinorium
abnormal ~ []

anticlise
a n t i c u s p Conod. , ,

anticyclone
glacial ~
polar ~
antidromous
antidune
a n t i e p i c e n t e r . a n t i c e n t e r
antiferromagnetism
a n t i f o r m (

)
antigorite , M g J S i O ( O H )
a n t i h o m o c l i n e (
)
A n t i l i a (,

)
A n t i l o c a p r i d a e Mamm.
a n t i l o g u e (
)
a n t i m o n a t e s (
)
a n t i m o n b l e n d e . k e r m e s i t e
antimonide
a n t i m o n i t e . s t i b n i t e
a n t i m o n n i c k e l . b r e i t h a u p t i t e
antimonpearceite ,
(Ag, Cu) (Sb, As) Sn
a n t i m o n s i l v e r , Ag3Sb
a n t i m o n y , Sb
a r s e n i c a l ~ . a l l e m o n t i t e
g r a y ~ . s t i b n i t e
needle ~
r e d ~ . k e r m e s i t e
white ~
yellow ~ -
antinode
()
a n t i p a t h e t i c (
)
a n t i p a t h i e s of m i n e r a l s
a n t i p e r t h i t e (

)
antipneumatogenic
antipneumatolysis
antipodal
a n t i p o d e s (

)
antipole
antique:
verd ~

,
,
antiripple
antirock
a n t i r o o t .
antiseismic ,
2

1 6

antisiphonal

apoanalcite

a n t i s i p h o n a l (

)
a n t i s t r e s s (
)
a n t i t h e t i c (

)
a n t i v i r g u l a .
antlerite , CUaSO (OH)
antmonarsen , ,
, AsSb
a n t o f a g a s t i t e (. e r i o c h a l c i t e )
antophyllitic
a n t o z o n i t e (

)
a n t r a Ost.
a n t r i m o l i t e (

)
a n t r o n .
a n t s o h i t e .
Anura
anus
a p a c h i t e (

)
a p a l h r a u n (


-)
a p a n e i t e .
A p a t e m y i d a e (

)
apatite , C a ( P O C O M F , , Cl)
carbonate ~
cerium ~
marine ~
yttrium ~
apatotrophic

anthropoid ~ s
,

apertural
a p e r t u r e 1. . , For., Moll, , ,
2.
a c c e s s o r y ~
apical ~ ,

a r e a l ~
b a s a l ~
constricted ~
cribrate ~
dendritic ~
germinal ~
i n t e r i o m a r g i n a l ~
l a b i a l ~
lateral ~ []
loop-shaped ~
multiple ~
radiate ~
r e l i c t ~
simple ~
s p i r o u m b i l i c a l ~
supplementary ~
terminal
~
For.

[]
,

apetalous
a p e x 1. ,
, ; ;
2 .
3 . , ,

,
()
4 . Conod.

5 . Brach.
~ of fold
beaked ~
blind ~
(
)
inverted ~
l o w e r ~ of fold

;
u p p e r ~ of fold ,

a p h a n e r i t e .
aphanese ,
a p h a n i c (

)
a p h a n i d e (


)
aphaniphyric
aphanite ,
calc ~
a p h a n i t i c . a p h a n i c
aphanocrystalline
aphanogene ,
a p h a n o p h y r e .
aphanophyric
Aphebian ,
()
a p h o d u s .
aphotic ,
a p h r i t e (
)
a p h r i z i t e (

)
a p h r o d i t e . s t e v e n s i t e
aphroid
aphrolith ,
a p h r o n i t r e ,
a p h r o s i d e r i t e (. r e p i d o l i t e )
aphthitalite . (, N a ) N a ( S O ^
aphyllous ,
aphyric ,
aphytal
A p h y t i c ( ,


)
apical , , ,

apiculate ,

Apiculati
a p i c u l u s (

)
apjohnite , ,
MnAl (S0 ) -22H 0
a p l a c o p h o r a n s (
)
aplanospore
a p l i t e
aplitic
a p l o d i o r i t e .
aplogranite
a p l o m e (

)
aplowite , ( , M n , N i ) S O 4 H O
- - (, ,

)
a p o a n a l c i t e (
)

apobsidian
a p o b s i d i a n (

)
apocarpous ,
a p o c h e t e (
)
Apoda
a p o d a l 1. 2 .

a p o d e m a , a p o d e m e (


)
apo-epigenesis
apogamy
apogee
apogenotype
apogrit ,
apomagmatic
aponeurotic
apophyllite , KCa SiSO O(F,)8H O
a p o p h y s a t e
a p o p h y s i s ( / .

2.

)
.
a p o p y l e .
a p o r h y o l i t e (
)
a p o r h y s i s Moll,
Aporosa
aporose, aporous
a p o r r h y s u m .
aposandstone ,
,
a p o t a p h r a l (
)
apotectonic
a p o t y p e
A p p a l a c h i a (
,



)
appalachian
apparatus;
a p i c a l ~ .
base ~
(
)
continuous sampling ~

Kohlhorster gamma ~ -

polarizing ~
p u s u l e ~ Din.
sampling ~
Soxhlet extraction ~

a p p e a r a n c e ;
~ of f r a c t u r e
a p p e n d i f e r s Tril.
a p p i n i t e (


)
appinitic
applanation , ,

apple:
c o a l ~ 1. (

) 2.
a p p l i c a t i o n of s a m p l e s
[]
;
4

apposition ,
a p p r e s s e d 1. , 2.
( , )
a p r i c o t i n e (

-
)
apron , , 2.
3 . ,
~ of r u b b l e
alluvial ~ ,

a r c h i p e l a g i c ~ 1. [ ]
2 . pi .
c o n t i n e n t a l ~

debris ~ ,

fault ~
frontal ~ ; ;

ice ~
morainal ~
mountain ~ ,

o u t w a s h ~ 1. 2 .
protecting ~ ,
sand ~
subsea ~
talus ~
apsacline
a p t e r o u s .
A p t i a n , (
)
a p t y c h u s (
)
a q u a f a c t (



)
aquagene
A q u a l f (
,
)
a q u a m a r i n e (
)
a q u a sol (
)
a q u a t i c (

)
aquatillite
aquatolysis
aquatorium
a q u e d u c t of c o c h l e a
A q u e n t (
,
)
aqueoglacial , -
(

)
aqueoigneous
,

a q u e o u s (
;

; ;

)
A q u e p t (
,
)
aquic
a q u i c l u d e (

)
aquifer
artesian ~

aquiferous

architype

c o n f i n e d ~
f i n i t e ~
perched ~
s a l i n e ~
strip ~ -
unconfined ~
aquiferous ,
aquifuge
A q u i l o n i a n ( ,
)
A q u i t a n i a n (
)
aquitard
A q u o d ( ,

)
A q u o l l (
,
)
A q u o x (

,
)
A q u u l t (

,
)
a r a b e s q u e , a r a b e s q u i t i c (

)
arachnids
arachnoid ,
(
)
aragonite ,
coralloidal ~
aragonitic
a r a g o t i t e (
)
a r a k a w a i t e , Zn C u [ P O ] [ O H b - I S H O
aramayoite , Ag(Sb Bi)S
arandisite , SnS[SiO J [OH]S
a r a p a h i t e (

)
araucaroid
arbor
a r b o r e a l 1. 2 . ,

arborescent , , ; -
a r c ; ;
~ of c o m p r e s s i o n [of f o l d i n g ]
back ~
Beaman (stadia) ~
declination ~
,
front ~
island ~
m a t u r e island ~
m o u n t a i n ~
primary ~
pulsating ~
reversed ~
s e c o n d a r y ~ ( ,

)
volcanic ~
arcanite , K S O
a r c a n s i t e (
)
a r c h 1. 2 . , 3 . ,
4.
5 .

aerial ~
cleavage ~

desert ~
inverted ~
mandibular ~
marine ~ ,
minor ~
natural ~ (/.

2. ,
,

)
natural self-supporting ~

p r e s s u r e ~ (


)
rock ~
schlieren ~
sea ~ (

)
segmental ~ , ,

A r c h a e o c e t i
a r c h a e o c y a t h i d .
a r c h a e o c y t e (
)
archaeomagnetism
a r c h a e o m o n a d .
a r c h a e o p t e r i s .
a r c h a e o p t e r y x Av.
a r c h a e o r n i t h Av.
a r c h a e o s t o m a .
Archaeozoic
Archaic
archbend
A r c h e a n (
)
a r c h e d 1. ; ; ;
2 .
3 . ( )
a r c h e g o n i u m ( ,
)
archeology
archeomagnetic
archeomorphic
A r c h e o p h y t i c (

)
a r c h e o p y l e Din.
apical ~
cingular ~ []
combination ~
haplotabular ~
precingular ~
tetratabular ~
Archeozoic ,
archesporium

(
)
a r c h e t y p e .
archibenthic
a r c h i b o l e . p o s i t i v e e l e m e n t
a r c h i n g 1. 2 . (),
( ) 3 .
symmetrical ~

archipelago
archistratigraphic
architectonic
architecture:
crustal ~
a r c h i t y p e .

archolithic
a r c h o l i t h i c (


)
A r c h o s a u r i a Rept.
a r c i l l a (
)
a r c o t o m o u s ( ,

)
Arctic
arctic ,
a r c t o c y o n i d s (

)
a r c u a t e , ,
,
arcuation ,
a r c u l i t e s (

)
a r c u s (
)
ardealite , C a ( H P O ) ( S O ) ^ H O
ardennite
,
Mn5Als(V0 )(Si0 ) (OH) 2H O
a r d m o r i t e (

)
a r d u i n i t e . m o r d e n i t e
a r e (100 )
a r e a 1. ; ; 2 . ;
; 3 . Ech. 4 . Brach.
5 . Biv.
~ of a b l a t i o n [ ]
~ of a c c u m u l a t i o n [ ]
~ of a r t e s i a n flow
~ of d i s s i p a t i o n [ ]
~ of d i s t r i b u t i o n ;

~ of efflux
~ of f a u l t i n g
~ of f o u n d e r i n g
~ of g r o u n d w a t e r d i s c h a r g e

~ of i n f l u e n c e [ ]
~ of m o u n t a i n b u i l d i n g [of o r o g e n y ]

~ of s e d i m e n t a t i o n ;

~ of s e e p a g e
~ of s t r e a m e v a p o r a t i o n

~ of s u b s i d e n c e ,
,
~ of w e l l i n f i l t r a t i o n
[]
abyssal ~ [] ,
[]
accumulation ~ []
a c l i n a l ~ , ,
,

alimentation ~
ambulacral ~ ,
apical ~
arched ~
artesian ~
b a s i n ~ 1. 2 .
;
basined ~
bearing ~ ,

area

bow ~
cardinal ~ []
c a t c h m e n t ~ 1. 2 .

closely d r i l l e d ~
,

coastal ~
c o l l e c t i n g ~ . c a t c h m e n t a r e a
compression ~
c o n t a c t ~ ,

crystalline core ~
d e p r e s s i o n ~ 1. 2.

discharge ~
d i s c h a r g e ~ of g r o u n d w a t e r

d i s p o s a l ~ ()
domed ~
d o r s a l ~ ( )
d r a i n a g e ~ 1. ,
, 2. ,

drainless ~
driftless ~ ;

even-crested summit ~

exhausted ~
filled ~ ,

fold ~
foundering ~
g e n e r a t i n g ~ , (
,

,

)
geosynclinal ~
h i n g e ~ .
horizontally-projected ~

inclosed ~
infiltration ~
i n t a k e ~ 1. 2 . .

interbasin ~
interlobate ~
()
intermountain ~
interstream ~
inter trough ~
lagoon ~
land ~
littoral ~ [] ,

map ~
meizoseismal ~

minor seismic ~
,

neritic ~
oil [ o i l - b e a r i n g , o i l - p r o d u c i n g ] ~

areic

argulite

outcrop ~
outwash ~

overthrust fault ~ ,

palingenetic ~
polar ~
positive ~
potential ~
pressure ~
primitive ~
producing ~

[]

proved ~ ,

recharge ~
reflection-free ~ s
M O B
salt d o m e ~
section ~
seepage ~
s e e p a g e ~ of well [
]
seismic ~ 1. 2 .

s h i e l d ~
slipping ~
s o u r c e ~ ,
spoil ~
stability ~
supraembryonic ~
surplus ~ []
swampy ~ []
unproductive ~
a r e i c . a r h e i c
a r e i s m . a r h e i s m
a r e n a ( ,

,
)
a r e n a c e o u s , arenarious (

)
a r e n a t e d ( ,

)
a r e n d a l i t e (

)
a r e n e s

a r e n g
(

)
a r e n i c o l i t e (
,

)
Arenig(ian) ,
(
)
a r e n i l i t i c (
)
arenite
lithic ~ ,
a r e n o s e (

)
A r e n t ( ,

)
a r e n t i l l a ( / . ,

2. -
,

3.

,

4. ,

,
5 . ,
,
)
a r e n y t e . a r e n i t e
a r e o g r a p h y (

)
a r e o l a . ,
a r e o l a r .
a r e o l e (1.

2.
)
a r e o l o g y (

)
a r e t e , , ; [
]
snow ~
a r e t i c . a r h e i c
a r f v e d s o n i t e (1.

N a 2 - 3 ( F e , Mg, A l ) S S i S O ( O H ) ? 2 .


Na3Fe<i Fe
SisO^OH^)
arf v e d s o n i t i c
argental ;
argentian ,
argentic , -,
,
argentiferous
a r g e n t i n e 1.
(-

) 2. (
, ,

)
a r g e n t i t e , , A g S
a r g e n t o b i s m u t i t e . m a t i l d i t e
argentojarosite , AgFe (SO )J(OH)
argentopyrite , A g F e S
A r g i d ( ,

)
argil []
argillaceous , ,

argiUan (
)
argillation
argillic ,
(
)
a r g i l l i f e r o u s ( / .

2.
)
a r g i l l i t e (i.

2.
,

)
a r g i l l i t h (
)
argillization ,
argillize
argillo-arenaceous -
argillo-calcareous -
argillo-ferruginous -
argillo magnesian -
a r g i l l o p h y r e (

)
a r g i l l u t i t e ( )
a r g i l l y t e . a r g i l l i t e
a r g i r o s a (-
)
a r g i t a n . a r g i l l a n
argon
atmospheric ~
Argovian ,
(
,
)
argulite
22

argyrite
a r g y r i t e . a r g e n t i t e
argyrodite , A g G e S
argyropyrite
a r h e i c ( ,

)
a r h e i s m ( ,
)
a r i c h ( ,
,
)
arid(ic) , , ,

A r i d i s o l (
,
)
aridity
a r i e g i t e (

)
a r i s t o g e n e s i s .
A r i s t o t l e ' s l a n t e r n Echin.
a r i t e (
)
a r i z o n i t e 1. , F e T i I O s 2. (
;
)
a r k a n s i t e (
)
a r k e s i n e (
)
a r k i t e (
)
arkose , ;
,
basal ~
bentonitic ~ ,
,
dirty ~
granitoid ~
lithic ~
miliary ~
arkosic
a r k o s i t e (


)
a r k o s i t i t e (,

)
a r m 1. Aster.,
Brack.,
Crin., Echin. ;
2 . ; 3 . (
) 4 .
pi dr.
atomous ~ []

biserial crinoid ~
eccentering ~
(,


)
e n d u t o m o u s ~ s

exotomous ~ s ,

forking ~ s
h e t e r o t o m o u s ~

h o r i z o n t a l ~ .
isotomous ~ s
spiral ~
tentacular ~
v e r t i c a l ~ .
a r m a d i l l o .
armalcolite , (MgFe)Ti Os
armangite , M n ( A s 0 )
a r m a t u r e of t h e m o u t h .

armenite , ,
8

BaCa Al Si O ^H O
a r m l e t ;
a r m o r . ,
bony ~
deflation ~
dermal ~
desert ~
pebble ~ ,
armored , ,

armoring
a r n i m i t e (
)
a r o l i u m .
a r o m a t i t e (
)
aromorphosis
a r p e n ( t ) (

)
a r q u e r i t e (


)
a r r a g e , ,
arrangement , ,
,
a r r a y 1. ,
2 .
a r r e t o t h e r i u m Mamm.
arris
;

[]

a r r i v a l .
first ~
later ~
arrojadite , Na (Fe, M n ) - ( P C i )
a r r o w 1. 2 . ,
love ~ (

)
a r r o w - h e a d e d , ,

, (

)
a r r o y o - r u n n i n g , (




)
arsenate-belovite -,
(Ca Mg)(As0 ) -2H 0
arsenates
arsenian
a r s e n i a t e of c o b a l t ,
a r s e n i c ,
r e d ~ . r e a l g a r
white ~ ,

yellow ~
arsenical ,
arsenide
~ of nickel ,

arsenikalkies-arsenopyrite -, -
arsenikkies-arsenopyrite
arseniosiderite ,
Ca Fe (AsOi) (OH) 4H O
arsenious
arsenite , A s O
arsenobismite , B i ( A s O ) ( O H )
2

2 8

arsenoclasite

ashless

arsenoclasite , Mn (AsO )J(OH)


arsenoferrite
,

arsenolamprite , FeAsS
arsenolite , A s O
arsenopyrite , ,
FeAsS
arsenosulvanite , Cu (As, V)S
arsenpolybasite ,
(Ag, Cu) (As, S b ) S
arsenuranylite ,
Ca(U0 ) ( As0 ) (OH) 6H O
a r s o i t e (

, .)
a r s o t r a c h y t e , ,

a r t e r i t e (,
)
artery:
groundwater ~ ;
;
artesian
A r t h r o d i r a Pise,
a r t h r o l i t e (


)
a r t h r o p h y c u s ( ,

)
Arthrophyta
Arthropoda ,
arthurite , Cu Fe [(As, , S ) O J ( O , O H ) 8H O
a r t i c u l a m e n t u m .
articular ,
A r t i c u l a t a 1. 2 . Brack,
a r t i c u l a t e 1. 2 . 3 . Brach.

articulation
ligamentary ~
articulite

articulum .
a r t i c u l u s Biv. ,
a r t i f a c t .

,
b i ol ogi c ~
(
,


)
stone ~
artinite , M g C O ( O H ) 3 H O
A r t i n s k i a n (
)
a r t i o d a c t y l e s Mamm.
a r z r u n i t e (
)
a s a p h i d .
a s a r ,
asbecasite , Ca (Ti, Sn)(As Si B O O)
asbestiform
asbestine 1. 2.
a s b e s t o s ,
blue [cape blue] ~ ,
chrysotile ~
hornblende ~
s e r p e n t i n e ~ . c h r y s o t i l e
slip fiber ~ -
sprayed ~
5

1 6

1 1

a s b o l a n e (
)
asbolite , ;
a s b o p h i t e (
)
a s c e n t 1. , 2 .
a s c h a f f i t e . .
ascharite , MgBo (OH)
a s c h c r o f t i n e .
aschirite , , C u S i O ( O H )
aschistic , ,
a s c h i s t i t e (
)
ascocarp
a s c o c o n e (

)
ascogonium
ascomycetes
a s c o n (
)
asconoid
A s c o p h o r a (
)
a s c o p o r e (
)
a s c o t h o r a c i c .
a s c u s (
)
aseismic
asellate ,
asgruben ,
ash ,
coal ~
constitutional ~ []

copper ~
epigenetic ~
e x t r a n e o u s ~ ( )
fixed ~ [ ]
fly ~
inherent [intrinsic] ~ [
]
lava ~
pearl ~
peeled ~
p i n k ~ ,
,
p i t ~ ,

plant ~ []
p o t e n t i a l ~

residual ~
rusty ~ []
s e c o n d a r y ~ ( )
s e d i m e n t a r y ~ 1. ,

; 2. ,
(

)
v o l c a n i c ~ ; ,

A s h b y , (
,
)
ashcroftine , K N a C a Y S i O ( O H ) O '
4H O
Ashgillian ,
(
)
ashing
catalytic ~
ashless
2

1 2

ashstone
ashstone
a s h t o n i t e (
,
(Ca, Na K ^Al Si OO 28H O
ashy , -
a s i d e r i t e ( ,

)
asif (,
,

)
a s i p h o n o g a m s .
a s l o p e , , ; ,
,
a s m a n i t e (

)
a s o r i t e (

)
a s p a s i o l i t e (
)
a s p e c t 1. () 2 .

3 .
a s p e r i t e (

)
asperolite , C u S i 0 3 ' 3 H 0
asphalt
foamed ~
lake ~
land ~

native ~
oil [ p e t r o l e u m ] ~
pit ~ , ,
,
residual ~
rock ~
Trinidad ~
vein ~ ,
asphaltene
asphaltic
a s p h a l t i t e (
)
asphaltum
a s p i d e l i t e (
)
a s p i d i n .
a s p i n a l .
a s p i t e (

,

)
aspondyl ,
a s p o r o g e n i c
asporous
a s s a y 1. , ;
2. ; 3 .
4. ,
dry ~
e r r a t i c ~
,
fire ~ ,
Fischer ~
high ~

preliminary ~
umpire ~ ,
wet ~ ,
assaying ,
~ of m i n e r a l s ,

routine ~
assemblage , ;
2

9 6

-. . .

biotic ~
death ~
disequilibrium ~

)
fauna ~
faunal ~
flake ~ s
fossil ~ s
life ~
assessment
()
assignment:
g e n e r i c ~ .
assimilation
cross ~
(


'

)
m a g m a t i c ~ ,
marginal ~ []

a s s i s e 1. 2 .

associate (), (),


;
m i n u t e ~ (.
-)
associated ; ;

association ,
~ of i g n e o u s r o c k s

animal ~ ,

a r t i f a c t ~ s .

consanguineous ~
mineral ~ ,

rock ~
soil ~
associes
assorted
a s s o r t m e n t of p a r t i c l e s
a s s y n t i t e .
a s t a t i c , ,

astatization
astatize ,

astel ; ;
; (


)
astenolith
a s t e r , (
)
asteria ,
a s t e r i a t e d , (
,
,
)
asterism ,
a s t e r o i d 1. 2 .
a s t e r o l i t h (
)
asteroplankton

(
,

)
asterozoan ,
a s t h e n o l i t h (
)

33

asthenosphere

auger

a s t h e n o s p h e r e (
)
A s t i a n (
)
astillen ,
a s t i t e (

)
astochitic
astogenetic
a s t o g e n y (

)
astraeiform
astrakhanite , N a M g [ S 0 ] - 4 H 0
a s t r a p o t h e r e Mamm.
a s t r i d i t e (
)
a s t r i n g e n t (
)
a s t r o b l e m e (

)
astrogeology ,

astrolabe
astrolite ,
(Na, K) Fe +(Al, Fe) Si O -H O
a s t r o l i t h o l o g y .
(
)
astrophyllite ,
(K Na Ca)(Fe, Mn) (TiZr)[OHSi Oj]
a s t r o p y l e Rad.
astrorhiza /,
astrorhizal /,
astrotectonic
a s y m p t o t e (
)
asymptotic
atacamite , C u C l ( O H )
atactotoechid
a t a t s c h i t e (

)
ataxic , (

)
a t a x i t e ( / . 2.

)
atectonic
a t e l e n e (
)
atelestite , B i ( A s O i ) O ( O H )
athabascaite , C u S e
a t h r o g e n i c (
)
a t h y r i d o i d .
Atlantic
a t l a n t i t e (
)
a t m o c l a s t (
,

)
atmoclastic ,
atmodialeima ,
a t m o g e n i c (


)
a t m o l i t h (
)
atmometer ,
atmophile
atmosphere
soil ~ ,

atmospheric
2

1 2

Atokan
(
)
atoll
almost ~
(


)
bank ~
drowned ~
raised ~
reef ~
shelf ~
sphagnum ~
a t o l l o n (
)
a t o p i t e (

)
a t r i o (

); , (

)
a t r i u m ( / . 2.


)
a t r y p i d ( i n e ) Brach.
a t r y p o i d s (
)
a t t a c h m e n t 1. 2 . ;

a t t a c o l i t e , ( C a , Mn, S r ) A b ( P O , S i 0 ) 3H O
a t t a p u l g i t e (,
)
a t t e n u a t e ( d ) 1. ; 2 .
3 .
a t t e n u a t i o n 1. , 2 .

~ of s e a m s
~ of w a v e
a t t i c For.
a t t i t u d e 1. ; 2 . ;

~ of b e d d i n g
~ of c o n t a c t
disturbed ~
attle
a t t r i t e 1. 2 .
a t t r i t i o n ,
a t t r i t u s
bright ~
dull ~
lucid ~
opaque ~
translucent ~
a u b r i t e (

)
auerbachite ,
(
)
a u e r l i t e , , (
)
aufeis
auganite ,
augelite , A l ( P O ) ( O H )
a u g e n 1.
2.

augen-blast
augen-clast
auger , ;
<
ground ~
hand ~ ,
3

augite
rock ~
soil ~
a u g i t e , ( C a , Na)(Mg, Fe +Al)(Si, A l ) O
augite-bronzite -
augite-monzonite
a u g i t e - s y e n i t e
augitic
a u g i t i t e (

)
a u g i t o p h y r e (
)
a u g i t o p h y r i c 1. 2 .

a u l a c o g e n (

)
a u l a c o p h o r e Echin.
a u l a c o t e r m a Brach.
a u l o c a l y c o i d .
aulophylloid /,
auloporid /,
a u l o s Anth.
a u r a l i t e (

)
aureate
aureole , ,
contact ~
metamorphic ~
,
t h e r m a l ~ ( / .

2.

)
auri-argentiferous
auric
aurichalcite , (Zn, )5()()
a u r i c l e 1. ; ;
(
);

(
); (

)
2.
()
a u r i c u l a .
a u r i c u l a t e .

a u r i c u p r i d e ,
auriferous ;
Aurignacian ,
aurobismuthinite
a u r o r i t e , ( M n , Ag, C a ) M n O 3 H O
a u r o s m i r i d i u m (,

19,3 / )
aurostibite , AuSb
austausch
A u s t i n i a n (
,
)
austinite , C a Z n A s O ( O H )
a u s t r a l i t e (

)
A u s t r a l o p i t h e c u s Prim,
Olduvai ~
a u t a l l o t r i o m o r p h i c (

)
a u t e c o l o g y ( ,

)
authigene
()
authigenesis
a u t h i g e n i c (
)
a u t h i m o r p h (

2*

)
autobreccia
a u t o b r e c c i a t i o n (


)
a u t o c h t h o n ( e )
autochthonous
autochthony
autoclase
autoclasf
autoclastic
autoconsequent
autocorrelation
autocyclicity
autodermalium
(

)
a u t o e c o l o g y . a u t e c o l o g y
autogastralium

(

)
autogenetic, autogenous
autogeosyncline
autoinjection, autointrusion
autolith ,
a u t o l y s i s ( / .
2.
)
autometamorphism
autometasomatism
a u t o m i c r i t e (
)
a u t o m o l i t e (
)
automorphic ,
automorphic-granular -
automorphosed
autoneomorphic
autopiracy ,
,
,
autopneumatolysis
a u t o p o r e Bryoz. ,
a u t o p o t a m i c (

)
a u t o r a d i o g r a p h (

)
autoregression
a u t o s i t e (
)
a u t o s k e l e t o n (

)
a u t o t h e c a (

)
autotrophic
a u t o z o o i d (

)
A u t u n i a n (
)
a u t u n i t e , ,
(
),
C a ( U 0 ) ( P 0 ) 2 - 1OH O
sodium ~ , N a ( U O ) ( P O ) 4H O
Auversian
()
a u x i l i a r y , (

)
auxospore
auxotrophic
avalanche , ,
~ of i o n s
2

35

avalanching

axis

c l i m a x ~ 1. 2 .

cold ~ ;

combination ~ ,

c o m m o n d u s t ~

debris ~
d e p t h - h o a r ~

direct-action ~ ,

d r i f t [ d r y - s n o w , d u s t ] ~
fire ~
flowing ~
glowing ~
ground ~ ,

h o t ~
hot-sand ~
ice ~
i n t e r n a l ~ (

)
m u d ~ ,
p o w d e r - s n o w [ p o w d e r y ] ~

rock ~
rolling ~
sand ~
slab ~
sliding ~
slush ~
snow ~
w a r m ~ ;
avalanching
a v e l i o n i t e . ,
aven ,
a venturescence
a v e n t u r i n e (

)
aventurism ,
(

)
avenue
( )
a v e z a c i t e (

)
avicennite , T l O
a v i c u l a r i u m Bryoz.
,
adventitious ~
a v i c u l o i d . , ;

aviolite
a v l a k o g e n e (

)
avogadrite , ( , Cs) [ B F J - C S
a v o n (
)
A v o n i a n . D i n a n t i a n
a v u l s i o n , (


)
a w a r u i t e (

)
awash ;

a w e i g h ,
a w n .

axes:
~ of e l a s t i c i t y ,
,

a s s o c i a t e d ~
f a b r i c ~ ,
axe-stone
axil ,
a x i l l a r i a Crin.
a x i l l a r y Crin.
a x i n e l l i d (
)
a x i n i t e , ( C a , Mn, F e ) A l B S i O i ( O H )
axinitization
axiolite, axiolith
(
)
axiolitic
a x i o m e t e r (




)
a x i s
~ of a r c h
~ of coiling
~ of d i v e r g e n c e
~ of e l e v a t i o n
~ of e l o n g a t i o n
~ of f o l d i n g ,

~ of lode
~ of r o t a t i o n
~ of s h o r t e n i n g
~ of s p i r a l scroll (

)
~ of s y m m e t r y
~ of t i l t
~ of v a u l t
~
anticlinal ~
apical ~
~
~
~
coiling ~
collimation ~
c r y s t a l ~ 1. 2 .

c r y s t a l l o g r a p h i c ~
f ~ f
fabric ~
fold ~ , ,
;
fore-and-aft ~
f r o n t c o o r d i n a t e ~
g e o m a g n e t i c ~
ground ~ ,

helical ~ of s y m m e t r y ,

h o r i z o n t a l ~ ()
lateral ~
least strain ~ ;

long ~
longitudinal ~
m a g n e t i c ~
o p t i c ~

axoblast

backshore

o r o g e n i c ~
permanent ~
p e r v a l v a r ~
(
)
pi ~ ,
pitching ~
pivotal ~
polar ~
p r i m a r y o p t i c ~
p r i n c i p a l ~ ., . .
p r i n c i p a l ~ of l e n s ,

p r i n c i p a l ~ of s t r a i n ;

p r i n c i p a l ~ of s t r e s s
r e f e r e n c e ~ [ ]
rotoinversion ~
saddle ~
s c r e w ~
secondary optic ~
s h o r t ~
solid ~ . ,
spreading ~
strain ~ ;
stress ~
s u r f a c e ~
s y m m e t r y ~ (of r o t a t i o n )
t e c t o n i c ~
t r a n s a p i c a l ~
t r o u g h ~ , ;
t w i n n i n g ~
z o n e ~ .
a x o b l a s t Anth.
a x o l o t l Amph.
a x o n o l i p . (
)
a x o n o p h o r . (
)
a x o p o d i u m Rad.
a x o t o m o u s 1.
, 2 .
, (
)
a z a b a c h e ; ;

A z i l i a n , (

)
azimuth
astronomic ~
compass ~
geographic ~
Laplace ~
stream ~
azimuthal
Azoic ,
a z o i c (
,

)
a z o n a t e (
)
a z o n o m o n o l e t e s
a z o p r o i t e , ( M g , F e + , Ti) B O
azote , N
azotic ,
a z o t i n e (
,

,
,
)
a z u f r a d o ( / .
2. , )
a z u l i t e (
)
3

a z u r c h a l c e d o n y . a z u r l i t e
a z u r e 1. , 2 .
azurite , C u ( ) ( ) 2
a z u r l i t e (
)
azurmalachite
3

b a b e f p h i t e , B a B e ( P O ) ( O , F)
babingtonite ,
C a ( F e + , Mn) F e + S i O ( O H )
baby;
rock ~
,
()
b a c a l i t e (
,
,
)
bache
()
b a c i l l i t e (
)
b a c k 1. () 2 . (,
) 3 . () 4 . (
) 5 . ,
6.
()
~ of lode
~ of o r e ,

b o a r ' s ~ , , (
)
camel ~
(
)
s t o ~
timbered ~
unsupported ~ ;

backbeach ,
backbone , ;

backdeep
(

);

;
b a c k - e n d 1. 2 .

backfall ,
b a c k f i l l , (,

. .) \\
,
backflooding

backfolding
b a c k g r o u n d 1. (

-.
) 2.
b a c k l a n d 1.
(
) 2.
(
)
3. ,
b a c k l i m b (

)
backrush
b a c k s e t (,


)
backshore ;
4

4 4

backsight

balance

b a c k s i g h t 1. 2 .

b a c k s l i d e
-
backslope ,
;
backstromite ,
b a c k s w a m p ,
b a c k w a l l (
)
b a c k w a s h 1. 2 . ; ;
;
b a c k w a s t i n g 1.
2.
b a c k w a t e r 1. , ;
(
,


) 2.
; ; ; ,

(
) 3 .
4.
backwearing
b a c k w e a t h e r i n g ,

b a c o n 1.
2 .
bacteria
aerobic ~
anaerobic ~
denitrifying ~
iron ~
nitrifying ~
sulfate reducing ~

sulfur ~
thread ~ []
bacteriogenic
bacteriology
b a c t r i t i c o n e Ceph.
()

b a c t r i t o i d s Ceph.
b a c u l a t e (

)
b a c u l i t e 1. . 2 .

b a c u l u m (

)
baddeleyite , Z r O
badenite , ( , Ni, F e ) ( A s , Bi) (?)
badland ,
bafertisite , BaFe TiSi Og
b a g ,

~ of o r e ,

ink ~
()
bagga
b a g o t i t e , -
b a h a d a . b a j a d a
b a h a m i t e , (

)
b a h i a i t e (
)
b a h r ( )
b a i k a l i t e (-

b a i k e r i n i t e (

)
baikerite ,
(
)
bail 1. , , 2 .
3 . t o ~ d o w n (
); t o ~ o u t , ,
,
()
bailed ~ dry []

b a i l e r 1. (
,
, , ) 2.
bailing ,
bajada , ,

b a j i r (

)
B a j o c i a n , (
)
bakerite , C a B ( B O ) ( S i O i ) ( O H ) - H O
b a k i n g (


)
bal , ; ,

BaIa (
)
b a l a n c e 1. ; 2 .
~ of n a t u r e
annual ~
assay ~
beam ~ [,
]
Eotvos torsion ~ ,

equal ~ ,
geochemical ~
Haalck universal ~

heat ~
h o r i z o n t a l field ~ (

)
H u g h e s ~ (


)
hydrologic ~ []
induction ~
isostatic ~
J o l l y ~ (



)
mass ~ ,
nitrogen ~
S c h m i d t field ~
s e d i m e n t a t i o n ~ (


)
Suess torsion ~
s u m m e r ~ .
temperature ~ ,

thermal ~
torsion ~ ,

Vaquier ~
v e r t i c a l field ~
Westphal ~ [,
]
w i n t e r ~ .

balancer
balancer , ,
balancing , ,

balas -
balavinskite , Sr B OiI 4 H O
b a l c o n y ;

b a l d 1. 2 .

baldaufite
()
b a l d - h e a d e d (
)
b a l d i t e (

)
b a l k 1. (

) 2 . ;
() 3 . () 4 .
,

b a l k h a s h i t e (,


)
balkstone
b a l l 1. (
,

. .)
2.
accretionary lava ~
a l g a l ~ . a l g a l b i s c u i t
armored mud ~ (

,


)
ash ~ s
b r a s s ~ s
b u r r ~ . l a k e b a l l
cank ~

clay ~ , ,
coal ~
convolutional ~
c o t t o n ~ , ,
NaCaB 0 -8H 0
c r o g ~

c r u m p l e d ~ (

525

)
h a i r ~ . l a k e b a l l
l a k e ~ (

)
lava ~
mud ~
p e a t ~
p u d d i n g ~ . a r m o r e d m u d ball
p y r i t e ~ ( )
rust ~
()
sea ~ (
)
slump ~
slush ~
spiral ~
spore ~
sulfur ~ 1. .

2 . (
)
sun ~
till ~
2

tuff ~
b a l l a n d (
);

ball a n d low ,

b a l l a s (


)
ballast
broken-stone [crushed-stone] ~

gravel ~
l a r g e ~
rock ~
sand ~
w a t e r ~
ballasted
ballasting ,
balling
ballon
b a l l s t o n e 1.
2. 3.


b a l l y (
)
ballycadder ,
b a l m 1-
, 2.

b a l p u m (

)
balsam
Canada ~
earth ~
()
b a l t i m o r i t e (
)
bambollaite , C u T e S e
b a n a k i t e (
)
banalsite , B a N a A U S i O i
b a n a t i t e (

,
)
banco
b a n d 1. , 2 . ,
3 .
absorption ~
Alaskan ~
a n n u l a r ~
a p o n e u r o t i c ~ (

)
b l u e ~ 1.
(

, ) 2. (

)
b l u e ~ of ice
bright and dark ~ s
()
clay ~ 1. 2 .
,
deformation ~
d i r t ~ 1. . 2 .
(
)
drift ~
d u s t ~ (
)
Forbes ~
glacier ~
ice ~ ,
2

bandaite

bar

k i n k ~ (

)
l a t t i c e ~ (
)
longitudinal ~
marine ~
marker ~
middle ~

mussel ~

sand ~
sandstone ~
seasonal ~ s ,

shale ~
slate ~
s l i t ~ . [ ]
s p i r a l ~ (

)
s t e e l ~ (
)
s t o n e ~ (
)
thick ~
thin ~ []
twinning ~
b a n d a i t e (,

)
banded
clearly ~
finely ~
symmetrically ~
banding , ; ,
cleavage ~ ,
colloform ~
concentric ~
crustification [crustified] ~

crystallization ~

diffusion ~
flow [ f l u x i o n ] ~ ,
,
Liesegang ~ []
,
primary ~
p r i m a r y g n e i s s i c ~ -
,
s e g r e g a t i o n ~ ,

symmetrical ~
thick ~ s
b a n d - l i k e (
)
bandstone
b a n d y 1. , 2 .
bandylite , C u ( B O ) C l ^ H O
b a n k 1. 2 . ( / .
2.


, ,
3. ,

)
3 . ,
, 4.
5 . , 6.
7.

8.
;
~ of core s a m p l e s
~ of oil
~ of o r e
b a n n e r ~ ( ,

)
benching ~
caving ~
cinder ~
concave ~
coral ~
culm ~
earth ~
fire ~
gravel ~
h i g h ~ ;
ice ~ ,
lee ~ (,
,
)
oceanic ~
o r g a n i c ~
oyster ~
river ~ ;
sand ~ ; ;

sea ~ 1. 2 .
3 .
sinking ~ []
sliding [slipping] ~ []

snow ~
soil ~
spill ~
spoil ~ ,
Trigonia ~
banker ,

()
b a n k e t (
,


)
bankfull
bankside
bannisterite ,
(Na, K)(Mn, Fe, A l ) ( S i A l ) O ( O H ) ^ H O
b a n n o c k 1.
2. -
(

)
bannocking
b a n q u e t t e (

)
baotite , Ba (Ti, Nb) Si O SCl
b a r 1. ; ; 2 . Conod.
3 . (, ),
4. ,

5. ,
,
6. ,
7. ,
apertural ~
barrier ~
bay ~ -, ,
bayhead ~
baymouth ~ ,

1 5

baraboo
boring ~
breakpoint ~
chain ~
channel-mouth ~
circular ~
compound cuspate ~ ,
,

connecting ~
c o n n e c t o r ~ (
)
c r o s s ~ 1. ,

2.
curved ~
c u s p a t e ~ (

,

)
delta ~
eddy-built ~ , -

flying ~ 1. 2 .

h a r b o r ~ ( )
inner ~
l o n g s h o r e ~

loop(ed) ~ ,

lower ~
l u n a t e ~ (

, )
m a r s h ~
mid-bay ~
m o r a i n e ~ , ,

n a t u r a l ~ ,
offshore ~ 1. 2 .
o u t e r ~
point ~ ,
reticulated ~
river-mouth ~
rock ~ ,
sinker ~
submarine ~
swash ~
tidal ~
tie ~
transverse ~
tying ~
V - - ( ,


)
b a r a b o o , ()
b a r a c h o i s (

,
)
bararite , (NH ) SiF6
barbertonite ,
Mg Cr (C0 )(OH), -4H 0
b a r b i e r i t e . m o n a l b i t e
barbosalite , F e F e
(PO MOH)
b a r c ( h ) a n (

),

compound ~
4

2 +

1 +

shingle ~
snow ~
submarine ~
bardolite

(
)
b a r e 1. ,
2 . , ( , )
b a r g h ,
bariandite , V O 4 V O - 1 2 H O
b a r i n g 1. [ ] ;
2. ,

barite , B a S O
c a u s t i c ~
cockscomb ~
compact ~
crested ~
cryptocrystalline
~

earthy ~
fetid ~
granular ~
heavy ~ ,
lamellar ~ [,
, , ]
b a r i u m , Ba
bark
inner ~ ,
outer ~
b a r k e v i k i t e (

)
barnesite , N a V O i 3 H O
b a r n h a r d t i t e (

)
b a r n y a r d

b a r o c l i n i t y .

barodynamics
barograph
aneroid ~
recording ~
b a r o i d (


)
b a r o l i t e (,
)
barometer
aneroid ~
differential ~
recording ~
b a r o p h i l i c (
,

)
b a r o t r o p i c ( ,


)
b a r o t r o p y (

)
barrage ,
b a r r a n c a 1. . b a r r a n c o 2 .

b a r r a n c o 1. (
,

, , ,
, ,

) 2. (
2

barrandite

base


)
barrandite , (Fe, 1 ) 0 - 2 0
barrel:
A C C maritime ~

blocked core ~

c o r e ~ 1. 2 .

double core ~
oil ~ ( ,

42 .
158,987
)
sedimentation ~
barrel-quartz []

Barremian ,
(
)
b a r r e n 1. , , ;
2. / ,
barricade:
boulder ~
b a r r i e r 1. , 2 . 3 .
4.
bay ~
bay head ~ ,
beach ~
boulder ~
climatic ~
g r o u n d w a t e r [ h y d r o l o g i c ] ~
(

)
ice ~ 1. , ,
2 .
impermeable ~ []

offshore ~
potential ~
rock dust ~
t r o u g h ~ (
)
b a r r i n g 1. 2 . ,

()
barringerite , (Fe, Ni) P
barringtonite , M g C 0 - 2 H 0 ( ? )
barroisite ,
CaNa(Mg, Fe +) (A1, Fe +) ( Si Al)O (OH)
b a r r o w 1. 2 . ,
b a r s o w i t e , (
)
b a r t h i t e (
,

)
Bartonian
()
b a r y b i o t i t e
barycenter
barylite , B a B e S i O
barysilite , , P b M n S i O n
barysphere
b a r y t e . b a r i t e
barytization
barytocalcite , ()
barytolamprophyllite ,
( N a , K ) ( B a , Ca, S r ) ( T i F e ) S i O ( O , , F, C l )
b a s a l 1. 2 .
b a s a l i a 1. (

) 2 .

basalt
alkali ~ ,
amygdaloidal ~
a n a lei te ~
blanket ~ , ,

circumoceanic ~
D e c c a n ~ (-

)
e l l i p s o i d a l ~

flood ~ -
freckled ~ [, ]
fused ~
graphitic ~
high-alumina ~
host ~ s
Icelandic ~
kersutite ~
leucite ~
magma ~ ,
magnetite ~ ,
nepheline ~
olivine ~
pillow ~
plagioclase ~
plateau ~ -
p r i m a r y ~ ( ,

)
quartz ~
s h i e l d ( v o l c a n o ) ~ ,

basaltic
b a s a l t i n e 1. 2 .
. a u g i t e
basaltite
basalt-like ,
basaluminite , A l ( S 0 ) ( O H ) i c 5 H 0
b a s a n i t e ( / .
2.
3.

)
b a s a n i t o i d ( ,

)
b a s e 1. 2 . ,
()
3 . , 4. , ,
( );

, (
);
(
)
5 . . 6 . 7.
, ( )
~ of d r i f t ( / .

2.


)
~ of s e r i e s
~ of slope 1. 2 .

air ~
asphalt ~
b r a c h i o p h o r e ~ Brach.
current ~ ,

data ~

2 2

3 2

base-leveling
denudation ~
main ~ [] (or
..)
mixed ~
observation ~
oil ~
paraffin ~
surf [ s u r g e ] ~ ,
wave ~ ,

base-leveling , ,

baseline ,
b a s e m e n t 1. 2 .
3 . ;
platform ~
v a l l e y - f l o o r ~
b a s e n e s s 1.
2 .
-
basic ,
basicity
b a s i c o r o n a l (


)
b a s i d i o m y c e t e
basidiospore
basification
B a s i l o s a u r i d s Mamm.
b a s i m e s o s t a s i s (

)
b a s i n 1. 2 . , 3 .
; 4. 5. ,
a n t h r a c i t e ~
arborescent drainage ~

a r t e s i a n ~
backarc sedimentary ~
,
backdeep ~
b a c k i n t e r m o n t a n e ~


b a r r e d ~ . r e s t r i c t e d b a s i n
barrier ~ ,

canal ~
c a t c h ~ (


)
c a t c h m e n t ~ ;

cirque ~
closed ~
coal ~
collecting ~
continental ~ ,

corrie ~
cratonic ~
deflation ~
(

)
d e f l e c t i o n ~ .
deposition ~
depressed ~
discordant ~

drainage ~ ;

dry ~
d u p l e x ~ (


)
d u s t ~ (


)
endorheic ~
e u x i n i c ~ (.

exudation ~
f a u l t ~ (,



)
f i r n ~ 1. 2 . , ,
,
fjord ~
flood ~ (

)
fold ~
front intermontane ~

frost-thaw ~
furrow-like ~
geological ~
geyser ~
glacial ~
headwater ~
hydrogeological ~
hydrographic ~
ice-barrier ~

inland ~
inland drainage ~
intake ~
interior ~
intermount ~

iron-ore ~
isolated ~
kettle ~
l a k e ~ (,

)
limnetic ~
l i m n i c coal ~
marginal ~
m o r e l ~ ,


neve ~ , ,
,
nuclear ~ (/.
2.

)
ocean ~
oil ~
paralic coal ~
p l a y a ~ (
-
)
plunge ~
reception ~
recharge ~ ,
restricted ~ []

basin-and-range
(
,

)
r i f t - v a l l e y t y p e ~ ,
river ~ ,
rock ~ ; ,

sea ~
s e c o n d c y c l e ~ (
,

)
sedimentary ~ ,
settling ~ ,
silled ~ . r e s t r i c t e d b a s i n
slump ~
solution ~ ; ,


spillway ~ ,
stable coastal ~
,

s t a g n a n t ~
starved ~
structural ~
synclinal ~
tectonic ~
tensional ~
terminal ~
tidal ~
tilt-block ~ ,

tongue-like ~ ;
,

transverse ~
(

)
waste-filled ~
( ,
)
wind-formed ~
wind-scoured ~
(

)
basin-and-range
b a s i n i n g (


)
basiophitic
b a s i o p h t h a l m i t e Crust,
b a s i p h y t o u s ( ,


)
b a s i p i n a c o d e r m .
b a s i p o d ( i t e ) Crust,
b a s i s 1. , 2 . (

)
basisphenoid
b a s i t e (
)
basket:
venus flower ~

b a s s ; ;
-
(

)
c a n n e l ~ (
,

bathythermograph
dunn ~
p i t c h e r ~

bassanite , CaSO -VzH O
b a s s e t ,
,
bassetite , F e ( U 0 ) ( P 0 ) - 8 H 0
b a s t a r d 1. ;

2.
b a s t i o n (
)
b a s t i t e (
)
bastnaesite , (Ce, L a ) C O ( F , )
b a s t o n i t e (-
,
)
b a t . b a t t
b a t e (,

)
'
b a t e a 1. 2 .

b a t e q u e , (
)

bath:
sand ~
steam ~
water ~
b a t h o l i t e . b a t h o l i t h
batholith
composite [multiple] ~
simple ~
batholithic
b a t h o l y t h . b a t h o l i t h
bathometer
B a t h o n i a n , (
)
bathroclase
b a t h v i l l i t e ( )
b a t h y a l , ||

bathybenthic
b a t h y d e r m a l (


)
b a t h y g e n e s i s (

)
bathygenic
b a t h y l i m n i o n (

)
b a t h y l i t e , b a t h y l i t h . b a t h o l i t h
bathymetric
bathymetry
bathyorographic
bathypelagic
bathyplankton
bathyscaph
bathyseism []

bathysophic

bathysphere
bathythermogram
bathythermograph
4

bating
bating []

batisite , N a B a T i ( S b O ) J
batrachite ,
b a t r a c h o s a u r e s Arnph. ,
b a t t 1. 2 .

b l a c k ~ . b a t t 2 .
dun-row ~
()
b a t t e r 1. ; 2 . , ,
3 .
b a t t l e m e n t
batture
b a t u k i t e (

)
b a u l i t e (

)
b a u l k . b a l k
baumhauerite , Pb As SiS
bauxite
boehmitic ~
diaspore ~
fossiliferous ~
hydrargillitic ~
pisolitic ~
bauxitic
bauxitite
bauxitization
b a v a l i t e (
)
bavenite , C a B e A I S i O O ( O H )
bavin
bawn
b a y 1. , , , 2 ,
(

) 3 .

~ of o v e r f l o w

b a c k ~ ( ,

)
b o t t l e n e c k ~
branching ~

(

)
C a r o l i n a ~ (

, -
,
)
closed ~ (


)
detached ~ []

enclosed ~ []
f a n ~ (


)
fault-line ~
filled ~
f r o n t ~ (


)
headland ~ ,

2

2 4

hooked ~
(

)
open ~
polyhaline ~
s t a g n a n t ~ ,
tail ~ ,
bayate

baydjarakh
bayerite , AI(OH)
b a y h e a d 1. 2 . ,
( )
bayldonite , P b C u ( A s O J ( O H )
bayleyite , M g ( U 0 ) ( C 0 ) 1 8 H O
b a y m o u t h
b a y o u 1. ( , )
2. 3 .
,

bazzite , Be (Sc, AI) Si OiS


b e a c h ; ;
;
apposition ~

backshore ~
bar [barrier] ~
bayhead ~
bayside ~
black-sand ~
boulder ~
coastal ~
cobble ~
cove ~
crescent ~
d r y ~ 1. 2 . [ ]

elevated ~ ;
feeder ~
headland ~

headland-bay ~ ,

high-level ~
lagoon ~
offshore ~
p l a t f o r m ~
pocket ~
raised ~ ;
rolling ~
s c a r p ~ 1.
2.
shingle ~
storm ~ ; ,

traveling ~ []
u p p e r f o r e s h o r e ~

b e a c h c o m b e r ,

b e a c h i n g (
)
beachrock
beachy ,
(,

)
beaconite ,

3

bead

bed

bead ,
b o r a x ~
t e s t ~ ;

beaded
beadlets ,
bead-like
b e a k 1. 2 . ; (
) 3 . -.


kettle ~ ,

b e a k e d ( ,
)
b e a m 1. ; 2 .
r a d i a l ~ Rad.
b e a n 1. 2 . (
)
b e a r 1. 2 . ,
3 . , t o ~ in
( )
b e a r d ,

b e a r i n g 1. , 2 .
3 .
~ of t r e n d
back ~
compass ~
level ~
reverse ~
bears

bearsite , Be (AsO K ) 4 H O
b e a t 1. ( )
2 . (, ) 3 . ;
surf ~
w a v e ~ .
b e a u m o n t i t e (

),

b e a u x i t e . b a u x i t e
beaverite , P b ( C u , Fe, Al) (SO-O (OH)
b e b e d o u r i t e (
)
beche
bechilite , ,
b e c k ,
beckelite , C a ( C e , La, Y) (Si, Z r ) O i
b e c k e r i t e (


)
b e c k i t e . b e e k i t e
becquerelite , C a U e O w I l H O
b e d 1. , , 2 . , ,
3 . , (,
);
() 4 .
() 5 .
6 . 7. pi
,
~ of fall , ,
~ of p r e c i p i t a t i o n
~ of p u d d l e clay
ash ~ ,

b a c k s e t ~ (


)
ballast ~
bone ~ ;
2

b o t t o m s e t ~ ;

b o u l d e r ~ 1. (,

)
2. (

brea ~
broken ~ , [
]
C a e f f a i a n ~ s (

)
c a p p i n g ~ s (,


)
c a r r i e r ~ - (,

)
C a t s k i l l ~ s (
)
clinker ~
coal ~
/
cobble ~
commercial ~
c o m p e t e n t ~ (,


)
composite ~
confining ~
c o n f i n i n g ~ s of a q u i f e r ,

conformable ~ s
c o n t a c t ~ (,


)
contorted ~
copper ~
coquina ~ ,

C r o m e r F o r e s t ~ (

)
cross ~ ,
deflated ~ []
dense ~ ,
density-current ~ s ,

d i r t ~ 1. . 2 .
(
)
disrupted ~ []
drift ~ s
dry ~
expanding ~

f a v o r a b l e ~ (,

. .)
filter ~ ; ,

fish ~ ,

f l a g g y ~ ,
,
flat ~ [
]
flat-dipping ~
foreset ~ s ;

f o r e s t ~ (

bed
forking ~ []
( . .)
glacier ~
g r a y b a c k ~ s
guiding ~ -
h i g h - w a t e r ~
h i n t e r surf ~ s

impermeable ~
impermeable confining ~

inclined ~
i n c o m p e t e n t ~ (,

)
intercalated ~ s

in t e r s t r a t if ieci ~ s [
]
k e y ~ 1. ,
2. ,
l a k e ~ 1. 2 . ,

lava ~ ,

lenticular ~
limiting ~ s
loose ~ ,

lower ~ []
marker ~ ,

m e r c h a n t a b l e coal ~

m o r t a r ~
, ,

multiple ~
n a t u r a l ~ 1. 2 .
,
n e g a t i v e confining ~

ore ~
o u t c r o p p i n g ~ ,
;
o v e r l y i n g ~ ,
overlying confining ~ s

oversteepened ~
overturned ~
passage ~ s
pay ~ ,

peat ~ ,
perching ~
permeable confining ~

pervious ~
pitching ~
plane
p l a n t ~ (
)

P o r t l a n d ~ s (
)
positive confining ~

bedding

precipitation ~ s
p r e s s o l v e d ~

Purbeckian ~ s
(

)
recent ~ s []
red ~ s ,
regular ~
reservoir ~ -
river ~ ,
rootlet ~ ,


salt ~
sand filter ~ ,

Schwagerina ~ s
(
)
snow ~
solid ~ [ ] ,
steep(ly dipping) ~
s t o r m w a t e r ~

stream ~
subjacent ~ ,

superincumbent ~ ;

surface ~ ; ,

surface key ~
terrestrial ~ s
thick ~ ,
thin ~ [] , [
]
top-set ~ s
turbidite ~
unconformable ~ s

underlying ~ ,
underlying confining ~
uniform ~ ;

uniformly dipping ~ s

w a t e r ~
bedded , ,
b e d d i n g 1. , , ;
2.
asymmetrical ~
avalanche ~
basin-like ~
()
centroclinal ~
compound foreset ~

concordant [conformable] ~
contorted [convolute] ~ [
-]
crinkled ~ ;
[-]
c r o s s ~ (. c r o s s - b e d d i n g )
curly ~ [ - ]

current ~
delta ~

bede
diagonal ~
discontinuous ~
discordant ~
disrupted ~
drift ~
enveloping ~ ,

eolian current ~
false ~ [ ]
fissile ~
g l i d e ~
graded ~ []

high-angle cross ~

inclined ~
ingressive ~
initial ~
irregular ~
isoclinal ~
laminar ~
monoclinal ~
oblique ~
original ~
overturned ~
parallel ~
periclinal ~
prolapsed ~
pseudogradational
~

regressive ~
regular ~
relic ~ []

repetitive ~
rock ~ ,
,
slip [slump, s l u r r y ] ~
sorted ~
symmetrical ~
torrential ~
transgressive ~
unbroken ~
unconformability ~
bede ,
b e d i a s i t e (
,
)
bed-island ,

B e d o u l i a n , (
)
bedrock , , ,
underlying ~ (] ;
,
beef

b e e g e r i t e ( )
b e e k i t e (1.


2.


)
b e e r b a c h i t e (
)
b e f a n a m i t e (
)
b e f o r s i t e (
)

belt
behavior
diurnal ~ ,
()
seasonal ~ ,

()
b e h e a d i n g (

)
behierite , (, N b ) B O
behoite , B e ( O H )
beidellite ,
(Na, Ca/2)o,33Al2.i7(Si ,i7Alo.83)Oio(OH) .KH 0
iron ~
b e k i n k i n i t e (
)
bel (

,
,
)
b e l c h 1. (, ) 2 . 3 .
(); (, ,
)
b e l d o n g r i t e (. p s i l o m e l a n e )
b e l e m n i t e .
b e l e m n o i d .
b e l i a n k i t e (. c r e e d i t e )
b e l i t e (
)
bell 1. , ,
2 . .
be I l a n d
bellied
bellingerite , ( 1 0 ) - 2 0
bell-mould

belly 1.
2 . [ ] 3 . .
bellying ; ; ,

b e l m o n t i t e ( ,


)
b e l o e i l i t e (

)
b e l o n i t e (

)
b e l o n o s p h a e r i t e (


)
belovite , (Sr, Ce, Na, C a ) ( 0 ) ( )
belt ,
~ of c e m e n t a t i o n
~ of d e m o r p h i s m
~ of f l u c t u a t i o n (

)
~ of f o l d e d s t r a t a [ ]
~ of i n t r u s i o n s
~ of e r o s i o n
~ of soil m o i s t u r e [of soil w a t e r ] [ ]

~ of t r a n s i t i o n
~ of w a n d e r i n g (

)
~ of w e a t h e r i n g
Alpine folded ~
Alpine-Himalayan
~
-

arid ~ []
border ~
boulder ~ ()
broken ~ []
circum-Pacific ~
4

bentonite

Beltian
c o a s t a l ~ (,

,
)
composite mobile ~
(

)
crush ~
desert ~
edge ~
equatorial ~ ,

f l u c t u a t i o n ~ of w a t e r t a b l e

fold ~
foothill ~ ,
heaving shale ~
ice ~ (


)
intermediate ~
m e a n d e r ~ (

)
mobile ~
mountain ~
mud ~
o r o g e n i c ~ [ ]
picking ~ ;
polycyclic mobile ~

protective ~ , ,

seismic ~
shatter ~ []
shore-ice ~
s i m p l e m o b i l e ~ (

)
soil-water ~
surficial ~
tar ~
volcanic ~
B e l t i a n (
)
b e l u c h i t h e r i u m .
b e l u g i t e s (
)
belyankinite ,
C a ( T i , Zr, N b ) O i - 1 4 H O
bementite , MnsSi Oi5-(OH)io(?)
ben . (
,

)
b e n c h 1. , () 2. , ;
, ;
alluvial ~
bottom ~
canyon ~
epiglacial ~
fault ~ ,

flood-plain ~
l o w e r ~ 1. ()
2.

offshore ~
piedmont ~
r o c k ~ 1. ,
(
) 2.
structural ~
subaerial ~
6

suballuvial ~
t o p ~ 1. () 2.

wave-cut ~ ,

w a v e - c u t r o c k ~
,

b e n c h i n g 1. ,

, , (
) 2 . (
);

benchland
piedmont ~
b e n d 1. , ; , , 2 .
.
anticlinal ~
arch ~ ,
boathook ~
h o r s e s h o e ~ ,
()
lower ~ ;
();

rock ~ []
saddle ~ ,
s y n c l i n a l ~
trough ~
upper ~ ,
winding ~
bending ,
~ of s t r a t a ;
~ of v a u l t
d i s t o r t i o n ~ (,
)
lateral ~
bendway
()
benefication
beneficiate
benitoite , B a T i S i O
benjaminite , ,
Pb (Cu, Ag) Bi S
b e n m o r e i t e . ( )
b e n n e t t i t a l e s .
benstonite ,
(Ca, Mg, Mn) (Ba, Sr) (CO ),.,
b e n t 1. , 2 . , (
)
b e n t hie , ,
,
abyssal ~ -
benthogene
benthograph
b e n t h o n i c . b e n t h i c
benthos
a t t a c h e d ~
free-swimming ~

sedentary ~
sessile ~ [ ,
]
vagile ~
v a g r a n t ~
bentonite ,
arkosic ~
-
3

bentonitic

bidalotite

potash [potassium] ~ ,

bentonitic
beraunite , F e F e J ( P O M O H ) . 3 H O
berborite , B e ( B O ) ( O H , F ) H O
b e r e n g e l i t e (

)
b e r e s i t e (

)
b e r e z o v i t e . p h e n i c o c h r o i t e
b e r e z o v s k i t e (

3 1)
b e r g 1. 2 . ,
blocky ~
flat-topped ~
glacier ~
neve ~
plateau-shaped ~
tabular ~
b e r g a l i t e .
bergenite , B a ( U 0 ) ( P 0 ) ( O H ) - 8 H 0
bergmannite ,
bergmeal, bergmehl , ,
,
b e r g s c h r u n d (

)
b e r g s e i f e -

b e r i n g i t e (
)
b e r k e y i t e (

)
berlinite , A l P O
berm ;
beach ~
storm ~ ,
s u m m e r ~ (


)
bermanite
,
Mn Mn
(PO MOH) 4H O
b e r m u d i t e (

)
b e r n a r d i n i t e (

)
berndtite , S n S
bernstein , , ,

b e r o n d r i t e (
)
Berriasian ,
(
)
berryite , P b ( C u , Ag) BJsSu
berthierine ,
( F e + , F e + , Mg, AIM-(Si, A l ) O ( O H )
berthierite , F e S b S
bertholite
b e r t h o n i t e . b o u r n o n i t e
bertossaite ,
(Li, N a ) ( C a , Fe, ) ( 0 ) ( , F )
bertrandite , B e S i 0 ? ( O H )
beryl , Be Al SIeOiS
cesium ~
golden ~
green ~
beryllite , B e S i O ( O H ) - H O
b e r y l l i u m , Be
beryllometer

beryllonite , N a B e P O
berzelianite , Cu Se
berzeliite , (Mg, M n ) ( C a , N a ) ( A s O i )
b e s c h t a u n i t e (

)
b e t a , (/. ,


2.


3-

)
betafite , (Ca, Na, U ) ( N b , T a ) O ( O , )
beta-iron
beta-particle -
beta-quartz -
beta-ray -
beta-roselite -, C a C o ( A s 0 ) - 2 H 0
beta-uranophane -, C a ( U 0 ) S i 0 7
6H O
beta-uzbekite -
beta-vredenburgite -
(,


)
betekhtinite , C u ( F e , P b ) S
betpakdalite ,
C a F e H ( A s 0 ) ( M o 0 ) 1OH O
betrunking

beudantite , P b F e ( A s O ) ( S O ) ( O H )
beusite , (Mn, Fe, Ca, M g ) ( P 0 )
bevel ,
b e v e l e d (
,

)
beveling
(
,
)
beyerite , (Ca, P b ) B i ( C O s ) O
B-form For. - ,
b h a b a r (,

,
)
b h a n g a r (


,
,
)
bhil (,

,
)
b h i t (

,
)
b h u r (,
, ,

)
bianchite , (Zn, F e ) S 0 - 6 H 0
Biarritzian ,
()
b i a s 1. , 2 .

magnetic ~
negative ~
b i a s a r
biatomic
biaxial
b i b , ()
bibasic
bibbles
bibliolite
biche
biconcave
biconvex
b i d a l o t i t e . a n t h o p h y l l i t e

2 +

2 +

1 +

1 0

bideauxite

biohydrology

bideauxite , P b A g C b ( F O H )
b i d e v e x .
bieberite , C o S O 7 H O
b i e l e n i t e (,

)
b i e l z i t e (

,
)
bifoliate
biforaminate
biform
bifurcate , ,

bifurcation , ,
b i g h t 1. 2 . 3 . ()
b i g w o o d i t e (
)
bikitaite , LiAlSi Oe - H O
bil . bhil
bilamellar
bilateral ,
bildstein ,
bilge ,
bilinear
bilinite , F e
Fe (SO )V22H O
bill ,
b i l l a b o n g 1. , 2 . (
)
billietite , B a U e O w H H O
b i l l i t o n i t e (
)
b i l l o t (

)
billow ,
lava ~
till ~
billy
b i l o b i t e (

, , ,
)
biloculine ,
(
)
b i m a c e r a l (
)
b i m a g m a t i c (

)
bimetallic
bimetasomatic
bimorph
bin
ore ~
overhead ~ ;
refuse ~
stock ~
b i n a
(

)
binary ,
binches

b i n d 1. ,
2.
blue ~ ,

broadstone ~ , ,

mussel ~
rock ~ - ,

s t o n e ~ 2

2 +

; ,

b i n d e r 1. () 2 . .
3 . .
brass ~ ;
,
p i t c h ~
soil ~
bindheimite , P b S b O e ( O , )
binding ;
bing 1. 2. ,

p i t ~
b i n n a c l e , [ ] ;
( -,

)
b i n n i t e (
,

)
b i n o m e n (

)
biocalcarenite
biocalcilyte
biocalcirudite
biocenology
b i o c h o r e ( / . ,

/ 2.

,

)
b i o c h r o n (

)
biochronology
b i I a s t (

)
bioclastic
bioclimatology
biocoenosis
biocolloid
b i o c y c l e (

,

,
.
,


)
b i o d e r m (

)
bioecology
bioelement
b i o e r o s i o n (

)
biofacies
biogenesis
biogenetic
biogenic , ,
biogenicity
biogeochemistry
biogeography
biogeology
b i o g l y p h ( ,

)
bioherm
sponge ~
biohermal
b i o h e r m i t e (,


)
biohydrology
2

biokinematic
biokinematic
b i o l i t e (/.
,

2. ,

)
b i o l i t h (

)
b i o l i t h i t e (
)
b i o l i t h o s o r e .
b i o l y s i s (

)
biomass
b i o m e (
,

)
biomere
biometrical
biometrics
b i o m i c r i t e (,
,
,

)
packed ~
sparse ~
b i o m i c r o s p a r i t e (1.



2.
, -

)
b i o m i c r u d i t e ( 1 )
biomorphic
bionic
bionics
bionomic
bionomics
b i o n t (
)
b i o p e l i t e (
, .

)
b i o p e l m i c r i t e (,

)
b i o p e l s p a r i t e (,

3: 1 1 :3)
biophile
biophysics
b i o p l a s t o l o g y (


)
b i o p y r i b o l e (
,
, /
)
bioreproduction []

biorhexistasy
biosociology
biosome
b i o s p a c e (



,
)
b i o s p a r a r e n i t e (,

)
b i o s p a r i t e , (,

biringuccite


)
b i o s p a r r u d i t e ( 1 )
biospecies
biospeleology
biosphere
b i o s t a s y (


)
biostatic
biostratigraphic
biostratigraphy
biostratinomy, biostratonomy
biostromal
biostrome
biosystem ,
biota
biotic
b i o t i t e (
)
cesium ~
b i o t i t i t e (
)
b i o t i t i z e (

)
b i o t o p e (1.

2.

3.
,


4.
;

)
biotoposequence
b i o t u r b a t i o n (

)
b i o t y p e ( ,


)
biozone
b i p a r t i t e (


)
biphase
b i p i n n a r i a Aster,
b i p o c i l l u s (

)
bipolar
bipolarity
bipyramid
bipyramidal
biquartz
b i r a m o u s (

)
bird

b i r d ' s - e y e (

)
bireflectance
birefracting
birefraction ,
birefractive
birefringence ,

high ~
positive ~
birefringent
biringuccite , N a B i O i ; 4 H O
4

birkremite
b i r k r e m i t e (
)
b i r n e (
,
.

.,

)
birnessite , ( N a , C a ) M n O u - S H O
b i r o t u l a t e (
,

)
b i r t h s t o n e (,

-.
)
b i s a c c a t e ( )
bisbeeite , C u S i O - H O
bischofite , M g C l 6 H O
biscuit:
algal ~
(

20 ,


)
sea ~
w a t e r ~ . a l g a l b i s c u i t
bisectrix
acute ~
biserial ,
bismalith
bismite ,
bismoclite , BiOCl
b i s m u t h , Bi
acicular ~
bismuthi(ni)te (), ,
, B i S
bismutite , , ( B i O ) C O
bismutoferrite , BiFe (SiOi) OH
b i s m u t o p l a g i o n i t e , (. g a lenobismuthite)
bismutotantalite , Bi(Ta, N b ) O
bit ; ;

bergy ~ ,
broach(ing) ~ -
bull ~
b u l l n o s e d t y p e w i r e l i n e core ~

chisel( s h a p e d ) ~ ;

c o n c a v e ~
(
)
core [coring] ~ []

cross ~
diamond ~

diamond impregnated ~

diamond point ~

disk ~
double t a p e r ~
;
dress ~
d r i l l ( i n g ) ~ ; ;

E l e m s t a r ~ ,
ferret ~ ,

f l a t ~ 1. 2 .
7

full drill ~

interchangeable ~
jumper ~ , ;
m u d ~
multistone ~
N - ~ -
n o n c o r i n g ~ ()


reamer ~ -
r e a m i n g ~ 1. - 2 .

reversed fish-tail ~


rock ~
r o t a r y core ~ ,

shale ~

sidetracking ~

six-blade ~
s p u d d i n g ~ 1. - 2 .
-
square ~
star ~

starting ~
tricone ~
b i t h e c a (

)
b i t t e r n , (


)
b i t u m e n ~ j u d a i c u m ,
; ~ lapideum

~ of J u d e a ,
coal ~
c o m p a c t ~
elastic ~ ,
e u - ~ -
fix ^ s
petroleum ~
solid ~ ,
soluble ~
vein ~
viscid ~ , ,
,
bitumencarb ,
bitumenite
bitumenol ,

bituminiferous
b i t u m i n i t e
bituminity
b i t u m i n i z a t i o n ( / .
2.

)
bituminosity
b i t u m i n o u s 1. ; 2 .
( )
b i t u m i o l (
,

)
bitusol
biumbilicate For.

biumbonate

bleed

biumbonate For.
b l a n k e t 1. , ; (
bivalve
1
b i v a l v e d (
)
1) 2.
b i v e s i c u l a t e ( )
3 .
b i v i u m Echin.
4 .
bixbyite , (Mn, F e ) O

b i z a r d i t e (,


)
r o c k ~ 1. 2 .
b j e r e z i t e (

()
)
shallow ~
b j e r k r e m i t e nemp.
snow ~
b l a c k 1. , 2 . ,
vein ~
bone ~ []
blanketing:
carbon ~
thermal ~
mire ~ ,
b l a s t . ,

~ of g a s ; [
smoke ~ ,
, ]
b l a c k b a n d (

air ~ ,
)

blackbody
avalanche ~ ,
b l a c k d a m p (


)
hot ~
b l a c k j a c k 1. ,
volcanic ~
() 2 .
b l a s t a s y
()
3.

() 4 .
blastation ,
(
b l a c k l a n d (



,
)
)
b l a c k l e a d ||
blaster
blackmanganese
b l a s t e t r i x (
b l a c k m o r i t e (
)
,

blackness ;

)
Blackriverian
(
b l a s t hole ;
)
blastic ,
b l a c k s 1. (

blasting

);

b l a s t m e t e r (

2 . ,
)

()
blastogeny
b l a c k s t o n e (

blastogranitic
)
B l a s t o i d e a (

blacktery ,
)

blastomylonite
b l a d e 1. , (

b l a s t o p e l i t i c ( ) 2 . ( ) 3 . (


) 4 . (

)

)
b l a s t o p h i t i c (

~ of silica [ ]

)
ice ~ ,
b l a s t o p o r p h y r i t i c (


)
;
b l a s t o p s a m m i t i c (
c a s h y ~ 1.

2 .

)
creeshy ~ [
b l a s t o p s e p h i t i c (


shaly ~

)
b l a i r m o r i t e (

b l a v i e r i t e (

)
)
blaize .
b l a z e (

(

)
)
b l a k e i t e (
)
bleach ();
blanch ,
b l e b 1. , , ;

( ) 2 .
blank:

a b s o l u t e ~ , bleed 1. , 2.
2

bleeding
3 . ( ) (
)
b l e e d i n g (1.
2.

.
)
bleimalachite
blende ; ,

,
a n t i m o n s i l v e r ~ ,
antimony ~
arsensilver ~ ,
bismuth ~
c a d m i u m ~ ,
fire ~ ,
h y d r o u s p i t c h ~ ( ) ,
, , ,
purple ~ ,
sammet ~
zinc ~ , ,

bliabergsite ,
blind 1. ,
( , , ) 2.
( )
b l i n d i n g of s c r e e n [ ]

b l i s t e r 1.
2 . (


)
g a s ~ (
)
lava ~ ,
magma ~ ,

soil ~
volcanic ~ ,

blistered , ,
blixite , P b C l ( O , O H )
blizzard , ,
block 1. , , , ;
2. ,
3 . 4. ,

accidental ~
acute angle ~ ,


balance ~ ,
in situ
crustal ~
derrick ~
d e t a c h e d ~ ,
,
diastrophic ~
downdip ~
downthrown ~
ejected ~ s
,
erratic ~ ;
,
f a u l t ~ ,

h e a v e d ~
ice ~ , ,
2

joint ~ ,
; ;
lifted ~
marginal ~
noncognate ~
ore ~
overridden ~ , ;

overriding ~ ;

overthrust ~ , ;

overturned thrust ~

passive fault ~ ;

perched ~
relief ~ -
resistant ~
running ~
slip [ s l u m p ] ~
solid ~
stable ~
s t a t i o n a r y ~ (


)
s t e p ~
s t o p e d ~ (
)
sunken ~
thrust ~ [] ;

tilt ~
tilted fault ~ ,

traveling ~
trough ~
updip ~
upstanding ~
u p t h r o w n ~
volcanic ~
wandering ~
block-diagram , -; ,
blocked-out
b l o c k i n g - o u t 1. ,
2.
(


)
b l o c k i t e . p e n r o s e i t e
blockmap -

b l o c k m e e r . f e l s e n m e e r
b l o c k w a v e - (

)

bloedite , , N a M g ( S O , j ) - 4 H 0
b l o m s t r a n d i n e . p r i o r i t e
blomstrandine-priorite -
b l o m s t r a n d i t e . b e t a f i t e
bloodstone ,
(
)
bloom 1. 2 . 3 .
t o ~ o u t ;

a n t i m o n y ~
2

bod/y

blossom
a r s e n i c ~
cobalt ~ ,
nickel ~ ,
oil ~
plankton ~
zinc ~ , ,

blossom [ ]
(


)
coal ~
blotchy ,

(
)
b l o w 1. ; (

) 2 . ( )
3 .
4 . 5 . 6 . pi
(


) t o ~ o u t
; t o ~ up ( )
~ of m e t h a n e
blower
b l o w h o l e 1. 2 . ,
( ) 3 .
(,

)
b l o w i n g 1. ,
2 . (
)

~ in wild
oil well ~
soil ~
blowoff
b l o w o u t 1. ;
() 2. 3 .
( ),
() 4 . ,
;
gas ~
underwater ~
b l o w o v e r 1. 2 .

b l o w p i p e 1. 2 .
3 . (
)
b l o w p i p i n g ()


volcanic ~
b l o w - u p 1. 2 . ;
3 .
blue:
mineral ~
Prussian ~
v i t r i o l ~ . c h a l c a n t h i t e
b l u e i t e
b l u e John 1. (

) 2.

b l u e s t o n e 1. , - ,
2. -
3 .

bluff ; ,
b l y t h i t e (
),
Mn Mn (SiO Xs
b o a r d (
)
plane-table ~
2 +

b o a r t . b o r t
boat:
derrick ~
jet ~
bobierrite , M g ( P O i ) 8 H O
bobrovkite
( ,


)
(
,

)
b o c c h e pi
b o d d e n (


)
bodenbenderite

(
)
b o d / y 1. ; 2 .
,

(. , , ) 3 . 4 .

~ of c o a l
~ of d a m
~ of r i v e r ;
~ of r o c k [ ]
~ of s p o r e
artificially impounded ~
associate ~ ,

b i t u m e n ~ i e s (

)
blind o r e ~
bog ~ ,

c o m p l e t e l y i m p o u n d e d ~ ,
,
concealed ore ~ ,
,
concordant ~
( - . )
differentiated ~

discordant ~

( -. )
effluent-impounded ~ ,

ephemeral impounded ~

erratic ore ~ ,

eruptive ~ []
extraneous ~
extrusive ~ []
flattened ~
ice ~
i m p o u n d e d ~ 1. , 2.

incompletely impounded ~ ,

influent-impounded ~ ,

injected ~ []
injected igneous ~

i n s u l a t e d i m p o u n d e d ~ ,

3

boehmite
intermittent impounded ~

intrusive ~
l a t e r a l a c c r e t i o n ~ . .


lenticular ~
l o w l a n d ~ of w a t e r

naturally impounded ~
ore ~
partimesurate ~ ,

perennial impounded ~ (
)
pod-like ore ~ []

rock ~
sand ~ ,
s t a n d i n g ~ of w a t e r
steep pipe-like ~
s u b j a c e n t ~ 1.
, 2.
tabular ~ []
tube-like ~
water ~
boehmite , A l O ( O H )
bog , , ;
balsam ~
black ~ ;
blanket ~
c l i m b i n g ~ (
,

. .)
e m e r g e d ~ (,

)
e u t r o p h i c ~ (,

)
flat ~
forest ~
h a n g i n g ~ (,


)
highmoor ~
high p e a t ~
hummocky ~
immersed ~ []
immersing ~
lowland [low-level, lowmoor] ~
low p e a t ~
mixed p e a t ~
moss ~
oligotrophic ~
peat ~ ,
quaking ~
raised ~
raised p e a t ~
sphagnum ~
string ~
trembling [vibrating] ~ ,
b o g a n . p o k e l o g a n
bogaz
boggildite , N a S r A l ( P O ) F g
boggs

boggy ,
boghead
boghedite
b o g u e 1. 2 . - . 3 .
b o g u s i t e (
)
bogwood
bohdanowiczite , AgBiSe
b o h m i t e . b o e h m i t e
boil:
c l a y ~ (,


)
s a n d ~ (,

)
b o i l e r (

,

)
b o i l i n g 1. 2 . 3 .
(
)
r e t r o g r a d e ~ (

)
bojite ,
b o k e 1. 2 .
,
bokite , K A l F e V V C O
30H O
bokkevelite
b o l e , ,
Armenian ~
Lemnian ~
boleite , P b C u A g C l I ( O H ) I - H O
b o l e s l a v i t e , (.
galena)
bolide
bolivarite , 1 ( 0 ) ( - 4 - 5 0
b o l i v i a n i t e (. s t a n n i t e )
B o i l i n g (

)
bolometer
b o l o r e t i n (
)
b o l s o n 1. , ;
; 2.
, (
)
b o l s t e r ()
b o l t o n i t e (

)
boltwoodite
,
K (U0 ) (Si0 ) (OH) -5H O
b o l u s . b o l e
b o l u s a l b a (
)
b o m b 1. 2 . ()
almond-shaped ~

bottom-hole pressure ~
,

b r e a d crust ~

conglomerate ~
, ,

cored ~
c o w - d u n g ~ (

)
discoidal ~
2

1 +

7 6

bombiccite

boring

ellipsoidal ~

flotation ~
fusiform ~

Hawaiian-type ~

impact ~
monolith ~
pancake-shaped ~

r i b b o n ~ (

)
r o t a t i o n a l ~ (
)

spherical [spheroidal] ~

spindle-shaped ~

Strombolian-type
~s


t e a r - s h a p e d ~ (


)
volcanic ~
b o m b i c c i t e . h a r t i t e
b o m b i t e (

)
b o m b y

()
bommy
b o n a m i t e (

)
bonanza , ,
,

b o n a t t i t e , C u S O - S H O
b o n e 1. 2 . ,
3.
b u r n a b l e ~
boning ;

b o n i n i t e (
)
b o n n e t t 1. 2 .
,
bonn(e)y ,
,
b o n s d o r f i t e , (

)
bont
b o o k . m i c a b o o k
field ~ ,

m i c a ~ (
,


)
boolgoonyakh ,
(

,

)
b o o m e r 1. (
)
2 .

b o o m i n g 1.

2 .

b o o r t . b o r t
boose ,
b o o t h i t e , , C u S 0 - 7 H 0
bootleg ,
booze
boracite , Mg3B Oi3Cl
b o r a s c a (

)
borax , N a B O - I O H O
borcarite , C a M g H ( B O s ) ( C O s )
b o r d i . ( -

) 2 . ,
3 .
4.
bord-and-pillar
,
-
(
)
b o r d - d o w n
b o r d e r 1. (

) 2. .
3 . ; ; ; ;
basic ~ ,


b l e a c h e d ~ (,

)
c e p h a l i c ~ ()
chilled ~
corrosion ~ s
(
)
frill-like false ~ -
()
kelyphitic ~
phase ~
resorption ~ ;

borderland ,
continental ~
,

b o r d o s i t e (

)
b o r d - u p (,
)
b o r e 1. 2 . ;
3. 4. , 5.
(
)
6 . 7.
tidal ~ ,
B o r e a l 1. 2 .
boreal ; ;
borehole
super-deep ~
trial ~
b o r e r 1. , 2 .
,
annular ~ []
earth ~ ,
horizontal ~ -
sounding ~ []
borgstromite , ,
(H 0)Fe ( SO M(OH) H O]
b o r i c k i t e (

)
b o r i n g 1. 2 . , ,

bornhardt
~ for oil ; ~ w i t h line

p e r c u s s i o n ~
rod ~
r o t a r y ~
s h o t ~
t e s t ~ []
t r i a l ~
w a s h ~
b o r n h a r d t (,
)
b o r n h a r d t i t e , C o S e
b o r n i t e , C u F e S
b o r o l a n i t e (
)
3

b o r o n a t r o c a l c i t e
b o r o s i l i c a t e
b o r r o w ,


b o r t (1.

2.

)
b o r t z . b o r t
b o r y s l a v i t e (,

b d s c h u n g
bosphorite
)

boss 1. ,
, ,
; 2 . For.
;
; Echin. ,
; Gastr.
a x i a l ~ Anth. ,
,

c o m p o s i t e ~
d i f f e r e n t i a t e d ~
i n t r u s i v e ~
multiple ~
r a i s e d ~ 1. 2 .
()
3 .
[] ()
bossed (

bossing
b o s t o n i t e (

b o s t o n i t i c
botany:

fossil ~
b o t c h
B o t h r o d e n d r a c e a e
b o t n

6 . ,

~ of f o r m a t i o n
~ of f o u n d a t i o n
~ of hole
~ of oil horizon

~ of s e d i m e n t a r y b e d s []

a e r a t e d ~
(
,
)

a r g i l l a c e o u s ~
c a ( u ) l d r o n ~



d e a d ~
e n t r y ~
false ~
green ~ , ,
h a r d ~
h e a v i n g ~ ,

h o g b a c k e d ~ [] (
)

k e t t l e ~
,
l i t t o r a l ~
m a i n ~

m u d d y ~
o p e n - p i t ~
p h a n t o m ~ (
)

p i t ~ , , ,

p o t ~ []
r i v e r ~
s a l t ~
s a n d y ~
second ~ ,
shaft ~
shell ~
s h e l v i n g ~
s m o t h e r e d ~ ,

solid ~
t r o u g h ~ [, ]
u n d u l a t e d r i v e r ~

valley ~
b o t t o m i n g ,
(
)

,
)
b o t r y o g e n , M g F e ( S O O ( O H ) - T H O
b o t r y o i d (

b o t t o m l a n d ; ;
b o t t o m l e s s
b o t t o m s e t

b o t r y o i d a l

b o u d i n a g e ,

b o t r y o l i t e (-

)

b o t t o m 1. ; 2 . , (),
3 . ,
4 . ()
5 .

b o u d i n (

b o u l a n g e r i t e , P b S b 4 S n
5

b o u l d e r ,
~ of d e c o m p o s i t i o n
~ of d i s i n t e g r a t i o n
~ of w e a t h e r i n g
b r e a d - c r u s t e d ~

boulderet

brachycephalic

,

erratic ~
f a c e t e d ~ (


)
flat-iron ~
glacial ~
ice ~
large ~
p e d e s t a l ~ (

)
residual ~

scratched ~
skid ~
soled ~
striated ~
transported ~
traveled ~
b o u l d e r e t ( / 5
38

)
b o u l d e r y (

)
b o u l e (

)
sapphire ~
(


)
b o u n c e 1. 2 .
boundary ; ; ;

compromise ~
concentration ~
converging plates ~

core-mantle ~

crystal ~
d i v e r g i n g p l a t e ~
geological ~
glacial ~
gradational ~
(
. .)
isolithic ~ ,

leneage ~

M
m u t u a l ~ (

. .)
nonmirror ~
permeative ~ []
( . .)
phase ~
t r a n s f o r m p l a t e ~
transition ~
b o u n d s t o n e ,


b o u r n e ,

bournonite , P b C u S b S
bourock ; ;
b o u r r e l e t 1. pi Echin.
2 . Bh),
bouse
3

boussingaultite
,

(NH )2Mg(S0 )2-6H20


4

bouteillenstein , ,

bowel
b o w e n i t e (

)
b o w i n g (
)
anticlinal ~ ,

s y n c l i n a l ~ ,

bowl , ,
crater ~
synclinal ~
b o w l d e r . b o u l d e r
b o w l i n g i t e . s a p o n i t e
b o w m a n n i t e (
)
b o w r . b o r t
b o w r a l i t e (
)
bowse
box 1. 2 .

core ~
damping ~ -
leveling ~
sample ~
sluice ~

treasure ~
b o x - s t o n e . (1.
,

2.
,

)
b o x w o r k
(.
)
b r a c c i a n i t e (,

)
b r a c e ( )
b r a c h 1. . 2 . pi ,
brachial Crin.
b r a c h i d i u m Brach.
, ,

looped ~
b r a c h i o l e (

)
biserial cystoid ~
b r a c h i o p h o r e (

)
brachiopods ,
articulate ~
pentameroid ~
resupinate ~
brachitaxes .
b r a c h i u m 1. Brach. -
2 . Invert,

brachotriletes
brachyanticline
brachy-axis
brachycephalic

brachydiagonal
b r a c h y d i a g o n a l
b r a c h y d o m e (


)
brachyfolds
brachygeosyncline
brachyodont
b r a c h y o m e .
brachypinacoid
brachyprism
brachypyramid
brachysyncline
brachytrilistrium

b r a c h y u r a n s (

;
)
brack ,
brackebushite , P b M n F e ( V 0 ) - 2 H 0
bracts ,
B r a d f o r d i a n 1. (

, ) 1. (
,
)
bradleyite , ,
Na Mg(PO )(CO )
b r a d y g e n e s i s . b r a d y t e l y
b r a d y s e i s m s (


)
b r a d y t e l y (

)
b r a e 1. 2 .
pulley ~
braggite , , ( P t , Pd, Ni)S
b r a i d 1. (
) ||
2.
valley ~ ,
b r a i d i n g (

)
brait
braitschite
,
7(, N a ) O - ( C e , L a ) O 11 0 -7 0
b r a i z e . b r e e z e 2 .
b r a m m a l i t e (
)
brances ,

b r a n c h 1. , 2 . ;
() 3 . () 4 . ; ;
5 . 6 . () 7.
, ,

~ of fold
a n a s t o m o s i n g ~ (

,
)
a n c h o r ~ Rad.
a s c e n d i n g ~ .
d e s c e n d i n g ~ .
fault ~
b r a n c h i a 1. Crust, 2 . Aster, ,
branching ; ;
copious ~ []
forked ~
b r a n c h i o p o d s (

)
branchiosaur
b r a n c h i o s t e g i t e (

)
b r a n c h i t e , (. h a r t i t e )
4

b r a n d b e r g i t e (

)
b r a n d i s i t e , (

)
brandtite , C a M n ( A s 0 ) - 2 H 0
brannerite , (U, Ca, Ce)(Ti, F e ) O
b r a s h 1. 2 .
(
)
b r a s h y ,
b r a s s (


)
c o a l ~ , (

)
b r a s s i l , b r a z i l
b r a s s y 1. 2. ;

b r a t , ;

brattice , ,
braunite , 3 M n O - M n S i O
->
bravoite , (Ni, Fe)S
brazil , ,
; ,

brazilianite , N a A l ( P O J ( O H )
b r a z i l i t e ( ,

)
b r e a 1. , ,
2 .
3 . ,
4.
b r e a c h (


)
b r e a c h e d (

)
breachway ,
b r e a k 1. , 2 . , ;
, 3 . 4.
5 . 6 . pi ,
;
7. ; 8 . ~ in
g r a d e ,
; ~ in lime
; ~ in p r o f i l e ; ~ in
s t r e a m profile ; ~ In
succession
~ of d e c l i v i t y
annular ~
c a b l e ~
coalification ~

first ~
floral ~
(

)
ice ~
induced ~ ,

lower ~ ,
()
shale ~
shelf ~ [ , ]
s h o t ~
slope ~
strain ~
stratigraphic ~
2

breakdown
t i m e ~ (


)
upper ~
, ,
()
w a t e r ~ 1. ,
- 2.

b r e a k d o w n 1. () 2 .
cave ~
elastic ~

stratigraphic ~
taphrogenic ~ ,

b r e a k e r 1. , 2 .
3.
coal ~
c o r e ~ (


)
plunging ~
rock ~
spilling ~
surging ~
breaking 1. 2. 3 . ;

breakoff ,

b r e a k o u t (,
)
breakover
breakstone
b r e a k t h r o u g h 1. (

) 2. ; (

)
b r e a k - t h r u s t 1. , ;
; ;
2.
breakup , , ,

breakwater
b r e a s t , < ; ;
; (
)
before ~ ,

breast-and-pillar -

b r e a t h i n g 1. 2 . (
)
cave ~
breccia
~ of s p o r a d i c f r a g m e n t s

ablation ~
alloclastic ~ ,
avalanche ~
bajada ~ ,

,

bauxitic ~
beach ~
blairmoritic ~
b o n e ~ ,

breccia
boulder ~
cataclastic ~
cave [cavern] ~
(
,


)
clastic ~
clayey ~
coal ~
collapse ~
contact ~
crackle ~
crush ~ ,
desiccation ~
dislocation ~
drift ~
dynamic ~
earthy ~
endolithic ~
endostatic ~
enrichment ~
epigenetic ~
eruptive ~
explosion [explosive] ~ ,

fall ~
fault ~
flow ~ (


)
fold ~
founder ~
friction ~
glacial ~
glide ~ ,
homomictic ~
igneous ~
(,

)
i n t r a f o r m a t i o n a l ~ []
intrusive ~
laharic ~
landslide ~
lava ~
monogene ~
(
)
monomict ~
( ,

)
moraine ~
mosaic ~
osseous ~
overthrust ~
peat ~
pillow ~
plutonic ~
(


)
polymict ~
pressure ~
pyroclastic ~
raft ~
reef ~
reef-rock ~
residual ~
rock-glacier ~

breccia-conglomerate
r u b b l e ~ (


)
salt dome ~
sandy ~
(80/
,
10 % 10/
)
sedimentary ~
shatter ~
shoal ~
shock ~
slide [ s l i p ] ~
slump ~
solution ~
subaerial ~ []

subaqueous ~
surficial ~
talus ~ ,
tectonic ~
thrust ~
transformational ~
trappoid ~
tuff ~ ,
veined ~
veined crush ~ ,

vent ~
volcanic ~
volcanic subaerial ~ ,

volcanic subaqueous ~ ,

breccia-conglomerate
breccial
breccia-sandstone

brecciate ,

brecciated
brecciation ,
endolithic ~

brecciform
b r e c c i o l a (

)
b r e d b e r g i t e (

)
bredigite , C a S i O
b r e e z e 1. , 2 .
, , ,

fine ~ . b r e e z e 2 .
sea ~
breithauptite , NiSb
b r e u n n e r i t e 1.

2. : ( M g , F e , M n ) C O )
b r e v i c i t e (
)
b r e v i c o n e (

)
breviconic
brewsterite
,
(Sr, Ba, C a ) A l S i O i -5H O
b r e w s t e r l i n i t e (
,

,
)
2

brezinaite , C r S
brianite , N a C a M g ( P 0 )
briartite , C u ( F e , Z n ) G e S
brick:
coal ~
coal-dust ~
b r i c k e r i t e (. a u s t i n i t e )
b r i d g e 1. ( 1 .
) 2.

,

)
2. (

)
3 . [ ] ,
4.

f i l t e r ~ (


)
k a r s t ~
land ~ , ,
(
)
n a t u r a l ~ [ ]
s e a ~ (

)
septal ~
shot-hole ~
(

)
snow ~ ,
soil r e s i s t i v i t y ~ ()

b r i d g i n g 1. , 2 .
/

b r i d l e 1.
2 .
b r i g g ,
brilliancy
brilliant
b r i m , (
)
brimstone
cane ~
brine ;
hot ~
oil-field ~
residual ~
salt ~ ,
b r i n g t o ~ in a well
; t o ~ up
b r i n g i n g a b o u t of g e o s y n c l i n e [
]
b r i n k 1. 2 .

b r i o l e t t e (


)
brisket
b r i t h o l i t e , ( C a , C e ) ( S i O , 0 ) ( , F)
brittleness:
cleavage ~ ,

b r o a d . ,
broadwall
b r o c a t e l l o (

)
b r o c h a n t i t e , , C u S O ( O H )
brock ,
brockite , ( C a , Th, C e ) P O - H O
3

brockram

budget

brockram ,
brodel ,
,

brodelboden

broggerite , ( U , T h ) O
b r o g g i t e (
)
broil
bromargyrite , , AgBr
bromellite , BeO
b r o m l i t e . a l s t o n i t e
bromoform , ,
b r o m y r i t e . b r o m a r g y r i t e
brongniardite ,
brontolith ,
b r o n t o t h e r e s (

)
b r o n z i t e (
)
b r o n z i t f e l s , b r o n z i t i t e (,

)
brood
brook ,
brookite , T i O
b r o o k l e t ( ,
)
brookside
b r o t o c r y s t a l (



)
b r o w 1. , ; , 2 .
3 . 4.
5.

~ of d e p o s i t [ ]
brownmillerite , Ca AlFeOs
b r o w n s t o n e ,

brucite , M g ( O H )
brugnatellite , M g F e ( O H ) I ( C O s ) 4H O
b r u i k . ,
b r u n c k i t e (

)
B r u n h e s (
0,71 .

)
b r u n s v i g i t e (
)
b r u s h i.
2.
(

) 3 .
polarization ~
brushing
roof ~
brushite , 0 - 2 0
B r u x e l l i a n (

)
bryalgal -
b r y o c h o r e (

)
bryophytes
bryozoans
bifoliate ~ -
cribrimorph ~

fenestrate ~
b u b b l e 1. , 2 . t o
~ up ; ;
c a l c i t e ~ (
,

)
g a s ~ ( );

( ),

s t o n e ~ (. l i t h o p h y s a )
bucaramangite

)
b u c h i t e (
)
b u c h o l z i t e (

)
b u c h o n i t e (

)
buck ,
()
buckboard
b u c k e r 1. / 2 .
,

bucket:
hoist ~
sinking ~
buckeying
,
b u c k i n g

b u c k l a n d i t e 1. (

) 2. . a l l a n i t e
buckle ,
c r o s s ~
b u c k l i n g 1. , 2 .
u p w a r d ~ ,
b u c k s h o t (
),

buckwheat-coal , A C
b u d 1. (1. 2.
,

) 2.

c o m m o n ~ (
)
i n i t i a l ~ (
)
lateral ~
s e a ~ Blast,
budding
c i r c u m m u r a l ~ A nth.

d i s t o m o d a e a l ~ A nth.

p a r r i c i d a l ~ Anth.
polystomodaeal ~
Anth.

buddingtonite , ( N H ) A I S I S O H O ,
0,5
buddle ,

buddling
budget:
glacier ~
heat
(1.
,


2.

buergerite
,

. .)
hydrologic ~ []
mass ~
salt ~
b u e r g e r i t e , N a FeJj 151
buetschliite , K C a ( C O X
bug:
b r a s s ~ ,

bugor
buhr
b u h r s t o n e . b u r r 1.
builders:
reef ~ (

)
b u i l d u p ( ,

)
carbonate ~
(

)
bukovskyite
,
Fe(AsO )(SO )(OH)7H O
bulb ,
glacier [piedmont] ~
(


)
b u l d y m i t e (
)
b u l g e 1. 2 . (
,

) 3 . 4 . ;
; 5 . ,
6 . ()
~ of c u r v e
anticlinal ~
antipodal ~
crustal ~ ;
d o w n w a r d ~ .
gypsum ~
submarine ~ ,

bulging ,
inward ~
bulgram
Bulitian
()
bulk 1. , 2 . ;
|| ; ||
;
'
b u l k h e a d 1. 2 .
bulkheading
bulking , ;
bulla 1. ,

2.


bulldust
; (
)
Duller
bullet (1.

2.
)
helium ~
bulling
bullion 1. ;
+

-. . .

2 . (

,
)
b a s e ~ ,
(
)
fine ~
bully ;
bultfonteinite , C a S i O ( O H , F )
b u m m o c k (


)
b u m p 1. 2 .
3.
()
mine ~
pressure ~
()
sudden ~
v i o l e n t ~ , (
)
b u m p y ; (
)
b u n c h , ,
; ; ;

ore ~
b u n d 1. ; () 2 .

b u n d l e 1. 2 . ; 3 .
()
fault ~ []
b u n k e r (

)
bunsenite , NiO
b u n - s h a p e d (
,

. .)
B u n t e r , (
, )
b u o y ; ||
o c e a n o g r a p h i c d a t a ~

w a t c h ~
b u o y a n c y (


)
b u r . b u r r 1.
b u r b a n k i t e , ( N a , C a , Sr, B a , ) ( 0 )
b u r d e n 1. , 2 .

~ of r i v e r ,
Burdigalian
()
B u r e a u of M i n e s
burgy ,
burial ,
(

)
b u r i e d 1. , 2 .
3 . ;

b u r k
burkeite , , N a ( C O X S 0 )
b u r l
b u r m i t e (-

)
b u r n e d ( )
b u r n i e .
burning ;
burnside
Burozem
b u r r 1. (,
2

65

burrow

cable

,
. .)
2 . , , , (
) 3 .

burrow ,
e n t r a p m e n t ~ (


)
p i p e - r o c k ~ . s c o l i t e
vermiform ~ ,

b u r r s t o n e . b u r r 1.
b u r s a (

)
bursaite , PbSBi Sn
b u r s t 1. ; || 2 .
, 3 . ;
()
air ~
bog ~ ,
coal ~
c r u s h ~ . r o c k b u r s t 1.
g a s ~
glacier ~
pressure ~ ,

r o c k ~ (
,
,
,
)
s a l t ~ (
,



,

)
strain ~
b u s h v e l d (

)
bustamite , CaMnSi Oe
b u s t i t e . a u b r i t e
b u s z i t e (
)
butane ,
butlerite , , F e S 0 ( O H ) - 2 H 0
b u t t 1. ,
() 2.

3 . pi
b u t t e 1. - , 2 .


selenite ~
,

tepee ~ ,
volcanic ~
butter:
b o g ~ ( ,

)
b u t t e r b a l l , (

,
, )
b u t t e r - t u b


b u t t e temoin -,
buttgenbachite ,
Cui Cl ( NOa) (OH) 2 H O
b u t t o c k

button:
assay ~ ,

a u s t r a l i t e [ b l a c k f e l l o w ' s ] ~ s (

)
c o k e ~
b u t t r e s s 1. , ; , 2.
(

) 3 .

subtalus ~
(
,


)
b u t y r e l l i t e , b u t y r i t e . b o g b u t t e r
buzzard
( )
by-channel
b y e r i t e (
,

)
bypass ,
bypassing
reverse ~ ,

b y s m a l i t h (

)
b y - s p i n e s Rad. [ ]
byssiferous
b y s s o l i t e (-

)
byssus
by-stream
b y s t r o m i t e 1. , M g S b O 2 .

by-terrace ,

b y t o w n i t e (

)
bytownitfels, b y t o w n i t i t e
(
, )
b y - w a s h ,

by-water , -

3 2

cab ,


)
c a b a l l i n g .

, ,
,

cable 1. ; 2. ;
Il 3 .
coaxial ~
drilling ~ ,
floating ~

cabochon
seismic ~
streamer ~
c a b o c h o n (1.


2,

3. ,


)
cabocle ,

c a b r e r i t e (
)
cachalot
c a c h o l o n g (

)
c a c o c h l o r (

)
cacoxenite , ( 0 ) ( ) - 1 2 0
c a c t o l i t h (

)
cadacryst

(,


)
c a d a i t e (


)
cadastral
cadder ,
c a d i c o n e (

)
c a d m i a (, h e m i m o r p h i t e , s m i t h s o n i t e )
cadmium , Cd
cadmoselite , CdSe
c a d u c i b r a n c h i a t e ,

caducous
cadwaladerite , Al(OH) Cl 4H O
c a e c u m . ,
s i p h o n a l ~ . c a e c u m
caenogenesis
caenogenetic
C a e n o g n a t h i (
)
C a e r f a i a n (
)
cafarsite , Ca (Fe, T i ) M n ( A s O ) I 4 H O
c a f e m i c (

,
, ,

)
cafetite , Ca(Fe, A l ) T i O i 4 H O
cage


cahemolith ,
cahnite , C a B ( A s O ) ( O H )
cailloutis
C a i n o p h y t i c u m (

)
c a i n o s i t e . c e n o s i t e
C a i n o z o i c . C e n o z o i c
c a i r e (
)
c a i r n , (

,
,
)
c a i r n g o r m (

,
)
cajon
c a k e 1. , 2 . ( )
~ of c o a l f r a g m e n t s
~ of s a l t
ice ~
sludge ~
4

3*

c a k i n g 1. 2 .
3 .
c a l (,
)
c a l a 1. (

, -
) 2. (

)
3 .

C a l a b r i a n (

)
c a l a c a t a (
)
c a l a i t e . t u r q u o i s e
calamarices (

)
c a l a m i n e (. h e m i m o r p h i t e , s m i t h s o nite)
e a r t h y ~
electric ~
siliceous ~
c a l a m i t e s . c a l a m a r i c e s
c a l a m o p h y t a l e s (
)
c a l a n q u e , (
,

)
calaverite , AuTe
calc- ,

calc alkalic -
calcarea
calcarenaceous
c a l c a r e n e . ,
c a l c a r e n i t e (

)
eolian ~
calcareocorneous -
calcareous ,

calcarinate ,

c a l c - c l i n o b r o n z i t e
calc-clinoenstatite -
c a l c - c l i n o h y p e r s t h e n e
calc-crust
calcdolomite
c a l c e d o n y . c h a l c e d o n y
c a l c e o c r i n i d .
c a l c e o l a (
)
calc-flinta

)
calcgranulite
calciborite , C a B O
calcibreccia
calcic , ;

c a l c i c l a s e . a n o r t h i t e
c a l c i c l a s i t e . a n o r t h i t i t e
calciclastic
c a l c i c o l e (,


)
c a l c i c r e t e (
)
calciferous
2

67

calcification

Caledonides

c a l c i f i c a t i o n 1. ;
2. , ;
calcified
c a l c i f u g e (,
,


)
c a l c i f y i. ( ) ;
( ) 2.
calcigranite [] ,
,
calcigravel

calcikersantite
c a l c i l i t h (
,


)
c a l c i l u t i t e (

)
calcimeter
calcimicrite
calcimixtite
calcimorphic
calcinable
calcinate
calcination
calcinator ,
calcioancylite (), 5(Ce Y ) ( C O ) V
7(Sr Ca, B a ) C O - I O H O
c a l c i o b i o t i t e (

)
calciocarnotite ,
Ca(U0 ) ( V0 ) 5--8H O
calciocopiapite ,
CaFe (SOi) (OH) 19H O
c a l c i o d i a l o g i t e ,
calcioferrite ,
Ca Fe (PO )(OH)7H O
c a l c i o h a r m o t o m e ,
calcio-olivine , Y-Ca SiO
c a l c i o o r t h o s i l i c a t e ,
c a l c i o s a m a r s k i t e (


)
calciospessartite
(

)
calciostrontianite ,
(,

)
calciothomsonite , C a O - A l O
2SiO -3H O
calciovolborthite ,
CaCu(VO )(OH)
c a l c i p e l i t e . c a l c i l u t i t e
c a l c i p h i l e . c a l c i c o l e
c a l c i p h o b e (,


)
c a l c i p h y r e (
)
c a l c i p h y t e (,

)
c a l c i r h y o l i t e (

)
c a l c i r u d i t e (

)
calcisiltite ,
c a l c i s o l .
calcisponge
c a l c i s y e n i t e (,

)
calcite , C a C O
optical ~
sparry ~
calcite-trachyte
c a l c i t i t e (,

)
c a l c i t i z a t i o n (1.

2,

)
c a l c i t o s t r a c u m (

)
calcium , Ca
c a l c i u m l a r s e n i t e . e s p e r i t e
calclacite , C a C l C a ( C H O ) 1 0 H O
c a l c l i t h i t e (
,

)
c a l c o l i s t o l i t h (
)
c a l c o m a l a c h i t e (

,
)
calcosodic
c a l c o u r a n i t e . a u t u n i t e
c a l c r e t e (,


)
calc sapropel
calc schist
calc silicate -
c a l c - s i n t e r . t r a v e r t i n e
calcspar

calcsparite
calcspathization
calc-tufa
calculation:
dip ~
calculiform
c a l c u l o u s , (
)
calcurmolite ,
Ca(U0 ) (Mo0 ) (OH) 11H O
c a l d a s i t e ( )
caldera
collapse ~ ,

cryptovolcanic ~
erosion ~
explosion [explosive] ~
nested ~
phreatic ~
r e s u r g e n t ~ (),


subsidence ~
sunken ~
calderite , Mn Fe (SiOj)
caldo ,

c a l d r o n 1. ,
(

) 2 .
,
Caledonides

caledonite
caledonite , C u P b ( S 0 ) ( C 0 ) ( O H )
c a l e t a 1. 2 .

calf , (

)
calibration ,
~ of t i m e s c a l e
c a l i c e , (

)
c a l i c h e , (1. , ,

2.


3,
)
c a l i c h e r a s (

)
c a l i c h i f i c a t i o n (

)
calicle
calicularis
c a l i f o r n i t e 1.

2.
)
caliper
calix i. Anth. 2 . PeIm. ,
calkinsite , (Ce, L a ) ( C 0 ) - 4 H O
callaghanite ,
Cu Mg ( O X O H ) 2 H O
c a l l a i n i t e .
callais (
)
calliard ,
callis
callose (


)
c a l l o s i t y ( ,

)
Callovian ,
(
)
c a l l o w i. 2 . ||
, 3 . pi

callus , (

)
callys ,
calm .
equatorial ~
volcanic ~
calomel , H g C l
caloricity ,

calorific ,
c a l o t t e (

)
c a l p .
c a l t h r o p s (
)
calumetite , Cu(Cl, ) - 2 0
c a l v a r i u m .
calve 1. (
)
2 . (
)
c a l v i n g 1. ;
2 . (
)
3 .
d r y ~ (

)
c a l v o n i g r i t e (

)
2

c a l y m e n i d ,
c a l y m m a (

)
c a l y p t r a (
)
c a l y p t r o l i t h (
)
c a l y x i. Ech, 2 . Anth, ,

dicyclic ~ []

calzirtite , C a Z r T i O
c a m 1. 2 .

()

C a m a c h i a n (
)
c a m a r o p h o r i u m (


)
c a m a r o s t o m e (
)
c a m b e r ; (1.
2.

,
)
concave ~
convex ~
deep ~ []
l o w e r ~ (
)
top [upper] ~
(
)
cambered ; ; ;

cambic ,
(
)
c a m b i u m .
cork ~
C a m b r i a n 1. , 2 .
,
c a m e r a i. Ceph. 2 .
boresight ~
Laue ~
p r e c e s s i o n ~ (

)
camerated ,
c a m e r a t e s .
c a m e r i n i d s .
camouflage
c a m p a g i f o r m (

)
c a m p a g n a .

Campanian ,
(
)
c a m p a n i t e (
)
campanulate(d) ,
camper , ;

(,
)
c a m p t o n i t e (,

)
camptospessartite
( -)
c a m p t o t r i l e t e s .
c a m p y l i t e (
)
c a m p y l o t r o p o u s (


)
camsellite , 2 M g O - B O - H O
3

camstone

cap

c a m s t o n e . 1.
2.
:
soil ~
c a n a a n i t e (
)
Canada . 1.

2. V-

3.
4.
;
)
C a n a d i a n , (
)
c a n a d i t e (

)
c a n a l 1. 2 . (
);

( ) 3 .
, 4.
(

) 5 . (

)
a x i a l ~ [ ] (

)
c e n t r a l ~ (

);
(
)
circumferential ~ /,
c o m m o n ~ Grapt.
crossing ~
discharge ~
escape ~
e x c u r r e n t ~ 1. . 2 . .

i n c u r r e n t ~ .
junction ~
m e r i d i o n a l ~ For. ,
,
ore ~
radial ~
seaway ~
s p i r a l ~ For.
s t o n e ~ Ech.
canalarium .
canalicula /,
c a n a l i c u l a t e ,
(

,

)
c a n a l i c u l e / . , Ech., For., Moll, ,
canalis
canary -
canasite , (Na, K)SCa (Si Os)S(OH, F)
canbyite , , T n F O - n S i 0 p H 0
cancellate(d) , ,
, , (.

)
cancellation
c a n c e l l u s (

)
c a n c h 1. 2 .
cancrinite ,
(Na Ca) ( AlSiOi) CO 0
sulfatic ~
cancrinite-syenite

cand ()
candela
(
)
c a n d e l a b r u m (


)
candelite ;
c a n d i t e (
)
c a n e l l i t e 1. () 2 .

canfieldite , AgeSnS
canga. 1. 2 .
(
,
) 3 .

c a n i d s (

:)
canine
cank ;
; ; ;
, ,
canker
cannel
I g H l [ b o g h e a d ] ~ (

)
curly ~ ;
, (
)
cannelite
c a n n e l o i d (


)
canni^zarite
(-
)
c a n n o n b a l l (
,
,
)
canny
( )
c a n o p y (

,

)
c a n t QKOC ,
c a n t a l i t e , .
c a n t o t i i t e (
)
canyon ,
b o x ~ 1. 2 .
,
glacial ~
mid-ocean ~ - [
]
s u b i n a r i n e ~ 1. 2 .

canyonside
caoutchouc:
a u s t r a l i a n ~ (
)
m i n e r a l ~ , (

)
c a p 1. Rad. , 2 . Brach.,
Moll.
3 . 4. ,
(,
)
5. 6.
~ o f vein . o x i d i z e d c a p
algal ~
blasting ~ -
coral ~ ,
delta ~
electric blasting ~
gas ~

capacity
glacier [ice] ~ ,

lithoidal ~
oxidized ~ , ,

percussive ~ -
p o l a r ~ 1. 2 .
3 . 4 .

primer ~ -
reef ~
root ~
t h u r m ~
c a p a c i t y 1. , 2 . ,
3 . ;
4.
~ of well
a r t e s i a n ~ of well

b e a r i n g ~ ()
b e a r i n g ~ of ice
calorific ~
carrying ~
channel ~
coking ~ , ,

drilling ~
field ~ (

)
infiltration ~
moisture ~
silt-carrying ~
stream ~
u l t i m a t e b e a r i n g ~ . .

water ~
water-retaining ~

c a p e 1.
, 2.
silver ~
c a p e l 1. , ,
2 . , ,

capilla Brack,
c a p i l l a r i t y 1. 2 .

c a p i l l a r y 1. 2 . ,
(
)
capillose , ,

c a p i t o s a u r i d s Amph.
c a p i t u l u m Crust,
c a p o r c y a n i t e (
)
cappelenite ,
(Ba, Ca, Na)(Y, La) B Si (O, O H )
c a p p i n g 1. ; ;
2 . 3 . 4 . ;

thick ~
thin ~
Capricorn (
Ammonoidea,

)
c a p r o c k 1. 2 .
6

1 3

2 7

C a p s i a n (-


)
capsize
()
c a p s u l e 1. , 2 .

central ~
(


)
spore ~ ,
captation
c a p t o r h i n i d s (

)
c a p t o r h i n o m o r p h Rept.

c a p t u r e 1. (

) 2. (

)
r i v e r ~ . c a p t u r e 2 .
s t r e a m ~ . c a p t u r e 2 .
capwise
c a r 1. , 2 . ;
c a r a c o l i t e (,
)
Caradoc(ian) ,
(

)
c a r a p a c e , ; ,

()
chitinous ~
ice ~ ,
carargilite
c a r a t (

,
200 )
carat-goods

c a r b a n k e r i t e ( ,

2060 /

)
c a r b a p a t i t e . c a r b o n a t e - a p a t i t e
c a r b a r g i l i t e ( ,

)
carbene
carbide
carboborite ,
Ca Mg(CO )(B O )-1OH O
c a r b o c e r (

)
c a r b o d a v i n e (,

)
carbodynamite ,

carbofossils

()
c a r b o h u m i n , (

,

)
carbohydrate
carboid
()
c a r b o m o r p h i s m of c o a l s ,
c a r b o n 1. 2 . (

) 3 .
albo

contemporary ~
electrographitic ~
fixed ~
graphitic ~
m i n e r a l ~ (, ,
)
2

caryocerite

carbon-14
terrestrial ~
vitreous ~
carbon-14 -14
carbonaceous , ,
,
c a r b o n a d o (
)
c a r b o n a t e 1. 2 .
~ of l e a d , ,

~ of lime ; ;
; ;

~ of n i c k e l
barium ~
brown ~
crystal ~
iron ~ , ,
, F e C O
carbonate-apatite ,
C a ( P O C O a ) ( O H , F)
c a r b o n a t e - a r e n i t e . c a l c l i t h i t e
carbonate- anotrichite
-,
Cu Al (CO , S0 )(OH), -2H 0
c a r b o n a t e - f l u o r a p a t i t e . f r a n c o l i t e
c a r b o n a t i o n (1.


2.

)
c a r b o n a t i t e ( / .

2.

)
carbonatization (/.

2.


)
C a r b o n i c 1. . P e n n s y l v a n i a n 2 . . C a r b o n i f e r o u s
C a r b o n i f e r o u s 1. 2 .

carboniferous
carbonification
c a r b o n i t e 1. 2 .

carbonization , ,
~ a t low t e m p e r a t u r e

carbonize , ,
c a r b o n o l i t e s (
,
,
)
c a r b o n o l i t h (

)
carbonous , ;

Carbo-Permian
carbophyre
c a r b o p y r i t e ( ,

520 / )
c a r b o r u n d u m (

,
)
c a r b u n c l e (1.


2. .

-

)
c a r b u r a n (
,

)
carburetted ,

carcass , ,
card
compass ~
3

cardinal ,
c a r d i n a l i a Brack,
cargneule
c a r i n a ( 1 .


2.

3.

4.


5.

6.

7. )
carina) (
)
carinate , (
)
c a r i n o l a t e r a l Crust, -
carletonite ,
KNa Ca Si 0 (C0 )4(OH, F)4H O
carminite , PbFe ( A s O J ( O H )
carnallite , K M g C l - 6 H 0
carnegieite , N a A l S i O
carnelian, e a r n e d , , ,

C a r n i a n (
)
carnivore
C a r n o s a u r i a Rept.
carnotite , K ( U 0 ) ( V 0 ) - 3 H 0
calcium ~
carobbiite , KF
carpathite , C H i
c a r p e d o l i t h , (
,

)
carpet:
f r i c t i o n ~ (
,

)
carpholite , M n A l S i O ( Q H )
c a r p h o s i d e r i t e (. b o r g s t r o m i t e j
carpogenous
c a r p o i d e a Echin.
c a r p o l i t e ( 1 .
,
2.
)
c a r p o p o d . c a r p u s
carpospore
c a r p u s (

)
c a r r 1. , 2 .
3. ,
c a r k 1. , ,
2.
c a r r i g (,

)
carrollite , Cu(Co, N i ) S
c a r s e ( 1 . 2.



3-

)
carst
carstic
carstone
cartogram
cartography
cartology
caryinite , (Ca, Pb, Na) (Mn, Mg) (AsO )S
caryocerite ,
(Ca, TR) (B, Si) (F, ) - 0
4

1 8

2 4

2 4

caryopilite
c a r y o p i l i t e (. b e m e n t i t e )
c a s c a d e 1. 2 . 3 .
4. 5.
(

)
groundwater ~ []
(

)
ice ~
lava ~ ,
C a s c a d i a (

,


)
c a s c a d i t e (

, )
c a s c a j o (




)
c a s c a l h o (
,
,

,
)
c a s e 1. , ()
2.
3 . ()
4 .
5.

~ s of s p a r

case-hardened
cash ;

c a s i n g 1. 2 .
3.
, 4 .
casinghead
Cassadagan ,

(
,
)
C a s s e l i a n . C h a t t i a n
c a s s i a n i t e (

)
cassidyite , C a ( M g N i ) ( P 0 ) - 2 H 0
c a s s i n i t e (
,

)
cassiterite , , S n O
c a s t 1. ; 2 . (

)
~ of r i p p l e m a r k s
b o u n c e ~ (


)
brush ~
channel ~
chevron ~
clastic ~
crescent ~
()
crumpled mud-crack ~

ctenoid ~
current ripple ~
d e l t o i d a l ~ (
)
depressed flute ~
d i r e c t i o n a l load ~

drag ~
2

external ~
flow ~ [ ]

flute ~ ,

frondescent ~
f u r r o w ~ (

)
g r o o v e ~ 1. 2 .

g u t t e r ~ s
()
hydro(graphic) ~
ice ~ 1. ,
2.

internal ~
load ~ ,
oceanographic ~
p r o d ~ (

)
protoconch ~
r e e d ~ .
r i p p l e load ~ ,

r o o t ~ .
ruffled g r o o v e ~

scour ~ []
s h o o t i n g - f l o w ~

skip ~
slide ~
squamiform load ~

s y n d r o m o u s load ~

t o r o s e load ~
castanite ,
(
)
castaways
c a s t e l l a t e d (
)
castillite
,

(
)
c a s t i n g 1. 2 .

~ s of w o r m s
load ~

castle
c a s t o r ( i t e ) , (
)
c a s w e l l i t e (
,


)
c a t 1. 2 . ,

,
black ~
d i r k - t o o t h e d ~ Mamm.
s a b e r - t o o t h ~ Mamm.
s c i m i t a r - t o o t h e d ~ Mamm.
w i l d ~ < (

)
c a t a - - (,

,
.,

cataclasis

cave

c a t a c l a s i s , (


)
r i n g ~ ,

cataclasite ,
cataclasm , ; ,
cataclastic
c a t a c l i n a l (

)
c a t a c l i n e (
)
c a t a c l y s m (,

)
c a t a d i o p t r i c
catagenesis
c a t a l i n i t e (

)
catamorphism
catanorm ,
cataphorite ,
Na Ca(FeS+, Al) AlSi O (OH)
C a t a p h r a c t i Pise,
cataplasis
catapleite , ( N a C a ) Z r S i O g 2 H O
calcium ~ , C a Z r S i 0 9 - 2 H 0
catapleite-syenite
c a t a r a c t 1. (

) 2. , ( ) 3 .
;
glacier ~ ,
c a t a r i n i t e 1. , , 2 .

c a t a s p i l i t e (
)
c a t a s t a b l e ,

catastrophism
catathermal
c a t a w b e r i t e (

)
catazone
catch ; ;

catcher:
flow ~
(
)
tubing ~
(
)
c a t c h m e n t 1. , , (
) 2 . ,
(,
)
catchpit ,
category
taxonomic ~
c a t e n a 1. (
,


)
2. , ,
c a t e n i f o r m . ,
cathead
c a t h k i n i t e (
)
c a t h o l e 1. 2 .

c a t l i n i t e (

)
c a t o c t i n ( ,
2

2 2

)
c a t o g e n e (
,

)
catoptrite ,
(Mn, Mg, Fe) (Al, F e ) S b S i O
c a t ' s - e y e 1. (


) 2. 3 .
cat's-head
c a t s t e p 1. 2 .

c a r t e r ,
cattierite , C o S
c a u d a , (
)
caudal ,
caudex , ,
caudiferous
c a u k . c a w k
c a u l d r o n 1. 2 .
3 . , , (

)
ice ~
resurgent ~
sulfur ~ ,

caulescent ,
caulicle
c a u n t e r (

)
c a u s e w a y 1. ; ; 2 . ,

giant's ~ ,
(

)
causse ,
(-
)
c a u s t i c 1. (,

,
,
)
2.

lunar ~ ,
caustobiolith

)
c a u s t o l i t h (,

)
c a u s t o p h y t o l i t h (

)
c a u s t o z o o l i t h (

)
c a v a l o r i t e (


)
cavansite , Ca(VO) (Si O O) 6 H O
cavate
c a v e 1. ; 2 .
Ij ( ) ; 3 . ,
t o ~ in ( ) ; ,

~ of d e b o u c h u r e ,

14

2 9

caved

celerity

active ~
b e d d i n g ~ 1. 2 .

bedding-plane ~

blister ~
blowing [breathing] ~
commercial ~

dead ~
developed ~ ,

dry ~
exfoliation ~
fault ~
f i s s u r e ~
galleried ~ ,

gypsum ~
ice ~ ,
lava ~
live ~
marine ~
m a s t e r ~

maze ~
m u l e ' s e a r ~ ,
(

,
)
o u t f l o w ~ ,

pencil ~ .
primitive ~

rock ~ - ,

s a l t p e t e r ~ ,

sea ~ ,
shaft ~
shallow ~
shelter ~
(



)
solution ~
talus ~
through ~
t u n n e l ~ (
,
)
caved ,
c a v e - i n 1. ; 2 .
( )
3 .
4 .

c a v e r n 1. ; 2 .

lava ~
c a v e r n o u s 1. (
);
, 2 . (
)
cavey
c a v i n g 1. ; , ,
2 .
3 . 4 . pi
( ,
)

block ~
; ;

chute ~
cover ~
ore ~
o v e r h e a d ~ 1. 2 .

pillar ~
roof ~
sublevel ~
t o p slicing cover ~

c a v i t a t i o n 1. , ,
2 . 3 .
c a v i t / y 1. ( ) 2 . ; ;

a b o r a l ~ .
b a s a l ~ Cond. ,

body ~
b r a c h i a l ~ Moll,
b u c c a l ~ Crust,
c e i l i n g ~ (

)
d e l t h y r i a l ~ Brach.

domal ~
g l e n o i d ~ . 1. 2 .

m a n t l e ~ Moll,
m i a r o l i t i c ~ i e s .
p a l l i a l ~ Moll,
preoral ~ []
p u l p ~ . b a s a l c a v i t y
rock ~ ;
solution ~ []
, ,

s p o r e ~ . [ ]
v i s c e r a l ~ Crin., Moll,
washout ~ []
cawk , ,
c a y 1. ; 2 .
; 3 .
sand ~ ;
c a y e u x i t e (

,
, ,

)
C a y t o n i a l e s (

)
Cayugan ,
(
)
C a z e n o v i a n (
)
cebollite , , H C a A b S i O I e
c e c i l i t e (


)
cedar
c e d a r i t e , (
)
c e d r i c i t e (
)
ceja , ,
c e l a d o n i t e (


)
celerity ,

2

celestial

cephalis

celestial , ,
c e l e s t i a l i t e (,

)
celestine, celestite , S r S O
cell ;
apical ~
bladdery ~
brine ~
c o l l a r ~ .
convection ~
Ferrel ~
f l a g e l l a t e ~ Din.
H a d l e y ~ (

)
roller ~
(

500

)
u n i t ~ .
w a t e r ~
cellular ; ; ,
c e l l u l a t e
cellule ,
celonite ,
c e l s i a n (

),
BaAl Si Os
C e l t (
)
celyphitic
cement ;
~ of h e m a t i t e
argillaceous ~
c a l c a r e o u s ~
dolomitic ~
f e r r u g i n o u s ~
K e e n e ' s ~
lateritic ~
oxychloride ~
Puzzolan ~
r i m ~ (

)
s i l i c e o u s ~
soil ~
t r a s s ~
w a t e r ~
cementation ,
~
by
enlargement
fissure ~
g r a n u l a r ~

rim ~
simultaneous ~ ,

cemented
cementing
cementitious
c e n o l o g y .
Cenomanian ,
(
)
C e n o p h y t i c (

)
cenosite , ,
Ca (SeY) (SiO )S(CO ) H O
4

cenosteum

c e n o t e (
,

)
c e n o t y p a l , c e n o t y p e (

)
Cenozoic ,
c e n o z o n e (

)
cenozoology

center
~ of b o r e h o l e
~ of c u r v a t u r e
~ of d i s p e r s a l ,
(
)
~ of g r a v i t y
~ of i n s t r u m e n t
~ of o r i g i n
()
~ of s y m m e t r y
c o l o r ~
contraction ~
d i s p e r s a l ~ ,
e a r t h q u a k e ~
eruption ~
g e o g r a p h i c ~

hole ~
ice -~
impurity ~
negative ~

quake ~
seismic ~
spreading ~ ,
t h r u s t ~
t r a p p i n g ~ ,
c e n t e r i n g |j
c e n t r a l 1. ; ,
2.
c e n t r a l e ,
c e n t r a l l a s s i t e (. g y r o l i t e )
centric
centroclinal
centrocline ,

centrodorsal
centronelliform
c e n t r o s p h e r e , (,
barysphere)
centrosymmetrical
,
c e n t r o t y l o t e (
)
c e n t r u m 1. (,

) 2. , f o c u s
amphicoelous ~
ossified ~
c e n u g l o m e r a t e
;

c e p h a l a s p i d (
)
cephalic ,
c e p h a l i s Rad.

cephalochords
cephalochords
c e p h a l o m e r e Arthr.
C e p h a l o n , (

)
cephalopod
bactritoid ~
coleoid ~
,

cephalosome ,
cephalothoracic
cephalothorax ,
c e r a m o h a l i t e .
ceramoporoid
cerapatite
c e r a r g y r i t e . c h l o r a r g y r i t e
ceratite ,
ceratitic
ceratoid
C e r a t o p s i a Rept.
.

c e r a t o s a u r i d s Rept.

c e r c o p i t h e c o i d Mamm.
c e r c u s Crust,
cereous
cerepidote , ,
(Ca, Ce) (Al Fe) SbO [O, OHJ
ceresine
natural ~
cerfluorite ,
( C a , Y, Ce, E r ) F
c e r g a d o l i n i t e (
,
)
ceria
cerianite , C e O
c e r i n e 1. . a l l a n i t e 2 . . c e r i t e
cerioid
cerite , ( C a , F e ) C e S i O
H O
cerium , Ce
ceroid
c e r o l i t e (
)
. (
)
ceruleite , C u A U ( A s 0 ) ( O H ) - 4 H 0
c e r u l e n e ( ,



)
c e r u l e o f i b r i t e . c o n n e l l i t e
ceruleolactite , (Ca, C u ) A l ( P o ) I
() -4^5 0
ceruse
cerussite , , P b C o
cervantite , S b O
C e r v a v i t u s Mamm.
cervical ,
cesarolite , H P b M n O
cesium , Cs
C e t a c e a Mamm.
c e t o t h e r i i d s Mamm.
ceylonite ,
(

)
ceyssatite , ,
,
chabazite , , ,
CaAl Si O 6H O
c h a d a c r y s t , -.
chaemolith
c h a e t a . 1. 2 .
2

1 2

1 2

1 2

C h a e t o g n a t h a ,
c h a e t o t a x y Arthr.

chaff ;
c h a i n 1. 2 . 3 .
4 . ( , 20,12 )
~ of t e t r a h e d r o n s .
bank ~
b a r r i e r ~ ( ,
,

)
branched ~
continuous ~
c r a t e r ~
dune ~
land ~
mountain ~
seamount ~
s h o r e b o u l d e r ~ ,

surveyor's ~
t h e r m i s t o r ~ .

volcanic ~
chaining ;

chainman
chalazoidite
c h a l c a l t a i t e ,
(

)
chalcanthite , ,
CuS0 -5H 0
cobalt ~
iron-copper ~
(

)
zinc-copper ~ -
chalcedonic
c h a l c e d o n i t e . c h a l c e d o n y
chalcedony
black ~
chrysocolle ~
chalcedonyx
c h a l c h i h u i t l (




, ,
,

)
c h a l c h u i t e (-

)
chalcoalumite , ,
CuAl ( S O ) ( ) - 3 H O
chalcocite , , ,
Cu S
a l p h a ~ . d i g e n i t e
b e t a ~ . c h a l c o c i t e
b l u e ~ . d i g e n i t e
high ~
low ~
sooty ~

chalcocitization
chalcocyanite , C U S O 4
c h a l c o d i t e .
c h a l c o l a m p r i t e . ,
c h a l c o l i t e . t o r b e r n i t e
Chalcolithic
chalcomenite , C u S e O 2 H O
c h a l c o m o r p h i t e . , ,
4

1 2

chalconatronite

channel

chalconatronite ,
Na Cu(CO )?. 3H O
c h a l c o p e n t l a n d i t e (

,
)
chalcophanite
,
,
(Zn, Mn, F e ) M n O - H H O
chalcophile
chalcophyllite ,
Cu Al ( As0 )3( S0 ) ( O H ) 33H O
chalcopyrite
,

,
CuFeS
chalcosiderite ,
Cu(Fe, A l ) ( P O i ) ( O H ) - 4 H O
c h a l c o s i n e , c h a l c o s i t e . c h a l c o c i t e
c h a l c o s p h e r e ( ,

)
chalcostibite , C u S b S
chalcothallite , Cu TlS
c h a l c o t r i c h i t e (

)
C h a l i c o t h e r i i d a e Mamm.
C h a l k (

)
chalk ,
black ~ , ,
,
French ~ , , ,
,
ground ~
phosphate ~
red ~ ,
S p a n i s h ~ (

)
true ~
chalkland
c h a l k o p i s s i t e (

)
chalkstone
c h a l k y 1. , 2 .
c h a l l e n g e r i t e (

-
)
c h a l m e r s i t e . c u b a n i t e
chalybeate ,
; ,
(
)
chalybite ,
c h a m a e c e p h a l i c , c h a m a e c e p h a l o u s .

c h a m b e r 1. 2 . For.
3. ;
4 . , (
)
~ of o r e , ,

a i r ~ Ceph.
a n n u l a r ~ s For.
b o d y ~ Ceph.
b r a n c h i a l ~ Crust,
b r o o d ~ Moll,
c e n t r a l ~ For.
circumambient ~ For.

deep-seated ~
d e s e r t e d ~ .
2

1 8

2 7

dike ~
d w e l l i n g ~ Ceph.
embryonic ~
For. ,

[]
f l a g e l l a t e d ~ .
f l o o r e d ~ .
g a s ~ Ceph.
ionization ~
l i v i n g ~ Ceph.
local ~ of m a g m a

lode ~
magma ~
p r i m o r d i a l ~ For.
torricellian ~
()
c h a m b e r - a n d - p i l l a r

c h a m b e r e d 1. 2 .

chamberlet For. ,
apertural ~
chambersite , M n B O i C l
chameolith ,
chamo(i)site , , ,
, (Mg, Fe)3Fe3 (AlSi3)Oto(OH)8
c h a m p a i g n ,

Champlainian ,
(
)
c h a m p s o s a u r i d s Kept,

c h a n g e ; |j
~ of c o l o r ,
~ of c o u n t r y r o c k
a b r u p t ~ [ ] ;

atmospheric ~ s
chemical ~
diagenetic ~ s
environmental ~
eustatic ~
facies ~
g l o b a l r e l a t i v e ~ of s e a level

grade ~
nuclear ~
peripheral ~
persistent ~
phase ~ ,
r e l a t i v e ~ o f s e a level

s l o w ~ s in level 1.
2 . , (
)
step ~
c h a n n e l 1. 2 . 3 . 4 .
5 . ( ) 6 . , ,
,
~ of a s c e n t [ ] , ,
,
abandoned ~
active ~
alluvial ~
a m b u l a c r a l ~ Ech. ,

artificial ~ ,
3

channel
b o a t ~
,
braided ~
broken-bedded ~
buried ~ ;
bypass ~
ceiling ~ ,

cutoff ~
dam spillway ~

d e a d ~ 1. 2 . ()
deep-sea ~ ,

distributary and tidal ~ -

distributing ~
d o r s a l ~ . [ ]
drainage ~ ,
effluent ~ 1. 2 . ()
eroding ~
feeder ~ []
glacial overflow ~
g o u g e ~
,
ice-walled ~ ,

in-and-out ~
l a g o o n ~ 1. 2 .

lateral ~ ,
leading ~
m a r g i n a l ~ (


)
melt ~
morainic ~
natural ~
neck ~
old ~ ;
open ~
ore ~
overflow ~ ;
rain ~ ,
rating ~
regime ~ [] ,

restricted ~
r i p ~ (,
)
scour ~
shelf ~
sofar ~
stream ~
s u b c r e v a s s e ~

sublacustrine ~ ,



submarginal ~ []
(
)
surge ~
s w a s h ~ 1. 2 .

tidal ~ -

transiting ~
t r u n k ~ of m i n e r a l i z a t i o n

u p s i d e - d o w n ~ [ ]

channeled ,
c h a n n e l i n g 1. (
);
2.
c h a n n e l - w a y 1. 2 .

c h a n n e r y 1.
, 2 . ., .

c h a o i t e .
chaos
chaotic
chap ;
c h a p a p o t e (
)
c h a p e a u de fer
chapeiro ,
()
chapmanite , ,
Fe Sb(SiOi) (OH)
c h a r 1. 2 .
) 3. ,
chara
c h a r c o ( 1 .

,
2.


)
charcoal
fossil ~
lignite ~
mineral ~
;

wood ~
c h a r g e (
,

)
C h a r m o u t h i a n , (
)
c h a r n o c k i t e (
)
alkali ~
charophyte ,
charred ,
charriage
charring
charry ,
chart ; ; ; ;
~ of s y m b o l s ,

alignment ~
,

basic surface ~
bathymetric ~ ,

bed ~
chronostratigraphic correlation ~

corrected ~
current ~
declination ~
definition ~ -
determinative ~

dot ~
2

charting
drilling p r o g r e s s ~
geochronologic ~ ;

ice ~
isogenic ~
isomagnetic ~
magnetic ~
M e r c a t o r projection ~

moisture ~
pressure ~
r a n g e ~
selenographic ~
small-scale ~
s t a c k i n g ~ .
unified s t r a t i g r a p h i c ~

variation ~
wave-front ~
c h a r t i n g , ,
; ;

chart-square -
c h a s i n g
chasm , ; ; ;
ice ~
sea ~

c h a s m a t o s a u r u s (

)
c h a s m o p h y t e (,


)
chassignite
Chatelperronian
(

)
c h a t h a m i t e (

)
c h a t o y a n c y [ ]
c h a t o y a n t (
,

)
c h a t s 1. ;
2.
;
, ;

gravel ~ ,
c h a t t e r m a r k 1. 2 .
3.
C h a t t i a n , (
)
C h a u t a u q u a n (

)
c h a z e l l i t e (
)
C h a z y a n , (

)
c h e c k 1. 2 . ; 3 .
( )
checked
checkerboarding ,

c h e c k i n g 1. ;

2. ,
c h e c k - o u t ()
cheek
fixed ~

chert
free [ m o v a b l e ] ~ [ ]
cheese
cheeswring
c h e i l a n t h o i d .
C h e i l a s t o m a t a Bryoz.

cheilostomatous ,
c h e i l o s t o m e Bryoz.
chela ,
chelate ,
c h e l a t i o n (


)
c h e l i c e r a .
Chelicerata
c h e l i p e d Crust,
chelkarite , C a M g B O C b - T H O
Chellian
e n d o g e n i c (

)
chelonia
c h e l u v i a t i o n (


)
c h e m a w i n i t e (

)
c h e m i c a l , j|

chemoautotrophic
c h e m o c l i n e (


)
chemofacies
chemolithotrophic
chemoorganotrophic
chemosphere
chemostratigraphy
(

;
)
chemosynthesis
c h e m o t a x i s (


)
Chemungian ,
(
,
)
chenevixite , ,
C u F e ( A s O i ) ( O H ) - H O (?)
chenier
C h e n o p r o s o p i d s Rept.

cheralite , (Ca, Ce, Th) ( P . S i ) O


c h e r k e r (-

)
chernovite , Y A s O
Chernozem
c h e r o k i t e (

,

. )
c h e r t , , ,
bedded ~ ,

black ~ []

bone ~
chalcedonic ~ ,
,
chalky ~
chrome ~
cotton ~
crystalline ~
dead ~
2

chert-arenite
diatomaceous ~
drusy ~
ferruginous ~ -
g r a n u l a r ~ ,
granulated ~

nodular ~
ordinary ~
p a t i n a t e d ~
pinhole ~
porcelaneous ~
q u a r t z o s e ~
S- ~
(

)
s a n d y ~
smooth ~
T
-

,


)
c h e r t - a r e n i t e ( 25 /
)
chertification
cherty ,
chervetite , P b V O ;
chessom ,
chessylite , ,
Chesterian ,
(
)
c h e s t e r l i t e (

, )
c h e v e e (

)
chevkinite , (Fe, Ca) (Ce, L a ) ( S i T i ) O
chevron , V-
c h e v r o t a i n Mamm.
chews
c h i a n (
)
chiaster .
c h i a s t o l i t e (

)
c h i b i n i t e (

)
Chickasawhay ,
()
c h i l a r i u m .,

childrenite , (Fe, M n ) A l P O ( O H ) - H O
c h i l e i t e (
)
chilenite ,
c h i l i d i a l (
)
c h i l i d i u m (

)
c h i l l a g i t e (

)
chilling
contact ~
magma ~
C h i m a e r i d a e Pi.sc.
c h i m n e y 1. ,
, ;
2. 3 .
, 4.
~ o f ore ,
,
blind ~
2

breccia ~ ,
volcanic ~ [1 , ,
,
chinarump

)
c h i n e 1. 2 .
chink , ,
chink-faceting
c h i n k o l o b w i t e . s k l o d o w s k i t e
chiolite , N a ^ A b F
chip ,
()
c h i p p e r ,
chippings , ,
C h i r o p t e r a Mamm.
chiropterite
c h i r o t h e r i u m (

)
c h i r o t y p e . (
)
chisel
chiselly ; ;

; ;
enisle
chitin
chitino-arenaceous
c h i t i n o u s ,
Chitinozoa
c h i t t e r 1. ,
2 .

chiviatite , P b B i S n
c h i z e u l i t e . a n d a l u s i t e
chkalovite , N a B e S i O
c h l a d n i t e (1.

2.
)
c h l a m y d o s p o r e .
chloanthite , (Ni, Co)As
c h l o p i n i t e , ( Y V, T h , N b , Ti, F e ) O
chloraluminite , AlCl 6 H O
c h l o r a m p h i b o l e (

)
chlorapatite , C a s ( P 0 ) C l
chlorargyrite , , AgCl
c h l o r a s t r o l i t e (

)
chlorblei , , ,
PbCl
chloride
auric ~
barium ~
calcium ~
chromous ~
cobalt ~
cupric ~
ferric ~
ferrous ~
magnesium ~
n a t i v e ~ of s i l v e r ,
,
sodium ~ , ,
, ,
chlorinity ,
chlorite
swelling ~
1 4

chloritization

chromatography

c h l o r i t i z a t i o n (

)
chloritoid , Fe AUSi OiO(OH)
chloritspath
chlormanganokalite , , K MnCU
c h l o r n a t r o k a l i t e (
)
chlorocalcite , ,
, K C a C b
chloromagnesite , MgCl
c h l o r o m e l a n i t e (

)
c h l o r o p a l , (

)
c h l o r o p h a e i t e (
)
c h l o r o p h a n e (
)
chlorophoenicite ,
(Mn, Z n ) ( A s O ) ( O H )
chlorophyll
c h l o r o p h y l l a, C H O N M g
c h l o r o p h y l l , C H O O N M g
c h l o r o p h y l l i t e ( ) (
)
c h l o r o p h y r e (

)
c h l o r o s p i n e l (

)
chlorothionite , K C u ( S O ) C l
c h l o r o t i l e .
chloroxiphite , 1 (OH) O
chlorquicksilver ,
,
chlorsilver , ,

c h l o r - u t h a l i t e (
)
c h o (

)
choana .
c h o a n o c y t e . ; ; -
c h o a n o d e r m ( )
c h o a n o s o m e (

)
chocolate

c h o c o l i t e ( )
c h o d n e w i t e (
)
c h o k e 1. ; (.
)
2. ,
3 . (


)
c h o k e d a m p (
)
choky
c h o m a t a , (

,

)
c h o m o t r i l e t e s . ,

c h o n d r a l ( )
chondrarsenite

(
')
c h o n d r i (

)
Chondrichthyes

chondrification
c h o n d r i k i t e (
)
c h o n d r i t e ( 1 .

2.

Chondrites)
amphoteric ~
carbonaceous ~
crystalline ~
net ~
chondrocyte , (Mg, F e ) S i O ( O H F )
c h o n d r o p h o r e Biv. ,
c h o n d r u l e (

)
c h o n e .
c h o n e t i d s (
)
c h o n e t o i d (
)
c h o n o l i t h (,


)
c h o p 1. 2 . 3 .

chopping , ,
c h o p p y 1. 2 .
( ) 3 . ( )
Chordata
choripetalous
chorisepalous -
c h o r i s m i t e (,

)
chorismitizatiou
c h o r i s t i d (
)
c h o r i s t o p o r a t e (

)
chorographic ,

c h o r o g r a p h y ( 1 .

,
,

2.

)
c h o r o t y p e .
chorun ,
c h o t t
c h o w d e r ,

c h r i s m a t i t e (
)
c h r i s t i a n i t e (
)
c h r i s t m a t i n e (
)
christobalite , S i O
christograhamite
(
)
cbromatite , C a C r O
chromatography
adsorption ~

ascending ~
column ~
descending ~
gas-liquid ~
ion e x c h a n g e ~
liquid ~
p a p e r ~
partition ~
pyrolysis-gas ~

5 5

5 5

7 2

chrom-brugnatellite
reversed phase ~

thin-layer ~
chrom-brugnatellite

(

)
chrome
Oxford ~
c h r o m e - b e i d e l l i t e (

,
)
c h r o m e d i o p s i d e (
)
chrome-nontronite
(
)
c h r o m e p i d o t e (
)
chrome-spinel , ,
, ( M g , F e ) ( C r , Al, F e ) O
chrome-tremolite
(
)
chromite , (Fe, M g ) ( C r , A l ) O
chromitite ,
(
)
c h r o m l o w e i t e (
)
chromocher
chromocratic
c h r o m o c y c l i t e (
)
chromohercynite
(
)
c h r o m o j a d e i t e (

)
c h r o m o p i c o t i t e (

)
chromosphere
chromospheric
chromovesuvianite
(
)
chromowulfenite , -
c h r o m p i c o t i t e . c h r o m o p i c o t i t e
c h r o m r u t i l (
)
c h r o n ( ,

)
c h r o n o c l i n e .
chrono-erathem
chronofauna
chronogenesis
chronograph
chronolith ,
chronological
chronology
absolute ~
,
denudation ~
geological ~
glacial ~ ;

relative ~
thermoluminescence [TL] ~

chronometer
chronosequence

chronospecies
chronostratigraphic
chronostratigraphy
chronotaxial
c h r o n o t a x i s , c h r o n o t a x y (

)
chronozone
C h r o o c o c c a l e s AIg.
c h r y s a l i s .
chryselectrum ,

chrysene
chrysoberyl , B e A l O
c h r y s o c o l l a (

);
, ,
, C u H ( S i O ) ( O H )
c h r y s o l i t e (
)
~ of B r a s i l ,
c h r y s o m e l i d .
c h r y s o p a l (
)
chrysophoron
c h r y s o p h y r i c (

)
chrysophyte
c h r y s o p r a s e (

)
c h r y s o q u a r t z (
)
chrysotile , M g 3 S i 0 ( O H )
chrystocrene ,
c h t h o n i c (
,

)
chubutite , , 1 - 6
c h u c k 1. , ,
2 . ,

c h u c o (
,
)
c h u d o b a i t e , ( N a , , C a ) ( M g , Zn, M n ) H(As0 ) 4H O
chukhrovite ,
Ca (Y Ce)Al (SO )Fi '
1OH O
chump , ,
c h u r . c h a r
churchillite , , P b C l O
c h u r c h i t e (
)
c h u r n i n g 1. ; 2 .

~ of w a t e r ,
c h u s c a
c h u t e 1. , ,
( ) 2 . ,
3 . ()
4.
() 5 . , ; 6 . ;
; ||
7.
air ~
avalanche ~
debris ~ ,
feed ~
glacial ~
ice ~ , , ,
jockey ~
loading ~ ,
ore ~ , ,
;
2

chymogenetic

cirral

rock ~ , ,
spillway ~ ;

c h y m o g e n e t i c ( ,

-
,

)
chyssignite
(

)
c i c a t r i c o s e , (.

)
c i c a t r i x . , ,
~ of a t t a c h m e n t
c i e n a g a (1. ,

2.

,
)
cilia pi c i l i u m
body ~
c i l i a t e Prot. 1. 2 . ^
,
C i l i a t e a Prot.
cilifer Brach.
c i l i u m . (
)
c i m a (
)
c i m i n i t e (
);

Cimmerian
()
cimolite , , 2 A h 0 3 - 9 S i 0 3 - 6 H 2 0
Cincinnatian ,
(
)
cinder ; ,
coal ~
cone ~
porous ~ s
volcanic ~ s
c i n d e r y ; (
)
inefaction
cinerite ,
cinerous ,
c i n g u l a t e . ,
c i n g u l u m . ,
cinnabar(ite) , HgS
chalcedonic ~
hepatic ~
cinnamite
c i p o l i n 1. . c i p o l i n o 2 . .

c i p o l i n o , (

)
circadian
circannian
circinate ,
c i r c l e (1. ,
2.

)
~ of i n f l u e n c e
~ of l a t i t u d e
azimuth
~

d i p ~ ,

equinoctial ~
frost ~ s
great ~
(

)
n o n s o r t e d ~ (
,

)
p r i m i t i v e ~ (

)
slip ~
s o r t e d [ s t o n e ] ~ (
,



)
circlet ,
c i r c u i t 1. 2 . 3 . ,
4.
B u r g e r s ~ .
circular ;
circulation , ,

ascensional ~
atmospheric ~ ,

convectional ~
lamino ondulatory ~ -

nearshore ~

planetary ~ ,
(
)
thermohaline ~
vadose ~
c i r c u m a m b i e n t ( ,
);

circumdenudation, circumerosion
,
c i r c u m f e r e n t o r (
)
c i r c u m f l e x i o n ;
circumoral ,
circum-ore
circum-Pacific
circumpolar ,
circumstellar
circumterraneous ,

circumtropical
c i r c u m v a l l a t i o n

c i r c u s 1. ; 2 .

c i r q u e 1. (
) 2 . ,
3 . ,
4.
erosion ~

g l a c i a l ~
hanging ~ ,
valley-head ~ ,

c i r r a l 1. ,
2.

c i r r i pi c i r r u s
a n a l ~ Verm,

C i r r i p e d i a Crust, ,
cirrolite , C a A l [ P O j ] [ O H ]
c i r r u s . ,
cislunar
c i s t e r n 1. (
)
2. , ,

c i t r i n e (
);
;

C l a c t o n i a n (

,
)
clade .
c l a d i u m Grapt.

C l a d o c e r a Crust, ,
cladogenesis ,
c l a d o m e (

)
1 1 , ()
c l a i m
(,
)
b a n k ~

g o l d m i n i n g ~
l o d e ~ ,

m i n i n g ~
p l a c e r ~

q u a r t z ~

v e i n ~
c l a m (

)
rock-boring ~
Clamgulchian
()
clamp , , ,
anchor ~
c a s i n g ~ (

)
c l a n 1. , 2 .

igneous rock ~

c l a r a i n ( )
c l a r a i n - d u r a i n o u s ( )
clarification ,
slime ~
c l a r i n i t e (

)
c l a r i t e (
)
c l a r k e (


)
~ of c o n c e n t r a t i o n
clarkeite , (Na, Ca, P b ) U ( O , O H )
c l a r o c o l l a i n (,

)
c l a r o c o l l i t e (

)
c l a r o d u r a i n (,


)
2

c l a r o d u r i t e (

)
c l a r o f u s a i n (,
,

)
c l a r o f u s i t e (

)
c l a r o l i n e (

)
c l a r o t e l a i n (,

)
c l a r o t e l i t e (
)
c l a r o v i t r a i n (,

)
c l a r o v i t r i t e (

)
clasmoschist
c l a s o l i t e (,


)
c l a s p e r (
)
c l a s s 1. ; ; 2 . .
,
a s y m m e t r i c a l ~ ,

clinohedral ~
crystal ~
dihexagonal-dipyramidal ~ -

dihexagonal pyramidal ~
-
diploidal ~
ditetragonal pyramidal ~ -
d i t r i g o n a l d i p y r a m i d a l ~
ditrigonal pyramidal ~ -

ditrigonal scalenohedral ~
hemihedral ~
(
,

)
pedial ~ []

pinacoidal ~
rhombohedral ~

sphenoidal ~
tetartohedral ~
tetartoidal ~
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n ,
; <> ~ b y r a n k
;

~ of ,sediments
biologic ~
Blytt-Sernander climatic ~

. I . P . W . ~ . I. , W . (


. . I . P . W.

clast

)
climate ~
coal ~ ,

dual ~
H o l m e s ' ~ (

)
H o m m e l ' s ~ (

)
horizontal ~
(

)
Iddings' ~
(

)
Johannsen's ~

(

-
)
Loewinson-Lessing ~
n a t u r a l ~ (

)
neontological ~

Niggli's ~
(

)
Osann's ~
(

)
S h a n d ' s ~ (

,

)
T h o r n t h w a i t e ' s ~ of c l i m a t e

Troger's ~
(

)
v e r t i c a l ~

v o n Wolff's ~ (

)
Z i n g g ' s ~ ( )
clast
tuff ~
c l a s t a t e (); ,

c l a s t a t i o n (1.

in situ 2.
)
c l a s t i c 1. || ,
2. - 3 .

coarse ~ s
clastichnic (

)
e l a s t i c i t y (1. ,


2.



)
clastizoic
>

clay
clastizoichnic ,

(

)
clastocrystalline
clastogene
clastolite
clastomorphic
clastotype
c l a t h r a t e , (

)
c l a t b r i a (

)
clatter
claudetite , As Ch
clausiliid Moll,
clausthalite , PbSe
c l a v a l i t e .
c l a v a t e (

,
)
c l a v i c l e .
c l a v i d i s c (
)
c l a v u l a (

)
c l a v u l e (
)
c l a v u s , (

)
claw:
c a t ~ ,
,

clay
abyssal ~
acid ~
ammoniated ~ ,
a n c y l u s ~
a t t r i t i o n ~

a u t o c h t h o n o u s ~
baked ~ ,
b a l l ~ 1. [ ] 2 .
(

)
banded [ b a n d y ] ~
bauxitic ~
bleaching ~
bloating ~
block ~
b l u e ~
bond ~
book ~
boulder ~
b r i c k ~
brown ~
burley ~
calcareous ~
cement ~
chalky ~ ,
china ~ ,
coal ~ ,
c o a r s e ~ (

)
2

colluvial ~

clay
c o m p a c t e d ~
converted ~
c r y s t a l l i n e ~
c u t t y . p i p e c l a y 1.
dia s p o r e ~
d r a b ~
d r a w n ~
d r i f t ~
earthenware ~
effervescing ~
eolian ~
e x p a n d i n g - l a t t i c e ~

expansive ~
fat ~
f a u l t ~

fen ~
filler ~ -
fine ~
finely-dispersed ~
fire ~
flint ~ ;

glacial ~
g l a s s - p o t ~
gray ~
green ~
gutta-percha ~

heavy ~ []
hydromica kaolin ~ -

i m p e r v i o u s ~
iron ~ ,
kaolin ~
lacustrine ~
laminated ~
leaf ~ [ ]
lean ~
L o n d o n ~ (,
)
long ~
meagre ~
mechanical ~

mild ~
mixed ~
monomineral ~
moraine ~
n a t u r a l ~ (

)
p a p e r ~
P a r i a n ~
p a r t i n g ~ ;
,
p i p e ~ 1. (

) 2 . ,

plastic ~
pocket
~
,

polymineral ~
pond ~
1.
2 . (
, )
3 .

( ,
)
porcelain ~ , ,

p o t ~ 1. (
,

,
) 2, ,

potter's [pottery] ~ []
( ,

,
)
pressed brick ~
p r i m a r y ~ , ,

prodelta ~
puddled cover ~

pyritiferous ~
quick ~ []
red ~
refractory ~
r e s i d u a l ~ . p r i m a r y c l a y
ribbon ~
rich ~
rock ~
roof ~ (

)
root ~ ,
sabulous ~
saline ~
sand () ~
s a p r o p e l (ic) ~
schistose ~
seat ~ ,
secondary ~ ;

sedimentary ~ ,

s e g g e r ~ (

)
sensitive ~
septarian ~
s i l t y ~ [ ]
s l a t e [ s l a t y ] ~ 1. 2 .

slip ~

(
)
soapy ~
soft ~
soil ~
speckled ~
sticky ~
stiff ~
stift ~
stony ~
swelling ~
s y m m i c t ~ ,

t e r r a - c o t t a ~
thixotropic ~
t h r o w i n g ~
unctuous ~
varve(d) ~
virgin ~ [ ]
vitrifying ~

claycrete
weald ~


)
c l a y c r e t e (

,
,

)
clayed ,
clayey ,
clay-ironstone:
brown ~ ,

c l a y i t e (
)
c l a y p a n 1. ,
(
,

)
2 . , c l a y c r e t e
clayslide
claystone
c l a y - w i t h - f l i n t s (

)
c l a y - w i t h - r a c e 1.
2 .

c l e a n ; ;
c l e a n i n g 1. 2 . ;
dry ~
magnetic ~
ore ~
wet ~ ;
clean-up ,
()
cleap
clearer
c l e a r i n g 1. , 2 . ()
3 . , ;

clear-way
c l e a t ; (
)
b u t t [end] ~
face ~
cleavable
cleavage ; ; ~
w i t h b e d d i n g
axial-plane ~ ,

()
basal ~
bedding (-plane) ~
bent ~
calcite ~
( )
close-joints ~
concentric ~
cone-like ~
continuous ~ []
crenulation ~
crystallization ~
cubic ~
, ;

curved fracture ~

distinct ~
dodecahedral ~
easy ~
eminent ~
emphasized ~

cliff
endogenous ~
false ~ ,
fan ~
flow ~
fracture ~
good ~
ice ~
imperfect ~
indistinct ~
interrupted ~ []

line [ l i n e a r ] ~
local ~
mineral ~
mullion ~ ,

octahedral ~
pencil ~
perfect ~
pillow ~
p i n a c o i d a l ~
poor ~
primary ~
prismatic ~ ;

pyramidal ~
rhombohedral ~
rock ~
shaly ~
shear ~ ,
shell-like ~
slaty ~
slip ~
spaced ~
s t r a i n (-slip) ~
transverse ~
true ~ ;
cleave
();
();

)
c l e a v e l a n d i t e (

)
cleavings
c l e e t . c l e a t
cleft 1. , , 2 . ;
; 3 . 4.

frost ~
cleftstone -
c l e i o p h a n e (

)
c l e m e , (
)
clepsydropsoid
c l e u c h . d o u g h
cleve 1. ; 2.
c l e v e i t e (
)
c l i a c h i t e (
)
cliff ; ; ; ,
~ of d i s p l a c e m e n t
a b a n d o n e d ~ (


)
beetling ~
d e a d ~ . a b a n d o n e d cliff
fault ~
glacier ~ ,
ice ~

cliff line

close-grained

p l u n g i n g ~ (
,


)
sea ~
shore ~
cliff line
cliffordite , U T e O
cliff side
c l i f f s t o n e (

)
clift (
;

)
C l i f t o n i a n (

)
c l i f t o n i t e (
,
)
climate
arid ~ []
continental ~
oceanic ~
perpetual frost ~ -
0

)
semiarid ~ []
soil ~ (

)
temperate ~
warm ~
climatic
climatology
climatostratigraphy
climax ,
~
of e r u p t i o n

()
c l i m o f u n c t i o n (

,
.
)
climosequence
(

)
cline ,
step ~ ;
cling
c l i n g m a n i t e (. . m a r g a r i t e )
c l i n k e r 1. 2 .

clinkering
clinkertill
clinkery
clinkstone , ,

clinoamphibole ,

c l i n o a u g i t e . c l i n o p y r o x e n e
clinoaxis

c l i n o b r o n z i t e (
,
)
clinochlore , , ,
(Mg, F e + , Al) (Si, A l ) O ( O H )
c l i n o c h r y s o t i l e (. . c h r y s o t i l e )
clinoclase, clinoclasite , C u ( A s O ) ( O H )
c l i n o d i a g o n a l . c l i n o a x i s
clinodome

clinoenstatite , (Mg, F e ) S i O
c l i n o e n s t e n i t e (

MgSiO
FeSiO )
clinoferrosilite , (Fe, M g ) S i O
clinograde



c l i n o g r a p h (

. .)
clinographic
clinohedrite , ,
CaZnSiO (OH)
clinoholmquistite
( N a , C a ) ( A l , Li, M g , F e ) S i O ( O H , F )
clinohumite , M g S i O I e ( F , O H )
hydrous ~
clinohypersthene
(
)
c l i n o l i m n i o n (

,

)
c l i n o m e t e r (

)
c l i n o p e n t a c t ( i n e ) .
c l i n o p i n a c o i d (

* )
clinoplain
clinoptilolite ,
(Na, , ) - 1(1, S i ) S i O - 1 2 H O
clinopyroxene ,
clinounconformity
c l i n o u n g e m a c h i t e (,

,
)
clinozoisite , C a A l S i O i ( O H )
c l i n t 1.
2.
3 . ;

C l i n t o n i a n (

)
clintonite , Ca(Mg, Al) (Al Si)OiO-(OH)
clinunconformity
clisere


clisiophylloid
(


)
clitter
clob
clock
atomic ~
carbon ~
clod 1. (


);
2. 3 . ,
greasy ~ s
cloddy ,
c l o g g i n g of b a s i n
clone
close-burning ,
(
)
closed 1. 2 . 3 .
close-grained
3

2 2

1 3

3 6

close-jointed

coal

close-jointed

c l o s i n g <> ~ t h e h o r i z o n

~ of b e d s
~ of t r a v e r s e
river ~
c l o s t e r i t e ( ,

-
)
c l o s u r e 1. ; ; 2.
3. 4.
~ of a n t i c l i n e
circuit ~
fault ~
p e r i c l i n a l ~ of b e d s

structural ~
clot
1. (

)
2 . () 3 .
()
basic ~

cloud
ash ~
black ~
cauliflower ~
(

)
dust ~
electrified ash ~

eruption [explosion] ~
;

fume ~ (
)
glowing ~ []

heap ~
hot ~
incandescent ~ []

noctilucent ~
Pelean ~
snow ~
volcanic ~ ;

clouding
c l o u g h 1. ; ; ; ;
; 2.

clour ,

clove ; (
-,
)
Clovelly ,
()
clump
clumpy ,
c l u n c h 1. ; ;
2 . (
)
cluse ,
c l u s t e r 1. 2 . , 3 .
cone ~ ;
ice ~ ;
ore ~
reef ~ ;
volcanic ~
v o l c a n i c shield ~

clustered ; ;

clustering
c l u s t e r i t e . b o t r y o i d
C l y m e n i d a Ceph.
c l y p e u s Crust,
Cnidaria ,
coagel
coagulation ,
coagulum
C o a h u i l a n (
)
c o a l ~ in pile ; ~ in solid
; ~ w i t h high ash content
; ~ w i t h low a s h c o n t e n t

a l g a l ~ . b o g h e a d coal
allochthonous ~
altogether ~ []
alum ~
amorphous ~
ample ~
anthracite ~ ,
anthraxylous ~
anthraxylous-attrital ~ -
ash ~
ash-free ~
a s p h a l t i c ~ . (.
albertite)
a t t r i t a l ~
attrital-anthraxylous ~ -

autochthonous ~
baking ~
ball ~
banded ~
bank ~
barley ~ -,
b a s t a r d ~
bench ~
billy ~ ,
(

)
binding ~
bird's-eye ~ ,

bituminous ~
bituminous brown ~
b l a c k ~ (

)
blend ~ ,

b l i n d ~ 1. (,

)
2. ,

b l o c k ~ ,

b o a r d ~ ,
b o g ~ (


)
boghead ~
(

)
b o n e [ b o n y ] ~ 1. 2 .

bottle ~

coal
bovey ~ , ,

branch ~
b r a t ~ 1. ,
2.
brazilly ~
bright ~
bright-banded ~
broken ~

brown ~
bumpy ~
b u r n t ~
caking ~
candle ~
cannel ~
carbonaceous ~
c a t ~ ,
cellar
~
,


c h a n c e ~ 9 (
,
)
c h e c k e r ~

chemist's ~

c h e r r y ~ (

)
c h e s t n u t ~ (

5
3
1 -g 1 jg
)
c h i n l e y ~ (

)
chlorophyll ~
(

)
cinder ~
cindery ~
c i n l e y ~ (

)
circular ~
clearly-banded ~
clearly thin-banded ~
-

cleek ~
clod ~

coarse ~
c o k e ~
coking ~
columnar ~
common-banded ~
common bituminous ~

compact ~
cone-in-cone ~

coombe ~
c r o p ~ 1.
2 . ,
3 .
c r o p p e r ~ ,
crow ~


crozzling ~

crumble ~
crushed ~
crystallized ~

cube ~ , ,

D - ~ - D (,

,
,

)
dandered ~
d a y ~ (

)
dead ~
deaf ~ ,

decomposed ~
d e e p ~ (,


)
detrital ~ []
developed ~

dice ~
dirty ~
distantly-banded ~
domestic ~
drift ~ [ ] ;

d r o s s ~ 1. 2 .
;
drossy ~ ;
,
drub ~ ,
dry ~
dry-burning ~
dull ~ [ ]
dull-banded ~ []

dust ~
earth(y) ~
e a r t h y brown ~
easy ~
edge ~
explosive ~ [,
]
eye ~
F- ~
fancy ~
fancy lump ~
(
85 )
fat ~
fault ~
fibrous ~
fiery ~
fine ~ ,
finely b a n d e d [finely s t r i a t e d ] ~
[]
f i n g e r ~ (
,


)
fire ~ ,
flame ~
f l a t ~ 1. ,
2 .
flaxseed ~
f l o a t ~ (

)
foliated ~
forge ~
fossil ~
foul ~ ;
free ~ ;

free-burning ~
fresh ~
freshly m i n e d ~

friable ~ []
f r o z e n ~ (,

)
gagate-like ~
gaist ~ ,

gas (flame) ~
gelosic ~ ,
ghost ~ ,
glance [gloss] ~
graded ~
granular ~
g r a t e ~ (
)
g r e a t ~ [] ,

green ~
g r e e n w o o d ~

grew ~ ,

ground ~ []

hard ~
h a r d ash ~
heterogeneous ~
high ~
high-rank ~
high-volatile ~

homogeneous ~
humic ~
humic-cannel [humic-sapropelic] ~


humus ~
h y d r o g e n o u s ~ .
;

impure ~ ;
i n d i g e n o u s ~ , ,

indistinctly-banded ~
inferior ~
initial ~
intermediate ~
jet ~ ,
kennel ~
kerosine ~
kilkenny ~
kim ~
k i m m e r i d g e ~ (

)
k n o t t y ~ []

lamellar ~
laminated ~
leaf ~ ,

lean ~
lean cannel ~
(

)
level ~
light ~
lightly pitching ~
lignitic [lignitous] ~
lime ~ ,

lively ~ ,

long-flame ~
l o o s e n e d ~ 1. 2 .

low ~
lower-grade bituminous ~

low-sulfur ~

low-volatile ~

low-volatile bituminous ~

lump ~
m a c r o c l a s t i c ~ ( ,


)
m a c r o f r a g m e n t a l ~
malting ~ ,
m a t t ~
medium-volatile bituminous ~


Mersey yellow ~
metabituminous ~
metaboghead ~
metal ~
metalignitous ~
metallurgical ~
microfragmental ~
mill ~
mineral ~
m o l d e d ~ ,
,
moor ~ ,
mushy ~
n e e d l e ~ (

)
nether ~

nigger head ~
, . .
nonbanded ~
nonclinkering ~ ;
noncoking ~
ocean ~
oil ~ (
)
ooster ~
open-burning ~

opencast ~ ,

open-grained ~
orthobituminous ~ ;

o r t h o h y d r o u s ~ 1.
2.

(.
)
o r t h o l i g n i t o u s ~ , 7580 /

outbreak
~
[]


p a p e r ~ 1. [ ,
] 2.

p a r a b i t u m i n o u s ~ (
8487 /
)
paraffin ~
(
,


)
p a r r o t ~ []
pea ~
peacock ~ [,
]
peat ~
p e a t y fibrous ~
p e a t y p i t c h ~ (
)
pebble ~
perbituminous ~
perhydrous ~ , 6/

petroleum-oil cannel ~
picked ~
pillar ~ ,
pit ~
p i t c h ~ 1. 2 .

placer brown ~ ,

plastic ~
possible ~ []

powdered ~ ,
powdery ~ ;

pressed ~ []
(

)
primary-type ~
,
produced ~
proud ~ ,

pulverulent brown ~
pyropissitic brown ~

range ~
rare-banded ~
r a w ~ []
r e c o v e r a b l e ~ ; ,

rerun ~ ,

resinous ~

resonant ~ , ,

r o b b l e ~

roof ~ ,
; ,

r o o s t e r ~ (

)
run ~ ;
;
run splint ~
( )

r u s h ~ ,

salable ~
sapropelic ~
sapropelitic-humic ~
-

schistose ~
Scotch ~
semibright ~
semicannel ~ [
]
semilustrous ~
semisplint ~
separation ~
set ~
shallow lying ~
shed ~ [ ]

short-flame ~
silt ~ (
)
sintering ~
sized ~
slabby ~ ;
slabby foliated ~
slate [slaty] ~
slaty cannel ~
s m a l l ~ 1. 2 .

smiddy [smithing] ~
smokeless ~
smudge ~ ; ,

s m u t ( h ) ~ 1.
2 .

soft ~
soldering ~
s p a r r y ~

specular ~
spin ~

splint ~
split ~
spore ~
steam ~ ; -

steam-baking ~ -
steamboat ~ ,

steeply pitching ~ [
]

s t e l l a r ~ (
)
sterile ~ ; ,
;

s t i c k y ~ (,

)
stink ~
stone ~
s t o v e ~
straight ~ ;
striated ~
strong ~
subbituminous ~
subcannel ~
subhydrous ~

sulfonated ~
s w e e t ~ ,

t a r ~
thick ~
thin-banded ~
top ~
ultraclean ~
u n i t ~ (
)
upper ~
virgin ~ ,

wall ~
wandering ~
w a r r a n t ~ ,

washed ~ []
w a s t e ~
w a x ~ (

)
w e a k ~
w e a t h e r ~
Welsh ~
white ~
white-ash ~ ,
whole ~
wide-banded ~
wild ~ ;

wind-blown ~
withdrawable ~

[]

w o o d ~ ,
woody ~
yellow ~
yolk ~
coalery
coalesce , ,
c o a l e s c e n c e 1. , ,
2.
snowflake ~ ,

coalfield , ,

concealed ~
,
,

c o a l h e u g h 1. 2 .
c o a l i f i c a t i o n (. b i t u m i n i z a -

tion, carbonification, incarbonization, incoalation)


coalingite , M g I o F e ( C O a ) ( O H ) - 2 H O
coaly
c o a p t i o n .
c o a r s e - g r a i n e d (

); (. ,
); (

)
coarseness ;
c o a r s e n i n g , (, ,

,
)
coarse-pored
coast , ,
~ of a c c u m u l a t i o n
~ of e l e v a t i o n
~ of e m e r g e n c e
~ of s u b m e r g e n c e
~ of t r a n s v e r s e d e f o r m a t i o n ,

abrasion ~
adolescent ~ []
alluvial p r o g r a d e d ~
A t l a n t i c - t y p e ~
Balearian-type ~ ,

bay ~
bold ~ []
c h i r o g r a p h i c ~ [
]
cliffed ~ [ ]
collision ~
c o m p o s i t e ~ (
,


)
c o m p o u n d ~ (
,

)
concordant ~
c o r a l reef ~
D a l m a t i a n - t y p e ~
deltaic ~
deposition ~
diastrophic ~

d i s c o r d a n t ~ [ ]

drowned ~
embayed ~
fault ~
fault-scarp ~
,

fold ~ ,

g l a c i a l d e p o s i t i o n ~ ,

glacial trough ~ ,

g l a c i a t e d ~ 1. ,
2. ,

high-energy ~

hogback ~
2

2 4

coastal
hollowed-out ~

[]

jagged ~
lagoon-type ~
l a v a flow ~ ,

liman ~
lobate ~
longitudinal ~
low-energy ~
mangrove ~
m a t u r e ~
mountain ~ [, ]

multicycle ~
o p e n o c e a n i c ~ (

)
Pacific-type ~
primary ~
prograded ~
resurrected fault ~

ria ~
river-deposition ~ ,
;

sand ~
secondary ~
shelvy ~
skaren-type ~
slip-off ~
straightened ~
submerged ~
t i d e - w a t e r ~
trailing edge ~
t r a n s v e r s a l ~
two-cycle ~
volcanic ~ ,
(


)
volcanic collapse ~
(


)
volcanic explosion ~
wave-eroded ~
wave-straightened
~

wind deposition ~ ,

young mountain ~ ,

y o u t h f u l ~ ,

zero-energy ~

coastal ,
c o a s t land
coastline ,
Atlantic-type ~

concordant ~
D a l m a t i a n ~
discordant ~
longitudinal ~

Pacific-type ~

transverse ~

coat:
l e a t h e r ~ [ ]

c o a z e r v a t e ,
(

,
, -,


)
c o b 1. , 2 . 3 .

c o b a 1. 2 .
,
cobalt
e a r t h y ~ . a s b o l i t e
g r a y ~ 1. . c o b a l t i t e 2 . . s m a l t i t e
r e d ~ . e r y t h r i t e
w h i t e 1. . c o b a l t i t e 2 . s m a l t i t e
cobaltchrompicotite

)
cobaltite , , CoAsS
cobalt-melanterite -, ,
CoSO -7 H O
cobaltnickelpyrite , (
,

)
cobaltoadamite (), ,

cobaltocalcite , ,
CoCO
c o b a l t - o c h e r 1. . e r y t h r i t e 2 . . a s b o l i t e
c o b a l t o c h r o m p i c o t i t e . c o b a l t c h r o m p i c o t i t e
cobalt-oligospar ,

cobaltomenite , , C o S e O - 2 H O
cobaltosphaerosiderite
,

cohark []
cobb
cobbing
;
c o b b l e 1. , ;
, 2.
(
20
200 ) 3 . (

76 ) 4 .
()
large ~
small ~
c o b b l e s t o n e 1. 2 .
3 . . c o b b l e 1.
cobbly
cobcoal
Coblentzian ,
(

)
c o c c i n i t e (
,

H g I )
coccoid ,
c o c c o l i t e (


)
c o c c o l i t h AIg.
4

Coccolithophora

coenosteum

s t o m a t a l ~
tail ~
C o c c o l i t h o p h o r a AIg.
C o c c o l i t h o p h o r i d a AIg.
c o c c o s p h e r e Alg. 1. 2 .
cocinerite , C u A g S
c o c i t e (

)
cockade .
cockers , ,


c o c k l e 1. (

Cardium)
2.
c o c k l e - s h e l l Moll, -
cockpit ,

coconinoite .
Fe Al (UCh) ( P O M S O ) () -20
cod ,
(.

)
codazzite , (Ca, Ce) (Mg, Fe) ( )

(Ce, La, )
code ;
stratigraphic ~
codeclination ,

C o d i a c e a e AIg.
coefficient
~ of a b s o r p t i o n
~ of a c i d i t y
~ of a n i s o t r o p y
~ of a t t e n u a t i o n
~ of c o n t i n e n t a l i t y
~ of c o u p l i n g
~ of c r y s t a l f a c e s
~ of e a r t h p r e s s u r e

~ of e x t i n c t i o n
~ of f i n e n e s s
~ of h e a t c o n d u c t i v i t y

~ of k i n e m a t i c v i s c o s i t y

~ of l e a k a g e (
)
~ of p e r m e a b i l i t y
~ of s k e w n e s s

~ of s t o r a g e ,
(

)
~ of t h e r m a l diffusion

~ of t h e r m a l e x p a n s i o n

~ of t r a n s m i s s i b i l i t y
~ of v a r i a t i o n
~ of v i s c o s i t y
~ of v o l u m e c o m p r e s s i b i l i t y

a b s o r p t i o n ~
acidity ~

activity ~
agpaitic ~
austausch ~

Burnaby's similarity ~

contraction ~ ,

correlation ~
discharge ~
dispersion ~
distribution ~
drag ~
drainage ~ []
energy ~
e x t i n c t i o n ~ (

)
ice c o v e r ~
l i n e a r a b s o r p t i o n ~

parietal ~
partition ~
permeability ~
pluviometric ~

reaction ~
reflection ~
refraction ~
regression ~
runoff ~
silica ~
sorting ~
temperature
~

,
,

torsion ~
transmissibility ~
uniformity ~
wilting ~
()
Coelenterata
c o e l e n t e r o n (

)
c o e l e s t i n e . c e l e s t i t e
c o e l o c o n o i d (

,
)
c o e l o m , (


)
coelomate , -
c o e l o m o d u c t Invert,

Coelurosauria
c o e n e l a s m a Bryoz.,
/ . , Echin.,
For.,
Strom.
,
c o e n e n c h y m a Bryoz., /, , ,
c o e n o b i u m ( ,

)
C o e n o p t e r i d a l e s .
c o e n o s a r c (

)
coenosis ,
coenospecies
c o e n o s t e u m , (

coercivity
coercivity ,
coeruleolactite ,
(Ca, C u ) A l ( P O ) I ( O H ) - 4 5 H O
coesite , SiO
c o e t a n e o u s (
)
cofferdam , ;
,
coffin
coffinite , U ( S i 0 4 ) i _ ( O H ) 4
c o g 1. ; 2 . ,
c o g n a t e 1. ; 2 .
plutonic ~ ;
(
)
cohenite , (Fe, ,)
c o h e r e n t 1. ( ) 2.
(
)
3 . .
,
cohesion , , ,
c o h e s i o n l e s s , ( )
cohesive , (
)
cohesiveness ,
coire ; ;
j|
by-product ~
coal ~
crushed ~
natural ~ [,
]
pea ~
petroleum ~
c o k e i t e (
)
coking , ;
col , ,
colatitude
colemanite , C a B O n - S H O
C o l e o i d e a Ceph.
C o l e o p t e r a Ins.
c o l e r a i n i t e , (

)
colina ,
(-
)
colk ;
tidal ~
c o l l a d o 1. . c o l i n a 2 . , ,
(-
)
collage:
orogenic ~
c o l l a i n (
)
collapse 1. ; 2 . ,

crustal ~
roof ~
solution ~
volcano-tectonical
~
-

collapsible
c o l l a r 1. ;
2 . ,
3 .
(
); , , (
);
();

()
4 . 5.
6

-. . .

adit ~
casing ~
drill ~
float ~

shaft ~
collbranite , ,
Fe3+B0 -2(Mg, Fe)O
collector ,
bottom ~
sand ~
c o l l e n c h y m a .
c o l l e n c y t e (
)
c o l l e n i a (

)
c o l l i e i t e (-

)
collier , , ,
colliery , ,

anthracite ~
fiery ~
collimate
collimation
c o l l i m a t o r (
)
colline

collinear ,
c o l l i n i t e (
)
collinsite , C a ( M g , F e ) ( P 0 ) - 2 H 0
collision
continental ~

collobrierite

(
)
c o l l o c l a r i t e (

)
c o l l o c r y s t (,

)
c o l l o f o r m , (
)
colloid ||
clay ~
colloidstone

collophane, collophanite , ,
Ca P O -2 H O
collum Grapt.

colluvial
colluviation
colluvium ,
collyrite ,
(
)
colmatage ,
c o l o l i t e (

Lumbricaria)
c o l o n i a l (
)
c o l o n n a d e (

)
c o l o n y .
c o l o p h o n i t e (

)
3

97

color

compaction

c o l o r ; ;
a x i a l ~ (

)
earth ~ , ,

extreme ~

(
)
i n t e r f e r e n c e ~
coloradoite , , HgTe
colorados
colorimeter
colorimetric
colorimetry
C o l o s t e i d a e Amph.
c o l p a t e (
)
colpi pi c o l p u s
colpoid
c o l p o i d o r a t e -
c o l p o r a t e - (
)
colpus ~ transversalis

c o l u l u s Arth.
columbite , , ,
(Fe, Mn)(Nb, T a ) O
c o l u m b o t a n t a l i t e .
c o l u m b r e t i t e (
)
c o l u m e l l a 1. Gastr, , ( ) ,
2.
(
) 3 . Rad.
4 .
,
parietal ~
Anth.

[]

s t y l i f o r m ~ Anth.
t r a b e c u l a r ~ . p a r i e t a l c o l u m e l l a
c o l u m e l l a r (
)
c o l u m e l l a t e , (

)
c o l u m n 1. , 2 .
, 3 . . 4 .
,

~ of o r e
c a p p e d ~ (
)
drill ~
e a r t h ~ (

,
)
eruption ~ []
geological ~
ion-exchange ~
lava ~ , ,

m a g m a t i c ~
packed ~
pebble ~
soil ~ [ ]
stratigraphic ~
c o l u m n a l , (


)
c o l u m n a r , (

,
)
divergent ~ -
diverse ~ -, -
,

radial ~ -
columnarity
colusite , , ,
C u ( A s , Sn, V, F e T e ) S
comagmatic
C o m a n c h e a n , (

)
c o m b 1. ( ) 2 .
; ; 3 . .
, 4.
(
,

)
accessory ~
coastal ~ ,

c o m b - b e a r e r (

)
c o m b e 1. , , ; ,
; ,
2. ,
3 .

combeite , N a C a S i O i ( O H , F )
comber

,
;
combing:
beach ~
(
, . , ,
)
c o m e t o ~ o u t t o t h e d a y
, ; to ~ to rest
, (
)
c o m e n d i t e ( ,

)
c o m i t a l i a (
)
Comleyan
c o m m e n s a l ||
commensalism
commercial ;

comminution , , ,

c o m m i s s u r e (

)
community
()
animal ~
biological ~
climax ~
ecological ~
fossil ~
c o m o r p h i s m .
compact ,
c o m p a c t a b i l i t y (

)
c o m p a c t e d ( ,
)
compact-grained ,

( ,
)
compaction ,
differential ~ ,

equal ~
g r a v i t a t i o n a l [ g r a v i t y ] ~

soil ~

specific u n i t ~
company:
mining ~
c o m p a r t m e n t of t e r r a i n

c o m p a s s 1 . 2 . 3 . Echin.

azimuth ~
bow ~
box ~
Brunton ~
declination ~
dial ~
dip(ping) ~
land ~
M a a s ~ (

)
magnetic surveying ~
miner's ~ ;
prismatic ~
sight ~

solar ~
striding ~
surveying [surveyor's] ~
Swedish mining ~
compensation:
isostatic ~ ,
temperature ~
c o m p e n s a t o r 1.


2.


)
Berek ~
competence
(

)
~ of w i n d
(

)
c o m p e t e n c y of s t r a t a ,

c o m p e t e n t , , )
compilation , ,
(,
.
)
complanate , ,
c o m p l e m e n t a r y 1. ,
2 . ( ,

) 3 . ,
( )
c o m p l e t i o n (

)
c o m p l e x 1. (1.

2.
) 2 .
, ,
absorbing ~
a x i a l ~ (

)
basal [basement] ~
central ~ For.
colloidal ~
fault ~
faunal ~
4*

fundamental ~
gene ~
igneous ~
injection ~
kame ~ ,

kettle ~
lateral accretion ~

metamorphic ~
reef ~ [ ]
reef-rock ~
ring ~
sedimentary ~
soil-cover ~ -
man faunal ~

t r e n c h ~ . . ,

complexing
Jj
component , ,

acidic ~
boundary value ~

dissociated ~ [
]
profile g r a d i e n t ~

trend ~
vertical ~
v e r t i c a l ~ of v i b r a t i o n

volatile ~
c o m p o s i t i n g 1. 2 .
c o m p o s i t i o n 1. , , ,
2 . (
)
3.
()
bulk ~
chemical ~
granulometric ~
mineral ~
m i n i m u m m e l t i n g ~ ., .
modal ~
(

)
petrographic ~
size ~
compreignacite , K U e O j S - H H O
c o m p r e s s e d 1. ; ;
)
2 . (


)
compressibility ,

voluminal ~ []

compressible
c o m p r e s s i o n 1. , , ;
2 .
,
3 . . a n a s e i s m 4 . ,
(
)
axial ~
declining ~
2

99

compression-subsidence
intraplate crustal ~

stage ~
c o m p r e s s i o n - s u b s i d e n c e . c o m p r e s s i o n 4 .
compressive ,
c o m p t o n i t e (

)


c o n c a m e r a t i o n
concavity
concavo-concave
concavo-convex
vo siphonate -
c o n c e a l e d , ,

concentrate ; ;
;
beach ~
(


)
c o n c e n t r a t i o n 1. 2 .
3 . ,
~ of f l o a t i n g ice
dry ~
dust ~
h y d r o g e n ion ~
residual ~
s e d i m e n t ~ (
-

)
spatial sediment ~

concept:
bench-vice ~
source-bed ~
,
t r e p p e n ~ ,
,

Wegmann stockwork ~

c o n c e p t a c l e .
c o n c h (

)
ascoceroid ~
conchiform ,
c o n c h i l i t e .
conchiolin , C3H48N9O11
(

)
c o n c h i t e (
)
c o n c h i t i c (. ,

)
conchoidal
,
,
,
conchology
conchometry
conchostracan ,
c o n c l i n a l
concordance
~ of s u m m i t l e v e l s
,
s u m m i t ~

c o n c o r d a n t 1. ( ) ;
2 . .

conductometry
c o n c o r d i a ,
,
concrescence ,
c o n c r e t e 1. 2 .
3 .
ice ~ (

, )
snow ~ ,
,
c o n c r e t i o n 1. , ,
, 2. ; ,
3 .

bird-shot ~
contemporaneous ~
epigenetic ~
primary ~
pyrite ~
scaly ~
secondary ~
subsequent ~
syngenetic ~
voidal ~
concretionary
c o n c u r r e n t 1. 2 .

concussion ; ;
concyclothem
c o n d e n s a t e (
)
condensation ,
atmospheric ~
capillary ~ ;

retrograde ~
conditions:
~ of e x i s t e n c e ., .

~ of n o u r i s h m e n t .
atmospheric ~
climatic ~
depositional ~ ,

environmental ~ ,

geological ~
hydrological ~
ice ~
ice-marginal ~
roof ~ ,
topographic ~
underground ~
conductance
c o n d u c t i o n 1. 2 .

c o n d u c t i v i t y 1. 2 .
;
capillary ~
eddy ~ ,

heat ~
specific ~
surface ~
thermal ~
thermometric ~
conductometry

conductor
c o n d u c t o r 1. 2 . ,

c o n d u i t 1. ,
()
2. ;
u n d e r f l o w ~ 1. 2 .
3 . ,

volcanic ~ [ ]
C o n d y l a r t h r a . ,

c o n d y l e 1. Vert, 2 . Rad., Bryoz.


,
occipital ~
c o n e 1. 2 .
, 3 . . 4 . ()
~ of d e j e c t i o n
~ of d e p r e s s i o n ,

~ of d e t r i t u s
~ of e r u p t i o n
~ of e x h a u s t i o n
~ of i n f l u e n c e
~ of i n f l u e n c e of w e l l
~ of m a x i m u m s h e a r s t r a i n

~ of no d i s t o r t i o n
~ of p r e s s u r e relief
~ of shell
ablation ~
abyssal ~
adventive ~ ,
agglutinate ~
alluvial ~
a p i c a l ~ .
ash ~
avalanche ~
blister ~ ,
,
breached ~ ,

cinder ~
composite ~ ,
;
crater ~
cycadean ~
d e b r i s ~ 1. 2 .
,
3 .

deep-sea ~
deltaic ~
detrital ~
dirt ~ -
d r i b l e t ~ (
)
faulted volcanic ~

fractured volcanic ~

geyser ~
grooved ~
ice ~
irregularly truncated ~

lapilli ~
lateral ~ ,
l a v a ~ 1. 2 .
littoral ~
long-dormant ~

m u d ~ 1. ,
2 . (


)
outwash ~
parasitic ~ ,
p r e s e p t a l ~ Ceph.
pressure ~ ,

pumice ~
pyroclastic ~
p y r o m e t r i c ~ . S e g e r cone
regular ~
ringed ~
s a n d ~ 1. 2 . -

scalene ~
scoria ~
secondary ~
S e g e r ~ (


)
s h a t t e r [shear] ~ ,

spatter ~
stratified ~
stratiform ~

submarine ~
subordinate ~ ,
talus ~ ,
terminal ~
truncated ~
tufa ~
tuff ~ ,

tuff-lava ~
v o l c a n i c ~ ,
wash ~
w a t e r ~
welded slag ~
c o n e - i n - c o n e (
,
)
c o n e - i n - c r a t e r (

)
c o n e l e t ( )
terminal ~
C o n e w a n g o a n . B r a d f o r d i a n
conferva ,
configuration
bed ~
c a r b o n a t e b u i l d u p seismic r e f l e c t i o n ~
(
)
c h a o t i c seismic r e f l e c t i o n ~
M O B (

)
complex sigmoid oblique reflection ~ ,
-

confluence

conglomerate

(
MOB)
c o n v e r g e n t seismic r e f l e c t i o n ~ ,

M O B
d i v e r g e n t seismic r e f l e c t i o n ~ ,

M O B
fill s e i s m i c r e f l e c t i o n ~
M O B
h u m m o c k y clinoform r e f l e c t i o n ~ M O B
m o u n d seismic r e f l e c t i o n ~
M O B
oblique seismic reflection ~
M O B
parallel oblique seismic reflection ~
-

MOB
p a r a l l e l s e i s m i c r e f l e c t i o n ~
M O B
progradational reflection ~
M O B
r e f l e c t i o n ~ M O B
shingled reflection ~
M O B
sigmoid reflection ~
M O B
stratal ~
s u b p a r a l l e l seismic r e f l e c t i o n ~
M O B
t a n g e n t i a l oblique seismic reflection ~

MOB
c o n f l u e n c e 1. (, );

(); 2 . ,

c o n f l u e n t ( ,

);
( )
c o n f o l e n s i t e (

)
c o n f o r m a b i l i t y (,

,
.

)
c o n f o r m a b l e (

)
conformal
conformality
c o n f o r m i t y 1. ,
2 . ( )
c o n g e a l 1. ; :
2. (), ()
c o n g e l a (

,
)
c o n g e l a t i o n 1. ; ;
2 . (
)
c o n g e l i f l u c t i o n (

)
c o n g e l i f r a c t (,


)
c o n g e l i f r a c t a t e (

congelifraction
congeliturbate ,
congeliturbation , ,

c o n g e n e r 1. 2 .

congeneric
1.

2.
congenial , ,
congeniality
congeries ; ;
c o n g l o b a t i o n 1.
2.
conglobe
conglomerate
a n g u l a r ~

arkosis ~
auriferous ~
basal ~
border ~
boulder ~
coal ~
cobble ~
crush(ed) ~
,
,

desiccation ~
dolomitic ~
edgewise ~
friction ~
i m m a t u r e ~ (

)
interformational ~

i n t r a f o r m a t i o n a l ~

marginal ~
( ,


)
m a t u r e ~ (

)
I
mud-pellet ~

mudstone ~
o r g a n o g e n i c ~

orthoquartzitic ~
pebble ~
plaster ~
(
,

)
polygenetic ~
(,

)
pseudoslate ~
pyroclastic ~ [
]
quartz ~
reef ~ (,

regression ~
(
,

)
sandy ~
s h e a r e d ~ ,

tectonic ~
volcanic ~
,
conglomeratic
c o n g l o m e r i t e (,


)
congregation ,
c o n g r e s s i t e (

)
c o n g r u e n t (
,

)
C o n i a c i a n , (

)
conichalcite , Ca, C u ( A s O ) O H
C o n i c o n c h i a .
c o n i d (


)
c o n i d i o s p o r e (
,

)
c o n i d i u m (
)
conifer
c o n i n g 1.
2 . (

) 3 . (, )

s h a t t e r ~
c o n i n g a n d q u a r t e r i n g (
);

()
conispiral -
conjugate
conjunct
connarite ,
(NiFe ) [Si (Si Fe )O ] [OH]
c o n n a t e 1. 2 . 3 .
; 4 . (
)
connection
continental ~ s
positional ~
connellite ,
C u C l ( S O ) ( O H ) 3 H O (?)
connellite-buttgenbachite
-
(
)
c o n o d o n t .
c o n o d o n t o p h o r i d i a .
conodrymium
c o n o i d a l , (

)
conophorium
conoplain ,

c o n o s c o p e (


)
c o n o t h e c a Ceph.
consanguineous
consanguinity
4

3 +

3 +

1 9

1 0

3 2

c o n s e q u e n t , ,

c o n s e r t a l , (

)
c o n s e r v a t i o n 1. ; 2 .
; 3 .

g a s ~ ( )
soil ~
;
c o n s i s t e n c e , ; ;

~ of soil
gritty ~

c o n s i s t e n c y 1. . c o n s i s t e n c e 2 .
, 2 . 3 .
4 . (. )
c o n s i s t e n t 1. , 2 .
(
, , )
c o n s o c i a t i o n (

)
consolidate ,
consolidation , ;

~ of s e d i m e n t s
s e c o n d a r y ~ (


,
.

)
soil ~
consolute ,

c o n s o r t i s m (

)
consortium

conspecific
c o n s p i c i l l u m .
,
constancy
~ of c o m p o s i t i o n
~ of i n t e r f a c i a l a n g l e s
~ of r e l a t i v e p r o p o r t i o n s

c o n s t a n t , Jj
,
a f f i n i t y ~ .
attenuation ~ ;

channel maintenance ~
classical equilibrium ~

damping ~
decay ~ 1.
2.
dielectric ~
diffusion ~
disintegration ~
dissociation ~
elastic ~
elevation ~
equilibrium ~
g r o w t h ~ .

constituent
Lame's ~
lattice ~
o p t i c a l ~ .
precessional ~
sedimentation ~
soil ~
tidal ~
time ~ ,

transmission ~

,
constituent , ,
Jj
allothigenous ~ s []

associated ~
authigenic ~ s
banded ~ s
(),

derived ~ s []

fixed ~
fugitive ~ ,

incidental ~
insoluble ~
labile ~
mineral ~
petrographic ~

rock ~ []
secondary ~
terrigenous ~ s
trace ~
w e a t h e r e d ~ (
)
constructional ,
c o n s u m e r (,


)
c o n t a c t 1. Jj 2 .
3 . ,
, , across ~

abnormal ~ ;

barren ~ s ,

buried ~
chilled ~ 1.
(
);
2.

conformable ~
embayed ~
f a u l t ~
fluid ~ (



)
glide ~
g r a d a t i o n a l ~ ,

ice ~
igneous ~
inclined ~
intrusive ~

contour
magmatic ~
normal ~
plunging ~
sharp ~
slickened ~
sliding ~
stratigraphic ~
tectonic ~
welded ~
contact metamorphic

contact pneumatolytic -
contaminated
,

contamination ,
cross ~
ground ~
contemporaneous
c o n t e n t 1. 2 . , ,

ash ~ ,
borrow-pit moisture ~
()
equilibrium moisture ~

i m p u r i t y ~ (
)
liquid w a t e r ~
moisture ~
o i l , ~ (

)
o r g a n i c ~ of s e d i m e n t s

s e d i m e n t ~ (
);
s e g r e g a t e d ash ~ [ ]
soil m o i s t u r e ~

t r u e ash ~ (

)
c o n t e r m i n a t e ( ,
)
contiguity ,
(. ,
)
contiguous
,
,
, , (.
,
)
continent , ,
drifting ~ []

continental
continentality
continuity , ,

~ of dip
contorted , ;
; ;
c o n t o r t i o n 1. 2 . ;

intraformational ~
seam ~
c o n t o u r 1. , , 2 .
3 . 4 .

~ of oil s a n d

contoured
~ of w a t e r t a b l e ,
a c c e n t e d ~ ( )
approximate ~
auxiliary ~ ,

bathymetric ~
b o t t o m ~
carrying ~
closed ~
depth ~
facies ~
form ~
gravity ~ ,

index ~
intermediate sketched ~ ,

interpolated ~ ,

isanomalic ~
isodepth ~
l a n d ~ 1. 2 . [ ]
;
piezometric ~
sketched ~ ,

s t e r e o s t r u c t u r a l ~

structural [structure] ~ ,
, ,

submerged ~
subsurface ~ ,

supplementary ~ ;

c o n t o u r e d 1. 2 .

c o n t o u r i n g 1. 2 .

contraclinal
c o n t r a c t 1. ( ) , ( ) 2 .

contractility ,
contraction ; ; ;

~ of e a r t h s u r f a c e
end ~
lateral ~ []
rock ~ ;
solidification ~
transverse ~
contraflexure
c o n t r a g r a d a t i o n (

, .
)
contraposed
c o n t r a t i n g e n t (
)
contribution:
d r y hole ~
,

control:
erosion ~
flood ~ ,

formational ~
glacial ~
headwater ~
,
penetration ~
pressure ~
remote ~
rock ~
roof ~
shrinkage ~ ;

stratigraphic ~
(

)
structural ~
controller:
depth ~
C o n u l a r i i d a .
c o n u l e (

)
c o n u l i t e (
,


)
c o n v e c t i o n (1.
2.

3.

)
forced ~
free ~
heat ~
penetrative ~
single-step ~ []

step-by-step ~
tandem ~
thermohaline
~

(

)
two-phase ~
c o n v e c t i v e ( )
c o n v e r g e 1. , ,
2 . , (
,

)
c o n v e r g e n c e , (1.

2.


3. ,

4. ,

5.

)
~ of b e d s
~ of m e r i d i a n s
adaptive ~
Antarctic ~
internal ~
(
MOB)
meridian ~
r o o f [ t o p ] ~
convergent ,

coral

conversion
conversion , ,
, ,
c o n v e x i t y ()
convexo-concave -
convexo-convex
convexo-plane
c o n v o l u t e ( d ) (
)
c o n v o l u t i o n 1. .
, ;
2 . . 3 . ., .
convulsion
, ,
convulsionism
cookeit , ,
LiAl (AlSi )O (OH)
c o o k i n g of r o c k s
c o o l g a r d i t e ( ,

)
cooling ;
convective ~
marginal ~
c o o m 1. , 2 . ;
3 . (

)
4 . . c o m b e 1
c o o m b . c o m b e 1.
cooperite , ( P t , Pd)S
coordinate:
atomic ~
conventional ~ s

fabric ~
geodesic ~
plane ~ s
r e c t a n g u l a r ~ s 1.
(-
,

) 2 .

spherical ~
coordinator:
g e o p h y s i c a l ~ (

)
c o o r o n g i t e (

)
(1. 2.


)
copal ,
(


)
C o n g o ~ (

)
fossil ~
copaline, copalite ,
(
)
copepod ,
copepodit , ,
c o p e p t e r y g y Ins.
C o p e r n i c a n (1.

2.
,

)
copiapite
,
(Fe, Mg)FeI (SO )Ci(OH) 2OH O
coplanar ,

1 0

c o p p a e l i t e (

)
copped ,
copper
argentic ~
barrel ~
b l a c k ~ (. t e n o r i t e )
drift ~

e m e r a l d ~ (. d i o p t a s e )
f l o a t ~ 1.
2 . ,

flour ~
g r a y ~ (. t e t r a h e d rite)
g r e e n ~ (. . m a l a c h i t e )
h a i r ~ (
)
native ~
phosphor ~
porphyry ~ -
s h o t ~ (


)
v i t r e o u s ~ (. c h a l c o c i t e )
w h i t e ~ . d o m e y k i t e
w o o d ~ . o l i v e n i t e
y e l l o w ~ . c h a l c o p y r i t e
c o p p e r a s (. m e l a n t e r i t e )
b l u e ~ (.
chalcanthite)
green [native] ~
(. m e l a n t e r i t e )
w h i t e ~ [ ] (.
goslarite)
y e l l o w ~ . c o p i a p i t e
c o p p e r a s i n e ( ,

)
copper-bearing
i
copperish , ;
copperization []
c o p p e r y ;
copper-zinc-melanterite ,

c o p p i c e ;
coprecipitation
,
c o p r o g e n i c (

)
c o p r o l i t e (

,
.
,
,
)
c o p r o p e l ,
c o p u l a Crust,
coquimbite , F e ( S O J 9 H O
coquina

crinoidal ~
coquinite
c o q u i n o i d 1. 2 .
,

c o r a c i t e . u r a n i n i t e
coral
~ s of c o l o n i a l t y p e
ahermatypic ~
2

coralgal
amplexoid ~
aphroid ~ s
asteroid ~ s
attenuated ~
aulophylloid ~

auloporid ~
bundled ~ ,
bushy ~ ,

calceoloid ~ ,

cave ~

ceratoid ~ []
cerioid ~
chain ~
colonial ~
composite ~
c o m p o u n d ~ 1.
2.
cup ~
cyathophylloid ~
,
cylindrical ~ ^

dendroid ~
dibunophyllid ~
double-zone ~
fasciculate ~
four-part ~
halysitid ~
hermatypic ~
honeycomb ~

horn ~
lace ~
lonsdaleoid ~

massive ~
one-zone ~
organpipe ~

polycyclic ~

pyramidal ~
reef ~
reef-building ~
rugose ~
screw ~
simple [ s o l i t a r y ] ~
stick ~
tabulate ~
zigzag ~ -

c o r a l g a l - (

)
coralliferous
coralline
c o r a l l i t e (
)
scolecoid ~
trochoid ~
turbinate ~

c o r a l l o i d (

)
coralloidal ,
corallum ,
c o r b i c u l o i d (


)
corcagh
c o r c a s s (
-

)
c o r c k i t e (

)
c o r d 1. 2 . {
detonating ~
marginal ~
(

)
p e d a l ~ .
c o r d a
,
c o r d a i t e s (

)
c o r d a t e ( )
c o r d e d (
)
c o r d i e r i t e , ( M g , Fe) AI SiSOiS
hydrous ~
c o r d i e r i t e - n o r i t e
cordierite-pinite -
c o r d i l l e r a (

)
cordylite , (Ce, ) ()
c o r e 1. ; 2 . ,
3 .
~ of a n t i c l i n e
~ of fold
~ of r a n g e
~ of s y n c l i n e
~ of t h e E a r t h
arch ~
b o x ~ ,

clay ~
coal ~ ,
coil ~
detached ~
()
d e t a c h e d ~ of s y n c l i n e
;

detached aerial [detached arch] ~



d i a m o n d drill ~
drill ~
Earth ~
horn ~
ice ~
i n n e r ~ of t h e E a r t h
king-sized ~
l o w e r ~ ( F G)
m e a n d e r ~ (,

)
metal ~
()
o u t e r ~ of t h e E a r t h
rectangular ~
salt ~ ,
sidewall ~
2

corer

correction

trough ~ ;

v o l c a n i c ~
corer ;
E w i n g ~ (

)
gravity ~
hydraulic piston ~

K u l l e n b e r g ~ (

)
open barrel gravity ~
Phleger ~
P i g g o t ~
piston ~
side w a l l ~
S t e t s o n ~ (

)
vacuum ~

c o r e - s t o n e (

,

)
corf ;

C o r i b a n d (

,
,

)
c o r i n d o n . c o r u n d u m
c o r i n g 1. [ ] 2 .
3 . (

)
~ by lateral sounding

electrical ~
piston ~
corium , ,
cork
mountain [rock] ~
(
)
c o r k - f o s s i l (

)
corkite , P b F e ( P O ) ( S O ) ( O H )
c o r m o p h y t e (
)
corn:
glacier ~
c o r n a p t y c h u s .
c o r n b r a s h (

)
cornean ,
c o r n e i t e (
)
cornelian
corneo calcareous -
corneosiliceous
corner:
s e c o n d a r y ~ .

witness ~ ;

cornetite , C u ( P O ) ( O H )
c o r n i c e , ( )
glacier ~ ,
snow ~
cornieule

cornish ;

cornstone
cornubianite ,

cornubite , C u 5 ( A s 0 ) 2 ( O H )
c o r n u i t e (
)
c o r n u l i t i d s Jnv.
c o r n u s p i r i n e (

)
cornwallite , C u ( A s 0 ) ( O H ) - H 0
c o r o l a t i n e (
)
c o r o n a 1. . 2 . . , ,
3 . . ,
coronadite , P b ( M n , M n ) s O i 6
coronal ,
coronate
c o r o n e t Rad.
c o r o n i t e (


)
c o r o n u l a , (

)
:
resin ~
c o r r a s i o n (
,

)
lateral ~
correction ,
~ of r i v e r
base ~ ,
,
Bouguer ~
curvature ~ []
drift ~ []
elevation ~ []
fiducial time ~

f i l t e r ~ . [ ]

f l e x u r e ~ (

)
free-air ~ []

latitude ~ []
longitude ~ []
l o w - v e l o c i t y ~ . [ ]

p l a n e ~ [ ] (

)
sag ~ []
(
)
signal ~
slope ~ [ ]
spread [stepout] ~ []
(

)
s u r f a c e ~ . [ ]

temperature ~
terrain ~ [] ,
[]
tidal ~

topographic ~ []
t o t a l t i m e ~

2 +

4 +

correlatability
w e a t h e r i n g ~ . [ ]

correlatability

(
, , ,
,
,

)
c o r r e l a t e 1. , 2 . (

)
correlation ,
~ of f a u l t s
~ of s t r a t a
~ of s u r f a c e a n d u n d e r g r o u n d g e o l o g y

g e o l o g i c a l ~ (
)
intercontinental ~

linear ~
lithologic ~
local ~
regional ~
spot ~
stratigraphic ~
subsurface ~

t i m e ~ ,

w e l l - t o - w e l l ~

correlator
correlogram
c o r r e n s i t e (

)
c o r r i d o r (1.
2.
)
c o r r i e . , ,
corrode , ;
;
corroded , ;

c o r r o m . (,


)
c o r r o s i o n 1. , ; 2 .
, ,

()
magmatic ~
soil ~
corrosive ;
corrosiveness
corrugated ,
corrugation ,
c o r s i l i t e .
c o r s i t e (


)
c o r t e x 1. , 2 . ,

cortical , ,

c o r t l a n d i t e (

)
c o r u b i n (
)
c o r u n d e l l i t e (

corundolite [ ]
corundophylite ,
(Mg, Fe) (Al, Fe) (Si, A l ) O i ( O H )
corundum , A l O
star ~
corvusite , V O 6 V O s H O (?)
c o r y n i t e (
)
cosalite , Pb Bi Ss
cosedimentation ,

coseism
coseismal
coset ,
c o s m e c o l o g y (,

)
cosmic
c o s m i n e .
cosmochemistry
c o s m o c h l o r ( ,
,
)
cosmogenic
cosmogony
cosmography
cosmolite
cosmology
c o s m o p o l i t a n ( ,



)
cosmopolite ,
cosmos
cosmozoa , ,
,
cosolubility
cospecific ,

c o s s a i t e (
)
c o s s y r i t e (
)
c o s t a i. Bryoz. 2 . (
) 3 . (

) 4 . (

)
5 . (

)
6.
(

)
7 . (

)
8.
(
)
9 . (

)
costate ;
c o s t e l l a (



)
costibite , C o S b S
c o s t u l a (

)
c o t e a u .

cotectic
cotidal
c o t t e r i t e (


)
cotton:
mineral ~
silicate ~
cotunnite , P b C l
3

Cotylosauria

cover

C o t y l o s a u r i a Rept.
couch ;
c o u l e e 1. , 2 .
( )
3. ;

coulisse (

,


)
c o u l o i r (1.
2.

)
coulsonite , F e V O
c o u l t e r , (

)
c o u n t e r 1. [ ] 2 .
c e n t e r ~ (

)
Chayes point
Geiger-Muller ~
proportional ~
scintillation ~
counterclockwise
countercurrent ,
equatorial ~
countergangway

;
counterlode []
c o u n t e r p a r t (

)
c o u n t e r - q u a d r a n t Anth.

counterscarp ,
countertrade, countervein []

counting:
c o i n c i d e n c e ~ (

)
country ; ,

cockpit ~
earthquake ~
flat ~ ,
hard rock ~
lode ~
open ~
peneseismic ~ ,
r o l l i n g ~ 1. 2 .

rugged ~
seismic ~ ,

silt-covered flat ~
undulating ~
couplet ,
boulder ~
c o u r s e 1. ; () 2 .
(, ) 3 . , 4 . ,

~ of n a t u r e ;

~ of o r e
~ of o u t c r o p

~ of s e a m
~ of v e i n 1. 2 .
,

air ~
b a s e ~ 1. 2 .

bearing ~
bed ~
bedding ~
c l a y ~ 1. , 2 .
,
c r o s s ~ 1. , ,
2. [
] 3 . [ ]
cushion ~
damp ~

isogonal cross ~

leveling ~
magnetic ~
meandering ~
old ~
ore ~
, o r t h o g o n a l c r o s s ~ (,
)
pervious ~
snow ~ ,

stream ~ ,
subterranean river ~
winding ~
c o u r t z i l i t e (

)
C o u v i n i a n (
)
c o u z e r a n i t e (
)
covariation ,

c o v e 1. , ;

2. 3 . 4.
5. -
6.
7 .
8. 9.

covellite , , CuS
c o v e r 1. , , ;
,
2.
continental glacial ~

heavy ~
natural snow ~
platform ~
rock ~
r u g g e d p a c k e d ice ~
sedimentary ~
s n o w ~ (1.
,


2.


3.

)
soil p r o t e c t i v e ~
t e r r a c e ~
top ~

coverhead
v e g e t a t i v e ~
c o v e r h e a d (


)
c o v e r i n g 1. 2 . ;
; ;
~ of fold
c o v i t e (

)
cow.:
sea ~ Mamm. , ,
cowstone ,

;
c o x o p o d (

)
c o y o t i n g 1. 2 .

c r a b ,

c r a c k 1. ; ; ; ;
2 . (. ) ~ in t e n s i o n

~ of b r e c c i a t i o n ,

~ of ice
cleavage ~
concussion ~
c o n t r a c t i o n ~ 1. 2 .
,
cooling ~ ,

crescentic ~
cross ~ []
desiccation [drying] ~ ,

edge ~
face ~
friction ~
frost ~
hair(line) ~
heat ~
hinge ~
(

)
incipient ~
mud ~ ,
(
)
perlitic ~
permafrost ~ []
pressure ~
prism ~
rectilinear ~
shear ~
s h r i n k a g e ~ 1. 2 .
, 3 .

s o r t e d ~


)
strain ~
strand ~
sun ~
surface ~
syneresis ~ s
tension ~
thermal contraction ~
,

torsion ~
cracked , ,
c r a c k i n g 1.
2.
ice ~
mud ~
cradle
c r a g 1.
2. , 3 .
4.
c r a g - a n d - t a i l 1.

,

2. ,

cragged ; ; ,
c r a i g m o n t i t e (

)
c r a i g n u r i t e (
)
cramp ,
cranch
crandallite ,
CaAl (PO J (OH) -H O
C r a n i a c e a (
)
cranial ,
c r a n i d i u m (

)
c r a n k 1. 2 .
cranny , ;
c r a s s a t e l l i d .
crassexinite ,

c r a s s i d u r a i n (
)
crassitude
c r a t e r 1. ; ;
2 . .
~ o f collapse
~ o f elevation
~ o f erosion
~ o f eruption
~ o f fire
adventive ~ []
apparent ~
cauldron ~
chain ~ []
collapse ~
collapsed ~
complex ~
elevation ~
erosion ~
explosion
~
,

fossil ~
geyser ~
impact ~
lateral ~ []
lava ~
lunar ~
main ~
marginal explosion ~
meteor ~
nested ~
old ~
parasitic ~
pit ~ ,
3

cratered

cretaceous

plugged ~
(

)
ray ~
shoulder ~
summit (pit) ~
tundra ~
cratered
crateriform
cratering
craterlet
cratogenic ,
e r a t o n , ; ;
steadfast ~
cratonal
c r a w l ( w a y )
craze ;
crazed
c r e a s e 1. 2 .

crednerite , C u M n O
creedite , , Ca.iAl (SO )(F, ) 2H O
c r e e k 1. ; ; ;
2. ; ;
b l i n d ~ . ,

sinking ~
thoroughfare ~ ,

c r e e p 1. , (


)
2. ; ;
3.
~ of c o n t i n e n t s
downhill ~
dry ~
earth ~
frost ~
;
hill ~
ice ~
mountain ~ ,
primary ~
rock-glacier ~
scree ~
secondary ~ []

snow ~
soil ~
surface ~
talus ~ ;
tectonic ~
t e r m i n a l ~

c r e e p i n g 1. 2 . 3 .

()
creep-wash []
crenate ,
crenella . , ,

c r e n i t e (
,

)
crenitic
c r e n o g e n e (

c r e n u l a . ,
c r e n u l a r i u m Crin.
crenulated ,
crenulation
c r e n u l i t e (


)
c r e o d o n t s Mamm. ,

c r e o l i n e (

)
c r e o l i t e ( 1 . -

2.
)
c r e p i s (
,

)
c r e s c e n t ||
c u r r e n t ~ [ U - ]

s t e p p e d ~ (

)
c r e s c e n t - s h a p e d , (

)
crescumulate
(
)
c r e s t 1. , 2 . . . ,
; , ();

()
3 . . ,
~ of b e r m
~ of r i d g e ;
~ of w a v e
beach ~
berm ~
dividing ~
frontal ~ []
hill ~
iliac ~ .
l a m b d o i d a l ~ .
(
)

m i l i t a r y ~ (

)
o c c i p i t a l ~ .
ore-shoot ~
ring ~
ripple ~
rounded ~
sagittal ~
septal ~
s h a r p ~ (

)
s h a r p l y defined ~ .,
.

smoking ~ ,

t o p o g r a p h i c ~

w a v e ~
crested
crestmoreite , C a S i 0 3 - 2 H 0
c r e t ( 1 .
, 2.
)
c r e t a 1. () 2 .
C r e t a c e o u s 1. , 2 . ,

cretaceous

cretification

cross-channel

cretification
c r e v a s s e 1. . , ;
2. , , ;
;
filled ~ ,

lateral ~
longitudinal ~ ,

marginal ~ ,
splaying ~
transverse ~ ,

crevassed
c r e v i s e 1. , ( );
( ) 2. ,
3 . . ,
;
fault ~
crew ; ;
()
drill ~
exploration ~
c r i b 1. , 2 . ..

cantilever ~
c r i b e l l u m Arthr.

c r i b r a t e , c r i b r i m o r p h ,
C r i c e t i d a e Rod.
crichtonite , F e
<Dei Ti660i69
crick
cricondentherm ,

( )
C r i c o t i d s Rept.

criggling ;

crimp Conod.
c r i n a n i t e (-
)
crinkle , ,
crinoid ,
coronate ~
dicyclic ~ []

inadunate ~
monocyclic ~ []
crinoidal
C r i n o z o a Ech.
c r i p p l e 1. 2 .
criquina
c r i q u i n i t e (


)
crisscross ,

-
crisscross-bedding
c r i s t a ( )
cristate ,
cristobalite , SiO
c r o c a l i t e . ,
c r o c i d o l i t e (

)
crocoite , P b C r O
c r o c u s (

,
)
c r o c y d i t e . ,

C r o i x i a n . (

)
c r o m a l t i t e (
)
cromfordite , P b C l ( C O )
cronstedtite ,
Fel Fei (Fei+Si2)0,o(OH)
c r o o k e s i t e , ( C u , Tl, A g ) S e
crook-veined ;

c r o p ,
,
t o ~ o u t ,

magnetic ~
cropping ,

cross:
a x i a l ~ (

)
b a s a l leaf ~ Rad.
s u r v e y o r ' s ~ .
crossasar ,
c r o s s - a s s i m i l a t i o n (

)
cross-bed
cross-bedded
;
-

c r o s s - b e d d i n g 1. ;
; 2.
,
~ of e o l i a n t y p e

~ of t o r r e n t i a l d e p o s i t s

angular ~
chevron ~ [ ]

choppy ~

compound ~
concave ~
convex ~
crescent-type ~

deformed ~
delta-type ~
dune ~ ,

eolian ~
furious ~
herringbone ~ []

high-angle ~
inverted deltaic ~

low-angle ~
planar ~
tangential ~
(

)
torrential ~

c r o s s - c h a n n e l (
)

2 +

crosscorrelation ,
c r o s s c u t 1. , , ;
,
2.
rock ~
stub ~
c r o s s c u t t i n g 1. ,
2 .
crossed lamellar
-
(

)
cross-entry ,
cross-fold
cross-folding
cross-gallery
cross-grading
cross-groove
cross-hatching []

c r o s s - h e a d i n g . c r o s s c u t 1.
crossing ,
~ of f a u l t s
crossing-over
crossite ,
albite ~
c r o s s - l a m i n a 1
cross-lamination
c r o s s o p o d i u m (

)
crossplot
cross-sea
cross-section ,

cross-spread
()
cross-spur ,

cross-stone', Al SiOs
cross-stratification ;

cross-stratum
cross-tunnel , ,
cross-webbed
c r o s s - w i r e s
croute calcaire
c r o w d i n g of m i n e r a l s

c r o w f o o t 1. 2 . .
c r o w n 1. , , 2 . ,
3 . , 4 . (
) 5 . (
)
convex ~
f u r n a c e ~ ,
plunging [swinging] ~ [
]
crown-in
crowstone ,

croylstone

c r o z l e 1. ( ) ( ) 2 .
(
,
)
crozzle ; ;
2

cruciferous
cruciform
c r u c i t e (1.


2.

)
crude ,
c r u m b l e 1. ; ;
2 . , , (
)
3. ;
crumbling , ,
(
)
c r u m i n a , (

)
c r u m p

,
)
c r u m p l e .
minor ~
crumpled
c r u m p l i n g . ,
intimate ~ ,
orogenic ~
crup
;
crura:
cardinal ~ ,
(
)
falcifer ~
radulifer ~
septifer ~
c r u r a l i u m Brach.
sessile ~
c r u s Brach.
arcuifer ~
c r u s h 1. ; 2 . ,
; 3 .
-
4 .
crusher
coal ~
ore ~
rock ~ ,

c r u s h i n g 1. ; 2 . ,
;
choke ~

glacial ~
graded ~
intermediate ~
stage ~ []

c r u s t 1- ; 2 .
3 . 4.
~ of t h e E a r t h
~ of t h e o c e a n
~ of w e a t h e r i n g
botryoidal ~
breakable ~
calcareous ~
complete ~
continental ~
coral ~
desert ~
Earth's ~

Crustacea
film ~ (

)
?foam ~ (

)
foundered ~
frozen ~
ice ~ , ,
M ~

marble ~

melt [milky] ~
night [nocturnal] ~
p e r f o r a t e d ~

r a i n ~

rigid ~
salt ~
s p r i n g ~
sun ~
transitional ~
wind ~
Crustacea
phyllocarid ~ ,

c r u s t a c e o u s 1. 2 .
c r u . s t a t e ( d ) 1. 2 .

crustification , ,
(
)
crustified ,
crusting
c r u s t o s e .
crut ,
c r y e r g i c , (

)
cryergy ,
cryic
crymium
c r y o c h o r e ( ,

)
c r y o c l i n o m e t e r (

)
c r y o c o n i t e 1. . 2 .

cryogenic ,

cryogenics ,
c r y o b a l i t e . ,
cryokarst
cryolaccolith
cryolite , , N a A l F
cryolithionite , N a L i A b F i
cryolithology
cryology
cryoluminescence
c r y o m e t e r (

)
cryomorphology
cryonival
cryopedimentation
cryopediments
3

c r y o p e d o g e n i c ( )
cryopedology , ,

cryophile, cryophilic ,

c r y o p h y l l i t e (
)
cryoplanation ,
cryoscopic
cryosphere
cryostatic
cryotectonic
cryoturbate
c r y o t u r b a t i o n (,


)
crypt:
s u b c o r t i c a l ~ .
c r y p t a c a n t h i i f o r m Brach.
cryptalgal
cryptalline ,
c r y p t h y d r o u s (

,
)
cryptic
cryptobatholithic
cryptoclase
c r y p t o c l a s t i c (

)
c r y p t o c l e d i d s Rept.
cryptocrystalline ,
c r y p t o c y s t .
c r y p t o d e p r e s s i o n (,

)
cryptodiran
c r y p t o d o n t Moll,
cryptoexplosion

[]

cryptogam [,
]
c r y p t o g e n i c (

)
cryptograined ,
cryptographic , (

)
cryptohalite , ( N H J S i F
cryptolite ,
(Ce, La, Nd, T h ) ( P O , S i O )
cryptomagmatic ,
c r y p t o m e d u s o i d Hydr.
cryptomelane , K(Mn +, Mn +)sOi6
cryptomere []
c r y p t o m e r o u s 1. ,

2 .

cryptooolitic ,
c r y p t o p e r t h i t e (
)
cryptorheic
cryptoseisms
cryptosiderite
c r y p t o s t o m e .
cryptovolcanic ,

Cryptozoic

crystalloid

Cryptozoic ,
c r y p t o z o o n (


)
c r y s t a l ||
acicular ~ [,
]
arborescent ~ ,

arrow-head twin ~ s

asymmetrical ~ []

b e r g ~ . r o c k c r y s t a l
biaxial ~
birefringent ~ ,

bladed ~ [
]
bounded ~
b u l l e t ~

calcareous ~
cavernous ~
column ~
c o l u m n a r ice ~
congelation ~ ,

corroded ~
cumulus ~
cup ~
curved ~
domatic ~
doped ~
edged ~
embayed ~
enclosing ~
encrusted ~ ,

flux-grown ~ ,

frazil ~
giant ~
growing ~
hopper ~
host ~ -, -
iceland ~
immature ~
incipient ~
irregular ~

left-handed ~ []
mix(ed) ~
mixed-layer ~ -
n e g a t i v e ~ 1.
2.

p h a n t o m ~ (,

)
positive ~
reabsorbed ~
right-handed
~

[]

rimed ~ ;

rock ~

rodlike ~
,
sand ~
scroll ~
seed ~
sheath ~
single ~
skeleton ~ [, ]

stellar ~
tabular ~
touching ~ s
transverse ~ ,

twin ~ -, ,

zoned ~
c r y s t a l l a r i a (


)
crystalline
coarsely ~
partly ~
crystallinity ;

crystallinohyaline
crystallite ,
c r y s t a l l i t i c (

)
crystallization
~ of m i n e r a l s
confused ~
controlled ~
deferred ~
facsimile ~
forced ~
fractional ~ []

heterad ~
initiated ~
mimetic ~
minor ~
primary ~
r h y t h m i c ~ (

)
spontaneous ~ []

crystallize ()
crystallized ;

crystalloblast
crystalloblastesis
(

)
crystalloblastic
(
)
crystallogeny
crystallogram
crystallographer
crystallographic
crystallography
structural ~
X-ray ~
crystalloid ,

crystal lolith

cupellation

c r y s t a l l o l i t h (

)
crystalloluminescence
crystallophysics
crystallothrausmatic

)
crystocrene
crystosphene ,

c t e n i d i a (
)
Ctenobranchia
c t e n o d o n t (

)
c t e n o l i u m (

)
C t e n o p h o r a .
c u b a i t e (
)
cubanite , , C u F e S
cube ;
cubek

cubem

cubicite , ,
cuboctahedron
cubo-dodecahedron
c u b o i d ( a l ) (

)
cubosilicite , ,

c u c a l i t e (
)
c u c h i l l a (

)
cucumber:
sea ~ ,
c u d - c h e w e r s Mamm,
Cuddapah ;

c u e s t a (


)
c u i r a s s Din,
C u i s i a n (
)
c u l - d e - s a c 1.
2. ,
3 .
4.
5. , ,

cule
c u l e t (
,

)
c u l l Il ;
culm 1., 2. .
,
4.
anthracite ~
coal ~

culmination , ,

a x i a l ~
geochemical ~

(
-.

,



)
culmophyre

culsageeite
(

)
c u l t u r e 1. (

,

. .) 2 .
argillite ~
b l a d e ~ .
Cochise ~
flake ~
Folsom ~
Khorezmian ~
neolithic ~
Oldowan ~
Ordos ~
paleolithic ~
Sogdian ~
Sumerian ~
Uittite ~
Ussello ~
Y u m a n ~
culvert ,
cumberlandite
(

)
c u m b r a i t e (
)
c u m b r e
cumengite , P b C u C l ( O H ) - H O
cummingtonite ,
(Fe, Mg) Si O (OH)
zinc-manganese ~ -

cumularspharolith
cumulate ,

cumulative , , ,

c u m u l i t e .
cumulo-dome
cumulophyric
cumulose
c u m u l u s (
,


)
c u n e a l , c u n e a t e , (

)
c u n e i f o r m 1. ( )
2 . .

c u n i c u l i For.
c u p Conod.
ampulla ~
(
)
cone ~
,
crystal ~
dorsal ~ Crin. []
melt ~
mounting ~
splash ~
sun ~
c u p e l (

)
cupellation

2 2

cuphole

curvature

cuphole ,
c u p o l a 1. 2 , R a d . ,
c o n i c a l ~ Rad. ,
intermediate ~
summit ~
trough ~
w a t e r ~
cuprite , , C u O
c u p r o a d a m i t e (

,
)
c u p r o a p a t i t e (

,
)
cuproauride , Cu Au
cuprobismutite , CuBiS
cuprodescloizite ,
Pb(Cu, Zn)(VO )(OH)
c u p r o g o s l a r i t e (
)
cuproidargyrite , C u J - A g J
cuprolovchorrite
cupromagnesite
(
)
cupromelanterite
(
)
cupropiapite , C u F e ( S 0 ) ( O H ) 20H O
c u p r o p l a t i n u m (

)
cuproplumbite , P b C u [ O H ( A s O ) ]
cupropolyxene
cupropyrite . ,
cuprorivaite , CaCuSi OiO
c u p r o s c h e e l i t e .
cuprosklodowskite ,
Cu(UOj) Si O 6H O
cuprostibite , Cu Sb(Te)
cuprotungstite , C u ( W O ) ( O H )
cuprouranite , C u ( U 0 ) ( P 0 ) 812H O
c u p r o z i n c i t e (

)
cupule ,
curculus
curie
curienite , P b ( U 0 ) ( V 0 ) - 5 H 0
curite , P b U O i 4 H O
c u r l ,
curlstone
c u r r e n t 1. , ; 2 .
a i r ~ ,
alongshore ~ []

b o t t o m ~
boundary ~
coastal ~
contour ~ ;

c o n v e c t i o n ~ 1. [ ]
2.
Cromwell ~
density ~
descending ~
diurnal ~

downward ~

drift ~ ,

E a r t h ~
Earth-air ~

ebb ~
eddy ~ ,
equatorial ~
feeder ~
flood ~
inshore ~
laminar ~
littoral ~
local ~
longshore ~ []
natural e a r t h ~ s
ocean ~
o f f s h o r e ~ ,
periodic ~ -
polar cap ~
r i n g ~ s (

)
rip ~ , []
salinity ~
s a t u r a t i o n ~
spasmodic turbidity ~
; ,

s t e a d y - t u r b i d i t y ~

stream ~
surface ~
suspended [suspension] ~ ,

telluric ~
tidal ~ -
t r a c t i v e ~ ( ),


t u r b i d i t y ~ ,

turbulent ~ ,

underset ~ []
upward ~
v a g a b o n d ~ s
w a r m ~
c u r t a i n 1. . d r i p c u r t a i n 2 .
, 3 .
,

~ of c o a l
d r i p ~ ( ,


)
c u r t i s i t e . i d r i a l i t e
c u r v a t u r e 1. , 2 . ,
,
~ of g r a v i t y
differential ~
h o r i z o n t a l ~ of a x i a l p l a n e s

outcrop ~ []

t e r m i n a l ~ .
v e r t i c a l ~ of a x i a l p l a n e s

c u r v e 1. 2 .
~ of e r o s i o n
~
of v a r i a t i o n
alteration ~
altimetric frequency ~

a p p r a i s a l ~ (

)
a r c h ~
area ~
b a c k w a t e r ~
boundary ~
C a s s i n i a n ~ (


)
clinographic ~
compaction ~
compression ~
concordia ~

conductive glow ~ s
critical ~
cumulative ~
depletion ~
depth ~
depth-velocity ~ ,
determinative ~
direct travel time ~
discharge-rating ~
()
dispersion ~
d r a w d o w n ~
drift ~ -
drop-down ~
duration ~
e a r t h ~
easy ~
energy decay ~ s
family ~
flow-duration ~

Gaussian ~ ,
, (
)
generalized ~
grain-size distribution ~

granulometric ~

inverse travel time ~


isodynamic ~ ,
isostatic ~ ,
isothermal ~ ,

l o w - f l o w f r e q u e n c y ~

loxodromic ~ ,

magnetization ~
meizoseismal ~

mesokurtic ~

O d e n ~ (
)
outlay ~

particle-size distribution ~

polar wandering ~ s

porosity ~
pressure ~
p r e s s u r e - f u s i o n ~

P r o c t o r ~ (
)
rating ~ ,

reaction ~
r e c e s s i o n ~ (
,

)
saturation ~
sedimentation ~
self-potential ~

shallow penetration ~

sine ~ ,
slope-discharge ~

S P ~ . s p o n t a n e o u s - p o t e n t i a l c u r v e
spectral-distribution ~

spontaneous-potential ~

stage-capacity ~

stage-discharge ~

stress-strain ~

summation ~
Sundberg resistivity ~

surface ~ ,

. D . ~ . t i m e - d i s t a n c e c u r v e
theoretical ~
tidal ~ -
t i m e ~ . t i m e - d i s t a n c e c u r v e
time depth ~
time-distance [time-path, travel-time] ~
(
),

t r o u g h ~
velocity profile ~
,
washability ~
curved ,
c u r v e - p l a t e (

)
c u r v i f o r m
curvilinear
curving , ; ;
face ~
c u r v i p l a n a r (
)
c u s e l i t e (-
)
c u s h i o n 1. 2 . ,

cusp

cycle

s n o w ~ (


)
w a t e r ~
c u s p 1. , , 2. Vert,
; Conod.
3 . , 4 . ; 5 .

beach ~ ,
g i a n t ~ s (

, ,

)
meander ~
,

storm ~
terrace ~
cusped, cuspidate
cuspidine , C a S i O ( F , O H )
c u s p - r i p p l e

c u s t e r i t e . c u s p i d i n e
c u t 1. , , 2 . ,
3 . , 4 . / (
) 5 . , || 6 .
7 . (
)
American ~
back ~ []
bevel ~
bottom ~
brilliant ~
center ~
cylinder ~
deep ~
first ~
heavy ~
n i p ~ , , (
)
open ~ , ,
rill ~ [ ]
shear(ing) ~
side ~
s q u a r e e m e r a l d ~

step ~
table ~
c u t a n d fill 1. 2 .
3.
c u t b a n k
cuticle
enamel ~
cuticular
c u t i c u l i t e (

)
cutification
c u t i n (

)
c u t i n i t e (,

;
)
cutoff 1. ; ;
; 2. ,
() 3 . 4 .
;
a r b i t r a r y ~ ,
chute ~ ;

meander ~ ;
neck ~
subterranean ~
(
)
c u t o u t (. , . .)
c u t t e r 1. (
)
2. 3 .
4. ;
coal ~
core ~
ice ~
rolling ~
sample ~ ,

snow ~
c u t t e r - l o a d e r ,

cut-through , , ;
; ;
c u t t i n g 1. , 2 . 3 . ,
4. / ,
b e n c h ~ ()

circus ~ ,

drill ~ s . c u t t i n g 4 .
hogbacked ~ ,

middle ~ ,

c u v e t t e 1. (

) 2. ,

c u y a m i t e (,
, ,
, ,

)
c w m (;

,
)
cyanite , , Al SiOs
cyanochroite , K C u ( S 0 ) - 6 H 0
c y a n o p h y c e a e
cyanophycin
cyanotrichite , C u A l ( S O ) ( O H ) .
2H O
cyathiform
c y a t h o l i t h . p l a c o l i t h
cyathotheca ,
(

)
cycad
C y c a d a l e s .
cycadophyte
c y c l e 1. 2 . . , 3 . /

~ of d e n u d a t i o n
~ of d e v e l o p m e n t
~ of e r o s i o n
~ of f l u c t u a t i o n
~ of r e l a t i v e c h a n g e of sea level

~ of s e d i m e n t a t i o n ,

accumulation ~
a n n u a l ~ of f l u c t u a t i o n

arid ~ []

1 2

cycle
b e a c h ~ (

)
B o u m a ~ (

,
)
Bruckner ~ ,
carbon ~
c a r b o n a t e ~
c l i m a t i c ~ (.

)
closed ~
conditioning ~
delta ~
diastrophic ~
erosion ~
e u s t a t i c ~
f i r s t - o r d e r ~ (
,

100200 . )
fluvial geomorphic ~

geochemical ~
geomorphic ~
geosynclinal ~
glacial ~
g l o b a l ~ of r e l a t i v e c h a n g e of sea level

hydrologic ~
i d e a l ~ ()

igneous ~
i n t e r r u p t e d ~ of e r o s i o n
irreversible ~
l a c u s t r i n e ~ (

)
lagoon ~
open ~
orogenic ~
p e t r o g e n e t i c ~
p h r e a t i c ~ (


)
p h y s i o g r a p h i c ~ (

)
piestic ~ [
]
reversible ~ ,

s e c o n d - o r d e r ~ (

1080 . )
secular ~
sedimentary ~
s e p t a ~ s Anth.


s h o r e l i n e ~
sun-spot ~
t e c t o n i c ~ 1. 2 .

t h i r d - o r d e r ~ (

1 10 . ;

)
v i t a l ~ of e r o s i o n
v o l c a n i c ~

c y c l e o l o g y ( ,


)
cyclic 1. 2 .

c y c l i t e (
)
Cyclocystoidea
c y c l o d o n t Biv.
cyclohexane , C H
c y c l o l i t h (

)
cyclone ;
tornado ~
c y c l o p a r a f f i n (

C H N ,
)
cyclopean ,
c y c l o p i t e (
)
cyclosilicate ,
c y c l o s t o m e s (

)
cyclosystem
c y c l o t h e m , (

)
c y c l o t o s a u r i d s Amph.
cylinder:
c e n t r a l ~ (

)
cylindrite , , P b S n S b S u
cylindroidal
c y m a t o g e n y (


)
c y m a t o s a u r i d s Rept.
cymbiosis
c y m b o s p o n d y l i d s Rept.
c y m o i d , (

, ,
)
cymometer
c y m o p h a n e (

)
cymrite , , Ba Al SiSOiD(OH) 3 H O
c y n o g n a t i d s Rept.
c y p h o n a u t e s (


)
c y p r i n e (
)
c y p r u s i t e (
)
cyrilovite , N a F e ( P 0 ) ( O H ) - 2 H 0
c y r t o c e r a c o n e (

)
c y r t o c h o a n i t i c (


)
c y r t o c o n e (
)
c y r t o c o n o i d (

)
c y r t o g r a p t i d .
c y r t o l i t e (
)
c y r t o l i t h (

)
styliform ~ , (
)
c y s t ., .
ho r a t e ~ Din.
p r o x i m a t e ~ Din.
6

1 2

cystid

damp

p r o x i m o c h o r a t e ~ Din.
t r a b e c u l a t e c h o r a t e ~ Din. x o
c y s t i d (


)
c y s t i p h r a g m (

,

)
c y s t o c a r p AIg.
cystoid ,
cytoplasm
c y t r o l i t e (
)

) t o ~ in ; t o ~ o u t

afterbay ~
alluvial ~
a n c h o r - i c e ~
arch ~
a r c h e d - g r a v i t y ~ -

check ~
closure ~
debris ~
dike ~ ;
diversion ~
drift ~
e a r t h ~
flood c o n t r o l ~
fluviatile ~ ,

gravity ~
g r o u n d w a t e r ~
hydraulic-fill ~

natural ~
phytogenic ~
puddle-core ~

rimstone ~
rock-fill ~ ,

r o c k s l i d e ~ 1. (

) 2. ,

solid g r a v i t y ~
spillway ~ ;

storage ~ , [ ]
weir ~
damage
;
;
||
; ;
biological ~ ()
flood ~ 1. ,
2 . ,
radiation ~
structural ~ ,

d a m a s c e n e d , (

)
d a m b o (


)
d a m k j e r n i t e (

)
dammed up
damming ;

d a m o u r i t e (
)
damouritization
d a m p 1. ; 2 .
(
)
3 .
(
)
4. , | |
, || , t o ~
down ,
fire ~ ,

D
dachiardite ,
(Ca, N a K ) S A l S i O 2 5 H O
Dacian
()
d a c i t e (

)
dacitic
d a c i t o i d (,

)
d a c t y l i t e (

)
d a c t y l i t i c (

)
d a c t y l o p o d (

)
d a c t y l o p o r e (

)
dactylotype
d a c t y l o u s ( );
(
)
d a c t y l o z o o i d (

)
d a c t y l u s Crust, ,
dad
d a h a m i t e (
)
d a h l l i t e ( -

-)
d a k e i t e . s c h r o e c k i n g e r i t e
d a l (,
)
d a l e , (

,
)
dalles ,
D a l l i n i d a e Brack,
d a l l i n i f o r m (

)
d a l l o l (, ,

,
)
Dalradian ,
(

)
dalyite , K Z r S i O
dam
1. ; ; ;

2. ,
3 . 4 .
.
, (
,

1 0

3 8

9 6

1 5

damping
r o t ~ ( )
stink ~
w h i t e ~ (

)
d a m p i n g 1. .
, ;
;
3 . ||
air ~ ,

asymptotic ~
critical ~
dynamic ~
electromagnetic ~

vibration ~
viscous ~
dampness ;
damposcone
d a n a i t e (
,

)
danalite , (Fe, Mn, Zn) Be (SiO )SS
danburite , C a B ( S i 0 )
d a n b y
d a n c a l i t e (
)
dandies
D a n i a n (


)
dannemorite ,
( F e , Mn, M g ) S i O ( O H )
d a n s (

)
d'ansite , N a i M g ( S 0 ) i o C l
daphnite ,
(Mg, Fe) (Fe, Al) (Si, A l ) O M O H )
darapskite , N a ( N O ) ( S i O ) H O
d a r g ,

d a r k - c o l o r e d (

)
dart:
c u p i d ' s ~ (

,

)
dashkesanite ,
(Na, K)Ca (Fe, Mg) (Si, A l ) O C l
dasht
dasycladaceae (.
)
d a t a ~ from c r o s s e d lines
( ); t o p l o t t h e ~
( ); (
)
air ~ ;
angular ~
available ~ , ,

basic hydrologic ~

descriptive ~ ;
()
design ~
empiric(al) ~
experimental ~
field ~
4

2 2

2 2

fluctuating ~

initial ~
input ~
m u l t i c h a n n e l seismic ~

numerical ~ []
output ~
palaeomagnetic ~
q u a n t i t a t i v e ~
r a w ~ ;

r e f e r e n c e ~ 1. ;
2, []

sampled ~
s h a l l o w seismic ~ ,

size ~
spatial physical ~ ,

stored ~

tentative ~
test ~
;

d a t e 1. ; ; ,
()
2 . (

)
~ of l o c a t i o n [ ]

dating ,
absolute ~

absolute K-Ar ~
carbon-14 ~

f i s s i o n - t r a c k ~
lead-alpha ~ -

obsidian hydration ~

radiocarbon ~

radiometric ~
relative ~
rubidium-strontium ~

-
s p o n t a n e o u s fission ~
(

t r i t i u m ~
datolite , C a B S i O ( O H )
d a t u m 1. 2 .
3 . b e l o w ~
; t o t a k e a s ~
,
c h a r t ~ (

, )
geodetic ~
leveling ~
lower low-water ~

low-water ~
4

daubree

decline

ordnance ~ ,

s e a - l e v e l ~

shot ~
sounding ~
stratigraphic ~
s t r e a m flow ~

s t r u c t u r a l ~
tidal ~ ,

d a u b r e e (

0,1

100-

)
daubreeite , B i O ( O H , Cl)
daubreelite , F e C r S
daugh

d a u k 1. 2 . ,
3 . (
)
d a u n i a l i t e (
)
d a v a i n i t e (
)
d a v i d i t e , A e B i ( O ), A = F e + ,
, U , C a , Zr, T h ; B = T i , F e + , V, C r
d a v i d s o n i t e (

-
)
daviesite ,
D a v i s i a n (

)
davisonite , 1 ( 0 ) ( ) - 0
davyne , , ( N a C a K ) ( A I e S i O )
(Cl, SO , ) -
d a w k 1. ( )
2 .

dawsonite , NaAl(CCb)(OH)
d a y 1. , 2 . 3 .
,
4 . ,
lunar ~
(magnetically) quiet ~
,
daylighting
,

(),

d e a d 1. , ;
2 . ( )3.

( ) 4 . ( ) 5 .
( ) 6 . ,
( )"!. ,

8 . pi ; ;

dead-end
d e a d i n g ,
deaerated
d e b a c l e 1. ; 2 .

3.
(.
)
debitmeter
d e b i t u m i n i z a t i o n (



)
d e b o u c h
( )

d e b o u c h m e n t 1. ( ) 2 .
()
d e b o u c h u r e 1. . d e b o u c h m e n t 2 . ;
(
)
3.
( ,


)
debris , , ;

animal ~
cliff ~ ,
coastal ~ ,

glacial ~
morainic ~
pyroclastic ~
rock ~
scree ~ ;
vegetable ~ ; ,
,
volcanic ~
decagon
decahedron
decalcification
d e c a n t 1. ; 2 .
d e c a n t a t i o n 1. ; ; ; 2. 3.
(

)
d e c a p i t a t i o n (
,
)
D e c a p o d a (
)
decarbonization
decarbonize
d e c a y 1. , (

)
2 . () 3 .
~ of w a v e s
aerobic ~
alpha ~ -, -
anaerobic ~
arrested ~ []

cascade ~
,
radioactive ~
rock ~
d e c a y e d 1. ; 2 .
,
deceleration
decementation
deciduous ; ;
,
decke ;
deckenkarren
()
d e c l i n a t i o n 1. () 2 .
3 . ; ;
magnetic ~
declinator
d e c l i n e 1. , 2 . , ;
3 . ; ; ;

~ of p i e z o m e t r i c s u r f a c e

~ of w a t e r t a b l e

~ of well

2 4

declined

deformation

flood ~
phreatic ~ ,

piestic ~

s n o w line ~
declined ,
declinometer
declivious ;
d e c l i v i t y ; ; ; ;
;
decoating
decollation
decollement
decoloration ,
thermal ~
d e c o m p o s e ,

decomposed
decomposition , ;

~ of r e f l e c t i o n
chemical ~
double ~
humic ~
decompression
deconsolidation
d e c o n t a m i n a t i o n 1. ( ,

) 2 .
decrement , ,
;
of z e r o ~
g r o u n d w a t e r ~
d e c r e p i t a t e 1. 2 .
d e c r e p i t a t i o n 1. ,
2.
decurrent ,
d e c u s s a t e 1. ,

2.
()
-

d e d o l o m i t i z a t i o n .
d e e p 1. ; ;
Il 2 . ;
3 . 4. ,
marginal ~
;

ocean ~ s
d e e p - d w e l l i n g ,

d e e p e n 1. 2 . ( )
deep-seated , ,
,
deep-water
deer
g i a n t ~ .
deerite , (Fe, Mn)i (Fe, A l ) S i I O ( O H )
D e e r p a r k i a n (

)
d e f e c t 1. ; 2 .
crystal ~
lattice ~

line ~
Schottky ~
defective ;

d e f e r e n t ( );

( )
defile , ,
d e f i n i t i o n 1. 2 . ,
()
deflagrability
deflagrable , ,

d e f l a g r a t e ; ;

deflagration ,
;
d e f l a t i o n , ,
, ,
d e f l e c t 1. ( ) (
);
2. ();
( ) ; 3 . () 4 .
( )
d e f l e c t i o n 1. (
)
2 . ; ; 3 .
()
4 . (
)
~ of t h e v e r t i c a l
c a p p e d ~ (
,

)
fractured ~
deflector
D e C o l l o n g u e ~ (



)
d e f l e x e d (
)
d e f l u e n t ( ,


)
d e f o l i a t i o n ,

deforestation ;
deform ;
deformation ; ;

affine ~ [ , ]

blastic ~
(


)
clastic ~
contemporaneous ~ ,
,
c o n t i n u o u s ~ (
,
,
)
discontinuous ~
elastic ~
exogenetic ~
(
,

)
geoidal ~
linear ~
nonaffine ~
nonrotational ~
paracrystalline ~
(,


)
permanent ~

4 4

1 1

defrost

delta

planar ~
plastic ~
polyphase ~
postcrystalline ~

precrystalline ~

protoclastic ~
repeated ~ []

residual ~
reversible ~
rock ~ ,
r o t a t i o n a l ~ []

ruptural ~ ,

tensile ~
torsional ~ ,

defrost , ()
defrostation ,
degeneration , ,

deglacial
deglaciation ,
d e g l a c i e r i z a t i o n (

)
d e g r a d a t i o n (1.

2.

3. 4.

)

~ i n size ; ~ u n d e r a t m o s p h e r i c in
f l u e n c e s

coal ~
c o n e ~ (.

)
size ~
d e g r e e 1. ; 2 .
~ of a b r a s i o n
~ of a i r s a t u r a t i o n

~ of a r c
~ of c o m p a c t i n g
~ of c r y s t a l l i z a t i o n
~ of c u r v a t u r e [ ]
~ of d i p , ()
~ of e l e v a t i o n [ ]
~ of e x p a n s i o n ,

~ of f r e e d o m
~ of h a r d n e s s
~ of h e a t ,

~ of h u m i d i t y
~ of l a t i t u d e ,
~ of l o n g i t u d e ,
~ of m e t a m o r p h i s m
~ of r o u n d i n g of g r a i n s

~ of s l o p e [ ]
~ of s o r t i n g
~ of w a t e r h a r d n e s s

compactness ~
geothermic ~
ordering ~
r e l a t i v e ~ of h u m i d i t y

zero
~

(
)
d e g r e e - d a y - (

)
dehrnite , (Ca, Na, K ) ( P O M O H )
dehydrate ,
dehydration ,
irreversible ~
d e h y d r o g e n a t i o n

delafossite , C u F e O
delaminate ;
delamination ;
d a l a t y n i t e (
)
d e l a w a r i t e (
)
d e l d o r a d i t e (
)
delessite ,
(Mg, F e + , Fe3+, Al) (Si, A l ) O ( O H )
d e l e v e l i n g (

)
delf 1. , , 2 . , ,
, 3 . ,
delhayelite ,
(Na, K) Ca Al Si O (Cl Fe SO ):, 18H O
d e l i n e a t i o n 1. , 2 .
,
topographic ~
dell 1. , 2 . (

)
dellaite , C a S i O ( O H )
d e l l e n i t e (
)
D e l m o n t i a n (

)
delorenzite , (Y, U, F e ) ( T i S n ) O
d e l p h i n i t e (-
)
delrioite , C a S r V O ( O H ) 3 H O
delta
arcuate ~
bay ~ ,
(

)
bayhead ~
b i r d - f o o t ~ (

)
b r a c k e t ~ (


)
cone ~
cuspate ~
d i g i t a t e ~ (

)
dry ~
esker ~
estuarine ~
fan ~

glacial ~
h u r r i c a n e ~ (


)
5

1 0

3 2

8 0

1 0

1 1

delta T
ice-margin ~ ,
,
-
intermittent ~
kame ~
lake ~
lake-head ~
l a v a ~ (


)
levee ~
lobate ~ []
low-tide ~
step ~
submarine ~
subsiding ~ []

tidal ~ -
torrential ~ ,
(
)
d e l t a T T (

)
deltafication
deltageosyncline
deltaic
d e l t a i t e ( )
d e l t a l o g y (

)
delta-mooreite ,
(Mg, Mn, Z n ) ( S O ) ( O H ) ^ H O
deltation
d e l t h y r i u m Brach.
d e l t i d i u m Brach. ,
deltohedron
d e l t o i d 1. . ;
2. ,
(
)
d e l u g e 1. , 2 .
d e l u v i u m . d i l u v i u m
delvauxite , F e ^ ( P 0 4 ) 2 ( O H ) 6 - n H 0
d e l v e 1. , 2 . 3 .

demagnetization
AC ~
a l t e r n a t i n g field ~

chemical ~
demagnetize
demand:
biochemical [biological] oxygen ~

chemical ~
d e m a n t o i d (

)
demarcation
geographical ~ ,

d e m e (,

)
d e m e r s a l (
)
demesmaekerite ,
P b C u ( U 0 ) ( Se O H ) 2 H O
demineralization
7

1 2

multiple
~

d e m i p y r a m i d Echin.
d e m i p l a t e s Ech.
d e m k h a (

,
)
d e m o i s e l l e (

)
d e m o r p h i s m (. w e a t h e r i n g )
d e m o s p o n g e (
Demospongea)
dendrite
spatial ~
dendritic , , ,
d e n d r o c h o r e (

,

)
dendrochronology
dendroclimatology
d e n d r o c l o n e (
)
dendrodate
dendrogram ,
dendrograph
dendroid
d e n d r o l i t e . d e n d r i t e
d e n d r o l i t h (

)
dendrology
dendrometry:
isotop ~ -

d e n e 1. ; , ;
2. ,
d e n h a r d t i t e (-

,
)
denitrification
d e n i v e l l a t i o n (

)
denningite , (Mn, Z n ) - T e O
d e n s e 1. ; 2 .
densification
densilog

d e n s i t o m e t e r (



)
density
a p p a r e n t [bulk] ~
critical ~
d r a i n a g e ~ (

)
dry bulk ~
,
g r a i n ~ (


)
gravimetric ~
relative ~
snow ~
surface ~
d e n s o f a c i e s (

)
densospore
d e n t 1. , 2 . , ,
|| ,
crater ~ []
p e b b l e ~
d e n t a t e , ,

2

dentation
d e n t a t i o n 1. 2 . () 3 . (
)
dentelation
d e n t i c l e .
denticulate
d e n t i c u l a t i o n 1. Ost. 2 .

dentition
a n o d o n t ~ ,
dentoid
dentpit ,
denudation ,
()
chemical ~
fluvial ~
pluvial ~ []
soil ~
denude ,
deoxidate ,
deoxidation ,
d e o x y g e n a t i o n
d e p a r t u r e (1.
2.
)
d e p a u p e r i z a t i o n (,
)
d e p e n d e n c e 1. 2 .
angular ~
linear ~
quadratic ~
second-layer ~

depergelation
d e p l a n a t e (
)
deplanation , ,
()
d e p l e t e , ();


d e p l e t i o n 1. ;
(
)
2 . (

)
d e p o a x i s (

)
d e p o c e n t e r (

)
depolarization
d e p o s i t 1. , || 2 .
; 3 . pi t o ~ t h e
sediments ,
~ of m o i s t u r e
~ s of s n o w
abyssal ~ s []

actinosiphonate ~ s
(
)
aggradational ~ s
allochthonous ~ s
alluvial ~ s
alternating ~ s [
]
annulosiphonate ~ s
(
)
aqueoglacial ~ s - []
aqueous ~ s

deposit
autochthonous ~ s
b a c k s w a m p ~ s
b a n k ~ s ,
(

)
bathyal ~ s
beach ~ s ,

bedded ~ s
bedded ore ~ s

bedding-plane
~s

b i o c h e m i c a l ~ s (

)
biogenic ~ s
biomechanical ~ s
blanket ~ s
boreal transgression ~ s

brea ~ s
by-stream ~ s
c a m e r a l ~ s Ceph.
carbonate ~ s
cave ~ s
cement ~ s

chambered ~ s ,

c h a n n e l ~ s 1. ,
2.
channel-fill ~ s
channel-lag ~ s
chimney ~ s
coal ~ s ;
coarse ~ s
coastal ~ s
coastal nonmarine ~ s
(
)
colluvial ~ s ,

commercial ~ ,

complex ~
concealed ~ s
condensed ~ s ,

contact ~
continental ~ s
covering ~ s
crevice ~ s ,
c u m u l o s e ~ s (
,

,

in situ, . )
debris ~ s

deep-sea ~ s
deep-water ~ s
deformed ~ s []

delta(ic) ~ s
d e s c e n s i o n a l ~ s (

deposit
detrital ~ s
disk-like ~
dislocated ~ s
d i s s e m i n a t e d ~ s (-.

, ,
)
drift ~ s
dumped ~ s
dust ~ s
enclosed ~
(
,
)
eolian ~ s
epigenetic
~s

e p i s e p t a l ~ s ( )
epithermal ~ s
estuarine ~ s
exposed ~ s ,
,
extraglacial ~ s []
faulted ~ s
ferruginous ~ s
filling ~ s

flanking ~ s
flood ~ s
flood-plain ~ s
fluvioglacial ~ s
f o g ~ s [ ] (

)
fumarolic ~ s
glacial ~ s []
glacial lake ~ s
glacial-marine ~ s [ ]
growing a v a l a n c h e ~ s

grain-flow ~ s -
halogenic ~ s
hanging ~ s
harbor ~ s
hemipelagic ~ s
heteromesical ~ s
heteropical ~ s
heterotaxial ~ s
h i g h coal ~

homotaxial ~ s
h u a n g h o ~ s
(
'
)
hydrothermal ~ s
hypogene ~ s
h y p o s e p t a l ~ s (
)
ice-laid ~ s
i m p r e g n a t i o n ~ s (
, -.
)
internal mechanical ~ s
(

)
interstitial ~ s ,
,
iron ~ s
5

-. . .

irregular coarse ~ s
isopical ~ s
lacustrine ~ s
lag ~ s
lagoonal ~ s
lake ~ s
late-glacial ~ s
lenticular ~ s
limestone ~ s
littoral ~ s []

lode ~ s 1. ,
2.
low-coal ~ s
magmatic ~ s
manto ~ s
marine ~ s
massive ~ s
meltwater ~ s
metalliferous [metal-rich] ~ s

minable ~
mineral ~

mural ~ s
(

)
near-shore ~ s
neritic ~ s
niveo eolian ~ s ,



nodular ~ s
o b s t r u c t i o n ~ s (

-.
)
offshore ~ s
oil ~ s 1. 2 .
;
open-space ~ s
ore ~ s ;

organic ~ s
overbank ~ s
o v e r l y i n g ~ s [ ]

oxide-silicate ~ s -

paralic ~ s
p e a t ~ s ,

pelagic ~ s
peneplain ~ s
petroleum ~ s
piedmont ~ s
pipelike ~

placer ~ s ,

podiform ~
point-bar ~ s
polygenetic ore ~

p r i m a r y ~ 1.
2.

129

deposit
prodelta ~ s ,

proglacial ~ s []
pyroclastic ~ s
r e p l a c e m e n t ~ s 1. ,
2.

residual ~ s []

rhythmic-bedded ~ s -

roll-type ~ s ,

saline ~ s
sandy ~ s
sapropel ~ s
s e d i m e n t a r y ~ s 1. 2 .

shallow-water
~s

sheet ~ ;

s h e e t flood ~ s ,

sheet-like ~ s
s h e e t ore ~
shelf-edge ~ s

shell ~ s ,
shoe-string ~
shore ~ s
siliceous ~ s
silting ~ s
sinter ~ s ,
s i p h o n a l ~ s Ceph. [ ]
skarn ~ s
soil ~ s
solid o r e ~ s
s o l u t i o n ~ s
(

)
spotty ~ s []

stratified ~ s []

s t r a t i f i e d ore ~ s

()
stream-laid ~ s
subalpine peat ~ s

subsequent ~ s ,
sulfur-free ~ s ,

superficial [surface, surficial] ~ s

synchronous ~ s []

syngenetic ~ s
t a b u l a r <~
talus ~ s ;
terrestrial ~ s []

terrigenous ~ s

depth
t o r r e n t i a l ~ s

unconsolidated glacial ~ s [ J
unworkable ~ s

upstream ~ s
vein ~
vertical accretion ~ s
water-logged ~ s

wind ~ s
workable ~ s
, ,

z e o l i t i c o r e ~

d e p o s i t i o n 1. , 2 .
<} ~ b y s t r e a m s
~ of s e d i m e n t s ,
[]
air-fall ~
d u s t ~
euxinic ~

ore ~
recurrent ~ []

shore ~ ;

d e p o t a s s i c a t i o n (


)
depressed ,
d e p r e s s i o n 1. , , ;
; 2.
,

<~ of l a n d
<~ of s u r f a c e level

backswamp ~ ,
,
boulder ~
closed ~
collapse ~
conical ~ ,
d e l t a - f l a n k <~
f r e e z i n g p o i n t <~
frontal ~
levee-flank ~ ,
,
minor ~ ,
p a r a l l e l - s i d e d ~

scour ~
s o l u t i o n <~ [ ]
s u p e r i m p o s e d <~
t h a w <~
t h e r m o k a r s t <~ ;
t r o u g h - l i k e <~ [
]
w a s h <~
d e p r i m a t e d (
)
d e p t h 1. 2 . ();
~ of b r e a k i n g ()

depthometer
<~ of c a m b e r ; ,

~ of c o m p e n s a t i o n i.
2 . . c a l c i u m c a r b o n a t e c o m p e n s a t i o n d e p t h
~ of c o v e r
<~ of e x p l o r a t i o n
~ of f o c u s , (
)
~ of f o l d i n g
~ of f r e e z i n g
~ of f r i c t i o n a l influence
~ of f r i c t i o n a l r e s i s t a n c e
<~ of i m m e r s i o n
~ of o r i g i n . d e p t h of focus
~ of p e n e t r a t i o n
~ of runoff
~ of s t r a t u m
abyssal ~
a v e r a g e <~
b r e a k e r <~
c a l c i u m c a r b o n a t e c o m p e n s a t i o n <~
,

c a s i n g <~ ,
(
)
crater ~
c r i t i c a l <~ ()
d i g g i n g <~ , ,
(),

effective shot ~
f i c t i t i o u s <~
focal ~ , (
)
g e o t h e r m i c <~
hydraulic mean ~
i n m o s t <~
layer ~
m a x i m u m ~ of seismic r a y s

m e a n s e a <~
n e u t r a l <~
predicted ~
reference ~
s h a l l o w ~ of soil
;

shot ~
s n o w <~
sonic layer ~ ,

s t a n d a r d ~ (

)
t h e r m o m e t r i c <~
threshold ~ ,

true ~
t u b i n g ~ ,

vertical ~
depthometer
d e p t h w a r d
derangement ,
(
)
derbylite , F e T i S b O S
6

d e r b y s t o n e (

, ,
)
d e r e l i c t (
,

)
d e r e l i c t i o n ,

d e r i v a t e s (,


)
c o a l <~ ,


d e r i v a t i o n i. , 2 . ,

derivatographic
d e r i v e 1. , () 2 . ,
3 . ,
derived , ,
d e r m a l i. . , 2 . .

d e r m a l i u m . ,
dermolith ,
d e r m o s k e l e t o n (
)
deroofing ;
d e r r i c k 1. 2 . , ,
;
desaggregation:
v e r m i c u l a r <~

desalination , ,
,
desalted
descend , , ()
d e s c e n d a n t (
)
descending , ,

d e s c e n t 1. ; 2 . , ,
3.
descloizite , Pb(Zn, C u ) ( V O ) ( O H )
desert ,
a q u e o u s <~
(


)
a r c t i c <~ [ ]
coastal ~
cold ~
extreme ~
low-latitude ~
near
r a i n <~ ,


rain-shadow ~

rock(y) ~
s a n d y <~
s t o n e <~
d e s i c c a t e 1. , 2 .
, , 3.
d e s i c c a t e d 1. , 2 .

desiccation ,
4

designation

detritus

d e s i g n a t i o n (

)
d e s i g n i n g ()
desilication
d e s i l i c o n i z e (
)
desilting
desilverization
zinc <~
desintegrated ,

,
desintegration ,
,
b l o c k <~
desintegrator
desliming
d e s m a (


)
d i c r e p i d <~
megarhizoid ~
t e t r a c r e p i d <~
t r i a x o n i d [ t r i c r e p i d ] <~
d e s m i d (

)
d e s m i n e . s t i l b i t e
d e s m i t e (
,


)
d e s m o d o n t s Moll,
Desmoinesian
(

)
d e s m o s i t e (
)
d e s m o s p o n g e .

desorb ,
desorbable
desorption ,
despeciation

desquamation , ,
()
d e s s ( ,
)
d e s t i n e z i t e . d i a d o c h i t e
d e s t r u c t i o n ; ;
d e s t r u c t i o n a l 1. (
)
2 . (,

)
deswelling
d e t a c h m e n t 1. (

,
.

);
2 . .

d e t e c t o r 1. 2 . ,

a c c e l e r a t i o n <~ ,

b a r r i e r <~ [ ]
beryllium ~
d i s p l a c e m e n t <~ ,

f i r e d a m p <~
f l u x - g a t e <~

g a s <~
h o t - w i r e <~ -
m a g n e t i c <~
m i c r o p h o n e <~

multiple ~ s ,

p i e z o e l e c t r i c <~

p-i-n <~ p i n
S c h w e y d a r m e c h a n i c a l <~
( )
seismic <~ ,
seismic <~ of d i s p l a c e m e n t t y p e ,

seismic <~ of v e l o c i t y t y p e ,

s e m i c o n d u c t o r r a d i a t i o n <~

t e m p e r a t u r e <~ ;

t h e r m o m i c r o p h o n i c <~

v a r i a b l e r e l u c t a n c e <~

v e l o c i t y <~ ,
deterioration
c l i m a t i c <~
determinant
determination
<~ of a g e
<~ of e p i c e n t e r
(
)
<~ of sign
()
a b s o l u t e a g e <~

a g e <~
c o u l o g r a v i m e t r i c <~

m e t h a n e <~
n e u t r o n - d e r i v e d <~

p o w d e r d e n s i t y <~ (
)
q u a n t i t a t i v e <~
r a d i o a c t i v e a g e <~

s p e c t r o g r a p h s <~
v o l u m e t r i c <~
determinative ,
determine
deterministic
detonate , ()
detonating , ,

detonation ,
detonator
e l e c t r i c a l <~
detrital , ; ;
d e t r i t i o n ,
d e t r i t o p h a g e , detritovore
d e t r i t u s ; ; ,

e n g l a c i a l <~
incandescent ~
(

)
reef <~ (

detrusion
detrusion , ,
,
deuteration
d e u t e r i c (

)
deuterium ,
deuteroconch For.
deuterodiorite
deuteroforamen For.
deuterogen'
deuterogenesis
deuterogenic
deuterogenotypic
deuteroglacial
d e u t e r o l o p h e Brach.
deuteromorphic
deuteropore For.
deuterosomatic
deuteroxide
deutonymph
d e u t o s u l f i d e of m e r c u r y , ,

devastation
development 1. ; 2. ,
()
3 .
, ();


()
4 . (
) 5 .
<~ of g a s ,
<~ of h e a t
<~ of v o l c a n o
accelerated [ascending] ~
()
d e c l i n i n g [ d e s c e n d i n g ] <~
e a r l y (
)
integrated river-basin ~

linear-tabular ~ -
m a p <~
marginal
1. 2 .
()

oil ~
oil-field ~

p r o d u c t i v e ~ (
),

progressive ~
regressive ~
w e l l <~
z o n a l ~ of m e t a l l i z a t i o n

deviate , ()
d e v i a t i o n ; .
~ of t h e v e r t i c a l
compass
well
device ; ; ;

clearing ~
cushioning ~
leveling ~ 1. ;

(
)
2. ; ;
Lucas sounding ~
protective ~
seafloor sampling ~

sensing

undersea ~
devilline , Cu4Ca(S04)2(OH)6-3H20
devitrification , ,
d e v o l a t i l i z a t i o n (


)
devolution 1. , ,
2. , ,
devolve , ,
Devonian 1. , 2. ,

d e v o n i t e (
)
dewatering , ,

d e w e y l i t e (
)
d e w i n d t i t e , -
dexiotropic ,
dextral , ,
(
)
dextrality
dextrodont
dextrorotation
dextrorotatory
d h a n d ( ,
)
d i a b a n t i t e , ( M g , F e + , Al)e(Si, Al) OiO
(OH)
diabase
acicular
ashbed

spheroidal ~ []

spotted

diabasic
diablastic
d i a b o l e i t e , 21()4
d i a b r o c h i t e (

)
d i a c h r o n i c ( 1 .


2.

)
d i a c h r o n i s m (


)
diachronous ,
d i a c h y t e (,

)
d i a c l a s e (
)
diaclinal
d i a c l i v e s (

)
diacrystallic
2

diactin

diamantine

d i a c t i n (

,
)
d i a d (

)
d i a d e m o d o n .
d i a d e m o i d (


)
diadochite , F e ( P O ) ( S O ) ( O H ) - S H O
d i a d o c h y

d i a d y s i t e s (
)
d i a e n e (


)
diagenesis
~ of s e d i m e n t s
early ~
late ~
diagenetic
diagenism
d i a g e n i t e (

)
d i a g e n o d o n t (

)
d i a g l o m e r a t e (,


)
d i a g l y p h (,

)
d i a g n o s i s (
,

, ,

. .)
diagnostic
diagram ,
<~ of s t a t e
A C F ~ A C F (

)
A F M ~ A F M (

)
A ' K F ~ A ' K F (

)
b e t a ~
block ~ , [
]
collective ~
c o n c o r d i a ~ (


, . c o n c o r
dia)
c o n d i t i o n <~
constitution ~
contour ~
c u m u l a t i v e <~
entropy ~
equilibrium ~
f a b r i c <~
fence ~ -
flow <~
fluxion ~ ^
grain-size ~

Harker ~
iron-carbon ~

J a n e c k e <~
Larsen variation ~

load(ing) ~

nonselective ~

orientation ~
p a r a g e n e t i c <~
partial ~ []
performance ~ ;

p e t r o f a b r i c <~
phase ~
pi ~ -
point ~
p o l a r ~ ,

pollen ~
p r e s s u r e - v o l u m e <~
rectangular ~
refraction ~ ,

r i b b o n ~ (

)
rose ~ -
scatter ~
selective ~
selective elemental ~

sinusoidal ~
skeleton ~ , -
Stiff ~
stress-strain ~

s y n o p t i c <~ [ ]
temperature-salinity [T-S] ~

triangular ~
variation ~
vector ~
velocity ~
diagrammatic ,
d i a l 1. - 2 . ,
3 . ,
azimuth ~
calibrated ~ []

compass ~
dividing ~ , ,
index ~
mining ~
dialing
d i a l l a g e ( 1 .
2.

)
d i a l l a g i t e (,

)
diallagoid
d i a l o g i t e (. r h o d o c h r o s i t e )
d i a l y p e t a l o u s (
)
dialysepalous
dialysis
~ of r o c k s
diamagnetism
diamantiferous
d i a m a n t i n e (

diameter
diameter
a r i t h m e t i c m e a n p a r t i c l e <~

g e o m a g n e t i c m e a n <~

g e o m e t r i c m e a n p a r t i c l e <~

p e a k <~ (

)
phi m e a n p a r t i c l e <~

d i a m i c t (

)
d i a m i c t i t e (

)
d i a m i c t o n (

)
d i a m o n d 1. ; 2 .
,


a l l u v i a l <~
b l a c k <~ 1. 2 . . c a r b o n a d o 3 .
4 . ,

<~
c a r b o n <~
c o a t e d <~
C o r n i s h <~ [ ]

d r i f t <~ ,
e x t r a <~

h a r d core ~ s

premium quality ~ s

selected ~ s
t a b l e <~ [ ]
diamondiferous
diamond-shaped ,
d i a m o r p h i s m (
)
diancistra .
dianite , (Fe, Mn)(Nb, T a ) O
d i a p e p s i s (


)
diaphaneity ,
d i a p h a n o t h e c a (


)
diaphanous
diaphorite , P b A g S b S
d i a p h r a g m 1. ; ;
2 . (

);

(

)
diffusion <~
l a m e l l a r <~
p o r o u s <~
s e p a r a t i n g <~
t r a n s v e r s e <~
d i a p h r a g m a t o p h o r a .

d i a p h t h o r e s i s (

)
p o l y m e t a m o r p h i c <~

diaphthoric
d i a p h t h o r i t e (
)
diapir
diapiric
diapirism
d i a p l e c t i c (

)
diapsid
d i a p s i d a n Kept, ,
d i a r a . c h a r
diarch
d i a r e s i s (

)
d i a r h y s i s (

)
d i a s c h i s t i c , (
,

)
d i a s c h i s t i t e .
diaspore , A l O ( O H )
d i a s p o r i t e .
diastatic
d i a s t e m 1.
2 , .

d i a s t r o m e ( ,

)
diastrophe
diastrophic
d i a s t r o p h i s m (

)
diatactic
d i a t a p h r a l (
)
d i a t e x i s (

)
d i a t e x i t e (,

)
diathermal
d i a t h e r m a n c y (


)
diathermic ,
diatom , ,

c e n t r i c <~
p e n n a t e <~
d i a t o m a c e o u s (


)
d i a t o m i c i. . d i a t o m a c e o u s 2 .
d i a t o m i t e (1.

2.
)
diatomozonotriletes

d i a t r e m e (
,
,

),

diaxial

diaxon

diffusion

diaxon
dibasic
dibhole ,
d i b r a n c h i a t e ||
(. c o l e o i d )
dibunophyllid
dibunophylloid
dice
d e v i l ' s <~ (

)
D i c e r a t h e r e s (

)
dichlamydeous
D i c h o b u n e s (

)
dichogamy
dichograptid
dichoporite
dichotomous
d i c h o t o m y (1.

2. )
d i c h o t r i a e n e .
dichroic ,
dichroism ,
dichroite , , (Mg, Fe) Al SiSOiS
d i c h r o s c o p e (

)
dickinsonite
,
H Na (Mn, Fe, Ca,
Mg), (P0 ), -H 0
dickite , A l S i O ( O H )
d i c o l p a t e (
,

)
d i c o l p o r a t e - (
,

)
dicotyledon
dicranidian ,
d i c r a n o c l o n e .
dicrepid
dictyoclostid
dictyodromous
dictyonalia
dictyonine
d i c t y o n i t e ( )
d i c t y o s p o r e (

)
dictyostele
dictyotriletes
d i c y c l i c . ; ;

dicynodonts
didodecahedral
didodecahedron

d i d u c t o r . \ . 2 . (
)
didymograptid
didymograptous
didymolite , C a A l S i O
didymous ,
d i e t o <~ o u t 1 . ( ) 2 .
, (
)
die-back
dienerite , Ni As
D i e s t i a n (
)

d i e t e l l a (

)
dietrichite , (Zn, F e , M n ) A l ( S O J - 2 2 H O
d i e t z e i t e , ( ) ( C r O )
difference 1. ; 2 . ;
~ in h e i g h t
<~ of l o n g i t u d e
adjusted gravity ~
, ,

facies ~
l a t i t u d e <~
l o n g i t u d e <~
stress ~
tension ~
d i f f e r e n t i a l 1. 2 .
;
d i f f e r e n t i a t e 1. 2 .
3 . (), ()
b a n d e d <~
c r y s t a l l i z a t i o n <~

d i f f e r e n t i a t e d 1. 2 . (
)
differentiation
a s c e n s i o n a l <~ ,

b a n d e d <~

contrasted ~

c o n v e c t i o n a l <~
c r y s t a l l i z a t i o n <~

d i a g e n e t i c <~
e n d o g e n i c <~
e x o g e n i c <~
f i l t r a t i o n <~
g r a v i t a t i o n a l <~

gravity crystallization ~

m a g m a t i c <~
m e t a m o r p h i c <~

phase ~ []
p o t e n t i a l <~
r e a c t i o n <~
sedimentary ~
static ~
diffission (


)
diffluence 1. 2 .

g l a c i a l <~
diffluent 1. , 2.

diffraction
e l e c t r o n <~
neutron ~
X-ray ~
diffractometer
diffractometry
diffusion
eddy ~ []

2 9

digenite
e l e c t r o l y t i c <~
ionic <~ ,
w a t e r <~ [ ]
digenite , Cu Ss
d i g e s t i o n (

);
m a g m a t i c <~

digger 1. ; 2.
; 3 . ;
;
c o a l <~
g o l d <~ ,
d i g g i n g 1. ,
2. , ,
3 . pi , ;
;
b a r ~ s 1.
2 .
b e n c h ~ s ,

dry ~ s
gold ~ s
p e a t <~ 1. 2 ,

digitate(d) , ,

d i g i t a t i o n \. Gastr.
2 . . , ,

<~ of t h r u s t s h e e t s
d i g i t i g r a d e .
digitize
digonal
d i g u e . d i k e 1,
dihedral , V-,
dihexagonal
dihexahedral
dihydrite , ,
CUs(POi)
(OH) -H O
diiodomethane
d i k a k a (

)
d i k e 1. ( );

; ;
2. 3 . ;
4 . ; t o <~ in

a s s o c i a t e d <~ [ ] ,
,
b a s a l t i c <~
b r e c c i a <~ (
)
chilled <~ ,

c l a s t i c <~
c o m p l e m e n t a r y <~ [ ]
(
,

)
c o m p o s i t e ~ [ ] (

)
c o n e <~
converging ~ s
d i f f e r e n t i a t e d <~
d i l a t i o n <~ ,
9

)
e x p a n d e d s u m m i t <~ ,

f e e d e r [ f e e d i n g ] <~ [ ]

h e a d e d <~ ,


ice <~ 1. , 2 .

longitudinal ~
m i x e d <~ ( )
m u l t i p l e <~
(

)
n e p t u n i a n <~
p e b b l e <~ ( 1 .

,
2. ,

)
p r o t e c t i n g <~ [ ]
radial [radiating]

r e l a t e d <~
r e l i c t <~
r e p l a c e m e n t <~ ,
r i n g <~
s a t e l l i t e <~ [ ] ,
,
s i m p l e <~ ,

slip <~ [ ] ; (

)
s y n p l u t o n i c <~ ,

t a b u l a r <~ [ ]
t r a p <~
v e i n <~
w e l d e d <~ [ ]
w h i n <~
dikelet
dikites
d i k t y o g e n e s i s (

,
)
d i k t y o n i t e . d i c t y o n i t e
d i k t y t a x i t i c (

)
dilatable ;
d i l a t a n c y
<~ of m a g m a
d i l a t a t i o n 1, . k a t a s e i s m 2 , . d i l a t i o n 3 ,
4.
dilated
d i l a t i o n (,


, )
dilatometer
dillies
d i l l n i t e , A I i S S i O S ( O H , F)ieCl
dilobozonotriletes

dilsh ,

()
diluent , , ,

6

dilute
d i l u t e 1. () 2 . ,
,
dilution , ,
isotope ~
d i l u v i a l (


)
d i l u v i a l i s t ( )
/
diluvianism
d i l u v i o n 1. , 2 .
Diluvium
diluvium
dimble ,
d i m e n s i o n , || [
] 2. 3 .
4 . (
)
~ s of fold
angular ~ s []
, []
l a t e r a l <~ [ ]
rock ~ s ,
d i m e n s i o n a l 1. 2 ,

dimensioning []
dimensionless
dimetallic
d i m e t r o d o n Rept.
d i m i c t i c (


)
diminution ; ;
grain ~ ,

d i m o r p h (

,
)
dimorphic
d i m o r p h i s m (1. .
,

2. .

)
d i m o r p h i t e , AS4S3
dimorphous
dimple ; ; ;

dimyaria
d i m y a r i a n (

)
Dinantian ,
(
)
D i n a r i d e s (

)
dindaite
dingle
d i n i t e (

,
)
D i n o c e r a t a (

)
dinoflagellates
(

)
dinosaur
armored ~
crested hadrosaurian ~
duck-billed ~
o r n i t h i s c h i a n <~

dip
s u a r i s c h i a n <~
d i n o t h e r e s (
)
d i n t 1. , , ,
2. []
()
dinting:
s t o n e ~ [ ] (
)
dioctahedral
d i o g e n i t e (

)
diopside , CaMg(SiOa)
s t a r <~
diopside jadeite , N a C a M g A l S i O i
d i o p s i d i t e (
)
dioptase , C u S i O ( O H )
diorite
a r a b e s q u e <~
a u g e n <~
h y p e r i t e <~
nepheline ~
o r b i c u l a r <~ [ ]
q u a r t z <~
d i p i. , 2 . , ,
3 . , (,
)
(} <~ a t h i g h a n g l e ; <~ a t low a n g l e
; d o w n t h e <~ ;
u p t h e <~ ,
<~ of h o r i z o n ;
;
<~ of t h r u s t f a u l t p l a n e

abnormal ~
a p p a r e n t <~
c e n t r o c l i n a l <~ ,

depositional
. p r i m a r y d i p
e a s t ~
false ~
f a u l t <~
,

flat ~ []
f o u r - w a y <~
(
)
full <~
g e n t l e <~ [ ]
h i g h <~ [ ]
i n i t i a l ~ . p r i m a r y d i p
local ~ ,

m a g n e t i c <~ ;

m i g r a t i n g <~
(

)
m o d e r a t e <~ ( 30)
monoclinal ~ ,

normal ~
o f f s e t t i n g ~ (


)
o r i g i n a l ~ . p r i m a r y d i p
2

diphyletic
p a r t i v e r s a l ~

p r i m a r y <~ (

)
q u a q u a v e r s a l <~
( ); ;
(

)
r e g i o n a l <~
r e g u l a r <~
r e v e r s e d <~
s t e e p <~ .
,


s w i n g i n g <~ (
)
three-dimension ~
true ~
w e s t ~
diphyletic
diphyly ,

diphyodont
dipleural
d i p l o b l a s t i c (
)
d i p l o c l o n e .
diploconical
diplodal
diplodocus
d i p l o g e n e t i c (

,

)
diploid
d i p l o p o d Arthr.
diplopora ,

diplopores
d i p l o r h y s i s .
d i p l o s t e m o n o u s (

)
d i p l o t y p e (
)
diploxylonoid
dipmeter , ,

high-resolution ~

d i p n o a n ||
dipole
diporate
d i p p e r 1. ( ) 2 .

dipping ,
gently ~ ,
slightly ~ ,
steep(ly) ~
dipteran
dipterygy
D i p t y c h a .
dipyramid ,
dihexagonal ~
ditetragonal ~
ditrigonal ~

h e x a g o n a l <~
t e t r a g o n a l <~
dipyramidal
d i p y r e , (

)
d i p y r i t e 1. . d i p y r e 2 , ,
dipyritization ,
direction
<~ of d i p
<~ of m o v e m e n t
<~ of s t r a t a
~ of s t r i k e
<~ of t i l t
~ of t r u e d i p
b a s e <~ (

);
c l o c k w i s e <~
c o u n t e r - c l o c k w i s e <~

c r o s s - s t r i k e <~

current ~
dip ~
e x t i n c t i o n <~ (

)
glide <~
g r a i n <~
initial ~
l a t i t u d i n a l <~
offset <~
r e f e r e n c e <~ [ ] ,

reverse ~ []

rift <~
t r a n s l a t i o n <~

v i b r a t i o n <~
w a v e <~
X - ~ X
Y - ~ Y
Z- <~ Z
d i r t 1. ; 2 . 3 .
4. 5 .
black ~
c a t ~

f o l l o w i n g ~ 1. 2 .

p a r a f f i n ~ (
)
pay ~
wash ~

d i s a c c a t e (
)
d i s a g g r e g a t e ( )

d i s a g g r e g a t i o n (
)
(.

)
disappearance
~ of fold
~ of o u t c r o p ,
(,
)
disarticulate ,
disastrous ,

disc

disintegration

d i s c . d i s k
d i s c h a r g e 1. ; ; ; ()
2 . 3 . , 4 .
~ of g r o u n d w a t e r

~ of r i v e r
~ of s t r e a m
~ of s u b s u r f a c e w a t e r

~ of t r u n k s t r e a m

a b r u p t ~ , ()
a r t e s i a n ~ ()
a r t e s i a n ~ of w e l l ()
;

a v e r a g e ~ ()
b a n k f u l l ~ ()

base ~
(


)
d o m i n a n t ~ (
)
e v a p o r a t i o n ~ ()
flood ~ ()
gas ~ ;
h y d r a u l i c ~

intermediate ~
p e a k ~ [ ] ()
p h r e a t i c ~

sediment ~
soil ~
solid ~ ()
specific ~
specific ~ of well
s u r f a c e ~
v a d o s e - w a t e r ~

v e g e t a l ~
weir ~
d i s c h a r g i n g 1. , , ,
2. , 3 .
( ) 4 . ;
d i s c i f o r m .
D i s c i n a c e a Brach.
d i s c o a s t e r s (
)
d i s c o h e x a s t e r (

)
discoid(al) , ,

discolith ,

discoloration ,
d i s c o n f o r m a b l e 1. ,
2. ;
d i s c o n f o r m i t y 1. ,
2. 3.

evident ~
nonevident ~
d i s c o n t i n u i t y i. . (

) 2. ,
(
)
3 . .
. , ;
4. , ;
~ in E a r t h s t r u c t u r e
,
~ of s t r u c t u r e i.
2.

Birch ~ []
Conrad' ~ []
elastic ~ ,

M- ~
Mohorovicic ~
R i e l ~ (

; ,

)
seismic ~ ,
(,

)
v e l o c i t y ~ (

)
discordance ,
(} ~ by d i s h a r m o n i c f o l d i n g

angular ~
base ~
structural ~
d i s c o r d a n t i. , ,
, 2 . .

,
d i s c o r h a b d (
)
d i s c o t r i a e n e .
()
d i s c r e p a n c y 1. , ,
(

) 2. ;
; 3 . ,
a n g u l a r ~ ,

leveling ~
d i s c r e t e 1. , , ,
2. ;
d i s e m b o g u e ( ,
)
disengage , ;
disequilibrium ,
d i s g o r g e 1. ( ) 2 . ,
dish ; ; ; ;
( )
d i s i n t e g r a t e 1. ; ( )
; 2.
,
d i s i n t e g r a t i o n 1. ;
; 2. ,
;
alpha ~ -
atomic ~
beta ~ -
c o n t r o l l e d ~ 1. 2 .

granular ~ ,

ice ~ ,

radioactive ~
spontaneous ~
w e a t h e r i n g ~

disintegrator
d i s j o i n i n g .
disjunction ; ,

; , ;

d i s k 1. , 2 . .
b a s a l ~ (.
)
s u c k e r ~ .
dislocate , , ,

dislocated , ,

dislocation 1. , ,
, 2 . .
~ by a glacier ,
; ~ by salt plugs

Burgers ~

compressive ~
disjunctive ~
landslide ~ ,

plicative ~
radial ~
rupture ~ []
salt ~
s c r e w ~ .
s n a p p i n g ~

tangential ~
volcanic ~
d i s l o d g e 1. , 2 .
3 . (

)
d i s l o d g e d 1. , ,
2 .
d i s l o d g e m e n t 1. , 2 .

d i s m a l . ,
dismembering
d i s m i c r i t e (
)
disomatic
disorder ; , ~ in m i n e r a l s

d i s p e r s a l 1. ; ;
2 . ,
(

)
glacial ~
d i s p e r s i o n i. ; ;
2. 3 . ,
(
)
~ of g r o u n d w a t e r a r t e r y

~ of w a v e s
angular ~
a x i a l ~
birefringence ~

colloidal ~

colloid-chemical ~

crossed ~ ,

;

dust ~ []
hypogene ~
o p t i c a n g l e ~
disphenoid
cube ~
disphenoidal
d i s p h o t i c (

, .

)
d i s p l a c e m e n t i. , ,

2. 3.
~ of c o u n t r y r o c k [ ]

angular ~ ,
;
a p p a r e n t fault ~
continental ~
dielectric ~
fault ~ ,

fissure ~ ,
horizontal ~ ,

ionic ~ (
)
linear ~ ,

longitudinal ~ ,

magnetic ~
normal ~ ,

parallel ~
perpendicular ~
phase ~
real fault ~
,
relative ~ ,

sinusoidal ~
step ~
total ~ []
twinning ~
vertical ~ ,

d i s p o s a l 1. ; 2 .
(
);
;
(
)
ground ~
overburden ~
radioactive waste ~

spoil ~
subsurface ~
w a s t e w a t e r ~
d i s r u p t i o n 1. ; ; 2 .
,
()
d i s r u p t or ,
d i s r u p t u r e (

dissected

disturbance

dissected , ,
(. ,
)
d i s s e c t i o n , (.
, ,
)
interglacial ~
disseminated ,
d i s s e m i n a t i o n 1. , ,
2. ,
~ of s p o r e s [ ]
d i s s e p i m e n t Arch., Bryoz., Grapt.

horseshoe ~
lateral ~
dissepimental
d i s s e p i m e n t a r i u m Anth.
dissociation ,
d i s s o c o n c h (

)
d i s s o g e n i t e .
d i s s o l u t i o n i. 2 . 3 .
( ) 4 .
5 . ;
d i s s o l v e 1. ; 2 .
dissolved , ;
dissolvent
dissymetry ,
d i s t a l 1. ., . 2 .
( ,

)
d i s t a n c e 1. ; ; 2 .
; , ()
~ from
t h e focus ,

~ of e p i c e n t e r /
~ of t h r u s t (

)
angular ~
a t t e n u a t i o n ~ 1. (.
) 2 . .
c r o w - f l i g h t ~
d e c a y ~ 1 . () 2.
[ ] ()

e p i c e n t r a l ~ /
explosive ~ []

focal ~
g e o d e t i c ~

g r a z i n g ~
g r e a t c i r c l e ~

g r o u n d ~
long working ~
o u t - t o - o u t ~

projection ~
s l a n t ~
s l o p e ~
t r u e ~ [ ]
visibility ~
disthene , , A b S i O s
d i s t i s t e l a Crin.
d i s t o r t i o n 1. ;
(

) 2. , (

) 3 . ,

~ of m i n e r a l c r y s t a l s

amplitude ~
angular ~
barrel ~ ,

elastic ~
floor ~ 1. ,
(
) 2.
(
)
heterogeneous ~
homogeneous ~
zero ~
distributary ; ;
d i s t r i b u t i o n 1. , ,
2. , ,
3 . (

)
~ in t i m e
[ ]
bathymetric ~ ,

bell-shaped ~
(-.

)
bimodal ~
binomial ~
cumulative frequency ~ ,

frequency ~

g e o l o g i c a l ~ ,

gravity ~
,
lognormal ~
p a r t i c l e size ~
,
rock dust ~
seam ~
size ~
spatial ~ ,

spectral ~
stress ~
district ,
a r c h e d ~ . u p w a r p e d d i s t r i c t
coal ~
drainage ~ ,
lake ~
mining ~
u p w a r p e d ~ [ ]
; ;
distromatic
disturb
()
d i s t u r b a n c e 1. , , ,
2 . ; 3 . (

)
~ of soil
crustal ~
Green Mountains ~
local m a g n e t i c ~
occasional ~
Palisadian ~
(

disulfide
rock ~
sea ~
wave ~
disulfide ,
~ of c a r b o n ,
arsenic ~
iron ~ ,
ditch , ; ; , ;

~ of r o t a r y ,

infiltration ~
mud ~ ,
swamp ~
ditetragonal
ditrigonal
d i t r o i t e ,
ocellar ~
D i t t o n i a n , (

)
d i v a g a t i o n (


)
divariant
d i v a r i c a t e 1. || 2 .
d i v a r i c a t o r Brach. - , ,
divergence ; ;
structural ~
;
divergent ; ;
;
d i v e r s i o n 1. ; (
)
2.
river ~
w a t e r ~ ,
d i v e r s i t y 1. , ;
; 2.
faunal ~ ;
d i v e r t ( ) ; (
)
d i v e r t e r 1. 2 .

d i v i d e 1. 2 .
3. (); (); ;
;
consequent ~
continental ~

;

drainage ~ ,
,

glacial ~ ,
g r o u n d w a t e r ~ ,

ill-defined ~
subsequent ~
d i v i d e d 1. ; ;
2.
d i v i d e r i. pi 2 . ;
(
);

d i v i n e r . d o w s e r
d i v i n i n g . d o w s i n g

dolerine

d i v i s i o n i. . 2 . , (,

. .) 3 . ;
d o m i c i l i a r y ~ .
m i d d l e ~ of p r o d u c t i v e s e r i e s

stratigraphic ~

,

divot
dixenite , MnS(SiOa)(AsOs) (OH)
d j a l m a i t e . (. m i c r o l i t e )
djebel ; ; (

)
djerfisherite ,
K (Cu, N a ) ( F e , Ni)i S,4
djurleite , , C u i ^ S
d n e p r o v s k i t e (


)
d o a b 1. . 2 . (

) 3 .
d o a k 1. 2 .

d o a t y
(
)
dock ;
d r y ~
e n c l o s e d ~ ()

floating ~
d o c r y s t a l l i n e .
d o d d (
,

,

)
dodecagon
dodecahedron
deltoid ~
pentagonal ~
rhombic ~
dodecant
d o d o . (
)
d o f e l s i c ., .
d o f e m i c ., .
d o g 1. 2 .
l i f t i n g ~ (

)
safety ~
D o g g e r (

)
d o g g e r (U

,
,


2. .

)
d o g h o l e 1. .
(

) 2 . ,
( )
dogleg
(

)
dohyaline
d o l a r e n a c e o u s (
)
d o l a r e n i t e (


)
doldrums
d o l e r i n e ( ,

)
2

dolerite

dome

d o l e r i t e (1. . 2.

)
doleritic
dolerophanite , C u ( S O ) O
d o l i c h o c e p h a l s .
dolichosaur
Dolichosoma
Dolichotrilistrium

d o l i m o r p h i c (

)
d o l i n a , d o l i n e (

.
)
doll , (,

)
clay ~
loess ~ , (
)
dollar:
barite ~
(
)
d o l o c a s t (1.

2. ,

)
d o l o l u t i t e (



);

d o l o m i c r i t e (
,


)
d o l o m i t e (1.
,
C a M g ( C O a ) 2.

)
calcareous ~
calcian ~
calcific ~
fire ~ ;

zebra ~
d o l o m i t h (
)
dolomitic ,
d o l o m i t i t e . d o l o s t o n e
dolomi(ti)zation
contemporaneous ~

d o l o m o l d (

)
skeletal ~
(
,

25 /

)
dolomorphic
d o l o r e s i t e , HsVeOie
d o l o r u d i t e (
,

)
d o l o s i l t i t e (

)
d o l o s p a r i t e (

)
d o l o s t o n e (


)
dolychopterygy ,
domain ,
fabric ~
ferromagnetic
~

time ~
domal ,
d o m a n i k (
-

)
domatic ,
d o m e 1. ; ; ,
;
2 . .
a i r ~ (
,
)
anticlinal ~
b a s a l t i c ~
broad-topped ~
closed ~
coastal ~ s

crater ~
cross-axes ~
cumulo ~
cylindrical plug type ~

deep-seated ~
desert ~
endogenous ~
exfoliation ~
exogenous ~
extrusive ~
interior ~
intermediate depth ~

l a v a ~ 1. 2 . 3 .

mantled ~
nonpiercement ~
perforated ~
piercement ~ ,

planar ~
plug ~
pressure ~ ;
producing ~
quaquaversal ~ ,

saline ~

salt ~
sand ~
s c h l i e r e n ~ (
,

)
shallow ~
side ~
steep-sided ~ ,

downwearing

dome-folded
swelling ~ , ,

topographic ~ , ,

volcanic ~
w a t e r ~
dome-folded
,
,

D o m e r i a n , (

)
dome-shaped
,
,

domeykite , C u A s
domical
d o m i c i l i u m Ost.
doming ;
surface ~
d o m i t e .
d o m o i k i c (

)
d o n a c i f o r m (
)
donathite , (Fe, Mg)-(Cr, F e ) O
d o n g a ( 1 .

2.

)
d o o d l e b u g . (


)
dook ; ;

d o p a t i c (

)
dopplerite
dopplerite-sapropel -
d o r b a n k (

,
)
d o r e i t e .
d o r g a l i t e .
d o r m a n c y i. . ,
, 2 . .

d o r m a n t , (
)
d o r n i c k , d o r n o c k (

)
d o r r (

,
)
d o r s a l ,
dorsibiconcave -
d o r s o l a t e r a l -
dorsomyarian
dorso-ventral -
d o r s u m 1 . , 2 . Ceph.

dosalic
d o s e m i c , (

)
dot:
c a r i n a l ~ For.
d o t e 1. 2 .
dotted ,
double-serrate
d o u b l e t (
)
double-wound ,
doubling
d o u b l u r e Tril.
3

d o u g h n u t , (,


)
douglasite , K F e C l 2 H O
d o u p
()
doverite , C a Y ( C O J F
d o w e l i n g Ech.
d o w n . ;
d o w n b u c k l e (

)
downbuckling ;
downbuilding
d o w n c a r t
d o w n c a s t 1. 2 .
3 . ,
d o w n c o a s t
downcutting ,
d o w n d i p
downdraft
downfall
intracrateral ~

downfaulted
downflow
d o w n f o l d , , ,

downgrade ,
d o w n h i l l 1. 2 . 3 .
,
downhole
d o w n l a p . . ,

apparent ~
(
)
distal ~

seismic ~ ,

d o w n l e a p ()
d o w n p o u r 1. , 2 . (

)
downpunching
downsand
downside []
d o w n s l o p e i. 2 .
downstopping ,

d o w n s t r e a m 1 . 2 .
d o w n t h r o w 1. , 2.
3 .

a p p a r e n t ~
t r u e ~
downthrown ,
D o w n t o n i a n (
)
downward , ;

downwarp
d o w n w a r p i n g , , ,
(

,

)
downwash
d ow n w a s t i n g ,

downwearing
2

d o w n w e l l i n g , (


)
d o w s e r 1. (,


*)
2.

d o w s i n g

d o x e n i c (

)
dradge
d r a f t 1. ; 2 . ;
3 .
d r a g 1. 2 . 3 . ;
Il , 4 .
5.
6 . 7.
8 . (

)
reverse ~
viscous ~
d r a g - d i p (
)
dragging
~ of m i n e r a l s
undercurrent ~
dragline ,

stripper ~ -

d r a g m a (

)
d r a i n 1. , , 2 . ,
3 . ||
t o ~ off , ;
blind ~ [ ]
catchwater ~ ;
cross ~
opencut ~
sand ~
vertical ~
well ~
drainage ;
accordant ~
aimless ~
arborescent ~
a r t e r i a l ~ i.
2.
autogenetic ~ ,
b a c k h a n d ~ (


)
barbed ~
beaded ~
closed ~ . i n l a n d d r a i n a g e
concordant ~
dendritic ~ []

discordant ~
dismembered ~
e x t e r n a l ~ ( ,

)
g l a c i a l ~ 1. 2 .

gravity ~
inland [interior, internal] ~

( ,
),
insequent ~ ;
radial ~ ,
subglacial ~ ,
drainageway ,
d r a k o n i t e (
)
d r a p e r y (
)
d r a p i n g (


)
dravite , N a M g A l ( B O s ) ( S i O i ) ( O H )
d r a w i. , ( ) 2.
3 . (1.

2. ,

3.

)
) t o ~ a d r i f t
; to ~ to scale

drawdown
()
~ of well ()


multiple step ~

d r a w i n g 1. 2 .
coal ~
w a t e r ~ ,
d r e d g e 1. ,
2 . (

)
3 .
(
) 4 . 5 .
,
d r e e l i t e (
)
dreikanter ,
(

)
Dresbachian ,
(
)
d r e s s (),

t o ~ a b i t ()
d r e s s e d ( )
dresserite , 21 () ( O H ) 3 H O
dressing
()
mineral ~
ore ~
d r e w i t e (


)
d r i b l e t (

)
dries ,
, -
d r i f t i.
2 .
3. 4. 5 . . , 6 .
, 7 . (

) 8 . .

black ~ ,

b l i n d ~ , 3

driftage

drilling

;
,
continental ~ ;

contorted ~
cross ~ ,
day ~ ,

englacial ~
extraction ~
footwall ~ ,

f r o s t ~

glacial ~ ;
ice ~ 1, , , ,
2. []
inclined ~ ,
intraglacial ~
lateral ~
littoral [longshore] ~
longitudinal ~
monkey ~ ,

old ~
preglacial ~
ripple ~ ,
river ~
r o c k ~ 1. ,
2,
rubble ~
sand ~
sea ~
sheet ~
shore ~
s n o w ~ 1. 2 .
stone ~ ,

stratified ~
superglacial stratified ~

surface ~
terrace ~
unstratified ~

driftage ,
drifted ,
drifter
d r i f t i n g 1. ,
()
2, ,
b e a c h ~ 1. [ ]
2.

soil ~ , ,

transverse sediment ~

driftless ,
driftmeter
driftway
driftwood
d r i l l 1. , || , 2 .
, to ~ over
()
adamantine ~

air ~
air-drifter ~

auger ~

calyx ~

column [core] ~
cross-edged ~
crown ~
diamond ~
double core-barrel ~

electric air ~

extractor ~

fluid-powered ~
hammer ~ ,
j a c k h a m m e r ~
jumper ~ ,
percussion ~ ,

piston ~
plugger ~
pneumatic rock ~
pole ~
power ~
prospecting ~

r o c k ~ 1. , ,
- 2.

r o t a r y ~

shot ~
s h o t hole ~
splayed ~
stoper ~ ,

t w i s t ~ []
drillability
()
drilled ;
driller ,
assistant ~
d r i l l i n g 1. 2 . pi ~ in
; ~ o u t ; ~ w i t h air

b e n c h ~ 6 ,

cable-tool ~ -
chilled-shot ~
churn ~ -
core ~
deep ~
delineation ~
(.

,
)
diamond ~
d i a m o n d ~ for s t r u c t u r e

directional ~
d r y ~ (
)
exploration ~
hand ~

drillman
hydraulic rotary ~

jetting ~
line ~ ()
pillar extraction ~ -

portable cable ~ -
[]
probe ~
rope ~ -
rotary ~ []
rough ~ []

self-cleaning ~
slant ~
slim hole ~
small-bore ~ ,

superdeep ~
waterless ~
well ~
w e t ~ (
)
wildcat ~
year-round ~
drillman ,
drillship
ice-reinforced ~
(
)
d r i p ; ||
s a n d ~

d r i p h o l e (

)
dripstone , ,

d r i v e 1.
2 . , ,
3 .
a i r ~ (
)
depletion ~
dissolved-gas ~

edgewater ~
frontal w a t e r ~
g a s - c a p ~

internal gas ~
natural recovery ~

()
water ~ ;
driven ~ o n the b u t t
; ~ on the face

d r i v i n g ~ in c o a l
; ~ in r o c k
entry ~
d r o n g

d r o p 1. , || 2 .
3 . Il 4. pi
(,



)
drop-like
dropper [, ]

dumbbell
,
dropping:
fossil ~
dropstone ,
, ,
d r o w n , ,
drowned
d r o w n i n g , (

)
drug
d r u m 1. ; 2 . .
(
) 3 . . d r u m l i n
bailing ~
riddle ~ , ,

drumlin
h a n g i n g ~ ,

rock ~
till ~ , ,

d r u m l i n - d o t t e d (
,
)
d r u m l i n o i d (
)
d r u m l o i d (
,
)
druse
drusy ,
d r y 1. ; 2 . ,
3 . (

) 4 . || t o ~ u p
, ,
dryland
d r y o p i t h e c i n e .
d u b i o c r y s t a l l i n e (

)
dubiomicrofossil

d u b u i s s o n i t e (

)
D u c k L a k e (


)
d u c k t o w n i t e (
)
d u c t i. 2 .
; ;
resin ~ [ ]
d u c t i l e (
)
ductility
()
d u c t o l i t h (

)
d u d g e o n i t e (
)
duff 1. , 2 . ,
,
dufrenite , F e ^ F e ( P O M O H ) - 2 H O
dufrenoysite , P b A c S s
duftite , P b C u ( A s O ) - ( O H )
dull ; ; ;
dulls []
d u m a l i t e (
)
d u m b b e l l (

,

)
1 +

dumontite , P l ( U 0 ) ( P 0 ) 2 ( O H ) - 3 H 0

dumortierite , Ab(BOa)(SiCUbCb

dumortierite-quartz -
(
s t a b i l i z e d ~ (


d u m p 1. ( ) 2 .
)
3 . ()
4 .
successive ~ s ,

sword ~ []
bailer ~
tail ~
refuse ~
transverse ~
traveling ~
winter ~
(
umbrafon ~
,
u p s i l o i d a l ~ ( U, V
)
,
)
dumpling
U-shaped ~ U-
volcanic ~
vegetated ~
d u n (
wandering ~

)
w h a l e b a c k ~
dundasite , PIAl (CO )JXOH) 2H O
,
dune
. d u n g a n n o n i t e (
advanced ~

)
anchored ~
a t t a c h e d ~
d u n i t e (
)
barchan ~
d u n s (
,
blowout ~

, -
)
canyon ~
d u n s t o n e 1. , 2 . ,
chevron ~
,
clay ~
3 . ,
climbing ~

coastal ~ []
d u p l e x 1. , 2 .
complex ~
c r u r a l i u m ~ .
conical ~ []
s p o n d y l i u m ~ .
crescentic ~
duplexite , , C a B e A l O ( O H )
elephant-head ~ ,
duplication ;
(
~ of e p i c e n t e r s

d u p l i c a t u r e (

.
)
)
d u p l i v i n c u l a r (
established ~
,


)
falling ~ , ,
d u r a i n ( )
(

,
.
black ~

-)
cannel ~
fixed ~
gray ~
flood-plain ~
resinous ~
hairpin ~
spore ~
head ~ []
durangite , NaAl(AsO )F
heaped ~
hooked ~
D u r a n g o a n (

horseshoe ~
)
inland ~ ,
duration
~ of ice c o v e r

lateral ~
~ of p e r i o d
lee(-source) ~

longitudinal ~
oghurd ~
flow ~
d u r b a c h i t e (
)
parabolic ~

[]
d u r d e n i t e . e m m o n s i t e

d u r i c r u s t ( ,

perched ~ []


p h y t o g e n i c ~ (

)
durinite

r e v e r s i n g ~ (

)

)
ridge-like ~
durinode
sand ~
duripan
seif ~ [ ]
d u r i t e ( ,

shrub-coppice ~ ,
)
2

2 4

duroclarain

eakerite

opaque ~
d u r o c l a r a i n ( )
duroclarite

d u r o f u s a i n ( )
d u r o t e l a i n ( )
d u r o v i t r a i n ( )
dussertite , W a F e ( A s O I b ( O H )
d u s t
airborne ~
algal ~
anther ~
black [carbon] ~
coal ~ , ,

coarse ~
commercial ~
cosmic ~
d i a m o n d ~ 1. . 2 .
,
duff ~
emery ~
fine ~
gold ~
inert ~
inexplosive ~
inflammable coal ~ [ ]

limestone ~
magnesian ~ ,

meteoric ~
mine ~ []
organic ~
quartz ~
radioactive ~
rock ~
shale ~
silica ~
snow ~
space ~
stone ~ []
ultrafine ~
volcanic ~ ,

zodiacal ~
d u s t e r 1. 2 .
3.
stone ~
dusting ;
rock ~

d u s t l e s s ,
dust-tight
dusty
d u t t o n i t e , V O ( O H )
d u t y of w a t e r
d u x i t e (
)
d w a r f ||
dwarfed
dwarfing ,

dweller:
bottom ~

d w i p (
-
,

)
Ay (1.

2.

)
dyakisdodecahedron
D y a s . P e r m i a n
dyestone ,

dying out ;
()
dykite
d y k t y o n i t e (

)
dynamics
~ of solids
fluid ~
gas ~
dynamofluidal
d y n a m o g r a n i t e (
)
dynamo metamorphism
dynamometer
dynamometric
dypingite , M g ( C O M O H ) 5 H O
d y s a n a l y t e (
)
dyscrasite , Ag Sb
dyscrystalline
;

dysgeogenous
d y s l u i t e (

,
)
d y s o d i l e ( 1 . ,
,
-

2.

)
dysodont ,
dysphotic ,
d y s s n i t e (
)
d y s t o m i c (


)
d y s y n t r i b i t e , (


)
d y t o r y . Ay
dzhalindite , I n ( O H )
d z h e t y m i t e (

,

)
d z h e z k a z g a n i t e (

)

E

E a g l e f o r d i a n (

)
e a g l e s t o n e (

)
e a g r e 1. - ;
2. 3 . ,

eakerite , C a S n A l S i O I e ( O H )
2

ebelmenite

ear
e a r 1. Brach.
, 2. ;

earlandite , C a ( C H O v ) - 4 H 0
e a r l y .,
, ,
E a r t h (
)
contracting ~ ,

expanding ~
e a r t h 1. , , 2 .
A d a m i c ~ (

)
alkaline ~ ; ;

alum ~
asphaltic ~ ,

Barbados ~ ,

bitter ~
b l a c k ~ 1. 2 . ,
3 .
bleaching ~
b l u e ~ (
)
blue iron ~
b o g ~ (

)
brick ~ ,
brown ~
calcareous ~ ,

Cassel ~ ,
cave ~
cerite ~
Cologne ~ ,
diatomaceous ~ ,
ferruginous ~
floating ~
flow ~

F u l l e r ' s ~ (


)
green ~
heavy ~ ,
infusorial ~
lead ~
marl ~ , -

peaty ~
pitch ~
r a d i o l a r i a n ~ ,
,
rare ~ s
red ~ ,
s a l t p e t e r ~ (

)
siliceous ~ ,
;
silicon ~ , , S i O
vegetable ~
w a l k e r s ~ . F u l l e r ' s e a r t h
washed argillaceous ~
yellow ~ , ; ;
;
e a r t h f l o w ( 1 . 2.
3

)
earthquake
~ of d i s t a n t o r i g i n ,

~ of t e c t o n i c o r i g i n . t e c t o n i c e a r t h q u a k e
a r t i f i c i a l ~ (

)
cryptovolcanic ~

damaging ~ ,

deep ( f o c u s ) ~
denudation ~
destructive ~
dislocation ~
distant ~ ,

inland ~ ,
,

intermediate ~
i n t e r m e d i a t e focus ~
( 65 300 )
linear ~
local ~
m a j o r ~ (


)
moderate ~
n e a r ~ (

10001200

)
peripheral ~
principal ~
secondary ~
sensible ~
shallow ~
shallow-focus ~
short-period ~
slight ~ []
strong ~
submarine ~
surface ~
t e c t o n i c ~ (
,

)
volcanic ~
e a r t h w o r k 1. 2 .

earthy
e a s t i n g ,

)
eastonite , K M g A l S i O ( O H )
e a s t w a r d
e a s y 1. 2 . ,
e b a n o (,

)
e b b 1. ( ) 2 . ,
<} ~ a n d f l o a t [ a n d f l o w ]
,
ebb-reflux
ebbstream
e b e l m e n i t e (

)
2

2 0

eboulement

edifice

e b o u l e m e n t . , (. . l a n d
slide)
ecdemite , Pb As OyCU
ecesis (

)
echelon ,

en ~ . e c h e l o n
e c h i n a t e . (
)
echinite
echinoderm
e c h i n o i d '
b i l a t e r a l ~ (

)
biserial ~ []
exocyclic ~

[]

irregular ~
jawless ~
modern ~
regular ~
E c h i n o z o a Ech.
e c h m i d i u m Brach. (

)
e c h o d o l i t e . p h o n o l i t e
echogram
echometer
recording ~ []

eckermannite ,
Na (Mg, Li) (Al, F e ) S i O ( O H , F )
eckrite , NaCa(Mg, F e + ) F e 3 + S i 0 ( O H )
eclipse
e c l o g i t e .
e c o c l i n e (,

)
ecogenesis
ecologic
ecology
e c o p h e n o t y p e (


, ,

)
ecospace
realized ~

ecospecies ,
ecostratigraphic
e c o s t r a t i g r a p h y (




)
ecosystem
e c o t o n e (

)
ecotope ,
ecotopic
e c o t y p e (1.

2.


)
ecoulement ,
e c o z o n e (1.

2. ,

e c t e x i s .
e c t e x i t e .
e c t i n i t e .
e c t o b l a s t o m e r e .
e c t o c y s t Bryoz.
e c t o d e r m .
e c t o d e r r e Chit,
ectodynamic,
ectodynamomorphic
(
)
e c t o g e n e ( ,


)
e c t o g e n e s i s .
e c t o m a r g i n a l
e c t o o e c i u m Bryoz.
e c t o p h l o i c (
)
e c t o p h r a g m Din.
e c t o p r o c t (,


Ectoprocta)
e c t o s i p h u n c l e Ceph.
ectosolenian
(
)
e c t o s o m e .
e c t y o n i n e (
)
e c u m e n e (


)
e d a p h i c 1. 2 . ,
edaphology
e d a p h o n (

,
)
e d a p h o s a u r e s Rept.
e d d y 1. , [ ]
2.
back ~
backset ~ ,
,

E d e n i a n (
)
e d e n i t e (1. ,

2.

,
NaCa Mg AlShO (OH) )
e d e n t a l e s Mamm.
e d e n t u l o u s (
,

)
e d g e 1. , 2 . 3 . ; ;
4. 5. to ~ a w a y
; o n t h e ~
~ of c r y s t a l [ ]
~ of roof
absorption ~
a x i a l ~ , (


)
berm ~
f e a t h e r ~ (
)
free ~ ,
shelf ~

terrace ~ []
u p p e r ~ (),

wind ~
e d g e d 1. 2 .
edifice:
volcanic ~ , ,

2 2

2 2

22

edingtonite
edingtonite , B a A l S i O i o - 4 H 0
e d i s o n i t e (
)
e d o l i t e (
)
e d r i o a s t e r o i d s Ech.
eel .

effect , ; ;
Bernoulli ~
B o w i e ~ (

)
cap [caprock] ~
chilling ~
Christiansen ~
c o a s t ~ (

)
Coriolis ~
deuteric ~ [,
]
endogene ~ ,

exogene ~ ,

free-air ~ ,
, ,

greenhouse ~
Holmes ~
Jamin ~
macadam ~
(

)
mass ~
Merriam ~
p a u l o p o s t ~ . d e u t e r i c e f f e c t
pressure ~ , ;

Raman ~
regional ~
seismic-electric
~

shoulder-bed ~

Soret ~ , ,

strain ~
s t r o b o s c o p e ~
thermal ~ [] ,

thermoelastic ~
tidal ~ - ,
-
effervescence ;
,
efficiency:
barometric ~
compression ~
emulsifying ~
effloresce 1. 2 .
e f f l o r e s c e n c e 1. 2 . ,

salt ~ ,
2

sulfate ~ ,

e f f l u e n t 1. ,
2. ,
efflux 1. ; 2 . (,
)
submerged ~
effuse ,
effused
effuser ;
effusion , , ,

blast ~ ,
[]
effusive ( );

,
e g e r a n (

)
egg:
thunder ~ s ,
, ,

(
,
)
e g g e t t e
e g l a b
eglestonite , H g C l O
e g r e s s 1. (,

) 2. ,
e g u e i i t e ( Fe, Al, Ca)
e g y r i n a u g i t e . -
e h l i t e (. . p s e u d o m a l a c h i t e )
e h r e n w e r t h i t e (,

)
e h r w a l d i t e (
)
eichbergite , (Cu, Fe)(Bi, Sb) Ss
e i c o t o u r m a l i n e (

)
E i f e l i a n , (

)
e i g h t l i n g .
einkanter
einsprengling
e i s c i r ,

eisenandradit
eisenbeidellite
eisenbrucite
e i s e n m o n t i c e l l i t (,
)
eisenrose
(-

)
eisenstassfurtite


eisstein , , Na (AlFe)
e i s s t r o m n e t z (

)
eitelite , N a M g ( C O J
ejaculate, eject , ,

e j e c t a 1. (,

,

)
2. , ;
accessory ~ []

capillary ~
4

ejectamenta

elemental

clastic ~ []

cognate ~
essential ~
fragmentary ~ ;

juvenile ~
loose ~ ,

plutonic cognate ~ []

solid ~
volcanic ~ ,

e j e c t a m e n t a . e j e c t a
ejection ,
explosive ~
i n t e r m i t t e n t ~ s ( )

ejectite
ejector
core ~
e k a n i t e , ( T h , U ) ( C a , F e , Pb) SiRO O
e k e r i t e .
ekmanite ,
(Fe, Mg, Mn, Fe3+) [(Si, A l ) O i ] [ O H ]
e k s e d o f a c i e s (


)
e k t e x i n e ,
e k t o g e n i c (

)
elaeolite ,
e l a s m o t h e r i i d a e (

)
elastatic
elastic(al) ,
elasticity
~ of c o m p r e s s i o n
elasticoviscous ,
elastoplastic
e l a s t o v i s c o u s , e l a s t i c o v i s c o u s
e l a t e r (
)
e l a t e r i t e (, ,


)
e l a t o l i t e (


)
e l b (

)
elbaite , Na(Li, Al) -1 ()()(OH)
elbasin
Elbe
e l b o w (,

, . .)
~ of c a p t u r e

e l b r u s s i t e .
e l d o r a d o i t e (


)
electrode:
current ~ ,
t o w e d ~ , (

)
electrographitic
electrokinetograph:

geomagnetic ~
e l e c t r o l o g 1. 2 .

electromagnetic
electrophoretic
electrotape ,

e l e c t r o t e l e c l i n o m e t e r . e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c t e l e c l i n o meter
electroviscosity
e l e c t r u m ( 1 .
;


20 /

2.

)
element
a c c e s s o r y ~ . t r a c e e l e m e n t 1.
actinide ~
atmophilic ~
axial ~ s
biophile ~
chalcophile ~
c o n o d o n t ~ ,
conservative ~ s
crystallochemical ~

daughter ~
dispersed ~
e q u a n t ~
essential ~
fabric ~
host ~ -
linear ~
lithophile ~
longitudinal skeletal ~

m i n o r ~ . t r a c e e l e m e n t 2 .
native ~
n e g a t i v e ~ (1.


2. ,


)
nonconservative ~ s
organized ~ s
parent ~ []

petrogenic ~
planar ~
positive ~ ,

radioactive ~
sulfophile ~
s u t u r a l ~ Ceph. (

)
s y m m e t r y ~ s .
tectonic ~
thalassophile ~
thiophile ~
trace ~
1.
(,

)
2. (,


)
transuranium ~
typochemical ~
elemental

eleonorite
e l e o n o r i t e . b e r a u n i t e
elephant
southern ~
straight-tusked ~ ,

e l e u t h e r o m o r p h (


)
Eleutherozoa ,

e l e v a t i o n 1. , ;
2. ( ) 3 .

~ of d e r r i c k floor

~ of l a n d
~ of well
a n n u l a r ~ .
barometric ~
fixed ~
high-water ~
low-water ~
s h o t ~ (

)
shot-hole ~ ,

topographic
~

e l f - b o l t Ceph.
e l h u y a r i t e (
)
e l i a s i t e (
)
elision (

)
e l k e r i t e (,

)
e l k h o r n i t e (

)
e l l e s t a d i t e (
)
ellipsoid
~ of r e v o l u t i o n
deformation ~
Fresnel ~
Hough ~
index ~
(

)
reciprocal strain ~

strain ~
stress ~
ellipsoidal
elliptic
e l l i p t i c o n e Ceph.
ellsworthite ,
(Ca, Na, U) (Nb, T a ) O ( O , )
elongation ,
~ of g r a i n s [ ]
p o s i t i v e ~ (

)
unit ~ , ,

elpasolite , K N a A l F
elphidiids For.
elpidite , N a Z r S i O i 3 H O
Elster ,
Eltran

(
2

embrithite

J7

)
eluate ,
elution ,
chromatographic ~

complex ~ []
elutriant
e l u t r i a t i o n 1. , 2 .
;
chemical ~
mechanical ~
e l u v i a l (

)
e l u v i a t e d (

)
eluviation
eluvium
e l v a n (

)
b l u e ~ (
,


)
e l v a n i t e . e l v a n
e m a l d i n e (
)
e m a n a t i o n ; ; ;

gaseous ~
igneous [ m a g m a t i c ] ~
metalliferous ~
plutonic ~ s ,

radium ~
volcanic ~ s
e m a r g i n a t e (
,
.

)
e m a r g i n a t i o n .
embacle
e m b a n k (
)

;
e m b a n k m e n t ; ;
e m b a t h o l i t h i c (

)
e m b a y ()

e m b a y m e n t 1. 2 .
3 . 4 . .
5 . (

)
6. ,
(.
)
abraded ~
fault ~ , ,

landlocked ~
;

,
e m b e d d e d 1. ,
2.
embedment

(
,
)
e m b o l i t e , A g ( C l , Br)
embossed ,
e m b o u c h u r e , e m b o u c h e m e n t 1. () 2.

e m b r e c h i t e (
)
e m b r i t h i t e (

embryo

endobiontic

e m b r y o 1. , 2 .
volcanic ~ ;
embryonic , ,

e m b r y o p h y t e s .
e m b r y o p h y t i c .
e m e r a l d (1.
2.

)
Brazilian ~
evening [night] ~
oriental ~ ,
emerge , ,
emerged , ,

e m e r g e n c e 1. (
)
2 . .
emersio ,
(

)
e m e r y 1. , 2 .

e m i g r a n t (

)
e m i l d i n e (
)
eminence ;
e m i s s i o n 1. , , 2 .
; ;
~ of f i r e d a m p
~ of g a s
();

edge ~
fire d a m p ~
gas ~
methane ~
thermionic ~
emissivity
emittance
emmonsite , Fe Te Og 2 H O
emollescence ,
e m p h y t i s m (

)
e m p l a c e m e n t 1. 2 .
()
ore ~ ;

emplectite , C u B i S
e m p o l d e r 1. ;
(. . p o l d e r i z a t i o n )
2. ,
empressite , AgTe
e m p t y ( )
Emscherian , ,
(
)
E m s i a n , (
)
e n a l i t e (
,

)
enantiomorphism
enantiomorphous
enantiotropic
enantiotropy
enargite , C u A s S
e n a t i o n (

)
e n c l a v e (. . i n c l u s i o n )
enallogenic ~
homogeneous ~

pneumatogenic ~
polygene(tic) [polygenic] ~

tectonic ~ ;

enclose , , ,
enclosing , ,

e n c l o s u r e (
)
cognate [endogenous] ~
exogenous ~
e n c r i n i t e (1. . 2.
)
e n c r o a c h (
)
e n c r o a c h m e n t 1. (.

) 2 . ,
3 . . s a l t - w a t e r e n c r o a c h m e n t
c o a s t a l ~ 1. 2 .

edge-water ~
s a l t - w a t e r ~ (

)
w a t e r ~ ,
encrust
()
;

e n c r u s t a t i o n (1.

2.

3. .

)
encrusted ,
e n d 1. 2 . (} to ~ off
~ of c o a l

a i r l e s s ~ (
)
a n t e r i o r ~ of fold ,

a p i c a l ~ (

)
b a c k ~ 1. 2 . (
)
cutting ~
f l u t e d ~ ()

g a t e ~ (
)
marked ~
pitching ~
p o s t e r i o r ~ of fold ()

tail ~
()
u n m a r k e d ~
endellite , A l S i O ( O H ) 4 H O
e n d e m i c (

)
e n d e r b i t e (


)
e n d e x i n e .
e n d i t Arthr.
e n d l i c h i t e (
)
endoadaptation
(
)
endobatholithic
e n d o b i o n t i c ( ,

endoblastesis

)
e n d o b l a s t i c (1.


2.

)
endoblastomere
e n d o c a r p .
e n d o c a s t 1. () 2 .

endocochlia
e n d o c o e l Din.
e n d o c o n e Ceph.
e n d o c o n t a c t , ||

e n d o c y c l i c (
)
e n d o c y s t Bryoz.
e n d o d e r m .
e n d o d e r m i s .
e n d o d e r r e (
)
e n d o d y n a m o r p h i c ( )
e n d o g a s t r i c Ceph.,
Gastr.
(
)
endogenic, endogenous ,

e n d o g l y p h (,


)
e n d o k i n e m a t i c (
)
endokinetic
e n d o l i t h i c , (
)
endo(meta)morphism ()
endomorph
endomorphic
endomorphism
,

end-on ',


e n d o p e l o s (,


)
e n d o p h r a g m Din., Crust,
endophyte
e n d o p i n a c o d e r m .
endoplasm
e n d o p l e u r a . t e g m e n
e n d o p o d ( i t e ) Crust,
e n d o p o r e .
e n d o p s a m m o n (,

)
e n d o p u n c t a Brach.
e n d o p u n c t a t e
endoreism ; []
endorheic ;
e n d o s i p h o b l a d e Ceph.
endosiphocone
e n d o s i p h o c y l i n d e r Ceph.
e n d o s i p h o l i n i n g Ceph.
e n d o s i p h o n Ceph.
e n d o s i p h o t u b e Ceph.
e n d o s i p h u n c l e Ceph.
endosiphuncular
1

e n d o s k e l e t o n . ,

endosmose, endosmosis ,
endosmotic
e n d o s o m e .
e n d o s p e r m .
e n d o s p h e r e (
)
e n d o s p i n e Brach.
e n d o s p o r e . ,
endostatic
e n d o s t e r n i t e Arthr.
e n d o s t o m Arthr.
e n d o s t r a t i c (1.

2. ,


3.

)
e n d o t h e c a Anth.
e n d o t h e c a l Anth.
endothermic
endothyroid
endotomous
e n d o z o n e Bryoz.
endozodecial
endrumpf , ,

endurance ;
eneolithic ,
energy:
~ of a c t i v a t i o n [ ]
~ of d e f o r m a t i o n
coastal ~
form ~
free ~
G i b b s free ~
H e l m h o l t z free ~
internal ~
kinetic ~
lattice ~
p o t e n t i a l ~ of w a v e s

r e s e r v o i r ~ (

,
)
specific r e f r a c t i v e ~

surface ~
e n f l a g e l l a t i o n .
e n f o r c e 1. ( ) 2.
(
)
engineering:
river ~
englacial
englishite , ,
K Ca Al (PO W ) -9
e n g r a f t e d , (
)
engysseismology
e n h a n c e m e n t .

e n h y d r i t e ( 1 .

2. . e n h y d r o s )
e n h y d r o s (
,

)
2

1 0

enneri

Eonothem

e n n e r i (
)
e n n o m o c l o n e .
enrichment ;
downward ~
secondary ~
s u p e r g e n e sulfide ~

enrockment
ensiform ,
enstatite , M g S i O
e n s t a t i t e hornblendite
e n s t a t o l i t e (,

)
enstenite , M g S i O F e S i O
e n t a b l a t u r e (


)
entelechy ,
E n t e l o d o n t s Mamm. (


)
e n t e r o l i t h i c (1.

2.

,

)
e n t e r o n .
enterozoan
e n t e x i s (

)
e n t e x i t e .
enthalpy
e n t i r e ( );
E n t i s o l (
,
)
e n t o c o e l e Anth.
e n t o g e n e (


)
e n t o m o d o n t ( )
entomophilous
entomophily ,

entomostracans ,

e n t o o e c i u m .

e n t o o l i t i c ( )
e n t o p r o c t .

e n t o s e p t u m Anth.
entosolenian
entotoichal For.
e n t o z o o i d a l Bryoz.

entrails
entrained , ,
entrainment , ,
a i r ~
entrap , ,
entrapment , ,
entrapped ,

e n t r e n c h (
,
.
)
entrenchment
entropy
e n t r y 1. ; 2 . () 3 . ,
() 4.
()
bent ~
bleeder [ b r a n c h ] ~
d i p ~ ,

front ~
intermediate ~
monkey ~
panel ~
parallel ~
prospect ~
slab ~ , ,

strike
stub ~
e n v e l o p e 1. 2 . .
ciliated ~
failure ~
micrite ~
Mohr [rupture] ~
environgeology
e n v i r o n m e n t 1. 2 .

~ of t r a n s p o r t a t i o n ,

a b y s s a l ~ 1.
2.

depositional ~
high-energy ~

low-energy ~


regional metamorphic ~

structural ~
e n v i r o n s 1. , 2 .
E o c a m b r i a n (


)
Eocene
Eocryptozoic ,
eocrystal

E o g e n e || (. . P a l e o g e n e )
e o g e n e t i c (1.

2. )
Eoholocene
eolation
e o l i a n ( / .
, . ,

2.
)
e o l i a n i t e (

)
eolic . e o l i a n
E o l i t h i c ))
e o l o m o t i o n

e o m e o p h y t e (1. 2.

)
eometamorphism ,

e o n 1. ( , ,

)
2 . .

Phanerozoic ~
E o n o t h e m (

Eopaleozoic
Eopaleozoic ,
,
eophytic
e o p o s i t i o n (

)
eosphorite , (Mn, F e ) A l P O ( O H ) - H O
E o s u c h i a Rept.

E o z o a (

)
Eozoic ,
e o z o o n (


,
)
e p a u l e t (

)
epeirocratic
e p e i r o c r a t o n (

)
e p e i r o g e n e s i s . e p e i r o g e n y
epeirogenic
epeirogeny

)
epeirolithem
epeirophoresis
e p h a r m o n e (-,


)
ephebic, ephebolic ,
ephedroid
ephesite , NaLiAl (Al Si )OiO(OH)
e p h i p p i u m Crust, (

)
e p i - - (

,
*)
epibatholithic
epibiontic
epibiota
epibiotic
e p i b o l e , (,

:
,
, . .)
e p i b o l i t e .
epibranchial
e p i c a r p .

epicenter
epicentral
epiclastic
e p i c o n e Din.
epicontinental
epicranial
epicranium

epicrustal
e p i c y c l e (


)
e p i d e l t o i d Blast,

epidermal
e p i d e r m i s 1. . 2 . (
,
)
3 . ,
e p i d e s m i n e (
)
e p i d i a b a s e (

)
4

e p i d i a g e n e s i s (

)
epididymite , NaBeSi Oy(OH)
e p i d i o r i t e (

)
e p i d o s i t e (
)
epidote , C a ( A l , F e ) S i O i ( O H )
e p i d o t i t e .
epidotization
epieugeosyncline
epifauna
epifocus ,
e p i g e n e 1. ( ,


) 2.
( ,

)
e p i g e n e s i s (


)
e p i g e n e t i c (1.

.
2.

3.

)
epigenite , (Cu, F e ) A s S (?)
epiglacial
e p i g l y p h (


)
e p i g o n e (

)
epigranular -
e p i g y n o u s ( )
e p i i a n t h i n i t e (

)
epikinematic
epilimnetic
epilimnion
e p i l i t h i c ( ,

)
epimagma
e p i m a g m a t i c (

)
e p i m e r e ( e p i m e r o n ) (,


)
epimerite ,
e p i m o r p h o s i s (

)
e p i n e c t o n (,


)
epineritic
e p i n o r m (

)
epipelagic
e p i p e l i c ( ,


)
e p i p h y s i s 1. . 2 . (

)
e p i p h y t e .
epiphytic
epiplankton
3

equispaced

epiplanktonic
4

epiplanktonic ,

e p i p l e u r a Ins.
e p i p o d i t e Crust,
e p i p r o c t Ins.
e p i p s a m m o n (,

)
e p i r h y s i s . ,
Epiric
epirock
epirogenic
epirophorose
e p i r o s t r u m Ceph.
e p i r o t i c (
)
episeptal
episkeletal
e p i s o d e 1. (


; . . e v e n t )
2 . ,
(. . p h a s e )
e p i s o m e Din.
e p i s t e r e o m Echin.
e p i s t e r n a l Echin. ||
e p i s t e r n i t e Ins.
e p i s t e r n u m Pise, Kept,
epistilbite , C a A l S i O I e - S H O
epistolite , N a ( N b T i ) S i O g - n H 0
e p i s t o m e (1.

2. 3.
,

)
episulcate
epitaxial
e p i t a x y .
epitectonic
e p i t h e c a Anth., Cyst., Din., For.
e p i t h e l i u m ., .
outer ~
epithermal
e p i t h y r i d i d (
)
e p i t r a c t Din.
e p i t y c h e (
)
e p i v a l v e Diat., Din.
epixenolith
epizoans
e p i z o i c
e p i z o n e .
e p i z y g a l .
epoch
Azoic ~ ,
base-leveling ~
d e g r a d i n g ~

drift ~
epiglacial ~
Gauss normal ~
( 2 , 4 7 3,41 . .)
Gilbert reversed ~
(3,415,44
. .)
glacial ~
minerogenetic ~
2

p o l a r i t y ~ (
,

)
r e c e n t ~ [ ] (

)
terrace(an) ~
(. . Holocene,)
e p o n t i c ( ,

-.
)

e p s o m i t e 1. , M g S O 7 H O 2 . .
equant ,
equation:
age ~
Bragg ~
continuity ~
Freundlich ~
Hugoniot ~
hydrologic ~
L a c e y ' s r e g i m e flow ~

Laplace ~
Latie ~
Poisson's ~
regression ~
z o n a l ~ .
equator
astronomic ~
caloric ~
celestial ~
dip ~
geodetic ~
magnetic ~
oceanographic [thermal] ~

equatorial
equiangular
equibalance
equidimensional ,
equidistance
equidistant ,
equiform
equigranular -
equilateral
equilibrant
equilibrium
bivariant ~
chemical ~
false ~
heterogeneous ~
homogeneous ~
invariant ~
isostatic ~
phase ~
radioactive ~
thermal ~
univariant ~
unstable ~
equinoctinal
equinox
equiplanation
equipotential
equisetites
equispaced
4

equivalence

error

e q u i v a l e n c e ., ,
e q u i v a l e n t !(
centrifuge moisture ~
coal ~
h e a t ~ of fusion
horizontal ~
hydraulic ~
numeric ~
p l a n k t o n ~ (


)
e q u i v a l v e Biv.
equivolumnar
e r a (

)
Agnotozoic ~ ,
Archeozoic ~ ,
Cenozoic ~ ,
Eozoic ~
K a i n o z o i c ~ . C e n o z o i c e r a
lifeless ~
Mesozoic ~ ,
Psychozoic ~ ,

e r a d i a t i o n . t e r r e s t r i a l r a d i a t i o n
erase ,
e r a t h e m , (


)
E r a t o s t h e n i a n (1.

2. ,

)
erbium , Er
e r e c t , (,
)
e r e c t i o n , (,
)
e r e m a c a u s i s (

)
e r e m e y e v i t e . j e r e m e j e v i t e
e r e m i c , (


)
e r e m o l o g y (,



)
e r e m o r p h i t e . x e r o p h y t e
e r g (

,

)
e r g e r o n

e r g h . e r g
ergogenesis
E r i a n , (

)
e r i c a i t e , ( F e , M g , ) >11
e r i c o p h y t e (,

)
ericssonite , BaMnSFe(Si O )(OH)
erikite , (La, C e ) ( P , S i ) O - H O
eriochalcite , 1 - 2 0
eriochrome
erionite ,
( C a , Na, , M g ) A l S i O - 2 7 H O
E r i s (

e r i s m o d i d .
e r i s o c r i n i d .
erlan ,
ernstite ,

2 7

-. . .

7 2

(Mn I Fe )Al(PO )(OH) -XO


e r o d e , ; ;

eroded ; ,
;
e r o d e r
erodibility
erodible ;
erose ;
erosibility
erosion ; , ;
accelerated ~
b e a c h ~
channel ~
chemical ~ ,
cirque ~ ,

cliff ~ ,
contemporaneous ~

cosmic ~
deep-sea ~
differential ~
glacial ~
gully ~
head(ward) [headwater] ~
hillslope ~
internal ~
lateral ~
marine ~ , []

pothole ~
rapid ~
retrogressive ~
rill ~
;

river ~ ,
sheet ~
sheetflood ~
snow patch ~
soil ~ ,
subaerial ~
wind ~ ; ;
erosional
erosion-resistant
erosive
e r o s i v e n e s s 1. (

,
) 2 .
() 3 .
e r r a t i c i. (1.

,
,
2. ,

) 2 . (
,

)
glacial ~
rafted ~ s ,

e r r o r 1. , 2 . ;

161

erubescite

estuarine

accidental ~ ,

c l o s i n g ~ .
collimation ~
compass ~
c o n s t a n t ~ []

pointing ~

random ~ ,

systematic ~

[]

e r u b e s c i t e . b o r n i t e
eructate ()
eructation
erupt ()
eruptible ,
eruption
~ of c e n t r a l t y p e
areal ~
central ~
deep-sea ~
deroofing ~
effusive ~
excentric ~
explosive-type ~
external
~
,

extrusive ~
fissure ~ ,

flank ~
Hawaiian-type ~
impending ~
juvenile ~
Katmai-type ~
lateral ~
linear ~ ,

M e r a p i - t y p e ~
m i x e d - t y p e ~
nonvolcanic ~ [
]
P e l e a n ~ ,

phreatic ~

[
]
plateau ~ s
(


,

)
Plinian-type ~
pseudovolcanic ~ [
]
solar ~
subjacent ~
submarine ~
subterminal ~ []

temporary ~
ultra-volcanian ~

volcanic ~
eruption-time

eruptive , ,

e r y t h r a e a n (

)
erythrine, erythrite , C O ( A s O ) J - S H O
erythrosiderite , K F e C b - H O
e r y t h r o z i n c i t e (
,
)
e r z b e r g i t e (

)
e s b o i t e (
)
e s c a r . e s k e r
e s c a r p m e n t 1. , , 2 .
fault ~
l i n e a r ~ s .
marginal ~ ,
mural ~
e s c h a r a n s .

e s c h w e g e i t e , ( )
e s c u t c h e o n i. Biv. 2 . Conod.
e s k a r . e s k e r
eskebornite , C u F e S e
esker ,
b e a d e d ~
false ~
f e e d i n g ~ (
,


)
transverse ~
e s k e r i n e (

)
eskolaite , C r O
esmeraldite

)
esperite , (Ca, P b ) Z n S i O
e s p i c h e l l i t e .
e s p i n a l . (

)
e s p l a n a d e ( 1 .
,
2. ,

,
)
e s q u e r r a (
)
e s s e n t i a l 1. ; 2 .

e s s e x i t e (
)
e s s o n i t e (
,
)
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . e c e s i s
e s t a v e l 1. (
)
2. pi (

),


e s t e r e l l i t e (

)
e s t e r o ( 1 . ,

2. ,

)
e s t h e r i a n Brach., Crust,
estherid
estipulate
estrogenic
estuarine ,
3

estuary
estuary
blind ~
fresh-water ~
salt-wedge ~

silted ~
e t a n g . (

)
etapteroid
e t c h i n g i. . , 2 .
, ,
etchplain
e t e s i a n , ( )
ethane , C H
e t h m o l i t h (

)
e t h o s p e c i e s (,

)
e t i n d i t e (

)
e t n a i t e (

)
E t r o e u n g t i a n (
)
ettringite , C a A l ( S 0 ) 3 ( O H ) i - 2 6 H 0
e u a s t e r (
)
e u a u t o c h t h o n y (


)
e u - b i t u m e n - (

, ,


)
eucairite , CuAgSe
e u c e r a t o s a .
euchroite , C u ( A s O ) ( O H ) 3 H O
euclase , B e A l S i O ( O H )
e u c o l i t e (

)
e u c r i t e (1.

2. ,

, ,


)
eucryptite , LiAlSiO
e u c r y s t a l l i n e (

)
e u d i a g n o s t i c (
)
eudialyte ,
Na (Ca, Fe +) ZrSi 0, (OH, Cl)
eudidymite , N a B e S i O ( O H )
e u d i o m e t e r (



)
e u g e l i t e .
eugeogenous
eugeosyncline
eugranitic
euhedral ,
euhedron
e u k a i r i t e . e u c a i r i t e
e u k o l i t e . e u c o l i t e
e u k r i t e . e u c r i t e
e u k t o l i t e .
e u l e r h a b d . ,
eulittoral
e u l y s i t e (
)
eulytine, eulytite , , B i S i O i
E u m a l a c o s t r a c a Crust,
2

e u m e t a z o a n (,

)
e u m o r p h i s m ' (

,

,


)
e u o s m i t e (

)
eupelagic
e u p h o l i t e (

)
e u p h o t i c (

)
e u p h o t i d e (


)
e u p l a n k t e r (

)
e u p l a n k t o n (
)
e u p o r e .
e u p o t a m i c ( ,

,

)
Euramerian
Eurasia
e u r e t o i d (

)
e u r i p u s (
-

)
e u r i t e (1.


2.

)
e u r i t i c . m i c r o g r a n i t i c
e u r y b a t h i c (
,

)
e u r y b i o n t i c ( ,

)
euryfacies
e u r y h a l i n e (
,


)
eurylithem
e u r y o x y b i o n t i c .
eurypalynous
e u r y p r o c t ( ,


)
e u r y p t e r i d s .
e u r y p y l o u s (

,
)
e u r y s i p h o n a t e (


)
e u r y t h e r m a l (
,

)
e u r y t o p i c ( ,


)
e u r y z o n o t r i l e t e s .

e u - s a p r o p e l - (
)
e u s e p t u m Brach.
e u s p o n d y l AIg. (

excavation

eusporangiate
e u s p o r a n g i a t e .
e u s t a c y (


)
diastrophic ~
geoidal ~
glacial ~
eustatic
e u s t a t i s m . e u s t a c y
e u s y n c h i t e . d e s c l o i z i t e
eutaxic
e u t a x i t e (,


)
eutaxitic
eutectic
eutectoid
e u t e c t o p e r t h i t e . m e s o p e r t h i t e
e u t e c t o p h y r e .
eutheria
eutomous
e u t r o p h i c (
)
e u v i t r a i n (
)
e u v i t r i n i t e (


)
euxenite ,
(Y, Ca, Ce, U, Th)(Nb, , O ) O
e u x i n i c (1.


2.
)
evacuation , ,
(.

)
evansite , A l ( P O ) ( O H ) - S H O (?)
e v a p o c r y s t (

)
e v a p o r a t e 1. , (



)
2. pi

evaporation
relative ~
soil ~
s o l a r ~ (


)
surface ~ ,

evaporativity
evaporimeter
e v a p o r i t e . e v a p o r a t e
e v a p o t r a n s p i r a t i o n
eveite , M n ( A s O ) O H
even-bedded ,

even-grained
evenkite , C i H
even-pinnate
e v e n t i. ; 2 . (. .
e p i s o d e i.)
abrupt ~
glacial ~
o l d u v a i ~ (

)
polarity ~
reflection ~
seismic ~
2

4 4

even-textured
everglade ,
evergreen
everted
evidence ; ;
field ~ ,

ore hunting ~
paleontological ~

place-name ~
seismological ~
e v j i t e (
)
e v o l u t e ( , .

)
evolution ,
arrested ~
convergent ~ ,
,
cyclic ~
destructive ~
directional ~
e r u p t i v e ~ .
e x p l o s i v e ~ .
facies ~
faunal ~
irreversible ~
i t e r a t i v e ~ (I.

2.

)
magmatic ~
organic ~ []

parallel ~
phyletic ~
phylogenetic ~
progressive ~
quantum ~
restrictive ~
saltatory ~
structural ~
temporal ~
thermal ~

evorsion
ewaldite , Ba-(CaY, Na, K)(CO J
exaggeration
vertical ~
1.
2.

examination:
f o r m a l ~ (
,
)
geological ~
qualitative ~
quantitative ~
e x a r a t i o n (

)
e x c a v a t e 1. , 2 .
;
3 .
()
e x c a v a t e d 1. . ,
2. ; ;
excavation
i. . , , 3

excavator

exploitation

2. , 3. ,
4. ,
5.
bank ~
r o c k ~ (
)
excavator
dragline ~
rock ~
e x c h a n g e . (

)
excrescence ; ; ,
excretion , ,

excurrent
,
,

excursion ,

geomagnetic ~s,
exfoliation , ,
; ;
chemical ~

t h e r m a l ~ (

,
)
e x h a l a t i o n
; , (

)
exhalative ,
e x h a u s t 1. ( ) 2 .
(,
);

()
exhaustion ;
e x h u m a t i o n (

,
,


)
exine , ,

interaspidar ~
spore ~
e x i n i t e (

)
e x i n o i d (

,

)
exinonigritite
e x i t e Arthr.
e x o a d a p t a t i o n (


)
. e p i c a r p
exocast
e x o c o e l (


)
exocontact
exocyclic
exodiagenesis
e x o e x i n e .
e x o g a s t r i c (

)
exogene
exogenic
e x o g e n i t e (
)
exogenous
exogeology
exogeosyncline

exoglyph
e x o g y r a t e Biv.
exokinetic
e x o l v e , (.
)
exometamorphism ,
\
exomorphic
exomorphism ,

exomorphozed , -

exoolitic
exopinacoderm .
e x o p o d (


)
.
exorheism
e x o s e p t u m Anth.
exoskeleton
d o r s a l ~ Tril. ,
exosphere
e x o s p o r i u m . e x i n e
e x o t h e c a Anth.
exotic
e x o t o m o u s Crin.
e x o z o n e Bryoz.

expansion
i.
(

);
; ;
; 2. ,
3.
~ of g l a c i e r
Earth ~
flat ~ ;

line ~
m o i s t u r e ~ ,

porous plug ~
thermal ~ []

volumetric ~ ,

expectant:
ore ~ ,

e x p e c t a t i o n (


)
experiment:
die-away ~
d o w n h o l e ~

seismic r e f r a c t i o n ~ s

thought ~ []
explanation
explode ,
exploder:
g a s ~
,

s h o t ~ ,
exploit ,
e x p l o i t a t i o n (),
-

exploited

eye

, ;

exploited ,
exploration , ,
(


)
geochemical ~
geophysical ~
gravitational ~
large-scale ~
offshore ~
oil ~
e x p l o r e , ,

explored ,
explorer ,
explosion
l i t t o r a l ~ (,


)
explosive ,

coal mining ~ ,

detonating ~

disruptive ~
gelatine ~
permissible ~
sheathed ~
short-flame ~

explosiveness
e x p o s e ( ) , ;
( ) (, . .)
to ~ t h e s t r u c t u r e ,

exposed , ;
~ to
(-.)
e x p o s u r e 1. , (
) 2 .
artificial ~
n a t u r a l ~
rock ~
roof ~
surface ~
expression :
topographic ~
expulsion ,
exsert
exsiccation ,
exsolution ,
e x s o l u t i o n a l (

)
e x s o l v e d
exstipulate
e x s u d a t i o n (

),
e x t e n s i o n , ~ in d e p t h
[]
~ of field
analogue ~
bed ~
extensometer
extent ; ;

v e r t i c a l ~
e x t e r m i n a t i o n
(
)
e x t e r n i d e s (

,
)
e x t i n c t 1. , 2 . ,
3 .
extinction 1. , 2 .
3 .
inclined [oblique] ~
parallel [straight] ~
t e m p o r a r y ~ 1. (.
) 2 . (,

)
undulating [undulatory, undulose, w a v y ] ~

e x t i n e . e x i n e
extoolitic
extracapsular
e x t r a c l a s t .
e x t r a c o n i c ( a l ) 1.
(
)
2 . (
)
extracontinental ,

extracratonal
,

extractor:
core ~
drill ~
tool ~
extraglacial ,
e x t r a l a t e r a l
-.

extramorainal
extraneous ,
extrapolating
extrapolation
extraterrestrial
extravasation
extraxylary
extremity ,
c a r d i n a l ~ Brach.

extrude , ,
extrusion
intermittent ~ s
extrusive , ,

exudate
exudation
exude
e x u m b r e l l a Hydr.
e x u v i a e 1. 2 ,

exuviation Di. []
e y e 1. (
)
2 . . ; . 3 . () 4 .
. ,
bull's ~ s

calcite ~
cat's ~
day ~

eyepiece
o r i e n t a l c a t ' s ~ (


)
s t o n e ~ (


)
t i g e r ' s ~ , , ,
eyepiece
()
e y e s t a l k Crust,
e y o t (
)
ezcurrite , N a B O i - T H O
4

1 0

F
fabianite , C a B O ( O H )
f a b r i c i. , 2 .
3 . 4.
apposition ~ ,
(. ,
)
belteroporic ~


crossed-bladed ~
-

cross-girdle ~

crystallization ~
deformation
~

depositional ~
geopetal ~
girdle ~
growth ~
growth-zone ~
homogeneous ~ []

ice ~
isotropic ~
mimetic ~
seriate ~ []
structural ~
tectonic ~ ;

f a c e i. , , 2 . . ,
3 . on t h e ~

~ of bed
~ of c o a l

~ of f a u l t
~ of f i s s u r e
~ of s t o p e 1. 2 .

~ of w e l l
active ~
a p e r t u r a l ~ For.
beach ~
bent ~
bounding ~
c a t ~
cleat ~
cleavage ~
coal ~
3

composition ~

crystal ~ []
cuesta ~
dead ~
development ~ ; ,
,
diagonal ~
fault ~
free ~ (

)
front ~
heading ~
gravel ~
ice ~ ,
o v e r r i d i n g ~ [ ]

pinacoid ~
plane ~
pole ~
raise ~ ,
rounded ~
s a n d f a l l ~ (),

seepage ~
s e p t a l ~ For. [ , ]

slip ~ . s a n d f a l l f a c e
tautozonal ~ s
terminal ~
unit ~
w h o r l ~ . ,

face-centered
f a c e t 1. , 2 . .
articular ~
1. Crin.

2 . Cyst,
(
)
boulder ~
b r a c h i o l a r ~ Blast.,
Cyst,

c o l u m n a r ~ Cyst,

spur-end [triangular] ~
faceted ,
faceting:
chink ~ (,
)
f a c i a l 1. 2 . .
f a c i a t i o n (

)
facieology
f a c i e s ., ., . ,
abyssal ~
albite epidote amphibolite ~
-
albite-epidote-hornfels ~ --
alimentation ~
almandine-amphibolite ~ -
amphibolite ~
argillaceous ~
basin ~

facies
bathyal ~
biologic ~ ,
blueschist ~
border ~ ;
brachiopodus ~
calcareous ~
channel ~
chilled b o r d e r ~

coaly ~
continental ~
coralline ~
cordierite-amphibolite ~ -
diagenetic ~
dominant ~
ecologic ~
elemental ~
estuarine ~
fluviatile ~
flysch ~
foreland ~
geochemical ~
glacial ~
glaucophane schist ~

globigerine ~
granulite ~
granulometric ~
graptolitic ~
greenschist ~
hornblende-hornfels ~
hornfels ~
hydrochemical ~
igneous ~ ,

knotted-hornfels ~

lacustrine ~
laumontite-prehnite-quartz ~ -
lawsonite-albite ~ -
lawsonite-glaucophane-jadeite ~ --
linear ~
lithic ~
littoral ~ []
marginal ~
marine ~
marlaceous ~
metamorphic ~
mineral ~
neritic ~
nummulitic ~
off-reef ~
operational ~
orogenic ~
overbank ~
paleontologic ~
parabolic ~
pelagic ~
petrographic ~
platform ~
prealpine ~

facultative
precipitation ~
pumpellyite-prehnite-quartz ~ --
pyroxene-hornfels ~ -

reef ~
s a n d - p r o n e seismic ~

sanidinite ~
sedimentary ~
s h a l e - p r o n e seismic ~

shelf ~ ,
shelly ~
shock-metamorphic ~

strain ~
stratigraphic ~
tectonic ~
terrestrial ~
time stratigraphic ~

trilobitic ~
tuffaceous ~
volcanic ~
zeolite ~
facing
~ of s t r a t a
faciostratotype
(
,

I
)
factor ;
~ of p o r o s i t y
~ of s a t u r a t i o n
associational ~
avalanche ~
b r i d g i n g ~ .
Chezy friction ~

climatic ~
compacting ~
d a m p i n g ~ .
depth ~
edaphic ~
erosion proportionality ~

external ~
fineness ~ ,
fluidity ~
formation ~
grading ~
human ~
reflection ~
safety ~
scale ~ ,

separation ~
shoaling ~
soil-formation ~ s
solubility ~
terrain ~
tonnage-volume ~ -

f a c u l t a t i v e ( ,
-

)
f a d a m a , (

)
faheyite , (Mn, M g ) F e i + B e ( P 0 4 ) 4 - 6 H 0
f a h l b a n d (


)
fahlore , ,

f a h l u n i t e (

)
f a i k e s . f a k e s
f a i l u r e , , (

)
elastic collapse ~

fountain ~

slope ~
top ~
fairchildite , K Ca(CCb)
fairfieldite , C a ( M n , Fe)(PCU) -2 H O
fakes ; ;

fakey ,
faIaise
f a l c a t e , f a l c i f o r m .
f a l k e n h a y n i t e (

)
f a l k e n s t e n i t e (

)
fall 1. 2 . 3 . , ,
() 4 . , ; 5 .
() 6 . () 7.
8 . Il 9 . ||
10. 1 1 .
~ of g r o u n d ,
~ of sea level
~ of s t r e a m ;
~ of w a t e r level
ash ~
autoconsequent ~
bridal-veil ~ ,

cap-rock ~ ,

debris ~
dust ~
earth ~
flood ~
g l o b a l r e l a t i v e ~ of s e a level

ice ~
joint-plane ~ ,

lava ~
Plinian ~
p u m i c e ~ .
r e l a t i v e ~ of sea level

rock ~ []
roof ~
sand ~
snow ~
subsequent ~
2

f a l l b a c k (

)
f a l l i n g 1. 2 . 3 .
f a l l o u t 1. 2 .
(

) 3 .

f a l u n . ,
famatinite , C u S b S
F a m e n i a n , (

)
family 1. (
)
2.

()
3.
~ of i g n e o u s r o c k s

deer ~
facies ~

mint ~
pink ~
famp
fan ,
abyssal ~
alluvial ~
boulder ~ ,

c a u d a l ~ Crust,
channel ~
cleavage ~
coalescing ~
compound alluvial ~
(.
bajada)
cross joint ~

deep-sea ~
deltaic ~ ,

detrita! ~
esker ~
hanging alluvial ~

ice ~
indicator ~
interlobule ~

morainic ~
outwash ~
rock ~
sea [submarine] ~
submarine alluvial ~

superimposed ~
talus ~
turbidity ~
washover ~
f a n g ;

fanglomerate
torrential ~

fanhead

fanning-out

fault

fanning-out

()
fan-talus
faratsihite , (Al, Fe) Si Os(OH)
farina
f a r i n a c e o u s ( , )
faro
(
-)
f a r r e o i d . ( )
farringtonite , M g 3 ( P 0 )
f a r r i s i t e (
)
farside:
lunar ~
f a r s u n d i t e (,


)
f a s c i c u l a r .
f a s c i c u l a t e Anth.
f a s c i c u l a t i o n Anth.
fasciole
a n a l ~ Ech.
b a s a l ~ Gastr.
(
)
e n d o p e t a l o u s ~ Ech.
p e r i p e t a l o u s ~ s Ech.
s u b a n a l ~ Ech.
f a s i b i t i k i t e (
)
f a s i n i t e .
f a s s a i t e (
)
f a s t i g a t e Ceph.
fastland
fat:
mineral ~
fathogram
f a t h o m (

, .,
1,8288 )
fathometer ,
f a t i g u e (

)
shothole ~ ,


faujasite , ,
(Na Ca)Al Si Oi 6H O
f a u l t 1. , , () 2 .
( )
~ dipping against the bed
; ~ dipping with t h e
b e d . b e d d i n g ( - p l a n e ) f a u l t ; ~ h a d i n g a g a i n s t
the dip ; ~ hading
w i t h t h e d i p . b e d d i n g ( - p l a n e ) f a u l t ; ~ w i t h
r e g u l a r i n c l i n a t i o n . b e d d i n g ( - p l a n e ) f a u l t
~ of p a r a l l e l d i s p l a c e m e n t

a c t i v e ~ (,

)
anticlinal ~
antithetic ~
arcuate ~
auxiliary ~
b a s c u l a t i n g ~ . w r e n c h f a u l t
bedding(-plane) ~ ,
, ,

2

b e d d i n g - p l a n e t h r u s t ~
block ~
boundary ~
branch ~
branching ~ [,
] ;
center [centrifugal] ~
centripetal ~
circumferential ~
closed ~
companion ~
complex ~
complicated ~
[]

c o m p o u n d ~ s (


)
compression ~ ;

concentric ~
conjugated ~
contemporaneous ~

contraction ~
counter-inclined ~ ,

cross ~
curved ~
cylindrical ~
d e c o l l e m e n t ~ . d e t a c h m e n t f a u l t
d e a d ~ (,

)
deep(-seated) ~
depositional ~
detachment ~ ,
d e x t r a l ~
diagonal ~
diagonal-slip ~

differential ~ ,

d i p ~
dip-separation ~

dip-slip ~
dirt ~
distributed ~
distributive ~
distributive step ~ s

diverging ~

[,
]
dominant ~
d o w n c a s t [ d o w n s l i p ] ~
d o w n t h r o w ~ []

down-to-basin ~
d r a g ~
drop ~
dumb ~

echelon ~
epianticlinal ~
extension ~
flat-lying gravity ~
flaw ~

fault
fold ~ , ,

frontal ~
gap ~
glide ~
g r a v i t y ~ ,
, ,
g r o w t h [Gulf C o a s t - t y p e ] ~
hade-slip ~
heave ~
hiatal ~
high-angle ~
hinge ~
h i n g e - l i n e ~
horizontal ~
h o r i z o n t a l slip ~

inclined ~ []
interrupted ~
j u m p - d o w n ~
jump-up ~
keystone ~
lag ~
landslide ~ ; ,

lateral ~
left-handed [left-lateral (slip), left-slip] ~

longitudinal ~
l o w - a n g l e ~
major ~
mineralizing ~ ,

minor ~
modern ~ s
multiple ~
nonsealing ~
normal ~
oblique ~
oblique-shift [oblique-slip] ~

open ~
orographic ~
overlap ~
o v e r t h r u s t ~
parallel ~
parallel displacement ~

peripheral ~ s
p i v o t a l ~
plane ~
premineral cross ~
pressure ~
progressive ~
radial ~
renewed ~
reverse ~
ridge ~ ,
,
rift ~ , ,

right-lateral ~
r o t a r y [rotational, scissors] ~

fault

sealing ~
sedimentary ~
semilongitudinal [semitransversal] ~

shear t h r u s t ~
shift ~
shove ~
single(-lined) ~
sinistral ~
s l a t e ~ 1.
2.
slip ~ []
s l u m p ~ 1. 2 .

split ~
s t a c k i n g ~ s .
s t a t e - l i n e ~
(


)
step ~
step ~ hading against the dip

step ~ hading with the dip

s t r e t c h ~
s t r i k e ~
s t r i k e - s e p a r a t i o n ~ ,
s t r i k e - s h i f t [ s t r i k e - s l i p ] ~ [ ]

subparallel ~
subsidiary ~
surface ~
s y m o n ~

synclinal ~
synsedimentary ~
synthetic ~ ,

tangential ~ ,
,

t e a r ~ ,
tension ~ ,

t h r u s t (slip) ~
t o r s i o n ~ . w r e n c h f a u l t
t r a c e a b l e ~ (,

)
trace-slip ~
trailed ~ ,

transcurrent ~
transform ~
translational [translatory] ~
(


)
transverse ~ []
trenched ~
trough ~ ;
true ~
u n d e r t h r u s t ~
upcast ~
upthrow [upthrust] ~
vertical ~

faulted

feature

wash ~ ,

w r e n c h ~ (

)
faulted , ,
badly ~
fault-fold -
faulting ,
,
biangular ~
block ~
compressional ~
disharmonic ~
distributive ~

gravitative ~
intermittent ~

keystone ~
left-lateral ~

overthrust ~
o v e r t h r u s t ~ and folding

penecontemporaneous ~

renewed ~
repetitive ~
revived
~

rift ~
splay ~
trough ~
fault-scarp
fauna
a l d a n i a n ~ (

)
benthic
[benthonic]
~

blancan ~
b r e a ~ ,

cave ~
depauperate ~
deprimated ~
dwarf ~ ,,;
exotic ~
facies ~ ,

fish ~
hipparion ~
invertebrate ~
local ~
mammoth ~
pauperate(d) ~
recurrent ~ [,
] ;

rock ~
shoreline ~
terrestrial ~ ,
upper Paleolithic
~

vertebrate ~

faunal
f a u n i c h r o n (

)
f a u n i z o n e 1 . (1.

2. ,

) 2 . (

)
f a u n u l a (1.


2. . f a u nule)
faunule ,
fausteds ,

faustite , (Zn, ) 1 ( 0 ) ( ) - 5 0
f a v a s (
,

)
zircon ~ ,

favositides ,
fayalite , , F e S i O
f e a t h e r ( 1 .


2.

)
feathering-out ,
feature ,
cultural ~ s ,

directional ~
drift-border ~ s

g e o l o g i c a l ~ 1. ;
2 . pi

g e o m o r p h i c ~ 1. 2 . pi

hypsographic ~

ice c o n t a c t ~ s

infantile ~ []
( )
lithological ~
p e r m a f r o s t ~ s (

)
physiographic ~ -

p l a n a r ~ s .
primary ~
related ~
roll ~ -
s e a - f l o o r ~ s ()

streamline ~
structural ~ ,

terrain ~

topographic ~
two-dimensional ~
undersea ~ ,

unique ~
6

featureless
w a t e r ~ s
featureless
fedorite , (Na, K)CaSi (O, )- 1 , 5 H O
feedback
f e e d e r 1. [ ] 2 .
[] 3 .
()
4 .
deposit ~
filter ~
vegetable ~ ,
water ~
f e e d i n g of s t r e a m
feidj (
)
feigh , ; ,
(
)
feitknechtite , -()
fei t s ' u i (
)
f e l d e r (
,


)
f e l d m a r k . fell-field
feldspar
alkali ~
aventurine ~
calcium ~
celsian ~
common ~
g l a s s y ~ . s a n i d i n e
lime ~
lime-soda ~ ,
orthomimic ~
potash [potassium] ~
sliced ~
soda-lime ~ ,
sodium ~ , sodium-calcium ~ -
,
feldspathic
highly ~
feldspathization
(
)
feldspathoid
f e l d s p a t h o i d i t e s (

)
felids Mamm.
fell 1. (
);
, ( ) 2 .
3 . ,

fell-field ,

fels ,
f e l s e n m e e r (

)
felsic , (

)
felside .
felsiphyric
f e l s i t e .
felsitic , ,

f e l s i t o i d .
4

f e l s o a n d e s i t e .
felsobanyite , A l ( S O ) ( O H ) i - 5 H O
f e l s o p h y r e .
felsophyric
f e l s o s p h a e r i t e .
f e l s p a r (. f e l d s p a r )
felspathoid
f e l s t o n e .
felty ( )
femic (
)
f e m u r Ins., Tril.
fen 1. , 2 . 3 .

coastal ~ , ,

karst ~
valley ~ ,

fenaksite ,
( , N a ) ( F e , M n ) ( S i C o ) ( O H , F)
fender ,
room ~
f e n e r s t e i n . f i r e s t o n e
f e n e s t r a ( 1 .
2. , ,

)
fenestrate(d) ; ;

f e n e s t r a t i o n Rad. ,

f e n e s t r a t e Bryoz. ,
fenghuanglite , , T h O
f e n i t e .
f e n i t i z a t i o n (

)
f e n l a n d ,

F e n o s c a n d i a (

)
fenster
k a r s t ~ (,


)
f e r a l , (
,

)
ferberite , F e W O
ferdisilicite , F e S i
ferghanite , ( U 0 ) ( V 0 ) - 6 H 0
f e r g u s i t e .
fergusonite , Y(Nb, T a ) O
fermentation ,
bacterial ~
b i t u m i n o u s ~ (

,

)
bottom ~
h y d r o g e n sulfide ~
oil-acid ~ -
sedimentary ~
fermorite , (Ca, Sr) [(As, P ) O J ( O H )
fern ,
bracken ~
cycad ~ ,
4

field

fernandinite
fernandinite
,
C a O - V Ot- 5 V O -14H O
f e r r a l i t e (


)
ferrazite , (Pb, ) ( 0 ) - 8 0 ( ? )
ferreto
ferriallophanoids , , ,
ferrian
f e r r i b e i d e l l i t e (
)
ferricopiapite ,
Fe+( S 0 ) 0 ( O H ) - 2 O H O
f e r r i c r e t e 1. (,

) 2.
ferricrust
ferride
f e r r i e r i t e (

,
)
ferriferous
f e r r i l i t h .
ferrimolybdite ,
Fe (Mo0 ) -8H 0(?)
ferrinatrite , N a 3 F e ( S 0 ) 3 - 3 H 0
ferrisicklerite ,
Li(Fe , M n ) P O
ferrisymplesite ,
Fe (As0 ) ( O H ) 5H O
f e r r i t e 1. . 2 .
(=
,

)
ferritungstite ,
C a F e F e ( W O ) T 9H O
ferriturquoise
ferroactinolite ,
Ca FeI Si O (OH)
ferroan
ferroan-dolomite
ferroantigorite
(
)
ferroaxinite ,
Ca (Fe, Mn)Al BSi O (OH)
ferrocarpholite ,
(Fe, Mg)Al Si O (OH)
ferrocopiapite ,
Fe Fei+(S0 ) (OH) .20H 0
f e r r o d ( ,

)
f e r r o d i o r i t e .
ferrodolomite , C a F e ( C 0 )
ferroedenite ,
NaCa Fe AlSi O (OH, F)
ferroelectricity
ferrogabbro
ferrogalmei
ferrohastingsite
ferrohexahydrite , F e S 0 - 6 H 0
f e r r o l i t e (
)
ferromagnesian
ferromagnetic
ferromagnetism
parasitic ~
ferrophengite ,
(

)
2

3 +

3 +

2 +

3 +

2 2

1 5

2 +

2 2

ferroselite , F e S e
f e r r o s i l i t e (1.
2. ,

)
f e r r o s p i n e l (1. . h e r c y n i t e
2.



)
ferrosporic
f e r r o s t i b i a n .
ferrotremolite
ferrotungsten
ferruccite , N a B F
ferruginate
( ),

ferruginization
ferruginous ,
ferrum
f e r s i l i c i t e , FeSi
fersmanite , Na Ca Ti Si OiS(O, F )
fersmite ,
( C a , C e , N a ) ( N b , Ti, F e , A l ) ( O , , F )
fervanite , F e ( V 0 ) - 5 H 0
F e s t i n i o g i a n (

)
f e s t o o n ( 1 . 2.
)
f e t c h . , (1.
,

,

2. ,



)
f e t i d (
)
f i a m m e (
)
f i a r d . f j a r d
f i a s c o n i t e (
,
,
,
)
fiber ,
gelified ~
libriform ~
q u a r t z ~
spinning ~ ,

fibrillar
F i b r i s t (
,
)
fibroblastic
,

(
)
fibrocrystalline -
fibroferrite , F e S 0 ( O H ) - 5 H 0
f i b r o l i t e . s i l l i m a n i t e
fibrous
divergent ~ -
radial ~ -,
f i c h t e l i t e (1.

2.


)
fiedlerite , P b ( O H ) C l
fieg
field 1. 2 .
~ -
axial dipole ~
2

field
b l o c k ~ . f e l s e n m e e r
bore ~
b o u l d e r ~ . f e l s e n m e e r
clinker ~
coal ~ ,
,
concealed coal ~
(
)
c o v e r e d f l a g e l l a r ~ .

developed
~

[,
]
dipole ~
d o r s o l a t e r a l ~ s Aster,

drumlin ~
e a r t h g r a v i t y ~
e a r t h m a g n e t i c ~ ,

external magnetic ~
firn ~
force ~
gas ~
geomagnetic ~ ,

giant ~
gold ~ ,
gravitational ~
gravity ~
h i g h - p o w e r ~ ()

ice ~ 1. 2 . ;

i n t e r b r a c h i a l ~ 1. Aster,
2 . .

k a m e ~ (


)
lava ~ ,
l i g a m e n t ~ .
magnetic ~
maiden ~
mud ~
neve ~
o f f s h o r e ~ s (

)
oil ~ ;

p e r e n n i a l firn ~
perpetual snow ~
proved ~
P T - s t a b i l i t y ~ s P T - (

)
q u a s i - s t a t i o n a r y ~
random ~
slush ~
snow ~
s o l f a t a r ~
stability ~
stationary ~
(

)
s t e a m - w e l l ~

s t o n e ~ . f e l s e n m e e r
stress ~
s t r e w n ~ 1. (

) 2 . (


)
total ~ []
fieldwork ,
f i e r y 1. ; ;
2 .
figure:
~ of t h e E a r t h [ ]
absorption ~
anomalous interference ~

axial ~
biaxial ~
biaxial interference ~

d i m e n s i o n ~ , (
)
epoptic ~ s ,

etch ~
interference ~
percussion ~
pressure ~
pseudobiaxial ~
strain [stress] ~
Tyndall ~ s
uniaxial interference ~

Widmanstatten ~
f i l a m e n t ., ., . ,
a x i a l ~ .
s a p p h i r e ~
s e p t a l ~ For. (

)
filamentary, filamentous ,
fill 1. (. ,
)
2.
; ; 3 .
(, ,
,

)
alluvial ~
c a n y o n ~ ()

c a v e ~ , ,

channel ~
crater ~
earth ~
hydraulic ~
on l a p ~ . .

terrace ~
valley ~ ,

filler ; (, ,


)
crack ~
mineral ~
filling , (
)
axial ~
crevasse ~ 1.
2.

fillowite

fissiogenic

crusted ~ []


f i s s u r e ~ (
)
lagunal ~
()
lode ~
space ~
stream ~ s ,
subsequent ~
valley ~ ,

v e i n ~ (

)
fillowite , H N a ( M n , Fe, Ca)i4(PCU)i 0(?)
f i l t e r .
band-pass ~
cutoff ~
ultraviolet ~
f i l t e r i n g . (

)
f i l t r a t i o n (

)
bank ~
fimbriate(d) ,
f i m m e n i t e (
,

)
fin . \ . , 2 . ,
,
anal ~
diphycercal
~

[]

lateral ~
f i n a n d r a n i t e (

)
find , ,

finder:
contour ~
gold ~ ,
range ~
w a t e r ~ 1.
2 .
fine 1 . 2 . ,
; 3 . pi ,
(,
)
4.
pi , 5 . pi

fine-costate
fine-fibrous
fine-grained ,
fine-grating
finely-dispersed
fine-meshed
f i n e n e s s 1. 2 .
~ of g o l d
fine-perforated, fine-porous
fine-textured
f i n g e r i. ,
2 . Crust., Ins.
bar ~

scour ~ ,

f i n g e r i n g 1.
2 .

Fingerlakesian ,
(
)
fining upwards [ ]

finnemanite , (50)1
fiord . fjord
f i o r i t e (
)
fire 1. , || ; ;
2 . , (

)
fireball
fireblende ,
fireclay []
firecracker
f i r e d a m p (

)
fire-fountaining

f i r e s t o n e 1. , ,
2 .
3 .
firing , , ,

f i r m a t o p o r e Bryoz.

firmness:
~ of soil
beach ~
firn , ||
alpine ~
dry ~
hard ~
iced ~
firnification ,
firnspiegel
firsts
f i r t h i. , , 2 .
;
f i s c h e r i t e (

)
fish 1 . 2 . ,
|| ,
2 . (

)
armored ~ e s
chirocentrid ~
cyprinid ~
holostean ~
jawless ~ e s
rhipidistian ~
schooling ~
fishing
,

f i s s i c u l a t e Blast,

fissile 1. ,
; 2.

fissility ,

bedding ~
f i s s i o g e n i c 1. 2 .

flat

fission
f i s s i o n 1. 2 . 3 . .

f i s s i o n a b l e (.
fissle (

)
)

f i s s u r e 1. . , 2 . ; ;
3.

~ of r e t r e a t ,

autoclastic ~

c a l c a r i n e ~ .
chimney-like ~

cognate ~ s
(


)
conjugated ~
c o n t r a c t i o n ~ 1. 2 .
,
desiccation ~ ,

e x t e r n a l ~ Gastr.

minute ~ s
open-joint ~
overlapping ~ s

premineral ~ ,

pressure ~
ridge ~
,
roof ~
sheeted ~ s
transverse ~
undulating ~
v e n t r a l ~ .

fissured
f i s s u r i n e Gastr.
fissuring
transverse ~
f istulose ,

(
)
f i v e l i n g .

)
2.
3. ;

f i x i g e n e Trill,

fizelyite ,

Pb Ag SbSSiS
5

(-)

sand ~
f l a g e l l a t e . 1. ,
2 . pi

f l a g e l l u m .
f l a g g i n g .

3.

gouge-filled ~ ,

joint ~ ,
marginal ~

f i x e d 1 . (.
(. )

fladenlava

flag

(.

2 2

fix 1 . 2 . ,

flabellate ,
(.
)
f l a b e l l i f o r m For.
f l a b e l l u m Crust,

f l a c c i d , , (.
,
)
f l a d e n , (I. ,

2.
,

)

flagstaffite ,
flagstone 1. - 2.

gaping joint ~

f l a g g y 1.
2.
3.

exokinetic ~
expansion ~
fault ~
frost ~

f j o r d e d

fjail ,
, (
,

)
f j a r d , , (
)
fjeld ,
(

)
f j e l d b o t h ,
f j e l d m a r k . fell-field
fjord

flajolotite , 4 F e S b O

3H O

f l a k e 1 . . 2 .

()

of s n o w

cleavage ~ s
core ~
crystalline ~
flint ~
mica ~

flame:
o x i d i z i n g ~ (

)
reducing ~
(

)
flamper ,

f l a n g e 1. . , ;
, ; 2.

hinge ~
f l a n k 1. 2 . ()
3.

()

of c o n e

of shell

~ of v o l c a n o
domal ~
steep ~
f l a p . ,

of m a n t l e Moll,

s e p t a l ~ For.
f l a r e 1. . 2 . () 3 .
;
chromospheric ~
solar ~

flash i. , ()

(
)

2.
3.

f l a t i. , 2 . , -

flat bedded

floe

; 3.
; 4. ,
,
~ of o r e (

)
adobe ~
alkali ~ ,

alluvial ~ , ,

barrier ~

boulder ~
estuarine ~
muck ~
m u d ~ 1. 2 . ,

piedmont ~
piedmont interstream ~

reef ~
river ~ , ,

s a l t ~ (,


)
sand ~
tidal ~ - , -
tidal mud ~ -

valley ~
flat-bedded
flat-dipping
f l a t e r i d .
flatiron
,

flatland
flat-lying
flatness
f l a t s a n d p i t c h e s 1. (
-
)
2.


f l a t t e n ( );
,
to ~ out (),
,
flattened , ,
flattening
~ of f o l d s
~ of t h r u s t f a u l t w i t h d e p t h

flat-topped ,
flatwoods


f l a w i. ; ; 2 . .
3.

4 . , 5 . pi
flax:
e a r t h ~
fossil ~ ,
mountain ~
f l e c k s h i e f e r .
fleet ; ; ;
;

fleischerite , P b G e ( S 0 ) 2 ( O H ) - 3 H 0
flerry
fleur-de-lis
flexibility:
roof ~ [ , ]

flexible 1. , 2 .
(.
)
flexoforage
flexostyle For. ,

flexuous
f l e x u o u s - d i s s e c t e d - (
)
f l e x u r e i. , 2 .
anticlinal ~ ,

bending ~
broken ~
continental ~
cross ~
hermitage ~
horizontal ~
normal ~ []
o n e - l i m b e d ~ ,
,
permanent ~
uniclinal ~
f l i g h t . t e r r a c e f l i g h t
terrace ~ ,
flinkite , M n ( A s O ) ( O H )
f l i n t i. . , 2 .
(


); (.

)
cherty ~
clay ~ ,

nodular ~ ,
white ~
flinty
flip , ,
(
)
f l o a t 1. (


) 2 . (.
)
h y d r o m e t r i c staff ~
ice ~ , ;
, ,
float and refloat
floatation ,
air ~
crystal ~
g a s ~ ( )
selective ~
floating ,
floatstone ; ;

floe ( ,


)
flocculant
flocculate
flocculated
flocculation
floe
3

floe berg
ice ~
land ~
paleocrystic ~ s [
]
sea ~
sludge ~
standing ~
f l o e b e r g (

,
) _
f l o k i t e . m o r d e n i t e
flood 1. ; ; 2 .
Il ;
annual ~
c l o u d b u r s t ~ 1. 2 . ,

d e b r i s ~ (

)
design ~
flash ~
glacier (outburst) ~
high ~ ,
l a v a ~ ,
partial-duration ~

s a n d ~ ( ,

)
severe ~
sheet ~ [] ;
,

floodloam
floodplain
floodwall , ,

f l o o d w a t e r 1. ,
, 2.
floor 1. 2 . 3 . ;
~ of b e d
~ of l a c c o l i t h
~ of o c e a n
~ of s e a m
aggraded valley ~ ,

cirque ~ ,
crater ~
c u t t i n g - o u t ~ ,

deep-sea ~
derrick ~
hard ~
heaving ~
lagoon ~
mining ~
ocean [sea] ~
s e d i m e n t ed ~ (),


sill ~ ,

s u b g l a c i e r ~ , ,

t o u g h limb ~
valley ~
flora
amber ~
floral

floran-tin ,

florencite , C e A b ( P C U h ( O H )
f l o r i c o m e . ,
floridin (

)
f l o r i d i t e (
)
floristic
florizone
f l o r u l e (

);
floscelle Echin.
flos ferri ,

f lot a n t
f l o t s (

)
f l o u i t i t e .
flour
gold ~
mountain ~ ,

rock ~
flow 1. ; ; 2 . .

~ of c a t c h m e n t
~ of g r o u n d
~ of g r o u n d w a t e r
~ of r o c k s
~ of s a n d
~ of solid m a t t e r
~ of t i d e
~ of w a t e r
air-fall ~ ,

a n n u a l ~
a r t e s i a n ~
ash ~
b a s e ~
b e n t o n i t e d e b r i s ~
b o g ~
b o t t o m ~
capillary ~
cataclastic ~
cavern ~
c h a n n e l ~
cold ~
,
compressing ~
c o n c e n t r a t e d ~
c o n n a t e ~ [ ]
convective ~
creeping ~
critical ~
cyclic ~
d e b r i s ~
d i s p e r s i o n ~
divergent ~
earth ~
effluent l a v a ~
elastic ~
extending ~
extrusion ~
filamented ~
flood ~
fluid ~
6

flow
glacier ~
glaciers-formlines showing ~ ,
,

g l i d i n g ~ .
g r a v i t y ~ 1. ,
2 .
h e a t ~
h e a v y ~ of w a t e r
h e l i c a l ~ (

)
h o t - m u d ~
h o t - s a n d ~

ice ~ , ;

i n c a n d e s c e n t tuff ~
interfluent lava ~

intermittent ~
;
j e t ~
lamellar ~
l a m i n a r ~ ;

lava ~ ,
liquid ~
m a g m a t i c ~ ,

m u d ~ (
)
m u d - r o c k ~
m u l t i p l e - f l u i d ~
nonuniform ~
open ~
o u t f a l l ~ 1. 2 .
o v e r l a n d ~
p e a t ~
perennial artesian ~

p e r m a n e n t ~
permanent varied ~

plane ~
plastic ~
p l a t e ~
p o r o u s ~
pseudoviscous ~
p u m i c e ~
p y r o c l a s t i c ~
rapid ~ []
r e c r y s t a l l i z a t i o n ~
return ~ ,
rill ~
rotational ~
s a n d ~ 1. 2 .
3.
s e e p a g e ~ ,
s h e e t ~ 1.
2 .
(
)
s h o o t i n g ~ 1. [ ]
2 .
soil ~ ,
solid ~ 1. 2 .

flue
solid p e n e t r a t i v e ~ (
)
steady ~ []

s t r e a m i n g ~ (1.

2. ,


)
streamline ~
submerged ~
s u b t e r r a n e a n ~
s u p e r f i c i a l ~
superfluent ~
superfluent lava ~

,
s u p e r i m p o s e d ~
s u r f a c e ~
tectonic ~ ,

t e r m i n a l l a v a ~
t h r e e - d i m e n s i o n a l ~
tranquil ~
tuff ~
t u r b i d i t y ~
turbulent ~ ;

t w o - p h a s e ~
(. )
unrestricted ~
unsteady [variable] ~ [
]
viscous ~ ,
volcanic ~
f l o w a g e 1. 2 . 3 ,
4.
p r i m a r y ~ (


)
rock ~
salt ~
secondary ~ ,

flower
f r o s t ~ . ice f l o w e r
gypsum ~ ,
ice ~ [ ] (

)
s a l t ~ (


)
flows t o n e
flowtill
fluccan ,

fluctuation ,
~ of p i e z o m e t r i c s u r f a c e

~ of s t a t i c level
~ of w a t e r t a b l e
climatic ~ s
phreatic ~ ,

piestic ~
sea-level ~ s
statistical ~ s
flue 1. 2 .

fluellite
fluellite , A l ( P O ) F ( O H ) - T H O
fluid ; ; || ;
;
circulation ~
connate ~ s
drilling ~
gaseous ~ ,
interstitial ~
juvenile ~
magmatic ~
mud ~
mud-laden ~

pore ~
fluidal
fluidized
fluidity
fluidization
fluke HoL ,
flume 1. , , 2 .

rating ~
recirculating ~
test ~
fluoborite , Mg (BOa)(F, )
f l u o c e r i t e , ( C e , La, N d ) F
fluor . f l u o r i t e
fluorapatite , C a s ( P 0 ) F
f l u o r e s c e i n (


)
fluorescence
fluorescent
fluoric , ,
fluoride
fluoridization
fluorite , , C a F
fluormica ,
f l u o r o l o g g i n g

f l u o r p h l o g o p i t e .
f l u o r s p a r . f l u o r i t e
f l u o r t a e n i o l i t e .
flurosion (

)
flush 1. ;
2. 3. ;
4. 5.
6.
flute ,
f l u t i n g 1. 2 .
s e p t a l ~ For.
fluvial
fluvialist
fluviation ;
fluvioclastic ,

fluvioeolian -
fluviogenic
fluvioglacial
fluviograph
fluviolacustrine -,

fluviology ,
fluviomarine
fluviometer
2

fold

f l u v i o t e r r e s t r i a l (

)
fluviraption

flux (1. 2.


)
eddy ~
h e a t ~
magnetic ~ ,

n e u t r o n ~
s o l a r - w i n d ~
t o t a l ~ []
t u r b u l e n t ~
fluxie
fluxing:
gas ~
fluxion 1. 2. pi
3. 4. ;
pressure ~
f l u x o t u r b i d i t e ( )
fly

()
flyer
fly-off
flysch
foam
e a r t h ~
volcanic ~
focus , ,
~ of e m i s s i o n
continuously erupting ~

e a r t h q u a k e ~ [, ]

field ~ ,

principal ~ ,

seismic ~ [, ]

virtual ~ []
volcanic ~
f o e h n ( , )
fog
air-mass ~
frontal ~
ice [ r i m e ] ~ ,
fohn . f o e h n
f o h r d e . ,

foid
f o i d i t e .
fold 1. . , , ,
2 . ,
3 . , 4 . . ,
5 . pi [ ]
6 . . ~ a d j a c e n t
to a fault , ; ~ comp
licated by faults , ;
~ c u t by a fault ,
~ of s e a m
accordant ~

fold
accordion ~ []

acute ~
aerial ~
allochthonous ~
angular
~

[]

anticlinal ~
arched-up ~
associated ~
asymmetrical ~
basement ~ s
basin ~ ,

box ~ [ ]
brachyaxial ~
broken ~
canoe [carinate] ~
cascade ~
centroelinal ~ [ ] ;
chevron ~ []
closed ~
c o l l u m e l a r ~ s Gastr.

compaction ~
competent ~
complex [composite, compound] ~

compressed ~
compressive ~
concentric ~
concertina ~ []

congruent ~
conical ~
constricted ~
converged ~ s
cover ~ s
crest-like ~
c r u m p l i n g ~ s of p o l l e n
cylindroidal ~
dead ~ []
decollement ~
dextral ~
d e x t r a l d r a g ~

diagonal ~
diapir(ic) ~
disappearing ~
discordant ~
disharmonic ~
disjunctive ~
dispersed ~ s
displaced ~
disrupted ~
dome ~
doubly plunging ~
,
drag ~
d r a p e ~ (

)
elongated ~
erect ~

fold
eyed ~
fan ~
fault ~ ,
faulted overturned ~

flat-topped ~

flexural ~
flexural-slip ~

flexure ~
flexure-flow ~
flow(age) ~
folded ~ - [-
]
generative ~


gentle ~
gravity ~
(

)
harmonic ~
heteroaxial ~
homoaxial ~
horizontal ~

[]
incipient ~
inclined ~ [, ]

inclined isoclinal ~

incompetent ~
incongruous ~
i n c o n g r u o u s d r a g ~

inverted ~
inverted canoe ~

isoclinal ~
J u r a - t y p e ~
keel-like ~
kink ~
knee ~
large low-angle ~
level ~
load ~
local ~
longitudinal ~ ,


l o n g i t u d i n a l ~ s of pollen

major ~ ,

marginal ~
median ~
mesoscopic ~
m i n o r ~ ,

monoclinal ~
multiple ~
natural ~
near-cylindroidal ~

nonplunging ~

fold
normal ~ []
n o s e - t y p e ~

open ~
open-terrace type ~
ore ~ , ;

overlap ~
overthrust ~
overturned ~
parallel ~
parasitic ~ , ,

p a r i e t a l ~ Gastr.
passive ~
penecontemporaneous ~

piedmont ~
piercement [piercing] ~
pitching ~ ,
plains-type ~ ,
plunging ~ ,
posthumous ~ ,

prominent ~
p t y g m a t i c ~ ,
quaquaversal ~
recumbent ~
reflexed ~

refolded
~
,

relict ~
returned [reversed] ~
r h e i d ~ (,

)
ridge ~
S
S-
saddle ~
seam ~
secondary ~ ,

sharp ~
shear ~
shear-cleavage ~
sigmoidal ~
similar ~
simple ~
sinistral ~
sinusoidal ~
slip ~
slump ~
smooth ~
squeezed ~
step ~
s t o p ~

strike ~
strong ~
subsequent ~
superfical ~

folding
superposed ~
(

)
supratenuous ~
symmetrical
~

[]

synclinal ~ , ,
,
syndepositional ~

tail ~
tested ~
tight ~
transverse ~
true ~ []
underthrust ~
undulating ~ []

uniclinal ~ ,

unsymmetrical
~

[]

untested ~
upright ~ []
zigzag ~
foldbelt
folded:
acutely ~ ,

closely ~
peripherally ~ -
ptygmatically ~

symmetrically ~
uniformly ~ -
folding , ,

~ of l a y e r
acute ~
Alpine ~
alpinotype ~
a l t e r n a t e ~ ,
Amadocian ~
Armorican ~
Assynt ~
Austrian ~
axial-plane ~
(
)
backward ~
(
,

)
Baikal ~
bend ~
block ~
buckle ~ []
Cadomian ~
Caledonian ~
Cimmerian ~
c o m p e t e n t ~ (
)
concentric ~
continuous contorsion ~
contortion ~
cosedimentation ~

fold-thrust

foram

cross ~ []
,
crustal ~
diapir ~
discontinuous ~
disharmonic ~
drag ~
echelon ~
,
ejective ~
f l e x u r e - s l i p ~

flow ~
general compression ~

g e n e r a l flow ~

gentle ~
geosynclinal ~
germanotype ~
G o t h i a n ~
gravity ~
harmonic ~
Hercynian ~
i n c o m p e t e n t <~
intermediate ~
intraformational ~

Karelian ~
Laramide ~
Mesozoic ~
minute ~
mountain ~ ,
o v e r t h r u s t ~ , ,
parallel ~
platform ~
posthumous ~
postsedimentation
~

principal ~
ptygmatic ~
recumbent ~
recurrent ~ ,
rotational cylindroidal ~

shear ~
slip ~
superimposed ~
surface ~ ;

true ~ []
underground ~
Variscian ~
fold-thrust -
Foley
()
f o l g e r i t e . p e n t l a n d i t e
folia 1. 2 . ,

f o l i a c e o u s . ,
f o l i a t e 1. , ,
2 .
foliation , ,

~ of g l a c i e r

a x i a l - p l a n e ~ [ ,
]
bedding ~ [,
]
cleavage ~ [,
]
closed ~ [ ] ,
[] , []

flow ~ [ ,
]
i g n e o u s <~ [ ,
]
interrupted ~ ,
,

linear ~ , ,
,

primary ~ ,
,
rude ~ ,
,
shear ~ [,
]
foliose , (.
)
F o l i s t ( ,

)
folium ,
follicle .
follower ,

cathode ~
f o l l o w i n g 1. 2 . ,

fondo
()
fondoform
fondothem ,

f o n t ; ;
f o o t 1. ; ; ; 2 .
3 . . ; ;
~ of slope
assay ~ -
expanded ~ ,
(
)
ice ~ 1. 2 .
m a s t i c a t o r y ~ Crust,
shaft ~
t u b e ~ Ech. ;

f o o t e i t e . c o n n e l l i t e
f o o t h i l l 1. (

) 2. pi
f o o t - j a w Crust,
foot-piece, foot-stone , ,

f o o t p r i n t s (

)
f o o t wall [ ]
();
(
)
f o r a l i t e (,

)
f o r a m . f o r a m i n i f e r

foramen Brach., For., Gastr.


attrite ~
,

e n t e p i c o n d y l a r ~ Rept.

labial ~
palatine ~
remigrant ~
foraminated
foraminifer
agglutinized ~

arenaceous ~
benthonic ~
biserial a n d biserial uniserial ~
-

calcareous ~
encrusting ~
lamellar ~
l a r g e r ~ 1. 2 .


littoral ~
many-chambered ~

monothalamous ~
multilocular ~
nonionid ~
polythalamous ~
rotaliid ~
single-chambered ~

smaller ~
(

)
unilocular ~
foraminiferal ,

foraminiferology
f o r a m i n i t e .
forb (

;
)
forbesite , H ( N i C o ) ( A s O J - T H O
force 1. ; 2 . ,
()
~
of g r a v i t y ,
,
~ of i n e r t i a
ascensional ~
a t t r a c t i v e ~
axial ~
balanced ~ s
bending ~
b o d y ~ 1. [ ] 2 . pi ,

b u c k l i n g ~ (

)
centrifugal ~
centripetal ~
coercive ~
compressional ~
Coriolis ~
critical tractive ~
crystallizing ~
differential ~ s
2

disturbing ~ ; ,
,
horizontal ~
hydraulic ~
inclined ~
labilizing ~ ,

magnetic ~
noncoplanar ~ s ()
planar ~ s ()
pole-fleeing ~
r e l a t i v e ~ of g r a v i t y

reversible ~
seismic ~ ,

shear(ing) ~
single ~ ;

stretching ~
telluric magnetic ~
tensile ~
tide-producing ~ s ,

torsional ~ ,
,
turning ~
twisting ~
u n b a l a n c e d ~ s (

)
V a n der Waals ~ s --,
vertical ~
;

f o r c e p s . ,
f o r c e - a p a r t (

)
f o r c h e r i t e (
)
f o r d 1. 2 .
f o r d e . (
,


)
forecast
f o r e d e e p 1. 2 . . e x o g e o s y n c l i n e
foredune
forefield 1. 2 . 3 .

()
forehead
foreigner
f o r e l a n d 1. ; 2 . 3 .

4. ,


5 .

a g g r a d a t i o n a l ~ ,

complex cuspate ~
,
cuspate ~
simple c u s p a t e ~

f o r e l i m b (

forellenstein
f o r e l l e n s t e i n . , ,
foreman:
drilling ~
forepoling ,

f o r e r e e f (,

)
f o r e r u n n e r 1. - 2 .
[ ]
~ of e r u p t i o n
f o r e s e t 1. ( ) 2.

foreshock []

foreshore
; ;
lower ~
foreside
f o r e s i g h t .
foreslope 1. 2.
forest
cold-deciduous ~ s
coniferous ~
crook-stem ~
drought-deciduous ~ s

evergreen broad-leaved ~ s

evergreen needle-leaved ~ s

light ~ ,
petrified ~
r a i n ~ (

2500 )
submerged ~
temperate rain ~

forested
foretrench
foretrough , [
]
fork 1. , 2 . ,
(. ) 3 . ,

forking ,
~ of v e i n [ ]
form 1. ,
2 . . ,

aberrant ~
a b l a t i o n ~ (

)
advanced ~
aggradation ~
ancestral ~
arenaceous ~
articulate ~
a u t o g e n e t i c land ~ 1 . ,

2 . ,
,
bed ~
bench-like ~

form
biconical ~
broadly-tabular ~ ,

cleavage ~

closed ~
coiled ~
complementary ~ s [
]
concretion ~
cone ~
congruent ~
conispiral ~ -
constructional topographic ~


correlative ~
cryogenic ~
c r y p t o g e n i c ~ ,

c r y s t a l ~ 1.
2.
curly ~ []

deep-water ~
destructive topographic ~

dog-tooth ~
dwarf ~
emergent ~
encrusting ~
endemic ~ ,
face ~ []
final ~
fixed ~
()
fundamental ~
g e n e r a l ~ (

)
globular ~ []
habitat ~
high-spired ~
holohedral ~
initial ~ []
land ~ s ,
limit ~
limiting ~
mature ~
medusoid ~
megaspheric ~
negative land ~ ,

open ~
passage ~
persistent ~
physiographic ~ -
()
pinch-and-swell ~
(
)
prevailing ~ []

p r o g r a d a t i o n a l w e d g e ~ s
scouring ~
secondary land ~
sequential ~
shelled ~ ,

forma

fossil

s i n g u l a r c r y s t a l ~ (
)
structural ~ s
subspecific ~
tectonic land ~
tolerant ~
topographic ~
vicinal ~
f o r m a (

-,
)
formanite , Y(Ta, N b ) O
f o r m a t ,
f o r m a t i o n 1. (1.

2. ,

3.
)
2. ,

~ of m a r s h e s
accumulative ~
bedded ~
biotic ~
blanket ~
bluff ~
b o t t o m ~ ;

c a r b o n a t e f a c i e s iron ~
(


)
cave ~
c o a l ~ ,

complete ~ []
consolidated ~
coral ~
creviced ~
crown ~ [ ]
fundamental crystalline ~ s
,
gas-bearing ~
geological ~
grape ~
(

)
hard ~
ice ~
invaded ~
oil-bearing ~
overlying ~
o x i d e f a c i e s iron ~

peat ~
predominantly complexion ~


producing ~
radially foliated ~ s -

saline ~
shelly ~ (

)
s i l i c a t e - f a c i e s iron ~

soil ~
spore ~

spotty ~
steep ~

sulfide f a c i e s i r o n ~

supracrustal ~
thief ~
(

)
time transgressive ~

time transitional ~
vein ~
water-bearing ~ ;

formula
absorption ~
Bowie ~
character ~
constitutional ~
Darcy-Weisbach ~ -
dental ~
digital ~
gravity ~
Helmert's ~
Kutter's ~
pleochroic ~
sinal ~
Stoke's ~
true thickness ~
fornacite , (Pb, Cu) [(Cr, A s ) 0 ] - ( O H )
fors , ; ;
forsterite , M g S i O
f o r t u n i t e .
foshagite , C a S i O g ( O H )
foshallasite , C a S i O - S H O (?)
foso , ;
fossa 1.
2.
h y p o s e p t a l ~ Ceph.
fossaaperturate -
fosse 1. , ; 2 . ,
f o s s e t t e Biv., For,
fossil , || ,
~ in s i t u

a v i a n ~
characteristic ~
cosmopolitan ~
d e r i v e d ~
,
diagnostic ~
facies ~ ,

guide ~
hominid ~
index ~
l i g n u m ~ 1. 2 . ;

"
living ~ (

,
)
local ~ (

)
long-range ~

organic ~

4 2

fossilate

fracture

organic-walled ~

permineralized ~
persistent ~

problematic ~ ,

r e d e p o s i t e d ~
,
rolled ~
trace ~

t y p e ~ ;

waterworn ~
zonal [zone] ~
fossilate
fossildiagenese
fossiliferous ,

fossilization
fossilize ,
f o s s u l a Anth., / . , Gastr. ,

alar ~
cardinal ~
counter ~
f o s s u l a t e (
)
f o u l n e s s 1. 2 . ()
foundering , ,
roof ~ [ ]
fountain 1. , 2.
fire [ l a v a ] ~
f o u r c h i t e (
)
f o u r l i n g .
fourmarierite , 0 - 4 0
foveolate ,
(
)
foveoseptal
f o w l e r i t e (
,

)
f o y a i t e (
)
f r a c t i o n 1. 2. ; ,
coarse ~
float ~
representative ~ ,
,

specific g r a v i t y ~ ,

fractional , ,
fractionation
chromatographic ~

crystal ~
extreme ~
higb ~
isotopic ~
oxygen
isotope
~

O / O (

)
fractoconformity

f r a c t o g r a p h y (

)
fracture ; ; ; ,
; ~ with displacement ;
~ without displacement , ,

~ of s h e a r i n g t y p e
chipping ~
coarse-fibrous ~
coaxial ~ s ,
concave ~
concentric ~ s
conchoidal ~
concussion ~
conjugated ~ s ;
[]
convex ~
crescentic ~
cross ~
crust ~
e a r t h y ~
()
even ~
extension ~
fibrous ~
fine-fibrous ~
fine-grained ~
flinty ~
foliated ~
gash ~
granular ~
hackly ~ [, ]

helical ~
lamellar [laminated] ~
lunate ~
master ~
microdistributive ~
open gash ~
open tension ~
persistent ~
planar ~ s
(
,

,

)
plane ~
platy ~
potential ~
release ~
ring ~
rough ~
shattery ~
shear ~
shell-like ~ ;

slate [slaty] ~
splitting ~
strong ~
subconchoidal ~ [
]
subsidary ~ ,

tectonic ~ s
t e m p e r a t u r e ~
;
tension ~

1 8

1 6

thermal ~ ;

()
tight ~
transverse ~
uneven ~
wavy ~
fractureless
fracturing ,
formation ~
hydraulic ~
fragility ,
fragipan
fragment
chance ~
c l e a v a g e ~
coarse ~
fission ~
i n t r a f o r m a t i o n a l ~ s

plant ~
sharp-edged ~
u r a n i u m fission ~ s
f r a g m e n t a l 1. , ,
2 . pi
f r a g m e n t a r y 1. , ,
2.

f r a g m e n t i n g of c o n t i n e n t s
framboid
frame ,
bony ~ ,
buccal ~ ,

d i c t y o n a l ~ ,
pit-head ~
f r a m e s i t e (
)
f r a m e w o r k 1. , , ; 2 . .
; ; 3 . .
4 . .
~ of silica
~ of t e t r a h e d r o n s
,
internal crystal ~

sedimentary ~
skeletal ~
s t r a t i g r a p h i c ~ 1. pi
2.
tectonic ~ ;
francevillite , (Ba, Pl) ( U 0 ) ( V 0 ) 5H O
franckeite , PbSSn Sb Si
francolite , C a ( P O , COs) (F, )
F r a n c o n i a n (
)
frangibility ,
f r a n g i t e (
,

)
frangitic -,
F r a n k l i n i a n (
)
franklinite ,
(Zn, M n + , F e ) ( F e , M n J O
2

2 +

3 +

3 +

F r a s n i a n , (

)
frazil 1. 2 .
()
frazilization
fray to ~ out
freboldite , CoSe
F r e d e r i c k s b u r g i a n (

)
free 1. 2 . 3 .
4.
f r e e b o a r d (

)
f r e e s t o n e 1 . 2 .


freeze ,
f r e e z e u p 1. , ,
2.
freezing ,
complete ~
deep ~
deferred ~
f r e i b e r g i t e (

,
)
freieslebenite , P b A g S b S i
freirinite , N a C u ( A s 0 ) ( O H ) - H 0
f r e m o n t i t e . n a t r o m o n t e b r a s i t e
f r e n u l u m Rad.
f r e q u e n c y 1. ; 2 .
.

absolute pollen ~

beat ~
c h a n n e l ~ (

)
corner ~
flood ~
grain ~
j o i n t ~ (

)
lamellar ~
(
)
number ~
size ~
spatial ~
s t r e a m ~ (

)
vibration ~
fresh 1. ( ) 2. ;
3 . ,
4 . 5.
( ,

)
freshening
f r e s h e t 1. ,
2. , ,
strong ~
freshness
freshwater
Fresnian

)
fresnoite , B a T i S i O
3

fret

fumarole

f r e t , (

)
fretting , ; ,

()
fretum ;
fretwork
freudenbergite , N a F e T i O i S
f r e y a l i t e (
)
friability , ,

~ of soil
friction
hydraulic ~
s k i n ~ (1.

2.

)
sliding ~
static ~
tidal ~
friedelite , MnSSi OiS(OH, C l ) S H O
frigid

)
frill . ;
~ of b o n e
marginal ~
f r i n g e i. ; ; 2 .
(
) 3 . .
~ of s u p e r p o s i t i o n
capillary ~
ice <
frith ,
fritting ;
frohbergite , F e T e
frolovite , 0 - 4 0
f r o n d (

)
forked ~
frondelite , M n F e ( P O ) S ( O H ) S
f r o n t (1.

2. 3.

4.

5. Crust,

)
~ of fold ,

~ of s n o w m e l t
~ of t h r u s t
band ~
basic ~ ,
(
)
cold ~
delta ~ , [ ]

diffusion ~
fault ~ [ ]

ice ~
m o u n t a i n ~
pellicular ~
polar ~
salt-water ~
sea ~
spherical wave ~

terminal ~
w a t e r ~ 1. 2 . ,

wave ~ ,
frontal ,
f r o n t o z y g o m a t i c .
froodite , P d B i
f r o s t 1. 2 .
crystalline ~
hard ~
needle ~ , ,

silver ~
s p e w <~ . n e e d l e f r o s t
f r o s t i n g 1. ;
2.
froth
igneous-rock ~
iron ~
f r o t h y (
)
frozen ;
fruchtschiefer
f r u c t i f i c a t i o n .

f r u i t 1. 2. ;
c h a r o p h y t e ~
f r u s t u l e (

)
frustulent
f u c h s i t e (
)
fucoids ,
f u c o s i t e (
)
fuel
depletable ~ s

fossil ~
m e t a l l i c ~ (,

)
m i n e r a l ~ (,
,
, ,
)
primary ~
solid fossil ~ s
fugacity
fukuchilite , Cu FeSs
fulcral
f u l c r u m 1 . Brach., Pise,
Tril. 2 .
(
)
filgorid
f u l g u r i t e (
)
tubular ~
fulje
full 1. , , 2 .

()
fuloppite , Pb SbsSi5
F u l t o n i a n (
)
fulvurite , ,
fumarole
acid ~ s
alkaline ~ s
cold ~ s
c r a t e r ~ s
dry ~ s
e r u p t i v e ~
secondary ~ s
tunnel ~ s

fume

gageite

fume 1. 2 . ,
f u m e r o l e . f u m a r o l e
function:
Bayesian ~
bed load ~

discriminant ~
P a t t e r s o n ~ .
potential ~
f u n g u s
e u m y c e t e ~
funicle Gastr.

f u n i c u l u s 1. Grapt. 2 . .

funnel 1. , , ,
();
()
2.
Ceph.

a b l a t i o n ~ ,

basal ~
explosion ~
extraction ~
penetration ~
separatory ~
f u r c a Crust, ,
caudal ~
f u r c u l i t e s (
,


)
f u r r o w 1. 2 . 3 . .
~ with rounded points

actinal ~
a r t i c u l a t i n g ~
,

axial ~
b a c k ~ 1 . , 2 .
conchal ~
dorsal ~
dorsolateral ~
e x t e r n a l ~

()
germ ~
germinal ~
glabellar ~
interpleural ~
lateral ~
marginal ~
middle ~
m i d - l a t i t u d e ~ .

neck ~ []
occipital ~
palpebral ~
parapsidal ~ s
p l a y a ~ s
pleural ~
posterior ~
posterolateral ~
preglabellar ~
rib ~
septal ~
spur ~
ventrolateral ~
vincular ~

fuse ; ; ; ;

fusibility
ash ~
fusiform
f u s i n i t e ( ,
)
f u s i n i z a t i o n (
)
fusinoid
fusion 1. ( ) 2. .
,
aqueo-igneous ~
aqueous ~
contact ~
dry ~
selective ~
stereoscopic ~
()
f u s i t e , (

)
fusitoid
f u s o t e l i a n ( ,


)
fusoxylain
F u s u l i n a c e a .
f u s u l i n i d s .
fyord

G
gabbride
gabbro
flaser ~
hornblende ~
layered ~
olivine ~
spotted ~
gabbroic
g a b b r o i d ( ,
)
g a b b r o p h y r e (

)
g a b i o n . . ,
g a b i o n a d e ,
gabrielsonite , P b F e ( A s O ) ( O H )
gad ,
gadder ;
;
,
gadolinite , Be FeY Si OiO
gae ;
gagarinite , N a C a Y ( F Cl)
g a g a t e
g a g a t i t e (
)
g a g a t i z a t i o n (

)
gage:
depth ~ ;
disk hardness ~
lake ~
profiling snow ~
tide ~
gageite , (Mn, Mg, Z n ) S i 0 i - 2 H 0
4

gaging

garnet

gaging
chemical ~

gahnite , Z n A l O
zinc ~ , ( M g , Z n ) A l O
g a h n o s p i n e l (

,
)
g a i n 1. , , 2.

g a i z e (
)
g a j i t e ( )
g a l (


1
/ )
g a l a c t i t e (
)
g a l a p e k t i t e (

)
galaxite , M n A l O
galaxy
gale
g a l e a ,
galeage
galeite , N a i ( S O ) S F C l
galena, galenite , , P b S
f a l s e ~ . s p h a l e r i t e
steel ~
galenobismuthite , P b B i S
galera ,
g a l l 1. (
,

) 2.
clay ~ 1. ,
2 . (

)
w a t e r ~ ,
galleried
g a l l e r y 1. 2 . 3 .
infiltration ~
traverse ~

galliard ,
gallite , C u G a S
g a l m e i , g a l m e y . h e m i m o r p h i t e
g a i t . g a u l t
gamagarite , Ba (Fe, M n ) V O i ( O H )
gametangial
gametangium
gamete ,
g a m e t o p h y t e .
g a m m a ( 1 .

, 10 2.


3.

)
g a m m a - s u l f u r . r o s i c k y i t e
gamodeme
g a m o n t . ,
gamopetalous
g a m s i g r a d i t e .
gangue ;
;
g a n g w a y 1. 2 .
cross ~
monkey ~
g a n i s t e r (

b a s t a r d ~ ,


pencil ~
g a n o i d Pise, ||
ganomalite , C a P b S i O u
ganophyllite ,
(Na, K)(Mn, Fe, A l ) ( S i A l ) O i ( O H ) - 2 H O
g a p 1. ; . . ; ;
2 .
3 . ; 4 . , (1.

2.

) ~ in g e o l o g i c a l r e
cord ,
,
; ~ in s u c c e s s i o n

a b y s s a l ~ ,

apparent stratigraphic ~

a r c - t r e n c h ~

branch ~
dry ~
erosional ~
fault ~
fault-line ~
leaf ~ .
,

micrometer spark ~
(

)
miscibility ~
pediment ~
s t r a t i g r a p h i c ~ ,

w a t e r ~ , ,

w i n d ~ (
)
gape ,
b y s s a l ~ Biv.
p e d a l ~ Moll,
g a p i n g 1. ;
2. ,
g a r a (
)
garbenschiefer 1. 2.

garden:
salt ~
g a r e w a i t e .
g a r g a n i t e (,

)
G a r g a s i a n (

)
g a r g u l h o (

)
garnet , A B (SiO )S
( A = C a , M g , F e + , M n + , B = A l , F e + , M n + ,
Cr)
b l a c k ~ . a n d r a d i t e
Bohemian ~
c a l c i u m a l u m i n u m ~ . g r o s s u l a r ( i t e )

garnetiferous
c a l c i u m c h r o m i u m ~ . u v a r o v i t e
c a l c i u m - i r o n ~ . a n d r a d i t e
c o m m o n ~ . a l m a n d i n e
d e m a n t o i d ~ (
)
iron ~
iron-aluminum ~ ,
(. . a l m a n d i n e )
lime ~ (

,
)
m a g n e s i u m - a l u m i n u m ~ .
m a n g a n e s e - a l u m i n u m ~ . s p e s s a r t i n e
oriental ~
pinwheel ~ ,

p r e c i o u s ~ (,

)
r o t a t e d [ s n o w b a l l , s p i r a l ] ~ . p i n w h e e l g a r
net
t e t r a h e d r a l ~ . h e l v i n e
white ~
garnetiferous
garnetization
g a r n e t o i d .
garnierite , ,
(Ni, Mg) Si O (OH)
garrelsite (),
(Ba, C a ) H S i B O
garronite , N a C a A b S i O 2 7 H O
gas ~ initially-in place
(

)
associated ~
carbonic acid ~
chemically inactive ~
c o a l ~
c o a l field ~
combustible ~
d e t o n a t i n g ~
dry ~
escaping ~
explosive ~
flared ~ ,
free ~ ( )
fuel ~
fumarole ~
geopressured ~ ,

high-Btu ~
hydrocarbon ~
included ~ ,
industrial (commercial) ~
inert ~
injected ~ ,
in-place petroleum ~
juvenile ~
lean ~
lift ~ ,
liquefied ~
l o w - B t u ~
marketable gas ~
m a r s h ~
medium-Btu ~
mine ~
3

2 0

-. . .

2 0

6 4

gault

mud-volcanic ~
natural ~
noble ~ []
nonassociated ~
occluded ~
oil-dissolved ~ ,

p e t r o l e u m ~
phreatic ~
radiogenic ~
recoverable ~
resurgent ~
r e t a i n e d ~
rich ~ ,
sour ~
sulfurous ~
s w e e t ~

t a n k ~
t i g h t ~ (

,
)
toxic ~
t r a p p e d ~ 1. () 2.

volcanic ~
wet ~
g a s h 1. 2. 3 .

gasification
in-situ coal ~
underground ~
gasoclastic
gaspeite , (Ni, Mg, F e ) C O
gasser
gassi
(
)
gassing ;
gassy ,
g a s t a l d i t e (
)
gastral .
g a s t r o l i t h .
g a s t r o p o d Moll, ,
imperforate ~ []
perforate ~ []

g a s t r o p o r e Hydr.
g a s t r o z o o i d Hydr.
g a s t r u l a .
gat ; ;
g a t e 1. , 2 . Rad. 3 .
4. ;
air ~
master control ~
sea ~ ;
w a t e r ~ .
gather
g a t i n g (

)
gaudefroyite ,
Ca Mn+_ (B0 ) (C0 )(0, OH)
gaufrage
g a u g e . g a g e
G a u l t , (
)
gault
3

193

Gauss

geochronometer

G a u s s (

)
g a u s s (
)
g a u s s b e r g i t e (

)
g a u t e i t e (

)
g a w 1. ,
2 . ; 3 .
;
gaylussite , N a C a ( C 0 ) 2 - 5 H 0
g e a n t i c l i n a l ||

geanticline
;

gear:
blasting ~
(
)
gearksutite , C a A l ( O H ) F
g e d a n i t e , (

)
G e d i n n i a n , (

)
g e d r i t e (
)
gedroitzite , 6(, N a h O 5 A l O - 14Si0212H O
g e e s t ; ,

gehlenite , C a A l S i O
geikielite , M g T i O
gein(e)
geisothermal
gel ,
g e l a t i n 1. 2 .

g e l a t i o n 1. 2 .
, ,
geli- ,

gelifluctate
gelifluction ,
gelifraction
gelignite
gelisol
g e l i s o l i f l u c t i o n . g e l i f l u c t i o n
g e l i t e (
)
geliturbation , ,

gelivation
gelivity

g e l o s e ', u l m i n
g e l o s i t e (

)
gem ,
g e m m a .
gem . g e m o l o g y
g e m m a t i o n ., Anth.
g e m m i f e r o u s

g e m m o l o g y . g e m o l o g y
gem mule .
gemmy

gemology

gemstone
g e n a Tril. ,
g e n d a r m e 1.
, 2.
,
g e n e r a pi g e n u s
g e n e r a t i o n 1. 2 .
generatrix

generic
generitype
genesis ,
mechanical ~
genetic
geniculate ,
(
)
genocotype
genoholotype ;
genolectotype
genomorph ;
genoplesiotype
genosyntype
genotype ;
g e n s (

)
genthelvite , (Zn, Fe, M n ) B e ( S i 0 ) S
g e n t h i t e , ,
(Ni, Mg) Si Oi 6H O
g e n t l e , , (.
)
genus
form ~
nominal ~
o r g a n ~ (

)
type ~
g e o . ;
geoacoustics
g e o a n t i c l i n e . g e a n t i c l i n e
g e o a s t r o n o m y . a s t r o g e o l o g y
geobarometry
g e o b a s i n (

,

)
g e o b i o l o g y (,

)
g e o b i o s (

)
g e o b l e m e (

)
geocentric
geocerite , , C H O
geochemical
geochemistry
g e o c h r o n (1.

2.

)
g e o c h r o n i c 1. 2 .
geochronologic
geochronology ,

geochronometer

2 7

5 3

geochfonometry
g e o c h r o n o m e t r y (

)
g e o c h r o n y . g e o c h r o n o l o g y
geoclinal
g e o c l i n e .
geocol ,

geocosmogony
geocosmology
geocratic
geocronite , Pb SbAsSe
geocryological
geocryology ,
geocyclic
geocyclicity
geode
geodepression
g e o d e s i c 1. 2 .
geodesy
satellite ~
geodetic
geodic ,
(.

)
geodiferous
geodimeter
geodynamic
geodynamics
g e o e c o l o g y . e n v i r o n m e n t a l g e o l o g y
geoeconomics
geoelectricity
geoevolutionism
(

)
geoexploration
g e o f l e x . o r o c l i n e
g e o f l o r a (

)
g e o f r a c t u r e (

)
geogenesis ,
g e o g e n y . g e o g o n y
g e o g l y p h i c s (


)
geognostical
geognosy , ,
g e o g o n y (

)
geogram
geographic(al)
geography
physical ~
geohazards

geohistory
geohydrologic
geohydro'logy ,
geoid
c o m p e n s a t e d ~
geoisobath
geoisotherm
geoisothermal
g e o l i t h (
)
geologic(al)
geologist
field ~ [ ]
g l a c i a l ~ -
5

,

land ~ ,

m i n i n g ~ [ ] ;

oil [ p e t r o l e u m ] ~ -
s e n i o r ~
u n d e r w a t e r ~ ,
,
geology
~ of t h e P a l e o l i t h i c
agricultural ~ ,

applied ~
areal ~ ,

armchair ~
bedrock ~
coastal ~
dynamic ~ []
economic ~
engineering ~
environmental ~
epeirogenic ~
experimental structural ~


exploration ~
extraterrestrial ~
geomorphic ~
geotectonic ~
glacial ~
g r o u n d w a t e r ~ (

)
hard-rock ~
highway ~ ,

,
historical ~
igneous ~
krystic ~
lunar ~
marine ~
military ~
mining ~ ,

oil ~
oil-field ~
ore ~ ,

orogenic ~
petroleum ~ ,
physical ~
physicochemical ~ -
physiographic ~ -

planetary ~ ,

practical ~
q u a t e r n a r y ~
,
reconnaissance ~
regional ~
scenographical ~

geomagnetic

geosyncline

soft-rock ~
space ~ ;
stratigraphic ~
structural ~
submarine ~
submask ~
subsurface ~ ;

surface ~
surficial ~

tectonic ~ ;
geomagnetic
geomagnetism
geomagnetochronology
geomalic
(
)
g e o m a l i s m ., .
g e o m a t h e m a t i c s ,

geomatics
geomechanics
g e o m e t r i e s (

, )
geometry:
channel
hydraulic ~
reflector ~
(
)
geomonocline
geomorphic ;
geomorphogeny
geomorphography
geomorphology
analytical [dynamic] ~

experimental ~

historical ~
periglacial ~
submarine ~
g e o m o r p h y 1. 2 .
geomyricin, geomyricite , ,

miiting ~
g e o p h y s i o g r a p h y (
)
geopiezometry
geoplanetology
g e o p l o s i c s (

)
g e o p o l a r (

)
geopptential
g e o r c e i x i t e , 1 [ ( 0 4 ) 1 ( ) ]
BaCaCeAl H [(P0 )2l(OH) ]
georgiadesite , P b ( A s O ) C l
g e o r g i a i t e ( )
G e o r g i a n , (

)
geoscience ,

geoscientist ,

g e o s e i e n i c (
)
g e o s e r e ( 1 .

2.

)
g e o s o p b y {

)
geospeleological
g e o s p e l e o l o g y (

)
geosphere
g e o s t a t i c (



)
g e o s t a t i s t i c s (.


)
geostratigraphic
(

)
geostrophic
geosuture , ;

g e o s y n c l i n a l ||
g e o s y n c l i n e from o u t s i d e
~
(

)
back ~
b i l a t e r a l ~ [ ]

continental ~
ensialic ~
epicontinental
~

e x t r a c o n t i n e n t a l ~

first-order ~
frontal ~ []
Hefcynian ~
intracratonal ~
,
linear ~
marginal ~ []
M e d i t e r r a n e a n ~

mother ~
oceanic ~

32622

geonomic ,
geonomy ,
g e o p .

geopetal
g e o p h a g o u s .
geophone , ,
lock-in ~

moving a r m a t u r e ~

moving conductor ~

multiple ~ s
g e o p h o t o 1. 2 .

geophysical
geophysicist
exploration ~ -
geophysics
applied ~

geotaxis
polycyclic ~ []

primary ~
residual ~
rift ~
secondary ~
(

)
second-order ~
sequent ~ ,
tilt-block ~
yoked ~
,
;
geotaxis
geotechnics
geotechnology
geotectocline
geotectogene ()
geotectogenesis
g e o t e c t o n i c ( ) , ,

geotectonics
general ~
geotector ,
geotecture
g e o t e x t u r e (

)
g e o t h e r m . g e o i s o t h e r m
geothermal, geothermic ;

geothermometer
pyrite ~
geothermometry
geothermy
g e o t r a v e r s e (

)
g e o t r o p i s m (,

)
geotumor
geoundation
gerasimovskite ,
(Mn, Ca) (Nb, T i ) 0 i 9 H 0
g e r b i l (
Gerbillinae)
gerhardite , C u ( N O ) ( O H )
g e r m .
bladder [vesicular] ~
germanite , C u ( G e , G a , Fe)(S, As)
gerollton ,
gerontic , ,
( )
gerontomorphosis
g e r s b y i t e (,

)
gersdorffite , , NiAsS
gerstleyite , ( N a L i ) A s S b S i 6 H O
getchellite , A s S b S
g e t r y g g , ,
getter ,
getting ,
coal ~ []
geversite , P t S b
geyes
2

geyser
intermittent ~
mud ~
geyserite ,
g h a s s o u l i t e (,

)
g h a ( u ) t , ,
()
g h i z i t e (-

)
g h o s t 1. , (. ) 2 .
3 . (

)
g i a n t 1. 2 . ,
g i b b e r 1. , ;
2.

g i b b o n Mamm.
gibbous ,
gibbsite , , A l ( O H )
g i b e l i t e (
)
g i e s e c k i t e (
)
giessenite , P b C u B i S b I S S O
gigantic ,
g i g a n t i s m ., .
g i g a n t o l i t e ( ,

)
g i g a n t o p i t h e c u s Mamm.
g i g a n t o p t e r i s .
g i g a n t o s t r a c a Crust,
g i g a y e a r 1 0 , ,
gileia
g i l g a i 1.
2 . ( )
gill 1. . 2 .
(
)
3 . ,
, ,
book ~ s
dermal ~ s
gillespite , , BaFeSi OiO
g i l p i n i t e . j o h a n n i t e
g i l s o n i t e (
)
g i n g l y m u s Brach. ,
g i n k g o (
Ginkgoales

)
ginorite , C a B i O - S H O
g i n z b u r g i t e (


)
g i o b e r t i t e (

)
gipfelflur ,
,
g i p s y . b o u r n e
girasol ;

girder , ; ; ,

g i r d l e 1. ();

() 2. . 3 . (
) 4 . Moll, , ; Rad.
; ;
; Din., Diat.
~ 6f s e d i m e n t s (

)
- ~
- ~
3

2 3

glacier

girnarite
cleft ~ (

)
p e r i g n a t h i c ~ Echin.
g i r n a r i t e (
)
g i r t . b a y o u
g i r t w i s e 1. 2 .
(
)
girvanella ,

gisement
gismondite , C a A b S i O a 4 H O
g i u m a r r i t e (,

)
G i v e t i a n (
)
g i z z a r d Ins.
g j a 1. , ( ) 2.
. g e o
g l a b e l l a Tril.
g l a b i f e r o u s Echin. ,

g l a c i a l 1. ; ;
2. ,
late ~
glacialism
glacialist

glacialized
glaciate
glaciated
glaciation
Anglian ~
cirque ~
contemporary ~
continental ~
Devensian ~
Dnieper ~
Don ~
D o n a u ~
Elster ~
Giinz ~
Illinoian ~
Kansan ~
Moscow ~
multiple ~
Nebraskan ~
O k a ~
Saalian ~ ,

Sartan ~
Valdai ~
Weichselian ~ []
,
Wisconsin ~
Wolstonian ~
Zyrjanka ~
glacieluvial -
glacier ~ with tongue afloat
,
~ of r o c k s a l t
active ~
alpine ~
a m o e b o i d ~ ,

apposed ~
arctic ~
2

avalanche ~ ,
,
block ~
bulb ~
cascading ~
catchment ~
c h a n n e l ~
,
Chinese-wall ~
cirque ~
cliff ~
cold ~ ,
c o m p l e t e ~ (


)
compound valley ~
(


)
confluent ~ ;

continental ~ []

cornice ~
c o r r i e ~ 1. 2 .
crater ~
dead ~ []
dendritic ~ ,

diffluence ~
distributary ~
drift ~
dying ~
expanded-foot ~

foot ~ ,
fossil ~ (

)
hanging ~
highland ~
high-polar ~
horseshoe ~
inactive ~
inherited basin-type ~

inlet ~
intermont(ane) ~
Malaspina ~ ;
,
marine ~ ,
moist ~
mountain ~
m u d ~
neve ~
new-born ~
niche ~ (

)
nivation-type ~
outlet ~
parasitic ~ ,

passive ~
piedmont ~ ,

plate ~ []
plateau ~ ,
polar ~

glacieret
recemented [recentered, reconstituted, recon
s t r u c t e d , r e g e n e r a t e d ] ~ [
]
relict ~ ,

reticular ~
rock ~
r o c k - s a l t ~
salt ~
s a n d ~ -, ,

slope ~ ,
snow ~
snow-drift ~
s t a g n a n t ~ ;
[]
star ~
subpolar ~
summit ~
s u p e r i m p o s e d ~

surging ~
t a l u s ~ 1. 2 .

t e m p e r a t e ~
t h r o u g h ~ , ;

tidal [tidewater] ~ ,

transection ~
tributary ~ -
t r u n k ~ ,

twinned ~
t w o - l o b e d ~ ,

valley ~
wall-sided ~
glacieret ;
glacierization
glacierized
g l a c i f i c a t i o n (1.

2. .
)
glacifluvial
glacigenic ,

g l a c i o a q u e o u s - (.
)
glacio-eustatism
glaciofluvial
g l a c i o g e o l o g y . g l a c i a l g e o l o g y
glacio-isostasy
glaciokarst
glaciolacustrine -
glaciological
glaciologist
glaciology
structural ~
glaciometer

g l a c i o n a t a n t (


)
glaciosolif l u c t i o n
glaciotectonic
glacis , ,

glacon ,
g l a d e 1. 2 . 3 .
,
gladite , PbCuBi Sg
g l a d k a i t e (

)
g l a d y 1. . 2 .
3. ,

glaebule []

g l a m a i g i t e (

)
glance ,
a n t i m o n y ~ . s t i b n i t e
b i s m u t h ~ . b i s m u t h i n i t e
c o b a l t ~ . c o b a l t i t e
c o p p e r ~ . c h a l c o c i t e
i r o n ~ . h e m a t i t e
l e a d ~ . g a l e n a
nickel ~ . g e r s d o r f f i t e
p i t c h ~
s i l v e r ~ . a r g e n t i t e
gland:
ice ~ (

)
g l a n d u l i n e

glaposition

glarosion
g l a s e r i t e . a p h t h i t a l i t e
glass
alum ~ , KAl(SOj)
-12H O
aventurine ~
basalt ~ ,

cryolite ~ []
Darwin ~
devitrified ~
field ~ 1. 2 . ;

impact ~
lead ~
Libyan Desert ~
( )
magnifying ~
microscope ~
M u s c o v y ~ . m u s c o v i t e
natural ~
object ~
optical ~
perlitic ~
(

)
sealing ~
silica ~
trachitic ~ ,
volcanic ~
glassies

glassy ; ,
( )
glauberite , C a N a ( S O j )
g l a u c o c e r i n i t e . g l a u c o k e r i n i t e
5

glaucochroite

gneiss

glaucochroite , C a M n S i O
glaucodot , ( , Fe)AsS
glaucokerinite ,
(Cu, Z n ) I A l ( S O ) ( O H ) . 2 H O
g l a u c o n i t e 1. ,
(, Na)(Al, F e + , Mg) (Al, S i ) O ( O H ) 2.
,

g l a u c o n i t i c (

)
glauconitization
glaucophane ,
Na (Mg, F e + ) A l S i 0 ( O H )
glaucophanitic
glaucopyrite , FeAs
glebe
glei . g l e y
g l e i z a t i o n ,
g l e n ,
ice ~
G l e n a r m (

,
-,
)
glendon

(
,

)
g l e n d o n i t e (

)
g l e n m u i r i t e (
)
g l e s s i t e (


)
g l e s u m .
gletcher
g l e t c h e r s c h l u c h t .
g l e y
accretion ~
g l e y i n g . g l e i z a t i o n
gleyish ,
g l i d d e r .
g l i d e
g l i d i n g ||
bathydermal ~
bend ~
block ~
crystal ~
dermal ~

g r a i n ~
gravitational [mass] ~
,
p l a n a r ~
sliding ~ ,

subaqueous ~
torsion ~
translation
~

,
,

twin ~ -;

t w i s t ~

glimmer
glimmergabbro
g l i m m e r i n g

3 0

1 0

2 2

g l i m m e r i t e
glimmerton ,
g l i n i t e ,
g l i n t ,
g l i t t e r
g l o a p . g l o u p
g l o b e 1. 2 .
globiferous
g l o b i g e r i n e ||
g l o b i g e r i n o i d

globosphaerite ,
globular ,
globularite ,
g l o b u l e 1. ; ;
2. .
implanted ~
g l o b u l i t e (
)
g l o b u l i t h (

)
glockerite (), 2 F e O
SO 6H O
G l o m a r E x p l o r e r (

)
glomerate ;
glomeroblastic
g l o m e r o c l a s t i c (.
)
g l o m e r o c r y s t (


)
glomerocrystalline
glomerogranular ,
g l o m e r o p h y r i c ( )
glomeroplasmatic
glomeroporphyri(ti)c
g l o m o s p i r i n e (

)
gloss
g l o s s o p t e r i a n .
g l o s s o p t e r i d .
g l o s s o t h y r o p s i f o r m (

)
g l o u p . (
)
glucine , C a B e ( P O M O H ) - V z H O
g l u m e .
g l u t e n i t e (1.
2.
3.
4.
)
glyders, glydrs ;

g l y n . g l e n
glyptogenesis
glyptolith , ,

gmelinite , ( N a , C a ) ( A l S i 0 ) - 6 H 0
g n a t h o c e p h a l o n Crust,
g n a t h o p o d i t e Arthr.

g n a t h o s o m a Ins. ,
g n a t h o t h o r a x Arthr., Crust,
g n e i s s
astochitic ~
a u g e n ~
b a n d e d ~ [ ]
b i o t i t e ~
c o c k a d e ~
composite ~ ,
2

1 2

gneissic
d e n d r i t i c ~
flaggy ~
f l a s e r ~ ,
fleck ~
flow [ f l u i d a l , f l u x i o n ] ~
f u n d a m e n t a l ~
granite ~
injection ~ []

K a t a r c h e a n ~
k n o t t e d ~
l a m i n a t e d ~
l a y e r e d ~
l e p t i t e ~
l e p t y n i t e ~
L e w i s i a n ~
lit p a r - l i t ~
m y l o n i t e ~ ,
p e n c i l ~ [ ]
p e r m e a t i o n ~
p r i m a r y ~
p r o t o c l a s t i c ~
s c h l i e r e n ~
Stengel ~ [ ]
t r a p s h o t t e n ~ ,

veined ~
gneissic
gneissoid, gneissose
gneissosity
g n e t a c e o u s , g n e t a l e a n . ,
g o a f 1. 2 .
,
extensive ~

packed ~ ,

g o b . g o a f
g o b i (1.

2.

)
g o b l e t of l a v a
godlevskite , (Ni, F e ) S
g o e 1. . g e o 2 .
g o e t h i t e , , F e O ( O H )
goffering ,
gold
aluminum ~
b i s m u t h ~ . m a l d o n i t e
b l a c k ~ 1. (
,
) 2. . m a l d o n i t e
c a t ~
c e m e n t ~ ,
coarse ~
copper ~
crown ~
fine ~
flake ~
floating ~
f l o u r ( e d ) ~ 1. 2 .

fool's ~ ,

free ~
7

heavy ~
iridium ~
leaf ~
massive ~ ,
mosaic ~
mustard ~ [
]
p a i n t ~
p a l l a d i u m ~ (,

10 /
)
placer ~ []
platinum ~
primary ~
river-bar ~
r u s t y ~ - (
,

)
shotty ~
standard ~
stream ~ []
wire ~
gold-bearing
gold-containing
goldfieldite , C u ( S b , As)(Te, S )
goldichite , K F e ( S O j ) 4 H O
g o l d m a n i t e , C a ( V , Al, F e ) ( S i O j )
gold-mining
g o l d s c h m i d t i n e (. s t e p h a n i t e )
g o l d s c h m i d t i t e (. s y l v a n i t e )
g o l d s t o n e (

)
g o m p h o t h e r i u m Mamm.
g o n a n g i u m (

)
g o n a t o p a r i a n Tril.
g o n d i t e (
)
G o n d w a n a ( l a n d ) (

)
g o n g y l o d o n t Ost.
g o n i a t i t e Ceph.
g o n i a t i t i c Ceph.
goniometer
contact ~
one-circle ~
reflecting ~
two-circle
~

()

gonnardite , Na CaAIjSi O O 7 H O
g o n o p h o r e Hydr.
g o n o p o r e 1. Ech. ,
2. Crust,
;
g o n o z o o i d .
gonyerite , ,
(Mn Mg) Si OiO(OH)
g o o d e r i t e (
)
g o o n g a r r i t e .
gooseneck ,

gophering ,

gorceixite , B a A l ( P O j ) ( O H ) - H O
gordonite , M g A l ( P O j ) ( O H ) 8 H O
g o r d u n i t e .
3

gore

gradient

gore ,
gorge ; ,
glacial ~
gorgeyite , , K C a S ( S O ) S - H O
gorgonid ,
g o r g o n o p s i a Rept.

g o r g o n o p s i a n Rept.

g o s h e n i t e (
)
goslarite , ,
ZnSo TH O
g o s s a n (


)
false ~
gossany
g o s s e l i t e , (

)
g o t e . ;
g o t h i t e . g o e t h i t e
G o t h l a n d i a n . G o t l a n d i a n
gotiglacial
G o t l a n d i a n , (
)
G o t t w e i g
gotzenite , ( C a N a ) ( T i , A l ) S i O i ( F , O H )
g o u g e 1. 2.
;
, ,
3. 4.
, 5.

clay ~
crescentic ~
f a u l t ~ , (
)
g o u r 1. . . r i m s t o n e d a m 2 . .
pi.
gara
grand ~ ,

g o u g i n g 1. . 2 .

g o u t w a t e r

gowerite , , - 5 0
goyazite (), , S r A l ( P O J ( O H ) H O
g o y l e . ;

goz

()
g o z z a n . g o s s a n
g r a b 1. ; ; 2.

bailer ~
;
bottom ~
P e t e r s o n ~ ,

screw ~
graben
half ~ (

)
volcanic ~
wedge ~
g r a c h a m i t e (

g r a d a t i o n 1. 2. (

) 3 .

antigravitational ~

d a m ~ (


)
g r a d e 1. (); , 2 .
();
; 3 . ,
( ) 4 . a t ~ 1.
2.
~ of c o a l [ ]
assay ~
color ~
c u t o f f ~ 1. 2.
,

easy ~
equivalent ~
evolutionary ~
stabilized ~ ,

steep ~
uniform ~
g r a d e d 1. ; 2.
, 3. ;
;

coarsely ~ ,
( 5 ),
poorly ~
g r a d i e n t 1. . (


)
2.
,
~ of r i v e r
~ of s l o p e
~ of w a t e r t a b l e
ablation ~
adiabatic ~
concentration ~
critical ~
depositional ~
(
)

dispersion ~
d o w n w a r d ~
flat ~ ;
gentle ~
geothermal ~
gravity ~
heat ~
heavy ~
hydraulic ~
initial mean ~

latitude ~
medium ~
negative ~
nival ~
potential ~
pressure ~
reasonable ~
reciprocal thermal ~

regional ~

gradi enter

granulation

steep ~
t e m p e r a t u r e [ t h e r m a l ] ~
,
time ~
u n d e r w a t e r ~
upward ~
gradienter ,
g r a d i n g 1. , ,
, 2. ;
; 3 .
4.
~ of silt
average ~
coarse ~
crude ~
gradiomanometer -
gradiometer
fluxgate ~
gravity ~
magnetic ~
vertical ~

graduation
g r a f t o n i t e , ( F e , Mn, C a ) ( P O j )
g r a h a m i t e 1. ,
(
) 2. . m e s o s i d e r i t e
grail , ;

g r a i n 1. ; 2. (U
2.
)
3 . , ;
4.
~ of c r y s t a l
anhedral ~
c a r a t ~ (

)
c o a t e d ~ (. , )
composite ~
firn ~
floating sand ~ s

g l a c i e r ~
,
hicksaw ~ s
host ~
interlocking ~ s
low-energy ~
multidomain ~
multiple ~ s
open ~
phanerocrystalline ~ s ,

pollen
sand ~ ,

soil ~ ,
g r a i n - f o l i a t e d - (

)
grainstone
g r a i n - s u p p o r t e d (

)
g r a l m a n d i t e (

)
g r a m e n i t e . n o n t r o n i t e

g r a n a t 1. .
2. . g a r n e t
g r a n a t i t e . s t a u r o l i t e
grandidierite ,
(Mg Fe)Al (BO )(SiO )O
g r a n d i t e (,

)
g r a n i d e (
)
graniformametry
granite
alaskite ~
b a s t a r d ~
binary ~ []
black ~
central ~
commercial ~
Corsican ~
disintegrated ~
giant ~
g r a p h i c [ H e b r a i c ] ~
hornblende ~
hypersthene ~
nodular ~
primordial ~
recomposed [reconstructed] ~

S a a m ~
schistose ~
soda ~
svecofennide ~
granitectonic
granitelle []
granitello
granitic
g r a n i t i f i c a t i o n . g r a n i t i z a t i o n
granitine
g r a n i t i t e .
granitization
static ~
g r a n i t o g e n e ( ,


)
g r a n i t o g r e i s e n .
g r a n i t o i d .
granoblastic
g r a n o b l a s t i t e .
g r a n o d a c i t e .
g r a n o d i o r i t e .
g r a n o d o l e r i t e .
g r a n o f e l s
( -
)
g r a n o g a b b r o .
g r a n o l i t e .
g r a n o m e r i t e .
g r a n o p h y r e .
g r a n o p h y r i c ( )
g r a n o s c h i s t o s e ( )
g r a n o s p h a e r i t e .
grantsite ,
Na Ca Vl Vf - x0 -8H O
granular ; ;

granular fragmental -
granularity
g r a n u l a t e
granulation ,

3 2

granule

gravel

g r a n u l e 1. ; 2 . Gastr., Echin.

basal ~
carbon ~ s ;

g r a n u l i t e (1.

2.


3.
,

)
basic ~ s
ocellar ~
g r a n u l i t i c (U

2.

3.
4.
5.

)
granulitization
g r a n u l o b l a s t s (

)
g r a n u l o p h y r e .
g r a n u l o s e 1. (

)
2. ,
(.
)
g r a n u l y t e . g r a n u l i t e
grapestone
,

g r a p h i c , (
)
graphiocome .
graphiohexaster(s) .
g r a p h i p h y r e .
graphite
amorphous ~
disseminated ~
flaky ~ ,
internal ~ ,

lump ~
graphitic , ;

g r a p h i t i t e (

)
g r a p h i t i z a t i o n (

)
g r a p h i t o i d (U

2.
)
g r a p h o c i t e (
, )
g r a p h o g l y p t (

.
)
grapholith ,
graphophyre ,
graptolites
declined ~ ,

decurved ~ ,

dendroid ~
p e n d e n t ~

reclined ~ ,

recurved ~ ,

scandent ~ ,

three-dimensional ~
graptoloid
g r a p t o z o a . g r a p t o l i t e s
grassland:
nonwooded ~

wooded ~ ,

g r a s t i t e . r a p i d o l i t e
g r a t 1. , ,
2. (
)
g r a t i c u l e 1. 2 . ,

g r a t i n g 1. 2 .

diffraction ~
three-dimensional ~

g r a t o n i t e , P b A s S i S
g r a u l i t e . (
)
g r a u w a c k e . g r a y w a c k e
gravel ; ;
auriferous ~
bank ~
b a r ~ s
beach ~
bench ~ ,
;
bolson ~
boulder ~ ,
bound ~ , ,

buckhot ~
calcareous ~
cement ~
clay ~
coal ~
coarse ~
c o b b l e ,

crushed ~
d e e p ~ 1. 2.
3 .
drift ~ ()
fine ~
granule ~
hillside ~
hydraulic ~ (
)
iron-stained ~ ,

lag ~
9

gravelly
o u t w a s h ~ ;

pay ~

pea ~ ,

pebble ~ ,
piedmont ~ ,
plateau ~
q u a r t z ~ ,
river ~ ,
run ~
sandy ~
stream ~ ()
w a s h ~ -
(

)
g r a v e l l y ;

gravelstone ,
gravimeter
astatic ~
astatized ~
Boliden ~
electric gage-type ~

Frost ~
Graf sea ~
(
)
G u l f - t y p e ~ ,

Haalck gas ~
H a r t l e y ~ ,

Hoyt ~
hydrometer ~
,

Ising ~
L a C o s t e - R o m b e r g ~ ,
Lindblad-Malmaquist ~
shipboard ~
stable [static] ~
surface-ship ~
Thyssen ~
torsion ~
Truman ~
u n d e r w a t e r ~ ()

unstable ~
vibration ~
Worden ~
zero-length-spring ~
,
gravimetric
gravimetry
gravitation
g r a v i t o m e t e r (

)
g r a v i t y 1. 2 .
3 .
A . P . I . ~

B a u m e ~
b u l k specific ~

earth ~
observed ~
specific ~ ,
tidal ~ ,
gravure:
gully ~ ,

grayback
g r a y b a n d ( 1 . ,

2. )
graystone
graywacke ,
arkosic ~
feldspathic ~
hign-rank ~
(

)
lithic ~
l o w - r a n k ~ (

)
grazing
green:
celadon ~
mountain ~
Olympic ~ , [ ]

greenalite ,
(Fe +, Fe3+) _ Si 0,o(OH)
greenockite , , CdS
g r e e n o v i t e (
)
g r e e n s a n d 1. [ ] 2 .

greenschist
greenstone ; ; ; ; ;
g r e g a r i t i c (

)
greigite , , F e S
g r e i s e n .
g r e i s e n i z a t i o n .
g r e n a t i t e . s t a u r o l i t e
G r e n v i l l e (
.

)
grenz

g r e y w a c k e . g r a y w a c k e
greywether ,
grid ; ;
adaptive ~
arbitrary ~
geographic ~
petrogen(et)ic ~
Schmidt's ~
g r i f f i t h i t e .
g r i k e ,

G r i m a l d i a n 1.
2 .

grimaldiit , C r O O H
g r i n d e r (
,

)
g r i n d i n g 1. , , ,
2

griotte

ground

2. 3 .
,
core ~
dry ~
final ~ ,

percussive ~
wet ~
g r i o t t e . ;

griphite ,
( N a , Al, C a , F e ) M n ( P O ) S ( O H )
g r i q u a i t e ( 1 . -

,


2.
)
g r i q u a l a n d i t e .
g r i s l e y ,
grison
grist
g r i t 1. ;
2 .
; ; ;
a s h y ~ (

)
calcareous ~ ,

c h i c k e n ~
coal ~
E s o p u s ~ (
,

)
m i l l s t o n e ~ (,

)
pea ~ ,
sand(stone) ~ ,

schistose ~
S c h o h a r i e ~ (
,
-,
)
siliceous ~
gritrock, gritstone
g r i t t y ,
grizzle
g r o c h a u i t e (
,

)
g r o d n o l i t e (

)
g r o i n , (

)
gromel
g r o o v e 1. , , ;
2 . , 3 . . ( ) 4 . pi

()
a m b u l a c r a l ~ Echin. ,

b r a n c h i o c a r d i a c ~ Crust,

c a r a p a c e ~ Crust,
c e r v i c a l ~ Crust,
c h e v r o n ~ Moll,
deflation ~ ,

d i s t a l ~ . (
,
)
d o r s a l ~ Ceph. ;
; Aster,
d o r s o l a t e r a l ~ s Ceph. -
drag ~
erosion ~
facial ~ /,
fault ~
f l a n g e ~ Crust,

food ~ Echin. ,

glacial ~ ;

leveling ~
l i g a m e n t ~ Moll,
m a r g i n a l c i r c u l a r ~ /,
m e d u l l a r y ~ Rad.
p a l l i a l ~ Moll,
p a l p e b r a l ~ Tril.
p l e u r a l ~ Tril.
s e p t a l ~ Ceph. [ ]

t r a n s g l a b e l l a r ~ Tril.

grooved , ;

g r o r u d i t e (
)
g r o s p y d i t e (
,

)
grossular(ite) (), ( )
g r o t h i t e . s p h e n e
g r o t t o , ;

grouan
g r o u n d 1. , ; 2 . 3 .
4 . (,
)
5 . .
a c t i v e p a t t e r n e d ~
a r g i l l a c e o u s s a n d [ a r g i l l o - a r e n a c e o u s ] ~
- ,
auger ~ ,

badly broken ~
bare ~
b a r r e n ~ 1. 2 .
, 3 .
,
b l u e ~ (
,

)
boggy ~ ;
bouldery ~
b r o k e n ~ . loose g r o u n d
caved ~
c e m e n t - s t a b i l i z e d ~
d e a d ~ . ,

d r y frozen ~
flat ~ ,
flinty ~
foul ~ ,

frozen ~
4

grounding
g a t h e r i n g < ,
(
)
gravel(ly) ~
g r i t t y ~
h a r d ~ 1. 2 .

h o m o g e n e o u s frozen ~

hover ~ [ ]
k i n d l y <~
loamy ~
loose ~ , ;

low ~ s ,
middle ~
mine ~ ,

m u d d y ~
n a t u r a l ~ ;
open ~ []
p a t t e r n e d ~
p e r e n n i a l l y [ p e r m a n e n t , p e r p e t u a l l y ] frozen
~

polygonal ~
p r o t e c t e d ~
quick ~
rocky ~
running ~
sharp ~
sheet ~
shelly ~
slime ~
s o f t ~ 1. [ ] ;
2.
solid ~ [ ]
spoil ~
squeezing ~
s t a n d i n g ~
stoping ~

s t r i p e d ~ ( )
s t r u c t u r a l [ s t r u c t u r e ] ~
summit ~

s w e l l i n g ~ [ ]
undulating ~ []
unstable ~
wet ~ []
y e l l o w ~ (

)
g r o u n d i n g (
)
g r o u n d m a s s ; ;
bimagmatic ~
fluidal ~
lumpy ~
groundwater ;
fossil ~
perched ~
perched permanent ~

perched temporary ~

g r o u p Il ,
,
~ of f a u l t s

group
~ of s t r a t a ,

a n a l y t i c ~
Archeozoic ~ , ,
A r i k a r e e ~ (,
)
bonanza ~
C a s s a ~ (,
)
Cenozoic ~ ,
coherent ~
collective ~
C o l o r a d o ~ (,
)
D a k o t a ~ (,
)
g e n e r a l i z e d p o i n t ~ ,

g r e a t soil ~ (

)
Hemingford ~
(,
)
heterogeneous ~
H o t a ~ (,
.
,
)
K a k e g a w a ~ (

, . ,
)
K a z u s a ~ (
,
. ,
)
K i g e r ~ (,
)
Marmaton ~
(
,
)
Mesozoic ~ ,
M i u r a ~ (
,
. ,
)
m o n o t y p i c ~ ,
M o n t a n a ~ (,
)
mountain ~ ,
multiple recording ~ ,

O g a l l a l a ~ (,
)
O g a s a ~ (,
. ,
)
O s a k a ~
(-,
. ,
)
Paleozoic ~ ,
parastratigraphic
~

Phanerozoic ~
,
P h o s p h o r i a ~ (,
)
p l a n e ~ .
p o i n t ~ .
P r o t e r o z o i c ~ ,

radially-fibrous
~s
.
-
S a g a r a ~ (,
.
,
)
Salt F o r k ~
(-,
)
S h i m a j i r i ~ (

, . ,
)
S h i m o s a ~ (,
.
,
)
S o g a ~ (
,
. ,
)

grouping

gumbo

s p a c e ~ .
species ~
s t e m ~ .
s y n t h e t i c ~ (
,

)
Tokachi ~
(-
,
)
U o n u m a ~
(-
, . ,
)
w a v e ~ ()
White River ~
(,
)
grouping
c l u s t e r ~ of v o l c a n o e s

t h e c a l ~ Grapt.
g r o u t 1. 2 .

grouting
c l a y ~ ,

groutite , H M n O
g r o v e s i t e r p o B e c H T , ( M n , F e , Al)i3(Al, S i ) e 0 ( O H ) i
g r o w a n 1. 2 .
3 .
growler
g r o w t h
a d c u m u l u s ~ .
a p i c a l ~ .
c o r n e r ~ .
e d g e ~ .
epitaxial ~
exogenous ~
g r a i n ~ .
h e m i p e r i p h e r a l ~ Brach.

h o l o p e r i p h e r a l ~ Brach.

i n t e r c a l a r y ~ . [ ,
]
m i x o p e r i p h e r a l ~ Brach.

mountain ~
parallel ~
.

s e c o n d a r y ~ . ,
,
z o n a l ~ .
g r o y n e . g r o i n
g r u m o u s ( ,

,
)
g r u m u s o l ( )
grunerite , F e S I e O ( O H )
g r u n l i n g i t e , B i ( B i T e S )
Bi (Te, S)
gruss
clay ~
granite ~
gryphon
mud ~
g u a d a l c a z a r i t e (
,
)

Guadalupian
g u a l .
guanajuatite , Bi Se
g u a n a p i t e . t a y l o r i t e
guano
stone ~
guard
()
g u a r d i a i t e .
guarinite , ,
Ca NaZr[(F, O) ISi O ]
g u a y a q u i l i t e (

)
gubbin
gudmundite , FeSbS
G u e l p h (
,

)
guerinite , C a s H ( A s 0 ) - 9 H 0
guern
g u e t t a r d i t e , Pbg(Sb, A s ) i S
gugiaite , C a B e ( S i O )
guhr
Guide:
International ~ to Stratigraphic Classification,
Terminology, and Usage
,

g u i d e 1. ; 2 .

lithologic ~
photogeologic ~
g u i d e b o o k 1. 2 .
guildite , C u F e ( S 0 ) ( O H ) 4 H O
g u i l i e l m i t e (

)
guilleminite ,
Ba(U0 ) (Se0 ) (OH) .
3H O
g u i t e r m a n i t , PbioAseSw
g u l a 1.
(
)
2. ,

(
)
gulch ;
;
gulf 1. 2 . ,
3 . 4.
G u l f i a n (
,

)
gull ,
,

g u l l e t 1. . 2 . .

3 . - ( ,

)
gully 1. ; ; 2 . ( ) ;
3 .
;
discontinuous ~
gullying
gum ,
kauri ~ ()
gumbed
g u m b e l i n o i d
gumbelite , ,
(, H O)(Ali, Mg ,5)[(OH, H O ) I A l S i O ]
gumbo

2 2

2 2

3 3

1 0

gumbotil
g u m b o t i l (1.

,
2.
,

)
g u m m i t e .
gun:
g a s ~ . g a s e x p l o d e r
gunkhole ;

g u n n i n g i t e , ( Z n M n ) ( S Q i ) - H O
Gunnison River -
(
,
)
Giinz
G u n z - M i n d e l - (


)
g u r h o f i t e (
)
gusher ,
gustavite , P b s A g 3 B i n S 4
g u t 1. , ;
2.
gutsevichite , (Al, F e ) ( P O , V 0 ) 8 H O (?)
g u t t e r 1. , 2 .
3 . 4 .
5.
g u y a q u i l l i t e (
)
g u y o t , ,
g w a g 1. 2 .
g y m n i t e , M g [ S i O i ] [ O H ] S 3 M g O 2SiO -2H O
n i c k e l ~
g y m n o c y s t Bryoz.

g y m n o g e n s .
g y m n o s o l e n (

)
g y m n o s o m a t o u s .
g y m n o s p e r m s .
g y m n o s p o r e .
g y n o e c i u m .
g y p . g y p s u m
g y p a r e n i t e (,

)
g y p c r e t e ,
g y p r o c k 1. 2 .

gypseous ;
gypsic ,
(.

)
gypsiferous
g y p s i f i c a t i o n (

)
gypsinate
g y p s i t e (

)
gypsolith ,
gypsum
a n h y d r o u s ~
compact ~
d u s t ~
f e t i d ~
fibrous ~
f r i a b l e ~
g r o u n d ~
2

l y m n e t i c ~
rim ~ ,
g y r a t e ,
g y r e . (
)
g y r o c e r a c o n e , g y r o c o n e (


)
g y r o g o n i t e (

)
g y r o i d .
gyrolite , C a S i O ( O H ) - H O
g y t t j a , ,
G z h e l i a n (
,
)
2

H
habit ,
()
acicular ~
columnar ~
crystal ~
filamentous ~
lamellar ~
long columnar ~
needle ~
pyramidal termination ~

short columnar ~
tinguaitic ~
habitat ; ;

h a c h u r e , (

)
h a c k l y , (
,
)
hackmanite , Na [AlSiO J [Cl, S]
hadal
h a d e 1. ; ; 2 .
(
)
3 .
~ against the dip
; ~ with the dip

h a d i n g 1. ; 2 .

H a d r y n i a n (

)
haff (



)
h a g 1. ; ; || ;
2. ;
peat ~
hagendorfite ,
(Na, Ca)(Fe, ) ( 0 )
h a g g i t e , V O ( O H )
haidingerite , C a H A s O - H O
hail
soft ~ ,
hailstone
h a i r 1. ; ; ; 2 . ,

hairline

hardness

Pele's ~ , ,
,
s t a d i a ~ s
( );
()
h a i r l i n e 1. , 2 . ;
h a i r s t o n e (

)
V e n u s ~ (

)
haiweeite , C a ( U C h ) S i G O i S - S H O
hakite , (Cu, H g ) i S b ( S , S e ) i
halation
haldenhang ,

half-and-half

half-cycle
half-granite
half-hard
half-life [ ]
(

)
biological ~ []
(
)
radioactive ~
[]

halfmartite
half-space
h a l f - w i d t h (

)
halide
h a l i l i t h , h a l i l y t e (
)
halite , , NaCl
halitic ,
h a l l e f l i n t a ( ) (

)
h a l l e f l i n t g n e i s s
H a l l i a n (
)
hailimondite , P b ( U O X A s C h )
halloysite , A l S i 0 ( O H ) - 2 H 0
h y d r a t e d ~ . e n d e l l i t e
h a l m e i c (Lo

2.
,

-.
)
h a l m y r o g e n i c . h a l m e i c / .
halmyrolysis ,

halo , , ,
~ of d i s p e r s i o n
pleochroic ~ , ,
zircon ~ e s
halobolite ,
halocline ,
h a l o g e n i c . h a l m e i c /.
h a l o g e n i d e . h a l i d e
halokinesis
halomorphic ,
h a l o p h i l i c , (
)
h a l o p h r e a t o p h y t e (,

)
h a l o p h y t e (,

h a l o s e r e (

)
halotrichite , F e A l ( S 0 ) - 2 2 H 0
h a l o x e n e ( ,

)
hals(e)
halurgite , M g B O u 5 H O
halvans, halvings ,

hamatophanite , 4 P b O - P b ( C l , O H ) 2Fe O
hambergite , B e B O O H
h a m l i n i t e . g o y a z i t e
hammada ,
hammarite , P b C u B i S (?)
hammer ;
bucking ~
chipping ~
cobbing ~
pick ~
prospecting ~
h a m m o c k 1. (

-
) 2. . h u m m o c k 1.
h a m p s h i r i t e (

)
h a m r o n g i t e (

)
h a m u l u s (


)
hancockite ,
( P b , Ca, Sr) (Al, F e ) ( S i O i ) ( O H )
h a n g 1. 2 . ,
hanger ,
h a n g i n g 1. 2 . , 3 .
(

)
4.

h a n g o v e r s (
)
hanksite , N a K ( S 0 ) ( C 0 ) C l
hannayite , M g ( N H ) H ( P 0 ) - 8 H 0
hanusite , M g S i O ( O H ) - H O
h a p l i t e , (

)
h a p l o p h y r e (
)
h a p l o p o r e Cyst,
h a p l o x y l o n o i d (

)
H a p l o z o a Ech.
h a p t e r o n (


)
h a p t o n e m a (

)
haradaite , SrVSi O
h a r b o l i t e (

)
harbor ;
caldera ~
crater ~
tidal ~
h a r d c a p (


)
hardebank
hardhead
h a r d n e s s 1. 2 .

2 2

hardpan
~ of r o c k
~ of w a t e r
carbonate ~
p e r m a n e n t ~ ()
sclerometric ~
s c r a t c h ~ ,

t o t a l ~ ()
h a r d p a n , ;
h a r d w a y

hardystonite , C a Z n S i O
harkerite , C a M g i A l ( B 0 ) i ( C 0 ) i (SiO ), (, 1) - 0
H a r l e c h i a n (
)
h a r m o m e g a t h u s (

)
h a r m o n i c , ||

h a r m o t o m e , (Ba, K)(Al, S i ) S i 6 0 i 6 - 6 H 0
h a r p o l i t h (

)
h a r r i s i t e (1.

2.
)
harstigite ,
Ca (Mn, Mg)Be Si (O, O H )
h a r t i t e (

,
)
h a r t l e y i t e (

)
hartschiefer

)
h a r z b u r g i t e . ,
h a s s o c k (

,
)
h a s t a t e ( )
hastingsite ,
NaCa (Fe, Mg) Al Si O (OH)
hastite , CoSe
h a t (


)
iron ~
salt ~
h a t c h e t t i n e (

)
hatchettolite , ,
(Ca, Na, U ) ( N b T a ) O ( O , )
hatching
cross ~
1. ,
2.
h a t c h i t e , ( P b , T l ) A g A s S
h a t h e r l i t e (
)
hatter
hauchecornite ,
( N i , C o ) ( S , Sb, B i ) (?)
hauerite , M n S
h a u g h t o n i t e (

)
hause
hausmannite , M n O
h a u s t o r i u m (
-)
H a u t e r i v i a n , (
)
h a u y n e , ( N a , Ca)4_e(Al6Si6024)(S04, S)i_2
2

4 8

2 4

2 2

h a u y n i t i t e (

)
h a i i y n o l i t h (

)
h a i i y n o p h y r e (
)
h a v s b a n d ( ,


)
h a w a i i t e (1.

2.
)
hawk's-eye

(
)
hawleyite , CdS
haxonite , (Fe, N i ) C
h a y s t a c k s
(
)
hazel, hazie
h e a d 1. ; ; 2 .
3 . 4 . ,
, 5 . , 6 .
7. 8 .
9. ;
10. 1 1 .
; 1 2 . pi
, 1 3 . pi
1 4 . pi
,

~ of l a v a
~ of liquid
~
of w a t e r ,


air ~ ,

algal ~
artezian pressure ~
available pressure ~
blebby ~
breast ~ s
b r i g h t ~
B u m s t e a d ~

canal ~ []
capillary ~
coral ~
cover ~
delivery ~
diamond ~
dividing ~
d y n a m i c ~ ()
elevation ~
fluid ~
hard ~
hydraulic ~
hydrostatic ~
natural ~
outlet ~
potential ~
pressure ~
productive ~
river ~ []
specific ~ ,

stone ~ ,
suction ~
valley ~
2 3

header

heligmite

h e a d e r 1. 2 .

3 .
water-collecting ~
h e a d i n g 1. ;
; 2. ,
3 . 4 . pi

advance ~
air ~
belt ~
bottom ~
coal ~
d i p ~
hard ~
rise ~
h e a d l a n d 1. 2 .
( ) 3 .
cliffed ~
winged ~
he ad pool
headstream
-


h e a d w a l l (

)
h e a d w a t e r 1. ; 2 .
;
h e a d w a y 1. ,
2. 3 . ;

healed
h e a p , , || ,

~ of r o c k s ,
fiery ~
refuse [spoil] ~ ,
h e a t 1. 2 . , ||
; ;
absorbed ~
latent ~
radiogenic ~
residual ~
terrestrial ~
heat-absorbing
heat-conducting
h e a v e 1. || ,
2.
,
3 . , ||
4 . ; ()
t o ~ u p (
)
air ~
fault ~
floor ~
parallel ~
perpendicular ~
t o t a l ~ []
h e a v i n g 1. || 2 .

heavy-bedded ,

heazlewoodite , N i S
H e b r i d e a n . L e w i s i a n
h e b r o n i t e . a m b l y g o n i t e
hecatolite

hectorite ,
(0,5, Na) , (Mg2,67Lio,33)Si40io(OH, F) 0
hedenbergite , C a F e S i O
hedleyite , B i T e
h e d r e o c r a t o n (

)
h e d r u m i t e (

)
hedyphane , (Ca, P b ) 5 ( A s 0 ) C l
heel (
)
heidornite , N a C a B s O ( S O i ) C l ( O H )
h e i g h t 1. ; 2 . 3 .
4 . ; ,
~ a b o v e s e a level

~ of c a p i l l a r y r i s e

~ of d a m m i n g ,

~ of fold
~
of i n s t r u m e n t
(

)
~ of l a n d
~ of p r e c i p i t a t i o n

~ of w a t e r 1. 2 .
absolute ~
barometric ~
coal ~
critical ~
dynamic ~
geoidal ~
individual ~
lip ~ (


)
orthometric ~
r e l a t i v e ~ 1. 2 .

rim ~
scale ~ ;

seam ~
s p o t ~ ( )
heinrichite , B a ( U 0 ) ( A s 0 4 ) .1012H O
h e i n t z i t e . k a l i b o r i t e
h e k i s t o t h e r m (,


)
h e l a t o f o r m (

)
Helderbergian ,
(
)
h e l e n i t e (
)
h e l i c i t i c (

)
h e l i c o i d Gastr.
(

)
h e l i c o n e Gastr.

h e l i c o p l a c o i d s Ech.
h e l i c t i t e (
,

)
h e l i g m i t e (
,

33

Helikian
H e l i k i a n (
)
heliocentric
h e l i o d o r (

)
heliolite
h e l i o l i t h (1. ,

2.

Heliolithae,

Coccolithophoridae)
heliolitids
()
h e l i o p h y l l i t e (

)
h e l i o s t a t (
)
h e l i o t r o p e (1.

2.
)
h e l i o z o a Prot.
helium ,
hellandite , C a S Y B S i O - S H O
h e l l u h r a u n . ,
hellyerite , N i C O - G H O
h e l o c l o n e (

)
h e l o p h y t e (

)
helsinkite ,
(

)
Helvetian ,
(
)
h e l v i n e , he I vice , ( M n , F e , Z n ) B e ( S i O f ) S
hem ; , ,

h e m a c h a t e (
)
hemafibrite , M n ( A s O ) ( O H ) - H O
hematite , ,
, CrFe O
argillaceous ~
black ~
brown ~ ,
earthy ~
r e d ~ . h e m a t i t e
specular ~ , ,

sponge ~
wood ~
hematitization

hematolite , M n i M g A l [ A s O ] [ O H ]
hematophanite , Pb Fe Og(Cl, O H )
h e m e r a , (

)
hemicrystalline
h e m i c y c l o t h e m (
)
h e m i d i s k (
)
h e m i d i u m Brach.

hemihedral
hemihedrism
hemihedrite ,
PbioZn(Cr0 ) (Si0 ) F
h e m i m o r p h ( i c ) (

)
hemimorphism
4

2 7

2 4

hemimorphite
,
,
,
Zn Si O (OH) -2H O
hemimorphy
h e m i p h r a g m .

hemiprism
h e m i p y r a m i d (
)
h e m i s e p t u m ., For.
hemisphere ,
land ~
H e m i s t (
,
)
hendecagon
hendersonite , C a V V i O - S H O
hendricksite ,
K(Zn, M n ) ( S i A l ) O ( O H )
h e n i d i u m Brach.
henritermierite ,
Ca (Mn, Al) (SO MOH)
h e n w o o d i t e ( A l , Cu)
h e p a t i t e (
)
heptagon
heptahedron
h e p t a n e (


C H )
h e p t a p h y l l i t e (


)
h e p t o r i t e .
herb
herbaceous ,
herbivore ()
herbivorous
Hercynides
hercynite , F e A l O
herderite , C a B e ( P O ) ( F O H )
heredity
h e r m a t o b i o l i t h (

)
hermatolith
hermatopelago []
h e r o n i t e .
herrengrundite , C u C a [ S O J [ O H ] 3H O
h e r r e r i t e (

,
)
herschelite , ( N a , Ca, K ) A l S i 0 - 3 H 0
hervidero
h e s s i t e , , A g T e
h e s s o n i t e (

)
hetaerolite , Z n M n O
heteradcumulate
heteroaxial
heteroblastic
heterocercal ,
heterochronism
heterochronous
heterochthonous
h e t e r o c o c c o l i t h (,


)
h e t e r o c o e l o u s (

)
h e t e r o c o l p a t e .
h e t e r o c y s t (

-
)
h e t e r o d e s m i c ( )
4

4 +

1 0

2 4

1 6

h e t e r o d o n t Biv. ||
heterogeneity ,
heterogenite , C o O ( O H )
heterogony
heteromesic
h e t e r o m o r p h (,

)
h e t e r o m o r p h i c (1.

2.

)
heteromorphism
heteromorphite , P b S b S i
h e t e r o m o r p h o s i s (

-.

)
h e t e r o m y a r i a n Biv. ,
h e t e r o p i c ( a l ) ( ,


)
h e t e r o p o d s (

Heteropoda)
h e t e r o s i s (

)
heterosite , ( F e + , + ) 0
heterospory ,
heterostrophic
h e t e r o s t r o p h y (

)
h e t e r o t a c t i c ( ,


)
heterotaxial
(

)
h e t e r o t a x y (


)
h e t e r o t h r a u s m a t i c (

)
h e t e r o t o m o u s .
h e t e r o t o p i c ( ,


)
h e t e r o t r o p h i c .
h e t e r o z o o i d Bryoz.

H e t t a n g i a n ,
(
)
heulandite ,
(Na, Ca) ^ Al (Al, Si) Si O -24H O
barium ~
h e u m i t e , (

)
h e w e t t i t e , , C a V O i 9 H O
hexacoral
h e x a c t i n .
hexactinellid ,
h e x a d
h e x a d i s c . (

)
hexagonal-dipyramidal

hexagonal-pyramidal
-

h e x a h e d r i t e (
)
7

2 6

7 2

hexahedron
hexahydrite , M g S O 6 H O
h e x a m e t h y l e n e (

,
C Hi )
h e x a n e (


C Hi )
h e x a r c h (

)
hexastannite , Cu FeSnSiO (?)
h e x a s t e r (
)
hexatetrahedron
hexoctahedron
heyrovskite , ( P b , Ag, B i ) B i S
h i a t a l (1.


2.

)
h i a t u s , ( ,

)
<> ~
in t h e fossil r e c o r d
erosional ~ ,
nondepositional ~
stratigraphic ~
h i b e r n a c u l u m (
)
h i b o n i t e , ( C a , C e ) ( A l , Ti, M g ) I O i
hidalgoite , P b A l ( S O ) ( A s O ) ( O H )
h i d d e n i t e (

)
h i e l m i t e . h j e l m i t e
hieratite , K S i F
hieroglyph ,
organic ~ ,
, ,

h i g g i n s i t e , ,
CuCa[AsO ][OH, F]
h i g h 1. , 2 . . ,
3 . || ( ) 4 .
,
5 . ( ) ~ i n . . .
(-.
)
geochemical ~
g e o l o g i c ~ 1. 2 .

gravity ~
phreatic ~


piestic ~

s t r u c t u r a l ~ [ ]
, ,
topographic ~
high-dipping
h i g h l a n d 1. ; ;
, ; 2 . .

highstand
h i g h w a l l (
)
h i g h w o o d i t e (
)
h i l a i r i t e (

)
h i l a t e (
)
hilgardite , C a B s C l O ( O H )
hill 1. ; ; 2 .
4

( ) 3 . () 4 .
5.
~ of p l a n a t i o n ,
abyssal ~
broken ~
c h o p ~ ( ,
)
covered ~
d e m o i s e l l e ~ ( .
)
flat-topped ~
haystack ~
island ~ -
pepino ~
salt ~
sand ~
tent ~
hillebrandite , C a S i O ( O H )
hill-island - , -
hillock 1. 2 . ,

hillside, hillslope ( )
s m o o t h ~
hillwash , ,

hillwork ( )
hilly 1. 2 .
hinge 1. Biv.,
Ostr.
2. ,

()
cyrenoid ~
desmodont ~
dysodont ~
gongylodont ~ [
]
I
heterodont
~

[]

lucinoid-type ~
schizodont
~

[]

taxodont ~ []
h i n g e m e n t Ostr.
hinsdalite , ( P b , S r ) A l ( P O ) ( S O ) ( O H )
h i n t e r l a n d 1. , 2 . ,

hipidiomorphic
(

)
h i p p u r i t e Moll,
hircite (

)
h i r n a n t i t e (
)
hirst , ,
hisingerite , F e S i O s ( O H ) ^ H O
histogram
history:
~ of g e o l o g y
depositional ~
diastrophic ~
earth ~
plutonic ~
structural ~
,
Histosol (
,
)
histrixite , 5 C u F e S - 2 S b S - 7 B i S
hitch 1.
2

2 . ;

h j e l m i t e (

AB O

A B O , A = Y , F e + , U + , M n C a
B = N b , , Sn W )
h o a c t z i n Av.
hoarfrost
c r e v a s s e ~
d e p t h ~
Hochmoor
hodgkinsonite , ,
MnZn SiO -H O
h o d o g r a p h (


)
hodrushite , C u B i S u
hoe ,
hoelite , C i H O
hoernesite , , M g ( A s 0 ) 8 H O
h o f m a n n i t e (
,
)
h o g b a c k 1. ; ; 2 . ,
3 .

hogbacked ,
hogbomite , Mg(Al, Fe, T i ) O
hohmannite , ,
Fe (S0 ) (OH) .7H O
h o l a r c t i c 1. (
) 2 .
h o l a r d ;
h o l a s p i s (
)
holdenite , (Mn, Z n ) ( A s O ) ( O H ) O
holdfast ,


hole 1. ; 2 . ;
3 . , ; 4 .
5 . ; 6 . . 7 . ,

a i r ~ 1. 2 .
3 . 4 .

angling ~
b a n a n a ~ s (

-)
bell ~
blank ~
blast ~
blowing ~ ;

b l u e ~ s 1.
()
2. ,

(
-)
bug ~ ,
cased ~ ,

clay ~ ,

c o r e ~ (,


)
c r a b ~ ,

crooked ~
2

1 0

hollandite

Hominidae

cryoconite ~
day ~
drill ~
d r y ~ 1. 2 .

dug ~
e m p t y ~ ()

f l a t ~

foot ~
glory ~
gnamma ~ ,
(

)
guide ~ ,


gusher ~
h o r i z o n t a l ~ 1. 2 .

kettle ~ ,

l i g h t ~ 1. ( ) 2 .

l i n e 1. 2 .
meridian ~
,

mining ~
o c e a n ~ 1.
()
2.
(
-)
o p e n ~ ,

ore ~
prospect ~ ;

puffing ~
s a n d ~ s (
)
shot-drill ~
slim ~ 1. 2 .

snake ~
s o a p ~ - (

)
s u m p ~ , (

)
swallow ~ , ,

test ~ ;

t h a w ~
upward ~ ,
water ~
wild ~
hollandite , B a ( M n + , M n ^ ) O i
hollingworthite , (Rh, P t , Pd)AsS
h o l l o w 1. ; ; 2 . ;
; 3 . ; ;
nivation ~ ,
riffle ~ (
,

h o l l o w e d - o u t (
)
holm 1. 2.
,
holmquistite ,
( N a , , C a ) L i ( M g , F e ) A l S i O ( O H )
holoaxial
h o l o b l a s t (,


)
H o l o c e n e (


)
h o l o c o c c o l i t h (,


)
holocrystalline
holocrystalline-porphyritic
hologenesis
holohedral ,
holohedron
holohyaline ,
holokarst
h o l o l e i m s (


)
hololeucocratic
h o l o m a f i c
( )
holomelanocratic
h o l o m i x i s ( ,

)
holomorphic
holoperipheral
holophyte
holoplankton
holosiderite
holosome
h o l o s t o m a t o u s (
)
holostratotype ,
holostrome
holotheca ,
holothuroidea
holotype ,
h o l o z o i c ( ,

)
holt
holtite , (Al, Sb, T a ) ( B , S i ) O i ( ? )
homeohlastic
h o m e o c h i l i d i u m Brach.
h o m e o m o r p h 1. 2 .
homeomorphism
homeomorphous ,

homeomorphy
homeopolar
homeostrophic
h o m e o t h r a u s m a t i c (

)
h o m e o t y p e
H o m e r i a n (


)
homilite , C a ( F e M g ) B S i O i O
hominid ,
H o m i n i d a e Prim,

2 2

Hominoidea
H o m i n o i d e a Prim, ,
h o m o a x i a l (1.


2.

)
homoclinal
homocline ; ;
plane ~
h o m o c o e l o u s ( )
h o m o d e s m i c (
)
homogeneity ,
homogeneous ,
homogenization
h o m o i o l i t h i c (

)
h o m o i o t h e r m i c (
)
homologous
homologue
homology ,
serial ~
,
homomictic
h o m o m o r p h o s i s (

, ,


)
homomyarian ,
h o m o p h a n e o u s , h o m o p h a n i c (
)
h o m o s e i s m (


)
homospore
homosporous
homospory
h o m o t a c t i c 1. (

) 2. . h o m o t a x i a l
h o m o t a x i a l (
)
h o m o t a x y (

)
h o m o t h e t i c (
,

)
h o n d o .
h o n d u r a s i t e . selen t e l l u r i u m
hone
h o n e s s i t e (,
)
honestone , ,
honeycombed , , ,
, (
)
honeycombing
h o n e y s t o n e . m e l l i t e
h o o d 1. , () 2.
(

);

(
)
h o o d o o ,
, -
h o o k 1. , , ;
2 . . ,
h o p e 1. ,

2 .
() 3 . , (,
)
hopeite , Z n ( P 0 4 ) - 4 H 0
hopper ;
drainage ~
hopper-shaped
horizon
~ of lime c a r b o n a t e a c c u m u l a t i o n [
]
~ ()
a c t u a l ~
a p p a r e n t ~
artificial ~
astronomic ~
~ ()
~ ()
celestial ~ []
continuous ~
contour ~
D ~ (
)
d a t u m ~
disrupted ~ []
eluvial ~
equivalent time ~ s ,

geoidal ~
humus ~
indicator ~
key ~
local ~
marker ~
oil(-bearing) ~
ore ~
outcropping ~
p h a n t o m ~ -,

producing ~
profile ~
recurrence ~

r e f e r e n c e ~ ;
reflecting ~
sea ~
sensible ~
soil ~
terrestrial ~
true ~
visible ~
h o r i z o n (1.


2.
)
h o r i z o n (1.


2.
)
h o r i z o n b e t a - (

)
h o r i z o n ()
horizontal
h o r m i t e s (

-)
h o r n 1. . , 2 .
( ,

) 3 . (

) 4 .
c a r a p a c e ~ Crust,
3

hornblende

humodurite

m a r g i n a l ~ s - ()
quick ~ , ,

s a n d ~ - (

,


)
spouting ~
(

)
hornblende , ,
Ca Na(Mg, F e + ) (A1, F e + Ti)(Al, S i O ) (0,OH)
bazaltic ~
brown ~
s o d a ~ . a r f v e d s o n i t e
h o r n b l e n d i t e (

)
hornfels , ,

calc-silicate ~
-

h o r n i t o (

)
h o r n l e a d . p h o s g e n i t e
hornstone , ,
andalusite ~
h o r s e 1.
2 .
3 . ,

b l a c k ~

coral ~ -
(

)
h o r s e b a c k 1. . h o r s e 1. 2 .
3 .
, 4 . . h o r s e 2 . 5. . h o r s e 3 . 6 .
,
7. ,

horseflesh
(
)
horseshoe
h o r s e t a i l 1. , -
2 . (

)
horsfordite , Cu Sb
h o r s t 1. 2 . (

)
complex ~
longitudinal ~
oblique ~
simple ~
t r a n s v e r s e ~
w e d g e ~
horst-anticline -
hortonolite , ( F e , Mg, M n ) S i O
host , ,
h o t 1. 2 . ; ;

h o v e r ,

how ,
h o w a r d i t e (

h o w e . , (.
,
)
howiete ,
Na(Fe, Mn) (Fe, Al) Sii 0 i(OH)i
howlite , , C a B i S i O g ( O H )
h o y a , ,

(
)
hsianghualine , C a L i B e ( S i 0 ) F
huanghoite , BaCe(CCh) F
h u a n t a j a y i t e (,

311 /
)
h u b 1. ;
2 . 3 . 4 . HoL

h u b n e r i t e , M n W O
huemulite , N a M g V i O 24H O
h u e r f a n o - (
)
h u g e l i t e ,
Pb (U0 ) (As0 ) (OH) -3H 0
huhnerkobelite ,
(Na , Ca)(Fe +, + ) ( 0 )
h u l l i t e (

, , )
hulsite , ( F e + , M g ) ( F e + , S n ) ( B O ) O
hum
h u m a n t h r a c i t e (

)
h u m a n t h r a c o n (


)
h u m a t e (
)
humberstonite ,
Na K M (S0 ) -(N0 ) -6H 0
humboldtine , ,
FeC 0 -2H 0
h u m b o l d t i t e (1. . d a t o l i t e 2. .
humboldtine)
humidity
absolute ~
relative ~
specific ~
h u m i f i c a t i o n (

)
soil ~
h u m i n . u l m i n
h u m i n i t e (

)
h u m i t e 1. , 2 . ,
Mg Si O (F, OH)
hummerite , K M g V 0 - 8 H 0
h u m m o c k 1. , , ,
2. 3 .
c e m e t a r y ~ . n o n s o r t e d c i r c l e
grounded ~
stripe ~
hummocking
hummocky , , ,

h u m o c o l l (

)
h u m o d i l (

)
h u m o d i t e (

)
h u m o d u r i t e (

2 2

4 0

2 8

g 2

1 2

1 4

humogelite

hydrogenolysis

h u m o g e l i t e (

)
humolite, humolith
h u m o n i g r i t i t e (

)
h u m o p e l (

)
h u m o s i t e (

)
h u m o v i t r i n i t e (

)
h u m p y (

)
h u m u l i t e , h u m u l i t h . h u m i c c o a l
h u m u s (
)
black mold ~
marine ~
sweet ~
h u n g a r i t e (


)
hungchaoite , M g B O - P H O
h u n g r y ,
h u n t i t e , C a M g ( C O a )
hureaulite , ( 0 ) - 4 0
hurlbutite , ( 0 )
Huronian ,
(

)
hurricane ,
h u r s t 1. ,
2 . , ( )
h u s e b y i t e (

)
hushing
h u t c h 1. 2 .
3 .
hutchinsonite , ( P b T l ) ( C u , Ag)As SiO
huttonite , T h S i O
h y a c i n t h (
)
H y a e n i d a e Mamm.
H y a e n o d o n t i d a e Mamm.
h y a l i n e 1. ,
(

)
2. ,
3 . ,
, (
)
hyalinocrystalline
h y a l i t e 1. ( ) 2. .

h y a l i t h e (
)
h y a l o - - (


)
hyalobasalt
h y a l o c l a s t i t e (

,
)
hyalocrystalline
h y a l o m e l a n e (
,

)
h y a l o m y l o n i t e (
,


)
hyaloophitic
hyalophane , ( , Ba)Al(Al, Si) Oe
hyalopilitic
h y a l o p s i t e (
)
h y a l o s i d e r i t e (

hyalosponge
hyalotekite ,
(Pb, Ca, B a ) B S i O i ( O H , F)
h y b r i d || ,
h y b r i d i z a t i o n (
,

)
h y d a t o g e n e s i s (

)
hydatogenic, hydatomorphic
hydatopneumatogenic

(
,

, )
hydatopyrogenic ,

hydnophorid /,
hydrarch ,

h y d r a r g i l l i t e ,
h y d r a t e (,


)
gas ~
hydraulics
h y d r o a m p h i b o l e (

)
hydrobasaluminite ,
Al (SO )(OH) -36H O
h y d r o b i o l i t e (
)
hydrobiology
hydrobios
hydrobiotite
hydroboracite , C a M g B O n 6 H O
hydrocalcite
,
0 -2 0

CaCO 3H O
hydrocalumite , C a A l ( O H ) 3 H O
C a A l O 1 2 H O
hydrocarbon
paraffin ~
hydrocerussite , P b ( C O s ) ( O H )
h y d r o c h o r e (,

)
h y d r o c l a s t (
,


)
hydroclastic
hydroclimate
hydrocoral
hydrocratic
hydrocyanite , , C u S O
h y d r o d i a l e i m a (,


)
h y d r o d o l o m i t e (

)
hydrodynamics
hydroexplosion
h y d r o g a r n e t ( / .

2( )_ ( O H ) 2.
)
hydrogen , H
hydrogenesis
hydrogenic ( ,

)
hydrogenolysis

1 0

4 x

hydrogenous

hypertrophic

h y d r o g e n o u s (

)
hydrogeochemistry
hydrogeology
hydroglauberite
,
Na Ca(S0 ) 2H O
hydrogoethite , Y-FeOOH
hydrograph
,

hydrography
hydrogrossular , 12( )_ (OH)
(
1/2)
hydrohalite , NaCl 2 H O
h y d r o h a l l o y s i t e . e n d e l l i t e
hydrohausmannite ,
MnMn O 0
hydrohematite
(

)
hydrohetaerolite ,
,
Zn Mn O - 0(?)
h y d r o i d s Hydr. ,
benthonic ~
h y d r o k a o l i n 1. . e n d e l l i t e 2 . (

)
hydrokinetics
h y d r o l a c c o l i t h (


)
h y d r o l i t e (, ,
,
)
h y d r o l i t h (1.
2.
)
hydrology
groundwater ~
karst ~
parametric ~
scientific ~
stochastic ~
hydrolyzates
hydromagnesite ,
Mg (OH) (C0 ) -3H 0
hydromagniolites
(
)
hydromechanics
hydrometamorphism
hydrometer
hydrometry
hydromica
hydromolisyte , F e C l 6 H O
hydromorphic
h y d r o m u s c o v i t e .
h y d r o n e p h e l i t e .
h y d r o p h a n e (

)
hydrophilite , C a C l
hydrophore
hydrophyte
hydroplasticity
hydroplutonic
,

h y d r o p o r e Ech.
hydropower
hydropsis
hydroscarbroite
,
Ali (C0 ) (OH) -nH 0
hydroscience
4

4 x

3 6

h y d r o s e r e (,


)
hydrosilicirudyte
h y d r o s o l (
)
hydrospace

(,

)
hydrosphere
hydrospheric
h y d r o s p i r e Blast,
hydrostable
hydrostatic
hydrostatics
h y d r o t a c h y l i t e (

,
13 Io
)
hydrotalcite ,
Mg Al CO [OH]I 4H O
hydrothermal
hydrothomsonite ,
CaNa[Al Si O ] -910H O
hydrothorite , T h S i O - 0
hydrotroilite , F e S ^ n H O
hydrotungstite , H W O - H O
hydrougrandite ,
(Ca, Mg, Fe) (Fe, A l ) ( S i 0 ) - ( O H )
hydrous
hydroxide
hydroxy(l)apatite (),
(0 ) ()
hydroxy 1-bastnoesite
,
( C e , L a ) C O ( O H , F)
h y d r o x y 1-herderite ,
CaBe(PO )(OH)
hydrozincite
,

,
Zn (COa) (OH)
Hydrozoa ,
hydrula
hyetometer ,
hygrograph
hygrometer
hygroscope
Hymenoptera
hymenopterous
Hymenozonotriletes

hypabyssal
hypautochthony
hypautomorphic
hyperborean

(

)
hypercyclothem
hypergene ,
hypergenesis
hyperglyph
h y p e r i t e .
h y p e r m o r p h o s i s . ,
h y p e r s o l v u s ( ,

)
hypersthene , (Mg, F e ) S i O
h y p e r s t h e n f e l s .
h y p e r s t h e n i t e .
h y p e r s t o m i a l .

h y p e r s t r o p h i c Gastr.

2 0

4 x

hypertely
hypertely
hypidioblast

(

)
hypidioblastic
hypidiomorphic ,
hypidiomorphic-granular

(
)
h y p i d i o t o p i c .
hypobatholithic
h y p o c e n t e r .
h y p o c o t y l .
hypocrystalline
hypocrystalline-porphyritic

hypodermalium .
h y p o d e r m i s For., Ins.
h y p o d i g m (
)
hypogastralium .
hypogene
h y p o g e n e s i s (


)
hypoglyph
hypolimnetic
(

)
h y p o l i m n i o n (

,
,
,
)
h y p o l i t h i c ( ,


)
hypomagma
hypometamorphism
h y p o n o m e Ceph.
h y p o p a r i a n Tril.
h y p o s o m e Din.
h y p o s t e g a Bryoz.
h y p o s t o m e 1. Hydr.
, ,
2 . Chel. 3 . Tril. ,
,
h y p o s t r a c u m Moll,
hypostratotype
hypotaxic

)
h y p o t h e c a AIg., Din.
H y p o t h e r m a l (

)
hypothermal
hypothesis
~ of c o n v e c t i o n c u r r e n t s

~ of i s o s t a s y
alkaline-sulfide ~ -

asthenolith ~
"big b a n g " ~
blister ~
continuous-creation ~

contraction ~
crust-dragging ~

crust-sliding ~

dust-cloud ~

ice

fracture ~
gas-fluxing ~
gas-pocket ~

lateral secretion ~
-

()
multiple-working ~

n e b u l a r ~ [ ]
(
)
planetesimal
~

,

primeval-fireball ~

pulsation ~
s p r e a d i n g floor ~
,
t e t r a h e d r a l ~
tidal ~
Wegener ~
h y p o t h y r i d i d Brach.
h y p o t r a c t Din.
hypotype

(,

)
h y p o v a l v e Din.
hypoxenolith
hypozone
()
h y p o z y g a l Crin.
Hypsithermal
h y p s o d o n t Mamm. ||
hypsography
hypsometer
hypsometric
hypsometry
hysteresis
h y s t e r o b a s e .
hysterocrystalline
h y s t e r o g e n e t i c (

)
hysterogenous, hysteromorphous

(
,

I
ice
acicular ~
active ~
agglomerate ~
anchor ~
a u t u m n ~
b a l l ~ ( ,


)
b a r e ~ (
)
bay ~
black ~
blue ~
bottom ~
brash ~

ice
brine ~
broken ~
buried ~
calcite ~
calved
candle ~
cat ~
cave ~
cavern-lode ~
close ~
close p a c k ~
columnar ~
conglomerated ~
dead ~ []
d e b r i s ~ 1. (

, , . ) 2.

deformed ~
depth ~
dried ~
drift ~
dry ~
f a s t ~ 1. 2 . ;
;
feather ~ ,

field 1. 2 .
,
firm ~ [ ]
firn ~
floe ~
flooding ~
fossil ~ [ ]
frazil ~ ;
glacial ~
glacier ~
ground ~ []
g r o u n d e d ~ (
,

)
h o s t i l e ~ (


)
hummocked ~
inland ~
interstitial ~
(

,

. .)
lake ~
land ~
lappered ~
level ~
lily-pad ~
lolly ~ ;
loose ~
needle ~ ;
old ~
one-year ~
open ~
open pack ~
overflow ~
pack ~ ,
paleocrystic ~
pancake ~
penknife ~
polar ~ []
pore ~

identifiable
pressure ~ []
sailing ~
satin ~
scattered ~
screw ~ ; [
]
sea ~
second year ~
segregation ~
shale ~
sheet ~
shelf ~
shell ~
shore ~ ,
sirloin-type ~
skim ~
s l a c k ~ (

)
s l a t - f l e c k e d ~
slough ~
sludge [slush] ~
snow ~
stagnant ~ []
s t r e a m ~
subsoil [ s u b s u r f a c e , s u b t e r r a n e a n ] ~
[]
superimposed ~
Taber ~
waning ~
iceberg
arched ~
black-and-white ~ -
blocky ~
drydock ~
pinnacled ~
table [ t a b u l a r ] ~
unconformity ~
i c e b l i n k 1. ; 2 .

icefoot
permanent ~
pressure ~
i c h n i t e (

-.
)
i c h n o c o e n o s i s (

)
i c h n o f a c i e s (

)
ichnofossil ;

ichnology
i c h o r .
i c h t h a m m o l (

)
I c h t h y o p t e r y g i a Rept.
ichthyophthalmite
I c h t h y o s a u r i a Rept.
icicle 1. 2 .

i c i n g 1. 2 .

icositetrahedron
idaite , C u F e S ( CUsFeS )
identifiable ;
3

identification

impression

i d e n t i f i c a t i o n 1. , ,

2.
;

~ of s e a m s
~ of z o n e s
i d e n t i t y of folds [ ]

i d i o b l a s t .
i d i o b l a s t i c .
i d i o c h r o m a t i c .
idiogenites
idiogenous ,
idiogeosyncline
idiomorphic
idiophanous
idiostatic
i d o c r a s e . v e s u v i a n i t e
idrialite ,
igneous ,
i g n i m b r i t e .
i g n i s p u m i t e .
i g u a n o d o n t i d s Rept.
i j o l i t e .
i j o l i t e - m e l t e i g i t e . -
i j o l i t e - p o r p h y r y . - ,

i j u s s i t e .
ikaite , C a C O 6 H O
ikunolite , Bi (S, Se)
ilesite , (Mn, Zn, F e ) S O 4 H O
ilimaussite
,
Ba Na CeFeNb SIeO S 5H O
illidromica ,
i l l i n i t i o n (
)
i l l i n o i a n (

)
illite ,
d e g r a d e d ~
sodium ~ ,
s t r i p p e d ~
illuvial
illuviated
illuviation
illuvium
ilmengranite ,
ilmenite , ,
FeTiO
i l m e n i t i t e (
,
)
ilmenomagnetite
ilmenorutile , (Ti, Nb, F e ) O
ilsemannite , M o O s - 0 ( ? )
ilvaite , C a F e F e ( S i O M O H )
image 1. ; ;
2. 3 .

direction ~ ,

landsat ~ ,

multichannel ~

seasat ~ ,

3

2 +

3 +

thermographic ~

imagery
radar ~

satellite ~

imaging:
t h e r m a l ~ (

)
i m a n d r i t e .
imbedded ,
imbibition ;
I m b r i a n (Uo

2.
'
,


)
imbricated , ,

i m b r i c a t i o n 1. 2 .
,
dextral ~
sinistral ~ . []
imerinite , N a ( M g , F e ) S i s 0 ( 0 , O H )
i m m a t u r e .,
.
i m m a t u r i t y ,

immersed ;
immersible ;
immersion , ;
immiscibility:
liquid ~
impact ,
hypervelocity ~
seismic ~
i m p a c t i t e .
I m p e r f o r a t e .

imperforate(d) ,
i m p e r m e a b i l i t y (,

)
i m p e t u s (


)
i m p i n g e m e n t (.

, . .)
imporosity
i m p o r o u s ,
i m p o v e r i s h m e n t 1. 2 . ,

i m p r e g n a t e d 1. ;
2.
i m p r e g n a t i o n 1. ;

2. , ;

3.
i m p r e s s i o n (. . i m p r i n t )
bubble ~
drip ~
i m p r i n t (. . i m p r e s s i o n )
h a i l ( s t o n e ) ~
raindrop ~ s
repose ~ ,
,

2

2 2

impsonite

indurated

i m p s o n i t e (

)
i m p u n c t a t e , ,
(
)
i n a d a p t i v e . ,

i n a d u n a t e s Crin.
i n a p e r t u r a t e ( )
I n a r t i c u l a t a .
i n b r e a k (

)
curved ~
i n c a n d e s c e n t (

)
incarbonization
I n c e p t i s o l (
,
)
i n c e r t a e s e d i s . , ,

inch
assay ~ -
incidence ,
incised (.
)
incision ()
i n c l i n a t i o n 1. , ; (
) 2. (
)
inclinator, inclinometer
inclusion ~ w i t h i n ~
(
)
accidental ~
dirt ~
endogenous ~ ,
exogenetic [exogenic, foreign] ~

,
hydrosilicate ~
liquid ~
pneumatogenic ~
poikilitic ~
pyritic ~
tectonic ~ ;

t h r e e - p h a s e ~ (
, )
wormy ~
incoalation
incoherent , ,
(
)
incompetence
,

(.
)
i n c o m p e t e n t , (.
)
i n c o n g r u o u s ( )
i n c o r p o r a t i o n 1. (.
)
2.
increase:
axial ~
lateral ~
peripheral ~
i n c r e m e n t 1. , ,
2. 3 . ,
~ of a q u i f e r
~ of c r u s t
~ of g r o u n d w a t e r [ ]

i n c r e t i o n (1.

2. ,

)
incrop
()
incrustation
fumarole ~ ,

salt ~
i n c u m b e n t (

)
incurve
indelta
inderborite , C a M g B e O n - H H O
inderite , M g B O n 1 5 H O
index ,
~ of r e f r a c t i o n
activity ~
alkali calc [alkali-lime] ~ -

antecedent precipitation ~

beddedness ~
caking ~
()
c o l o r ~ .
consistency ~
crystal ~
crystal axial ~
crystallization ~
differentiation ~
discordance ~
durability ~
h o r i z o n t a l form ~

hydrogen ~
liquidity ~
reduction ~
refractive ~
ripple ~
slacking ~
source-rock ~
stratification ~
weathering ~
weathering-potential ~

indialite , Mg AUSiSOi
i n d i a n a i t e (
)
i n d i a n i t e (
)
i n d i c a t o r 1. 2 . .
3.
indicolite ,
(
)
indigene ;
indigenous , ,

indigirite , M g A l ( C 0 ) ( O H ) 1 5 H O
indigo copper , , CuS
indite , F e I n S
i n d i u m
i n d o c h i n i t e (
)
indricotheres ,

i n d u c t u r a Gastr.
i n d u r a t e d , (
,
)
2

induration

insulosity

i n d u r a t i o n ( ,
)
i n e q u a l i t y 1. ()
2.

diurnal ~
topographic ~
i n e q u i g r a n u l a r - (

)
i n e q u i l a t e r a l (
)
i n e q u i v a l v e (
)
i n e r t i n i t e (

)
inesite , C a M n S i I O S ( O H ) - S H O
i n f a c e ()
i n f a n c y (,


)
topographic ~

i n f a u n a ( ,

)
infilling 1. (

)
2. (
)
infiltration ,
i n f i l t r o m e t e r (


)
inflated ,
i n f l a t i o n 1. , (

) 2. Moll,
inflow 1. ()
2. ,
homopycnal ~
hyperpycnal ~
hypopycnal ~
m i n e ~ ()
w a t e r ~
i n f l u e n t 1. 2 . 3 . ,
.
i n f l u x . inflow
i n f r a l a t e r a l s Ech.

infralittoral

inframarginals
Ech.

i n f r a n o d a l s . (
)
inf r a o r d e r . (
)
infrastructure
i n f r a z o n e of c r u s t
ingredient:
argillaceous ~
banded ~ s
sandy ~
i n g r e s s i o n , ()
inherent , ,

injected ,
injection ,
abyssal ~
apophysal ~

concordant ~
discordant ~
leaf-by-leaf ~
legato ~
7

- . . .

ore ~ ' [ ] (
)
plastic ~
ptygntatic ~
ribbon ~ ,

satellitic ~ []
s e d i m e n t a r y ~
,
sole ~*
staccato ~ [] ;

ink-stone , F e [ S O ] - 7 H O
i n l a n d 1- 2 . ,
,
i n l e t 1. ; ;
2. 3 . ;
c a v e /~ ,

lake ,
tidal ~
inlier , (
)
fault [ n a p p e ] ~
innelite ,
Na (Ba, K) (Ca, Mg, F e ) T i S i O ( O H , F ) i , ( S 0 )
i n n i n g s , ;
; ,
i n n i n m o r i t e .
i n o p e r c i i l a t e .
i n o s c u l a t i o n (
)
i n r u s h 1- , () 2.
(, )
I n s e c t i v o r a Mamm.
inselberg ; , -

insequent
i n s e t 1.
2. ,
i n s h o r e 1 ,
2 .
~ of t h e b a n k
in s i t u ;

i n s o a k (


)
insolation
insolilith (
,

,
)
i n s p i s s a t i o n 1. (

)
2. .

instrument:
absolute gravity ~ s

integrating ~ ,
leveling ~
relative gravity ~ s

s c a l e - r e a d i n g ~
surveying ~
i n s u l a r , (
,

)
i n s u l o s i t y (
,

)
4

1 8

225

intake

interparietal

i n t a k e 1. , 2 .
(
)
3 . ,
,
~ of w e l l ,

direct ~
d i r e c t ~ of a q u i f e r

i n d i r e c t ~ of a q u i f e r [ ]

i n t a s u c h i d s Amph.
i n t e g r i p p a l i a t e (
-
)
intensity
~ of f o l d i n g
acoustic
~
erosion ~
fold ~
horizontal ~
metamorphism ~
runoff ~
seismic ~
s p e c t r u m line ~

t o t a l ~

vertical ~
i n t e r a m b u l a c r a l Ech.
i n t e r a m b u l a c r u m Ech.
i n t e r a m n i a n

i n t e r a r e a Brach.
interbed
interbedded , ,
,
,

interbedding ,

interbrachial ,
intercalated ,
i n t e r c a l a t i o n 1. , ,
2. ,
lenticular ~
rock ~
slate ~
intercameral ,
i n t e r c e p t (

)
c o n c o r d i a ~ (
,

U-Pb-)
intercision
i n t e r c r e t i o n (,


)
i n t e r c u m u l u s (

)
interdigitation
interdune
interestuarine

i n t e r f a c e 1. . 2 .
, (.
) 3 . .

a i r - e a r t h ~

depositional ~
listric ~
unconformity ~

i n t e r f e r e n c e of w e l l s ;

interfingering
interflow
1. ,

2.
i n t e r f l u m i n a l . i n t e r f l u v i a l
interfluve
interfluvial
interfolding
interformational
i n t e r g e l i s o l (

)
i n t e r g l a c i a l ||
interglaciation
intergrade
intergranular
intergrowth
()
dactylotype ~
graphic ~ []

intimate ~
micrographic ~
mineral ~
parallel ~
perthitic ~
symplectic ~
interior ; ||

deep ~
()
Earth ~ ,
e a r t h crust ~
hot ~
interjection
interlacustrine
interlaid
interlamellar
interlaminated
i n t e r l a y 1. , 2 .

interlayer , ,

interlayering
interleaved
interlensing
interlobate
interlock ; ;
interlocular
i n t e r m e d i a t e 1. , 2 .

i n t e r m i t t e n t 1. ,
, ( ) 2.
interment ,
intermontane
intermorainal
i n t e r n i d e s (

)
interparietal

interpenetrant

invasion

i n t e r p e n e t r a n t (
)
interpenetration
()
interplanar
interpluvial
interpolation ,
interporiferous
i n t e r r a d i a l .
i n t e r r a y Ech.
interreef
i n t e r r u p t e d 1. ; 2 .

i n t e r r u p t i o n ; ~ in d e p o s i
tion
i n t e r s e c t i o n 1. (

) 2.
ore ~
s t r u c t u r a l ~ ,

intersertal ,
i n t e r s t a d e , (

)
i n t e r s t a d i a l 1. . i n t e r s t a d e 2 . ,

i n t e r s t i c e 1. , , 2 .
3 . ;
capillary ~
igneous ~ s

isolated ~ s
mechanical erosion ~ s

original [ p r i m a r y ] ~ s [
]
recrystallization ~ s

secondary ~ s
sedimentary ~ s
;
subcapillary ~
supercapillary ~
interstitial
interstratification

interstratified
,

interstratify (),

interstream
i n t e r t i d a l i t (,


-
)
intertonguing ;

intertrappean
i n t e r v a l 1. 2 . 3 .
confidence ~
contour ~
crystallization ~
lunitidal ~
piestic ~
recurrence ~
S-P ~ .
stratigraphic ~
sublevel ~
,

time ~ ,

interzonal
interzone
i n t i n e .
intraclast
intracoastal
intracratonal, intracratonic
intracrustal
i n t r a d e e p
intradelta
intrafacies
intraformational
intrageosyncline
intraglacial
intragranitic
intragranular
intramagmatic ,
intramicarenite
intramicrite
intramicrudite
intramorainal
intrapluvial
intraseptal
intraspararenite
intrasparite
intrasparrudite
intrastratal ;
intratelluric ,
,

intravolcanic ,
i n t r u d e . , ( )
i n t r u s i o n 1. , , 2 .
,

b e l l - j a r ~ ,

buried igneous ~

composite ~
concordant ~
defferentiated ~
discordant ~
extended ~
layered ~
minor ~ ,
multiple ~
plutonic ~ ,
ring ~
riveting ~
salt-water [sea-water] ~

sedimentary ~
sovereign ~
transgressive ~
intrusive ,
i n t u m e s c e n c e . ,
inundate ,
inundation , ,
~ of d e p o s i t
seam ~
i n v a s i o n . , ,
(. i n t r u s i o n )

inver

island

~ of r o c k b y s o l u t i o n s

inver
i n v e r n i t (
)
i n v e r s i o n 1. , 2 .
;
invertebrate ()
i n v e r t e d (

)
i n v o l u t e (

)
involution , , ,

inwash
~ of s e d i m e n t s
inyoite , C a B O i - I S H O
i o d a r g y r i t e , AgI
i o d o b r o m i t e , A g ( B r , Cl, I)
i o l a n t h i t e (
)
iolite , , ,
(Mg, Fe) Al Si Oi
i o n i t e (

)
ionium
ionography
iowaite , M g F e + ( O H ) O C l - 2 4 H O
I o w a n (

)
iranite , P b C r O - H O
irarsite , (Ir, Ru, Rh, P t ) A s S
i r h s e r (
,

)
i r i d e s c e n c e (

)
iridosmine , ( O s , Ir)
iriginite , U ( M o 0 ) ( O H ) - 2 H 0
iron
a r s e n i c ~ . a r s e n o p y r i t e
b a l k ~ . k a m a c i t e
c h r o m i c ~ . c h r o m i t e
cosmic ~
jack ~
manganesian ~
meteoric ~
native ~
o l i g i s t . ~ h e m a t i t e
porous ~
pure ~
s p a t h i c <
terrestrial ~
transported ~

i r o n - b o u n d (
)
ironshot
i r o n s t o n e 1. 2 .

ball ~
banded ~
blackband ~
blue ~
c a l c a r e o u s <~
clay ~
clay-band ~

needle ~
sinter brown ~

irregularity ; ;

s e c o n d a r y ~ (


)
surface ~
topographic ~
i r r u p t i o n 1. .
2. , ,

I r v i n g t o n i a n (
,
)
i s a b n o r m a l (,


)
i s a l l o b a r (,


)
i s a l l o t h e r m (,



)
i s a n o m a l . i s a b n o r m a l
i s a n o m a l y (,


)
i s e d e m e (,


)
i s e n i t e (

)
i s e r i n e (
)
i s e r i t e (

)
ishikawaite , ( U , Fe, Y, ) ( N b , T a ) O
i s h k u l i t e (

)
ishkyldite , M g I S i I i O ( O H )
isinglass

island
atoll-shaped ~
(


)
a t t a c h e d ~
b a r r i e r ~ 1. ,
2 .

blind ~
b r a n c h ~
continental ~ []

coral ~
debris ~
deltoid ~
d e t a c h e d ~
e x p l o r a t o r y ~ (

)
festoon ~ s
half ~
high ~
(
)
lagoon ~
land-tied ~
low ~
(
)
nearly-consumed ~
,

oceanic ~
permafrost ~
tied ~

2 7

2 0

isle

isostasy

volcanic ~
isle

b r i d g e ~ (,


)
p r e s q u e ~
, ,
islet
isobar
isobase
isobath
~ of p i e s o m e t r i c s u r f a c e

~ of w a t e r t a b l e
i s o b e n t h (


)
isobilateral
isocal (,


)
i s o c a r b (,

)
i s o c h e l a .
i s o c h l o r (,



)
i s o c h o r e (


)
i s o c h r o n .,
.
i s o c h r o n e (,
,

)
isochroneity
isochronous
isoclasite , C a ( P O ) ( O H ) 2 H O
i s o c l i n a l ,
(
)
isocline 1. ,
2.
isocommunity
i s o c o n (,


)
isodensity
isodesmic
isodiametric
i s o d i e t i c (

,

)
isodiff ( ,

)
i s o d i m o r p h i s m .
i s o d o n t . ,
isodynamic
isofacial
i s o g a l (,


)
i s o g a m (,


)
isogeolith
(
,

)
isogeotherm
isogeothermal
i s o g o n (1. ,


2. ,
2

)
isogradal
i s o g r a d e (,




)
isogranular
i s o g r i v (,

)
i s o h a l i n e 1. (,

) 2 . (

)
i s o h u m e (,


)
isohydric ,

i s o h y e t (,



)
isohyp
isohypse ,
isolate , C a M g ( P O ) F
i s o l a t (,

)
isoline
i s o l i t h (
,


)
i s o l o n g (,

)
isomagnetic
i s o m e g a t h y (,

)
isomesic
isometric
i s o m i c r o c l i n e (

)
i s o m o r p h .
i s o m o r p h i s m ., .
i s o m y a r i a n , (
)
i s o - o r t h o c l a s e (


)
i s o p a c h (,

)
i s o p e r t h i t e (

)
isopic (
)
isopleth
I s o p o d a (
)
i s o p o r (


)
i s o p o t a l (

)
i s o r a d (,

)
i s o r a t (,


)
isosalinity
i s o s a n i d i n e .
isoseism
innermost ~ s
isostasy ,
Airy ~
P r a t t ~
4

isostatic

jaulingite

isostatic
isostructural
isotherm
isothermal
i s o t h i s m (,

)
i s o t h r a u s m a t i c (

)
isotope
heavy ~ s
stable ~ []
isotropic
isotropization
isotropy
isotypic
isovol (

)
ispatinow
i s s i t e (
)
issue 1. , , ,
2 . ()
isthmus
i t a b i r i t e (
)
i t a c o l u m i t e .
i t a l i t e (
,

,
)
i t o i t e , P b G e 0 ( C 0 ) ( O H )
i t s i n d r i t e (

)
i v o r i t e ( ,

)
ivory
fossil ~
i x i o l i t e , ( , N b , Sn, F e , M n ) O

j a c u p i r a n g i t e (

)
jacutinga ,
j a d e (U 2. 3.


)
American ~
serpentine ~
spinach ~ -
jadeite , NaAl(Si O )
j a d e i t i t e (

)
j a d e o l i t e (
)
j a g , , ()
jager -
j a g g . j a g
jagged ,
j a g o i t e , P b F e S i O i ( O H Cl)
jalpaite , A g C u S
jam ,
crystal ~
ice ~
j a m b 1. ,
2.
3 .
jamesonite , P b F e S b S i
fibrous ~
silver ~ , A g P b S b S i
jamwood
j a p a n i t e (
)
J a p e t u s (-
)
j a r 1. , 2 .
j a r d a n g (

)
j a r g o ( o ) n (

)
jarlite , N a S r A l F e I
j a r o s i t e 1. , K F e ( S 0 ) ( O H ) 2 . pi
(

)
j a s p a c h a t e , j a s p a g a t e
jasper
a g a t e ~
ball ~
Egyptian ~
opal ~
o r i e n t a l ~ (U

2. . h e m a t i t e )
porcelain ~
riband [ribbon] ~
xyloid ~
jasperine
j a s p e r i t e . j a s p e r
j a s p e r i z a t i o n (


)
j a s p e r o i d 1. (

) 2.
pyritic ~
jasperoidizing
jaspery, jaspidean, jaspideous
jaspilite ,
j a s p i s . j a s p e r
j a s p o i d 1. ( )
2.
(
)
jasponyx
j a u l i n g i t e (

jabes ;
j a c i n t h (
)
j a c k 1. ,
; ,
2 . . s p h a l e
rite 3. -
4. ,
b l a c k ~ 1.
2. ;
;
3 . 4.
5.

b l u e ~ . c h a l c a n t h i t e
latch ~
rosin ~
s t e e l ~ . s p h a l e r i t e
jackhammer ,
jackknifing

jackrod
jackshaft ,
J a c k s o n i a n , ()
jacobsite , M n F e O

javaite

joint

j a v a i t e (
.
)
j a w 1. . 2 .
jay
j e b e l (,
,

)
j e f f e r i s i t e (

)
jeffersonite , ,
C a ( M n , Zn, F e ) S i O
j e l i n i t e , (
)
jelly
fundamental [vegetable] ~
(

)
j e n k i n s i t e (

)
jennite , Na CaS(SiOa) (Si O?)
jeremejevite , Al BsOiS(OH)
jeromite , As(S Se) (?)
jerry
j e t 1. , 2 .
~ of p r e s s u r e w a t e r ,

a x i a l ~ ()

c u t t i n g ~ ()
gas ~
geyser ~
plane ~
solid ~
steam ~
jetstone
j e t t i n g 1.

2 .
hydrodynamic ~

j e t t y 1. , , , ,
2 . ,
()
jewel
j e z e k i t e . m o r i n i t e
j h a m a ( ,

)
j h e e l , jhil (
,

)
j i g g e r 1. ; 2 .
j i g g i n g 1. 2 .
; 3 .

jimboite , ( 0 )
jimmy
joaquinite , ,
NaBa Ce Fe(Ti, Nb) Si O (OH, F)
job:
squeeze ~
joch

joesmithite , ,
PbCa (Mg Fe) Fe Si Oi (OH) (O, OH)
johachidolite ,
Na Ca Al B Oi (F, )
j o h a n n i t e , , ,
Cu(U0 ) (S0 ) (OH) -6H 0
johannsenite , , C a M n S i O
johnsonite
johnstrupite , ,
( C a , N a ) ( C e , Ti, Z r ) ( S i 0 ) F
2

2 6

j o i n 1. , 2 . ,
3 . (


)
j o i n t 1. , ,
2. ;
; 3 . . (,

) 4. . ,
~ of c a s i n g
~ of r e t r e a t ,

alternate ~ s ,

b e d ( d i n g ) ~
blind ~ [ ] ;

b o t t o m ~

break ~ s
b u t t ~ ,

casing ~ []
compression
~

cooling ~ ,

cross ~ []
curved ~ []
curvilinear ~

desiccation ~ ,

diagonal ~
d i p ~
end ~ 1. 2 . ,

exfoliation ~
extension ~
feather ~
flat ~
funnel ~ s
gash ~ ;

horizontal ~
kelly

lift ~ (

)
longitudinal ~ , S
major [ m a s t e r ] ~
mortar ~ ,
nonsystematic
~s

(
)
oblique ~ []
open ~ ,
pinnate ~
platy ~
primary flat ~

release ~
shear ~
s h r i n k a g e ~ 1. 2 .
, 3 .

slip ~ ,

joint-drag

kalbaite

strike ~
suture ~
tension ~
torsion ~
transversal ~ []
weathering ~
joint-drag
joint-faced

jointing , ~
by
cooling ,

angular ~ ;
;
ball ~ ;

ball-and-socket ~
-

basaltic ~
columnar ~
concentric ~
cup-and-ball ~ -

eye ~
globular ~
horizontal ~
longitudinal ~
mural ~
pillow-like ~
pinnate ~
pressure-release ~

prismatic ~
pyramidal ~
sheet ~
slab ~ ,
spheroidal ~ []

jointy ,
;
j o k u l . (
)
j o k u l h l a u p .
j o r d a n i t e , ( P b , Tl)i3As?S23
j o r d i s i t e , M0S2
j o s e f i t e (

)
j o s e i t e , B i T e ( S e , S)
j o s e n , (
)
j o s e n i t e (
)
j o s e p h i n i t e (
)
J o t n i a n (

)
j o t u n i t e (
)
j o t u n - n o r i t e - (
)
jouravskite , C a M n ( S O , C 0 ) ( O H ) i 24H O
j o w l i n g (


)
j u d ( d ) 1. 2 . ,
,
judge
jug ,
j u g u m Brach., .

julgoldite , ,
Ca Fe +(Fe, Al) (SiO )(Si O )(OH) -H O
julienite , N a C o ( S C N ) - 8 H 0 ( ? )
j u m i l l i t e (

)
j u m p 1. 2 . ;
; ; ~ in c o a l i f i c a t i o n

hydraulic ~ ,

jumper , , ,

j u n c t i o n 1. ,
(
)
2. ,

3 . (. );

~ of v i e n s 1. 2 .

accordant [concordant] ~
deferred ( t r i b u t a r y ) ~ ;

discordant ~
hanging ~
t r i p l e ~ (



)
juncture , ,
~ of p l a t e s
jungle
J u r a , Jurassic , ,
Black ~
Brown ~
White ~ ,
Jura-Trias -
j u v e n a r i u m For.
juvenile ,
juvenility ,
j u v i t e (

)
juxta-epigenesis
juxtaposition ,
,

kaersutite

)
kahlerite , F e ( U 0 ) ( A s 0 ) - n H 0
k a i m o o (


)
kainite , M g S O KCl 3 H O
k a i n o l i t h e s (

)
kainosite , ,
Ca (Ce, Y) (SiOi) (CO ) H O
kainotype
K a i n o z o i c . C e n o z o i c
k a i w e k i t e , (

)
k a j a n i t e (

)
k a k i r i t e .
k a k o r t o k i t e .
k a l a h a r i (

)
k a l b a i t e (
)
2

kalgoorlite
k a l g o o r l i t e (
)
k a l i a l a s k i t e .
kaliborite , H K M g B i O I 9 H O
kalicine ,
kalifeldspath ,
k a l i g r a n i t e .
k a l i k e r a t o p h y r e .
k a l i l i p a r i t e (

)
kalinite , KAl(SO );. 1 1 H O
kaliophilite , KAlSiO
k a l i r h y o l i t e .
kalistrontite , K S r ( S 0 )
kalisyenite
k a l i t o r d r i l l i t e .
kalitrachyte
kalkowskite , ,
Fe Ti 0 (?)
kallar ,
()
kalsilite , KAlSiO
kaluszite , , ,
K Ca[SO J
H O
k a m ,


k a m a c i t e (
)
k a m a r e z i t e . b r o c h a n t i t e
K a m a s i a n ;
(
)
k a m e (, ,
,

)
d e l t a ~ (

,
,


)
moraine ~
moulin ~
serpent ~ []
kamiform
k a m m e r e r i t e 1. ,
M g ( A l C r ) S i O m ( O H ) S 2. ,
Mg Cr SiO (OH)
k a m m g r a n i t e .
k a m p e r i t e .
k a n d i t e s (

)
k a n k a n - i s h i - (
)
k a n k a r 1. (

)
2.
K a n s a n (

)
k a n s a s i t e (
)
k a o l i n 1. , A l 0 - 2 S i 0 - 2 H 0
(
) 2. ,
kaolinic
kaolinite , A l S i O ( O H )
kaolinization
k a p n i c i t e (
)
kar ,
kara
karabe
karang ,
()
2

karelianite , V O
karez
karite ,
karnasurtite ,
(CeLaTh)(Ti, Nb)(Al, Fe)(Si P ) O ( O H ) 3 H O
K a r n i a n (
)
k a r o o . k a r r o o
karpinskite , (Mg, N i ) S i 0 ( O H ) ( ? )
karpinskyite ,
N a ( B e , Zn, M g ) A l S i O ( O H )
karren
karrenfeld
k a r r o o ( ) (

,
;


)
karst
buried ~
cone ~
covered ~
crevice ~
naked ~
needle ~
polygonal ~
subjacent ~
subterranean
~

[]
(

)
tower ~
k a r s t e n i t e . a n h y d r i t e
karstic
karstif ication
karsting
karstland
k a s o i t e . ,
kasolite , P b ( U O ) S i O
H O
k a s s a i t e .
kassite , C a T i O ( O H )
katabatic ,
k a t a g e n e s i s . c a t a g e n e s i s
k a t a g l y p h (,

)
katamorphic
katamorphism
k a t a n o r m (



)
Niggli ~
kataorogenic
kataphorite ,
Na Ca(Fe +, Al) AlSi O (OH)
katarchean
kata-rock
k a t a s e i s m (


)
katatectic
k a t a t h e r m a l . h y p o t h e r m a l
katazone
katogene
katoptrite ,
(Mn, Mg, Fe)i (Al, F e ) S b S i O
k a t u n g i t e (
)
katzenbuckelite ,

k a u a i i t e (1. .
2. . -
)
2

1 6

2 2

2 9

kauri

kin

k a u r i (
;

)
kaustobiolite
k a v k a z i t e (
)
kawk
k a y s e r i t (
)
K a z a n i a n (
)
k a z a n s k i t e (
,

)
k e a t i t e (

S1O2)
k e a z o g l y p h (

)
k e d a b e k i t e (

)
k e e l 1. (1. 2.
3.


4.

) 2. ( ) 3 . (
) 4 . ,
21 5 . ()
K e e w a t i n (

)
kehoeite , ,
(Zn, C a ) A l ( P O i ) ( O H ) - 2 O H O (?)
keldyshite , (Na, H ) Z r S i O
k e l l y (
)
k e l p 1. , 2 .

k e l y p h i t e .
kelyphytic
kemmlitzite , S r A b ( A s O ) ( S O ) ( O H )
kempite , M n ( O H ) C l
kennedyite , M g F e ^ T i O i O
k e n n e l 1. . ( ) 2. .
cannel coal
k e n t a l l e n i t e .
kentrolite , Pb Mn Si Og
k e n t s m i t h i t e (

,
)
kenyaite , N a S i O I ( O H ) G H O
k e n y t e . ,
kerabitumen ,
k e r a l i t e .
k e r a m o h a l i t e .
k e r a t o p h y r e .
quartz ~
k e r c h e n i t e , (

)
kerf , ( )
k e r i o t h e c a For,
l o w e r ~ (
)
k e r i t e .
kermesite , , S b S O
k e r n b u t (

,

)
k e r n c o l (

)
kernel ;
r o c k (

kernite , , N a B O 4 H O
kern-stone
kerogen ,
k e r o g e n i t e .
keronigritite
k e r s a n t i t e .
kersutite ,
k e r z i n i t e (
,


)
k e t t l e 1. ,
2. ,
giant's
~

(
,

)
rimmed ~

k e t t l e b a c k 1.
(
) 2. ,
kettnerite (), C a B i ( C O ) O F
K e u p e r (

)
K e w e e n a w a n , (,
)
k e y 1. ; , 2 . ,
3 . ,
keystone
~ of fold
K-feldspar ,
k h a d a r

()
k h a g i a r i t e (

)
k h a l 1. ()
2.
(
)
kharafish ,

()
k h i b i n i t e . m o s a n d r i t e
k h l o p i n i t e (
)
k h o h a r i t e .
k h o n d a l i t e s .
k h o r 1. 2 . ,
(
)
khud ;
()
khurd
k i c k 1. , ; 2 .
k i c k o u t (

)
k i d n e y s (
)
kidney-shaped ,
kies ;
kieselguhr ,
kieserite , M g S O H O
kilchoanite , C a S i O
kill ; ; (
)
k i l l a s (,


)
kimberlite
Kimmerian
()
Kimmeridgian ,
(
)
kimzeyite , C a ( Z r , Ti) (Al S i ) O i
k i n 1. 2 .

()

2 2

kindebal
kindebal, kinderball

K t n d e r h o o k t a n (

)
kindly
kindred
kinetogenesis
k i n g d o m . ,
kingite , A l ( P O M O H , F ) - 9 H O
k i n g l e ( ,

,
)
k i n k 1. , 2 .
kinking
kinoite , C a C u S i O i O - 2 H O
k i n r a d i t e (
)
kinship ,
()
k i n z i g i t e (


)
kipuka
k i r (
)
kirovite , (Fe, M g ) S O 7 H O
kirschsteinite , Ca(Fe, M g ) S i O
kirve ,
k i r w a n i t e (
)
k i s c e l l i t e (

)
kitkaite , NiTeSe
k i v i t e (

)
kladnoite , C H ( C O ) N H
klapperstein
k l e b e l s b e r g i t e .
kleinite , H g N ( C l , S 0 ) - n H 0
k l i n t ( 1 .

2. , ,
)
k l i n t i t e (
)
k l i p ( p e ) 1. , , ;
; 2 .
,
klockmannite , CuSe
kloof (

,
)
k n a p 1. [ ] 2 .
,
k n e a d e d 1. (

) 2 . ( ,


)
knebelite , (Fe, M n ) S i O
knee:
~ of fold
~ of v e i n
knee-shaped
knickline
knickpoint ,
k n i c k p u n k t 1 . ( ) 2 .
,

k n i t t e d (
)
k n o b 1. ; 2 . pi
a r t i c u l a t i o n ~ .
suffosion ~
k n o b a n d t r a i l (

)
k n o c k ., .
3

knoll ;
Baer ~
coral ~
reef ~ 1. ,
2 .
small ~
knopite

)
k n o t 1. 2 .
knotenschiefer
knotted ,
kobeite , (Y, U ) ( T i N b ) ( O , O H ) (?)
kobellite , Pb (Bi, Sb) Ss
k o c h e n i t e (
)
k o d u r i t e (

)
koechlinite , B i M o O
Ia (

)
koenenite , N a M g 9 A l C h ( O H )
k o e t t i g i t e , Z n ( A s 0 ) 8 H O
k o f e l s i t e ( ,

)
k o f l a c h i t e (

)
k o h a l a i t e (
,

)
koktaite , ( N H ) C a ( S 0 ) - H O
kolbeckite , S c P O - 2 H O
k o l k ,

k o l l a n i t e (
,

)
kolm ( ,
)
k o m a t i i t e (

)
k o n g s b e r g i t e (


)
koninckite , F e P 0 - 3 H 0 (?)
k o n i t e (

)
k d n l i t e .
;
k o p j e , k o p p i e (
)
castle ~

k o p p i t e (
)
k o p r o l i t h .
k o r i s (
)
k o r i t e (
)
kornelite , F e ( S 0 ) - 7 H 0
kornerupine ,
M g A l ( S i , , A l ) O I ( O H )
korzhinskite , C a B O H O
kostovite , C u A u T e
kotoite , M g ( B 0 )
k o t s c h u b e i t e (

)
k o t t i g i t e . k o e t t i g i t e
kotulskite , Pb(Te, Bi)i_2
k o u m (


)
koutekite , C u A s
k o v a l e v s k i t e ( ,

)
kozulite ,
( N a , K) (Mn, Mg, F e ) S i O ( O H , F )
1

2 2

2 2

krablite

lag

k r a b l i t e (
)
k r a g e r o i t e (

)
k r a n t z (
,
)
k r a n t z i t e (

)
Krasnozem
k r a s s y k (

)
kratochvilite ,
k r a t o ( g e ) n . c r a t o n
krausite , K F e ( S O i ) - H O
krauskopfite , B a S i O - S H O
kreittonite , Z n A l O
kremersite , [ ( N H ) , K ] F e C l - H O
krennerite , AuTe
kribergite ,
A l ( P O ) S ( S O ) ( O H ) - 2 H O (?)
krinovite , NaMg CrSi OiO
krdhnkite , N a C u ( S 0 ) - 2 H O
krotovina
k r y o c o n i t e .
kryolith , N a [ A l F ]
k r y o m e r (

)
kryoturbation
kryptogene ,
(
)
kryptomere []
k r y s t i c , (
)
kryzhanovskite ,
MnFe (POi) (OH) -H O
k s i m o g l y p h (
)
ktenasite , ,
(Cu, Z n ) ( S O ) ( O H ) 2 H O
k t y p e i t e .
kugel
k u g e l k o h l e ,
k u k e r s i t e (

)
k u l a i t e (
)
k u l l a i t e (
)
kullerudite , NiSe
k u m . k o u m
Kummerian
(

)
K u n g u r i a n (
)
k u n k u r 1. ,
2.
k u n z i t e (
)
kupletskite ,
(, Na) (Mn, Fe) (Ti, Nb) Si O (O, O H )
kurchatovite , Ca(Mg M n ) B O
k u r g a n t a i t e , (Sr, C a ) B O - H O (?)
kurnakovite , M g B O n 1 5 H O
k u r s k i t e (
)
kurumsakite ,
(Zn, Ni, C u ) A l V S i O - 2 7 H O (?)
k u s k i t e (

)
kutinaite , Cu AgAs
k u t n a h o r i t e , Ca(Mn, Mg, F e ) ( C 0 )

k v e l l i t e (

)
kyanite , , A l S i O
kyanophilite , (, N a ) A l S i O ( O H ) (?)
k y l e . ,
k y l i t e (
)
k y p h o r h a b d .
k y r (1.

2. ;

3.

)
k y r i o s o m e (


)
k y r o c k (
)
k y r t o m e .
kyschtymite ,

2 4

3 5

L
l a a n i l i t e (
)
labile ,
labite , M g S i O ( O H ) - H O
l a b i u m . ,
labradophyre
l a b r a d o r (
,

)
l a b r a d o r i t i t e . ,
l a b r u m .
labuntsovite ,
( , Ba, Na)(Ti, Nb)(Si, A l ) ( O , O H ) - H O
l a b y r i n t h i c (
)
L a b y r i n t h o d o n t i a Amph.
La C a s i t a n (
)
laccolith
asymmetrical ~
cedar-tree ~
compound ~
interformational ~
multiple ~
sedimentary ~
upfaulted ~
laccolithic
lace:
stone ~
lacerated
laciniate ;
lacinulate
lacquer:
desert ~
lacroixite , Na(Ca, M n ) A l P O ( O H )
l a c u n a 1. , , 2 . .
l a c u s t e r (

)
lacustrine
l a d e 1. 2 .
L a d i n i a n (
)
ladu

l a e s u r a . ,
l a e v i g a t i .
l a g 1. 2 . 3 .

phase ~
3

lag-fall

lake

sedimentary ~


t i m e ~ .
lag-fall
l a g g ( ,


)
lagging:
roof ~
s h a f t <~
L a g o m o r p h a Mamm.
l a g o n i t e , (

)
lagoon
b a r r i e r ~ 1. ,
2. ,
3 .
estuarine ~
lagoonal
l a g o o n let
lagoonside
l a g u n a . l a g o o n
l a h a r , (
)
c o l d ~ ,
h o t ~ ,
laitakarite , Bi (Se, S)
l a k a r p i t e .
lake
alluvial-dam ~

a m i c t i c <~
atoll ~
bar ~
barrier ~
basin ~
b a y ~
bayou ~ -
beaded ~ s ,
b i t t e r - [ - ]
b l i n d ~ (
)
bog ~
boiling ~
borax ~
border ~
boundary ~
brine ~
cataract ~
cave-in ~ ;

chocked ~
cirque ~
closed ~
c o a s t a l ~ ,

c o n s e q u e n t ~ (,

)
coulee ~ ,

crater ~
crescentic ~ -;
crescentic levee ~ -
; ,

4

cryogenic ~
cutoff ~ -
dead ~
deflation ~
delta levee ~

drainage ~
drift ~
drift-barrier ~
drowned-valley ~
dry ~ []
d u n e ~ 1. 2 .
dwelling ~
dying ~
dystrophic ~
ephemeral ~
erosion ~
esker ~
eutrophic ~
evanescent ~
explosion ~
extinct ~
finger ~
fjord ~
fluviatile ~
fosse ~ ,

glacial ~
g l a c i a l s c o u r ~ ,

glacier ~
glacier-lobe ~ -

glint ~
groove ~ ,

holomictic ~
horseshoe ~ -;

ice-dam ~
ice-scour ~
imprisoned ~
intermittent ~
intermorainal ~
kettle ~
landslide ~ []
lateral ~
l a t e r a l levee ~

lava ~
lava-dam ~
levee ~
loop ~ -
marginal ~
morainal ~
m o r a i n a l - d a m ~

natron ~
n e w l a n d ~ . c o n s e q u e n t l a k e
old ~
oligotrophy ~
o p e n ~ 1. 2 .
oxbow ~ -
p a n ~ (,

lakebed

land

paternoster ~ s ,

perched ~ []
perennial ~
piedmont ~
pit ~
pitch ~
p l a y ~ (

)
pluvial ~ [
]
polar ~
potash ~
proglacial ~ [
]
raft ~ []
relict ~
rift-valley ~
rock-basin ~ ,

saline [salt] ~
saucer ~ -
seashore ~
seasonal ~
seepage ~
s i d e - d e l t a ~
silted-river ~

sink ~
soda ~
solution ~
spring(-fed) ~
step ~
strath ~
stratified ~
structural ~
subglacial ~
tectonic ~
temporary ~
t h a w ~ 1. (

) 2.
thermokarst ~ , ,

tunnel ~
undrained ~
valley-moraine ~ -
vitriol ~
lakebed
lakelet
lakescape
lakeshore
l a k m a i t e (

)
l a l l a n .
lam , ,

lamber
lambskin
lamella (); ;
deformation ~
d e n t a l ~ .
h i n g e ~ Moll,
o u t e r ~ Brach.
twinning ~
lamellae

basal q u a r t z ~ ,
(0001)
Boehm ~
Reichenbach's ~
shock ~
T u t t l e ~
lamellar
lamellar-stellate -
l a m e l l a t e d ,

Lamellibranchiata
lamelliferous
lamelliform
lamellosity ,
l a m i n a 1. . , ( ) 2 .
3 . .
basal ~
circular ~
convoluted ~
irregular ~
spiral ~
laminar ,
l a m i n a r i t e (



)
laminary ; ;
l a m i n a t e

laminated ; ;
thinly ~ ; ;

l a m i n a t i o n 1. ; ;
2. , ,
()
convolute ~
cross ~
curved cross ~
diagonal [oblique] ~
shaly ~ ,
sinuous ~
wave-like ~
l a m i n i t e (

)
algal-mat ~
l a m i n o i d ( ,

)
lamino undulatory
l a m p a d i t e (
)
l a m p r o b o l i t e (

)
l a m p r o i t e s .
lamprophyllite ,
Na (Sr, S i O ) ^ O H , F)
l a m p r o p h y r e s .
lamprophyric
lamproschist
(
)
L a n a r k i a n (
)
l a n a r k i t e , P b S O P b O - P b S O
L a n c a s t r i a n (

)
l a n c e o l a t e . ,
l a n c e t .
l a n d 1. ; 2 . , 3 .
alcove ~ s ,
2

landauite

b e t ~ s (,
)
b h u r ~ s

()
b o t t o m ~
buckhot ~ ,

coal ~
d e r e l i c t ~ ,

dry ~
eustatic ~
flat ~
flood ~
forest ~
karroo ~
made ~
marginal ~ s ,
marsh ~
m a t u r e ~ (

)
moss ~
nuclear ~
pondage ~
public ~
saline ~
s l o b ~ 1. 2 . (
)
s p o u t y ~
stone ~
s t r i a t e ~ (

)
submerged ~
table ~ , ,

tectonic ~
t u l e ~ (
)

()
undulating ~ ,

w a r p ~ ,
white ~
landauite , (Zn, Mn, Fe)Ti O?
l a n d b l i n k (

)
L a n d e n i a n (
)
l a n d e r i t e (
)
l a n d e s (

)
landesite , M n F e ( P O ) S ( O H ) 11 0(?)
landfall ;
landfill
landflood
landform
negative ~
positive ~
s e q u e n t i a l ~
(,

,
)
structural ~
ultimate ~
(

)
landlocked
3

1 +

1 0

l a n d m a r k 1. 2 . ; ,

landmass ,
old ~ e s
landscape
basin and range ~
juvenile ~
lunar ~
natural [physical] ~
landside ,
landslide ;
blockglide ~
landsliding
landslip ;
orogenic ~ ,

landward
landwaste ,
, ;

lane
langbanite ,
(Mn, Sb, Ca, Fe, M g ) O ( S i O X ? )
langbeinite , K M g ( S O i )
langite , C u ( S 0 ) ( O H ) - 2 H 0
lansfordite , M g C 0 - 5 H 0
lantern:
A r i s t o t l e ' s ~ Echin.
l a n t e r n - n o d e .
lanthanite , (La, ) ( 0 ) - 8 0
lap:
side ~
lapiaz
lapidification
lapidify
l a p i d o f a c i e s (,

)
lapies
lapilli .
accretionary ~
filiform ~
lapis-lazu li 1. . - 2 . 3 .

()
l a p o u t 1.
2.
l a p p a r e n t i t e 1. , A l ( S 0 ) ( O H ) 9 H O 2 . . t a m a r u g i t e
larderellite , ( N H ) B 0 - 2 H 0
l a r d i t e (1.
2.
)
l a r k s p u r (
)
larnite , P-Ca SiO
larsenite , P b Z n S i O
l a r v a Ins.
l a r v a l Ins.
l a r v i k i t e ( ) (
)
l a s s a l l i t e (
)
l a s s e n i t e (
)
l a s s o l a t i t e (
)
latching
late-magmatic
late-orogenic
l a t e r a l 1. , 2 . .
3 . ( )
laterite
8

lateritic
lateri(ti)zation
laterolog
late-tectonic
l a t h .
l a t h l i k e , l a t h - s h a p e d . ,

l a t i t e (

)
quartz ~
latitude
astronomic [celestial] ~

geocentric ~
geographic ~
geometric ~ []

heliographic ~ []

high ~
h o r s e ~ s (
,

)
magnetic ~
parametric [reduced] ~ [
]
t e r r e s t r i a l ~ (
)
latitudinal
latiumite ,
(Ca, K) (Al, Mg, Fe)(Si, A l ) O ( S O )
latosol ,
l a t r a p p i t e , ( C a , N a ) ( N b , Ti, F e ) O
l a t t i c e 1. 2 . ( )
all f a c e c e n t e r e d ~

base-centered ~
body-centered ~

Bravais ~
centered ~
crystal ~
defect ~
direct ~
expanding ~
face-centered ~
growth ~
one face-centered ~

organic ~
primitive ~
reciprocal ~
rhombohedral ~
side-centered ~
simple ~
space ~
stone ~ ,

latticed ,
l a t u s ., Crust,
laubmannite , F e 3 F e 6 ( P 0 ) ( O H ) i
Lauegram
laueite , M n F e ( P 0 ) ( O H ) - 8 H 0
laugenite ,
laumontite , C a A l S i 0 i - 4 H 0
launayite , P b S b S e I
8

1 0

2 5

2 2

2 6

launder
l a u o h o p e l e .
Laurasia
l a u r d a l i t e (

)
laurencite , (Fe, Ni)Cl
laurionite , P b ( O H ) C l
laurite , R u S
l a u r v i k i t e ( ) (
)
lausenite , F e ( S 0 ) - 6 H 0
lautarite , ( )
lautite , CuAsS
lava
~ -
anorthite ~
a p h r o l i t h ~ . . l a v a
aqueous ~
basaltic ~
bench ~ ;
blister ~
block ~
cellular ~
clinkery ~
columnar ~
dacitic ~
dermolithic ~
ellipsoidal ~
(


)
grooved ~
i n t e r f l u e n t ~

luminous ~
mill ~ [ ]
mud ~
old ~ [ ]
pahoehoe ~ ,
pillow ~
p o n d e d ~ (


)
ropy ~ ,
slaggy ~
solidified ~ [ ]
thinly-fluid ~
trachitic ~
viscous ~
lavacline

laval
lavant
lavendulan , N a C a C u ( A s 0 ) C l - 5 H 0
l a v i a l i t e (

)
l a v r o v i t e (
)
l a w 1. 2 . . ,
~ of a c c e l e r a t i o n
~ of a c c o r d a n t j u n c t i o n s
~ of b a s i n a r e a s
~ of c o n s t a n c y of i n t e r f a c i a l a n g l e s

~ of c o n s t a n c y of r e l a t i v e p r o p o r t i o n s

~ o f c o n s t a n t proportions

~ of c o r r e l a t i o n of facies

law
~ of c o r r e s p o n d i n g s t a t e s

~ of c r o s s c u t t i n g r e l a t i o n s h i p s

~ of d e c l i v i t y ,
~ of d e f i n i t e p r o p o r t i o n s

~ of e q u a l d e c l i v i t i e s ,

~ of e q u a l v o l u m e
~ of e v o l u t i o n i r r e v e r s i b i l i t y

~ of f a u n a l a s s e m b l a g e s

~ of f a u n a l s u c c e s s i o n

~ of filial r e g r e s s i o n
~ of g r a v i t a t i o n
~ of m a s s a c t i o n
~ of m i n i m u m l a t e r a l t h r u s t

~ of m o b i l e e q u i l i b r i u m

~ of o r i g i n a l c o n t i n u i t y

~ of o r i g i n a l h o r i z o n t a l i t y

~ of p l u r a l i t y
~ of p r i o r i t y
~ of r a t i o n a l indices

~ of r e c i p r o c a l p r o p o r t i o n s

~ of r e f l e c t i o n
~ of r e f r a c t i o n
~ of s t r e a m g r a d i e n t s
~ of s t r e a m l e n g t h s
~ of s t r e a m n u m b e r s
~ of s u p e r p o s i t i o n
~ of s u r f a c e r e l a t i o n s h i p s

~ of s y m m e t r y
~ of u n e q u a l s l o p e s
~ of u n i v e r s a l g r a v i t a t i o n

acline-A twin ~
acline-B twin ~ -
AIa-A twin ~ -
Ala-B twin ~ -
albite-Ala twin ~
-
albite twin ~
apex ~
arbitrary ~ []
Baer's ~
Bath's ~
Baveno twin ~
biogenetic ~
Biot-Fresnel ~
Blagden's ~
Bragg's ~
Brazil twin ~

law
Breithaupt twin ~
Brewster's ~
Buys Ballot's ~ -
Campbell's ~
Carlsbad twin ~

Cope's ~
Cunnersdorf twin ~
Curie ~
Darcy's ~
Dauphine twin ~

Dollo's ~
exponential ~
Fedorov ~
Ferrel's ~
Goodsprings twin ~
Haeckel's ~
Hartmann's ~
H a u y ' s ~ ,

H e n r y ' s ~
Hilt's ~
Hooke's ~
impact ~
induction ~
inverse square ~
Japanese twin ~
Jordan's ~
Lindgren's volume ~

Manebach-Ala twin ~

microcline twin ~

Mitscherlich's ~ ()
M t w i n ~ . m i c r o c l i n e t w i n l a w
Mullerian ~
Nernst distribution ~

N e w t o n ' s ~ of g r a v i t a t i o n

Pascal's ~
pericline twin ~

Petschau twin ~
Playfair's ~
Poiseuille's ~
Poynting's ~
prism twin ~

Raoult's ~
Rosenbusch's ~
sixth power ~
Snell's ~ ,

spinel t w i n ~
S t e f a n ' s ~ ( )
Sternberg's ~
Stokes' ~
Thoulet's ~
twin ~

lawsonite

leaf

v a n ' t Hoff ~ -
Weiss ~
-Carlsbad t w i n ~ j r -
x twin ~ x
lawsonite , C a A b ( S i O ) ( O H ) - H O
lay 1. , 2 . 3 .

()
~ of l a n d ,
l a y e r 1. , , ; ;
2.
~ of d i s i n t e g r a t e d m a t e r i a l

~ of e a r t h ,
~ (
,


)
a b s c i s s i o n ~ .
a c t i v e ~ ,
annual ~
a n n u a l l y t h a w e d ~ ,
annulus ~
(

410 )
barrier ~ []
basaltic ~
bottom ~
boundary ~
~ (
,


4101000
)
Conrad ~
c o r t i c a l ~ ()
(
,
)
D ~ D (

1000 2900
)
deep scattering ~

diffuse ~
discontinuity ~
double ~
flow ~
f u s e l l a r ~ (
)
G ~ G (

5160 ,

)
ground-ice ~
g r o w t h ~ .
H ~ H (

)
hanging ~ ;
heavy ~
high-speed ~
h u m u s ~ . H l a y e r
ice ~
intermediate ~ ,
k a t a t e c t i c
Kennelly-Heaviside ~ (

)
L ~ L (

)
lamellar ~
low-velocity ~
l u b r i c a t i n g ~ (
)
mixed ~

porcelaneous ~ []

primary ~
prismatic ~
secondary ~
s e p a r a t i o n ~ .
shell ~
skeleton ~
subsurface ~
suppermafrost ~
surface ~
thin ~ []
unbroken ~
upper ~ []
w e a t h e r e d ~ ,
, 3 M C
layer-cake
,
l a y e r i n g 1. . , ,
2 . ,
comb ~
cryptic ~ ,

flow ~
igneous ~
rhythmic ~
structural-geodynamic
~
-

zebra ~
l a z u l e , lazuli -
lazulite , (Mg, F e ^ ) A l ( P O M O H )
lazurite , (Na. Ca) (Al, S i ) i 0 ( S , SO )
calcium ~
leach ,
leacheate
leaching ,
supergene ~ []

l e a d [li:d] 1. 2 .
3 . 4.
5 . [ l e d ]
antimonial ~
back ~ s -

black ~ ,
blind ~ ,

b l u e ~ 1. 2 .
common ~
deep ~
m o c k ~ . s p h a l e r i t e
pay ~
radiogenic ~
red ~ , P b O
s h o r e ~ (

)
stringer ~
l e a d e r , (,
)
~ of s e a m [ ]
bow ~
m a i n reef ~ [ ]

leadhillite , P b ( S O ) ( C O a ) ( O H )
leaf 1. ; 2 .
(.
)

2 4

leaf-gneiss
d e n t i c u l a t e ~
d i g i t a t e ~
divided ~
double-serrate ~
e l l i p t i c a l ~
lanceolate ~ []

oblong ~ []
palaceous ~
u p p e r ~
,

l e a f - g n e i s s -
l e a f l e t (
)
branchial ~
leafy (
)
leak ;
s t r a t i g r a p h i c ~ (


)
leakage ; ,
artesian ~
p r i m a r y ~ ,

s t r a t i g r a p h i c ~

upward ~
l e a n 1. (. );
; ( ) 2 . ;

l e a p ( i n g ) 1. , 2 .
, (.

)
leastone
! e a t .
leather:
d i n o s a u r ~ (


)
m o u n t a i n ~ . l e a t h e r s t o n e
l e a t h e r s t o n e (U

2.

, .
)
l e c a n o c r i n i d s Crin.
l e c h a t e l i e r i t e (

)
leek ,
lecontite , ( N H K ) N a ( S O ) 2 H O
lectoallotype
lectogenotype
lectoholotype
lectoparatype
lectostratotype ,

lectotype
l e d g e 1. ; , 2 .
, 3 .
4.
5 . ; 6.
f a u l t ~
ice ~ ,
plucked ~
ledikite , K ( F e M g ) ( S i A l ) O ( O H )
l e d m o r i t e (

)
lee 1.
4

2 0

2.
Il
l e e w a r d ||
l e f t - h a n d e d 1. (
)
2. . ,
leg 1. (

) 2 . . ,
3 . , 4 . .
5 . ,
()
~ of fold
a m b u l a t o r y ~ Crust,
d e r r i c k ~ (
)
foliaceous ~ []
s w i m m i n g ~ Arthr.
legend ,
l e g g y .
,

l e g i t i m a c y (, )
l e g i t i m a t e , ( , )
legrandite , Z n ( A s O ) ( O H ) - H O
legus ( , 4,24 ,
,

)
lehiite , ( N a , K ) C a A l ( P 0 ) ( O H ) i 6 0(?)
l e h m 1. 2 . (,
)
l e h m a n i t e (
,

)
l e i d l e i t e (


)
leifite , N a ( S i , Al, B e ) ( O , , F ) i
leigtonite , K C a C u ( S 0 ) - 2 H 0
l e i o l o p h e Brach.
Leiotriletes
leiotropic ,
l e k o l i t h (
,


)
l e m b e r g i t e (
)
l e m m a . ,
bony indurate ~
lemoynite , (Na, C a ) Z r S i O - S H O
Lemuria

l e n a d ,
lengenbachite , P b ( A g C u ) A s S i
length
~ of o v e r l a n d flow

~ of fold
basin ~
channel ~ ;
crest ~
critical ~ []
( ,


)
f e t c h ~ .
focal ~
slope ~
spread ~
()
stream ~ ,
length-slow
l e n n i l i t e ( 1 .

2.
)
lenoblite , V O - 2 H O
2

2 2

lens

levee

lens 1. , ( )
2.
3 . ; ;
; to
~ out
Bertrand ~
doubly convex ~
G h y b e n - H e r z b e r g ~
( ,

)
immersion ~
lee-side ~ e s ,


overlapping ~ e s
,
p y r i t e ~
replacement ~
sand ~
tectonic ~
l e n s i n g 1. 2 .

lens-shaped
,

(
)
lentelliptical
l e n t i c e l .
l e n t i c l e 1. 2 .

l e n t i c u l a r , (

)
lenticularity
lenticule
l e n t i f o r m , (

)
l e n t i l 1. , ( )
2.
(


)
lentille

L e o n a r d i a n (
)
leonhardite , C a A U S I e O - T H O
leonhardtite , M g S 0 - 4 H 0
leonite , K M g ( S 0 ) - 4 H 0
l e o p a r d i t e .
l e o p o l d i t e . s y l v i t e
l e p (
)
l e p a i g i t e (

5 )
l e p i d o b l a s t i c (

)
lepidocrocite , y-FeO(OH)
Lepidodendrales
(
)
lepidolite ,
K(Li, Al) (Si, A l ) O ( F , O H )
l e p i d o l i t h (

)
l e p i d o m e l a n e (

)
lepidophyte
l e p i d o s a u r e s Rept.
l e p i d o s t r o b u s (

)
l e p i d o t e . ,

l e p t i t e .
l e p t o c h l o r i t e (


)
leptoclase
leptogeosyncline
leptograptid
leptokurtic
l e p t o m a .
leptomorphic ,
l e p t o p e l (,

)
l e p t o s p o r a n g i a t e .

leptothermal
l e p t y n i t e .
l e p t y n o l i t e .
lermontovite
,
(U, Ca, ) ( 0 ) 6 0(?)
lessingite ,
(Ca, Ce, L a N d ) [ ( 0 , , F ) | ( S i 0 ) ]
lessive . (
)
l e s t i w a r i t e .
l e t d o w n (


,



)
letovicite , ( N H ) H ( S 0 )
lettsomite , C u A l ( S 0 ) ( O H ) i - 2 H 0
leucaugite , Ca, M g S i O
l e u c h t e n b e r g i t e (

)
leucite , K A l S i O
l e u c i t e - t e p h r i t e .
leucitic
l e u c i t i t e .
l e u c i t o h e d r o n 1. 2 .
l e u c i t o l i t h .
l e u c i t o p h y r e .
l e u c o c h a l c i t e . o l i v e n i t e
leucocratic ,
l e u c o d i a b a s e .
Ieucon .
l e u c o n o i d . ,
leucopetrite ,
(
,

)
leucophanite , (Na, Ca) BeSi (O, F, O H )
leucophoenicite , M n S i O ( O H )
leucophosphite , K F e ( P 0 ) ( O H ) 9H O
l e u c o p h y r e .
l e u c o p h y r i d e (

)
l e u c o s o m e (
)
leucosphenite , ,
BaNa Ti B SiI O
l e u c o t e p h r i t e .
leucoxene
leurodiscontinuity
,


l e v e e 1. ; ; ; 2 . ,
, 3 . ( ) (
) 4 . () 5 . 6 .

2 4

1 0

3 0

1 2

level
glacial ~ ;

lava ~ []
mudflow ~
n a t u r a l ~ 1. 2 .

s a n d ~ (
)
torrent-built ~

level 1. , 2 . ||
3.
~ of g r o u n d w a t e r

~ of n o s t r a i n ,
~ of w a t e r t a b l e
~ of z e r o a m p l i t u d e
A b n e y ~ (
)
absolute base ~
accordant summit ~
basal ~
b a s e ~ 1. 2 .
3. ,

b a s e ~ of d e p o s i t i o n
b a s e ~ of e r o s i o n
b a s e ~ of s t r e a m
batter ~
binocular hand ~

box ~
bull's eye ~
chambered ~
circular ~
compensation ~
concordant summit ~
cross ~
Daly ~
d a t u m ~
d a t u m w a t e r ~ ,
day ~
d e a d ~ ;
,
declining w a t e r ~

d e e p ~
drainage ~
d u m p y ~ (


)
Egault ~
e p e i r o c r a t i c sea ~

flood ~
fold s y s t e m ~
free ~
freezing ~ ,

gallery ~
g e o d e t i c sea ~
grade ~
ground ~
g r o u n d w a t e r ~

half-tide ~ -

h a n d ~ 1. ,
2.

higher ~ ,
high-water ~ []
hydrostatic ~
initial ~ ,

i n t e r g l a c i a l h i g h sea ~

intermediate ~ ,

isopiestic ~
isopotential ~
karst base ~
local b a s e ~
Locke hand ~ []
lower ~ ,
l o w e s t ~ of l a n d s l i d e
mean land ~ [ ]

m e a n ~ of e a r t h ' s s u r f a c e

m e a n sea ~
mean sphere ~

mean tide ~ -

miner's ~
mining ~ ,
natural ~
normal w a t e r ~
ordinary tide ~ -

overflow ~
plateau ~
prism ~
production ~ []

recurrence ~
reference ~ [, ]

rise ~ ,
river base ~
sea ~
service ~
s e t ~ ,

sphere ~
spirit ~
standing ( w a t e r ) ~
static ~
stationary sea ~
[]

s t r i d i n g ~ 1. ,

2.

s u m m i t ~ 1. 2 .

surface ~ ,

s u r v e y o r ' s ~ 1. 2 . ,

leveler

limb

temporary base ~
t h a l a s s o c r a t i c sea ~
(

)
trapping ~
ultimate base ~
upper ~ ,
w a t e r ~ 1. 2 . 3 .
,
wye [] ~
zero w a t e r ~ ,
leveler
leveling
barometric ~
differential ~
direct ~ ;

first-order ~
indirect ~
reciprocal ~ []
spirit ~
thermometric ~

third-order ~
trigonometric ~

levelman
levogyrate, levorotatory
levynite , ( N a , Ca) (Al, Si) OiS-SH O
L e w i s i a n (
)
lewisite , (Ca, Fe, Na) (Sb, T i ) O
lewistonite , ( C a , , N a ) ( P O ) ( )
l h e r z i t e (
)
l h e r z o l i t e (
)
lias (

)
L i a s ( s i c ) , (
)
liberite , Li BeSiO
libethenite , C u ( P O ) ( O H )
l i b o l l i t e (
)
libriform .
l i b r i g e n e Tril.
lichen
l i c h e n o m e t r y (

,

)
lick ,
saline [salt] ~ ,
lid:
upheaved ~
lido . 1. 2 .
l i e b e n e r i t e (
,
, )
liebigite , C a U ( C O a ) - I O H O
lievrite , C a F e F e + ( S i 0 4 ) 2 ( O H )
life
~ of field [ ]
;

economic ~
( )
lift 1. 2 .
b o t t o m ~
()
lifter:
core ~ ;
2

l i g a m e n t . || ,
amphidetic ~
l i g h t 1. ; 2 . 3 .
b l a c k ~ (

)
diffused ~
i n c i d e n t ~
inclined ~
m o n o c h r o m a t i c ~
oblique ~
plane-polarized ~ ,

p o l a r i z e d ~
r e f l e c t e d ~
r e f r a c t e d ~
lightcolored ,
l i g h t h o u s e ( ,
)
ligneous ,
lignification
lignified
lignify
lignin
l i g n i t e 1. 2 .
bituminous ~
black ~ ,
b r o w n ~ ,
e a r t h y ~
friable ~ [ ]
i m m a t u r e ~
m a t u r e ~
w o o d y [xyloid] ~
(

)
l i g n i t e ,
lignite ,
lignite-bearing
lignitiferous
l i g u r i t e (
)
likasite , C u i ( N 0 ) ( P 0 ) ( O H )
likely ( , ,
)
lillianite , P b B i S e
lily:
sea ~
liman
limb 1. (
;

) 2 .
(1.


2.

) 3 . (
) 4 . .

~ of fold
~ of v e i n
anticlinal ~
a r c h ~ (
)
c o m m o n ~ (
)
d r a w n - o u t middle ~ []
(
)
e q u a t o r i a l ~ .
floor ~ (
)
inverted ~ [,
]
long ~
(
)
l o w e r ~ (
)
2

1 4

Iimbate
m i d d l e ~ (
)
o v e r t u r n e d ~ [ ,
]
reduced middle ~ []
(
)
reversed ~ [,
]
roof ~ [ ] (

)
short ~
squeezed-out middle ~ []
(
)
synclinal ~ ,

t h i n n e d o u t middle ~ []
(
)
t r o u g h ~ (
);

upper ~ []
(
)
I i m b a t e (
)
limbation ,
l i m b u r g i t e (

)
l i m b u s (

)
lime 1. , C a O 2 .
a r a g o n i t i c ~ . a r a g o n i t e
big ~
bog ~
brown ~
d e a d ~ (

);
fat ~
hard ~
iron ~ ,
killed ~ (

);
magnesian [magnesium] ~

meagre ~
oolite ~
rich ~
w a t e r ~ 1. 2 . ,

limeclast
lime-olivine , Y-Ca SiO
lime-silicate
limestone
algal ~
aragonitic ~
arenaceous ~
arkosic ~
asphaltic ~
Bedford ~
bioaccumulated [bioconstructed] ~

biostromal ~
bird's-eye ~ ,

bituminous ~
calcarenitic ~
calcific ~
2

C a p i t a n ~ (


-)
carboniferous ~
,
cavernous ~
c h e c k e r b o a r d ~ (
,

)
chemical ~
coarse ~
coccolith ~
compact ~
coquinoid ~
coral (line) ~
coral-reef ~
crinoidal ~
cross-laminated ~ -

c r y s t a l l i n e ~ (1.

2.
;
)
d e t r i t a l ~ [ ]
,

dispellet ~
d o l o m i t i c ~ ;

encrinal ~
ferruginous ~
fetid bituminous ~

flaglike ~
foliated ~ ;

freshwater ~
granular ~
hieroglyphic ~
high-calcium ~
Hosselkus ~
(

)
hydraulic ~
kidney ~
laminated ~ ;

limnetic ~ ;

lithographic ~
magnesian [magnesium] ~
(

)
marly ~
microcoquinoid ~

miliolitic ~
mottled ~
mountain ~
nodular ~
nummulitic ~
O n o n d a g a ~ (

)
oolitic ~
pelagic ~
pelitomorphic ~
Permian ~
pisolitic ~

Hmewater

line

porous ~
quartz-flooded ~
reef ~
secondary ~
shaly ~
shell(y) ~ -,

siliceous ~
sparry ~ 1. , 2.

Trenton ~
()
tufaceous ~
T u l l y ~ (

)
turbidity ~
underclay ~
,

veined ~
vermicelli ~
zebra ~
Hmewater []
limit:
~ of a p e r i o d i c i t y
~ of e l a s t i c i t y ,

a s s a y ~ s (


)
Atterberg ~ s
confidence ~ ,
creep ~
damming ~

d o w n - d i p ~ of pool

elastic ~
endurance ~
equilibrium ~
fatigue ~
fire d a m p ~ [ ]

firn ~
g l a c i a t i o n ~ 1.
2.

grading ~
(,
)
liquid ~ 1. () 2.
(

)
plastic ~
proportional ~
shrinkage ~
sticky ~
stiffening ~
three-mile ~

u p d i p ~ of pool

limitation:
impurity ~ s

limn ( ,

l i m n a l (

,
)
limnetic
,

(


)
limnic 1. ( ,

) 2 . (. l i m n e t i c )
limnimeter
limnite
limnogeology
limnogram
limnographe
limnokrene
limnologist
limnology ,
limnoquartzite
limon 1. 2 . 3 .
limonite , 2 F e O - S H O
cherty ~
contiguous ~
indigenous ~
manganese ~ []

relief ~ [ , ]

limous ,
limpet
()
limpid
l i m u l i d a e (
)
l i m u r i t e (
)
limy
Hn . linn
linarite , P b C u ( S O ) ( O H )
lindackerite , H C u ( A s 0 ) - 8 9 H O
lindgrenite , ( 0 ) ( )
l i n d i n o s i t e (
)
l i n d o i t e (

)
lindstromite , P b C u B i S
line 1. ; 2 . , 3 .
(
) 4 . 5 .

~ of b e a r i n g
~ of b r e a k ;

~ of c o l l i m a t i o n
~ of c o n c r e s c e n c e Ost. ,

~ of c o r r e l a t i o n
~ of c r u s t a l w e a k n e s s

~ of d e h i s c e n c e [ ] (
)
~ of d i p
~ of d i s l o c a t i o n ,
,
~ of d i s t u r b a n c e (
);

~ of e q u a l d e p t h t o w a t e r t a b l e
,

~ of e q u a l p i e s t i c f l u c t u a t i o n

2

line
~ of f o r c e 1. ,
2. ,

~ of i n d u c t i o n ,

~ of l e a s t r e s i s t a n c e

~ of l o d e
~ of n o n e r o s i o n [ ]
(
)
~ of o u t c r o p ()

~ of p r e c i s e levels
,

~ of r e n t ,
~ of r e s i s t a n c e
~ of s a t u r a t i o n ,
,
~ of s e c t i o n
~ of s e e p a g e ,

~ of s i g h t
~ of s t r i k e
~ of u p l i f t
~ of w e a k n e s s

~ of z e r o d i s t o r t i o n
absorption ~
aclinic ~
agonic ~ ,
Alkemade ~
(

)
a m m o n o i d ~ Ceph.

ancient shore ~
andesite ~
anticlinal ~
apical ~
axial ~ ,
azimuth ~
b a s e ~ 1. (

)
2 . (

) 3 .

beach ~
Becke ~ []
biconvex growth ~
(.
)
bluff ~
border ~ ,
b o t t o m ~
b o u n d a r y ~ 1. 2 .

breaker ~
bright ~ ,
center ~ []
channel ~
coast ~ ,
c o l l i m a t i o n ~
conjugation ~
contact ~
c o n t o u r ~ 1. 2 .
C o o p e r ' s ~ s (

c o r a n g e ~

correction ~
coseismal [coseismic] ~
cotidal ~ []
crest ~ ,
, ,
,
c r o p ~ ()
cross-section ~ ,
,
c r u s h ~ , ()
d a t e ~
datum ~
dead ~ []
d e b r i s ~ (1.

2.

)
d e m a r c a t i o n ~ Biv. [
]
depressed ~
dimension ~
displacement ~
drag ~
drainage ~
d r i f t ~ 1. 2 .
d r y snow ~
e d g e - w a t e r ~ (

)
encroachment ~ []
(

)
end ~
entire ~
equal space ~
equiglacial ~
equilibrium ~
fall ~
fault ~ ;

finite ~
firn ~
flight ~ (
)
flow ~ 1. (

) 2 . , [ ]
f o a m ~ 1. (,

) 2 . (

)
Forel's ~ s
form ~
frost ~
g e o d e s i c ~ (

)
geodesic base ~ ,

g e o d e t i c ~ . g e o d e s i c line
glacier ~ ()
glide ~
grade ~
growth ~
guide ~
h i n g e ~ 1. ()
2. -

line
( )
3 . ,
(

)
hoping base ~
h o t ~ .
h y d r a u l i c g r a d e ~

hydroisopiestic ~
i n c r e m e n t a l ~ , ,

i s o a n t h r a c i t e ~ s (


)
sobathic ~
isochemic ~
isoclinic ~
i s o c r y m a l ~ ,


isodip ~
isodynamic ~
isogenic ~
isohyetal ~
i s o l i t h i c ~ (



)
i s o p a c h o u s ~ (
-.

)
i s o p i e s t i c ~ of a q u i f e r
,

isosalinity ~
isoseismal ~
isotherm ~
isotime ~
jug ~
lead ~
lobe ~ [ ]
Luders' ~ s ,
m a g n e t i c field [ m a g n e t i c f l u x ] ~
,
M a r s h a l l ~ ,

meander ~

-
,
m i d - u m b o n a l ~ Biv.
mud ~
neve ~ ,

n o d a l ~ .
[] ,

oblique coast ~

obsequent fault ~
outcrop ~ [ ]

p a l l i a l ~ Moll,
p a r i e t a l ~ Con.
p e r m a f r o s t ~

phreatic ~ ,

plunge ~
range ~
r a s t e r ~ s .

linear
r e a c t i o n ~ .
reference ~
regional snow ~
resequent fault ~
rhumb ~ ,
s a n d ~ 1. (

) 2. pi (

)
saturation ~
schrund ~ ,

sea-level ~
seepage ~ ,

shale ~
shot point ~ []
sloping base ~
snow ~ , ;

sounding ~
spectral ~
spiral ~
spring ~
squall ~
stone ~ ,
stream ~ ,
strike ~
s u t u r e ~ 1. . [ , ,
] 2 . . ,

tectonic ~ ,

temporary ~ []
t e r r a c e ~ 1. , 2 .
pi Tril.
terrain ~
t e t r a s p o r i n e ~ .

thickness ~
thrust ~
t i m e ~ (1. ,


2. ,


)
timing ~
township ~ []
transient ~ []
transit ~
travel ~ []
tree ~
trend ~ ,
t r o u g h ~ 1. [ ] 2 .
tubing ~

twin glide ~ ,

valley ~
wave ~ ;

lineage
lineament
thermal ~
l i n e a r 1. (. ) 2. .
lineament

linear-dimensional
linear-dimensional -
linearity
linear-tabular -
lineation
current ~
load-cast ~
p a r t i n g ~

parting-plane ~

p a r t i n g - s t e p ~

primary ~
scour ~
secondary ~
linen:
fossil ~ ,
l i n e u p ( )
.
l i n g u l a c e a n s Brach. ,
l i n g u l i d s Brach.
l i n g u l o i d s . l i n g u l a c e a n s
l i n i n g 1. 2 . 3 .
4 . ; ;
; 5.
6 . , 7.
,
link 1. ; 2 . ,
7,92
l i n k a g e 1. ,
2 . Anth.
,

direct ~
t r a b e c u l a r ~ Anth.
l i n k s 1. . (
) 2 .
linn . (1. ,

2.
,

3.

4.
,
)
l i n n a e i t e 1. , ( , N i ) S 2.

linnets
l i n o p h y r e (
)
l i n o p h y r i c ( )
l i n o s a i t e , (

)
.
l i n s e y (

r o e , ,
)
l i n t o n i t e (

)
lion:
cave ~
lip 1. Arthr., For., Gastr., Moll, 2 . ,
(); 3 . () 4 . ,
5. , , ,
;
basal ~ []

c o l u m e l l a r ~ Gastr.
crater ~ []
outer ~
parietal ~
phialine ~
pillar ~
L i p a l i a n ( ,
3




)
l i p a r i t e (

)
lipid
lipogenesis
lipopalingenesis
l i p o t e x i t e .
lipscombite , (Fe, M n ) F e ( P O J - ( O H )
liptinite ,
liptite ,
l i p t o b i o l i t e 1. (. ,
)
2. . l i p t o b i o l i t h
l i p t o b i o l i t h (

, . )
resin ~
liptobiolithic
liptocoenosis
liquation ,

liquefaction
liquevitreous
liquid 1. || 2.
conjugate ~ s
gas ~ s
heavy ~
natural gas ~ s
parting ~
solid ~
supernatant ~
toxic ~ []
liquidus
liquor ;
mother ~ [] ;
[]
residual ~ ;

lira ( 1 . 2.

, .

)
liroconite , C u A l ( A s 0 ) ( O H ) - 4 H 0
liskeardite , (Al, F e ) ( A s 0 ) ( O H ) 6 - 5 H 0
list (,

)
l i s t r i u m Brach.
l i s t w a n i t e (

)
l i t c h f i e l d i t e (

)
l i t h a r e n i t e (1. ,

25 /

,
10 / 75 /

, 2. ,

75 /
25 /

)
litharge , , P b O
Lithic
l i t h i c (

)
lithidionite , (Cu, N a , K ) S i O
l i t h i f ( i c ) a t i o n (


)
s h o c k ~ (

)
lithify
2

Hthiophilite

load
2

Hthiophilite , L i ( M n + , Fe +)PC<4
lithiophorite , (Al, L i ) M n O ( O H )
lithiophosphate L i P O
l i t h i s t i d (
,

)
lithizone
lithocalcarenite
lithocalcilutite
lithocalcirudite
lithocalcisiltite
lithochemistry
lithoclase
lithoclast
l i t h o d e s m a Biv.
lithodolarenite
lithodololutite
lithodolorudite
lithodolosiltite
l i t h o d o m o u s . l i t h o t o m o u s
l i t h o f a c i e s ; ||
intertongued ~
-

statistical ~
lithofraction
l i t h o g e n e (

)
l i t h o g e n e o u s (
, .
)
lithogenesis, lithogeny
l i t h o i d (

)
l i t h o i d a l , (

)
l i t h o i d i t e (

)
lithologic(al)
lithology
l i t h o m a r g e (

)
lithomorphic
lithomorphogenesis
l i t h o p h a g o u s ( ,


)
l i t h o p h i l e ( ,

)
l i t h o p h i l o u s ( ,


)
l i t h o p h y l (
,
,

)
l i t h o p h y s a (

,
.
)
l i t h o p h y t e (,

)
lithorelic
lithosere
l i t h o s i d e r i t e (

)
l i t h o s o l (

)
l i t h o s o m e .
lithpspar
lithosphere
2

suboceanic ~

lithospheric
lithosporic
lithostratigraphy
l i t h o s t r o m a t i o n i d .
l i t h o s t r o m e .
l i t h o s t r o t i o n i d .
l i t h o t h a m n i o n s (

)
l i t h o t o m o u s ( ,

)
l i t h o t o p e ( 1 .


2.


)
l i t h o t y p e (


)
lithoxyl
lithozone
lit-par-lit
litter ,
littoral ,
l i t u i c o n e (
,


)
l i t u o l i d F o r . ||
liveingite , P b A S i S S
l i v e r i t e (, , )
l i v e s i t e (
)
livingstonite , H g S b S
lixiviation
lixivium ,

lizardite , M g S i O ( O H )
l l a n i t e (
)
L l a n o ( ,
)
l l a n o (

-
)
L l a n o r i a (


)
L l a n v i r n i a n (

)
l o a d 1. , (,
, , , . .;

)
2. ,
(.
)
axial ~
bed-material [bottom-bed] ~
buckling ~ ,
;
c o n t a c t ~
coring ~
cracking ~
drift ~
inclined ~
river ~
river dissolved ~

safe ~
s a l t a t i o n ~
sediment ~ ,
shock ~
silt ~ ,

9

snow ~
s o l u t i o n ~
stream ~
suspended [suspension] ~

tractional ~
uncompensated ~
l o a d - c a s t e d ( )
loading:
sedimentary ~
shock ~
torsional ~ ,
; ;
vertical ~
loaf-like
loam , ,
, ,

clay ~
fine s a n d y ~ [ ]
,
fluviatile ~ []
heavy (clay) ~
lake ~
light ~
loess ~
marl ~ , ,

mellow ~
red ~ ;
sandy ~ ,
sandy clay ~
silty clay ~
stony ~
l o a m i n g (

)
loamy
lob ()
~ of g o l d ,

l o b a t e 1. 2 . ,
lobation
lobe 1. ,
2. , ,
3 . . 4 . . 5 . .
6.
;
~ of o r o g e n i c b e l t [ ]

adventitious [adventive] ~

annular ~ ,

antisiphonal ~
auxiliary ~ []
axial ~
basal ~
calyx ~
cheek ~
elongated ~
()
flood-plain ~
glacial [glacier, ice] ~
involute ~
()
lateral ~
meander ~

palpebral ~
sand ~ ,

sieve ~ ,


siphonal ~
solifluction ~
l o b e d , l o b o s e , l o b u l a t e d 1. 2 . ,

lobulation
lobule(t) ,
local
locality ; , ;

cross-country ~
reference ~ ,

l o c a l i z a t i o n 1. 2 .

ore ~ [ ]
structural ~
l o c a l i z e 1. 2 .
,
l o c a t i o n 1. 2 .
-.;
;
~ of e p i c e n t e r
~ of well

f l a n k ~
opening ~
quiet ~ []
l o c h a n . ,
lock 1. 2 . ;
a i r ~ 1. ,
2.
inlet ~
loculus For. ,
locus
~ of c o n c e n t r a t i o n
~ of f o u n d e r i n g
c r e s t ~ (,
)
ore ~
lode 1. ; ; ;
; ;
; 2. ,
,
()
barren ~ []
blind ~
chambered ~
c h a m p i o n ~ (
)

coarse ~
contact ~
cross ~ []
dead ~ []
flat ~
gossany ~ ,
;
hollow ~ ,
ladder ~ []
large ~
mother ~ []
r i g h t r u n n i n g ~ ,

lodestone

log

s t r i n g e r ~ (


)
strong ~
underlay ~ ,

unkindly ~
lodestone 1. , ,
2 .

lodestuff
lodge
l o d g i n g (
,

)
lodgment 1. 2.

l o d r a n i t e (
)
loellingite , F e A s
loess ) ~ w i t h lime n o d u l e s (
)
cold ~
w a r m ~
loessal ,
loessification ,
loessland
loessoi d e
( ,
)
loeweite , N a I M g ( S O ) I - 1 5 H O
l o f e r i t e ( ,


)
log 1.
; ;
; 2.
; 3 .
4 . pi
acoustic ~
b o r e h o l e ~ ,

caliper ~
c a r b o n a t e analysis ~

c h l o r i n e ~
conductivity ~
c o n t a c t ~ ;

continuous velocity ~

current-focused ~

density ~
d e t a i l ~ (

)
digital ~
dip ~ ,

directional ~

driller's ~
;

drilling-time ~
;
drill p i p e ~

electrical ~
fluid-travel ~ ,
2

,

fossil ~
()
gamma-density ~ -
gamma-gamma ~ --

gamma-ray ~ -
graphic ~
guard-electrode ~

induction ~
interpretive ~

lateral ~
lithologic ~
m i c r o r e s i s t i v i t y ~

microseismogram ~

neutron ~
neutron-gamma
~

-
neutron-lifetime ~

neutron-neutron ~ -

normal ~
nuclear ~
percentage ~
(

)
photoclinometer ~

proximity ~
,
radioactivity
~

road ~

sample ~

scattered gamma-ray ~ -

section-gage ~
self-potential ~

shot-hole ~

sidewall neutron ~


sonic ~
S P ~ . s p o n t a n e o u s - p o t e n t i a l log
spectral (gamma-ray) ~
s p o n t a n e o u s - p o t e n t i a l ~

stratigraphic ~
s t r i p ~ 1.
2 . ,
temperature [thermal] ~

velocity ~
wall resistivity ~
,

logan
well ~
,
l o g a n ,

l o g g e d 1. 2 .
3 . ( ) 4 .
5 .
logging ,
;
acoustic ~
activation ~ ,

,
continuous velocity ~

density ~
detention ~

dip ~
dipmeter ~

displacement ~ ,
,
electrical ~
exploration ~

m u d ~ ;

neutron ~
resistivity ~
t e m p e r a t u r e well ~

well ~ ;

lognormality
l o g o t y p e .
loipon ,
lokkaite , (Y Ca) (COa) 2 H O
l o l l i n g i t e . l o e l l i n g i t e
lolly ,
l o m a (

;

)
l o m i t a (

)
lomonosovite , N a T i S i O g - N a S P O
lomontite , C a A l S i O i 4 H O
l o n c h i o l e .
L o n g a x o n e s . ,
l o n g i c o n e . ,

longitude
astronomic [celestial] ~

heliographic ~
t e r r e s t r i a l ~ (
)
longitudinal
Longmyndian
(,
)
longshore ;
l o n g u l i t e (

)
longwall
l o n s d a l e i t e (



)
1

loob
l o o p 1. . 2 . 3 . [ ] 4 . ,
,
a c t i v e s t r u c t u r e ~

a t t a c h m e n t ~ Brach.
base ~
(
)
morainic
~

[]

structure ~
tectonic ~
l o o p i n g

loose 1. , , ,
,
;
;
2. ;
3 . , ( ) 4 .

loparite , (Ce, Na, Ca) (Ti, N b ) O


lopezite , K C r O
l o p h i d i u m .
l o p h i o d o n t . ||
l o p h o d o n t . ||
l o p h o p h o r e , (

)
l o p h o p h y t o u s ( ,


)
l o p h o t r i c h o u s (

)
L o p h o t r i l e t e s .
l o p o d o l i t h (
)
l o p o l i t h (

)
lopolithic
lorandite , TlAsS
loranskite , (Y, Ce, Ca, Zr)TaO (V)
lorenzenite , N a T i S i O
lorettoite , P b O C l
l o r i c a . , ,
loricate
loseyite , (Mn, Zn) (COa) (OH)Io
loss , ( );

~ by erosion
;

~ of c a p a c i t y of b e d

~ of h e a d
()
absorption ~
c i r c u l a t i o n ~
dielectric ~
riparian water ~

(

)
s e e p a g e ~ ()
sublimation ~
underground ~
loss . loess
lot
w a t e r ~
lotrite ,
Ca Al (Al, Fe + , F e + , Mg, M n ) S i O ( O H ) -2H O
l o t t a l (

,
2

2 3

louderback

luster


)
l o u d e r b a c k (

)
louderbackite ,
(

)
l o u g h .
loughlinite ,
Na Mg3Si60i6-8H 0
loupe
l o v c h o r r i t e , ( N a , C a , CebTu^SiCubF
lovozerite , ( N a , K ) ( M n , Ca)ZnSieOi6 3H 0(?)
low 1 . , , 2 .
3 . . 4 .
.
5 . (

)
6. ,
( )
7 . (

)
drifting snow ~
geologic ~
gravity ~
phreatic ~
;

piestic ~

structural ~ ; ;

topographic ~ ,
low a n d b a l l
(

)
loweite , N a i M g ( S 0 4 ) i 3 - 1 5 H O
l o w e r ( ); (

)
l o w e r i n g of s e a level
l o w - g r a d e , ( )
lowigite

)
lowland , ,
base-level ~

peripheral ~ []

structural ~
lowstand
l o x o c h o a n i t i c .
l o x o c l a s e (

)
l u b l i n i t e , (

)
l u c i n o i d .
l u c l i t e (
)
ludlamite , ( F e , M g , ) ( 0 4 ) - 4 0
ludwigite , ( M n , F e + ) F e + B 0 5
lueneburgite
,
Mg3B (PC>4) (OH)65H O
lueshite , Na, NbOs
l u g a r i t e (

)
l u h i t e (
)
l u j a v r i t e (

)
lumachelle ,
l u m b ( ,
)
2

l u m e n 1. Blast., Crin., Cyst, , ,


2 . .
,
luminescence
l u m p 1 . , , 2 . pi
6 /i
~ of s l a g
linear ~
sludge ~
l u m p e r (,


)
l u m p i n g ,

l u m p y ,
(
)
l u n a b a s e (


)
lunar
l u n a r i t e (

)
l u n a r i u m .

l u n a t e ,

l u n d y i t e (

' )
l u n e t t e (


)
l u n k e r . (

)
l u n u l e 1 . Biv. 2 . Crust., Ost.
l u n u l e d Crust., Ost.
lunulitiform (
)
l u s a k i t e (
)
l u s c l a d i t e (

)
l u s i t a n i t e (

)
luster
a d a m a n t i n e ~ []
bright ~
brilliant ~
bronze ~
damascene ~
dull ~ [ ]
e a r t h y ~
glassy ~
glimmering ~
glistening ~
greasy ~
metallic ~
metallic-adamantine ~ -

mottling ~
pearly ~
pitchy ~
poikilitic ~
pseudometallic ~
resinaceous [resinous] ~
ruby ~
satiny ~ []
shining ~
silky ~ [ ]
l

lusterless

macrocrystalline

soapy ~
splendent ~ [ ]
submetallic ~
subvitreous ~
vitreous ~
w a x y ~
w e a k ~
lusterless , ,
lustrous
lusungite , (Sr, P b ) F e ( P O ) Z ( O H ) - H O
l u t a c e o u s , (

)
l u t a l i t e (
)
l u t e c i t e (
)
l u t e c t i t e (

)
l u t e o u s , (
)
l u t i t e (


)
l u x u l l i a n i t e (

)
luzonite , C u A s S
l y a s . l i a s
l y c h n i s c (

)
l y c o p o d . ,
l y c o p s i d .

l y d ( d ) i t e . ,
lyell (

)
l y n d o c h i t e (
)
lype
l y r u l a (

)
lysimeter
l y s o c l i n e ( ,

CaCO )
lyssacine ()
l y t o m o r p h i c (
)

macgovernite ,
( M n , Mg, Z n ) , A s S i 0 , ( O H ) ,
Machaeridia

Homalozoa)
m a c h a e r o d o n t s Mamm.
machine:
auger ~
boring ~ ;

dressing ~
drilling ~ ;

heading ~ ;

mining ~
rock drilling ~ ;

m a c i g n o . ,
mackayite , F e T e O ( O H X ? )
mackelveyite ,
Na Ba Ca(Y, V) (CO ).,-5H O
mackensite , ,

macker ,
mackinawite , (Fe, Ni)i,iS
mackinstryite , (Ag, Cu) S
m a c k i n t o s h i t e . t h o r o g u m m i t e
m a c k l e , m a d e 1. . 2 .
3 .

m a c l e d 1. 2 . (
)
3 .
,
;
Maclurea

maconite ,
Mg ^Fe ,figAl ,16[(OH) 1 Ah, Si2,7 0 , ] - -
-[MgO (H O) ]
M a c r a u c h e n i i d a e Mamm.
macro-axis
()
macrobian, macrobic
macrobiosis
macrobiote
macrobiotics
macrocarpous
macrocephalia
m a c r o c e p h a l i c 1. 2 .
.

macrocephalism
macrocephalus
macrocephaly
macrochaeta ,
macrochoanitic
macrocladous
macroclastic
macroclimate
macrococcolith
macroconidial
macroconidium
macrocosm (),
macrocosmic
macrocosmology
m a c r o c o s m o s . m a c r o c o s m
macrocrystalline

M
maar ,
Maastrichtian ,

(
)
macallisterite , Mg Bi O O- 1 5 H O
macaluba
macdonaldit , B a C a S i I O - I l H O
m a c e d o n i t e 1. , ,
PbTiO
2 . .
m a c e r a l (

)
orthohydrous ~

perhydrous ~

s u b h y d r o u s ~

macerate
macerated
maceration
macfarlanite ,
2

3 5

-. . .

M
2

1 3 2

2 8

6 4

macrocyst
macrocyst
macrodactylism
macrodiagonal
macrodomatic
macrodome
macroevolution
macroexamination

macrofabric ,
macrofacies
macrofauna
macroflora
macrofossil
,
macrofragmental ,

macrogamete
macrogamy
m a c r o g r a i n e d (

)
macrolithology
macromerite
macromeritic
macromethod
macrometric
macromutation
m a c r o n u c l e u s Prot.
macropetalous
macrophage, macrophagocyte
m a c r o p h a g o u s (
)
macrophyllous
m a c r o p h y r i c (

)
macrophyte
macropinacoid
macropinacoidal
macroplankton
m a c r o p l e u r a Tril.
macropleural
m a c r o p o d o u s .

macropolyschematic

(.
)
macropore
macroporous
macroporphyritic
m a c r o p t e r o u s 1. Pise, 2 . Av.

m a c r o p y g o u s Tril.
macropyramid
macrorelief
m a c r o s c l e r e .
macroscopic
m a c rose ism ,
macroseismic
macroseismograph
macrosepalous
macroseptum
macrosome ,
m a c r o s p e c i e s (

)
macrosphere
m a c r o s p i n e . ; ;
macrosporangium
macrospore
macrosporic

magma
macrosporophore
macrosporophyll
macrostachya
macrostructural
macrostructure
m a c r o s t y l e .
macrostylous
macrotaxon
macrotectonics
macrotherioid
macrotherm ,
(
)
macrozoogonidium
macrozoospore
m a c u l a 1. . , 2 .
[]
maculate
maculation ,

maculose
m a c u s a n t e (
)
m a d e i r i t e (
)
madocite , Pb(Sb, A S ) I S
madrepore, madreporian
madreporiform
m a d r e p o r i t e Ech.
m a d u p i t e (
)
m a e a n d r a (

)
m a e l s t r o m .

m a e n a i t e (
)
M a e n t w r o g i a n (

)
M a e s t r i c h t i a n . M a a s t r i c h t i a n
mafelsic (
)
mafic (
)
mafics
m a f i t e (
)
m a f r a i t e .
m a f u r i t e (

)
magadiite , N a S i O i ( O H ) - S H O
m a g a d i n i f o r m (


)
m a g a l l a n i t e (

)
magbasite ,
KBa(Al, Sc)(Mg, F e + J S i O F
Magdalenian ,
m a g g i e , m a g g y ( ,
,
)
gray ~ ,

maghemite , Y-Fe O
M a g l e m o s e .

m a g l e m o s i a n .

magma
~ of r e s o r p t i o n
aggressive ~
anatectic ~
basic ~ []
binary ~
cbilled ~
crateral ~
d r y ~ ( )
6

2 5

2 0

magmagranite
exotic ~ []
fractional ~
hybrid ~
i n t e r m e d i a t e ~ ( )
invasive ~
molten ~
monomineral ~
monotectic ~
natural ~
ore ~
parent(al)
~

[]

partial ~ []
permissive ~ []
p r i m a r y ~ (


)
primordial ~
residual [rest] ~
subterranean ~
s u c t i v e - [ ]
s u p e r f l u e n t ~ ,

tholeiitic ~
wet ~ , ,
, ,

m a g m a g r a n i t e ,

m a g m a s k l e r o s i s (

)
magmatic
magmatics ,
magmatism
alkaline ~
tholeiitic ~
m a g m a t i t e .
magmatogene
m a g m o s p h e r e . p y r o s p h e r e
magnacycle
magnacyclothem
m a g n a f a c i e s (,

)
magnesian
magnesiochromite ,
(Mg, Fe)(Cr, A l ) O
magnesiocopiapite ,
MgFe (SO J (OH) .20H O
magnesioferrite ,
(Mg, Fe)Fe O
magnesioriebeckite ,
Na (Mg, Fe2+,Fe +) Si 0 (OH)
magnesite , M g C O
gelatinous ~
magnesium , Mg
magnesium aluminate , M g A l O
magnesium chlorophoenicite ,
(MgMn) (AsO )(OH)
magnet
native ~ ,

magnetism
E a r t h ' s ~
remanent ~
2

2 2

rock ~
magnetite , (Fe, M n ) F e O
magnetitic
m a g n e t i t i t e .
magnetization
a n h y s t e r e t i c r e m a n e n t ~

chemical [crystallization] remanent ~

depositional remanent ~

hard ~
induced ~
isothermal remanent ~

normal ~
partial tbermoremanent ~

primary ~
remanent ~
reverse ~
saturation ~
secondary ~
self-reversed ~

soft ~ [ ]
specific ~
spontaneous ~

stable ~
stress-dependent ~

tbermoremanent ~

viscous ~
magnetize
magnetogram
magnetograph
magnetohydrodynamics
magnetoilmenite
magnetometer
aerial ~
astatic ~
ballistic ~
fluxgate ~
ground ~

Gulf-type ~
nuclear resonance ~ -

optically pumped ~

proton precession ~

proton-resonance ~ -

proton vector ~

quartz horizontal ~

self-oscillating ~

spinner ~
torsion ~
2

manasseite

magnetometry
magnetometry
magnetoplumbite ,
(Pb, Mn) Fe O,,
magnetosphere
magnetostratigraphy
magnetostriction
magnetostrictive
magnetozone
magnioborite , M g [ B O ]
magniotriplite ,
(Mg, Fe, M n ) ( P O ) F
magniphyric
m a g n i t u d e 1. 2 .
,
~ of f a u l t i n g
Richter ~
Pa
m a g n o c a l c i t e (

)
m a g n o c h r o m i t e . m a g n e s i o c h r o m i t e
magnocolumbite ,
, (Mg, Fe, Mn)(Nb, T a ) O
m a g n o f e r r i t e . m a g n e s i o f e r r i t e
magnophyric
magnussonite ,
M n ( A s O s ) ( O H , Cl)
maidenhair , ,
, T i O
mainland , ,
; (
)
maitlandite , ,
2(Pb,Ca)0-3Th0 -4U0 -8Si0 -23H 0
majorite , M g ( F e , Al, S i ) S i O
m a k a t e a 1.
2.

makatite , N a S i O 5 H O
m a k e 1. 2 . ,
(
)
~ of c a s i n g (
),

~ of ore 1. 2 .

makhesh ,

()
makinenite , NiSe
m a k i n g ~ hole
~ of m a p ,
malachite , C u C O ( O H )
b l u e ~ . a z u r i t e
m a l a c o l i t e . d i o p s i d e
malacological
m a l a c o l o g i s t (
)
m a l a c o l o g y (

)
m a l a c o m a (

)
m a l a c o n ( e ) , m a l a k o n (

Th, U, Hf)
M a l a c o s t r a c a Crust,
malacostracology
malacostracous
malayaite , C a S n S i O
2

1 2

m a l a y s i a n i t e (

)
male h i t e (
)
maldonite , Au Bi
malenclave
,
m a l g a c h i t e . ,

m a l i g n i t e .
m a l i n o w s k i t e (

,
)
malladrite , N a S i F
m a l l a r d i t e , Mn, S 0 - 7 H 0
m a l l e a b l e ( ,
.
)
malloseismic
M a I m (
)
malm , ,
,
()
m a l m r o c k , m a l m s t o n e 1. . m a l m 2 .
,

()
m a l p a i s 1. 2 . ,
3.
4.
M a l p i g h i a c e a e .
m a l t h a 1. , 2 .

m a l t h a c i t e (

)
m a l t h i t e . m a l t h a
m a m e l o n 1. . 2 . Echin.


m a m l a h a h , (

-)
mammal
pouched ~ s
Mammalia
mammaliferous

m a m m a l o g i s t (
)
m a m m a l o g y (

)
mammifer
mammilate(d) ;
(
)
mammillary
(
)
mammoth
man
cave ~
Confins ~
Cro-Magnon ~ ,

Izeyang ~
Liukiang ~
Neanderthal ~ ,

p e r m i t ~ ,


m a n a c c a n i t e . m e n a c c a n i t e
manandonite ,
Li Al B Si O (OH)
(?)
manasseite , Mg Al (CO ) ( O H ) 4 H O
2

1 4

2 9

2 4

1 6

mandelstone ,
m a n d i b l e .
m a n d i b u l a r . ,
m a n d s h u r i t e (
)
m a n g a n (,

)
m a n g a n a n d u l a s i t e . v i r i d i n e
m a n g a n a p a t i t e ,
(Ca, M n ) [ P O M F e , ]
manganaxinite ,
Ca (Mn, Fe)Al BSi O (OH)
manganbabinctonite ,
Ca (Mn, F e ) , F e S i O i ( O H )
manganbelyankinite ,
(Mn, Ca) (Ti, N b ) 0 i - 9 H 0
manganberzeliite ,
(Mn, Mg) (Ca, Na) (AsO J
m a n g a n b l e n d e . a l a b a n d i t e
manganese
bog ~
cupreous ~ , m(Mn, C u ) O - M n O - K H O
earthy ~
red ~ , ,
, (Mn, C a ) S i O
manganese-hoernesite, manganese-hornesite
, (Mn, M g ) ( A s O J 8 H O
m a n g a n e s i t e (,

)
manganite , -()
mangan-neptunite ,
(Na, K) (MnFe )TiSi Oi
manganocalcite (/.

2.

,
)
manganolangbeinite ,
K Mn (SO J
m a n g a n o l i t e s (,

)
manganomelane ,
manganophyllite ,
K(Mn, Mg, Al) -S(Al, S i ) O i ( O H ) ,
K Mn Al Si Oi (OH)
manganopyrosmaltite ,
( M n , F e ) S i O i ( O H , 1)
manganosiderite
(
)
manganosite , MnO
manganostibiite ,
1OMnO S b O ( ? )
manganotantalite ,
(Mn, Fe)(Ta, N b ) O
mangerite ,
m a n j a k , (

)
m a n j a k i t e (

)
m a n n e r of a g g r e g a t i o n ,
(
)
mansfieldite , A l A s 0 - 2 H 0
m a n t l e 1. 2 .
3 . Rad. , , ; Gastr.
, 4 . . 5 .

~ of g l a c i a l d r i f t
5

? +

1 5

3 +

2 +

~ of shell
~ of soil
~ of w a s t e
agglomerate ~
c a m e r a l ~ Ceph. ,

conducting ~
d e e r ~ 1. (

) 2 .
depleted ~ [
-.
]
Earth ~
lower ~
outer ~
platformal ~
rock ~
sedimentary ~
snow ~
solifluction ~
upper ~
uppermost ~
mantled ,
m a n t o 1.
2. 3 .


~ of s e d i m e n t a r y b a s i n s

aeromagnetic ~
areal ~
assay ~
base ~
bathymetric ~
biofacies ~
b l o c k ~ - (

)
boundary ~
cadastral ~ ;
[]
center-of-gravity ~

chorochromatic ~ []

climatic ~
color-patch ~

[]

c o m p i l e d ~ 1. 2 .
3.
composite ~
connected ~
contour ~
convergence ~ ,
derivative ~
diagrammatic ~
dip-corrected ~
dispersal ~
distance-function ~

dot ~
drift ~
entropy ~
entropy function facies ~

e n t r o p y - r a t i o lithofacies ~

evaluation ~
facies ~
facies d e p a r t u r e ~

field ~
forecast ~
generalized ~
geoidal m a p ~
geological ~
geological-geophysical ~ -

glacial ~ ,
gravimetric [gravity] ~
hypsographic ~
hypsometric ~
index ~ 1. - 2. ,

inset ~ -
interpolated ~
isentropic ~

isobed ~
isochore ~
isodef ~
isofacies ~
isogonic ~
isolith ~
isopach(ous) ~
i s o s t a t i c i s o c o r r e c t i o n line ~
isostratification ~
isotangent ~
isothismic ~
k e y ~ ,
(,
,
, . .)
Iandform ~ ;

lap-out ~
large-scale ~
layered ~
line ~
lineaments ~
lithofacies ~
lithologic ~
local g r a v i t y ~

locality ~
magnetic ~
magnetic anomaly ~ *
metallogenic ~
m i g m a t o g e n i c ~
migrated ~
mine ~
multipartite ~
o u t c r o p ~ (

),

outline ~
ownership ~ ,

paleoareal ~
paleobiogeographical ~

paleoclimatologic ~
paleogeographical ~

paleogeologic ~
paleolithologic ~
paleooceanological ~

paleostructure ~
paleotec tonic ~
paleotopographic ~
palinspastic ~
peel ~
percentage ~
period ~ ;
photogeological ~ ;

photorelief ~
physical ~
physiographic pictorial ~

[]
plane-table ~ []
planimetric ~
p l a s t i c ~
potentiometric ~
pressure-surface ~
prognostic ~
provisional ~
q u a d r a n g l e ~
rate-of-change ~

(,

)
ratio ~
ratio-type lithofacies ~
,

raw ~
reconnaissance ~
relief ~ ;
relief a s s e s s m e n t ~ (.

)
sand ~ ,
sea b o t t o m ~
second-derivative ~
seismic ~
seismic f a c i e s ~
shaded-relief ~
(

)
simplified g e o l o g i c a l ~ [
]
sketch ~ ,
slope ~
slope c a t e g o r y ~
small-scale ~
soil ~
solid ~
special-purpose ~

standard-deviation ~

strategic ~
strike and dip symbol ~

strip ~
structural ~
s u b c r o p ~ 1.
(

mapped

margin

) 2.
3.
s u b s u r f a c e ~ 1.
2. 3.
(

) 4 .
supercrop ~
surface contour ~ ;

surface structure contour ~

tectonic ~
thickness ~
three-dimensional ~
topographic ~
trachographic ~ []
trend ~
uncovered ~

underground structure contour ~
,

ventilation ~ ,

volcanic hazards ~

w a t e r - t a b l e ~ ,

working ~
mapped
mapping ,
aerial ~ ,
applied geomorphological ~

,

areal ~
close ~
computerized ~

engineering-geological ~ -

flow-by-flow ~

geological
gray-level ~
plane-table ~

quantitative ~
radio-wave ~
sea floor ~
m a r 1 . 2 . ,

marahuite
marble
handed ~ ,
,
b a r d i g l i o ~ -

bird's-eye ~ ,

b l a c k a n d gold ~ ,

b o u g a r d ~ -

,

breccia ~ []
brocatel(le) ~
calc-silicate ~ -
calico ~
~
Cannes ~
Carrara ~
cave ~
( )
dolomitic marble ~
fire ~
green ~
landscape ~
l e p a n t o ~ (




)
l u m a c h e l l e ~ (-
)
lyonnaise ~ -

madrepore ~
magnesian ~
onion ~ ,
onyx ~ ,

P a r i a n ~
ruin ~ -
sedimentary ~
serpentine ~
shell ~
marbled
marbleized
marcasite , , F e S
marching
m a r c h i t e (, -


)
marden
m a r e (

)
marebase ,

m a r e k a n i t e .
m a r e m m a . (


)
m a r e o g r a m . m a r i g r a m
m a r e o g r a p h . m a r i g r a p h
mareographic
m a r e u g i t e (
,

);
m a r g a r i t e (1.

2. :
CaAl (Al Si )Oi (OH) ,)
potash ~
m a r g a r o d i t e (

)
margarosanite , Pb(Ca, Mn) (SiOs)
m a r g a y Mamm.
m a r g i n 1. 2 . ; 3 .
~ of a p e r t u r e Gastr.
[]
,
~ of c o a s t ,
~ of i n t r u s i o n [ ]
aboral ~
2

mark

marginal
accretionary ~
a n a l ~ Ins.
()
boggy ~
c a r d i n a l ~ Brach.
chilled ~
consuming plate ~

contact ~
c o n t i n e n t a l ~ 1. -
2.
-
( ,
-
)
convergent plates ~ s
corroded ~
crenate ~
dense ~
discontinuous ~
discordant ~ ,
divergent plates ~ s
e m b a y e d ~ ()
ice ~
lagoon ~
oral ~
p a s s i v e ~ (),

plate ~
p o s t e r i o r ~ Brach.
p u n c t a t e r i n g ~
[]
s c u t e l l a r y ~ Ins.
s i n u a t e leaf ~
smooth ~
spiriferid c a r d i n a l ~ Brach.

s u t u r a l ~ Ins.
trailing plate ~
transform ~ s ,

marginal , ,
m a r g i n a l s .
;
Carp.,
Cyst., Thee, ; Aster,

m a r g i n a r i u m (


)
marginate , ,
marialite , 3NaAlSi Os NaCl
marianna
m a r i e n b e r g i t e (

)
m a r i g n a c i t e .
marigram
marigraph ,
marine
m a n n i n g
m a r i p o s i t e (-

)
m a r i u p o l i t e (-

)
mark , ;
a c c r e t i o n r i p p l e ~ s
a n a l ~ Gastr. [ ] ,
[]
3

aqueous ripple ~ s
asymmetric ripple ~ s
a v a l a n c h e ripple ~
azimuth ~
b a c k w a s h ~
( )
backwash ripple ~ s
(
)
bench ~
b o u n c e ~ ( )
bubble ~ s
cabbage-leaf ~
c h a t t e r ~ , , (

)
chevron ~ s

collimating ~
complex ripple ~ s
c o r r u g a t e d ripple ~ s
c r e s c e n t i c ~ 1. . 2 . .

crinkle ~
cross-ripple ~ s
current ripple ~ s
curved ripple ~ s
cuspate ripple ~ s
datum ~
depositional ~
desiccation ~
diagonal scour ~
dimpled current ~ s
drag ~
drop ~
fiducial ~
f l a t - t o p p e d ripple ~ s
flute ~
hackle ~
harrow ~ s
hexagonal cross-ripple ~ s

high-water ~ ;
;

interference ripple ~ s
lingu(l)oid ripple ~ s
l i n g u ( l ) o i d sole ~ ,

l o b a t e rill ~

longitudinal ripple ~ s
low-water ~ ;
;
l u n a t e ~ .
mud-buried ripple ~ s ,

mud-ridge ripple ~ s

normal ripple ~ s
oscillation cross ripple ~ s

oscillation ripple ~ s ,

o v e r w a s h ~ (
,

)

marker
parallel ripple ~ s
p e r c u s s i o n ~ ( )
pericline ripple ~ s
permanent bench ~
precurrent ~
p r o d ~ ( )
pseudo ripple ~ s
r e c t a n g u l a r cross ripple ~ s

rhomboid ripple ~ s
-
(

)
rib ~
rill ~ ,
ripple ~ s
saltation ~
scour ~
skip ~
s l i d e ~ (


)
slump ~ ;
s o l e ~ ,

surge ~ s
swash ~ ,

symmetric ripple ~ s
temporary bench ~
t i m e ~ [ ] ( )
t o p ~ ,
transverse ripple ~ s
(

)
u n d e r t o w ~
w a t e r ~ ,
w a v e ripple ~ s
witness ~ ,
marker
core ~

time ~
m a r k f i e l d i t e (,

)
m a r k i n g 1. 2 . , ;
c o l o r ~ s Tril.
compass ~ s
depositional ~ s
eddy ~ s
flow ~ s
friction ~ s
fucoid ~ s [ ]