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vFkZkkL= dh d{kk esa vkidk Lokxr gS

d{kk %& nloha


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3-eqnzk vkSj lk[k

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d{kk %& nloha


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eqnzk dh ifjHkkkk
og oLrq ftldk lkekU; mi;ksx fofue; ek/;e ds #i esa fd;k tk;s mls eqnzk dgrs gSa jkWcVZlu dksbZ Hkh pht tks oLrqvksa ds Hkwxrku rFkk O;olk; ds nkf;Ro dh larqfV esa mi;ksx esa ykbZ tkrh gSa Tkh Mh ,p dkSy og oLrq tks lkekU;r;k Hkwxrku ds fy, rFkk _.kksa ds fy, Lohdkj dh tkrh gS- dSaV dksbZ Hkh oLrq tks fofue; ek/;e ds ekiu esa viukbZ tk,] mls eqnzk dgrs gSa

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Page 3

Hkkjrh; fjt+Zo cSad }kjk] eqnzk dh ifjHkkkk


HkaMkj iWawth RESERVE MONEY (M0):- Currency in
circulation + cSadks dh RBI esa tek iwWath& ljdkj dks RBI }kjk _.k + fonskksa esa RBI dh ifjlaifk - ;g eqnzk cgqr rjy gksrh gSa] tgkWa ifjlaifk dks Rofjr eqnzk esa cnyk tk ldrk gSa-

(M1):- M0 + fofHkUu cSadks esa xzkgdks }kjk fofHkUu [kkrksa tSls cpr [kkrk]pkyq [kkrk] vkorhZ [kkrk bR;kfn esa tek dh xbZ /ku jkkh (M2):- M1 + Mkd ?kjksa esa fofHkUu izfrO;fDr 100]000 ls de /ku jkkh ds cpr [kkrsa (M3):- M1 + lHkh izdkj ds fe;knh cpr [kkrs + ljdkjh izfrHkwfr]ksvj] ckWaM (M4):- M3 + Hkkjrh; Mkd ?kjksa esa jkVh; cpr izek.k i=ksa dsk NksM lHkh cpr [kkrsa

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Page 4

nsk o mudh eqnzk;sa


dze la[;k
1 2 3 4 5

nsk
phu #l csfYt;e tkiku
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eqnzk
;qoku #cy csfyt;e QzSad ;su ikWaM
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lwMku

Ikzkphu dkyhu eqnzk;sa


vdcj dkyhu Lo.kZ eqnzk eqgEen rqxyd dkyhu flDds leqnzxqIr dkyhu flDds vk/kqfud Hkkjrh; eqnzk
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eqnzk dk oxhZdj.k
eqnzk dk oxhZdj.k iw.kZ eqnzk
FULL BODIED MONEY

izzfrfuf/k iw.kZ eqnzk


REPRESENTATIVE FULL BODIED MONEY

Lkk[k eqnzk
Credit money

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Page 7

iw.kZ eqnzk
Okg eqnzk ftldk xSj ekSfnzd ms; ds fy, oLrq ds #i esa eqY; mruk gh gksrk gSa ftruk eqnzk ds #i esa- ,slh eqnzk dks iw.kZ eqnzk dgrs gSa-

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Page 8

izfrfuf/k iw.kZ eqnzk


eqnzk ds bls Lo#i esa /kkrq ds flDds ds LFkku ij i= eqnzk dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSa-;|fi i= eqnzk dk xSj ekSfnzd eqY; uke ek= gksrk gS] ysfdu pyu esa eqnzk ds #i esa ;s vafdr eqY; ds cjkcj gksrk gSa og eqnzk ftldk vafdr eqY; vius oLrq ds #i esa okLrfod eqY; ls vf/kd gksrk gSa izfrfuf/k iw.kZ eqnzk dgykrh gSa - mnkgj.k %& xksYM ckWaM ] NSC

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Lkk[k eqnzk
og eqnzk ftlds eqnzk ds #i esa eqY; oLrq ds eqY; ls vf/kd gksrk gSa] lk[k eqnzk CREDIT eqnzk dgh tkrh gSa flDds dsanzh; cSad }kjk fuxZfer pyukhy izfrKk i= cSadks esa tek-

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Page 10

eqnzk ds dk;Z
fofue; dk ek/;e eqY; dk ekiu izkFkfed dk;Z

eqY; HkaMkjhdj.k LFkfxr Hkwxrku esa lgk;d eqY; dk gLrkarj.k

f}rh;d dk;Z

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eqnzk ds dk;Z
eqnzk ds lgk;d dk;Z %&
lk[k dk vk/kkj- (BASIS OF CREDIT) Rkjyrk ( LIQUIDITY) kks/k {kerk dk vkoklu (GUARANTER OF
SOLVENCY)

jkVh; vk; dk forj.k

( DISTRIBUTION OF

NATIONAL INCOME)

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Page 12

D;k eqnzk ds fcuk dz; fodz; gks ldrk gSa

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th gkWa oLrqfofue; }kjk

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oLrq fofue;
ILL GIVE YOU CLOTHES FOR YOUR WHEAT.

I DONT NEED CLOTHES. I NEED SHOES

I WANT CLOTHES. BUT I DONT HAVE WHEAT.

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cSadks dh _.k laca/kh xfrfof/k;kWa


DEPOSITORS People make deposits BORROWERS

People take loans

People make withdrawals and get interest

People repay loans with interest

1- tek jkkh Lohdkj djuk-

2- _.k iznku djuk3- lk[k dk fuekZ.k djukPowerpoint Templates 4- dksk dk gLrkarj.k djuk-

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cSad lk[k dSls fuekZ.k djrk gSa \

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lk[k dk fuekZ.k
cSadks esa tek /ku jkkh Hkkjrh; fjt+Zo cSad }kjk fu/kh cSadks dk ckt+kj esa fuosk }kjk

cSd }kjk vkcafVr _.k ij vftZr C;kt }kjk-

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Page 18

Lkk[k dh vko;drk
le;k/kkfjr
ms;k/kkfjr vYikof/k %& 15 efgus ls de mRiknd lk[k%& uohu rduhd] cht ] moZjd rFkk d`kh midj.k e/;kof/k%& 15 efgus ls 5 okZ [kjhnus ds fy,rd nh?kkZof/k %& 5 okZ rd ls vuqRiknd lk[k%& lkekftd o /kkfeZd deZdkaM djus ds vf/kd fy,]iqjkus _.k pqdkus ds fy,-

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Page 19

_.k dh krsZ
_.k dh krksZ ls vfHkizk; mu ifjfLFkfr;ksa ls gSa] tks fd {k.k ds lkFk tqM+h gksrh gSa %& C;kt nj leFkZd _.kk/kkj Hkwxrku ds rjhds

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Page 20

_.k ds izdkj
d``kh _.k O;fDrxr _.k vkokl _.k fk{kk _.k fpfdlk _.k-

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_.k ds L=ksr
vU ; fj ' r s k nj v k nk r j S s L 7% 7%

O k k h 3% ; i j

Lk gq k kq j d 30%

l gd k h j l fe fr ; k a W 27%

Hw e h k ok % L
Ok k d ; ol f; cS 2 5 % d a
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_.k ds L=ksr
vkSipkfjd L=ksr %& Hkkjrh; fjtZo cSad _.kksa ds vkSipkfjd L=ksrksa dh dk;Z iz.kkyh ij ut+j j[krk gSa cSad dsoy ykHk vftZr djus okys O;kolkf;;ksa vkSj O;kikfj;ksa dhs gh ugha cfYd NksVs fdlkuksa] dtZnkjksa dks Hkh fdruk rFkk fdl C;kt ij _.k ns jgs gSa bldh tkudkjh Hkkjrh; fjtZo cSad dks cSadks }kjk nsuk vko;d gSa

vkSipkfjd L=ksr %&

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Page 23

Hkkjrh; fjtZo cSad


ekSfnzd uhfr %& eqnzk ds ifjlapyu dks fu;af=r djrh gSa fokh; uhfr %& eqnzk dh ?kjsyq o varjkZVh; ekWax o vkiwfrZ dks fu;af=r djrh gSa %& dSk fjtZo vuqikr jSiks jsV fjoZl jsiks jsV djk/kkuPowerpoint Templates Page 24

_.k ds L=ksr vukSipkfjd L=ksr %&


vukSipkfjd L=ksr %& esa _.knkrkvksa dh xfrfof/k;ksa dh ns[k& js[k djus okyh dksbZ laLFkk ugha gSa ,sfPNd njksa ij _.k vf/kd C;kt nj uktk;t rjhdksa ls vius iSls okil ysus dh i)fr

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Page 25

cpr lewg
;g laLFkk vius izR;sd lnL; ls U;wure /ku jkkh izkIr djrh gSa t#jrean lnL;ksa dks mfpr C;kt nj ij]NksVh fdLrksa esa okil fd;s tkus okys _.k iznku fd;s tkrs gSa ekpZ 2003 rd 7]17360 cpr lewgks dh LFkkiuk gqbZ

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Page 26

iqukZo`kh
og oLrq ftldk lkekU; mi;ksx fofue; ek/;e ds #i esa fd;k tk;s mls eqnzk dgrs gSa jkWcVZlu dksbZ Hkh pht tks oLrqvksa ds Hkwxrku rFkk O;olk; ds nkf;Ro dh larqfV esa mi;ksx esa ykbZ tkrh gSa Tkh Mh ,p dkSy og oLrq tks lkekU;r;k Hkwxrku ds fy, rFkk _.kksa ds fy, Lohdkj dh tkrh gS- dSaV dksbZ Hkh oLrq tks fofue; ek/;e ds ekiu esa viukbZ tk,] mls eqnzk dgrs gSa
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izu eatqkk

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Page 28

xzgdk;Z
eqnzk D;k gSa\ cSad fdl izdkj eqnzk dk ifjlapj.k djrs gSa\ oLrq fofue; D;k gSa\ vkSipkfjd _.k rFkk vukSipkfjd _.k D;k gSa _.kk/kkj D;k gSa\

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/kU;okn
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