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8/9/2011

By IR WONG SEE FOONG Immediate Past President Institution of Fire Engineers (U.K.) Malaysia Branch
By
IR WONG SEE FOONG
Immediate Past President
Institution of Fire Engineers (U.K.) Malaysia Branch
BACKGROUND • Statistics from both Bomba Kuala Lumpur and Bomba Selangor show a rejection rate
BACKGROUND
• Statistics from both Bomba Kuala Lumpur
and Bomba Selangor show a rejection rate of
47% for building plan submissions
• Bomba has been asked to look into reducing
plan approval period to within 7 days.
• To achieve this, the rejection rate must be
minimized.

8/9/2011

ARCHITECTURAL CONSIDERATIONS • Purpose group to be established based on 5 th Schedule (By-law 134);
ARCHITECTURAL CONSIDERATIONS
• Purpose group to be established based on 5 th
Schedule (By-law 134);
• Percentage perimeter road access based on
volume of building (By-law 140);
• Limit of compartment to be based on 5 th
Schedule (By-law 136);
• Maximum travel distance to be based on 7 th
Schedule (By-law 165)
ARCHITECTURAL CONSIDERATIONS • Capacity of exits to be based on occupant load based on 7
ARCHITECTURAL CONSIDERATIONS
• Capacity of exits to be based on occupant
load based on 7 th Schedule (By-law 175);
• Location of exits to be within maximum
permissible travel distances (By-law 164);
• Dead end limits to be within maximum
permissible under 7 th Schedule (By-law 164);
• Internal finishes to comply with Restriction of
Spread of Flame under 8 th Schedule (By-law
206);

8/9/2011

FIRE REQUIREMENTS Fire requirements must be checked against the following: • Purpose group of building;
FIRE REQUIREMENTS
Fire requirements must be checked against the
following:
• Purpose group of building;
• Height and size of building;
The active fire safety systems must follow the
fire requirements approved with the building
plan
FIRE REQUIREMENTS
FIRE REQUIREMENTS

8/9/2011

BOMBA REQUIREMENTS SITE PLAN 1. Provide XX No. of two-way outlet pillar hydrants with discharge
BOMBA REQUIREMENTS
SITE PLAN
1. Provide XX No. of two-way outlet pillar hydrants with
discharge of 1135 l/min at each hydrant as shown in the
plans;
2. Provide 2 length of hose of 65mm dia. 30 m. long with jet
and spray nozzle in a box cabinet near each hydrant;
3. Provide fire appliance access road of not les than 6 m.
wide and capable of withstanding a load of 25 tons;
4. Gradient of access road shall be not more than 1 in 12;
5. Overhead clearance for access road shall be not less
than 5 m.
6. Distance between buildings shall comply with the Sixth
Schedule of the Uniform Building By-laws.
BOMBA REQUIREMENTS GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 1. All electrical wiring for emergency systems shall be in metal
BOMBA REQUIREMENTS
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1. All electrical wiring for emergency systems shall be in
metal conduit or of mineral insulated fire rated cables
routed in areas of minimum fire risks;
2. All structural elements shall have the fire resistance
period complying with the UBBL;
3. Provide ventilation system of the natural or mechanical
type for escape staircases;
4. LPG system of the bulk storage type shall comply with
the requirements of MS830 and MS930;
5. For buildings exceeding 30 m. all exit staircases shall
extend to the roof to provide access;
6. All fire safety signs shall comply with MS982.

8/9/2011

BOMBA REQUIREMENTS ACTIVE FIRE REQUIREMENTS 1. Provide wet riser system complying with MS1489 Part 1
BOMBA REQUIREMENTS
ACTIVE FIRE REQUIREMENTS
1. Provide wet riser system complying with MS1489 Part 1
and as required in the UBBL;
2. Provide first aid hose reel complying with MS1489 Part 1
or as required by the Fire and Rescue Department;
3. Provide fire alarm of the manual break glass type in
accordance with the requirements of the Fire and
Rescue Department;
4. Provide smoke extractor system complying with MS1780
or requirements as approved by the Fire and Rescue
Department;
BOMBA REQUIREMENTS ACTIVE FIRE REQUIREMENTS 1. Provide fire lift as indicated in the plan in
BOMBA REQUIREMENTS
ACTIVE FIRE REQUIREMENTS
1. Provide fire lift as indicated in the plan in accordance with
BS 2655;
2. Provide fire extinguishers complying with MS1539 Part 1
as indicated in the plans;
1. Provide fixed gaseous extinguishing systems
accordingly to the requirements of the Fire and Rescue
Department as indicated in the plans;
2. Provide automatic sprinkler system complying with
MS1910 or requirements accepted by the Fire and
Rescue Department;

8/9/2011

BOMBA REQUIREMENTS ACTIVE FIRE REQUIREMENTS 1. Provide firemen intercom system with 3-way communication in the
BOMBA REQUIREMENTS
ACTIVE FIRE REQUIREMENTS
1. Provide firemen intercom system with 3-way
communication in the escape staircase/ fire lobby, lift motor
room, fire pump room and generator room;
2. Provide public address system in accordance with the
requirements of the Fire and Rescue Department;
3. Provide electrical isolation switch in accordance with the
requirements of the UBBL;
BOMBA REQUIREMENTS ACTIVE FIRE REQUIREMENTS 1. Lift lobbies to be constructed of materials with 2
BOMBA REQUIREMENTS
ACTIVE FIRE REQUIREMENTS
1. Lift lobbies to be constructed of materials with 2 hour fire
rating and protected with smoke detectors in accordance
with UBBL;
2. Provide emergency exit signs with dual source of current
as indicated in the plans;
3. Provide emergency lights with dual source of current as
indicated in the plans;
4. Staircases and fire lift lobbies are to be provided with
pressurization systems in accordance with MS 1472.

8/9/2011

BOMBA REQUIREMENTS PASSIVE FIRE REQUIREMENTS 1. Installation of ceilings shall comply with the requirements of
BOMBA REQUIREMENTS
PASSIVE FIRE REQUIREMENTS
1. Installation of ceilings shall comply with the requirements
of Schedule Eight of the UBBL;
2. All exit staircases shall be of masonry of 115mm thick or
open in accordance with the requirements of UBBL as
shown in the plans;
3. Provide 1 hour rated fire doors of the self-closing type as
indicated in the plans;
4. Walls for store rooms of hazardous materials shall be of
100mm thick masonry with 1 hour rated fire doors and
door-closers;
BOMBA REQUIREMENTS PASSIVE FIRE REQUIREMENTS 1. All service shafts shall be sealed at every floor
BOMBA REQUIREMENTS
PASSIVE FIRE REQUIREMENTS
1. All service shafts shall be sealed at every floor with 2 hour
rated fire seal;
2. All fire pump rooms and generator rooms shall be
constructed with masonry walls of 2 hour fire rating with
fire doors of 1 hour fire rating;
3. Separating walls shall be of masonry 200mm thick
constructed to a height of 225mm above the roof level or as
approved by the Fire and Rescue Department;
4. Provide deflector wall of 450mm and 115mm thick as
indicated in the plans.

8/9/2011

SITE PLAN • Fire hydrants to be indicated along fire appliance access roads at not
SITE PLAN
• Fire hydrants to be indicated along fire
appliance access roads at not more than 90
meters apart.
• Complete list of fire requirements to be
described.
• Bomba file reference no. to be stated.
M&E ASPECTS Active fire systems to be identified in the building plans include: • External
M&E ASPECTS
Active fire systems to be identified in the
building plans include:
• External hydrants
• Portable fire extinguishers;
• Hose reels;
• Dry or Wet risers;
• Fixed gaseous extinguishing systems

8/9/2011

M&E ASPECTS (Cont.) Other active fire systems to be identified in the building plans are:
M&E ASPECTS (Cont.)
Other active fire systems to be identified in the
building plans are:
• Manual call point and alarm bells
• Fire lifts
• Emergency lights
• Emergency exit signs;
PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS • Type, number and capacity of extinguishers to be stated; • Locations
PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
• Type, number and capacity of extinguishers
to be stated;
• Locations to be identified;
• Preferred to be beside staircase exit doors;
• Design to be in accordance with MS 1539 Part
3

8/9/2011

HOSE REELS • Number and locations of hose reels to be indicated; • All spaces
HOSE REELS
• Number and locations of hose reels to be
indicated;
• All spaces to be covered with a 30 m hose
with a 6 m throw;
• Preferred to be beside staircase exit doors;
• Design to be based on MS1489 Part 1
DRY OR WET RISERS • Number and locations of landing valves to be indicated; •
DRY OR WET RISERS
• Number and locations of landing valves to be
indicated;
• All spaces to be covered with a 30 m hose with a
15 m throw;
• Preferred to be within fire lobby with access to
staircase;
• Design to be based on MS1489 Part 1

8/9/2011

FIXED GASEOUS EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM • Electrical rooms to be provided with fixed gaseous extinguishing system;
FIXED GASEOUS EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM
• Electrical rooms to be provided with fixed
gaseous extinguishing system;
• Extinguishing agent can be carbon dioxide;
• Type of clean agent to be identified
otherwise;
FIRE ALARM SYSTEM • Number and locations of manual call points and alarm bells to
FIRE ALARM SYSTEM
• Number and locations of manual call points
and alarm bells to be indicated;
• Occupant to travel not more than 30 m to
reach manual call point;
• Preferred to be beside staircase exit doors;
• Design to be based on MS1745 Part 14

8/9/2011

FIRE LIFTS • Number and locations of fire lifts to be indicated; • Distance between
FIRE LIFTS
• Number and locations of fire lifts to be
indicated;
• Distance between fire lifts must not exceed
60 m;
• Fire lift must have hoistway segregated from
other passenger lifts;
EMERGENCY LIGHTS Number and locations of self-contained emergency lights to be indicated for: • Emergency
EMERGENCY LIGHTS
Number and locations of self-contained
emergency lights to be indicated for:
• Emergency generator room;
• Main electrical switch room;
• Fire pump room;
• Lift motor room;
• Staircases and lift lobbies;
• Along escape corridors.

8/9/2011

EMERGENCY EXIT LIGHTS Number and locations of self-contained emergency exit lights to be indicated for:
EMERGENCY EXIT LIGHTS
Number and locations of self-contained
emergency exit lights to be indicated for:
• Along escape corridors;
• Entry doors into staircases;
• Entry doors into smoke lobbies;
SUMMARY Description Requirement Yes/No/ NA 1. Perimeter road access Based on By-law 140 2. Compartment
SUMMARY
Description
Requirement
Yes/No/
NA
1. Perimeter road access
Based on By-law 140
2. Compartment size
Based on 5 th Schedule
3. Max. travel distances
Based on 7 th Schedule
4. Dead end limits
Based on 7 th Schedule
5. Staircase and exit widths
Based on 7 th Schedule
6. Interior finishes
Based on 8 th Schedule
7. Fire doors
To be at compartment walls
8. Ventilation
Smoke control required if not
naturally ventilated

8/9/2011

SUMMARY Description Requirement Yes/No/ NA 1. Fire requirements Complete list shown on site plan 2.
SUMMARY
Description
Requirement
Yes/No/
NA
1. Fire requirements
Complete list shown on site plan
2. Fire hydrants
Indicate on site plan along access road
3. Bomba File Ref.
Indicate on site plan top right hand
4. Fire extinguishers
Locate beside staircase exit doors
5. Hose reels
Locate beside staircase exit doors
6. Dry or Wet risers
Locate within fire lobby on each floor
7. Fixed gas system
Indicate system for electrical rooms
SUMMARY Description Requirement Yes/No/ NA 8. Manual call points Locate beside staircase exit doors 9.
SUMMARY
Description
Requirement
Yes/No/
NA
8. Manual call points
Locate beside staircase exit doors
9. Alarm bells
Locate beside staircase exit doors
10. Fire lifts
Indicate no. and location on floor plans
11. Emergency lights
Provide in fire pump rooms, generator
room, main switch room, lift motor
room and in escape staircases
12. Exit lights
Locate above staircase and other exit
doors and escape corridors
13. Colour
Fire safety devices to be shown in red
14. Signature
All plans signed and stamped by
submitting architect

8/9/2011

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION
THANK YOU
FOR
YOUR ATTENTION