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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

INTRODUCTION TO THE PROJECT

Capri Park is a new project by Tambun Indah located along Heng Choon Thian road in Butterworth. It is strategically located with easy access to Penang Bridge, North-South Highway and Sunway Carnival Mall. Capri Park comprises a single 15-storey condominium block with a total of 150 units. Each unit comes with spacious built-up area from 1,334 sq.ft to 1,539 sq.ft. The facilities at Capri Park include swimming pool, wading pool, gymnasium, playground, reading room, games room and multi-purpose hall. Capri park is an ideal living place, where resident can expect life over here to be relaxing and fulfilling. This is not just a typical , ordinary living area that all may expect in an urban area. From exclusive layout to the contemporary design and quality finishing, It is the best of both worlds you can expects from. The surprising and unlikely combination of both conveniences.

SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

COMPANY PROFILE

The company was first established as a partnership between Ir. Teh Kiak Seng, Mr. Sunny Tsai and other shareholders. Ir. Teh is a professional civil & structural engineer cum entrepreneur with over 30 years of business experience particularly in the construction and housing development industry. Mr. Tsai is currently Managing Director of Chin Well Holdings Bhd, a company listed on the Main Board of Bursa Malaysia Securities Bhd. This partnership has created a dynamic company with a synergy of vast experience, successful entrepreneurship and enviable reputation. Following the astounding success of all its development projects and its acquired reputation, Tambun Indah Land Bhd was subsequently listed on the Main Board of Bursa Malaysia Securities Bhd on 18th January 2011 with Mr. Tsai as our Non-executive Chairman and Ir. Teh Kiak Seng as our Managing Director. As a property developer, Tambun Indah Land Bhd and its group of subsidiary companies have earned itself an impressive reputation for its outstanding design, superb quality and timely delivery of their properties. A testimony of that are the highly popular and successful projects of Taman Tambun Indah, Juru Heights, Palm Villas and Pearl Garden in mainland Penang and the luxurious Scotland Villas in Scotland Road in Penang Island.

SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

PROJECT DETAIL 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Project Name Letter Award Ref. No Contract Sum Contract Period Date Of Possession Date Of Completion Defect Liability Period Retention Sum Contractor All Risk Workman Compensation Extension Of Time Granted Approved Variation Order Final Contract Sum Liquidated Ascertain Damages(LAD) JKKP NO CIDB NO Capri Park AP/1005 RM 18,487,198.50 18 Month 01 February 2012 31 July 2013 24 Month RM 15,000/Day PP/12/03/3398 0120060727-PP 110 114

SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

PROJECT LOCATION DEVELOPERS MAP

SATELLITE MAP

SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

MANAGEMENT DEVELOPER JASNIA SDN.BHD 12-01, Penthouse, Wisma Pantai, Jalan Wisma Pantai, 12200 Penang, Malaysia Tel : 04-3240088 Fax : 04-3240090 ARCHITECT ARKITEK PERMATA 6-04, wisma pantai, Jalan wisma pantai, 12200 Penang, Malaysia Tel : 04-3232071/3318101 Fax : 04-3324601 C&S ENGINEER GTP CONSULTANTS SDN.BHD. 1-03 & 1-04, wisma pantai, Jalan wisma pantai, 12200 Penang, Malaysia Tel : 04-3329637/3329791/3330162 Fax : 04-3332920 M&E ENGINEER PERUNDING LN No 19 Tingkat Bawah & satu , Jalan Kelisa Emas 2, 13700 Seberang Jaya, Penang Malaysia Tel: 04-3976008 Fax : 04-3976009 MAIN CONTRACTOR UUM ENGINEERING SDN BHD 76-B, Lorong Macalister , 10400 Penang Tel : 04-2261560 Fax : 04-2261149

SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

SITE ORGANIZATION CHART

Director Mr. Tan Soon Hock

Constuction manager Mr.Goh Hin Sing

Safety Officer Mr. Satesh A/L Gopala

Site Engineer Mr. Won Wai Keat

Quantity Surveyor Ms. Tan Shieh Fern

Site Supervisor/Safety Supervisor Mr. Sharul

Site Clerk Ms. Nur Nadiah

SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

PROGRESS OVERALL This project is expected to take about 2 years to complete. This project was begun in February 2012 and is expected to be completed in July 2013. So far the project has been 30 percent completed.The 30 percent progress includes the structure of the building, piling ,brickwork ,internal plastering ,RC frame ,ground beam and slab and basic piping works. The other 70 percent will be the finishing process such as painting, flooring and tiling, installation of toilet and bathroom components, installation of electrical components such as fan, light and air condition and other decoration works. MONTHLY PROGRESS Description Work Done % Work Done Schedul Actual e Schedule Completion Date Actual Completion Date Ahead or Delay

Main Building Substurcture Pile Caps Ground Beam & Slab

104/104nos. -

100% 100%

100% 91%

30/03/2012 14/04/2012

21/03/2012 9%(D)

Superstructure RC Frame Brickwork Internal Plastering Shop Lot Substructure Pile Caps Ground Beam & Slab Superstructure RC Frame

50% 22% 0%

44% 13% 1%

18/10/2012 30/10/2012 16/01/2013

6%(D) 9%(D) 1%(A)

100% 100%

100% 95%

14/05/2012 29/05/2012

30/03/2012 5%(D)

78%

39%

13/07/2012

39%(D)

SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

WORKERS This project generally uses Malay ,Chinese ,Indonesian and bangladesian man power. There are 1 site manager , 1 site engineer ,1 site supervisor ,1 site clerk ,37 carpenter,33 bar bender ,6 mason ,3 operator and 4 general worker . This project use workers during the construction of the building structure.

SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

MACHINERIES

TOWER CRANE Tower cranes are a modern form of balance crane that consist of the same basic parts. Fixed to the ground on a concrete slab and sometimes attached to the sides of structures as well. tower cranes often give the best combination of height and lifting capacity and are used in the construction of tall buildings. The base is then attached to the mast which gives the crane its height. Further the mast is attached to the slewing unit (gear and motor) that allows the crane to rotate. On top of the slewing unit there are three main parts which are: the long horizontal jib (working arm), shorter counter-jib, and the operators cab. The long horizontal jib is the part of the crane that carries the load. The counter-jib carries a counterweight, usually of concrete blocks, while the jib suspends the load to and from the center of the crane. The crane operator either sits in a cab at the top of the tower or controls the crane by radio remote control from the ground. In the first case the operator's cab is most usually located at the top of the tower attached to the turntable, but can be mounted on the jib, or partway down the tower. The lifting hook is operated by the crane operator using electric motors to manipulate wire rope cables through a system of sheaves. The hook is located on the long horizontal arm to lift the load which also contains its motor. In order to hook and unhook the loads, the operator usually works in conjunction with a signaller (known as a 'dogger', 'rigger' or 'swamper'). They are most often in radio contact, and always use hand signals. The rigger or dogger directs the schedule of lifts for the crane, and is responsible for the safety of the rigging and loads

SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

MOBILE CRANE A crane mounted on a truck carrier provides the mobility for this type of crane. This crane has two parts: the carrier often referred to as the Lower, and the lifting component which includes the boom, referred to as the Upper. These are mated together through a turntable, allowing the upper to swing from side to side. These modern hydraulic truck cranes are usually single-engine machines, with the same engine powering the undercarriage and the crane. The upper is usually powered via hydraulics run through the turntable from the pump mounted on the lower. In older model designs of hydraulic truck cranes, there were two engines. One in the lower pulled the crane down the road and ran a hydraulic pump for the outriggers and jacks. The one in the upper ran the upper through a hydraulic pump of its own. Many older operators favor the two-engine system due to leaking seals in the turntable of aging newer design cranes.

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

BENDING MACHINE

Bending machine is a machine used for the hot or cold bending of parts from flat sheet, bar, tubular, and rolled stock.All-purpose bending machines are of several types, including three- and four-roll (rotary) machines, roller machines, and machines with a turning traverse, template, or arm. Three- and four-roll machines are used for bending sheet stock into cylindrical and conical shells and arc-shaped components. The thickness of the stock may be from tenths of a millimeter to several dozen millimeters. Stock thicker than 40-50 mm is bent hot. Machines of this type are usually made with horizontal orientation of the roll (see Figure 1). The position of the center roll or the side rolls is adjustable vertically, which produces bending in one or another part of the billet. Bending along the full length of the billet is caused by rotation of the center or side rolls. For making closed loop sections by this machine the rear bearing of the center roll is of the throw-out type, which permits the rear end of the roll to be tilted back by lowering the cantilevered end by the pressure mechanism. For bending sheet stock into conical shells of any angle, the vertically adjustable rolls are also adjusted to an angle. Roller bending machines are intended for bending formed billets into ring-shaped and arcshaped parts. Strips 200 x 40 mm can be cold bent into ribs on the most powerful machines of this type. For ease of replacement, the three bending rollers are mounted on cantilever shafts. On smaller machines the axes of the rolls are positioned horizontally; on larger machines, vertically

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

STEEL ROD CUTTER

Steel rod cutter is used in this construction. There are 2 type of cutter that is found in this site, first is machine steel rod cutter that is generated by electric power and second a simple rod cutter AIR COMPRESSOR

An air compressor is a device that converts power usually from an electric motor, a diesel engine or a gasoline engine into kinetic energy by compressing and pressurizing air, which, on command, can be released in quick bursts.

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

VIBRATOR

Vibrator Is used to vibrate the concrete inside the framework to ensure that no air space between the concrete that can reduce the strength of the concrete. CONCRETE & CEMENT MIXER

A concrete mixer also commonly called a cement mixer is a device that homogeneously combines cement, aggregate such as sand or gravel, and water to form concrete. A typical concrete mixer uses a revolving drum to mix the components. For smaller volume works portable concrete mixers are often used so that the concrete can be made at the construction site, giving the workers ample time to use the concrete before it hardens. An alternative to a machine is mixing concrete or cement by hand. This is usually done in a wheelbarrow; however, several companies have recently begun to sell modified tarps for this purpose.

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

CONCRETE MIXING TRANSPORT TRUCK

Special concrete transport trucks are made to transport and mix concrete up to the construction site. They can be charged with dry materials and water, with the mixing occurring during transport. With this process, the material has already been mixing. The concrete mixing transport truck maintains the material's liquid state through agitation, or turning of the drum, until delivery. The interior of the drum on a concrete mixing truck is fitted with a spiral blade. In one rotational direction, the concrete is pushed deeper into the drum. This is the direction the drum is rotated while the concrete is being transported to the building site. This is known as "charging" the mixer. When the drum rotates in the other direction, the Archimedes' screwtype arrangement "discharges", or forces the concrete out of the drum. From there it may go onto chutes to guide the viscous concrete directly to the job site. If the truck cannot get close enough to the site to use the chutes, the concrete may be discharged into a concrete pump, connected to a flexible hose, or onto a conveyor belt which can be extended some distance (typically ten or more meters). A pump provides the means to move the material to precise locations, multi-floor buildings, and other distance prohibitive locations. The drum is traditionally made of steel but on some newer trucks as a weight reduction measure, fibreglass has been used.

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

MATERIALS USED IN THE PROJECT.

CEMENT In the most general sense of the word, a cement is a binder, a substance that sets and hardens independently, and can bind other materials together. The word "cement" traces to the Romans, who used the term opus caementicium to describe masonry resembling modern concrete that was made from crushed rock with burnt lime as binder. The volcanic ash and pulverized brick additives that were added to the burnt lime to obtain a hydraulic binder were later referred to as cementum, cimentum, cment, and cement. Cement used in construction is characterized as hydraulic or non-hydraulic. Hydraulic cements (e.g., Portland cement) harden because of hydration, chemical reactions that occur independently of the mixture's water content; they can harden even underwater or when constantly exposed to wet weather. The chemical reaction that results when the anhydrous cement powder is mixed with water produces hydrates that are not watersoluble. Non-hydraulic cements (e.g. gypsum plaster) must be kept dry in order to retain their strength. The most important use of cement is the production of mortar and concretethe bonding of natural or artificial aggregates to form a strong building material that is durable in the face of normal environmental effects. Concrete should not be confused with cement, because the term cement refers to the material used to bind the aggregate materials of concrete. Concrete is a combination of a cement and aggregate.

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

SAND

Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles. The composition of sand is highly variable, depending on the local rock sources and conditions, but the most common constituent of sand in inland continental settings and non-tropical coastal settings is silica (silicon dioxide, or SiO2), usually in the form of quartz.The second most common form of sand is calcium carbonate, for example aragonite, which has mostly been created, over the past half billion years, by various forms of life, like coral and shellfish. It is, for example, the primary form of sand apparent in areas where reefs have dominated the ecosystem for millions of years, like the Caribbean.

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

GRAVEL

Gravel is composed of unconsolidated rock fragments that have a general particle size range and include size classes from granule- to boulder-sized fragments. Gravel is subcategorized by the Udden-Wentworth scale into granular gravel (>2 to 4 mm or 0.079 to 0.16 in) and pebble gravel (>4 to 64 mm or 0.2 to 2.5 in). One cubic yard of gravel typically weighs about 3000 pounds (or a cubic metre is about 1,800 kilograms).Gravel is an important commercial product, with a number of applications. Many roadways are surfaced with gravel, especially in rural areas where there is little traffic. Globally, far more roads are surfaced with gravel than with concrete or tarmac; Russia alone has over 400,000 km (250,000 mi) of gravel roads.[citation needed] Both sand and small gravel are also important for the manufacture of concrete

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

BRICK

A brick is a block, or a single unit of a ceramic material used in masonry construction, usually stacked together, or laid using various kinds of mortar to hold the bricks together and make a permanent structure. Bricks are typically produced in common or standard sizes in bulk quantities. They have been regarded as one of the longest lasting and strongest building materials used throughout history. In the general sense, a "brick" is a standard-sized weight-bearing building unit. Bricks are laid in horizontal courses, sometimes dry and sometimes with mortar. When the term is used in this sense, the brick might be made from clay, lime-and-sand, concrete, or shaped stone. In a less clinical and more colloquial sense, bricks are made from dried earth, usually from claybearing subsoil. In some cases, such as adobe, the brick is merely dried. More commonly it is fired in a kiln of some sort to form a true ceramic.

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

FIRE RESISTANCE BRICK

Fire Bricks are made from fire clay which are widely used as refractory insulating bricks to maintain insistent temperature ROD STEEL AND HIGH TENSILE STEEL

it is used in the constructing of conrete

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

PVC PIPE

PVC pipework is used for the conveyance of drinking water, waste water, chemicals, heating fluid and cooling fluids, foodstuffs,ultra-pure liquids, slurries, gases, compressed air and vacuum system applications. TILES, GRANITE AND MARBLES :

Tiles, granite and marbles are used for flooring and tiling purposes. Granite and marbles are used for decoration purpose and mainly installed in the main halls floor of this house. Some interior walls of this house such as toilet and kitchen are also covered with tiles.

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

SCHEME CODE

The function of the scheme code is to make the plater cement become smooth and more attractive

The ceiling wall after put the scheme code

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

ADMIXTURE

Admixture such as accelerator is used in this project during conreting and plastering works to shorten the time taken. WATERPROOF SOLUTION

This solution is used at the place where the potential of water absorbtion is high suck as toilet

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

CONSTRUCTION METHOD/ TECHNOLOGY USED IN THE PROJECT PLASTERING WORK

SLUMP TEST

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

BRICKWORK

Corner bid is used to make sure the correct angle of the corner

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

Pipe work is done before this level is fill up with concrete

The bar cube is used to make sure the steel is separate to the steel plate and to ensure the steel rod is located in the center of the concrete

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

Tiding up the steel rod

Wiring works

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

Lifting the concrete by using the tower crane

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

Bar Chair is used to give a space between the steel to ensure the concrete is filling up the space

Steel plate is used to replace plywood in the framework of slab

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

Framework of the stairs

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

SAFETY MEASURE

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

CONSTRUCTION SITE WASTE MANAGEMENT

According to the management of this project, waste such as garbage will be sent to the nearest garbage disposal centerprovided). The used scaffolder and metal plate will be reused by the contractor for other project. We were also informed that the excess soil and sand will be used for the next project or if the next projects do not require the usage of large amount of soil and sand, they will sell them to other contractor

The light site waste such as plactic and paper is throw into bin

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

The function of this pool is to make sure the excessive sand that deposited at lorry tires will be wash away

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

CONCLUSION

From the site visit of this building project, we gain new knowledge about project management, machineries and materials used in completing a building project. This knowledge and experiences can be applied during our working time in future. From the experienced that we gained, we will know the real situation involving real works that included clients, date of submitting the work handled and much more. From our observation, there are so many things to be handled in constructing a project. A perfect management team is required in order to have a successful project. This site visit of this building project open up our mind about the materials used in a construction. We learned that there are many materials involve in a construction project such as housing project.

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

APPENDIX

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SITE VISIT REPORT ECM206-CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

THANK YOU

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