Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 14

527

3.
*)
1 2

- ,

. , : MnSO4,
5
CuCl22H2O, CrCl3, MnCO4 = 10 1/2, 2 * * ) .
.

,

, .
1014 0,3 .
. 13
Q , (Q 0 = 0), * * * ) .
/* = , *
.
. 13 : = 2,74-106; 2,73-10; 2,73 10 "1^"1.
2,8 106
S = 1/2 2 %.
.
. . . .
.


12 1946 .

1. . . i s k , J. Phys. (USSR) 9, 211 (1945).


2. . . i s k y, J. Phys. (USSR) 9, 245 (1945).

539.9

****)

. .

, . ,
, .

. .
, .
*) J. Phys. (USSR) 10, 2 (1946).
**) , 1/2 , 2.
***) . 13 . (.)
****) 16, 574 (1946). .
J. Phys. (USSR) 10, 25 (1946).
9*

528

. .


. ,
; , .
F (, , t) ; /0 () () ,
F = fo(v) + f(y,T,t),

(1)

/ / 0 . (
)
dt

(2)

( ).
( = 4\/? ( = )
(3)
( e\fodx
, ,
).

. . < 2 ,
. const e- i c o i + i k r
. ,
, ,
. 2 , , , *).
. e~iatJri]a
,
3- (
, , kz), ^ (
, , . vx, vy, vz).
1.
(2), (3),
;
.
, ( ) ()
; .
(2) (3) , / (, v, t)
. ,
*) ,
, ,
,
. .
. (. .)

529


/ (v, t) eikt.
, , / ,
/ (v, t)
. g (v) ( )
/ (, , ). ,
, / (v, t).
(2) (3),

k\(t)^ine \ fdx.

(5)

(i) (r, t).


,
fP(v),

/ () -

5 / (v, t) -'"' dt;

(6)

/(, t)=^

fp(\)eptdp,

(7)

ioo+

,
( > 0 ) .
(4) e~pt dt.
,

J at

+p

[ / ( , 0) = g(v)],

(5)
/2 = \ / dr.

iil

\ iAJ dx

fex (p + ikvx)
() ,
.
, , (9)

530

. .

dvydvz.

vx =
g(u)=\

g{v)dvvdvz,

p-\-iku
4iue 2
km

- du

du (p-\-iku)

OO

()
( ,
).

,
, . . R e ( p ) > 0 . To
(10). , ,
(10).
, g () (
.)
Q

it (. . * |
| 1()=0 ),

JI

* % /
CO

. 1.

,
. , ,

, = p/ik .
, , ,
Re () > 0 , Re () < 0
, . 1 .
, . . .
, , , (10), df0 (u)/du .
, [
g ()] . ,
() , (10); .
() .

(*)=2 I

-ioo-fo

531

.
,
,
. &
, . .
km

du
dfo
du (p-\-iku)

(13)

( , . 1),
(. . ). (12)
, = ph
( , ), . 2 . (12),
, t
, ,
,
ept,
J Re ()\.
. 2.
, t
(f) e Pfti .
ph
[Re (pfe) < 0] . , , , , ,
, , Re ().
(13), pk (. . ), , , , , , , . ,
, , ,
.
, > 0. =
plik, (. . 1), | | , / 0 {)
| |, (13)
.
; ,

=.

= 0.

\ it'

du

du

+<*>

(14)

532

. .

(15)

( , ,
).
, 0 ;

:
(

(16)

= /2 - .
,
; ,
(13) .
, , ,
. ( ),
> 0 ^ ( , ), .
= pjik, , ( ).
= ~;
(0 < < ) .
(. . 1),
= Pk/ik, ,
| Im () | .
, = p^/ik ( . 1), .

Re () = 0;
2
2
/ .
( ) .
(13)
_ .
mp2 "" l

rnk*

du

= ,
:

, .
(15)(17)
. ,
< 1.

533

> 1.
= tco . ,
> , ,
, /;, /
. p/ik
,
(Re () , a Im () ). / 0
, (13)
,
. , (13)
fg( p/ik)

du

__ ,
1

, (11) / ():
1.
<()

(18)
\

'

> ,
1

(19)

woka

, (18)

, + 1 .

[ , 5, .. ., , , (13)].

(), (19),
. | (;) (
) \ /
2, . . In .
, g ()
. , , , , , (10). ,
. 2
() t,

534

(13) , g ().
, g () - ( ), = ikuoc,
, g () .
, (t) t ph, . . .
g () -
;
.
, . dvy dvz
(8)

ioo+

/ (, t) t
= iku fp {). , t
e~ihut, . . ,
.
2.
,
, .
; .
; , .
, , , . , , .
, .
1, , vy, vz.
/ (, , t) ( - == vh) / (, ) ~.
(2)

(21)

[ ()~].
(3), ,
( j ):

, 4/ ;

/ , 0, ~
,
() + 4/ () = 0.

535

.
(22)

/' ()
j = e J uf{u,x)du,

(23)



D = ?,
8 = 1

24

-^

( )

D = ?; ,
= +

= ^-

(25)

( ; ).
(
)
. , ,
, ( vy, vz , a vx = u
). , / (, )
( = 0)
/(, 0) = / ( - , 0).

(26)

(21),
/ (ll

'

") =

'

gi&x/u I

'

* '

'0 gitox/u ^

mu

du

,
.
(
). ~
,
t ,
,
( =) .
ia>x/u
< 0. e
, , / (, ) ,
< 0
, ) = eiu>*/ [ e-^Q- & <?-*<*/" .
'

mu

(27)

du

'

f (, ) > 0 , (26).

/(, )=^
1

>

\ ^-'!!)***^- 1^---]

L ,)

mu

du

,]

mu

du

(28

'

[, / 0 () , dfo/du ].

536

. .

(23):

[ (29) () ].
()
, >4-:
(31)

() = ^- + 1().

(25) d () ()=0.
(31) (29),
(32)

(l)dl,

/ () (29), 1() ().


(31) (32) (22) 1():
X

,()~\ (0

^ \ ( t ) d l . (33)

(24) , \ () dl,,
. Im () > 0,
iw
u
dl, (30) , e & = ,
\ () dl, =
5- \ -- du.

,
(14),
.

(34)

(33) .
() ()

537

( ^>0, . . )

K{-l) = K(l),

(35)

El(~x) = Ei(x)

[ 1() = 0].
(33) :

*%\K(t)dl

>0,
(36)

() dl

< 0.

.
e~ihx dx

+ .

Eik,

'

Kk
-{-

Kk^ \ K{l)e-^dl

( Kh ~0).

El(x)=-- \

Eike"*dk

() :
)-=^

+~
\ ,K(!~^\eihxdk.

(37)

oo

du

ku

()

'

[ (39), (35), dl, du, ()>0). ,


, u~(ulk. , ,
, . (38)
, Im () > 0, , . . , ( > 0) (
& < 0 ) =(/. Im ()
(38) / > 0 Cj (. 3),
, < 0
2, .
Kh^Ktik)

&>0,

Kk = K2(k) /<0.

(39)

538

. .

() 2(), (38)
, 4 2,
.
(37) .
, 2
+

Ei

4-

S S ? - ? mi

e i k x dk

+~~

oo

\ -((I)Tif-ic (*)] eihx

dk (40)

'

oo

, (24), (38) (14)


= 1 - .
(41)
2() Ki(k) , , (38),
( (/=);
^
_

"~

V_7

"
_
. 3.
2 {)~, (*) = - | - 2>la2hi
2 , , :
[2() = *,(*),

KX(-h*) = Kl{k), K*2(-k*) = K2(k).

(43)

1 2 . ,
, , (), 2 ()
,
: = 0. ,
Klt K2 . , ^ ()
, , , 45
. 2 ()
.
(40) , , 2
. , () = 1
,
= 0.
, > 0 (. . < 1); < 0 (. . > 1),
, . 2 ()
(43): 2 () = 1 ,
( ), , > 0 ,
< 0.
> 0, (40)
, , , ,

539

, ,
. < 0,

. , ,
,
-, >0.
(40)
. , , ,
()
( > ). (40) (,
, , ),
. (42) (40),

,
/c = 0,

, .
= 0 - ;
0 ,
1 (0) = 1 Kt (0) ^ 1 = . :
3 / \2/

Ei{x)

. / 3 / \2/ , 2 1

= J*l=(J!LY '4JLY " e - 4 U + l | - H ^ r ) +J.


32 V /

V I

(44)

, Et (x)
2/ [ (40) , ,
~
]. (44)
.
,
. ;
| | < 1 [ = 2 ( )/].
< 0 > 0.
, . ,
< 0 (40) ~, . . ,
. | | < 1 ,
, ,
;
.
| |
, , , [
() = 1 ].
2 () . 2, (38),
2 (),
; = /k [

540

. .

], , .

2() = 1 + 3().
2 () = 1

(40) ,
():
(45)
, , 0/. = 0 (45) () = 0
, .
, .
> 0 (40) .
(44) ,
~,
,
.
,
. , ,
Kt () = 1
, ( ) ; () ,
:

, ,
:
_

! .

(46)

, :
( )
20/,
( ) 0/, .


2 1945 .

1. . . , 8, 291 (1938).
2. . . V 1 a s v, J. Phys. (USSR) 9, 25 (1945).

Оценить