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1

( )

D.E. Levashov

MODERN RESEARCH VESSELS and


their equipment for fishery investigations

Moscow VNIRO Publishing 2010

..

2010
: 629.12.01/.06
:
- . . . . .
.
. .
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Cover design: D.E. Levashov
. .


. .: - . 2010. 400 .
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Levashov D. .
Modern research vessels and their equipment for fishery investigations. M.: VNIRO
Publishing, 2010 - p. 400
The main problems concerning design of new generation of scientific research vessels lor
fishery investigations are considered. The noise characteristics for the most known vessels as well as
the reasons for their merits and demerits are analyzed taking into account ICES Recommendations No.
209 to reduce the level of vessel noise radiated into the water. The conditions are summarized for the
vessel noise reduction required by the design of a new fishery research vessels generation. The
examples of foreign regulatory and legal framework on reducing ship noise are given. The main ship's
scientific equipment is systematized including those used for trawl-acoustic surveys and oceanological
support of fishing. The main characteristics of the modern models of equipment are given as well. The
composition of scientific laboratory deck complexes is discussed in detail and the examples of their
design are given. Construction and features are considered for nearly all vessels of new generation
designed ana built during 19982007. In addition the previously built vessels still being of interest for
designers are performed. The examples are grouped according to the national-geographical schools in
ship's design Europe, the USA and East Asia. Longitudinal section and deck plans lor nearly 50
vessels are presented. The annex provides brief illustrated alphabetical guideline for 230 vessels built
abroad during the past 20 years and used for fisheries research.
ISBN 978-5-85382-395-2
The book is intended for engineers and designers dealing with the development of research
vessels and is useful for researchers in the field of fishery, oceanology and related branches of
knowledge. The book can be used as a manual by students, post-graduate students and teachers in the
educational establishments related to the study of the World Ocean and the development of its
resources.

ISBN 978-5-85382-395-2

.., 2010
, 2010
D.E. Levashov. 2010
VNIRO Publishing, 2010




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161

Nansen [FNI, 1993]. Flekkefjord


Slipp & Maskinfabrikk AS.
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Skipsteknisk A/S., ,
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. 1958 1994
( ) 22 - . ,
, Johan Hjort (1958), G.O. Sars
(1970), Dr. Fridtjof Nansen (1974) Michail Sars (1979). 1991 .
.
,
. Enniberg,
Skipsteknisk A/S.
Jan , 1992
. Skipsteknisk A/S.
. 1998 ,
, Scotia.
Damen Shipyard
Celtic Explorer, Flekkefjord Slipp & Maskinfabrikk AS
G.O. Sars.
, 2002 2003 . 2007
42- Ellen Khuzwayo. ,

James Cook, 2007 . Flekkefjord Slipp &
Maskinfabrikk AS.
Johan Hjort (. 4.1., 4.2) 1990 .
,
1974 . 64,4 , . . 56,65 ,
13 , 6,4 .
Wartsila Wichmann diesel, 8V28B 2400 ,
. 14,25 , 11
. 10000 40 . 24 4
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162

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164

. 4.3. Dr. Fridtjof Nansen () ()

(. 4.5, 4.6)

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,
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53,2 , . . 46,5 , 12,5 , . 4,3 . - Caterpillar 3516


1491 4- , Schottel SPJ82TL 330 , Brunvoll FU-37-LT100. 14
, 12 . 5000 20 .
56 (23 33 ).
Chakratong Tongyai (. 4.8) ,
. 1995 Esbjerg Oilfield Services
A/S .
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- .
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.

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168

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,
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.

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. 1988 , Batbygg A/S,
-
173

, Atlantic Champion. 1994


Marystown Shipyard Ltd. (Newfoundland)
(DFO) Teleost
(Canadian Coast Guard).
, ,
20 ,
.
63 , 14,2 , 7,2 .
- Caterpillar 3606 4000 . . ,
. 13,5 ,
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SkipaSyn Asmar (Talcahuano)
.
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Arni Fridriksson (. 4.14) 2000
(Marine Research Institute MRI). MRI
, 150
, 100 . -
.
174

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MRI
.
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SkipaSyn,
(. 4.14, 4.15),
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2000 .

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, -
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Simrad FS20/25, Scanmar
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Furuno
FR2115 (-) Far-2835S (S-),
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4.1.3. Scotia
Scotia (. 4.21) Skipsteknisk A/S
Ferguson Shipbuilders Ltd. [FNI, 19986] 33,5 .
1997 ,
97- - 21 1998
.
, 1885 . Scotia

(Fisheries Research Services FRS),
- Marr Ltd.

. 4.21. Scotia


.
, ,
, - .
FRS, , 290
, ,
1500 . 60%
, .
-
FRS - (John Morrison)
,
. , ,
, Pelagia ().
(. 4.21, 4.22), (
), .
Jan
182

(). U-
Intering Products.

. ,
,
(. . 2.5, ).
Scotia:
, : ....................... 68,6
, : 60,6
, : .................... 15,0
, : ........................................... 5,6

. 4.22. Scotia () ()

17 , 12 .
30 . LRS + 1001 Ice Class ID,
+LMC, +UMS, +SCM Fishery Research Vessel. . - ,
5- .

Ansaldo Hill Graham (AHG),
ASI Robicon Industrial Power Control. ,

Siemens Automation & Drives, .

183

AHG ,
, ,
,

. ,
, . .

Ansaldo Sistemi Industrial (EMR), ASI Robicon

:
Ansaldo GSCR630X8 (660 , 50 ,
3 ) 1750 -
Wartzila 9L20 1485 1000
/.;
Ansaldo DH900DC
1500 0 180 /,
;
720
0 566 / Elliot 40T3S 1300 ;
380 Brunvoll 1375 .
, AHG High Wycombe
, ,
. (,
, ),
,
.
, AHG
. - Cummins
81 ( 315 ) 258 ,
Hitzinger 30
. , AHG, Transmag (UK) Ltd.
.
. ( AHG) ,

, . .
.
,
(Ulstein
Tennfjord) 8,9 2 45
.
,
,
DGPS, .
Scotia .
,
. ,
12 (SCR) .
184


, 24 ,
.

.

. ,

.
.
- .
.
5- 3,6 Ni-Al-Br (acbLIPS/3600/FP/5-bladed) ,
11
.
11
-. 13 -
-, 5
30 .
Scotia
Ulsten Brattvaag. , ,
D2M300 34 ;
3500 28 .
Net 24185 24
10 3 .
Net 2202 5,7 8 3,
.
DMM 14185, 13
200 28 . , (10 ,
3000 16 )
[Methot, 1986].
, ,
Ulstein synchro 2020.
,
.

.
.
, , ( Ulsten Brattvaag).
(6 ), (4 , 700
29,5 ), (5,6
, 4700 - 11 ) - (10 , 3000
16 ). (4 , 2500
6 8 ) (6 , 5000 8,1 ).
-
Aukra.
8 ( ) 4
11,6 ( ).
185

5 9,9 .
.
, .
( 6 )
. ( 2 10 ).

,
, ,
(. 4.23).
-
Z- 6 , 90 (. 3.6).
, ,
Open Yard. 35 2
-, ,
(ROV, AUV) , .

(. 4.24, ) . , (
4.24, ).

. 4.23. Scotia () ()

. 4.24. () AutoSub-l (AUV) [FNI, 2000) ()

186

.
()

.
.
.
, 90 2,
20 3, .
.
.
, .
.
,
. , 2
, 25 2,
.
- .
Scotia.
(, , ,
, ..), .
.
, ,
.


10 (4 2,5 )
Buitendijk SHF.
.
20 (10 )
. ,
10- (5 ) , .
,
6 2,5 3 2,5 .
Simrad.
, : 500 (38, 120 200 ); ES60 (50/200 );
500 (18 ); 950 (95 ).
SH80 (115122 ), SR240 (24 ) SM2000P (200 ). , ITI
FS903 HIPAP.
Simrad,
Scanmar RDI (150 ).

, Vertec Engineering
. ,
,
, .

, 3 ,
187

.
500, ES60, RDI Scanmar.

.
.
, ,
Furuno, Far-2835S
ARPA (S-) FR2110/6.5 (-), FE680
CI 35 .
Decca Navigator
(Racal Marine Mk53) Loran (Raytheon Nav 398),
DGPS (Sercel NR58 NR230),
Microplot
Simrad SDP-01.
Robertson Autopilot, Robertson RGC11 (2 .)
Lilley & Gilley Sestreline MLX (Class A).

,
.
: , ,
.
Scotia ,
, - .
,

: ,
.
- . . 4.25
Scotia.

4.1.4. Celtic Explorer


Scotia Skipsteknisk
A/S Celtic Explorer (. 4.26),
Damen Shipyard
(FNI, 2000; FNI, 2001).
19 2000 23
(35,5 . . ) Damen Shipyards Gorinchem, 2001
, 6 Damen Shipyard
Galatz () .

, 2001
. 2002
. 2002
, (Vlissingen yard of Royal Schelde), ,
, .
,
.
30 2002
, 2,2 . .
11 2003
.

188

. 4.25. Scotia

189

. 4.26. Celtic Explorer

Celtic Explorer ,
, .
, (. . 2.5, ). Celtic Explorer :
, : ........................ 65,5
, : . 58,2
, : .................... 15,0
, : ............................................5,7
,

Scotia.
(. 4.26, 4.27).
.
600 . , Scotia
,
, .
31 : 1215
1619 9 5
.
LRS + 1001 Ice Class ID + LMC + UMS +SCM Multipurpose Research Vessel, Occasional Oil
Recovery Capability.

Bakker Sliedrecht. : ,
( ),
INDAR.

190

. 4.27. Celtic Explorer () ()


-:
Wartsila 9L20 (1530 1000 /)
Wartsila 6L20 (1020 1000 /). (. 4.28,
): 1,875 1,250 690
, 50 . 650 400 230
.
,
,
. - Caterpillar 3306
125 155 . -

.

191

. 4.28. () ()

(. . 4.28, ) (750 )
1500 215 / 5-
3,6 Wartsila/Lips.
, ,
.
,
(FEM).
- , .
24-
.

720 () 400 ().
Elliot Gill 6,2 . Lips
,
5,5 .
.
, , ,
. -,
.
. .
.

,
,
. .
11 ,
Rapp Hydema AS.
35- , 3500 26
30 78 /. 13- (200 )
- ( 4.29, ) .
10 3 : 45
( 4.29, ) 17
.
auto-trawl,
192

, .
.

. 4.29. - () ()

- 6--
100 / (3200
11 ). 6- -
- (6000 - 8,1 )
132 / 4- (2000 6 ).
5- (2500
8 ), 20- (1500
18 ). 6 , ,
, .

. 4.30. - Celtic Explorer


(. 4.30),
165 2. 25
9,5 4 .
193

- 8
15 . , 10 12 .
-
2 8 ,
5 . ,
. , ,
(1,5 10 ) .
-
- 3 - -
1,5 10 (. . 3.57).
- ,
- .
,
MVP200 Brooke Ocean Technology - (. .
3.4.2).
, .
, , .
,
,

. ,
,
.
.
, , Scotia,
.
.
.

. 4.31. () ()


(70 2), -
(. 4.31, ),
,
, . ,
194

, (10 2), . ,
, , .

7 2, , .
75 2.
,
(60, 600, 1002, ADCP, Seapath
2000), .
,
( -).
,
, .
(IT-room) 8 2.
(20 2).

(. . 4.31, ).

Barry Electronics Ltd.,
- , Simrad
Kongsberg UK. Simrad
: 60 (12, 38, 120 200 ), EN250,
600 (12, 38, 200 ) 1002 (95 ).
SP70
SES Probe 5000S SUB 4x4 26
. ,
Scanmar Scanbus, Furuno FCV1200L (28/107 ) 3
RDI (150 ).
,
3 , .
( ),
,
.
, ,
Furuno, Far-2935S (S) FR2115 (-), FEA2105
ECDISc DGPS Trimble NT300D.
Simrad Robertson RGC12, -9
RSR68.
Okex 60 -,
Simrad SJS-01, Simrad SPS2000
Seapath 200.
,
IT-. ,
.
, , , ,
. -,
- ,
. .
. 4.32.

195

. 4.32 Celtic Explorer


196

4.1.5. G.O. Sars


G. . Sars (. 4.33, 4.34) Skipsteknisk A/S
30- -
(IMR), Haakon Mosby,
. (UiB).

. 4.33. . . Sars

, 22
2000 372 . Flekkefjord
Slipp & Maskinfabrikk AS, (),
. , 7 2003
,
(Norwegian Queen Sonja).
-
[FNI, 2000; Ytterstad, 2000; FNI, 2003]. .
, : ........................ 77,5
, : . 68,4
, : .................... 16,4
, : ........................................... 6,2
DNV +11, Ice , 0, Dynpos AUT, Clean, .
25 10 . 15
30 .
197

. 4.34. G.O. Sars () ()

,
. ,
,
, . ,
50
. ,
,
, .
17,5 , 11 . -
,
, ,
.
180 3 INTERING.
-
8100 . Wartsila 6L32, 2700 720
/, Siemens 3250 ,
690 60 . -
Wartsila/acbLIPS 4,2
198

Westinghouse SCR 3000 ,


. 0 170 / .
Brunvoll AS.
- ()
900 600 .
450 .

56 ,
, , .
18,6 ,
(. 4.35, )

. 4.35. G.O. Sars () ()

,
, , , .
Aker Brattvaag Winch.
60 ,
35 . 47 11,5 .
, 13 - ,
.
5,6- .
4 TTS/Hydrolift. 4
14 6
12 (. . 4.35, ). 2
12 . Z- -
6 - (. .
3.62).
, ,
, . 4.36.
,
Courtyard (. 4.37, . . 3.78), ,
.

,
.
199


(80 2), ,
. 5 ,
6000 -, , .

. 4.36. G.O. Sars:


1 ; 2 ROV; 3 MOCNESS; 4
; 5 ; 6 -
; 7 -; 8 ; 9 - ; 10
; 11 , , - ..; 12
MOCNESS (); 13 ; 14 SeaSoar; 15 ; 16 -

. 4.37. () () G.O. Sars

(20 2) .
- ( - 8,2 )
200

, . . ( 6
).

16 3,8 , - (. . 3.78, ), TTS/Hydrolift.

(MOCNESS) (SeaSoar)
(ROV).
Seaproof Solu- tions/Svendborg
. MOCNESS
MultiNet (5 ), - (2/5 ), (5 ),
(1 )
(5 ). Kley France
( 25 ).
11 ,
, 500 2.
- 65 2 1500, 500 250 ,
(45 2). , ,
(27 2)
, (33 2). ,
, , , courtyard.
(15 2)
(18 2).
: , , 12 2.

. 4. 38. ,
. . Sars ( )

201

4.39. G.O. Sars

202

200 2
.
,
65 2. (20 2) ,
.
IT (12 2),
- (30 2). , 25
.
.
Flekkefjord Slipp & Maskinfabrikk AS 19 2002 .
Kongsberg Simrad AS
, - . 4. 38.
: 60 (18, 38, 70, 120, 200 400 )
BI60, (1);
SP70
(2); ITI (3);
SM 2000 Profiler, (4);
300 (5) 1002 (6)
5000 (30
) 1000 (95 ), ; Topas
PS018 Sub-bottom profiler (7),
100 5000 ;
HiPAP (8), ,
;
EN 250 (9).
Scanmar
RDI (75 150 ).
Sperry Marine, Northrop Grumman
, (IBS)
Voyage Management System (VMS),
(ECDIS).
IBS ,
, ECDIS
. -
S- BridgeMaster 340 ARPA,
ADG4000, SR2100, ,
4 GMDSS.
. 4.39.

4.1.2. James Cook



(Natural Environment Research Council NERC)
Charles Darwin 1985
2002 . 2003 . , I 2004
36 . -
Skipsteknisk AS Flekkefjord Slipp & Maskinfabrikk AS.
89,2 ST-345 20052006 . James
Cook (. 4.40, 4.41) 2007 .

203

. 4.40. James

. 4.41. James Cook () ()

.
, : ................. 89,2
, : 78,6
204

, : ............. 18,6
, : .....................................5,5
. 50 (
). : Lloyds +1001, Ice 1, FS, +LMC, UMS, DP (AM)
Research Vessel. 12 , 15 . 22
, 32 . -
Siemens .
- Wartsila 9L20 (1770 1000 o6/MHH)/Siemens (0)
- Cummins 450 .
2500 (0180 / )
Westinghouse (3351 ) 5- (Lips)
3,6 .
[Wood, 2007] , ,
(. . 2.12)
.
Brunvoll AS .
600 800 , .
1200 , ,
- () 1350 .
- Odim
AS. - 30
8 .
-
(. 4.42, , . 3.58), 30
5 .
5 4,5 .

30 8 , ,
, . -

,
:

15000 , 8000 14,6 ( 13 ), 4350
16,5 (18,1 ) 2350 18 (20,9 );
11 ( ) 7000
16,5 (18,6 );
11 10000 - 17,3 (18,4 );
30 8000 -
30 (75 );
- 5 8000 -
11,4 (8,4 ) .

446 2,
278 2. (
), , ,
, , ,
( ),
.

205

. 4.42. - - (, ) - ()

, ,
-. 9
20- ,
, 20 .
, 82 2,
. ,
.
ROV, AUV, ,
.
, .
, 24 2 (. . 4.42, ),
.
- .
,
.
(. 4.43)
, .

. 4.43. ; ,

,
, 60 2 6 .
,
206

. ,
4 .
.

24 2 5 .
30 2 4
. - 4
.
24 2 .

. 4.44. - () ()


90
2 10 .
.
,
. (20
2)
.
18 2 3 .
,
- 12
, .
, 38 2 .
- 30
. ,
11,5 2 2 .
- (. 4.44).

.

:
- 60 (18, 38, 70, 120, 200 );
600 (12 ),
;
EM710RD
(70100 ) (12822), 800 ;

207

. 4.45. James

208

120 (12 )
(191 1 1),
20 ;
SBP120 (27
); ADCP (75 150 )
2 USBL Spar
Sonardyne.

(. . 3.16).
, (
). -, -,
.
, .
James Cook . 4.45.
-

4.1.7. Gunnerus
2003 (NTNU)

. 20 .
Polarkonsult AS ( 410)
Larsnes Mek. Verksted AS. 15 . ( )
5,9 . . 2006 .
.
, : ........................ 31,3
, : . 28,9
, : .................... 9,9
, : .............................................2,7
Gunnerus (. 4.46, 4.47)
2006 .
, 3 ,
48 ( 11),
25 . 12 .
-
. -
450 ( Scania DI-16V8 500 1800
/), ,
. -
(. 4.48, ),
. (Simens
MOT ILA8405-6PB90-Z 500 01200 /)
(6,05/1) 5-
2 , (. 4.48, ).
2006
(. . 2.13)
ICES 209 8 -
-.

209

. 4.46. Gunnerus

. 4.47. Gunnerus () ()

210

. 4.48. - () ()
(), ()

. 4.49. () ()

200 .
DNV + 11 Ice 0 R2.

(6 , 1000 14 ), (5 3), 6 - - (15 /35).
, ,
- (5 /3,3 ),
( 4 /750 - 6,5 /750 ).
1 . -
, .
4.46.
3 : (13,9
2
, -),
5.14, , . 4.49, (11,8 2) - (11,2 2)
-. -
( ), -.
, , FAR 2117 , Simrad GC-80-S, - Furuno -2026 OLEX
Furuno FCV-1200 (38, 50, 20 ). ,
Kongsberg SDP- 11
HiPap 500, .
211

. 4.50. Gunnerus

212

60
3 2 . ,

. -
,
.
Gunnerus . 4.50

4.1.8. - Libas
2004 - Libas (. 4.51, 4.52),
- .
?

.
, ,
, . ,
.
, , ,
, ,
2000 (IMR)
(Reference Fleet)
, . 2006
14 , 18.
,
IMR .
- Libas ,
- .
Vik-Sandvik, Lie Management.
,
Fitjar Mek.
Verksted.

, : ........................ 94,3
, : . 82,4
, : ..................... 17,6
, : 5,0
, , 20,4 .
DNV XI Al Fishing Vessel DYNPOS-AUT. 150 .
(22,3 . . ).
IMR ,

:
- -
( );
- ;
- ;
- ( ) IMR
.
213

. 4.51. / Libas

. 4.52. - Libas () ()

, , 2004 ,
,
. -
. Wartsila Vasa 12/32 6000
214

750 / AMG 630 L6 LBSBC 3000 .


CPS100 4 155 /
Wartsila SCV 95/2-PD 58. Iveco AIFO 300 .
Brunvoll: FU-80LTC-2000 (1100 ), -, AR- 80LTC-2100 (1470 ). ,
- ,
, - .
Karmoy Winch A/S.
93 ( 38 ),
30 3 (52 ) 42 3 (148 ), 24- ,
35 ( 32 ). ,
-. 16 2,
10 Thyboron Trawldoor.
(. 4.53, ), (. 4.53, ).

. 4.53.
- () ()


, 2 (. . 3.14).
Simrad 60,
Simrad SH80,
Simrad FS20/25, Simrad
SP90 (1830 ), ES60
Kaijo KSE 100.

, ,
,
IMR.
,
. ,
. ,
812 .
4.54.
215

. 4.54 - Libas

216

4.2.
, IFREMER.
1990 , IFREMER : LAtalante (1990),
L'Europe (1993), Thalassa (1996) Pourquoi Pas? (2005). , 1999
Le Suroit, 1975 .
L'Europe Thalassa ,

.
.
LAtalante (. 4.55) 1990 Ateliers et Chantiers du
Havre Pourquoi Pas?
IFREMER. -
, .

.
. .
. 84,6 , . 15,9 , 5,05.

. 4.55. LAtalante () ()

217

. ( ) .
, ,
, Open Yard
, .
, . ,
, ,
, . ,
.
.
Nautile ( 6000 ),
- (ROV) (AUV) .
L'Europe (. 4.56) 1993 shipyards (Les
Sables d'Olonne)
(ICRAM)
.
, , ,
.
,
. .
.
29,6 , 10,6 , 3,45.

. 4.56. , L'Europe

218

.
, ,
. ,
.
,
.
.

,
.
50 2.

. 4.57. Thalassa () ()

219

. 4.58. Thalassa

220


, Pool.
, 1,3 1,3 2, ,
.
-
- , .
Thalassa, Manche
Industrie Marine shipyards (Dieppe) LEROUX ET LOTZ NAVAL 1996 .,
.
(. 4.57) .
- ,
. ,
.
,
IFREMER
.
. ,
.
74,5 , 14,9 , 5,80. . 4.58.
.
: , ,
84 2.
Open Yard.
130 2 , , ,
- .
(70 2)
-, -
.

- ROV Victor 6000,
20- , ,
. ,

25/25.
.
Le Suroit (. 4.59) 1975 Ateliers et
Chantiers de la Manche (Dieppe), 1999
.

.
() .
. -
, , .
Open Yard
, .
. . , . . 56,34 ,
. 11 , 4,80 .

221

. 4.59. Le Suroit () ()

Pourquoi Pas? (. 4.60) IFREMER 2005 .


,
.
Nautile, 6
1994 , 1500 ,
Victor-6000. . 107,6 , . 20 ,
6,9 .
, , (55% 45%),
, .
, , (55% 45%),
, .
. 1867
- ( )
, ,
. ,
. ? ( ?)
.
-, .
- (. 4.61, , 800
), 1907 -
- |, 1984].
,
190305 . ,
190810 . -?
.

222

. 4.60. Pourquoi Pas? () ()

. 4.61. - Pourquoi Pas?

223

1911 . -. 192027 .
. 1926 1936 .
-? .
; . . . (1914) [].

. , ,
, , , . 16
1936 -?

. . ,
(, 1974].
,
,
, .

4.3.
, -
, ,
. .
Arquipelago 1993 Polyships
()
- ( - . ).
Arquipelago . 4.62.

( POSEIMA/PESCAS).
Cummins 19 370 1800 ./.,
80 1500 ./.
, 2,5 - 4 .

. 4.62. Arquiplago

224

. 25,4 , . . 22,46 , . 6,6 ,


3,4 . , .
.

-500, RDI, ,
.
, ,
Open Yard .
- 2,5
( 700 2500 -). ,
1/2-
650 -
SEASOAR.
,
.
Southern Supporter 1994 . Vulcano S. . (.
408) . ,
Grafton . . 75,4 , . . 65 , . 12,5 ,
5,3 . & Marine Science &
Research Support . Southern Supporter
. 4.63.
Presbitero 1998 . Vulcano S. ..
- Ventura. (. 473
474)
(National Mapping and Resource Information Authority NAMRIA).
. 53,5 , . . 46 , . 12 , 4,3 . . 4.64.
DA-BFAR (. 4.65) 1999 Gondan, S. .
, (Department of Agriculture
Bureau of Fisheries and Aguatic Resources), .
, , -
500.

- . . 60 , . . 54 ,
. 12 , 4,5 .
18,5 . . .
10-
. 2000
Vizconde de Eza. ,
, 2007 ,
, : Miguel Oliver Sarmiento de
Gamboa. ,
.
Emma Bardan, 3,9 . ,
Miguel Oliver . 2006 .
(. 4.66).
- (900 ),
, ,
.
, Miguel Oliver.
. 29,8 , . . 25,85 , . 7,5 ,
225

3,9, 12 . 11. 2
.

.4.63. Southern Supporter*

226

. 4.64. Presbitero


.
, : 3002. TOPAS-PS40, 60,
600.

.
() .
Intermares 2009 Armon, S. .
, (Ministry of
Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs MARM, ).

, 19
,
.

227

. 4.66. , Emma Bardan

228

. 4.67. Intermares () () ,
Intermares () ()

, , , , ,
-, ,
, Intermares
. Intermares
229

, . Intermares
. 4.67, .
. 79,2 , . . 70 , . 15 , 5,7.
. 15,63 , . . 13,70 , . 4,43 , 2,64 .
-
, 56 26 .
22,3 . .
73 , 48 , 10
- 15 . 45
20000 . ( 2290 ),
. , .
.

. 4.68. , Madidihang 03

,
( 34 2).
SBE55 - SBE19 plus.
Madidihang 03 (. 4.68) 2010 Gondan, S. .
(Ministry of Marine Affairs
and Fisheries). , ,
- 60.
-
.
20 3, 70 3, 8 3,
2,5 /.
. 50 , . . 45 , . 9,8 , 4,08
. MAN ALPHA type 6L28/32A 2000 . . (1470 ) 775
230

/., 2,7 , 200 . .


. 14 , 40 .
77 , 50 , 4
- 23 .
Madidihang 03, ,
, .
. 6,8 , 250 . .

4.3.1. Vizconde de Eza


Vizconde de Eza (. 4.69 4.70) (Spanish
Fishing Directorate) ,
(Ministry of Agriculture, Fishing and Food) 2000 .

,
(Service of the Spanish Fishing Fleet),
(IEO Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia).

. 4.69. Vizconde de Eza

1999 1500 .
. DyTA Medioambiente,
Astilleros Construcciones Cies S. . . . ,

18 , 1999 , 12 . .
2001 .
231

. 4.70. Vizconde de Ez () ()

, ,
(Bureau Veritas, 1
3/3 E/Classification Special Service/Oceanographic and Fishing Research/Deep Sea/Ice III, ALM
ALS/AUT-MS-PORT, RMC Quick Freezing Plant).
( ),
.
.
40 (20 20 ).
.
, : ........................................ 53,0
, :................. 45,2
, : ..................................... 13,0
, : ............................................................. 4,5
() , ,
, .
,
.

232


,
.
(Trial Basin of the
School of Marine Engines) , , ,
.
- ,
Indar 900
. 178 /
.

.
, .
3,18 Fundiciones
Adrio .
,
4 . ,
Balico, 7,3 245
.
Will Becker active,
Hidrofersa 7 80 .
( )
1,1 , 300
39,2 .
-, .
- Guascor SF 480 SG
1388 . . 1500 /, Leroy Somer,
1430 (1000 ), 400 , 50, .
-, Guascor
245 . . 1500 / Leroy Somer (210 , 380 , 50 ).

. 4.71. Vizconde de Eza

(AUT-MS-PORT)
.
, ,
233

, -
.
Electricidad Tecnisa.

Cormach 16 5
Igsa-Guerra 12 2,2 .
Z-, (. 4.71 .
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Medio Ambiente, Astilleros . Cies,
Fundiciones Adrio,
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Grenco Ibcrica,
- Ibercisa. ,
,
.

4.3.2. Miguel Oliver


2007 Miguel Oliver (. 4.74, 4.75),
. 2003
-
70 22 . .
:
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2006 , 18,39
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, .
1918- 2004 , . 19821986

.

238

. 4.74. Miguel Oliver

. 4.75. Miguel Oliver () ()

239

Miguel Oliver ,
,
.
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(Palomo et al, 2007],
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() Miguel Oliver
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244

. 4.79. Miguel Oliver

245

4.3.3. Sarmiento de Gamboa


2003
-
, . Cies
-70 (. ), S. N. P. Freire, .
, .
, :
,

. , ,

.
(. 4.80, 4.81), Sarmiento de Gamboa
, XVI , 60%
, 20%
20% (Consejo
Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas CSIC).
.

. 4.80 Sarmiento de Gamboa ( )

S. N. P. Freire (Vigo) 22
2004 . 3,5
. 2006 , ,
2007 ,
246

2008 .
41,5 , 17
.

. 4.81 Sarmiento de Gamboa () ()

, , 40 .
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, : .................................... 15,5
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-
.
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0180 /
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1200 . G.O.
Sars James Cook, 3- 4- FRV-40.
(590 ), -
(590 ), HRP Thruster Systems.
247

325 2 Ibercisa. 20-


MAI-H/220/5500-22 ,
TR-H/2x 200/2x7; .
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.
Miguel Oliver.
DKF220-12T-16M Dreggen Crane AS
, 12 , 3,5 16
20- . 3 10 ( ).
, , -
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Ibercisa . -/100/8000-11 /IS (
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2 , 3,5 (. .
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), Ocean Surveyor VM ADCP (75, 150 )
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, (. .
3.17)
. , ,

(CEHIPAR Canal de Experiencias Hidrodin6micas de el Pardo).
ATLAS Hydrographic,
Hydrosweep
DS-2 (12 SW6050 G002, 15,5 ) 11000 Hydrosweep
MD/50 (2 TxSW1184 G001 3 RxSW1184 G002, 50 ) 1500 ,
- Parasound 35 (2 SW6051 G103, 3,533 )
200 . ,
600 (12 200 ), - Furuno (50 200
) .

. 4.82. , () -
ROV Victor- ()

249

. 4.83. Sarmiento de Gamboa

250

- ,

,
(. 4.82).
, ,
,
-
6000 , ROV Victor- (. 4.82, ).

.
20- ,
8
17 16 25 .
.
Sarmiento de Gamboa
. 4.83.

4.4.
, ,
,
. 1990
Scheepswerf en Machinefabriek De Merwede Tridens,
, 1991 Verolme Shipyard
Heusden Pelagia.
,
. 1997 Celtic
Voyager , 2001 , Prince Madog .
Yachting Consult,
Scheepswerf Visser, Damen Shipyards
Group, .
Tridens (. 4.84) 1990 , 1967
. , ,

(RIVO Netherlands Institute for Fisheries Research)
ICES. . 73,54 , . . 64,02 , . 13,86 ,
4,6 .
, , ,
, ,
.
.
, ;
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,
, ,
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.
251

. 4.84. Tridens () ()

Pelagia (. 4.85) (Netherlands Institute for Sea Research- NIOZ),


. (. 4.85)
,
. -
, ,
. - .
400
. . 66,05
, . 12,8 , 4 .
,
. -
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Yard. 30 2 ;
, , , -.
,
. ,
.
, ,
, . ,
252

, ,
, ,
.

4.85. Pelagia () ()

Celtic Voyager
Lough Beltra, 300 .
1,75 , 75%
(European Regional
Development Fund) 19941999
. (. 4.86)
,
.

. , , ,
.
. -
1 . -
10 .
, 1/2
253

. . 31,4 , . 8,5 ,
3,8 .

. 4.86. Celtic Voyager () ()

, - , : ,
Furuno, Aquashuttle, , , ROV.
Prince Madog
,
1967 .
, , 1170 ,
.
, Vosper Thornycroft Ltd. .
7,6 . .
Celtic Voyager.
34,9 , . 8,5 ,
3,5 .

. 4.87. Prince Madog () ()

,
. ,
,
- 250 .
,

. ,
,
.
254

2,1 ,
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17 . 150 .

,
.
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, 0,7 ,
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.
. -60, Simrad.
, .
8 , , ,
, - SBE- 911
MiniBAT.
Portasal .
Furuno. ,
.

4.5.
1970 .
.

.
,
,
. . , ,
, ,
. , ,
, .
(. 4.88). ,
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, - ?
. 89,27 , . . 80 , . 15 ,
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. 1972 . , . 597,
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/, .
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255

; ;
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1971/1972 .

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, 500 . ,
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256

24 1992 ,
Baltica.
- ,
.
Baltica 1993 Nauta Repair Yard
(SEIMIR)
(IMWMIMGW).
,
ICES .
2,7 .
. (. 4.89) . 41 , . . 35,5 , . 9 ,
3,5/4,45 .

. 4.89. Baltica () ()

(25 2), (20 2),


(25 2) (12 2). -
Baltic Room
.
- Mark-IIIB 5-
, Portasal 8410 () Milos 500 (VAISALA, )
: ADCP 300 (RD Instruments, ) CI-60
(Furuno, ).
Hydro-Bios ().
Atlas Elektronik ().

4.6.
(Federal Research Centre for
Fisheries), ,
, ,
.
, .
30 . 1990
Alkor Heincke.
, . ,
,
, :
, , ..

.
257

,
.
Walter Herwig III, 1993 .
, ,
Solea (2004 .),
, Maria S. Merian (2005),
,
.
Alkor (. 4.90) Schiffs und Maschinenfabrik Cassens
GmbH, Emden (Institut Fur Meereskunde, Kiel),
, 23 ( 1965 .). 32
.

. 4.90. Alkor () ()

258

- 525
1100 ,
620 , .
54,59 , . 12,5 , 4,16 .
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Pool
.
. -.
,
.
Heincke ( 4.91) Detlef Hegemann Roland-Werft GmbH &
Co, KG, Berne , (Biological Institute on Helgoland,
Hamburg), (Alfred Wegener Institute
Foundation for Polar and Marine Research in Bre- merhaven).

. 4.91. Heincke ,

10%
, ,
.
.

. - .
Walter Herwig III 1993 Peene-Werft GmbH (Wolgast)
. Walter Herwig III
, .
64,5 , . . 57,5 , . 15,22 ,
. 5,20 . ( . 5,96 .). (21 .) (12 .)
259

.
(. 30 , 2x3000 , 26 ),
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,

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Courtyard .
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500,
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SR240 500.
. 4.92. , . 4.93
.

. 4.92. Walter Herwig III () ()

260

. 4.93. Walter Herwig III

261


-
. , (
500) ,
,
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,
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(2250 ). ,
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1500 ;
- , . - ,
2900 ;
- , , . - .
SPJ220TT.
1000 . 13,81 3 42,84 3.

4.6.1. Solea
Solea (Federal
Waterways Engineering & Research Institute BAW, ) 20002001
(Federal Institute for
Agriculture and Food BLE) 1974
. , ,
2001 Fassmer GmbH & Co.KG ().
,
(Federal Ministry for Consumer Protection, Food and Agriculture BMVEL),
15,3 .
Solea (. 4.94, 4.95), 2004 , BLE ( Walther Herwig III Clupea,
1993 1983 ).
(Federal Research Centre for Fisheries BFA-Fi).
,
, ,
BMVEL.
Solea ,
.
, ,
,
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, , ,
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,
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262

, :
300 .

. 4.94. Solea

Solea ,
.
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, :
300 .
, , ,

14 7
3 (
).
.

263

. 4.95. Solea () ()


.
,
Muller-BBM GmbH,
[Dobinsky, Sosna, 2002]:
- - ,
;
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(FEM)
;
-
;
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,
(SVA GmbH Schiffbau-Versuchsanstalt, ). -
264

Wartsila Propulsion Deutschland GmbH


5 7 .
, Fassmer GmbH & Co.KG
().
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Fassmer .
,
11 2004 .
.
, : ........................ 42,7
, : 39,4
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,
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7- (. 4.96).
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.
GL -I- 100 5 + AUT .

. 4.96. 5- 7-


MTU Friedrichshafen GmbH, , ,
. 16V2000M50A 664 1500
/.
. , ,
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.
;
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.
265

SAM Electronics. (. 4.97, ), 890 1500 /,


400 50 (. 4.97, )
LDW (Lloyd Dynamowerke GmbH & , KG).

. 4.97. - () ()
Solea

950
225250 /.
. .
-
.

Schottel.
300 1500 /,
34 . ,
PWM IGWT.
,
,
SAM Electronics INTERSCHALT GmbH.
Solea
, , -,
.
, ,
- .

,
.
. - Palfinger 23080
12,2 12,5 ,

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:
266

.
Hatlapa.
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267

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. 4.98. Solea

268

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,
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.
.

.
, ,
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14 6 .
. 4.98.

4.7.

.
,
James Clark Ross, 1990 .
,
. , Scotia
(. 4.1.3) 1998 Ferguson Shipbuilders Ltd.
(Glasgow),
Skipsteknisk A/S. CEFAS Endeavour,
, , 2003
,
.
, 2007 .
Macduff Shipyards Limited
Alba Na .
269

James Cook (. 4.1.6) ,


.

. 4.99. James Clark Ross () ()

James Clark Ross 1990 .


(British Antarctic Survey BAS) Swan
Hunter Shipbuilders . 20- John Biscoe
XXI
.
, (18001862), 1831 . 1840
43 .
.
(. 4.99) . 99,04 , . 19 , 6,3 . 6200
2 1 .
. 57 15000 .
270

31 , 27 .
, (Stanley, Falkland Islands).
,

.
, .
( 500, 120,
. .) 500 (38, 120 200 ).
9000 - 8000
. : , 5000
26 , , ,
, 20-
[FNI, 1992].
,
, 3000 ,
SeaSor, ,
.
: 4 1
.
Alba Na r (. 4.100)
Macduff Shipyards Ltd. 2007 Clupea.
. 27 , 8,8 , 4,3 . 14 . 8

,
.

. 4.100. Alba Na r () ()

,
56 . ,
. ,
. - - (2x630 . . 1600
/), . 1,8

, . ,
Kongsberg DP.
TWS-705, GWB680, NDD 1200/3500 -
Ml2. HW-500 RTC
PTS Pentagon ULT.
271

- RW-200. Rapp Ecosse UK Ltd,


.
Triplex 18 / Triplex 10,5
/, , (!) Z- (gamma frame, . 3.6)
Odim A/S.
Svendborg Hydraulic A/S. Alba Na
r 3.3.

4.7.1. CEFAS Endeavour


2000 , Scotia ,
(The Centre for Environment, Fisheries and
Aguaculture Science CEFAS)
Cirolana Corystes 1970 1988 .
British Aerospace Defence Systems,
Ferguson Shipbuilders Limited,
Scotia, . ,
2001 , 23 , 2003 .

. 4.101. CEFAS Endeavour

272

. 4.102. CEFAS Endeavour () ()

.
, : ........................ 73,0
, :. 66,5
, : .................... 15,8
, : .............................................5,5
, CEFAS Endeavour (. 4.101, 4.102),
DEFRA (Department for Environment, Food
and Rural Affairs, MAFF Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food)
. , -
.
.
Wartsila.
, .

273

130 ,
, , , ,
,
. 30 10
, Wartsila
3 6
.
10100 .

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.
, , Ferguson.
, , Wartsila, ,
.
CEFAS Endeavour (. . 2.5, ). Wartsila

6L20

3240 , 5-
3,5 , Cu-Ni-Al-, -
Coastguard . ,
(John Crane-Lips JCL). , Wartsila
.
2230 ,
, ASIRobicon UK (Hill Graham),
.
Scotia
FRV-40 (. 5.1.2.).
,
. 70-
-, ASIRobicon.
, ,
0 155 /,
13,8 . 14,4 .
11 116 /. 29 .

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,
, .
16 19 . 42 .
LRS 1001 +LMC +USM + CCS ICC IP ES (2) +DP (CM)
ICE Class ID.
,
.
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25 ( 3 , 12 ) (35 - 14
2 ). -
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(. .
4.103).

274

. 4.103. CEFAS Endeavour

, , ,
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Open Yard ,
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. 4.104. CEFAS Endeavour

276


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(ROV) (AUV)
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. ,
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1:11,
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, .
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, , .

277

5.

, ,

NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service)
NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
1 2010 10 .
, UNOLS (Univercity National Oceanographic
Laboratory System), 60 ,
,
. 22- ( 2009 .)
30 85 , UNOLS.
.

5.1.
NMFS
: - (Woods Hole) Delaware II Henry .
Bigelow, - (Pascagoula) Gordon Gunter, Pisces Oregon II,
(Seattle Kodiak) Miller Freeman, Bell M. Shimada Oscar Dyson,
(Honolulu) Hi'ialakai Oscar Elton Sette. ,
NMFS,
, ,
70- .
, 15 8 8
6070- , ,
.
90- , NMFS
(FRAM).
,
. , 1996 2000 .
70 50 .

, ,
.. , , , : Johan Hjort, .

, ICS-4000
Rapp Hydema -500 Simrad. ,

.
MOCNESS, AquaShutlle Chelsea Instruments (),
.
, ,
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- - .

FRAM ,
- ,
278

. , , Albatross IV,
1995 ,
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3
2001 , .

FRAM .
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( 50%), , .
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209,
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. 1999 , , NMFS,
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279

. 5.1. Stalwart, T-AGOS-1

Boland Marine & Manufacturing Company Inc. , ,


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Townsend Cromwell .
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284

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2005 Oscar
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. 2001 Halter Marine
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Henry . Bigelow 2007 43-
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Bigelow) ,
.

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292

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Bagatell 1982 Washburn and Doughty Associates (Woolrich, ME)
. 2000
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(Living Marine Resources
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Roger Long Marine Architecture, Inc.
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294

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Roger Long Marine Architecture, Inc.


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: InterOcean 70710 600 7- - Sea-Mac 1500
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158 308 . .
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Savannah

Rachel Carson 2008 . (Chesapeake Biological Laboratory)


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Long Marine Architecture, Inc. (Rachel Louise
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Roger Long Marine Architecture, Inc.

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, Roger Long
Marine Architecture, Inc. -
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299

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.
, BBSR . ,
2006 , , .
Weatherbird II 2,1 .
( Roger Long Marine Architecture,
Inc.) .
Atlantic Explorer , 2006 BBSR. .
.

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2004 ,
UNOLS
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.
2006 . ( -)
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Hugh R. Sharp, .
, UNOLS,
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,
.

5.2.1. Hugh R. Sharp


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(University of Delaware). 17,6 .
(National Science Foundation
NSF), (US Office of
Naval Research). (. 5.26), Bay Marine Inc.
(Barrington, R. I.), 44,5 , 21 ( ).
2001 , 2003 .
25 2005 Dakota Creek Industries (Port of
Anacortes, WA).
Hugh R. Sharp (. 5.26, 5.27) .
( 1990 81 ),
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1976 Henlopen ,
2005 .

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Schottel Steering System type SST-612 Copilot 2000.
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, 150 170 /, 0,8 .

305


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. 5.27. Hugh R. Sharp () ()


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Noise Control Engineering, Inc. ,
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(Kobayashi, 1995) Shoyo ru [FNI, 1998.].
Kaiyo ru (. 6.1) 1991 Tamano Works of
Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. (MES).
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ru, Shunyo ru ru.
Soyo ru (. 6.3) 1994 Shimonoseki Shipyard &
Machinery Works of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
(National Research Institute of Fisheries Science Yokohama).
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Wakataka ru (. 6.4) 1995 Tamano Works
Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. (MES)
(Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute TNFRI).

. 6.4. Wakataka ru () ()

57,73 , . . 60,6 , 11 , 4,46 .


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(National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries, Shimizu City, Shizuoka Prefecture),
2001 [Jsmea News, 2001).
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ru (. 6.6) 2004 Niigata Engineering Co., Ltd.
(Hokkaido National Fisheries Research
Institute) 1976 .
64,73 , . . 59,1 , 11,9 , 4,5 .
17,34 , 15 .
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(Kagoshima Prefectural Fisheries and
Developpment Center) ,
.

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46,61 , 8 . --
1600 . . 12 .
6 . Kagoshima Prefectural Fisheries
Senior High School Kagoshima University Faculty of Fisheries. ,
Satsuma Seiun-Maru Kagoshima Prefectural
Fisheries Senior High School,
.
, , , , (
)
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.
nn ru (. 6.8), 1995 ,
(Okinawa Prefectural
Fisheries Experimental Station) ,
nn-ru, 1927 .
41,43 , . . 35,5 , 7 , 2,7 .
13,76 , 12 .
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323

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(Okinawa Fisheries High School). , ,

Kaihou-Maru, .
Asama (. 6.9) 2002
(Mie Prefectural Science and Technology Promotion Center)
Asama ru 1984 .
, .
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Center) 1985 , 7-
. 33,03 , . . 28 , 6,3 , 2,35 .
13,58 , 13 . NIIGATA 6MG22HX-3xl 956 ,
.
,
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Kanagawa ( ) (Izu Islands).
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1984 . 30,51
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900 . ,
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326

. 6.11. Fusami-Maru ,

327

Kaihou ru (. 6.12)
. 2002
(Okinawa Fishery High School) 5- .
56,97 , . . 48,5 , 9,4 , 3,8 .
- Niigata 6M3lBFTl324kW 1324
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2009/10 ., .

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Hokuho ru, 2001
(Hokkaido Fisherman High School),
, (. 6.13).
,

328

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(Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology), 2003
. (Tokyo University of
Mercantile Marine) (Tokyo University of Fisheries).
, Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. (MES) 2000 .

4- .
JFA,
.
329

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330


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ru (. 6.15, 6.16) Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Ltd. 2007 . National Fisheries University
.
87,59 , . . 77,5 , 13,6 ,
5,9 . 109, 42 , 7 60 .
. 14
6L35MC 3900 ,
8
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16 , 30 10000 .

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SBE45 TURNER.
, ,
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Seisui ru (. 6.17, 6.18) Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Ltd. 2009 . (Faculty of
Bioresources, Mie University) 1980 . .
50,9 , . . 42,5 , 8,6 , 3,3 .
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