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EMail: svenkatarao_1958@yahoo.com

Visit
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O+~. 1937-41 eT<\+ ~ 157


\T> O+~.
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#]dT

Crj<eT \+H
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(7`6`1944 |CX qT+&)
1940

<X+ eTdT b b<$T XK\T,


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19

ksy! us<X+ + es $msT> V+&yTq


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| bZHsT. s|TTseTjT >]
k<sT \T uy , HsjTDse >sT L&
m|&T M\T n|&T e X =\~
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bZyT +& |eT >eT jTTe
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O| s T \T nqT q+ e T+~ s < T .
n+<s *d ysTTeT+~ eyT sTe
22

\e
e] |dT OHsT (y\qT+~
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essT *d 250 eT+~. \e eTseTT
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n+<T 30e Bq |e<eXT
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ssV\T = <\qT e
\e yj\ ssT. c
+|+ ~*+~. e+<eT+~ |>,
] $T+ sT |q#d yXsT.
eTsTH&T ~>TeqT | n#TsT>
k+~. H{ s | q +| P ]
#j\H B ds qT|++~. eT<
V+ uH\|& njsTT. $X+
rdTuTHsT. n+ eT |\T|
e+~ ` n&T> ydq >>T+~.
< \|s#& se\d+<. D+
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yT&T jT\T<ssT. n|{|&
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dTH sTT.
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d HsjT D sdq Ts< = |T {\T
).
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;<X+f @$T{ d
#|{ jTedseTT H&s d
#=se eTT+<Tq sej d
23

|\T>T X #|s d
bs X #|s d
HsT sBq d
H& #|{* sej d
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Hs T bj T T| ey d j T T
MesDT+&Tbs
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+ $T+q |jTeTT+< m+
y<eTTq
=+\>eTTqT rdT <*] L*
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#eT \ +& |eV+#+>


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sT d+|TyT L* d+|TyT
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123

123
123

e] dT

<Tq+sy<+ : |Ps|s\T 2

eTT>TZsT e\T eT&T drsD\T


jo\ sj\MT< <Tq+sy<| n|< |ue+ @++f`
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d+d |], deq+ |] nd sj \T |] <|& >T]&TTq
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#d |]d be&+...M +<q *+# $wj\T.

b CC nV<#

eTq<X+ q, ||+ #y|+ >q


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+> H&T #eTD ne+~. eT+
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yTq esT sy\+f y eT
+ d]b<T. _qyTq sj\T
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<Tq+sy< + yTT
& $Xw + #&+ k< +<T> d\ +>
eTT>TZsT |+ y\ ` j{sY,
b, &]& drsD\ >T]+ #|
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qT sdq <T q+sy < |]d T \T
nq |d+ u> b#Ts+ b+~+~.
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y<+ eTTK+> eT&T eT* #q
d<+\ ysd sd]dT+~. n$
>s+ (V>), VTe (&ksdt,
+{), sjT nsXg+ (esY)
n+{&T. eqy[ q qT <|&, |&
q\ qT+& $eTT+ #dT +T+~. Xdj
T
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bw+# keesZ+ n+{&T esY.
#] ]esyZ T edT> (du y ) b
bwdT+~ nq esY d<++
du y bs Y MT< j
{sY |N O+~.
n> |T&< eed |T
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nesTT nq esY drsD d]<
y~k&T. j{sY y<q @++f`
b\esZ\+f $<q sj\T #d
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b\esZ+> sb+<<T. |dT+


s=s{ &sT nTq n~ses+Z , e
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sC\T, sjT b\T eT yuy
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q H|<+ <Tq+s sj
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|uTs d+d\T (mH..z.\T) |T
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T T{sY
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s#sTT |U e]dT d<+y, sjT $Xw\T.


nyT], q& nH $X$<\j |#XsT. |dT+
q& HVA ks eTjT+, eseq
n<jTH\ +<+ b|dsY> |#dTHsT.
24

e] dT
n#= H{ (1979), esZs{ <#sY,
d jT+ |H#{\T nT _Hq
T q qj`O<sy< $<H
\ ls+ #T{sT . #H &+> jy
|+> d+dsD\T #| & + , nyT] n<
&> >H |>Z\T #| & H @&~
eTT+<T> |]De\T #T #dT
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#T #dT HsTT. kw*dT b #+~q
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n~s+ e#&T. n< |<$ #|{ + ~
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e&+ yTT<{ &T . |+ eTdTb
bT {|t #b&T. d]>Z |]D
e\ H|< + j
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y< d<+ H e~&T. qj`
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Oq d nqT>TD+>H <+ ]+<
H~ nsd+.
j{sY sk&T: y
||+# esT eT se&&+, $|
yTq ] b{ @s&&+ , nyT]H |T&
< $<q+ ~| ;\T |&&+,
kw*dT |ejT+ D+#&+, #H
es{ s#Te&+... 1970e
<X + e]H{ s sD\T nH+
*XsTT. 1930 <~> s+ bwdT q
bMT<, |T&T\ esZ<s+
eVdTq rsTMT< yTq |qs
+q+ yTT<\sTT+~.
+ dw+ > #| y\+f s +&e
||+ # jTT<q+s+ n+~eq k+
|]Cq+ |T&< $<q+ MT< |u
e+ #|+~. 1930\ qT+& 60e <X+
esL H s ] $<H\qT nqTd]d
eq |T&< $<q+ es+Z qT+&
yqT eTs* <T O<sy< |T&
< $<q+y| eT[+~. |T&<
$<q+ $<+> |+Ee&+ eT
dT |ejT+ seTsT>Tq|&+~.
ds \T, de\qT+& e q+< EsT
e& >T+& <s+ |]+~.
e]|J nqT O|j+q
uwq, |<\q s #d nqT
\ T q <T q+sy < sj \
>TT @$T{ jT|&bT+~. |T
&< $<q+ |+Ee&+, eTdT
25

eTT>TZsT e\T eT&T drsD\T


de+ esZ eT*yT q n+X\T<T. ]X
nH~ s nH X\ { | n< ds+<T.
s+ f |<qb eV+#<T. ke+> nH
b<sT\T O+{sT. (|T&<) sC s<T#d
kq+ += (X$TesZ) sC \u&+ e\
| \MT< | q + ] <T\T (|T&<sT\T) +=sT
(X$T\T) #sTTdTHsT n b #T&T

JH b+sTTdt j{sY

|ejT+ seTsT>T e&+ e+{


|<\T |+ <Tq+sy<
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e]C <H y& n Xs
bqs<T. B >&s+ @$T+{
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f |< qb eV+#<T . ke+>
nH b< sT\T O+{sT. (|T&<)
sC s<T#d kq+ +=
(X$Tes)Z sC \u& + eT\+>
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<sT\T) +=sT (X$T\T) #
sTTdTH sT.
2. de+ q d+w\T,
n~s +<\ OHsTT. T++,
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e yssT d+w\T... esZbs
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jT nqTL&<T. @ deTd
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n y~k&T.
+{ #q\ \>*d s
j\ n |]$T neXyT <
O+&~. d]>Z b n< #T&T. mes
+=] deTd e |#TL&<T.
n #jT&eT+f me] deTd yqT
b<+ eV+#+& #jT&yT.
deTd\ b d+# esZ+ d
(y T ) s j \T k ( )
ksTT, deTd\ |b~>, fyT
u+&> |]cs w #j *. +<T
y\+f mesH kjT+ #jT#T
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| ] w ]+# T e& | j T +# & y T
k~] b<+ neT+~ n+{&T.
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||+ # y|+ > ke O<e\ |]
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j. k~] |] k+>, deTd\
b|~> H $&$&> dMT]+
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s+ > &]& q <T q+sy < d<+


|T m& &+f, qj`O<sy<, eT
C... s+&+{ d|#<. sjTb\T,
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e]dT es nH qT eTT.

d+|T{|&< n+^]+#e, nqTeT


+#e.
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m+> #|H nd sj\
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T . sC~s dy\T #j *q
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|*\T e&+, OeT& |j H\ d+
bs&*q q+ Hq, HB, ey{
nq H<\L, bs{\L |]$T+
e&+ H |T&< eed e
*+~ @eTT+~? n+<T +>`XH
O<sy< sC+>jT++ nd s
j \ L , < T q+ y < nf
n&T#|<T. nyT]H O<VsD> rdT
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#s + s+>TqT{. .. $&$& ke
s> T \T> nd sj \ |]$T+
e&+ sC~s dy\T #jT >*>
esZ sj\ e+& b+~.
|eTTK nyT]H e]dT #]sT&T
yT &$dt nd sj\ |ue+
>T]+ $dyTq n<jTq+ #d yTq
s # q \T mH n+~+#& T . 1960e
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sj \T nyT]qT+&, q&, _H\

Cdt &]&

bsTT. >+ @H& ke s>


(m~>|t) nH |<H y& msT>ysT
<Tq+sy<+, nd sj\T,
bsY b+&wH <T \ |De n 1970\
sTy ke s>T\T nH n+X+
MT< |]X<\T>, n<jT O|Hd
\T> (>dt ssY >), ke O<eT
sT\T> = nes\T msT . @+#| H,
@+ #dH MsT <|& seedqT \B
jTsT, >ZBjTsT, esZbs{\ C*
nd\T bsT.
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O+< # | & T . d e Td \qT y{
duy\qT { |]o*+, < qT+&
sj \qT s]+#* n+{&T. &]&
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#TT+{sT. &]&jTy H +
e]C eT]+ > s& > j sT
#jT&+ n+{&T. s+> nqT
e]C sTD|& O+{&T nqTe#

eTq+. H <T. e yTsyT #T e\T.


&]& #| $sDy<+ n+f ,
kV bs \qT #~y H= |<
| ysT <T. e]C L& nH
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sy\ |b~k&T. &]& |b
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O+T+< n eH #<+`
B (= +swq) |sT
O+&<T. +{|sT n+H O+&<T.
sV d d+d <T> n{ n eT |_ >
O+&<T. CeT\T O+&e. bsd+
O+&<T . esZ\|] OeT& + O+&<T .
d+d> O+&<T> d+s+> O+T+~.
d+s+ e] essY +swq>
esTT+<, b> s|+ rdT+T+<
n #| + n+srjT HjTd
\T, C, CsC\ e+{ uy\|
$eTsH+> O+T+~
|b<q >+<s>+ n+
eTq+ \ mTy*q | <T>
= +swq nq |< mT
26

eTT>TZsT e\T eT&T drsD\T

e] dT
se&yT <sY +swqqT (y{bf
d+& +swq, bsY +swqqT
L&) d|# O<X+ n eTq+
>V+#*. |d+ | |J, |s
esY k+ #dH esY |u~+
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y<+. n< <Tq+sy<+> #
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n+ @< { O+& rs* <. &]&
<Tq+sy< d<+ n+{
#sD <T. eTdsT\T, +
#| y\+f eTdT es\T L&
eT< \+ e\ T> +s { <s
]=sT d++<\T |T >|
>H, H{esY>H @s& d sj \T
(yT b*{) |] k +<q
\bT ||+#y| sdq\L |PqT
q d+<s\T eTq+ nH+ #X+.
.m+.m|t, `20, ||+# ]y~
deyX\T ]q # yds T qT+&
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e+ m+{ s#sD L |]=\<T.
+ @$T+f`||+# ke
y ~ (es kw b s y T ) & ] &
|u~+q = +swq e~]>
|#dT+~. n+<T> bsyTqT H{
esY\ deVs\ H{esY> n_e]
dT+ {sT. bsyT d sjT s
eT+ <T, @{ sjT Cs
sT|T+~.
<Tq+sy<+ mq<q
eTT>TZsT \ y<\T |]o*+#+
<! |&T eTq+ @+ rs+#Te#T?
<Tq+sy<+ $$< bjT\TH
sTT. <Tq+sy< @d+>,
@ d<++> |]>D+# M\T <T.
nsTT = | \D\T ={qT
q&sTT. n$:
` <T q+sy <+, n_e~#+ ~q
|eT <X\ |]dT\qT ||*dT+~.
|]dT\ q<q uw+ #T
T+~. <Tq+sy< eTq+ k\
u+ d+ e\+ <<+ qT+&
|]o*+#+. ] D+ qT+& $Xw d <
|eT<X +< \D\T eT]+>
jT|& sTT.
27

<Tq+sy<\T @yH, mqTH


sj\ $wj e#d] e]+
qT+&, eTdT sj\ qT+& K
+> $&>=T O+{sT. esZ\T yssT
e#T, n+eT+> M{ <sD f`
e]dT es.

yTU b

` <T q+sy <\T @yH , mqT


H sj \ $wj e#d] e]
+qT+&, eTdT sj\ qT+&
K+> $&>=T O+{sT. esZ\T
yssT e#T, n+eT+> M{
<sD f` e]dT es. nyT]H
sV <T q+sy <+.. O<sy<+,
e y<\ S, |+ <T
q+y<T dy , j
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|{sT yTC]{ esZ nqTd]+
#<T. $T*q y _qesZ\T
m+#TqT |dTq|{ n+<s
qj`ns#y < H |]u$ T+#sT.
& eTq+ >TsT #dTy*q $wjT+
@++f esY Oq sE L&
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123

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28

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29

esTr dT eHdsY b |]De\T


1970 <X + sT y ] \| | T& ]|
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d+|T { s+>+ qT+& nd+|T { s+>+>
esd+~.

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MT n_bj\T \|+&!
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<T.
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123
30

e]
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n+srjT, CrjT |]dT\T


n+srjT |]d
T \T
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RNI Reg. No. APTEL/2006/17554

Postal Regd. No H/SD/407/07-10-12

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(e]C eT&T eT\T`eT&T u>\T |] u*$ |
bdtyX (yT\T|) 1913 e] d+ sdq yd+. d+>V+>...)
Marxistu, monthly organ of Communist Party of India (Marxist) A.P . State Committee.
Printer & Publisher B.V. Raghavulu. RNI Reg.No. APTEL/2006/17554. Vol.7, No.5, September 2012

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