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10-11

. 10-11 .

.. 4- ., .
.: , 2001 .


.4
.4
...40
.97
..122
.130
- ..130
...169
..184
..184
.215
232
.240
...254
.260
272
277
292
..298
. ...298
308


. , ,
, .
3


. , , .

. , . , . ,
,
. , , ,
, .
, . , ,
. -
, ,
. , - .
t1 A, t2 B. . s ,
A, B. , -
t1 rA , t2 rB , s = rB
rA .
s (, y, z)
. , Y
y, Z z.
. . . :
, . . ,
. , .
y
A
S
RB
4
B

RA
0

A
B. . v ,
v=

s
.
t2 t1

. .
v .
- r
, ,
X, . v
X v
vx =

x2 x1
,
t2 t1

2 t2, 1 t1.
.
v . a
a=

v2 v1
,
t2 t1

v2 t2, v1
t1.
a .
s
at 2
,
2
v0 , a , t s = v0t +

. X,

x = x0 + v0t +

at 2
,
2

0 . ,
S, v1 v2
vx2 2 vx21 = 2 ax s x .
; , . R
v.
.
T 360, :
= 1/T. v
v=

2 R
= 2R .
T


a. ,
.

a =

v2
.
R

a T

a = 4 2 2 R = 4 2

R
T2

,
. A
v. B
v0. ,
B, A
v = v v0. ,
, .
1.
,
.
2.
, .
3.
) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) .
6

4.
) ; ) ; ) ; ) .
5.
) ; ) .
6.
, .
7.
(0; 0); (0; 60); (80; 60); D(80; 0).
K( 5; 20); L( 10; 10); M(30; 5).

(20; 40).

8.
.
9.
, , .
10.
, .
11.

3 + 1 = 4 , 3 1 = 2 .
12.
l = R, S =
= 2R.
l R
=
=
S 2R 2

13.
r1 , : 6 2 =4 , Y: 8,5 8,5 =
= 0; r2 : 6 2 = 4 , Y: 6 4 = 2 ; r3 : 4 8 = 4 , Y: 1,5 1,5 = 0; r4

: 11 8 = 3 ; Y: 2 6 = 4 ; r5 :
7,5 7,5 = 0; Y: 10 7 = 3 .
14.
, .
(20; 20), (60; 10).
: 60 20 = 40 ; Y: 10 20 = 30 .
. 40 2 2 + ( 30) 2 2 = 50 .
15.
D.
(2; 2), D (6; 2). :
6 2 = 4 . : 6 2 = 4 , Y:
2 2 = 0. : (10 2 ) + (6 2 ) + (10
2 ) = 20 .
16.

,
S

:
1 = 0;
1 = 2 ;
2 = 4 ;
2 = 1 .
: S; S; Sy.

.
S = 2 1 = 4 0 = 4 ;
S = 2 1 = 1 2 = 3
S = S x2 + S y2 = 42 2 + ( 3)2 2 = 5 .
: S = 4 , S = 3 , S = 5 .

17.

S2

S2

:
S1 = 40 ;
S2 = 30 .
S, l.

.

S = S12 + S22 = 402 2 + 302 2 = 50 .
l = S1 + S2 = 40 + 30 = 70 .
: S = 50 , l = 70 .

18.
S

S2

S1

.
:
= 135; S = S1 + S2 . :
S1 = 2 ;
2
2
S2 = 1 . S = S1 + S2 2S1S2cos =

= 22 2 +12 2 - 2 2 1 cos135o =

2
2 2,8 .
2
, .
= 5 2 + 4

sin =

: S

S1sin

( ( )) = 2 sin45o 0,5.

S
= 30.
: S = 2,8 , = 30.

2,8

19.
S//
S2

S
S/

S1

S3

:
= 45;
S1 = 400 ;
S2 = 500 ;
S3 = 600 .

.
1) + = 90,
SiN = coS , coS = SiN .
2) S
/. , S S2 /

//

. S = OA , S = AO .
/

//

: S = S + S .
3) S1coS + S/SiN + S//coS = S2; S1coS + SSiN =
= S2;
(1)
SSiN = S2 S1coS .
4)

S3

S //

S3 + S1sin
.
S

, S3 = S//SiN = S//coS ,
(2)
ScoS = S3 + S1SiN .
5) (1) (2).
S S cos 500 400 0,71
tg = 2 1

0,37;
S3 + S1sin 300 + 400 0,71
20.
S S cos 500 400 0,71

617 .
6) S = 2 1
sin
0,35
: S .

10

: S = 617 , 20.

20.
:
v1 = 20 /;
v2 = 15 /;
v3 = 10 /;
01 = 500 ;
02 = 200 ;
03 = 300 ;
t1 = 5 ;
t2 = 10 c;
/ = 600 ;
// = 0;
t3 = 20 c.

1) 1 = 01 + v1t = 500 + 20t; 2 = 02 + v2t = 20015t;


3 = 03 + v3t = 300 10t.
2) 1(t1) = 500 + 20 /c 5 c = 600 ;
2(t2) = 200 15 /c 10 c = 150 ;
S(t2) = v2t2 = 15 /c 10 c = 150 .
x / x03 600 ( 300 )
3) / = 01 + v3t/; t / =
=
= 30 .
10

v3
//

x x01 0 ( 500 )
=
= 25 .
v1
20
5) 2(t3) = 200 + (15 /) (20 ) = 500
: 1(t1),
: 1(t1) = 600 , 2(t2) = 150 , S(t2) = 150 ,
2(t2), S(t2), t/, t//, t/ = 30 c, t// = 25 c, 2(t3) = 500 .
2(t3).

4) // = 01 + v1t//; t // =

21.
270

x1(0)

2(0)

:
.
1(t) = 270+12t; 1) v1 = 12 /, v2 = 1,5 /; v1
2(t) = 1,5t.
, v 2 .
2) 1(t) = 2(t); 270 + 12t = 1,5t; 13,5t = 270;
t = 20 .
3) = 1(t) = 270 + 12 / 20 = 30 .
: v1 ,v2 , , : v1 = 12 /, v2 = 1,5 /, = 30 , t = 20 .
t.
22.
, I : 5 , II: 5 ,

III: 10 . I: v1 = 5 5 = 0 ,
II: v2 = 15 5 = 1/, III:
20

20
0 ( 10 )
v3 =
= 0,5 /.
20

: I: 1 = 5; II: 2 = t + 5; III: 3 = 0,5t 10.


11

.. ,
v1, v2, v3 .
II III , = 5 t = 10 .
.
2(t) = 3(t);
t + 5 = 0,5t 10;
t = 10 ;
2(t) = 2(10) = 10 + 0,5 / 10 = 5 .
23.

x, 200
100
0
-100

10

15

20

25

30

-200
t,

:
1(t) = 5t;
2(t) = 150 10t.
: , t.

.
1(t) = 2(t); 5t = 150 10t; t = 10 .
= 1(t) = 5 / 10 = 50 .
: = 50 , t = 50 .

24.
I: 10 = 20 , II: 20 = 20 .
60 20
= 2 ,
20
60 ( 20 )
= 4 .
v2 =
20

I: v1 =
II:

:
1(t) = 10 + v1t = 20 + 2t; 2(t) = 20 + v2t = 20 + 4t.
t = 0, . t , = 0.
x
,

25.
600
400
200
0
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40
t,

12

:
v1 = 10 /;
v2 = 20 /;
= 2000 .

: , t.

.
2 = v2t = 20t;
1 = + v1t = 200 + 20t; 2(t) = 1(t);
200
x
= 20 .
v2t = + v1t; t =
=
v2 v1 20 -10
= 2(t) = v2t = 20 / 20 = 400 .
: = 400 , t = 20 .

26.
.
:
S, 10 = 0, v1, v2. 1) 1(t) = v1t; 2(t) = v2t + S; 1(t) = 2(t);
v1t = v2t + S;
v1x
S
2) t =
; 2) = 1(t) = v1t =
S;
v1x v2 x
v1x v2 x
x
v
3) x1/ = v1xt / , t / = 1 ; x2/ = v2x t / + S = 2x + S.
v1x
v1x
: t, , 2/

t,

1
2
3
4
5

20
37,6
0
47,2
37

200
700
0
849
629

27.
:
1 = 01 + v1t;
2 = 02 + v2t.
: , t.

1
2
3
4
5

2/ ,
100
0
810
526
825

.
1(t) = 2(t); 01 + v1t = 02 + v2t;
t=

x 01 x 02
v1x
; = 1(t)=01 +
( x01 x02 ) .
v2 x v1x
v 2 x v1x

t,
42
7,3
11,3
53,7
5,7

,
200
17,8
12,5
263
0

28.
) ; ) ; )
13

29.
, , .
30.
, ,
, . ,
.
31.
: 150 / 41,7 /. 41,1>30,
, 30 /.
32.
:
v1 = 36 / =
= 10 /; v2 = 4 /
/

//

.
v2/ = v1 + v2 = 10 / + 4 / = 14 /.
v2// = v1 v2 = 10 / 4 / = 6 /.
/

//

: v2 = 14 , v 2 = 6 .

: v2 , v2 .

33.
.
:
v = 18 / = 5 /. , , 1
: vx/ ,vx// , vx/ 1 ,vx//1 vx/ = 5 /,
vx// = 5 /. ,
, vx/ 1 = 2v = 10 /, vx//1 = 0.
34.
.
:
v = 0,75 /; v / = v + v ;

v = 0,25 /,
l
l
t= / =
l = 20
v

: t.

14

v + v

: t = 20.

20
= 20 .
0 ,75 /c + 0, 25 /c

35.
:
v1 = 72 / = 20 /;
v2 = 54 / = 15 /;
t = 14 .
l.
36.
:

v
=n
v

.
v/ = v1 + v2;
l = tv/ = t(v1 + v2) = 14(20 + 15) = 490

t/ =
t/
t //

t/
t

//

l
l
l
l
=
=
; t // =
;
v + v (n + 1)v
v + v (n 1)v

l
(n +1)v
l
(n 1)v

N = 11
37.
:
t1 = 1 .;
t2 = 3 .

t/
t

//

11 1 5
= .
11 + 1 6

.
l = vt1 = vt2; =
t=

: t.

n 1
t / 2 1 1
=
; N = 2 // =
n +1
2 +1 3
t

l
=
v + v

l
l
t1

l
t2

l
l
; v = ;
t1
t2
=

t1t2
1 3
=
= 0 ,75 .
t1 + t2 1 + 3

: t = 0, 75 .

38.
v1

1
:
v1 = 20 /;
v2 = 16,5 /;
v3 = 25 /;
1 = 15 ;
2 = 20 .
: l.

v2

n3

.
,
.
v2/ = 0 , v1/ = v1 v2 = 20 / 16,5 / = 3,5 /;
v3/ = v3 v2 = 25 16,5 = 41,5 /.

t =

x2 x1 x2 x1
;
=
v1
v1 v2

15

l = (2 1) + t x3/ = (x2 x1 ) +

= (x2 x1) 1 +

v2 v3
(x2 x1 ) =
v1 v2

v2 v3
v1 v3
=
= ( x2 x1 )
v1 v2
v1 v2
20 / ( 25 /)
= 450 .
20 / 16 ,5 /

= (20 ( 15 ))
39.
:
= 1 =
= 60 ;
v = 2 /.

.
1) l0 = (v v);
2) l/(t) = l0 + t(v + v); l/(t) = v + vt; l/(t) = l//(t);
(v v) + t(v + v1) = v + vt; t = ;
t/ = t + = 2 = 21 = 2 ;
3) l = vt/ = 2v = 60 c2 /c2 = 240 .
: t/ = 2 , l = 240 .

: t/, l.

40.
:
.
S, v1, v2.
v2 + v1 + v2 v1
S
S
2Sv
= 2 2 2
: t1 t2. t = v v + v + v = S
2
2
v

v
v
2
1
2
1

2
1
2 v1
t2 =

v
2S
1
; t1 t2 = 2 S 2 2 2
v2
v2 v1 v2

41.
.
:
v = 12 /,
vy = 5 /.
2
2
2
v = vx + v y = 12

v.

(/c )2 + 22 (/c )2 =13 /.

: v = 13 /

42.
vy

v
vx

16

.
:
vy = 20 /; 1).
v =10 /. v = v 2 + v 2 = 202 /c 2 + ( 10 ) /c 2 = 10 5 /c 22 /c;
( )
( )
x
y
2) tg =

vx
10 /c
1
1
=
= ; = arctg 27.
20 /c
2
vy
2

:v, . : v 22 /c, = 27.


43.
:
v = 4 /;
v = 1 /;
l = 800 .
: S.

.
t=

v
l
1 /c
; S = vtt = l =
800 = 200 .
vk
vk
4 /c

: S = 200 .

44.
:
l = 100 =
= 10 ;
v2 = 25 /;
d = 38 = 3,8
;
d2 = 42 =
= 4,2 .
: v1.

.
.
t=

l 1
; ( d 2 d1 ) = v1t ;
v2 2

4,2 c 3,8 c
d2 d1 d2 d1
=
25 =
v2 =
.
2t
2l
2 10 c
= 0,5 .

v1 =

: v1 = 0,5 .

45.

v
v1
v2

:
.
v2, v1, S.
v
v
1) SiN = 2 , .. = aRcSiN 2 ;
: , t, v.
v1
v1
17

2) v = v1 cos = v1 1 sin2 = v1 1
3) t =

1
2
3
4
5

v22
v12

= v12 v22 ;

S
S
=
.
2
v
v1 v22

v, /
5,66
0,656
3,72
12,1
4,7

19,5
72,6
27
7,72
0

t, /
38,9
131
6,98
39,3
8

46.
v1
v

v2

:
.
v1 = 90 / = v2 = v 2 + v 2 2v v cos
1
2
1 2
= 25 /;
v = v12 + v22 2v1v2 cos =
v2 = 10 /;
= 45.
= 252 ( ) + 102 ( ) 2 25 10

19,3 /;
:
: v, .
18

v2
v
v
; sin = 2 sin 0,36;
=
sin sin
v

= aRcSiN 0,36 21.


: v 19,3 /, 21.

47.
:
v = 2,4 /;
v1 = v2 = v3 =
= 1 /.
:
v1/ ,v2/ ,v3/ ,
v1/x , v1/y , v2/ x ,
/
v2/ y , v3/ x , v3 y

.
1) v i/ = v i v i = 1,
2, 3.
2) .. v1 v2 ,
v1/ = v1 v = 1 / 2 , 4 / = 1,4 /;
v 2/ = v 2 v = 1 / 2 , 4 / =

3,4 /.

3) .. v , v1 , v2 Y,
/
/
v1/x = v / = 1, 4 /; v 2 x = v 2 = 3 , 4 /;

v 1/ y = 0 ; v 2 y = 0 .

4) v3/ = v32 + ( v )2 = v32 + v2 = (1 / )2 + (2,4 / )2 =


= 2,6 /.
v3/ x = v = 2,4 /; v3 y = v3 = 1 /.
48.
.
:
v1 = 10 /;
l
l
; t2 =
;
1) t1 =
v2 = 15 /;
2v1
2v2
v =

l
1
2v v
2 10 / 15 /
=
= 12 =
= 12 /.
1
1
t1 + t2
v
+
v
10 / + 15 /
1
2
+
2v1 2v2

2) , v1 v2
, v.
:
2

v1 + v2 2v1v2 (v1 + v2 ) 4v1v2

=
=
v1 + v2
2
2 (v1 + v2 )
2

v12 + v22 2v1v2 (v1 v2 )


=
>0
2 (v1 + v2 )
2 (v1 + v2 )

v1 + v2
2v v
> 1 2 . 2
v1 + v2


: v.

v1 + v2 10 / + 15 /
=
= 12 ,5 / >
2
2

> 12 /.
: v = 12 /.
19

49.
1) .
6 . ,

6
= 0,12 . 5 ,
50

50 ; ,

50
= 10 . 5

1,2 , 1,210 =
= 12 .

12
= 100 /.
0,12

2) . .. ,
. 4 , ..

4
= 0,08 .
50

1,6 , .. 1,6
10 = 16 .
50.
:
a = 200 /2;
v = 10 /.

.
0 = v ; =

: .
51.
:
t1 = 10 ;
v1 = 0,6 /;
v2 = 3 /.
: t2.
52.
:
a = 0,3 /2;
v0 = 4 /;
t = 20 .
: v.

20

16
= 200 /.
0,08

v
10 /
=
= 0,05 .
a 200 / 2

: = 0,05 .
.
a=

v1 v2
v
3 /
= ; t2 = 2 t1 =
10 = 50 .
t1 t2
v1
0 ,6 /

: t = 50 c.
.
v = v0 + at = 4 / + 0,3 /2 20 = 10 /.
: v = 10 /.

53.
:
v1 = 12 /;
v2 = 20 /;
= 0,4 /2.
: t.

.
v2 = v1 + t; t =

v2 v1 20 / 12 /
= 20 .
=
a
0 ,4 / 2

: t = 20 c.

54.
v, /c 150
100
50
0
0

:
v = 0,8t, t0 = 5
: v(t0).

20

40

60

80

100

120

140
t,

.
v(t0) = 0,85 = 4 /.
: v(t0) = 4 /.

55.
v, /c 30
20
10
0
-10 0

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

-20
t,

:
t = 20 ;
v0 = 72 / = 20 /;
v1 = 54 / = 15 /.
: v(t).

.
1) v1 = v0 + t; ax =

v1 v0
t

2) v(t) = v0 + t = v0 (v0
v1)

t
20 / 15 /
= 20 /
t = 20 0 ,25t .
t
20

56.
:
1) v0 = v(0) = 1 /;
2) v(3) = 2,5 /;
3) v(6) = 4 /.
v(t).
ax =

v( 6 ) v0 4 / 1 /
2
=
= 0,5 / . v(t) = v0 + t = 1 + 0,5t.
6
6

21

57.
10 / 0 /
2
= 1,25 / ; v0 = 0; v(t) = 1,25t.
8
20 / 5 /
2
II: ax =
= 5 / ; v0 = 5 /; v(t) = 5 + 5t.
3
0 / 20 /
2
III: ax =
= 4 / ; v0 = 20 /; v(t) = 20 4t.
5

I: ax =

58.

40

v, /c

20
0
-0,5
-20

0,5

1,5

2,5

3,5

4,5

5,5

6,5

-40
t, c

:
v0 = 30 /;
= 10 /2;
t1 = 2 ;
t2 = 3 ;
t3 = 4

.
1) , v0 Y, (.. v0 ), Y, .. .
v = v0 t = 30 10t;
v(t1) = v(2) = 30 / 10 /22 = 10 /;
v(t2) = v(3) = 30 / 10 /23 = 0;
v(t3) = v(4) = 30 / 10 /24 = 10 /
: v(t), v(ti) : v(t) = 30 at, v(t1)=10 /,
i = 1, 2, 3.
v(t1) = 0, v(t1) = 10 /.
59.

/c 1 ,5
1
0 ,5
0
0

- 0 ,5
-1
- 1 ,5
t,

22

/c 1 ,5
1
0 ,5
0
0 ,5

1 ,5

- 0 ,5
-1
- 1 ,5
t,

2
1 / , 0 t 1,
) =
;
2
1 / , 1 < t 3

t, 0 t 1,
v ( t ) =
1 ( t 1 ), 0 < t 3.
1 / 2 , 0 t 1,
) ( t ) =
;
2
2 / , 1 < t 2.
t 0 t 1
v (t ) =
1 2( t 1 ), 1 < t 2

60.
:
1 = 22.

.
S1 =

a1t 2
t2
= 2 a2 ;
2
2

S2 = a2

v1 = 1t = 22t; v2 = 2t;
:
S1
,
S2

v1
v2

61.
:
l1 = 10 ;
t1 = 1 ;
t2 = 3 .
: l2.

t 2 S1
;
=2.
2 S2

v1
=2.
v2

S1
v
=2, 1 =2.
S2
v2

.
2

l=a

(3 ) = 90 .
t2
t2
t12
2l
; a = 21 ; l2 = a 2 = l1 22 = 10
2
2
t1
t1
(1 )2

: l2 = 90 .
23

62.
, ..
1, 4 =
= 22, 9 = 32, 16 = 42.
, 16 40,2 = 0,8 ;
16 =

0 ,8 2
2

. = 50 /2 = 5 /2.

v(0) = 0.
v(0,2) = 1 /.
v(20,2) = 2 /2.
v(30,2) = 3 /.
v(40,2) = 4 /.
63.
.
:
= 0,6 /2;
at 2
2l
l=
; t=
=
l = 30 .
2
a
: t.

: t = 10 .

64.
:
t1 = 3 .

2 30
0 ,6 / 2

= 10 .

2
2
2
1) l = at1 ; a = 22l ;2) 9 l = at 2 ; 9 l = 2 l t 2 ;
2

: t2.

t1

t1 2

t2 = 3t1; t2 = 33 = 9 .
: t2 = 9 .

65.
.
:
1t.
at 2
.
V
=
at;
S
=
: S, v.
2

1
2
3
4
5
6

24

v, /
2,29
7,61
8,35
715
23,7
85,8

S,
4,24
35,8
36,3
0,414
226
2230

66.
:
t = 10;
S = 5 =
= 5103 .

.
S=

2 S 2 5 103
a 2
2
t ; a= 2 =
= 100 / ;
2
2
t
10

( )

v = at =

2 St

t2

2 S 2 5 103
=
= 1000 /.
t
10

: ; v. : a = 100 /2, v = 1000 /.


67.
:
= 616 /2 =
=6,16105 /2;
l = 41,5 =
= 0,415 .
: v.

.
l=

at 2
2l
; t=
;
2
a

v = at = 2al = 2 6 ,16 105 / 0 ,415 7 ,15 102 /.

: v 7 ,15 102 /.

68.
l at12
=
; v1 = at1 ;
1) 2 2

2)

l=
v12

3)

v22

l v12
=
2 2 ;

at22
v2
; v2 = at2 ; l = 2
2
2a ;
1
= ;
2

69.
:
v0 = 72 / =
= 20 /;
t = 5 .
: S.

v2
= 2
v1

1,41.

.
0 = v0 t; a =

v0
;
t

vt 1
at 2
1
= v0t 0 = v0t = 20 / 5 = 50 .
2
2
2
2
: S = 50 .
S = v0t

70.
:
.
S1 = 1215 ;
at 2
v12
v12
v1 = 270 / = S1 = 2 ; v1 = a1 (t1 ) ; S1 = 2a ; a1 = 2S
2
1
= 75 /;
2
v
2S
S2 = 710 ;
S1 = 1 t12 t1 = 1 ;
4 S1

v1

25

v2 = 230 /
63,9 /.

2) 0 = v2 a2t2; S2 = v2t2
a2 =

a2t22 v22 v22


v2
=

= 2 ;
2
a2 2a2 2a2

v
2S
v22
; t2 = 2 = 2 ;
2S2
a2
v2
2

3)

a1 v12 S 2 ( 270 / ) 710


=
=

0,81 ;
a2 v22 S1 ( 230 / )2 1215

t1 S1v2 230 / 1215


=
=
1,46 .
t2 S2v2
270 / 710

t1 a1
;
t2 a2

a1
t
0 ,81, 1 1, 46 .
a2
t2

71.
:
.
v1=15 /;
at12 v12 v12 v12
v1
v2=90 /; 1) 0 = v1 t1; t = a ; S1 = v1t1 2 = a 2a = 2a ;
S1 = 1,5 .
v2
2a = 1 .
S1

2)

2a =

S2.

72.
:
S, t.
: , v0.

1
2
3
4
5

26

3)

v22
S2

v12 v22
;
=
S1 S2

v
90 /
S2 = 2 S1 =
1,5 = 54 .
v
15 /
1

.
0 = v0 at; v0 = at; S = v0t
, /2
170
0,5
0,418
18,8
4,97

2S
at 2
at 2 at 2
= at 2
=
; a= 2 .
2
2
2
t

v0, /
8,85
7
16,3
16
21,4

73.
:
= 3.

.
v

v
v

v

t =const

v

v

l =const

75.

l =const

l
=
l

v

v

74.
:
= 10 ;
v = 6t;
(0) = 0;
v(0) = 0.
:
().

t =const

t
=
t

t =const

=3;
t =const

= 3 1,7 .
l =const

v
= 3,
v

1,7.
l =const

.
1) = 6 /2; 2) x =

a xt 2
= 3t 2 ;
2

3) () = (100) = 3102 = 300 .


(t); : x = 3t 2 , () = 300 .

x, 15
10
5
0
0

:
= 0,4t2;
= 4 .
:v(t), S.

6
t, c

.
1) x =

at 2
a
, = 0 ,4;
2
2

= 0,8 /2

2) v(t) = at = 0,8t; 3) S = () = 0,4 /2(4 )2 = 64 .


: x =

at 2
, S = 64 .
2

27

76.
:
= 5 ;
= 0,2t.

.

0,2 2 = 0,4 /2
() = 0,252 = 5 ; S() = () = 5 .

: (); S(). : () = 5 , S() = 5


77.
:
t, S, v0.
: v, .

.
1) S = v0t +

2 ( S v0t )
at 2
a=
;
2
t2

2) v = v0+at.
78.
:
l = 100 ;
t = 20 ;
= 0,3 /2.
: v0, v
79.
:
t = 20 ;
l = 340 ;
v = 19 /.

.
l = v0t +

at 2
l at 100 0 ,3/ 2 20
; v0 = =

= 2 /
2
t 2
20
2

v = v0+at = 2 /+0,3 /220 = 8 /.


: v0 = 2 /, v = 8 /.
.
1) v = v0+at; a =

v v0
t

: , v0.

: = 0,2 /2, v0 = 15 /.

80.

v02

3
28

at 2
t 2 v v0 t v + v0
;
= v0t +
=
2
2
2
t
2l
2 340
v0 = Vk =
19/= 15 /;
t
20
v v
2v 2l 2
l
a= 0 =
= v =
t
t
t
2 t
t
3)
2
340
=
19/
= 0,2 /.
20
20

2) l = v0t +

:
1 = -0,4t2;
2 = 400-0,6t;
3 = -300.
: x0i, v0i,
ai, i = 1, 2, 3.

.
xi = x0i + v0i t +

ai 2
t
2

1) 01 = 0; v01 = 0;

a1
= 0 ,4 , 1 =
2

= 0,8 /2.
,
.
2) 02=400 ; v02 = -0,6 /;

a2
= 0 , 2=0.
2

, .
3) 03 = -300 ; v03 = 0;

a3
= 0 , 3 = 0.
2

.
81.
v, /c 20
10
0
-10

-20
-30
-40
t, c

:
1 = 10t+0,4t2;
x2 = 2t-t2;
x3 = -4t+2t2;
x4 = -t-6t2
: vxi(t),
i = 1, 2, 3;
v1 = 2-2t.

.
xi = v0i +

ai 2
t ; vxi = v0 + ai t
2

1) v01 = 10 /; 1 = 0,8 /2; v1 = 10+0,8t.


.
2) v02 = 2 /; 2 = 2 /2; vx2 = 2 2t
.
3) v03 = - 4 /; 3 = 4 /2; v3 = - 4+4t.
.
4) v04 = - 1 /; 4 = - 12 /2; v4 = - 1-12t.
.
29

82.
57 :
1,25 2
t = 0 ,625t 2
2
5
II : X (t ) = 5t + t 2 = 5t + 2 ,5t 2
2
4
III : X (t ) = 20t t 2 = 20t 2t 2
2

I : X (t ) =

83.
:
S1, S2, S3.
: t1,
t2, v, 1, 2.

.
a1t1

S1 = 2 (1)

a2t22
(2)
S 2 = vt2
2

v = a1t1 (3)
t = t + t (4)
1
2

0 = v a2t2 (5)

1) (3) (5) t1 t2.


t2 =

v
v
, t1 = . a2
a1

(1) (2), :
S1 =

v2
v2
v2
v2
; S2 =

= a1S1 ;
= S2 a2
2a1
2a2
2
2

a1S1 = a2S2.
a1 =

v
v
S
S
, a2 =
1 = 2
t1
t2
t1 t2

(4), :
t1 =
2) t2 = t t1 =

S1
S
= 2 .
t1 t t1

S1
t.
S1 + S2

S2
t.
S1 + S2

3) t1 (1) a1 =
30

2S1
t12

4) (6), a2 =

S1
a1 .
S2

5) 2 t2 (2)
1
at 2
v = S + 2 .

t
2

84.
v,/ 5
4
3
2
1
0
-1 0
-2
-3

10

15

t, c

:
t1 = 4 ;
1 = 1 /2;
t2 = 0,1 = 6 ;
l3 = 20 .

.
1) :
v1x = a1t = t; l1 =

a1t12 1/ 2 (4)2
=
= 8 .
2
2

2) :
v2x = a1t1 = 1 /2 4 = 4 /;
l = v2xt2 = a1t1t2 = 1 /2 4 6 = 24 .
3) :
2l3a3 = v 22x ; a3 =

v22x (4/) 2
= 0,4 /2.
=
2l3 2 20

v3x = v2x-a3t = 4-0,4t, 0 = 4-0,3t3, t3 = 10 .


t, t 4 c

4) vx(t) = 4, 4c < t 10c .


5) v

4 0 ,4t, t > 10c

l1 + l2 + l3 8 + 24 + 20
=
=
= 1,6 /.
4 + 6 + 10
t1 + t2 + t3

31

: v, v(t).

: v = 1,6 /,
t, t 4 c

v(t) = 4 , 4c < t 10c .


4 0 ,4t, t > 10c

85.
:
v = 72 / = 20 /,
t = 20 = 1200 ,
t1 = 4 = 240 .

.
,
.
:
S=v

t + (t t1 )
= vt;
2

v = v 1
1

t1
2t

= 20 /

1
1

240c
21200c

22,2 /.

: v 22,2 /.

v.
v, /

t t1

v
vcp

t,
86.
:
x1 = 2t + 0,2t2;
x2 = 80 4t;
= 5 c.

.
1) , .
2) x1(tB) = x2(tB);
2tBt0,2tB2 = 80 4tB;
0,2tB2 + 6t 80 = 0;
t1 =

3 5
= 40 c;
0,2

t2 =

3 + 5
= 10 c;
0,2

tB = t2, .. t1 < 0.
xB = x2(tB) = 80 4 / 10 = 40 .
32

xB, tB, R,
x1.
87.
:
1 = 0,2 /2;
v02 = 2 /;
2 = 0,4 /2;
1 = 6,9 ;
2 = 0.

3) x1() = 2 / 5 + 0,2 /2(5 )2 = 15 ;


x2() = 80 4 / 5 = 60 ;
R = |x1() x2()| = |15 60 | = 45 .
4) x2(t) = 0,
.. 80 4t = 0; t = 20 c;
x1 = x1(t) = 2 / 20 + 0,2 /2(20 )2 = 120 .
: = 40 , t = 10 c, R = 45, x1 = 120 .

.
1) X1(t) = x1 +

a1t 2
= 6,9 + 0,1t2;
2

X2(t) = x2 + v02t +

a2t 2
= 2t + 0,2t2;
2

2) X1(tB) = X2(tB);
6,9 + 0,1tB2 = 2t + 0,2t2;
0,1t2 + 2t 6,9 = 0;
t1 =

1 1,3
= 23 c;
0,1

t2 =

1 + 1,3
= 3 c.
0,1

tB = t2, .. t1 < 0.
xB = X1(tB) = 6,9 + 0,1 /2(3 )2 = 7,8 .
1(t), X2(t), : X1(t) = 6,9 + 0,1t2; X2(t) = 2t + 0,2t2;
xB, tB.
xB = 7,8 ; tB = 3 .
88.
:
1 = 15 + t2;
x2 = 8t.

; tB.

.
1) , .
2) x1(tB) = x2(tB);
15 + t2 = 8t;
t2 8t + 15 = 0;
t1 = 3 c; t2 = 5 c.
, :
tB1 = t1 tB2 = t2.
3) xB1 = x2(tB1) = 8 /3 = 24 .
xB2 = x2(tB2) = 8 /5 = 40 .
: xB1 = 24 ; xB2 = 40 .
33

89.
:
.
1
1 = 30 / = 0,5 /;
1
; 1) 1 =
= 2 ;
Ti =
2 = 1500 / = 25 /;
i
0,5c 1
3 = 8400 / = 140 /;
1
4=96000 /=1600 /. 2) 2 = 25c 1 = 0,04 ;
3) 3 =
4) 4 =
Ti, i = 1, 2, 3, 4.
90.
:

27 = 648 .
.
91.
:
d = 300 = 0,3 ;
vmax = 35 /;
1 = 1400 /
23,3 /;
2 = 2800 /
46,7 /.
v1, v2.

1
140c 1
1
1600c

0,007 ;

= 6,25104 .

: 1=2 ; 2=0,04 ; 3 0,007 ;


4 = 6,25104 .

.
=

1
1
1,46103 -1.
=
T 684

: 1,46103 -1
.
1) v1 = 21 d = d1
2

3,140,3 23,3 -1 21,9 / < vmax ,


, .
2) v2 = d2 3,140,3 46,7 -1
44,0 / > vmax , , .
: v1 21,9 /; ) v2 44,0 /.

92.
.
:
= 1500 /=25 /; = 1 ;

l = 90 = 9104 ;
v = 180 / = 50 /.
l
t= ;
v

N=
N.

34

9 104 25/
t l
=4,5104 .
= =
50/
T v

: N = 4,5104 .

93.
:
= 4 ;
R = 2 .

.
1
;
T
2r 2 3,14 2
v=
= 3,14 /.

T
4

v = 2R; =

v.

: v = 3,14 /.

94.
:

d2
= 2.
d1

2
.
1

95.
:
v = 9,53 /;
R1 = 2,5 ;
R2 = 7 .

v = d11 = d22;
:

2 d1 1
=
=
1 d 2 2

2 1
=
1 2

.
v = 21R1 = 22R2;
1 =

v
9 ,53/
0,61 /;

2r1 2 3,14 2 ,5

2 =

v
9 ,53/
0,22 /.

2r2 2 3,14 7

1
1
1,64 ;
=
1 0 ,61 1
1
1
2 =
4,55 .
=
2 0 ,221

1 =

1, 1, 2, 2. : 1 0,61 /; 1 1,64 ;
2 0,22 /; 2 4,55 .
96.
r
R
60

35

:
.
= 27 = 86 400 ;

1) R = RSiN = RcoS;
= 60;
2

R = 6400 =
1
2) = ;
= 6,4106 .
T
v.
3) v = 2R =
2Rcos 2 3,14 6 ,4 106 cos60o

230 /.
T
86400c

,
230 /, ( ).
.
97.
:
R = 6400 =
= 6,4106 ;
h = 230 =
= 2,3105 ;
= 88,85 =
= 5331 .
v.
98.
:
R2 = 4R1;
T2 = 8T1.

.
v=

2(R + h) 2 3,14 6 ,4 106 + 0,23 106 cos 60o

T
5331c

7,8103 /.

: v 7,8103 /

.
v1 = 2R1/T1;
v2 = 2R2/T2 = 24R1/(8T1) = R1/T1;
v2
R
T
1
= 1 1 = .
v1
T1 2R1 2

v2
.
v1

99.
:
l2 = 3l1;
1
T 1.
T2 =
60

36

v2
1
=
v1
2

.
v1 = 2

l1
l
3l
l
; v2 = 2 2 = 2 1 = 2 1 = 2
T1
T2
60T1
20T1

v1 l1 20T1
=
= 20
v2 T1 l1

v1
.
v2

100.
:
1 = 1200 /;
R1 = 8 ;
R2 = 32 ;
R3 = 11 ;
R4 = 55 .

v1
= 20
v2

.
1) v1 = 2R11 = v2 = 2R22;
R11 = R22;

2 = 1 r1 ;
r2

2) v3 = 22R3 = v4 = 24R4;
2R3 = 4R4;

1 r1r3 = 4R4;
r2

4 =
4.

r1r3
8 11
1200/ =
1 =
32 55
r2r4

=60 /.
: 4 = 60 /.

101.
.
:
d
d1 = 600 ;
1) v3 = d3 = v2 = d22; 2 = 3
d2 = 300 ;
d2
d3 = 120 ;
d1d3

= 1200 / = 2) v = d12 =
d2
= 20 /.
600 120
3,14
20 / 1,5104 / =
300

v.
102.
:
d = 70 = 0,7 ;
z1 = 48;
z2 = 18;
N = 1 /;
D = 50 = 0,5 ;
z1 = 48;
z2 = 15.
v, vk.

= 15 /.
: v = 15 /.
.
1) z1N = z2N
v = d = dN

z1
48
3,140,7 1 /
z2
18

5,9 /.
2)
v = dN

z1
48
3,140,5 1 / 5,0 /.
z2
15

: v 5,9 /; v 5,0 /.
37

103.
:
R = 800 ;
v = 20 /.
.

.
=

v 2 (20/)2
=
= 0,5 /2.
R
800

: = 0,5 /2.

104.
:
v = 2 /;
R = 6,96105 .

.
1) v = 2

R
R
6,96 105
; T = 2 23,14

2/
T
v

2,2106 c 25 .
2) =
, .
105.
:
d = 600 =
= 0,6 ;
= 0,046 .

= 5,7 /2.
: = 25 ; = 5,7 /2
.
1) v =
2) =

v, a.
106.
:
R = 40 ;
g = 9,8 /2.
v.
107.
:
d = 7,5 ;
= 93,8 /
1,56 /.

.
38

v2
(2/) 2
5,7106 /2 =
=
R 6,96 105

0,6
d
3,14
41 /
0,046
T

v 2 2v 2 22 d 2 22 d 2 3,142 0 ,6

=
= 2 = 2
R
d
T d
T
(0,046)2

5,7103 /2 = 5,7 /2.


: v 41 /; = 5,7 /2.
.
g=

v2
; v=
R

Rg = 40 9,8/ 2 20 /.

: v 20 /.
.
=

2v 2
; v = d;
d

a=

2 2 d 2 2
= 22d2 23,1427,5(1,56-1)2
d

367 /2.
: a 367 /2.

108.
:
v = 72 / = 20 /;
= 8 1.

.
v2
v
; v = 2R; R =
;
R
2

a = 2v 23,148-120 / 103 /2.


: a 103 /2.

109.
.
:
R1 = 2 R2 .
a
v2
1) ai = ; = 2

a1 v =const

Ri

2) vi = 2
:
, .

( )

2
2 2
a
R 1
Ri
2 R
; ai = ( 2 ) i 2 = 2 Ri ; = 2
= 2 = .
T
RT
T
a1 T =const R1 2
i

1
.
2

: = 2, =

110.
:
R2 = 8R1;
1
2 = n1.
40

R
= 1 = 2;
R2

.
1) v1 = 2nR1n1;
v 2 = 2 R 2 2 = 2 8 R1
a1 =

2)

v12
R1

1
40

1 = 2

R1
5

1 ;

v2 1
= ;
v1 5

= 4n 2 n12 R1;

R a
1
v22
n2
.
= 4n2 n22 R2 = 4n2 1 8R1 = 4n2n12 1 ; 2 =
2
a
200
200
R2
1
40
v
1 a
1
: 2 = , 2 =
.
v1 5 a1 200
a2 =

:
v2 a 2
,
.
v1 a1

111.
:
S , t, d

: , a.

.
S = vt ; =
: n=

2v 2 2S 2
v
S
= 2 .
=
; a=
d dt
d
t d

2S 2
S
, a= 2 .
ndt
t d
39

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