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2013
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615.0(035)
52.812
310
59
. .
: / . . ,
. . / : , 2013. 281, [1] .
( ). ISBN 978-5-222-18847-7
. ., . ., 2012
, ., 2012
-, , 2012
, 2012
59
-
. -

,
.
ISBN 978-5-222-18847-7
615.0(035)
52.812
: .
14.10.2012
NewtonC.
. . . .23,75 2500 .





344082, . --, . , 80
./: (863) 261-89-50, 261-89-59
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HPHChOH
...Toaio, oai, ne +oey uomy oycnoeo
uou noaumi u nocaomi ooaeo ueaooey,
oauaenno+y o uo.
Lo Hsmu (uumucuu no+m, TX oeu)
Tpani ro ny(ccuin, occrncuuin (ap npnpo(i, xoropin
ncncnncr uac, noccrauannnnacr cnni, n:iouncr uamn uc(yin. 3uan
rpani n nx cnny, no:ixnrc nx n com:unxn, n oun orxpomr nax cnon
ccxpcri. Hcnoni:yn :uaunn n noxoian ccc, nn:xnx n (pyinx
nm(nx, ni y(crc no:uaipa(cui :a cnom (opory cnimc.
ucncunc rpanaxn (pcnucc ncxyccrno. Bi ronixo npc(cranirc:
yc mccri ricnn ncr ua:a( pacrnrcniuixn nanxn, ornapaxn n
uacronxn (pcnunc npann c ycncxox ncnnnn xuoinc :aoncnaunn.
Iy(irc (opi n xnnoccp(ui x (apax npnpo(i' Conpanrc npa-
nnniuo pacrcunn, nmnrc nx. Hpnpo(a, nyncrnyn namy nmoni,
mc(po nac no:uaipa(nr'
Aomopt
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4
1
IhAA 1. TXHOhOIHB COPA
H HCHOhb3OAHHB
hKAPCTHHbX PACTHHH
nn roio nroi rpani xoinn oxa:ari cnoc ncncuoc (cncrnnc,
nx ucoxo(nxo npannniuo copari, nicymnri n coxpaunri,
a :arcx n npannniuo npnioronnri.
Cop, cymka u xpaueuue pacfeuu
Conpavt pacrcunn (nn ncncuix ncncn cnc(ycr n cyxym n
ncuym noio(y. Tpany n nncrxn ua(o conpari no npcxn nncrcunn;
xopcui occuim, n ncpno( ynn(aunn ua(:cxuix nacrcn pacrcunn,
nnn pauucn nccuon, xoi(a crcnn n nncrin rnx pacrcunn ronixo
uannuamr orpacrari; ccxcua c uc pauimc nonuoio co:pcnaunn.
Opncurnpononuin xancu(api copa ncxapcrncuuix pacrcunn
npnnc(cu n xounc xunin, n Hpnnocunn 3.
cnn npannna copa n :aioronxn ucxoropix pacrcunn ornnna-
mrcn or omcnpnunrix, rn ococuuocrn oinuo yxa:inamrcn
n cnpanonunxax-onpc(cnnrcnnx.
Cymnvt onimnucrno pacrcunn ua(o n rcun nnn n xccrax
c nocronuuix nponcrpnnauncx, uanpnxcp, ua ncp(axc nnn no(
uanccox. O(uaxo cymccrnymr nn(i pacrnrcniuoio cipin, xoropic
ua(o cymnri ua conunc nnn n rcnnon ncnn. Ory nuqopxannm roc
xouo uanrn n cncnnaniuix cnpanonunxax (nn :aioronnrcncn.
Kopcui ncpc( cymxon oinuo oxinamr n ronixo xopun ucxo-
ropix pacrcunn (uanpnxcp, nonyxa) nnmi onnmamr or :cxnn mcr-
xon n oinuo ncpc( cymxon pa:pc:amr n(oni.
Xpannvt nicymcuuic pacrcunn ncci(a uyuo n no(ncmcuuox
cocronunn n yxauix xynixax nnn n oncprxax. Hpn xpaucunn
ncxapcrncuuix pacrcunn n nmnxax nocnc(unc ucoxo(nxo npc(-
napnrcniuo nicrnari nuyrpn yxaion. Cpox roanocvn (nn rpani
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1LXHOOlHB COPA H HCHOb3OAHHB LKAPC1LHHMX PAC1LHHH
5
1
o(nu io(, (nn xopucn, nno(on n ccxnu (na io(a n (ac onimc.
Hoxcmcunc (nn xpaucunn nicymcuuix pacrcunn (onuo iri
cyxoc n npoxna(uoc.
dopmm neeumx npenapafoa us pacfeuu
Hpn ncncunn ncxapcrncuuixn pacrcunnxn nacro noni:ymrcn
pa:nnnuixn npcnaparaxn, nonyncuuixn n: unx n pc:ynirarc
ron nnn nuon qapxancnrnnccxon opaorxn (xcrpaxri, cnnp-
ronic uacronxn n (p.). Hapo(uan xc(nnnua (n :uannrcniuo
pcc xc(nnnua xnaccnnccxan) ncnoni:ycr nacrn pacrcunn
n uarypaniuox nn(c oinuo :acymcuuixn, pcc cncnxn
(cncccopauuixn).
H: :aioronncuuix ncxapcrncuuix pacrcunn, a raxc n: npno-
pcrcuuix n anrcxax cyxnx ncxapcrncuuix pacrcunn n nx cxcccn,
ua:inacxix copaxn nnn nanxn, n (oxamunx ycnonnnx namc nccio
ioronnr no(uic uacron n ornapi, a raxc uacronxn n nan.
Ovaapm inamr (nyx nn(on: o(un (nnrcniuic, c npc(napn-
rcniuix (oxono cyrox) uacrannauncx ncxapcrncuuoio cipin
n xono(uon no(c, n xoropon cio :arcx xnnnrnr, a (pyinc oncc
ncixnc nuqy:i, xoi(a onpc(cncuuym (o:y pacrcunn :ana-
pnnamr ((cnamr nan) n uc xnnnrnr, a nnmi uacrannamr n rcnnox
xccrc 152O xnuyr. Oa nn(a ornapon nponcnnamr n coxpaunmr
(nn ynorpcncunn n npoxna(uox xccrc uc (onimc o(unx cyrox.
Pacnpocrpaucu cnc(ymmnn cnoco: n:xcnincuuoc cipic :ann-
namr xnnnrxox n xnnnrnr ua ncixox oiuc 2O3O xnuyr, nocnc ncio
oxna(amr (o xoxuaruon rcxncparypi, qnnirpymr n (oannnmr
n nonyncuuin ornap xnnnncuym no(y (o ucoxo(nxoio ocxa.
Bapnaurox roio cnocoa npnioronncunn ornapa nnnncrcn uacra-
nnaunc ornapa ua no(nuon auc, npn rcxncparypc, xaxcnxaniuo
npnnncuuon x rcxncparypc xnncunn.
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6
1
M. . HHlLPLH, . H. CAlOPOCKAB
Ornapi pacrcunn, co(cpamnx (ynniuic ncmccrna, qnni-
rpymr cpa:y c nocnc cunrnn c oiun. Ornapi uc pcxoxcu(ycrcn
ioronnri nnpox. H(caniuix nnnncrcn npnioronncunc ornapa ua
xa(in npncx, (onycrnxix ua cyrxn npncxa. Omoopt, xponu-
muecu o:ee cymou ooe o naomno :oynopenno mope u o xoaoouai u -
nue, yno-mpeaenuu ne eooumcu!
B cncnnaniuon nnrcparypc cymccrnycr onpc(cncuuan qopxa
oo:uancunn (o:i pacrnrcniuoio cipin npn npnioronncunn orna-
pon. Hanpnxcp, oo:uancunc 2O,O2OO,O o:uanacr: 2O i cyxoio
ncxapcrncuuoio cipin ua 2OO xn xnnnrxa; ccnn c uc ua ncx n:nc-
cnri, ro ua(o :uari, nro ro panuncrcn o(uon nonuon crononon
noxc (c ncpxox) ua o(nu craxau xnnnrxa nnn xono(uon no(i.
Iinamr n (pyinc (o:i 15,O, nro o:uanacr 15 i n panuncrcn o(uon
crononon noxc, uo c: ncpxa; 1O,O nnn 1O i, nro panuncrcn (cccp-
ruon noxc nnn (nyx nanuix; 5,O nnn 5 i, nro panuncrcn o(uon
nanuon noxc.
Hacvo. nn npnioronncunn uacron ncxapcrncuuoc cipic
n:xcninamr n, noxccrnn cio n xannponauuym nocy(y nnn crcx-
nnuuin cocy(, :annnamr xnnnrxox. Hocnc roio crannr cocy( ua
nnnry nnn n iopnnym ncni n cnc(nr, nroi uacron uc xnncn. cpc:
15 xnuyr uacron cunxamr, oxna(amr n qnnirpymr. Huoi(a cio
uccxonixo nacon napnr n (yxonxc nnn n ncnn, yrpox nponcnnamr
n npnunxamr rax c, xax ornap.
Hcxoropic uacron ioronnr c: uaipcnaunn, ua xnnnncuon no(c
xoxuaruon rcxncparypi, ni(cpnnan nx n :axpiron nocy(c or
4 (o 12 nacon. Cnc(ycr noxunri, nro oinuo npn npnioronncunn
uacron ucxoropan nacri no(i rcpncrcn, noroxy nocnc qnnirpona-
unn n uacron (oannnmr xnnnncuym no(y (o ucoxo(nxoio ocxa
nonynacxoio uacron.
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1LXHOOlHB COPA H HCHOb3OAHHB LKAPC1LHHMX PAC1LHHH
7
1
Oinuo uacron n ornapi ioronnr n: pacncra 1:1O, r. c. n:
1O ncconix nacrcn cipin nonynamr 1OO ocxuix nacrcn uacron
nnn ornapa.
Hacron n ornapi n: rpaniuepnoeopu, rpaniaonotmo, cnoptniu,
xopucn n xopucnnm ooaepuont, xopun ucmooo ioronnr n: pacncra
1:3O.
H: pacrcunn, co(cpamnx cnniuo(cncrnymmnc ncmccrna, uacron
n ornapi ioronnr ronixo no nponncn npana n nponopnnn 1:4OO.
cnn no ycnonnnx nponncn rpcycrcn (oanncunc rncp(ix
ncxapcrncuuix ncmccrn, ro nx pacrnopnmr n nponccuuox pac-
rnopc yc ioronoio uacron nnn ornapa n nocnc roio nuoni npo-
ncnnamr. Cnponi, uacronxn n nponnc n(xocrn npnannnmr
x ioronoxy uacrom nnn ornapy. Hacron n ornapi cxoponoprn-
mnccn ncxapcrncuuic qopxi, nx cnc(ycr xpaunri n npoxna(uox
xccrc uc oncc 34 (ucn.
Hauap oinuo ioronnr n: uanoncc ucuix nacrcn pacrcunn
nncrxon, rpani, nncricn n nno(on. Tcxuonoinn npnioronncunn
uanapa cnc(ymman: n:xcnincuuoc pacrnrcniuoc cipic noxcmamr
n xannponauuym, qapqoponym nnn crcxnnuuym nocy(y (uo uc
n xcrannnnccxym) n :annnamr xnnnrxox. Tpa(nnnouuo, n (cpc-
ncucxnx ycnonnnx, uanap nonynamr n ocrinammcn :a uoni ncnn.
onycrnxo ioronnri uanap, nocrannn :annroc xnnnrxox cipic
roxnricn ua uoni n ocrinammym (yxonxy.
cnn uanap ioronnrcn (nn npncxa nuyrpi (nnrin), ro oinuo
n: o(uon ncconon nacrn (n ipaxxax) cipin nonynamr 1O ocx-
uix (n xnnnnnnrpax) nacrcn uanapa. nn uapyuoio npnxcucunn
xouncurpannn uanapa (onua iri n 23 pa:a onimc. Hanap
(ocraronuo icrpo noprnrcn, noroxy cnarcniuo cio ioronnri
xa(o(ucnuo, uo (onycrnxo 23 (un xpaunri n xono(nniunxc.
B rox cnynac ncpc( ynorpcncuncx uanap ucoxo(nxo pa:oipcri,
uc (ono(n (o xnncunn.
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8
1
M. . HHlLPLH, . H. CAlOPOCKAB
Han n copm ioronnr n: cxcccn uccxonixnx nn(on n:xcnincu-
uoio cipin. Hcxoropic copi npo(amrcn n anrcxc, uo nx xouo
n:ioronnri n caxocronrcniuo, n:xcninnn nxo(nmnc n cocran copa
nn(i ncxapcrncuuoio cipin n cxcman nx n npc(ycxorpcuuon
pcncnrypon nponopnnn. Cpox xpaucunn cyxnx copon coorncr-
crnycr cpoxy xpaucunn cyxoio pacrnrcniuoio cipin.
ecfaymmue aemecfaa
nekapcfaeuumx pacfeuu
B uapo(uon xc(nnnuc ncncuic cnoncrna rpan ouapynnannci
namc nccio cnynanuo, a :arcx ror onir ncpc(anancn n: noxonc-
unn n noxoncunc. B XVXVI ncxax n nponc n Poccnn crann
cocrannnricn Tpanunxn copunxn pcncnron ncxapcrncuuix
pacrcunn (nn ncnoni:onaunn npn pa:nnnuix :aoncnaunnx. B
XX ncxc onimnucrno uaxo(ox uacnc(crncuuoio onira rpanonc-
ncunn ino nponcpcuo c ronxn :pcunn conpcxcuuix uaynuix :ua-
unn noxnxnn, qn:nonoinn, qapxaxonoinn. B pc:ynirarc oncui
xuoinc ncxapcrncuuic rpani uc no(rncp(nnn npnnncinacxoio
nx ncncuoio (cncrnnn, (pyinc, uanpornn, npo(cxoucrpnponann
paucc ucn:nccruic xanccrna n no:xouocrn npnxcucunn. B (au-
uox cnpanonunxc anropi opncurnpymrcn nxcuuo ua uaynuo no(-
rncp(cuuic cnoncrna ncxapcrncuuix pacrcunn.
ucncuic cnoncrna ncxapcrncuuix pacrcunn :anncnr or co(cp-
aunn n unx (cncrnymmnx ncmccrn, r. c. xnxnnccxnx ncmccrn,
cnocouix oxa:inari no:(cncrnnc ncncuoio xapaxrcpa ua opia-
un:x ncnoncxa. Oun xoiyr uaxo(nricn nno no nccx pacrcunn,
nno ronixo n or(cniuix cio nacrnx. Konnnccrno (cncrnymmnx
ncmccrn :anncnr or qa:i pa:nnrnn pacrcunn, a raxc or xccra
npon:pacraunn n npannniuon rcxuonoinn :aioronxn n cymxn.
Horoxy rax nauo npn :aioronxc ncxapcrncuuix pacrcunn :uari,
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1LXHOOlHB COPA H HCHOb3OAHHB LKAPC1LHHMX PAC1LHHH
9
1
xaxnc nx nacrn, n xaxon qa:c pa:nnrnn pacrcunn n xax nxcuuo
(onui iri copaui n nicymcui.
cncrnymmnc ncmccrna oruocnrcn x pa:uoopa:uix ipynnax
opiaunnccxnx coc(nucunn anxanon(ax, innxo:n(ax, cano-
unuax, qnpuix xacnax, opiaunnccxnx xncnorax, nnraxnuax,
aurnnornxax, qnrounn(ax n r. n.
Aaxaaonam opiaunnccxnc ncmccrna pacrnrcniuoio nponc-
xo(cunn, co(cpamnc a:or n cnocouic coc(nunricn c pa:nnn-
uixn xncnoraxn, opa:yn conn. Oun (amr mcnonuym pcaxnnm,
nro n crano npnnnuon raxoio ua:naunn (anxann no-apacxn
mcnoni). B onimnucrnc cnynacn anxanon(i ona(amr cnniuix
n ucpc(xo n(onnrix (cncrnncx ua opiaun:x, uo xuoinc n: unx
nxcmr oncui nauoc xc(nnnucxoc :uancunc. Anxanon(axn nnnn AA -
mrcn, uanpnxcp, +opqun, omponun, xunun, oqeun, nonooepun,
cmpuxnun, nuaoopnun, +qeopun, naomuquaaun, nuomun n (p.
B anxanon(ouocuox pacrcunn namc nccio ncrpcnamrcn uccxonixo
anxanon(on. Hanoncc oiari anxanon(axn pacrnrcniuic ccxcn-
crna xaxonix, oonix, nmrnxonix. Anxanon(i y pa:nnnuix pac AA -
rcunn uaxo(nrcn n pa:uix nacrnx pacrcunn n npncyrcrnymr n nn(c
concn opiaunnccxnx (pcc ucopiaunnccxnx) xncnor.
Ianxosnam opiaunnccxnc ncmccrna pacrnrcniuoio nponcxo-
(cunn, pacna(ammnccn no( (cncrnncx qcpxcuron (a raxc npn
xnnnncunn) ua xaxon-nno coxop (inmxo:y, paxuo:y n r. n.) n uc-
caxapncrym nacri oeauon. B nncrox nn(c innxo:n(i iopi-
xnc xpncrannnnccxnc ncmccrna, xax npannno, pacrnopnmmnccn
n no(c. Xapaxrcp (cncrnnn innxo:n(on ua opiaun:x onpc(cnncrcn
xnxnnccxnx crpocuncx ainnxoua. Pa:uoopa:nc crpocunn pa:-
nnnuix ainnxouon no:nonncr npnxcunri innxo:n(i (nn ncncunn
pa:nnnuix :aoncnaunn. Ococuuo mnpoxo npnxcunmrcn rax
ua:inacxic cepoeunte eauo:uot. Oun oncui n(onnri n xoiyr npn-
xcunricn ronixo no( crpoinx xc(nnnucxnx xourponcx. Hanoncc
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10
1
M. . HHlLPLH, . H. CAlOPOCKAB
ncuuixn innxo:n(oco(cpamnxn pacrcunnxn nnnnmrcn nonepc-
muno, eopuuoem, eamymnu, moaonuno n (p. Innxo:n(i, xax n
anxanon(i, ona(amr nipacuuix (cncrnncx ua opiaun:x.
Cauonnnm innxo:n(i, opa:ymmnc npn n:anrinaunn n no(c
cronxym ncuy, uanoxnuammym xiniuym (cano no-nariun
xino). Oun raxc pacna(amrcn ua coxop n p oeauon, ua:inacxin
n (auuox cnynac conoeenuno+, xnxnnccxoc crpocunc xoropoio
onpc(cnncr ncncuoc (cncrnnc canounuoco(cpamnx pacrcunn.
Ioiaric canounuaxn nepoouoem, ucmoo, coaooo npnxcunmrcn xax
orxapxnnammnc cpc(crna, xoom n m noueunt uo xax xonciou-
uic, ouocopeu xax aurncxncpornnccxoc, u opoauu +oniuypcou,
enimeni, :o+onuxo n o +aeymepoo xax crnxynnropi ncur -
paniuon ucpnuon cncrcxi n a(anroicui.
Cnc(ycr nxcri n nn(y, nro nincnic nacrnni nicymcuuix
pacrcunn, co(cpamnx canounui, npn nona(aunn ua cnn:ncric
oononxn (ixarcniuix nyrcn ni:inamr nx pa:(pacunc, xamcni
n nnxaunc.
Bnvawnnm ncmccrna c pa:nnnuix xnxnnccxnx crpocuncx,
nipammnc nauym poni n nponcccax oxcua ncmccrn n ucoxo-
(nxic (nn opa:onaunn qcpxcuron. Hc(ocrarox nnraxnuon n op-
iaun:xc npnno(nr x rncnix :aoncnaunnx (innonnraxnuo:ax n
annraxnuo:ax).
B uacronmcc npcxn n:nccruo oncc 2O pa:nnnuix nnraxnuon;
xuoinc n: unx uaxo(nrcn n ncxapcrncuuix pacrcunnx. Bnraxnui
ncnoni:ymrcn xc(nnnuon uc ronixo (nn npoqnnaxrnxn n ncncunn
inno- n annraxnuo:on, uo n npn (pyinx caxix pa:uoopa:uix :ao-
ncnaunnx, a raxc npn ncpcyroxncunn n ncromcunn. Bnraxnuuic
copi n ornapi nacro ua:uanamr xax omcyxpcnnnmmcc cpc(crno
n noccrauonnrcniuox ncpno(c nocnc ncpcucccuuix :aoncnaunn,
oncparnnuix nxcmarcnicrn, rpanx.
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1LXHOOlHB COPA H HCHOb3OAHHB LKAPC1LHHMX PAC1LHHH
11
1
Ioiari nnraxnuaxn munoonu, uepnou c+opoouno, epeuu opex
(uc:pcnic nno(i), pa:nnnuic uumpycoote, cocno, nepoouoem,
oaenuxo, uecno, puuno, ponuoo n xuoinc (pyinc ncxapcrncuuic o
pacrcunn.
Dqnpnme wacaa oncui cnouic cxccn pa:nnnuix ncrynnx
ncmccrn, inanuix opa:ox mepnenouooo n nx npon:no(uix, ona o -
(ammnc cncnnqnnccxnxn :anaxaxn. Oun xopomo pacrnopnmrcn
n cnnprc, npuix xacnax n (pyinx opiaunnccxnx pacrnopnrcnnx.
Bcnc(crnnc pa:nnnuoio xnxnnccxoio cocrana qnpuic xacna n
ua opiaun:x oxa:inamr pa:nnnuoc (cncrnnc: npornnoxnxpo-
uoc, cna:xonnrnnccxoc, ynynmammcc paory ccp(na, oncyronn-
mmcc, ycnnnnammcc ni(cncunc nnmcnapnrcniuix coxon n np.
Kax qnpoxacnnnuic uanoncc n:nccrui raxnc pacrcunn, xax
+umo, +eaucco, moaqe, m+un, oymuuo, mu+iun, noatni, po:o, onuc,
po+omo, au+on, +onoopun, ooaepuono n (p. o
0nvonunam opiaunnccxnc ncmccrna pa:nnnuoio xnxnnccxoio
cocrana, ona(ammnc nipacuuix aurnxnxpouix (cncrnncx.
Oun ncnoni:ymrcn npn ucxoropix nuqcxnnouuix :aoncnaunnx.
Hpn uapyuox npnxcucunn qnrounn(i (cncrnymr xax (c:nuqn-
nnpymmcc cpc(crno. B xc(nnnuc mnpoxo ncnoni:ymrcn qnrou-
nn(i uecnoo, ayo, +ooaunmo n (pyinx pacrcunn. o
Aaxvonm ncmccrna, opa:ymmnccn n: opiaunnccxnx xncnor.
Hcxoropic n: unx nxcmr ncxapcrncuuoc :uancunc. 1y+opun,
uanpnxcp, nonimacr nyncrnnrcniuocri opiaun:xa x cncry, nnnncr
ua cocran xponn, nponnnncr npornnoonyxoncnym axrnnuocri.
Iope4n c:a:orncric iopixnc ncmccrna. Oun cnococrnymr
ycnncunm (cnrcniuocrn cny(onuix cnc: n npnxcunmrcn (nn
ynynmcunn nnmcnapcunn. Muoio iopcnn co(cpar noniui, naxra,
o(ynaunnx n (p.
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12
1
M. . HHlLPLH, . H. CAlOPOCKAB
0aaaonm opiaunnccxnc coc(nucunn icrcponnxnnnccxoio
pn(a. Hx npon:no(uic ua:inamrcn qnanouon(axn. 0nanoui
n qnanouon(i nxcmr cnrin nncr (qnanyx no-nariun cn-
rin), nnoxo nnn conccx uc pacrnopnmrcn n no(c. Muoinc qnano-
uon(i (pyrnu, xncpncrnu, iccncpn(nu, nnrpnu n (p.) ona(amr
xannnnnpoyxpcnnnmmnxn cnoncrnaxn. Oun ncnoni:ymrcn npn
:aoncnaunnx, conpono(ammnxcn uapymcuncx npounnacxocrn
crcuox xponcuocuix cocy(on (anncpinn, nuqcxnnn, nyncnon
onc:un n (p.). Kpoxc roio, qnanouon(i ncnoni:ymrcn npn
cna:xax cocy(on, cna:xax xnmcnunxa, ina(xoximcnuix opia-
uon, n:nax cny(xa n (ncua(narnncpcruon xnmxn, npn icnarnrax
n (pyinx onc:unx. 0nanoui n qnanouon(i, xax npannno, uc n(o-
nnri. Oun co(cparcn n cnoptme, mepne n (pyinx pacrcunnx. e
ynatnme aemecvaa nnn vannnm npon:no(uic xuoioaroxuix
qcuonon, uc co(cpamnx a:ora. Oun ona(amr nnymnx nxycox,
uc n(onnri, npn (cncrnnn ua paucnym noncpxuocri n cnn:ncric
oononxn oxa:inamr npornnooncnoc n npornnonocnannrcniuoc
(cncrnnc, cyamr cocy(i n yxcuimamr ni(cncunc nnain n cnn:n.
ynniuic ncmccrna mnpoxo npnxcunmr n xc(nnnuc npn cny-
(onuo-xnmcnuix :aoncnaunnx, nocnancunnx cnn:ncrix oo-
noncx nonocrn pra n (pyinx opiauon, npn xouix :aoncnaunnx,
ooiax n r. (. Oun co(cparcn n oye, moaqee, uepnue, po+ome,
poooxaee, :oepooe n xuoinx (pyinx pacrcunnx.
Oprann4ecxne xncaovm co(cparcn n xncronuox coxc onimnu-
crna pacrcunn n nn(c concn nnn n cnoo(uox cocronunn. Hcxoropic
n: unx ona(amr cncnnqnnccxnx (cncrnncx ua opiaun:x (nancpn-
auonan, n:onancpnauonan, cannnnnonan, cu:onuan n (p.) n nxcmr
nauoc ncncuoc :uancunc. Hanoncc pacnpocrpaucuuic n pacrn-
rcniuox cipic (nnonuan, nnxouuan, nnuuoxaxcuuan n ucxoro-
pic (pyinc) opiaunnccxnc xncnori npn nnc(cunn nx n opiaun:x
ynacrnymr n nponcccax oxcua ncmccrn n npnno(nr x uaxonncunm
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1LXHOOlHB COPA H HCHOb3OAHHB LKAPC1LHHMX PAC1LHHH
13
1
mcnoncn, nro inacr nauo npn ucxoropix onc:unx. 3axcruic
xonnnccrna opiaunnccxnx xncnor co(cpar au+on, auoo, uaonu,
c+opoouno, munoonu, oaenuxo, mooeai n xuoinc (pyinc pacrcunn. i
Hexvnnm :acry(ucnammnc xcxncronuic ncmccrna. Oun
cnn:inamr opa:onanmnccn n xnmcnunxc nnn nonanmnc ry(a
n(onnric npo(yxri, (cncrnymr npornno(napcnuo n :a(cpnnamr
pa:xuocunc ucxoropix onc:ucrnopuix xnxpoon n xnmcn-
unxc. Hcxrnuonixn ncmccrnaxn oiari uaou, coeao, auoo,
munoonu, oneaicun, au+on, uepnou c+opoouno n (p. o
Cansn c:a:orncric ncmccrna pa:nnnuoio xnxnnccxoio npo-
ncxo(cunn n cocrana, npcnxymccrncuuo noaucoxopuot. Oun
ona(amr xninnrcniuixn n ononaxnnammnxn cnoncrnaxn.
Hanonimcc xonnnccrno cnn:n co(cpnr oame, xoropin nnnn-
crcn nauix xoxnoucurox n ipy(uix copax.
Cwoam cnouic no cnocxy cocrany, nnnxnc n ucpacrnopnxic
n no(c, ona(ammnc pa:nnnuixn :anaxaxn ncmccrna. O(un n: unx
oxa:inamr cnanrcniuoc (cncrnnc, (pyinc pauo:annnnmmcc,
rpcrin xonciouuoc. Cxoni uaxo(nrcn no xuoinx xoontx pacrc x -
unnx, epe:e, :oepooe, oao+ n (p.
npnme wacaa n anpouoaonme aemecvaa cnouic qnpi
innncpnua n nicmnx npuix xncnor. Omcn:nccrui raxnc np-
uic xacna, xax noocoaneunoe, oauooooe, opuocoooe, +unooainoe n e
(p. 2npuic xacna n nncrox nn(c ncnoni:ymrcn xax ncxapcrncu-
uic cpc(crna (ocmopoooe, nuoi(a noocoaneunoe) nnn c cnyar
pacrnopnrcnnxn (nn (pyinx ncxapcrncuuix ncmccrn (uanpnxcp,
o+qopt) npn n:ioronncunn ncxapcrn. K npono(ouix ncmc-
crnax oruocnrcn pacrnrcniuic oocu, cmepunt n (pyinc ncmccrna. t
Pacrnrcniuic crcpnui, nxcuycxixn qnrocrcpnuaxn, (ononiuo
mnpoxo pacnpocrpaucui n pacrnrcniuox xnpc. Hcxoropic n: unx
ona(amr nipacuuix ncncuix (cncrnncx ua opiaun:x.
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1
M. . HHlLPLH, . H. CAlOPOCKAB
Mnnepaatnme coan co(cparcn n pacrcunnx, n unx nxo(nr xnxn-
nccxnc ncxcuri (oau, qocqop, eae:o, oo n (p.), nipammnc o
nauym poni n oxcuc ncmccrn, opa:onaunn qcpxcuron n iopxo-
uon n opiaun:xc, a raxc n xponcrnopcunn. Hcxoropic pacrcunn
cnocoui x n:nparcniuoxy uaxonncunm xnucpaniuix ncmccrn
n: oxpyammcn cpc(i n rox cnynac nx no:xouo ncnoni:onari
npn (cqnnnrc (auuoio ncmccrna n opiaun:xc. Tax, uanpnxcp,
uaou co(cpar :uannrcniuoc xonnnccrno cnc:a n cio uanoncc
ncixoycnoncxon qopxc, nro xocr iri ncnoni:onauo (nn noc-
nonucunn (cqnnnra cnc:a npn cnc:o(cqnnnruon aucxnn.
0epwenvm n ropwonm opiaunnccxnc ncmccrna cnxonon npn-
po(i, nipammnc onimym poni n oxcuc ncmccrn n opiaun:xc
nnoruix n ncnoncxa: ninonunmr poni xarann:aropon, ynacrnyn
n cnouix noxnxnnccxnx pcaxnnnx. Tax, x npnxcpy, con co(cp-
nr iopxouono(ouoc ncmccrno, po(crncuuoc +cmpoeeno+
cucxnx nononix iopxouax. Horoxy :anacrym pcxoxcu(ymr
ynorpcncunc cocnix npo(yxron cumnuax n xnnxaxrcpnnccxox
cocronunn (nn xoxncucannn cuncuuoio cnurc:a cocrncuuix
crpoicuon.
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15
2
IhAA 2. COPb H HAH HPH
3AOhAHHBX HPHOH CHCTNb
Hcpnuan cncrcxa occncnnnacr ncc nn(i n:anxo(cncrnnn ncno-
ncnccxoio opiaun:xa c oxpyammcn cpc(on, a raxc uanpnxym
ocymccrnnncr pciynnnnm (cnrcniuocrn nuyrpcuunx opiauon.
nnrcniuoc npcinaunc ncnoncxa n cocronunn ncpcno:y(cunn
nnn yroxncunn ucpnuon cncrcxi on:arcniuo ocpucrcn rcxn nnn
nuixn nponcxaxn co :(oponicx. Horoxy npn pannouaniuox
n ipaxoruox no(xo(c x rcpannn :aoncnaunn pa:nnnuix opiauon
n cncrcx n xoxnncxcuoc ncncunc on:arcniuo nxnmnamr npcna-
pari, xoropic noccrauannnnamr anauc no:y(cunn n ropxo-
cunn n ucpnuon cncrcxc. Copi n nan ncxapcrncuuix pacrcunn
c ycncxox ninonunmr ry poni.
Hau u copm c ycnokauaammum
(cepafuaumm} pecfauem
Bcc yxa:auuic n (auuon inanc copi (ccnn (pyioc uc yxa:auo
or(cniuo) ynorpcnnmrcn n nn(c ncixnx ornapon (nuqy:) n (o:c
1 craxau n rcncunc cyrox, pa:(cncuuin ua 34 npncxa. o:nponxa
ncxapcrncuuoio cipin 2O,O : 2OO,O.
Hpn ecconnnue
Icccouunna nn conpcxcuuoio ncnoncxa. B uamc ccnoxon-
uoc npcxn xi npono(nx (un n (cnonix ncrpcnax ninonunn cny-
cuic on:auuocrn, (nn o(pocrn ynorpcnncx crnxynnpymmnc
uannrxn, a n pc:ynirarc, xoi(a npnxo(nr npcxn or(ixa, uc xocx
paccnanricn n ycuyri. Haxannnnacrcn ycranocri n pa:(panrcni-
uocri, xi uc xocx un nonuoncuuo or(oxuyri, un noccrauonnri
cnni.
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16
2
M. . HHlLPLH, . H. CAlOPOCKAB
roi n:annricn or cccouunni, ucoxo(nxo no nropon
nononnuc (un cnccrn x xnunxyxy npnunrnc crnxynnpymmnx
uannrxon.
B poontx ooaux:
Kopcui nancpnaui
uncr naxri rpcxnncruon
uncr xnri ncpcnuon
1punu+omi :a 3O4O xnuyr (o cua no i
1
/
2
craxaua n rcnnox nn(c,
xouo c 1 nanuon noxon xc(a.
B poontx ooaux:
Kopcui nancpnaui
uncr po:xapnua
uncr xnri ncpcnuon
uncr xcnncci
Tpana :ncpoon
1
Unmxn xxcnn
1punu+omi :a 3O4O xnuyr (o cua no i
1
/
3
craxaua.
Kopa xpymnui 1 nacri
Kopcui nancpnaui 8 nacrcn
uncr naxri rpcxnncruon 8 nacrcn
uncr xnri ncpcnuon 8 nacrcn
Hncrxn poxamxn anrcnuon 1 nacri
1punu+omi :a 3O4O xnuyr (o cua no i
1
/
3
craxaua.
1
BHHMAHH' Tpana :ncpoon ucconxccrnxa co xuoinxn npornno-
:anaronuixn cpc(crnaxn. Cx. nucrpyxnnm namcio xourpancnrnna.
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2
COPM H AH HPH 3AOLAHHBX HLPHOH CHC1LMM
Kopcui nancpnaui 3 nacrn
Kopcui (ninnn 3 nacrn
uncr naxri rpcxnncruon 2 nacrn
uncr xnri ncpcnuon 2 nacrn
1punu+omi :a 3O4O xnuyr (o cua no i
1
/
3
craxaua.
Kopcui nancpnaui 2 nacrn
uncr xcnncci 1 nacri
Tpana ncpccxa 1 nacri
1punu+omi :a 3O4O xnuyr (o cua no i
1
/
3
craxaua.
Kopcui nancpnaui 6 nacrcn
uncr xnri ncpcnuon 4 nacrn
Hncrxn nanau(i 5 nacrcn
Hncrxn poxamxn anrcnuon 6 nacrcn
1punu+omi :a 3O4O xnuyr (o cua no i
1
/
3
craxaua.
B poontx ooaux:
uncr xcnncci
uncr po:xapnua
Hncrxn nanau(i
Hncrxn ncpnonncra
1punu+omi :a 3O4O xnuyr (o cua no i
1
/
3
craxaua.
Kopcui nnxopnn 2 nacrn
Kopcui nancpnaui 3 nacrn
Kopa xpymnui 3 nacrn
Tpana xpccca no(nuoio 4 nacrn
Tpana nonncna xy(pnnoio 2 nacrn
Tpana ncpounxn 4 nacrn
1punu+omi :a 3O4O xnuyr (o cua no i
1
/
3
craxaua.
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18
2
M. . HHlLPLH, . H. CAlOPOCKAB
Kopa xpymnui 2 nacrn
Kopcui nancpnaui 2 nacrn
uncr xnri ncpcnuon 1 nacri
uncr xcnncci 2 nacrn
Hncrxn poxamxn anrcnuon 2 nacrn
Unmxn xxcnn 1 nacri
1punu+omi :a 3O4O xnuyr (o cua no i
1
/
3
craxaua.
B poontx ooaux:
uncr xnri ncpcnuon
Hno(i rxnua
Hno(i qcuxcnn
Hncrxn poxamxn anrcnuon
1punu+omi :a 3O4O xnuyr (o cua no i
1
/
3
craxaua.
B poontx ooaux:
uncr xcnncci
Hno(i xocncniunxa
Tpana xnoma noncnoio
Unmxn xxcnn
1punu+omi :a 3O4O xnuyr (o cua no i
1
/
3
craxaua.
B poontx ooaux:
Kopcui nancpnaui
uncr xnri ncpcnuon
Unmxn xxcnn
1punu+omi :a 3O4O xnuyr (o cua no i
1
/
2
craxaua.
www.phoenixbooks.ru
19
2
COPM H AH HPH 3AOLAHHBX HLPHOH CHC1LMM
Hpn aeupeccnn n neapacvennn
cnpcccnn xapaxrcpn:ycrcn nocronuuix uciarnnuix qouox
uacrpocunn, orcyrcrnncx nurcpcca x n:un, anarncn, nnnocrim,
cuncuuon yxcrncuuon n qn:nnccxon paorocnocouocrim.
Hcnpacrcunn, uanpornn, niinn(nr xax cocronunc pa:(pan-
rcniuon cnaocrn, xoi(a ncnimxa xonnn, xoropym rpy(uo xou-
rponnponari ncnoncxy, uaxo(nmcxycn n cocronunn nocronuuoio
pa:(pacunn, icrpo ncromacrcn n cxcuncrcn cnaocrim, counn-
nocrim, yiucrcuuocrim.
Kax un crpauuo, oa rnx cocronunn nxcmr n cnocn ocuonc o(nu
n ror c onc:ucuuin nponccc uapymcunc pciynnnnn anauca
nponcccon no:y(cunn n ropxocunn n xo:iy. Horoxy n copi
ncxapcrncuuix pacrcunn npn rnx cocronunnx o(un n rc c.
Bcc copi, yxa:auuic n (auuox pa:(cnc, npnunxamrcn no
1
/
3

1
/
2
craxaua 34 pa:a n (cui ua nporncunn 48 uc(cni, ccnn
uc yxa:aua (pyian cxcxa.
B poontx ooaux:
Kopcui (cnncnna nicoxoio
uncr xnri ncpcnuon
uncr xcnncci
Tpana ncxcuunxa naxyncio
Tpana (ouunxa ncxapcrncuuoio
Unmxn xxcnn
B poontx ooaux:
Kopcui ncpnonncra
Kopcui nancpnaui
uncr xnri ncpcnuon
uncr po:xapnua
Hncrxn nanau(i
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20
2
M. . HHlLPLH, . H. CAlOPOCKAB
B poontx ooaux:
uncr xcnncci
uncr xnri ncpcnuon
Hno(i xnmucna ronncuic
1pu oenpeccuu
Kopcui cuimcun 3 nacrn
Kopcui :axaunxn 3 nacrn
uncr apnnuxa xanoio 3 nacrn
Hno(i mnnonunxa 5 nacrcn
Tpana iopna nrnnicio 3 nacrn
Hncrxn onpimunxa 4 nacrn
1pueomooauoomi n nn(c uacron nnn n nn(c ornapa (2O,O : 2OO,O). i
1punu+omi no i
1
/
2

1
/
3
craxaua 3 pa:a n (cui 12 uc(cnn.
1pu neopocmenuu
Kopcui apannn 4 nacrn
Kopcui nancpnaui 4 nacrn
Kopucnnmc ncn:cn 3 nacrn
Hno(i aunca 3 nacrn
Hncrxn onpimunxa 3 nacrn
Unmxn xxcnn 3 nacrn
1pueomooauoomi n nn(c uacron nnn n nn(c ornapa (2O,O : 2OO,O). i
1punu+omi no i
1
/
2

1
/
3
craxaua 3 pa:a n (cui 12 uc(cnn.
1pu eunocmenuueco qop+e neopocmenuu
Innocrcunnccxan qopxa ucnpacrcunn ro raxoc rcncunc :ao-
ncnaunn, npn xoropox nc(ymnx cnxnroxox nnnncrcn cuncunc
aprcpnaniuoio (anncunn n xoxnncxcc co nccxn ocraniuixn npn-
:uaxaxn ucnpacrcunn.
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278
COEPAHHE
Hpeancaoane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Iaaaa 1. Texnoaorna copa n ncuoatsoaanna
aexapcvaennmx pacvenn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Cop, cymxa n xpaucunc ncxapcrncuuix pacrcunn . . . . . . . 4
0opxi ncncuix npcnaparon n: pacrcunn . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
cncrnymmnc ncmccrna ncxapcrncuuix pacrcunn . . . . . . . 8
Iaaaa 2. Copm n 4an upn saoaeaannax nepano cncvewm . . . . 15
an n copi c ycnoxannammnx (cc(arnnuix) (cncrnncx . . 15
1pu ecconnuue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
1pu oenpeccuu u neopocmenuu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
1pu neopo:ox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x 22
Jcnoouooumue uou omeeo oecmouu . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
an n copi c roun:npymmnx (cncrnncx . . . . . . . . . . . 26
1pu ocmenuu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
1pu +tmeuno caoocmu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Tonu:upyumue uou omeeo oecmouu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Iaaaa 3. Copm n 4an upn saoaeaannax cepae4no-cocyancvo
cncvewm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Kap(noucnpo:i n (pyinc qyuxnnouaniuic uapymcunn
ccp(cnuon (cnrcniuocrn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Xpounnccxnc n:xcucunn ccp(cnuon ximni, ncpnxap(a,
xnanauon ccp(na . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3aoncnaunn ccp(cnuo-cocy(ncron cncrcxi, cnn:auuic
c arcpocxncpo:ox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Or(cniuic :aoncnaunn ccp(cnuo-cocy(ncron cncrcxi . . . 38
Apum+uu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Amepocaepo:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : 38
1aoooo cepoeunou . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
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279
1unepmonuuecou oae:ni . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
H1C (ume+uuecou oae:ni cepouo) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Heoocmomounocmi poooopomenuu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
1ocmunqopmnt opouocaepo: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
1eo+omu:+ (+uoopoum, +nooopoum) . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Iaaaa 4. Copm n 4an upn saoaeaannn amxaveatno cncvewm . . 47
an n copi c orxapxnnammnx n npornnoxamncnix
(cncrnncx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Horoiouuic nan npn npocry(uix :aoncnaunnx . . . . . . . 53
2aponounammnc nan n copi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Xpounnccxnc :aoncnaunn ncixnx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
o, y+enimoumu otoeaenue nomo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . o 58
Xponuuecu ponxum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
1ponxuoainou ocm+o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Tyepyae: aeeux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6O
Iaaaa 5. Copm n 4an upn saoaeaannax
unmeaapnveatno cncvewm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
3aoncnaunn cny(xa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Hopymenuu +omopuu eayoo u eocmpumt . . . . . . . . . 62
1oau o eayoe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
1ocmpumt no qone nopymenuu qynuuu neuenu . . . . . . . . 73
H:oo eayoo u ooenoouomunepcmno umu . . . . . . . . 75
1pomuoopoomnt uo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
3aoncnaunn xnmcnunxa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Memeopu:+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
ou c ouymu+ oecmoue+ npu poccmpocmoox umeunuo
u nonoce (ouopee) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8O
Caoumeainte uou . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
1pomuooee+opponte uou u copt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
3aoncnaunn ncncun n cnncnino(nmcn cncrcxi . . . . . . 97
ou u copt, oecmoyumue no nopenxu+y neuenu . . . . . . . u 98
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280
ou u copt, oaoooumue eaueeonnt+ oecmoue+ . . . . 1O2
ou u copt, oaoooumue cno:+oaumuuecu+, oe:oauoou-
mu+ u npomuoooocnoaumeaint+ oecmoue+ npu :ooaeoonuux
eauntx xoooo u eaunoeo ny:tpu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . u 1O8
Copt u uou npu omoeaintx :ooaeoonuux neuenu
u eaunoeo ny:tpu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . u 112
3aoncnaunn no(cny(onuon cnc:i . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
an (nn nonimcunn anncrnra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Iaaaa 6. Copm n 4an upn saoaeaannax uo4ex
n wo4eamaoaamnx uyve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
an n copi rpan npcnxymccrncuuo xonciouuoio (cncrnnn 132
an n copi rpan npcnxymccrncuuo aurnccnrnnccxoio
n npornnonocnannrcniuoio (cncrnnn . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
an n copi, npc(ornpamammnc opa:onaunc xaxucn
n cnococrnymmnc nx ninc(cunm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Iaaaa 7. Copm n 4an, aanamne na nwwynnvev
n necueunqn4ecxy coupovnaaaewocvt oprannswa . . . . . . . . 145
Bnraxnuuic nan n copi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
an n copi (nn yxpcnncunn nxxyunrcra
n uccncnnqnnccxon conpornnnncxocrn opiaun:xa . . . . . a 148
Iaaaa 8. Copm n 4an upn napymennax owena aemecva . . . . . 154
Inncprnpco: (Ia:c(ona onc:ui) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
Caxapuin (nacr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
H:ironuin ncc rcna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
Ho(aipa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16O
Iaaaa 9. Copm n 4an aaa aencxoro saopoata . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Bunxaunc: rpani n cpcxcuuocri' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
3aoncnaunn cucxon nononon cqcpi . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
Hepeeyaupnte +ecuunte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . e 162
3ooepo +ecuuntx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
1pu ouaintx +ecuuntx pooomeuenuux . . . . . . . . . . . x 165
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281
1pu oae:nenntx +ecuuntx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
1au+oc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Icpcxcuuocri n nocncpo(onin ncpno( . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Jcuaenue aomouuu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17O
J+enimenue aomouuu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
Onnmammnc n oxonannammnc nan n copi . . . . . . . . 172
Iaaaa 10. Copm n 4an upn saoaeaannax xoan . . . . . . . . . . 177
Icpncc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Ipnxonic :aoncnaunn xon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
Kouic nponnncunn anncpinn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
Bnrnnnio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
cpxarnr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
Hcopna: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Ccopcn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Tpoqnnccxnc n:ni . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Yipcnan cini . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Ox:cxa n ucnpo(cpxnr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Oxccy(arnnuin (narc: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Iaaaa 11. Ha xax aexapcvao . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
an n cio npnioronncunc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
Hccxonixo nonc:uix concron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
Hpannniuo nn xi nicx nan" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
an-cnacnrcni . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
anuan ncpcxounn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199
o no-umocu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2OO
o no-unoncu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2OO
o no-+oneoaicu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2OO
o no-oneaucu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2OO
o no-momaonocu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2O1
o no-oa+tuu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2O1
o c uepnt+ nepue+ u +eoo+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2O1
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3cncuin nan n npoqnnaxrnxa paxa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2O1
an xax onnmammcc cpc(crno . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2O2
Kpcnxnn nan nonc:uo nnn npc(uo" . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2O4
Bncpamunn nan onaccu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2O5
Xpaucunc nnpox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2O5
Kax onpc(cnnri xanccrno nan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2O7
Hocaecaoane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21O
Hpnaoaenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212
Hpnnocunc 1. Yxa:arcni npnxcucunn npnpo(uoio
ncxapcrncuuoio cipin npn pa:nnnuix :aoncnaunnx. . . . x 212
Hpnnocunc 2. Hpornnonoxa:aunn x npnxcucunm
or(cniuix rpan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
Hpnnocunc 3. Kancu(api copa ncxapcrncuuix
pacrcunn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
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