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05.22.14?

:
,

- 2001

1.
1.1

1.2

1.3
1.4
1.5
2.

2.1

2.2

2.3
2.4
2.5

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3

3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4

6
6
11
15
24
27
30
30
35
45
49
58

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4k =

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++.
,

,
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void Splinebiterpolation: :threediag()
{/*
.
*/
q=new double [];
/* */
u=new double[np];
if(idsplmeleft=l)
/* */
{nbeg=l;
/* , 1- */
s[0]=q[0]=u[0]=0.;
/* */
} else
/* */
{nbeg=0;
/* 1- */
b=2.*hri];
/* */
c=h[l];
d==6.*(ZSPL(l)-ZSPL(0))/h[l]-6.*splmecondleft;
p=b;
q[0]=-c/p;
u[0]=d/p;
/* */
for(int i=l; i<np-l; i++)
{a=h[i];
/* */'

54

b=2.*(h[i]+h[i+l]);
c=h[i+l];
d=6. *(ZSPL(i+1 )-ZSPL(i))/h[i+1 ]-6. *(ZSPL(i)-ZSPL(i-1 ))/h[i];
fF=a*q[i-l]+b;
""=-c/p;
Kd-a*u[i-l])/p;
//for intf(fp4,"\n%-5i a=%-i0.4f b=%-l.4f c=%-10.4f d==%-10.4fi, a, b, c, d);
if(idsplineright===l) /* */
{nend=np-2;
/* , */
s[np-1 ]=). ;
/* */
}else
/* */
f nend=np-l ;
/* */
D=2.*h[np-1];
/* */
d=6.*splmecondright-6.*(ZSPL(np-l)-ZSPL(np-2))/h[np-l];
a=h[np-l];
p=a*q[np.2]+b;
=0.;
q[nend]=-c/p;
u[nend]=(d-a*u[np-2])/p;
/* */
s[nend]=u[nend];
for(int i=nend-l; i>=nbeg; i~)
{s[i]=q[i]*s[i+l]+u[i];
//fprintf(fp4,"\n%-5i s=%-10.4f q=%-10.4f u=%-]0.4f', i, s[i], q[i], u[i]);
delete [] q;
/* */
delete [] u;
}
:
void 811111::81()
/* - */
{if(xint<XSPL(0)!|xint>XSPL(np-l))
(/* */
sprintf(str, " = %fl %fl;%fl !\",
xint, XSPL(O), XSPL(np-l));
MessageBox(hwnd, str,
" SplineInteolation::splint() !", MBJCONSTOP);
}ese /* */
{for(inti=l;i<np;i++)
{if(xint<=XSPL(i)) /* */
{c-s[i-l]/6./h[i];
d-s[i]/6./h[i];
a=XSPL(i)-xint;
b=xint-XSPL(i-l);
yint-=c*pow(a,3.)+d*pow(b,3.)+(ZSPL(i-l)/h[i]-s[i-ll*h[i]/6.)*a+(ZSPL(i)/h[ils[i]*h[i]/6.)*b;
break;
}

}
}

55

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0 -

, ++.
void AirDraw::ellipse()
{/* */
int i, i 1, j 1;

/* */

if(idmem5[17]!-l)
{xellipse=Tievv double[nl];

/* */

idmem5[17]=l;
}
if(idmem5[18]!=l)
{yellipse=new double[nl];

,/* */

idmem5[18]-l;
}

if(idmem5[19]!=l)
{zellipse=new double[nl];
idmem5[19]-l;
}

/* */

57

=0.9;

/* */

=0.1;

/* */

temp=0.4;

/* */

<1=2. */(11-1);

/* X */

(1=\01/(11- ]);

/* */

1=0;
(11=0; 11<11; 11++)

/* X*/

{=-+11*(111;

/* 1 */

1=**(1.-*//);

/* */

2=81(1);

/* */

)(| 1=0; ] 1<11; ] 1++, i++)


{t=jl*d;

/* X*/
/* */

8(11 j 1 )=+1;

/* */

8(11,] 1 )=2*81(1);

/* */

ZELLWSE{il,} 1)=2*8(1);

/* */

/* */
/* 1- ] */
8(1,0)=8(11 j l ) ;

/* */

8(1,1)=8(11 j l ) ;

/* 1 */

8(1,2)=28(111);

/* 2 */

8(1,3)=1.;

/* 3 */

}
}

/* */
{=4; /* 1 = 2 */
1= 1;

/* 1 */

; /* 2 */
1=18);

/* */

1=1;

/* */

1=181/;

/* */

11();

/* */

/* */

58

i=0;
for(il=0; iKnpellx; il++)

/* X*/

{ for(j 1=0; j Knpell; j 1++, i++)

/* X * /

{8(11,] l)=MATSlFNEW(i,0); /* */
8(11 1)=8\(1);

/* */

1(1(1=1)
/* */
1(2, "\1=%-31 j=%-3i 11=%10.41'11=%10.4,
11, ]1, 8 ( 1 1 ) , 8(11,]1)); /* */
}
}
}

2.5
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Borland ++ v.5.02.

32- Windows 98:


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cos^

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0"

sin^
cos^

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void AirDraw::drawwingsurf()
{/* */
sprintf(strl, "AirDraw::drawwingsurf()");
fp=fp2; msgfolQ;
initairdraw(); /* */
/* */
rotx();

/* */

rotyO;

/* */

rotzQ;

/* */

/* */
projectorthozO; /* */
/* () */
dilatationO;
/* ,
() */
rotxyzO; wingbodyswfO;

/*

*/
/ * . . . . . . . .
.*/
wingbodysuril();

62

, ' ,
, , .
\


(,
.1.
, -)

\ \ DKSTROY

, perucipaiuiu {
>Vindons


Windows

()

.

V

. ^


.
. .

. 2.3 Borland ++

63

/* */
wingbodysurf2();
drawwingsurfl(); /* */
translationQ; /* */
ellipse

/* */

ellipseO;

/* */

drawellipse();

/* */

il(fclose(fp2)) MessageBox(hwnd, "


"AirDraw::drawwingsurf()", MBICONSTOP); /* .
*/
}
/*
*/ void AirDraw::rotxyz()
{//int i, j ; /* */
/* */
if(idmem5[l2]!=l)
{matrot=new double[4*4]; /*
*/
idmem5[12]=l;
}
/* */
m=ml=4; /* */
if(idmem5[13]!=l)
{matr=new double[m*4];
idmem5[13]=l;
}

if(idfflem5[14]!=l)
{matrl=new double[m} *4];
idmem5[14]=l;
}
/* */
mdim=4; /* 1 = 2 */

64

1=4;

/* 1 */

=4;

/* 2 */

1=11; /* */
=; /* */
1=1;

/* */

11();
/* */
// (1=0; ; 1++)

/* */

// {(2,

/* */

"\%-31", 1);

//

for(j=0;j<mdim;j++)

/^*/

//

2," %\0.4f", (1)); /**/

// }
// &(1=0; 1<1; 1++)

/* */

// {5(2, "\%-31", 1);

/* */

//

for{J=0;j<ndim;j++)

/**/

//

11(2," %10.4f0(1,3)); /**/

// }
/* */
11=1;

/* */

=112; /* */
=11;

/* */

11();
/* 1 ()
*/
1=11;

/* */

=1111; /* */
1=1;

/* */

11();
/*
*/
1=1;

/* */

1=112; /* */

65
matrixc=matrot;

/* */

matmulO;
//if(idrecord=l)
}

,
void WingIntEquation::wingintlb()
(int i, j ;

/* */

suml=0.;

/* */

ds=0.;
j=i;
for(int 1=0; l<nzw; 1++, j=j+2)
for(int k==0; k<nxw; k++, i=i+2)

/* Z */
/* X */

{/* */
a=XW(iJ)-x0;
b=YWl(i,j)-yO;
a=a*a+b*b;
b-z]-zO;
d=sqrt(b*b+a);

/* P */

if(d<=0.000001) /* */
{1.;
}else if(a<=0.000001)
{ if(b>-0.) f=log(fabs(z[j+l]-zO)/fabs(z-l]-zO));
if(b<0.) ^-log(fabs(z+l]-zO)/fabs(z-l]-zO));
}else

/* */

{cl=z+l]-zO;
c2=z0-l]-z0;
f=log(fabs(c l+sqrt(cl * l+a))/fabs(c2+sqrt(c2*c2+a)));
}
ds=dxmt[l]*PNl(k,l)*f; /* */
suml=sum 1+ds;
/
}

/* */

66

}
void WingIntEquation;:smnint2()
(int i, j , , 1;

/* */

smn=0.;

/* */

for(l=0; l<nzw; 1++J=1+1+1)


{cl=dxnew[l]*t;

/* */

b 1 =zO-z|j -1 ];

/* */

bql=bl*bl;
b2=z0-z[j+l];

/* */

bq2=b2*b2;
i=l;
for(k=0; k<nx; k++, i=k+k+l)
{axl=xO-XWNEW(i,j);
ayl=yO-YWNEW(i,j);
a=axl*axl+ayl*ayl;
if(a>eps2)
{c=cl *(ay 1-axl *DYDX(k,l))/a;
c2=sqrt(bql+a);
fl=P0T(k,l)*bl/c2; //+DPDZ(l)*c2;
c2=sqrt(bq2+a);
2=P0T(k,l)*b2/c2; //+DPDZ(l)*c2;
ds=c*(-fl);
sum=sum+ds;
}
}
}


.
:
dy

Vy

dy

Vy

dx

Vx '

dz

Vz

67

, , - .
:

1 =

, = '^(

^ :^ :

1
9.

^^ 1

4:

(9

1
9

1 \
8

> 1-
;,^

V
^

, ^

V X ^
V

V V
2.6

=5. .

2.7

68

69

. 2.5

+.

70

NACA-0012

=5

-0012

=3

-150-10

=0

. 2.6

71

. 2.7


-96-300.

72

3


.

.


:
1. .
2. .
3. .
,

, .
3.1


(2.12). . 3.2
,

[71].

[6,46]

11/~20.

( ).
.
,

73

. 3.1 .

. 3.2

74

3.2 ,

,
. -
,
.

[6]:

^ "

'

+'

(3-1)

(3.1)

\^ =1,
/ = 2 ; . 3.1

,
, .
,
, ,
.
,
, .
.

= 00 8 =08. . 3.4

, .

75

, ,

[126] <5.

. 3.3

76

. 3.4

( ).

77

3.2

-0012. 3.1.
.

3.5

-0012 . . 3.6

-0012 [67]
,
[73]. [67]
,

,
.

. 3.5

NACA-0012 =0.

78

3.1 -0012
, %

1.25

2.5

7.5

15

20

25

,%

1.894

2.615

3.555

4.200

4.683

5.345

5.737

5.941

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

95

100

6.002

5.803

5.294

4.563

3.664

2.623

1.448

0.807

0.126

,%

NACA-0012, .=5, 11=1,


=0.
=0 ^^

-0.80

-0.40

0.00

0.40

0.80

1.20

. 3.5

79

3.3 .




.
,
. . 3.6-3.9
[67]
.
NACA 0012 , ,=5, |=1. . 3.10


. .
3.12 3.13

.

[127].
:

"

=- -

- ,
- ,
- ,
"^- ,
" - .
, ,
, ,
,
,
,
. , ,

80

.
3.11.

-0012, ,=5, =1,


=0 . =2.7 =0.2

1.20

. 3.6

81

-0012, ,=5, |=1,


=0 . =6 =0.45

-2.00

. 3.7

>

<

^^

82

-0012, =5, |=1,


==0 . =8 =0.6

-3.00 - 1

. 3.8

83

-0012, =5,)=1
=10.8

\\
\\
6:

V' [ )
0.00

. 3.9

0.20

0.40

0.60

0.80

1.00

84

-(12,
^ 5 , 1=1

0.00

4.00

8.00

12.00

,1

. 3.10

85

|: 30 , -0012
=0

2=0.86
2=0
1/

0.4

0.80

^20

'

. 3.11
.
= 5, = 1
% = 0.
1.20
|

1.00

0.80
\

0.60

0.40

0.00

. 3.12

0.20

0.40

0.60

0.80

1.00

86

30

=5, 1 = 1
[ [1:


;(

0.00

40

0.20

0.60

0.80

1.00

2.

. 3.13


. 3.14

[43].

. 3.15 - 3.18

2=0.27, 0.35,
0.56, 0.84 -96-300, ,
^ -106 .4 >
=6. . 3.19

-96-300

-96-300 . . 3.19

, .

- .

87


, , ..
. .

3.20

, [128].

- ,

^a'^KpslMl -1,

Zo.5 - 50% .

-12, -14, -16 [ 34 ].


=5.

Cm - ,
>' .

=0. , <^0.22,
[34 ],

X^O.lll-

0.227 . , .
,
20-25% .


,
.

88

. 3.14

. 3.15


-96-300.

90

-1.50

1.00

. 3.16


-96-300.

91

1.00 I

. 3.17

'


-96-300.

92

0.80. 3.18

'


-96-300.

. 3.19


-96-300.

94

. 3.20

95

3.4 .

, . . 3.21

.

*100

(^^^ (^^

- i i-1

.
.
. 3.22

, ,=5,
NACA0012. =6.
(Nx=10, 25, 50, 100, 150)
Nz=5. . 3.22

Nx>50
. Nx
,
. . 3.23


Nx=100 Nz=5, 7, .
Nz, ,
.

96

poaNACA-0012, =5, |=1, =0% ^=100, N2=5


8,%
250.00

200.00

150.00

100.00

50.00

0.00
0

. 3.21

10

97

. 3.22

98

NACA 0012 =5, = =0 , Nx=100


Nz=5
X Nz=7
Nz-11

1.25

1.00

0.75

0.50

0.25

0.00
0.00
.

3.23

0.20

0.40

0.60

0.80

1.00

99

4

-96-300
.
4.1 .

>'
.

.
:
-, - ;
-, ~
;
-,
;
- ;
- ,
;
- (
, ,
, . .)
- .
,
,
. ,
:

100

(dV

= /? - G s i n ^

(4.1)

= R -Gcosi9cosx
\ at
dK

dt

(4.2)

+ coV - > 7 U i t + G c o s , 9 s i n /

' "

(4.3)

' ^)
\

= M.
Rx
d)^

(4.4)

(4.5)

(4.6)

= c^, sm/ + , cos


dt

= 0^- ( cosy -

smr)/gi9

dt

j ~

dm

cosr - O), sin/)


cos^

sin ^ +

eos Scosy- -; cos^ sin r

(4.7)

(4.8)

(4.9)

(4.11)

(4.13)

101

V = ^;

+ / + V;

(4.14)

5=8

(4.16)

(4.1),
(4.2), (4.3) (4.4), (4.5), (4.6),
. , ,

^, (, , -

&

. ^-,

, ^=08^
,

~ +

- X ,

= sin^^> - 7 ,

7^?^ = 7 , -

. X, , 2 - ,

, ~8, ~8, ~^8.


1, 1 , 2 -
; /, - ;
]1, , ' , -

~ - + + ^^ +

- .

- .

102

- ,

,
^

'

,
^, 3, ' , ,

- , , ^, ,
,
{(X, 3), (>^, , .) ,
4^.5 4 '

, (,

, .
,
(4.7), (4.8), (4.9). (4.10), (4.11), (4.12)

OoXgYgZg ,
, , , .
Xg

- ;

, =; 1^-
- .
(4.13), -
, , ,
.

(4.14), (4.15), (4.16).

(4.1)...(4.16)

, , :
- ;
- ;

103

- .
;
- ,
, , , ,
(
, );
- ,
^ ;
-

( ) -
(41, 42).
:
1.
(, ,
, , ..).
2. .
(
, , . .)
(, , , . .).
3. .

1
.
4. . ,

,
, .

104

5. .

.

( , , ,
).

(
, - ).

:

(4.17)

(4.17)

. 4

()

()

, . . .

1/. + ?^

/) (^ ' ^1 -

*)

(4.18)

105


4+1

}'

()

(4.19)

, (4.19),
4+/

.(^)

(4.20)

X / ^ ... ,

/;

^ - ,

(4.18) (4.20);

\ 41)

1 <^< / +1
(4.21)

106

4.2

-96-300
.

-96-300

.

-96-300


[41,42 3 :
-0=175 ;
- ;
- (6/8=40/25^);
- F=265 /.

, :
)
, Wy=2 / (. 4.1),
)
( , 4.2 ),
) (Wy=-6 / 30
, . 4.3 ),
) (. 4.4-4.6 )
) (.4.7 )


(2.3 ) , 2
.
)
.

107

=400 ,

1=0 1=111 .( =15 ).

. 4.1

108

. 4.3

109

Wy
0.30

"-.08 =--0036

. 4.6

1,

\^

4.7

. 4.1
-96-300
.
\Vyiteipa ./
0
5
10
-5
-10

, 1 .:1
0
10
0
10
0
10

10
0
10

-0.14
0.67
0.02
0.80
0.18
0.93
-41.3
0,53
-0.46
0.41

0
0
0.16
0.13
0.32
0.26
-0.16
-0.14
-0.32
-0.26

0
0
0.012
0.011
0.023
0.021
-0.012
-0.012
-0.021
-0.021

110

. 4.28 )

: 13(1), {1),
6(1), (1),
(0 (1).
-96-300
,
>'

.
,
(. 4.2 ):

() tg^a(z)

= ~

(4.22)

00
^0() - ,
V 00 - .
+ , -- .


4.1
^^^.^ =-10 - 10 /.
-96-300
( ))
(1

-5

-20 /), (/ = 2 ^ 10 ).
1=0 - =400 . . 4.84.19

: (1). (1), (1),

111

y(t) , ;

(1),

5(1), (0

-96-300

t=25 , H=3iO . . 4.8-4.9

Wymax ~-5
/, 2 10 .
Wyjnax .
,

5=8-9, Ajiiax~l-92.2, AVmax~2-4.5 /,

Ymax="l-2.

~
10, - ==10 -
Wymax =-10 /

At=10 ,

( ) : '^'! 1,

'^ /,

Ymax==4,

AUmax~6,

5= ", 5.=10"

=17 . ,
=15
. ,
,
AV=1.5 /.
| Wj^ax l /
: > 4,

112

^ /. . 4.14 4.15
Wymax

-15 /

^ ^ /, ,
2- .
)

= 5 Wy^ax = -20 / (. 4.16

4.17 ).
>' - (
28 ).

AV^ax "^20 /,

=14

=-25 -^ +15 ), 5=27 (


=-27 -f +27),
=-23

=23 (

+23).


25

( ) , .
,
-96-300 , , . .
,

( ).

(Wyx = -6 / 30 , .

4.20). ) (=5 ),

( =-12 ),

AV= 6 /,
.

113

.
,
,
=1.5 / (
^ ~ -20 /) . -
, (=10),
. , -96-300

(=-9 ), -

=26


, :

().



( , , , ).
,

. ,

,
.
.
,
,
( ) ,

114

. ) ,
),
.
, ,
, 30 /. ,
,
. 4.4-4.6

. ,

,
-0.8 /, / - . ,
,
- [46]. , ),
(3) 3
/.

(. 4.21-4.25) ,

=0.036,

(5=12 ), (5=10)
(5.=10 ).
/ =2 .

,
( ) ).
400 ,

1=30

,
>' .
>

),

13 .

- \ =-2
/, -5 /, -15 /, -20 /. - ,

.
;

115

1)

2) .

(1), (0,
(1), (1), (1)
).
,
- |Wy|=15 / . ,
-96300 -3 / -9/ ,
. 1)10
-3 /.

=20 .
:

\\ =0.6,

\ = -15 /' >


\\ =0.4,

20 /

,
( ,
). . 4.26-4.27.
,
-96-300

=-9

/.

\\
=0.6
>250 .

116

-96- (8 -5 / )

60

~96-300 (8 -5 / 10 )

1.1

-96-300 -5 / 10

-9/

8,

:5

&1

-9-300 ( -5 / )

' '

. 4.8 -96-300
^'

1=10 , Wy = -5 /
1=2 , \ = -5 /

117

-96-0 ( -5 / 10 3

(]

00

} ?

'

-96-300 ( -5 /

X
1

07

- 9 6 - 3 0 0 -5

10

^1

1-^

10'^

- 6 - 3 0 0 ( -5

11

10

!:!'!

30

60

. 4.9 -96-300


1=10 , Wy = -5 /
t=2 , ~ -5 /

118

- 9 6 - 3 0 0 ( -10 / 3

'

^1

^7

- 9 6 - 3 0 0 -10 / 10

30

- 9 6 - 3 0 0 ( -10 / 10 3

'1

1
'

. 4.10 -96-300


*=10 , \ = -10 /
1=10 , \ = -5 /

119

-96- ( - /

10

" 0.

V '

3 -

-96-300 ( -10 / 10 )

'1'
^
-
-96-300 ( -10 / 10 5

1.' - 1

63

-96-300 ( -10 / 10

(1

|'

|> 1
> 1 /

"'1.
30

60

90

*. 4.11 -96-300


1=10 , \ = -10 /
1=10 , \ = -5 /

120

-96-300 ( - / 2 )

33

-96-300 ( -10
_

/ 2 )

^ 4

1
1

-96-300 ( -10 / 2

'

" 3

----

^- _-

'

_///

3 '
-96-300 ( -10

/ 2 5

11

1 ^

-9'

. 4.12 -96-300


1=2 , \ = -10 /
1=2 , \ = -5 /

121

- - ( - / 2 )

J
1
1

1;!

-96-300 ( -10 / 2 )

>

'1.

1
0

-'^

91

>

-96-300 ( -10 / 2 )

'

|1

-96-300

01

-10 / 2 )

11
> 1

>

>

1 ^

'

30

60

90

*. 4.13 -96-300


1=2 , \ = -10 /
1=2 , \ = -5 /

122

--- ( -20 / 2 3

/
- / ' .

-6-300 -20 / 2 5

3 ..-'

-96-300 -20 / 2 )

\
-

'3

;)

*. 4.14 -96-300
(

1=2 , \ = -20 /
1=2 , Wy = -15 /

123

-96-300 < -20 / 2 )

63

93

-20 / 2 )

-96-300
1

*,
.

1;

,/'.4
30

93

63

93

-96-300 -20 / 2 )

- - ( - / 2 1

'. 4.15 5 -96-300




1=2 , \ = -20 /
1=2 , Wy = -15 /

124

-96-300 ( -20 / 3

^-

>
-96-300 -20 / )

1
1
1
1

3 >"

^1

-96-300 -20 / 3

?" ^ L - .

1
4

6^

. 4.16 -96-300


1=10 , \^ = -20 /
( )
1=10 , ^^
'^
' = -10 /

125

-96-300 { -20 /

9-

10 3

'

-96-300 ( -20 / 10 3

1^
1

-6-300 ( -20 / 5

60

90

-96--300
!

-20 / 10

)
X

13

/1 \\

'

'

30

. 4.17 -96-300


1=10 , \ = -20 /
( )
1=10 , >| = -10 /

126

-96-300 ( -20 / 5 )

0'
1

^ ^

- ^ " ^

, V

-6-300 ( -20 /

5)

^^;

'
"

"

'

63

-96-300 ( -20 /

5)

1
/

1^

'. 4.18 -96-300



1=5 , \ = -20 /
( )
1-2 , \ = -20 /

127

~9- { -20

;\

8X

/ 5

3^ -

. ^'

-98-300 ( -20 / 5 )

.
\

6'

\/

-96-300 -20 /

5)

90

-6-300 ( -20 / 5 )

^1 -

\\

'

30

^" _

60

90

>

. 4.19 -96-)


1=5 , \ = -20 /
( )
1=2 , \ = -20 /

128

-96-300 ( 6/30

- 3
1,

;.<1>%1'

'..'

----^ ^

'.:::::

"~~~"~\

\.
\

-96-300 ( 6/30 - )

-.

X.

33

63

^
-96-300 6/30

- )

.)

- 3

6>

*. 4.20 -96-300


,

129

-96-300 ( )

<

,1

'-'-"

90

11
1 I

-96-300 ( )

5^

60

-96-300 ( ^ )

1\
1

1
,

/,

3 3^'

*. 4.21 -96'-300
,

,

130

-- / & 6 3

21
1

\---=^^,

-^

^ 9

-98-300 {/ = 6 3

-5:;
8

-96-300 ( .

11
1
\
.1

^_

30

90

*. 4.22 -96-300
: ,

,

131

-96-300 ( ]
(

.V
'
J11
1
1

<> /

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6

93

>

-96-300 )

1
11
1
1

(,

{1

-96-300

1)
1

1.

11_

53

,^4

1 1

!
-1 1 ^

-96-300

( & &

5)

><

||
1*
11

> 1

'I
X

" 1
11 1
1 1 1

'I
'

. 4.23 -96-300
,

,

132

-96-300 (

33

>

^'

V'"!

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