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.. , ..

2010

621. 382. 2: 629. 7


..., .. , ..., .. .
.. .


. ,
,
.
21040168,
21040468, 21040568.


35, 100
: ..



, 2010


.......................................................................................................................... 4
1. Alcatel 1641 SM ............................................................ 5
2. -1 .............................................................................. 25
3. ......................................................... 42
4. ........................................ 57
5. - ..................... 64
6. - ............................. 73
7. ............................................................................................ 81
8. -
CWDM ................................................................... 93
9.
-WDM ................................................................................................. 114
10. .............................................................................. 123



,
, , 20002009.. ,
,
,
. , ,
,
., ., ., .

1.
ALCATEL 1641SM
1.
Alcatel 1641SM

2.
SDH STM-1, [1,2].
3.
1. .. SDH. , 2006.
2. .
4.
1. Alcatel 1641SM.
2. 1
.
3.
.
4. 1
.
5.
1. 1.
2. / Alcatel 1641SM
2.1 2.
(W) (E)
. 1 (=2.048 /)
21 1 (212)
TUG-3. 3 212.
3 (=34.368 /) 3
, VC-4.
4 (=139.246 /) 4
VC-4.
STM-1. ,
1 3 VC-4.

STM-1.

- G.703 G.704.
5

60

STM-1

Alcatel 1641SM

1.
6

2. Alcatel 1641SM
2:
LPC ;
HPC ;
HPA ;
7

HPT ;
MSA ;
MST ;
RST ;
SPI ;
LPA ;
LPT ;
PPI ;
2.2 3.
F.

RS-232
F

3.
2.3 4.
- G.707.

STM-4

4
STM-1

AUG

AU-4

VC-4

C-4

E4

C-3

E3

C-12

E1

3
1

TUG-3

TU-3

VC-3

TUG-2

TU-12

VC-12

4.
2.4 .
().
15 ( ),
( 5).

5. Alcatel 1641SM
9

1.
1 Alcatel 1641SM


1
AUX/EOW
2,3,4 TRIBUTARY
5,6

AGGREGETE W

7,8

CRU

9,10

AGGREGETE E

11,12 TRIBUTARY SPARE


A
EQ. CONTROLLER
B,C

POWER SUPPLY


(/
1, 3, 4)


: (7) (8)

/ , ,
() , D-I
5. 2.
2 Alcatel 1641SM

AUXILIARY

CHANNEL

ACCESS (Slot D)
TRIBUTARY
/
ACCESS
(/ 1, 3, 4)
(Slot E1-E9)
DUMMY PLATE ()
(Slot F)
QX_INT & SYNC
(Slot G)

ALARM INT

(Slot H)

BATTERY &

HOUSKEEPING

(Slot I)

10

2.5 Alcatel
1641SM

NECTAS, .
6, :
- ,
- ,
- .
Global synthesis (
),
. Equipment above ( )
Equipment below ( )
( 32), .
Application Choice ()
.
,
.

6. NECTAS
3 .

11

3.

EF
DF

DC

NE

NE




( )




NE

( ,

, )

LC

AS
AT
UG
NG
HA
SA
DA
SF
ST
TC
AE

(
)

()

6. .
.
6.1. 4, 7, 9 4
.
( 4 9)
.
4.

1
1
2
3
4
5
6

1
2
3
4
5
6

1

TUG3,

TUG2,
STM-1
TU12
3.2.1
W
1.2.3
E
2.2.2
W
1.3.3
E
3.1.3
W
2.3.2
E

STM-1
E
W
E
W
E
W

TUG3,
TUG2,
TU12
3.2.1
1.2.3
2.2.2
1.3.3
3.1.3
2.3.2

1
20
21
20
21
20
21

: STM-1: W
, E .
12

STM-1
TUG-3
TUG-2

1
1

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-3
TUG-2

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

1.1.1
TU-12
TUG-2
TUG-3

8.

13

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

7. STM-1.

9.


-1

16

17

18

19

20

21

15

14

9. 1641SM
14

13

ATT

12

11

10

21

20

19

18

14

17

13

16

12

15

11

10

21

20

19

18

14

17

13

16

12

15

11

10

21

20

19

18

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

6.2. .
( )
NECTAS . Login,
10. Operator identifier ADMIN, Password
- ADMIN OK. ,
6.

10.
6.3. 1641SM.
()
M:0-S:0 1641SM27,
() Application_Choice. ,
, ,
11.

1)
2)
3)
4)
5) ,

6)
7)

11.
Equipment
Configuration OK. Equipment Configuration 1641SM27
M:0-S:0. Table,
Table Choice, 12.
SUBRACK CONFIGURATION OK.
15

12.
SUBRACK CONFIGURATION,
13.

13.

16

( 13)
1-12 ( 5).
.


SUBRACK CONFIGURATION
.
, ,
.
, 1: AUX/EOW (
), Assigned Card (
),
.
2,
, .
( ), (
Unassigned Card).
OK.
.
File, Save As, ,
File name Ok.
.
File, Send, ,
File to be send , , OK.
Equipment Configuration 1641SM27 M:0-S:0 (
).
6.4. .
, 4 17,
4.

()

M:0-S:0 1641SM27, ()
Application_Choice. ,
, , 11.
Connection Configuration ( ) OK.
Connection Configuration 1641SM27 M:0-S:0.
,
. File, Receive,
Save a configuration file as,
File name OK.
.
E1 (
4) 6.4.1 . 6.4.1
.
17

6.4.1. .
Connection Configuration 1641SM27 M:0-S:0
Table, Table Choice,
14. PAYLOAD STRUCTURE AND
SIGNAL LABEL OK.

14.
PAYLOAD STRUCTURE AND SIGNAL
LABEL, 15.

15.
18

15 (RX SDH
ports) (TX SDH ports).
( ).
STM1 AGG W
STM1 AGG E
. ( )
, PAYLOAD
STM-1:
- VC-4 Bulk;
- TUG-3 Structure.
TUG-3 Structure
. , STM-1
TUG-3, only for TUG3
structure. 3 TUG3, . TUG3, PAYLOAD TUG-3:
- TU 3;
- TUG2.
TUG-3
TUG-2. SIGNAL LABEL.
, SIGNAL LABEL
. :
- (Unequipment);
- , (Equipment not specified);
- TUG-2 (TUG Structure).

E1.
SIGNAL LABEL TUG Structure.
PDH (PDH ports) .
, SIGNAL LABEL
. :
- (Unequipment);
- , (Equipment not specified);
- 2, 34, 140 (Async 2M, Async 34M, Async 140M).
PDH ports
Async 2M.
OK.
6.4.2. TU-12 212.
Connection Configuration 1641SM27 M:0-S:0
Table, Table Choice,
14. TU-12 S ALLOCATION FOR
21X2M/SCADMA TRIBUTARY OK. TU12 S ALLOCATION FOR 21X2M/SCADMA TRIBUTARY #1, 16.
19

16. TU-12 212


#
, .
Next () Previous
(). ,
212
. ,
,
( 16).
16 :
- Port # ;
- Equipped () / ;
- TU12 # TU-12 (
8), TU12 #;
- mode (insert - , drop - ,
insert/drop /), (bidir ,
/), (unp , prot )
(W - , E - ).
- PPS Rev
.

( ),
TU12, mode D/I bidir unp W (
) D/I bidir unp E (
). OK.
20

16 17
15 21. 1 1,
15, 1- TU12, 7- TUG2, 1- TUG3
S1.1 W (D/I bidir unp W).
S1.1 W
S1.1 E (D/I bidir unp E)
21. 21 ,

15,
1.
.
17.
Alcatel 1641SM

-1

212

S1.1
W

. .
.

# 15

1.7.1

# 21

1.7.1

S1.1
E

17.
.
File, Save As, ,
File name Ok.
.
File, Send, ,
File to be send , , OK.
Equipment Configuration 1641SM27 M:0-S:0 (
).

21

6.5. .
-1
, AIS (AIS Alarm Indication Signal ).
B=2.048 /
.
.
. 10.
.
-1 ( Start);
F1 -> F4 -> F3.
,
18. F5.
, AIS.
AL1 -> F1

VIEW -> F4

AL2 -> F2

DROP ->

ER1 -> F3
ER2 -> F4

18. 1

NECTAS.
( 6) ()
M:0-S:0 1641SM27,
() Application_Choice. ,
, ,
11. Alarms, Status and Remote Controls OK.
.
.
.
.
6.6.
5 .
( 5)
(P.).
,
2 ( 9).
5.

P._,

1
-33

2
-34

3
-35
22

4
-36

5
-37

6
-38

.

F3.
BIT.
F4. BIT.
.
6.7. -
.

1,
2 ( 9).
-
:
(AIS), F5
1;

( 2);

,

, F4 1;
.
7.
:
1. ( 4).
2. ( 17).
3. 6.6 6.7.
4. .
8.
1.
.
2. ,
.
3. S 1.1 (W),
: S 1.1 (E)
-5 , 13 ,
.
23

4.

? ?
5.
. ,
TU-12 212, 16 .
6. .
.
7. .
.

24

2.
AM-1
1.
AM-1

2.
SDH STM-1, [1, 2].
3.
1. .. SDH. , 2006.
2. .
4.
1. AM-1.
2. -1
.
3. 1
.
4.
.
5.
1. 1.

25


AM-1

STM-1

60

1
2
60

1.
2. AM-1
2.1 2.

26

AM-1

S-1.1
S-4.1
L-4.2

2
10 Base-T Ethernet
RS-232

VC-4, VC-3, VC-12



-48..-60 .
220 .

E1
(16E1, 120 )

2. AM-1.
2.2 3.
WaveStar AM-1
RS-232

ITM-CIT

3.
2.3 4.
3

C-12

VC-12

TU-12

TUG-2

C-12

VC-12

TU-12

TUG-3

AU-4

STM-1

VC-4

AU-4

STM-1

TUG-2

LP1.1

VC-4

TUG-3

LP2.1

4.
2.4 ITM-CIT.
ITM-CIT

ITM-CIT, 5
.
-.
, , ,
,
.
5.
27

5. .
:
: NE
NE (mec), NE (AM-1), (COM1).
: ITM-CIT.
: ,
:
- (CONFIG);
- / :
,
CIT NE.
:
.
ITMCIT .
.
28

10

12 13
11

6. ()
.
:
1. (Login).
2. (Logout).
3. (Alarms Summary).
4. (Alarms List).
5. (Provisioned NE Components).
6. (Cross Connection).
7. (Termination Point).
8. (Ports).
9. (SNC).
10. (Performance Info).
11. (Local
Session).
12. (Remote
Session).
13. (Print).
6.
.
6.1. 4, 7, 9 1
.
( 4 9)
.
1.

1
1
2
3
4
5
6

TP1.1
TP1.2
TP1.3
TP1.4
TP1.5
TP1.6

1

TUG3,

TUG2,
STM-1
TU12
3,2,1
LP1.1
1,2,3
LP2.1
2,2,2
LP1.1
1,3,3
LP2.1
3,1,3
LP1.1
2,3,2
LP2.1

STM-1
LP2.1
LP1.1
LP2.1
LP1.1
LP2.1
LP1.1

TUG3,
TUG2,
TU12
3,2,1
1,2,3
2,2,2
1,3,3
3,1,3
2,3,2

1
TP1.16
TP1.16
TP1.16
TP1.16
TP1.16
TP1.16

: TP1.2 1,
LP2.1 .
29

STM-1
TUG-3
TUG-2

1
1

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-3
TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

TUG-2

VC-12 VC-12 VC-12


1
2
3

7. STM-1.

30

LP1.1,1.111
TU-12
TUG-2
TUG-3
AU-4
STM

8.
9 :
1 (TP1.1 -> LP1.1,1.111),
2 (LP2.1,1.111-> TP1.16),
,
1 1, 1.1, 1-
TU12,
1- TUG2, 1- TUG3 LP1.1.
LP1.1
LP2.1 1.16. 1.16
,
1.16
1.1, 1.
.
LP1.1,1.111 8.
1 RJ-45.

ATT

LP2.1

LP1.1

1
L

.1
P1

1
,1.

-1

RJ-45

11

LP2.1,1.111

TP1.16

TP1.1

-1

RJ-45

9. -1.
31

6.2. .
( )
ITM-CIT 5.2 .
6.3. (
).
File,
NE Login, Login, ( 10).

10.
NE Login, 11.

11. NE Login
com ,
(
COM1) Login. Password Required,
12.

12. Password Required


32

,
, VIEW, CONFIG ADMIN
Capability.
ITM-CIT :
VIEW: VIEW,
,
..

, Edit , ,

.
/ .
CONFIG: CONFIG,
CIT, Edit Access Control
Parameter.
ADMIN: ADMIN,
CIT, Edit
Access Control Parameter.
Capability
CONFIG, Password OK.
6.4. .
, 4 9,
1.
Provisioning, Transport,
Cross Connection, ( 13) Cross Connection
.

13.
Cross Connection Filter, ( 14).

33

14. Cross Connection Filter


, .
All. Slot
TS1, Port - All.
. Cross Connection List, , VC-12 VC-3, ( 15).

15. Cross Connection List


34

Cross Connection List :


Capacity - - ( );
Type - (Stand , SNC
SNCP);
From () -: ;
-: 1.
, 9, 1
1 TP1.1, 2 LP2.1,1.111.
() -:
; -:
2. , 9, 2
1 LP1.1,1.111, 2 TP1.16.
Protection - , ,
- SNCP. SNCP ,
-.
Directionality

(Uni - , Bi - ).
Fixed
.
-.
, 9,
.
1.
Add Cross Connection List, Add
Cross Connection.
, -
Capacity. VC12.
Cross Connection Type.
Standart,
.
Directionality
Bidirectional.
From .
SDH .
Slot TS1, Port - 1.
Select .
. .
Selection. TP1.1.
35

SDH
. Slot LS1.
Select .
. 8.
.
Selection. LP1.1,1.111.
TP1.1 (1-
1) LP1.1,1.111 (1- , 1- AU-4, 1- TUG-3, 1- TUG-2, 1- TU12) 16.

16. Add Cross Connection TP1.1


LP1.1,1.111
Apply
Cancel .
Cross Connection List.
2.
Add Cross Connection List,
Add Cross Connection, 16.
36

, 1,
.
From .
SDH .
Slot LS2.
Select .
. .
Selection.
LP2.1,1.111.
-

SDH
. Slot TS1, Port - 16.
Select .
. .
Selection. TP1.16.
LP2.1,1.111 (2-
, 1- AU-4, 1- TUG-3, 1- TUG-2, 1- TU-12) TP1.16 (16-
1) 17.

17. Add Cross Connection LP2.1,1.111


TP1.16
37

Apply
Cancel .
Cross Connection List.
6.5. .
-1
, AIS (AIS Alarm Indication Signal ).
B=2.048 /
TP .
. .
18.
.
-1 ( Start);
F1 -> F4 -> F3.
,
19. F5.
AIS.

38

TP1.1

TP1.2

TP1.3

TP1.4

TP1.5

TP1.6

TP1.7

TP1.8

TP1.9

TP1.10

TP1.11

TP1.12

TP1.13

TP1.14

TP1.15

TP1.16

18. .
AL1 -> F1

VIEW -> F4

AL2 -> F2

DROP ->

ER1 -> F3
ER2 -> F4

19. 1

39

6.6.
5 .
( 2)
(LP2.1).
, 2 ( 9).
2.

1
2
3
4
5
6
P._LP2.1,
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
.

F3.
BIT.
F4. BIT.
.
6.7. -
.

1,
2 ( 9).
-
:
(AIS), F5
1;
( 2);
,

,
F4 1;
.
7.
:
5. ( 4).
6. ( 9).
7. 6.6 6.7.
8. .
8.
1.
.
40

2. ,
.
3. LP2.1,
: LP1.1
-7 , 12 ,
.
4. -
? ?
5.
. ,
Cross Connection List ( 15).
6. .
.
7. .
.

41

3.

1.
1.1. ,
(EDFA),[1,2,3].
1.2.
,
,(. 1).
1.3.1 [2, .4.], ,
OSNR
1 2. 1.
1.

1, 2, ,
,

/
1
-17
-1
10
1550

F=2B
2
-16
-2
5
1535
3
-17
-3
40
1540
4
-16
-4
2,5
1545
5
-15
-2
10
1555
6
-16
-1
40
1560
1.3.2 3 2,
.
AmpEr EFA-25

1530

1537

Laser
Module
1543
1

1550

586 XL

1.

42

2.
1. .. . - , .8.1,8.5-:
, ,.2006.
2. .. . .,2005.
3. .. . -
, .4.8.3, .122.,2005
3.
.1. ()
EFA-25
(), 586 XL (. 4),
i.
() 1,
.
2,
(),
(). , 1
(0=1.55, =1.),
, .
,
,
(1 3 1).
4.
1. 1
( 1 2 ,1),
, () ()
.
2. .
580XL 1.55 (=10-20).
=50
,
, 1
2 .1. .
.
.
3. ( 580XL).
ASE. OSNR.
4. ( 580XL).
1,55 . 1
1 .1
43


10-60 10.
.
( )
.
5. 4.
() .
.2.
, (.1)
1530.,1537.,1543,1550.
2 ().
( 1 .1) , .4.
.
,
.
6. .
.
. 10
80, .
7. .
.
=1,55 ( 1 .1)
() .
. OSNR . .
=50.
5. .
:
5.1- .
5.2- .2,3, 5.1
5.1 ( . 4.2)
, ,
, ,

ASE=
- .4.4
5.2
1,
2,

G, g()

=50

44

Gp, gp()

OSNR=

G,

, =
: =F(P), g=F(P)

=1,55

- .5.5
5.3 ( . 4.5)
,
1530
,
,

,
,

1537

1543

1550

G
g,
: =F(), g=F()
5.4 ( . 4.7)
I,

(I0, P0). .
5.5
,
,

P ASE,

G ,

OSNR,

5.3 , 4.2-4.5;
5.4 ;
5.5
.
45

.
1.
, ?
2.

- ?
3.
?
90:10, 99:1.
4.

?
5.
?
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.
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11. G=F(P), G=F() .
12. =F(I).
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AmpEr EFA-25


1525-1570 . ,
,
,
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.

46

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f

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51

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:
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4 (4)

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53

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1.

LD50-4 .
,
. .1,
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1530
1537
1543
1550
4
010

< 15
~220 , 50
0 - +40


,

,

2.
:
(POWER)
(Channel 1 hannel 4)


:


54

3.
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,
.
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.
.
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56

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().
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1. .. . . , 2006.
2. . - . .2,.8., 2006.
3.
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1
2
3
4
5
6
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20
18
21
22
17
23

0.3
0.35
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,
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1525.4
1530.4
1535.4
1540.4
1545.4
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200
220
250
280
300
320
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1.

2.
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58

3.
:
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4 (+); 5 ( - ); 6 ; 7 ;
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11 ; 12 ; 13 ;
14 ( - ).
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,
. .
6.
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1530 -25. 50
300 25,
. 6.1,
.
2. .
( =1530)
59

,
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.
6.3. .

(1530,1537,1543,1550) , -25,
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,
,
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1530 1537 1543 1550

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60

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62

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63

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2
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4
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20
22
26
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,.
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.
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65

2. .

3. -
.
5.
: 580 XL
: 1300,1310,1550,.. 560 XL
850,1300,.1550.
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560 XL: ( -60 +3).
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FOD-1202.
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6.1. 2*2 1310
1550. 580 XL 1 , 560 XL
2,3,4 ,
560 XL.
2,3,4, 560 XL
66

, 1,
. 2.
ij

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PRj

. ,
,
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4. , ()
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2. .
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13

14

21

23

67

24

31

32

34

41

42

43

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32

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68

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2

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5
. ,
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., , . 2 2
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:
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(1),
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z = (/2)*(2m-1), m=0,1,2.

(3)

,
V. , [1],
:
=(V/(20*n0*2))*(-l/)

(4)

69

0- ,0=2*/, n0- , ,,l-


(.4)
1.5 < V < 2.5, 2 < l/ < 4.5.

2. .

6. .
(,.6)
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7.
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.
R(0) [1] ,
R(L)=0:
R(O) =[((0)/(0)]2 =*sh(L)/[(2*h2(L) +2*sh2(L)]1/2.
70

(5)

(0),(0)-
, , -
,L- ,
=0*n/2, =(2- 2)1/2, =- 0 , 0=2*/0,

(6)

- 0 :
0= m*/, - ,.7. = 0, (5)
:
R(0)=th2(KL).
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:
(0)=1- R(0).
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8. x.
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71

9.

72

6.

1.

, .
2.
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, 1992, . 275-290
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, 1992, . 20-26.
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, 2002.
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3.
,
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, , CMI
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73

; (CMI)

W(f), f 0 f 0,2 f. .. f=0.2n f,


n=0,1,2,320.

W(f) f , , CMI.
.
3.1.
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, , CMI
.
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4 f, 0,2 f.
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.
4.
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f, 2 f, ..
5.
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75

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10 11 12 13 14 15 16

215

2,048

223

8,448

223

34,368

215

2,048

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8,448

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34,368

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f/f

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76

6.2.

f/f

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0,4

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1. .

1. ()
5 300 , 50
1000 .
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2-
3-
4-
5-
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77

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:
1. 5 .
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3. 1 ,
2
1 ,
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4 620 , 1000 ,
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78

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4
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3. 1 ,
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100 .

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79

2-
3-
4-
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6-
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.
2. 1 ,
2 .

80

7.

1.

, .
2.
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2. .. -
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3...- . 9.,
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. ,2003.
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.
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Optix BWS 320G DWDM
System,[2]. OSNR .
.
81

N=16 (16- ), Pmax MPI S 17, LOA-1 [g=


2226] , LOA-2 [g=2831] ,
LOA-3 [3235] , 1.
1- ; g 14 ; G 25,1 , g1 22 ; G1 158,5 .
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3- ; g 3 35 ; G3 3162,3 .
: .
5,
, 5, -
2
, , 2 =25,5
.

4.
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LOA,
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. R' -
, S'- .

,
.

1-
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82

2-

, , .
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3 .
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83

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0,425*1,665

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(1)

T0 - 1/ , TB - ,
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z.

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2

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T0,5 1,665* T0 ,

(5)

T0,5 - 0,5 Pmax .

T0,01

0,425
* T0,5 ,
0,212

(6)

T0,01 - 0,01
Pmax .

2
D (
),
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2

84

(7)

D - ,

1
2
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(8)

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2

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(11)

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, D = 20
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1
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1
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(12)

(13)


.
85


DCF.

DC

SM
( 4)

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/.

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86

D .. - n- ,
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, D2 =-200
, l - .
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1

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(15)

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(16)

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2

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- n- .
4.2. .
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Pmax MPI

10 lg N ,

(18)

: Pch max S - MPI-S,


,
,
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) :

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(19)

Pch max R' -


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* l ,

87

- , / (
= 0,28 /), l - , .
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):
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(21)

: g- , ,
,
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p ASEi

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nsp

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(22)

: p ASEi - , i- , , nsp

nsp =1,

,
,
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f =193,1, f - ,
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:

PASEi , 10 lg( p ASEi , / 1)

(23)

MPI-S , .
MPI-R:

PASER '

PASES

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PASES - , MPI-S,S ,
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pASES '

pASER' * Gi

pASEi ,

(25)

/ :
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,
.
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88

(26)

) .
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. ,
,
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5 -

2n' (l1

l2 ) / c ,

(27)

l1 l 2 - , 1 2 , -
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.
1551
1550
1549
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-1

Z,

6 - z

D L

(28)

=0,16 , L - .
.
, :

89

2n L / c

(29)

L- , n - ,

1/e :
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n =1,48.

(30)

- .

1
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:

= TB ( NRZ).

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3- ; g 3 35 ; G3 3162,3 .
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).
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.
91

7.6 ,
.
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11. DCF
?

92

8.
-
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1. .

CWDM,
.
2.
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.

MT

MT
MPI- S

MPI- R

1.

Ps,

I
II
III
IV

+1
0
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5
10
15
20

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1,3
1,55

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3. 0
.
3.
1. . -
. , 2005
2. CWDM ( ).

93

4.
1,
2.
1 4 (Tr)
: .

100 1,25 ,
,
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,
SFP 1550, 1570, 1590, 1610 .
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(RX1) c TX2.
RX2
TX1.

MUX MPI-S.
CWDM .

(
MPI-R)

DMUX
RX2 .

94

1 -

95

2 -
3.
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.

, PWR
.

3 -

96

- 4.
4 (
LC) 1550,1570,1590,1610 .
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- (MPI-S, MPI-R).

1550 nm

1570 nm

1590 nm

1610 nm

4 - -
ODF ( 5).
.
1 5

-.

(

).
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( 5 6).
( 7).

97

ODF
1550
1RX

RJ-45

MT

in

10

out

11

in

12

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SFP2

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47

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1590
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HO-2
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15

in

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out

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SFP2

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48

5 - .
1

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

6 - .

()

7 -
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: 1550, 1570, 1590, 1610.
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2.
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0,5
. .1, .2
.
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2. CWDM.
.
1
2
3
4

P..
P..
: 42 41 3
.
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2,4,6,8
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1,3,5,7
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3. .

1
2
3

2
42
4
42
6
42

1

41

41

41

4
8

42

41

.
6. Ethernet IP
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99

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PC

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RJ-45

SFP

SFP

1570

1310

1550

1570

1590

1310

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1590

IP -
1610

MUX

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1610

SFP

8. IP , ,
CWDM
7. IP CWDM.
IP :
- 192.168.1.100
- 192.168.1.101
8. WinSent,
( ).
WinSent .( 9)

100

9. WinSent
,
( 10).

10.
- -
Lucent.
- -
Alcatel.

WinSent
, .

.

101


1. CWDM?
2. ?
3.
CWDM?
4. SFP- SFP-
?
5. .2.1 SCL?
6. .2.1 , ?
7. ?
8. - -?
9. CWDM?
10. ()
?
11. .
12. IP-?
13. 5
.
14. Ethernet?

102

.1
1.1 CWDM
CWDM
,
,
20 /.
CWDM ( ),
100 / 1.25 /.
19"
, .
CWDM,
WDM (),
.
.
CWDM
, 80 .

.

100 / 1.25 /, OC-3/STM-1, OC-12/STM-4, OC-48/STM16, Gigabit Ethernet SX, Gigabit Ethernet LX, Fast Ethernet, FDDI, ATM, ESCON,
FICON, Fiber Channel, Coupling Link
.
- ( .1.1)
-
(OADM), ( .1.2) .
.
CWDM .
.
.
2.1 .FM-S 5U FM-S 6U -
2.2. MUX(TX) - CWDM
2.3.MUX(RX) - CWDM
2.4.TR1.25G - ( 1,25)
2.5.OADM2 - OADM
2.6.OADM3 - OADM
2.7. OADM4 - OADM
2.8.RDN - CWDM
2.9 .FM-S 1 - (SNMP )

- 1.
- 1.
- 1.
- 8.
- 1.
- 1.
- 1 .
- 1.
- 1 .

:
FM-S ICM 14 .
.
103

.1.1 WBM-20 WBM-RDN


104

.1.2 OADM ()
105

1.2.CWDM \, 4 , 1550-1560 , LC, 19


/ 4-
.
CWDM
1550, 1570, 1590, 1610 . /
.
1550nm

Mux out

1570nm
1590nm
1610nm

1550nm

DeMux
in

1570nm
1590nm
1610nm

.1.3. /.
.1.1.

(Mux)
(Demux)



.


.
.

.
-


106

1550,1570,1590,1610
1550,1570,1590,1610
4
SM
20
2
1,4
45
30
40
0,1
1
0,45
0 +70
-30 +85

19-
.2

2.1 SFP . SFP-LX.LC.10


SFP 10
. SFP1 (
1).
:

LC
+3.3 LVPECL
LVTTL RX LOS
1 c EN 60825-1
EEPROM
EMI ESD
SFP MSA SFF-8472
:
Gigabit Ethernet 10000Base-LX
ATM
SONT/SDH/PDH
FDDI
Fiber Channel
:
SFP FP 1310 ,
1310 ,
APS
. LC 20-pin
. LVTTL
HGH TX_Disable, . Signal
Detect .
100Mbps-1,25Gbps.

107

RD

PIN

RX1

LOS
TD

LD

TX1

ID

SDA

SCL

.2.1 .
RD-
TD-
SDA-
SCL-
:
.2.1

.
VCC
0
+3,6
.
T
0
+75
.2.2

.
VCC
+3,1
+3,6

T
0
+70
.2.3

.
ER


1100

.
Tr


Tf

-9
8,2
1270

1340
1600 4
200
200
-20
802.3z
108


-3
-20
1310

d

.
Pl

-38

15

.2.4
.2.5

Vcct
+3,1

+3,3

+3,6

Icct

70

130

1250

155

.2.6
. Vccr

Iccr

+3,1

+3,3

+3,6

80

150

1250

155

2.2 SFP-CWDM .60. . (SFP1, 1)


1,25 /

-5,5

+5,5

+5

out

0
109

.2.7
ITU-T G.957.
.2.8

.

PIN

. R

1100

90

100

1600

-24

2,2

110

.3

3.1

, 950-1700, 0.5
.
3.2 .
:
110

;
ISA;
;
FC;
.
3.3 .

.
, .
.

.
.

, ,
.

. .
.3.1.


FC

. .3.1. .
3.4 .

ISA ,
Microsoft Windows 95, 98 2000.
.
Spectrometr
-
111

(, Program Files). ,
SpecSB.exe (Spectrometr), .
SpecSB.exe (
!) .
3.5 .
"specSB.exe".
.
"0".
"". "".
"". "".
.
, .. .
1 .
.
1, 10,100 1000
050 000. 1000
.
""
(- - )
.

.
, ,
.

( -).


.
.
, File,
Save array, .
: ,
.
.

( ).

112

, ,
File, Load array, .
.

.
( 4 ) .
3.6
.
( 1 ),

( ) 2-3
.
3.7

0.5 .
.

. .

9.

-WDM
1

113

,
-WDM. .
2
1. .. -
-WDM. . , 2002.
2. . . .: , 1996.
3. . - , 2. , 2004.
4. .. .
.,2008.
5. .5 . .
3
, : SMF
,
3- 1-: = 1,55 , F= 100, D=17 (/*),
=. .
.



1
1.2.3
2
4.5.6
3
7.8.9
4
10,11,12
5
13,14,15
. 5.1.
-
MPI-R, 1 . / (OSNR) LD1=LD2=40,
P=10, =0,28 /, N3c=3, N2c=6.
- 2
4, 2. / (OSNR), LD1=LD2=40,
P=10, =0,28 /, N3c=3, N2c=6.
4
1
2
114

-WDM : LD1, LD2,


LD3, LD4 f1, f2, f3, f0 , MUX ; EDFA- ; MPI-S-
() ; MPI-R- ()
; OSA- ,
; DSF- , LD ; SMF , LS .
f1

LD1
LD2
LD3
LD4

MUX

f2

EDFA

DSF1

DSF2

MPI-R

MPI-S

OSA

f3

LD 2

LD1

K4

1
f1

LD1
LD2
LD3
LD4

f2

MUX
DSF1

EDFA

MPI-S

EDFA SMF

DSF2

MPI-R
4

f3
K4

LD1

LS

OSA

LD 2

2
, LD1, LD2, LD3, LD4 , ,
(MUX),
.
EDFA DSF1.
(OSA), 1
2 -WDM
EDFA SMF.
.

5

().
(FWM-Four Wave Mixing)
, WDM
. ,

115


( f1 f 2 ).
( 2 f1 f 2 2 f 2 f1 )
WDM.

2 f1

f1

f2

2 f2

f2

f1

3 -

( f i , f j , f k ) ,
f i f j f k DWDM .
(

).
4 . SMF
, ,
(DSF1, DSF2). LD LS - SMF DSF
. . ,

.
DSF1

LD

SMF

Z1

LS

DSF2

Z2

LD

Z3

Ek
Ej
Ei
E x(1)
E x( 2 )

4 - FWM
f i , f j , f k ( i,j,k- )
,
,
:
116

fx

fi

fj

(1)

fk

z t:
(2)
Eq (t , z ) - , (q=i,j,k,x )
DSF ,
D
D
D
D
(3)
i
j
k
x ,
- .
DSF1 :
E x(1) ( z ) iAL D Ei (0) E j (0) E k (0) * exp(i xD LD ) ,
(4)
-

;
LD - DSF1;
S
q - DSF.
z=z 3 :
S
D
E x(1) ( z 3 ) iALD Ei (0) E j (0) E k (0) * exp(i ( xD LD
(5)
x LS
x L D )) ,
xD - SMF;
LS - SMF .
, , DSF2,
:
Eq (t , z )

E x( 2) ( z 3 )

Eq ( z ) * exp( i 2 f q t )

iAL D Ei ( z 2 ) E j ( z 2 ) E k ( z 2 ) * exp(i

D
x

LD )

z=z 3 :
Px ( z 3 )

[ E x(1) ( z 3 ) E x( 2) ( z 3 )] * [ E x(1) ( z 3 ) E x( 2) ( z 3 )]
2

2 A 2 L2D Ei (0) E j (0) Ek (0) * (1 cos

S
x

S
k

S
i

S
j

(7)

(8)
- E x(1) ( z 3 ) E x( 2) ( z 3 ) . ,
.. Px ( z3 ) 0 ,
(2n 1) . , ,
DSF1 DSF2, .

, qS :
(

d2 S
LS ( f k
df 2

) LS

f i )( f k

fj)

DLS ( f k

f i )( f k
c

fj)

(9)

D - SMF.
SMF LS , , (9),

(2n 1) , n=1.
, SMF
3(2n 1)
1-, DSF1.
. 4
-WDM.
. F -
117

, - G.692.
F =100 .1
1 - .
,

,
1 192,1
1560,61
2 192,2
1559,79
3 192,3
1558,98
4 192,4
1558,17
5 192,5
1557,36
6 192,6
1556,55
7 192,7
1555,75
8 192,8
1554,94
9 192,9
1554,13
10 193,0
1553,33
1

fx

fy

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

193,1
193,2
193,3
193,4
193,5
193,6
193,7
193,8
193,9
194,0

fk


,
1552,52
1551,72
1550,92
1550,12
1549,32
1548,51
1547,72
1546,92
1546,12
1545,32

5 -
i, j, k.
i , c j , ck
, x.
f x f i f j f k ,
f x 2 f j f k . i, j, k
N.
N- , ,
:
(10)
x i j k

1 i, j , k N ;
i j k;
i, j.k , x 0
j i; k j.

(11)

y, ,

y= 2j-k
(12)

118

i j k;
k j;
i, j , k , y 0.

(14)

i, j, k , .4,
x, , :
(15)
f x fi
F ( j k ).
(.15) , f x -WDM,
, .. .
, (16) (17),
, :
N 3c

N ( N 1)( N 2)
2
N 2c N ( N 1)

(16)

(17)
- G.692,
0,1 (12,5 ). -
, L LD1 LD 2 (. ).
:
(18)
Px ( Pi , j ,k N3c P2 jk N2c )w ,
N3c , N2c -
, ; Pi , j ,k P2 jk - ;
w 2()/12,5
(19)
,

.
Pi , j ,k :
3
Pijk
L) ,
(20)
ijk Pin exp(
Pin - -WDM.
2
ijk

4 exp( L) sin 2 ( L / 2)
(1 exp( L)) 2

(21)

- ,
;
2

f ik f jk {Dc

2c

( f ik

f jk )

dDc
};
d

(22)

f ik , f jk - ( f ik =
f jk = F );
Dc =3,5 /* - DSF;
dDc
=0,08 /* 2 - DSF;
d

=0,28 / - ;
- .
119

2
1024 6 1111
d 2 Leff 2
(
)
n 4 2c 2
Aeff ,

1
2

(23)

1111 8,93*10 15 3 / erg -


, DSF;
d- (d=3 i=j, d=6 i j );
Leff = 1 exp( L) / - ;
-7
2
Aeff = 5*10 - , DSF;
n= 1,469 DSF.
, P2ik Pijk d.
,
DWDM. =1,55 .
- :

OSNR 10 lg

Pch
,
Pxc

(24)

Pch - .
7.
40 DSF
80 .
P = 10, , ,
.
3-, 1-, OSNR
(24).
3
, 3 .
:
1 (DSF1)
P3(DSF1)
1

P3c ( DSF1) .
1

2 P3c ( DSF1) ,
1

SMF, P3c ( DSF1) .


1

3 Pc( DSF1) DSF2


1

P3(DSF2), P3c ( DSF1) .


, :
P(3c)= P'3c(DSF1) - P3c(DSF2) .
(25)
6

.
120

6.1
MPI-R MPI-S
DSF 40 ,
LD1, LD2, LD3 ,
, .
6.2
MPI-R
(OSA).
, MPI-R .
,
. WDM,
.
LD4.
6.3 , .
, ,
/ (OSNR).
6.4 EDFA,
(OSA) MPI-R,
.
6.5 , MPIR . ,

6.6 SMF,

SMF, . ( )
6.7. , MPIR . ,
.
WDM, .,
6.8 LD4.
. ,
, / (OSNR).
(
OSNR )
7
:
- .
- .
- , .6.2, 6.3,6.5, 6.7, 6.8
- , .6.2, 6.3, 6.5, 6.7, 6.8
- .
- .
8
121

1. ?
2. ?
3. ?
4. ?
?
5. - ..?
6. EDFA?
7. , , SMF
?
8.
3- 1- ?

10.

1. .
2R 3R.
2.
122

1. . - , 1. ,
2005.
1. . - , 2. ,
2006.
3. .. - . :
, 1991.
3.
( 1)
:
-
,
14 , : - 3 ,
- 3 , - 3 , - 0,4 .
SOA-1 30 , SOA-2 18,7 , =0,28
/, L =100 . ,
1 ,
.
(). SOA-2
0, ,
2 , SOA-2 18,7 .
4.
1
2.

2R

I
10 \

=1547

R1

SMF 1

EDFA

MPI-S

SOA-1

HO-1
3

R2

MPI- R

.5

=1554

.4

.3

.2
.1

+
-

-2

SOA-2

1 , 2R

123

SMF 2

3R

+
-

.4

.3

R1

.1
SMF 1

EDFA

=1554

SOA-1

HO-1
3

.5

R2

MPI- R

MPI-S

I
=1547

1 0 \

.2

-2

SOA-2

2 ,
3R-.
1 2
() =1554 , (),
10
\, EDFA ()
,
(SOA-1),
(-1 -2),
(),
()
1547, (), (SOA-2)
, (),
(). .1, .2, .3, .4, .5
, .
SOA-1, SOA-2
, R1 R 2 ,
. SOA-2
. .
5.

2R 3R
.

, .
:
- (1R)
,
, ,
\.
- (2R)- ,
.
- (3R)
,
124

SMF 2

, ,
,
.
.

exp
P

Q2
2

2Q 2

(1)

Q Q-.
P.

10-3
10-5
10-7
10-9
10-11
10-13
0,5

1,5

2,5

3,5

4,5

3 - P

5,5

6,5

F (Q).

F (Q). ,
3 P
/. , Q
9
10
1,08 ( 12 13 ) P ( 10 10 ).
-

-.
, .
4 .
U 0 .
125

4 -
5 -, ,
, .

5 -.
U 0 - , U x -
.
:

SNR

20log

U0
,
U0 U x

U 0 U x ,

(2)

SNR \
3R
6.

126

6 3R
,


().
.

,

.
2R
(). 10 ,
.
, ,
.
3R
(), 10,
( 7),

.

6.
6.1. 2R ,
MPI-S MPI-R SMF 100
.
127

6.2. 1 2R
.
6.3. SMF SMF2.
6.4. , SOA-1, , SOA-2, ,
(
R1 R 2 ).
6.5. ,
NRZ
.
6.6. . MPI-S (
OSA),
( ).
.
6.7. OSA . MPI-R. ,
.
6.8. SOA-1
, . 6.6
6.9. 1547 .
, .6.6
6.10. (
5) , .6.6.
6.11. ,
, .6.6.
6.12. ,
,
.6.6.
6.13. (
0 ) , .6.6.
6.14. -2
, .6.6.
6.15.
, .6.6.
6.16.
OSA .
6.17. OSA, -,
/.
6.18. 3R , 2.
6.19. ,
RZ
.
6.20. . MPI-S (
OSA),
( ).
.
128

6.21. OSA . MPI-R. ,


.
6.22. SOA-1
, .6.20
6.23. C
, .6.20
6.24.
, .6.20
6.25. -2.
6.26.
, .6.20
6.27.
OSA .
6.28 SA, -,
/.
7.
:
- 2R 3R .
- , .6.6 .6.17 .6.20 .6.28
- , .6.6 .6.17 .6.20 .6.28
- \ .6.17 .6.28
-
- .
8.
1) ?
2) ?
3) 3R ?
4) ,
2R ?
5) ,
3R ?
6) 2R- 3R-?
7) RZ OSNR ,
NRZ?
8) ?
9) ?
10) Pc 0
1 ?
129

11) ?
12) , ,
NRZ?
13) ,
?
14)
?


-
, , :
-
,
-
.
SNR . SNR
, ,
,
SNR. ,
. ( WD ) -
( ) ,
, WD

WD

10 lg

1
1 (4BD

l ) 2

(3)

7
BLD .

130

()

5.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
0.00

0.05

0.10

0.15

0.20

0.25

, BLD
7 , ,
BLD .

0,15 , BLD
0,15
, BLD
.
0,15 , -
, BLD
2.

,
,
. 2
:
- (),
;
- - (),
,

().
- ,
, .

.
,

. ,
. 2.10
, I , R1 R2
.
131

,
, .
I

R1

R2

8-
,
, :

G( f

GS

f0 )

(1 GS

exp[( gm
2 (f

f0 )L

(1 R1 )(1 R2 )G S
R1 R2 ) 2 4GS R1 R2 sin 2

(4)

ai ) L],

(5)

(6)

;
g m - ;

ai - ;
L - ;
f - ;
f 0 - ;
c
- ;
g
n
n -
3 :

f1 / 2

c
(1 R1 )(1 R2 ) 1/ 2
sin 1[(
) ],
2 nL
4 R1 R2 Gmax

(7)

n - ;

c
- ;
( 2nL )
132

Gmax

G( f

f0 )

(1 R1 )(1 R2 )GS
,
(1 GS R1 R2 ) 2

(8)

Gmax -

SOA-1 SOA-2,
.
,
.
,
( 9).
9
( 9 ). 1=1554 (
9 ) ,
2=1547 ( 9 ),
. ,
( ),
() 1,
2 . ,
( 9 ,).
1 1554
2 1547 ,
,
1 1554 .

G,
p,

18,7
) 10
0

)
-30 -20 -10

3,2 3,7

-0,8

0,83 2,0 2,34

14

p,
100
P, p,

P2

t,

2
14

P1
P1+P2

100

9 )
)(2 )-,
2=1547,(1)-
133

t,

1=1554 ,(1+2)-
)
)


().
:
- ;
-
,
;
-
;
- ;
-
.

.

. ,
.
:

.
10 ,
/ 4 )
(
.

.

10
134

,
. .11 .
,
0
-3

0,16

-10

- 20

- 30

- 40

193,93

193,92

193,91

f,

1546,9

1547

1547,1

11 - -

11 ()
. -
. ,
.

,
( )
. ,
,
. 12
, .
Pf


1

0 .

135

B//

1=00

L

=450

2=450

00

450

Pf

Pf
900

450
P


()

12

L B// ,
45 . 2
45 , , ,
.

B// , .
,
. P
2
45 .
45 . ,
90 .
, 1.

136

137

_________________________________________________________________________________


,

, , ,
.. 1,5, , .
630102, , . , 86

138