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Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Introduction

Sharing session

For internal use only!!!


For internal use 1 Nokia Siemens Networks

Content

Introduction of Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SW Compatibility Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Modules Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Performance Comparison

For internal use 2 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Content

Introduction of Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SW Compatibility Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Modules Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Performance Comparison

For internal use 3 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE

For internal use 4 Nokia Siemens Networks

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Background (1/2)

GSM New Sites, Expansions and Modernization WCDMA refarming

Build OPEX optimized GSM sites prepared for future evolution

Provide WCDMA and services in GSM bands

Migration to LTE

Evolve to the ultimate next data & multimedia machine

For internal use 5 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Background (2/2)
GSM
Cheapest and widest range of terminals Global roaming Broadest indoor, rural and global radio coverage Economies of scale through widest user base

UMTS
Best spectral efficiency available today Widening terminal portfolio High integration level, low power consumption

LTE
Ultimate technology for spectral efficiency improvement

For Voice and Data

Lowering cost per bit

Flat architecture

Is it possible to have all these benefits in one HW?


For internal use 6 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

..meet Flexi

Multiradio BTS

For internal use 7 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Product Overview

Flexi Multiradio BTS is a base transceiver station that is part


of the Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi BTS platform for GSM/EDGE, WCDMA, and LTE networks. It is a multiradio or multicarrier BTS that can use all these network technologies either in dedicated or concurrent mode of operation Its modular design makes site acquisition and installation easy, and reduces the time needed for rolling out network coverage in a new area. It allows using existing site space efficiently, the existing Flexi BTS modules can be installed together with Flexi Multiradio BTS modules. The existing Flexi BTS cabinets and casings, power supplies, and the 3G Flexi System Module can be used with Flexi Multiradio modules.
Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

For internal use 8 Nokia Siemens Networks

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


The evolution of Flexi BTS concept continues

Increased:
Power Efficiency Radio performance Integration density Investment protection Flexibility Total Value of ownership
Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM / WCDMA / LTE New SM: GSM/EDGE high capacity New RF: 900,1800 MHz 3sector RF module, 3x60W RRH: (30W+30W), 60W

Flexi Multimode BTS (RU10) New SM: WCDMA/LTE


2 sector RF 1 sector RF WCDMA SM 2 TRX RF

New RF: 2100MHz 3 sector RF module, 3x 60W RRH 1x60W WCDMA/LTE Flexi Multiradio site solutions 2008 2010

GSM SM

Flexi WCDMA

Flexi GSM/EDGE

2005/2006
For internal use 9 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Real concurrent mode and SW defined radio
Radio access functionality is shifted from dedicated hardware to software GSM

O&M Radio features Dedicated BTS HW

O&M Radio mode Radio features BTS HW

EDGE

WCDMA HSPA LTE

Concurrent mode: Same Flexi BTS module operates simultaneously in two or more radio modes
For internal use 10 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Flexi Multiradio BTS Platform
Common for all radio technologies
Modular BTS platform Site acquisition and construction principles Antenna system / transport / power systems

Flexi BTS building blocks

System Module

RF Module

OR

Remote RF Head

Optional AC/BBU Module

Flexi Multiradio BTS


For internal use 11 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Flexi Multiradio BTS Product Concept
GSM BTS GSM/WCDMA/LTE BTS WCDMA BTS 3-sector RF 3-sector RF Multimode SM
Multiradio EDGE SM Multiradio EDGE SM

LTE BTS

3-sector RF Multimode SM

3-sector RF Multimode SM

RF Module

3-sector RF

System Module SW

Multiradio EDGE SM

Multimode SM

GSM/EDGE SW
Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

WCDMA SW LTE SW

For internal use 12 Nokia Siemens Networks

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Flexi Multiradio BTS in Concurrent Mode Operation
EDGE 18/36 Carrier System Module Multimode System Module LTE SW Flexi Multiradio BTS EDGE 18/36 Carrier System Module Multimode System Module WCDMA SW Flexi Multiradio BTS

3-sector RF Module

3-sector RF Module

RF Module sharing GSMLTE

RF Module sharing GSMWCDMA

Multimode System Module LTE SW Multimode System Module WCDMA SW Flexi Multiradio BTS

3-sector RF Module

Multimode System Module WCDMA/LTE SW Flexi Multiradio BTS

3-sector RF Module

RF Module sharing WCDMALTE


For internal use 13 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

RF and System Module sharing WCDMA-LTE

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Concurrent Mode Operation with multiple frequency bands Examples
EDGE 18/36 Carrier System Module Multimode System Module LTE SW Flexi Multiradio BTS 3-sector RF Module Band 1 3-sector RF Module Band 2 EDGE 18/36 Carrier System Module Multimode System Module WCDMA SW Flexi Multiradio BTS 3-sector RF Module Band 1 3-sector RF Module Band 2

RF Module sharing GSMLTE

RF Module sharing WCDMA-GSM


3-sector RF Module Band 1 3-sector RF Module Band 2

Multimode System Module LTE SW Multimode System Module WCDMA SW Flexi Multiradio BTS

3-sector RF Module Band 1 3-sector RF Module Band 2

Multimode System Module WCDMA/LTE SW Flexi Multiradio BTS

RF Module sharing WCDMA-LTE


For internal use 14 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

RF and System Module sharing WCDMA-LTE

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


3 main building blocks to a complete GSM/WCDMA/LTE Site

Highest integration density level GSM/EDGE/WCDMA/HSPA/LTE


3 sector RFM (GSM/WCDMA/LTE)

defined by SW Dedicated and concurrent mode 60W output per sector with Multi Carrier Power Amplifier (MCPA)

GSM/EDGE System Module

High Capacity (18/36 TRX) Multiband support Optimized for GSM/EDGE

3-Sector Multiradio RF Module (GSM/WCDMA/LTE)

WCDMA/LTE System Module

1 Gbps throughput Multiband support Multimode support Dedicated and concurrent mode SW defined

High Capacity Flexi EDGE System Module 18/36TRX High Capacity Multimode System Module (WCDMA/LTE)

For internal use 15 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Flexi Multiradio BTS Product General Characteristic
Flexi Multiradio BTS is the baseline for Multiradio solution Revolutionary BTS with weather-proof modules Installation in stacks, on walls, poles, in 19 racks or new flexi cabinets or legacy BTS cabinet Same modules for indoors and outdoors, macro- and microcellular sites Temperature range -33C +50 C (performance guaranteed up to +50 C), temporarily +55 C Capacity Solution 1 to 18/36* TRX in sectors under 1 BCF Coverage Solution max output power 40/60** Watts RF, sensitivity -115.5 dBm (with 2-way UL diversity) Shared Solution RF module can be shared with WCDMA/LTE
For internal use 16 Nokia Siemens Networks

* ESMB / ESMC
Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

** RFM / RRH

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Conformity to standards
Conformity to 3GPP Standards: GSM/EDGE: GERAN TS 45.005 (Rel.8), TS 51.021: MC BTS class 1 and 2 *
For MC BTS Class 1 the following relaxations apply: Number of the carriers/branch: Up to 3 carriers Total output power/branch: Up to 60W (1dB tolerance allowed) No single carrier 3GPP specifications are guaranteed. WCDMA: UTRA-FDDTS 25.104 (Rel.8), TS 25.141 LTE: eUTRA TS 36.104 (Rel.8), TS 36.141 Multi Standard Radio: 3GPP TS 37.104 Rel.9

*) MC BTS class 2 is characterized by a limit for TX 3rd order intermodulation of -60 dBc (average). Specification of TX spurious emissions outside the TX band will also be less stringent in an offset range from 2MHz to 10MHz from band edges.

For internal use 17 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


RF Performance
3-sector RFM GSM/EDGE output power
Nominal GSM/EDGE output power/TRX at antenna connector # of TRX 1 2 3 4 5 6 GMSK +47.8 dBm (60W) +44.8 dBm (30W) +43.0 dBm (20W) +41.8 dBm (15W) +40.8 dBm (12W) +40.0 dBm (10W) 8PSK +47.8 dBm (60W) +44.8 dBm (30W) +43.0 dBm (20W) +41.8 dBm (15W) +40.5 dBm (11.2W) +38.9 dBm (7.8W) 16/32QAM +47.8 dBm (60W) +44.8 dBm (30W) +43.0 dBm (20W) +40.6 dBm (11.6W) +38.7 dBm (7.4W) +37.2 dBm (5.2W)

3-sector RFM WCDMA/LTE output power


# of carriers RFM

1 2 3 4

+47.8 dBm (60W) +44.8 dBm (30W) +43.0 dBm (20W) +41.8 dBm (15W)

RRH WCDMA/LTE output power


# of carriers RRH

+46.0 dBm (40W) +43.0 dBm (20W) +41.2 dBm (13.3W) +40.0 dBm (10W)

RRH GSM/EDGE output power


Nominal GSM/EDGE output power/TRX at antenna connector # of TRX 1 2 3 4 5 6 GMSK +46.0 dBm (40W) +43.0 dBm (20W) +41.2 dBm (13.3W) +40.0 dBm (10W) +39.0 dBm (8W) +38.2 dBm (6.7W) 8PSK +46.0 dBm (40W) +43.0 dBm (20W) +41.2 dBm (13.3W) +40.0 dBm (10W) +38.7 dBm (7.4W) +37.1 dBm (5.1W) 16/32QAM +46.0 dBm (40W) +43.0 dBm (20W) +41.2 dBm (13.3W) +38.8 dBm (7.6W) +36.9 dBm (4.9W) +35.4 dBm (3.5W)

2 3 4

RX sensitivity of Flexi Multiradio BTS BTS Receiver Sensitivity 4-way diversity 2-way diversity Single branch
Sensitivity 800/900/1800/1900 dBm

-118.0 -115.5 -112.7

For internal use 18 Nokia Siemens Networks

Note! The allocated sum power/radio can be higher than 60W/branch in RFM or 40W/branch in RRH. In this case allocation is only statistical output power. Nominal output power/branch is still 60W.
Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


BTS powering and power consumption (1/2)

Floating input voltage 48 VDC nominal


40.557 VDC for System Module 3657 VDC for Radio Module

Power consumption requirements for Flexi Multiradio are defined


for certain BTS configurations with certain load:
650W for GSM 4+4+4 with 40% TS load and 15W output power/TRX 400W for WCDMA 1+1+1 with 50% traffic load at 20W output power 790W for concurrent GSM 2+2+2/WCDMA 1+1+1 with 20W output
power/carrier/TRX 400W typical power consumption for RRH with 100% load and 2*40W output power

For internal use 19 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


BTS powering and power consumption (2/2)

3 Sector RFM 925W, 100% Load

2Tx, 40W+40W RRH 400W, 100% Load


O/P Power per TRX
100% Load

ESMB with TRS unit : 85W ESMC with TRS unit : 125W

Configuration

Power Consumption
50% Load 510W 635W 635W 635W 1190W 40% Load 460W 560W 560W 560W 1040W

2/2/2 3/3/3 4/4/4 6/6/6 8/8/8

20 20 15 10 30

760W 1010W 1010W 1010W 1940W

Power Consumption examples for various GSM configurations


For internal use 20 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Content

Introduction of Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SW Compatibility Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Modules Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Performance Comparison

For internal use 21 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture

For internal use 22 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture


Flexi Multiradio Architecture basic principles

Both GSM/EDGE and WCDMA/LTE have own separate system


modules when the BTS is used in concurrent mode having several operational modes simultaneously. The radio modules (RFM and RRH) as well as the antenna lines could be shared between the system modules. The interconnections between the system modules and the radios can be routed through one system module or the connections can be separate from both system modules. In concurrent operation Flexi MR BTS is seen as two separate logical network elements with common radio resources.

For internal use 23 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture


Main functions of the modules

The System Module is the center of the system. It has all the
external interfaces of the BTS (apart from the antenna interfaces). Main functions of the System Module are the Transport, BTS O&M, synchronization, power distribution and baseband processing functions. System Module interfaces support up to four Radio Modules with local power feed. Radio modules are connected to System Module through RP3-01 interfaces.

The Radio modules and RRHs contain both RF BB and RF


functions. They are multistandard and multicarrier transceivers. RF BB includes RP3-01 interface with multifunctional ASICs and controller. In addition of TX/RX lineups module has integrated front end. RFM front end will be implemented with SW tunable filters. RRH will have fixed full band filters.
For internal use 24 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture


Simpler architecture with fewer units Smallest starting configuration with 2 modules: System Module (ESMB/ESMC) RF Module (RFM/RRH) System Modules are GSM/EDGE compliant, and RF Module can be shared with WCDMA/LTE in concurrent mode.

Radio Frequency Module System Module (ESMB/C) (transport)

3HU

3HU

For internal use 25 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture


Functionality of modules
Functionality of main modules with bypass or wideband combining
RF module
Software Tuned filtering, duplexing Multi Carrier PA (RF Processing) RF Baseband Software Tuned filtering, duplexing Multi Carrier PA (RF Processing) RF Baseband Software Tuned filtering, duplexing Multi Carrier PA (RF Processing) RF Baseband

Eg. RFM

System module (transport)


Baseband Processing

Control

Optical OBSAI E1/T1 Flexbus

DC Power

Abis IF

Optional sub-module

Power module Power module (optional) (optional)

48 VDC

Power AC/DC

BBU

For internal use 26 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture


Flexi EDGE / Flexi WCDMA / Flexi Multiradio architectures comparation
Flexi WCDMA Flexi EDGE Flexi Multiradio
RF Module TRX Module RF Module

RF

Optical OBSAI

BB (User Plane) CTRL (Control Plane)


System Module

Ethernet (electric)
System Module System Module

O&M Synchronization Transport Power


BTS MGR

WCDMA GSM/EDGE applic applic

Multiradio GSM/EDGE applic

For internal use 27 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture


New Flexi Multiradio Modules
Flexi Multiradio BTS EDGE System Module (ESMB/ESMC)
System Module is 2G specific, but can operate together with 3G/LTE system module in the same system. System module supports max. 36 EDGE carriers. Two separate product variants will be developed: ESMB for 18 carriers; ESMC for 36 carriers

Flexi Multiradio BTS 3*60W Radio Module (FXxA)


Radio Module/RRH products : RFM (Radio Frequency Module):
FXCA: 850MHz; FXDA: 900MHz (E-GSM) FXDJ: 900J-band (CDMA costing) FXEA: 1800MHz; FXFA: 1900MHz

RRH (Radio Remote Head):


FHDA: 900MHz; FHEA: 1800MHz

All radios are multi standard & multicarrier capable supporting: GSM / EDGE / eEDGE up to 6 carriers per pipe WCDMA up to 4 carriers per pipe LTE up to 20MHz

Flexi Multiradio BTS 2*40W Single sector Remote Radio Head (FHxA)
For internal use 28 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture


Flexi Multiradio with WCDMA/LTE (concurrent RF WCDMA/GSM or LTE/GSM)
New Flexi Multiradio EDGE System Module (ESMB or ESMC)
Rel. 2.2 RFM (RRH)

IF: E1/T1

Abis

Transport TDM SW

BTS control GSM SW

Baseband GSM SW

RF SW

IF: PWE IF: Flex Bus

WCDMA/LTE SW
IF: E1/T1/J1

Flexi rel. 2 SYS Module


Transport BTS control FDD WCDMA or LTE SW Baseband FDD WCDMA or LTE SW

Iub / S1

IF: STM-1/OC-3

ATM/IP SW

IF: FE/GbE

For internal use 29 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture


Flexi EDGE BTS vs Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE
Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Main Modules & ESMB/ESMC
Functionality
Centralized baseband processing Optical OBSAI for System Module to
RF Module connection

Flexi EDGE BTS ESMA


Baseband Processing
Distributed to the DTRX Ethernet cable used for System Module to RF Module connection

RF Module (FXxA) / Radio Remote


Head (FHxA) MCPA (Multi Carrier Power Amplifier),
no TX combining and BTS internal RFcabling Generate maximum 6+6+6/4+4 TRXs, with max 1 pipe is 60/40 Watts (47.8/46 dBm). Each pipe has one Tx/Rx and one Rxdiv antenna port Front end filter integrated to the radio and SW tunable in RM New variant of 3G

EXxA (Dual TRX)


Two independent TRX,
each max : 47 dBm (50 watts) not compatible for 3G

ERxA (Dual Duplexer)


Two independent filtering
& duplexer with each has one Tx/Rx antenna port Need RF cabling between ERxA and EXxA

For internal use 30 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Content

Introduction of Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SW Compatibility Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Modules Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Performance Comparison

For internal use 31 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SW Compatibility

For internal use 32 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SW Compatibility


Software Release naming
RG10 (BSS14): EP3 (Flexi EDGE only) Current main release of Flexi EDGE SW (EP3 MP4.0 to be released next) EX3.1 (Flexi MultiRadio EDGE only) compatible with BSC SW S14 EP5.1 EX3.1 MP1.0 will contain some features delayed from EX3.1 Pre-released 1 RG20 (BSC SW: S15): EX4 (Flexi EDGE only) For Flexi EDGE only, main new features: OSC + Packet Abis Part of EX3.1 code also included but not compatible with Flexi MultiRadio EDGE. RG25 (BSC SW: S15 EPx.0): EX4.1 (Flexi MultiRadio EDGE and Flexi Edge) Brings the new EX4 features also support for Flexi MultiRadio EDGE
Note: As before, it is always recommended to use the latest compatible BTS SW release to gain the benefits of BTS SW corrections, even if it belongs to newer RG release. For example EP3 MP3.0 (part of RG10/BSS14) can also be used with S13 (part of BSS13).

For internal use 33 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SW Compatibility


Compatibility with BSC, NetAct, LMU, FIFA, and FlexiHub Manager SW
Compatibility between Flexi Multiradio GSM/EDGE BTS, BSC, NetAct, LMU, FIFA, and FlexiHub Manager SW

For internal use 34 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SW Compatibility


Compatibility with BTS Manager and functionality support
To ensure compatibility in functionality, it is recommended that the BTS Manager and BTS SW are both from the same BTS release or CD of that release

For internal use 35 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SW Compatibility


Compatibility with BSC and Surpass hiD 66xx Far-end PW device SW
Compatibility between BTS, BSC and Surpass hiD 66xx Far-end PW device SW

The SURPASS hiD 66xx product family consists of three products, the 6630, the 6650 and the 6670 each supporting a different number of exchangeable line interface cards.

For internal use 36 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SW Compatibility


Features supported by Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE
Most of the functionality of Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE in EX3.1 are the
same as for Flexi EDGE BTS at RG10 level, for detail please see Feature Description document on EX3.1 Pre1 release binder.

Feature licence related to TRX hardware activation of Flexi Multiradio BTS


GSM/EDGE as follow:

Note : The licence is different from TRX hardware activation of Flexi EDGE BTS

For internal use 37 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SW Compatibility


Features Delayed in Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE EX3.1 Prerelease 1
Following basic functionalities are excluded from the EX3.1 SW Pre-release 1
(30-Jun-2010) : RFM Shared mode with WCDMA BTS (concurrent mode) RFM Chaining 4-way diversity IDD Hot inserted RFM Module PWE support (FIQA/FIYA in PDH mode only) DFCA LMU sync (needed for DFCA) Length of optical cables limit to only these options (2m, 50m,100m,150m,200m) RFM block/unblock (needed mainly for sharing) Antenna Hopping Highlight support for RFM
For internal use 38 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Content

Introduction of Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SW Compatibility Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Modules Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Performance Comparison

For internal use 39 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE System Module (ESMB/C)

For internal use 40 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE System Module (ESMB/ESMC)


General Information (1/2)

The Medusa BTS System Module (ESMB/ESMC) is a 2G specific system


module in the Medusa BTS. Module has IP 65 protected with temperature range -35 to +55 degrees C System Module is the centre of the system and has main functions include: BTS Operations and Maintenance Abis termination and Transport interfacing Optical OBSAI connectivity and related multiplexing/chaining functions Power distribution to the RF modules High capacity GSM baseband functionality for up to 18/36 TRX BTS Synchronization
ESMB/ESMC

For internal use 41 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE System Module (ESMB/ESMC)


General Information (2/2)

There are two variants of Medusa System Module The difference is in the
capacity of integrated baseband processing: ESMB - up to 18 carriers (TRXs) capacity (TRX IDs: 1 .. 18) ESMC - up to 36 carriers (TRXs) capacity (TRX IDs: 1 .. 36)

BTS configuration (BCF) can include only one ESMB/ESMC unit


System Module variant is selected according to capacity requirements (no of carriers
(TRXs) to be supported)

More than one System Module can be configured in a single BTS site when the
Multi BCF / common BCCH feature is in use System Module units must be synchronized together

For internal use 42 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE System Module (ESMB/ESMC)


Construction and Interfaces
FPA Optical RP3 01 LMP Synch out Synch in EAC Q1

FlexiPowerA larm (FPA) interface for BBU alarms (6 alarm inputs)

EAC (External Alarm & Control) interface 12 alarm inputs 6 control outputs
Power input

3 HU

PWR

PWR

PWR

PWR

AUX PWR

Ground

Transmission PIU

Status and Power LED

4 optical SFPs. OBSAI RP3-01 interface (3Gbps). (3 for RF modules, 1 for 3G/LTE system module connection or ESMB/ESMC chaining or alternatively all 4 for RF modules) 48VDC BTS power input terminals 5 Power distribution I/Fs (4 for co-located RFMs, and 1 extra for any additional modules) A slot for Integrated transport sub-module (various interface options available) Ports for Power Module Alarms, Local Management and Q1 External Alarm Control port with 12 inputs and 6 outputs, or connectivity to EAC Ext. Module Two ports for external synch. input or synch. extension to other co located base stations Status-LED, Power LED and Power Push Button Grounding terminal

For internal use 43 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Module (RFM/RRH)

For internal use 44 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Module (FXxA)


General Information (1/7)
RF Module (FXxA) consist of 3 independent branches (pipes), which is
optimized for 3 sector Macro BTS use. Each branch (pipe) can transmit and receive multicarrier signals of multiple radio technologies concurrently, therefore: RF combining and BTS internal RF cabling is not needed (no need combining losses
in the Link Budget calculations) Flexi EDGE TRXs cannot be reused for Multiradio BTS
ESMB/ESMC FXxA
Carrier1-6 Carrier7-12 Carrier13-18

MCPA MCPA MCPA

60W 60W 60W

Triple STuF

RFM can be installed in stacks, cabinets, also mast-tops

For internal use 45 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Module (FXxA)


General Information (2/7)

Each branch (pipe) contains:


The transmitter and receiver chains and the front end,
software tunable filters Two receive chains to provide 2-way receive diversity Integrated antenna line supervision and MHA support OBSAI connectivity (optical 3 x RP3-1 interfaces)

Each transmitter and receiver is capable to carry


up to 6 carriers (TRXs) Single RFM capacity is up to 18 carriers (TRXs) (6+6+6) Capacity extension can be done by installing additional RFM.
MCPA Multi Carrier Power Amplifier LNA Low Noise Amplifier RXMC Receiver Multicoupler

For internal use 46 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Module (FXxA)


General Information (3/7)
RFM is a single band module. Separate FXxA modules for each frequency band are
supported by Flexi Multiradio BTS
RFM Type FXCA FXDA FXDJ FXEA FXFA RX Freq. TX Freq. Range Range 850MHz 806-849 MHz 851-894MHz 900MHz 880-915 MHz 925-960 MHz 900 MHz J-band 890-915 MHz 935-960MHz 1800MHz 1710-1785 MHz 1805-1880 MHz 1900MHz 1850-1910 MHz 1930-1990 MHz Band GSM Channel Numbers 128-251 975-1023 ,0-124 1-124 512-885 512-810 3GPP operating Duplex distance band V, VI, XVIII and XIX 45 MHz VIII 45 MHz VIII partially 45MHz III and IX 95 MHz II 80 MHz

RFM operational bandwidth in both UL and DL is limited:


20 MHz for 1900MHz 30 MHz for 1800MHz in UL and 20 MHz in DL 20 MHz for 900MHz 12.5 MHz for 900MHz J-band (P-GSM for CDMA co-sitting) 15 MHz for 850MHz There is a SW tunable pass band filter on each branch of the RFM module which is tuned automatically by the BTS SW. The filter tuning range covers the whole RFM bandwidth but the simultaneous bandwidth is limited as shown above
For internal use 47 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Module (FXxA)


General Information (4/7)
Each RFM branch (pipe) can support several carriers (frequency blocks for
WCDMA/LTE and virtual TRXs in case of GSM/EDGE) within the available RFM bandwidth or the bandwidth can be shared between different technologies Up to 6 carriers can be defined for GSM/EDGE (independently on RFM bandwidth) Carriers can be defined using 100 kHz frequency raster (minimum 400 kHz of the carrier separation needs to be kept between GSM/EDGE carriers)
Up to 20MHz LTE per MCPA

Up to 6 GSM TRXs per MCPA

F1 X Mhz
f1 f2 f3 f4 f5 f6

X=1.4/3/5/10/15/20MHz

Up to 4 WCDMA carriers per MCPA


f1 5Mhz
For internal use 48 Nokia Siemens Networks

Up to 444 GSM + max 10MHz LTE/WCDMA per MCPA


f1 f1 f2 5Mhz

F1

f2 5Mhz

f3 5MHZ

f4 5Mhz

F 5Mhz

f3

f4

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Module (FXxA)


General Information (5/7)
In the concurrent mode there is a limited number of carrier configurations
supported by each RFM branch (pipe) Dedicated SW features need to be used to enable RFM sharing between different technologies (concurrent mode) - apart from the HW capabilities (max no of carriers per pipe) the list of supported carrier combinations is determined by the features RG10/RU20: RF sharing WCDMA GSM RG25/RL20: RF sharing 2G LTE
Frequency, BW (Tx/Rx) GSM TRXs WCDMA carriers LTE bandwidth Output power /sector Concurrent mode(s) supported by HW: 555 GSM+5MHz 444 GSM+10MHz 850MHz, 15/15MHz 6+6+6 2+2+2 1.4/3/5/10 60W GSM/LTE GSM/WCDMA GSM/WCDMA/LTE WCDMA/LTE 900MHz, 20/20MHz 6+6+6 4+4+4 1.4/3/5/10/15/20 60W GSM/LTE GSM/WCDMA GSM/WCDMA/LTE WCDMA/LTE 1800MHz, 20/30MHz 6+6+6 4+4+4 1.4/3/5/10/15/20 60W GSM/LTE GSM/WCDMA GSM/WCDMA/LTE WCDMA/LTE 1900MHz, 20/20MHz 6+6+6 4+4+4 1.4/3/5/10/15/20 60W GSM/LTE GSM/WCDMA GSM/WCDMA/LTE WCDMA/LTE

For internal use 49 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Module (FXxA)


General Information (6/7)
The nominal output power at the antenna connector for the 3-sector RFM is 60W
per branch (pipe) The nominal output power at each branch (pipe) is the maximum cumulated sum of output powers of all the carriers/TRXs within that branch The output power per carrier of a radio branch decreases with the increasing number
of carriers in the radio branch The output power of each carrier/TRX within the branch can be adjusted separately

The carriers can be split to multiple radio branches within one sector to increase
the output power and thus the BTS coverage
No of carriers (TRXs) per sector No of RM branches per sector

Output power 900 MHz / 1800 MHz GMSK +47.8 dBm (60 W) +44.8 dBm (30 W) +43.0 dBm (20 W) +41.8 dBm (15 W) +40.8 dBm (12 W) +40.0 dBm (10 W) +41.8 dBm (15 W) +40.8 dBm (12 W) +40.0 dBm (10 W) 8PSK +47.8 dBm (60W) +44.8 dBm (30 W) +43.0 dBm (20 W) +41.8 dBm (15 W) +40.5 dBm (11.2 W) +38.9 dBm (7.8 W) +41.8 dBm (15 W) +40.5 dBm (11.2 W) +38.9 dBm (7.8 W) 16/32QAM +47.8 dBm (60W) +44.8 dBm (30 W) +43.0 dBm (20 W) +40.6 dBm (11.6 W) +38.7 dBm (7.4 W) +37.2 dBm (5.2 W) +40.6 dBm (11.6 W) +38.7 dBm (7.4 W) +37.2 dBm (5.2 W)

1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12
For internal use 50 Nokia Siemens Networks

1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2

Output power per carrier in case RFM is working in a dedicated mode


Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Module (FXxA)


General Information (7/7)
In case of concurrent mode the nominal output power at each branch (pipe) is
shared between carriers of different technologies There is a fixed share of the nominal output power of each branch (pipe) between
technologies Then, the output power dedicated to each technology is distributed among defined carriers (GSM) or limited according to installed license (LTE) Dedicated SW features need to be used to enable RFM sharing between different technologies RG10/RU20: RF sharing WCDMA GSM RG25/RL20: RF sharing 2G LTE Maximum output power per carrier is determined by supported in the feature RF configurations

The target receiver sensitivity of Flexi Multiradio BTS is to be at least the same
as of the existing Flexi EDGE
Receive sensitivity to be the same as with existing Flexi EDGE BTS

For internal use 51 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Module (FXxA)


Construction and Interface (1/2)
900/1800 Version

FAN/ Status TX

Module

OPT 1

OPT 2

OPT 3

850/1900 Version

FAN/ Status TX

Module

OPT 1

OPT 2

OPT 3

For internal use 52 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Module (FXxA)


Construction and Interface (2/2)
External Interfaces

3 RP3-01 OBSAI 3 Gbps interfaces 3 TX/RX Antenna Interfaces (including AISG 2.0 support, Bias-T
and VSWR meas) 3 RX Antenna Interfaces (including Bias-T) 3 Co-siting RX outputs 48V DC PWR input External Alarm interface
PWR IN Ant 6 Rx Ant 5 Tx/Rx Ant 4 Rx Ant 3 Tx/Rx Ant 2 Rx Ant 1 Tx/Rx

Ant 5 Rx Out Fan / RF Off Unit EAC

Ant 3 Rx Out CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT OPT 1

Ant 1 Rx Out OPT 2 OPT 3

For internal use 53 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Radio Remote Head (RRH)

For internal use 54 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Radio Remote Head (RRH) - General Information
Optimized for 1 sector Macro BTS use. Supports MIMO with SW upgrade 3G/LTE Upgrade with System Module change/addition &
multimode SW Two individual branches for transmitting and receiving Integrated Duplex-filter & integrated OBSAI RP3-01 interface Maximum 2*40W output power per TRX Dedicated and concurrent mode Flexible power and bandwidth allocation between the radio technologies controlled by operator Compliant to MC BTS (Class 2) 3GPP specification For MC BTS Class 1 the following relaxations apply: Number of the carriers/branch: Up to 3 carriers Total output power/branch: Up to 40W (1dB tolerance
allowed)
TX RX

MCPA

RRH
LNA

Duplexer Duplexer

TX RX

MCPA
LNA

RRH

< 17 kg (target) IP65 -35 to +55 C

Frequency variants for 900MHz and 1800MHz


For internal use 55 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Radio Remote Head (RRH) Construction and Interface
External Interfaces

2 RP3-01 OBSAI 3Gbps


interfaces 2 TX/RX duplex Antenna Interfaces 48V DC input, integrated class OVP External Alarm inputs (min 2 pcs) AISG 2.0 interface for RET LMP/test port

Note! RF External connectors are not supported by FHxA RRH


For internal use 56 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Transmission sub-module

For internal use 57 Nokia Siemens Networks

Transmission Submodule
Integrated Transport (ITN)
ESMB/ESMC

There are 5 separate plug-in units responsible for Abis interface (the same as
used in ESMA Flexi EDGE System Module)
FIPA
8*E1/T1 symmetrical; RJ48 connector

FIPA FIEA FIFA

FIEA
8*E1 asymmetrical; SMB connector

FIFA
2*Flexbus; TNC-type 50 coaxial connector

FIQA
1*SFP port, 2* Fast Ethernet; RJ45 connector 4*E1/T1 symmetrical; RJ48 connector

FIQA

FIYA
1*SFP port, 2* Fast Ethernet; RJ45 connector 4*E1/T1 asymmetrical; SMB connector

FIYA

For internal use 58 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Power Options (optional)

For internal use 59 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi BTS Power Options


Distributed power supply
System module distributes power to other modules All modules generate own internal voltages
48VDC

RF module RF module System module RF module RF module

BTS powering may be supplied from: Flexi Power AC/DC module (FPMA) (with or without battery) providing 48VDC input to the power distribution Flexi Power DC/DC module (FPDA) (24/48VDC) Multi Integrated Battery Back-up (MIBBU) Flexi Power Rectifier Module (FPRA) Standard Site support cabinet For internal use
60 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi BTS Power Options


Flexi Power AC/DC Module (FPMA, 3HU)
Power module provides the casing and cable connectors for 4 power sub-modules input / output terminals, output DC and alarm cables Flexi Power AC/DC 200-240 V AC sub-module (FPAA) 200-240 V AC 48V DC converter 04 FPAA per Power module; 1kW power each includes AC-filters Flexi Power Battery sub-module (FPBA) gives minute-level back-up when AC mains are down 03 FPBA per FPMA

AC input cabling to FPMA AC feed to FPAA (3pcs)


For internal use 61 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

+ -

48VDC output to BTS

FPMA with 3 AC/DC sub-modules and 1 Flexi Power Battery

Flexi BTS Power Options


Flexi Power DC/DC 24V Sub-Module (FPDA, 2HU)

Optional DC/DC converts from external 24V DC to internal 48V DC 1 DC-DC module gives up to 2kW power, e.g. 2 DC-DC modules
are required for 12 TRX configuration Useful in swap-out scenarios

48V DC output 24V DC input

For internal use 62 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi BTS Power Options


Flexi Power Rectifier (FPRA) (1/3)
Is a new type of MIBBU Provides the 48VDC voltage from external AC or DC voltage (batteries) Compatible with Flexi BTS 19 mechanics and 3HU high. Can be used in Flexi cabinet

installations and without a cabinet. Brings some new possibilities for Flexi applications: FPRA outside FCSA => more LTE space inside FCSA FPRA inside FCOA => more space for Flexi modules inside the cabinet as no need for FCSA Consists of: mechanics mountable to a 19 frame Power distribution unit with scalabe outputs for max. 2 BTSs and max. 3 battery strings Control Unit (CU) for controlling the FPRA. Alarms generated by CU are normal EAC-alarms

and can be connected to ESMA via the standard EAC-interface or power alarm interface (FPA). Max. three 2 kW rectifiers (i.e. max output 3 * 2 kW = 6 kW) Operating temperature range -33 to +55C Wide operating voltage range: from 85 to 310VAC Optional separate batteries (no space for batteries inside the FPRA module)

IP55 compatible, suitable for use in an outdoor cabinet without FCSA module and for
outdoor use without a cabinet with the module front and rear covers installed

For internal use 64 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi BTS Power Options Flexi Power Rectifier (FPRA) (2/3)


Casing with integrated DC distribution for rectifiers (provides IP55 protection to controller and rectifier modules when fitted with Flexi covers)

FPRA with/without Flexi covers (FMCA)

IP54 Rectifier Module


For internal use 65 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP54 Controller Module (delivered with casing)Session Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing

Flexi BTS Power Options


Flexi Power Rectifier (FPRA) (3/3) Targeted Applications
Any 3rd party 19 ID cabinet Wall/Pole installation Stack installation Together with battery box (Floor/wall/stack)

UltraSite ID cabinet (roof mounting)

FCSA

Flexi OD cabinet: FPRA inside FCSA


For internal use 66 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi OD cabinet: FPRA outside FCSA

Flexi ID cabinet

UltraSite ID/OD cabinet (sidewall mounting)

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi BTS Power Options


Separate battery backup system

Separate full-blown battery backup system in its own cabinet with


high power, backup capacity and long backup times can be used for bigger configurations and long backup times.

For internal use 67 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Content

Introduction of Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SW Compatibility Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Modules Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Performance Comparison

For internal use 69 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration

For internal use 70 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Flexi Multiradio BTS: from small to large GSM configurations
Up to 18 GSM TRX; 3 sector support; 3x 60W@antennaconnector Flexible capacity increase from small to very large configurations
Up to 6 cells with 1-12 TRX/cell; Up to 36 TRX per BTS (BCF) Up to 108TRX (36+36+36) in one sits using Multi BCF/common BCCH Very High capacity sites possible without any cabinets Antenna Optimized Configurations Frequency bands GSM 850, 900,1800, 1900 Single and Dual Band Configurations

FXxA FXxA ESMC FXxA FXxA ESMC FXxA

FXxA FXxA FXxA FXxA ESMC ESMB ESMC

Min GSM configuration 6/6/6, 2 modules

Max GSM configuration/BCF 36 TRX, 3 modules

Max GSM configuration (Multi BCF) up to 36/36/36, 9 modules

For internal use 71 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Radio Connection principle - Optical RP3 01 interfacing between OBSAI SM and RFM
GSM SM
RFM 900/1800

Optical OBSAI RP3 01 interface between System


Module and RF Module/RRH Several RF Modules can be simultaneously connected to GSM System Modules in the Base Station The Radios can be in the same or different bands Radio Connections options Separate RP3 01 connections to the system modules (up
to 4 RF Modules can be connected to the system Module Chained* radios (Up to 3 Radios can be chained together in one chain)

Single RM

RFM 900/1800

GSM SM
RFM 900/1800

2 unchained RMs, Single/Dual Band

GSM SM
*Single Technology Chained configurations will be supported with the first Multiradio Maintenance Release (LE P1 2010)

RFM 900/1800

RFM 900/1800

2 Chained* RMs, Single/Dual Band

For internal use 72 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Radio Connection principle - Optical RP3 01 interfacing between SM and RFM
RFM 900/1800

GSM SM

RFM 900/1800

GSM SM

RFM 900/1800 RFM 900/1800 RFM 900/1800 RFM 900/1800

3 unchained RMs, Single/Dual Band

3 Chained* RMs, Single/Dual Band

RFM RFM

RFM 900/1800
2 RM in GSM 900 and 2 in 1800

RFM 900/1800

GSM SM
RFM RFM 4 unchained RM, Single Band

GSM SM
RFM 900/1800

3 RMs in 1800 and 1 in 900 3 RMs in 900 and 1 in RM in 1800

RFM 900/1800

4 unchained RM, Dual Band

*Single Technology Chained configurations will be supported with the first Multiradio Maintenance Release (LE P1 2010)
For internal use 73 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Radio Connection principle - Optical RP3 01 interfacing between SM and RRH
OBSAI

GSM SM
Single sector

RRH

RRH 900/1800

GSM SM

RRH 900/1800

GSM SM

RRH 900/1800 RRH 900/1800 RRH 900/1800 RRH 900/1800

3 unchained RRH

3 Chained* RRH

*Single Technology Chained configurations will be supported with the first Multiradio Maintenance Release (LE P1 2011)

For internal use 74 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Common Sector Configuration
# of carriers (2G-3G)
1 2 3 4 6 2 4 6 8 12 6 1 (2G) 1 (3G) 60 30 20 15 10 60 30 20 15 10 30 40 20 20 40 2 (2G) 1 (3G) 20 20 10 40 3 (3G) 1 (3G) 2 (2G) 1 (3G) 4 (2G) 2 (3G) 1 IDD 2 IDD 4 IDD 1 IDD nad 2 non-IDD
For internal use 75 Nokia Siemens Networks

Max Tx Power

Antenna optimized
No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 1

# of RF branches (pipes)

# of antennas
1 or 2 1 or 2 1 or 2 1 or 2 1 or 2 2 2 2 2 or 4 2 or 4 2 or 4 1 or 2

No

1 or 2

10 30 20 40 20 20 60 60 30 30/30

No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

1 2 2 2 or 4 2 or 4 2 or 4 2

1 or 2 2 or 4 2 or 4 2 2 4 2

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Common configurations Dedicated 2G Configuration
Configurations) # of FXxx # of ESMB/C # of FPAA *) **) # of FPDA *) # antennas

Unchained RF Module 1+1+1 up to6+6+6 2UD Two chained RF #) Modules 2+2+2 up to 12+12+12 2UD Three chained RF #) Modules 3+3+3 up to 12+12+12 2UD Two unchained RF Modules 2+2+2 up to 12+12+12 2UD Three unchained RF Modules 3+3+3 up to 12+12+12 2UD Four unchained RF Modules 4+4+4 up to 12+12+12 2UD

1 2 3 2 3 4

1 1 1 1 1 1

2 3 4 3 4 5

1 2 2 2 2 3 ***)

6 12 18 12 18 24

*) Optional depending on the external power source. The number of power modules is based on maximum power consumption and does not account for redundancy. **) One FPMA supports up to four FPAAs. FPBAs may also be installed in the FPMA. ***) An FSEC is also required since a maximum of two FPDAs can be installed in parallel for each System Module. #) Chained configuration is not supported at the moment by RG10 (S14 EP5.1) with EX3.1 Pre release 1
For internal use 76 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Common configurations Antenna Optimized
Configurations) One RF Module antenna optimised 2 up to 12 OMNI 2UD Two chained RF #) Modules antenna optimised 2+2+2 up to 12+12+12 2UD Three chained RF #) Modules antenna optimised 3+3+3 up to 12+12+12 2UD # of FXxx 1 1 # of ESMB/C # of FPAA *) **) 2 # of FPDA *) 1 # antennas 12

12

18

*) Optional depending on the external power source. The number of power modules is based on maximum power consumption and does not account for redundancy. **) One FPMA supports up to four FPAAs. FPBAs may also be installed in the FPMA. #) Chained configuration is not supported at the moment by RG10 (S14 EP5.1) with EX3.1 Pre release 1

For internal use 77 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Cross Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration polarized

RF Configurations with single RF Module


TX

X RM
Duplexer

antennas

MCPA
RXMC

Up to 666 with 1 Radio Module 2 way diversity, 6 antenna ports/module 1 x Pol antenna per sector Output Power 1/1/1 @ 60W per TRX 2/2/2 @ 30W per TRX 3/3/3 @ 20W per TRX 4/4/4 @ 15W per TRX 6/6/6 @ 10W per TRX

RX main RX div

LNA LNA

RX Duplexer

TX RX main RX div

MCPA
RXMC

LNA LNA

RX Duplexer

TX RX main RX div

MCPA
RXMC

LNA LNA

RX

Note: Asymmetric powers per TRX are also supported e.g, 4/4/4 with BCCH and 1 TCH TRX@20W and other 2 TCH TRXs@10Weach
For internal use 78 Nokia Siemens Networks

RP3

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Single band RF Configurations with 2 RF Modules (one sector shown)
Chained or unchained RMs 1 x Pol antenna per sector** Output Power 2/2/2 @ 60W per TRX 4/4/4 @ 30W per TRX 6/6/6 @ 20W per TRX 8/8/8* @ 15W per TRX 12/12/12* @ 10W per TRX
TX RP3 RX main RX div RP3 TX RX main RX div

RM1
MCPA
RXMC

Duplexer RX Duplexer

LNA LNA

RM2
MCPA
RXMC

LNA LNA

RX

Antenna Optimized Configuration - The sectors are spread over 2 RMs to allow maximum availability - If one RM becomes unavailable, the total traffic gets reduced and RX Diversity would be lost
* With ESMC **Both the branches must be tuned to the same RF Frequency Range
For internal use 79 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Single Band RF Configurations with 3 RF Modules (one sector shown)
TX RP3 RX main RX div

RM1

MCPA
RXMC

RM1 Rx RM2 DRX

Duplexer

LNA LNA

Chained or unchained RMs Antenna optimized** 3 antenna Lines per sector Output Power 3/3/3 @ 60W per TRX 6/6/6 @ 30W per TRX 12/12/12* @ 15W per TRX

RX RM2 Rx Duplexer RM3 DRX

TX RP3 RX main RX div

RM2
MCPA
RXMC

LNA LNA

RX RM3 Rx RM1 DRX Duplexer

TX RP3

RM3
MCPA
RXMC

Antenna Optimized Configuration The sectors are spread over 3 RMs to allow maximum availability If one RM becomes unavailable, the traffic capacity would decrease and RX Diversity would be lost for 1 RM

RX main RX div

LNA LNA

RX

* With ESMC **All the branches must be tuned to the same RF Frequency Range
For internal use 80 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Single Band RF Configurations with 4 RF Modules RM1 (one sector shown) TX MCPA
Duplexer RX RP3 RX main RX div RXMC

LNA LNA

4 Unchained RMs Antenna Optimized 2 x Pol antenna per sector** Output Power 4/4/4 @ 60W/TRX 8/8/8 @ 30W/TRX 12/12/12* @ 20W/TRX
RP3 RP3

TX RX main RX div

MCPA
RXMC

RM2
LNA LNA

Duplexer RX

X
TX RP3 RX main RX div

MCPA
RXMC

RM3
LNA LNA

Duplexer RX Duplexer RX

TX RX main
* With ESMC **All the branches must be tuned to the same RF Frequency Range
For internal use 81 Nokia Siemens Networks

MCPA
RXMC

RM4
LNA LNA

RX div

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Dual band RF Configurations with 2 RF Modules (one sector shown)
X
TX RP3 RX main RX div

RM1
MCPA
RXMC

Duplexer

RFM 900

LNA LNA

Chained or Unchained RMs 2x Pol antenna per sector GSM 900: Up to 6/6/6@10W/TRX GSM 1800: Up to 6/6/6@10W/TRX
RP3

RX

X
TX RX main

RM2
MCPA
RXMC

Duplexer

LNA LNA

Flexible o/p power/TRX enables different combinations of Macro cell 900 and Micro cell 1800

RX

RX div

RFM 1800

For internal use 82 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Dual Band RF Configurations with 3 RF Modules (one sector shown) Cross polarized antennas
TX RP3 RX main RX div

RM1
MCPA
RXMC

X
RFM 900/1800

Duplexer

LNA LNA

Chained or Unchained RMs Mixed: Normal and Antenna Optimized 2 x Pol antenna per sector* GSM 900 # 4/4/4@30W/TRX 6/6/6@20W/TRX 8/8/8@15W/TRX GSM 1800
#
RP3

RX Duplexer

TX RX main RX div

RM2
MCPA
RXMC

X
RFM 900/1800

LNA LNA

2/2/2@30W/TRX 3/3/3@20W/TRX 4/4/4@15W/TRX

RX Duplexer

TX

RM3
MCPA
RXMC

# or vice versa

RP3

RX main RX div

LNA LNA

RFM 900/1800

RX

With 2xESMB (Cositing) or 1x ESMC for >18 TRX *Both the branches must be tuned to the same RF Frequency Range
For internal use 83 Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Dual Band RF Configurations with 4 RF Modules RM1 (one sector shown) TX MCPA
Duplexer RX RP3 RX main RX div RXMC

LNA LNA

X
RFM 900

4 Unchained RMs Antenna Optimized 2 x Pol antenna per sector* GSM 900: up to 6/6/6@20W/TRX GSM 1800: up to 6/6/6@20W/TRX
RP3 RP3

TX RX main RX div

MCPA
RXMC

RM2
LNA LNA

Duplexer RX Duplexer RX

RFM 900

X
TX RX main

MCPA
RXMC

RM3
LNA LNA

RFM 1800

Flexible o/p power/TRX enables different combinations of Macro cell 900 and Micro cell 1800
RP3

RX div

TX RX main RX div

MCPA
RXMC

RM4
LNA LNA

For internal use 84 Nokia Siemens Networks

*Both the branches in each band must be tuned to the same Rx Frequency Range
Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Duplexer RX

RFM 1800

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Dual Band RF Configurations with 4 RF Modules RM1 (one sector shown) TX MCPA
Duplexer RX RP3 RX main RX div RXMC

LNA LNA

X
RFM 900

TX

4 Unchained RMs Antenna Optimized 5 antenna lines per sector* Output Power 30W/TRX GSM 900 6/6/6, GSM 1800 2/2/2, or GSM 1800 6/6/6, GSM 900 2/2/2

MCPA
RXMC

RM2
LNA LNA

Duplexer RX

RP3

RX main RX div

X
RFM 900

TX RP3 RX main RX div

MCPA
RXMC

RM3
LNA LNA

Duplexer RX Duplexer RX

RFM 900

TX RP3 RX main RX div

MCPA
RXMC

RM4
LNA LNA

RFM 1800

For internal use 85 Nokia Siemens Networks

*Both the branches in each band must be tuned to the same Rx Frequency Range
Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


RRH single sector configuration
Flexible RRH configurations Dual Duplexer to enable MIMO and
2-way diversity schemes for 1 sector (2 antenna ports / module)
Up to 6+6 MIMO or 12 with 1 RRH Capacity extensions with chaining 12+12+12 with 3 RRH Cost optimized for 1 sector MIMO
configurations
TX Optical RP3 RX main

MCPA

RRH
LNA

Duplexer Duplexer

TX RX main

MCPA
LNA

Flexi RRH 2TX 900 and 1800


MCPA1 GSM Dedicated Mode
1TRX@40W/TRX 2TRX@20W/TRX 3TRX@13W/TRX 4TRX@10W/TRX 5TRX@8W/TRX 6TRX@6W/TRX

Configurations: Minimum: up to 6+6 MIMO (1 module) Maximum: up to 12+12+12 (3 RRH) With these power steps: 1 TRX * 40W (2 ant/sect) 2 TRX * 20W (2 ant/sect) 3 TRX * 13.3W (2 ant/sect) 4 TRX * 10W (2 ant/sect) 5 TRX * 8W (2 ant/sect) 6 TRX * 6.7W (2 ant/sect)
For internal use 86 Nokia Siemens Networks

MCPA2
1TRX@40W/TRX 2TRX@20W/TRX 3TRX@13W/TRX 4TRX@10W/TRX 5TRX@8W/TRX 6TRX@6W/TRX

RRH unit
2TRX@40W/TRX 4TRX@20W/TRX 6TRX@13W/TRX 8TRX@10W/TRX 10TRX@8W/TRX 12TRX@6W/TRX

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Single band RF Configurations
Example: 3 chained RRH at different Locations
TX RP3

MCPA

RRH1
LNA

Duplexer

GSM SM

RX main

TX RX main RP3

MCPA
LNA

Remote Sector 1

Duplexer Duplexer

Suitable for remote islands 1x Pol antenna per sector Output Power: 22/2@ 40W per TRX 4/4/4@ 20W per TRX 6/6/6@ 13W per TRX 8/8/8@ 10W per TRX 10/10/10@ 8W per TRX 12/2/12@ 6W per TRX
RP3

TX RX main

MCPA

RRH2
LNA

TX RX main

MCPA
LNA

Remote Sector 2

Duplexer Duplexer

X
TX RX main

MCPA

RRH3
LNA

Remote Sector 3

Duplexer

TX RX main
For internal use 87 Nokia Siemens Networks

MCPA
LNA

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Antenna Optimized Configuration
Example: 3 RRH on Common Pole or Mast Top
TX RP3 RX main

MCPA

RRH1
LNA

Sector 1

Duplexer Duplexer

Sector 2

TX RX main

MCPA
LNA

Suitable for co located sectors 1x Pol antenna per sector One sector is spread over two RRHs Allows High Redundancy Failure of one RRH does not result in total Failure of any sector.
TX RX main RP3 TX RX main

MCPA

RRH2
LNA

Sector 3

Duplexer Duplexer

Sector 1

MCPA
LNA

TX RX main RP3 TX RX main


For internal use 88 Nokia Siemens Networks

MCPA

RRH3
LNA

Duplexer Duplexer

Sector 2

MCPA
LNA

Sector 3

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Antenna Sharing with GSM/WCDMA
Concurrent/Non concurrent mode

TX RP3 RX main RX div

RM1
MCPA
RXMC

Duplexer

LNA LNA

Non Concurrent Mode RM1: GSM Mode RM2: WCDMA Mode Concurrent Mode RM1/RM2: GSM/WCDMA

GSM

RX

RP3 TX RP3

RM2
MCPA
RXMC

Duplexer

WCDMA

RX main RX div

LNA LNA

RX

For internal use 89 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


2+2+2 Flexi EDGE extension to 4+4+4 with RFM (one sector shown)

For internal use 90 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Outdoor cabinet configurations

For internal use 91 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration


Indoor cabinet configurations

For internal use 92 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Content

Introduction of Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SW Compatibility Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Modules Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Configuration Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Performance Comparison

For internal use 93 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Performance Comparison

For internal use 94 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi MR BTS GSM/EDGE Performance comparison (1/3)

2RX div
DL

Example of Cell range (2+2+2 configuration)


Flexi EDGE BTS Flexi MR BTS 1 RFM pipe per cell Flexi MR BTS 2 RFM pipes per cell

Sect. Mod. Sect. Mod. Sect. Mod. ESMA

Indoor cell range [km]

3 2
2RX div
DL

~2.0 ~2.6

RFM ESMB

Indoor cell range [km]

~2.0 ~2.4
3
2RX div
DL

RFM RFM ESMB

Indoor cell range [km]

~2.0 ~2.9


For internal use 95 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi EDGE BTS BTS output power depends on duplexer & combiner losses Flexi Multiradio BTS BTS output power directly depends on the number of defined carriers (60 W of RFM TX output power shared between carriers)

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi MR BTS GSM/EDGE Performance comparison (2/3)

2RX div
DL

Example of Cell range (4+4+4 configuration)


Flexi EDGE BTS Flexi MR BTS 1 RFM pipe per cell Flexi MR BTS 2 RFM pipes per cell

DTRX DTRX DTRX Sect. Mod. Sect. Mod. Sect. Mod. ESMA

Indoor cell range [km]

3 2
2RX div
DL

~2.0 ~2.1

RFM ESMB

Indoor cell range [km]

~2.0 ~2.0
3
2RX div
DL

RFM RFM ESMB

Indoor cell range [km]

~2.0 ~2.4

Carrier splitting over 2 RFM modules efficiently reduces impact on achievable output power per carrier

For internal use 96 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

Flexi MR BTS GSM/EDGE Performance comparison (3/3)

Example of Cell range (8+8+8 configuration)


Flexi EDGE BTS Flexi MR BTS 2 RFM pipes per cell

2RX div
DL

9 * DTRX

Sect. Mod. Sect. Mod. Sect. Mod. ESMA

Indoor cell range [km]

~1.7 ~2.0
2
2RX div
DL

RFM RFM ESMB

Indoor cell range [km]


Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session

For internal use 97 Nokia Siemens Networks

~2.0 ~2.0 RFM transmit power shared between several carriers has similar impact on the cell range as combiner losses in Flexi EDGE BTS Significantly less HW elements required in case of Flexi MR BTS observed especially for higher BTS configurations Cell ranges of Multiradio BTS are comparable with Flexi EDGE BTS & BTSplus

For internal use 98 Nokia Siemens Networks

Flexi Mutiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Sharing Session