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Service Manual Types KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 and KCEU 142, 242
Service Manual Types KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 and KCEU 142, 242
Service Manual Types KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 and KCEU 142, 242
Service Manual Types KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 and KCEU 142, 242
Service Manual Types KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 and KCEU 142, 242

Service Manual

Types KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 and KCEU 142, 242 Overcurrent and Directional Overcurrent Relays

Manual Types KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 and KCEU 142, 242 Overcurrent and

Service Manual

Types KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 and KCEU 142, 242 Overcurrent and Directional Overcurrent Relays

HANDLING OF ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT

A person's normal movements can easily generate electrostatic potentials of several thousand volts.

Discharge of these voltages into semiconductor devices when handling electronic circuits can cause serious damage, which often may not be immediately apparent but the reliability of the circuit will have been reduced.

The electronic circuits of ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd products are immune to the relevant levels

of electrostatic discharge when housed in their cases. Do not expose them to the risk of damage by

withdrawing modules unnecessarily.

Each module incorporates the highest practicable protection for its semiconductor devices. However, if it becomes necessary to withdraw a module, the following precautions should be taken to preserve the high reliability and long life for which the equipment has been designed and manufactured.

1. Before removing a module, ensure that you are at the same electrostatic potential as the equipment by touching the case.

2. Handle the module by its front-plate, frame, or edges of the printed circuit board. Avoid touching the electronic components, printed circuit track or connectors.

3. Do not pass the module to any person without first ensuring that you are both at the same electrostatic potential. Shaking hands achieves equipotential.

4. Place the module on an antistatic surface, or on a conducting surface which is at the same potential as yourself.

5. Store or transport the module in a conductive bag.

More information on safe working procedures for all electronic equipment can be found in BS5783 and IEC 60147-0F.

If you are making measurements on the internal electronic circuitry of an equipment in service, it is preferable that you are earthed to the case with a conductive wrist strap. Wrist straps should have a resistance to ground between 500k – 10M ohms. If a wrist strap is not available, you should maintain regular contact with the case to prevent the build up of static. Instrumentation which may be used for making measurements should be earthed to the case whenever possible.

ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd strongly recommends that detailed investigations on the electronic circuitry, or modification work, should be carried out in a Special Handling Area such as described in BS5783 or IEC 60147-0F.

or modification work, should be carried out in a Special Handling Area such as described in

Types KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 and KCEU 142, 242 Overcurrent and Directional Overcurrent Relays

Service Manual

R8551D

122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 and KCEU 142, 242 Overcurrent and Directional Overcurrent Relays

SERVICE MANUAL

R8551D

KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 KCEU 142, 242

Contents

SAFETY SECTION

THIS MUST BE READ BEFORE ANY WORK IS CARRIED OUT ON THE RELAY

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 2

HANDLING AND INSTALLATION

CHAPTER 3

RELAY DESCRIPTION

CHAPTER 4

APPLICATION OF PROTECTION FUNCTIONS

CHAPTER 5

MEASUREMENT AND RECORDS

CHAPTER 6

SERIAL COMMUNICATIONS

CHAPTER 7

TECHNICAL DATA

CHAPTER 8

COMMISSIONING

APPENDIX 1

RELAY CHARACTERISTIC CURVES

APPENDIX 2

LOGIC DIAGRAMS

APPENDIX 3

CONNECTION DIAGRAMS

APPENDIX 4

COMMISSIONING TEST RECORD

Page 2

SAFETY SECTION

This Safety Section should be read before commencing any work on the equipment.

Health and safety

The information in the Safety Section of the product documentation is intended to ensure that products are properly installed and handled in order to maintain them in a safe condition. It is assumed that everyone who will be associated with the equipment will be familiar with the contents of the Safety Section.

Explanation of symbols and labels

The meaning of symbols and labels which may be used on the equipment or in the product documentation, is given below.

Caution: refer to product documentation Caution: risk of electric shock Protective/safety *earth terminal Functional

Caution: refer to product documentation

Caution: refer to product documentation Caution: risk of electric shock Protective/safety *earth terminal Functional

Caution: risk of electric shock

to product documentation Caution: risk of electric shock Protective/safety *earth terminal Functional *earth

Protective/safety *earth terminal

Functional *earth terminal. Note: this symbol may also be used for a protective/ safety earth terminal if that terminal is part of a terminal block or sub-assembly eg. power supply.

*Note: The term earth used throughout the product documentation is the direct equivalent of the North American term ground.

is the direct equivalent of the North American term ground. Installing, Commissioning and Servicing Equipment

Installing, Commissioning and Servicing

Equipment connections

Personnel undertaking installation, commissioning or servicing work on this equipment should be aware of the correct working procedures to ensure safety. The product documentation should be consulted before installing, commissioning or servicing the equipment.

Terminals exposed during installation, commissioning and maintenance may present a hazardous voltage unless the equipment is electrically isolated.

If there is unlocked access to the rear of the equipment, care should be taken by all personnel to avoid electric shock or energy hazards.

Voltage and current connections should be made using insulated crimp terminations to ensure that terminal block insulation requirements are maintained for safety. To ensure that wires are correctly terminated, the correct crimp terminal and tool for the wire size should be used.

Page 3

Before energising the equipment it must be earthed using the protective earth terminal, or the appropriate termination of the supply plug in the case of plug connected equipment. Omitting or disconnecting the equipment earth may cause a safety hazard.

The recommended minimum earth wire size is 2.5 mm 2 , unless otherwise stated in the technical data section of the product documentation.

Before energising the equipment, the following should be checked:

Voltage rating and polarity;

CT circuit rating and integrity of connections;

Protective fuse rating;

Integrity of earth connection (where applicable)

Equipment operating conditions

The equipment should be operated within the specified electrical and environmental limits.

Current transformer circuits within the specified electrical and environmental limits. Do not open the secondary circuit of a live

Do not open the secondary circuit of a live CT since the high voltage produced may be lethal to personnel and could damage insulation.

External resistors

Where external resistors are fitted to relays, these may present a risk of electric shock or burns, if touched.to personnel and could damage insulation. External resistors Battery replacement Where internal batteries are fitted they

Battery replacement

Where internal batteries are fitted they should be replaced with the recommended type and be installed with the correct polarity, to avoid possible damage to the equipment.of electric shock or burns, if touched. Battery replacement Insulation and dielectric strength testing Insulation

Insulation and dielectric strength testing

Insulation testing may leave capacitors charged up to a hazardous voltage. At the end of each part of the test, the voltage should be gradually reduced to zero, to discharge capacitors, before the test leads are disconnected.to the equipment. Insulation and dielectric strength testing Insertion of modules and pcb cards These must

Insertion of modules and pcb cards

These must not be inserted into or withdrawn from equipment whilst it is energised, since this may result in damage.leads are disconnected. Insertion of modules and pcb cards Fibre optic communication Where fibre optic communication

Fibre optic communication

Where fibre optic communication devices are fitted, these should not be viewed directly. Optical power meters should be used to determine the operation or signal level of the device.into or withdrawn from equipment whilst it is energised, since this may result in damage. Fibre

Page 4

Older Products

Electrical adjustments

Equipments which require direct physical adjustments to their operating mechanism to change current or voltage settings, should have the electrical power removed before making the change, to avoid any risk of electric shock.Older Products Electrical adjustments Mechanical adjustments The electrical power to the relay contacts should be removed

Mechanical adjustments

The electrical power to the relay contacts should be removed before checking any mechanical settings, to avoid any risk of electric shock.to avoid any risk of electric shock. Mechanical adjustments Draw out case relays Removal of the

Draw out case relays

Removal of the cover on equipment incorporating electromechanical operating elements, may expose hazardous live parts such as relay contacts.to avoid any risk of electric shock. Draw out case relays Insertion and withdrawal of extender

Insertion and withdrawal of extender cards

When using an extender card, this should not be inserted or withdrawn from the equipment whilst it is energised. This is to avoid possible shock or damage hazards. Hazardous live voltages may be accessible on the extender card.relay contacts. Insertion and withdrawal of extender cards Insertion and withdrawal of heavy current test plugs

Insertion and withdrawal of heavy current test plugs

When using a heavy current test plug, CT shorting links must be in place before insertion or removal, to avoid potentially lethal voltages.card. Insertion and withdrawal of heavy current test plugs Decommissioning and Disposal Decommissioning: The auxiliary

Decommissioning and Disposalinsertion or removal, to avoid potentially lethal voltages. Decommissioning: The auxiliary supply circuit in the relay

Decommissioning: The auxiliary supply circuit in the relay may include capacitors across the supply or to earth. To avoid electric shock or energy hazards, after completely isolating the supplies to the relay (both poles of any dc supply), the capacitors should be safely discharged via the external terminals prior to decommissioning.

Disposal:

It is recommended that incineration and disposal to water courses is avoided. The product should be disposed of in a safe manner. Any products containing batteries should have them removed before disposal, taking precautions to avoid short circuits. Particular regulations within the country of operation, may apply to the disposal of lithium batteries.

Page 5

Technical Specifications

Protective fuse rating

The recommended maximum rating of the external protective fuse for this equipment is 16A, Red Spot type or equivalent, unless otherwise stated in the technical data section of the product documentation.

Insulation class: IEC 61010-1:

1990/A2:

1995

This equipment requires a

 

Class I

protective (safety) earth

EN 61010-1:

1993/A2:

1995

connection to ensure user

Class I

safety.

Installation

IEC 61010-1:

1990/A2:

1995

Distribution level, fixed

Category

Category III

installation. Equipment in

(Overvoltage):

EN 61010-1:

1993/A2:

1995

this category is qualification

Category III

tested at 5kV peak, 1.2/50µs, 500 , 0.5J, between all supply circuits and earth and also between independent circuits.

Environment:

IEC 61010-1:

1990/A2:

1995

Compliance is demonstrated

Pollution degree 2

by reference to generic

EN 61010-1:

1993/A2:

1995

safety standards.

Pollution degree 2

 

Product safety:

73/23/EEC

Compliance with the

European Commission Low Voltage Directive.
European Commission Low Voltage Directive.

European Commission Low Voltage Directive.

 

EN 61010-1:

1993/A2:

1995

Compliance is demonstrated

EN 60950:

1992/A11: 1997

by reference to generic safety standards.

Page 6

Types KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 and KCEU 142, 242 Overcurrent and Directional Overcurrent Relays Service Manual

Chapter 1 Introduction

SERVICE MANUAL

R8551D

KCGG 122, 142,

Chapter 1

KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242, KCEU 142, 242

Contents

1.

INTRODUCTION

1

2.

USING THE MANUAL

1

3.

AN INTRODUCTION TO K RELAYS

2

4.

MODELS AVAILABLE

3

5.

AVAILABILITY OF MAIN FEATURES

4

SERVICE MANUAL

R8551D

KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242, KCEU 142, 242

Chapter 1 Page 1 of 4

Section 1.

INTRODUCTION

The K Range of overcurrent and directional overcurrent relays has been rationalised and additional features have been added to the individual relays to widen their application. Some menu cell locations have changed to accommodate the new features and so setting files that have been generated for the series 1 relays to suit particular applications may need some small modification before they can be used with the new K Range series 2. However, the menu locations for measured values and other data that is accessed by SCADA equipment retain their original locations. Hence the changes should be transparent to most communication interfaces that may have been developed.

Manual R8501 should be used for K Range series 1 relays.

This manual details the menu, functions and logic for the K Range series 2 relays.

Section 2.

USING THE MANUAL

This manual provides a description of the K Range series 2 overcurrent and directional overcurrent range of protection relays. It is intended to guide the user through application, installation, setting and commissioning of the relays.

The manual has the following format:

Chapter 1.

Introduction

An introduction on how to use this manual and a general introduction to the relays covered by the manual.

Chapter 2.

Handling and installation

Precautions to be taken when handling electronic equipment

Chapter 3.

Relay description

A

detailed description of features that are common to all

K

Range series 2 relays.

Chapter 4.

Application of protection functions

An introduction to the applications of the relays and special features provided.

Chapter 5.

Measurements and records

How to customise the measurements and use the recording features.

Chapter 6.

Serial communications

Hints on using the serial communication feature.

Chapter 7.

Technical data

Comprehensive details on the ratings, setting ranges and specifications etc.

Chapter 8.

Commissioning

A

guide to commissioning, problem solving and maintenance.

Appendix

Appendices include relay characteristic curves, logic diagrams, connection diagrams and commissioning test records.

SERVICE MANUAL

R8551D

KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242, KCEU 142, 242

Chapter 1 Page 2 of 4

Section 3.

AN INTRODUCTION TO K RELAYS

The K Range of protection relays brings numerical technology to the successful Midos range of protection relays. Fully compatible with the existing designs and sharing the same modular housing concept, the relays offer more comprehensive protection for demanding applications.

Each relay includes an extensive range of control and data gathering functions to provide a completely integrated system of protection, control, instrumentation, data logging, fault, event and disturbance recording. The relays have a user-friendly 32 character liquid crystal display (LCD) with 4 push buttons which allow menu navigation and setting changes. Also, by utilising the simple 2-wire communication link, all of the relay functions can be read, reset and changed on demand from a local or remote personal computer (PC) loaded with the relevant software.

With enhanced versatility, reduced maintenance requirements and low burdens, K Range relays provide a more advanced solution to power system protection. The K Range series 2 relays have new features that are additional to those found on series 1 relays. The additional functions include:

Protection

thermal, underfrequency, broken conductor detection, rectifier protection and improved undervoltage

Measurement

thermal ammeters, single phase W and VAR

Logic

improved logic flexibility

Recording

additional methods of resetting the disturbance recorder, triggering the disturbance recorder from the logic inputs, thresholds on circuit breaker maintenance counter and contact arcing duty plus 5 full fault records.

KCGG relays provide overcurrent and earth fault protection for power distribution systems, industrial power systems and all other applications where overcurrent protection is required. The relays are used in applications where time graded overcurrent and earth fault protection is required. The earth fault protection provides suitable sensitivity for most systems where the earth fault current is limited.

KCEG relays provide directional overcurrent and earth fault protection. The overcurrent elements can be selectively directionalised, making the relays a cost effective option where both directional and non-directional protection is required. The sensitivity of earth fault protection has been increased to cover most applications. The earth fault protection provides suitable sensitivity for most systems where the earth fault current is limited.

KCEU relays provide directional overcurrent and sensitive wattmetric earth fault protection for systems which are earthed through a Petersen coil.

Integral features in K Range relays include circuit breaker failure protection, back tripping, blocked overcurrent protection for feeders or busbars, cold load pick-up facilities, load shedding capabilities and two alternative groups of predetermined settings. The relays also have integral serial communication facilities via K-Bus.

SERVICE MANUAL

R8551D

KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242, KCEU 142, 242

Chapter 1 Page 3 of 4

Section 4.

MODELS AVAILABLE

The following list of models is covered by this manual

KCGG 122

KCGG 142 01 Three phase overcurrent and earth fault relay

KCGG 142 02 Three phase overcurrent and earth fault relay with reduced I/O

One phase overcurrent and earth fault relay

KCEG 112

Directional earth fault

KCEG 142

Directional three phase overcurrent and directional earth fault relay

KCEG 152

Three phase overcurrent relay and directional earth fault relay

KCEG 242

Directional three phase overcurrent and directional earth fault relay

KCEU 142

Directional three phase overcurrent and wattmetric sensitive earth fault relay

KCEU 242

Directional three phase overcurrent and wattmetric sensitive earth fault relay

Note:

The 100 series of relays are powered by a DC/AC auxiliary supply. The 200 series of relays are dual powered, ie. powered by a DC/AC auxiliary supply or from the current transformer circuit in the absence of an auxiliary supply.

K Range series 2 relay

Equivalent K Range series 1 relays

KCGG 122

KCGG 110, KCGU 110

KCGG 142

KCGG 120, KCGG 130, KCGG 140, KCGU 140

KCEG 112

KCEG 110, KCEU 110

KCEG 142

KCEG 130, KCEG 140, KCEU 140

KCEG 152

KCEG 150, KCEU 150, KCEG 160, KCEU 160

KCEG 242

KCGG/KCEG 210, KCGG/KCEG 230, KCGG/KCEG 250, KCGG/KCGU 240, KCEG/KCEU 240

KCEU 142

KCEU 141

KCEU 242

KCEU 241

Table of equivalence between K Range series 1 and series 2 relays

SERVICE MANUAL

R8551D

KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242, KCEU 142, 242

Chapter 1 Page 4 of 4

Section 5.

AVAILABILITY OF MAIN FEATURES

The following table lists the features that vary between models

Feature

KCGG

KCGG

KCGG

KCEG

KCEG

KCEG

KCEG

KCEU

KCEU

122

142 01

142 02*

112

142

152

242

142

242

Protection

Overcurrent

 

●●●

       

●●●●●

   

Earth fault

   

●●●●●●●●●

           

Directional overcurrent

       

   

●●●

 

Directional earth fault

       

●●●●●●

       

Underfrequency

   

●●

   

●●●

     

Undervoltage

       

   

●●●

 

Thermal overload

 

●●●

       

●●●●●

   

Wattmetric

             

Measurement

                 

Frequency

   

●●

     

●●●●●

   

Current

   

●●●●●●●●●

           

Voltage

       

   

●●●

 

Single phase power

       

 

   

Three phase power

       

   

●●●

 

Thermal ammeter(s)

 

●●●

       

●●●●●

   

Thermal demand(s)

 

●●●

       

●●●●●

   

Thermal state

 

●●●

       

●●●●●

   

CB operations

   

●●●●●●●●●

           

CB contact duty

 

●●●

       

●●●●●

   

Programmable Inputs/Outputs

                 

Logic inputs

 

3 8

 

3 8

3 8

 

8

8

8

Output relays

 

4 8

 

4 8

4 8

 

8

8

8

* The fully functionality KCGG 142 01 relay is also available as a KCGG 142 02 with reduced I/O.

Types KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 and KCEU 142, 242 Overcurrent and Directional Overcurrent Relays Service Manual

Chapter 2 Handling and Installation

SERVICE MANUAL

R8551C

KCGG 122, 142

Chapter 2

KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 KCEU 142, 242

Contents

1.

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

1

1.1

Receipt of relays

1

1.2

Electrostatic discharge (ESD)

1

2.

HANDLING OF ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT

1

3.

RELAY MOUNTING

2

4.

UNPACKING

2

5.

STORAGE

3

SERVICE MANUAL

R8551C

KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 KCEU 142, 242

Chapter 2 Page 1 of 3

Section 1.

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

1.1 Receipt of relays

Protective relays, although generally of robust construction, require careful treatment prior to installation on site. Upon receipt, relays should be examined immediately to ensure no damage has been sustained in transit. If damage has been sustained during transit a claim should be made to the transport contractor and ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd should be promptly notified.

Relays that are supplied unmounted and not intended for immediate installation should be returned to their protective polythene bags.

1.2 Electrostatic discharge (ESD)

The relays use components that are sensitive to electrostatic discharges. The electronic circuits are well protected by the metal case and the internal module should not be withdrawn unnecessarily. When handling the module outside its case, care should be taken to avoid contact with components and electrical connections. If removed from the case for storage, the module should be placed in an electrically conducting antistatic bag.

There are no setting adjustments within the module and it is advised that it is not unnecessarily disassembled. Although the printed circuit boards are plugged together, the connectors are a manufacturing aid and not intended for frequent dismantling; in fact considerable effort may be required to separate them. Touching the printed circuit board should be avoided, since complementary metal oxide semiconductors (CMOS) are used, which can be damaged by static electricity discharged from the body.

Section 2.

HANDLING OF ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT

A person’s normal movements can easily generate electrostatic potentials of several thousand volts. Discharge of these voltages into semiconductor devices when handling electronic circuits can cause serious damage, which often may not be immediately apparent but the reliability of the circuit will have been reduced.

The electronic circuits are completely safe from electrostatic discharge when housed in the case. Do not expose them to risk of damage by withdrawing modules unnecessarily.

Each module incorporates the highest practicable protection for its semiconductor devices. However, if it becomes necessary to withdraw a module, the folowing precautions should be taken to preserve the high reliability and long life for which the equipment has been designed and manufactured.

1. Before removing a module, ensure that you are at the same electrostatic potential as the equipment by touching the case.

2. Handle the module by its frontplate, frame or edges of the printed circuit board. Avoid touching the electronic componenets, printed circuit track or connectors.

SERVICE MANUAL

R8551C

KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 KCEU 142, 242

Chapter 2 Page 2 of 3

4. Place the module on an antistatic surface, or on a conducting surface which is at the same potential as yourself.

5. Store or transport the module in a conductive bag.

If you are making measurements on the internal electronic circuitry of an

equipment in service, it is preferable that you are earthed to the case with a conductive wrist strap. Wrist straps should have a resistance to ground between 500ký – 10Mý.

If a wrist strap is not available you should maintain regular contact with the case to prevent a build-up of static. Instrumentation which may be used for making

measurements should be earthed to the case whenever possible.

More information on safe working procedures for all electronic equipment can be found in BS5783 and IEC 60147-OF. It is strongly recommended that detailed

investigations on electronic circuitry or modification work should be carried out in

a special handling area such as described in the above-mentioned BS and IEC documents.

Section 3.

RELAY MOUNTING

Relays are dispatched either individually or as part of a panel/rack assembly.

If loose relays are to be assembled into a scheme, then construction details can be

found in Publication R7012. If an MMLG test block is to be included it should be positioned at the right-hand side of the assembly (viewed from the front). Modules should remain protected by their metal case during assembly into a panel or rack. The design of the relay is such that the fixing holes are accessible without removal

of the cover. For individually mounted relays an outline diagram is normally supplied showing the panel cut-outs and hole centres. These dimensions will also be found in Publication R6551.

Section 4.

UNPACKING

Care must be taken when unpacking and installing the relays so that none of the parts is damaged or the settings altered. Relays must only be handled by skilled persons. The installation should be clean, dry and reasonably free from dust and excessive vibration. The site should be well lit to facilitate inspection. Relays that have been removed from their cases should not be left in situations where they are exposed to dust or damp. This particularly applies to installations which are being carried out at the same time as construction work.

SERVICE MANUAL

R8551C

KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 KCEU 142, 242

Chapter 2 Page 3 of 3

Section 5.

STORAGE

If relays are not to be installed immediately upon receipt they should be stored in a place free from dust and moisture in their original cartons. Where de-humidifier bags have been included in the packing they should be retained. The action of the de-humidifier crystals will be impaired if the bag has been exposed to ambient conditions and may be restored by gently heating the bag for about an hour, prior to replacing it in the carton.

Dust which collects on a carton may, on subsequent unpacking, find its way into the relay; in damp conditions the carton and packing may become impregnated with moisture and the de-humifier will lose its efficiency.

Storage temperature –25°C to +70°C.

Types KCGG 122, 142, KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 and KCEU 142, 242 Overcurrent and Directional Overcurrent Relays Service Manual

Chapter 3 Relay Description

SERVICE MANUAL

R8551D

KCGG 122, 142

Chapter 3

KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 KCEU 142, 242

Contents

1.

RELAY DESCRIPTION

1

2.

USER INTERFACE

2

2.1

Frontplate layout

2

2.2

LED indications

3

2.3

Keypad

3

2.4

Liquid crystal display

3

2.5

Flag display format

3

3.

MENU SYSTEM

5

3.1

Default display

5

3.2

Accessing the menu

5

3.3

Menu contents

6

3.4

Menu columns

6

3.5

System data

7

3.6

Fault records

8

3.7

Measurements 1

8

3.8

Measurements 2

8

3.9

Measurements 3

9

3.10

Earth fault 1

9

3.11

Phase fault 1

10

3.12

Earth fault 2

11

3.13

Phase fault 2

12

3.14

Logic

13

3.15

Input masks

14

3.16

Relay masks

14

3.17

Recorder

15

4.

CHANGING TEXT AND SETTINGS

17

4.1

Quick guide to menu controls

17

4.2

To enter setting mode

18

4.3

To escape from the setting mode

18

4.4

To accept the new setting

18

4.5

Password protection

19

4.6

Entering passwords

19

4.7

Changing passwords

19

4.8

Restoration of password protection

20

4.9

Entering text

20

4.10

Changing function links

20

4.11

Changing setting values

20

4.12

Setting communication address

21

4.13

Setting input masks

21

4.14

Setting output masks

21

4.15

Resetting values and records

21

4.16

Resetting trip LED indication

22

SERVICE MANUAL

R8551D

KCGG 122, 142

Chapter 3

KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 KCEU 142, 242

Contents

5.

EXTERNAL CONNECTIONS

22

5.1

Auxiliary supply

23

5.2

Dual powered relays

23

5.3

Logic control inputs

23

5.4

Analogue inputs

24

5.5

Output relays

25

5.6

Ouput relay minimum dwell time

25

5.7

Setting the relay with a PC or laptop

25

6.

ALARM FLAGS

25

Figure 1.

Frontplate layout

2

Figure 2.

Flag display format

4

SERVICE MANUAL

R8551D

KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 KCEU 142, 242

Chapter 3 Page 1 of 26

Section 1.

RELAY DESCRIPTION

The KCGG, KCEG and KCEU relays use numerical techniques to derive protection and control functions. They can have up to eight multiplexed analogue inputs, sampled eight times per power frequency cycle. The Fourier derived power frequency component returns the rms value of the measured quantity. To ensure optimum performance, frequency tracking is used. The channel that is tracked is chosen on a priority basis, Va, Vb, Vc, Ia, Ib, Ic. Frequency tracking is not employed on the residual voltage, or current to ensure the maximum harmonic rejection. In the absence of a signal to frequency track, the sampling frequency defaults to the rated frequency of the power system.

Up to eight output relays can be programmed to respond to any of the protection or control functions and up to eight logic inputs can be allocated to control functions. The logic inputs are filtered to ensure that induced AC current in the external wiring to these inputs does not cause an incorrect response. Software links further enable the user to customise the product for their own particular applications. They select/interconnect the various protection and control elements and replace the interconnections that were previously used between the cases of relays that provided discrete protection or control functions.

The relays are powered from either a DC or an AC auxiliary supply which is transformed by a wide ranging DC/DC converter within the relay. This provides the electronic circuits with regulated and galvanically isolated supply rails. The power supply also provides a regulated and isolated field voltage to energise the logic inputs.

The dual powered version of the relay draws its energising supply from the current transformers in the absence of an auxiliary voltage supply. This makes it suitable for application where the auxiliary supply is not reliable or not available. They can be used in shunt trip, capacitor discharge and AC series trip arrangements.

An interface on the front of the relay allows the user to navigate through the menu

to access data, change settings and reset flags, etc. As an alternative the relays

can be connected to a computer via their serial communication ports and the menu accessed on-line. This provides a more friendly and intuitive method of setting the relay, as it allows a whole column of data to be displayed at one time instead of just a single menu cell. Computer programs are also available that enable setting files to be generated off-line and these files can then be downloaded to the relay via the serial port.

In addition to protection and control functions the relays can display all the values

that it measures and many additional ones that it calculates. They also store useful time stamped data for post fault analysis in fault records, event records and disturbance records. This data is available via a serial communication port for

access locally and/or remotely with a computer. The fault records, event records and disturbance records can be extracted automatically via the serial port and values can be polled periodically to determine trends. Remote control actions can also be made and to this end many K Range relays have been integrated into SCADA systems.

K Range relays provide the user with the flexibility to customise the relay for their

particular applications. They provide many additional features that would be expensive to produce on an individual basis and, when the low installation costs

are taken into account, it will be seen to provide an economic solution for protection and control.

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Section 2.

USER INTERFACE

The front plate of the relay provides a man machine interface providing the user with a means of entering settings to the relay displaying measured values, fault records and alarms. The series 2 relays have additional graphics to assist the user. The area in which the fault flags are displayed is divided up to denote the area associated with each phase and there is a marked position for the appropriate phase colours to be marked and for labels to be affixed to denote the use of the three overcurrent stages and the three auxiliary timers.

2.1 Frontplate layout

Model number Relay types KCGG14200102125 KCGG142 No P967701 Serial number Liquid SETTING GROUP A B
Model number
Relay types
KCGG14200102125
KCGG142
No P967701
Serial number
Liquid
SETTING
GROUP
A
B
FAULT No
crystal
F n _ 2G2A
*B
* V<
display
AUX
2
C*
N
B T
F
E
D
C
B
A
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
AUX TIMER
C
STAGE 1
AUX 1
*
Digit identifiers
STAGE 2
AUX 2
Ð
*
AUX 3
STAGE 3
Ð
Ð *
Flag identifiers
ALARMALARM
TRIP
HEALTHY
Entry keys
LED indicators
F
+
- 0
Ratings
I n
1
A
V
110/125
V
V n
110
V 50/60
Hz

Figure 1: Frontplate layout

The frontplate of the relay carries a liquid crystal display LCD on which data such as settings and measured values can be viewed. The data is accessed through a menu system. The four keys [F]; [+]; [–] and [0] are used to move around the menu, select the data to be accessed and enter settings. Three light emitting diodes (LEDs) indicate alarm, healthy and trip conditions.

A label at the top corner identifies the relay by both its model number and serial number. This information uniquely specifies the product and is required when making any enquiry to the factory about a particular relay. In addition there is a rating label in the bottom corner which gives details of the auxiliary voltage, reference voltage (directional relays only) and current ratings. Two handles, one at the top and one at the bottom of the frontplate, will assist in removing the module from the case.

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2.2 LED indications

The three LEDs provide the following functions:

GREEN LED

Indicates the relay is powered up and running. In most cases it follows the watchdog relay but dual powered relays are the exception because the watchdog does not operate for loss of auxiliary supply. Such a condition would be considered a normal operational condition when the relays are energised from line current transformers alone.

Indicates alarm conditions that have been detected by the relay during its self checking routine. The alarm lamp flashes when the password is entered (password inhibition temporarily overridden).

Indicates a trip that has been issued by the relay. This may be a protection trip or result from a remote trip command; this can be determined by viewing the trip flags.

YELLOW LED

RED LED

2.3 Keypad

The four keys perform the following functions:

[F]

function select/digit select key/next column

[+]

put in setting mode/increment value/accept key/previous column

[–]

put in setting mode/decrement value/reject key/next column

[0]

reset/escape/change default display key

Note: Only the [F] and [0] keys are accessible when the relay cover is in place.

2.4 Liquid crystal display

The liquid crystal display has two lines each of sixteen characters. A back-light is activated when any key on the frontplate is momentarily pressed and will remain lit until ten minutes after the last key press. This enables the display to be read in all conditions of ambient lighting.

The numbers printed on the frontplate just below the display, identify the individual digits that are displayed for some of the settings, ie. function links, relay masks etc. Additional text around the display is used to define the areas in which the various parts of the fault information will be found.

2.5 Flag display format

Now that there are five full fault records the top four left-hand digits no longer

display “Fn”, “Fn-1”,

they now display “Fn” to indicate latched fault flags and “Fnow” to indicate unlatched flags (when cell 0023 is selected from the System Data column).

The next two digits indicate the setting group that was in operation during the fault when “Fn” is displayed eg. “G1” indicates setting group 1 and “G2” indicates setting group 2. When “Fnow” is displayed then the setting group is that which is currently active.

The next most important areas are the four marked by a circle. These circles are over printed with a letter (A, B or C) to indicate the phase, or a symbol to represent

“Fn-4” to denote the last and previous fault flags. Instead

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an earth fault. Alternatively a coloured disc may be stuck over the circles to

indicate the phases by colour eg. red, yellow and blue. There are four characters

on the display associated with each of these four areas to flag operation of the

start and operation of the three overcurrent stages for that phase. SETTING GROUP A B
start and operation of the three overcurrent stages for that phase.
SETTING
GROUP
A
B
FAULT No
F
n _2G2A
*B
A
UX
2
C*
N
* V <
B T
F
E
D
C
B
A
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
AUX TIMER
C
AUX 1
*
AUX 2
Ð*
AUX 3
Ð Ð*
ALARMALARM
TRIP
HEALTHY
1 * AUX 2 Ð* AUX 3 Ð Ð* ALARMALARM TRIP HEALTHY Figure 2: Flag display

Figure 2: Flag display format

Consider the four digits above the circle marked |©|. If the relay trips during a fault involving phase C then the first digit will be the letter C to indicate the current exceeded the I> threshold and that the protection has started. The next three characters are flags for each of the three overcurrent stages (t>, t>>, t>>>) associated with that phase (phase C in this example) and an asterisk (*) will be displayed for the stage or stages that have operated.

Thus:

 

C

would indicate that a current above the I> setting had been detected by the phase C element during the fault (START condition).

C*

would indicate the first overcurrent stage (t>) had operated

C_*

would indicate the second stage (t>>) had timed out

C

*

would indicate t>>> had timed out – third overcurrent stage

C*_*

would indicate that both t> and t>>> had timed out

Flag information is similarly provided for the other two phases and for earth faults.

The six digits at the left-hand side of the display on the bottom line identify the auxiliary functions AUX1, AUX2, AUX3 as AUX123. Two printed panels below the

display may be used to indicate the function of each of the three auxiliary functions

and those of the three main overcurrent functions respectively. The appropriate pre-

printed labels can be affixed in these two areas.

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The two characters at the extreme right-hand end of the top line of the display will indicate V< when the undervoltage element has operated. Operation of the breaker failure protection is indicated by the letter ‘B’ and operation of the thermal element by the letter “T” immediately below the V<. For indication of a local/ remote trip via relay RLY7 the ‘B’ is replaced by an ‘R’. Where ‘B’ and ‘R’ are both valid, ‘B’ is given priority.

Section 3.

MENU SYSTEM

Data within the relays is accessed via a menu table. The table is comprised of cells arranged in rows and columns, like a spreadsheet. A cell may contain text values limits or functions. The first cell in a column, the column heading, contains text identifying the data grouped under it in that column.

3.1 Default display

The selected default display will normally show on the LCD and a momentary press

of the function key [F] will change the display to the heading for the first column,

SYSTEM DATA. Further momentary presses of the [F] key will step down the column, row by row, so that data may be read. If at any time the [F] key is pressed

and held for one second the cursor will be moved to the top of the next column and the heading for that column will be displayed. Further momentary presses of the [F] key will then move down the new column, row by row.

A new feature is that pressing the [F] and [0] keys together and holding for one

second can be used to step back up the menu column. A short press of the [0] key

will switch on the back light for the LCD without changing the display in any way.

In this way the full menu may be scanned with just the [F] and [0] keys that are

accessible with the relay cover in place, and reset actions can be effected.

Following a protection trip red trip LED will be lit. The display will change automatically from the default display to that of the fault flags for the last fault. Whilst the fault flags are displayed the trip LED can be reset by holding down the [0] for at least one second. The trip LED will be reset and the display will change to the default display that was last selected. The flag information will not be lost by this action, it can still be accessed under FAULT RECORDS.

The display will not default to the flag information if the user interface is in use at the time. The default display will return 15 minutes after the last key press, or it can be selected more quickly by moving to any column heading and then pressing the [0] key for 1 second. The selected default display will appear unless there has been a fault when the fault flags will be displayed. It is possible to step through the available default displays by momentary presses of the reset key [0].

3.2 Accessing the menu

The only settings which can be changed with the cover in place are those that can

be reset either to zero or some preset value. To change any other settings the cover must be removed from the relay to gain access to the [+] and [–] keys that are used

to increment or decrement a value. When a column heading is displayed the [–]

key will change the display to the next column and the [+] key will change the display to the previous column, giving a faster selection.

When a cell that can be changed is displayed the action of pressing either the [+] or [–] keys will put the relay in setting mode (indicated by a flashing cursor in the display). To escape from the setting mode without making any change the [0] key

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should be depressed for one second. Section 4 gives instructions for changing the various types of settings.

Password protection is provided for the configuration settings of the relay because an accidental change could seriously affect the ability of the relay to perform its intended functions. Configuration settings include the selection of time curves, function links, CT and VT ratios, opto-input and relay output allocation. Individual protection settings are protected from change when the relay cover is in place.

3.3 Menu contents

Related data and settings are grouped in separate columns of the menu. Each column has a text heading (in capital letters) that identifies the data contained in that column. Each cell may contain text, values, limits and/or a function. The cells are referenced by the column number/row number. For example 0201 is column 02, row 01. When a cell is displayed the four characters at the top left hand corner of the LCD indicate the column number and row number in the menu table.

The full menu is given in the following tables, but not all the items listed will be available in a particular relay. For example, a single pole earth fault relay would not display any phase fault settings and a non-directional relay would not display any settings associated with the directional feature. Those cells that do not provide any useful purpose are not made available in the factory configuration. Certain settings will disappear from the menu when the user de-selects them; the alternative setting group is a typical example. If group 2 settings have not been enabled then the menu columns EARTH FLT 2 and PHASE FLT 2 will be hidden and make them visible, the system data link SD4 must be set to ‘1’. This note is included at this time to explain why some of the items listed below may not appear in the menu for a relay that is being compared with the full list.

3.4 Menu columns

The menu tables shown below are for KCEG directional overcurrent and earth fault protection relays, unless otherwise stated. The directional elements shown in the menu tables are not available in KCGG relays.

Column

Heading

Description

Number

00

SYSTEM DATA

Settings and data for the system - relay and serial communications

01

FLT RECORDS

Fault records for the last five faults

02

MEASURE 1

Directly measured quantities (V & I etc.)

03

MEASURE 2

Calculated quantities (W & VAR etc.)

04

MEASURE 3

Calculated (additional)

05

EARTH FLT 1

Earth fault protection settings – group 1

06

PHASE FLT 1

Phase fault protection settings – group 1

07

EARTH FLT 2

Earth fault protection settings – group 2

08

PHASE FLT 2

Phase fault protection settings – group 2

09

LOGIC

Settings for miscellaneous functions used in the logic

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0B

RELAY MASKS

User assigned allocation of output relays

0C

RECORDER

Settings for the disturbance recorder

The menu cells that are read only are marked

[READ].

Cells that can be set are marked

[SET].

Cells that can be reset are marked

[RESET].

Cells that are password protected are marked

[PWP].

3.5 System data

Display

Status

Description

0000

SYSTEM DATA

READ

Column heading

0002

Password

PWP

Password that must be entered before certain settings may be changed

0003

SD Links

PWP

Function links that enable the user to enable (activate) the options required

0

Rem ChgStg

1 = enable remote setting changes

2

Rem CB Ctrl

1 = enable remote control of circuit breaker

3

Rem ChgGrp

1 = enable remote change of setting group

4

En Grp2

1 = enable group 2 settings to be used and displayed

5

Auto Flag

1 = enable flags to be reset automatically on load restoration

6

Auto Rec

1 = enable disturbance recorder to reset on load restoration

7

Log Evts 8

1 = enable logic inputs and output relay status to be stored in event records

8

Alt Rec Rst

1 = enable alternative reset method for disturbance recorder

0004

Description

PWP

Product description – user programmable text

0005

Plant

PWP

Plant reference – user programmable text

0006

Model

READ

Model number that defines the product

0008

Serial No.

READ

Serial number – unique number identifying the particular product

0009

Freq

SET

Default sampling frequency – must be set to power system frequency (not available on KCEU relays)

000A

Comms Level

READ

Indicates the Courier communication level supported by the product

000B

Rly Address

SET

Communication address (1 to 255)

000C

Plnt Status

READ

Binary word used to indicate the status of circuit breakers and isolators

000D

Ctrl Status

READ

Binary word used to indicate the status of control data

000E

Grp now

READ

Indicates the active setting group

000F

LS Stage

READ

Indicates the last received load shedding command

0010

CB Control

SET

Indicates the status of the circuit breaker control

0011

Software

READ

Software reference for the product

0020

Log Status

READ

Indicates the current status of all the logic inputs

0021

Rly Status

READ

Indicates the current status of the output relay drives

0022

Alarms

READ

Indicates the current state of internal alarms

0

Uncfg

READ

Error in factory configuration settings

1

Uncalib

READ

Operating in uncalibrated state

2

Setting

READ

Error detected in stored settings

3

No Service

READ

Protection out-of-service and not functioning

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4

No Samples

READ

No A/D samples but still in service

5

No Fourier

READ

Fourier is not being performed

6

Test Wdog

SET

Test watchdog by setting this bit to “1”

0023

FnowG1

READ

Indicates the current status of the fault flags (These flags are not latched)

3.6 Fault records

 

Display

Status

Description

0100 FLT RECORDS

READ

Column heading

0101 Fault No 1

SET

Number of fault record displayed – may be selected

 

(Fn; Fn -1; Fn -2;

Fn -5)

0102

Fn G1

READ

Flags (latched) indicating the functions that operated during the fault

0103 Ia

READ

Highest value of current measured in phase A during the fault

0104 Ib

READ

Highest value of current measured in phase B during the fault

0105 Ic

READ

Highest value of current measured in phase C during the fault

0106 Io

READ

Highest value of residual current measured during the fault

0107 Vab

READ

Value of Vab during the fault

0108 Vbc

READ

Value of Vbc during the fault

0109

Vca

READ

Value of Vca during the fault

010A

Vo

READ

Highest value of residual voltage measured during the fault

010B

CB Trip Time

READ

Circuit breaker trip time

0110

Clear = O

RESET

Press [0] key to clear all fault records when this cell is displayed

3.7 Measurements 1

 

Display

Status

Description

0200

MEASURE 1

READ

Column heading

0201

Ia

READ

Measured current in phase A

0202

Ib

READ

Measured current in phase B

0203

Ic

READ

Measured current in phase C

0204

Io

READ

Measured residual current

0205

Vab

READ

Measured line voltage Vab

0206

Vbc

READ

Measured line voltage Vbc

0207

Vca

READ

Measured line voltage Vca

0208

Va

READ

Measured phase voltage Va (not available on KCEU relays)

0209

Vb

READ

Measured phase voltage Vb (not available on KCEU relays)

020A

Vc

READ

Measured phase voltage Vc (not available on KCEU relays)

020B

Vo

READ

Measured residual voltage Vo

020C

F

READ

Measured power system frequency F

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3.8 Measurements 2

Display

Status

Description

0300

MEASURE 2

READ

Column heading

0301

3W

READ

Three phase active power

0302

3VA

READ

Three phase apparent power

0303

3VAr

READ

Three phase reactive power

0304

Imax

READ

Highest of the three phase currents measured – not a peak demand value

0309

Wa

READ

Active power in phase A (not available on KCEU relays)

030A

Wb

READ

Active power in phase B (not available on KCEU relays)

030B

Wc

READ

Active power in phase C (not available on KCEU relays)

030C

PowerFactor

READ

Power factor – three phase

030D

VARa

READ

Reactive power in phase A (not available on KCEU relays)

030E

VARb

READ

Reactive power in phase B (not available on KCEU relays)

030F

VARc

READ

Reactive power in phase C (not available on KCEU relays)

0310

Sum (ops)

PWP

Number of circuit breaker operations

0311

CBdutyA

PWP

Sum of I, or I 2 broken by phase A of circuit breaker

0312

CBdutyB

PWP

Sum of I, or I 2 broken by phase B of circuit breaker

0313

CBdutyC

PWP

Sum of I, or I 2 broken by phase C of circuit breaker

031E

Power mode

PWP

Sets the convention used for signing the direction of measured power flow

3.9 Measurements 3

 

Display

Status

Description

0400

MEASURE 3

READ

Column heading

0404

IthA

READ

Thermal ammeter reading in phase A

0405

IthB

READ

Thermal ammeter reading in phase B

0406

IthC

READ

Thermal ammeter reading in phase C

0407

Thermal

PWP

Thermal state (%)

040A

Pk IthA

PWP

Peak thermal ammeter reading in phase A – demand value

040B

Pk IthB

PWP

Peak thermal ammeter reading in phase B – demand value

040C

Pk IthC

PWP

Peak thermal ammeter reading in phase C – demand value

3.10 Earth fault 1

 

Display

Status Description

0500 EARTH FLT1

READ

Column heading

0501 EF Links

PWP

Software links that are used to select the available optional earth fault functions

1 En Io>>

2 EN Io>>>

3 Drn to>

4 Drn to>>

1 = enable earth fault stage 2

1 = enable earth fault stage 3

1 = directionalise earth fault stage 1

1 = directionalise earth fault stage 2

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6

Io>>NoPeak

1 = no peak measurement for stage 2 earth faults (KCGG only)

E

Rev Io>>>

1 = reverse direction of third earth fault stage (Io>>>)

0502

CT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the line or neutral CT feeding the earth fault protection elements

0503

VT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the voltage transformer feeding the relay

0504

Curve

PWP

Selected characteristic from the definite time or 10 inverse time options

0505

Io>

SET

Current setting for start output and first earth fault stage

0506

to>/TMS

SET

Time multiplier setting that will be used with a selected inverse time curve

0507

to>/DT

SET

Time delay that will be effective when the definite time characteristic is selected

0508

toRESET

SET

Hold time for which the current must remain below Io> before the timer resets to zero

0509

Io>>

SET

Current setting for second earth fault stage

050A

to>>

SET

Time delay for second earth fault stage

050B

Io>>>

SET

Current setting for third earth fault stage

050C

to>>>

SET

Time delay for third earth fault stage

050D

Char Angle

SET

Characteristic angle setting for earth fault directional element

050E

Io<

SET

Setting for earth fault undercurrent element

050F

Vop>

SET

Setting for minimum polarising voltage below which the directional element is blocked

0510

Po>

SET

Wattmetric power threshold (only available on KCEU relays)

3.11

Phase fault 1

 

Display

Status

Description

0600

PHASE FLT 1

READ

Column heading

0601

PF Links

PWP

Software links that are used to select the available optional phase fault functions

0

En Therm

1 = enable thermal element

1

En I>>

1 = enable stage 2 overcurrent

2

En I>>>

1 = enable stage 3 overcurrent

3

Drn t>

1 = directionalise stage 1 overcurrent

4

Drn t>>

1 = directionalise stage 2 overcurrent

5

Drn t>>>

1 = directionalise stage 3 overcurrent

6

I>> NoPeak

1 = No peak measurement for stage 2 overcurrent (KCGG only)

7

I>>> = 2/3

1 = 2 out of 3 phase elements to operate for t>>> to give an output

8

CB blk V<

1 = undervoltage blocked when circuit breaker is open

9

V< any = 1

1 = output for any phase undervoltage;

 

0

= output for all phases undervoltage

 

A

V< P-N = 1

1 = undervoltage responds to phase voltage;

 

0

= undervoltage responds to line voltage (not available on KCEU relays)

 

B

SynPol = 3.2

1 = synchronous polarising extended to 3.2s;

0 = 0.32s

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D

En F<

1 = enable under frequency element to initiate tAUX1 (not available on KCEU relays)

E

Rev I>>>

1 = reverse direction of third overcurrent stage

F

All 2/3

1 = 2/3 logic applied to all phase outputs

0602

CT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the line CT feeding the phase fault protection elements

0603

VT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the voltage transformer feeding the relay

0604

Curve

PWP

Selected characteristic from the definite time or 10 inverse time options

0605

I>

SET

Current setting for start output and first overcurrent stage

0606

t>/TMS

SET

Time multiplier setting that will be used with a selected inverse time curve

0607

t>/DT

SET

Time delay that will be effective when the definite time characteristic is selected

0608

tRESET

SET

Hold time for which the current must remain below I> before the timer resets to zero

0609

I>>

SET

Current setting for second overcurrent stage

060A

t>>

SET

Time delay for second overcurrent stage

060B

I>>>

SET

Current setting for third overcurrent stage

060C

t>>>

SET

Time delay for third overcurrent stage

060D

Char Angle

SET

Characteristic angle setting for overcurrent directional element

060E

I<

SET

Setting for phase fault undercurrent element

060F

V<

SET

Setting for undervoltage element

0610

tV<

SET

Definite time delay for undervoltage feature

0611

F<

SET

Setting for underfrequency (not available on KCEU relays)

0612

th> Alarm

SET

Thermal alarm level (%)

0613

Ith> Trip

SET

Thermal current rating (trip level = 100%)

0614

TC

SET

Setting for thermal time constant

3.12

Earth fault 2

 

Display

Status

Description

0700

EARTH FLT 2

READ

Column heading

0701

EF Links

PWP

Software links that are used to select the available optional earth fault functions

1

En Io>>

1 = enable earth fault stage 2

2

En Io>>>

1 = enable earth fault stage 3

3

Drn to>

1 = directionalise earth fault stage 1

4

Drn to>>

1 = directionalsise earth fault stage 2

5

Drn to>>>

1 = directionalise earth fault stage 3

6

Io>> NoPeak

1 = no peak measurement for stage 2 earth faults (KCGG only)

E

Rev Io>>>

1 = reverse direction of third earth fault stage (Io>>>)

0702

CT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the line or neutral CT feeding the earth fault protection elements

0703

VT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the voltage transformer feeding the relay

0704

Curve

PWP

Selected characteristic from the definite time or 10 inverse time options

0705

Io>

SET

Current setting for start output and first earth fault stage

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0706

to>/TMS

SET

Time multiplier setting that will be used with a selected inverse time curve

0707

to>/DT

SET

Time delay that will be effective when the definite time characteristic is selected

0708

toRESET

SET

Hold time for which the current must remain below Io> before the timer resets to zero

0709

Io>>

SET

Current setting for second earth fault stage

070A

to>>

SET

Time delay for second earth fault stage

070B

Io>>>

SET

Current setting for third earth fault stage

070C

to>>>

SET

Time delay for third earth fault stage

070D

Char Angle

SET

Characteristic angle setting for earth fault directional element

070E

Io<

SET

Setting for earth fault undercurrent element

070F

Vop>

SET

Setting for minimum polarising voltage below which the directional element is blocked

0710

Po>

SET

Wattmetric power threshold (only available on KCEU relays)

3.13

Phase fault 2

 

Display

Status

Description

0800

PHASE FLT 2

READ

Column heading

0801

PF Links

PWP

Software links that are used to select the available optional phase fault functions

0

En Therm

1 = enable thermal element

1

En I>>

1 = enable stage 2 overcurrent

2

En I>>>

1 = enable stage 3 overcurrent

3

Drn t>

1 = directionalise stage 1 overcurrent

4

Drn t>>

1 = directionalise stage 2 overcurrent

5

Drn t>>>

1 = directionalise stage 3 overcurrent

6

I>> NoPeak

1 = No peak measurement for stage 2 overcurrent (KCGG only)

7

I>>> = 2/3

1 = 2 out of 3 phase elements to operate for t>>> to give an output

8

CB blk V<

1 = undervoltage blocked when circuit breaker is open

9

V< any = 1

1 = output for any phase undervoltage;

 

0

= output for all phases undervoltage

 

A

V< P-N = 1

1 = undervoltage responds to phase voltage;

 

0

= undervoltage responds to line voltage

 

B

SynPol = 3.2

1 = synchronous polarising extended to 3.2s;

 

0

= 0.32s

 

C

Brkn Cond

1 = enables broken conductor logic

D

EN F<

1 = enable under frequency element to initiate tAUX1 (not available on KCEU relays)

E

Rev I>>>

1 = reverse direction of third overcurrent stage

F

All 2/3

1 = 2/3 logic applied to all phase outputs

0802

CT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the line CT feeding the phase fault protection elements

0803

VT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the voltage transformer feeding the relay

0804

Curve

PWP

Selected characteristic from the definite time or 10 inverse time options

0805

I>

SET

Current setting for start output and first overcurrent stage

SERVICE MANUAL

R8551D

KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 KCEU 142, 242

Chapter 3 Page 13 of 26

 

0806

t>/TMS

SET

Time multiplier setting that will be used with a selected inverse time curve

0807

t>/DT

SET

Time delay that will be effective when the definite time characteristic is selected

0808

tRESET

SET

Hold time for which the current must remain below I> before the timer resets to zero

0809

I>>

SET

Current setting for second overcurrent stage

080A

t>>

SET

Time delay for second overcurrent stage

080B

I>>>

SET

Current setting for third overcurrent stage

080C

t>>>

SET

Time delay for third overcurrent stage

080D

Char Angle

SET

Characteristic angle seting for overcurrent directional element

080E

I<

SET

Setting for phase fault undercurrent element

080F

V<

SET

Setting for undervoltage element

0810

tV<

SET

Definite time delay for undervoltage feature

0811

F<

SET

Setting for underfrequency (not available on KCEU relays)

0812

th>Alarm

SET

Thermal alarm level (%)

0813

Ith>Trip

SET

Thermal current rating (trip level = 100%)

0814

TC

SET

Setting for thermal time constant

3.14

Logic

Display

Status

Description

0900

LOGIC

READ

Column heading

0901