Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 736

AutoCAD

2006

, ,

AutoCAD
und LT 2006
Zeichnungen, 3D-Modelle, Layouts
WERNER SOMMER

Markt+Technik

KOMPE NDIUM
EInfuhrung I Arbeitsbuch
h I Nachschlagewerk

Auto CAD
, ,


.
.


2006

004.92
32.973.26-018.1
383



AutoCAD 2006. , , . .
. .: -, 2006 . 736 : .
AutoCAD 2006 AutoCAD
LT 2006. , , , , , , , , , , . -, . , , , .
AutoCAD
, -. AutoCAD -
. , ,
: , , .
, AutoCAD,
Windows
.

Copyright 2006 by Pearson Education Deutschland GmbH. All rights reserved.


First published in the German language under the title "AutoCAD and LT 2006 Kompendium" by
Markt+Technik, an imprint of Pearson Education Deutschland GmbH, Munchen.

ISBN 5-9518-0133-8 (.)


ISBN 3-8272-6970-9 (.)

Original edition copyright by


Pearson Education Deutschland GmbH, 2006
.
, 2006

13

! AutoCAD 2006/LT 2006

15

1.

17

1.1.
1.2. AutoCAD AutoCAD LT?
1.3. ,
1.4. -
1.5.

2.
2.1. AutoCAD
2.2. AutoCAD
2.3.
2.4.
2.5. ,
2.6.
2.7. Zoom () Pan ()
2.8.
2.9.
2.10.
2.11. AutoCAD
2.12.
2.13. AutoCAD.

3.
3.1.
3.2. ,
3.3.
3.4.
3.5. ,
3.6.
3.7.
3.8.
3.9.
3.10.
3.11.

17
18
18
19
20

. 21
21
23
25
29
32
34
38
44
46
48
52
55
57

59
59
61
. 68
69
73
77
79
80
81
82
90

AutoCAD 2006

6
3.12.
3.13.
3.14.
3.15.
3.16.
3.17.
3.18.
3.19.



FROm () .




92
96
105
106

111
. 112
114

4.

117

4.1. , ,
4.2.
4.3.
4.4.
4.5.
4.6.
4.7. .

117
. 127
130
131
133
136
139

5.
5.1.
5.2.
5.3.
5.4.
5.5.
5.6.
5.7.
5.8.
5.9.
5.10.
5.11.
5.12.
5.13.
5.14.
5.15. . .
5.16.
5.17.
5.18.
5.19.

6. ,
6.1.
6.2.
6.3.
6.4. . .
6.5.
6.6.
6.7.
6.8.
6.9. .

141
.

<

141
143
144
146
150
153
154
158
160
167
169
170
170
172
174
175
177
180
181

183
183
190
197
198
202
203
205
207
211

2. , , ...

213

7.

215

7.1.
7.2.
7.3.
7.4. ,
7.5.
7.6.
7.7.
7.8.
7.9.
7.10. ,
,
7.11.
7.12.
7.13.
7.14.
7.15.

215
. 221
229
232
235
237
239
239
246
246
249
250
255
. 257
258

8. ,
8.1.
8.2.
8.3.
8.4.
8.5.
8.6.
8.7.
8.8. .
8.9.
8.10.

9.
9.1.
9.2.
9.3.
9.4.
9.5.
9.6.
9.7.
9.8.
9.9.
9.10.

10.
10.1.
10.2.
10.3.
10.4.

263
263
264
265
267
267
269
272
273
274
277

279
. 279
280
284
286
289
291
292
302
307
309

313
313
320
322
324

AutoCAD 2006

8
10.5.
10.6.
10.7.

11. , ,
11.1.
11.2.
11.3.
11.4.
11.5.
11.6.
11.7.
11.8.
11.9
11.10.
11.11.
11.12.
11.13.
11.14.
11.15. AutoCAD
11.16.

12.
12.1.
12.2.
12.3.
12.4.

13. , AutoCAD

13.1. ( )
13.2.
13.3.
13.4.
13.5.
13.6.
13.7. AutoCAD
13.8. AutoCAD
13.9. AutoCAD
13.10. AutoCAD
13.11.

14. Windows AutoCAD


14.1.
14.2.
14.3. Drag & Drop
14.4. AutoCAD . . . . :
14.5. (OLE) .
14.6.

326
328
331

337
337
338
340
342
346
349
350
356
362
366
367
368
369
372
375
379

381
381
385
387
388

.391
391
396
397
399
401
407
408
414
418
420
421

425
425
426
428
429
431
436

15. , . . 439
.15.1.
15.2.
15.3.
15.4.
15.5.
15.6.
15.7.
15.8.
15.9.

439
441
448
450
458
462
464
467
469

16.

471

16.1.
16.2. , , . . .
16.3.
16.4.
16.5.
16.6.
16.7.
16.8.
16.9.

471
474
479
483
489
491
494
496
497

17.

499

17.1. AutoCAD
17.2. DXF-
17.3.
17.4.
17.5.
17.6.
17.7.
17.8.

499
501
502
503
504
506
510
511

18. -
18.1. . . .
18.2.
18.3. DWF-
18.4. E-Mail
18.5. Web

19.
19.1.
19.2.
19.3.
19.4.
19.5.

513

. .

513
517
517
521
523

527
527
529
532
533
534

AutoCAD 2006

10

3.

537

20. ,

539

20.1.
20.2. -
20.3.
20.4. -
20.5.
20.6. - . . .
20.7.
20.8. .
20.9. -
20.10.
20.11.
20.12. -

21. . . .
21.1. ,
21.2.
21.3.
21.4.
21.5.
21.6.
21.7. -
21.8.
21.9.

22. AutoCAD
22.1.
22.2. ,
22.3.
22.4.
22.5. .
22.6.
22.7.
22.8.
22.9.
22.10.
22.11.

539
540
542
543
546
551
561
567
568
571
575
576

581
581
587
589
593
595
597
604
. . 614
618

625
625
629
. 631
. 634
635
639
643
646
650
652
655

4. AutoCAD 2006 / LT 2006

657

23.

659

23.1.
23.2.
23.3.
23.4.

659
661
663
665

11_

23.5.
23.6. AutoCAD
23.7.

665
666
668

24.
24.1.
24.2.
24.3.
24.4.
24.5.
24.6.

671

25.

671
673
676
677
678
678

681

25.1.
25.2. .
25.3. . . .

681
. 682
689

5.

691

. 693

. AutoCAD/ AutoCAD LT
.2. AutoCAD
.. AutoCAD
.4. AutoCAD

693
695
695
696

711

. 1.
8.2.
8.3. Autodesk Express Viewer

711
714
716

.
.1.
.2.
..

719
\

719
719
720

723


.
, , - ,
, , CAD-.
.
, , . .
, ,
. , CAD- ,
. , . , ,
CAD- - ,
, AutoCAD , . , AutoCAD
.
. , AutoCAD .
- . .
AutoCAD. , , , , ,
. , 1994 Autodesk AutoCAD LT.
AutoCAD .

, AutoCAD, . AutoCAD LT AutoCAD , AutoCAD LT AutoCAD. , ,
.
. , , .
2005 AutoCAD 2006 AutoCAD
LT 2006. ,
CAD-.
.

14

. ,
.
- AutoCAD 2006. , . , -. AutoCAD LT 2006 .

.
AutoCAD Windows-.
AutoCAD ,
. . AutoCAD , .
AutoCAD ( ) . , .
, AutoCAD
.
, .
,.
. - ,
.
. .
:
,
,
,
Autodesk ,
Markt+Technik
.
Markt+Technik , werner.sommer@mut.de.
AutoCAD 2006 AutoCAD LT 2006 .

AutoCAD 2006/LT 2006

1.

17

2.

21

3.

59

4.

1.17

5.

141

6. , . . . . . .

183

1.1.
:

1: AutoCAD 2006/LT2006

AutoCAD, , , . , .
AutoCAD 2006 / LT 2006
, . ,
.

2: , , ...
AutoCAD.
.
AutoCAD.

.

3:
, . . . , ,
, , .

4: AutoCAD 2006/LT 2006


, . AutoCAD
, . ,
.

1.

18

5:
, AutoCAD

. , .

1.2. AutoCAD AutoCAD LT?


CAD , , . ,
. , CAD-. AutoCAD, , LT. AutoCAD 2006 AutoCAD
LT 2006, - , . ,
,
AutoCAD. , AutoCAD AutoCAD LT: 2000,2000i, 2002,2004
2005.
AutoCAD 2006 AutoCAD LT 2006,
. , , AutoCAD 2006 AutoCAD
LT 2006.
AutoCAD LT 2006.
AutoCAD 2006.
, .
.

1.3. ,
CAD , , . Windows- :
!"# Draw (), Hatch ().
' Hatch () Draw ().

|;

, , , , . . , : Line (),
Surftabl.

1.4. -

19

()
, (. ).
. , , . ( AutoCAD 2006),
:
Command: circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: TTR
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]: 20
:
[/2/ ( )]:
: 20
,
. , ,
, circle ().
, ,
, :
1. _Layer ().
2. Layer Properties Manager ( ) New layer ( ).

1.4. -
-, , , , .
.
.


1.

Windows Explorer.

2.
3.

.
\Aufgaben CD . Aufgaben.exe
Aufgaben.zip .
Aufgaben.exe \Aufgaben CD
.
Aufgaben.exe Explorer. .
Aufgaben.exe .

4.
5.
6.

1.

20
:

# AutoCAD AutoCAD LT,


\Aufgaben2000 Aufgaben.exe, AutoCAD 2000/2000i/2002 AutoCAD
LT 2000/2000i/2002.
"" \Aufgaben ,
,
.

1.5.
, , ,
. (
AutoCAD LT 2006) :
" Intel Pentium III 800
(500 ).
'"# Microsoft Windows XP Professional SP 1 2, Home Edition SP 1 2 Tablett PC
Edition, Windows 2000 Professional SP 4.
+ 512 .
500 (300 ).
"" 1024 768 , TrueColor (64 ).
|" .
+ 19 , 21 22.
|"* Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 SP1.
""* -.
.
AutoCAD 2006
. , - . . , , ,
, , , . .
AutoCAD LT 2006. LT
.

.

, AutoCAD 2006 /
LT 2006.

2.1. AutoCAD
AutoCAD ,
,
.

AutoCAD
Start () Windows,
All Programs ( ), Autodesk,
AutoCAD 2006 AutoCAD LT 2006
AutoCAD 2006 AutoCAD LT 2006.
AutoCAD , .

AutoCAD
AutoCAD (.
. 2.1) Drawingl.dwg.
New Features Workshop AutoCAD, ,
( , ).


(. .4) Startup ()
Show startup dialog box ( ),
New () (. 3.1),
(. . 2.2).

2.

22
. 2.1
AutoCAD

. 2.2

Startup ( )
Default Settings
Imperial (feet and inches)
Melric

:
|* Open a drawing ( ): , (. . 2.3). . , ,
. Browse () Select file ( ), Open () (. 2.3).
!" Start from scratch ( ): , ,
New () (. 3.1).

23

2.2. AutoCAD
. 2.3
Startup ( )

WD

Open a Drawing

. Sdect a File

File

A22-08.dwg
L22-0G.dwg
L22-05.dwg
A22-05dwg

Path

D:\ACAD.eanples\

Size:

243KB (248.715 bytes)

Last Modified:

4 200. 1:44:12

!" Use a template ( ): , New () (. 3.1).


""- Use a wizard ( ): ,
New () (. 3.1).
Cancel ():
Startup ( ) .

2.2. AutoCAD
AutoCAD (. . 2.4.):
1. : AutoCAD .
. ,
. 2.4
AutoCAD

24

2.
.
. , AutoCAD,
. , .
2. :
. . . .
, , ,
.
3. : AutoCAD ,
(). X, Y Z .
4. : AutoCAD . , , .
, . ,
AutoCAD.
, . ,
(. ) .
5. : AutoCAD .
,
Windows.
.
6. Standard ():
, Standard (), . Microsoft Office Windows-. Standard (), , .
7. Layers (), Properties (), Styles ():
,
Standard () , .
8. : ,
.
,
.
9. :
,
.
10. Model () Layout ():
.
11. : , , .

2.3.

25

2.3.
,
AutoCAD.

File ()
File ()
.
( Alt). Alt, ,
, ,
, . , File
() Alt+F.
,
(
Alt). , Open (),
. , , . , File
() New () Ctrl+N,
Open () Ctrl+O . .

, , Open... (...), .

Open ()
Open (), :
! . , .
File (), Open ().
'* Open () Standard ().
Open ()
Select file ( ) (. . 2.5).
:
Look in (): , .
List of files ( ):
.
Preview (): .
Filename ( ): . ,
.

2.

26

. 2.5
Select
file ( )

?,
Name

!-

elACAD 2006 Compendium


EJBILDER
HlHINTERGR
IMAGES
MATERIAL
774
481
3351c
25K

-01

18*03-02

24

A03-03

24 It

A03-04

23

A03-05

22

DSeJectlnkialV

"

i'

Files of type ( ): .
Drawing () (*.dwg), AutoCAD.
: Standards () (*.dws), DXF (*.dxf) Drawing template ( ) (*.dwt) , AutoCAD.
Select initial view ( ): ,
(. 5.17).
Open (): , ,
: Open (), Open read-only (
), Partial open ( ) (. 14.6) Partial open readonly ( ).
: , Look in () ( ):
*- .
" .
" Web.
.
* .
: (). ( ):
I* History (): ,
.
"+ My documents ( ): My documents
( ).
| | * Favorites (): Favorites ().

2.3.

27

"* FTP: FTP-.


* Desktop ( ): Windows.
, , , .
'" Buzzsaw: Web- .
Views ():
. ,
, , , . Thumbnails ()
, . , (. . 2.6).

. 2.6

Select
file ( )

Select File

4 6f *k X 51

Look jre

-r Tools

'

DSjIecl Initial View


(Pton-2
Ffc of !

j Drawing Cd

Cancel

Tools (): .
- Find (): , , . Name & location ( ) , , (. . 2.7). Data modified
()
(. . 2.8). Find now () .
.
* Locate (): File name ( ) Select
file ( ) , , , AutoCAD (. .4).

2.

28
. 2.7

,
Name & location
( )

] Find: Files named *A11*.dwg


Name I Loc alion [i a ie Modile.j
Named:

|A11

VI

Type:

| Drawing [".dwgj

Look in:

|DMCAD_examples
0

Include subloldeis

InFoWec

Name
A11-02.dwg
A11-03.dwg
A11-04-1.dwg

^Btpwse;;;

Size

D:\ACAD_exa...
D:\ACAD_exa...
D:\ACAD_exa...

31KB
21KB
36KB
32KB

Tjipe
AutoCAD
AutoCAD
AutoCAD
AutoCAD

Modified
Draw...
Draw...
Draw...
Draw...

04.11.20031:23'
04.11.20031:23
04.11.20031:23
04.11.20031:23

17 files found.

. 2.8
,
Data modified ()

Name&Locatiorj Date Modified ;.


All files
Find all files created a modified

'S3

[ 03.02.2005 ,v-j

during the previous

11

G during the previous

Name
A1H)i.dwg
A11-02.dwg
A11-03.dwg
A11-04-1.dwg

In Folder
D:WM)_eKa...
D:SACAD exa...
D:4ACAD exa...
D:\ACAD exa...

and j 10.05 2005


*

month(s)
daji(s)

Modified
31KB
21KB
3GKB
32KB

AutoCAD
AutoCAD
AutoCAD
AutoCAD

Draw...
Draw...
Draw...
Draw...

04 11 2003123
04.11.20031:23
04.11.20031:23
04.11.20031:23

17 files found. ;

"- Add/modify FTP locations (/ FTP-):


FTP-.
" Add current folder to places ( ):
.
"* Add to favorites ( ): Favorites (). ,
.

. :

File (). .
.

2.4.

29

:
1. Open ().
2. A02-01.DWG.
3. .

2.4.
AutoCAD , , , . AutoCAD :
Standard () Styles (),
Layers () Properties ()
Drawing (), Modify () Draw order ( ).
(
) , . . /
(. . 2.9).
. 2.9

HJQ

CUSTOM

EXPRESS

Lock Location
Customize...

3D Orbit
CAD Standards
Dimension
Draw
Draw Order
Inquiry
Insert
Layoutsl^
Modify
Modify I I
Object Snap
>/ Properties
Refedit
Reference
Render
Shade

, Options () Tools
(), Display () ,
:
Large buttons ( ): , .
Show tooltips on toolbars ( ): ,
.
Show shortcut keys in tooltips ( ): , , ( ).

2.

30

, . 23.


,
, (. . 2.10).

. 2.10

PQW ! |reMP|ojwa|Dni

t.v<ri|MO0tv

.
(
) .
,
, ,
.
.
Ctrl, ,
.
:
,
(floating) (docked) . ,
AutoCAD , . ,
(/) . (window)
, (All).

31

2.4.

.
. .
, , , , .


. , ,
,
(. . 2.11). .
. 2.11

%*1
|5endtoBack|

, ,
. Standard
(), .
, , , , ,
. ,
. , , .
:
.
'# , .
" ,
. .
"* , AutoCAD.

2.

32

2.5. ,
AutoCAD , ,
. .


(Command line)
. ,
.
, (
),
,
. , . ,
, . , .


, , .
,
Transparency... (...). Transparency... (...)
, (. . 2.12).
. 2.12

**w

Levl
Tun window taarapaiency


AutoCAD 2006 ,
, ,
. ,
, -

33

2.5. ,

. Enter .
, , , / . .,
.
(, Autodesk AutoCAD, ).


, AutoCAD Text window ( AutoCAD), ,
.
, .
F2. F2 .
, ,
. , F2.
, . ,
(. . 2.13), :
| Recent Commands ( )
.
+ Paste to CmdLine ( )
.
" () Copy History ( ) . .
! Paste () .

. 2.13

AutoCAD Text Window - D;\ACAO exaroplesU02 OLdwg

AutoCAD menu u t i l i t i e s
Command: ' _ h e l p

loaded.

omatic save t o I
Set t ings^TempNAO 2- 0I_l_l__8 8

. Molyavko^Local

Command: p i n e
Jnknovn command "PINE"
Command: p l i n e
Specify
Current
Specify
Specify

1 Options...
l
[
start point:

line-width is 0.0000
next point or [Arc/Halfvidtn/Length/Undo/Vidth]:
next point or [Arc/Close^Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: C a n c e l *

Command:
Command: _qnetf
Command:
Automatic save to D:VDocuments and Settings\Sergey M. Molyavko^Local
ttings4Te*ipNA02-01_l_l_8875.sv5 . . ,
Command: I

.
,
. Enter .
2 AutoCAD 2006

2.

34

2.6.
AutoCAD . , ( )
.

:
, , , .


, (alias), . , Arc (), Circle (). , , , () SPL Spline ().


AutoCAD . , . , , _.
. AutoCAD .
AutoCAD . ,
. ,
.


,
.
,
, .

Close
Hcilfividth
Length
Undo
Width


. , ,
, . -

2.6.

35

, , Enter.
, Pline (), , :
Command: p l i n e
Specify s t a r t p o i n t :
C u r r e n t l i n e - w i d t h i s 0.0000
Specify next p o i n t or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
:
:
0.0000
[//////]:
, , , , . . , ,
,
,
. ,
AutoCAD , , ,
.
.
Command: pedit
Select polyline or [Multiple]:
Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit
vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype
gen/Undo]:
.

.'

:
,
[ ]:
[//////
//]:
- ,
.
, Enter, .
Command: polygon
Enter number of sides <4>:
Specify center of polygon or [Edge]:
Edge
Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle]
<I>: Inscribed Enter
Circumscribed
: -
<4>:
[]:

2.

36


[ /
] <>: E n t e r

,
Enter, :
Command: limits
Reset Model space limits:
Specify lower left corner or [ON/OFF] <0.0000,0.0000>: Enter
Specify upper right corner <12.0000,9.0000>: Enter
:
:
[/] <0.0000,0.0000>: Enter
<420.0000,297.0000>: Enter


ESC.
AutoCAD Command: (:),
.
Command:
:
, , ESC . Esc, ,
.
.


AutoCAD , , . ,
, , ( ), , (. . 2.14).
Enter Enter, Cancel () ESC. Zoom () Pan () (. 2.9).

2.6.
. 2.14
Spline ()

37

Enter
Cance

Recent Input
Dynamic Input
Object
Snap Overrides

Pan

QuickCalc


. ,
Circle () Draw () .


,
, :
Command:
:
, , .
AutoCAD ,
. ' (), :
Command: line
Specify first point:
Specify next point or [Undo]:
Specify next point or [Undo]: 'redraw
Resuming LINE command.
Specify next point or [Undo]:
:
:
[]:
[]: '
.
[]:
,
, .

2.

38

,
AutoCAD
, . ,
-, ,
( ). , Layer () , -Layer
(-) . ,
.

2.7. Zoom () Pan ()


AutoCAD , . Zoom ()
Pan (), .



Zoom () Pan () . Zoom ():

' > View (), Zoom (), Realtime (


).
# Zoom realtime ( ) Standard ().
+ - (. . 2.15).
. 2.15


, . , ESC
Enter, .

, , (. . 2.16).

39

2.7. Zoom () Pan ()


. 2.16

Zoom Window
Zoom Original
Zoom Extents

Pan (), . (. . 2.17).


. 2.17

. ESC Enter , (. . 2.16), Zoom ()


.


Zoom window ( ): , (. . 2.18). ,
, . Zoom (),
Window ().
Zoom original ( ):
. AutoCAD 10
, . Zoom (), Previous ().
Zoom extents ( ): , .
Zoom () Extents ().
3D orbit (-):
. , , ,
(. 20.9).
Exit (): .

2.

40
. 2.18


Pan () Zoom (), :
"* View (), Pan (), Realtime ( ).
* Pan realtime ( )
Standard ().
,
.

Zoom ()

.
Zoom (), .
Command: 'zoom
Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or
[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window/Object]
<real time>:
: '
, ( ),
[//////]
< >:

Zoom Window ( )
'* View (), Zoom (), Window ().
"* Zoom Window ( ) Zoom (Q.,
) Standard () Zoom ().
. , , .

2.7. Zoom () Pan ()

41

Zoom Previous ( )
* View (), Zoom (), Previous ().
Zoom Previous ( )
Standard ().
. AutoCAD
10 .

Zoom Scale ( )
HI* View (), Zoom (), Scale ().
HI* Zoom Scale ( ) Zoom
() Standard () Zoom ().
. , 1, , 1 .
:
in* , (. 3.5);
"|* , X, ,
0.7 1.5;
HI* (. 3.5), (), , 0.9 2.5.
,
AutoCAD , .

Zoom In Out ( 0.5 2)


HI* View (), Zoom (), In ()
Out ().
|* Zoom In () Zoom Out ()
Zoom () Standard () Zoom ().
.

Zoom Center ( )
HI* View (), Zoom (), Center ().
HI* Zoom Center ( ) Zoom
() Standard () Zoom ().
Scale (), , ,
. ,
. ,

2.

42

, , .

Zoom All ( ) Zoom Extents ( )


# View (), Zoom (), All () Extents
().
Zoom All ( ) Zoom Extents ( ) Zoom () Standard () Zoom ().
AutoCAD , . . , . , All () (. 3.5), , ,
, .
Extents () ,
, .
.

Zoom Dynamic ( )
'* View (), Zoom (), Dynamic ().
""* Zoom Dynamic ( ) Zoom () Standard () Zoom ().
,
(. . 2.19):
mi .
" , (
).
* , ( ).
" ,
X. ,
-> , .
,
, . ,
Enter, ,
. ,
Enter. Esc
. , Cancel ().

2.7. Zoom () Pan ()


. 2.19
Dynamic
()
Zoom
()

-'

iT~rri

1 * View

43

Insert Fivn*.

'

Zoom Object ( )
" View (), Zoom (), Object ().
Zoom Object ( ) Zoom () Standard () Zoom ().
,
. , .
.
Select objects:
:
(. 3.10), Enter,
.

Pan ()
Pan () - -Pan (-)
. :
View (), Pan (), Point ().
:
Command: '-pan
Specify base point or displacement:
Specify second point:

2.
: '-
:
:
, , .
. :
\
Command: '-pan
Specify base point or displacement: 100,200
Specify second point: 200,200
: '
: 100,200
: 200,200
100,200 , 200,200 ( 3.4).
100 X.
:
Command: '-pan
Specify base point or.displacement: 100,0
Specify second point: Enter
: '-
: 100,0
: Enter

Enter, 100
X. . ,
,
. , :
* View (), Pan (), Left (), Right
(), Up () Down ().
( 1/8 ).

2.8.


/ .
Aerial view ( ), AutoCAD.
, . (. . 2.20).

2.8.
. 2.20
AutoCAD
Aerial view
( )

45

>':,'; e::*SWlD

[ I

/ Aerial view ( )
Dsviewer (), / Aerial view (
), :
" View (), Aerial view ( ).

Aerial view ( )
Aerial view ( ) Windows- . Aerial view ( ) . .


Aerial view ( )
, .
. , , .
,
(X) .
( ), . , Pan (). Aerial view ( )
(->) . , ( ).
, .
Aerial view ( ) .
Aerial view ( ), Enter.
.

2.

46

Aerial view ( ).
Aerial view ( )
( ):
>"* Zoom in () Aerial
view ( ).
in* Zoom out () Aerial
view ( ).
* Global () Aerial view ( ) .

Aerial view ( )
View (): Aerial
view ( ), (. ).
Options (): . Auto viewport ( ), Aerial view ( )
. (. 16). Dynamic update ( ) . ,
Aerial view ( ) .
Realtime zoom ( ) :
Aerial
view ( ) ( ),
( ).


, .
:
in*
,
.
mi , .
* .

2.9.
, . AutoCAD :
:
, , , .
: , . . Enter. -

48

2.10.

49


, , .
AutoCAD. ,
:
* , -
, .
I* , ,
Minimize ().
.
AutoCAD (. . 2.21), AutoCAD.
Arrange icons ( ) Window ()
.

. 2.21




:
* ( ) (
) .
"
*-
Restore ().


:
1. .
2. Open (), .
3. Select file ( )
A02-02.dwg. Shift , , 02-03.dwg. .
4. Open (). AutoCAD, (. . 2.22).


,
:
"* , . ,
, .

2.

50
. 2.22

* , , .

+ , ,
Window () ,
, . . .
" Ctrl + Tab
.


Window () . Cascade (), , , (. . 2.22).
Window ():
Cascade (): .
Tile horizontally ( ):
AutoCAD, (. . 2.23).
Tile vertically ( ):
AutoCAD, (. . 2.24).

2.10.
. 2.23

Fie Ed* Vm- W i t Fv-net

51

To-Js C* Dimnsnei Modify M m Help Express

. 2.24

lUtoCiD Express Tools Copyright 2002-2004 Autodesk, Inc


,utoCiD u t i l i t i e s loaded
GfijQ


,
, :
" Close () .
|* File () Close ().
*
Close ().
* Ctrl+F4.

2.

52

-
, AutoCAD . Yes () ,
No () . Cancel ()
Close (). .
- ,
AutoCAD (. ).
:
* ,
Zoom () Extents (),
.
, .
"* , , Tile vertically ( ) Tile horizontally ( ),
,
. . .

2.11. AutoCAD
AutoCAD :
Help () AutoCAD 2006 Help ( AutoCAD
2006), Assist () Info palette
( ).

Info palette ( )
Info palette ( ),
, .
:
* Help (), Info palette ( ).
' Tools (), Assist Info palette ( ).
""* Ctrl+5.
Info palette (), (. . 2.25).
, .
AutoCAD 2006. Command list ( )
.
Assistclose ( ) .

2.11. AutoCAD

53

. 2.25
Info palette
( )

*- Info palette ( ) ,
.
, , ,
AutoCAD Info palette ( ).
'>* Info palette ( ) , .
" Info palette ( ) ()
AutoCAD, (.
. 2.26). Auto Docking ( ) .
. 2.26
AutoCAD

Info
palette (
)

0A
CIRCLE Command

To dran a circle by specifying a


center point end ridiut or
diameter
1. Click Draw menu > Circle >
Center, Radius (o Center,
Diameter).
2. Specify the cente point.
3. Soecify the radiu or diameter.

K)Dr* toolbar!

Command line: CIRCLE

Specify

radius of circle

Auto-hide ( ) , Info palette ( ) ,


.

2.

54

* Transparency... (...) , Info palette ( ) ,


(. 2.5).
Info palette ( ) / ,
( ), . , ,
. .

< . U

AutoCAD.
:
" F1 .
Help () Help ().
"# Help () Standard (- ]]
).
|* Help () .
"" Help () ? .
"# AutoCAD 2006 Help ( AutoCAD
2006).
(. . 2.27). , . .
. 2.27

AutoCAD 2006 Help provides


complete Inform ontorusing
AutoCAD- Click the links on Ihe right
or us the Contents tab to browse
Help topic*
The New features Workshop helps
you quickly learn wfiai's new in
AutoCAD 3006 To accuse me New
Features Workshop, ciickthe link on
the right You can also iccess the
Mew Features Workshop from the

2.12.

55

:
"* Contents (): .
' Index (): .
Search (): , .
Ask me ():
.


Help (), , :
Developer help ( ):
AutoCAD .
New features workshop ( ): AutoCAD.
Online resources (-): .
About ( ): About AutoCAD ( AutoCAD)
.

2.12.
:
Autodesk.
" .
" .
AutoCAD AutoCAD LT Web-
Autodesk.


Communication center
( ) :
Communication center ( ) -
.
Communication center ( ) ,
.
, . (. . 2.28.).
.
Refresh content ( ):
, .

2.

56

550Communication Center

. 2.28
Communication center
( )

Your Product ia up to date


* New e-Leaming for AutoCAD 2006! Sign ii

10.OS.2005 Tip: A Handy button macro tor


| creating a viewport in a layout
| 03.05.2005 Tip: Draw a line between circles
26.04.2005 Tip: Using "Snap Between Two
Points"

New Messages and Channels Availe s


Rft Content

;!

Eyeing*

Utt updated ia.QS.2OOS. :39.44

Setting (): (. . 2.29). Settings () .


, . , . Channels ()
, .
. 2.29

Configuration Settings
Channels
You must specify a country/region and a pofling frequency to
enable the Live Update feature,
: Country/Region

-~

i PJease indicate for which country/region you would tke the


. Live Update information to be localized.

Check for New Content


Please indicate how often you would % your product to
poll the I've Update feature.

[Weekly
Not^kation

E ] &ible Baloon Nottfteation for new announcements

Traysettings ()
,
. Traysettings ()
. :

2.13. AutoCAD

57

"* Traysettings ().


"
Tray settings ( ).
I* Status bar menu ( ) I
Tray settings ( ).
"# Tray settings ( ),
,
(. . 2.30).

. 2.30

i Tray Settings

Tray settings ( )
ations fiom services
Display June.

,'i

(> Display ynll closed

2.13. AutoCAD
AutoCAD Quit ().

Quit ()
Quit () :
"* File (), Exit ().
Close () AutoCAD.
* Alt + F4 Ctrl + Q .
- , AutoCAD .

AutoCAD , .

3.1.
AutoCAD, .

New ()
New ()
Create new drawing ( ). New
():
File (), New ().
Qnew () Standard ().


Show startup dialog box ( )
Startup () System () Options ()
(. .4) New ()
Create new drawing ( ) (. . 3.1).
. 3.1
Use template ( )
Create new drawing
( )

Create New Drawing

D
;

Use a Template

Select a Template:
iAcad -named plot styles.dwt
Acaddwt

nAcadiso.dwt
I Ansi a (portrait) -color dependent plot styles, dwt
I1 Ansi a {portrait) -named plot styles, dwt
| Ansi a -coloi dependent plot styles.dwt
I
-Template Description
Normal international (metric) drawing template. Uses Named Plot Styles.

60

3.

*.dwt, . , , Acadiso.dwt Acltiso.dwt,


( ), , Acad.dwt Aclt.dwt.
, Use template
( ) Create new drawing ( ) (.
. 3.1). , . Browse ()
Select a template file ( ).
Select a template file ( ) , (. . 3.2).
, Open () , .

. 3.2

Select a template file

Date Mod:,

jugacad -Named Plot Styles

A (portrait) -Cofor Depe.,.


$

Fte Folder

24,04,200'. IJ

File Folder

11.05.2005/

33 KB

AutoCAD Template

25.01.2003 7

33 KB

AutoCAD Template

06.01.2004 i:

25 KB

AutoCAD Template

U.02.2004 !)

2 5

AutoCAD Template

11.02.2004 4

AutoCAD Template

11.02.2004 [i

AutoCAD Template

11.02.2004 L"

AutoCAD Template

11.02.2004 H

AutoCAD Template

11.02.2004 U

AutoCAD Template

11.02,2004 It

AutoCAD Template

11.02.2004 li

AutoCAD Template

11.02.2004

AutoCAD Template

11.02.2004

28 KB

A (portrait)-Named Plot.,.

28 KB

j^ANSIA-CobrDependentPtot...

29KB

j ^ A N S I A -Named Plot Styles

29 KB

^ANSIB-ColorDependentPlot...

28KB

U l A N S I -Named Plot Styles

29 KB

< d o r Dependent Plot...

29 KB

-Named * * * Styles

29 KB

v , [_
Foe-.

>

;'-<('>'-i

**'J

Qpen

Cants'

.
Create new drawing ( )
Start from scratch ( ), , , ( ) (. . 3.3).
. 3.3
Start from scratch (
) Create new drawing
( )

Create New Drawing

Start from Scratch


- Detault Settings

Impeiial [led and inches)

Metric

...
-Tip
Uses the default metib settings.

3.2. ,
:
1. Acadiso.dwt Acltiso.dwt.
2. Drawingl.dwg, AutoCAD
.

3.2. ,
. , ,
. , .

Line ()
Line (),
.
:
""*- Draw (), Line ().

line () Draw ().


( ) :
Command: _line
Specify first point:
Specify next point or [Undo]:
Specify next point or [Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
:
:
[]:
[]:
[/]:
[/]:
[/]:
( ). . .
, , , .
Line () :
.Specify f i r s t point:
:

3.

62

Enter, , . :
Specify next point or [Undo]:

[]:
Enter , .
Line () :
Undo (): ,
, .
,
, .
Close (): AutoCAD

, . , .

:
* , . . , , .
+ , (.
. 3.4), ( ,
) -.
"" Enter Enter ,
Cancel () Esc. Pan () Zoom () .
"" User preferences () Options
() (. )
. , Enter. ,
, . Enter, .

3.2. , "
. 3.4
Line ()

63

' Enter
Cancel
Recent Input

Undo
Snap Overrides

Zoom
QuickCalc

Circle ()
Circle () (.
. 3.5).
Circle () ,
Circle () . . , .
| Draw (), Circle (), .
* Circle () Draw ().
( ) :
Command: _circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]:
:
[/2/ ( )]:
[]:
\
.
. , , . . . ,
AutoCAD , Enter.
Diameter (), :
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <12.0000>: D
Specify diameter of circle <24.0000>:

64

__^

3.

[] <12.000>:
<24.0000>:

:
(): 3Point () , .
Specify
Specify
Specify
Specify

center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 3p


first point on circle:
second point on circle:
third point on circle:

[/2/ ( )]:
:
:
:

2 (2): 2Point (2) , .


Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 2p
Specify first end point of circle's diameter:
Specify second end point of circle's diameter:
[/2/ ( )]: 2
:
:

TTR (): Tan Tan Radius (, , )


.
Tangent () (. 3.13) .
Specify
Specify
Specify
Specify

center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: Ttr


point on object for first tangent of circle:
point on object for second tangent of circle:
radius of circle <5>:

[/2/ ( )]:
, :
, :
<5>:

Circle () Draw () Tan, tan, tan


(3 ), (). Tangent () (. 3.13). , , , .

3.2. ,

65

. 3.5

)
^

{ <

)
-

d)2T

V ) I!\

T3
1

) , ,

{
f)Kac, ,

t1
IK

\ 2

+ 1

Rectang ()
Line ()
Pline () (. 7.1),
Rectang (). , .
:
* Draw (), Rectangle ().
||* Rectangle () Draw ().
Command: _rectang
Specify first corner point or
[Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]:
Specify other corner point or [Area/Dimensions/Rotation]:
:
[////]:
[//]:
. .
Dimensions (): Dimensions ().
Specify other corner point or [Area/Dimensions/Rotation]: Dimensions
Specify length for rectangles <0.0000>:
Specify width for rectangles <0.0000>:
Specify other corner point or [Area/Dimensions/Rotation]:

[//]:
<0.0000>:
<0.0000>:
[//]:

3 AutoCAD 2006

3.

66


.
Area (): . () Enter,
(Length) (Width), . , a AutoCAD . (. ), .
/ ,
.
Rotation ():
. (), .
:
Chamfer (): ,
, .
Specify first corner point or
[Chamfer/Elevation/Filiet/Thickness/Width]: Chamfer
Specify first chamfer distance for rectangles <5.0000>:
Specify second chamfer distance for rectangles <5.0000>:
Specify first corner point or
[Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]:
[////]:
<5.'0000>:
<5.0000>:
[////]:
AutoCAD ,
.
Elevation (): , , (. 20.3).
Fillet (): , :
Specify first corner point or
[Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]: Fillet
Specify fillet radius for rectangles <2.0000>:
Specify first corner point or
[Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]:
Specify other corner point or [Dimensions]:

[////]:
<2.0000>:
[////]:
[]:

3.2. ,

67

.
Thickness (): , (. 20.3).
Width (): , () ' .
Specify first corner point or
[Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]: Width
Specify line width for rectangles <0.0000>:
Specify first corner point or
[Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]:
Specify other corner point or [Dimensions]:

[////]:
<0.0000>:
[////]:
[]:

() .

:
, , . ., , ,
. cor
.

:

. , Enter, .
' ,
.
(. . 3.6).
, .
,
.
" , . Recent input ( ).

3.

68
. 3.6

* Recent Input
* * Cut

CTRL+X

&

CTRL+C

Copy with gase Point


&

CTRL+SHIft+C
CTRL+V

Paste
Paste os Steels

CTRi+a-iifi

Paste to Original f

Undo Rectangle

T. Mo

cia+v

2uick Select...
1

QuickCalc
Options...

3.3.
AutoCAD .


, AutoCAD , , (. . 3.7).
200.3144.236.6342.0.0000

SNAP GRID ORTHO POLAR OSNAP OTRACK DYN LVVT

. .7.

. , , .
.


1.
2.

.
.
, 3.2.
, .
:
, .
.

.
:

3.4.

69

"*- .
(. . 3.8). ,
.
* , . (. . 3.8).

. 3.8

Cursor coordinate values (F6)


v< Grid (F7)

s/
v"

Polar (F10)
OSnap (F3)
OTrack(Fll)
Dynamic Input (F12)
Lineweight
Paper/Model
Tray Settings...

3.4.
CAD , . ,
, ?
, . X Y. ,
, Z. AutoCAD :
: , , ().
:
().
. X Y. .


,
AutoCAD, .
. F6 , . - .
F6,
.
:

3.

70

Absolute () ;
' Off () - F6 ,
, ;
"" Relative () F6, (. )
.
F6 . .

, , : Relative (), Absolute (), Off ()
(. ).

, Units ()
Units () ,
,
. :
|* Format (), Units ().
Drawing unites ( ) (. . 3.9):
Length (), (): ()
Decimal (),
Scientific () ( , , 1.50+03), Architectural (), Fractional () Engineering () ( ).
Decimal (), Precision (): Precision ()
0 8 ().

. 3.9
Drawing unites ( )

I Angle

Length-

ha- i,'
I ; Decimal Degrt
Decision:

i Precision

io.oooo"
Qgockwse
' imenion scale
Units to scale inserted content:
Millimeters
Sample Output
V5.2 0033.0

1 MSS

v |
:
"

3.4.
Angle (), (): ()
: Deg/Min/Sec (//), Grads (), Decimal degrees ( ), Radians ()
Surveyor's units ( ).
Angle (), Precision (): ,
8 ().
Angle (), Clockwise ( ): AutoCAD .
,
.
Direction ():
Direction control ( ),
(. . 3.10). East ().
, .
. 3.10

Direction Control
r]3a$e Angle
0

; *

90
180

270

SOSouth : .:.
(Ofl*t

PickVType

OK

^ J | Cancel [

:
+
, , .
!
Decimal (), Decimal degrees ( ).

East () .


. , , .
,
. :
:
X Y (. . 3.11). ,
.

3.

72
:
:

X.Y
100,150
-22.5,35.7

:
X Y (.
. 3.11). @.
:
:

@dx,dy
@10,20
@15.5,-5.7

. 3.11

+Y

11,30

+Y

-10,22
15,15

-X

-Y

: (. . 3.12). <.
:
:

<
50<45
82.75<-90

:
(.
. 3.12). @,
<.
:
:

@<
@20<135
@45.25<-45

3.5. ,

73

. 3.12

-X _ _ _

3.5. ,
, ISO- A3.
420x297 . ,

, , , .
.


CAD ,
:
1: AutoCAD 1:1!
AutoCAD 1:1, . . . . , ,
, ,
.
2: AutoCAD !
AutoCAD (,
, ), .
, , ,
. , ,
1 (. 15).

3.

74


AutoCAD, :
: ,
. , . 0,0.
1:1, .
: , . , /, , .
,
.
, AutoCAD :
"* = N
, 1:50,
50 .


, , , , 0,0:
in* = /
A3 1:50 (= 0.02) :
X:
Y:

420/0.02 = 21000
297/0.02 = 14850

(. . 3.1).
,
0,0.
( ), . . ,
.
. 3.1.

10:1
5:1
1:1
1:5

4
29.70,21.00
59.40,42.00
297,210
1485,1050

A3
42.00,29.70
84.00,59.40
420,297
2100,1485

2
59.40,42.00
118.80,84.00
594,420
2970,2100

1
84.00,59.40
168.00,118.80
840,594
4200,2970

118.80,84.00
237.60,168.00
1188,840
5945,4200

75

3.5. ,

1:10
1:50
1:100

4
2970,2100
14850,1050
29700,21000

A3
4200,2970
21000,14850
42000,29700

2
5940,4200
29700,21000
59400,42000

1
8400,5940
42000,29700
84000,59400

11880,8400
59450,42000
118800,84000

:
.
,
. , ,
.


, ,
, , .
10 , 1000 . , .
(. . 3.2)
.
. 3.2.


1
0.1
0.01
0.001

0.000001


1
0.1
0.01
0.001
0.000001

,
4 1:1, 297,210 * 0.1, 29.7,21 (). 1 * 0.1, 1 0.1 ().
: A3 ,
1:50.
21000,148500 * 0.001, 21,14.85 (). 1 50 * 0.001= 0.05 ().
:
,
, . , .

3.

76

*- .
, ,
. ,
.
" 1:100, 3,5 , 350 . 1 ,
350 * 0.001, 0.35 ().

, Limits ()
, , , . ,
.
Limits (), :
Format (), Drawing limits ().
Command: limits
Reset Model space limits:
Specify lower left corner or [ON/OFF] <0.0000,0.0000>:

Specify upper right corner <420.0000,297.0000>:

:
:
[/]<0.0000,0.0000>:

<420.0000,297.0000>:


. .
ON/OFF (/): . , AutoCAD
, . , .
,
.

:
* . . Zoom () All (), .
(. 5.9),
(. 3.11) .

I
3.6.

77

3.6.
, 3.2 ,
. , ,
.
, .
( ) ( ), AutoCAD . Enter . , ,
.
:
, Dyn ()
. . 3.19.

1. -Ol.dwg .
2. , , (. . 3.13).
Command: _line
Specify first point: 20,15
Specify next point or [Undo]: 60,15
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
:
: 20,15
[]: 60,15
[/]:
3
3.

, (. . 3.13).

Command: _circle
Specify center point for
40,35
Specify radius of circle
Command: _circle
Specify center point for
73.35,44.8
Specify radius of circle

circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:


or [Diameter]: 5
circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
or [Diameter] <5.0000>: 5

:
[/2/ ( )]: 40,35
[]: 5

3.

78
:
[/2/ ( ) ] :
[]: 5

7 3 . 3 5 , 4 4 . 8

, (. . 3.13). L03-01.dwg .
. 3.13

7
83,55

30,55

20,45.

11
73.35,44.8

5
10
40,35

1
20,15

60,25

4
70,25

2
5
60,15 70,15

93,15


1.
2.

A03-02.dwg .
, (. . 3.14).

Command: _line
Specify first point: 20,15
Specify next point or [Undo]: @40,0
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
:
: 20,15
[]: @40,0
[/]:
3
. 3.14

-.

7
0,40

4
@0,10 @10,0

1
20,15

2
S40.0

5
60,-10

6
623,0

79

3.7.
3.

, (. . 3.14).
L03-02.dwg .


1.

A03-03.dwg .

2.

, (. . 3.15).

Command: _line
Specify first point: 20,15
Specify next point or [Undo]: @40<0
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
:
: 20,15
[]:
@40<0
[/]:
3
3.

, (. . 3.15).
L03-03.dwg .

. 3.15

3.7.
,
, , . () .

Ortho (Opmo)
/ Ortho (): .
" Ortho () .
"* F8 .

ORTHO

3.

80

- , ,
.
, , . , , , ,
.

3.8.

.
, , . , @. , -
(. 3.12).


1.
2.

A03-04.dwg .
- Ortho () .

3.

, (. . 3.16)
. , .

Command: _line
Specify first point: 20,15
Specify next point or [Undo]: 40
Specify next point or [Undo]: 10
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: 73
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
:
: 20,15
[]:
40
[/]:
10
[/]:
73
[/]:
3
4.

, (. . 3.16).
L03-04.dwg .

3.9.

. 3.16

81

7
40

73

2
40

5
10

270*

1
20,15

4
10

10

23

3.9.
, AutoCAD. . , , Line
(), Undo (), . U () Undo (),
.


Undo () Line ()
, , U ())
, . U () . ,
, , Redo ().
Redo () . U
() Redo () :
"|* Edit (), Undo () U (), Redo
().
! Undo () Redo () Standard
().


U () Undo (),
. Mredo () . , Redo () Mredo ()
. Undo () (. . 3.17), Redo
() Standard () ,
, .

3.

82

. 3.17.
:
, Undo () Redo () ,
. Redo ()
.

3.10.

U (). , ? , .
, , .

Erase ()
() Erase (). :
* Modify (), Erase ().
Edit (), Clear ().
" Erase () Modify ().
, .
:
1. A03-05.dwg .
, Erase ().
2. U
(), .


, Erase () ,
.
Select objects:
:

3.10.

83

,
Enter. (, Erase () ).
.
AutoCAD .
.
:
,
, . , . (. .4), . .

Enter.
Select objects:
1 found
:

: 1

:
Select objects:
1 found, 2 total

:
: 1, : 2
, :
Select objects:
1 found (1 duplicate), 2 total
:
:1 (1 ), : 2
, (. 4.1),
:
Select objects:
1 found, 1 total
1 was on a locked layer.
:
,
: 1, : 1
: 1

3.

84

(
).
:
,
. .
Select objects:
Specify opposite corner:
16 found
:
:
: 16
, . ,
, (. . 3.18). Window ().

. 3.18

I
1 J

II

CD

11

CD
:

10

>
CD

12

I
Hrt

. 2 J

: CD
CD i
: 1 1 II CD ;
: CD

10

en

CD :

Oi

fll

KonM

, ,
, , (. . 3.18). Crossing ().
:
Highlight (. .) 0, (. .
). . 1.


Window () Crossing (): ( )
.
Window () Crossing ()
, .

3.10.

85

Select objects:
Specify first corner:
Specify opposite corner:
:
:
:
Last (): .
Last () ,
( , ).
Previous (): , , Move () Rotate (), , Previous (). .
All (): All (). , , . , (. 4.1).
Fence (): ( , Fence ().
, .
Select objects: f
First fence point:
Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]:
Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]:
Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]:
:
:
[]:
[]:
Enter

. , ,
(. . 3.19). Undo () ,
, . Enter
.
WPolygon (-) CPolygon (-): , .
. WPolygon (-) , .
CPolygon (-) ,
, (. . 3.20).

3.

86
. 3.19

Select objects: wp
First polygon point:
Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]:
Specify endpoint of .line or [Undo]:
16 found
Select objects:
: () ( )
:
[]:

[]: Enter
: 16
:
. , . Undo ()
, .
. 3.20
-

666

CD CD

CD CD CD

CD CD CD
:
-

:: :::;jc

CD CD CD

:
- ;

CD CD CD :

666

Remove (): - , Remove () , :

3.10.

87

Select objects: r
Remove objects: 1 found, 1 removed, 3 total
Remove objects:
:
: : 1, : 1, : 3
:
,
, .
Add ():
, Add (). AutoCAD
, () :
Remove objects: a
Select objects:
:
:
:

Shift.
, Remove ().


Enter. Erase
(), . Enter
.


, , ,
, -,
(. 23.4 24.6).
AUto (): .
, . (
) , , BOX (),
.
BOX (): Window () Crossing (), , .

3.

88

Group (): (. 11.15 11.16). .


Enter group name:
:

, .
Multiple (): ,
Enter. Enter
, AutoCAD .
,
.
Single (): ,
( , ) .

Select ()
Select ()
, .
, Previous ().
, - (. 24.6). , .


, Erase () ,
( ):
1.
2.
3.
4.

, .
, (. 13.5).
, Shift .
Delete, .
.
Erase (),
.


Options () Options () ,
AutoCAD. , Selection () . :

89

3.10.
" Tools (), Options ().

" , ,
Options ().
Selection () . . 3.21 , .
. 3.21

When a command it edive


H When no command a acbve

I Unsefcctfri pip color


t*1fij

Selected gnp color


Red " "
- SefeeBofi Mode

''s*:

Hovet enp cot.

0 Noun/verb tetocSc

: ^- ~~

Use SW to add la

RlEnsbtevlpi

r^

Enable > w*m &


: EUnabfe pip les
> jiflO

i Object teiectiortfcm fonfcplajiof s?

: Selection preview ( ) ( ): , (
), , ( ).
Visual effects settings ( ) ,
() ().
: Noun/verb selection (
) , ,
. , AutoCAD .
Shift : Use Shift to add to selection ( Shift ) , .
Shift, . AutoCAD, Windows.
: Press and drag ( ) ,

. ,
,
.
: Implied windowing (
) Window () Crossing ().
.

3.

90

: Object grouping ( ) , , , . ,
, . Group
() , (. 11.15 11.16).
: Associative hatch ( ) , (. 6.1) , . , .
: Pickbox size ( ),
.


. , ,
- . U (), . . Oops (),
, Erase (). , , Erase (), .
, .

3.11.
.
.
, . ,
, ( ) . , , , , . .


:
" Snap () .

SNAP]

"" F9 .
:
'* Grid () .
"* F7 .

3.11.

91

Dsettings () ( , , ) :
Tools (), Drafting settings ( ).
" Snap (), Grid (),
Polar (-), Osnap (), track (-)
Settings () .
Drafting settings ( ).
,
, . Snap and
grid ( ) (. . 3.22).
. 3.22
Snap and grid ( )
Drafting settings ( )

ij5rwilclUtid]jp5Ticldng|TObject Snap!! Dynamic Input


j DSwOntFS)
I

/Snap

! SnanX spacing:

|To

j SnaoYw^o:

[io

1 i Anrf
. X.base:
1 | Yba*

" 11

Grid

I GiidX spacing:

j ! I GrjdYspaanff

|10
[JO

*; i j Snap * **yie
0
!
() Gjid snap

fo

|i . j

() Rsctangulai snap

%
I
| |

Qlsoirjetficsnap
I
|

F'olai spacing
P r f f l l :" : ; ..'

Q PjjIaSnap

: . Grid on ( ) , . Grid X spacing ( X) Grid Y spacing ( Y)


Grid ()
X Y. Enter, .
. , Grid on ( ). ,
. (. 5.9)
.
, :
Grid too dense to display

, ,
, .

3.

92

: Snap and grid ( )


. , . , Snap
on ( ). , Snap X spacing ( X) Snap Y spacing
( Y) Snap ( )
X Y. , Angle ()
, X base ( X) Y base ( Y) .


AutoCAD , . .
Grid snap ( ) Snap type & style ( ) , Rectangular snap () Isometric snap (). 7.14.
. , , Grid snap ( )
Polar snap ( ) (. 3.12).

:
1. .
2. . Dsettings () .
3. , , , . -.
4. .

3.12.
,
,
, . , ,

.
:
* , , - (. 3.7 3.8), , .
* , , .
, ,
.

3.12.

93



:
*- - Polar (-) !11
.
* F10 .

Dsettings ()
Dsettings ()
. :
"" Tools (), Drafting settings ( ).
|

*- Snap (), Grid (),


Polar (-), Osnap (), Otrack (-)
Settings () .
, Polar (-), Drafting settings ( ) Polar tracking
() (. . 3.23).

. 3.23
Polar tracking ()
Drafting settings
( )

Drafting Sellings
j Snap arid Grid! Polar Tracking | QbjeCt Snap I"Dynamic'Vriputf

"Polar Angle Settings

Object Snap Tiackeig Settings

i Inclement angle:
[45

0
v

Track orthogonajy only

Track using all polar angle settings

I E l Additional angles
_
60
120

- Polar Angle measurement

Absolute
Relative to last segment

:
Polar tracking on ( ): . -, .
Polar angle settings ( ), Increment angle ( ): () , .
Additional angles ( ):
, .
, . -

3.

94

, New (),
.
Delete ().
Polar angle measurement ( ): ,
, . . ( ),
( ) (. . 3.24).
. 3.24

Snap and grid ( ) Drafting settings ( ) Polar snap ( ),


Polar distance () Polar spacing ( ) .
(. 3.11 . 3.25).
Polar distance (): . .
0, X.
Snap type & style ( ): Polar snap ( ) .
Grid on ( ): .
. 3.25

Drafting Settings
nap and Grid ; pob I Peking - Object Snap Dynamic Input

Grid
1 Grid X spacing:

10

> GndYspacmg:

Snap type i style Grid snap

' Polar s
Polar distance:

lf"~U* 1

3.12.

95

:
"i* F10 /
, F9 /
. , (. . 3.25).
"- ,
AutoCAD, .
> , , . Enter
. , .
"
Drafting settings ( ), Dsettings (). ,
, . ,
, .

:
1. .
2.
. 15. . Polar angle measurement (
) Absolute ().
Snap and grid ( ) Polar snap (
) , 5.
3. Line () (. . 3.26).
A03-06.dwg .
Command: _line
Specify first point: 20,15
Specify next point or [Undo]:
Specify next point or [Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:c:
:
20,15
[]:

"Polar: 35<0"
[]:

"Polar: 1CK60"

3.

96

[/]:

"Polar: 4CK180"
[/]:
3
4. , (. . 3.26).
, L03-06.DWG .

. 3.26

10
40<180

9
30<195

10<60

1
20,15

2
35<0

~~*
^~~\

4
10<0

30<105

\ 7
/ 20<60
/

5
6
10<300 10<0

3.13.
. AutoCAD , .



, , Line ():
Command: _line
Specify first point:
:
:
, ,
Endpoint ():
Command: _line
Specify first point: end
:
:

3.13.

97

, , ( ), . ,
, ,
, . . . , , (. . 3.27).

Tab. , , .

. 3.27

. , . .
:
'" , ,
'"* ,
, .



. ,
.
:
' (
) .
| Object snap
( ).

4 AutoCAD 2006

3.

98

' Snap Overrides ( ) , ,


(. . 3.28).
,
, , Shift Ctrl (. . 3.28).
. 3.28

"

Temporary track point

From
Mid Between 2 Points
*

Point Filters

Midpoint

*"*

X
X Apparent Intersect
Extension
Center
Intersection

Quadrant

Tangent
Perpendicular
Parallel

Node

Insert

Nearest

PLNone
tk 0snap Settings...
()
() , . , .
Object snap ( ) Drafting settings ( ) :
# Tools (), Drafting settings ( ).
" Object snap settings ( ) Object snap ( ).
* (. . 3.28), Osnap settings ( ).
|

* Snap ()
Settings ().
Drafting settings
( ) Object snap ( ) (. . 3.29).

3.73.

99

. 3.29

Object snap ( )
Drafting settings
( )

SnapndTsiid;'Polal barking*

; Insertion
h . Eerpendicular
P.

Tangent
Neaiest
Apparent intersection

To track trom an Osnap pomt, pause over the point while in a


command A tracking vector appears when you move the cursor.
To stop tracking, pause over the point again.

:
Object snap on ( ): ,
.
Object snap tracking on ( ): ,
(. 3.15).
.
Object snap modes ( ):
. .
:
AutoCAD LT : EXTensiori ()
PARallel ().
Select all ( ):
.
Clear all ( ):
.
:
* - ~^^
, Osnap
() F3 .
"* . ,
, , ENDpoint () INTersection ()
.
* , -, ,

3.

100

. - ,
, . .
, -
,
(),
, .
* , , Object snap ( ) Drafting settings ( ) (.
. 3.29).


,
(. . 3.31).
ENDpoint (): , , , , , ,
, , -.
MIDpoint (): , ,
, , , , , ,
.
INTersection (): ,
, , , , , , , , .
INTersection () , ,
Apparent Intersection ( ) (. . 3.30).
, , ,
,
.

. 3.30

3.13.

101

APParent Intersection ( ): - /
.
, .
.
. ,
Extended Apparent Intersection
( ),
,
.
CENter (): , , ,
. ,
, .
Quadrant (): , , X Y.

TANangent ():
, , ,
. AutoCAD Deferred Tangent
( ),
TANangent ().
PERpendicular (): .
PERpendicular (), Deferred Perpendicular
( ).
INSertion (): , ,
.
NODe (): - (.
7.11), .
NEArest (): ,
.
NONe (): .


1.
2.

3.

A03-07.dwg .
, (. . 3.31).
Dsettings () .
, (. . 3.31)
L03-07.dwg .

3.

102
. 3.31


, ,
EXTension () PARallel ().
EXTension (): , ,
.
. .
"* EXTension () .
+ ( ) . , , .
|

* , ,
(). , .
, , . , .

" ,
. , Enter, .
APParent Intersection
( ), .

3.13.

103

. 3.32

EXTension
()

: EXTension
()
1. A03-08.dwg .
2. EXTension (). , Ortho
().
3. (. . 3.33).
L03-08.dwg .
. 3.33

EXTension
()

20

Command
Specify
Specify
Specify
Specify
Specify
Specify
Specify

_
first point: [Undo]:
next point or [Undo]:20
next point or [Close/Undo]:10
next point or [Close/Undo]:
next point or [Close/Undo]:
next point or [Close/Undo]:c
next point or
:
: 1, 2,


[]: 2,

[]: 20
[/]:
10

3.

104

[/]: 4,


[/]: 1,


[/]: 3

Parallel ()
Parallel () ,
. , .
Parallel (): . , .
^
(. . 3.34). , , , . .

. 3.34

Parallel

()

: Parallel
()
1. A03-09.dwg .
2. Extension () Parallel
(). .
3. , (. . 3.35).
L03-09.dwg .
Command: _line
Specify first; point: 10
Specify next point or [Undo]:
Specify next point or [Undo]:30
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] :10
Specify next point or [Close/Undo] :20
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:c

3.14. FROm ()

105

:
: 1,
10

[]:
1-2, Parallel ()
2, ,
,

[]: 2
30
[/]:
1-2,
10
[/]:
, 20
[/]: 1-2
1,
[/]:
3

, 3.35


Extension
() Parallel

()

3.14. FROm ()
FROm (). , ,
.

FROm ()
. From () Object snap ( ). :
From () FROm ().
in* , .
" .

3.

106

:
1. -10.dwg .
2.
(. . 3.36). Endpoint
() Center ().
Command: _circle
i
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: _from
Base point: _endp
of <Offset>: @20,25
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]; 10
:
[/2/ ( )]:

:

<>: 320,25
[]: 10
, (. . 3.36)
L03-10.dwg .
. 3.36

From ()

@20,25

J,, V

: @25,-15

J^4EH

20
ABSTAND

3.15.
, ,
. . , , .
.
.

3.15.

107


:
" OTRACK (-) .
" F11.
"* Object snap tracking on ( )
Object snap ( ) Drafting settings
( ), ,
OTRACK (-)
Settings ().


Polar tracking () Drafting settings ( ) , (. 3.12., . 3.23).
Object snap tracking settings ( ) Polar
tracking () Drafting settings ( )
Track orthogonally only ( ) Track using
all polar angle settings ( ) .


:
' Endpoint ().
|* . , + ().
.
'* .
Track using all
polar angle settings ( ), .
.
"
.
"> ,
.

3.

108
. 3.37

+-
Polar: <285, Perpendicular: <270|

Polar: < 285, Midpoint: < 315' |

Extension: <270, Perpendicular: < 180 |

[Quadrant; <300, Quadra*: <45'|

109

3.15.

:
1. 03-11. dwg .
2. Endpoint (), Intersection (), Quadrant () Center (),
.
3. 15 . Track using polar angle settings ( ).
4. .
(. . ).
5. 5 (. . 3.38).
, 5,
20. 15 .
. 3.38

6. (. . 3.39). ,
45 0.
. 3.39

'""

/'

7. (. . 3.40),
(. 3.16).

3.

110

3.16.
.
, .


, Temporary tracking point ( ) Object snap
( ), Temporary track point ( ) . :
| line ().
Temporary tracking point ( )
Object snap ( ). .
, .
,
. .
Temporary
tracking point ( ), ,
, .
, . AutoCAD
.

:
1. ( ) , (. . 3.40).
Command: _line
Specify first point: _tt
Specify temporary OTRACK point:
Specify first point:
Specify next point or [Undo]:
Specify next point or [Undo]: Enter
:
:

: 1. ,
(2)
:
45,

[]:
, 4

[]: Enter

111

3.17.

2. .
3. (. . 3.40) -ll.dwgnanKU .
. 3.40

3.17.
, .

AutoCAD LT, .
.
? ,
, . , X
Y .
, ( ):
1.
2.

.
,
. .

3.

, .
( ).
: , 50 Y
X. :
Command: line
Specify first point: .xz
of (need Y): @0,50
Specify next point or [Undo]:

112

3.

:
: . XZ
XZ
( Y ) : @0,50
[]: .
FROm (). : , X , Y .
:
Command: line
Specify first point: .x
of (need YZ) :
Specify next point or [Undo]:
:
: .X
. ,
( YZ):

[]: .


:
Command: line
Specify first point: .x
:
: .X
"- Shift Ctrl. Point filters ( ) (. . 3.41)
Z ,
.X .Y.

3.18.
, , , .


X Y,
. AutoCAD LT. AutoCAD ,
. :

113

3.18.

Tracking () Object snap


( ).
, Shift Ctrl Tracking ( ).
. 3.41

.-

Temporary track point


From
Mid Between 2 Points

Endpoint
Midpoint

X
X Apparent Intersect
Extension

-
-

.X
,Y

I
I

.XY

Intersection

,XZ

.yz

,YZ

Center

Quadrant
Tangent

-L

Perpendicular
Parallel

Node

Insert

Nearest

ft None
ft,Osnap Settings...

.
X Y. Enter. , , . - .
, . -,
.
Enter.
.

3.

114

3.19.

Dyn () .
Drafting settings ( ).
Dyn ()
Settings (). Dynamic input ( ) (. . 3.42)
:
. 3.42

Drafting Settings
'Snap and Giid ii Polar Tracking Object Snap iTynaWTnpuT:
|]^&!
Pointer Input

"' ';..;'

Ervable PJmension Input where potable


\ r Dimension Input

{y] Show command piompling and


command input near the aosshats

In a dynamic prompt, press the


Down Anow key to access
options.

\ I

I Drafting Tooltip Appeafance...

" Pointer input ( )


. Settings () (. . 3.43), , (
, ).

. 3.43

Pointer Input Settings

For second or next points, default to:


Eotar format .

)g,eJative coordfcnates
e coordinates

Show coordinate tooltrps:


As soon as I type coordinate data
' Jhen a command asks for a point
- oven when not command

3.19.

115

, . ,
, ( ,
, ).
" Dimension input ( ) (, )
. Settings () (. . 3.44), ,
. , Tab.
"* Dynamic prompts ( ) ( )
.
t Drafting tooltip appearance ( ) , ,
.
. 3.44

VK,tktv

When yip-stretching:

Show only J. dimension Input field at a time

Show the folowing Input: fields simultaneously:

i i

'

K ST

* 8 to * * t o t * next (fcnonsiori input field

Help

, , , , , .

4.1. , ,
AutoCAD .
, ,
. , , , ,
, . . , , .

Layer ()
Layer ()
Layer properties manager ( ). :
* Layer () Format ().
+ Layer properties manager ( )
Layers ().
Layer properties manager ( ) (. . 4.1).
. 4.1

4.

118


AutoCAD ^_
0, , . New layer () . . Layerl (1), Layer2 (2) . ., .
.


.
. ( , )
.
.
.

:
1. Layer properties manager ( ).
2. . : Gewinde (), Hilfslinien (),
Kontur (), Masse (), Mittellinien (), Schrift (), Schraffur
() Verdeckt () (. . 4.2).

. 4.2

*, X

uio

Flees

<*
-*.
-
-*.
i
*,
-

Q
$
g
v!

DEFPOINT5
GBMNDE.
HtLFsuwEH
KONTUR
MASSE
HITT.JNIEH
SCH.-fFUR
SCHRfFT

<$

^
%
^
tt

1
1| * CON..OUS
1| hhi COH.OUS
I Inhitx CON..OUS
| **wtB COK.OUS
" > 1| Am CON..OU5
| wMta CON DUS
| *bte CON..OUS -
1| **te COH.DUS

*
*
*

-3L

OefwJt
DetauH
DetoJt
OdwH
DefauH
Default
Defeutt
DeteJt

Ota *
i/ ;
CriM ;
&*
Ctte "
* 7
. 1
,:,".-. ;

Z
ii
i


, ,
. . 0,
(. . 4.2).
- , ,
Set current (). .
, , , , ,
, Make object's layer current ( -

4.1. , ,

119

) Layers (), ,
.
Select object whose layer will become current:
Kontur is now the current layer. .

, :
Kontur () .
Layer previous ( ) Layers () .
, .



. (. . 4.3) Select
all ( ). ,
. ,
Clear all ( ). Select all but current ( ( ))
, . Invert
selection ( ) ,
. New layer ( ) .
(. 19.1).
. 4.3

Show Filter Tree


Show Filters in Layer List
Set current
New Layer
Delete Layer
Change Description
Remove From Group Filter

Clear All
Select All but Current
Invert Selection
Invert Layer Filter
Layer Filters
Save Layer States...
Restore Layer State...


, , , .
, , . , -

4.

120

, . . , ,
.
.
. . , , . ( )
:

:
|||

> . , Yes ().


. ,
.

'!> ,
.
" .

Layers ()
, Layer properties manager ( ).
Layers (). ,
. ,
(. . 4.4).

. 4.4


Layers
()

4.1. , ,

121

,
, .
, Layer
properties manager ( ). , .
,
, , .


, Layer

properties manager ( ), Delete


layer (). . , .
, ,
. ,
, . , ,
Defpoints (, AutoCAD ),
, , (. 11.9). , , .


, , , , .
, Layer properties
manager ( ), Color ()
. Select color
( ) (. . 4.5).

. 4.5
Select color (
)

Select Color
Index Color

True Color

Color ooks

AutoCAD Color Index ( "

Red. Green. Blue:

Index color: 135

Cola:

OK

I[

Cancel

63.127.127

4.

122

AutoCAD . : AutoCAD (), True


Color, PANTONE, RAL Classic RAL Design,
. Index color ( ) 1 255. ,
1 7 : 1 = red (), 2 = yellow (),
3 = green (), 4 = cyan (), 5 = blue (), 6 = magenta (), 7 =
white (). AutoCAD LT 1 255.
7,
.
Index color ( )
( 1 255) Color (),
AutoCAD color index (
AutoCAD), .
Select color ( ) Layer properties manager ( ), .

:
1. Layer (),
Layer properties manager ( ).
2. : 0 7 (), Gewinde
() 2 (), Hilfslinien () 4 (),
Kontur () 1 (), Masse () 3 (),
Mittellinien () 4 (), Schraffur () 5 (), Schrift () 2 () Verdeckt () 6
().


AutoCAD Select color ( ) ,
Index color ( ) True
Color ( ) Color books ( ).
True Color ( ):
.
HSL RGB.
HSL , ,
. , (. . 4.6).
RGB , . Color () (.
. 4.7).
Color books ( ): . ,
PANTONE RAL (. . 4.8).

4.1. , ,
. 4.6
HSL

123
Select Color
I ndex Color - j

TrueToior|'

Colo. Books

Luminance:

. 4.7
RGB

Color model:

Select Color
TrueColot

Index Color

Color Books
Color jnoael

. 4.8

( i n d e x Colpt

jcdorjook:
I | RAL DESIGN

TiurtCdw

~^~

Color Books

4.

124


. , , .
Layer properties manager
( ) Linetype ( ) . Select linetype
( ) (. . 4. 10) .
,
AutoCAD CONTINUOUS ().


, , , -, , . AutoCAD
, , , .
, .
Select linetype ( ) Load (). Load or reload linetypes (/ ) (. . 4.9).

. 4.9
Load or reload
linetypes (/
)

OJLoad or Reload Linetypes


File...
Available Linetypes
ISO dash.
ISOdashspace_ _
_
_
ISO long-dash dot
.
.
ISO long-dash double-dot
.. _
ISO long-dash biple-dot
...
ISO dot
ISO long-dash short-dash
ISO long-dash douote-short-dash _
IS0 dash dot _ . _ . _ . _ . _ .
ISO double-dash dot

ACADJS002W100
ACAD IS003W100
ACADJSQ04W100
ACAD IS005W100
I IS006W100
i IS007W100
US008W100
I IS009W100
IS010W100

ispiiwipp
OK

Cancel

Help

,
. , File ()
.lin. Acadiso.lin, .
\Documents and SettingsMT^b\1 Data\Autodesk\AutoCAD 2006\R16.2\enu\Support.
acadiso.lin acad.lin, , .
Available linetypes ( ) Load or
reload linetypes (/ ) (. . 4.9)
, .

4.1. , ,

125

. ,
.
, Select all ( )
, Clear all ( ) . .
:
1. Load () Select Hnetype (
).
2. Acadiso.lin .
, (.
. 4.10).
3. Layer properties manager (
) , Linetype ( )
Select linetype ( )
.
4. Mittellinien () CENTER (),
Verdeckt () HIDDEN ().
CONTINUOUS (),
, .
. 4.10
Select linetype
( )

Select Linetype
Loadedjinetypes
Linetype

Appearance

ACAD IS010W100
ACADJS011W100
ACAD ISO12W100
ACAD IS013W100
ACAD ISO14W100
ACAD IS015W100
EISENBAHN
GASLEITUNG
GETRENNT
<

OK

Description
ISO Strichpunktlinie _ . _ .
ISO Zwei Striche, Punkt _ ;
ISO Strich, zwei P u n k l e _
ISO Zwei Striche, zwei Punk"
ISO Strich. drei Punkte _ . .
ISO Zwei Striche. drei Punkt

E isenbahn -I-I-I-I-H-I-I-I-H-I-I-H-I
,
Cancel

- GasleitungGAS--GASGetrennt

Load..

tlelp

:
, , , CENTER (), CENTER2 (2), ,
CENTER (), CENTERX2 (2),
, CENTER () (. . 4.10).


, . Lineweight () . Lineweight ( ) (. . 4.11).

4.

126
. 4.11
Lineweight ( )

. Lineweight
( ) , . Default (),
0.25 .
Lweight () (. 4.4).
. :
"' , , , .
"* Lwt () .
:
1. Layer properties manager ( ) Layer ().
2. , (), 0.25 .
Kontur () 0.35 . 0 .
3. Hilfslinien () .
Layer properties manager ( ) , (. . 4.12). Defpoints
, . , .
. 4.12
Layer properties
manager ( )

-* OEFFOftJTS
- * GEWlNDE
HUFSUHiB

,
,

.01
SCH^FUR
SCHWFT
vtdoecKT

We
*
VClew

CON-OUS
OU5
COH..OUS

0
Date*
0 .
','

COK..OUS
CENTER
_OUS

O..m
..>
0.-m

I HIDDEN

CLm

(**..

4.2.

127


AutoCAD
. . 15.6-15.9. ,
.
, , , . , ,
, . Layer properties
manager ( ) Plot style ( ) , Select plot
style ( ),
.

4.2.
,
, . ,
, , , . AutoCAD
, , .

Linetype ()
Linetype ()
. :
"" Linetype ( ) Format ().
Linetype manager ( ) , (. . 4.13).

. 4.13
Linetype
manager (
)

a Linetype Manager
11 Show all Ihetypes
.Current linetype: Bj
ACADJS015W100
CONTINUOUS
EISENBAHN
6ASLEITUNG
6ETRENNT
6ETRENNT2
GETRENNTX2
GRENZE1
GRENZE2
HEISSWASSERLEITUNG
ISOLATION
MITTE
MITTE2
MITTEX2
PHANTOM

ISO Zwei Stncbe. drei Punkte


...
Continuous
-\
Eisenbahn I I H I I I I I I I M I M I I
- we- Gasleituhg GASGASGASGASGASGehennt
..
..
..
.._
Getiennt ( . & < ) _ . . _ . . _ . . _ . . _ . . _ . . _ . . _ . .
Getrermtgx)
..
. ._
Gienze rund 0 0 0 0 - 0 0 GwiBKkie-00-flHHh
* - Ha\U*00DFwasse.teitung HW HW -- HW /
Isolation SSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSE
Mile
Mite (.5K)
. Mitte(2x)_
Phantom

4.

128


. Current (). ,
.
:
,
, Bylayer ().
, . - (. ), ,
, , Bylayer ().

.


Load () Linetype manager ( ) Load or reload linetypes (/
). (. . 4.9 4.1) , .
, Linetype manager ( ) Delete
(). Continuous Bylayer () (), . ,
, , .
AutoCAD
.


,
. , ,
.
.
. Global
scale factor ( ) Details (), Show details ( ). (. . 4.14).
Global scale factor ( ):
.
1:10,
10, 10:1
0.1. , , , .

4.2.

129

. 4.14
Details
()
^
ACAD 1S013W100'""
JACAOJS014W100

^CONTINUOUS
:
EISENBAHN
IGASLEITUNG
IGETRENNT

t)

scn

:ir

... P " '


ISO Zwei Sniche, 2we Purkte
ISOShich.dreiF4nkte_...

Continuous

1
vt
. .
.,CENTER

Eisenbahn 4++

vt . GasleitLmg --GASGASGAS-GASGASGetiennt
..
.
.
.

]'

global atefac

>

Current abiect si

102500
h OOOQ

:e paper space units tot scaling '

Current object scale ( ):


.
. ,
(. 13). Use paper space units for scaling (
)
(. 16).
, , ,
Name ().
Details () Hide details (
). , ,
(. . 4.13).
:
1. 0.5 . Global scale factor ( ).

Properties
()
Properties () 4 ,
, Linetype ( ), (.
. 4.15).
, ,
Bylayer (), ,
, . , ,
.
. Bylayer (),
,
. , Bylayer () Byblock (), Other (), Linetype manager ( ) (. . 4.15).

5 AutoCAD 2006

4.

130
. 4.15

Llnetype ( )

BATTING
BORDER
B0RDER2
BDRDEBX2
CENTER
CENTER
CENTERX2

i::
..
1

::
;

' a c
'.
,

~ DASHDOT
DASHDOT2 :
DASHDOTX2:
DASHED
:
DASHED2
I
1
DASHEDX2 .
- -DIVIDE
- DW1DE2
- DMDEX2
1
- DOT
DO12
- DOTX2
:
-o
FENCELINE1

a FENCEUNE2
GASJJNE
HIDDEN
HIDDEH2 HIDDENW
HW
0_...1
__

L,

\.
;M

' ~
\

'a

11

'

> m

4.3.
, , . .
Bylayer (), .

Color ()
Color () . :
" Color () Format ().
(. . 4.5, 4.1)
.
,
Color (),
. ,
Bylayer (),
, , .
Select color ( ) AutoCAD 2006,
AutoCAD LT 2006, ,
AutoCAD (true-color).

Properties
()
Color (), Linetype ( ), Properties () (. . 4.16), .

131

4.4.

| Ffe View Insert Format Tools Draw Dimension Modify Window Help .: Express

,* -assi > ***?

. 4.16. Color ()
,
Bylayer () Byblock (),
Select color ( ), Select
color ( ) (. . 4.5).

4.4.
, , , . Bylayer (). .
,
(), .

Bylayer ().

Lweight ()
Lweight () .
:
"* Lineweight ( ) Format ().
" Lwt () Settings ().
Lineweights ( )
Lineweight settings ( ),
Lweight (), (. . 4.17), .
, Bylayer (), Byblock () Default (). :
Units for listing ( ):
.
Display lineweight ( ):

.
. .

4.

132

Default ( ): Default
(), .
0.25 (0.1 ).
Adjust display scale ( ):
. .
. 4.17
Lineweight settings
( )

Lineweight Settings
Lineweights

U nits for Listing

@ Jiillimeters (mm)

Inches (in)

|A;
ByBlock
Default
0.00 mm
0.05 mm
0.09 mm
0.13 mm

Display Lineweight
,':,

Default

:. I 0.25 mm

v j

Adjust Display Scale

Current Lineweight ByLayei

OK

Cancel

Help

Properties
()
Lineweight ( )
Properties () (. . 4.18).
Bylayer ().
. 4.18

Lineweight ( )
Properties ()

E*

View insert Format: Toot

Dwwt- Modfy Wretow


:

Help Espess

4.5.

133

4.5.
, ,
, . , , . .
?
*.dwg, ,
Open () . *.dwt . .
, , ,
.


Save () Saveas (). Save () :
"* File (), Save ().
" Save () Standard ().
,
DrawingX.dwg. Save ()
Save drawing as ( ) (. . 4.19). , , . , .

. 4.19
Save drawing as
( )

"
;|jy2)ACAD 2006 Compendium

8JA03-07

_ j t IINTERGR

S^3-m

CJ IMAGES

^A03-10

MATERIAL

A03-11

t ^ l Plans atz

I2JAO4-O1

*1SSA02-01

&A06-01

;4BA02-02

OA07-01

5CSAO7-O2

13A03-03

i7

iK3A03-Q4

8 3 7-06

1103-05

107-07

|1-6

^A07-08

i < ..!
sheet and view thumbnails n

j AutoCAD 2004 Drawing I'.dwg)

4.

134

Saveas () . :
"* File (), Save as ( )
Save drawing as ( ) (.
. 4.19).
Save () . , .
AutoCAD .
Save drawing as ( ) ,
Select file ( ) (. 2.3):
, , . .
Files of type ( )
, . ,
, . ,
AutoCAD CAD- (. 17).
AutoCAD drawing template *.dwt ( AutoCAD) , . , , . Save
() Template description ( )
(. . 4.20). .
Measurements ()
.

. 4.20

Template description (
)

Description
< Description
I AutoCAD 200CJ

Measurement
I Metric

:
1. .
2. , Test.dwt .
.
3. , Kompendiumdwt.
4. AutoCAD.
AutoCAD . , , .bak. ,
.
, , -

4.5.

135

. ,
. , , , , , .dwg, .
.
Options () (. .4)
Automatic save () . , ,
.sv$. , .dwg . Options () . Savefilepath, .
AutoCAD
( ), AutoCAD (. . 4.21).
. , , . . . .

. 4.21

File name: K - 0 1 J J J875.SY*


Location: D!\Doajra*s and SeMngs^ergoy
M. Molyavi(c\Local Settingstfemp
Last saved: 2005 r. 8:15:51
File sue: 779KB (797 4 bytes)
Last odted by:

(
), Drawing recovery manager (
) File (), Drawing utilities ( ).

4.

136

4.6.

. , ,
, , . AutoCAD 2006 :
"* . , ,
, L.
in* . , .
, , , , , ,
, , . : A04-01.dwg . (ug, eg og),
, . .
(), , ugjmauer, eg_mauer
og_mauer .. .
Layer () . Layer properties manager ( ) , (. . 4.22, ).
. Show
filter tree ( )
() (. . 4.22, ).
. 4.22

() ()

% V

CuwrtlwerO

; Slat Nor*

On

-> &>
*. tjjrmste

Z 52**"

g
9

Lock Coto
',.

* : UieWe

1 *14!

i 1|

biue

"aa ii I **.

f|

*'. ,

Oefwri :./:-i ;;
DefejK , ;:;;

Csn-JTO^
,

| wfctie
1

1! 5
.s

;,.
^

* ~ ^ j j /,\ ^

1 tijc

PW Style ft Dcr(4ion

C*a

0
|-~ tjj**

Lnewei^t

Oefjah

;;. '

^,

)11 * fe
M I

20 layeti dof^V! d 20 it^l l*eti

Slot rJame

On

I Leek Color

Free

De*ra.ns
4JU ^_!!

9
^J

@
g|

> es.t>au*r

. * _:'

i i >*

I f'e^

: i *

At 20 lajei t
Invert !

Une<eight

.PWSWe

<*">

Plot Dr. ipdMl

'."

I v*
1 Hue

Show Fiigrs'in Layer list * *

!! j * , s

MM*

M
'3

cgJJMert

Lnetype

nit,' *j "|, |

to

%ZZ

Debts Layer
Change Desfripriar}

5efcctAI
| fed

Our.-JOL!

| jrt^fl

^CTttPUOVJ

MM

OMTAI

' S

1
S

Select A l b K Current
;
|

Invert Selects
Invert Layer F i l e
Layer Filters

'.

137

4.6.

.
:
" All (): .
" All used layers ( ): , .
Xref (): (. 11.9), . , (. . 4.23). Xref ()
.
.

. 4.23

All Used Layers


Xtef
11-04-1
11-04-2

A04-01.dwg, ,
: ug, eg og. ,
,
.
* Invert filter ( ): (
), . ,
,
.
+ Apply to layers toolbar ( ):
( ),
Layers () .
(. . 4.24), ,
( Visibility ()). .
All () , . . .
( Lock ()). (. 16),
( Viewport ( )). ,
, , , .
. , .

138

4.

. 4.24

Visibility
Lock
Viewport
Isolate Group

New Properties Filter,..


New Group Filter
Convert to Group Filter

Delete
Properties...

. (
), , *masse, , masse, , eg_masse, ug_masse dg_masse. .
New property filter ( ):
^

. . . 4.25 Mauern ().
, mauer ( *mauer),
Continuous. Filter
preview ( ) , .
.
. 4.25

* m >*M>
<& *

CeminuDU*
Contanucut

JI

PtaS

Default *.
DabuH C*lr.

L_H

New group filter ( ): %


, , .
. , . ,
Select layers ( ), Add ( ) (. . 4.26).
.
. Replace ( ),
.

139

4.7.

. 4.26

</

Cumntl 0

| Slat Nam

, iren

On

Frees*

'!

I Lock: Ufa
' f t f l ' l e
*b V"fle*

. Uwtyi
^ *

PWSIjA PM'DMcnption
Defeull

1tcle &jp

i. ifplayedc* 20 total layers

:
1. A04-01.dwg .
2. , , .
3. , .
4. , ,
.
L04-01.dwg .

4.7.
System () Startup ( )
Options () Show startup dialog box (
), AutoCAD New ()
.


New () Use a wizard ( ) .
Select a wizard ( ) :
Advanced setup ( ):
. Next
(), Back ().
Finish () .
1. Units (): , .
2. Angle (): .
3. Angle measure ( ): .

140

4.

4.

Angle direction ( ):
( ) .
5. Area ( ): .
,
Units () Limits ().
Quick setup ( ): .
1. Units (): ,
.
2. Area ( ): .
:
.
,
,
Units () Limits ().

, , , .

5.1.
, .


New ()
(. . 5.1) .

. 5.1

Create Hew Drawing

Use a Template

Select a Template:
Acad -named plot styles.dwt
Acaddwt

Ansi a (portrait) -color dependent plot styles, dwt


Ansi a (portrait) -named plot styles.dwt
Ansi a -color dependent plot styles.dwt
1
Template Description
Normal international (metric) drawing template. Uses Color Dependent Plot
Styles.

Startup ( ) (. .4), ,
(. . 5.2).
Acad.dwt, Acadiso.dwt Aclt.dwt, Acltiso.dwt .
\Documents and 55\\1 settings\Autodesk\AutoCAD 2006\R16.2\enu
\Template.
, , Browse () Startup ( ),
.

5.

142
. 5.2
Startup (
)

Use a Template

I Acadiso.dwt
I Ansi a {portrait) -color dependent plot styles, dwt 11
I1 Ansi a (portrait] -named plot styles, dwt
I i Ansi a -color dependent plot styles.dwt
-$4

.:..

| B/owse...

j
r Template Description
g Normal international (metric) drawing template. Uses Named Plot Styles.

:
1. New () Kompendium.dwt .
2. Saveas ()
POl.dwg .
3. , .


. . 5.3, .
. 5.3

- *

,
Z01-08.dwg .

5.2.

143

5.2.
, 3,
. , .

1. 45.
2. . Endpoint (), Intersection (), Quadrant (), Center
(), Midpoint () uEXTension (). AutoCAD , AutoCAD LT .
3. Kontur () .
4. Line () , 50,105. : 90 , 64 (. . 5.4).
.
Command: _line
Specify first point: 50,105
Specify next point or [Undo]: 90
Specify next point or [Undo]: 64
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
:
: 50, 105
[]: -
, 90
(Enter)
[]: -
, 64
(Enter)
[/]: - , .
, . AutoCAD LT , 90 (Enter)
[/]:
3
5. , 56
. . 5.4.
6. AutoCAD , AutoCAD LT , .
Command: _line
Specify first point: 56

144
Specify
Specify
Specify
Specify
Specify
Specify

5.
next
next
next
next
next
next

point
point
point
point
point
point

or
or
or
or
or
or

[Undo]: 135
[Undo]: 3.5
[Close/Undo]
[Close/Undo]
[Close/Undo]
[Close/Undo]

@-l,16.5
88

:
: Pi, , 56 AutoCAD LT
50,225
[]: -
, 135
[]: -
, 3.5
[/]:
2, . ,
' . AutoCAD LT @45<0 [/]: @-1,16.5.
[/]: - ,
88
[/]:

. 5.4

13S

~~

2
1

50.105,_/

90

5.3.
. ,
.

Offset ()
Offset () ,
. . :

5.3.

145

"* Modify () Offset ().


" Offset () Modify ().
:
Command: _offset
Current settings: Erase source=No Layer=Source OFFSETGAPTYPE=0
Specify offset distance or [Through/Erase/Layer] <1.0000>:
:
: = = OFFSETGAPTYPE=0
[//]< >:
.
* :
Command: _offset
Current settings: Erase source=No Layer=Source OFFSETGAPTYPE=0
Specify offset distance or [Through/Erase/Layer] <1.0000>: 5
Select object to offset or [Exit/Undo] <Exit>:
Specify point on side to offset:
:
: = = OFFSETGAPTYPE=0
[//]
< >: , , 5
[/] <>:
, :

( ).
. , . Enter. Undo ()
.
* :
Command: _offset
Current settings: Erase source=No Layer=Source OFFSETGAPTYPE=0
Specify offset distance or [Through/Erase/Layer] <1.0000>: t
Select object to offset or [Exit/Undo] <Exit>:
Specify through point:
:
: = = OFFSETGAPTYPE=0
[//]
< >:
[/] <>:
:

5.

146

. ,
.
. Enter .
Erase () ( ). Layer ()
(Current) (Source).
:
1. Offset (). , 58 (.
. 5.5) .
2. Offset (). , 10
(. . 5.5) .
2

. 5.5

\..;
58

5.4.
.
.



, Trim () .
:
+ Modify (), Trim ().
"" Trim () Modify ().
:
Command: _trim
Current settings: Projection=UCS, Edge=None
Select cutting edges ...
Select objects:
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or
[Fence/Crossing/Project/Edge/eRase/Undo]:

5.4.

147

:
: = =
...
:
[////. /]:
, , .
.
IN

* :
Enter. ,
(. . 5.6 ). . , (.
. 5.6 ). , :

Object does not intersect an edge.


.

Undo (), .
" :
. . Enter,
( , ).,
(. . 5.6 ).
Trim () :
Projection (): , (. 20). . Projection () .
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or
[Fence/Crossing/Project/Edge/eRase/Undo]: p
Enter a projection option [None/Ucs/View] <Ucs>:

[/////]:
[//] <>:
(. ) .
Edge (): , , ( No extend ( )), ( Extend ( )).
Extend ( ) . 5.6 .
Fence (): ,
. (Enter ).

5.

148

. 5.6

Trim
()
)

) :

Crossing (): , .
.
Erase (): .
Undo (): .
> :
Shift , (. Extend ()) .
. Shift - .
:
1. . 5.7.
1

. 5.7

_
/
4 /



. Extend (),
:
| Modify () Extend ().
!# Extend () Modify () .

149

5.4.

Trim ():
Command: _extend
Current settings: Projection=UCS, Edge=None
Select boundary edges ...
Select objects:
Select object to extend or shift-select to trim or
[Fence/Crossing/Project/Edge/Undo]:
:
:
=
...
;

[////]:
, Trim (),
:
+ : Enter.
, (. . 5.8
). , :
No edge in that direction.
.
Undo (), .
| :
Enter,
(. . 5.8 ).
, . Undo () Extend (). Trim () (. . 5.8 ).
. 5.8

Extend ()

) :

5.

150

:
Shift , (. ). Shift .
:
1. (. . 5.9).
. 5.9

\_J_

,,.

5.5.
Fillet () Chamfer () .


Fillet () .
.
:
+ Modify () Fillet ().
" Modify () Fillet
().
:
Command: _fillet
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 10.00
Select first object or [Undo/Polyline/Radius/Trim/Multiple]:
:
: = , = 10.00

[////] :
,
, , . , , .
Radius ().
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius =10.00
Select first object or [Undo/Polyline/Radius/Trim/Multiple]:r
Specify fillet radius <10.00>:
: = , = 10.00

151

5.5.

[////]:
<10.00>:
( , ), . ,
, .
, 0. , . , .
.
:
HI* , .
in* ,
.
HI*
Shift.
I* Polyline () .
7.1 7.2.
|"* Undo () () .
in* Multiple () .
:
1. (. . 5.10).
.
. 5.10

"

Jy

5.

152


Chamfer () .
:
Modify () Chamfer ().
| Modify () Chamfer ().
Fillet ():
Command: _chamfer
(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Distl = 10.00, Dist2 = 10.00
Select first line or
[Undo/Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/mEthod/Multiple]:
:
( ) : 1 = =
10.00, 2 = 10.00

[//////]:
. , , - . ,
Fillet (), .
, , .

Chamfer ():
Distance ():
.
Select first line or
[Undo/Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/mEthod/Multiple]: d
Specify first chamfer distance <10.00>: 5
Specify second chamfer distance <5.00>:

[//////]:

<10.00>: 5
<5.00>:
Angle (): .
Select first line or
[Undo/Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/mEthod/Multiple]: a
Specify chamfer length on the first line <0.00>:
Specify chamfer angle from the first line <0.0>:
[/////
/]:
<0.00>:
, <0.00>:

5.6.

153

Method (): . .
Select first line or
[Undo/Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/mEthod/Multiple]: m
Enter trim method [Distance/Angle] <Angle>:

[//////]:

[/] <>:
, :
Command: _chamfer
(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Length = 20.00, Angle = 4 5 . 0
Select first line or
[Undo/Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/mEthod/Multiple]:
:
( ) :
= = 20.00, =45.00

[//////]:

&- :
# .
" .
, .
" Shift.
" Polyline ()
. 7.1. 7.2.
I*- Undo () () .
> Multiple () .

/3<_
^~^

:
1. (. . 5.10).
.
2. = 1 = 60.

5.6.
, , . .

154

5.

/^

: ,

1. 4 , .
.
2. , 1 (. .
5.11) , , Trim (). ,
.
3. 2 Trim
() (. . 5.11).

. 5.11

1.
, .
. (. . 5.12).
2. 8.5 . .
3. (. . 5.12).

. 5.12

5.7.
AutoCAD
. , -

5.7.

155

,
, .

Xline ()
Xline ()
, ,
.
:
Draw () Construction line ().
! Construction line () Draw
().
Command: _xline
Specify a point or

[Hor/Ver/Ang/Bisect/Offset]:

:
[////]:
,
. (), Ver () Ang () , .
.
, ,
. Bisect () .
Xline () ,
Offset (). Offset (). , ,
.
Command: _xline
Specify a point or [Hor/Ver/Ang/Bisect/Offset]:
Specify, offset distance or [Through] <0.00>: 5
Select a line object:
Specify side to offset:
[////]:

[] <>: ,
, 5
:
: ,

:
Specify a point or [Hor/Ver/Ang/Bisect/Offset]:
Specify offset distance or [Through] <5.00>: t
Select a line object:
Specify through point:
[////]:

/
[] <>:

5.

156

:
: ,
( , . .)
Xline () ,
, Enter.
:
, . . .
. , . .

Ray ()
Ray () ,
. . :
* Draw () Ray ().
Command: _ray
Specify start point:
Specify through point:
Specify through point:
:
:
:
:
,
.
:
1. Endpoint () Intersection
().
2. 1
(. . 5.13).
3. 2 (2) .
4. . , .
5. , . Trim () Extend ().
( ) , . 5.13.
:
1. 70 1 (. . 5.14).
Center ().
2 11.

5.7.

157

2. , , :
160 20.
3. PL . 5.14.
4. . . , . 5.14.
:

1. 23 113
, . . 1 (. . 5.15). Midpoint ().
2. . Midpoint (), .
Offset (), 4.5 .
. 5.13

. 5.14


. 5.15

113

5.

158

5.8.
. AutoCAD
.

Arc ()
Arc () Circle ().
. . , .
:
Draw (), Arc (),
.

"* Arc () Draw ()


Arc () .
, , 3 Points ():
Command: _arc
Specify start point of arc or [Center]:
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End]:
Specify end point of arc:
:
[]:
[/] :
:
, :
Command: _
Specify start point of arc or [Center] :
Specify center point of arc:
Specify start point of arc:
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length]: a
Specify included angle:
:
[]:
:
:
[/ ]:
:
.
:
3 Points (3 ): , , . . 5.16 .
Start, Center, End (--): ,
. .
. , ,
. ( ) (. . 5.16 ).

5.8.

159

Start, Center, Angle (--): ,


. , (. . 5.16 ).
Start, Center, Length (--): , . . , , (. . 5.16 d).
Start, End, Angle (--): ,
. , (. . 5.16 ).
Start, End, Direction (--): , . ,
(. . 5.16 f).
Start, End, Radius (--): , . ,
, .
(. . 5.16 g).
Center, Start, End (--):
, .
, . Start, Center, End (-), .
Center, Start, Angle (--): Start, Center, Angle (--) .
. 5.16

) 3

) , ,

) , ,

d) , ,

) , ,

.' 45- \

f) , ,

) , ,

.*

/ \

=10

^__
^

=-10

160

5.

Center, Start, Length (--): Start, Center, Length


(--) .
Continue (): . .
:
1. 1.5 .
2. , 3 Points (3 ), PI, P2 (, .
5.17). 5.
3. .
4. .
Line () Quadrant ().
5.
( ). 2 . .
6. Offset () .
. .
7. . 5.17. - , Z01-02.DWG .

. 5.17

PI

_2

UP3

5.9.
AutoCAD . AutoCAD , (),
().
:

'*- .

"" .
'" .
' . .
" ,
, *, :

5.9.

161

Command: _line
Specify first point: *100,50
Specify next point or [Undo]: @*30<45
:
: *100,50
[]: @*30<45 ..

,

: UCS () UCSII ( II) (. . 5.18).
. 5.18

. . .
20.
UCS ()
, .
:
*- Tools (), Move UCS ( ), New UCS
( ) Orthographic UCS ( ) ( -),
.
UCS () UCSII ( II).
UCS () UCS () . :
Command: _ucs
Current ucs name: *WORLD*
Enter an option
[New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/Save/
Del/Apply/?/World] <World>:
:
: **
[////
////?/] <>:
Tools () UCS ():
New (), Origin (): . , :

6 AutoCAD 2006

162

5.

Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/Save/Del/


Apply/?/World] <World>: n
Specify origin of new UCS or [ZAxis/3point/0Bject/Face/View/X/Y/Z]
<0,0,0>:

[//////
//?/] <>:
[///////]
,<0, 0, 0>:

Move UCS origin (): t p Z. , (.
) . ,
, Unnamed ( ).
Enter an option
[New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/Save/Del/Apply/?/World]
<World>: m
Specify new o r i g i n p o i n t or [Zdepth]<0,0,0>:
[////
////?/] <>:

[ Z] <0, 0, 0>:
ZDepth (),
Z . Move UCS origin ()
UCSII ( II), Tools ().
New (), X/Y/Z:
. Z.
Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/Save/Del/
Apply/?/World] <World>: n
Specify origin of new UCS or [ZAxis/3point/OBject/Face/View/X/Y/Z]
<0,0,0>: z
Specify rotation angle about Z axis <90.0>:
[////
////?/] <> :

[Zocb//// /X/Y/Z]
,<0, 0, 0>: Z Z
Z <90.0>:

,
0.
World (): .
Prev (): .
.

163

5.9.

Save (): .
Enter an o p t i o n [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/Save/
Del/Apply/?/World] <World>: s
Enter name t o save c u r r e n t UCS or [ ? ] :
[////
////?/] <>:

[ ? ] :
? .
Restore (): . , ?, .
Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/Save/
Del/Apply/?/World] <World>: r
Enter name of UCS t o r e s t o r e or [ ? ] :
" [////
////?/] <>:

[?]:

Del (): .
(. ),
UCS ().
:
1. ( (), Origin ()). 25
1 (. . 5.19).
2. 45 Z.
3. TASTEN ().
4. 45. . X 45, Y 135.
.
5. .
6. .

. 5.19


TASTEN ()

Y
\

25

5.

164

:
, ,
UCSII (). (. . 5.20) (. 20).
. 5.20
UCS ( II)


UCS () (. . 5.21).
UCSman ().
:
!"# Tools (), Named UCS ( ).
"|* Display UCS dialog ( )
UCS () UCSII ( II).
. 5.21
, Named UCS
( )

| Named UCSs DrtbographicUCSsi: Satags;


j

CuientUCS: TASTEN

I ! #Waid
i P Pievkws
.
draufsicht
I i jchnitt

:
" Named UCS ( ): (. . 5.21).
.

5.9.

165

.
Set current ().
Details
(), (. . 5.22),
Relative to () .
. 5.22

SUCS Details
Name: TASTEN
. . XAxis
' 107.00

Y Aab
X: -071

' | K .

. Y: 137.00

Y: U71

j z ooo

; 2 0.00

ZAsis
'/ X 0.00

Y: 0.71

Y: 0-00

2: 0.00

: z too

Relative to:
| World

" Orthographic UCS ( ): -. 20.7.


* Settings (): (. . 5.23)
. On ()
. Display at UCS origin point
( ) ,
. ,
. Apply to all
active viewports ( )
(
). 16.1 16.3.
-.
. 5.23
, Settings
()

rilCl Iran tings

0Qn

SDoplayal UCS o g n point

elective viewports

r UCS settings

0 S a v e u c s *it h viewport

D Update VBW to Plan when UCS is changed

:
.
, . ,
. ,
, (.
20.7).

5.

166

:
1. .
2. .
3. UCS () New () .
4. UCSman (). Unnamed () (. . 5.24). Schnitt () Enter. ( ) .
5. Tasten () .

. 5.24

Named UCSs j Orthographic iJCSsl Settings

:
1. , Tasten (). . 5.25.
2. Rectangle ().
Command: _rectang
Specify f i r s t corner point or
[Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]: 1.1
Specify other corner point or [Dimensions]: 611/11
:
[////]:
[]: 011,11

1.1

3. Offset () ( 0.5 ).
4. .

. 4.5 (.
. 5.25). AutoCAD LT ,
.

5.10.

. 5.25

167

5.10.
,
.


() . :
! Modify (), ().
" Copy object ( ) Modify
().

Command: _
Select objects:
Specify base point or displacement:
Specify second point of displacement or .<use f i r s t point as
displacement:
:
:
:
< >:
( ). , ,
. . , .
, Enter, . :
Specify base point or displacement: 100, 50
Specify second point of displacement or <use f i r s t point as
displacements 150, 200
: 100, 50
< >:
150, 200

5.

168

Specify base point or displacement: 50, 150


Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as
displacements Enter
: 50, 150
< >:
Enter

. ,
, Enter.
Command: _
Select objects:
Specify base point or displacement:
Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as ,
displacements
Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as
displacements Enter
:
:
:
< >:
< >:
Enter

:
"
, . ,
. .
>
| * .
. - ,
.
. .

:
1. (),
.
2. ,
13 .
Tasten () , X.
.

5.11.

169

5.11.
Rotate ()
( ) .

Rotate ()
:
* Modify (), Rotate ().
" Rotate () Modify ().

f~\
^ ^

Command: _rotate
Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=0
Select objects:
;
Specify base point:
*
Specify rotation angle or [Copy/Reference]:
:
: ANGDIR = :
ANGBASE = 0.0
:
:
[/ ] :
. . .
, .
Reference ( ): :
Specify rotation angle or [Copy/Reference]::
Specify the reference angle :
Specify the new angle:

[/ ]:

'
< 0 . 0 > :
:

. ,
, . , (. . 5.26).
(): . .

:
1. , .
2. Rotate () Reference ( )
.

5.

170
5 2 6

'


)
1

5.12.
Move ().
, (), .

Move ()
:
* Modify () Move ().
||>* M o v e ( ) M o d i f y (Pe).

ti,
LlJ.

Command: _move
Select objects:
Specify base point or [Displacement] :
Specify second point of displacement or <use f i r s t point as
displacement :
:
:
[]:
< >:
, (), , .
:
1. 5 .
2. .

5.13.
Mirror () .
, .

5.13.

171

Mirror ()
:
* Modify () Mirror ().
" Mirror () Modify ().
Command: _mirror
Select objects:
Specify f i r s t point, of mirror l i n e :
Specify second point of m i r r o r ' l i n e :
Delete source objects? [Yes/No] <N>:
:
:
:
:
?[/] <>:
,
(. . 5.27). , , .
. 5.27

:

,
MIRRTEXT 0. 1, .
:
1. . Tasten
() , X. Mirror (), .

5.

172

2. , X . .
3. , . . 5.28. Array (), 7.

. 5.28

:
1. . , .
.
(), Trim (), Extend () Offset (). . 5.29. ,
nCKSchnitt ().

. 5.29

2. , . , 6.1 8.2.
3. , ,
. 5.29.
4.
.
Arc () Start, End, Radius (--).
,
Z01-03.DWG .

5.14.
Scale () .

5.14.

173

Scale () :
" Modify () Scale ().
||* Scale () Modify ().
Command: _scale
Select objects:
Specify base point:
Specify scale factor or [Copy/Reference]
:
:
:
[/ ]:
, Rotate (). , . ,
. .
. , , , , , .
. . ,
.
Reference ( ): .
(. . 5.30). ,
.
Specify scale factor or [Copy/Reference]:
Specify reference length <1>:
Specify new length:

[/ ]:
<1>:
:
():
.
. 5.30

0.8

1 -

: 80

5.

174

5.15. .

. , 5
,
.
Stretch () . :
"# Modify () Stretch ().
* Stretch () Modify () .
,
. -,
Crossing () CPolygon (-).

, Crossing ().
: , , . , , , , . , ,
, , . . , , , . :
Command: _stretch'
. Select objects to stretch by crossing-window or crossing-polygon...
Select objects:
Specify opposite corner:
7 found
Select objects:
Specify base point or [Displacement] :
Specify second point of .displacement or <use first point as
displacement:
:

...
:
:
7
: Enter
[]:
:
, ()
Move ().

175

5.16.

:
1. . (.
. 5.31). .
2. (. . 5.28).
. 5.31

20 -

. 5.28.
Z01-03.DWG.

5.16.
AutoCAD Line (). , . Mittellinien ().
Kontur
(). Lengthen ().
:
1. Mittellinien () .
Perpendicular ().
2. . 5.32 .
. 5.32

5.

176

Lengthen ()
, ,
. , . . . Lengthen () .
:
* Modify (), Lengthen ().
Command: _lengthen
Select an object or

[DElta/Percent/Total/DYnamic]:

:
[///]:
:
* DElta (): .
|* Percent (): .
I* Total (): .
in* DYnamic ():
.
:
S e l e c t an o b j e c t or [DElta/Percent/Total/DYnamic]: t
Specify t o t a l l e n g t h or [Angle] <90.00)>: a
[///]:
,
[] <1.00>:

Angle (), :
Specify t o t a l angle <40>: 60
<4 0>: ,60
,
:
S e l e c t an o b j e c t

t o change or

[Undo]:

[]:
,
. , . , . . , .

5.17.

177

:
1. Lengthen () DElta ()
10. (.
. 5,33).
. 5.33

5.17.
, , .
-.

View ()
View () , ,
. :
"" View () Named views ( ).
Named views ( )
View ().
View () . Named views ( ) (. . 5.34).
. 5.34


Hegots

Diaiiticht
QMMM

Lxei
Model
Model
Model

VP

La.

UCS

P.
OH

draught Off
& World Off

5.

178

: View () , . .
Set current ().
.
, ,
( ),
(. 20 21,
-).
Details ():
(. . 5.35). Relative to ()
, .

. 5.35

View Details
Name: Schnitl.
Direction

,-Area- ;--' Width: 150.07

Target
X: 0.00

X: U00

I Height 38.74

Y: 0.00

Y: 0.00

! Twist 0,00

Z: 0.00

2:1.00
Perspective

- Dipping
Front Offset: 0.00 Off

Lens Length 50. Off

Back Offset 0.00 Off

Relative to:
Wuld

New (): ,
(. . 5.36). . , :
Current display ( ) Define window ( ). Current display ( ), . Define window ( ) .
,
. ,
.

. 5.36

View categay j 2D-v

- uent dfeplsy

0&*?e.

.Settings
( 3 Store Cunent {.aim Settings with V
0 Save UCS win

5.17.

179

Save UCS with view ( ),


,
. .
UCS nanie ( ):
. , View ()
.
Edit boundaries ():
(. . 5.37). ,
. ,
. ,
Enter.
View ().
. 5.37

View ()
:

View (). . , (. . 5.38).
. 5.38


View ()

:
1. Draufsicht
( ). Schnitt () .
2. View ()
:

5.

180

Draufsicht ( )

Draufsicht ( )

Gesamt ()

Schnitt ()

Schnitt ()

3. . ,
.
,
. , . 5.33. . Z01-04.dwg .
.

5.18.
,
, .

Redraw () Redrawall ( )
Redraw () , . Redrawall ( ) ,
( ). , . Redraw () :
"" View (), Redraw ().
Redraw () Redrawall ( ) .

Regen () Regenall ( )
, . (. . ) .
, . Regen ()
.
,
. Regenall ( ) .
:
""* View (), Regen () Regen All (
).
.

5.19.

181

5.19.

.
, .

Clearscreenon ( )
Clearscreenon ( )
AutoCAD . :
* View () Clear screen ( ).
. , (. . 5.39).
! * . . " ~ - ' - -:

> V

. 5.39. Clear screen ( )

Clearscreenoff ( )
Clearscreenoff ( )
. :
| View () Clear screen ( ).
, .

.
File () .
,
, . 5.33. , Z01-04.dwg
.

6.1.
. AutoCAD . ,
.

Bhatch ()
Bhatch (), . , . :
" Draw () Hatch ().
""* Hatch () Draw ().
, (. . 6.1).
:
Hatch (): . ( Acadiso.pat Acltiso.pat ,
Acad.pat Aclt.pat ).
"" (): Predefined ( ),
.
User defined ( ) ,
.

6. ,

184
. 6.1

Ha*

(Gradient

Type and pattern


type:

{Predefined

V |

Eaton;

JANGLE

V Q

Swatch:

tttttttttttibtbtl
f

'

Add: P i * points

jj|]

Add Select obiecis

Angle and scale


Af^e:

Scale
|

Options

Deate sepatate batches

order:
:::i Send behind boundary

./ Hitchorajn

,Y:

. tnhertPmperties

; 0 Use curenj origin


\ Specified origin

Caned j [

Help

Custom ( ) ,
*.pat .
"* Pattern (): .
Pattern () Swatch ()
(. . 6.2).
. 6.2

Hatch Paltern Palette


(

ISO

| OlhM Piedefrad

ARBB8

1 AR-HBONE

AR-SAND

AR-6816

AR-BB1GC

ARBRELM

AR-BRSTD

AR-CONC

AR-PARQ1

ARRROOF

ARflSHKE

SOX

BRASS

BRICK

: ,
ANSI ISO, (Other predefined
( )) , -

185

6.1.

( Custom ()).
(.
. 6.1).
Angle (), Scale () Spacing (): Predefined () Custom
(). . Scale
() . ,
, 1:1,
1. , AR, , , , 0.1 .
, , , .
Angle () . ,
0 , . ,
ANSI31 45 ( Angle ()
0). 45, ANSI31 .
Scale () Angle ()
.
User defined ( ), Angle ()
. Spacing ()
User defined ( ).
(. . 6.3).

. 6.3
Hatch ()

SiHalch and Gradient


i Hatch j Gradient
jj|j

I .-Tj"pe and (MJMtrvjUsadefned

;>t|

AddRckpwIt

j j j j n Add. Selecl objech

,' Angle and scale


A n f l l e

[0

DOoyble
Spacing:

| Create separate batch


Diaa aider:
' i Send behind boundary

; Use curterj origin


Specified origin

* Double ( ) User
defined ( ).
90 .

186

6. ,

Hatch origin ( )
.
, ( 0,0).
. Click to set new
origin ( ) . Default to boundary extents ( )

. Store as Default Origin ( ) .
.
Hatch ().
(. . 6.4).
. 6.4

Islands ():
(. . 6.5). . Normal () . ,
, .
, . . Outer ()
, Ignore ()
. Normal () Outer
() .
. 6.5

.
)

187

6.1.

in* Object type ( ): (. ) AutoCAD , *


. Retain boundaries ( ),
(. 7.1 7.2) (. 8.6-8.10).
Boundary set ( ):
(. ) ,
.
.
New () , .
:
.
. , , , (. . 6.6).
. 6.6

)
1-
2-

:
"* Add: Pick points ( ):
. ,
.

Pick i n t e r n a l point or [Select objects/remove Boundaries]:


.[ /]:

. . ,
. (. . 6.6 ).
.
Enter .

AutoCAD (. . 6.7).
- ( Advanced (), Gap tolerance ()).

188
. 6.7

6. ,
Boundary Definition Error
Valid boundary not found.

The boundary is not dosed, or a boundary


object Is not accessible.
:
Try one of the following: .
- Zoom out until at boundaries are visible
- Increase the gap tolerance system varial
(HWAPTCH).
..;
:.
: - Cancel the command and make sure at
boundary objects form a closed area.

HI* Add: Select objects ( ): |1


.
^^
S e l e c t o b j e c t s or [picK i n t e r n a l point/remove B o u n d a r i e s ] :
. [ /]:
, , , . . .
, , (. . 6.6 ).
Enter,
.
* Remove boundaries ( ):
. . , .
Enter.
* Recreate boundaries ( ): - r r i
( - ^'
).
HI* View selections ( ):
.
|* Inherit properties ( ):
.
( ).

, .
Inherit options ( )
( ).
"'* Options ( ): ,
. Hatchedit (). , , ,
Associative ( ).
Create separate hatches ( ),
,

6.1.

189

.
.
"* Preview ():
, . :
Pick or press Esc to return to dialog or <Right-click to accept
hatch>:

Esc, , <>
, >:

: , , ( Preview ())
.
Enter () Enter .
, ( ),
.
:
1. Schnitt () Hatch (). Mittellinien (),
.
2. Bhatch () ANSI31 1. . .
3. 0. PI, P2 (. . 6.8)
.
. , .
4. Bhatch ().
, 90. , . 4 5 (. . 6.8).
5. Bhatch (). . 6 .
Mittellinien ().

. 6.8

6. ,

190

Hatchedit (Peduimpux)
, Hatchedit (), :
* Modify (), Object () Hatch ().
* Edit hatch () Modify II
( II).
, .
.
:
* Hatchedit ().
,
(. 13.1).
:
1. Hatchedit () , 0.70, .
. 6.9

2. . 6.9. , .
.
3. Gesamt (). . Z01-05.DWG.

6.2.
,
.

, Id ()
:
" Tools (), Inquiry () Id point
().
"* Locate point () Inquiry ()

6.2.
Command: _id
Specify point: X=92.5

191

Y = 120.00

Z = 0.00

:
: ,
=92.5 Y = 120.00
Z = 0.00
,
Units (). .
, .

, Dist ()

Dist (), :
mi*- Tools (), Inquiry () Distance
().
* Distance () Inquiry
().
Command: ^
Specify f i r s t p o i n t :
Specify second p o i n t :
Distance = 61.15,
Angle in XY Plane = 323.9,
Angle from XY Plane = 0.0
Delta X = 49.43,
Delta Y = - 3 6 . 0 1 ,
Delta Z = 0.00
:
:
:
= 61.15, XY =323.9,
. XY = 0.0
X = 49.43, Y = - 3 6 . 0 1 , Z = 0.00

. Angle in XY Plane ( XY)
, X. ,
Angle from XY Plane ( XY) 0. , XY.

, Area ()
Area (),
:
* Tools (), Inquiry () Area ().
Area () Inquiry ().

192

6. ,

, .
,
. , .
Command: _
Specify f i r s t corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract]:
Specify next corner point or press ENTER for t o t a l :
:
[//]:
ENTER :
,
,
Enter.
Specify next corner p o i n t or p r e s s ENTER for
Area = 204.19, Perimeter = 68.58

total:

ENTER : Enter
- 204.19, = 68.58
. . , .
Add/Subtract (/):
, , .
.
.
Command: _
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract]: a
Specify first corner point or [Object/Subtract]:
Specify next corner point or press ENTER for total (ADD mode):
Specify next corner point or press ENTER for total (ADD mode):
Specify next corner point or press ENTER for total (ADD mode): Enter
Area = 806.61, Perimeter = 114.12
Total area = 806.61
Specify first corner point or [Object/Subtract]: s
:
[//]:

[/]:
(
):
(
):
(
): Enter
= 806.61, 114.12
= 806.61
[/]:

6.2.

193



. , . ,
Object ().

Object (): , . , :
Command: _area
Specify f i r s t corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract]:
Select objects:
Area = 288.94, Circumference = 60.26
:
[//]:

= 288.94,

60.26

:
Area = 7 6 8 . 9 9 , L e n g t h = 1 8 4 . 7 1
= 7 6 8 . 9 9 , = 1 8 4 . 7 1
Add () Subtract ()
Object (). , , :
Command: _area
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract]: a
Specify first corner point or [Object/Subtract]:
Specify next corner point or press ENTER for total (ADD
Specify next corner point or press ENTER for total (ADD
Specify next corner point or press ENTER for total (ADD
Specify next corner point or press ENTER for total (ADD
Area = 739.94, Perimeter = 109.04
Total area = 739.94
Specify first corner point or [Object/Subtract]: s
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add]:
(SUBTRACT mode) Select objects:
Area = 19.63, Circumference = 15.71
Total area = 720.30
(SUBTRACT mode) Select objects: Enter
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add]: Enter

mode):
mode):
mode):
mode): Enter

:
[//]:
[/]:


( ):

( ):

( ):

7 AutoCAD 2006

194

6. ,

_ _

( ): Enter
= 739.94, 109.04
= 739.94
[/]:
[/]:
( ) :
= 19.63, = 15.71
= 720.30
( ) : Enter
[/]: Enter

:
1.
2. , Id ().
3. .

, List ()
,
List ().
, .
,
List () .
:
'"# Tools (), Inquiry (), List ().
"* List () Inquiry ().
Command: _list
Select objects:
:
:
. (AutoCAD text window).
,
Enter . F2 AutoCAD List (). .
:
Command: _list
Select objects:
CIRCLE
Layer: "KONTUR"
center
radius
circumference
area

Space: Model space


Handle = 405
point, X= 85.00 Y= 90 .00
Z=
15.00
94.25
706.86

0.0000

6.2.

195
LINE

Handle
from point,
to point,
Length = 87,00,
Delta X
Delta Z
:
:

:
:
, X = 85.00

15.00

94.25

706.86

Layer: "KONTUR"
Space: Model space
= 4DA
X= 137.00 ,Y= 110.00 Z=
0.0000
X= 50.00 Y= 110.00 Z=
0.0000
Angle in XY Plane =
180
= -87,00, Delta Y = 0,00,
=
0.0000

: ""

405
= 90.00
Z = 0.00

\
: ""
:

:
4DA
, X = 137.00
Y = 110.00
Z = 0.00
, X = 50.00
Y = 110.00
Z = 0.00

87.00, XY = 180
= -87.00, Y= 0.00, Z= 0.00

:
1. .

, Time
()
, Time ().
:
" Tools (), Inquiry () Time ().
Command: time
Current time:
4 July 2005 at 21:25:03:300
Times for this drawing:
Created:
2 July 2005 at 20:40:04:210
Last updated:
8 March 2005 at 13:24:52:620
Total editing time:
1 days 04:07:17.305
Elapsed timer (on):
1 days 04:07:17.335
Next automatic save in: <no modifications yet>
Enter option [Display/ON/OFF/Reset]:

196

6. ,

:
: 4 2005 , 21:25:03:300
:
: 2 2003 , 20:40:04:210
: 8 2005 , 13:24:52:620
: 1 , 04:07:17.305
(): 1 , 04:07:17.305
: < >

[///]
ON (), OFF () Reset () . Display ()
.

, Status ()
Status () , , , . .
F2 . :
* Tools (), Inquiry (), Status ().
. .
Command: status
236 objects in D:\ACAD_examples\P01-04.dwg
Model space limits are X:
-0.01
Y:
-0.01 (Off)
X:
420.01
Y:
297.01
Model space uses
X:
44.00
Y:
102.93
X:
191.00
Y:
251.50
Display shows
X:
64.18
Y:
ill.24
X:
289.75
Y:
184.00
Insertion base is
X:
0.00
Y:
0.00
Z:
0.00
Snap resolution is
X:
10.00
Y:
10.00
Grid spacing is'
X:
10.00
Y:
10.00
Current space:
Model space
Current layout:
Model
Current layer:
"KONTUR"
Current color:
BYLAYER - 1 (red)
Current linetype:
BYLAYER - "CONTINUOUS"
Current lineweight:
BYLAYER
Current elevation:
0.00 thickness:
0.00
Fill on Grid off Ortho off Qtext off Snap off Tablet off
Object snap modes:
Center, Endpoint, Intersection, Midpoint,
Quadrant, Extension
Free dwg disk (D:) space: 3402.4 Mbytes
Free temp disk (D:) space: 3402.4 Mbytes
Free physical memory: 49.8 Mbytes (out of 255.6M).
Free swap file space: 352.5 Mbytes (out of 618.8M).
:
334 C:\ Aufgaben\Z01-05.dwg
- : X: -0.00
X: 420.01

Y: -0.00
Y: 297.01

()

6.3.

197

- -

X:
44.00
Y:
102.93
X:
191.00
Y:
251.50
X:
64.18
Y:
111.24
X:
289.75
Y:
184.00

X:
0.00
Y:
0.00
Z:
0.00
X: 10.00
Y: 10.00
X: 10.00
Y: 10.00
:

:

:
"KONTUR"
:
1 ()
:
- "CONTINUOUS"
:

:
:
0.00 :
0.00
. .

:
, , ,
, ,
(D:) : 3402.4 MB
(D:) : 3402.4 MB
: 4 9.8 MB ( 255.6).
: 352.5 MB ( 618.8).

6.3.
. ,
AutoCAD . , , Dimension (), Dimension (- . 6.10).

. 6.10. Dimension ()
, .
, , , Scale () , ,
.
Dimassoc.


.
, , , , . ,
. ,
.

198

6. ,

AutoCAD , ,
.
/ .
, 5.1, . ,
Z01-05.DWG, . 9.6-9.8 .

6.4.
. .

Dimlinear ()
Dimlinear ()
. :
" Dimension () Linear ().
" Linear Dimension ( ) Dimension ().
Dimlinear () Dimlin () :
omma n d: dimlin
DIMLINEAR
Specify f i r s t extension l i n e o r i g i n or < s e l e c t

object>:

:
< >:
, :
. , :
Specify second extension line origin:
:
Enter,
AutoCAD .
Specify f i r s t extension line origin or <select
Select object to dimension:

object>:Enter

< >: Enter


:
(, ). . ( ) :

6.4.

199

Specify dimension line location or


[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]


[/////]:
. / utoCAD .
.
.
Horizontal () Vertical ().
, , . Rotated () :
Specify angle of dimension line <0>:
<0>:
, AutoCAD , :
Specify dimension line location or

[Mtext/Text/Angle]:

[//]:
, .
.
Dimension

text

=18.25
=18.25

, :
Mtext (): . AutoCAD

(. . 6.11).
, , ,
(. . 6.11). /
( ).

. 6.11

200

6. ,

. , 6, :
* ,
, .
* ,
%% (%% , ).
- , , , = .
. , . / , .
, .
Text (): , , :
Enter dimension text <10>: =
<10>: =
( ), .
Angle (): .
Specify angle of dimension text: 45

: 45
, .

:

, AutoCAD , .

Dimaligned ()
, , Dimaligned () , , , .
. , .
, Horizontal (), Vertical () Rotated ().
:
* Dimension () Aligned ().
||"* Aligned dimension ( ) Dimension ().

6.4.

201

:
Command: _dimaligned
Specify first extension line origin or <select object>:
Specify second extension line origin:
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]:
Dimension text = 10.51
:
< >:
:
[//]:
= 10.51
:
1. Masse () . ,
. Schraffur
().
2.
Intersection (), Endpoint (), Center () Quadrant
(). . .
3. (.
. 6.12).
4. (.
. 6.12).
5. (. . 6.12) .
. 6.12

:
, - /?
Dimarc. Dimension () Dimension ().
( ) .

202

6. ,

6.5.
AutoCAD , .
:

Dimbaseline ()
Dimbaseline () ,
. :
""+ Dimension () Baseline ().
" Baseline dimension ( ) Dimension ().

Dimcontinue ()
Dimcontinue () ,
, . . ,
( ). :
'" Dimension () Continue ().
! Continue dimension ( ) Dimension ().

, .
Command: dimbaseline dimcontinue
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>:
:
[/]

<>:


AutoCAD .
,
, .

Select (), Enter.
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>:
Select base dimension:
Select continued dimension:

[/] <>:
Enter
:
:

.
Select ()
.

6.6.

203

, Dimbaseline ()
, Dimcontinue () , . :
Specify a second extension l i n e origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>:
[/] <>:

, . Dimbaseline () .
.
,
Enter . ^ Undo ().
:
1. (. . 6.13).
2.
(. . 6.13).
.

. 6.13

6.6.
Dimradius ()
Dimdiameter ( ).

Dimradius ()
Dimradius () :
Dimension () Radius ().
Radius dimension () Dimension ().

204

6. ,

Dimdiameter ()
Dimdiameter () :
* Dimension () Diameter ().
" Diameter dimension ()
&>
Dimension ().
:
Command: dimradius dimdiameter
Select arc or circle:
:
:
, .
Dimension t e x t = 11.5
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]
= 11.5
[//]:
, . Mtext ()
, ,
Text (). Angle ()
. :
Specify dimension l i n e location or

[Mtext/Text/Angle]:

[//]:
, : . .
:
1. (. . 6.14).
:
,
(
), Dimjogged. Dimension ()
Dimension (). - ( ),
.

6.7.
. 6.14

205

) ^~

U,81
66,19

113
135

6.7.
Dimangular () .
:
Dimension () Angular ().
in* Angular dimension ( ) Dimension ().
,
, .
:

Command: _dimangular
Select arc, circle, line, or <specify vertex>:
:
, , < >:
(.

. 6.15 ).
Select second line:
:
AutoCAD . , . (. . 6.15 ).
, (. . 6.15 ). Enter,
(. . 6.15 d ):
Select arc, circle, line, or <specify vertex>: Enter
Specify angle vertex:
Specify first angle endpoint:
Specify second angle endpoint:

6. ,

206

, , < >:
Enter
:
:
:
, ,
:
Specify dimension a r c l i n e l o c a t i o n or
Dimension t e x t = 4 5

= 4 5

[Mtext/Text/Angle]:

[//]:

180
(. . 6.15 ). , .
Mtext
() , Angle
() . .
Dimcontinue
() Dimbaseline ().
. 6.15 d 6.15 .
:
1. A06-01.dwg .
2. , . 6.15.
. 6.15

d)

)

165'

L06-01.dwg, .
:
1. ,
(. . 6.16). .

6.8.

207

. 6.16

:
1. Hatch () .
.
2. , . 6.17.
. 6.17.

Z01-06.dwg.

6.8.
, .
AutoCAD : Dtext ()
Mtext (). Dtext () , , . , , . .
. Mtext ().
10.

6. ,

208

, . , Z01-06.dwg .

Dtext ()
Dtext ()
. :
*- Draw (), Text () Single line text
().
Single line text ()
"
Text ().
1^=
:
Command: d t e x t
Current t e x t s t y l e :
"STANDARD" Text h e i g h t :
2.50
Specify s t a r t p o i n t of t e x t or
[Justify/Style]:
:
: "" :
[/]:

2.50

. ,
.
Enter,
. ,
.
, :
Point or option keyword required.
Current text style: "STANDARD" Text height: 2.50
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]:
.
: "" : 2.50
[/]:

. ,
() .
Justify (): , Justify () (. . 6.18).
Current text style: "STANDARD" Text height: 2.50
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]:
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]: j
Enter an option
[Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR]:
: "" : 2,50
[/]:

[/////
////////]:

6.8.

209

. Right ()
, Center () ,
Middle () .
Align () .
, . Fit () , . ,
,
.
, :
TL ()

()
TR ()

ML ()

()

MR ()

BL ()

()

BR ()

:
[Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR]: mr
Specify middle-right point of text:
[/////
////////]:
:

. 6.18

^\
Q

\
/

Style ():
, .
. 10.

6. ,

210

Current t e x t s t y l e :
"STANDARD" Text h e i g h t :
3.50
Specify s t a r t p o i n t of t e x t or [ J u s t i f y / S t y l e ] : s
Enter s t y l e name or [?] <STANDARD>:
: "" : 3.50
[/]:
[?] <>:
. ?
Enter * , . Enter, . , ,
.
Specify height <3.50>:
Specify rotation angle of text <0.0>:
Enter text:
<3.50>:
<0.0>:
:
,
(. . 10) Align () ( , ).
. , Align () Fit (), , .
.
,
. , . Enter .
Enter , .
,
. %%.
%%d

%%

%%

/ ( )

%%nnn

ASCII- nnn

%%u

%%

. , (.
. 6.19).

6.9.

211

. 6.19


:
%%8
45%%d
20%%0.1
%%%%
%%%%


:
08
45*
200.1

:
1. Schrift ().
2. , . 6.20.
3. 5 , Dtext
() (. . 6.20).
4. . 6.20.
Z01-07.dwg .
5. . 15.1 , .
-

. 6.20

4- :

6.9.
AutoCAD , , ,
. . . ,
Ddedit ().

212

6. ,

Ddedit ()
.
:
* Modify (), Object (), Text (),
Edit ().
* Edit text ( )
Text ().
:,
Command: _ddedit
S e l e c t - a n a n n o t a t i o n o b j e c t or [Undo]:
:
[]:

( ), (. . 6.21). . . . .
.
. 6.21

| ]
Undo (), , .
Ddedit () .

, , .
7.

215

8. ,

263

9.

279

10.

313

11. , ,

337

12.

381

13. , AutoCAD

14. Windows AutoCAD

391
425

15. ,

439

16.

471

17.

499

18. -

. 513

19.

527

AutoCAD, , . .

7.1.
, ,
, , (
Line ()), AutoCAD .


. :
, .
"*
.
" * , . , 0,
.
, , , .
"" . Fillet
() Chamfer () .
" ,
Pedit ().
+ Area ()
Object () .

7.

216

Pline ()
Pline (), :
* Draw () Polyline ().
<+ Polyline () Draw ().
:
Command: _pline
Specify start point:
Current line-width is 0.0000
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
:
:
0.0000
[/// /
/]:

. AutoCAD , , 0,
Pline () . :
: , Line ().
Arc (): (. ).
Close (): . , .
Halwidth () Width (): .
Specify starting width <0.0000>:
Specify ending width <0.0000>:
<0.0000>:
<0.0000>:

Specify starting half-width <0.0000>:


Specify ending half-width <0.0000>:
<0.0000>:
<0.0000>:
= 0, . , , .
(. ), ( ).
Undo (): .

7.1.

217


Arc (), ,
.
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
Specify endpoint of arc or
[Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/Halfwidth/Line/Radius/Second
pt/Undo/Width]:

[/// /
/]:

[///////
//]
, Arc (),
. Angle (), Center (), Radius (), Direction () Second pt () , .
( ).
, ,
.
Width (), Halfwidth () Undo () . Close ()
. Line
() .

Fill ()
Fill ()
: . , .
Command: fill
Enter mode [ON/OFF] <0N>:
:
[/] <>:
, .

Regen ().

, Explode ()
Explode () . . :
" Modify () Explode ().
"" Explode () Modify ().

7.

218
Command: _explode
Select objects:
:
:

, , .

:
1. , . 7.1, . .
2. .
Command: _pline
Specify start point:
Current line-width is 0.0000
Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 50
:
:
0.00
[///
//]:
50
3. .
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: a
Specify endpoint of arc or
[Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/Halfwidth/Line/Radius/Second
pt/Undo/Width]: 25
[///
//]:

[////////
/]:
25
4. .
Specify endpoint of arc or
[Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/Halfwidth/Line/Radius/Second
pt/Undo/Width]: 1
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 50

[////////
/]:
[///
//]:
50
5. , .

7.1.

219

Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: a


Specify endpoint of arc or
[Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/Halfwidth/Line/Radius/Second
pt/Undo/Width]: cl
[///
//]:

[////////
/]: 3

6. .
Command: jpline
Specify start point:
Current line-width is 16.0000
Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 35
:
:
0.00
[///
//]:
35

7. .
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: a
Specify endpoint of arc or
[Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/Halfwidth/Line/Radius/Second
pt/Undo/Width]: 20
Specify endpoint of arc or
[Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/Halfwidth/Line/Radius/Second
pt/Undo/Width]: d
Specify the tangent direction for the start point of arc: 90
Specify endpoint of the arc: 20
[///
//]:

[////////
/]:
20

[////////
/]:
:
90 90
:
20
8. .

220

7.

Specify endpoint of arc or


[Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/Halfwidth/Line/Radius/
Second pt/Undo/Width]: 1
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 35
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: el

[////////
/]:
[///
//]:
35
[///
//]: 3

9. .
Command: _pline
Specify start point:
Current line-width is 0.0000
Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: w
Specify starting width <0.0000>: 0
Specify ending width <0.0000>: 10
Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 35
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
Specify starting width <10.0000>: 3
Specify ending width <10.0000>: 3
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
Specify starting width <3.0000>: 10
Specify ending width <10.0000>: 0
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
:
:
0.00
[///
//]:
<0.00>:
<0.00>:10
[///
//]:
35
[///
//]:
<10.00>: 3
<10.00>:3
[///
//]:
25
[///
//]:
<3.00>: 10
<3.00>:0

w
25
w
35
Enter

7.2.

221

[///
//]:
35
[///
//]: Enter
10. , .
. 7.1

........J

7.2.
.
, . Pedit ().


Offset () /
. , (. . 7.2).


Fillet () . ,
Polyline (),
.
Command: fillet
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 10.0000
Select first object or [Undo/Polyline/Radius/Trim/mUltiple]: p
Select 2D polyline:
4 lines were filleted

7.

222

:
: = , =10.00

[////]:

2 :
4
(. . 7.2).
:
Shift.


Chamfer () Polyline ().
Command: _chamfer
(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Distl = 10.0000, Dist2 = 10.0000
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]: p
Select 2D polyline:
4 lines were chamfered
:
( ) : 1= 10.00, 2 = 10.00

[/////]:
2 :
4
, (. . 7.2).
. 7.2

:
,

7.2.

223

:
Shift.


List () ,
. ,
() . Area ()
Object (), . ,
.

: ,
1. A07-01.dwg .
2. , . 7.2. 10 ,
4 5 .
3. .
L07-01.dwg.

Pedit ()
Pedit (),
:
|

*- Modify (), Object () Polyline ().

* Edit polyline ( ) Modify II ( II).


:
Command: _pedit
Select polyline or

[Multiple]:

:
[ ]:
, (
- - 21.1).
, :
Object selected is not a polyline
Do you want to turn it into one? <Y>
-
? <>
.

7.

224

:
Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit
vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]
[///
/// //]:
,
Enter.


.
.
Close () Open (): Close () . , Close () Open ().
Width (): (.
. 7.3) . (. ).
Ltype gen (): . ,
.


Join (): . ( ).
Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit
vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]: j
Select objects:
4 segments added to polyline
[///
/// //]:

:
4
. , . : , . .

:
(, ) Join.
Modify () Modify ().

7.2.

225


Fit (): .
,
, (. . 7.3). Tangent () Edit vertex () (. ) .
Spline (): Spline () ,
. . (. . 7.3).
Decurve ( ): , .

. 7.3

:
in*- , .
. Spline () . , , (.
13.5).
mi* SPLFRAME 1,
. . , SPLFRAME, Regen ().
:
1. pucyHOK'A07-02.dwg .
2. (.
. 7.3). SPLFRAME .

L07-02.dwg.

8 AutoCAD 2006

226

7.



Multiple ( ). :
Command: pedit
Select polyline or [Multiple]: m
Select objects:
:
[ ]:

:
, :
Convert Lines and Arcs to polylines

[Yes/No]? <Y>

? [/]? <>
. .
: , Join ().
Enter an option [Close/Open/Join/Width/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype
gen/Undo]: j
Join Type = Extend
Enter fuzz distance or [Jointype] <0.00>: j
Enter join type [Extend/Add/Both] <Extend>:
Join Type = Both (Extend or Add)
Enter fuzz distance or [Jointype] <0.00>:
[////
// //]:

=
Fuzzy- [ ]

[//] <>:
,
= ( )
Fuzzy- [ ] <0.0000>:

Jointype ( ). :
Extend (): .
" Add ():
.
Both ():
, .

7.2.

227


.
, (Fuzzy-),
. , , .

.
Join () Pedit () , . DXF
.
Hatch () .


Edit vertex (), ,
.
Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit
vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]: e
Enter a vertex editing option
[Next/Previous/Break/Insert/Move/Regen/Straighten/
Tangent/Width/eXit] <N>:
[////
// //]:


[////////
/] <>:
Next () Previous (): X
( , ) .
Move (): (. . 7.4).
Insert (): , .
Width (): , , . , Width ()
.
Specify s t a r t i n g width for next segment <0.00>:
Specify ending width f o r next segment <2.00>:
, <0.00>:
, <2.00>:
Straighten (): .
Break (): , . :

7.

228

Enter a vertex editing option


[Next/Previous/Break/Insert/Move/Regen/Straighten/
Tangent/Width/eXit] <P>: s
Enter an option [Next/Previous/Go/eXit] <N>: n
Enter an option [Next/Previous/Go/eXit] <N>: g
Enter a vertex editing option
[Next/Previous/Break/Insert/Move/Regen/Straighten/
Tangent/Width/eXit] <P>:

[///////
//] <>:
[///] <>

[///] <>:

[////
/////] <>:
X
() .
Next () Previous ().
Go (). AutoCAD .
eXit (): . .
:
1. A07-03.dwg .
2. ( ), , . 7.4.
, .
L07-03.dwg.

. 7.4

1

7.3.

229

7.3.
.
AutoCAD NURBS ( -). AutoCAD
: Spline () , Splinedit () . Ellipse () .

Spline ()
Spline () :
"|* Draw () Spline ().
| Spline () Draw ().
:
Command: _spline
Specify first point or [Object]:
Specify next point:
:
[]:
:
.
Object (): , Spline () Pedit (). ,
Fit () Pedit (), .

.
Specify next point or [Close/Fit tolerance] <start tangent>:
Specify next point or [Close/Fit tolerance] <start tangent>:
[/] < >:
[/] < >:
Enter , .
Specify start tangent:
Specify end tangent:
:
:
,
.
. Enter,
, .
Close (): .

7.

230

Fit tolerance ():


. , .
. 7.5

Splinedit ()
Splinedit () . :
| Modify (), Object () Spline ().
" Edit spline ( )
Modify II ( II).
:
Command: s p l i n e d i t
Select spline:
Enter an option [Fit data/Close/Move

vertex/Refine/rEverse/Undo]:

:
:

[/////]:
.
, , .
Fit data (): .
, ,
, . ,
, ,
.
.
Enter an option [Fit data/Close/Move vertex/Refine/rEverse/Undo]:
Enter a f i t data option
[Add/Close/Delete/Move/Purge/Tangents/toLerance/eXit] <eXit>:

7.3.

231

[////
/]:

[//////
/] < >:
Close () Open (): .
Move vertex ():
.
Enter an option [Fit data/Close/Move vertex/Refihe/rEverse/Undo]: m
Specify new location or [Next/Previous/Select point/eXit] <N>:
[////
/]:
[// /] <>:
, Pedit (), Next () Previous () . Select point ( ) .
.
Refine (): , ( 26). .
, . .
Enter an option [Close/Move vertex/Refine/rEverse/Undo/eXit]
<eXit>: r
Enter a refine option [Add control point/Elevate order/Weight/eXit]
<eXit>:
[/////]:

[ / /
/] <>:
rEverse (): . , .

:
" A07-04.dwg .
1. . (.
. 7.5).
2. , Splinedit ().

7.

232

7.4. ,
,
. .


Ellipse () AutoCAD .
PELLIPSE 0, .
1, . .

Ellipse ()
Ellipse () :
# Draw () Ellipse (),
.
"* Draw () Ellipse ().

AutoCAD (.
. 7.6).
: ()
. Axis, End
(, ).
Command: _ellipse
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center]:
Specify other endpoint of axis:
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]:
:
[/]:
:

1 .

7.6

: 2
[]:
: .
.Center ().
Command: _ellipse
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center]: _c
Specify center of ellipse:
Specify endpoint of axis:
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]:
:
[/]:
: , 4 . 7.6.
: 5
[]: 6

7.4. ,

233

Rotation (): . .
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]: r
Specify rotation around major axis:
[]: R ()
:
, , , .


.

. , Center (). . Ellipse arc ( ) Draw () Arc () .
Command: ellipse
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center]: a
Specify axis endpoint of elliptical arc or [Center]:
Specify other endpoint of axis:
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]:
Specify start angle or [Parameter]:
Specify end angle or [Parameter/Included angle]:
:
[/]:
[]:
:
[]:
[]:
[/ ]:
. Parameter () , .

Polygon (-)
Polygon (-)
3 1024. :
"" Draw () Polygon (-).

Polygon (-) Draw ().


AutoCAD .
:
Command: _polygon
Enter number of sides :

7.

234

Specify center of polygon or [Edge]:


Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed
Specify radius of c i r c l e :

about c i r c l e ]

: i

: -
:
[]:
[ /
] <>:
:
.
. , , Inscribed () (. . 7.6), , , Circumscribed ().
:
Command: _polygon
Enter number of sides :
Specify center of polygon or [Edge]: e
Specify first endpoint of edge:
Specify second endpoint of edge:

: -
:
[]:
:
:
,
(. . 7.6).

Donut ()
Donut () . :
* Draw () Donut ().
Donut () :
Command: donut
Specify inside diameter of donut <0.5000>: 100
Specify outside diameter of donut <1.0000>: 200
Specify center of donut or <exit>:
Specify center of donut or <exit>:
:
,
<0.5000>:100
<1.0000>:200
<>:
<>: Enter

7.5.

235


, Enter.

: ,
A07-05.dwg .
1. , . 7.6.
L07-05.dwg.

. 7.6
,




,
:

7.5.
AutoCAD
Sketch (). , . .

Sketch ()
, :
Command: sketch
Record increment <1.0000>:
Sketch. Pen exit Quit Record Erase Connect.
:
<1.0000>:
. .
i

. . . (
, ). :
():
(). ( , ).

7.

236


Record ().
Quit (): .
Record ():
.
Erase ():
, .
, , , .
Connect (): .
.
. (): , .
:
" ,
, [Enter].
* . .
.
" SKPOLY 1, . -.
- - ,
.
"" ,
, SKROLY 1, .

. 7.7

:
1. .
Sketch ().

7.6.

237

7.6.
AutoCAD .
.

Revdoud ()
Revcloud () . :
"* Draw () Revision cloud ( ).
* AutoCAD LT: Tools () Revision cloud ( ).
"* Revcloud () Draw ().

:
Command: _revoloud
Minimum arc length: 15
Maximum arc length: 15
Style: Normal
Specify start point or [Arc length/Object/Style] <Object>:
Guide crosshairs along cloud path...
Revision cloud finished.
:
: 15
: 15
:
[ //] <>:
...
.
. .
-, . . (.
. 7.8). Enter.
Arc length ( ): ,
.
Specify s t a r t point or [Arc length/Object/Style] <Object>:
Specify minimum length of arc : 10
Specify maximum length of arc : 20

[ //] <0>:

: 10
<15>: 20
Object ():
, .
.

7.

238

Style (): .
, .

Revdate ()
Revdate () AutoCAD LT
, , , .
:
' Tools (), Date and time ( ).
.
(. . 7.8).
. 7.8


*

,

:
"" .
+ (. . 11).
(Attedit).
HI* TITLE_BLOCK.
+ , . .
""* , .
Options ().
:
1. . .
2. . (Attedit).

7.7.

239

7.7.
, ,
,
.
Acadiso.lin Acltiso.lin. , ,
-, - , .
. , (.
. 7.9).
, .
:
.
.

:
1. A07-06.dwg . Layerl - Layer5 .
2. . , .
. 7.9.
L07-06.dwg.

. 7.9

: 1

: 2

: _

7.8.
AutoCAD . AutoCAD LT , (. ).
'* , ( 16) ( ).
>* Mlstyle ().

240

7.

+ Mline ().
" Mledit ().

Mlstyle ()
Mlstyle ().
:
j
" Format () Multiline style ( ).
(. . 7.10) , .
. 7.10
Multiline style ( )

g l Multiline $tyle

(Xjl

Curent Stite STANDARD


Si**
HOARD

SCuiw4

'

|
:l

Now ' P

Esnam
' :De$<ptton:

Load.

|.

~'HL- J

OK .

Cancel

Multiline style ( )
, Styles (). Standard () ,
. Description () .
.
: Load ()
(. . 7.14), , . Acad.mln, Standard ().
File (). Multi.mln
.
:
Set current ().
: , . New ().
. Continue (),
(. ).
:
Save () .
-

7.8.

241

. ,
.
: ,
. Rename ().
Enter, .
:
, .
, . Modify
() .
(. . 7.11) , .

. 7.11

Modify Multiline Style: 4-LINIENRUND


mil getundeten Ecken
" Eleffients

:*

sun
Una

Outet ate:

End

. j

. .

.'.;; ( ?

'

inner
An*.

- 130.00

OffsK

'

J 0.5

1 -1
Add

BYLAYER
BYLAYER
BYLAYER

ByLayet
ByLayei
ByLaje

| .Pete

Olfsel:
Fleeter
Cotor.
Dttplayjd *s: F7

Linetyfn:

IBJByLayei

v| j

Linelyp....

Description () () .
Elements ()
. () ,
, .
.
. , Bylayer (),
.
Add () ,
a Delete () . , . . . , , Offset () Enter.
.
Color () Linetype ( ),
,
(. . 7.12). , (. 4.1). . Multiline style (
) (. . 7.13).
Display joins ( ),
. Caps () -

7.

242

. , . , . . Fill () , None (),


.
. 7.12

Select Linetype
Loaded fcn
' Linetype,

, (. . 7.13), .
:
1.
Multi.mln. .
2. Load () (. . 7.10),
File (). Multi.mln .
3. (. . 7.14). . . . .
. 7.13

243

7.8.
. 7.14

lLoad Multiline Styles


File

D \ACAD_examptes\MULTI MLN

2-LINIEN-GEFUELLT
3-LINIEN-RUND
4-LINIEN-RUND

OK

Cancel

Help.

:
" , ,
. .
.
.

//L**-

:
1. Multi.mln
.
2. .

Mline ()
Mline () . :
|* Draw () Multiline ().
Mline () :
Command: _mline
.
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00,
Style - STANDARD
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle] :
Specify next point:
Specify next point or [Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: Enter
:
: = , = 1.00, =

[//]:
:
[]:
[/]:
[/]: Enter

7.

244

,
.
Justification ():
( ).
() , Bottom ()
. Zero ()
.
Specify s t a r t point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
Enter justification type [Top/Zero/Bottom] <top>: t

[/ / ]:

[//] <>
, ,
Scale (): .
Specify s t a r t point or [Justification/Scale/STyle] :
Enter mline scale <1.00>:
10

[//]:

< 1 . 0 0 > : , 10
= 1,
. .
.
STyle (): . ?
, .
Specify s t a r t point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
Enter mline style name or [?]:
?
Loaded mline styles:
Name
Description

st

STANDARD

3-line .
3 line with hidden axe
Enter mline style name or [?]: 3-line
[//]:
[?] ?
:

3
3
[?]: , -line 3-

:
1. Multi.mln .
2, . 7.15.

7.8.

245

. 7.15

Mledit ()
/ .
:
" Modify (), Object () Multiline
().
(.
. 7.16).
. 7.16

a tool, click on the icon. Object (election must be perfumed after


the tool hat been selected.

tap

doted Dot*

fir !

." J

Doted Tee

L
Comer Joint

Cut Single

DeteteVerten

WeWAH

Open Dost

Open Tee

MwgedCrott

Merged Tee

go

u*

( ):
: ,
.
:
. ,
.
: .
: ( ).
: , .

7.

246

: , .
: .
: .
: .
: .
. .
: ,
.
: .
:
1. A07-07.dwg. .
2. , . 7.17.
L07-07.dwg.

. 7.17

7.9.
Dline () AutoCAD LT . Pline (), ,
Dline () . . , . .,
.
.

7.10. ,
AutoCAD , .
Node (). ,
AutoCAD , , , .

7.10. ,

247

, Measure () Divide (),


. .

Point ()
Point () -. :
Draw (), Point () Single point
() Multiple point () ( Point ()
).
" Point () Draw ()
. , .

Ddptype ()
, .
Ddptype (). :
# Format () Point style ( ).
(. . 7.18) ,
.
. 7.18

Measure ()
. Measure ()
.
:
' Draw (), Point () Measure ().

248

7.

:
Command: _measure
Select object to measure:
Specify length of segment or [Block]: 50
:
:
[]:
Block (),
(. 11). , :
.
Specify length of segment or [Block]: ]
Enter name of block to i n s e r t : df
Align block with object? [Yes/No] <Y>: Enter
Specify length of segment:
[]:
: , df
? [/] <>:
Enter
:
, .
, , . (. . 7.19).

. 7.19


25

Divide ()
Measure (), , Divide () .
(. . 7.19).

7.11.

249

:
1. 07- 08. dwg .
2. Measure () Divide
(), , . 7.19.
3.
, .
L07-08.dwg.

7.11.
Break () , , .

Break ()
Break () :
'# Modify () Break ().
Break () Modify
().

CJ

:
Command: _break
Select object:
Specify second break point or [First point]j
:
:
[ ] :
, . AutoCAD ,
. , F () .
Specify second break point or [First point]: f
Specify first break point:
Specify second break point:
[ ]:
:
:
.
, , (.
. 7.20). , AutoCAD . .
,
@ Enter.
Specify second break point: @ Enter
: @ Enter

7.

250

Break at point ( ) Modify () , .


:
. .
.
:
1. A07-09.dwg .
2. , . 7.20.
L07-09.dwg.
. 7.20

.
(, , ) Join.

7.12.
,
,
Array ().

Array ()
Array () :
+ Modify () Array ().
"I* Array () Modify ().
Array ()
.
, . 7.21.
: .

7.12.

251

. 721
Array ()

Select objects

0 objects elected

-Offset distance and direction

Coluffinofttet

jl

By defaul, if the low offset is negative,

: rows ate added downward- if the

column off set is negative, cokjmns

Hod to*e left

. Select objects ( ) .
.
Select objects:
:
, Enter. , .
. .


.
Rectangular array ( ),
(Rows) (Columns).
Offset distance and direction ( ):
.

, . ,
.
.

,
.
. , .
,
, 0

. 90 .

252

7.


.
.

. ,
,
. Preview ( ) , . . '
Accept () . Modify () , . Cancel () .
:
1. A07-10.dwg .
2. ,
. 7.22.
. 7.22

Offset d!$iAxe and cbeclittrt

offset:

(I)
igf
.
T
<>

Bytiefau*. it the row offset is negative,


row ate added dowmwawi If the
column oftsel ^ ^ . ate
added lo the loft.

3., , . 7.23.
L07-W.dwg.
. 7.23

253

7.12.


Polar array (). (. . 7.24),
. .
. 7.24

Select Ejects

Rectangular Aitaji

1 objects selected ':.'


>41[66.

Method and lues


Method:

; jTolalrumbeiol items

Anglebft
Angle between items:

ft

Few angle tofiH,a positive value species


counterclockwise f Gtetkm. A negative value
specifies clockwise rotation,
. :..

Rotate items as copied

Mwe

Center point ( ): X Y
. .
Method (): :
* Total number of items & Angle to fill ( ): ( )
. , .
"> Total number of items & Angle between items (
): , ,
, .
"- Angle to fill & Angle between items ( ):
. . .
Method () .
.
.
Rotate items as copied ( ): , , . ,
,
, -.
More (): (. . 7.25).

254

7.

. 7.25

Base point ( ):
, .
.
Set to object's default ( ).
, .
,
, (. ).
:
1. A07-ll.dwg .
2. , . 7.27. 36
. , . 7.26.
L07-ll.dwg.
.726

{p

Fw angle to Ml a potilive value tpecilk*


*1* station. A nev vakje

T*>"

d0Cl>a I W

QiL_

0 Rotate are* as copwrf


.^_^^

H *1

7.13.

255

. 7.27

7.13.

/. AutoCAD . -. . ,
, ,
- (. 20-22).
.
, . , ,
, .
(.
. 7.29).
, .
:
.
, X YMCK.
,
. -. . AutoCAD 30
150 .
Drafting settings ( ) (. . 7.28), Dsettings
() ( Tools (), Drafting settings ( )). Snap and grid ( ).
, Snap ()
Settings ( ).

7.

256
. 7.28

Snap type & style ( ) Grid snap ( ) Isometric snap (


). 5 (. . 7.28).
, 30,
.
F5
Ctrl+E.
, - ,
Ortho () F8.


, . , Isocircle ()
Ellipse () .
Command: ellipse
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center/Isocircle]: i '
Specify center of isocircle:
Specify radius of isocircle or [Diameter]:
:
[//]:


[]:
Isocircle () ,
.
:
1. A07-12.dwg .
2. 10 -.

7.14.

257

3. , . 7.29, , . 100 .
.
4. ! . , Isocircle ().
L07-12.dwg.

. 7.29

0.

7.14.
.
/. AutoCAD
()
.

Tablet {)
Tablet () :
"* . AutoCAD (. ).
.
Tablet () :
"* Tools (), Tablet () Calibrate ().
:
Command: Tablet
Enter an option [ON/OFF/CAL/CFG]:
:
///:

CAL () AutoCAD. , ,
.
9 AutoCAD 2006

258

7.

AutoCAD. .

. , , . .
F4.
, .
( ).

.
,
, . , AutoCAD .

7.15.
, . .
AutoCAD , .

Cal ()
Cal () ,
. , , . . , . . 'Cal (').
Command: c a l
> Expression: 9-5+5/2+ sqr(5)
31.5
:
> : 9-5+5/2+ sqr(5)
31.5

:
Command: line
Specify first point: 'cal
> Expression: [010+7.5,15-8.75]
Specify next point or [Undo]:
:
: '
> :[910+7.5,15-8.75]
:
. .

7.15.

259

, , ,
. AutoCAD.

:
Cal ()
.
Command: c a l
> Expression: 3*7+sqrt(16)
25
:
> : 3*7+sqrt(16)
25
:
Command: c a l
> Expression: dee
> Select one endpoint for DEE:
> Select another endpoint for DEE:
23.0416
:
> : DEE
> DEE:
> DEE:
23.0416
.
Endpoint ().
Cal () .
, .
Command: circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
100,100
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <175.3753>: 'cal
> Expression: rad
> Select circle, arc or polyline segment for RAD function:
25
:
[/2/ ( )]: , 100,100
[] <10.00>: '
> : RAD
> , RAD:

25

.

260

7.

Cal () . , .
Command: circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
cal
> Expression: mee
> Select one endpoint for MEE:
> Select another endpoint for MEE:
(250.0 300.0 0.0)
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <10.00>: 5
:
[/2/ ( )]: '
> :
> :
> :

(250.0 300.0 0.0)


[] <10.00>: 5

Cal () .
Command: c a l
> Expression: pl=cen+[10,10]
> Select entity for CEN snap:
(280.0 150.0 0.0)
Command: line
Specify first point: 'cal
> Expression: pi
(280.0 150.0 0.0)
:
> : pl=CEN+[10,10]
> CEN-:
(280.0 150.0 0.0)
:
: '
>: pi
(280.0 150.0 0.0)


. ,

.
.

7.15.

261

.

QuickCalc, Standard ().
( , ) .
( ).
. 7.30
AutoCAD

4.4721359549996

[4.85840734641021
1 Cdcubfc Mode

mm
i m m m m m ;
1<1..:
j

an j

| lO^x |

&~J G3 & 1 CD

, .

8.1.
AutoCAD ,
.

Bhatch ()
6.1 ,
Bhatch (). .
:
Draw () Hatch ().
* Hatch () Draw ().
, (. . 8.1).

. 8.1

264

8. ,

Bhatch () ,
. Pattern () SOLID (). ,
Pattern ().
Scale () Angle () .
. Bhatch () , .
Draw order ( ) Autocad 2006 LT 2006 ( , , ). , Send to
back ( ) .

8.2.
( ) - 4+
. AutoCAD LT - - , AutoCAD
Bhatch () (. . 8.2).
Draw () Gradient (), Bhatch () .

. 8.2

,
Gradient ()

One color ( ): .

AutoCAD.
: .

265

8.3.

Two color ( ): . .
: , , , .
Centered (): , .
( ).
Angle (): .

. 8.3

MiiiiimittiMciiHiilllllllEilllllhiiiHi

-- S
1

. -

Lz i ^

* '

8.3.
AutoCAD ,
(Solid).
, . , ,
.

Solid ()
Solid ().
:
"" Draw () Surfaces (), 2D Solid ().
2D Solid () Surfaces ().
Solid () :
Command: _solid
Specify first point:
Specify second point:
Specify third point:
Specify fourth point or <exit>:

266

8. ,

:
:
:
:
<>:
Enter, (. . 8.4 ). . Enter .
,
, (. . 8.4 ).

Z-, . . , Z. . Enter.
(. . 8.4 ), . .
,
. Enter .
. 8.4

YM i I

P4
P4

1. A08-01.dwg .
2. , . 8.4. 1.
L08-01.dwg.

Pline ()
7.1,
.
, ().
, , ,
, .
,
. .

8.4.

'

267

8.4.
,
.

Fill ()
.
, :
Command: f i l l
Enter mode [ON/OFF] <ON>:
:
[/] <>:

Fillmode
Fillmode. ( ), . .
Command: fillmode
Enter new value for FILLMODE <1>:
: Fillmode
FILLMODE <1>:
0 , 1 .
- :
"*
. -, Regen ().
. ,
, , .
" , (. 20.5)
, . ,
Bkatch ().
, .

8.5.
, , .
.

268

8. ,

, (. 12). , ,
.

Draworder ()
Draworder () , ,
. :
"'* Tools (), Draw order ( )
.
Draworder () Modify II
( II).
Draworder () :

Command: draworder
Select objects:
Enter object ordering option [Above objects/Under
objects/Front/Back] <Back>:
:
:
[ / /
/ ] <>:
Front ( ) Back ( )
. Above objects ( ) Under objects (
) . .
Select reference objects:
:
, ( ).
, .
Draw order
( ), Draworder () .

Texttofront ()
Texttofront () .
:
"+ Tools (), Draw order ( )
Bring text and dimensions to front ( ),
.

8.6.

269

Texttofront () :

Command: texttofront
Bring to front

[Text/Dimensions/Both] <Both>:

:
: [//]<>:
Both () .

:
1. A08-02.dwg ,
. 8.5 .
2. Solid (). FARBE1 ( 1), FARBE 2 ( 2)
FARBE 3 ( 3).
3. , (. . 8.5, ).
4. . Draworder () , , .
.
. 8.5.
L08-02.dwg.

8.6.
Bhatch () Boundary (),
, . , ,
.

270

8. ,

Boundary ()
Boundary () :
"- Draw (), Boundary ().
(. . 8.6).
. 8.6

E1

Boundary Creation

0ls|id detection.
oundary retention

[Polyline

Qbiact type

Boundary s e t . v j [ 2[J

i | Current viewport

OK

j j

Cancel

If

New
Help

Boundary () Bhatch () (. . 8.6).


Island detection ( ) .
Object type ( ) : (. 8.7). Boundary set ( ) ,
. Existing
set ( ).
, . . . New ()
.
Pick points ( ).
. ,
. ,
.
Select internal point:
Select internal point:
Select internal point: Enter
BOUNDARY created 2 polylines
:
: ,

: Enter
: - 2
.

271

8.6.

:
"<+ Boundary ()
. . List () Area () , .
+ Boundary () (. 8.7).
Massprop (Macc_xap) . .
|" ,,
Boundary ().

:
1. A08-03.dwg . , . 8.7.
2. Boundary () () Area ()
, .
Command: area
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract]:
Select objects:
Area = 7822.96, Perimeter = 334.42
:
[//]:

:
= 7444.6, = 435.27
3. . , . . Add () Object () Area () (. 6.2).

. 8.7

272

8. ,

8.7.
.
, , ( 3- ), ,
, .

Region ()
Region ().
:
Draw () Region ().
* Region () Draw ().
Region () :
Command: _region
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
1 loop extracted.
1 Region created.
:
:
: Enter
1 .
1 .
,
. .
, . .

Explode ()
Explode () .
:
|* Modify () Explode ().
Explode () Modify ().
Explode () :
Command: _explode
Select objects:
:
:
,
: , , .

8.8.

273

, . ,
, , .

8.8.

, .

List ()
List () (. 6.3)
.
Command: list
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
REGION
Layer: " 0 "
Space: Model space
Handle = F7
Area: 12350.0000
Perimeter: 574.1421
Bounding Box: Lower Bound X = 140 , Y = 80 , Z = 0.0000
Upper Bound X = 290,- Y = 190 , Z = 0.0000
:
:
: Enter
()
: 0
:

:
F7
.
: 12350.0000
: 574.1421
: =140, Y=80, *Z=0
=290, =190, Z=0
,
. . . :
.
.

Massprop (Maccjxap)
Massprop (Macc_xap), (. 21.6-21.9):
. :
* Tools (), Inquiry () Region/mass properties ( ).
"* Region/mass properties ( ) Inquiry ().

274

8. ,

Massprop (Macc_xap) :
Command: _massprop
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
REGIONS
Area:
104841.1352
Perimeter:
1301.4061
Bounding box:
X: 107.6080 - 580.6802
Y: 545.0872 - 853.2362
X: 362.0846
Centroid:
Y: 710.6068
Moments of inertia:
X: 53501633939.3947
Y: 15228983938.6895
Product of inertia: XY: 26972033697.9319
Radii of gyration:
X: 714.3609
Y: 381.1269
Principal moments and X-Y directions about centroid:
I: 560833103.4784 along [1.0000 -0.0039]
J: 1483773281.8737 along [0.0039 1.0000]
Write analysis to a file? [Yes/No] <N>:
: Macc_xap
:
: Enter

:
104841.1352
1301.4061
:
:
X: 107.6080 - 580.6802
Y: 545.0872 - 853.2362
:
X: 362.0846
Y: 710.6068
:
X: 53501633939.3947
Y: 15228983938.6895

:
XY: 26972033697.9319
:
X: 714.3609
Y: 381.1269
X-Y :
I : 560833103.4784 [1.0000 -0.0039]
J : 1483773281.8737 [0.0039 1.0000]
? [/]: <>:
. .

8.9.
, . , , . . .
,
(. 21.7).

8.9.

275

Union ()
Union ()
(. . 8.8 ). :
"# Modify (), Solids editing ( ) (Region
() AutoCAD LT), Union ().
* Union () Solids editing ( ) ( AutoCAD LT).
Union () :
Command: _union
Select objects:
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
:
:
:
: Enter

Subtract ()
Subtract () ( ) , (. . 8.8 ). . :
Modify (), Solids editing ( ) (Region () AutoCAD LT) Subtract (). .
Subtract () Solids editing ( ) ( AutoCAD LT).
Subtract () :
Command: _subtract
Select solids and regions to subtract from ..
Select objects:
Select solids and regions to subtract ..
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
:
, ...
:
...
:
: Enter

8. ,

276

Intersect ()
, . (. . 8.8 ).
,
.
:
" Modify (), Solids editing ( ) (Region
() AutoCAD LT) Intersect ().
Intersect () Solids editing ( ) ( AutoCAD LT).
Intersect () :

Command: _intersect
Select objects:
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
:
:
:
:

Enter

:
1. A08-04.dwg .
2. . 8.8.
L08-04.dwg.
:
" Chamfer () Fillet ()
.
HI* Extrude
() Revolve () (. 21.6-21.9).

. 8.8

)

8.10.

277

8.10.
.
.
L

:
. A08-05.dwg (. . 8.9).
.

. 8.9

2. Array () Polar () 16 .
3. . .
4. .
.
, . 8.10
L08-05.dwg.
. 8.10.

5. , .
Explode (),
.
:
1. 08-06. dwg (. . 8.11). .

8. ,

278
. 8.11

2. Array () Rectangular ()
, 18
10 . ,
3. . , .
4.
, . 8.12.
L08-06.dwg.
. 8.12

)0000^
/)
JOOOC)
)0000
- ><


7( ) )
<)

iooooooooc

6 .
,
. , .

9.1.
AutoCAD , ().

Dimordinate ()
Dimordinate () '
. :
!# Dimension () Ordinate ().
Ordinate dimension ( ) Dimension ().

, .
Command: _dimordinate
Specify feature location:
Specify leader endpoint or [Xdatum/Ydatum/Mtext/Text/Angle]:
Dimension text = 100.00
:
:
[////]:

= 100.00
. ,
Y. X.

X Y, , ,
.
Specify leader endpoint or [Xdatum/Ydatum/Mtext/Text/Angle]: x
Specify leader endpoint or
[Xdatum/Ydatum/Mtext/Text/Angle]:
Dimension text = 100.00
,

9.

280

[////]:
, X X
[////]:

= 100.00
Mtext () , Text () .
:
-.
.
.
:
1. A09-01.dwg .
2. -.
3. X Y (.
. 9.1). , - .
4. .
L09-01.dwg.
. 9.1


80

60
55
45
35

20

&

*
J3F*

_2

'

150

135

1 .

9.2.

. AutoCAD.

9.2.

281

Qditn ()
Qdim () ,
.
:
" Dimension () Quick dimension ( ).
! Quick dimension ( ) Dimension ().
Qdim () :
Command: _qdim
,
Select geometry to dimension:
Select geometry to dimension: Enter
Specify dimension line position, or
[Continuous/Staggered/Baseline/Ordinate/Radius/Diameter/datumPoint/
Edit/seTtings] <Continuous>:
:
:

: Enter

[////////
] <>:
,
. ,
.
Enter. , ,
.

:
, ,
. , .
, , ,
.
.
.
.
(. . 9.2):
Continuous (): Dimcontinue
() (. . 9.2 ).
Staggered (): . , (. . 9.2 d).
Baseline (): , Dimbaseline () (. . 9.2 ).

9.

282

Ordinate ():
Dimordinate () (. . 9.2 ).
Radius (): (.
. 9.2 ).
Diameter ():
(. . 9.2 f).

. 9.2.

If)

9"
5

in
in

_20

\
JO

--- -

d)

f)

.
Specify dimension line position, or
[Continuous/Staggered/Baseline/Ordinate/Radius/Diameter/datumPoint/
Edit/seTtings] <Continuous>:

[////////
] <>:
.
, .
Radius () Diameter ()
.
.
.
:
datumPoint (): Baseline () Ordinate ().

9.2.

283

Edit (): , .
(. . 9.3).

. 9.3

Specify dimension line position, or


[Continuous/Staggered/Baseline/Ordinate/Radius/Diameter/datumPoint/
Edit/seTtings] <Continuous>:e
Indicate dimension point to remove, or [Add/eXit] <eXit>:
One dimension point removed
Indicate dimension point to remove, or [Add/eXit] <eXit>:

[///////]
<>:
[/] <>:


[/] <>:
, . - .
, Add ().
Indicate dimension point to remove, or [Add/eXit] <eXit>:a
Indicate dimension point to add, or [Remove/eXit] <eXit>:
One dimension point added.
Indicate dimension point to add, or [Remove/eXit] <eXit>:
[/] <>:

[/]
<>:

[/] <>:
, , . Add () Remove (). eXit () , .

9.

284

, , .
seTtings ():
.
Associative dimension p r i o r i t y

[Endpoint/Intersection] <Endpoint>:

[/]

- :

, .
"* , . .
* , , .

rf*
'-

:
1. A09-02.dwg .
2. , . 9.2, .
3. ), ) )
.
4.
datumPoint () .
5. , d) .
. 9.2.
L09-02.dwg.

9.3.
Tolerance ()
.
, , , .

Tolerance ()
Tolerance () :
Dimension () Tolerance ().
"* Tolerance () Dimension
().
, . (.
. 9.4).

285

9.3.
. 9.4

; . Tcfet.snce.21.

Tatefancsi

Projected Totn^nce Zone


Return Identifier: JA
OK

Cancel

Help

. Sym ()
(. . 9.5).
. 9.5

Symbol


(. . 9.6);
. 9.6

,
(, , ) . .
Enter tolerance location:
:

:
, , . .
:
1. A09-03.dwg .
2. , . 9.7.
L09-03.dwg.

9.

286
. 9.7

9.4.
Qleader () , . . ,
. Qleader () Leader () , . Qleader () .

Qleader ()
Qleader () :
* Dimension () Leader ().
! Qleader () Dimension
().
, .
Command: _qleader
Specify first leader point, or [Settings] <Settings>:
Specify next point:
:
[] <>:
:
, Enter, Settings (). (. . 9.8-9.10).
Annotation (): , (. . 9.8).

287

9.4.

. 9.8
,

Amc ' " lead L M t Arrow 4 v Tmenl;

Annotation ()
Annotation Type

O & W n Object

r MTeKt options:

-i

i Prompt l a dth
| ! OAtoayt (eft justly

Ololeiance
J O Block Reference
j ONjne

I rAnnotatran Reuse

-^

j Nne
1 G Reuse Ne.xt
! : : Reisa Dyfrant

in* Annotation type ( ):


: (), ,
, (. . 9.11 ).
" Mtext options ( ): ,
Mtext ().
, (. . 9.11 ).
in* Annotation reuse ( ): . None () . Reuse next ( ) . Reuse current (
)
.
Leader line & arrow ( ):
- (. . 9.9).

. 9.9
, Leader
line & arrow ( )
Leader Line I Straight

r Number of PoHs
j QNoLmt

| |pdo
L_
Angle ConttraWs
Fnl Segment: | | 5 " ? * .
| Second Segment

Leader line (-):


-:
(. . 9.11 ).
Arrowhead ():
- (. . 9.11 ).

9.

288

* Number of points ( ):
: ,
;
( ),
Enter. .
""* Angle constraints ( ): .
Attachment (): (. . 9.10) , Mtext () (.
. 9.8).

. 9.10

,
Attachment ()

12

Leader Settings

JAnnotMionjLMdM Lin lAmwjiAltechmentjl,; ::


i

Multi-lim Tent Attachment

Tent on Wl side

Text on light side

>

| 0

Middle of mute-he text

! -o

Bottom of bottom line

Top of top line


Middle ol top line

Middle o( bottom Sne

Underine bottom line

i* Multi-line text attachment ( ): .


,
(. . 9.11 ).
* Underline bottom line ( ): ,
(. . 9.11 ). .
, , .
. Enter . , . :
"* Mtext (): ,
. Enter .
Enter . Enter ,
.
Specify next point: Enter
Specify text width :
Enter first line of annotation text <Mtext>:
Enter next line of annotation text:

9.5.

289

Enter next l i n e of annotation t e x t : Enter


: Enter
:
<>:
Enter
:
: Enter
"> Copy an object ( ): ,
,
. .
Specify next point: Enter
Select an object to copy:
: Enter
:

<

""* Tolerance (): - ( Tolerance (), . 9.3).


mi*- Block reference (): (. 11.2),
X Y, .
* None (): .

. 9.11
-

(]
[ |
/

/ \

/ ^

c^Jn

. 1^

"!!!
^

/
\ /

///

9.5.
. 9.7 ,
, . Dimcenter (), , , . Dimension (), .
10 AutoCAD 2006

9.

290

Ditncenter ()
:
"i* Dimension () Center mark ( ).
"* Center mark ( ) Dimension ().
,
( CENTER). Symbols and arrows
( ) Center marks ( ) Line
( ) (. 9.7). Size () (. . 9.12).

. 9.12

[?i[X

3jklodily Dimension Style: ISO 24


1 Lil 1*1*<!. :: ft
!

i'PimMiyUn

"

era

:1<

<\
/; */ \ \

1 Secod
Ctertlfcd

vj

| *_.

j i f H Ood

filed

jiHMS.^

I j Certe.maAs

j | OM

< ^
Arcfensrtht

fibove ditnenaon lent

Si

ONune
)

Radius dwersiort jog

j . OUn

OK

Cancel

(:... |

:
1. A09-04.dwg .
2. , . 9.13. ().
L09-04.dwg.
. 9.13

,"

9.6.

291

9.6.
( ).
, CAD. AutoCAD
.


.
: ( ).
Command: _dimlinear
Specify first extension line origin or <select object>:"
Specify second extension line origin: dimtxt
Enter new value for dimension variable <2.5000>:
Specify second extension line origin:
:
< >:

: ,
: Dimtxt
<2.5000> :
Enter
:

Enter.
: . , ,
.
i : dimtxt
?w value for DIMTXT <0.18>:
Dimtxt
Dimtxt <0.18>: Enter

' Setvar (), .

or

o r [ ? ] <DIMTXT>:
DIMTXT < 0 . 1 0 > :
] <>:
*' : Dimtp

292
DIMTP < 0 . 1 0 > :

9.
E n t e r


, Enter.
. ? . ,
Dim, , Dim*.

9.7.

, . AutoCAD , .

Dimstyle ()
Dimstyle ()
.
Dimstyle () :
I* Format () Dimension style ( ).
"* Dimension () Style ().
" Dimension style ( ) Dimension ().

(. . 9.14), .
Styles () .
Metric () , St"
() ISO-25.
. Preview ( ) npi
, . i
.
. 9.14

14,11

<

Override ()
.

293

Override ()
,-

Lines () ,
(. . 9.15).
. 9.15
!

(Tines rsinbd! and Allowsj Text

' Ft

| Primay Units| Alternate Units|TcJeirce*.]

14,11

|i Etta:

jl Lineweght.

|j Extend beyond tickt:


Baseline spacng:
); Suppress:

\J- Extensionfeies
|| Color

Ei Ljnetypeextbiol: i
'2: )

B>8lock
ByBlock
~~~~~

J^J

Etfend beyond dim Ine*

..........
vj
'

Q|ftet from origin:

]1-25
|0.625

ED Fined length extensifin inet

Dimensi on lines ( ): rpynr:e Dimension lines ( )


, ,
) iy . , .
, . : Byblock (). AutoCAD ,
.
ixtend beyond ticks ( ) ,
, .

(. . 9.16 ).
] iaseline spacing ( ) (. . 9.16 ).
Suppress () .. > ,
(. . 9.16 ).
Exteiisi' in lines ( ); ,
(. ).
Extend beyond dim lines ( ) , : ( (. . 9.16 d).
Dffset from origin ( ) . ,
. . 9.16 ).

a v.

294

9.

Suppress () i
(. . 9.16 f).
. 9.16

> -^

55

b) 6

c)

to

I,

I 30

d)

!i nopoO

*|

iue

I ]

f)

Jtsti

;
&

Fixed length extension lines ( ) Length () roc ibi> ( ;


) (. . 9.17).
. 9.17

.2

,, .27 ,

9.7.

295

Symbols and arrows ( )


Symbols and arrows ( )
,
(. . 9.18).
. 9.18

pi

MKDoudffed
:

5:AJternateUniti-i Totof'anc.

;
_

SClosedMed

vi,

\. LNdK

,)

"-;

Piecedrig (fenemion lenl

.]

gbove dmermon text

f'Mdut dmennc'! jog

-;!

>(oo*ntfe: [

Arrowheads (): Arrowheads () .


,
. . 9.19 . , , , ,
. User arrow () .
,
. Arrow size () , , , (. . 9.19 ).
Center marks ( ):
- ( Mark ( )),
( Line ( )) (None ()).
Size () , Line ( ) (. . 9.19 d).
. 9.19

)
35

35

b)
, , 3 5

35

71

1 |

I ( N V ^
--4 >
-

(
\

+=4
j

*'

d)

9.

296

Arc length symbol ( ): ,


( ), ( ) ( ).
Radius dimension jog ( ): ,
,
.
:

( ). .
Flip arrow ( ).

Text ()
Text () (. . 9.20).
. 9.20

Toft
Tdrtyte
Text color
Flcolor

( Non

1 Text height'
: Fiecton height (caie
\ Q Draw liamo sound text
Tad placrfieni
I Vwbcel:

JAb

j Offset tram dim bw

Text appearance ( ): Text style ( )


. Text style
( ) (. 6.8), .
,
, Text height ( ).
Text color ( ) . Text height ( ) . Fraction height scale ( ) , Tolerance () .
. Draw frame around text ( ) , . .

9.7.

297

Text placement ( ): Vertical ( ) : (. . 9.21 ). Horizontal ( )


(. . 9.21).
Offset from dim line ( ) , .
. 9.21

"1

1 -

2-

1- 2-

Text alignment ( ):
. Horizontal ()
. Aligned with dimension line ( ) . ISO standard ( ISO)
, (. . 9.22).
. 9.22

)
4D

R15_/s

'
100

,00

) ISO

R15/4

'
100

Fit ()
Fit () ,
, (. . 9.23).

9.

298
. 9.23
Fit ()

If fit enoughroom place both lex) and


row* rokJe extenon & .toef n thing to
mow outade (he Sne ;
; Ether lext or raw* (best fit)

OTe*
Both lexl and row*
;OAkwaykeeptextbetweenexttnet

T M I pfaommt

: S c ^ dimeraicru to layout

When ten! it not hi the defadt petition, piece it


Seade the d r e n t o i f r e
Over Anenoofi kne. wtthpul te

w dm ine between ent frwi

Fit options ( ):
, ,
:
"> Either the text or the arrows ( , ( )): ,
. ( ).
|* Arrows (): .
"* Text (): .
Both text and arrows ( ): , , , .
""# Always keep text between ext lines ( ):
,
.
" Suppress arrows if they don't fit inside ( , ): , .
Text placement ( ):
:
"|* Beside the dimension line ( ):
.
Over the dimension line, with a leader ( ):
.
. ,
" Over the dimension line, without a leader (He ):
.
.
Scale for dimension features ( ):
Use overall scale of ( ): ( , , . .) .

9.7.

299

, . , AutoCAD
.
:
AutoCAD 1:1 . , . .
, , . , 100 (1:100),
3.5 ( ),
350. .
100. .
"* Scale dimensions to layout ( ):

,
( , , . .) . ,
16.
Fine tuning ( ):
* Place text manually ( ): , .
| Draw dim lines between ext lines ( ):
, .

Primary units ( )
AutoCAD ,
. . Primary units ( ) (.
. 9.24).
. 9.24

300

9.

Linear dimensions ( ):
.
! Unit format ( ) . Decimal ().
. Windows Desktop , Windows.
*- Precision ():
.
" Fraction format ( ): (, 5 '/ ) Diagonal ( ), Horizontal ( ) Not stacked ( ).
* Decimal separator ( ): : , .
| Round off (): 0
, (. . 9.27 d).
Prefix () Suffix (): -.
( ) (. . 9.27 ).
+ Measurement scale ( ):
" Scale factor (): .
,
(. . 9.27 ).
| Apply to layout dimensions only ( ): ,
, . .

20.
Zero suppression ( ): Leading () Trailing () ,
. , 0.5000 ,
Trailing () 0.5, Leading () .5000, .5. 0 Feet
(0 ) 0 Inches (0 ) .
Angular dimensions ( ):
. , .

Alternate units ( )
Alternate units ( ) , , (. . 9.25).
Display alternate units ( )
(. . 9.27 ).

9.7.

301

. 9.25

0 getow pinaty vaiue

Alternate units ( ):
, , , .
|

- Multiplier for alt units ( ) : ,


0.039370 .
Zero suppression ( ): Leading () Trailing
()
, .
Placement ()
After primary value ( ) Below primary value (
). [...].

Tolerances ()
Tolerances () , (. . 9.26).
Tolerance format ( ):
"* Method (): : , , ,
( ) (. . 9.27 ).
. 9.26

; 4M,,u,,T3=^

iO.M

I So*igleb*ioht:
X Verticd pt^hon: ..

,V

|V
j Bottom

*
'

:^i

Altori.Ws itiii
Piecmgn

J
ifcSJJ '

Zt) su^eisiw
!; DL^dine

I
I

Ej'tflHi
,.iT^B

jr.

BO**.

| f oic^ ] {

at. |

9.

302

Precision ()
. Upper value ( ) Lower value (
) .
Symmetrical (), Lower value ( ) . Scaling for height ( ) . Vertical
position () .
Zero suppression ( )
.
Alternate unit tolerance ( ) .
. 9.27

) _

f)

"

.

= 0.04

100 [4.00]
|

)
J EJ w

9.8.
, . .
:
I* .
""> .
"> .
* .
, ,
, , , , ,
, .
'* .
*
.

303

9.8.


1.

2.

Dimstyle (), Dimension style


( ) Format (), Style ()
Dimension (). Dimension style manager
( ) Styles ().
(. . 9.28) Styles () . , ISO-25,
, .

. 9.28

3.

Current Diralyte: ISO-25

(,
). New (),
(. . 9.29).

. 9.29

||>{ Create New Dimension Style


: H w Style Name: )DIN-new|
1

SlartWith:

; iso 25
r~

Use for:
1

4.

5.

6.

Contiriue

|,

'-

All dimensions

\ __

New style name ( ) .


Copy of X ( X).
. Start with ( ) , . ,
. Use for ()
All dimensions ( ) , , (.
). All dimensions ( ).
Continue (). .
.
(. . 9.28),
. ,
Description () , ,
, .

9.

304


1.
2.
3.

Dimstyle (), .
, , ISO-25, New ().
, Use for () , (. . 9.30).
,
.

. 9.30

Mew Style Name:


Start With:
Use for
[

4.

5.

. 9.31

Create New Dimension Style

Continue

i
ilSO-25
1^ t * i J . ^ ^ B t ! ^
|

Cancel

Help J :

Continue (), . ,
.

,
(. . 9.31).
.
Dimension Style Manager

Current Dimslj>le: ISO-25


Styles^ __

: Preview of; ISO-25: Radial

ISO-25
Radial

ISO-25 + deviation On


1.
2.
3.

Dimstyle (), .
.
Modify (),
. , Close () .
. , , .

9.8.

305


, .
Modify (). .
.


. . :
+ Dimension () Styles () , ...
"" ... Dimstyle (), .

Set
current ().
|

*- .
, () .


, ,
. ,
1. Dimstyle (), .
2. , Override
().
. <style overrides> (< >) (. . 9.32).
3. Close ().
, .

. 9.32

Dimension Style Manager


:urtent Oimstyte: ISO-25
Slylss:
ISO-25
i
< style oveirides>
:! ! Radial
MyCwnStyte

Review oh <.$tyieovemdes>

"'

i6,6

' / so- N

List
] All styles

ISQ-25 Text inside align - On. Text


outside align Otv
:

9.

306


:
1. Dimstyle (), .
2. , Delete () Rename ().
!" ,
.
.
""* Del.
" ,
.


, :
1. Dimstyle (), .
2. Compare ().
3.
(. . 9.33). .
4.
Windows.

. 9.33

4 Compare Dimension Style?*

Compare:
With: ' ISO 25
AutoCAD found 2 differences:
j Description;
: : " Variable
i f t a r j ' c a d dim"pgangle
I To! deviation
DIMTOL

MyOwnStyle ISO-25
45
* 90
On
Off


, :
1. List ( ) : (All styles) , (Styles in use).
2. Don't list styles in Xrefs ( -) (. 11.11).
:
1. A09-05.dwg .
2. (. . 9.34), . .

307

9.9.
PASSUNG:
RAD-DUR:
STANDARD:
STRICH:
TOLERANZ-1:

. , . 9.34,
, .
. , .
4. L09-05.dwg .

. 9.34

'

100

65
50

, 20

N
?

40 (

2f

307

1
.1 VI

"

- - * =

{ 1 | 1 [* 1
^

9.9.
.
(. 13.5). :
* . .
. .
"I* . .

DIMASSOC:
* 0: , , . . , , , .

9.

308

'* 1: , , .
, .
* 2: . .
, , .
DIMASSOC .
Options () (. .4) .
- :
.
*- (.
13.1).
* .
in* {. 16). .

Dimreassociate ()
Dimreassociate ()
, . :
in* Dimension () Reassociate dimensions ( ).
Command: _dimreassociate
Select dimensions to reassociate . . .
Select objects:
Specify first extension line origin or [Select object] <next>:
Specify second extension line origin <next>:
:
...
:
, [ ] <>:
<>:
. ,
.

Dimdisassociate ()
Dimdisassociate ()
, .
, :

9.10.

309

Command: dimdisassociate
Select dimensions to disassociate ...
Select objects:
1 disassociated.
:

:
:
1.

.
:
1. A09-06.dwg .
2. ,
, . 9.35.
3. L09-06.dwg .
. 9.35

50

i__J

30

.1

9.10.
. , , , . .
, .
Dimension ().

Dimtedit ()
Dimtedit ()
. :
#- Dimension (), Align text ( )
, ().

310

9.

"* Dimension text edit ( )


Dimension ().
Dimtedit () :
Command: _dimtedit
Select dimension:
Specify new location for dimension text or
[Left/Right/Center/Home/Angle]:
:
:
[////
. ]:
, .
. , . Left () Right
() , , . () . Angle () .

Dimedit ()
Dimedit () ,
. . . :
" Dimension () Oblique ().
'"4- Dimension (), Align text ( )
().
* Dimension edit ( ) Dimension ().
Dimedit () :
Command: _dimedit
Enter type of dimension editing. [Home/New/Rotate/Oblique] <Home>:
:
[///]
<>:
Oblique () .
Rotate () .
() .
, .
Enter type of dimension editing [Home/New/Rotate/Oblique] <Home>:
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
Enter obliquing angle (press ENTER for none):
[///]
<>: , ,

9.10.

311

:
: Enter
( , ):

.
, .
New () ,
. .
, , , : . ,
.
. ,
,
. , , ,
(, ) . . , . .

Dimoverride ()
, Dimoverride
(). :
" Dimension () Override ().
Dimoverride () :
Command: _dimoverride
Enter dimension variable name to override or [Clear overrides]:
dimtxt
Enter new value for dimension variable <3.50>: 5
Enter dimension variable name to override:
Select objects:
:
[
]: , Dimtxt
<3.50>: ,
, 5
:
Enter,
:
. , Enter, . . .

9.

312

Clear overrides ( ), .

Update ()


( ).
:
"* Dimension () Update ().
||* Dimension update ( ) Dimension ().
, .
:
1. A09-07.dwg .
2. , ,
. 9.36.
3. L09-07.dwg

Ddedit ()
6.9. Ddedit
(). .
. (. 6.9) . , Text formatting ( ).


(. 13.1) .

.
. 9.36

55

55

55rnm

55

55

55

10

. AutoCAD , , .

10.1.
, ,
. Dtext
(). , ,
, ,
.

Mtext ()
,
. , . Mtext ()
:
!"# Draw (), Text () Multiline text
().
'" Multiline text ()
Draw () Text ().

Mtext () :
Command: _mtext
Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 2.5
Specify first corner:
Specify opposite corner or [Height/Justify/Line
spacing/Rotation/Style/Width]:
:
: "" , : 5
:
[// /
//]:

. . , , , !

10.

314

. . (. ) . :
Height (): .
,
.
Style (): .
Rotation (): .
Justify (): .
Specify opposite corner or [Height/Justify/Line
spacing/Rotation/Style/Width]: j
Enter justification [TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR] <TL>: MR
[// /
//]:
[////////] <>: ,

:
TL()

()

TR

()

ML ()

()

MR

()

BL

()

()

BR

()

Line spacing ( ): .
:
Specify opposite corner or [Height/Justify/Line
spacing/Rotation/Style/Width]:
[//
///]:
, (. . 10.1).
Width (): . , , (. . 10.1).

10.1.

315

, , .


(. . 10.1) , , .
. 10.1

fStmdad

:= iz |a

. .

; / :.';.<

V:

v' if

V ^ t-l

if III il

: is! OK

; <

11
(

.
. ,
, . .



:
: ,
, .
: .
:
.
.
^ , : (),
~
() (U).
Undo () Redo (): .
Stack ( ):
( ). , , / /, #. . .
Stack properties ()
(. . 10.2).
:

10.

316
. 10.2

S3 Stack Properties
|

UPPer

: Low

Position

: 1 Fraction (Horizontal) v i l ]
j ^ i - , Center

Cancel

. Appearance
S^le

OK

[ Defaults V J :

Text (): .
Style (): ( , , ).
Position (): (,
).
Text size ( ):
.
Defaults ( ): (Save) (Restore)
.
AutoStack (): , - (. . 10.3).
. 10.3
AutoStack-

AutoStack Properties
Do you want to automatical stack the text
expressions x/y, x%, and x as you type?
>

0 Enable AutoStacking.

rSl

OlBsve-tead|ng biani; i x/y I:


Specify how "x/y" should stack:
Convert it to a diagonal traction
(*) Convert it to a horizontal fraction
Dont show this dtabg again; always use
these settings.

Color (): .
Ruler (): (\(
/ .
U -!
.
( ) .
, , .

317

10.1.


.
. , . .
Indents and tabs ( ): (. . 10.4).
. 10.4

Indents and Tabs


? Indentation
;

;::

;..:....

First One:

Paragraph:

Stop position:;

BJI x|

50
50
70

| 10
Set

OK

Clear

Cancel

Set mtext width ( ): (. . 10.5).


. 10.5

(. . 10.6).
. 10.6

L i

10.

318



(. . 10.7).
. 10.7

undo
Rede

Qrl+Z

Cut
Copy

CSri+X
ClrB-C
CWM

Ciri+V

Learn about MTEXT


Show Toolbar
v> Show Options
v* Show Ruler
Opaque Background
Insert =ield...

Ctrh-F

Import Text...

mJ

Indents and Tabs...


Bullets and Lists
Background Mask...
Justification
Find and Replace... Ctrl+R
Select Al
Change Case
AutoCAPS

Ctrl+A

Character Set

Cancel

Fl

Degrees
Plus/Minus

Wbd
%%p
%%c

Almost Equal
Angle
Boundary Line
Center line

\LH-22
\U+2220

Delta
Electrical Phase
HOWL

\U+03(
ILM-0278
\U+101

Identity
Initial Length
Monument Line
Not Equal

\U+E200
\LH-E1O2
\LH-226O

Omega

Property line
Subscript 2
Squared
Cubed

UUiLJH
\U+03A9
\LH-214A
\J+2082
\U4-OOB2
\U4-0063

Non-breaking Space Ctrl+Shft+Space


Other...

Undo () Redo (): (. : ).


Cut (), () Paste ():
Windows .
Learn about Mtext ( ): AutoCAD 2006.
Show toolbar ( ), Show options ( ), Show ruler ( ) Opaque background ():
, .
Symbol ():
. Other ()
Windows (. . 10.8).
:
1. .
2. .
3. Select () .

319

10.1.

4.
5.

() .
AutoCAD Paste () .

. 10.8

I
# $ % &
( )
5 6 7 8 9
< =
I J L M N0 P Q
a b d e
] _
q r s t u V V

*
- / 0 1 2
> ? A D E F
RS T V W X Y Z

G H

f g h i j

sI

I m n
I

3 4
[ \

M
'/2 % i
A /E Q E E E E I 1
1 1D N 0 0 0 0 0 X 0 U U U Y
ft a a
9 e I i i 5 n 6 6 6 6
a a a
0 ii u ii P A a A a A El
0

Chaaclets to : |
Advanced view
UOE: Registered Se

Import text ( ):
ASCII- RTF-
.
Indents and tabs ( ): (. . 10.4).
Bullets and lists ():
>= ; = * - ;
(, ) /. ,
.
Background mask ( ):
. (. . 10.09).
. 10.9

Background Mask
0 Use background mask
Border offset factor:
| 1.5000

OK
Cancel

. Fill Color
OUse drawing background color

Justification (): - libiiil ^ i pSFlW i


(. ).
~
~~ ~~ ~
, .

320

10.

Find and replace ( ): , , (. . 10.10).


. 10.10

Find and Replace


Find what:

Refilacewith:

Match whole word only


Match case

JfodNext I
fleplace
Replace All
Cancel

Select all ( ): .
Change CAPS ( ): .
AutoCAPS (): ( )
Shift Caps Lock.
. Shift, .
Remove formatting ( ): , , , . .
Combine paragraphs ( ): , .
Character set ( ): ' ( ).
:

1. .
2. Mtext (). .
R TF- TEXT.R TF .
3. . . ,
.

10.2.
AutoCAD , , . \Program Files\AutoCAD 2006\Fonts .shx ,
. , AutoCAD TrueType- Windows.

10.2.

321

Style ()
.
.
. Style () Dtext
() Mtext (). Style ()
.
:
"I* Format () Text style ( ).
* Text style ( ) Text
() Styles ().
(. . 10.11) . New () .
Font name ( ) . TrueType,
, : , , . .
Font style () . Height
() . , ,
Dtext () Mtext () . , 0. Use
big font ( ), ( ) SHX-. : ,
() ( ). Width factor (
) .
1, , 1 . Oblique angle ( ) . . ,
.
. 10.11

Text Style

style!

U Arial

Upods down

1 1 ...

FontSlsito;

font Name:

*!^-.;-)

1 *-

Hagtt

[06_

^ k * h Factor. ! 0000

;.

~:-

QbliqueAngte 0

AaBbCcD

Preview () .
Preview (),
. , Apply (), .
11 AutoCAD 2006

10.

322

,
Style name ( ),
Apply ().
.
, Rename (), .
, Style name ( ) Delete ().


, Style
() Dtext () Mtext (). -
Styles (). , . (. . 10.12).

. 10.12

AutoCAD 2006 [Drawing!.dwg]

I S ) *

View Insert Format Tools Draw Dimension . Modify Window Help

Styles
()

CO-

! MyOwnStyle

Standaid

MyOwnStyle
Slandad

/jrf

:
1. TrueType-
.

10.3.
AutoCAD, , ,
. . .
Ddedit ().

Ddedit ()
Ddedit () .
:
" Modify (), Object () Text (),
Edit ().
"* Edit () Text ().
Ddedit () :
Command: ddedit,
Select an annotation object or [Undo]:

10.3.

323

:
- []:
, ,
(. . 10.13). , .

. 10.13.
, ,
(. . 10.1). , , .
Undo () .

:
Dded.it ()
.

Scaletext ()
Scaletext ()
.
:
" Modify (), Object (), Text () > Scale ().
| Scale ( ) Text
().
Scaletext () :
Command: _scaletext
Select objects:
Enter a base point option for scaling
[Existing/Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/
TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR] <Existing>:
:
:

[//////
////////] <>:
: , . Dtext () Mtext ().
Existing () .
Specify new height or [Match object/Scale factor] <2.5>:
[ /] <2.5>:

324

10.

:
. .
Match object ( ):
. ,
.
Scale factor ():
.

Justifytext ()
Justifytext () . :
"* Modify (), Object (), Text ()
Justify ().
|* Justify ( )
Text ().
Justifytext () :
Command: j u s t i f y t e x t
Select objects:
Enter a j u s t i f i c a t i o n option
[Left/Align'/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR]
<Left>:
:
:

[////////////
//]<>::
: .
.

10.4.
AutoCAD ,
.


Spell ().
:
" Tools () Spelling ().
, ( All ()
).
(. . 10.14).

10.4.
. 10.14

325
Hcheck Spelling
Current dictionary:

American English

- Current word

Suggestions:

Text
Test
Tests

Change Dictionaries...
Context
Tekst lor spelling

.
. Suggestions () . :
* Ignore () .
in* Ignore all ( ) , .
"*- Change () Suggestions
().
in* Change all ( )
, .
, / Add ()
. Lookup ()
, , Suggestions (). Change dictionaries ( ) (. . 10.15).
. 10.15

Change Dictionaries

iDADocumentsand Seflings\Sergey M MDH


:

\ACAO
;ACIS

\ AutoCAD
' AutoCDM
"Autodesk
AuToEDM

[ Browse...

j '

10.

326

-,
. ,

Browse (). .
Add (). Delete ()
.
:
1. . .
2. .

10.5.
AutoCAD , , .

Find ()
Find ().
Find () :
"" Edit () Find ().
!" Find () Text ().
" Find () ,
.
(. . 10.16) .

. 10.16

I Object type: M text


e SSHfit *

01
^ J>

Replace 0

Find text string ( ) ,


. Replace with ( ) .
Search in ( ) , .
, Current selection ( ).
.

327

10.5.
, . .

Find (): . Context () (.


. 10.16).
Replace ():
. , .
Find next ( ): Find ()
Find next ( ).
, .
Replace all ( ):
.
Select all ( ): , . , Search in ( ) Current
selection ( ).
Zoom to (): . ,
.


Options () , (. . 10.17).
. 10.17

ts] Find end Replace Options


- Include:
0

Block Attiibute Value

0TabteText

M Dimension Annotation Text

0 Hjipertnk Description

. 0 Hyperlink

Teni (Mtext, DText. Textl

Match case
Find whole words only

Include () ,
. Match case ( ) . Find whole words only ( ) .

:
1. .

10.

328

10.6.
AutoCAD , . :
" , .
* .
|'* .
'* ..
.


Field () .
:
" Insert () Field ().
, (. . 10.18).
. 10.18

Fieldnames;
1 CurrentSheetSet

! CurrentSheetSetCustom
I CurrentSheetSetDescriptio
| CurrentSheetSetPro)ectMrl
I CurrentSheetSetProjectNa
X CurcentSheetSetProjertNu - a
I CurrentSheetSetProjectPhi
;
;Current5heetSubSet
I
iCurrentSheetTitle
I

Path and filename


[ 3 Display Ha extension

iipioselExpresfflpn
Ifomfc
I Hyper Ink
'iHyperlinkflase
1 Keywords
L 5 d
Rtenaw \f "

Field category ( ). :
* All (). .
""- Other (). .
+ Date and time ( ). , ,
.
" Document (). : * ,
, (. 14.1).
* Objects ().
, , , . .

10.6.

329

'" Sheetset ( ). .
Plot (). , , ,
, . .
Linked (). .
Field names ( ). .
Field expression ( ). .
. ,
.
, :
Command: _Field
Current t e x t s t y l e :
"" Text h e i g h t :
Specify s t a r t p o i n t or [ H e i g h t / J u s t i f y ] :

3.50

:
- : "" : 3.50
[/]:

. . , Height
(). , Justify () , (. 10.1).
, , , . . , , , : .
.
.
.
, ,
. , Updatefield,
.
.


Dtext () Insert field ( ). .


Mtext (^, - Q I
Insert field ( ) (. . 10.7)
. .
,
. ,
.

10.

330

:
1. A10-01.dwg .
2. Field () Mtext
() (. . 10.19).
. 10.19 .

( )]
a

N .

in

+
{* < |

I"1

3. , . 10.20. ,
.
. 10.20

Crojmrerence
Color
Diameter
Layer
Unetype
Linetype scale
l i n e weight
Normal
Object name
Plot style
Recks
Tftctaess

4. . .
5. , . , ;
.
L10-01.dwg , .

10.7.

331

10.7.
AutoCAD 2006 LT 2006 .
.


Table (). (. 10.1), . Table ()
:
* Draw () Table ().
""- Table () Draw ().
(. . 10.21)
. 10.21

Inserl Table
;:Tabte5t>fc

Insertion fjebavior

Settings

Table S,tyte nan;

'

() Specify insertion port


0.18

Hate
Oil)
Dili
Dati
Diti
Data
Diti
Dti
Giti

Title
Hwdtr
bta
Qjti
M*
,
Ui
Ml
hh
Oiti

Hr
WJ
M I

tw*

Data
Data

) 15

Ma
Dili

, . , , , .
Table style name ( ) . Tablestyle (), (. ).
.
.
Insertion behavior ( ). : (Specify insertion point),
(Specify window).
.
Column & w settings ( ). . , , .
. .
Row height ( ) ,
.

10.

332

Specify window ( ) (. ), (. . 10.22).

. 10.22

Insert Table
} :

Table StySe Sefthgs


jtyte name:

Specify, insertion point

(]

(standard

Title
HKhr
Oiti
QJti

Httdtr
M i

Ul

bill

U i

Data

OKI
Ml
HA

Ul
Ul

Mi
fetl
Oltl
Dlti

Cdumn &ftow Settings


Htader

Oiti
Ml
Mi
Mi
Dili
Dili

mis

Ml
Ml

&!

Une(s)

. . ,
.
.
, (. . 10.23). Tab , a Shift+Tab . (. 10.6) . ,
, ,
. . Microsoft Excel,
.

. 10.23

IIIIISI

v-45

v it : g *i - ' 1

1.1}


.
Tabledit (). . - . , (. . 10.23). Tab Shift+Tab.
. , -

10.7.

333

(. . 10.24). ,
,
, . Remove
all property overrides ( )
. Properties () (. ).
. 10.24

Cut
Copy
' Paste

Recent Input
Cell Alignment
Cell Borders...
Hatch Cell
Insert Block...
Insert Field..
Edit Cell Text
Insert Columns
Size Columns Equally
Insert Rows

'

Delete Rows
Size Rows Equally
Remove All Property Overrides
Delete Cell Contents
Merge Cells
Unraerge Cdls
I Properties.

Insert block ( )
(. 11.1-11.4).
(. . 10.25). , Name
(). Browse () ,
.
.
. 10.25

334

10.

. . . ,
.


: , , ,
. . ,
.
. , .
, . Tablestyle
() , . :
" Format () Table style ( ).
' Table style ( ) ?!
Styles ().
^J
,
(. . 10.26).

. 10.26

Table Style
Current Tabtestjte Standard
Style:

Review d; MyQwnStyte

Hadn-

Htodst-

iota

Dot
0*4.

Pato
Ur,+o
Safe

Dtta'
Dot

Title

Header

Seta
'"*

Dob

Boil
Hta
;"" ' ; ; . " "

bate ,

Styles () . Set current (), , . . Delete () , , .


New (). ,
(. . 10.27).
, . (Start with) , .

10.7.
. 10.27

335

Create New Table Style


New Style Name:

IMyOwnStyle

Start W i t h r j Standard

Continue

Cancel

Help

Continue () (. . 10.28)
( ):
Data (). , ,
.
, .
Border properties ( ) , . .
Table direction ( ) . Cell margins ( )
. 1.5 0.5 .
. 10.28 .

Column heads ( ) Title ( ).


. ,
,
.
Tablestyle () (. . 10.26) Modify () (. . 10.28). ,
, .
Styles ().
(. . 10.29).
.

10.

336
. 10.29

AutoCAD J006 - [Drawing2.()mgj


file Edit View Insert Format Tools Draw Dimension Modify

Window Help Express

. & :.J & ^ W *-e i

/I
. , .

.
:
1. .
, , .
2. , , , .
. 10.30 .
L10-02.dwg.


3119

1 60-

67,

*089

" "'

4711

146,00

"

3320,00

""
Bront

08-15

320,00

Bront

08-16

320,00

""

012345

3320,00

""
-

4711
1

245,00
87,00

01246

-<|&
-


150-

87,00

4711

245,00

012346
08-15

3320,00
320,00

I D

. 10.30.

1S0-AC

""
"

4711

Bront

09-15

87 00
HSM
' 3320,00'

^.

11

, ,

AutoCAD , .
. , .
. .

11.1.
, , .
, , . , 1
, . (. 11.16) (, ) .
Move (), (), Scale (), Mirror () . . , . . , Stretch (), Extend (), Trim (), Break (), Fillet () . .
.
:
* . . ().
.
.
" .
|* . 255
.
< > / \ , : ? * I = .
* , ,
, .
.
.
"||* , , , .

11. , ,

338

, , .
0, . ,
0 ,
, . .
Byblock (). ,
,
.
, ,
, . .
, . , ,
Gripblock.
,
(. 13.5).

Extend () Trim ().

11.2.
Block ().

Block ()
Block () :
'* Draw (), Block () Make ().
"* Make block ( ) Draw
().
(. . 11.1).
. 11.1

S3 Block Definition
Name:
ielock-01

-Base

[ I f ] Pi* part
X:

[00

Y:

20.00

Z;

[6.00

QHHan
Convert to block
Delete
8 objects selected

Setting- Block unit


JMltroelers
Description;
Teslbtock " * *

Hypolnk.
Q Open in block edtor

AHow explodng

11.2.

339

:
1. Name () , . , .
, , ,
. , , , .
.
2.

, . .
. Base point ( ) - I ,",!
. ,
Pick point (),
.
,
. Z 0.

3.

Select objects ( ),
, .
Enter .
(QuickSelect). ,
13.3.
, . :

4.

5.

Retain ()
.
Convert to block ( )
. , .
Delete () .
, .

, .
Block unit ( ) , AutoCAD. Uniform scale ( ),
X,
Y Z. Allow exploding ( )
. Description () AutoCAD. Hyperlink () (.
18.1). Open in block editor ( ) ( ).

340

11. , ,

11.3.
, Wblock ().

Wblock ()
, .
(. . 11.2 11.3), :

. 11.2
Wblock ()

Write Block

gtock

jbdl

nfoe drawing
Ofibieds
r Base point

|ile name and path:


jDADocuments and Setthgs\5ergey M. MolyavkoVMy Documents\b

Insert ynits:

: Source ( )
Block (), , , (. . 11.2). ,
Base point ( ) Objects () .
Destination () .
,
. Insert units () ,
AutoCAD (. 13.7).
: Entire drawing ( ) , . Save () ,
. , , , , , , ,
, . (. 11.4). Entire drawing ( )
Base point ( ) Objects () (. . 11.2).
:
, , Objects ()

11.3.

341

Source ( ).
Base point ( ) Objects () (. . 11.3),
Block ().
.
. 11.3
Wblock (),

OEnfted
Base point

R* print

-i

i (

i : OCwweittobbck
OU*il*>na

0 00

1 obieci satectetJ

Dnlineta
lia name and path;

\Q
.'Iftceit jjnits:

Mlllinieler

;
Block () ,
Wblock () , , Objects ()
Wblock (). , , . .

Base ()
Wblock (). . Base
() .
Base () :
* Draw (), Block () Base ().
Base () :
Command: base
Enter base point <0 . 00,0.00,0.00>:
:
<0.00,0.00,0.00>:
Enter.

342

11. , ,

11.4.
,
, . ,
. (. 11.16)
(, ) .

Insert ()
,
, Insert ().
Insert () :
Insert () Block ().
"* Insert block ( ) Draw
() Insert ().
. 11.4

g h.oc
, [Too

Sleek UrA

2 n"oo
QUrifomi Scale

Ul

; Factor

|{.{"

OK

: ,
, Name (). Name ()
.
: Browse (). , Open (), . , Name () .
, ,
.
.

. . . Name () ,
, ,
. Yes (). , .
:
: (Insertion point), (Scale)
(Rotation).
( Specify on screen (-

343

11.4.

) ).
, (. . 11.4).
0, .
Scale () . .
, . Uniform scale ( ),
X, Y Z. Explode ()
. Uniform scale ( ) .
,
Specify on screen ( ), ,
:
Command: _insert
Specify insertion point or
[Basepoint/Scale/X/Y/Z/Rotate/PScale/PX/PY/PZ/PRotate]:
Enter X scale factor, specify opposite corner, or [Corner/.XYZ] <1>:
Enter Y scale factor <use X scale factor>:
Specify rotation angle <0>:
:
[ //////
////]:
X, [/ XYZ] <1>:
< >:
<0>:
, , .
, X. 1, , Enter. Y
X, 0. .
Corner () ,
. X X, Y Y. XYZ
, Z.
. ,
. . ,
.
Scale (): .
Specify insertion point or
[Scale/X/Y/Z/Rotate/PScale/PX/PY/PZ/PRotate]: s
Specify scale factor for XYZ axes:
Specify insertion point:
Specify rotation angle <0>:

[/////////

11. , ,

344

]:
XYZ:
:
. <0>:

.
, ( )
.
X/Y/Z: ,
1. 1. , . .
Rotate ():
, , . ,
.
PScale/PX/PY/PZ/PRotate (////): , , , . :
Command: _insert
Specify insertion point or
[Basepoint/Scale/X/Y/Z/Rotate/PScale/PX/PY/PZ/PRotate]: ps
Specify preview scale factor for XYZ axes: 0.5
Specify insertion point:
Enter X scale factor, specify opposite corner, or [Corner/XYZ] <1>:
Enter Y scale factor <use X scale factor>:
Specify rotation angle <0>:
:"
[
//X/Y/Z////nY/nZ/]: ,

XYZ: , 0.5
:
X, [/ XYZ] <1>:
< >:
<0>:

:

.

Explode ()
Explode () .
:
* Modify () Explode ().

||

- Explode () Modify
().

11.4.

345

, . , . , .

:
Explode () ( Explode () ).
. , .
(. ). Explode ()
.

Purge ()
,
. , , .
.
O4Hcf Purge (). :
'"* File (), Drawing utilities ( )
Purge ().
(. . 11.5).

. 11.5
Purge ()

View items ycu can purge

View items j>ou cannot purge

Items no! used in drawing;


-
I ^

Blocks
Dimension styles

- Layers
~ * SCHRIFT
i^u Linetypes
GESTRICHELT
|
[ GETRENNT
I
i
j
!

'.JK
;

I S
i

MITTE
PHANTOM
PUNKT
PUNKTE
RAND

STRICHPUNKT

Confirm each item to be purged

Purge nested items

:
, ( ), ,

11. , ,

346

( ). . ,
, , , , , . + , .
Purge () . Purge all ( ) . . Confirm each item to be purged (
) .
Purge all ( ) Confirm each item to
be purged ( ) . Purge nested items
( ) , . .
:
1. 11-01.dwg .
.
2. .
Explode () . .

11.5.
, . , , . .
, . , , , , , , . .


Attdef (). .
| Ddedit () Battman ().
, .


|"* .

11.5.

347

"" Attedit ()
Eattedit ().
" Attdisp () . ,
, .


* Attext () Eattext ().

Attdef(Amonp)
Attdef (), :
+ Draw (), Block () Define attributes ( ).
(. . 11.6).

. 11.6

Attribute Definition


j ^

Invisible () : . ,
. ,
.
Constant () , , .
. .
Verify () ,
. .
Preset () . , ,
. .
.
Attribute () . Tag ()
, Prompt () .
, AutoCAD .

348

11. , ,

Value () .
.
Insert field ( ) , ~
, . - *-*
.
Insertion point ( ) .
, Specify on
screen ( ) . Align below
previous attribute definition ( ) . Lock position in block (
) .
Text options ( ) .
Dtext ().


, ,
Ddedit () . :
'* Modify (), Object (), Text () Edit ().
"" Edit text ( ) Text
().
,
(. . 11.7).
. 11.7

Edit Attribute Definition

IDETAILNUMBER

Default

PtOBpt
;

108-15
Cancel

Help

.
.
:
1. All-02.dwg . .
2. . , , . 11.8.
3. .

..

1
2

. -

. 11.8.

11.6.

349

11.6.
Insert () . (. . 11.9) .
. 11.9

j Enter Attributes
Blockname

111-02

BUTT
BEZSCHNUNG1
BEZEICHNUNB2
MAMMIOCIFSTAB
POSITION
MENGE
KOMMENTAR
DATUM
OK

:
,
ATTREQ 1 ( ).
ATTDIA 1, .
:
1. . ,
Lll-02.dwg .
2. {. . 11.9). Next (),
.
. 11.10.

. 28.05.2004

..

1:1

10

. N9 E:\Knnra\AutoCAD 2005 PyKOBCjcTBOVA11-01.dwg

. 11.10.

I.

Attdisp ()
. Attdisp (). :
"" View (), Display () Attribute
display () .

350

11. , ,

Attdisp () :
Command: attdisp
Enter a t t r i b u t e v i s i b i l i t y s e t t i n g [Normal/ON/OFF] <Normal>:
:
[//]

<>:

Normal ()
, . On ()
. Off () .

11.7.
.


-
. , .
, ,
( ). ( ). **Stretch** (****). 13.5.

Eattedit ()

Eattedit (). AutoCAD, AutoCAD LT
Attedit () (. ). Eattedit
() :
w* Modify (), Object (), Attribute ()
Single ().
'" Edit attribute ( )
Modify II ( II).
Eattedit () :
Command: _eattedit
Select a block:
:
:
, (. . 11.11-11.13) .
Attribute ():
(. . 11.11). Value
().
Text options ( ): (. . 11.12), .

/1.7.
. 11.11

351

Enhanced Attribute Editor


Block: L11-02
' Tag: DATUM

Select Bock

! Text Options Properti


Prompl

| NAMEN
alue: 128X6.2005

. 11.12

H I Enhanced Attribute Editor


Block: 111-02
Tag: DATUM

Selectfelock

"Atttbuie
t[STANDARD

_ _ ' "

Juslftata : [ ! v i nBaclswaids
Hfiight [2.00 __
Rotation- [0

Wf~~

isSdth Factor
flbliqueAngle-

~-

Upsidedonn

JO

Properties (): (,
. .) (. . 11.13), .
. 11.13

Enhanced Attribute Editor


Blocfc 111-02
DATUM
Attribute

fa<ldptons / f PraPt"j!
LsyerlsCHRIFT

Color: | Byl-ayei

-VH

Une^erght:

-ByLajer

:
""
, , . Apply ().
"- , \[ I
Select block ( ) . - Lil
,
. , ,
.
, .

352

11. , ,

Attedit (Amped)
AutoCAD (. . 11.9).
Attedit (). . AutoCAD LT
:
""* Modify (), Object (), Attribute () Edit ().
mi* Edit attribute ( ) Modify II ( II).
Attedit () :
Command: attedit
Select block reference:

'

:
:
.

-Attedit (-)

-Attedit (-), .
, .
,
. ,
. -Attedit (-) :
"|* Modify (), Object ()>, Attribute () Global ().
-Attedit (-) :
Command: -attedit
Edit attributes one at a time? [Yes/No] <Y>:
: -
? [/] <>:
:
.
. , .
Command: -attedit
Edit attributes one at a time? [Yes/No] <Y>: n
Performing global editing of attribute values.
Edit only attributes visible on screen? [Yes/No] <Y>:
Enter block name specification <*>:
Enter attribute tag specification <*>:
Enter attribute value specification <*>:

11.7.

353

Select Attributes:
attributes selected.
Enter string to change:
Enter new string:
: -
? [/] <>:
.
? [/] <>:
<*>:
<*>:
<*>:
:
.
:
:
. , , , :
Enter block name specification <*>:
Enter attribute tag specification <*>:
Enter attribute value specification <*>:
Select Attributes: Enter
Enter string to change:
Enter new string:
<*>:
<*>:
<*>:
:
: Enter
:
:
, ,
. . * , .
.
: .
Command: -attedit
Edit attributes one at a time? [Yes/No] <Y>:
Enter block name specification <*>:
Enter attribute tag specification <*>:
Enter attribute value specification <*>:
Select Attributes:! attributes selected.

12 AutoCAD 2006

354

11. , ,

Select Attributes: Enter


attributes selected.
Enter an option [Value/Position/Height/Angle/Style/Layer/Color/Next]

: -
? [/] <>:
<*>:
<*>:
<*>:
: 1
: Enter
Z .
[//////]

, , . AutoCAD
.
Next () .
,
Explode (),
. .
:
1. Eattedit (), Attedit (Amped) -Attedit (-)
.

, Battman ()

Battman ().
AutoCAD. :
I* Modify (), 1 Object (), Attribute () Block attribute manager ( ).
" Block attribute manager ( )
Modify II ( II).
(. . 11.14)
.
: Select block ( )
.
.
: . . (. . 11.15),
Settings ().

11.7.

355

. 11.14

Display in list ( ) . Select all


( ) Clear all ( ) .
Emphasize duplicate tags ( ) . Apply changes to existing references ( ') , , .
. 11.15

Diatom hi

Height

as*.
QfibSque Angle
Setert^' 1 [ Clgai All[ }

dupJicais tags
{ ^ j A i f ^ charifle* to easting wfenc(


(. . 11.14)
:

Sync ():
. . , , .
Move up (): . .
Move down (): . .
Remove (): . , Sync ().
Edit ():
,
(. . 11.16).

11. , ,

356

. 11.16

a Edit Attribute
Active Block: L11-02
"Attribute 7 | Options Properties Mode

i r Data

-
o preview chanpes

Attribute () ,
Attdef () (. 11.5). (Text options (
) Properties ())
Eattedit () (. . 11.12 . 11.13). , ,
, , . Sync (), .

Attsync ()
Attsync () , , . . :
Synchronize attributes ( ) Modify II ( II).
Attsync () :
Command: attsync
Enter an option [?/Name/Select] <Select>:
:
[?//] <>:
Select () . , Name (). *,
.
:
1. .
2. .
3. Attsync ()
.

11.8.
AutoCAD .
Eattext (), -

11.8.

357

. AutoCAD AutoCAD LT Attext (), AutoCAD.

Eattext ()
Eattext () . :
" Tools () Attribute extraction ( ).
* Attribute extraction ( ) Modify II ( II).

(. . 11.17-11.20).
. ( ) ( ),
( ). ( *.).
.
Select drawing ( ): ,
(. . 11.17). Select objects
( ), . .
Current drawing
( ). Select drawings ( ) .
.. 11.17
,

Additional Settings ():


:
(. 11.9) .
Select attributes ( ):
(. . 11.18) , -

11. , ,

358

, ; . , ( ).
. 11.18
,

Extraction Select AHritmlK (Page i ill 6]


Select the block* and attributes*to include as the row * heade;* you fnei output '
h d i k item* She _W f fltjektmai opltons. If desred, you can tpeofy * dJtlermt duplex rv*me which w * ihcw up .

?
BbckNw .
L1102
LAMPE
REGAL"
SCHRANK
SESSEL
SIT2GR
S0FA2
S0FA3

0
0

[!

. DttptayName

Lli-02
.;,, 1 ' . .-"v:-,--"
REGAL
SCHRANK
'
SESSEL
SITZGR
SOFA2
SOFA3

AUSFUH,

AUSFUHRUNG
BEZEICHNUNG
BEZEICHNUNG1
BEZEICHNUNG2
BLATT
DATUM
EDV-NF)

BEZEICH..
ra
- BEZEICH...
BEZEICH...
BLATT
DATUM
0 EDV-NR.

Atubute
AtlTtxie
Attit-ute
Attnbute
Attnbute
Atttlxis
AHrbute

Finalize output ( ):
(. . 11.19) ,
.
, Full preview ( ).
. 11.19
,

In the ptevew bdov., you can reorder taba etementi through drdg-*-id-#P- 5wt your d*a by ticking a crtunf i
h

:;

- "

" - .

""

. ; .

RijM'cfek row w columrt headais !oc addfioral ortore,


Quartjlji. * . 8E2EICHNUMG
BLATT 'i DATUM
S*jgnjppe
Sestd

. .

. . _

;.,.-.

.
EDV-NR

HERSTEU.EB

Fa. Pd*lf
FaPottterfu

Couchtisch
SteHampe
Sdvankwdnd
Bucfvegal

Fa GI4J*O0FChlix
Fa Giganto
FaHdzwum

[ 3 AutoCAD table

External file ( )
. , . Microsoft
Excel.
(Select table style) . (. . 11.20).
(Finish) ,
. Save template
( ). *.blk.

11.8.

359

. 11.20
,

:
1. All-03.dwgu3 .
.
2. . .
3. , , , .
,
(. . 11.21).
L ll-03.dwg,
, . 11.21.
4. . , . Excel.
5. Microsoft Excel. ,
. 11.22. : Lll-03-l.xls Lll-03-2.xls
.
. 11.21

11. , ,

360
. 11.22
Excel

1 Hlockname
2 'LAMPE
PE6AL
SCHRANK
SESSEL
6 SrTZGR
"S0FA2
S0FA3
9 tTISCH

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
?

LAMPE
iLAMPE
: LAMPE
"LAMPE '
LAMPE
:
LAMPe

_E

F,

ng V-Skalierung Z-Sk;

X-Etrhjgepuniy-EinfugepunZ-Einlugepunt Layer
! 221,717839 13.07613
OATT
114,399481 125347
OATT
122.896829 2.4709
0 ATT
1B7,728447 9.084677
'
0 ATT
B9^22154 28,463709
' 0 ATT
:
192,1345
151,4395
0 ATT
209,758608 116.842742
0 ATT
136,672597 106,463709 '
0 ATT

P.
Altfibut
Aittibutwert .
X-EinfUgepunl 221.717839
Y-Einfugepun 163,076613
Z-Emfugepunl
0
La,,
Ausncht.
X-Skaher
Y-Skalier
Z-Skahen
XExirusi
Y-Exlruei

Attext ()
AutoCAD
Attext (). . .
. 11.23

Attribute Extraction
FfeFomial

--

EoMMD<*mtJFte(CDF|
O S p a c e D e w e d File (SDF]
O E X F Fomal E * a d Fie (D<)

Select ebjecls<
Template Fie...
Output0>...

Number found 0
j

IA11-03.M
I

;U1-03-l[""'

(. . 11.23).
:
|1

* Comma delimited file ( )


CDF-,
. , .
, , .
. .

"" Space delimited file ( ) SDF-,


. ,

11.8.

361

. . ,
.
""* DXF format extract file ( DXF) AutoCAD,
. DXF . DXF- (.dxx).
, . Select objects ( ), , . (Template file),
(Output file).


CDF SDF .
, , , Windows. . , , .
. :
_
_ Nxxxyyy
N , , ( ),
( , 000). :

BL:LEVEL
BL-.NAME
BL:X
BL:Y
BL:Z
BL:NUMBER
BL:HANDLE
BL:LAYER
BL:ORIENT
BL:XSCALE
BL:YSCALE
BL:ZSCALE
BL:XEXTRUDE
BL:YEXTRUDE
BL:ZEXTRUDE



X
Y
Z




X
Y
Z
X
Y
Z

CDF .

11. , ,

362

, : , '
.
C:DELIM D , : / ;
:QUOTE , : " I
.txt. .txt.

:
1. , .
( All-O3.txt) . Windows.
2. Attext () CDF SDF.
: Lll-03-l.txt CDFuLll-03-2.txt
SDF.

11.9.
. :
|>|* ,
, ,
*- ,
, .
(). . ,
. AutoCAD , , .
(), , ( ), .
.

Xattach ()
Xattach () . :
.* Insert () External reference ( ).
External reference ( ) Reference ().
, Open (). (. . 11.24).
Insert () (. 11.4).

11.9.

. 11.24

363
ISJ External Reference
Name:- |-1
Found ire
Saved path:

D:\AttD_examples\M1-04-tdwg
uimpiesSA11 -04-1 ,dwg
Palhjype

^Attachment
* Insertion point|^j Specify On-scieen

{j Qvelay
Scale -i
D Specify On-tcteen

221'
: Rutalion : :
; ] Specify On-screen

Name () . Browse (). Name ()


, .
Reference type ( ): Attachment (),
.
Overlay (), (, )
(, ). b
, , , b
.
Pathtype ( ):
. Full path ( ). . Relative path ( ) , . . . , , ,
. No path ( ), .
Insertion point ( ), Scale () Rotation () , Insert () (. 11.4).
Block unit ( ) .
.
:
1. All-04.dwg .
2. Xattach () -04-l.dwg,
All -04-2. dwg uAl 1-04-3.dwg .
Attachment () Pathtype ( ) No path ( ). .11.25.
L11-04.DWG .

364

11. , ,

11.25.

Xref ()

Xref () (. . 11.26). :
HI* Insert () Xref manager ( ).
Xref manager ( ) Insert
() Reference ().
HI* Xref manager ( ) Draw ().
. 11.26

LJS
Relwerc*

11-04-1
11-04-4

6 11-04-5
2 11-04-6
11-04-7

Status
>'
t
t

Loaded
Loaded
Loaded

'1 Loaded
*' Loaded
*- Loaded

28KB
22KB
19KB
26KB
22KB

as?...

Date

Saved Palh

Allach
Attach

04.11.2a..
23.03.20...

.\A11-O4-1.d4

Attach

04.11.20..
04.11.20..
04.11.20...
04.11.20...

Allach
Allach
Attach

.VA11* 3dwi
A1104-4. wg
-\A11-04-5. 4
A11-4--**
A11-O4-7.d

11.9.

365

:
. ( ,
) ,
, ,
(Aliasname).
. () : Overlay
() Attachment ().
. . ,
.
:
(. . 11.26) (. 11.27).
. 11.27

Xref Manager

!
i-tt All-04-1
L - 11-04-5
- S All-04-4

a SSBS
I
' ft
| i -It
| l
| -Jj

A11-04-4
All 04-5
11-04-6
All-04-7

y,rsf round At
: |D1ACAD_examplesV41-04-3.dwsi

: Xref found at ( ) , .
, , . .
. Browse (), .
Save path ( ) .
: Attach (),
Xattach ().


Detach ():
.
Unload (): , . , . ()
.
Reload (): ()
Reload ().
Bind (): (.
11.11).

11. , ,

366

Open (): ( AutoCAD LT) -


. "*
,
. , (. . 11.28). , .
. 11.28

[xteinal Reference File Hal Changed

A rderence file hat changed and may need reloading


-04-2

:
1. Xref () .
, . ,
.
2. (. . 11.27).

11.10.
. , , , .
. , ,
.

. AutoCAD , : , , , , , , . , , ,
.
Kontur, . ,
Kontur .
, .
.
,
. , Kontur
-04-1 All-04-llKontur.
. Layer (),
.
. 11-04-II Kontur -

367

11.11.

. .
, ,
. , Kontur
11-04-1. . .
,
Visretain 1 ( ).
:

1. Kontur .
Masse ,
. , Visretain
, .
2. . , . .
Lll-05.dwg.
:

1. . .
, Al l-04-3.dwg . . AutoCAD .
2. .

11.11.
, .
. ,
Bind (). ,
(. . 11.29).
. 11.29

iBindXrbfs
Bind Type

Bind
Insert

OK
Cancel

Bind ():
, Explode (). . , , . $$ , : All-04-l$0$Kontur
( $$
, ).

11. , ,

368

. . .
Insert ():
. , . All-04-llKontur
Kontur. , , .
.
.
:
1. .
2. Layer ().

11.12.
, , . , , , .

Xbind ()
Bind () Xref ()
. ( ), Xbind (). :
Modify (), Object (), External reference
( ) Bind ().
"* Bind () Reference
().
, (. . 11.30).
. + ,
, . Add (). .
, Remove ().
, Bind () Xref
(), , All-04-l$0$Kontur.
. 11.30

Xrefs

Def nitons to 8md

TAI"I-04-IIMITTE

J 11-04-1

1-04-11

Block
i

Dimslyle

~Layer

K ? Al104-1K0NTLIfi

A1104-1ISCHRAFF

- All-04-1 MASSE
Linetype

11.13.

369

?
, ,
, . () , . ,
, ,
. . : .
. ,
.

11.13.
, (. 12), -
, .
, Xclip (). AutoCAD LT .

Xclip ()
Xclip () .
:
* Modify (), Clip () Xref ( ).
""* Xref ( ) Reference
().
. :
Command: _xclip
Select objects:
Enter clipping option [ON/OFF/Clipdepth/Delete/generate Polyline/
New boundary] <New>:
:
:
:
[/////
] <>:
Enter , . ,
, . , :
Delete old boundary(s)?

[Yes/No] <Yes>:

[/] <>:

11. , ,

370

) . ^ :
Specify clipping boundary:
[Select lyline/Polygonal/Rectangular] <Rectangular>:
:
[ //]

<>:

.
Enter. Polygonal () , WPolygon () . , Select polyline ( ).
Off (|) . On ()
| .
generate Polyline () , . Delete () .
Clipdepth (),
. , , .
Enter clipjping option [ON/OFF/Clipdepth/Delete/generate
boundary] pCNew>:
Specify frlont c l i p point or [Distance/Remove] :
Specify back c l i p point or [Distance/Remove]:

Polyline/New

[/////
<>:
[/]:
[/]:

. ,
0,0,10 0,0,-10
. , Z = 10 Z = -10.
Remove () . Distance ()
.

:
1. All-06.dwg . ,
. |
2. Insert () BL2. ,
, .
3. BL2 . , . 11.31.

11.13.

371

. 11.31

4. BL2. ,
.
. 11.32,
1 -O6.dwg .
. 11.32

( )

Xclipframe
Xclipframe. AutoCAD LT
, AutoCAD
. :
* Modify (), Object (), External reference
() Frame ().
Frame () Reference ().

372

11. , ,

Command: lipframe
Enter new alue for XCLIPFRAME <0>: 1
: lipframe
Xclipframe <0>: 1

11.14.
;
, .
< .
, . -.
{ . AutoCAD LT
.

Ref dit ()

Refedit (<:) . Refedit (, ) (. . 11.33).
. 11.33
Refedit
( )
\ :
* ools (), Xref and block editing ( ) ] Edit reference in-place ( ).
Refedit ( ).

AutoCAD
<, (. . 11.34). , . Reference name
( ) . , : . , () ,
. , (. . 11.34).
Automatica select all nested objects ( ): ,

Prompt to se ect nested object ( ): .


Select nes ted objects:
:

11.14.
. 11.34
Refedit ()

373
Reference Edit
Identify Reference [Settings?
Reference name:
-

' 11-04-
i K J A11-04-5

<
Petit

D:WCAD_(!arnjles\Al1-04-1.dwg

0 Automatical select aH nested objects


Prompt to select nested objects


, .
Settings (): (. . 11.35).
. 11.35

0

Create unique layer, style, and block names

(_J Dftpksy Itobute diiiriitioi'i* !o! edi


\v\ Lock objects not in working set

Create unique layer, style and block names ( ,


): , AutoCAD ,
, $0$, $1$ . .
. , .
Display attribute definitions for editing ( ): , .
Lock objects not in working set ( ,
): , , , . .
Refedit (
) ,
.

11. , ,

374


Xfadectl ( )
.
Command: fadectl
Enter new value for XFADECTL 2: 70
: fadectl
XFADECTL 2: , 70
0 90. 0 , , 90
. Options ()
(. .


: >i,
, . ,
, .
.

Refset ()
Refset ()
.
:
'ools (), Xref and block editing (
Add to working set (
) Remove from working set (
]
Add to working set ( )
Remove from working set ( )
; Refedit ( ).

Refclose ()
Refclose ()
Discard changes to reference ( ) Save back
changes to reference ( ).
:
' Tools (), Xref and block editing (
) .
+ Close reference ( ) Save
reference; edits ( )
Refedit ().
.

11.15. AutoCAD

375

:
1. All-07.dwg .
2. KETTENGLIED , , . . .
Lll-07.dwg.
:
1. All-08.dwg .
2. .
,
. -08-2
10 , 10 , .
3. .
All-08-2.dwg - . ,
.

11.15. AutoCAD

. - QJSM
,
. , . . , .
. AutoCAD AutoCAD LT .
AutoCAD.


"* , .
' (, , ,
) . .
" .
|" .

Group ()
Group ().
, Object grouping ( ) (. . 11.36).

11. ,',

376
. 11.36

Object Grouping
Gtoue Name

Selectable

KOLBEN

Yes

Yes

:'- Gfoup Identificatio


group Name:


1.

* Group name ( ) .

Descri]j>tion () .

Selectable (), ; . , . Unnamed ( ) " ; .


3. ; New () . , Entfir , ,
[ .
, ,
AutoCAD, .
Selectable (). , .
, .
2.


1.

2.

3.

. Remove () Add
(). .
, ,
Group name ( ) Rename ().
Description ()
Description ().
i Explode () .
( ).

11.15. AutoCAD
4.

377

, Selectable () Change group (


). Selectable () .


1.

, Highlight (). , . Continue () .

2.

, ,
Find name ( ). , . , ( ) .


Re-order () Change group ( ) Order group ( ),
.

>"" , .
, .
"
:
Command: move
Select objects: g
Enter group name: kolben
121 found
Select objects: Enter
:
:
: kolben
121
:
: Enter
Options () (. .4) Selection () Object grouping ( ),
. .
:
1. Al l-09.dwg . .
2. , , Teill ( ), 2 ( ) Kolben ().
.

11. , ,

378
. 11.37

3. i,: . 1138.
4. Temp , .
5. Teil2. , .
, ,
6. Kolben.
, , . .
7. .
, e(pawieLll-09.DWG.
. 11.38


AutoCAD

7 /. 16.

379

11.16.
AutoCAD 2006 .
(, ).
Properties (), . () .
Bedit, :
" Block editor ( ) Tools ().
in* Block editor ( ) Standard
().
,
, (,
). Parameters (), Actions ().
. 11.39

Point Parameter

" T Linear Parameter

4.

'

[':'.

Polar Parameter

Stretch Action
Polar 5tretch
Action

* XY Parameter
x
:

Rotation
Alignment "
Parameter

lookup Parameter

!3!;

Array Action

Lookup Action

AutoCAD, , (. . 11.40).
Close block editor
( ).

380
. 11.40

11. , ,

rods i>~ m a

> <ni~ m>

!>

+ '-. .,'

> X

12


. AutoCAD . AutoCAD LT ,
AutoCAD .

12.1.
, :
" , , . .
"" .
- .
| .
* .
().
. AutoCAD, , . AutoCAD
Windows: BMP, JPEG, PCX, PNG, TGA TIFF.
, .
Imageattach ().
Image () .

Imageattach ()
Imageattach () ,
.
:
"" Insert () Raster image ( ).
| Raster image ( ) Reference ().
Select image file ( ) (. . 12.1).
. Hide preview ( )
. Open () (. . 12.2) .

12.

382
12.1

Look
iQACAD 2006 Compendium
QBIOER
JEJHINTERGR

4
4-.B12-05-I

%12-01-3
4=12-0

12.2
Image
( )

Filename:

12-01-2

Files djype-

; All image life!

Found h:
Saved path:

D:\ACAD_eamples\B12-01-2.
D \ACAD_examplet\Bl 2-01 -2

!Fulpath_

vj

Inwifoniwint

Seals

Specify on-scteen

0 Specify on-screen

Z:

:: i

, Rotation'

Q Specjfy on-screen
*;

Image ( ) Insert () Xattach (). Name ()


. Browse ()
<: . Path type ( )
Full path (),
. AutoCAD . No path ( ), AutoCAD
, . Name ().
, .
Specify on-screen ( ). , .
, :
Specify insertion point <0,0>:
Base image size: Width: 1.000000, Height: 1.042105, Unitless
Specify scale factor or [Unit] <1>:
Specify rotation angle <0>:
[ <0,0>:
: : 1.000000, : 1.042105,
[] <1>:
<0>:
.
.

383

12.1.

.
. Unit () .
Base image s i z e : Width: 1.000000, Height: 1.042105, Unitless
Specify scale factor or [Unit] <1>: u
Enter unit
[MM/Centimeter/Meter/Kilometer/Inch/Foot/Yard/MILe/Unitless]
<Unitless>:
Base image size: Width: 4.021667, Height: 4.191000, Centimeters
Specify scale factor or [Unit] <1>:
: : 1.000000,
: 1.042105,
[] <1>:
[////////]
<>: ,
: : 4.0216667, : 4.1910000,

[] <1>:
Details () Image
information ( ) (. . 12.3),
, , .
Details () Image information ( ) .
12.3
Image (
)

Found rt:
Saved path:

D:\ACAP_eNomples\B12-01 -2.tif

i Ful path

''

i m a t o -it

Sosb

0 Specify on-screen

Rof&ie:

[yl Spgcify on-


Angle.

X:

Y:

Z:

Resolution;
HoBonlat 300 00 pel ii <ch
Veiticat

Cuttent AutoCAD unit:


Unities!

300 00 pent ich

Image szeir ipiwk


Width:

475

HeM*

495

Image size in units;


Width 1
Height 1.04211

:
1. .
2. . B12~01-l.TIF B12-01-4.TIF. .

12.

384

In\ age ()
Image (), :
>* Insert () Image manager ( ).

Image manager ( ) ()) Reference () Insert ().

"*

|"* Image manager ( )


; Drawing ().
AutoCAE LT .
(. . 12.4) , . ,
, , .
( ) | . , , , ,
.
. 12.4
>

j~P Image Manager

US
[ Image Nat

Slatus

Size

I Bl 2-01-1

Loaded
Loaded
Loaded

579kB
S22kB

Type
TIFF
TIFF
TIFF

Date
24 05.199...
2405.199...
24.05.199...

Saved Path

J f

Allach..

D:\ACADexanil
D:\4C4D eam
D:\ACADli

<
Image t(

j [ ( ,
* Xref ()).

: Image found at (
) , .
, . Browse ()
. Save path (Coxp. ) .
: Attach ()
Draworder () .
Detach () .
Unload () . , .
Reload () . , .
, .

12.2.

385

Details () Image file details ( ) (. . 12.5).


. 12.5

Image
Imagename:

B12-01-3

Saved path

DAACAD_exampJes\B12-...

Active path:

D:\ACA0_examples\B12-...

Fife creation date:

24.05.1 12:49:26

File size:

622kB

File type:

Color:

RGB

Color depth: 24

TIFF

Size
Pixel width:

429

Resolution:

300.00 pef inch

Height:

495

Default size: 1.43 71.65 inches

12.2.
, .
.

Imageadjust ()
AutoCAD Imageadjust (), :
"|* Modify (), Object () Image (), Adjust ().
" Adjust ( )
Reference ().
, (. . 12.6).
. 12.6
Image adjust
( )

Brightness
Dark

Light

Corffrast
High

Low

Min

|50

Max

(Brightness) (Contrast)
0 100. Fade (
) . , .
13 AutoCAD 2006

12.

386

Imc.gequality ()
Imagequality () . :
Modify (), Object () Image (
), Quality ().
" Quality ( )
Referenc : ().
! Imagequality () :
Command: ^imagequality
Enter image quality setting [High/Draft]

<High>:

:
[/] <>:
Higr () .
Draft () ,
(
i
). .

Transparency ()

. AutoCAD .
Transparency (), :
Modify (), Object () Image (), Transparency ().
Transparency ( ) Reference ().
Transparency () :

in*

Command: transparency
Select imalge (s) :
Select image ( s ) : Enter
Enter transparency mode [ON/OFF] <OFF>:
:
:
: Enter
[/] < >
.

Imageframe ()
<1 ,

'* OTo6f .. Imageframe ()
. :

12.3.

387

"|* Modify (), Object () Image (), Frame ().


" Frame ( )
Reference ().
Imagefrarne () :
Command: _imageframe
Enter image frame s e t t i n g [ON/OFF] <0N>:
:
[/] < >
. , , .

Draworder ()
Draworder () (
) . 8.5.

12.3.
AutoCAD , .

|jjjj|

Imagedip ()
Imageclip (). :
! Modify (), Clip () Image ().
| Image ( )
Reference ().
. .
Command: _imageclip
Select image to c l i p :
Enter image clipping option [ON/OFF/Delete/New boundary] <New>:
:
:
[/// ] <>:
Enter New boundary ( ), . ,
AutoCAD :
Delete old boundary? [No/Yes] <Yes>:
? [/] <>:

12.

388

, .
.
Enter clipping type [Polygonal/Rectangular] <Rectangular>:
[/]

< >:

. Off ()
.
On () . :te ().
Delate

12.4.
.
:
1. 12 -O2.dwg .
2.

()
12-02- l.tif . ,
(. . 12.7).
Imageftt () ,
L12-02.dwg .
. 12.7

,

>4

/I
/

44 . * J I 4
- .. . '
,

- ji

V STAND^D

Norm

<
&'
0
>

SOMMER

SOMMER & PARTNER GmbH

Ursprung

El

kll^Cmnt - c/E x t ma t s^Pr v i o u t '


Specity ( i r ( : Sp:iy cpposil

317748 57.0

:
1. A12-03.dwg . .
2. B12-03-l.tif .
. 12.8
L12-03.DWG.

12.4.
. 12.8

Fomat

389

Tccfc D r m

Oimenrfon

-* { $ > _ ' _ f .

f :

...:

A I

P GRIP DRTHO H n

id'.

:
1. A12-04.dwg .
2. 12-04-l.tif 0,0. , .
3. Imageadjust () .
napaMempaFade ( ) 40. Draworder () . .
,
. 12.9 L12-04.dwg.
. 12.9

QFk

E to [reel Pom* Took

; a g. a , Q / ^
/|

k h W P GRID OPTHD POUR JOSKW ( R

^ rf *

:
1. A12-05.dwg. .
2. B12-05-l.tif. .

12.

390

3. t Imageclip () , . Scale ()
, 1:1.
Command: cale
Select obj cts:
Select objects: Enter
Specify ba e point:
Specify scale factor or [Copy/Reference]: r
Specify re ference length <1>:
Specify se cond point:
Specify new length or [Points]: 40
:
:
: Enter
:
[/ ]:
: , , 40
^
[]: 40
4. Itnageframe ()
.
. 12.10
L12-05.dwg.
. 12.10

. i

'

13

,
AutoCAD

: , AutoCAD
.

13.1. ( )
( ) ( ) .

Properties () Propertiesclose ()
Properties () ,
( Properties ()). :
" Tools () Modify () Properties ().
*- Properties () Standard
().
* Ctrl +1.
|'* Propertiesclose (). :
Properties () Standard ().
Ctrl+ 1.
, (. . 13.1 13.2) .
"
. Ctrl, . , -

392

13. , AutoCAD
. ,
Allow docking ( ).

" Auto-hide ()
. , . ,
.
"* Description () / .
"< . ( ) .
/ .
. 13.1

. 13.2

AutoCAD

13.1. ( )

393


,
. ,
.
No selection ( ) (. . 13.1
13.2). , ,
. .
.
.
, , , ,
, ,
.
:
, . ,
, , .


(
) . .
: ,
. , . . , . . 13.3 .

. 13.3

[ode


Color
Layer

1 1 4 *
Bylayer

LKietype
i Linetype scale 1
Plot style

ByColor

Lineweight
Hyperlink
Thickness

Center X

-54.0366 '"

Center 4

200.49

Center Z

'
.757

Radius
Diameter

;.'

67.5146

' Circumference 212.1034

13

Area

3580,0211

Normal X
NormalY

'
0

Normal Z

i
.

, . ,
, .
.
, .

394

13. , AutoCAD


, .
. , . , QuickCalc.
( Apply ()).
:
,
. . ,
. ,
, *VARIES*. ,
, ,
Layer (), Radius (), Diameter (), Circumference () Area
() "VARIES*. ,
, , . ,
, .
:

All (), (. . 13.4,
).
( General ()). , . , , *VARIES*. .
(. . 13.4, ). , Circle () .
.

. 13.4

j AH (771)

[v |if]l 4 - f

HHHHHffil

Color
ByLayer
Layer
"VARIES*
' Unetype
ByLayer
j Linetype scale 1.0000
Plot style
ByColor
Lineweight
1 Hyperlink

All (771)

All (771)
Trace (10)
Block Reference (15)
Line (603)
Point (16)
Circle (11)
Arc (110)

ByLayer

- ByLayer

13.1. ( )

395


. :
!' Esc.
"
Deselect all ( ).
.



( ):
'* (. 13.3).
*- .
, , Enter,
.

j..-, ^ ; */
1 1^1.:

!* .
1, . AutoCAD ,
(. Options (), .4).
Shift ,
.

:

!

:
, AutoCAD
. , Erase
(), . , , ,
, .
""*
, , . , . ,
.
.

Byhyer ().
Layer () .
"*
. ,
.

396

13. , AutoCAD

13.2.
, .


, ,
(. . 13.5, ), :
Repeat ( ): .
Cut (), () . .: Windows (.
14.4).
Erase (), Move () . .: .
Deselect all ( ): .
Quick select ( ): (. 13.3).
Find (): Find () (. 10.5).
Properties (): .
.


(. . 13.5, ). .
( ) , .
, ,
. ,
Hatchedit (). Properties () , .
. 13.5

Repeat P5ELECT

Recent Input

j
CTRL+X j
CTRL+C I

<:

CTRL+SHIFT+C |
CTRL+V !
Copy with Base Point

Erase
Pastet<
-f-Bwe

t.TRL+SH]FT+V j

"r...-,; O..cvi_-

& Copy. Selection

Draw Order

^5

0 ***

Draw Order

Deselect All

Deselect fiA

Quick Select...
i

QuickCalc

Quick Select..,
QiickCalc
i * - Find...

! Properties.

f i

Properties

13.3.

397

13.3.
AutoCAD . , , 56, KONTUR, Symbol . .
.

Qselect ()

Qselect ().
:
"* Tools () Quick select ( ).
"> ,
Quick select ( ).
:
" .
Quick
select ( ) (. . 13.6).

. 13.6
Quick select ( )

Quick Select
Applyto:
: Multiple

Object type:
Properties:

Layer
jLinetype
:
Linetype scale
! Plot style
. Lineweight
j Hyperfcnk

Operator:

j Equals

Value:

ByLeyer '

(*) Include in new (election set


;

Exclude from new election set


Append to current selection set

~0K

Cancel

Quick select ( )
Apply to () : Entire drawing
( ) Current selection ( ),
, . ,
.
Select objects ( ) 1
, I
. . Apply to () Current selection
( ).

398

13. , AutoCAD

Object type ( ) . ,
(
Apply to ()).
Properties () , .
Operator () , .
Value () ,
.
Include in new selection set ( ), , , .
Exclude from new selection set ( ),
(
Apply to ()), .
Append to current selection set ( ) ( ), ( ).

. .
.
:
1. A13-01.dwg .
. 13.7.
. 13.7

QOOOOOOOO
0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 / "\ 0 0
0 0 \^_J 0 0 0

2. 0,
Bohrungen.
3.
. Apply to () Entire drawing (
). Object type ( ) Circle (), (. . 13.8, ).
4. , , . Layer () Bohrungen.
.
5. , 1, 2.
.
6. ( ) , 1. Current selection ( )
Properties () Radius (), Operator (-

13.4.

399

) Less then (). Value () I. , . 13.8, .


7. ,
, 1, . . .

. 13.8

Apollo:

| Entire drawng

Object type: jCicle


Eropertier

[c3b.

ILhetype
Linelype icele
iPWtij4e
jg
iHypeffcnk

i Center Y
I Cent* Z

Operatar:

i-Equal

Opwatfii:
.

() Include in new selection set


Exclude from new setecton set
Q Append to current election set

~0K

#*:

|< Lets than


'1

'...'Include in new selection eel


Exclude from new selection set
Append to current selection set

Cancel

8. 2 .
0.75 , 2.
. 13.9,
-Ol.dwge .

. 13.9

iiioSil

13.4.
,
. AutoCAD .

Matchprop ()
Matchprop (), :
* Modify () Match properties ( ).
Match properties ( ) Standard ().

13. , AutoCAD

400

Matchprop () :
Command: matchprop
Select source object:
Current active settings: Color Layer Ltype Ltscale.Lineweight
Thickness PlotStyle Text Dim Hatch Polyline Viewport Table
Select destination object(s) or [Settings]:
:
:
:

() []:
Enter
.
, . .
, . . , .
Settings ()
Property settings ( ) (. . 13.10), , .
. 13.10

Property settings
( )

mm',

Property Settings
Basic Piapettie;

0Layet

KONTUH

OK
" -~~"^
Cancel~ [

0 Linetype

ByLay

Help

0Linetype Scale

0 Lineweight

ByLayer

0 Thickness

0 Coloi

ByLaye.

Special Properties
0 Dimension

0Text

0Hateh

0 Polyline

0 Viewport

0 Table

,
, . . , Special properties ( ) , . , , .
:
1. 13-02.dwg .
2. , . 13.11: ,
.
L13-02.dwg
. 13.11.

401

13.5.
. 13.11

13.5.
AutoCAD , . , , . .


( )
, .
:
"* , , , .
"*- , , , .
" Shift .
" ,
(. . 13.12). .

. 13.12

()

^
D

13. , AutoCAD

402


: , , .
, . , . Options () .
: ,
(. . ),
.
: ( ) . .
,
Shift.
: Esc . Deselect all ( ) .


. , , . ,
, :
**

STRETCH * *

Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:


**** '
[ ///]:
, .
. . , :
Command:
..
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]: @0,5
:
****
[ ///] :
@0,5

Command:
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:
:
****
[ ///]:

403

13.5.

Command:
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:
:
****
[ ///]:

(. ):
Command:
** STRETCH **
Specify s t r e t c h p o i n t or

[Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:

:
****
[

///]:

Base point ( ) ( ).
() ,
. (. . 13.13). ,
, , , .

. 13.13

(Stretch (), Move (), Rotate (), Scale (), Mirror ()) Enter.
Command:
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]: Enter
** MOVE **
Specify move point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]: Enter
** ROTATE **

404

13. , AutoCAD

Specify rotation angle or [Base point/Copy/Undo/Reference/eXit]:


Enter
** SCALE **
Specify scale factor or [Base point/Copy/Undo/Reference/eXit]: Enter
** MIRROR **
Specify scale factor or [Base point/Copy/Undo/Reference/eXit]: Enter
:

****
[ ///]:
Enter
****
[ ///]: Enter
****
[ ////]:
Enter
:
****
[
////]: Enter
****
[ ///]: Enter
, ,
. Base point ( ) (), Reference (). .
,
.


,
( ) (. . 13.14).
. 13.14

Enter
Recent Input

Reference
f>

Undo

Properties
Exit

CTRL+Z

73.5,

405

Enter. , . : Move (), Mirror (), Rotate (), Scale () Stretch ().
.
Properties () , .
Exit () , .
.

:
1. ( Rectang ()), , Polygon (-)
(. . 13.15, ).
2. , (
). .
(. . 13.15, 1).
Command:
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:
:
****
[ ///]:
(. . 13.15, 2)
3. . , (. . 13.15. 3)
Command:
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point
** STRETCH (multiple)
Specify stretch point
** STRETCH (multiple)
Specify stretch point

or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:
**
or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:
**
or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:

:
****
[ ///]:

** ()**
[ ///]:
4
** ()**
[ ///]:
5
4. (. . 13.15).

406

13. , AutoCAD

. 13.15

: ,
1. , . 13.16
( ).
2. ,
. ,
.
(. . 13.16 1), .
Command:
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]: Enter
** MOVE **
Specify move point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:
:
****
[ ///]:
Enter
****
[ ///]:

(. . 13.16, 2)
3. . .
(. . 13.16 3). Enter , Move (), . 30.
Command:
** ROTATE **
Specify rotation angle or [Base point/Copy/Undo/Reference/eXit]:
** ROTATE (multiple) **
Specify rotation angle or [Base point/Copy/Undo/Reference/eXit]: 30
:
****
[ ////]:

**** ()
.
[ ////]: 30

13.6.

407

4. 60 90.
5. . .
(. . 13.16. 4). Enter
, Mirror (), .
** MIRROR **
Specify scale factor or [Base point/Copy/Undo/Reference/eXit]:
**0** '
[ ///]:
(. . 13.16, 5)

. 13.16

13.6.
AutoCAD
: , , , , , , . , Rename (Ho).

Rename ()
Rename () :
* Format () Rename ().
Rename (
) (. . 13.17). :
1. Named objects ( ),
.
2. . Old name ( )
.
3. .
4. Rename to ( ), .

13. , AutoCAD

408
. 13.17

Rename


1025

Blocks
Dimension styles

1035

105
107

Linetypes
Table styles
Tent styles
UCSs
Viewports
Views

IDEFPOINTS

^GEWINDE
iHILFSUNIEN
KONTUR
j MASSE
IRAHMEN025

flld Name:
BenameTo:

MITTELLINTEN

13.7. AutoCAD
AutoCAD ( , , , , ), . ,
.

Adcenter () u Adcclose ()
AutoCAD Adcenter
(), :
I* Tools () Designcenter ( AutoCAD).
||* Designcenter ( AutoCAD) Standard ().
"i* Ctrl + 2.
AutoCAD,
Adcclose () (. . 13.18).
Adcclose () , Adcenter ().
:
"* AutoCAD ,
(. 13.1).

. Ctrl, . , .
! , Allow docking ( ).
"|#- (
), (
).

13.7. AutoCAD

409

v Floating Toolbars
Docked Toolbars
Floating Windows
Docked Windows
All

Help

ump (window) no ,
(floating) (docked) .
,
AutoCAD , . ,
(/) .
(toolbar)
, ().
">* Auto-hide () . , . ,
.
. 13.18

AutoCAD,

! to emit, or right-click to display shortcut

INAP |'bf RftiOeTtyffl LWT j iMO&Et.

AutoCAD
AutoCAD :
1. AutoCAD .
2.
, A13-03.dwg . , .

410

13. , AutoCAD

.
Folders (): Folders ()
( ) , .
, ( ) (. . 13.19).
. 13.19

JACAD2006C
4 BILDER
HINTERGR
> IMAGES
$ MATERIAL
1 6

A02-01.*f

A02-0l_tJ..

A02-03.dg

03-1

(SRI

A0201.dg

9-.<

ill C3 AO2-O1JJ_8875.M
13 A02O2~<*4
I
* A02-03.dwg
IS A03-01.dwg
* 03-2.
i t 1 3 A03-03 dwg
-M.dxg
* A0305.dwg
t C A03O6.dg
Q A03-07.dg
I
S 03-06.*
S I S A03-09 dwg
I
A03-10.*8
- SjS A0311.dwg
5 AM-Ot.dws
I
S3 A06-01 d9
I

ra

AO3-02.dwg

ra
A0303dwg

"11 ' _ _^
'taiWI

, .
(. . 13.20).
. 13.20

iHistaffDCOrir
FoktaLa
" ACAD' samples
' & ACAD 2006 Compend
S & BILDER
g HINTERGR
i* IMAGES
S 3 MATERIAL
^ Plametz

its A02-01.dg
02-01.<
X A0201J_l_8875.!vl

411

13.7. AutoCAD

( + )
, , , (. . 13.21).
. 13.21

Foidefs "j Open D r a ^ i g i : Hinwy I DC Onine


Fold
3 6 3 ACAD 2006 Cocnpendi'
tit 3 BILDER
S 3 HINTERGR
... Q IMAGES
MATERIAL
Plans*:
02-01 .dwg
{ 3 A02-01JJ_8875.svl
I S A02-02.dwg
I

\Program Files\AutoCAD 2006\Sample\DesignCenter , :


, , ,
, . .
. Blocks (), (. . 13.22).
. 13.22

| FcJdas I Open Dra^ngs Hiilory:

* Acliy<K
Database Connects
u fSgl DesignCentef
! .*i | S Artalog Integra
AutoCAD Texts!
'*> Wl Basic Electronic
* CMOS Integrate
Electrical Powei

- ^ Di
- % Laye
- Layouls

i ; - a j f Tablestytes
{ t - S Textstyles
& q p Fasteners -US.
* S3 Home - Space F
1 3 House Design
-t. %$ HVAC Heating
* jjgjj Hydiauic - Pnet

l<P.MainiVPrograra

, 5 ,
Doss Ft
Flathead So.,

I $Q

PI
Hothead...

DosiPIOval
HeadScie .

D O M Pi Oval Doss Pt Pan

Cross P( Pan

Head Sere.:?; HeadSae...

HeadSae...

l ' .
Hex Flange
! Screw-10..

Hex Head
Hex Flange
Screw-1.. . Screw-10...

412

13. , AutoCAD

Open drawings ( ): Open drawings ( ) . . (. . 13.23), . . .


. 13.23

13-03 tk94Bk>iks (1Z !<erc<sl)

History (): History ()


, Folders () (. . 13.24).
Folders () .
DC-Online (): DC-Online ()
.
( , . .) (. . 13.25).
. 13.24

(

Hisloiy
' C l l:NXP_MatAPmyam FilesSAirtoCAD 2Q06VSarryle'vDesignCenteiVFastene - Metric, dwg

||

13.7. AutoCAD

413

. 13.25


, ,
.
Load () . .
Forward () Back ()
.
Up ()
.
Search () .
Favorites () Favorites () Autodesk. .
Add to favorites ( ).
Favorites ().
() \Sample\DesignCenter. , Set as home ( ) . .
/
( ) , . , (. . 13.19-13.23).
Views ()
. , Windows Explorer, : Tiles ( ), Icons ( ), List
() Details ().

414

13. , AutoCAD

13.8. AutoCAD
AutoCAD , .
:
1. . .
2. Load () ,
A13-03.dwg . .
3. Layers () . Layers ().
4. :

* ...
* ...
( ), ...
* ...
Add layer ( ), ...
* ... , ().
Windows. , Edit
() Paste (). . ...
HI* ... , , , .
Add layer ( ) Add and edit layer ( ). Layer
() .
5. , ,
.
:
1. Blocks () .
2. :
. Insert () (. 11.4) . ...
* ... , ,
. ,
1, , 0. ...
I* ... , Insert block ( ). Insert () (. 11.4) . ...

13.8. AutoCAD

415

. in* ... , (). Windows.


Edit () Paste
! (). , 1. ...
" ... ,
.
Insert block ( ).
Insert ().
* Insert and redefine ( )
, .
, , . . Redefine only ( ) ,
.
3. , .

:
1. , , .
,
( ).
2. ,
. l-05.dwg .

:
Block (), , 11.2 11.3. ,
Units (), . :
1. . ,
Acadiso.dwt.
2. Format () Units (),
Units () (. . 13.26).
3. , . 13.26.
,
.
. Meters () ,
.
4. Format () Drawing limits () :
Command: limits
Reset Model space limits:
Specify lower left corner or [ON/OFF] ' <0.0000,0.0000>: 0,0
Specify upper right corner <420.0000,297.0000>: 42,29.7

13. , AutoCAD

416

:
:
[/] <0.0000,0.0000>: 0,0
<420.0000,297.0000>: 42, 29.7

. 13.26
Units ()

Drawing Units
- Length

Angle

Type:

;:

I Decimal Degrees

; j Decimal

Precvjon

Precision:
10.0000

DOocfcwise
insertion scale

Units to scale inserted content

Sample Output
1.5.2.0033.0
3<45.0

5. View (Bud) Zoom () Extents ()- A3


1:100.
6. Load (),
:>
A13-03.dwg .
7.
0.001.
? ,
A13-03.dwg. .
8. ,
Insert (). , 1.
. 1,
.

:
1. . ,
Acadiso.dwt.
2. .
3. ( , ). :
+ 1. (. . 13.27) Insert as block (
). Insert
() . Attach as xref ( ), Xattach (), .

13.8. AutoCAD

417

||* 2. , . , .
* 3. , . Insert as block ( ) Attach as xref ( ).
*- 4.
. () (. . 13.27) Windows.
Edit () Paste ().
(
).

. 13.27

[ Folders j Open Diaw*igj ; H istorv :; DC Online j


x;

1 8 My *.
.
| |
3.5Floppy|A:)

A02Gl.dwg

ACI2-01 dxf

AC2-01_l_l ..

A0203.dwg

a C ! ACAO_4ltet:
iBaACAD2006Comf
! BILDEB
I * ^ 3 HINIERGR
IMAGES
]
a-Cj MATERIAL
^ Plansalz
, 02-01 dwg
,t :| A02O1.AI
ii I S 2-01_1_1_871
; S9 A02-02 dg
( 3 A0203ds
', ( 9 A03-0tdg
A03-O2.dwg
| 3 A03-03 dng
A03-O4.dB
' :* ^ A03-05dwg
tt ^ 03- dwg

A03-0ldg

ra

|j A03-02.dwg

Hi
Add to Favorites
Organize Favorites.,.
Attach as Xref...

]| A[T3-D5.dwg

Block Etfcor
Copy
Open in Appfcation Window

Create Tool Palette


is Home

,
]Ho tjescription found

:
in* , ,
,
(. ) .
I* ,

, Attach image ( ). . Itnageattach ().

Blockicon ()
AutoCAD DXF, AutoCAD
.
14 AutoCAD 2006

418

13. , AutoCAD

Blockicon (). , Blockicon ():


File (), Drawing utilities () Update block icons ( ).
Command: blockicon
Enter block names :
9 blocks updated..
:
:
9
Enter .

13.9. AutoCAD
.


Search () . ,
Search () ,
. Search ()
(. . 13.28).
. 13.28

AutoCAD

Search; Drawings' named 'L07*.dwg'


In ? D:\ACAD_examples

tookiw I Drawings

0 Search
Drawings i Date Modified Advanced;
Search lot the word(s]

:L07"dwg

InthelieWM

iFbNm

Nan

l?L07-02.dwg
t?L07-03.dwg
L07-05.dwg
_L07-06.dwg
11 item(s) found

\n
"D:\ACAD_examples
DMCAD.examples
D:\ACAD_examples
D:WAD_eKamples
: example

FteSize
'24KB
23KB
21KB
23KB
27KB

Type
AutoCAD Diawng
AutoCAD Drawing
AutoCAD Drawing
AutoCAD Drawing
AutoCADDrawing

File Modified
0411*20031:38
04.11.20031:39
04.11.20031:39
04.11.20031:39
04.11.20031:39

13.9. AutoCAD

419

:
1. Look for ( ) ,
. Dimstyles (
).
2. . Browse () . -.
3. Search subfolders ( ), , .
4.
. Search for the name ( )
DIN-35. Search now (), .
Stop () . New
search ( ) ,
.
5. . , (. 9):
,
.

. 13.29

Search: 'Dimstytes' named "DIN-35"


D:\ACAD_examples

Loajc, for j Dimstvles

v ] Search subf oWets

Dimstyies j
Search for the name

[DIN-35

Type

Uetm
D:\ACAD_eomplesSA13-02.dwg

Dimslyle

D;\ACAD_ewmples\A15-01.dwg

Dimslyle

D:WCAD_eaitiples\A1G-02.dwg

Dimslyle

D:ViCAD_eamples\A18-02.dwg

Dmstyle

D:\ACAD_e>aniples\A19-0l.dwa
27 tmiii

found

6. Look for ( )
Drawings (), .
7. .
Drawings () .
Search for the words ( ) *.dwg. File name ( ). Date modified ( )
.
8. Advanced () , , . , , , . 13.30. , Kond.

13. , AutoCAD

420

9. , . (. . 13.30).
. 13.30

Search; 'Drawings' named'".dwg'


in j D:\ACAD_examples

Loofc for j Drawings

H Search subiddm

Containing:

| Block name

Containing text

jKond

Sink

In
D:\ACAD_examples

FJfbi.

23KB AutoCAD Drawing

FfcMo**d
04.11.20031:33

i jti<s) found

13.10. AutoCAD
AutoCAD
.
: Drag & Drop
1. AutoCAD. .
2. \Documents and Settings\UserName\Application Data\Autodesk\
AutoCAD 2006\R 16.2\Enu\Support.
3.
(. . 13.31). Acadiso.pat (
),
.
4. , , .
. ,
. , .
:
"-
Bhatch
(). .
, , ,
.

13.11.

421

. 13.31

"-
. (),
.
, Paste ().
, . .
, .
, ,

. Apply hatch to multiple objects ( ) . Bhatch () .

13.11.
AutoCAD
, .

Toolpalettes () Toolpalettesclose
()
Toolpalettes () , Toolpalettesclose () .
Toolpalettes () :
+ Tools () Tool palettes window ( ).

422

13. , AutoCAD

Ctrl + 3.
Tool palettes window ( )
Standard ().

( ),
Toolpalettesclose (). Toolpalettesclose ()
, Toolpalettes ().

.
, .
(. . 13.32).
. .
>+ ,
( Allow docking ( )).
' Auto-hide ( ) .
. , .
* ,
, . Transparency () .
, .
. 13.32

Q Ffc Ed Maw limit fwitut Iod> . Drew

D W H * .3 -*
* ,'

* Mnfcw H*fc Extras

'.< *. X J : .s U 4

" -

.ng model.

oCAD Express Tools Copyright 2002-2004 Autodesk. Inc.


AutoCAD utilities loaded.

- [osni,[oi'. :

423

13.11.


.
,
View options ( ). (.
. 13.33) ( ). ,
, .

. 13.33

gjViewOpticns

?:X
Image size:

View style:
lew or^i
Icon with ie

: | Current Palette


, , (
). . (
), .

.
.
(. . 13.34) AutoCAD. , .
(, , , ).
:
, ,
, 23.

424

13. , AutoCAD

. 13.34

Hemispherical

Table - Imperial

Vlsualisp

USPI Eitpression

14

Windows AutoCAD

Windows AutoCAD.

14.1.
AutoCAD ,
, . .
Windows.

Dwgprops ()
Dwgprops ()
. :
"* File () Drawing properties ( ).
, .
General () , ,
, , , .
Summary () (. . 14.1).
. 14.1

a Z01 O7.dwg Properties


! Denxi

Surawy

Siatancs CuiUm

MJ+OODCbungszeichnung Lupe

Subject:

AutoCAD 2000 Kompendium

Author

Werner Sommer

Keywcuds:

Lupe

Comments: Zeichnungsstand ofine Layout

www. sup -gmbh. de

14. Windows AutoCAD

426

Statistics () .
Custom () , (.
. 14.2).
. 14.2

j General \ Summary g Statistics] Custom
Custom properties:
SeprWtOOFDt
P M p p Sommer
PAUtOOFCIdatum |

'
Freigabe
Werner Sommei
Fieigabedat
02.C6.1999
MaUI+OODFstab
1:1
Werkstoll
\ Norm
Abgeleitet von
Z01-06
EDV-Ni

Windows Explorer
, , Windows Explorer
(). :
1. Windows Explorer .
2. File () Windows Explorer Properties (),
Properties ().
,
AutoCAD, . AutoCAD.
:
Windows Explorer no . ( ) .

14.2.
AutoCAD
. ,
, . .

14.2.

427

:
1. AutoCAD. Open ().
2. A14-01.dwg . Ctrl, A14-01-l.dwg, A14-01-2.dwg
A14-01-3.dwg.
3. Open (),
.
4. Window () Tile horizontally ( ).
View () Zoom
(), All (). . (. . 14.3).

. 14.3

^Center^Pyn*ic'EKteni3^Preuious'Scaie^Vindow^0bieet ] <
S

SMP tno ^ w p f o r i

:
1. . ,
.
2. , , ,
.
, :
Move here ( ): .
Copy here ( ): .
Paste as block ( ):
, .
Cancel (): , .
, :
Copy here ( ):
.
Paste as block ( ):
.

14. Windows AutoCAD

428

Paste to orig coords ( ):


, .
Cancel (): , .

:
. ,
$, A$C5CFA5D9C.

:
1.
A14-01-l.dwg, A14-01-2.dwg A14-01-3.dwg A14-01.dwg
.
2. .
L14-01.dwg .

14.3. Drag & Drop


Drag & Drop Windows Explorer . .

: Drag & Drop


1. . AutoCAD
, .
, .
2. Windows Explorer. ,
.
3. Windows Explorer .
A14-02-l.dwg A14-02-3.dwg.
:
: , , (Drag) AutoCAD, ( ).
(Drop), . ,
Insert () , .
:
, ,
(Drag), ,
, . , . , , .

14.4. AutoCAD

429

: Drag & Drop


1. A14-02-l.dwg AutoCAD.
2. A14-02-2.dwguA14-02-3.dwg A14-02-l.dwg
. .
(
L14-02.dwg).

14.4. AutoCAD
, AutoCAD , , .

Copyclip ()
Copyclip () AutoCAD
. :
" Edit () ().
'"4- ( ) Standard ().
Ctrl + .
:
Command: copyclip
Select objects:
:
:
. .

Copybase ()
Copybase () Copyclip ()
, . :
* Edit () Copy with base point ( ).
Command: copybase
Specify base point:
Select objects:
:
:
:
, .

430

14. Windows AutoCAD

Cutclip ()
Cutclip () AutoCAD
. :
"* Edit () Cut ().
4- Cut ( ) Standard
().
Ctrl + X.
:
Command: c u t c l i p
Select o b j e c t s :
:
:
Cutclip () Copyclip () ,
.

Copylink ()
Copylink () :
* Edit () Copy link ( ).
.
.
( View (), . 5.17). Olel, Ole2
. . View ().

Pasteclip ()
Pasteclip ()
. :
Edit () Paste ().
| * Paste ( ) Standard ().
| Ctrl + V.
:
Command: pasteclip
Specify insertion point:
:
:
. .
.

14.5. (OLE)

431

Pasteblock ()
Pasteblock ()
. :
**- Edit () Paste as block ( ).
:
Command: pasteblock
Specify insertion point:
:
:
. .
.

Pasteorig (Bcmucxod)
Pasteorig () ,
. :
" Edit () Paste to original coordinates ( ).
, . .

:

. .

14.5. (OLE)
(OLE = Object Linking and Embedding) , Windows. OLE
. , AutoCAD , , , , AutoCAD. , OLE-, , . , OLE-, . AutoCAD , .
: OLE- OLE-. . OLE-. .
: . OLE- OLE-, .
Copyclip () AutoCAD ,
. AutoCAD-
AutoCAD Copylink (). ,
OLE- AutoCAD :

14. Windows AutoCAD

432

Pastespec ()
Pastespec ()
. :
* Edit () Paste special ( ).
, (. . 14.4),
. . ,
Microsoft Word, : Word-,
, AutoCAD, , .
. 14.4

Pastespec ()

Paste Special
Source: K:SPapeVZaDSBinom\26617j^oaddeSEi*eA20a6VAC
.'

Paste Link

. . :

'

'

I Picture (Metafile)
3 Device Independent Bitmap
. Bitmap
I Picture (Enhanced Metafile)
AutoCAD Entities

Display As Icon

Result
(-,
O*!1*

Inserts the contents of the dipboaid ffdoyoui


document so that you may activate it using Paint
Shop Pro image.

Paste () . Paste link () -. Display as icon


( ), . , Change icon ( ) .

Insertobj ()
Insertobj ()
AutoCAD AutoCAD. :
Insert () OLE object (OLE-).
HI* OLE object (OLE-) Insert
().
:
Create new ( ): (. . 14.5),
, .
. , , Microsoft Excel.
() Excel, . () AutoCAD OLE-.

433

14.5. (OLE)
. 14.5
Insertobj
()
Create new
( )

Insert Object
Object Type:
; Create M
-. Create horn le

OK

Paint Shop Pro Image


Paintbrush Picture
Video Clip
Wave Sound
WordPad Document

Cancel

DfiisplayAsicon

Result :
Inserts a new Adobe Photoshop Image object
into your document.

. 14.6
Insertobj
()
Create from file ( )

Insert Object
i
Create Hew

fCreate fromR^

OK
Cancel

[ D:\AD\D_exarnples\
[

rowse.,,

j Link
^3 display As Icon

Result
: r j T T , v [
1 J j

Inserts the contents of the ffe as an object into ;


document so that-jiou may activate ft wsing
tbe program which created ft.

Create from file ( ): ,


, OLE-. Browse
() . Link (), AutoCAD. Display as icon ( )
, .
AutoCAD /
.

: AutoCAD
1.
2.
3.

AutoCAD (OLE-). (OLE-).


AutoCAD .
OLE- Edit () Paste ().
AutoCAD .

: AutoCAD
1.
2.
3.

AutoCAD (OLE-). (OLE-), Microsoft Word.


AutoCAD .
Microsoft Word Edit () Paste special
( ). Paste link ().

14. Windows AutoCAD

434

:
AutoCAD
1.

2.
3.
4.

AutoCAD, (OLE-).
Windows, (OLE).
.
AutoCAD Edit () Paste ()
( Pastedip ()).
OLE- (.
. 14.7). , X Y. Lock aspects (He ), .

. 14.7
OLE-

4
I ByLayer

Color
. layer

- ByLayer
) Unetype scale i i
I Plot style

ByCotor

| Linewetght

ByLayi

; Hyperlink

Position X
;Position V
iPosiHonZ '

'width _ "

[104.1142
8121.1504

;d

U31.6927
J99.9971

I Scde witfth % t100


; Scale height % :??.S745
Lockaspect

I Type
; Plot quality

;Yes

JEmbedded
: Low graphjcs (e.g. ...

iSourceapplic.t. flnarpatwaMicrosoft.,.

:
AutoCAD
1.
2.
3.

(OLE-), AutoCAD. AutoCAD (OLE-).


- .
AutoCAD Edit () Paste special ( ) ( Pastespec ()).
Paste link ().

: OLE-
OLE- .
, . -

14.5. (OLE)

435

OLE-. , AutoCAD Excel OLE-,


:
1. AutoCAD,
Excel, .
2. Excel. AutoCAD .
, .
, -, ,
, .

OLE-
,
. ,
, , . . Lock aspect (He
) . OLE- , (, , , ), .
: Excel
1. A14-03.dwg .
2. Insertobj (). Create from file ( ).
3. Browse ()
A14-03.xls Excel. Link ().
4. .
5. (. . 14.8).
: L14-03.dwg.

. 14.8

Excel
AutoCAD

14. Windows AutoCAD

436

Olelinks ()
Olelinks () . :
+ Edit () OLE links (OLE-).

(. . 14.9):

. 14.9

Links

<l*e

j
!

Cancel

"|

!' j

UpftttNo*

i (

OperiSqjce |

i j Change Souce.. |

Source:
: ,
Update:

Microsoft )
} Automatic

. Update now () .
Open source ( ) , , . Change
source ( ) . . Break link
( ). ,
. , AutoCAD
.
Manual () .

14.6.
AutoCAD , .
, .
:
1. File () Open (),
A14-04.dwg Open (), , .
Partial open ( ).
2. (. . 14.10),
, . , .
3. Extents , Htechnik Htechnik2 (.
. 14.10). Open ().

. (Partially loaded).

437

14.6.

4. File ()
Partial load ( ). (. . 14.10) . , .
5. , , . Restore () .
. 14.10

15

, , , . .

15.1.
, 5 6,
. Z01-07.dwg .
, . . , . .
, , , .
16. .


, Insert () (. 11.4) ,
, . , 1:50, 50 , 1:1.
.
5:1,
0.2, 5 .
AutoCAD
\Documents and Settings\User\Local settings\Application Data \Autodesk\AutoCAD 2006\
R16.2\Enu\Template, Insert ()
, .
DIN_A4.dwg DIN_A3.dwg .

15. ,

440

:
1. . .
Attdia 1.
2. Insert () Block ().
Browse () DIN_A4.dwg.
, (. . 15.1) .
. 15.1

Name: j*DIN_A4J
Path:

:fr\ACAO_exam0les\DINjM.dwg

' Insertion point


Specify On-screen

Scale

- Rotatbn

\ I Specify On-screen

;;:

Specify On-scieen

& R
Bio* Unit

I- [T
; Factor

3. .
4. View () Zoom () (). ,
. 15.2.
. 15.2

Schnitt A -

i 1
Draufsichf
Kabellose Lupe fur
Digitalisiert-ablett
2*. AIK.1

!Otrfl.l

| Ifewicllti

Benennung

XXX

15.2.

441


, . .
. , , . .
:
1. Format () Layer ().
2. .
3. :
RahmenO25

: 0.25

RahmenO5

: 0.35

RahmenO7

: 0.5

Z01-08.dwg
.

15.2.
/ Plot (), :
" File () Plot ().
* Plot () Standard ().
"*- Model ()
Plot ().
Plot ()
(. . 15.3). Plot ()
(. . 15.4).
. 15.3
Plot ()

Nflme:- . j<hor*>

Add L ..

Pbttor: "" " Cotor LaserJet 4SO0 Windows Syst mDrtver by->

._.J .

; .

' iS^HPCokwLai

Mherei '!; tPTi; :

'

500

442

15. ,

. 15.4
Plot
()

~]

;monochror.rtb

^fZ)

Shaded wtewpoit options


'Hotter:.

HP Color LaserJet 1503- Window* System Driver- by A..

Where:

tPTl:

IHMJH-

i";

ShaE[eplot:

| A5 displayed

Guafty

INonual

'.

Oescrfctm:
QpiQtto0e

-jiper-Jtr-

, ] [ J at stamp OQ.

paper

.vi

-
ptot offset {origin set to
v.

| O.oo

jmm

mm

**:

.:

Apply to Layout

| [

OK

OSa!.chan9estoie'?ul:

: DrivingoriKitatien
.

(rJPortie*
OLandseep*

. . .

j |

. j \

Cancel

. , .
.
, , .
Page setup ( ) . ,
None (). . Add ()
.
Printer/plotter (/):
, . AutoCAD , , Windows
.
Windows . AutoCAD . , ,
Windows. (.
). Windows.
, .
, , ,
, . Properties () , (. ). Plot to file ( ) , , . (. 17.7).
.
Paper size ( )
. .

15.2.

443

Number of copies ( )
.
Plot area ( )
:
* Limits ()
.
* Extents () .
* Display () .
| * View () , View (). . , .
"* Window () ,
. Window () . Window () , .
Plot offset ( ) X Y .
Center the plot (), .
Plot scale ( ) . ' .
(Custom). . Fit to
paper (), ,
. . Scale lineweights ( ) , . , . , , , .
Plot style table ( ) - **
. . - | ^
, . , . .
acad.stb.
Shaded viewport options ( ) . Shade plot
( ) : , (as displayed), (wireframe) (rendered).
, . Custom ()
dpi. ,
(. 20.12).
Plot options ( ) , , , . Plot in background ( )
. Plot object lineweights (

15. ,
) ,
. Plot with plot styles ( ).
. Plot paperspace last ( )
. , .
Hide paperspace objects ( )
. , : , (. 20.11). . Plot stamp on ( ) ,
.
Save changes to layout ( ), .
Drawing orientation ( )
. Plot upside-down ()
180 .
Apply to layout ( )
.
:
AutoCAD 14 AutoCAD .
Plot object Hneweights ( ),
, .
. Plot with plot styles ( ),
(.
15.6).


. . Preview ()
,
(. . 15.5). .
, , .
Exit () Esc. Plot () .



, Save changes to layout ( ). , ,
Name (). Add ()
(. . 15.6).

445

15.2.
. 15.5

. 15.6

d d Pane Setup
f^ew page setup name:
TestPWM

. . ,
,
(Previous plot). Import () . , (. . 15.7) , . . .
. 15.7

Source drawing:

Device rme:

D;V*CAD_exampleS\Plansata\Pt3!>-i.Cfciiig

. DesignJet 450C C47t6A,pc3


DesignJet 4$QCC47I6A

Hotter:
:

Hot size;
Wherei

"

Description:

.:/
"

432.00 x 327,00 mm (Landscape)

15. ,

446

Plot (). . .


, . AutoCAD (
). AutoCAD . , (.
. 15.8), , .

. 15.8

Job ID; 1
Sheet set name:
Date and time started: 21.05.2005 12:09:12
Date and time completed: 21.05.2005 12:08:1'
UserlD: Sergey M. Molyavko
Profile ID: Unnamed Profile
Total sheets: 1
Sheets plotted: 1
Number of errors: 0
Number of warnings: D
V*Q

Sheet - Plotted
File: D:\ACAD_examples\Z0l-0B.dwg
Category name:
Page setup:
Device name: HP Color LaserJet 45UU
Plot file patt:
Paper size: 5

Pk>ln<j PubSih Job Complete


or wanroi found
ta 4r p

:
1. . . 15.3 15.4.
2. . , .



, , , , , , , . :
1. Plot () Plot stamp on
( ) (. . 15.4).
2. Plot stamp settings ( ), (.
. 15.9)
Plot stamp fields ( ):
.

447

15.2.

. 15.9

S3 Plot Stamp

Pie-

Plot stamp fields v .{TjDeijcename

0 D i a w i n g ...;'[
Q i.9>out name

DFtosMte

Equate and Time


Login na&ie
User defied fields

lAbteilung4^1

' Piot s t a m p p e f a n e t e t f f e

^:D:\Documents and Settings\Sergey M. Mdyavko^Applic^ion I j

Lfiad

User defined fields ( ):


. Add/Edit (/) , . Plot stamp parameter file ( ):
*.pss, . Load () Save as ( ).
Preview (): ,
, . ,
.
Advanced ()
.
(. . 15.10).

. 15.10

Advanced Options
:

"Location and otiset


: Location:
; I Bottom left

Orientation:
-vj

Font:

Horizontal
Hetght

S tamp ipside-dowi
Softs!

Te*t ptoperttas

i offset

[54

f(

OlfsetrefatprttoprHablea.rM

Piot $tarnp Lots


Unj:

; OffMt relative lo paper jjaidei


location
iploUog

Browne..,

Location and offset ( ): . , .


,

448

15. ,

Text properties ( ): ,
.
Plot stamp units ( ):
(, ).
Log file location ( ): Create
log file ( ),
. .
:

,
. ,
.

15.3.
,
, Pagesetup ().

Pagesetup ()
Pagesetup () :
* File () Page setup manager (
).
"*- Page setup manager ( ) Layouts ().

=|

Model ()
Page setup manager
( ).
(.
. 15.11 ), :
'"
( Set current ());
( New ());
"* ( Modify ());
+ ( Import ()).
New ()
(. . 15.11 ).
,
.
(. 15.2, . 15.3 15.4). ,
.

449

15.3.

. 15.11
Pagesetup
()

Page SMup Manager

||g

Current layout: . Model ;

Page setups '''

Page Sstup manager

Current page setup; <None>


* '

Selected page setup details


:'. Device: '
'

>CoforLaserJet4500

LaserJet 4500

size:

148.00 x 339.97 mm (Portrait)

..{.;.\yhare;, '

' U>TI:

Description;

Display when creating a new layout

New Page Setup


page setup name:

Start with:
1 <None>
<DeFault output device >
<Previous plot>
I Model*
TestplotM. ... .,",;.;.;;;..;;|

, Plot (). , Plot options (


) , .

Preview ()
Preview () , , . . Plot
(). Preview () :
* File () Plot preview ( ).
HI* Plot preview ( ) Standard ().
,
Preview () Plot () (. . 15.5).

15 AutoCAD 2006

450

15. ,

15.4.
AutoCAD Windows
, Windows-. AutoCAD .
Windows AutoCAD.
AutoCAD ( *.).
, Windows, HDI- AutoCAD AutoCAD. . *., .
, ,
DWF- EPS- (Encapsulated PostScript), .
, AutoCAD .
: , PostScript- DWF- HDI-.
15.1.

15.1.

Raster file format ( CALS MIL-R-28002A Type 1


)
(: CCITT G4 2D)
Dimensional CALS Type 1
(: CCITT G4 2D)
JPEG- JFIF ( JPE 3)
BMP MS Windows ( DIB)
PNG
(Portable Network Graphics, : LZH)
TIFF 6
(: CCITT G4 2D)
TIFF 6
()
TGA Version 2
(True Vision, )
PCX ZSoft PC Paintbrush
(: ZSOFT PACKBITS)
Adobe PostScript
Level 1
Level 1 plus
(Level 1 )
Level2

EPS-,
PostScript-.
DWF
DWF-eplot ( )

15.4.

DXB

451

DWF-eView ( )
DWF-ePlot
(Whip! 3.1- )
DWF- (RH-)
DWF6-ePlot
AutoCAD

HDI-: AutoCAD, Windows,


.

15.2. , HDI-

HewlettPackard
CalComp

XESystems

, DesignJet-
LaserJet-, HP-GL 2.
Artisan, PaceSetter, DesignMate DrawingMaster , Techjet , LED-.
G9034-S (FR/FPLx), G9035-S (FR/FPl.x), G9054-S (FR/FPl.x),
9055-S/95xx-S (FR/FPl.x), 5104 (_1.), 5105 (_1.), 5100 1,
(_2.), 5100 (_2.), 5120 Al (LZ_l.x),5120 (LZ_l.x),
5200 (1_1.), 9400 ( ; LV_3.x), 9700 (R1.0), 9800 (R3 &
R), 4900,9600
XES 8825 (1 Roll), XES 8825 (2 Roll), XES 8830, ES 8855

HDI- Windows: HDI-


Windows.


/ ,
Plottermanager ():
* File () Plotter manager (
).
Explorer
(. . 15.12).


Add-a-plotter wizard ( ), .
:
* Tools (), Wizards () Add plotter
( ).

452

15. ,

. 15.12

0;\Doa<nentt and 5ettlnqs\5eroey M. Mc4yavto\ApplM:ation Data\AU:ode*\AutoCAD 2006VR16. Z\enutf4otters


File and Folder Tasks

WFte

^ * ^ 1 OdaA Windows System Printer -&%4 DWF6ePtet


M W l - >-'

* * / T & : > * ' * " '.


PiblishToWeb PNG

j E t u i tils II


Hewlett Packard 450C .
.
Windows AutoCAD.
AutoCAD HDI-, Windows . , . (,
).
Add-a-plotter wizard (
) . Next
(). Begin () (. . 15.13).
. 15.13
,
Begin ()

Add Plotter . Begin


Begin

To conliggte a new pbttet. select one of the [otowing;

Pfoaer Model
Import Pep or
Hotter Name
Frish

Al M b i g i | I Cix/igued Hei Dtoaei


dttvei, and managed by this computer
ONjtaoikPlotteiSeiver

<Back

. HDI- AutoCAD, Windows. My computer ( ).


, HDI. (. . 15.14).

453

15.4.

. 15.14
,
Plotter model (
)

Add Plotter Plotter Model


Begin

; Select youf plotter manufacturer and model. If jiour plotter iiril listed, consult you
i ptatter documentation foi a compathle plotter.
'

Plotter Model
Import Pep 01 Pc2
Portt'?':
Rotter Name
Finish

Optionally, if you have an installation disk containing an HOI drive*, choose Have
Disk. A Browse for HIF Fie dialog box is displayed for you to locate and install the
HIF He attached tothe HOI dtw.

Manufacturers
[Adobe
AutoCAD DXB File
: Autodesk ePk)t(DWF)
ICalD

! f DeSnJet 430 C4713A


; DesignJet 430 C4714A
;>Jet450CC47154

Ore
Thomodel is supportedfayHPGL/2: by Autodesk

Have Disk...

Hewlett Packard DesignJet 450C C4716A. Next (). (


Continue ()), HDI-. AutoCAD - 2-, , . Import file ( ).
Next ().
(. . 15.15) Plot to file ( ). . AutoSpool AutoSpool-, .

. 15.15
,
Ports ()

Begin

Plotter Model
import Pep 01 Pc2
Ports
Piotie Name

Tjwijj

Pta '*

The following is a list ol alt poits available (or the currently


configured device, At docunents will be ptotled to the poet
you select.

Port
COM3
D COM4
DLPT1
LPT2
LPI3

. . : :

Descrptm
Local Port
Local Port
Local Pott
Local Port
Local Port

. ' .

i Pinter

PageP...

1
V

Configure Port...

What is AutoSpool

l system potls )1 port v

, . . Edit
plotter configuration ( ). (. ). , .
Calibrate plotter ( ) , .
, .

454

15. ,

AutoCAD ,
(-) .
Finish () <0
. (. . 15.12) - ^
.
Network plotter server ( ): HDI-. Begin ()
(. . 15.13),
(UNC-Name:\\HMH \ ) (. . 15.16).
. 15.16

,
Network plotter ( )

NoUvoiK Pbttet

E nter a narre to kJen% the network save* fUNC] you w i us


lo manage the plotiei.

''PWterMedel
Import Pep Pc2

IMT-SERVERWP LaserJet 4/4M PS


To select from e ist ol e3lng network ptottes. choose

Ptotier Name

Browse.

'

'

;:

..:'!:

iZJ

< Back

Nert >

, Browse ()
(. . 15.17).

, Ports (), .
. 15.17

Connect to Printer
Piirtet: |vSY-SERVER\HPLaserJrt4/4MJ
Shared printers:
^ Microsoft Windows-Netzwerk
^ SOMMER
g ^ SUP-GMBH
HrMT-SERVER
Q HPLaser:et4
T

g WERNER-NEU

Expand by default

HP LaserJet 4/4MPS

Pnr-. informs! son

;
Status:

Documents

455

15.4.

System printer ( ): / ,
Windows ( ), HDI- . ,
AutoCAD , Windows . System printer ( ). , AutoCAD (. . 15.18).

. 15.18
,
System printer
( )

Add Plotter System Printer


Select from the irst ol system plotter! that ate identified by the
cmrent Operating System.
(^System Prhtei

Import Pep Pc2

Lexmark Optra L Series PS


HP Color LaserJet 4500

Frist!
To add a new Windows system plottet. choose the Windows
Add Printer application from the pmtats folder in the Window*
ControtPanel

< Back

Hat >

Plotter model ( ) Ports () , Windows.


.


,

(. . 15.19). .
General (): .
Ports (): , .
, , -
.
Device and document settings ( ): (. . 15.19).
/ , ,
, .
, , - . - : , ,
, () . Save as ( ).
Defaults () .

456

15. ,

. 15.19

i Potts ] Device and Document Sellings |


j p DesignJet 450C 4716
3 < Media

; Media <Opague Bond>


| & MediaDesthation<DelaultOutput>
:: L $ Graphes
1
^ Custom Properties
i - l S Initialization Sliings
% User-defined Paper Sizes t Calbafon
LEU Custom Paper Sizes
. -Is3 Mcdity Standard Paper Sizes (PrrtableAreal

>-

<
-Media Source and See
Source
[Rol-fed Source
v^jlh

Sge

\ ISO expand (841.00 1183.00


f S ISO [841.00 x 1189.00 MM)

A"

Pfiilable Bounds; 4 9."

Thtt device carrot configure scMnefdi) of these values

Jmport...

[ aveAs...

Import () - 2-
, AutoCAD. -
(. . 15.20). ,
Import (). -
2-.
. 15.20
2- -

Device
Configuration

Windows-, , Custom properties ( ) (. . 15.21). Custom properties ( ), Windows


(. . 15.22).

457

15.4.
. 15.21

j <jj Minolta PagePio 6


I & %. Media
i

@g Souce and Size <Slze: A4>

0 Media Destination <Detault>


I m'q& Graphic
i

User-defined Paper Sizes & Caixation


IS) Custom Paper Sees

Modify Standaid Paper Sizes (Pirntabks Area)


( i ) Filter Paper Sizes

t l Plotter
% PMP Fie Name <Nons>
Acce;i Cijitom Dialog
Press the following button to access the
device driver-specie user-interface.

Custom PiopeirJes...

. 15.22
Windows

HP Color LaserJet 4500 Document Properties

[Layout] Paper/QuaBjr [_|!


r Tray Selection
i

Paper Somca
Plain Paper

:
/ -. AutoCAD .
\Documents and settingsWser name\Application
data\Autodesk\AutoCAD 2006\R16.2\enu\Plotters. .

458

15. ,

15.5.

(). , , DIN A3
420*297,
( ).
5 , 18 .
,
. ,
. Windows HP DesignJet
. AutoCAD, .
15.3
. 15 ,
6 .

15.3.

4 (hoch)
4 (quer)
A3 (hoch)
A3 (quer)
2 (hoch)
2 (quer)
1 (hoch)
1 (quer)
(hoch)


*
222 * 327
309 * 240
309 * 450
432 * 327
432 * 624
606 * 450
606* 871
853 * 624
853* 1219


*
210* 297
297*210
297 * 420
420 * 297
420 * 594
594 * 420
594 * 841
841 * 594
841* 1189


Hewlett Packard DesignJet 450C ( ). Device and
document settings ( ).
Custom paper size ( ). Add (), Begin () (. 15.23).
: ( ),
( ). 15.3, , A3 () .
Start from scratch ( ),
Next (). Media bounds ( ) ,
. 15.24.

15.5.
. 15.23

, Begin ()

459
Custom Paper Size - Begin
'(omscjstdTJ "

i!

Use ffestinfl '' ''''' "

Setec* f ram the M of paper s

. 15.24

, Media bounds
( )

Custom Paper Size - Media Bounds


The cunenf papef a?e is 8.50 x 11.00 Inches. To create
paper SE, adjust Width and HeigM,therttectfrKhe*a
Mfimeters. Pixels are on|y available fa tester fatmals. =

Printable area ( )
, (. . 15.25).
. 15.25

, Printable area
( )

Custom Paper Size Printable Area


1 he Review lite indicate the ptrtaWe area based on the
cunendy sdecled paper size. To modify (he nwvptWafafe arae.
adjust Top, Dotlom. Left and Right edges of the .
. Most duvm pinlable aiea Itom a spociic '
measuement away from the edge ol the papot.' Sofne dtiyere,
tuch as Postscript drivers, measure pthtabie area from the actual
edae of the papa. Veiifv that youiplottoa capable of ptottino
from the actual dimensions you specify,

Top: l]_5
Bottom: 15
Left:

;6

Right:

.[

<Back

Paper size name ( ) ,


, A3 .
- ( ), , ,

460

15. ,

MyOwnFormat. Finish () , (. . 15.26).


. 15.26

, Finish ()

You have created a new paper size named A3


.Select the source to which you wart
to appV the new paper see.

i j Roll-fed Souce
Cfc Sheel-fed Source

Finish (), . 15.3, - bberformate.pmp , \Documents and


settings\User name\Application data\Autodesk\Aut6CAD 2006\R16.2\enu\Plotters\PMP Files. Device and document settings ( ) file name ( -) (. . 15.27).
. 15.27
-

" Plotter Configuration Editor - DesignJet 450C C4716..


General I Ports

:
j $k
I - [

l i ] Media Type <Opaque Bond>


Media Destination <Default Output)
Graphics
Custom Properties
Initialization Strings
User-defined Paper Sizes & Calibration
f tf*l Custom Paper Sizes
E
Modify Standard Paper Sizes [Printable Area]
Q Filter Paper Sizes
3 , Plotter Calibration
PMPFileN.
SgevM Mi

Current File: DADocuments and S...\MiOwnFormat.pmp

SaveEMP...
Detach

jrrpoft.

Save As...

JJelaults

Attach ()
bberformate.pmp. Custom paper sizes (
) ,

15.5.

461

15.3. Detach () (. . 15.27)


- ,
.
, . , - .


, AutoCAD .
1. ' ,
, .
2. Device and document settings ( ).
3. User-defined paper sizes & calibration (
) Filter paper sizes ( ).
4. Size () ,
AutoCAD (. . 15.28).
. 15.28

# Plotter Configuration Editor DesignJet 450C C4716... ? ]


G A I Pols
,-

"-

C'eee4l['cuiT*m4e">j! ,

.-..-!

^
Media Type <Opaque Bond>
! -& Media Destination <Defau Outpub
Graphics
h S E Custom Properties
* Initialization Strings
S % User-defined Paper Sizes tc Calibration
\-\^ Custom Paper Sizes
| B Modify Standard Paper Sizes [Printable Area)
[5] Fier Paper Sizes
a
Plotter Calibration
PMP File Mame <D:\Documents and Seltings\Sergey M.

Mot

Filter Papei Si2es

Saurce
iRolMed Source
Width

i?
S3 ISO 6pandA2 (594.00x420.00M...
SI ISO expand A2 (420.00 594.0 M...
<

>
Check A l ;

UncheckAl

Import...

Plot ()
Paper size ( ) . - .

462

15. ,

15.6.
AutoCAD , . . AutoCAD 2000 , . :
: ,
. . , , ,
. ,
AutoCAD 14. .
:
, . . , ,
.
. STB.



, Stylesmanager (). :
!" File () Plot style manager ( ).
Stylesmanager ()
Explorer (. . 15.29).
. 15.29

\Docur*nts and Settjn9>\5ergey - Mdyevto\*4*:iai DatalAutle*k\AutoCAO 20<MR16.2\eru\F** Stylet

nd Folder


Add-a-plot style table wizard ( ).
:
'# Tools (), Wizards () Add
plot style table ( ) Add color-dependent
plot style table ( ).

15.6.

463

Begin (),
(. . 15.30).
. 15.30
Begin ()

Add Plot Style Table Begin


Begin

:'\. Geate a new ptot style table Ifom sciatch.

file name

U ic an e*itfng pW rtyl? lab*


Qeete a new plot style table based on an existing plot styte
table
...
..'-'}:

.Fni* '

Use My R14 Plotter Configuration (CFB)


Import the pen table properties fiom aRHCHS f*>.

tmpott the pen table properties from an existing PCP a PC2


lib.

:
;
; AutoCAD 14;
- 2- . Next ()
Table type ( ) (. . 15.31).
. 15.31
Table type (
)

Begin

name the style properties, seteol Named Plot Style Table To


create a plot style table that lefeiences each object's AutoCAD
2005 colot. select Cotot-Dependenl Piot Style Table.

Fie name
Finish
() Cola-Dependent Plot Style Title
255 plot styles w i be cieated The Hotmetion wi6 be saved in a
ptotttyle table (CT8| He,

Named Plot Style T ebfe

A pks style table will be cieated that contam one plot style named
Nmal. New plot slykB can be added in the Plot Style Table
Ed*.
;

( ) 255 AutoCAD.
( ) Normal ().

.
Browse file ( ) , .
File name ( ) .
Finish () , . Finish ()
.

464

15. ,

15.7.
.
General () .
Table view () (. . 15.32).
. 15.32
Table view ()

Ccloi 1

Color 2

Cola 4

Color 3

Description
Cola .../

Use object olor

' Use object color

Enabledfheting

. [

Use object

= Use object color

On

On

On

Convert to grayscale '

OH

Off

Off

Ufceajsianedpentt

Automatic

Automatic

Automatic

Automatic

Automatic

Automatic

Automatic

Automatic

100

100

100

100

Use object Snetype

Use object betyr e

Use object hnetype

Use object li

Adaptive adjustment

On

On

;on

On

Uneweighi :

Use object Ineweight

Use object feewc ght

; Use object lineweioh)

Use object_l j

Line ndStyle

Use object end style

Ute object end style

Use object end style

Line Join tljrie

Use object Jon style

Use object join style

= Use object join style

Use object j. \

Use object fill style

Use object fill style

; Use object f i style

Use object f

Vitiualpentt '
Scieerwg

Unetype'

':

On
'

Off

Use object *

\
[. Edl jjneweig**

.
, .
Form view () (. . 15.33).

.
. 15.33
Form view ()

I

Pent
VntualpenD:

;
|

Scieewig
Ltetype \

\
;

AcMyc

jQn

t-ineraeioH i Use object lieweight


L r e e n d s t * : ! Use object end style
Line join s!)He; fuseobpctjori style
!sMe:

luseobiedUlstyle

15.7.

465

Normal
(), . Add style ( )
, Delete style ( ) .


(. . 15.32 15.33):
Name (): ,
.
, .
Description (): , .
Color (): . . , . Select color ( ) Select color ( ), AutoCAD, True Color .
Enable dithering ( ):
.
Convert to grayscale ( ): .
Use assigned pen # ( ): ( 1 32)
.
Virtual pen # ( ): ( 1
255). . 0 Automatic () AutoCAD .
Screening (): . 0 100.
Linetype ( ): . Use object linetype ( ), , AutoCAD
.
Adaptive adjustment ( ): , (. . ). ,
.
Lineweight ( ): . Use object lineweight ( ), . .
, . ,
.
Line end style ( ): .
: Butt (), Square (), Round () Diamond
().
Line join style ( ): . : Miter (), Bevel (), Round () Diamond
().

15. ,

466

Fill style ( ): : , , , , ,
, , .
Edit lineweights ( )
, (. . 15.34).

. 15.34

Edit Lineweiahts
Lineweights:
Value
0*2000
0.2500
0.35
0.4000
0.4500
0.5000

In Use

) \ 0 Millimeters N 4
j I O inches (in)

Edit LineweiQht

Sort L i n e w e i g h t s ^
Cancel 1 ( " Help

, .
Save as ( ):
.

mfr :
"" AutoCAD . .
- .
AutoCAD .
' AutoCAD
acad.ctb , monochrome.cbt -
greyscale.ctb .

.
* AutoCAD acad.stb
monochrome.stb. .
| \Documents and settings\User
nameXApplkation data\Autodesk\AutoCAD 2006\R16.2\enu\PlotStyles.


, . , , , .
Options () ,
: (. .4).

15.8.

467

,
, , Options ().

15.8.

, . ,
, , . .
Plot ()
.


, .

Plotstyle ()
Plotstyle (). , . Plotstyle () :
" Format () Plot style ( ).
,
. 15.35.

. 15.35
Plotstyle ()

Current Plot Style


Current plol style:

Active plot style table:

i fi=A15-01.stb

Edto...

ached to: Model

. , .
By Layer (). .
Active plot style table ( )
, . Editor () -

15. ,

468

, .

Properties ()
Properties ()
. (. . 15.36).
ByLayer (). Other () Plotstyle ().
. 15.36


Properties ()

IByLayei
ByLayer
ByBlock
Normal

Layer ()
Layer () .
, . Plot style ( ).
(. . 15.37).
. 15.37

StM Name

-*, HiLFSl
V KONH
S. MtTT.J
-* RAHMS
RAHMi
RAHME
* SCH..F
-*. SCHRI
VERCE

eweight

b*L2

[Style 4
iSlyte_5
iSlyte_G
j Stte7

Default
Default
Defwtt
Cefsull
Cciaull

Rot Siyle i PW D.
S^-i*_?
&/I* 7
Style_2
Styte i
S^le 1

. Active plot ^yte table


'';=A15-O1.stb
<

Altechedta Model

, 1 .
:
""* , ,
Plot options (
) Plot ().
|" Plot options ( ) Plot () Plot with plot styles ( ),
.

15.9.

469

15.9.
. . .
:
1. A15-Ol.ctb (. ). A15-01.ctb .
2. 15-01.dwg. ,
. , .
3. A15-01.ctb, Pagesetup (). ,
.
.



Convertctb (), .
,
( *.ctb).
, , .
,
( *.stb).
. , ,
.
Normal (), .
:
1. Convertctb () A15-01.ctb
A15-01.stb. .


Convertpstyles ()
. Convertctb ().
. , . . , ,
,
. ,
.

15. ,

470


. .
:
1. Convertpstyles () 15-01.stb, . Layer (). (. . 15.38).
5-01. dwg .
. 15.38

-*. DEFPOINTS
*. GEMNDE
, HILFSUN
MDNTUR

Free: Lock 4
I hie
Q
while

3 yaftw

I cyan

| red

1 ; Lwi^ ; FW Stj*i | FW! Desac*on


CON.-OUS - D^uit Styte 7
^
CON.OUS
DrtauS SM.'
%
CON.OUS
Detauil SMe.2
COH.OUS
Ddau I
CON.OUS
Debt* !

^ . MITTJNIEN
4 . RiHMEN025
RSHMB*
^*. RAHMEMJ7
** SCH .fFUR
SCHRIFI
- VEROEOCT

}
Q
J
Q
Q.

MITTE
CON OUS
COH.OUS
COH..OUS
CON.OUS
-OtlS
VER.CKT

9
S
S

=
*Jj
<S
*S
%
i)
<

cyw

rai
<**

ydte
tmgena

DdsuK Slyl_Kj
Defaa* Style 5
DeteJl Style 1
Detauil Syfe 7
Man SrtkJ
M a A Syl_2
M a i i t SfctoJS

fe
J^
%
ft
%
&
&

16

AutoCAD, ,
,
.

16.1.
, .

, Vports ()

. (. . 16.1).

. 16.1

Vports (), :
- View () Viewports ( ) .
| Display viewports dialog ( ) Layouts () Viewports ( ).

16.

472

, (. . 16.2), New viewports ( ),


.

. 16.2
Vports
(), New viewports
( )

Viewports I Named Vewportsl

[I
Standard yjewports:
"Active ModeVconfiguralion*
'Sinoje
Two: Verfcal
Two: Horizontal
Three: Right
Three. Left
Three: Above
Three: Below
Three: Vertical
Three: Horizontal
Four Right
Fon: Left

&Pf>k>to.

Setup:

I Display

Change view la
rCujient*

New viewports ( ):
"* Standard viewports ( )
. Preview
(). , . , .
'"* Apply to () , . Display ( ) .
, . ,
. Apply to () Current viewport ( ).
!# Setup () (2D),
(3D) . 3D (. 20).
||

4- Change view to ( ) ,
(. 5.17). ,
: . - Preview ()
. Current ()
.

|* New name ( ) , .
. -

16.1.

473

, .
. .
:
1. A16-01.dwg .
2. Vports () , . 16.2.
3. .
.
. Zoom ()
(. . 16.1).
.
4. Vports ()
New name ( ) 4Wins.
.
5. .


View (), Viewports ( )
Named viewports ( ), Named viewports ( ) Vports (). (. . 16.3).
. 16.3

Vports (),
Named viewports
( )

Viewports
I New Viewports] Narriedviewporls |
Current none:

Antrieb

Named viewports:

r Preview

I "Active Model Configuration"


I Cockpit
i Molra
i Vier-Fenster

, Named viewports ( ),
.


.

16.

474

:
1. L16-01.dwg .
2. .
Named viewports (
) Vports ().


Viewports ( ) ,
.
-Vports (-) .
Command: -vports
Enter an option [Save/Restore/Delete/Join/SIngle/?/2/3/4] <3>:
: -
[////
/?/2/3/4]
-Vports (-):
||* Single/2/3/4 (/2/3/4): ,
, (Single ()). .

, , , , .
4 .
i* Join (): .
.
* . (. ),
. :
u* Restore ():
.
* Delete (): .

* Save ():
.

16.2. , ,
. , .
, , , , . , , .
.
, .

16.2. , ,

475

AutoCAD 14 , Tilemode.
AutoCAD 2000 , (Layout). , , , .
(. . 16.4).
E*

View Ireert

S\ ' I

- ' ;

- J.

'' '

. 16.4.
1 ,2 , 3
, 4 , 5 , 6

Model ()
. ,
Layoutl (1),
Layout2 (2) . . .
.

Layout ()
Layout () , , , . :
Command: layout
Enter layout option [Copy/Delete/New/Template/Rename/SAveas/Set/?]
<set>:
:

[///////
?]<>

476

16.

:
Set () . .
New () . :
* Insert (), Layout () New layout ( ).
'" New layout ( ) Layouts
().
* New layout ( ).
, ( ).
: Layoutl (1),
Layout2 (2) . .
Delete () . :
"i* Delete ().
Rename () . :
"" Rename ().
(. . 16.5).
. 16.5

Template () .
:
mi* Insert (), Layout () Layout from
template ( ).
*- Layout from template ( ) Layouts ().
"
From template ( ).
, , , (. . 16.6). .
() . , .
Ctrl .
:

16.2. , ,

477

"" Move or copy (


).
. 16.6

Insert Layuul(s)
Layout name{s]:

OK

DiaufsichlA*
GesamtA3

(.
. 16.7). ,
( , ). Layout (). Create
( ), ().
.16.7

Hove of copy selected layouts


Before layout:
DraufsichtA4
Detail A4
(move to end)

Queateacopji

Saveas (). , . .
. , . , .


Pagesetup (), 15.3. , , . Modify ()
, Plot ().
. Display
plot styles ( ) (. . 16.8) , . ,

16.

478

, . , Display plot styles


( ). .
. Scale ()
1:1, What to plot ( ) Layout ().
.
(. . 16.4).
.
. 16.8
Page setup
( )
Shaded viewport opticr
Plotter. ..

Deslgn)rt*Sac<>7i6AHP(ap-byAiJtodask

[
:

Oesoipttan: - '

Quality

. ;Nornvsl

|ISO A1 (297,00 0.0


^ P t a t **h plot tytQS '
:

[ 3 Ptot pepenpet* test"

ft|hat to ptot:.
: layout

objK

w\

'tat offset (iQffi wt to ft- =>"Cu)


Options ()
. Options () Took ().
Display () (. , 16.9).
. 16.9
Display ()
Options ()

Element*
0

Display f c i o l bare in ckawing window

Q Display tcteen mery


<->ie \t*yt> buttons I n Toolbars
[i?]$howTooiTipt
0

Show shortcut keys in ToolTipt

t^ouletenwrit*
[ 2 Display Layout and Modd tabs
0

Display ptinlabje

Display perf
D Ean and with rai( fc OLE
Highlight raster *nage frame orjy

Display pap background


0

Dtsplay papp shadow


' nge^Sejujj Manager (

Create viewport in QCW layouts

| 3 D Showtejfl boundary

(9 DS

16.3.

479

Layout elements ().


. Show page setup manager for
new layouts ( )
.
. Create viewport in new layout ( ) . , , .

:
1. Display ()
Options () . 16.9. A16-02.dwg
.
2. Layoutl, Modify ().
Page setup ( ) HewkttPackard DesignJet 450, , A3 quer Ubergrosse, . ,
15 , . Landscape () .
3. . 4 hoch Ubergrosse Portrait
(). : Gesamt
A3; Draufsicht A4; Detail A4.
L16- 02. dwg .

16.3.
. . , .
,
(. 20.12) . , .
.

:
1. Gesamt A3. Insert ()
Block (). DIN_A3.dwg
A3.
, 0, 0, ,
1 0. ,
.
2. Draufsicht A4
DIN_A4.dwg .
3. Detail A4.

16.

480


, ,
, Vports () (. 16.1).
, . :
"I* View () Viewports ( ) .
* Display viewports dialog ( ) Layouts () Viewports ( ).
New viewports ( ) Display
viewports dialog ( ) , , . 16.10.
. 16.10
Vports
()

Viewports
NewViewporlR^rned Viewports!
Current name:

Three: Above
Preview

Standard viewports:
i -Active Model Configuration"
iSngle
iTwo: Vertical
I Two: Horizontal
I Three: Right
I Three: Left
I Three: Above
i Three; Below
: Three: Vertical
i Three: Horizontal
! Four: Equal

Draufsicht

Gesarnt

Viewport Spacing:

Setup;

Change view to:

i2D

IDraulsicht

Seite

, , ,
Standard viewports ( ), . . Viewport spacing ()
. Setup () (2D)
(3D) . , .
:
1. Preview () .
.
2. Change view to ( ) .
.
3. Preview () ; .
Named viewports ( ) ,

16.3.

481

.
. ,
, ,
.
Specify first corner or [Fit] <Fit>:

Specify opposite corner:
[]: <>:

:
Fit ():
, .

Vports ()
-Vports (-) , .
Command: -vports
,_
Specify corner of viewport or
[ON/OFF/Fit/Shadeplot/Lock/Object/Polygonal/Restore/2/3/4] <Fit>
: -
[/////
///2/3/4]: <>
, . . Single viewport ( ) Viewports ( ).
Fit (): . .
2/3/4: , , . ,
, , . View (), Viewports ( ).
Restore ():
.
Shadeplot (): - (. 20.11).
Lock (): (.
).
AutoCAD LT.

Object ():
, : , - >
, , . Viewports ( ) View (),
Convert objects to viewport ( ) Viewports ( ).

1 AutoCAD 2006

482

16.

Specify corner of viewport or


[ON/OFF/Fit/Shadeplot/Lock/Object/Polygonal/Restore/2/3/4] <Fit>:
Select object to clip viewport:
[/////
///2/3/4]: <>

:
Polygonal (): , Pline (). . Viewports ( )
View (), Polygonal viewport ( )
Viewports ( ).
Specify corner of viewport or
[ON/OFF/Fit/Shadeplot/Lock/Object/Polygonal/Restore/2/3/4] <Fit>: p
Specify start point:
Specify next point or [Arc/Length/Undo]:
Specif-y next point or [Arc/Close/Length/Undo]:
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Length/Undo]:
[/////
///2/3/4]: <>

:
[///]:
[///]: 3

Vpclip ()
Vpclip () , , . :
" Modify (), Clip () Viewport ( ).
* Clip existing viewport ( ) -
Viewports ( ).
Imageclip () Xclip
() (. 11.13 12.3).
Command: vpclip
Select viewport to clip:
Select clipping object or [Polygonal/Delete] <Polygonal>:
:
:
[/]
<>:

16.4.

483

, (
, , , ).
. Polygonal () .

:
() .
, , . . , ,
.
* , , ,
, .

:
1. Afenster, , .
, .
Sichtfenster , .
2. GesamtA3 .
Gesamt. ,
.
3. Draufsicht A4. .
Draufsicht. .
.
4. Detail A4 ,
. 16.11.
5. Sichtfenster. , . 16.11. . .

:
, ,
, Vports
() (. . 16.12).

16.4.
.
, , , .
. . .

16.

484
. 16.11

. 16.12

()

Maximize Viewport
Viewport Clip Display Viewport Objects
Shade plot

Mspace () u Pspace ()
, , Mspace () Pspace (). . . .
.

16.4.

485

Mspace () Pspace () .
:
MODEL
. | Paper () Model ()
, .

PAPER


,
. , .

:
. ,
Zoom () Pan (). ,
.
. Ctrl + R.


. Zoom () Pan (). , . Zoom () ' .
Command: zoom
Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP),
or
[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window/Object] <real
time>: lxp
:
, ( )
[///////]
< >: 1
.
||

- 1 1:1,

- 2 2:1
" 0.5 1:2.
Pan () , .


Viewports ( ). () , , . Viewports ( )

16.

486

(. . 16.13). ,
, , 0.3333 1:3.
Scale to fit () ( , ).
. 16.13

Viewports ( )

:
, Viewports ( ), , Scale list ( ) Format (). (Edit) (Add).


AutoCAD : . ,
.
Misc () (. . 16.14).
. 16.14

r > 4 ^

I Viewport (1)

Geometry

(Clipped
Display locked

.Yes

Yes

No

Standard scale i Custom


: Custom scale

jo.3i

LICS per view... :Yes


(Shade plot

As Displayed

1 (anted to she...

On (): .
Clipped (): .
Display locked ( ): .
Standard scale ( ):
.
Custom scale (): .

76.4.

487

UCS per view ( ): , (3D) .


Shade plot (): -: , ,
( ).
:
1. GesamtA3. Viewports ( ) 1:1. Pan ()
.
2. Draufsicht A4
1:1.
, Pan ().
3. Detail A4 1:1, ~2:1. Pan ()
.
.


? : . , . , ,
. , ,
, . , .
:
"F -Vports (-) Lock ().
"" ,
Display locked ( ) Yes
().
"
. Display locked ( ) Yes ().
:
1. .
Zoom (),
Previous ().
2. . .
L16-03.dwg .

16.

488


. AutoCAD
Vpmax (),
AutoCAD ( , ).
:
* Maximize viewport ( ).
! Maximize viewport ( )
i'
.
~~^~
AutoCAD .
( ), /, , ,
. ,
Maximize viewport ( )
.

. 16.15

:.j

. - . ' - .

"

Vpmin (), :
" Minimize viewport ( ).
- Minimize viewport ( ) 7|
.
.

16.5.

489

Redrawall () Regenall ()
Redraw ()
, Regen () . , AutoCAD Redrawall () Regenall (). View ().
Redraw () Redrawall ().



.
Linetype () Global scale factor ( ).
.
Psltscale 1, ,
. Psltscale
Linetype () ( Format (), Linetype ( )). Show details ( )
Details (). Use paper space
units for scaling ( ) (. . 16.16), Psltscale 1.

. 16.16



Current Unetype: ByLayer
:

Unelype
Bji'ayei
iByBlock
!IJACADJS002W100
!|ACAD_IS003V/100
ijACADJSOO4W10O

Appearance

IACADJS005W100

IACADJSOOGWIOO
JACAD_ISOO7W10O

ISO StiichSnie
ISOGeslrichelmitAbstand_ _
_
ISO Lang gestricbelt punktiert
.
. _
ISO Lang ges&ichelt doppdpunktierl
_
ISO Lang gestiichdt dreKachpunkhert , ...
- ISO Punktiwt

Def-sij
)obat scale factor:

10.2500

Current object cafe:

[i.QOQQ

JJse paper space units for scaling

16.5.
. :
, .
,
. ,

16.

490

. . , .
, .
AutoCAD . . ,
.
Layer (). :
, - .
:
1. DetailA4 .
Layer (). Masse (.. 16.17).
2. Current VP freeze ( )
. , . .
.
.
. 16.17

Masse

Stat Name

" On . Ftceic

to

Lrebt*

LrtH-^

PW Cutent VP Fr
.

"*'(
f crater
*. DEFPOINTS
GEWIfffiE
^jv HILFSLWIEN

.
.
,.

1. MEN
RWHEKBS
FWHM6NQ6
RAHMEN07
SCH..fFUR

SCHRFI
> ScMfonster
VffiDtCKT

gg

$
g
Q

Of

$
V
Q
^
g
0
0
g

%
^
*

__ _

DH*JH

CON -OUS

IMKM

MM
rew
qui

COH..OU5
OctMlt
.OUS
0..
COM..OUS
.~
. OUS O.-m

O.-.m
COM OUS - t
CON .OUS
M4 (
COK.OUS
Oet*uh I

CON.OUS
0..1 <
CON..OUS
0_m
I*
E magenta OUS r Default '
magento VER_CKT
O.jn <

ft
%
%

"

I
i

I
I
ft

D t^cat

3. Draufsicht A4, . Schrift, Mittellinien Masse.


.
4. Detail A4
Sichtfenster. . Afenster,
.
qbawieL16-04.dwge .
:
Layer
(). Current VP freeze ( ) .
.
.

16.6.

491

Layer ()
New VP freeze ( ) (. . 16.17),
. , . .

. 16.18

16.6.
: ?
, . AutoCAD 2002
. Dimassoc 2. .
,
.
Dimassoc 1, AutoCAD 2000/2000L
, (. .
). 16.7 , .
.
,
.

16.

492

:
1. ,
L16-04.dwg. Detail A4. Dimassoc 2.
2. Masse . .
(. . 16.19,
).
3. Dimassoc 1 . ,
, . .
(. . 16.19, ).
. 16.19


Dimassoc

Dimreassociate ()
Dimdisassociate ()
Dimreassociate ()
. :
"" Dimension () Reassociate dimensions ( ).
Command: dimreassociate
Select dimensions to reassociate ...
Select objects: ( )
ENTER
Specify first extension line origin or [Select object] <next>:
,

Specify second extension line origin <next>:
,

16.6.

493

:
...
: (
) ENTER

[ ] <>:
,

, <>:
,

Enter
, ,
.
Dimdisassociate () , ( ). .
Command: dimdisassociate
Select dimensions to disassociate . . .
Select objects:
1 disassociated.
:
...
:
1.
.
:
1. Dimassoc 2.
2. Dimreassociate () . 20 (. . 16.19)
, 10, . .
.
3. L16-05. dwg .
4. . . .
:
"+ 0 Dimassoc.
, ,
.
|

*- . ( Regenall ()).

494

16.

16.7.
,
16.6. , AutoCAD
2002. , ,
.

.
. ,
. , .
.
,
.
, .
Dimassoc 1. .
:
1. A16-06.dwgu3 . , . ;
1:100, 1:50.
2.
0.01. , ,
1000, 10.
3. 1:50 , 0.02, 1000 20.
4. : BAU-BEM-1-100 BAU-BEM-1-50.
.
, 10,
0.1. . , 20, 0.05. Primary units ( )
. ( Dimension () Style
(), Dimstyle ()
, Modify () ). Scale factor () Measurement scale
() (. . 16.20) . Apply to layout dimensions only (
), ( ).
5. Dimstyle () BAU-BEM-1-100 .
6. BAU-BEM-1-50
. (. . 16.21).
aeL16-06.dwg .

16.7.
. 16.20

It*-.

495

ft

' >*!*<** M.JAMO*: Ie*i

J * Linear dmensicro
UnilaiTH*
Eiedsion
Fiaction Iwnwt
Decimal * * :

- & s c a l e -

Seals factor:

[OK

ED App)y to layout tfenenaons only

. 16.21

ifi)

:
1. , . A16-07.dwg .
, .
2. : MASSE1-100
MASSE1-50. ,
. . .
3. BAU-BEM. 0. , (
, , . .), ,

16.

496

. Dimstyle ().
BAU-BEM Modify (). Fit () Scale for dimension features
( ) Scale dimensions to
layout ( ).
Use overall scale ( ) (. . 16.22).

. 16.22


Modify Dimension Style: BAU-BEM


Lines | Symbols and Anows := T

Primary Units | Alternate Units j| Tolerances!.

Fit options
if there isn't enough room to place both text and
arrows inside extension lines, the First thing (o
move outside the extension lines is:
0 Either text or arrows (best ft)
Arrows
Text
Both text and arrows
I O Always keep text between ext fries

Suppress anows if they dont fit inside


extension fines

* T erf placement

i:

Scaleior dimension feelui&s


Use overall scale of:
(Is Scale dimensions to layout

When text is not in the default position, place it:


Beside the dimension Itne
Over dimension. Tine, with jeadei
tS) Over dimension line, withgut leadei

text manually
@ D iaw dim (ne between ext lines

4. MASSE1-100 .
MASSE1-50. , , .
.
5. (. . 16.21),
. .
L16-07.dwg .


, : ? , . , . . 1:1 ,
1:1.
.

16.8.
, ,
. :

16.9.

497

"* Insert (), Layout () Create layout


wizard ( ).
"* Tools (), Wizards () Create layout ( ).
, , ,
, .

16.9.
() ,
.

()
, 4.6? .
.

:
1. A16-08.dwg . Model () , .
2. 4 Fenster , . Afenster . .
3. Viewports (). Display viewports dialog ( )
View () Viewports (), New viewports
( ).
4. , .
10.
, 1:20.
. 16.23. .
5. Layer
(). eg . Isolate group
( ), - Active viewport only ( ) (. . 16.24). , eg ().
6. (
og) ( ug).
. ,
. 16.25. .
L16-08.dwg .

16.

498
. 16.23

E<ft tw

Insert Fwmat ladi

w QrrenXr, Modfy
,idnd*d

*.;' ^

150-25

. 16.24

* I I .

. 16.25

17

AutoCAD CAD-. , ,
, . CAD-,
CAD- .

17.1. AutoCAD
AutoCAD .
AutoCAD DWG.

AutoCAD ObjectARX
Autodesk-
AutoCAD 2004 LT 2004 ,
AutoCAD. AutoCAD 2000,2000i, 2002 LT 2000, LT2000i LT
2002 . ,
AutoCAD LT AutoCAD 2006 .
: , AutoCAD 2006, . , .
ObjectARX Autodesk-, AutoCAD Mechanical, Mechanical
Desktop Architectural Desktop , AutoCAD, AutoCAD 2006. ,
AutoCAD 2006, - (-).
, , , . .
Expode ().

. , .
Proxy objects are not displayed (He -) -.
Graphic images are displayed for all proxy objects
( -) -.
Only the bounding box is displayed for all proxy
objects ( ) ,
.

17.

500

.
Proxyshow.
0 ( ), 1 () 2 ( ). Regen ().
:
j

i AutoCAD drawing
template ( AutoCAD) (*.dwt) (. 4.6).
.
in* , AutoCAD Standard ()
(*.dws), .
19. AutoCAD.

AutoCAD
AutoCAD AutoCAD LT, . Saveas (). Files of type ( )
(. . 17.1):
" AutoCAD 2004 drawing ( AutoCAD 2004) (*.dwg): AutoCAD.
in* AutoCAD 2000/LT 2000 drawing ( AutoCAD 2000/LT 2000) (*.dwg): AutoCAD 2000/2000i/2002 AutoCAD LT 2000/2000i/2002.
, ,
.
DXF- (.
17.2).

. 17.1

AutoCAD

Save Drawing As
Save

|^ . X C-i

p**^_enamples
ACAD 2006 Compendium -06
-07
(>03-08
-09
-10
S5A03-11
-0]
06-01

3DAO7-01
7-2
07-04
@07'05
07-06

D Update sheet and view thumbnals now


fL1G-08.dwg
AutoCAD 2004 Diawing dwg)
AutoCAD
AutoCAD
AutoCAD
AutoCAD
AutoCAD
AutoCAD

20007LT2000 Drawing dug)


Drawing Standaids (".dwsj
Drawing Template ("dwtj
2004 DXF C.d()
2000.2000 OXF ( dt)
R12/LT2 DXF C.cMl

17.2. DXF-

501

AutoCAD drawing standard ( AutoCAD) (*.dws):


(. 19).
" AutoCAD drawing template ( AutoCAD) (*.dwt): (. 4.5). AutoCAD .

17.2. DXF-
DWG- AutoCAD CAD . 2-- DXF- (Data Exchange Format ). DXF-,
Autodesk, AutoCAD 2004 .
DXF- . . Insert () DXF- .

DXF-
DXF AutoCAD Open (). . Files of type (
) DXF (*.dxf). , (. 17.3).
Open (), AutoCAD .

DXF-
DXF-. Saveas () . . Files of type (
) :
AutoCAD 2004 DXF (*.dxf): DXF- AutoCAD 2004/LT 2004.
i' AutoCAD 2000/LT 2000 DXF (*.dxf): DXF- AutoCAD
2000/2000i/2002 AutoCAD LT 2000/2000i/2002. ,
, .
'# AutoCAD R 12/LT 2 dxf (*.dxf): DXF- AutoCAD12
AutoCAD LT 2. AutoCAD 11 DXF-, AutoCAD 12, AutoCAD 11.
DXF- .

:
*.dwg, , AutoCAD 2004.

17.

502

17.3.
AutoCAD DXF-.


Saveas () (, File ()
Save as ( )). Tools ()
Options ().
(. . 17.2 17.3).
. 17.2
,
DWG-

ij Saveas Options
pWGiOpiionsjDW rjptionsi
0 Save proxy images of custom objects
Index type:

I None

e all drawings as:

DWG-:
"" Save proxy-images of custom objects ( -):
,
.
, -.
'!"# Index type ( ): ,
(Layer)
(Spatial). .
" Save all drawings as ( ): .
DWG- DXF-. , AutoCAD 2004, , AutoCAD 2004.
. 17.3
, DXF-

Saveas Options
DWG 01]''_0(;|
Format

\ ASCII

Select objects

| BINARY

i j Savs thumfcrieJ pt*?

Eecimal places of accuracy (0 to 16)

1S

503

17.4.
DXF-:

! Format (): DXF-:


ASCII- .
ASCII-.
"* Select objects ( ): , DXF-
.
.
' Save thumbnail preview image ( ): DXF-
.
.
+ Decimal places of accuracy ( ): .

17.4.
, , , .


, , , . Fontalt.
Command: fontalt:
Enter new value for FONTALT, or

for none <"simplex.shx">:

: Fontalt
Fontalt . <"simplex.shx">:
(*.SHX AutoCAD *.TTF True-Type-), , . . ,
. (. . 17.4). True-Type- (),
(, , ).

. 17.4

Alternate Font
Font Name:

Mv acaderef shx
il^AIGDT
JitAmdtSymbols
fjJAMGDT
amgdt.shx
i.stix

Font Style1

17.

504

, Acad.f mp . , ,
:
!# ,
Acad.fmp.
' , Fontalt.
" .
Acad.fmp \Documents and settings\User name\ Applications data\Autodesk\AutoCAD 2006\R16.2\enu\Support. Windows. , :
geniso;txt

True-Type-, .ttf:
geniso;arial.ttf
:
.
.
(. Style () 10.2).

17.5.
, AutoCAD, . , (, ,
- ). Appload ().
AutoCAD
, .

Appload ()
Appload () :
"> Tools () Load application ().
(.
. 17.5).
. Files of
type ( ) .
:
'!"* ObjectARX- (*.)
# AutoLISP- (*.lsp)
" VBA- (*.dvb)
i>* ObjectDBX- (*.dbx)

505

17.5.

* VisualLISP executables ( VisualLISP-) (*.vlx)


in* Fast-load AutoLISP format ( AutoLISP-) (*.fas)
( ) .
Load (), ( ).
. 17.5

Load/Unload Applications
Look in O AutoCAD 2006
EJData Unks

Plot Styles
Plotters
Sample

Q ) en-US
-_J Express
Fonts

} Tutorial
QUserDataCache
QjWebDepot
j||WebServices
jjjJiAc3dDwfUi

Template
(Textures

Filename:

[I

Files of type:

j AutoCAD Apps (".arx;" lsp;".dvb;".dbit*,vlx;*. v |

Loaded Applications ! History list I


j File

Path

1 AtAraa
I AcDblClkEdi...
| AcDblClkEdi...

I:W> nwAProgiam FitesVwtoCAD.


I:WP mafAProgiamFiesWitoCAD.
l:P_Main\Program FSesWutoCAD

Startup Suite

<

Loaded applications ( )
. Add
to history ( ),
History list (). AutoCAD
.
Unload () ,
Loaded applications ( ). LISP-
. ARX-, .
History list (), Remove ().
, AutoCAD
.
Contents () Startup suite () Startup suite (). ,
AutoCAD. ,
Remove (). Add ()
, .

506

17.

17.6.
AutoCAD
(. 17.2 17.3) .
AutoCAD Export (),
Import (). , , , Wmfin ()
Wmfout (), Acisin () Acisout ().

Export ()
Export () :
" File () Export ().
. Files of type ( ) () .
().

Import ()
Import () :
" Import () Insert
().
. Files of type ( ) () .

WMF- ( )
/ Metafile () (*.wmf)
Wmfin () Wmfout (). WMF-
(Windows Metafile Format Windows) , .
Tools ()
Options ().
WMF (. . 17.6).
Wmfopts ().
. 17.6
WMF

SWMF In Options

ffi^ide Lines

Cancel

Wire frame ( ) ,
, , . Wide lines ( ) AutoCAD , ,
AutoCAD 0.
:

17.6.

507

Command: vraifin
Specify insertion point or.
[Scale/X/Y/Z/Rotate/PScale/PX/PY/PZ/PRotate]:
Enter X scale factor, specify opposite corner, or [Corner/XYZ] <1>:
Enter Y scale factor <use X scale factor>:
Specify rotation angle <0>:
:
[/////////
]:
X, [/ XYZ] <1>:
< >:
<0>:

, WMF.

BMP- ( )
BMP- , .
.
BMP- File () Export (),
Export data ( )
Files of type ( ) Bitmap ( ) (*.bmp).

ACIS- ( )
ACIS () . () AutoCAD ACIS- (*.sat). SAT-
, Files of type ( ) Ads (*.sat).

STL- ( )
AutoCAD ,
Stereolithography Apparatus (SLA). SLA
, . Files of type ( ) Lithography ()
(*.stl), . . XYZ- . ,
-, Y- Z- .

( )
3D Studio Autodesk . - 3D Studio AutoCAD.
Files of type ( ) 3D-Studio (*.3ds).
, (. . 17.7).

17.

508

. 17.7
3D Studio

3D Studio File Export Options


Detive 30 Studio Objects Fmm

La*
AutoCAD Coloi Index ()
AutoCADfibjectType
AutoCAD Blocks
O^wtide (Each block is one object)
Smoothing ;

Welding :

-:.

0 Auto-Welding

Ihieshold

] 0.001

, 3D Studio-
,
3D Studio-. ,
(Auto-smoothing) (Auto-welding).
.

PostScript- ( )
AutoCAD PostScript-. PostScript , ,
. PostScript , ,
. () , , , , , . PostScript- .
AutoCAD Encapsulated PostScript- (EPS).
,
, , .
PostScript- .
PostScript-. EPS-, . , .
Files of type ( ) Export ()
Encapsulated ps (*.eps) Psout ().
Tools () Options ().
, Plot () (. . 17.8).
Prolog section name ( ): PostScript-
Acad.psf. , PostScript-. , , .
Acad.psf .

17.6.

509

, . *sampleprolog Acad.psf .

. 17.8

PostScript Out Options:


PostScript-

Prolog Section Name:

Drawing
Units

Output
Units

; What to plot

Preview

J1

Display

0 None

fit (

Entente

: OEPSI

j Ot-ims

: TIFF

Paper See
Width . __, J
f

Window

-Size Units
Inches

MM

["

10.70

If

15.60

G
H
J

A4

11.00
28.00
34.00
40.00
7.80

90.00
143.00
176.00
143.00
11.20

A2
A1

15.60
22.40

22.40
32.20

What to plot ( ): , Plot (), , PostScript. ,


, , .
Preview () , PostScript- () .
Size units () : (Inches)
(). Scale ()
Fit to paper () . , , , .

DXB- ( )
DXB- (Drawing Interchange Binary [ )
. . AutoCAD . DXB- . DXB- .

(. 17.7).
DXB- Dxbin (). Insert () Drawing exchange
binary (DXB).

510

17.

17.7.
, ,
. Plottermanager () (. 15.4) . :
Adobe: PostScript- EPS-.
, Psout (), PostScript-.
DXB- AutoCAD: DXB- , . , . -
. Dxbin
() 20-.
Autodesk ePlot (DWF): DWF-.
( ) . DWF- 18.3.
DWF-.
HewlettPackard: HPGL- . DTP-
HPGL-. HPGL . HewlettPackard (HPGL = Hewlett Packard Graphic Language
Hewlett Packard).
7475 HewlettPackard.
Raster file format ( ): , . . ,
, Raster
file format ( ). . , .
/
, ( ).
. , (. 15.5). .


, , , . Plot () . Plot to file ( ). .
.

17.8.

511

17.8.
AutoCAD DXF- .
:
1. .
2. () Save as ( ). , Tools (), Security options ( ).
3. Password () (. .
17.9). Open () .
Encrypt drawing properties ( ), Explorer
. Advanced options ( ) , . ( ) . .
. 17.9

Security Options
'

. ;

Password OF phrase lo gpen this df awing:


Encrypt drawing Droperties

Current encryption type:


1

Microsoft Base Dyptographb Provider v1.0

advanced Options...

4. ,
.
Digital signature ( ).
5. , .
(. . 17.10). .
. 17.10

Enter password to open drawing:


D: VCAD_e>amplesU1 E-08_p.dws

OK

Cancel

18

AutoCAD .

18.1.
AutoCAD ,
. AutoCAD. , , . ,
. ,
.
. , URL- Web- . URL
(Uniform Resource Locator )
. , .
, AutoCAD . .

Hyperlink ()


Hyperlink (). :
"* Insert () Hyperlink ().
""* Ctrl + .
,
, (.
. 18.1).
. :
Existing file or web page ( Web-):
Web-, . Text to display ( ) , Quicklnfo .
. ( , ) ,
17 AutoCAD 2006

18. -

514
. 18.1
Insert
hyperlink (
)

Insert Hyperlink
Link to:

t to display: jhttp://www.google.ru
Type the file or Web page name::
|http://www.google.ru
Or select from list:

Files
g . Browsed
Pages

http://www.yahoo.com
http://www.yahoo.com/
www.mediasec.com

A:

[^1??7^ g^ggm

www.google.ru
http://www.upfrontezine.com/
a Inserted 1 http://www.autodeskpress.com/resources/olcs/ir
Links
f* : ;:: (*tp://www.gooele.ru

^,

'
0onvertDWGhyperlirtetoOWF
1 object selected.
0 objects with hyperlinks.
Cancel

Web-, .
File () Web page (Web-)
Explorer Internet Explorer.
View of this page ( ):
. .
.
E-mail address ( ):
. , .
, ,
Remove link ( ).
.


, ( ). ,
Quicklnfo (. . 18.2).


:
"* , Ctrl, .
- . (. . 18.3). .

18.1.
. 18.2

515

1 Motf,- Eiptw* Wn*m

; rs

; a> -

\J

_ 9

^ *. - -S 53 ff> >J =11

STANDARD

^"sTANDA

i
A.
&

*
*

. 18.3

( )
CTRL+X
CTRl+C
Copy n t h gase Point
Paste
Paste as Block
Paste to O r i g M Coordinates

(Jove
i J Copi Selection

II

I O Refate
Draia Order
Deselect A|l

CTRL+SHIFT+C
CTRL+V
CTRL+SHIFT+V

18. -

516

:
Open hyperlink ( ): .
-, Web-
.
Copy hyperlink ( ):
.
Add to favorites ( ): Favorites
() , .
Edit hyperlink ( ):
(. . 18.1).
:
1. 18-01. dwg (. . 18.4) .
2. . ( dwg-), (. . 18.4).
, .
. 18.4

Web-

if

18.2.

517

18.2.
AutoCAD
.


Open () .
. AutoCAD.
,
3. - (. . 18.5) .
, Open (), AutoCAD .
DXF- .
FTP-. HTTP
.
1.
2.

. 18.5

-
AutoCAD

18.3. DWF-
, Autodesk Drawing Web Format (*.dwf) (. 17.7).
, . Autodesk DWF Viewer .
AutoCAD DWF-: ,
Publish (), .

18. -

518

DWF-
DWF- :
1. ^ Begin () My computer ( ).
2. (. . 18.6)
Autodesk-ePlot (DWF).
DWF-. Plot
to file ( ).
3. Plot () ,
.
. 18.6

0WF

Arid Plotter Plotter Model

#
Plotter Model
: import Pep or Pc2
Ports.
Plotter Mame
Finish

Select your plotter manufacturer wvi model. If your plotter isn't listed, consult yoa
plotter documenlatKinfa a campatibte plotter,
i
'::.,:"_
:
Optionally, if you have en instaldtion disk containing an HDl driver, choose H&vb
Disk. A Browse lor HIF File dialog box is displayed f a you to locale and instaltt?
HIF ffe attached to the HOI drivef

Manufacturers
(Adobe"
I AutoCAD DXB File

Models
[ D W F Classic (R14 took)
DWF ePIot (optimized for plotting)
j DWF ePIot (WHIP! 3.1 Compatible version)'
; DWF eView (optimized for viewing)

This model is supported by DWF6 ePIot Format HOI by


Autodesk. Inc.

Publish ()
Publish () DWF
. , . Publish () :
" * File () Publish ().
|* Publish () Standard
().
Publish ()
(. . 18.7).

Sheets to publish ( ).
Preview ()
.
Add sheets ( ) , .
Remove sheets ( ) .

519

18.3. DWF-
Move sheets up ( ) Move sheets down
( ) . DWF-.
Load sheet list ( )
Sheets to publish ( ).
Save sheet list ( )
Sheets to publish ( ).
Plot stamp settings ( )
. Include plot
stamp ( ).

. 18.7

Publish
()

Include when atSSng sheets 1


0

Ptotler named h page setup

0Modellifc

Show 0 etads

Publish

'

Cancel

Publish to ( ) ( ) DWF-.
Include when adding sheets ( ) ,
.
Publish options ( )
(. . 18.8), , DWF- ( ), .
Publish () .
:
1. A18-02.dwg .
2. DWF-
.
3. Autodesk DWF Viewer. DWF-
A18-02.dwf .

. 18. -

520
. 18.8

Publish Options
Current user: Sergey M, Molyavko

Default output location fPWf end ptuUo Mel


;
I Location .
DADocuments and
'"

'

..

.:-.

DWF type
Muli iheet OWF
Password pot.. Disabled
^Password '
I VWF nanwig

Prom

. Lajier intwmali.. Don1! include


: Btock nfotmeti ..jOonl include

:
AutoCAD 2006
3DDWFpublish. , DWF-, ( )
( ). 3DDWFpublish ,
AutoCAD 2006 .
. 18.9

DWF- Autodesk
DWF Viewer

521

18.4. E-Mail

18.4. E-Mail

, , AutoCAD Etransmit.

Etransmit
Etransmit ( , , . .)
( ). :
" File () eTransmit.
.
: E-Mail-
1. A18-01.dwg .
2. eTransmit.
3. (.
. 18.10).

. 18.10

SJ.Create Transmittal
Qjrent Drawing^]:

yjp

Current user .Setgey M. Mdyavko

SebU a ttansmiltal setup


3(0

'Standard

Cunenl Diawing

B E ) A18-01 dwg
^
!
Si ^

AutoCAD Font Map


acadlmp
AutoCAD Compied Shape
TTFFte

HH

-1? acadstb

< ,

'

| Iransmittal Setups..

trt-f notes to wh lYn lia-i;ir.tl p-J> eg*


!

View Report

-
,

Files tree ( ) , ,
.
. Add file (
) , . Files Table ( ) .
View report ( ) ,
, .
, , .
.
Select a transmittal setup ( ) , .

18. -

522

Transmittal setups ( ) (. . 18.11).


. 18.11

Current user: Sergey (. Moryavko


[standard


, Modify (). , . (. . 18.12).
. 18.12

Modify Transmittai Setup


Current : Sergey M. Mo^avko
! Current transmittal setup; T est
Tferomittai type and location
I Iransmitlai package type:

F k Formal

| \ Keep existing file formats


Traisrrittal lie folder
!JD:\ACAD_exarroles\
Transiml
Prompt for a filename
i
Transmfttat Options
- 0 Use flrganized folder

B a c e a l files in on folder
i Keep Iks and folders a is
1 0 Include fonts f Send e-mai n t h tionsmittal
H Set delaJl pWler lo <'
1

Prompt f< password .

Transmittal setup description:

Cancel

Transmittal package type (): : , - ZIP-.

523

18.5. Web

File format ( ): , .
Transmittal file folder ( ): , (. . , ).
Browse () .
Transmittal file name ( ): ( ).

( , , ).
Prompt for password ( ), .
4. . , .
18.12, .
5.
. , (. ), . 18.13 Microsoft Outlook . .
6. Windows Explorer , .
A18-01-Test.zip, , .
. 18.13

eTransmit
Microsoft Outlook

i * 18-01 -Test
Ht

Edit

View

Insect

Format

Tools

Undo :

Send

Message

Help .

check

5pdlng : Attach

Priority

5^Qn " Encrypt

1i>r,r#rnbtar.ij

BCf.
Subject: JA18-O1 -Tert
Attach:

!JJ!]Aie-oi.txt(i,KB)

Te*.*<IKB>

...... ~. . ^

!
.

18.5. Web
Web-
AutoCAD.

Pubtishtoweb ()
Publishtoweb () HTML-, . , . :

18. -

524

* File () Publish to web ( ).


mi*- Tools (), Wizards () Publish to
web ( ).
.
: Web
1. A18-01.dwg .
2. Publishtoweb (). : Web-
. .
3. Web-. Web- . Web-. , Web- (. . 18.14).
. 18.14
Web,
Web-

Web page and its configuration file aio stored in a


diecicey i>\-< tie sy;i<mtoenaUe lu"jre e*ig and
posing The name of this directory is the same as the narr e
Web page You can choose sne location (parent
dectc*yj where thi: iokh: cieated.
S pectfy ihe name of you Web page [do not ticlude a ISe
ti

Specify the parent directory in your ffe system where the


Web page IcWer wibecteated

o aorvN >y. y-ia Web f*ge


^

4. ,
Web-: DWF, JPEG PNG.
5. Next ()
(. . 18.15).
. 18.15
Web,

Publish to Wel) - Select Template

Create Web Page

Select a template iiom Ihe Sst bdow. The Preview pane


demons)!ates how the selected iemplatfi waffect the layout
of drawing images in youi Web page.
Airay of Thumbnails
An

Web Page Title

List plus Summary

Image
Frame

iL

Creates a Web page conlatnifig a t$t of dfawings end en


image frame. Selectng a drawing (com the updoes ihe
image irame. Ifyoj are creating DWF images, ight-clickins
the image in the Web page displays a shortcut menu of
avalabte options. If you are creating JPEG or PNS mages.
left-cSckrg the mage opens a larger version of the image.

525

18.5. Web

6. Ha Web-. ,
Web- (, , ..). , , Cloudy sky
( ).
7. i-drop
Web-. i-drop Web- AutoCAD. ,
, .
8. . . (
), , Add ().
(. . 18.16).
,
. Remove () . Move up () Move down ()
Web-.

. 18.16

Web,

Publish to Web - Select Drawings


8*9"
Create Web Page

To add en image to you Web page, select a drawing and then pick one U layouts.
Enter a label arid descnption lo annotate the image on she Web page, then choose Add
^ change an image, select it in image Ust.speciy new settings then choose Update.
:
;
An asteiisk indicate* a missrtg df awing.
.'
.
Image

Select Image Type


Select Template
Apply Theme
r
E nable klf op
Select Drawings
G enerats images.
Preview and Post

9. , (
), , (
). Next ().
Web-.
10. Preview ()
Web- (. . 18.18).
11. Post now ( ) Web- Web-.
. Web-.
FTP FTP-.
, .
, Tools () Add/modify FTP location
(FTP-adpec /). FTP-,
(. . 18.17), Add (), .
. FTP-. Save (). .

18. -

526
. 18.17
FTP

JtJ Add/Modify FTP Locations

{femofFTPsiie
iasdl
L o g o n :
|

Anonymous

inn

'"

FTP sites.

URL: (mil)

12. , Web-, , .
Web-,
, , Microsoft FrontPage FrontPage Express.
HTML- acwebpublish.htm,
- Web- (. . 18.18).
13. , AutoCAD. , .
. 18.18

Web-

view

Favortes

TOOK

J i) 1 A '
C>.\ACAD_exampte*^ACAD2006Compendkjm\webpubltth.htm

19

. AutoCAD ,
. AutoCAD LT.

19.1.
,
AutoCAD LT .
.
:
1. A19-01.dwg .
2. Layer () Layer properties
manager ( ) (. . 19.1).
. 19.1

Siat Name
On F.eve Lcc*. Cib

Vj 1
wNto
*
-, DEFTOINTS Q
hie
GEWINDE

y.j
MLFSLIMEN
a e t
cyan
. MASSE
> MITTJN1EN
. RAHMBI025
i RAHMENG5
. RAHME7
. SCH.JFUR
, SCHRIFT
^^ERDECW

<&

s n
an
*"
red
while

-
mJa

Intiwe
Lfwweqt* Plot Style Plot Deecnpdon
CON OUS
DeiauH I
COW OUS
Default
COM..OUS
0.HI
I
CON..DUS
0,..m {
CON.-OUS

CON..OUS
CON..OUS
CONJDUS
CON.OUS
COHJOUS
VERXKT

0_m
a_jn
0...1
0...
0...
0_m
0...1
0-fn

Cd_7
Ci:, (
ColorJ

113 la^wis du^ayed o* 13 lota! taues


GInventTttfet

tolayettoobat

3. . Layer
states manager ( ),
(. . 19.3).
4. KHomeNew (). . , . .

19.

528
. 19.2

fcjjNew Layer State to Save


New layer state name*

Description
)

5. , . ( ).
6. Close ()
.
7. , , , .
8. .
. 19.3

SJ Layer States Manager


Layer states
Name

Space

' Model

Description

New.,
Delete

Import...
Export...
La^ef settings to restore

Bon/oif

0 Frozen/Thawed

SCota
SLinetype

0 Locked/Unlocked

0Lineweight

0Plot/NoPlot

Plot style

0 Current VP Frozen / Thawed

0 New VP Frozen / Thawed

~| Turn off layers riot found in layer state

:
1. Layer () Layer properties
manager ( ).
2. . Layer states
manager ( ).
Restore ().
3. . .
4. ,
.

19.2.

529


, :
Delete () .
Import () ,
.
. *.las.
Export ()
.
. *.las.

:
, . , . . AutoCAD 2006
, ( AutoCAD LT ).

19.2.
AutoCAD . - 1
^ *
, . . , , , , .
, ,
. . ,
, ? AutoCAD . AutoCAD LT .

Laytrans ()
Laytrans ().
:
* Tools (), CAD-Standards ( ) Layer translator ( ).
mi*- Layer translator ( ) CAD-Standards ( ).
. .

530

19.

1. A19-02.dwg .
. - Y-.
Bylayer (), -.
2. Laytrans (),
. Translate from ( )
(. . 19.4).
. 19.4

] Layer Translator

; Translate To

Selection fjltei

Ttaislafon Mapping i
Old Layer Name

.;. New Layer Name

Color

Linet>p \ Linew..

Plot style

3. Translate to ( ) .
. Load (),
(*.dwg), (*.dwt) - (*.dws).
A19-03.dwg . . Translate to
( ) (. . 19.5).
. 19.5

^ L a y e r Translator

Translate from

1 [amtats To

Bo

DEFPOINTS
1 X-GEWINDE
QX-HILFSLINIEN
i X-KONTUR

>

Selection Filter

GEWINDF.
HILFSLINIEN

MASSE
X :'

load-

3 ""'""|

/ L3ir Translation Mapping4

Old Uyei Name

New Lav Name

Settinas... 3.

4. Map same (). ,


, 0 Defpoints.

531

19.2.

5. .
Selection filter () Select () . , X* Select
(), , X.
6. , , X-GEWINDE
GEWINDE, . Map (). -GEWINDE GEWINDE, X-GEWINDE . . , .
7. ,
X-KONTUR. Layer translation mappings ( ) (. . 19.6). , , .
. 19.6

5 ! Layer Translator
Traiv.!alFtoro

T f ansiale t g
RAHMEN025
RAHMEN05
RAHMEN07
V SCHRAFFUR
SCHRIFT
eVERDEOCT

0 : i

Selection Fj&er

Layer Transition Mapping*

mm
0.35 mm
0.50 mm
0.25 mm

ByCotw
ByCola
ByCobf
ByCdoi

8. X-KONTUR , .
New () (. . 19.7).
9. KANTEN (Black) ,
CONTINUOUS 0.4 .
. 19.7

New Layer

_ 0 K J

Cancel

Help

19.

532

10. VERDECKT () Layer translation mappings


( ). Edit ()
, (. . 19.7). (Blue) .
11. Remove () , .
12. Save (), (*.dws).
. 19.3.
13. Settings ()
(. . 19.8). .
Bylayer ().

. 19.8

Force object color.to ByLayer

0 Force object linetype to ByLayer


0 Translate objects in blocks
0 Write transaction fog
D Show layer, contents when selected

OK

Cancel

14. OK Translate (). . Layer ()


. .
15. A19-02.dwg . Laytrans () Load (). . , L19-02.dws
.
16. Translate (), .

19.3.
AutoCAD -, (. . ). - - *.dws (Drawing Standard). - :
"* (, , ,
).
""* .
" .
"* .

19.4.

533

, . AutoCAD drawing standards (


AutoCAD) (*.dws), Saveas ().
:
1. A19-04.dwg .
.
2. Saveas ().
AutoCAD drawing standards ( AutoCAD) (*.dws). , ,
. : ,
, , .

19.4.
.
.
. - -
, . .

Standards ()
Standards (),
. :
* Tools (), CAD-Standards ( ) Configure ().
"* Configure () CAD-Standards ( ).
(. . 19.9).
.
:
1. A19-05.dwg . . ,
KONTUR Magenta,
.
2. Standards (), . (. . 19.9) Standards ().
3. ( +) - =
. ,
L19-04.dws .
4. .
.

19.

534
. 19.9

| Standards i
Standard! ffes associated with the current drawing:

Jescfiptjon:

0
;3i

Standard File
D:\AC4D_eiamplesi13-04diw

Trlle
\U+GQDCbungeichnunrj Lupe
Comment* .-' . .
'
Zmchngngsstand ohne Layout

La Modified
27 2 r.

...:

Lirel Saved By
WERNER

Check Standards...

Settings...

5.
.
6. Plug-ins (),
, . ,
. , , , , , .
7. Check standards () , 19.5. ,
.

19.5.
, , -
. -
Checkstandards (). :
" Tools (), CAD-Standards ( )
Check ().
""* Check () CAD-Standards ( ).
(), . .
:
1. , . Checkstandards () .
2. DIN-35.
, , , . Fix (),
.

19.5.

535

. .
3. Next ()
, .
Mark this problem as ignored (
),
.
4. . , .
. 19.10

()

Check Standards
DnwtH? - 3 5 1
Properties e non-standard

Replace with:
Drmlyle

S'and*d-. File
L19-04
L19-04

"

Preview of changes*.
Property
Arrow (DiMBLX)'""" Dot
Arrow 1 (DIMBLX1)
Dot
: Arrow 2 ) Dot small

Standard'/
Closed lied
: Ctasedrilled * :
Oosedfilled

J
D Mark this problem as ignored

Settings...

dose

Help


20. ,

539

21.

581

22. AutoCAD

625

20

.
, .

20.1.
,
CAD-, , .
:
* ( , ) .
mi*- .
' .
CAD- , ,
. , .
CAD- , .
AutoCAD ,
. CAD- , , .
, . , . .
- !
,
. - , .
- AutoCAD :

20. ,

540

. , , -,
. -, . , . .
- . AutoCAD
. 0, .
, 0.
.
.
, , .
. . ,
.
. , , , .
, 2- () . -
: , , .
- .
. , .

20.2. -
AutoCAD .
. , ,
.

:
. *,
,
, .
. X, Y Z ( ),
( ). Z XY.
. 90, X, Y, Z.

: X,Y,Z

: @dx,dy,dz

: 150,80,120

: @20,100,50

541

20.2. -

:
. , XY,
XY . XY X . XY , , , .

: A<WKW2

: @A<WKW2

: 0<45<60

: @50<30<45

:
. XY,
XY XY- Z.
XY X .

: A<W,Z

: @A<W,Z

: 50<45,20

: @50<30,20

. 20.1 .
.

. 20.1
-

<

20,15,25
Y

20"i<3 /

45<25

""
<-
50<20<15
Y

11
45<20,25

.-&$&

:
!* ,
-, . Z-.
XY-
.
Z-. .

542

20. ,

20.3.
2.1, AutoCAD . . , , .
, .
AutoCAD LT .
. XY .
.
. 0,
.
, . XY, . , Move
() . -, Y- Z- .
2-, ? 20.2 (. 20.5). .
.
. 20.2

, (.
. 20.3).

543

20.4. -

. 20.3

AutoCAD .









, 0
, 0
-

, , , , , , .

20.4. -
- 2- AutoCAD, . 20.4. .
- .

544

20. ,

. 20.4
- 2-


. . 2 , ,
, 9 . , (2 ). , Thickness.
:
Format () Thickness ().
Elev ().
:
Command: elev
Specify new default elevation <0.0000>:
Specify new default thickness <0.0000>:
:
<0.0000>:
<0.0000>:
. . . , Move (),
Z-.
: ()
1. , Acadiso.dwt Adtiso.dwt. 9.
2. 2 1,5 79,5,
79,55, 1,55 .

20.4. -

545

Command: pline
Specify start point: 1,5
.
Current line-width is 0.0000
Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: w
Specify starting width <0.0000>: 2
Specify ending width <2.0000>: 2
Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 79,5
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 79,55
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 1,55
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
:
: 1 , 5
0 . 0 0 0 0
[// //]:

<0.0000>: 2
<2.0000>: 2
[///
//]: 79,5 @78,0 @78<0
[///
//]: 1,55 @-78,0 @78<180
[/1//
//]: 3
3. 2 . 9 (. . ) 2. . .
58 - . 0,31 80,31.
Command: PLINE
Specify start point: 0,31
Current line-width is 2.0000
Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: w
Specify starting width <2.0000>: 58
Specify ending width <58.0000>: 58
Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: @80<0
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: Enter
:
:0,31
2.0000 .
[// //]:

<2.0000>: 58
<58.0000>: 58
[///
//]: @80<0
[///
//]: Enter

18 AutoCAD 2006

546

20. ,
4. , , .
Fill ().
/
:

Command: fill
Enter mode [ON/OFF]
omman d: regen

OFF

:
[/] < >:
:
5. 11 76. 2. : 1,2 1,60
, 79,2 79,60 .
6. 1 . 1 , , , . 2,59 78,59.
7. 3 . 3 87. 64, 0,28 80,28.
. AutoCAD .
:
Fill () ,
. ,
. , , .
Regen ().

20.5.
, - .
, ( AutoCAD ). , . , ,
. .
, .
. AutoCAD , .
.
Vpoint ()
Ddvpoint ().
Plan ().
:

547

20.5.

()
(Bottom)

(Front)
(Back)

Z
Z
Y

(Left)
(Right)

(SW) -
(SE)

(NE) -
(NW) -

X
X
225 35 ( )
315 35 (
)
45 35 ( )
135 35 ( )

XY X. XY .

Vpoint ()
Vpoint () ,
.
.
Command: vpoint
Current view d i r e c t i o n : VIEWDIR=0.00,0.00, 1.00
Specify a view p o i n t or [Rotate] <display compass and t r i p o d > :
:
: VIEWDIR=0.00,0.00,1.00
[] < >:
: , AutoCAD
.
Rotate (): , AutoCAD
.
Specify a view point or [Rotate] <display compass and tripod>: r
Enter angle in XY plane from X axis <45>:
/
Enter angle from XY plane <35>:
[] < >:

XY, X <45>:
, XY <35>:
XY X ,
. XY.
, : .
: , AutoCAD,
Enter, .

548

20. ,

. :
| View (), 3D views (3M ) Viewpoint
( ).
. 20.5

,
, , . , . , .

.
: , (. ) . 20.6
, .
:
"* View (), 3D views (3M )
.
"*- View ().
. 20.6

20.5.

549

Camera ()
Camera ()
. .
.
:
| Camera () View ().
*- Camera () .
:
Command: camera
Specify new camera position <263.4040,148.5000,719.9534>:
Specify new camera target <263.4040,148.5000,0.0000>:
:
. <263.4040,148.5000,719.9534>:
<263.4040,148.5000, 0.0000>:

.
Plan ()
, Plan (). :
" View (), 3D views (3M ), Plan view ( ) .

Ddvpoint ()
Ddvpoint ()
(. . 20.7). WCS ()
UCS (), . Set to
plan view ( ) .
. 20.7

Set Viewing Angles


Absolute to WCS

550

20. ,
Ddvpoint () :
* View (), 3D views (3M ) Viewpoint
presets ( ).
:
+ Zoom ().
Previous ()
, .
||* Ucsortho , . 0 .
1 ( (), Bottom
(), Front (), Back (), Right () Left ()),
. .
"
. XY.
, , . .
:
1. . , . 20.6, .

View ()
View (), , , -. Orthographic & isometric views ( ) (. . 20.8).
. 20.8
Orthographic & isometric
views (
)
View ()
Southwest Isometiic
Southeast Isometric
Northeast Isometric
Northwest Isometric

Set current (),


, .
. Relative to

20.6. -

551

() , . Restore orthographic UCS with view ( ), AutoCAD


,
. , Ucsortho. .

20.6. -
AutoCAD 2-.
-.
Move (): .
(): .
Extend/Trim (/): . , ,
.
Stretch (): .
Offset (): .
Break ():
. ,
.
Fillet (): -.
Chamfer (): -.
Rotate (), Mirror () Array ()
XY. AutoCAD ,
-: Rotate3d (3-), Mirror3d (3-), 3darray (3-)
Align ().

:
1. , . SE ().
2. 9 77.5. 2 40.2,1 79.5,1.
.
3. .
Command: copy
Select objects:
Specify base point or [Displacement] <Displacement>: -39.7,0,0
Specify second point or <use first point as displacements
:
:
[] <>: -39.7,0,0
< >:

552

20. ,
4. . . 19 (. . 20.9).

. 20.9

I Polyline

! Color

I ByLayer

!Layer
Linetype

- ByLayer

| Linetype scale
[Plot style
Lineweight
Hyperlink

ByColor
ByLayer
;

Specifies the thickness of the lightweight

5. , .
Command: copy
Select objects:

Specify base point or [Displacement] <Displacement>:



Specify second point or <use first point as displacement;:80,0,19.5
Specify second point or [Exit/Undo] <Exit>:@0,0,39
Specify second point or [Exit/Undo] <Exit>:@0,0,58.5
Specify second point or [Exit/Undo] <Exit>: Enter
:
:

[] <>:

[/] <>: 00,0,19.5
[/] <>: @0,0,39
[/] <>: @0,0,58.5
< >:
Enter
6. 55.
Command: rotate
Select objects:
Specify base point: 79.5,1
Specify rotation angle or [Copy/Reference] <0>: 55
:
:
: 79.5,1
[/ ] <0>: 55

20.6. -

553

7. . : 40,1,12,
40,57.5,12, 76 2. 20.10.

. 20.10

8. ,
.

Rotate3d (3-)
Rotate3d (3-) . AutoCAD :
* Modify () 3D operation (3M ),
Rotate 3D ( ).
" .
Command: rotate3d
Current positive angle: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=0
Select objects:
Specify f i r s t point on axis,or define axis by
[Object/Last/View/Xaxis/Yaxis/Zaxis/2points]: 2

: 3-
: ANGDIR =
ANGBASE = 0
:

[//////2] : 2

. 2points (2).
.

554

20. ,

Xaxis/Yaxis/Zaxis (/Yocb/Zocb):
, . . , , X:
Specify a point on the X axis <0,0,0>:
X <0, 0, 0>:
View (): , . , .
Specify a p o i n t on the view d i r e c t i o n a x i s <0,0,0>:
<0, 0, 0>:
Last (): .
Object (): 2-:
S e l e c t a l i n e , c i r c l e , a r c , or 2D-polyline

segment:

, , 2-:
2-, . . - .
:
Specify r o t a t i o n angle or

[Reference]:

[ ] :
Rotate (), . Reference (
) , .
. 20.11 .
. 20.11

20.6. -

555

:
1. 20-01.dwg
. 20.11.
L20-01.dwg.

Mirror3d (3-)
' Mirror3d (3-) .
AutoCAD. :

Modify (), 3D operation (3M )


Mirror 3D ( ).
)!"* :
Command: mirror3d
Select objects:
Specify first point of mirror plane (3 points) or
[Object/Last/Zaxis/View/XY/YZ/ZX/3points]. <3points>:
Specify second point on mirror plane:
Specify third point on mirror plane:
Delete source objects? [Yes/No] <N>: N
: -
:
' (3 )
[///////] < >:

:
:
? [/] <>:
Mirror3d (3-) :
3points ()
, (. ).
XY/YZ/ZX
(XY, YZ ZX), .
Object () :
Select a circle, arc, or 2D-polyline segment:
, 2-:
Last () .
AutoCAD :
Delete source objects? [Yes/No] <N>:
?

[/] <>:

20.12 .

20. ,

556

. 20.12 i


ZX

^~


XY

:
1. A20-02.dwg . 20.12.
L20-02.dwg.

3darray (3-)
3darray (3-) -
, ( X)
( Y) ( - Z). :
"+ Modify (), 3D operation ( )
3D array ( ).
" :
Command: 3darray
Select objects:
Enter the type of array [Rectangular/Polar] <R>:R
: 3-
:
[/]
3darray (3-) :
Rectangular () ,
(. . 20.13).
Enter
Enter
Enter
Enter

the
the
the
the

type of a r r a y [Rectangular/Polar] <R>:R


number of rows (
) <1>:
number of columns (I I I) <2>:
number of l e v e l s ( . . . ) <3>:

20.6. -

557

Specify the distance between rows ( ) :


Specify the distance between columns ( M l ) :
Specify the distance between levels (...):
[/] <>:

(
) <1>:
( M l ) <2>:
(...) <3>:
( ) :
( M l ) :
(...):
Polar () (.
. 20.13). AutoCAD , , , , .
Enter the type of array [Rectangular/Polar] <R>:p
Enter the number of items in the array:
Specify the angle to f i l l (+=ccw, -=cw) <360>:
Rotate arrayed objects? [Yes/No] <Y>:
Specify center point of array:
Specify second point on axis of r o t a t i o n :
[/] <>:
:
(+= , -= )

<360>:

? [/] <> :
:
:
:
1. A20-03.dwg . -, . 20.13.
L20-03.dwg. (
. 20.13

558

20. ,

Align ()
Align () , . :
" Modify (), 3D operation (3M )
Align ()
Command: align
Select objects:
Specify first source point: Specify first destination point: Specify second source point: Enter
Specify second destination point:
Specify third source point or <continue>: Enter

Specify third destination point:
:
:
:
:
: Enter
:
<>: Enter

:
, (. . 20.14).
Enter. , (, , ), .
, . Enter
:
Specify second destination point:
Specify t h i r d source point or <continue>: Enter
Scale objects based on alignment points? [Yes/No] <N>: N
:
<>: Enter
? [/]

<>:

,
. 2 .

:
1. A20-04.dwg. (. . 20.14).
, L20-04.dwg.

20.6. -

559

. 20.14


, . , X, Y Z , . .
- , . . ,
.
. (Shift + , . . 20.15).
. 20.15
AutoCAD

-*> Temporary track point

Erom
Mid Between 2 Points

-X ,X
tf

Sndpoint

Hidpoint

Intersection

X fipparent Intersect
Extension

tenter

$> Quadrant

Tangent

-A. Perpendicular
#

Parallel

Node
<5 Insert
A> Nearest
&None
ft, fisnap Settings...

- .v
.2

IB
.XI ,XZ
ft

,YZ

"

560

20. ,

. ( ) . ,
-, ,
. . . 20.16

.
.
Command: line
Specify first point: .x
of
(need YZ):

Specify next point or [Undo]: .x
of
(need YZ):

Specify next point or [Undo]: Enter
:
: .X

( YZ) :

[]: .X

( YZ) :

[]: Enter
,
Z.
XY , Z , :
Command: circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]
of
(need Z ) : 150

:
[/2/] : .XY

( Z ) : Z, , 150


1. A20-05.dwg .
2.
. 20.16.. L20-05.dwg.

20.7.

561

. 20.16




(MIT)


(. . 20.15) -. Apparent Intersect ( ) .
, , XY,
, XY. Apparent Intersect ( ). XY,
, XY. , .

Apparent Intersect ( ). Apparent Intersect
( ) .

20.7.
, , . .
XY . .
(). .
:
,
. ,
, .
X, Yu
Z.

562

20. ,

UCS ()
UCS () UCSman (),
. -. , Ucs () :
| Tools (), Move UCS ( , New UCS
( ), Orthographic UCS ( ).
* UCS ()
UCSII ( II).
:
Origin ():
; .
Move ():
; .
- .
X/Y/Z:
. .
,
:

Specify r o t a t i o n angle about N a x i s Z: .


N Z :
( ).

.
. . .
, .
Zaxis (Zoci>): , Z .
Specify new origin point <0,0,0>:
Specify.point on p o s i t i v e portion of Z-axis <0.00,0.00,1.00>:
<0, 0, 0>:
Z <

.
XY,
- Y. .
3 (): :
Specify new origin point <0,0,0>:
Specify point on positive portion of X-axis <1.00,0.00,0.00>:
Specify point on positive-Y portion of the UCS XY plane
<0.00,1.00,0.00>:
<0, 0, 0>:
X <
Y XY
<

20.7.

563

. .
Object (): .
Select object to align UCS:
:
. Z .
View (): . .
Z . . , , .
Face (): - (. 21.6-21.9).
Select face of solid object:
Enter an op.tion [Next/Xfiip/Yflip] <accept>: Enter

-:
[//] <>: Enter

-. .
, Next ()
. 180
X, Y Y.
Orthographic ():
.
Enter an option

[Top/Bottom/Front/BAck/Left/Right]<Top>:

[/////]<>:
, XY- .
.
Apply ():
.
Ucsvp , .
Enter an option
[New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/Save/Del/Apply/?/World]
Pick viewport to apply current UCS or [All]<current>:

<World>: A


[//////
//?/] <>: ""
[] <>:

20. ,

564
:

Tools (),
Orthographic UCS ( ),
* UCSII (II) .

(. . 20.17).
. 20.17

UCSII ( II)

World

UCSman ()
UCSman ()
. UCSman () :
Tools (), Orthographic UCS ( ) Preset ( ).
Orthographic UCS ( ) UCS () (. . 20.18).
. 20.18
Orthographic UCS (
. ) UCS ()

| Named UCSsp'tbographicUCSs Settings


I

CurrentUCS: Top
Name
Q j Bottom
JP Front
[JlBack

fflek

[ p Right

i Depth

:|

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Relative to:

[ # World

Help

Set current ()
, .

20.7.
:

565

"i* .
Ucsvp 1.
"" .
>+ Ucsfollow 1,

. 0 ( ), .
' - .
:
1. .
2. SW (). . (
59.6,0,9). 90' X.
3. 3, 0. 0.8, 10,70 -10,70.
4. 90 Y. 30. 3,70,-15 1. . .
5. . , @-39.2,0,0.
6. 3darray (3-) .
Command-: 3darray
S e l e c t o b j e c t s :
S e l e c t o b j e c t s : Enter
Enter t h e type of a r r a y [ R e c t a n g u l a r / P o l a r ] <R>:R
Enter t h e number of rows (
) <1>:1
Enter t h e number of columns (I I I) <1>:1
Enter t h e number of l e v e l s ( . . . ) <1>: 4
Specify t h e d i s t a n c e between l e v e l s {...):
-19.5

<

: 3-
:
: E n t e r
[/] <>:

(
) <1>: 1
( | | | ) <1>: 1
( . . . ) <1>: 4
( . . . ) : - 1 9 . 5

7. , .
, @80,0,0.
8. , . 20.19.

566

20. ,

. 20.19

9. ( ) . . , 58.
10. .
Command: m i r r o r 3 d
Select o b j e c t s :
Specify f i r s t point of mirror plane (3 points) or
[Object/Last/Zaxis/View/XY/YZ/ZX/3points] <3points>: yz
Specify point on YZ plane <0,0,0>: 120,0,0
Delete source objects? [Yes/No] .<N>: Enter
: 3-
'
:
(3 )
[//-// XY/YZ/ZX/] < >: YZ
YZ <0,0,0>:
, , 120,0,0
?
[/] <>: Enter
11. . 67.5, 19.5. 2 80.5,1
159.5,1. 0 . . 20.19.
L20-06.dwg.


AutoCAD .
. -
X, Y Z. ,
. . ,
. (
).

20.8.

567

Ucsicon (), Properties ()


Ucsicon (), Properties (). :
" View (), Display () UCS icon
(), Properties ().
. 20.20

IICS icon s

Unej^h:
UCS icon size

UCS icon color


Model space icon color

out teb icofi colon .

UCS icon style ( ):


( Z), 2D (2). 3D () . Cone ()
. Line width ( )
.
UCS icon size ( ): .
UCS icon color ( ): , .

20.8.
.
, . , .

Hide ()
Hide () . :
" View () Hide ().
Hide () Render () ( AutoCAD).
, . 20.21.

568

20. ,

. 20.21 .

Shademode ()
Shademode () AutoCAD . :
" View (), Shade () .
! Shade ().
Command: shademode
Enter option [2D wireframe/3D
wireframe/Hidden/Flat/Gouraud/fLat+edges/gOuraud+edges]
<2D wireframe>:
:
[2-/-////
] <>:

20.9. -
- - AutoCAD. ,
. , , .

3dorbit (3-)
- 3dorbit (3-).
: 3ddistance (3-), 3dorbit (3-), 3dpan (3-), 3ddip (3-), Rotate3d (3-) 3dzoom (3-). 3dorbit (3-) :

20.9. -

569

""* View () 3d orbit ( ).

""* 3d orbit ( ) 3d orbit (


).
, -
. , .

-
(. . 20.22). , . - :

. 20.22
- -

: - ^
. -. - ,
, , **
, .
/ , , ,
, .
, / ,
.
, , . . , . . - Enter Esc.
: -,
.
-. Shading modes ( ) :

20. ,

570

w* Wireframe () .
- Hidden ( ) .
|* Flat shaded () .
, , .
* Gouraud shaded ( ) . .
* ,
: Flat shaded edges on ( ) Gouraud shaded edges on
( ).
, ,
.
Zoom (), Pan () Orbit ():
. , .
Exit () .
Reset view ( ): ,
-.
Preset views ( ): , Vpoint () (. 20.5).
1
: -
1. A20-07.dwg , .

-
- .
Visual aids ( ):
in* Compass (): - X,
Y Z (. . 20.23).
HI* Grid (): , . > Dsettings () ( Tools
(), Drafting settings ( ), . 5).
in* UCS icon ( ): / .
-. .


More ( ) -
:

20.10.

571

. 20.23
-,

"# Adjust distance ( ): ,


, , , . .
- Swivel camera ( ):
(). ,
, . .
|* Zoom window ( ) Zoom extents ( ): ,
,
.
Continuous orbit ( ): ,
.
. , , ,
-.
3dorbit (3-)
. ,
.

20.10.
-, ,
. , .
, , ( ) . ,
. -.

572

20. ,


-, Projection ()
Parallel () Perspective () .
-.
-. Zoom ()
, . Adjust distance ( ) More ( )
.
, , (. . 20.24, ).
. .
. , , (. . 20.24, ). 50
80 (. . 20.24, ).
. 20.24

Zoom () Pan () .
- .


- -. - More ( )
Adjust.clipping planes ( ). (. . 20.25).
Adjust clipping planes ( ) :
Adjust clipping planes ( ):
: . . , , . .

20.10.

573

. 20.25

. .
Create slice ( ):
( , ).
Clipping On/Off ( ):

. ,
(. . 20.25). Front clipping on ( ) Back
clipping on ( ) -,
More ( ).
:
* .
- , .
+ -. , -.
:
1. -.
2. .

Hlsettings ()
Hlsettings () . Hide
() Hidden () Shademode (). -

574

20. ,

Hlsettings () . (. . 20.26).
. 20.26

Hidden Line Setlinr

Face intersections
JE!

Her section*

.- Hide precision

:tow(mgle)

Include HIDE operations

Obscured lines ( ): Hide () Hidden () Shademode () . .


Halo gap percentage ( ):
. .
Face intersections ( ): . Display intersections (
), .
Hide precision ( ):
. Low () High ().
. 20.27
-

Viewports

Standard viewports:
Active Model ConfigurationSingle
Two: Verted
Two: Horizontal
Three:
Three: Left
Three: Above
Three: Below
Three: Vertical
Trvee: Horizontal
Four: Equal
Four: Right
Four: Left

Setup:

Top-

Change view to:

Fran?

20.11.

575

20.11.
16 Vports (),
-.
.

Vports () -
:
View () Viewports ( ) .
|* Display viewports dialog ( ) Layouts () Viewports ( ).
. New viewports ( ).
2-. (. 16.1). Setup ()
3D. - Preview () Change
view to ( ).
:
* ,- .
.
"* - ,
.
: -
1. A20-08.dwg .
2. Vports () View (), Viewports ( ). New viewports ( ).
3. , . 20.27. .
4. . .
(, Zoom () Scale
() 0.8).
, . 20.28.
L20-08.dwg.

20. ,

576
. 20.28

Q Fit * View Insert Format Toe*.. >aw

- . .

H : < : > N \ Motel / ;

I Comaand: __opon

1..-51.1

|..0;,

, I, . . . I .

<

20.12. -
16.3. , . -. .
: -
1. , (
L20-08.dwg ).
2. Layoutl .
, , 15.4.
, , acad.cbt.
3. , A3 , 15.5.
Insert () . DIN_A3.dwg 0,0,0.
4. Afenster, .
5. 3_Anskhten. Vports (). Viewports ( )
Layouts (), View (), Viewports (
) New viewports ( ).
6. Three: Right (: ).
20 Setup () 3D. Front (),
(), SE isometric ( ).
7. .

577

20.12. -
Specify f i r s t corner or [Fit] <Fit>:

Specify o p p o s i t e c o r n e r :
[]: <>:

:

8. Viewports ().

Viewports () 1:1. . ,
. 1:10.
9.
, . . Display locked ( )
Yes (), Shade plot ( ) ' (. }.
. .
10. .
4. , ..
11. Afenster, .
12. , (. ).
L20-09.dwg (.
. 20.29) (.
. 20.30) .
. 20.29

19 AutoCAD 2006

OmeQscn (Jxjfy

jVMo*

; < *. : w ft i i

20. ,

578

. 20.30

:
XY (
).
.
" , . , ,
.


AutoCAD AutoCAD LT - , . .
: Plot () Shaded
viewport options ( ).
- . Shade plot ( ) : , , .
. Custom ()
dpi.
: Plot () Plot
options ( ) Hide paperspace objects ( ). . . , Vports () .
.

20.12. -

579

-Vports (-) :
Command: -VPORTS
Specify corner of viewport or
[ON/OFF/Fit/Shadeplot/Lock/Object/Polygonal/Restore/2/3/4] <Fit>: s
Shade p l o t ? [As displayed/Wireframe/Hidden/Rendered] <As displayed:: R
S e l e c t o b j e c t s :
: -

[///////
/2/3/4]: <>
? [//
/] <>:
, ,
:
:
As displayed (): .
Wireframe (): .
Hidden ( ): , , Hlsettings ().
Rendered (): .
. .
. Misc (). Shade plot ( ) (. . 20.31).
. 20.31

; Viewport

On
JYes
' clipped
JNo
I Display locked ;No
Standard scale
: Custom scale
iUCSpervfew.,

Specifies the shade


iviewport

580

20. ,

Plot () Quality () . .
:
1. Isometrie_schattiert Perspektive, 300 dpi.
2. . .

21

. ,
2,5-.
. .

21.1. ,
-. , .
-, .
- , . , .
. , - - . (. 21.6)
.
, , |
Draw (), Surfaces (). , ^
Surfaces ().
AutoCAD LT ( 3dpoly (3-)). LT,
.

3dpoly (3-)
-
. - . - Z-,
. - 3dpoly
(3-). :
in* Draw () 3D polyline (3M ).
I*- .
Command: 3dpoly
Specify start point of polyline:
Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]:

582

21.

Specify endpoint of l i n e or [Undo]:


Specify endpoint of l i n e or [Close/Undo]:
: -
:
[]:
[]:
[/]
Line ()
.

3dface (3-)
3dface (3-) AutoCAD ,
. Z. .
. 3dface (3-) :
* Draw (), Surfaces () 3d
face (3M ).
"* 3d face (3M ) Surfaces ().
.
Command: 3df
Specify first point or [Invisible]:
Specify second point or [Invisible]:
Specify third point or [Invisible] <exit>:
Specify fourth point or [Invisible] <create three-sided face>:
Specify third point or [Invisible] <exit>:
Specify fourth point or [Invisible] <create three-sided face>:
. .
: 3-
[]:
[]:
[]: <>:
[]: < >:
[]: <>:
[]: < >:
. .
AutoCAD
, Enter.
.
. .

21.1. ,

583

, I (H). Splframe 1, - . Edge ().


:
1. (. . 21.1).
, , .
. 21.1

2. , 100:
Command: 3DFACE
Specify first point or [Invisible]: 0,0
Specify second point or [Invisible]: 100,0
Specify third point or [Invisible] <exit>: 100,100
Specify fourth point or [Invisible] <create three-sided face>: 0,100
Specify third point or [Invisible] <exit>: Enter
: -
[]: 0,0
[]: 100,0
[]: <>: 100,100
[]: < >:0,100
[]: <>: Enter
3. 100 Z
.
4. Ddvpoint () 305 ( X), 35 ( XY). -, , .

21.

584

5. Endpoint (). . 21.01 .


6. - ,
.
L21-01.dwg.

3dtnesh (3-)
3dmesh (3-) . Z. Explode () , Pedit ().
3dmesh (3-) :
"* Draw () Surfaces () 3D
mesh (3M ).
" 3D mesh (3M ) Surfaces ().
Command: 3dmesh
Enter size of mesh in M direction: 4
Enter size of mesh in N direction: 4
Specify location for vertex (0, 0 ) :
Specify location for vertex (0, 1 ) :
Specify location for vertex (0, N - l ) :
Specify location for vertex (1, 0 ) :
Specify location for vertex (1, 1 ) :
Specify location for vertex (M-l, N-l):
. .
: 3-
:
N:
(0,0):
(0,1): ...
(0,N-l): ...
(1,0): ...
(1,1): ...
(M-1,N-1):
. .
N .
M*N. . . (, ).
,
M*N, . , , . ,

21.1. ,

585

Revsurf (-), Tabsurf (-), Edgesurf (-) Rulesurf (-) (. 21.3).

Pface ()
,
( ), Pface
(). . Pface ()
, .
Pface () . .

Edge ()

""...

, ,
Invisible (). Edge (). Edge () :
* Draw (), Surfaces ()
Edge ().
* Edge () Surfaces ().
Command: edge
Specify edge of 3dface to toggle visibility or [Display]:
:
- [
]:
, . ,
. Display ( ) .
Command: edge
Specify edge of 3dface to toggle visibility or [Display]: D
Enter selection method for display of hidden edges [Select/All]
:
- [
]:
[/] <>:
All (), . Select ()
.

21.

586

: -
1. - (. . 21.2).
. 21.2
-

2. 3dmesh (3-) 6*2 .


Command: 3dmesh
Enter size of mesh in M direction:
Enter size of mesh in N direction:
Specify location for vertex (0, 0)
Specify location for vertex (0, 1)
Specify location for vertex (1, 0)
Specify location for vertex (1, 1)
Specify location for vertex (2, 0)
Specify location for vertex (2, 1)
Specify location for vertex (3, 0)
Specify location for vertex (3, 1)
Specify location for vertex (4, 0)
Specify location for vertex (4, 1)
Specify location for vertex (5, 0)
Specify location for vertex (5, 1)
: 3-
:
N: 2
(0,0) 0,0,0
(0,1) 0,100,0
(1,0) 0,0,50
(1,1) 0,100,50
(2,0) 50,0,100
(2,1) 50,100,100
(3,0) 100,0,50
(3,1) 100,100,50
(4,0) 100,0,0
(4,1) 100,100,0
(5,0) 0,0,0
(5,1) 0,100,0

0,0,0
0,100,0
0,0,50
0,100,50
50,0,100
50,100,100
100,0,50
100,100,50
100,0,0
100,100,0
0,0,0
1,100,0

21.2.

587

3. Ddvpoint ()
305 ( X), 35 ( XY).
4. ( ) .
- (. . 21.3).
Command: 3df
Specify first point or [Invisible]: 0,0,0
Specify second point or [Invisible]: 100,0,0
Specify third point or [Invisible] <exit>: 100,0,50
Specify fourth point or [Invisible] <create three-sided face>:
0,0,50
Specify third point or [Invisible] <exit>: 50,0,100
Specify fourth point or [Invisible] <create three-sided face>: Enter
Specify third point or [Invisible] <exit>: Enter
: -
[]: 0,0,0

[]: 100,0,0

[]: <>: 100,0,50


[]: < >: 0,0,50
[]: <>: 50,0,100
[]: < >: Enter
[]: <>: Enter

. 21.3

5. - .
6. Edge () .
7. Hide ().
.
L21-02.dwg.

21.2.

3dmesh (3-) 3dface (-) .

21.

588

3D ()
3D () , ,
, , , , .
3D () :
| Draw (), Surfaces ()
3D surfaces ( )
.
"
Surfaces ().

(. . 21.4). , .
. 21.4

Command: 3d
Enter an option

[Box/Cone/DIsh/DOme/Mesh/Pyramid/Sphere/Torus/Wedge]:

:
[////////]:
.
. 21.5
-

21.3.

589

: -
1. 3D () -.
2. .

21.3.
3dmesh (3-)
3dface (3-) . AutoCAD
. , . . ,
, , .

Revsurf (-)
Revsurf (-) . . Revsurf (-)
:
* Draw () Surfaces ()
Revolved surface ( ).
"+ Revolved surface ( ) Surfaces ().
.
Command: revsurf
Current wire frame density: SURFTAB1=3O SURFTAB2=30
Select object to revolve:
Select object that defines the axis of revolution:
Specify start angle :
Specify included angle (+=ccw, -=cw) <360>:
: -
: SURFTAB1=3O SURFTAB2=30
:
, :
:
(+= , -= ) <>:
: , , , , , .
.
Pedit (). .
, . ( ).
Surftab2 . Surftabl ( ). Surftabl,
.
.

21.

590

:
1. A21-03.dwg .
2. Revsurf (-) ,
. 21.6. Surftabl Surftah2, .
L21 -O3.dwg .
. 21.6

Tabsurf (-)
Tabsurf (-) ,
. :
* Draw (), Surfaces ()
Tabulated surface ( ).
" Tabulated surface ( ) Surfaces ().
' .
Command:

TABSURF

Select object for path curve:


Select object for ^ vector:

: -
- :
- :

, Revsurf (-). , , . , . , . Surftabl .
:
1. A21-04.dwg .
2. Surftabl.

21.3.

591

3. Tdbsurf(n-cd6uz) ,
. 21.7.
L21-04.dwg .
. 21.7

Rulesurf (-)
Rulesurf (-) , . :
* Draw (), Surfaces ()
Ruled surface ( ).
* Ruled surface ( ) Surfaces ().
* .
Command: rulesurf
Current wire frame density: SURFTAB1=25.
Select first defining curve:
'
Select second defining curve:
: -
: SURFTAB1= 25
:
:
, , ,
, , , 2- -, . . . , ,
, , .
, ,
. Surf tab 1
.
:
1. A21-05.dwg .
2. Surftabl.

21.

592

3. Rulesurf (-) ,
. 21.8.
L21-05.dwg .

. 21.8

Edgesurf (-)
Edgesurf (-) , .
, .
:
* Draw (), Surfaces ()
Edge surface ( ).
" Edge surface ( ) Surfaces ().
*- .
Command: EDGESURF
Current wire frame d e n s i t y :
SURFTAB1=25
Select object 1 for surface edge:
Select object 2 for surface edge:
Select object 3 for surface edge:
Select object 4 for surface edge:
: -

-

SURFTAB2=25

: SURFTAB1= 25 SURFTAB2=25
1- :
2- :
3- :
4- :

, , , 2- -, .
. N- Surf tab 1 Surftab2 .
:
1. A21-06.dwg .
2. Surftabl Surftab2.

21.4.

593

3. Edgesurf (-) , . 21.9.


L21-06.dwg .

. 21.9

21.4.
. AutoCAD , . .

-
Pedit
(), . . . .
Modify () Modify II ( 2).
Command: pedit
Select polyline or [Multiple]: -
Enter an option [Edit vertex/Smooth
surface/Desmooth/Mclose/Nclose/Undo]:
:
[ ]: -
[//
///]:
Pedit () .
Edit vertex (): . AutoCAD :
Current v e r t e x ( 0 , 0 ) .
Enter an option [Next/Previous/Left/Right/Up/Down/Move/REgen/eXit] <N>:
( 0 , 0 ) .

.[////////] <>:

21.

594

N.
Next (), Previous (), Left (), Right (), Up (), Down (). REgen () , eXit () .
Smooth surface (): .
.

Surf type
Surf type
Surf type
Surfu
Surfv
Splframe
Splframe

5
6
8
6 ( )
6 ( )
0
1


-
-

-
N-

Desmooth ( ): , .
Mclose (), Ndose () (), Nopen
(Npa3OMKHyTb): .
Undo (): .
Exit (): . ,
, . , .
:
1. A21-07.dwg .
2. , Surfu Surfv 20, a Surftype 8.
3. Pedit () (. . 21.10).
4. 100 Z.
L21-07.dwg .

. 21.10

21.5.

__

595

21.5.
. .
, .


,
, AutoCAD . , , . . :
.
. . , : , (
). AutoCAD Cycle ().
Select

object:

Ctrl, AutoCAD :
Select object: <Cycle on>
: < >
( ) ,
Enter . AutoCAD :
<Cycle off>l found
< >1
,
.
:
1. (. . 21.15), . A21-08.dwg . (. . 21.11).
, ,
. .
2. , , Drahtmodell
Magenta. Spuele. , , .
3. , , ,
. Surftabl 200.

21.

596
. 21.11

4.
Rulesurf (-) (.
. 21.12).
. 21.12

5. Surftabl 25,
Tabsurf (-) . (), .
, . , , .
6. Tabsurf
(-) . . 21.13.
. 21.13
,

21.6.

597

7. Sufttab2 25
Revsurf (-) . . 90, .
21.14.

. 21.14
,

8. .
9. Drahtmodell,
Hide (). , 21.15.

. 21.15

L21-08.dwg .

21.6.
, AutoCAD .
,
. . AutoCAD LT .
:
. () Isolines. 4. 4 . 0
2047. ,

21.

598

. Isolines , 8 12.


: , , , , , 2-
. XY , Z-. , - ,
:
'"" Draw (), Solids () .
in* Solids
().
: Box () () , , . .
: Sphere (),
.
: Cylinder (). , , Elliptical (), Ellipse ().
. .
: Cone (),
, .
: Wedge (),
, Box ():
, , . Cube ()
.

. 21.16

21.6.

599

: Torus (Top).
. , ().

:
1. .
2. .

Extrude ()
(. .
) Extrude (). .
, .
, , , , ,
, , .
Extrude () :
" Draw (), Solids () Extrude ().
HI* Extrude () Solids ().
I* .
Command: extrude
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=100
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
Specify height of extrusion or [Path]:
Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>:
:
: ISOLINES=4
:
: Enter
[]:
<0>:
:
Command: extrude
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=100
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
Specify height of extrusion or [Path]: P
Select extrusion path or [Taper angle]:
:
: ISOLINES=4
:
: Enter
[]:
:

21.

600

:
1. A21-09.dwg .
2. , . 21.17.
L21-09.dwg .
. 21.17

Revolve ()

Revolve (). () , Extrude (). , . , .
Revolve () :
" Draw (), Solids () Revolve ().
" Revolve () Solids ().
" .
Command: revolve
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=10
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
Specify start point for axis of revolution or define axis by
[Object/X (axis)/Y (axis)]:
Specify angle of revolution <360>: Enter 360
:
: ISOLINES=10
:
: Enter
[/ ()/Y()]:

<360>: Enter 360

21.6.

601

. , X Y.
:
1. A21-10.dwg .
2. , . 21.18.
L21-10,dwg .
. 21.18

90

:
Delobj 1,
Extrude () Revolve () .
, 0.

Slice ()
,
.
, .
Slice () :
"" Draw (), Solids () Slice ().
" Slice () Solids ().
""- .
Command: slice
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
Specify first point on slicing plane by
[Object/Zaxis/View/XY/YZ/ZX/3points] <3points>:

Specify second point on plane:
Specify third point on plane:
Specify a point on desired side of the plane or [keep Both sides]:

21.

602

:
:
: Enter
[//////]
<3>:

:
:
[ ]:
.
, Z ( ),
, XY/YZ/ZX.

:
1. A21-ll.dwg .
2. , . 21.19.
L21-ll.dwg6nanKe .

. 21.19

Section ()
Section () ( ). ,
Slice (). . Slice () (
). Explode ()
, . :
| Draw (), Solids () Section ().
| Section () Solids ().
*- .

21.6.

603

Command: section
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
Specify first point on Section plane by
[Object/Zaxis/View/XY/YZ/ZX/3points] <3points>:

:
:
: Enter
[//////]
<3>:'

:
1. 21-12.dwg .
2. , . 21.20.
L21-12.dwg .

. 21.20

Interfere ()
Interfere () . .
, .
,
. .
, , .
, ,
, Interfere () :
||* Draw (), Solids () Interference
().
Interference ()
Solids ().
| :
Command: interfere
Select first set of solids:
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
Select second set of solids:

21.

604

Select objects: Enter,



Select objects: Enter
Create interference solids? [Yes/No] <N>:
:
:
:
:
:
:

:


Enter
Enter,
Enter

? [/]: <>
:
1. A21-13.dwg .
2. -. (. . 21.21).
L21-13.dwg .
. 21.21

()

21.7. -
AutoCAD
. , . , .

Union ()
Union () , (. . 21.22).
:
* Modify (), Solids editing ( )
Union ().
* Union () Solids editing ( ).

21.7. -

605

"i* .
Command: union
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
:
:
: Enter

Subtract ()
Subtract () , (. . 21.22).
. :
Modify (), Solids editing ( )
Subtract ().
|* Subtract () Solids editing ( ).
! .
Command: subtract
Select solids and regions to subtract from ..
Select, objects: Enter
Select solids and regions to subtract ..
Select objects: Enter
:

, ...:

: Enter
, ...
:

: Enter

Intersect ()
, , . (. . 21.22). , ,
, . Intersect ()
:
mi* Modify (), Solids editing ( )
Intersect ().

21.

606

"* Intersect () Solids


editing ( ).
" .
Command: intersect
Select objects:
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter .
:
:
:
: Enter
: -
1. A21-14.dwg .
2. , . 21.22.
L21-14.dwg .
. 21.22

-

Chamfer ()
Chamfer () ,
. :
* Modify () Chamfer ().
"I* Chamfer () Modify ().
" .

21.7. -

607

Command: chamfer
(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Distl = 10.00, Dist2 = 10.00
Select first line or
[Undo/Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/mEthod/Multiple]:

Base surface selection...
Enter surface selection option [Next/OK (current)] <0K>: Enter
Specify base surface chamfer distance <10.00>:
Specify other surface chamfer distance <10.00>:
Select an edge or [Loop]: Enter
:
( ) : 1= 10.00, 2 = 10.00

[/////]:

...
[/ ()] <>:
Enter,
<10.00>:
<10.00>:
[]: Enter

.
. .
Next (),
, .
, Enter, .
. Loop () , .

Fillet ()
Fillet
(). :
" Modify () Fillet ().
* Fillet () Modify ().

| .
Command: fillet
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 5 . 0 0
Select first object or [Undo/Polyline/Radius/Trim/Multiple]:

Enter fillet radius <5.00>:
Select an edge or [Chain/Radius]: ,
Enter
:
: = , = 5 . 0 0
[///]:

21.

608


<5.00>:
[/]: ,
Enter
, , . Enter, ,
Chain (). Chain () . Radius () .
: -
1. A21-15.dwg .
2. , . 21.23.
L21-15.dwg .

. 21.23

Solidedit ()

Solidedit (), :
Modify (), Solids editing ( )
.
"|* Solids editing ( ).
""* .
Command: solidedit
Solids e d i t i n g automatic checking: SOLIDCHECK=1
Enter a solids editing option [Face/Edge/Body/Undo/eXit] <eXit>:
:
: SOLIDCHECK=1

[////] <>
.
. . ,

21.7. -

609

eXit ().
.
: Face ()
. :
Enter a face editing option
[Extrude/Move/Rotate/Offset/Taper/Delete/Copy/coLor/Undo/eXit]

<eXit>:

[//
///////]
<>:
: , . :
Select faces or [Undo/Remove]:
Select faces or [Undo/Remove/ALL]: R
Remove faces or [Undo/Add/ALL]: a
[/]:
[//]: ,

[//]:

, . ,
Remove () .
, .
, .
, . Remove () .
,
Shift, .
:
" Extrude (): (. . 21.24, ).
Path (). . , , .

flit

"" Move ():


(. . 21.24, ).
, Move () , , , .
Rotate ():
(. . 21.24, ).
, Rotate3d (3-). ,
.

8>

20 AutoCAD 2006

21.

610
. 21.24
,

'" Offset (): (. . 21.25, ). , .


, ,
. .
Taper ():
(. . 21.25, ). .
( ) , , ,
. .
Delete ():
(. . 21.25, ). ,
. ., . , . .
(): , ,
, . AutoCAD ,
().
. 21.25
,

21.7. -

611

CoLor ():
.
. Undo ()': .
.
| eXit ():
.

: 1
1. A21-16.dwg .
2. 30
5, . 21.24.
3. 20 , . 21.24.
4.
30, . 21.24.
L21-16.dwg .

: 2
1. 21-17.dwg .
2. 1.5 ,
. 21.25.
3. 10 , . 21.25.
4. , . 21.25.
L21-17.dwg .
: Edge () .
:
Enter an edge editing option

[Copy/coLor/Undo/eXit] <eXit>:

[///]
<]>:
*- (): . , , , .
:
Enter an edge editing option [Copy/coLor/Undo/eXit] <eXit>:
Select edges or [Undo/Remove]:
Select edges or [Undo/Remove]: Enter
Specify a base point or displacement:
Specify a second point of displacement:
[///]
< >:
[/]:
[/]: Enter

21.

612

:
:
(. . 21.26) .
mi* color ():
.
" Undo (): .
.
" eXit (): .
:
1. A21-18.dwg .
2. , 20
Z (. . 21.26). '
L21-18.dwg .
. 21.26

: Body ()
Solidedit () .
:
Enter a body editing option [Imprint/seParate
solids/Shell/cLean/Check/Undo/eXit] <eXit>:

[//////]
<>
Imprint ():
. ,
(. . 21.27
). AutoCAD , .
.
seParate solids (): . .
seParate solids ().

21.7. -

613

Shell ():
.
, .
. (. . 21.27, ).
. 21.27

Shell () :
Select a 3D s o l i d :
Remove faces or [Undo/Add/ALL] : ,

Remove faces or [Undo/Add/ALL]: Enter
Enter the shell offset distance:
:
[//]:
,
[//]: Enter
:
" cLean ():
, .
'"# Check (): -.
"*- Undo (): . .
" eXit (): Solidedit ().

21.

614

:
1. A21-19.dwg .
2.
(. . 21.27, ).
3. . , (. . 21.27, ). 5.
L21-19.dwg .

21.8.
. 21.28 , .
, ,
. - . , , .

. 21.28

.1 ;

/ V

" '5 f

I Regenerating model
;| AutoCAD Express Tools Copyright 202-20 Autodesk
AutoCAD u n u u t i l i t i e s loaded^.
^outand:

: -
1. A21-20.dwg . , , .
2. Armatur ( ).
3. Isolines 8.
4. 0,0,0 3 16.
5. .
, . 0,0,0 3. 0.4.
6. . 0.1.
.
7. Dekor , . .

615

21.8.

8. Hilfl, Armatur.
(. . 21.29) . : -10 5, - -5.8 0 -20 0.

. 21.29

9. ,
. (. . 2\.) 1.
.

. 21.30

i
1 /

i !*

Till ; | |,

10. . , .
L21-20-01.dwg 0,0,0 0.
. .
L21-20-02.dwg (. . 21.31). ,
.
Hide ().
11. , SE () . .
, 2.7.
, , .
, (.. 21.32).

21.

616
. 21.31

. 21.32

12. Hil/2.
360. -10 (.
. 21.32).
13. .
. . .
Dekor Extrude
() (. . 21.33). . .
. 21.33

21.8.

617

. . 21.28.
L21-20.dwg .

Massprop (Macc-xap)
, Massprop (Macc-xap). .
. .
:
* Tools (), Inquiry () Region/Mass properties ( ).
""- Region/Mass properties ( ) Inquiry ().
* .
Command: massprop
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
Mass:
Volume:
X:
Bounding box:
Y:
Z:
X:
Centroid:
Y:

21.4740
21.4740
-15.9685 - 3 .4000
-3.4000 - 3. 4000
18.4000 19 .2000
-6.0074
0.0000
18.8000

Principal moments and X-Y-Z directions about centroid:


I: 110.1120 along [1.0000 0.0000 0.0000]
J: 759.9711 along [0.0000 1.0000 0.0000]
K: 868.3652 along [0.0000 0.0000 1.0000]
Write analysis to a file? [Yes/No] <N>:
: Macc-xap
:
: Enter

X:

Y:
N

21.4740
21.4740
-1519685 3.4000
-3.4000 3.4000
18.4000 - 19.2000
X: -6.0074
Y: 0.0000
18.8000

X,Y,Z
I: 110.1120 [1.0000 0.0000 0.0000]
J: 759.9711 [0.0000 1.0000 0.0000]
: 868.3652 [0.0000 0.0000 1.0000]
? [/]:<>

21.

618

. , AutoCAD , 1. .

21.9.
20.12 ,
. , , AutoCAD Solprof (-), Solview (-) Soldraw (-).

Solprof (-)
. . Solprof (-) ,
.
.
, . Solprof (-) :
|'|* Draw (), Solids (), Setup ()
Profile ().
"* Profile () Solids ().
" .
Command: solprof
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter.
Display hidden profile lines on separate layer? [Yes/No] <Y>: Y
Project profile lines onto a plane? [Yes/No] <Y>: Y
Delete tangential edges? [Yes/No] <Y>: n
5 solids selected.
: -
:.
: Enter
[/] <>:
? [/] <>:
? [/] <>:
5
, .
,
. . PV-nn (V View ),
- ( Hide ), , ( ).

21.9.

619

: . Yes (). , , ,
. , No
(). .
,
, ,
. Solprof (-) . *
.
:
1. L21-20.dwg . ,
. . Shademode () 2d wireframe (2-).
2. Layoutl Page setup ( ) .
A3 . Profil_A3.
, .
3. , 1. DIN_A3.dwg .
4. Afenster .
, , Cyan.
5. Viewports ( ),
. 240/2(f.
7.5:1 Viewports ( ).
6. Solprof (-) . .
.
7. , . 0, Armatur
Dekor, - .
Afenster. . 21.34.
L21-21.dwg .

Solview (-)
Solview (-)
. , , Soldraw
(-) .
, .
1. A21-22.dwg .
,
.
2. Layoutl, 4. .

21.

620
. 21.34

3.

tmerf fortnX

Tods Cfs- Dunemion Mo#y

} S& -S 2i ^ >" ^T " 3

E*p<e*s Win**
1

*S ^

% jh Of M

Solview (-) :

# Draw (), Solids (), Setup ()


View ().
* View () Solids ().
"" .
Command: solview
Enter an option
[Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section]:
: -
[///]

<>:

. , Ucs () .
Enter an option [Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section]: u
Enter an option [Named/World/?/Current] <Current>:
[///] <>:
[//?/] <>:
.
, .
4. Enter (
). 2 ,
(. . 21.35).
, . ( ).
DR.
Enter view scale <1>: 2
Specify view center:

21.9.

621

Specify view center: Enter


Specify the first corner of viewport:
Specify the other corner of viewport:
Enter view name: DR
<1>: 2
:
: Enter
:
:
: DR

5. . . Ortho ().
. ,
DIN, ANSI (
).
6. Ortho (),
(. . 21.35).
Enter an option [Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section]: Ortho
Specify side of viewport to project:
Specify view center: ; ENTER
Specify the first corner of viewport:
Specify the other corner of viewport:
Enter view name: Vorne
[///] <>:
:
: ; ENTER
:
:
: Vorne

7. . Section (),
. .
, . 2.
Enter an option [Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section]: Section
Specify first point of cutting plane:

Specify second point of cutting plane:

Specify side to view from:

Enter view scale : 2


Specify view center:
Specify view center: Enter
Specify the first corner of viewport:
Specify the other corner of viewport:
.Enter view name: Schnitt

622

21.

[///] <>:
:

:

:
: 2
:
: Enter
:
:
: Schnitt
. 21.35.
L21-22.dwg .

. 21.35
,

Auxiliary (). .
, AutoCAD . Vports, . ,
(. ).
( XXX),
, .

XXX-DIM

XXX-HID

XXX-VIS

21.9.

623

Soldraw (-)
, Solview
(-), Soldraw (-). , Solprof (T- ).

- :
,
. .
,
.
: Hpname ( ), Hpscale (
) Hpang ( ).
Ltscale . ,
Hidden ().


1.

Hidden () Acadiso.lin
Linetype manager ( ). 12 . Soldraw (-) :

* Draw (), Solids (), Setup ()


Drawing ().
in* Drawing () Solids
().
Command: ltscale
Enter new linetype scale factor <1.0000>: 0.5
Command: hpname
Enter new value for HPNAME <"ANSI31">:
Command: hpscale
Enter new value for HPSCALE <1.0000>: 15
Command: hpang
Enter new value for HPANG <0>: 0
..
Command: SOLDRAW
Select viewports to draw.
Select objects:
Select objects: Enter
: Ltscale
<1.00>: 0.5
: Hpname
HPNAME <"xxx">: , ANSI31
: Hpscale
HPSCALE <1.0000>: 15
: Hpang
HPANG <0>: 0

624

21.

2.

-
:
:
: Enter

XXX-Hid Hidden (),


. Vports
(. . 21.36).

L21-23.dwg .

IVw I'sM r a nv* I * [ C<mfcrt' -*-/

yixtentsPrewiDus'Scaie/0indov/Ob3ect] <real time


ESC or EHTER to exit, or right-click to display shortcut enu.
Ptess pick buHon and <ag verfealytozoom.

. 21.36.

22

AutoCAD


, ,
. ,
, .
AutoCAD,
AutoCAD LT .
*0*

22.1.
AutoCAD , ,
.

?

.
. , . ,
, .
, AutoCAD
, . . , .
() ,
.
-. -
, , .
, .
, Display resolution ( ) Display ()
Options (). Arc and circle smoothness
( ) , . 1 20000. 100.
, . :
, ,
1000.
Facetres .
. -

22. AutoCAD

626

Facetres 0.01 10. 0.5.


0.5 1. Facetres
Rendered object smoothness ( ) Display resolution ( ) Display ()
Options ().
Render () View
() Render ().

Render ()

. , , , ,
Render (). , .
Render () :
View (), Render () Render ().
Render () Render ().
(. . 22.1).
|* Rendering type ( ):
:
* Render (): , ,
.
mi* Photo Real (): .
Photo Raytrace ( ):
.
. 22.1
Render
()
'Rendering Procedure
' Query for Selections

Crop Window

I O Skip Render Dialog

Light f con Scale:


Smoothing Angle:
Rendering Options
0

Smooth Shade

Apply Materials

Shadows

Q R e n d e r Cache
|

Destinatton

SubSamplint
j 1:1 (Best)

Width : 1174
Height :.7B2 Colors : -bits

Background...

More Options..,

Fog/Depth Cue...

Cancel

|:

Help |

22.1.

627

Scene to render ( ):
(. 22.9).
Rendering procedure ( ): .
>" Query for selection ( ),
.
"I* Crop window ( ),
.
Skip render dialog ( ),
Render (). , .
, .
Rpref () (. ).
Light icon scale ( ): ,
.
Smoothing angle ( ): . ,
, .
Rendering options ( ):
Smooth shade ()
.
Apply materials ( ) , . , . Shadows
( ) . Render cache () , .
Destination (): . : Viewport ( )
; Render window ()
Render (),
; File () .
Sub sampling (): . 1:1 () 8:1 ( ). ,
, .
8 .
Background (): Background ()
(. 22.3).
Fog/Depth cue (/): Fog () (. 22.4).

More options () 6 Rendering options


( )
(. . 22.2):
Discard back faces ( ): ,
, .
, .

22. AutoCAD

628

. 22.2

Photo Real Render Options

Minimal

[ Discard back faces

: 0 Back face normal is negative

QLow":;

. Depth Map Shadow Controls

. Q Medium

OHigh

| 2

Mirwnum Bias:
Maximum Bias:

Texture Map Sdmpfiftg


Point Sample
i Linear Sample
Mip Map Sample

Back face normal is negative ( ):


, .
, .

More options () Destination


()
Destination () File ().
(. . 22.3) .
. 22.3

re Output Configuration
File Type

TGAQptoft*

. [TIFF

I 640 x480|VGA}

]
'
, Color

>*

-.;

Inteitece

:-.

Monochrome
; 8 8? (256 Grayscale)
: Bits 56 Cola)

24 Bits
32 Bits

LZD

|!

File type ( ) . BMP, PCX, PostScript, TGA TIFF. 4096 . .


TGA PostScript .

22.2. ,

629

:
1. ,
A22-01.dwg .
2. .
.
3. .

Rpref()
/

Rpref () ,
Render (), . :
+ View (), Render () Preferences
().
* Preferences () Render
().
(. . 22.1), Render ().

22.2. ,
, , , . .

Saveimg () Replay ()
Saveimg ()
, . Replay () . Imageattach () (. 12.1)
. :
" Tools (), Display image ()
Save () View ().

(BMP, TGA TIFF), , ,
.


,
, . . 22.1, Destination ()
Render () . (. . 22.3)
. BMP, TGA TIFF Replay ().

630

22. AutoCAD


22.1, Render () Render ()
(. . 22.4). , .
. 22.4

Render ()

, 1ST
.
. , ,
. .

. , . , Render ().


AutoCAD . Plot (). (.
. 22.5) Shaded viewport options ( )
Schade Plot ( ) Rendered (). Custom ()
DPI ( ).

631

22.3.
. 22.5

plotter;

'

HP Color LaseOeHSOO-Window* System Oiwer-by ..*

L'

ofFset (origin set to portable


0.000000

]hch

Apply to

22.3.

. , ()
.

Background ()
Background (),
:
View (), Render () Background
().
"* Background () Render ().
22.1, Render (). , Background () (. . 22.6).
. 22.6
Background ()

22. AutoCAD

632

:
Solid (): . Color system ( ) RGB HLS. . Select color ( ) . . AutoCAD background (
AutoCAD), . Preview () .
Gradient ():
. (), Middle () Bottom () (. ). . Horizon ()
. Height
() . 0
, () Bottom ().
Rotation () .
Image ():
. Name ()
Image () . Find file ()
.
. Adjust bitmap ( )
,
(. . 22.7).
"* Fit to screen ( ): , , . ,
.
"*- Use image aspect ratio ( ): , , .
. 22.7

Adjust Background Bitmap Placement


Off!

Screen

Scale

D Use Image Aspect Ratio

Tiling

TILE
CROP
I

Offset:
Scale:

0.000
.

. X

03 Maintain Apect Ratio

1 1.450

Center
Y:

0.000
1.450

us
m

22.3.

633

*- Offset ():
. , ( ) (
) . , - .
, ( ) .
"* Offset () Scale ():
X Y.
""- Tiling (): Tile (), , . Crop (), , .
* Center ( ):
.
Background () (.
. 22.6).
Merge (): , ,
, , . , Replay ()
(. 22.2) .
Environement (): .
.
. ,
. Use background ( ), .


Render () .
:
"# RGB: ,
.
" HLS: , .
"+ : Select color ( ) AutoCAD (. . 22.8). Select color ( ) : 256
AutoCAD, True-Color-,
.

:
1.
A22-01.dwg .,

22. AutoCAD

634

2. , .
\Hintergr CD, , .
, , Wolkenl.bmp Wolken2.bmp, .
3. \Bilder CD, ,
. ,
B22-01-l.tif, B22-01-3.tif. Replay ().

. 22.8

22.4.
AutoCAD
.
.

Fog ()
Fog ()
. :
* View (), Render () Fog ().
' Fog () Render ().
Render () (. 22.1).
(. . 22.9).
Enable fog ( ): .
Fog background ( ): ,
, .

635

22.5.

. 22.9

[.,

olor System
Re*
Gieen:
Blue: : :

Near 0 islance:
far Distance"

Near Fog Percentage:


far Fog Percentage;

Select color ( ): .
Select indexed ( ): AutoCAD. AutoCAD.
Near distance ( ): , .
Far distance ( ): , .
Near fog percentage ( ): .
Far fog percentage ( ): .
:
1. - A22-02.dwg .
2. .
\Bilder CD ( B22-02-l.tif
B22-02-3.tif).

22.5.

, , . ,
Shademode ().
. , . .

Rmat ()
Rmat ().

22. AutoCAD

636

Matlib (). Rmat () :


* View (), Render () Materials
().
*- Materials () Render
().
Materials () (. . 22.10),
. 22.6 , .
. 22.10

CHECKER OPAC PUI


GOLD
JUPITER TEXMAP
RED MATTE
Preview
(Sphere

[
Materials Library.
Select <

DetachT
By AC!..
By Layer..

Materials ():
. *GLOBAL* () , , .
Preview (): .
Preview () : .
. .
Materials library ( ):
( Matlib (), . ).
Select ():
. . .
AutoCAD
: , , ,
, .
Attach ():
. .
Detach (): .
*GLOBAL*.

637

22.5.

By ACI ( ): AutoCAD (ACI=AutoCAD Color Index).


. (. . 22.11). , Attach ().
- Detach ().
. 22.11

Attach by AutoCAD Color index


Select a Material:
'GLOBALAPE BUMP
BLACK MATTE
BLACK PLASTIC
BLUE PLASTIC

Select ACI
1 Red
2 Yellow
3 Green
i Cyan
5 Blue
6
Magenta

GOLD
JUPITER TEXMAP
RED MATTE

APE BUMP
GOLD
RED MATTE
BLUE PLASTIC
JUPITER TEXMAP
BLACK PLASTIC

Preview
| Sphere
Ajlach >
P_elach

10
11
12
13
14
15
1G
17

By layer ( ): .
.
(. . 22.12).
. 22.12

Attach by Layer
Select a Material:
GLOBAL1
APE BUMP
BLACK MATTE
BLACK PLASTIC
BLUE PLASTIC
CHECKER OPACPU
GOLD
JUPITER TEXMAP ,

Select L a w :
ARMATUH
DEKOR
AS HADE
0

RED MATTE
BLUE PLASTIC
BLACK MATTE

l l l i
: Sphere

Matlib ()
Matlib () . :
* View (), Render () Materials
library ( ).
" Materials library ( ) Render ().

22. AutoCAD

638

Materials library ( ) Rmat () (. . 22.10). (. . 22.13).


. 22.13

Materials Library
Curen'

Cumnl Library

'GLOBALAPE BUMP
BEIGE PATTERN
BLACK MATTE
BLACK PLASTIC
BLUE PLASTIC
CHECKER OPAC PUR
GOLD
JUPITER TEXMAP
BED MATTE

| render
30 CEL TEXMAP
4WAY BAR PATTERN
AMOEBA PATTERN
APE
APE BUMP
AQUA GLAZE
BEIGE MATTE
[sphere
<-lmpott

BEIGE PLASTIC
BLACK MATTE
BLACK PLASTIC

Current drawing ( ) .
Current library ( )
. .
Render.mli. , -1
.
, .
Purge () .
Save as ( )
( .mli).
Import (): , , .
Export (): .
Delete (): .
Open (): (*.mli) AutoCAD. 3D Studio VIZ 3D Studio Max.
Save (): .
Save as ( ):
.

Showmat ()

Showmat (),
.
Command: showmat
.
S e l e c t o b j e c t :
M a t e r i a l CONCRETE TILE i s a t t a c h e d by ACI t o ACI 5.

22.6.

639

:
:
CONCRETE TILE 5 ( ).
:
Material COPPER is attached by layer to layer TASTE1.
COPPER TASTE1 ( ).
:
Material BROWN BRICK is explicitly attached to the object.
BROWN BRICK .

:
1. A22-01.dwg , .
2. .
3. .
\Bilder B22-03-l.tif 22-03-2. tif.

22.6.
Rmat () (. . 22.10) .
Modify (): .
Duplicate (): .
New (): .
AutoCAD . New ().

, .


Standard ()
(. . 22.14).
Material name ( ) .
. ,
. , .
Color/Pattern (/): . Value () . Color () . By ICA ( ), . , , .

22. AutoCAD

640
. 22.14

New Standard Maierjol


MatefialNanw:
Attributes
<t> CoJor/Pa

Roughness

Adjust Bitmap.,

Bump Map

. ( ). Find file () () .
Adjust bitmap ( )
(. 22.3), .
Bitmap blend ( ) . , .
, . - .
Ambient (): , , . Value () . , . Lock (), , .
Reflection (): .
Value (). . , Mirror (). , .
(), .
Roughness (): .
, . Value (),
.
Transparency (): .
Value (), . , . Preview (). ().
Refraction (): , , . . .
Bump Map (): (), . -

641

22.6.

, . , - .


Granite ()
(. . 22.15).
. 22.15

New Granite Material


MaKmlNsme:
Aiirfcutes
FntCofc*

[GRANITE-1
:

; Second Wot

Value:

.' CoW

OThidCobr

| OFourthCokx

Red
]0.80 |

: G teen;

Reflection

Blue:
! Cok* System.

' R XJQjrmi

: Sharpness

. Value () , .
0, . ,
, .
Sharpness () , Scale
() . ().


Marble ()
(. . 22.16).
. 22.16

New Marbte Material


Matw4Nan

[CARRARA

.' StoneCofc

: OVebCok

|:

| .%:,,.
;

Colm

r
:

Red:
i Gieerc'

Bk:

Sh*pne

System:1

Scale

: "

21 AutoCAD 2006

[018 |: ,<i
[RBJ

CD

ISphete

22. AutoCAD

642

( ).
. Turbulence (), .
1 10. Sharpness ()
. Scale () .
, . Bump Map ()
. Reflection () Bump Map
() () .


Wood () (. . 22.16).

. 22.17

.
. Light/Dark (/) .
0 , 1 . ,
( ) . Scale
() Bump Map () .
().
:
1. A22-04.dwg XMaterialcCD,
. : , .
Mat-ueb.mli \Materialc CD, .
2. , , .
.
( ).
CD \Bilder:
B22-04-l.tif B22-04-3.tif.

22.7.

643

22.7.
Bump Map ()
, . , , . .

Setuv ()
Setuv () .
(, , .
.). Setuv () :
"* View (), Render ()>, Mapping
( ).
Mapping ( )
Render ().
, , . (. . 22.18).

. 22.18
Setuv ()

; Projection:.r ^
Planar
QCjIndricat
Q Spherical

Adjust Coordinates...
Preview
Acquire From <
Copy To <

Acquire from ( ) Copy to ( )


.
Projection () . .

: 1
1. - 22-05 . , .
2. .

Planar ()
.
, , . Adjust coordinates ( ) (. . 22.19).

22. AutoCAD

644

. 22.19


Planar ()

Adjust Planar Coordinates


. Parallel Plane

Q W C S X Z Plane

i OWCSNZPlane

Picked Plane
[

|:
<

Rotation:

.
|

Adjust Bitmap...

>
:

Preview

Qfbefs and RotationsXOffset;

[X

' Cental Position

Pick Porils <

[124.535326

_ J YOffset.

|0

44.278484

| <j

OK

Cancel

; . !

:>

Help ]

Parallel plane ( ):
,
. .
Center position ( ): . Adjust bitmap ( ) , .
, . ( Pick
points ( ) Offsets and rotations ( ). Preview () .
: 2
1. .

Cylindrical ()
.
. Adjust coordinates ( ).
. Planar
(), Parallel axis ( ) ,
.
: 3
1. .

Spherical ()
.
Adjust coordinates ( )
. , . , , .

22.7.

645

: 4
1. '.

Solid ()
.
Adjust coordinates ( )
(. . 22.20).
. 22.20
Solid ()

Adjust UVW Coordinates

Pick Points <

1 [^Maintain Aspect Ratio

Pieyiew

Adjust UVW coordinates ( UVW)


-
(, ). , .
.
: 5
1. Solid ().
L22-05.dwg, (. . 22.21). .
. 22.21

Setuv ()

22. AutoCAD

646

22.8.
-.
, , , . , , . .
.

Light ()
Light (), :
View (), Render () Light ().
Light () Render ().
, (.
. 22.22).
. 22.22

Afffcienl tight
POINT1
SUN
LAMP

Modiy.

Delete

Intensity

Gieen: :,

I *=>

Blue:

| <

[i

g.[SaleclColof..

,|

North Location...

}'

OK

Lights () .
Modify () .
, (. ).
Delete (): .
Select (): . Select () .
.
Ambient light ( ): , - . . . .
0.3 . . 1, .

22.8.

647

New (): . ( ) .
North location ( ): (. . 22.23), .
(. ).
. 22.23
North location
( )

North Location

Angte

, , , .
Y, 0.
.
Y . WCS ().


, ,
, . (. . 22.24).
. 22.24

New Point Light


jPoinl-1

- Attenuation

J138 64

: 6 None

:/;

Inverse Linear
tnveise Square
[

Modiiyl

j Shadows:
, Shadow On

Color
Red Green;

|0.54

10.03

Shadow Options...

[0.8

Select indexed...

648

22. AutoCAD

Light name ( ): .
.
Intensity (): .
Shadow on ( ), . Shadow options ( )
.
Attenuation () . None () .
, . Inverse linear ( )
, a Inverse square (
) .
Modify () Position (): .
, .XY Z. ,
, .
Show (): .
Color () .


, . . , , , . , , .
(. . 22.25).
. 22.25

, , , .
Azimuth () Altitude () ( = , =
XY).
Light source vector ( ):
X, Y Z, .

649

22.8.

Modify ()
.
Sun angle calculator ( ): . , ,
(. . 22.26).
. 22.26
Sun angle calculator
( )

Sun Angle Calculator

-1216

Alitude:

34.9


Sun angle calculator ( ) (: /), , (, MEZ)
( ).
.
() , .
Geographic location ( ), (. . 22.27).
. 22.27
Geographic location
( )

Geographic Location

I Europe

Neaiesl Big Ciy

Lisbon Portugal
Lrveipool UK
London UK
Luxembourg Luxembourg

. .
. Nearesr big city
( ), .

22. AutoCAD

650


. .
(. . 22.28).
. 22.28

I*'

Modify Spotlight
:: (SPOT1

Light Name:

2 ] Hotjpot

|62 35

Intensity:
*i

->J Faoff:

A'l

. Petition
' [_

Mody<

_J |

^X

|50

j ! .:. Attenuator-

Show..

'

Co
-: |0 SS

Red:
Gieen:
;

Blue.

|0 27 "I
: |i

<

$) Inverse Lnear

frtvef** Square

... j , - .Shadows:

] ifi

Mi;

i >.

Select Cola...
Select Indexed.

OKj

; '.-1 |

Shadow ...

[_

, , , , , .
Hotspot ( ): , .
Falloff ( ): , .
Modify () Position () : ().
Show ():
.

22.9.
( ) (
).
.

Scene ()
, View () (. 5.17),
.
. Scene () :
"" View (), Render () Scene ().
Scene () Render ().
Scene ()
.

22.9.

651

Scenes (): (. . 22.29).


. 22.29
Scene ()

New (): (. . 22.30),


.
Modify (): (. . 22.30).
. 22.30
New scene ( )

Delete (): .
.
( Ctrl).
: ,
1. - A22-06.dwg .
2. . . .
3. Ddvpoint ()
3Dorbit (3-), View (). , . .
\Bilder (B22-06-l.tif
B22-06-2.tif). - ,
L22-06.dwg .
:
1. - A22-07.dwg . . .
2. (60) . , 15:00
Shadow on ( ).
3. L22-07.dwg, 02 , 15:00. (.. 22.31).

652

22. AutoCAD

. 22.31

22.10.
AutoCAD -.
, .
. .

Lsnew ()
Lsnew ()
-. :
| * View (), Render (), Landscape
new ( ).
|'* Landscape new ( ) Render ().
(. . 22.32).
. 22.32

Landscape New
Libiarji: render.lli
Bush B1
Cactus
Dawn Redwood
Eastern Palm
People #1
People 82
Quaking Aspen
Road Sign

Preview

Geometry
Single Face
Crossing Fades

Height:

22.10.

653

.
. Preview ()
.
, . , .
Height () , .
Position () .
Geometry ():
. , . View aligned
( ), .
, , , .
:
1. A22-08.dwg . .
. (. . 22.33).
2. SZ1.
CD Wilder B22-08-l.tif (. . 22.33).
. 22.33

it.

i/e e

Lsed.it ()
Lsedit ()
, (. . 22.32). :
View (), Render () Landscape
edit ( ).
"" Landscape edit ( ) Render ().

22. AutoCAD

654

Lslib ()
Lslib ()
. :
* View (), Render () Landscape
library ( ).
Landscape library ( )
Render ().
(. . 22.34).
. 22.34

People #1
People 82
Quaking Aspen
Road Sign

.
.
Modify ()
(. . 22.35).
. 22.35

Landscape Library Edit


- Defauft Geometry
<S> Single Face

I Vie Aligned

Id

Preview

Name:

Norway Maple. Fall

Image Fite:

maple, tga

Opacity Map File:

maple op.tga

[ find File...

Find File...

OK

Default geometry ( )
.
. , .

22.11.

655

:
New () .
Delete () .
Open () ( \).
Save () ( *.).

22.11.
Stats ().

Stats (Cmatn)
:
" View (), Render () Statistics
().

" Statistics () Render


().
. .

AutoCAD 2006 / LT 2006

23.

659

24.

671

25.

681

23

, AutoCAD LT AutoCAD ,
. AutoCAD .
.
.

23.1.
()
.
AutoCAD. CUI, XML-. \Documents
and settings\User Name\ Application data\Autodesk\ AutoCAD 2006\R16.2\enu\Support. User
Name .

:
, ,
AutoCAD. .
-
.

Toolbar ()
AutoCAD Toolbar
(), :
" View () Toolbars ().
Tools (), Customize () User
interface ( ).

Customize ().
(. . 23.1)
Customize (),
.

23.

660

. 23.1

Al Customization files

JB
: x

I > AutoCAD Defeut fcurent)


Toc**s
Dimension
? Draw
|Sg Draw Onto

\r r

d cv
| 0 n By Default
QrienMbn
' DetaJtX Location
IbefeuitYLocaban'"

>SAb

-TB_MODIFY Modty

. , Customize () :

' - Delete () , .
"* Rename () .
'||* New () Toolbar 1,
. . .
. 23.2
Options
()

pioFle:.

Unnamed Profile

j Rles j Display ; Open and Save Plot and Publish Sysler !i UserPrefetences! Drafting Selection Profiles!
;| : Window Elements

- Display resolution

j 0 Display scroll bats in drawing window

i; 100

Arc and circle smoothness

Rendered object smoothness

Cflntoui bnes per surface

\ j f 3 Display screen meny


0 Use large buttons lor [Goiters
I | BShowToolTips

j [J7] Show shortcut keys in TodTips

iJEtS !8
O;

D l 5

5 |4

Layout elements

. Oisplay performance

0 Display Layout end Model tabs

Ean and zoom with raster %. OLE

: |3 Display printable area


Display paper background
0 Display paper shadow
Show Setup Manager fa new layouts

Segments in a polyline curve

51 HighCght raster image (fame only


SApplysobdfa

Show text boundary frame only

. ^

Show silhouettes ai wkeframe

$?} Create viewport in oew layouts


Refeience Edit fading jrifijrnity

23.2.

661

Options () (. . 23.2). Use large buttons for toolbar


( ) .
Show tooltips ( ),
.
. Show shortcut keys in tooltips ( ) , (. 23.5).
-

:
" ,
, .
! .
Customize ().

23.2.
,
Customize () Customize ()
(. . 23.3) .

:
" AutoCAD
Customize ().
Command list ()
Customize () Categories () AutoCAD. Categories () () (. . 23.3).
Toolbarl :
1. Categories ().
2. ( ) , .
.
3. (. 23.3).
4. All commands ( ), . . ( ).

662

23.

. 23.3

:
1. 2.
2.
.
3. 23.4. Toolbar (), .
. 23.4
2


. , .
,
. .
1. Customize () 2. .
2. New (),
Fly out (). ( , ).
3. ( ).
4. .
Toolbar () .

663

23.3.
. 23.5
()

| Wireframe!

. 23.6
()
Customize ()

Customization* in All files


All Customization Files
it Web
Zoom
- 2
h-jf
Center. Start. Angle
i Toolbar4
i
' ^ f r Are-Aligned Text

It$

i f Divide
i f Axis, End
i f Arc
3 Points

Toolbars

Menu

23.3.
AutoCAD ( , ).
. .

:
1. Toolbar (). .
.
2. Categories () Draw ()
.
3. Categories () Custom commands (). New command ( ). Commandl .
.
Commandl CommandL
4. ,
(. . 23.7). Name
() , .
-

23.

664

. Description ()
, . . Macro ()
,
. :
A

C Ccircle tan \tan \tan

5. 23.4.
6. Button image ()
, , . 23.7,
. Button editor ( ),
Edit ().

. 23.7

7. Edit () editor ( ) (. . 23.8).

. 23.8

23.4.

665


, . :
Pencil () , Line () Circle (), Erase (). .

. Grid () ,
. Clear ()
. Open () BMP-, .
Undo () .
Save as ( ) -,
Save () . Close () . : ,
, BMP-. . ,
, .
8. (.
. 23.8). Close (). Apply ().
9. .

23.4.
: , . , . \, .
.

Enter

Enter

23.5.
Toolbar () .
Customize ()
(. . 23.9).

23.

666
. 23.9

:
1. Customize () Keyboard shortcuts ( ).
2.
, Keyboard shortcuts ( ).
3. ,
(. . 23.9).
4. Keys () .
,
.
Ctrl, Shift Alt , , Ctrl+A,
Ctrl+Shift+X, Ctrl+Alt+K Ctrl+Shift+Alt+F.
5.
6.

Apply ()
.


.

23.6. AutoCAD
*.cui.
CUI (Customize User Interface ) (*.mnu *.mns).
Acad.cui , -

667

23.6. AutoCAD

AutoCAD. AutoCAD.

.
(Enterprise), ( )
. Options ()
(. . 23.10).

. 23.10

Current pmfiie
;| Frfes
]

Unnamed Profle

| $ Current ctawng:

| Display % Open and Save Plot and Publish f System,: User Preferences;: Drafting:; Selection I Profiles''

Search paths, file names, and fie locations:

I i S - f e Support file Search Path


1 ! *

( f t , Woikmg Support Fie Search Path

! *

fe

j -

W- j

^
:

'

t.

j ?j

(j

-Q

j j SS 0

Main Customization Fie


?- -

DADocurt)enUanc1Settings\Seig^M. MojyavkoyApplicationDa'a^

is* ^ | Enterprise Customization Fie

\ \ - Q
:

Project Files Search Pai

X^) Customtzalion Fies

Device Driver File Search Path

Help and Miscellaneous File Names


Tent Editor, Dictionary, and Font Fie Names
Print File, Spooler, and Prolog Section Names
Printer Support Fte Path

I * " fe Aulomalic Save File Location


ii

: [Specify the Enterprise customization tie location

]
Documents and settings\
Application data \Autodesk\AutoCAD 2006\R16.2\enu\Support. .
, .
.
CUI, . Customize ()
(*.cui) , Open ().
( ) Transfer ().
,
( ). .
.
:
( ,
) . Window (), Workspaces (
) Save current as ( ).
.
Window (), Workspaces ( )

668

23.
. AutoCAD default
. .

. 23.11

23.7.
(. 13.11) ,
.


, . . .

AutoCAD (. 13.7). :
* AutoCAD .
AutoCAD Folders () ,
Blocks ().
, .
.
"|* . ,
(. . 23.12).
"* , . Create tool palette (
), , , . .

23.7.
. 23.12

. '

669

'

- ' -

!--

t/ J, -

SHOieDRD

Bahhi!

Gskjm

IY1
j
.

3
* 3 DaUbm. Conned

,
. Create tool palette (
) ,
. (. . 23.13).
. 23.13

I FobJot

Open Oiavwv 1

jiFddoLitl

H l J e

'

0 * *

x:

OesgnCenler

.|
ARCHBDR-D

Bathtub

|@i\

/s

rvi

Dofx

Door-B*old

Dow-Flench

i : BXiers :
Btocks and TaUes 1:
. % Bkxks

!*i S3 (fc_samp.dwg

j
>


,
Windows . , . Properties () , .
, . .,
, . . (. . 23.14).

23.

670

Tool Properti

. 23.14

Ejescnpijon:

: Tool type
; Hatch
Type
^Predefined
:
: Pattern name AR-CONC
Angle
0
' 5taie
1
scale iNone
ISO pen widtti ! l ,00 nvfi

,
. , ,
( ), . New palette ( )
, ,
Rename palette ( ).
Customize () Tool palettes (
) Customize (), (. . 23.15).
.
Import () Export ()
( *.xgp) , .
.
, .
. 23.15

ool Palette: - Palette:


Palettes:

Palette Groups;

OjmaiokfBiook*:
Annotation
Architectural
Mechanical
Electrical
Civil/Structural
S - f a Samples

\ Annotation
fc Architectural
\ Mechanical
t Electrical
t Civil/Stiuctural
i Hatches
\ Command Tools

Current Palette Group:

Hatches
\ Command Tools

Ad Palettes

24


AutoCAD. ,
, -. ,
, \Documents and settings\User Name\
Application data\Autodesk\AutoCAD 2006\R16.2\enu\Support. User Name , .

24.1.
AutoCAD . , , . ,
,
Linetype (). ,
.
Acadiso.lin () Acad.lin
().

,

, , Notepad Windows. Acadiso.lin
. , .


*, , .
* [, ]
,
*BORDER, B o r d e r

_._

_.

_.

] _ _,

,
47 . .
Linetype (). , .

24.

672


, ,
, .
. . :

24.1.
>0:

( )

<0:
= 0:

( )

:
,

12.7,

-6.35,

0,

-6.35

Acadiso.lin.
BORDER,Border
_
.
.
.
, 12.7, -6.35, 12.7, -6.35, 0, -6.35
*BORDER2, Border (.5x) _ . . . . . . .
A, 6.35, -3.175, 6.35, -3.175, 0, -3.175
*BORDERX2, Border (2x)
.
A, 25.4, -12.7, 25.4, -12.7, 0, -12.7

.
.

.
.

. .

CENTER,Center
A, 31.75, -6.35, 6.35, -6.35
*CENTER2,Center (.5x)
A, 19.05, -3.175, 3.175, -3.175
*CENTERX2, Center (2x)
A, 6 3 . 5 , - 1 2 . 7 , 12.7, -12.7
. :
" . , Linetype () , Layer ().
"* . ,
. , ,
.
, , ,
. Global scalefactor ( ) Linetype ()
. ,

.
"* -Linetype (-), ( Create ()).

24.2.

673

24.2.
, Bhatch (),
*.pat. AutoCAD Acadiso.pat Acad.pat.
Acltiso.pat , a Acad.pat .
, .
, .
,
.
. , PoM6.pat.


Acadiso.pat .
.
. :
*, []
:
*DOLMIT,
*.
, . . . , ,
. :
, X, Y,
, , [,!, 2, . . ]
24.2.

X
Y

X.
- .
Y- .
. 0.
*.

,
.

22 AutoCAD 2006

24.

674

24.3.

(. 24.1)

> 0 :

( )

< 0 :

( )

= 0 :

, .
.
.

Acadiso.pat, . 24.1
.
*CLAY,
, 0, 0, 0, 4.7625
0, 0, 0.79375, 0, 4.7625
0, 0, 1.5875, 0, 4.7625
0, 0, 3.175, 0, 4.7625, 4.7625, -3.175
*CORK,
0, 0, 0, 0, 3.175
135, 1.5875, -1.5875, 0, 8.98026, 4.49013, -4.49013
135, 2.38125, -1.5875, 0, 8.98026, 4.49013, -4.49013
135, 3.175, -1.5875, 0, 8.98026, 4.49013, -4.49013
*CROSS,Pafl
0, 0, 0, 6.35, 6.35, 3.175, -9.525
90, 1.5875, -1.5875, 6.35, 6.35, 3.175, -9.525
*DASH,
0, 0, 0, 3.175, 3.175, 3.175, -3.175
*DOLMIT,
0, 0, 0, 0, 6.35
45, 0, 0, 0, 17.9605, 8.98026, -17.9605

. 24.1

ANSI33.ANSI , ,
45, 0, 0, 0, 6.35
45, 4.49013. 0, 0, 6.35, 3.175, -1.575

'ANGLE,
, 0, 0, 0, 6.985, 5.08, -1.905
90.0.0,0,6.985, 5.08, -1.905

'BRICK,
0,0, 0,0, 6.35
90, 0, 0, 0,12.7, 6.35, -6.35
90, 6.35, 0, 0,12.7, -6.35, 6.35

HONEY,
, 0, 0. 4.7625, 2.74963, 3.175, -6.35
120, 0, 0, 4.7625, 2.74963, 3.175, -6.35
60, , , 4.7625, 2.74963, -6.35, 3.175

24.2.

675

: .pat
1. Kupnu4.pat.
2. . 1:1
10 .

. 40, 20 . , (. . 24.2).
. 24.2

I
i
\ i

\ ^ <

I
I

'ZIEGEL,
0,0.0,0,10
90,0,0,10,30,10,-10
90,20,0,10,30,10,-10

. 4 - ^^-^
1
2
3

3. Ziegel.pat.
, (. ).
4. AutoCAD Bhatch ().
. 24.3

Hatch Pattern Palette


ANSfjJSO

Other Pietfelrad ]

5. Hatch pattern palette ( ). Bhatch ()


Hatch () () Predefined (),
Pattern (). . (. . 24.3) Custom (). .
, .

24.

676

24.3.
, , AutoCAD , Support file search path Files ()
Options (), Acad.pgp. :
, AutoCAD.
Windows, DOS-.
AutoCAD.


Acad.pgp AutoCAD
(. 24.4):
< >,[<003->],<
>,

>,[*]<

: , AutoCAD
AutoCAD.
DOS-: DOS- ,
. Windows start.
: :
0

1
2
4

, . 2 4 , ,
2. :
"* 0 ( ),
"* 1 ( ),
- 3 ( , 1 + 2),
* 5 ( , 1 + 4 ) .
2 4, AutoCAD , .
8 , Del, , , pHcyHOK.dwg.
: , .
.
Acad.pgp:
CATALOG,
DEL,
DIR,
EDIT,
SH,

DIR /W,
DEL,
DIR,
START EDIT,

:
: ,
:
:
1. * OS : ,
8,
8,
8,
9,

677

24.4.
SHELL,
START,
TYPE,
EXPLORER,
NOTEPAD,
PBRUSH,

START,
TYPE,
START EXPLORER,
START NOTEPAD,
START PBRUSH,

1,* OS : ,
1,*3 :
8, : ,
1,,
1,* : ,
1,,

24.4.
AutoCAD . Acad.pgp.
.
. , *
AutoCAD. Acad.pgp.,
3DO,
3F,
,
,
,
ADC,
,
AL,
,
AR,
-AR,
,
-,
ATE,
-ATE,
,
,

-,

,
BE,

*3DARRAY
*3DORBIT
*3DFACE
*3DPOLY
*ARC
*BACTION
*ADCENTER
*AREA
*ALIGN
*APPLOAD
*ARRAY
*-ARRAY
*ATTDEF
*-ATTDEF
*ATTEDIT
*-ATTEDIT
*-ATTEDIT
*BLOCK
*-BLOCK
*BCLOSE
*BEDIT

, , Acad.pgp,
, . , Reinit (), . (. . 24.4).
pgp- PGP file (Pgp-).
, , , . .

678
. 24.4

24.

Reinitialization

24.5.
AutoCAD,
*.sld.
, , . .

Mslide ()
Mslide
(), . AutoCAD
, . .
Vports ()
, .
( ).

Vslide ()
Vslide (),
. , ,
. . Redraw () .
(, ) (. 24.6).

24.6.
AutoCAD (-).
Script (), :
""- Tools () Run script ().
Select script file ( ), .scr-.

24.6.

679

:
"" , ,
Notepad Windows. .scr.
"" Script ().
"" , , .
* , ,
. ,
,
.
" ,
. , AutoCAD
Enter.
|*
Backspace Esc. . Resume () .


AutoCAD .
24.4.

24.4.

Delay ()

Rscript ()

Graphscr ()

Textscr ()

AutoCAD

25

AutoCAD (). 15 16 , (layout) . AutoCAD,


.
AutoCAD.

25.1.
(). .
. , , .

,
, ( )
( ). Sheetset (), :
" Tools () Sheet set manager ( ).
" Sheet set manager ( ) Standard ().
'* Ctrl + 4.
Sheetsethide () .
, , .
Sheetset () (. . 25.1).
:
Sheetset (). , , :
'# Open () (. 25.2).
I*- New sheet set ( ) (.
25.3).

25.

682
. 25.1

...
[Recent

- .* ~ -

| New Sheet Set,..

mm

"i* .
|" , .
Sheet list ( ). .
View list ( ). , .
Resource drawings ( ).
, .

25.2.
: Open () New sheet
set ( ). , :
* File () Open sheet set ( ) (
Opensheetset ()).
" File () New sheet set ( ) (
Newsheetset (), . 25.3).
I* Tools (), Wizards () New sheet set
( ) ( Newsheetset (), . 25.3).
:
AutoCAD:
1. Open (),
Opensheetset ().
*.dst, .
2. Program FilesXAutoCAD 2006\Sample\Sheet Sets\Manufacturing Manufacturing sheet set.dst . (. . 25.2).

25.2.

683

, Sheet list ( )
, Sheet list ( ) . : Assemblies,
Parts . . , .
.
, . . , , (. . 25.2). () .
. 25.2
,

iManufacturlng ...

iManufacturing.

Manufacturing Sheet Set


Cover Sheet
semblies
S i 02-Drive Roller Asty Lower
03 - Drive Roller Sub Assy
-rVlBO.Rr#!r,5uh AWV..

| Manufacturing Sheet Set


- Cover Sheet
Assemblies
02 - Drive Rrjjter Asly Lower
:
! : | S 03 - Drive Roller Sub Assy
!,..; ;,..JiM.rM..r..BoishRnller..5iih.A55y.
I 8 &

1 Location; i:\XP M*i\Program f


I \AutoCA D 2006\Sampte\5heet Sets*
UManufacturhg
I Fie Size: 236KB (243 934 bytes)
JLast Saved: 1 2005.
! 10:03:02
; Last Edited By:
I Sheet Size: 4 2 0 . 0 x 2 9 7 . 0

.
.
AutoCAD. ,
Properties (). (. . 25.3).
. 25.3

FbiVAutoCAD 2O06\SampteSSheet SetsV


Label Tto(O:*BccumeMs and SettreiVSergey M.' MolyavkoSLo
Ctko bkdjj V w l l W D \Pccumeni ard imnp S*gy M
P_Main\ProgramFfc.WitoCAD 2006\Samote\Sb
Ploject numbel
Project n a n *
Project phase
Project iTne^lo.

! Sheet t t o t e g t . . i:\XP_ManSPregram F j f w W W D f j p 2OO6\Smp4e\Shet Sjtt\...j


;

Sheet

creation,;!S0^3(i:\XP_MainVPiogiani'^'^^""'

Prompt fm lem

No

25.

684

, . Sheet creation ( ) ,
.
(subset), ,

Properties (). (. . 25.4).

. 25.4

Subset Properties
Subset name:
| Assemblies

Store new sheet DWG files In:

IQ

! i:\XP_Mairt\Program FHes\AutoCAD 200 S\Sar(*\9ie


Sheet creation template for subset:

AD 2006\San ple\Shest Sets\Manu atfurlnglj C7]


] Prompt for template

CJx~J

Caned 1

Help


(. . 25.5).

. 25.5

Sheet title

DuveRoielAstyLowei

Sheet numba
Desctplion

02
1

Include for pu.,.!Yes


Found tayout
Sheti set

: Drive Rolw AsJy Lowerfi:\XP_Main\Pragram FhiV^aCfiD


j ManUecfuimg Sheet Set

20.

Rflvttion rwbw
Revision date |
Purpose
!
Category

, , , ,
.
New sheet ( ).
, (. . 25.6).
,
. Prompt for template (
) (. . 25.4, ), .

685

25.2.
. 25.6

New Sheet

File name; i
Fdderpath: j1:\_8\FleiViutoCAD2006gampie\SheetSetsiManufacturmj |


.
Import layout as sheet ( ).
, ,

(. . 25.7).
. 25.7

litipPrt layouts as
Select drawing fits contaning layouts;
Browse for Drawings.,.
A layout can belong to only one sheet set. If a layout reedy belongs to a sheet set, you
must create copy of the layout to Import it. ' .;'.
Drwring Name:
0

Plart-3,dwg

FHan-3.dwg

Layout Name

Status

Isometrie

Available for import

3 Ansichten

Av ailable for Import

I
. . . . . . . .

<
0

Prefix sheet titles with file n

:
1. Assemblies . , 25.6.

, Resource drawings ( )
, .
Resource drawings ( ) .
, (
).
(. . 25.8). .
, : . . AutoCAD.

25.

686

. .
.
. 25.8
,
Resource drawings
( )

$ Covef Sheet.dwg
GSC_ISO_A3.dwt
S VW252-02-01.dwg
3 VW252-02-0H3.dwg
9 VWZS2-02-0200.dwg
;>B3vWZ52-O2-O203-l.dvg
' 1 VWZ52-O2-O3O0.dwg
C9 VW252-O2-O500-N.dwg
VW2S2-02-0500,*4
VW252-O2-O600,dwg
9 vw252-02-0900,dwg
JB3 VW252-02-0901 dwg
S C9 VW2524K-1000.4g
Isometric V*

:...

JHanufacturng Sheet Set

( j l j

j i:VtP_Main\Proc/em F
[
:

G Cover Sheet.dwg
i ; Q GSCJS0_A3.dwt
, % 9ES VW252-02-0142.dwg
1 3 VW2S2-02-0H3.dwg
M * 1 VW2S2-O2-O2O0.dwg

VW252-O2-O3O0.cke
| 3 VW252-O2-O5O0-N.dvj
to %$ VW2S2-02-0500.dwg
* VW2S2-O2-O6O0.dw
( C3 VW252-02-09CO.dwg
;JM VW252-02-U9CI.dwg
2 SS VW252-02-lO00.dwg
.
fl| Isometric View

ilhFio: VW2S2-OM000.dg
: location: h\ J1*\Progtn Ftes
i ^AutoCAD 20O6\Sample\aie Sets
1 ^Manufacturing

,
Add new location ( ).
Resource drawings ( ).
:
1. Sheet list ( ).
, . .
2. Resource drawings ( ). VW-252-02-1000.dwg ,
+ .
3. Isometric View . 1:2 (. . 25.9).

, View list ( )
View list ( ) (. . 25.10),
.
( ).
(. 5.17) View ()
(. . 25.11).

25.2.
. 25.9

687
UiirtoCAO 20O6VSaiple\S{)eei Sets\Maiitrfactrir[ng\iO

U H E*

1.

Drew *** Wity

i $ Manufacturinr) Sheet Set V . ^ g

We**** Help

Ew

|>
>f,

1 ; f " VWZ52-02-0203-J.**)
| ' * ' S S VW25Z-te-03 dwq
VW2S2<C4l5(]IH*,*g
( Q VW25ZO2-0S00.dwg
S3 VW2S2-02-06O0.dwg
i $ $ VW252-02-0900,dwg

1:16

it ) 0 VW2S2-02-C901.*vg
OrlveShaft
t ' Q VW252-O2-100O.dwg
iwnetrtcview
9 VW252-02-l60C.dwg

. 25.10
, View
list ( )

! 1:30
1:40
1:50
1:100

umg Sheet Set

|Manufacturng Sheet Set

3 - D r i v e Rotor Asly lower

02 - Drr/e Roler Asly Lower

* !

* l

03 - Drhrt Refer Sub Assy

j OB Drive Rotor Sub Assy

Petal*

QOrt'aHl"
K1 M - Brush Poler Sub Assy

3
QDetal-B

t R i W : 0 4 - B r u s h Roler Sub Assy

| Sheet View: Detail-A


| we c e g o r 252-02-0300
I On Sheet: 03 - Cihre Roler Sub Assy
F b Name: VW2S2-O300.dwg
Locatton: !:U(PJ**\Progr9rn Files
\AutoCAD 2O06\SampHSheet Sets
1 V4anufacturtig

T
. 25.11

VJi ;^<; :

!*

View name:

; -

View categwy. i 252-02-1000

i EX

' / 0|'

f ^ j Stoic Cuirent Layer Settings tvilhView


0 Save UCS with view

25.

688


View () (. . 25.12).
. 25.12

| NamedVwws Orthographic MsometlicViewi

CunentVew. Cuftenl
Lc

CMeeoiy

Name

VP

La...

UCS

P...' :]
Off

IsomeliicView
:

252021000

".. |

10 .

World Oil

""-

Pejais

Qslel;

OK

! | [ Help ]
*

'


, . /
, . ., .
Sheet list ( ) .
, .
. 25.13

< VMW Insert Fo.m4t Xodis Dfaw Dfinsion Maify

i &ua>^a*y^r-

WWow.Hrip 1

:1 ^ ?

"

a
:
JJJ F4n-3 - 3 Aniich
:
J ^ Plan- - isomettl
: ;iiS Parts
...,'. V
I

M*3t Page Setups...


Sheet Set Publish Options
Publish Diatoo Box ,,.

: 52-02-1000-Iwffietric View
File Name: to .dvg
I Location; dV<P_Mari\P'aQJ*Ti F t e
^AutoCAD 2006\Sample\Sheet Sets
^Manufacturing
HeStee: i7lcB{I7I!9byt)
Last Saved: 11 20QS . 8:42;S8
. Last Eded By:
i Sheet Slai 120.0 x 297.0

a
a
A

:JCojnand* Cancel
rujr.nnd. Cancel
flciifiend: Cancel
;JJCo*iand
<Switching t o HcxleJ.>
yjRegenerating odel - caching v i e e p o r t s
fZOnniarid:

1 21BS UOM<]

iSNAP GHID Of

689

25.3.

25.3.
Newsheetset () :
New sheet set ( ).
"" File () New sheet set ( ).
||* Tools (), Wizards () New sheet
set ( ).
. (. . 25.14):
( ),
( ).

. 25.14

Q E tailing ijewtngs-

i- Baaci of Creatira a Sheet Se>

Thrc option use* an existbg sheet set lo ptovkJe the orgamaatiortaf


structure arid de/aufi settings for the new sheet set The cptbn w i
net copy anjr sheets frort the exisfog sheet set. After you create a
sheet set with IK option, you layouts crests sheets
HiidJ^


, . , (. . 25.15).
Sheet set properties ( ) , (. . 25.3).
. . Finish ()
. . (. 25.2).


.
(. . 25.15).
.

25.

690
. 25.15


Description toiaion*^
Use the A r c h i t e c t In^enal Sheet Set t(
delauK sheet toe of 24 38 inches.

Stare she* let dale ffle |,djt| her

sate a new sheet set with a

....

'

I DADocumenls and SettingsSSeigey M Molyavko\My Document s\AutoC i


Note. The iheet tet data file should be twed m a location that cao be
accessed by ! cortrfcutas to the sheet set.

D Create a fotdei hretatchy based on subsets


Sheet Set Piopertei

11

< Back

j | Next >

Browse () . (. . 25.16).

.
. 25.16

| |

Caree ~


. Finish ()
.
:
1. .
2. Kompendium \1^
.
3. .

. . . . .

693

711

. . . . . . . . . . 719


. AutoCAD
, .

.1. AutoCAD / AutoCAD LT


AutoCAD 2006 AutoCAD LT 2006 ,
, , .


:
1. - CD. , .
Setup.exe CD.
2.

(. ).

..1
AutoCAD,

Welcome to the AutoCAD 2006


Installation Wizard

It is strongly recommended that you exit all Windows programs


before you tun this Installation wizard
Click Cancel to exit the Installation wizard, and then close any
open programs. Click Next to continue the Installation wizard.
WARNING: This program is protected by copyright law and
international treaties.
Unauthorized reproduction or distribution of this program, or any
portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and
mil be prosecuted to the maximum extent possible under law.

3.

Next (), . , ,
(. . ). Next ().

694

. .1.

I accept (),
, .

. .

, ,
.

: Typical ()
Custom (). Typical (), , .
Custom ()
.

Next ()
C:\Program Files\AutoCAD 2006 C:\Program FileslAutoCAD LT 2006.
Browse ()
.
.


AutoCAD. Windows
Notepad () C:\Windows\Notepad.exe.

, Next () .

4.

(. . .2) AutoCAD, ( ),
( ).
( ).

. .2

.2. AutoCAD

695

.2. AutoCAD
AutoCAD . AutoCAD, 30 . .
, ( ) ( , ), .
30 , AutoCAD .

AutoCAD
AutoCAD 2006 .
.
, Options ().

.. AutoCAD
AutoCAD ,
.


AutoCAD
. :
1. .
Properties (), , .
2. Shortcut (). Target () , (. . .). () AutoCAD (. . .2).
3. Target ()
AutoCAD .
.2 :

. .2. AutoCAD

,
AutoCAD.

(. .4).
, (*.arg).
, .

.
, .
.

/S

696

/t
/V

/nologo

, AutoCAD.
, AutoCAD.
.

, :
"D:\Program Files\AutoCAD 2006\acad.exe" /t din_a3 / werner /nologo
AutoCAD DIN_A3.dwt , werner (. ) .
mi AutoCAD ,
AutoCAD:
"D:\Program Files\AutoCAD 2006\acad.exe" / c:\Appl /s c:\Appl\Supp
- Script- AutoCAD :
"D:\Program Files\AutoCAD 2006\acad.exe" / c:\demo\start
'* , .
"D:\Program Files\AutoCAD 2006\acad.exe" / "C:\WS
Profil\werner.arg"

..3

AutoCAD 2006 Properties


j Shortcut Security!
AutoCAD 2006

Target type;

Application

Target location: AutoCAD 200E


larget:

Statin:

ri:W_

Shortcutkey:

None

Bun:

| Normal window

Csmment:

! Launch acadexe

A.4. AutoCAD
AutoCAD Options ().
AutoCAD. AutoCAD LT,
,
AutoCAD LT .

.4. AutoCAD

697

Options ()
:
" Tools () Options ().
"|* ,
, Options ().
*
Options ().

(. . .4).

. .4

AutoCAD

Current ptoflR

<<Unnamed Profile

Cunert drawing.

Diawingi.dwg

; Display!; Open and Ssve Plot aod Publish ;; System<- User Preferences! Drafting =: Selection^ Profiles:

FJes

Search paths, Me names, and file locations:

j I ~ Support Fie Search Path


^
;

Brow

j ~^ Device Drivei Fie Search Path

1 !
1

Working Support File S earch Path

Project Files Search Path

t& Q

Customizalon Files

] - Q
4 " 0
j ^

^
: i

Help and Miscelaneous File Names

'

Text Edkoi, Dictionary, and Font Fie Names

:i|

Print Fie. Spooler, and Prolog Section Names

Piintw Suppat Fie Path

1 - ^ j Automatic Save Tie Location


1

i ^

Color Book Locations

I >*. ^

Data Sources Location

j # Q

Templale Settings

;i>r._

1 i * fe Tool Palettei Fie Locations

L^...!ikAutonr^Pa^e^

jjj

ISpecify the folders in which A u t o W D should look for le.<( font, customisation fites, piujj-ins,
idrawings to insert, linetypes, and hatch patterns that are not in the cut rent folder.

:
* ACAD. ,
. , .
'"# AutoCAD
Windows.

Files ()
Files () ,
AutoCAD. + ( ) .
, +
( ). ,
. .

698
. .5
Files ()
Options
()

Current profile.
fa**

<<UrmamedPiGMe>>

C'rtcA*/ Open end iv# FY* v-3T'i:*'h

Current drawing:
Jv.iem ij-. FrM^/^v-: ['

| Search paths. He name*, and He locations:


i Support Fie Search Path
I j

U-^ D:SOccumenti and SellingsSSeigey M. MolyevkoSAppicalionDataVAutodef

rI
:

l:P_ntanSPtogramFieiSAuu0^2a)e\*4)port

- * * l;W=_mainSProgramFitaiSAuloCAD2006Sforit
j

- l:V<P_mari\Progam FieS\AutoCAD 2Q06\hefc

: - - 4 l.\XP_main\P1ogramFilesSAutoCAD2006yExpfeis
j

I. ^NXP_main^rowFiesSAUoCAD2006'4support\cota

j ^ W o r k i n g Support Fie Seaich Path


| : ^

Device Diivet F*e Search Path

I *' Project Fies Search Parti

1 ^ Cuitomizaticfi Fie*
I

I
|

is 3

Main

Customization Fie

! -* 0

s*s ^ 5 Enteiprise Customization File

Specify the Main customcation file location

Browse () ,
.

'# Add () .

. Browse () . , .
Remove () .
Move up ()
.
Move down () .
Set current () .,
:

.

Display ()
Display () AutoCAD (. . .6).
Window elements ( )
AutoCAD. Display scrollbars ( ) . Display screen menu ( ) .
Use large buttons for toolbar ( ) . Show
tooltips ( ), .
. Show
shortcut keys in tooltips ( )
, (. 23.5).

. AutoCAD
..6
Display ()
Options
()

699

Cuient pjtfiie:

Unnamed ftofie. ..

| Display screen meny

I i | j g j 1000
i : ^

j Use large buttons for Toobari

|8

P [ Q5

Show ToolTipj

g j Show shortcut keys h ToolTipi

- -~

Aic and circle sffioothness

Segments in a polyline cur^e

1 Rendered object smoothness


Contour Sines per surface

; Display perfoirridrrce

i 0 Display Layout and Model tabs


i 0 Display prntafcle area
Display paper background
|
H ] Dispfa/pepfli shadow
I Show Setup Managef fw

fonts.
.-Layout elements

Otawmgi.dwg

Us-ei PreteiftMcea' Dieting Selection Pieties


; Display resolution

I ' Window EiemenU. 1 ; 0 Display scroll bait in dawing window

J Current drwing:

' '

i Ftes '^! pen and Save;: Roland Publish iSysd

O E f with i l a t OLE
:

0 Highlight Jastef image frame onty


^

( 3 Apply solid III

I P C j Show tegt boundary hame onV


: ^

Q Show silhouettes wireframe

0 Create viewport in oew layout*


. Reference Edit facing jmemity

- Crosshaf ?e
j |5

Colors () Color options ( ) (. . .9), AutoCAD.


Fonts () , (. . .8).
Layout elements () .
Display layout and model tabs ( ) Layout () Model () .
Display printable area ( ) . Display paper background ( )
. Display paper shadow ( ) .
: Show page setup
manager ( ) Pagesetup () ; Create viewport in new layout
( ) .
..7
Color options ( )

Color Options

.+

File Edit

File Edit

Command:

Ccmrtuanci:

Window Element;
i Model tab background

700
..8

Command Line window Font


F.:rii

Font Style
Regular

'io :

: MO

Fixedsys
[4: ISOCTEUR

Italic
Bold
I Bold Italic

i 12

Sample CcrmMand Line For.

Apply & Dose

Cancel

1 $1

Crosshair size ( ) .
.
1 100%. 100% .
Display resolution ( )
. Arc and circle smoothness (
) , ,
. ( 1 20000),
. 1000. Segments in a polyline curves ( ) , . Rendered object smoothness ( )

( Facetres). . Contour lines per
surface ( )
. ,
( Isolines).
Display performance ( ) , .
Pan and zoom with raster (/ )
Pan () Zoom (). Highlight raster image frame only ( ) . ,
.
: Apply solid fill ( )
; Show text boundary
frame only ( ) ; Show silhouettes in wireframe ( )
, .
Reference edit fading intensity ( ) .

Open and save (/)


Open and save (/)
(. . .9).

. AutoCAD
..9
Open and save
(/)
Options
()

701

Cunent profile

Unnamed Profile

Current drawing: .

Files ij Display 'Tffpen ancHfave: Pbt and Publiih bystef


File Save

Usei Preferences

Drawfngi.dwg

Drafting Selection1: Profiles

* rftoOpwi

| ave as:
I j AutoCAD 2004 Drawrig['.dwg)

i [
!,

| Number of recently-used files to list


.t

|
\
[ I

i 0 Display ful palh in titte


\ \ Ihumbnail Preview Settings...
1 {SO

j Incremental save percentage

| r Entetnat References fXrefsl

\ I

I \ Demand load ^refs:

' j Enabled with copy

g j

; 0 Retain changes to Xref layers


I f*\ Automatic save
j

10

! Minute* between saves


'

! 0 Create backup copy with each save

.' ni^^AR4/ Annli*J[^vf

. . UD|eCtAri.> 1^

-' -

^ ;

| :-. Demand bad ObfeclARX apps:


,: j j Object detect and command invoke

. D Maintain a Jog lie


i . **$

I Fie extension f atemBorarj>f i e i

j j [Showgraphics

.i |

Security Qptions...

,*^:i

Proxy images foi custom objects:


w;

\*Q S Pronji 1 nformation dialog box

i H Display digital signature information

File save ( )
AutoCAD. Save as ( ) , . Thumbnail preview settings ( ) . Incremental save percentage ( )
, ( Isavepercent). 0 . 50.
File safety precautions ( ):
Automatic save () ,
. *.sv$.
, *.dwg.
Files ().
Create backup copy ( )
.
, -, *.bak. ,
.
Full-time CRC validation ( CRC) (CRC) . CRC- /.
Maintain a log file ( ) , . File extension for temporary files
( )
.

702

Security options ( ) (. . . 10),


.
. Encrypt drawing
properties ( )
Windows Explorer. Advanced options ( ) .
..10
,

Security Options
Password iDigtaf Signature;
Password or phrase to open this drawing
ncrypt drawing properties

L
Current encryption type:
Microsoft Base Cryptographic Provider vl .0

AdvancedQpfiora.:,;

File open ( ): Number of recently-used files to list ( ) 0 9, .


Display full path in title ( )
. ,
.
External references ( ): Demand load xrefs ( ) .
(Enabled), , .
. (Enabled with copy), . Retain changes
to xref layers ( ) ,
. Allow other users to refedit current drawing ( ) ,
, .
ObjectARX applications ( ObjectARX): Demand
load ObjectARX apps ( ObjectARX-)
AutoCAD , . , Proxy images for custom objects (
), . Show proxy info dialog box ( )
- , .

.4. AutoCAD

703

Plot and publish ()


Plot and publish () (. . 1) .
. .11
Plot and publish ()
Options
()

Current ptolte:

Unnamed Profile

' Ffes jjDiiplWf Open and S a v e j [ f $ ^ 3 E l 5 i SvstemfUs^efei^cesVDraf^|'Seiectior.j'


DelauH plot settings lot new diawin
Use as default output device

General pio! cations

When changrig the plot device:


{)eep the layout paper size if possible

: Use last jucceisful plot tettings


i I"

/WwCorfjquwffolbBtii...

Use the plot device paper size


System prinlei spool alert
I Always alert land log errors]

: EelaJI location for plottoHe operation:

OLE plot fluattj";'


I Automatically select

] [D:U)ocumentsandS*ttings\SergeyM. Mo(iiavko\] P ]

. Background ^ optiwis
i EnatJe backgound plot when:
!
Rotting
Q Ptfcfehing
PfcA and pitbfeh log file
! Suutomaticalls save plot and publish log
;

Save one continuous plot log


S eve one Jog per plot

] Us OLE application hen plotting OLE


objects

Spedfy ptot offset fsiative to


0 Pibtabje area

{ I Edge of paper

Plot SJamp Settings...


Plol Style Settings..

Default plot settings for new drawings ( ):


. Add and configure plotters ( )
(. 15.4). Use a
default output device ( )
,
. Use last successful plot settings (
) .
General plot options ( ):
, ,
( System printer spool
alert ( )) OLE- (
OLE plot quality ( OLE)). Hide system printers
( ), , AutoCAD .
Plot style table settings ( )
. .
. ! . Default plot style table (
) , .
. Add or edit plot style tables ( )
(. 15.6 15.7).

704

Plot to file ( ) ,
. Background process options ( )
. Plot and publish log file
( ) ( ,
). Specify plot offset relative to (
) (
). Plot stamp settings ( )
, .
,

System ()
System () AutoCAD (. . .12).

. 2
System ()
Options
()

Currentprofile:

Unnamed Pioffe>>

ijgg Current drawing.

Drawing!.dwg

Gerieiai Options

Current 3D Eraplnct Display


[GSHEIDUO

[ . Properties.,

Single-drawing compatibility mode

0 Display OLE Text Size Dialog


- Current Pointing Device
on error in user input

1 Current System Pointing Device


Accept input I tor

Load acad.lsp with e^eiy drawing

0 Alow symbol names

Startup:
- U y o U Regen OpUorv
Begen when switching layouts
Cache model tab and last layout
Cache model tab and layouts
dbConnect Options:

[Donot show a startup dialog

live Options
\ D Check^ebtw Live Enablers
!5

! Maximum number of unsuccessful checks

0 Store links index in drawing He


D Open tables in read-only mode

Current 3D graphics display ( -):


-. Current
3D graphics display ( -) -. -
GsheidilO ,
AutoCAD. , , ,
. Properties () 3D graphics system configuration ( ) (.
. .13), .
- . Adaptive degradation ( ) .
Dynamic tessellation ( ) , . Render options
( ) ,
, , -. Geometry
() , -

705

.4. AutoCAD

-. Acceleration () -. - . . Autodesk
wopengl8.hdi, \drv.
, Heidi Graphics System. Apply & close ( ) ( Options ()).
..13

-

3D Graphics System Configuration

To mairdan speed, degrade to the


folovflng tendering modes:
DFJat shaded
IZIfiounding box
Mntan speed j5

* | FPS

Ge,: ,'.- v

DiTiamic tessellation
Surface tessellation-

1 -ok ?i always on it
[ 3 discard back faces

Low detail
Less memory

High detail
More memory
0

Se'lwaie

V
Low detail
Less memory
Number oftesseBatbn*to cache:

Highdelail
More memory
i4

Current pointing device ( ) .


( , Wintab).
Layout regen options ( )
.
,

( Layoutregenctl).
db connection options ( )
.
( ) . ( ).
General options ( ) . Single-drawing compatible mode (
) , AutoCAD
( Sdi). Show all warning messages ( ) , 23 AutoCAD 2006

706

.
acad.lsp . ( 255 ) (
Extnames). Startup ( )
AutoCAD ( ).
Live enabler options ( ) AutoCAD.
, ARX- .

User preferences ()
User preferences () AutoCAD (. . . 14).
..14
User preferences
()
Options
()

Cuientpror*
C'IIEJSV OOM- and Ssve F*J ' f\*?b ly-.tvr, 'T-.r. FVlV.ri..'-'/ [.isin,g Cete-iw.

Ftei

r Windows Standard Behavior

Bunntng object map

0 Shortcut in drawing area


C7l8W;ClicfcCustomization,,.
r Insertion scale

Source content unitt:


_

0 tXa/boatd entry etjcept scrvts


-Associative Dimen?ionina

D efaul settings when units ar set to unitless:


JMlmetets

Fryir.

r Priailv for Coordinate Data Entr^

0 Make new dimensions associative

. Hyperir*

larget drawing units:


| MiHimelers

v!j

Fields

; 0 Display nyperfr* cursor, tookp. and shortcut rr

,'Undo/Redo

0 Display background of fields

S Corr^ine zoom and pan commands

Eeld Update Satlngs...

Hidden tine Settings...

j [

Lrreweipht Setting$~

d) Scale List...

"]
Windows standard behavior ( Windows) ,
. Shortcut menus in drawing area (
)
( AutoCAD
Enter). Right-click customization (
) (.
. .15). ( Shortcutmenu). , AutoCAD.
Insertion scale ( )
,
(. 13.7-13.10).
Fields ()
.

.4. AutoCAD
. 5

.

707
Right-Click Customization
0

Turn on time-sensitive light-cSck:


Quick dick lor ENTER
Longer click to display Shortcut Menu
Longer click duration:- ":uiA

I milliseconds

Default Mode

. . . . . .

: If no objects are selected, light-click means


:

Repeat Last Command

'

1 Shortcut Menu
- E c f t M o d e

-'

.-.-.

II on? or mote obrects are selected, fight-click means


Repeat Last Command
i'. Shortcut Menu
Command Mods

If a command is in progress, tight-click means


OENTER

*:

Q Shortcut Menu: always enabled


0

Shortcut Menu; enabled when command options are present

Hidden line settings ( ) (. 20.10). Lineweight settings ( ) (.


4.1-4.2).
, .
Priority for coordinate data entry ( )
AutoCAD ( Osnapcoord).
( ). , ( ). , ( )
, .
(Associative dimensioning), (Hyperlink) / / (Undo/Redo).

Drafting ()
Drafting () AutoCAD
(. . .16).
Autosnap settings ( ) (. 3.13), . , Tab. Marker () ( Autosnap).
(Magnet) .
. , .
.

708

. 6
Drafting ()
Options
()

Current profile:

UnnamedPrrtfoi
Ownatd'ave

rijtandPubWr

drawn

Drwmgl.dwg

Syilwr,
' AutoTiack Swings

AuloSnap Settings

I E Display golaT tiacking vectot


i H Display fulkcieen (lacking vectcx
E Display AutoS rwp Joohip
D Display AutoS nap aperture box
AutoSnap marker color

iQCotorS

| Display AutoTtack tooltip


i
_
_
r Aliijiment Point Acquisition

; Automatic
^ Shitt to acfluiie
Apertiji

n
J

~Qr
Obtect Snap Options

Drafting Tooltip Appearance

Elgnote hatch objects


QeplaceZ value with current elevation

i | Sjttrogs

|.

(Autosnap marker size). Object snap options ( ), . , , ( ) Z- ( ).


Autotrack settings ( )

. Display polar tracking vector (
)
. Display full-screen tracking vector
( ) . ( ).
(Alignment
point acquisition), ( ), ,
Shift ( ). Aperture size (
) ( 1 50 ).
, ,
.
Settings () Drafting tooltip appearance (
) , , .

Selection ()
Selection () AutoCAD
(. . .17).

. AutoCAD
..17
Selection ()
Options
()

709

Cuter* profile:
| Fie*

Unnamed Profiled

ij) Current dialing-

Orawingi .dwg

;; Display Open and Save I Plot and Publish System User P r e s e n c e s - Drafting ;^11 P;ohles

3Selection Preview

Grip*

: 0 When a command jj active

Unsetected grip cobt:

! E When no command is active

' Color 1 GO

Selected grip cole*.


Visual Effect Settings...

Selection Modes
0

HourVverb selection

Use SHft to add to selection

Ptessanddjag

(yj implied windowing


0

Qbject grouping

Associative Hatch

Red

Hove] grip color:


[ H Green
0

^1

Enable grips

Enable grips within blocks

Enable gjipjips

1 1DG

: Object selection Ijmjt for display of grips

Pickbox size ( ) .
Selection preview ( ) ( ): , ( ), ,
( ). Visual effects settings ( )
,
() ().
Selection modes ( )
. Noun/verb selection ( )
. Use shift to add to selection ( Shift ) Shift
. Press and drag ( ), , . Implied
windowing ( ) :
, , . ( ),
, .
(Object grouping)
(Associative hatch).
(Grip size)
(Grips): , . Enable grips ( ) . Enable grips within blocks ( )
. .
( 1
32767). 100 (
Gripobjlimit).

710

Profiles ()
Profiles () AutoCAD (. . . 18).
..18
Profiles ()
Options
()

Untvsmed

JQ Cuient diawng

*1 d*g

| Ftes i: Display and Save Flo' and FubrJ-. System'. Utei Pitteiencesi Dialti'v; 11 [

: .

{ Avaiabte jioltes:
j |
i '
1 [

AddloLLRpfjamg...
Belete

AutoCAD.
( Set current), ( Rename),
( Delete) ( Reset). AutoCAD-.
Add to list ( ),
.

AutoCAD .
, Autodesk Express Viewer
DWF- AutoCAD. .

.1.

. 19.


:
* Windows: Start, All programs, Autodesk, AutoCAD 2006, Batch standards checker.
(. . .1).
. .1

, Drawings ()

ad Batch Standards Checker

Checfc

Jrawhgs j Standards Plug ins Note


| Drawings to check:

Progress

. Check external references of listed drawings

Description:

712


Drawings ().
Add drawing (): , .
Shift Ctrl .
Remove drawing (): , .
Move Up/down ( ):
,
.
Check external references ( ):
, .


Standards () (. . .2).
:
Check each drawing (
): , .
, .
Check all drawings ( ): , .
.
, .
, . .
,
.
. .2

, Standards
()

Drawings! Slandatds>.plug ms Notes I Progre


Check each drawing using its associated standards files
() Check all drawings using the following standards files
Standards used for checking all drawings:

LI 3-04

prescription:

.1.

713


Pluglns (): , .
. , .
Notes (): . Notes () , .
Progress (): , ,
, .



.
*.chx.
, - D-G?
, (Save () Save as ( )).


Start check ( ) . Stop check ( )
, (. . .),
.
HTML-. , . ,
. .

,

Fte

E A View

Favorites

Toots

Hefc

A*tes? i ^ j D;\Docuirnts and Settjngs\5wgey M, MolyavkiiU" ^1 Sening-.\1emp\5TP10.HTM

-a

STANDARDS AUDIT REPORT


D:\AC*O examplesCheoki.chx

Show:

Overview

Ovrvw
Cnug-bu

Created by:

Standards

Sergey M. Molyavko

Problems
Ignored Proble ms

Created on:
9 2006 r.

11
For:
All Drawings

B19.01.dwg

Summary:
Drawing

Ignored problem

AIS-M.dwj

E] A1902.dwg
A19-02.iJwg
^

My Conputer

714

.2.
, ,
, , . . , , . , AutoCAD.
:
Windows: Start, All programs, Autodesk, AutoCAD
2006, Reference manager.
(. . .4).
..4

file

Edit

View

mm

si

Help

f:i:-.- . ; ?

C Add Drawings '..'. 9 1 Export Report

Al Drawings !
-}

D:\ACAD_exampies\A07-0I,oVig

D:lACAD_exampies\A07-02.dwg

& 3

D:\ACAD_examples\A07-03.dwg

' I S

D:\ACAD_ex*nptes\A07-04,dwg

i i $

D:\ACAD_exanvles\A07-O5.dMS

$ &}
' *
%3
A $&
* |

D:\ACAD_examples\A07-06.dwg
D:\ACAD_examples\A07-Q7,dwo,
D:\ACAD_exan^tes\A07-Q8.dwg
D:\ACAD_examples\A07-09.dwg
D:\ACAD_examples\A07-10.dwg

ti C S
-*:

D:\ACAD_examples\A0e-01.dwg
D;\ACAD_exampMA03-02.dwg

i*i 1 3

D:\ACAD_exafripl\A08-03.dwg

13

D:\ACAD_examples\A0B4H.dwg
D:\ACAD_examples\AU84S,dwg

U- $$

D:\ACAD_exarrples\A08-06.dwg

A: 9 3

D:\ACAD_exarrvles\A09-01.dwg

type
AFont
AFont
AFont
AFont
AFont

Orwvrgsa*-

.
;Path

:'-; ^

'
'
'
<'
>'

Resolved

arial.ttf

STANDARD

D:\WINDOW5\fonts

Resolved

arial.ttf

STANDARD

D:\WINDOWS\fonts

STANDARD

D:\WINDOW51ifonts

ROMANS, SHX

STANDARD

i:\xp_fnein\progran1 ft...

Resolved

txt

STANDARD

i:\xp_main\programfi...

*'
'
''

Resolved

ITALIC

ITALIC

i:\xpjnain\prografn f i . . .

Resolved

SIMPLEX

SIMPLEX

d:\documents and se..,

Resolved

COMPLEX

COMPLEX

i:lLxp_main\programfi...

'

Resolved

ARIAL.TTF

AftlAL

D:\WINDOWS\fonti

'

Resolved

ARIALBD.TTF

ARIALB

D;\WINDOW5\fonts

'

Resolved

ARIAU.TTF

ARIAL1

D:\WMXJWS\f6nts

! Not Found

DWF-ePk* (WH. .

Model

! Not Found

aced.stb

Layout 1

Plot...
| Shape

Resolved

acad.stb

Modet

d:\doajnentsandse...

'

Resolved

fcypeshp.shx

Itypeshp

d;\documetits and se... . : . j |

Shape

'

Resolved

typeshp.shx

Itypeshp

d:\documents and se...

J
":|

AFont
AFont
AFont
AFont
AFont
AFont

Rpfct...
...

Resolved

Shape

Resolved

Itypeshp. shx

Itypeshp

d:\doajmentsandse...

Shape

'

Resolved

fcypeshp.shx

Itypeshp

d: \documents and se...

Shape

'

Resolved

Itypeshp. shx

Itypeshp

d:\documents and se...

fi

Shape

'

Resolved

Itypeshp. shx

Itypeshp

d:\documents and se...

^|

<
^1 - . * i

Refetwicc Natre

Resolved

;* 3 D:\ACAD_examples\A09-02.dwg ^
!
D:\ACAD_exampies\A09-03.dwg:

-i | 9 D:\ACAD_examples\A09-04.dwg
^
J 0 D:\ACAD_examples\A18-01 .dwg
^
<

Fie Name

References! 3

>
- Selected: 0

Add drawings ( )
, .
.
( ).
, : , , .
. All drawings ( )
,
. + ,
.
, , Fonts (),
, (. . .5).
Status () , . Not found (He ).
, , Asdf.shx
QWERT. , , .

.2.
..5

715

\ii Reference Manager


St Add 1#>5

Export Report

S- Q D:\ACAD_exereles\A07-03., |
US D:(ACA0jsxal4>les\A07-M.(
I B D:lACAD_exa4>leslA07-O5.c
S J D:lACAD_exwplestA07-06.i. ,
:, |Q D;\ACAD_exarr(>les\A0y07 <
CS 0:\ACAD_exa(r*s\A07-(B.<
) O:\ACAD.exaretesV17-10.i
D:\ACAD_exafnples\AO8-01,(;
P $ D:\ACAO_exan^les\AO8-O2.(
I S D:\ACAD_examptes\AG8-03.(;
- D:\ACAD_exnpte5\A08-04.(]

Type
:
A Foot"
AFort
A For*
A Font
A Font
A Font
A Font

. File Name
*

Resolved

* Resolved

ITALIC

"

SIMPLEX

Resolved

' Resolved

COMPLEX

- Resolved

AfilAl.TTF

AR1ALBD.TTF

Resolvetl

ARIALI.TTF

" Resolved

Rerererte Name
5T ANDARD
ITALIC
SIMPLEX

Found Peth
i:\xp_matn\programh...
i:\xp_mein\ptogramfi...
d:\docunents and se...
i:\xpjnein\prooramfi... D:
D:\WINOOW5\fonts
D:\WINDOW5Vorts
D:\WMJOWS\fonts
D:

ARIAL
ARIALB
ARIALI

S- 0:lACAD_examples\A0e-06,i.
9 D:\ACAD_examples\A09-02 I.
6 5 [>:tACAD_arcte\ft39-03.<:J
i D:lACAO_rtfcs\AO"H.<\
A Forts
- ^ D:\ACA0_exairpiM\A16-01.c'

:- R Plot Conf^atons
HIJFIot Styles

<
- D f 9 ! broken; 1 aefererees: 7 -

frtecfd:

Edit selected paths ( ) , ,


.
.
Find and replace ( )
. ,
D:\ACAD_examples K:\Biblio\Refs , .
, . .6.
..

mm]

E l Find and Replace Selected Paths


.-Find a n dreplace

........, i

]: F i n d s a v e d p a t h :

)Q'\

l4[D:SACAD_examples
Replace with:
IKVBiblioVRefs

....:.
|

Replace All J . j

Cancel

Apply changes ( )
.
Export report ( ) .
Excel (*.xls), *.csv *.xml.
.
View drawings ( ) View references (
) . View references (
) . , ,
Fonts (), Romans, , (. . .7).

716

. .7

File

E*

View

Help

0 Add Drawing

Help

g l Export Report

By Reference
A Font*

Type

Fde Nam

: Reference Name

Saved Path

Found PVh

** Resolved

ROMAN5.SHX

STANDARD

i:\xp_main\programfi

A Font

Resolved

ROMANS. SHX

STANDARD

l:\xp_main\programfi. ,

A Font

** Resolved

ROMAN5.SHX

5TANDARD

A Font

.Aerial
A *!Ad

...Status

-A complex
: - A f rwns
, |

A t>*

9 4 Plot Configurations
:
- ffc dwf-eplot (whip! 3,l-tompat
&
Plot Styles
3 Shapes
G l*VPhp

<
D r a n ^ s <Odwh 21 - DrwMrgs t r ^ a n : 1

:-.......-..i'.v.. 1 . :

' -.-

P - e f o w r

B.3. Autodesk Express Viewer


Autodesk Express Viewer DWF-.
(freeware), .
Volo View Express, AutoCAD. ,
, Autodesk Express Viewer Volo View Express. Volo View
Express DWG-, Express Viewer
AutoCAD DWF-. ,
Volo View Express - , AutoCAD.
AutoCAD 2004
Volo View Express. Volo View 3,
. Autodesk Express Viewer. :
||

#- Windows: Start, All programs, Autodesk, AutoCAD


2006, Autodesk Express Viewer.
A18-02.dwf Autodesk Express Viewer. , (. . .8).
, . 18.3, DWF-
, .
:
, AutoCAD.
View () Views (),
, (. . .9). Layers (), , . ,
(. . .9)

.. Autodesk Express Viewer


. .8
DWF- Autodesk
Express Viewer

717

Sheet Nan*
Shed Sin
author
comments
company
copydghl
creetionTime
tlescfiption

t. *. *

*> --

Aie-02-Ge*amtA3
432.0x327.0 mm
Wetnet Somfna
2ethnurv)sslend ohne
Autodesk. Inc.
03.07.1997 23t 40.04
Obtngsjeichnuno Lup

. .9

DWF- . File ()
Print (), . - (.
. .10). , , , ( , , ) .

718
..10
, ,

Print-A1802,dwf
: Printer
:

T' Name:

...
'

; i.: .Status:

Reads' -."'

; Type:

PaeeWwks/Pro 6

Where:. I P 7 1 :

j Comment; '
p

""
Page Area:

279.4 % 215.9 nw

i. * . Force AH Geometry to Black


:.-Paper Size St Orientation ;

]';;

Reduce/Enlarge Df awhg

I I I : < landscape

PnntRange
|
i Sheets

Enter sheet numbers and/or


i ranges separated by the*;"
character. Example Ij2;4-fi

f* Ft to Page

Prirt: to Scale \%

|J] v.. : .

i
"~"

. .

( Current Sheet Onty


'

!
!

NumberofCopies (1

''".'..:
,,...,.;.

Tftw. : ,| 1

Print

r,.,Vv

Cancel

AutoCAD AutoCAD.

.1.
AutoCAD .
, .
- (, ), ( ). , AutoLisp- , - .
'.
.
.
Filedia , :
* Filedia = 0: , (~) .
AutoLISP- ADS-.
mi*- Filedia = 1: .
AutoLisp-, AutoCAD .

.2.
AutoCAD . Contents () Command reference
( ), Commands (). , (. . .1).
(. . .2).

720
. .1

AutoCAD

*? 2006 Hetp
^1
, -.-;,
Hide

Back

'^v,v;

Home

S l ~
^ [J?,
Print

Qpfont

Conttrtt J Index {|^0*ch j Arft Me |

AUoCAD Help
: User". Guide
t Q CommandRefeence
tL3 Commands

Command Modifiers

i 3D Commandt

Coordinate fillers (Command Modifier)

1 . A Commend)
S 1 I 8 Commands

91

',.

Direct Distance Entrv fConwiaml Mndrwr)

tCCommandi

FiWM (Command MoUitiett

<

MTPfComiretmlMfldifKr)

' E Command'

aH

F Command*

Obiect Snans rCommand tflndifmn

: G Commends

StilBCtCn Modas fCt-mniantl Modner)

i H Command*

TRACKING (Command Morirfien

aH

M Command

39 <

! LConvnands

i 1 , J Command*
;

:.

t M Command!
! N Commands

< 1 D Commands
SB 1 1 P Command.

i
;

< 6 Q Cammandx
* ' E R Commands
* < I S Command!
1 1 T Commandt
' t U Commands

:
:

-.'

'

S VCommandt

' ! W Commands
t X Commands

ill

' iZCommand)
ysl"VaMbtej

. .2

Back

f->.^.i

Hocr*

Pint

- - ;

1-

Qpbons

&ll.|lj*.]S*|4H,;
^ AJoCAD H4p
Useft GmOe
' : ^ ( j j l CommandRolwence
E CO Commandi
* 30 Commandi
>r, ^ A Commandi
^ ABOUT

H I ; ;

Ec<4nmwdiirep: tper1ure(or 'aperture l a transparent uie)


OEJer.lsraptaraRt h-3rg!-itfi-50 pixsl?) ^rurrenf
press ENTER

1
:

' APPLOAD

AtTSYNC
AUDIT
v

Enteia value {1-fifl) or

Object snap applies only to objects inside or crossing the object snap target
box. The system variable controls whether the object snap target
box is displayed. The number of pixels you enter using APERTURE controls
(he size of the object snap box. The higher the number, the larger thelargel
box You can also change this setting in the Options dialog box, Drafting
lab.

/i

@ ASSlSiaOSE
W ASSIST
||] ATTACHURL
% ATTDEF
[ 3 ATT0I5P
% AITEDIT
* A ATIEXT
) ATTREDEF

^ 3 Commands

Controls the size of the object map tirget boa

AOSOUT
^ADCCLOSE
:: # ADCENTER
ADCWAWSATE
^ ALIGM
AMECONVERT

:* ARCHIVE
^ AREA
ARRAY

Comtnantf;

^^^

j>
'j
j
} \]

/^~4

:
1
\

APERTURE controls the object snap target box, not the pickbax displayed
at the Select Objects prompt. The object selection pickbax is controlled by
the HCffiQX system variable.

, ,

1i

. '

,.

^ M J > Y

C.3.
,
. AutoCAD .
Setvar () , , .
""*
. .
* , (0 1 No
() Yes ()), ( , ), .

..

721


AutoCAD . Contents (), Command reference ( ), System variables ( ). , ,
(. . .).
. .

AutoCAD

A System Variables

>: Conmend Modfwic

> > System Vaiatfet


kFSyttemVmatfci
I GSytternVmblet
ft HSyttemVanablei
LSjniemVMatfet
M Syitem Vstafctei
N SytiemVaiatfei

ACADLSPASDOC
ftCADPREFIX
ACADVER
AC1SQ4JTVER
ADCSTATE

tSA

A5S1SISTATE
1
ATTMQDE
AiiBtg
AUDITCTL
AUMTS

kPSyttemVmblet

ti

ft RSyitem Variable
t S SyrtemV**blet
I T SyttemVatiabtet
I U Sytfef Variable
t VSytlemVeieblat

X System Vaablet

(. . .4).

. .4

3 , CIRCLE (), 64
3D (), 588
3DARRAY (3-), 556
3DFACE (3-), 582, 589
3DMESH (3-), 584
3DORBIT (3-), 568
3DPOLY (3-), 581
, 576
, 583
, 587, 597
-, 539

Acad.dwt, 141
Acad.f mp, 504
Acad.lin, 124
Acad.mln, 240
Acad.mns, 666
Acad.mnu, 666
Acad.pgp, 677
Acad.psf, 508
Acadiso.dwt, 141
Acadiso.lin, 124
Acadiso.pat, 183
ACIS-, 508
Acltdwt, 183
Adtpat, 183
Acltiso.dwt, 183
Acltiso.pat, 183
ADCCLOSE (), 408
ADCENTER (), 408
Adobe, 510
ALIGN (), 558
Alt + F4, 57
APPLOAD (), 504
ARC (), 158
ARRAY (), 250
ATTDEF (), 347
ATTDISP (), 349
ATTEDIT (), 352

-ATTEDIT (-), 352


ATTEXT (), 360
ATTSYNC (), 356
Autodesk Drawing Web Format, 517
Autodesk Express Viewer, 716
AutoLISP, 505
AutoSnap, 98
AutoSpool, 453
AutoStack, 316

BACKGROUND (), 631


Backup-, 134
, 134
BASE (), 341
BATTMAN (), 354
BHATCH (), 183, 263, 673
BLOCK (), 338
BLOCKICON (), 417
BMP-, 507
BOUNDARY (), 270
BREAK (), 249
BYBLOCK () , 338
BYBLOCK (),
, 293
BYLAYER (), 128, 130,131

CAD-, 534
CAL (), 258
CAMERA (KAMEPA),1549
CD , 19
CDF, 360
CHAMFER (), 152, 222, 606
CHECKSTANDARDS (),
534
CHPROP (), 449
CIRCLE (), 63
COLOR (), 130

AutoCAD 2006

724
Comma Delimited Format, 360
Continuous , 128
CONVERTCTB (), 469
CONVERTPSTYLES (), 469
COPY (), 167
COPYCLIP (), 429
Ctrl + E, 256
Ctrl + F4, 51
Ctrl + R, 485
Ctrl + Tab, 50
CUSTOMIZE (), 659
CUTCLIP (), 430

Data Exchange Format, 503


- , 360
DDEDIT (), 212, 322, 348
DDPTYPE (), 247
DDVPOINT (), 549
Def points, 121
Delete, , 88
DIMANGULAR (), 205
Dimassoc, 197,308
DIMBASELINE (), 202
DIMCENTER (), 290
DIMCONTINUE (), 202
DIMDIAMETER (), 204
DIMDISASSOCIATE (),
308,493
DIMEDIT (), 310
DIMLINEAR (), 198
DIMORDINATE (), 279
DIMOVERRIDE (), 311
DIMRADIUS (), 203
DIMREASSOCIATE (),
308,492
DIMSTYLE (), 292
DIMTEDIT (), 309
DIVIDE (), 248
DLINE (), 246
DONUT (), 234
Drag&Drop, 428
Drawing Interchange Binary, 509
DSETTINGS (), 91, 92, 98, 255
DTEXT (), 208
DWF-, 517
DWG, 133, 533
DWGPROGS (), 425
Dxbin, 509
DXB-, 509
DXF, , 361
DXF-, 503

EATTEDIT (), 350


EATTEXT (), 357
EDGE (), 585
EDGESURF (-), 592'
ELEV (), 542, 544
ELLIPSE (), 232
Encapsulated-PostScript , 508
ePlot (DWF), 510
EPS-, 508
ERASE (), 82
Esc, , 36
ETRANSMIT, 521
EXPLODE (), 344
EXPORT (), 506
Express Viewer, 716
EXTEND (), 149
EXTRUDE (), 599

F
F11.107
F2, 33
F6.69
Filedia, 719
FILL (), 217, 267
FILLET (), 150, 221,607
Fillmode, 267 .
FIND (), 326
FOG (), 634
FTP-, 525

GROUP (), 375, 377

HATCHEDIT (), 190


HDI-, 452
HELP (), 52
HIDE (), 567
Highlight, 84
HLS, 122
Hpang, 623
HPGL-, 510
Hpscale, 623

ID (), 191
IMAGE (), 384
IMAGEADJUST (), 385
IMAGEATTACH (), 381

725


IMAGECLIP (), 387
IMAGEFRAME (), 386
IMAGEQUALITY (), 386
IMPORT (), 506
INSERT (), 342
INSERTOBJ (), 432,438
INTERFERE (), 603
INTERSECT (), 276,605
Isoline, 597

LAYTRANS (), 530


LIGHT (), 646
LIMITS (), 76
LINE (), 61
LINETYPE (), 127
LIST (), 194
LWEIGHT (), 126,131

MAT LIB (), 637


Mbuttonpan, 47
MEASURE (), 247
MIRROR (), 171
MIRROR3D (3-), 555
MLEDIT (), 245
MLINE (), 243
MLSTYLE (), 240
MOVE (), 170
MSPACE (), 484
(), 207, 313

N
NEW (), 59

ObjectARX, 504
ObjectDBX-, 504
OFFSET (), 144, 221
OLE, 431
OLELINKS (), 436
OLE-, 431
OLE-, 431
OLE-, 431
OOPS (), 90
OPEN (), 25
OPTIONS (), 89,697, 704
Otrack, 107

PAGESETUP (), 448,477


PAN (), 38,43
PASTEORIG (), 431
PEDIT (), 223, 224, 593
Pellipse, 232
PLAN (), 549
PLINE (), 216
PLOT (), 441
PLOTSTYLE (), 467
PLOTTERMANAGER (), 451
Pmp, 460
POINT (), 247
POLYGON (-), 233
PostScript-, 508
PREVIEW (), 449
PROPERTIESCLOSE (OKHOCB3AKP), 391
Psltscale, 489
PSPACE (), 476, 484
PUBLISH (), 518, 524
PURGE (), 345

QDIM(BPA3MEP),281
QLEADER (), 286, 287
QSELECT (), 397
QUIT (), 57

R
RAL, 122
RAY (), 156
RECTANG (), 65
REDRAW (), 180
REDRAW ALL (), 180,489
REFCLOSE (), 374
REFEDIT (), 372
REFSET (), 374
REGEN (), 180
REGENALL (), 180,489
REGION (), 272
REINIT (), 677
RENAME (), 407
RENDER (), 626
REPLAY (), 629
REVDATE (), 238
REVOLVE (), 600
REVSURF (-), 589
RGB, 122
RMAT (), 635
ROTATE (), 169

AutoCAD 2006

726
ROTATE (), , 405
ROTATE3D (3-), 553
Rscript, 679
RULESURF (-), 591

SAVEAS (), 133


SAVEIMG (), 629
SCALE (), 172
SCALE (), , 405
SCENE (), 650
SCRIPT (), 678
SDF, 361
SECTION (), 602
SELECT (), 87, 88
SETUV (), 643
SETVAR (), 291, 720
Shift, 88,89
SHOWMAT (), 638
SHX, 321
SKETCH (), 235
Skpoly, 236
SOLDRAW (-), 623
SOLID (), 265
SOLIDEDIT (), 608
SOLPROF (-), 618, 720
SOLVIEW(T-BHfl),619
Space Delimited Format, 361
Splframe, 225, 583, 594
SPLINE (), 229
SPLINEDIT (), 230
STATS (CTAT), 655
STATUS (), 196
STL-, 507
STRETCH (), 174
STRETCH (), , 405
STYLE (), 321
STYLESMANAGER (), 462
Surftabl, 589, 591
Surftab2,589
Surftype, 594
Surf u, 594
Surfv, 594

TABLET (), 257


Thickness, 544
TIME (), 195
TOLERANCE (), 284
TOOLPALETTES (), 421
TRANSPARENCY (), 386

TRIM (), 146


True-Color, 122
--, 321, 504

UCS (), 161,562


Ucsfollow, 565
Ucsortho, 550
Ucsvp, 565
UNC-, 454
Uniform Resource Locator, URL, 513
UNION (), 275, 604
UNITS (), 70
URL, 513
VBA-, 504
VIEW (), 177, 550
VPCLIP (), 482
VPOINT (), 547
VPORTS (), 471, 575
-VPORTS (), 474,481

WBLOCK (), 340


WMFOPTS (), 506
World Wide Web, 513
XATTACH (), 362
XBIND (), 368
XCLIP (), 369
Xdipframe, 371
Xclipframe, 371
Xfadectl, 374
XLINE () 155
XREF (), 364
, DIMORDINATE
(), 279

, DIMORDINATE
(), 279
ZOOM (), 40
- 42
- 42
- , 43
- , 41


ZOOM (), 40
- 41
- 40
- 41

727

, PEDIT
(), 227
, 131
- , , 125
, 603
, 71
, 177, 550
, , 87
, , 619
, 98
, , 491
, 135
, 575
, 29, 659
- , 479
, , 669 - , 471
, 122
, 479
, 300
, 465
, 34
, 521
, 188
, 434
, 197
, 676
, 346
- , 362
- ATTDISP (), 349
,
- ATTSYNC (), 356
233
- ,349
, 600
- , 356
,
- , 357
, , 102
- , 346
, 196
- , 348
, , 85
- , 349
, LENGTHEN
(), 176
, 326
, 430
X, , 92
, 431
- Y, , 92
, QDIM (), - , , 363
, 342
281
, 362
- BLOCK (), 338
, 82
- COPY (), 167
, 87
- ,404

, 402
- , 342
, 599
, 202
, , 293
155

, 654
- DTEXT (), 208
- , 635
- (), 313
- , 678
- , 443
, 337
- , 324
, , 481
- , , 297
, , 87
- , DTEXT (), 208
, 321
, 430 ,
, 429
(), 313
, 280
- STYLE (), 321
, 397
- , 542, 544
, , 139

AutoCAD 2006

728
, 649
, 192

, 450
, 158

, 649
, 258
, 513
, 128,489
, 548
, 641
, 387
, 149
, 20
, 376
, , 376
, , 376
, 375, 377
, 570

, 70
, 443
- , 73
, , 88

, 246
, 71, 540
, 474
, LENGTHEN
(), 176
, 642
, 38
, CIRCLE (), 63
, LENGTHEN
(), 176
, 379
, 402
, 114
, 355
- , 364
- , 376
- , 384
-, 451
- , 164
- , 391,486
- , 117, 527
-, 714
- , 462
, 152
- , ARC (), 158
, , 87
, 284
, SPLINE
(), 230
, 284

, , 412
, 242
, 124
, 263
, 217,267
, 326
, PEDIT
(), 224
AutoCAD, 21
, 170
, 210
- , 566
, 21,695
- , 29,663
- , 165
,
38

, , 516
, ELLIPSE (), 256
, 255
, 92
, 255
, 473
, 177
- , 366
, 164
, , 529
, 337
-, 321
, , 514
-, 516
, , 86
, SPLINEDIT
(),231
, 647

, 101
, TABLET
(), 257
, 549
>
, 570
, ,
464
, PEDIT
(), 225
, 50
, 386
, CIRCLE (), 64
, , 665
, 665

- , 46
- , 46
, 663
, 47
3D (), 588
- 3DARRAY (3-), 556
- 3DFACE (3-), 582
-3DMESH(3-CETb),584
- 3DPOLY (3-), 581
- ADCCLOSE (), 408
- ADCENTER (), 408
-ALIGN (), 558
- APPLOAD (), 504
-ARC (), 158
- ARRAY (), 250
- ATTDEF (), 347
-ATTDISP(AT3KP),349
- ATTEDIT (), 352
- -ATTEDIT (-), 352
- (), 360
- ATTSYNC (), 356
- BACKGROUND (), 631
- BASE (), 341
-BATTMAN (), 354
- (), 183, 263
- BLOCK (), 338
- BLOCKICON (), 417
- BOUNDARY (), 270
- BREAK (), 249
-(),258
- CAMERA (), 549
- CHAMFER (), 152, 222, 606
- CHECKSTANDARDS
(), 534

729

CHPROP (), 449


CIRCLE (), 63
COLOR (), 130
CONVERTCTB (), 469
- CONVERTPSTYLES (), 469
COPY (), 167
- COPYCLIP (), 429
CUSTOMIZE (), 659
- CUTCLIP (), 430
- DDEDIT (), 212, 322, 348
DDPTYPE (), 247
- DDVPOINT (), 549
- DIMANGULAR (), 205
- DIMBAS.ELINE (), 202
- DIMCENTER (), 290
- DIMCONTINUE (), 202
- DIMDIAMETER (), 204
- DIMDISASSOCIATE (),
308,493
- DIMEDIT (), 310
-DIMLINEAR (), 198
- DIMORDINATE (), 279
- DIMOVERRIDE (), 311
- DIMRADIUS (), 203
- DIMREASSOCIATE (),
308,492
- DIMSTYLE (), 292
- DIMTEDIT (), 309
- DIVIDE (), 248
-(),246
- DONUT (), 234
- DSETTINGS (), 91,92,98, 255
- DWGPROGS (), 425
- EATTEDIT (), 350
- (), 357
- EDGE (), 585
- EDGESURF (-), 592
-ELEV (), 544
- ELLIPSE (), 232
- ERASE (), 82
- EXPLODE (), 344
- EXPORT (), 506
-EXTEND (), 149
- EXTRUDE (), 599
- FILL (), 217, 267
- FILLET (), 150, 221, 607
-FIND (), 326
-FOG (), 634
- GROUP (), 375, 377
- HATCHEDIT (), 190
- HELP (), 52

730
HIDE (), 567
-(), 191
-IMAGE (), 384
- IMAGEADJUST (), 385
-IMAGEATTACH (), 381
- IMAGECLIP (), 387
- IMAGEFRAME (), 386
- IMAGEQUALITY (), 386
- IMPORT (), 506
- INSERT (), 342
- INSERTOBJ (), 432
- INTERFERE (), 603
- INTERSECT (), 276, 605
- LAYTRANS (), 530
-LIGHT (), 646
- LIMITS (), 76
-LINE (), 61
- LINETYPE (), 127
-LIST (), 194
-LWEIGHT (), 126,131
- MATLIB (), 637
- MEASURE (), 247
- MIRROR (), 171
-MIRROR3D (3-), 555
- MLEDIT (), 245
- MLINE (), 243
- MLSTYLE (), 240
-MOVE (), 170
- MSPACE (), 484
- (), 207, 313
-NEW (), 59
- OFFSET (), 144, 221
- OLELINKS (), 436
-OOPS (), 90
-OPEN (), 25
- OPTIONS (), 89, 697
- PAGESETUP (), 448,477
-PAN (), 38, 43
- PASTEBLOCK (), 431
- PASTEORIG (), 431
- PEDIT (), 224, 593
- PLAN (), 549
-PLINE (), 216
-PLOT (), 441
- PLOTSTYLE (), 467
- PLOTTERMANAGER (), 451
- POINT (), 247
- POLYGON (-), 233
- PREVIEW (), 449
- PROPERTIESCLOSE (), 391
- PSPACE (), 476

AutoCAD 2006
- PUBLISH (), 518
- PUBLISHTOWEB (), 524
- PURGE (), 345
-QDIM(BPA3MEP),281
- QLEADER (), 287
- QSELECT (), 397
- QUIT (), 57
-RAY (), 156
- RECTANG (), 65
-REDRAW (), 180
- REDRAWALL (), 180,489
- REFCLOSE (), 374
- REFEDIT (), 372
- REFSET (), 374
- REGEN (), 180
- REGENALL (), 180,489
- REGION (), 272
- REINIT (), 677
- RENAME (), 407
- RENDER (), 626
- REVDATE (), 238
- REVOLVE (), 600
- REVSURF (-), 589
- RMAT (), 635
- ROTATE (), 169
- ROTATE3D (3-), 553
- RULESURF (-), 591
-SAVEAS (), 133
- SAVEIMG (), 629
- SCALE (), 172
- SCENE (), 650
- SCRIPT (), 678
- SECTION (), 602
- SELECT (), 88
-SETUV(HAnTEK),643
- SETVAR () 291
- SHOWMAT (), 638
- SKETCH (), 235
- SOLDRAW (-), 623
- SOLID (), 265
- SOLIDEDIT (), 608
- SOLPROF (-), 618
- SOLVIEW (-), 619
- SPLINE (), 229
- SPLINEDIT (), 230
- STATS (CTAT), 655
- STATUS (), 196
-STRETCH (), 148, 174
-STYLE (), 321
- STYLESMANAGER (), 462
-TABLET (), 257

731


-TIME (), 195
- TOLERANCE (), 284
-TOOLPALETTES (), 421
- TRANSPARENCY (), 386
-TRIM (), 146
-UCS(nCK), 161,562
- UNION (), 275,604
- UNITS (), 70
-VIEW (), 177,550
-VPCLIP(B3KPE3),482
- VPOINT (), 547
- VPORTS (), 471, 575
- VPORTS (-), 474,481
- WBLOCK (), 340
- WMFOPTS (), 506
-XATTACH (), 362
- XBIND (), 368
-XCLIP (), 369
-XLINE (), 155
-XREF (), 364
- ZOOM (), 40
, 18, 32
, 34
, 55
- , 19
, 548
, 529
, , 469
, ARC (), 158
, 29, 36
, 237
,237
, 270
, 442
, 111, 559
, 167
, 585
, 63

, 652
, 76
, 74,76
, 74
, 198
, 597
, 439
,496
, 274
, 156

, 665
, , 295
, 496
SCALE (), 172
, 128
, 74,443
, 627
, 489
, , 184
, 299
, 73
, 635
,
(), 314
, 186
, CHAMFER (), 153
, 20
, 69
, 48,426
, 313
, 233
, , 482
, 581
, 641
, 239,243

, 46
, 121
, 326
/
, 326
, DIMEDIT (), 310
, 279
, 202, 292, 302
DIMANGULAR (), 205
DIMBASELINE (), 202
DIMCENTER (), 290
DIMDIAMETER (), 204
DIMDISASSOCIATE (),
308,493
DIMEDIT (), 310
DIMORDINATE (), 279
DIMOVERRIDE (), 311
DIMREASSOCIATE
(), 308,492
DIMSTYLE (), 292
, 205
, 647
, ARC (), 158

732
, 141
, ARC (), 158
, 402
, , 88
, 59

, 501
, , 312
, 184
- , 673
- , 673
, SPLINEDIT
(),231
, 146
, 387
, 604
, 97, 707
- , 101
, , 101
, , 101
., 101
, , 101
, , 101
--., 100
, , 101
., 101
, 106
, 499, 502
, QLEADER
(), 288
, 461
, 207
, 421
- , 32
- , 46
-
- , 50
- , 50
- , 630
, 337
- PASTEBLOCK (), 431
-, 133
, 234
, 671
, SPLINEDIT
(), 230
, 34, 88, 697
- (), QLEADER
(), 287
- , QDIM (), 282

AutoCAD 2006
- ,442
, QDIM
(), 283
, 564
, 80
-, 80
, 299
, 171
, 25
/, OPTIONS
(), 700
, 36
, 81
, 72
-, 105
, 69
, ,
423
, 61
, 112
, 319
, 257

, 678
, 678
, 668
, 421
, 29, 31, 659
, 40
, , 410
3DORBIT (3-), 568
- , 96
, 648
, 448,477
- PAGESETUP (), 448,477
- , 107
- ,442
- , 91, 98
- , 627
- , 455
, 511
, DIMOVERRIDE
(), 311
, SKETCH (), 235
, 571
, 443
, 441
- , 442
, 257

- SETUV (), 643


, , 451
, 589
- , 590
, 169
- , 92
- , 233
, 248
, 369
, 29, 31,661
, 681
, 208
, 328
, 221
, 216 , 46
, PLINE
(), 216
, 566
,
OPTIONS (), 706
- , 458
, 185
, 92
, 92
, 72
, 601
, , 455
, 267
, 268
, , 85
^ 540, 562
, 324
, 444
, 13
, 91
, 324
, 711

-EXTEND (), 149


-TRIM (), 146
, 650
, 386
, 37, 719
, 32
-, 499, 502
, , 188
, 483
, 483

733
, 618
, LENGTHEN
(), 176
, 155
, 65
, 3D ARRAY
(3-), 556
, 34, 677
, 69,160, 562

, 204
- , AutoSnap, 708
- , 90
, 293
- , 291
, 197,292, 302
, , 297
, 249
, 249
, , 84
, 443
, 568
, 646
, 191
-CHAMFER (), 152
- OFFSET (), 144
, 381, 629
, 174
, 551
- ,224
- , 372
- , 608
-, 212,322
- ,190
, 385
, 464
, 313
, 147
, , 414
-, , 85
, 34
, 401,404

- , 338
- , 709

, MIRROR (), 405

, 190
, 646

734
, 663
- , 399
- , 425
, 431
- , OLE, 431
, 436
, PEDIT
(), 225
, 594
, , 84
, 572
-, 454
, 91
, 210
, 69
, OPTIONS
(), 704
, 720
, 20
, 455
, 567, 570, 574
, 325
, 239
, 120
, , 529
-, , 85
, , 222
, 144
, 34, 677
, 150, 221,607
, 202
, 527
, 133
-., 133
, 359, 362
, 194
, 229
, PEDIT
(), 225
, 52
, 337
, 439, 533
, 472,480
- , 122
, 639
, , 183
, 534
- , 534
, 655
, 196

AutoCAD 2006
, STYLE
(), 321
, 507
, 334
, 321
- , 239
- , 465
- , 127,465
- , 127
- ,247
-, 321
, 82
QLEADER (), 286
- , 292
, 24
, 281
, 560
, 627

, 443,462
, , 464
, 331
- , 462
- - , 462
, 319
, 207
, ,
DIMTEDIT (), 309
, 33
, 321
, 131
-, 129
-, 118
-, 130
SETUV (), 645
, 96
-, 127,489,671
- , 626
-, 156
, PEDIT
(), 224
, 128
, 634
, 647
, , 561
, 70
, 634
- , 635
, 634

735

, 594
- , PEDIT
(), 225
, STYLE (), 321
- , 627
, DIMLINEAR (), 200
, ARC (), 159
CHAMFER (), 152
STYLE (), 321
, , 188
, 148

, 460
- , 671
- , , 361
, 381
- , 678
-, OPTIONS
(), 697
, 152, 222, 606
, , 136
, 136,497
, 631
, 71
- , 74, 442
- , 510
, 540
, , 414
- DDEDIT (), 212, 322, 348
- DDPTYPE (), 247
-DDVPOINT (), 549

, AutoSnap, 707
- , 709

, 130
AutoCAD, 408
, ARC (), 158
, 175, 289
, QDIM (), 281
, 541

-5(),644
, 511

, 437
, 436
, OFFSET
(), 146

, 141
X, 92
- Y, 92
- X, 91
- Y, 91
SETUV (), 644
(), 313
- PEDIT (), 223
- PLINE (), 216
, 446
, 183, 263

AutoCAD, 23
, OPTIONS
(), 698
, 510
, 24
, 235
, STYLE (), 321

-

AutoCAD 2006. , ,
24.08.2005. 70100/,6. . . . 59,8
Miniature. .
4 000 . 4624
-, 2005 .
141077, , ., . 50 , 4-

i




432980, . , . , 14