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NOUNS. WORD-FORMING.

Verb
-er; -or

to drive
to invent
to inspect
to work

Noun

driver
inventor
inspector
worker

-er [-q] (. -ier) suff


(baker ) (hatter )
,
(loudspeaker ),
(backbencher , );
-er
1.
1) :
teacher
robber
barber
plumber
archer
soldier
financier
drummer
bookbinder
shoemaker
landowner
slave-trader
wholesaler
2) , :
lier
mocker
sinner
wisecracker
movie-goer
3) , -. ( ):
dancer
singer
skier
runner
rider
leader
peacemaker
4) , -. -. :
founder
reader
briber
giver
boarder
beginner
winner
bystander ()
5) - , - :
free-trader
right-winger

crusader
6) , , :
commoner
courtier
villager
prisoner
teen-ager ,
insider
borderer
foreigner
Londoner
2.
1) , :
burner
buffer
revolver
bomber
blower
launcher
poker
container
freighter
silencer
brazier
steamer
breech-loader ,
airconditioner
2) :
bedder
slipper
ledger ,
hamburger
double-decker
six-pager
fiver
primer
sweater
3) . :
header
jaw-breaker
clincher
4) . :
terrier
pointer
woodpecker
-or [-q] suff
. . ,
-ss, -t, -te. -or
1.
1) , , :
confessor
senator
tailor
actor
professor
counsellor
governor ,
emperor
editor
2) , -.:

aggressor
spectator
liberator
creditor
suitor
inheritor
visitor ,
inventor
survivor
2.
1) , :
projector
accelerator
processor
radiator
transistor
ventilator
compressor
2) , :
regulator
reactor
insulator
descriptor
receptor
3) :
denominator
divisor
factor
numerator

-ion [-(I)qn] suff


. . :
suspicion
religion
union
-ation [-'eIS(q)n] (. -tion, -ion) suff
1. . ( ., . . )
:
approbation
collaboration
demonstration
education
polymerization
starvation ,
translation
unification
2. . . . , :
aviation
civilization
combination
consolation
corporation
destination
population
situation
vacation
-tion [-S(q)n] (. -ation, -sion, -xion) suff

,
1. , :
action
preparation
translation
conversation
election
session
reflexion
2. , :
satisfaction
function
emotion
caution
vision
3. :
vacation
aviation
nation
position
exception
version
permission
4. :
station
exhibition
-ure [-q] (. -ture) suff
. ,

1. , :
failure
pleasure
closure
pressure
procedure
lecture
2. :
legislature ,
3. :
ligature
picture
armature
confiture
furniture
4. :
literature
architecture
-age [-IdZ] suff
. :
1. :
baggage, luggage
garbage
foliage
forage
roughage
silage
verbiage
2. :
tillage
drainage

stoppage
leakage
3. (, ):
orphanage
anchorage
cottage
4. :
baronage
parentage
5. :
bandage
carriage
, :
tutelage
marriage
pilferage
heritage
suffrage
postage
-ance [-qns] (. -ence) suff
1. ., ,
( , . . ):
assistance
resemblance
forbearance
coincidence
preference
2. (. -ancy, -ency) .,
. -ant, -ent:
elegance
vigilance
importance
independence
silence
constancy
clemency
-ment [-mqnt] suff
, (
)
1. :
disarmament
management
movement
merriment
decipherment
payment
2. :
amendment
reinforcement
agreement
sediment
equipment
commitment

Adjective Noun
Noun Noun
-dom [-dPm] suff
(.
):
freedom
dukedom
wisdom
martyrdom
kingdom
boredom
-ness [-nIs] suff

( ):
broadness
kindness
rudeness
whiteness
selfishness
sickness
happiness
usefulness
-ist [-Ist] suff
( )
1. , ( ) :
physicist
specialist
novelist
biologist
organist
artist
Arabist
cartoonist
2. -. , ( .
-ism 1)
atheist
socialist
pacifist
racist
-hood [-hVd] suff
, (
)
1. , :
childhood
fatherhood
widowhood
2. :
falsehood
hardihood
manhood
likelihood
3. ():
priesthood

brotherhood
neighbourhood
-an [-qn] (. -ian, -ean) suff
.
1. (
):
American ;
Roman ;
Oxonian
Russian
2. (
):
Lutheran ;
Christian ;
Lucullean, Lucullian
Marxian
Shakespearian ;
Victorian ;
3. . . (
. . ): mammalian, gallinacean, avian,
crocodilian, molluscan
4. . . . , .
:
urban
pygmaean
cyclopean
pagan
antediluvian
republican
-ship [-SIp] suff
, .

1. :
ambassadorship
generalship
membership
2. , (
):
(your) ladyship ()
(your) lordship ()
(your) Worship ()
3. , :
scholarship
craftsmanship
swordsmanship
4. , -.:
friendship
partisanship
kinship
relationship
ownership ,
worship
courtship

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