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...

7
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,
.

..............................13

...................................................................13

...................................15
-

.........................................................19


ANSI/TIA/EIA-568
A...................................31

..........................................................................31

..........................................................................................32

UTP.......................................................................................39

STPA.......................................................................................50
-

...................................................................51

ANSI/TIA/EIA-569
............................................. 52

......................................................................................................52

.......................................................................................................53

......................................................................................................................53

..........................................................................................54
...........................................................................................................................
....55

....................................................................................................................55
, (EMI)
.......................................56


511/1-60 ................. 57
... .........................................................57
................................................................59
.....................................................60
.................................................61
...........................................65
....................................................67

ISO/IEC 11801:1995():
.
...................................... 69

.......................................................................69

...........................................................................................73

.................................................................................74

...................................................................................76

.........................................................................................................77

.............................................................................79

DTP......................................................81
-
..................................................83

.................................................................................................84
............................................................................................................85
CENELEC EN 50173:1995(): .
....................................................................................85
() .........86


Underwriters Laboratories (UL)....................................
87

:
..................................................
89

.......................................................89
(EMI)
()...................90
EMI
..........................................................................................................91

().......................................................................92

.................................................................................................92

.......................................................................93
EMI
.........................................................................93


.................................................................................
95

..........................................................................95
...........................................................................................................................95

.................................................................................................96

...................................................................................................96
UTP
STP................................................................97

.............................................................................................................................97

...........................................................................97

........................................................................................98

...................................................................................98

TIA/EIA TSB-67:
-
................................................ 99
.............................................................................................. 100
................................................................................................... 102
............................................................................................... 104
TIA TSB-67............................................ 104
.......................................................................... 104

................................................................................. 105
2 (Level II)....................................................... 105
, ............... 106

...........................................................................................108
. .............................................. 108
......................................................................................................................109

TIA/EIA TSB-72:
............................................................... 110
TIA/EIA TSB-75:
....................... 111
.................................................. 111
................................................................................................... 112

................................................................................. 114
................................................................................................. 114
.................................................................................... 124
.................................................................................................. 141


....................... 143
................................................................................ 143
........................................................................................................................... 143
ISDN..................................................................................................................................... 144
ATM....................................................................................................................................... 144
IBM 3270............................................................................................................................ 144
AS/400............................................................................................................................... 145
Token Ring ........................................................................................................................ 145
10BASE-T.......................................................................................................................... 146
100BASE-T...............................................:.......................................................................... .146
TP-PMD..............................................................................................................................147
1 . ............. 148

2.
. ...................... 151

3. ................................................. 169

............................................................................................ 175


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1991. - ANSI/El A/TI -570
1991. - ANSI/EIA/TIA-568
1991. - TSB-36
1992. - TSB-40
1993. - ANSI/EIA/TIA-606
1994. - TSB-40-A

1994. - ANSI/EIA/TIA-607
1995. - ISO/I 11801
1995. - ANSI/EIA/TIA-568-A
1995. - TSB-67
1996. - CENELEC EN 50173
1995. - TSB-72
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NEXT(f) > NEXT (0,772) - 15 lg (f'/0,772)


0,772 </ (- 1, 2,3).
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150 150


100 120


,
- , ,
.


Class - 16 Categoty 3 - 16
Category 4 - 20
Class D - 100
Category 5 - 100


Underwriters Laboratories (UL)
UL ,
, - UL 444 [85] (
) UL 13 [83] ( ). ,
,

( , National Electrical
Codec [53], - , CMC, CM, CMR, ), ( CL2X,
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, .

.
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ESD.
IEC 1000-4-3, Radiated Immunity ( ).
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26 1 .
IEC 1000-4-4, Electrical Fast Transient ( ).
- IEC 801-4.
.
.
IEC 1000-4-5, Surge ( ). - IEC 801-5.
(,
, ).
IEC 1000-4-6, Conducted Immunity ( ,
). - IEC 801-6. ,
.
TIA/EIA-631, Telecommunications and Telephone Terminal Equipment - Radio
Frequency Immunity Requirements for Equipment Having an Acoustic Outlet ( -
). , .




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.

AT&T Bell Laboratories


.
(
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TIA/EIA TSB-67:

.
5 , .
5
.
TIA TSB-67 [79]
, ,
5 . TSB-67 , . , TSB-67 . , ,
.
67 1995 .
TSB-67 1993 , .
5 ,
5 [33].
,
, -

. ,
:
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.
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, TIA/EIA-568-A.
, : TSB-67 - DTP ScTP ( ); TSB-67 - .
TSB 67 :
- ;
- ;
- (Pass/Fail);
- .

:
CAT 3 UTP; CAT 4 UTP; CAT 5 UTP.
.
.
. , ,
.
.
CAT 5.
- . - , ,
.


TSB-67 .
. . 50 TSB-67.
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, . D - -,
. ,
- .

. 51,
. . 8 () /.
.
. , , .

. , ,
, -
. , 90 ,
100 (. 52, 53). , NEXT
, .


TSB-67
:
- ;
- ;
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- NEXT.

; ,
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. (
).

- , ;
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; TDR (Time Domain Reflectometer );
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- , .
.
.
1 . . 42.

42. TSB-67
,
3,
4,
5,

5,

1,0

4,2

2,6

2,5

1,2

4,0

7,3

4,8

4,5

4,0

8,0

10,2

6,7

6,3

5,7

10,0

11,5

7,5

7,0

6,3

16,0

14,9

9,9

9,2

8,2

20,0

11,0

10,3

9,2

25,0

11,4

10,3

31,25

12,8

11,5

62,5

18,5

16,7

100,0

24,0

21,6

. Pass/Fail.
7 = + /^^, 94 100 .
Pass ( ) - . Fail
( ) - .
3 () (*)
Pass/Fail.
. , 20', 1,5% V
3 0,4% 4 5 . ,
, 20' , .

(Near-End Crosstalk - NEXT)


- .
, TSB-67.
, .
NEXT . 43.
43. NEXT
,
,
1 - 31,25

0,15

100

0,25

: 1. , 60 , ">60"
2.
.
NEXT (. 44).
:

NEXTchanne, - NEXT , NEXTbasicnnk- NEXT , /VEAT


- NEXT UTP TIA/EIA-568-A, NEXTconn
NEXT DTP TIA/EIA-568-A.

44. NEXT no TSB-67


cable

- -

3,

4,

5,

5,

1,0

39,1

53,3

60,0

60,0

4,0

29,3

43,3

50,6

51,8

8,0
10,0
16,0
20,0
25,0
31,25
62,5
100,0

24,3
22,7
19,3
-

38,2
36,6
33,1
31,4
-

45,6
44,0
40,6
39,0
37,4
35,7
30,6
27,1

47,1
45,5
42,3
40,7
39,1
37,6
32,7
29,3

NEXT
Pass. NEXT NEXT.
Fail. NEXT.
.


,
, TSB-67 - Level II (
) Level I ( ). NEXT . NEXT
. ,
NEXT. TSB-67
.
TSB-40A NEXT
8- 40 100 . , 42 43 , 40 .


TIA TSB-67
TIA TSB-67
. ,
.
2 (Level II).

.
,
.


. , A TSB-67,

. .
level I level II,
TSB-67.

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level II :
NEXT - 1,6 ;
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level II
(. 45):
45.
level II

100
(f, )

65

65-15 log (f /100)

NEXT

55

55-15 log (f /100)

37

37- 15log(f/100)flB

37

37- 15log(f/100)flB

0,75

0,75

15

15

,


.
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.

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NEXT.
: NEXT

(155 )

155 .
: , 100 .


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TIA/EIA TSB-72:


.
TSB-72 [80]
,
ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-A.
,
.
: ,
.
,
- (. 56).
ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-A.

, -
/ 300 . 300 62,5/125 /.
,
. 90 .

TIA/EIA TSB-75:


, .
,
,
- .
, 40 - 50%
.
, ,
. .
, TIA TIA/EIA TSB75 " " [81].
, ,
, . TSB-75
, , (Move, Add,
Change - MAC). -

, .


(MUTO - Multi-User
Telecommunications Outlet) ,
, . MUTO. MUTO , ,
.
. MUTO
, (. 57).

, ,
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, :

= (102-H)/1,2;
W=C-7,
- (
), ( ) -
( -/-),
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- .
UTP/ScTP , ,
, 7 (, ER,
EF). UTP/ScTP 20 .

(. 46).
46.

,

W,
, -
,
90

10

85

14

80

11

18

75

15

22

70

20

27


(Consolidation Point, CP) MUTO ,
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(, ,
),

.
,
.
,

(. 58).

CP MUTO ,

.
,
, .
, , ,
MUTO.
, ,
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. .




, - Ethernet, IBM PC-NET Arcnet.
,
.
, .
, ,
. ,
, . ,

, ,
, .
(..) (..)
, ,
. ,
.
, plenum
(. 47). IEEE 802.3, Ethernet Version 2.0, NEC.
EIA/TIA 568. (1991 .), TIA/EIA 568-
(1995 .)
.
47.

AWG
RG-6U
RG-8/U
RG-11/U

, %

He-plenuin

CL2

18 ..

75

82

6,86

Plenum

CMP

18 ..

75

82

5,94

He-plenum

CL2

1 1 ..

50

78

10,24

Plenum

CMP

10 ..

50

83

9,07

He-plenum

CM

14 ..

75

78

10,29

18 ..

75

66

10,29

Plenum

CMP

14 ..

75

83

8,84

He-plenum

CL2X

20 ..

50

66

4,90

Plenum

CMP

20 ..

53,5

69,5

4,04

He-plenum

CL2

20 ..

50

66

4,90

Plenum

CL2P

20 ..

50

80

4,06

He-plenum

CM

20 ..

75

78

6,15

Plenum

CMP

20 ..

75

82

5,38

He-plenum

CM, CL2

22 ..

93

84

6,15

Plenum

CMP

22 ..

93

85

5,08

Ethernet
10Base2

He-plenum

CL2

20 ..

50

80

4,70

Plenum

CL2P

20 ..

50

80

4,06

Ethernet
10Base5

He-plenum

CM, CL2

12 ..

50

78

10,29

Plenum

CMP

12 ..

50

78

9,53

RG-58/U
RG-68A/U
RG-59/U
RG-62/U

. .
. 59,
-, ,
. .
. ,
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,
,
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,
.
.
. , , ,
.
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10Base5. "thick-net" ( Ethernet) ,
. , , .
Thinnet ( Ethernet) (
10Base2), .
, , . Thinnet BNC - . 1
thicknet. ,
"cheapernet" ("" Ethernet). thinnet
Ethernet thicknet.
Arcnet - , . Arcnet
, RG-11/U, RG-59/U RG-62/U. RG-11/U
RG-59/U - 75 , RG-62/U - 93 . "".
,
.
"RG"
. RG , , , (. 48). , , - Ethernet, RG-8/U, RG-11/U, RG-58A/U, RG-59/U RG-62/U.
RG-8/U RG-11/U 1/2 (12,7 ), RG-58A/U, 59/U
62/U - 1/4 (6,4 ). plenum, ,
.
48. ,

RG-6/U

75

Arcnet


RG-11/U. ,
RG-59/U.
RG-6/U.

RG-8/U

50

Ethernet Thicknet

802.3
.

RG-11/U

75

Arcnet

, .

RG-59/U

RG-58A/U

50

Ethernet

RG-59/U

75

Arcnet

RG-62

93

Arcnet, IBM 3270 IBM,


Arcnet.

Ethernet 10Base2

50

Ethernet Thinnet 802.3, RG-8/U.

Ethernet 10Base5

50

Ethernet Thicknet 802.3. , RG-58A/U.


RG-11/U, , .

.
non-plenum . non-plenum,
,
. plenum
.


() . ()
. American Wire Gage
(AWG). . 49
.
. , , 24 26;
19 22.
.
,
. ,
.
( , , )
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,
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.
24,
.
49.
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2
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10

2,60

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5,31

3,27

12

2,05

0,0808

3,30

5,21

14

1,63

0,0641

2,09

8,28

16

1,29

0,0508

1,31

13,18

18

1,02

0,0403

0,82

20,95

20

0,813

0,0320

0,519

33,30

22

0,643

0,0253

0,325

52,95

24

0,511

0,0201

0,205

84,22

26

0,404

0,0158

0,128

133,89

28

0,320

0,0126

0,080

212,92

30

0,254

0,0100

0,051

338,58

32

0,203

0,0080

0,032

538,38

34

0,160

0,0063

0,020

855,96

36

0,127

0,0050

0,013

1360,88

. (, PVC) . PVC
, , ,

.
PVC , 5,
. (, )
5 plenum.
- (PTFE, TFE, ) - (FEP, ), PVC, plenum .
(Teflon) DuPont.
- TFE FEP. ,
plemun. - - (ECTFE,
HALAR). , ,
.

, . plenum, ,
. , ,
, . , . , plenum.
National
Electrical Code (NEC) [53] Underwriters Laboratories (UL).
. NEC
. 50. 800 . NEC
.
50. NEC


NEC
725

, .

760

770

- .

800

820

1987 (.
51).
, . , ,
.
51. NEC



NEC

725

800

CL3P

Class 3 Plenum

FPLP

CL3R

Class 3 Riser

CL3P MPR CMR FPLR

CL3

Class 3

CL3P CL3R MPG CM CMC FPL PLTC

CL3X

Class 3,

CL3P CL3R CL3 MPG CM CMG FPL PLTC CMX

CL2P

Class 2 Plenum

CL3P

CL2R

Class 2 Riser

CL3P CL2P CL3R

CL2

Class 2

CL3P CL3R CL2P CL2R CL3 MP MPG CM CMG FPL PLTC

CL2X

Class 2,

CL3P CL3R CL2P CL2R CL2 CL3 CL3X MP MPG CM CMG


FPL PLTG CMX

Plenum,

None

MPR

Riser,

MPP MP

MPG

MPP MPR

Plenum,

MPP

CMR

Riser,

MPP CMP MPR CM

CMG

MPP CMR MPG MP

CMG CM

.
,
. 4-
(. 52).
- , , -
. 4- .
- tip
() ring (),
. ring, - tip.

52. 4-


ffng

()
tip

25- . 53. 25-


, . 25-
3, 4 5. , 100 /
, . , NEXT.
53. 25-


()
ring
tip
1

^ .

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

J /

25 25- ,

.

, . . , , EIA/TIA ISO/IEC, UL/NEC, .
, .
:
4PR, 24AWG, , Cert, to EIA I TIA Category 5, XYZ CABLE CO., PN1999.
4- 24 AWG,

,
5 11.

. , "UL 910" "Article 800"
.
.
.
STP - .
,
.

.

(. 54).
54. IBM
, AWG
IBM-

22

150

Plenum

22

150

22

600
(1 )

, ,

, ,

24

150

Plenum

-plenum

100/140
850

Plenum

26

105

, ,

He-plenum

2, 23

150

He-plenum

105

, ,

, ,

26

Plenum
Plenum

Plenum

: , ,
(, Type 1A 300 )

-
. -
: , , , , ,

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.
.
. , ,
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.
: (. 60).


, , . .

,
. ,
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.

.
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"" "" ( break-out fan-out). ""
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(. 55).


.
.
55. [24]

()

()

,
, , ,
.

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,
. ,
, , .
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56. [24]


,
,

,
%

,
/

218

1,5

3,5

218

1,6

0,7

11,2

428

2,4

2,4

2,7

,
'
. ,
, . ,
- ,
(FGE) .
.
, . FGE,
,
.
.
.
, 2 100
.

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57). ,
,
. , :
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2 - (2 ),
3 - CCTV (1 ).
, 7 .
,
.

57.

ATM

62,5/125

100Base-F (Ethernet)

62,5/125

FDDI

4 (DAS); 2 (SAS)

62,5/125

Sonet

Video ()

1 2

62,5/125

Video ()

62,5/125

. , , (NA),
, .
NA .
. ,
, .
/ ,
. 3 (. 58).
58.
,
, , -


850


1 300

50

125

500

500

62,5

125

160

500

100

140

100

200


, ,
.
50/125 -
. .
. -
[10]. , , .
- - - .
, - - UL (. 59).
59. NEC -


NEC

770

OFNP

- , Plenum,

OFNR - , Riser,

OFNP

OFNG - , ,

OFNR

OFN

- , ,

OFCP

- , Plenum,

OFNP

OFCR - , Riser,

OFCP OFNR

OFCG - , ,

OFNR OFCR
OFN

OFC

- , ,

. , . - - ,
, (fanout breakout) ,
().
- : ,
" ", , .

900 [13].
() . ,
. ,
.
, [15].
. .
, [14, 16].



,
- , () . "" . -.
- 66 110.

,
-.
, . ,
"" ,
(BIX KRONE).
, , -
( )
, , .
- 66, 110, BIX,
KRONE.
EIA/TIA-568-A
- " " (IDC - Insulation Displacement Connection).
110, KRONE BIX . 66, 5, - .
(), ,

.
, ,
.
, , - .
.
- IDC- , , , ( ), .

IDC- .
, ,
, .
66. , , 66, . 61.
.
66, 66
1-50. 50 .

. ,
"", .
1-2 3-4, .
66 , -
. 66 50 . , , 50- telco-,
. "" "". 66
telco- .
25- .

66,
. . , . , , , . .
- , . .
66 "" ("") . . . . - , , .
66 20 26 AWG .
.
, () . . . .
,
.
, .

, 5. , (
) , . 66
3.
66 NEXT,
5. "
" 5. .
.
.
66, telco-,
8- .
4.
-
. ,
. , , . 4 5.
66 . .
2,5 1,5 2 ,
. 66, , - , ,
, . 66 , . , ,
' .
, 66 .
19".
66 . 60.
. 4- , TIA 568-.
5- . , . - , , , ( ) W, R, BK, Y, V ( ). - WHT, RED, BLK, YEL VIO
PUR. , ; . - , ,
- - BL, , G, BR S ( BLU,
ORG, CRN, BRN SLT). , TIA 568- ( , ).

. .
, - W/BL ("-" "white-blue") .
, , ( 66
).

60. 66
4
3

25

2
3

4
5

6
7

8
9

10
11

12
13

14
15

16
17

18
19

10

20
21

11

22
23

12

24
25

13

26
27

14

28
29
30

15

/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/
/

/
/

/
/
/
/

/
/
/

31

16

32
33

17

34
35

18

36
37

19

38
39

20

40
41

21

42
43

22

44
45

23

46
47

24

48
49
50

25

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/

/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/

110
110 -
. , 110
"" "" .
, 110 , 4-
- ,
.
110 - 110 110.
110 -
, 25 . - 50, 100, 200
300 . 100- , 300- - 12.
110 80 . 110D 30 .
11 .
. , . 1 .

110 ,
, 22, 24 26
AWG IDC. 3-, 4- 5-
. 11
, , ,
. ,
.
. 110
22 26 AWG. 110
.
110
- . -
110, -
. 110 25
.

50- telco-, ,
.
, 110 5.
110
.
110 .
. 110
, IDC.
. - 110 ,
.
110 66.
110 ,
110,
.

. - BIX
NORDX/CDT ( Nortel Northern Telecom) KRONE. , 110, , 66.
BIX. BIX 5
NORDX/CDT, IBDN (Integrated Building Distribution
Network). , 1980 , BIX
5.
NORDX/CDT BIX 110. -
50- , .
110,
. BIX, 50-,250- 300- ,
"". ,
.
, .
BIX . 62.
.

BIX.
4- 5- . 4- , ,
, 5- 25
. ,
, 66 110.

BIX. ,
. ,
BIX.
.
BIX
-. -
, NORDX/CDT.
KRONE. KRONE,
. 63, 8-, 10- 25-
, . 8- 10-
20 .
160 200 . 8-
4- .


19 . 25- 25-
. 25- 110 -
. 8- 10- , 25-
.
25- , 66.
, 66, 50 ,
, .
- KRONE
[25].
KRONE .
IDC- KRONE, 45, ,
22-26 AWG.
,
.
.
. KRONE
.

(-)
- ( )

. - ,

.
, , , ,
8- ,
- ( -). -
,
, , -
.
- ,
, ,
4 6. ,
-,
.
- (568 568).
- 568 ,
, ,
.
-, , (IDC)
. -.
- ,
,
. - ,
.
- .
-, IDC, 110, 66, BIX
KRONE. , , -. , 66 , 3. 5 UL.
-, ,
. 3, 4 5.
TIA 568- ,
.
"Category " "Cat ", - , 3, 4 5. "" .
.
, -, -.
- , .
-
, . ,
-, - . (
), .
-.
-
- ,
8- . -
. ,
, , . , , (patch) - , ,

.
,
.
, , . , , . ,
- , .
- . ,
. , - 100
24 AWG .
22 AWG, . - PVC () . - ,
plenum, .
- , ,
, 4- . TIA 568-,
,
.
-
. , 20% (TIA 568-)
. ISO 11801,
50%.
100 . - . 61 /100 20
.
- ,
TIA 568-
. , ,
, UL, . -
.

, [31]. , , NEXT,
15 , .
6 .
- -
. ,
-
-
. ,
.
,

. , ,

. TIA 568-
-.
61. -
,
3
4
5
0,064

1,1

1,0

1,0

0,256

1,6

1,3

1,3

0,512

2,2

1,8

1,8

0,772

2,7

2,3

2,2

3,1

2,6

2,4

6,7

5,2

4,1

10,2

7,4

6,9

10

11,7

8,3

7,8

16

15,7

10,7

9,9

20

12,0

11,1

25

12,5

31,25

14,1

62,50

20,4

100

26,4

- -
- - - . -
,
. ,
, , .
,
,
- .
-,
TIA 568-, SC,
(. 64).
SC ( ) , , ,
.
- - SC
. , - ,
, SC,
SC-.
.
- , , ,
, , ST SMA.
. F TIA 568 SC. SC
,

( ).

SC
.
, ,
, .
, , ,
,
, - .
- ,
"zip cord",
. ,
, .
SC .
, ,
. ,
. -
- - . , ,
- ,
.
, ,
, . TIA
. ,
, ,
.
- ,
, ,
, . -, .


"" , IBM Data, - .

.
Ethernet Arcnet, .
IBM Data Connector
TIA 568-A.


[27]. ,
, ,
.
.
,
-. - 6 8-.
. ,
, ,
.
,
. USOC (Universal Service
Order Code), "RJ", .
,
. , , 6- RJ-11, 8 - RJ-45. 8-
TIA 568- , . 8-
, 100BaseT, 100VG-AnyLAN,
Token-Ring/UTP. 8-
RJ-45. RJ-45 (
) 568 ,
.
- "8- ".
.
. ,
10B 8-
. , 568, ,
. RJ-45,
, . 8-
, , IEC 603-7
[27, 28]. TIA 568- ,
ISO/IEC IS-11801.
, ,
.
, 2-8 .
,
3 . ,
,
. ,
10 100 , TIA
( , NEXT),
. ,
5.
,
, ,
.
. 65.
,
.
.

,

.
,
.
.
. ,
,
.
,
.
8- ,
.
, TIA, IBM Data Connector (STPA, 2 , 150 ). ( ) 8 - 568 (. 69) 568
(. 70), TIA 568-A ,
(. 74, 75, 76). (. 66)
100BaseTX (. 67), 4 (. 68) VG, .
, 568 ,

Arcnet
(.
71),
Ethernet (. 72), Token Ring (. 73) PMD, ATM. , ,
" ", 1
.

. . 77
.
TIA 568-. , 6
. ,
-
.
. O 20
pa ,
(, 1-2, 3-6, 4-5 7-8). - 568
568.
. .
,
6 4 5 ,
4 .
14 . ,
,
6 . .
, .


.
BNC
N. N " Ethrenet" ("thick Ethernet").
. N
, .
,
Ethernet, , . ""
thicknet N
thinnet (" Ethernet") N. BNC
, N. N
"thin Ethernet" "thinnet", 80-
thicknet. N Arcnet. .
78
N. N ,
, ,
(, crimp) .
. .
.
, . 78.
.
. ,
,
.
.
.
.


.
. ,
.
. .

. plenum
, , -plenum.
, plenum . ,
. plenum ,
plenum.
IBM. IBM Data Connector STP 150 . IBM,
ANSI EIA. TIA 568.

, . 79 IEC
807-8 [28], -
ANSI/IEEE 802.5 (ISO 8802.5) TIA 568-.
, IEC 3 ,
. TIA 568-
300 .

.

, , 100 .
.
IDC. , , - STP.
,
.
-
-
,
- .
ST-.
(. 80). .
. ST-.
, ,
. .

SMA. SMA (. 81).


. ,
, .
. SMA.

Biconic (). ,
(. 82).
. Biconic.

Escon ( IBM). IBM Escon (. 83).


.

FDDI. - ,
ANSI FDDI PMD (. 84).
, FDDI, IEEE 802.4. ,
. .

FC. , (. 85).

NTT-FC

NTT-D3.

.
. ,
, .
.

D4. NTT-D4 (. 86). .


, .
.

SC.

(.
87)
"-" .
. .


ST SC - ,
TIA/EIA 568.
-
[11].
. , , ,

ST SC.
.

. ,
, .
, , , , .

.
,
.
. ,
- .
.
. , , .
.
. . , .
, .
, , .
.



CamLite (Siecor). CamLite
.
.
.
,
. .

LightCrimp (AMP). LightCrimp
.
, .
. -

, , , .
CrimpLok (3M). CrimpLok .
.
, , , .


, ,
.
,
.

, ,
. ,
.

, .
,
.
, , .
.
,
( ) ,
.

,
. ,
[5].

, .
, , .



, ,
(. 88).
, ,
.
[4].



,
.
(. 89),
, [3].




. .
- , .
-,
. , Ethernet 10Base2
, 50- .
3,
100BaseTX 5. , , , .
, , , 10Base2,
. , (100 /), 5,
10 / , 100BaseTX 100 / .
, ,
. , , , .
, ,
. , .
10-15- ,
. .
.


(, . 90). (Key Service Unit KSU)
. KSU

25-

"",
.

.
90.

(1 - ; 2 -
25- /; 3 - 66
; 4 - ""
; 5 - 25- / ; 6 - 66 ; 7 -
, 4 Cat 3; 8 - ; 9 - ).

ISDN
ISDN 8-
568/568. 1 (1,544
/ ) 1 (2,048 / ).
ISDN .
, , .
"",
(. 91).
.

ATM
Asynchronous Transfer Mode, ATM, ,
,
. ATM Forum

ATM. ATM
- 25 /, 51 / 155 /. , - LJTP 3, UTP 5 . .
ATM- . 92.
, ATM Forum
ATM. , 4- UTP 5,
"" ATM [22]. ""
100 .

IBM 3270
IBM 3270 System - - IBM-,
. IBM Systems Network Architecture (SNA)
2,35 /.
93 . IBM 3270 "" 3
(. 93).

AS/400
IBM AS/400 100 . , . ,
3 10 /.
"", 'Star hub',
(. 94).

Token Ring
Token Ring
150 , 1.
IEEE 802.5, 1, , UTP 100
. 4 Token Ring 4/16 /.
Token Ring "". "" , , Multi-station Access Unit MAU. 8- 6- (. 95).

10BASE-T
10BASE-T IEEE 802.3,
Ethernet 10 Mbps .
10BASE-T Ethernet :
, . , .
10BASE-T 3 ANSI/EUVTIA-568-A.
,
"" , (. 96). , , , 12 . ,
8 .
IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T
8- , 1 2
TD+ TD 3 6 RD+ RD . , ANSI/EIA/TIA-568 10BASE-T.

25- .

100BASE-T
IEEE , Ethernet
100 /. 802.3 - 100BASE-TX, 100BASE-FX
100BASE-T4. 100BASE-TX DTP 5,
100BASE-FX - , a 100BASE-T4 - UTP 3, 4 5 STP.
, , (. 97).
IEEE 802.3 100BASE-T 5 . 5,
ANSI/EIA/TIA-568, 100BASE-T.

TP-PMD
TP-PMD Twisted-Pair Physical Media Dependent (ANSI X3T9.5)
. FDDI
(. 98).
. 100 /
"" Token Ring, 100 . 5.

1

1 [3]

1
2
3
4
5
6

18 8446 8449

7
8
9
10
11
12

2 2R [3]

26

/ /

27

/ /

28

/ /

29

/ /

30

/ /

31

/ /

32

/ /

33

/ /

34

/ /

10

35

/ /

11

36

/ /

12

37

/ /

13

38

/ /

14

39

/ /

15

40

/ /

16

41

/ /

17

42

/ /

18

43

/ /

19

44

/ /

20

45

/ /

21

46

/ /

22

/ /

47

/ /

23

/ /

48

/ /

24

/ /

49

/ /

25

/ /

50

/ /

3 ( Belden) [3]


1

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

4 [3]
6 [3]

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

/ /

20

/ /

21

/ /

22

/ /

23

/ /

24

/ /

/ -

10

/ -

11

12

13



14

15
16

17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
/
/ -
/
/
/
/
/ -
/
/
/
/
/ -

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/

2

Emergency Power
, .

Adapter
, :
/;
;
.
-
Adapter (Fiber)
,
- .
Administration
, ,
,
.
Active Device
,
,
.
Alternate Entrance
,
.
Alternate Route
,
, .

American Wire Gauge (AWG)
:
Broun & Sharpe ( & S).

Amplitude Modulation (AM)
,
.
() Analog
,
, .
Antenna Entrance
, .
( )
Equipment Room
,
, .

.
Apparatus Closet
.
Armoring
,
.

Telecommunications Industry Association


(TIA)

, ,

. TIA ,

.

Electronic Industries Assosiation (EIA)
, ,

. EIA ,

.

Barrier
, ,
.
Buffer
, , .
Buffer Tube
, ,
, .
.

Insert
,
.
, , ,
.
Service Entrance


Telecommunications Service Entrance
, .
Twisted Pair
, ,

.
Extrinsic Loss
- , ,
, .
Outer Protection
,
, .
,
, , . .

Interbuilding Backbone
(),
.
Insertion Loss

,

. , .
Innerduct
, . :
.

Intrabuilding Backbone
(),
, .

Air-Handling Plenum
, ,
.
Aerial Cable
, ,

.
Fiber
1. . 2. ,
.

Graded-lndex Fiber
,

.

.
.

Step-Index Fiber
,

.
.
Fiber Optics
.
-
Fiber Optic Attenuator
, -

. ,
, .
-

Optical Fiber Duplex Connection


.
-
Fiber Optic Link
- ,
.

-
Fiber Optic Communication System
,
.
-
Fiber Optic Sub-system
,
. /
.
-
Optical Fiber Duplex Adapter
,
.
-
Optical Fiber Duplex Connector
,
.
-
Fiber Optic Cable
, .
-
Fiber Optic Span
(), ,

, .
Fiber Channel (FC)
,
.
,
.
Susceptibility
,
. .
, .
Secondary Power
300 , 120/240 277/480 .

Main Cross-Connect
, ,
.

Frame, Main Distribution (MDF)
,

,
. ,
.
Hybrid Cable

,
. .

Horisontal Cabling
, ,

.
Horisontal Cable
,
(ISO/IEC 11801).

Horisontal cross-connect
-
.
Entrance Facility
( ), ,
,
.
Voltage Gradient
,

.

Two Level
, ,
.
Degradation

.
.

Demarcation Point (DEMARC)
1. ,
. . 2. ,
. 3.


.
,
.
Cladding
, .
, .

Tree
, ,
FDDI ( )
master-slave.
() Decibel (dB)

.
.

DC Resistance Unbalance
.
Dispersion
: 1. ,
. 2.
,
. 3. , ,
, .
: ;
.

Differential-mode Voltage
, ,
.
Dielectric

. .
Wavelength
,

, .
Duplex Transmission
, ()
( ).
Duplex Cable
, .

Trough
,
. : ; (Duct; ;
.
3
Earth Ground
,

Ground
, , (
) ( - , ).
Bonding

,
, .
Grounding Mat
, .

. :

Closed Architecture

,
.
UL L/L* Listed
(Underwriters'
Laboratories, Inc.)
Concrete Fill
1. , . 2.
,
.
Buried Cable
, ( ) , ,
, . . : -; ;
.
Attenuation
1. .
,
.
(/) . ,
. 2. ,
. .
.
( 100 1000 ).
EMI EMI Segregation
.

Sneak Current Protection

( ) .
Protector Unit
, , .
, , ,
,
, : ;
; ; .
() Secondary
Voltage (Supplemental/Auxiliary) Protector

.
,
: -
; - ; ,
.
Star Coupler
( ),
- .
Star Quad
, ,
. . ,
, ,

, ,
.

Firestop Zone
,
,

.

Identifier
,
.

Individual Work Area
, (ISO/IEC 11801).
Integrated System
,
.

Public Network Interface
.

(ISO/IEC 11801).

Copper Data Distributed Interface (CDDI)


, ,
100 /. "FDDI ".

Attachment Unit Interface (AUI)
,
(MAU) .
Source
, , ,
.
, .

Cable
, ,
,
, .


Building Backbone Cable
, .
,
(ISO/IEC 11801).

Campus Backbone Cable

,
() .
(ISO/IEC 11801).

Work Area Cable (Cord)
, .
Plenum Cable
,
.

Shielded Twisted Pair Cables
, ,
. ;
.
Cable Plant
, , ,
, ,
.
Cabling
, , .
Cable Rack

( ),
.
Cable Trough
, ,
,
,

.
Cable Tray
, ,
, , ,
(, ).
Cable Riser
,
.
Cable Terminal
,
.
( )
Cable Assembly (Optical Fiber)
- ,
,
(pigtail).
, - (jumper).
Cable Element
(, ,
) . .
Campus
1. , , ,
, .
2. , (ISO/IEC 11801).

Channel
1. , ,
, .
.
2. ,
.
Duct
1. ,
.
2. , ( HVAC
).
3. 3. .
Raceway
1. ,
, . 2.
, , ,
, , , , ,
, , , ,
, , ,
(51!/1-568-).
Trunk
.
" " (
) ( ).
Cellular Floor Raceway
, , .

.
Duct Bank
, .
Heat Coil
,
.
, .
Work Area Cluster
[ , (ANSI/TIA/tlA 569 ).
Keying
,
,
(811/1-568-).

Coaxial Cable
,
.
Splice Closure
1. , . 2. ,
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A).
Header Duct

1. ,
. : . 2. ,
,
.
. - ,
,
(511/!-569-).
Utility Column
, ,
.
,
. : ; ; ,
.
Ring
, ,
,
, .

Plaster Ring
,
(51!/1-569-).
Commercial Building
, (511/!568-).

Communication Network
,
, .

Communications System
, ,
,
. ,
, , ,
.

Connecting Hardware
, (ANSI/TIA/EIA568-A).


Connecting Hardware Field
,
.
: 24- -; 100-
110; 25- 661-50; - .
Patching

(-),
.
()
Fan-out Cable, Break-out Cable
,
.
,
.
Conduit
1. ,
.
2. ,
(811/!-568-, ANSIAIA/EIA569-A).
Connector
,
, ,
. : SC (SC Subscriber Connector, 568SC), ST Compatible (ST - Straight Tip, BFOC/2.5),
FC, FCPC, FDDI, Escon, Biconic, D4, SMA 905, 906.

Media Interface Connector (MIC)
(MIC- MIC-),
FDDI - .
Jack Contact
.
Container
,
. , , ,
.
Controlled Access
,
, , ,
.
Splice Box
,
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A).


Index of Refraction
1. . 2.

.
Cross-connect (X)
,
-
(51!/1-569-, ISO/IEC 11801).

- Cross-connection
, ,
.

Ladder
. .
Ladder Jack
. .
Link
1. - ,
() (). 2. ,
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-). 3. ,
, ,
(ISO/IEC 11801).
Frost Line
,
.
Drag Line
, .
Logical Topology
, ,
.
Local Area Network (LAN)
,
, .
Tray
. .
Splice Tray
, .

(
) Backbone
(, ),

,
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-A).


Backbone Cabling
1. , , ,
, . 2. , ,
, ,
.
Backbone System
, , ,
.

Backbone Cable
, .
Backbone Raceway
, ,
- (ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A).
Macrobending

.
Ferrule
, ,
.
Furniture System
, , , ,
.
Furniture Wall
, / ,
, .
Interconnect
,
- (ISO/IEC
11801).

Local Exchange Carrier (LEG)
.

Mechanical Splicing

.
Microbending
, ,
.
, , .

Minimum Point of Entry
1. ,
.
2. ,
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A)

Multifiber Cable
- , ,
.
Multi-channel Cable
. .
Multi-pair Cable
(), 4- .

Multimode Optical Fiber

, ().
, .
50/125, 62,5/125
100/140 .

Multimode Optical Waveguide
. .

Multi-station access unit (MSAU)
, () Token Ring,
. ( )
Ring In/Ring Out MAU .
Mode
, ,
, .
Modal Dispersion
, ( )
.
Power Sum
() ,
,
.
.
Modular Plug
, FCC,
68, F. 4, 6 8 ,
, .
Modular Jack
/, FCC, 68,
F. 4, 6 8 ,
, .
Modulation
, ,
, .
, .
Monolithic Pour
,
.
Monolithic Slab
.
QAwvoKpOMarcwrercKvm Monochromatic
, ,
, ,
.
Backboard
( , , ),
.
Bridge
,
,

.
.

Bridging Architecture
.
Bridging Connection
,
, .
Multimedia
1. , . 2.
,
(5!1/1-569-).
Multiplex
( ),
.

Time-Division Multiplexing ()
,
.
,
.

Wavelength-Division Multiplexing
, ,
, .

Wavelength-Division Multiplexers (WDMs)
- ,
.
( )
Splice (Ground Wire)
,
.
MIC- / plug
MIC - , - .
MIC- MIC Receptacle
MIC - , FDDI.


Common-mode Voltage
, ,
.

Post-Tensioned Concrete
,
.

National Electrical Code (NEC)

() ,
.
Immunity
,
.

Multiground Neutral (MGN) System


.

, .
,

.
Unbalanced Circuit
, ,
,
.
Bearing Plate
, ,
.
Bearing Wall
, , .
Messenger
. .

Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP)
1. ,
. 2. ,
, .
,
(ISO/IEC 11801).
Low-wide Building
, , , , .

,
.

Aramid Yarn
, -
.


Building Entrance Area
, .
. : .
Cable Sheath
,
- ,
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-A).


Customer Premises Equipment
, ,
, .
" ".
Backscattering
;
, .
Route Loop Diversity
,
, .
Loop Diversity

.
Fireproof
, , , ,
.
Fire-Rated Doors
! ,
.

Approved Ground
,
.

Single-Mode Optical Fiber
1. (),
. .
2. , ;
(811/!-568-).
- Ohm-meter
(,
, , ).
.
, , -, - ""
. -,
- , 100.


Optical Return Loss (ORL)
() , ,
,
.
Optical Waveguide
. .
Beamsplitter
, ,
,
.

Optical Time Domain Reflectometer (OTDR)


,
( ""). ,
.
Optical Fiber
. .

Daisy Chain
. ,
, ,
, ,
.

Basic Electrical Protection
. .
.
-
Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR, S/N)

.
Reflection

, .
Fresnel Reflection
, ,
.
.

Pair
, , (ISO/EC 11801).
Sneak Current
,
, .

- .

Passive Device
,
.
Primary Protector
,
.
, .
215 350 .
Transmitter (Tx)
, .
Transmission Media
.
- ,

. , . - , , , .
Data Transmission
.
Signal Transmission
, ,
.
Cross-coupling
,
.
Jumper
1. - , . 2.
,
(ISO/IEC 11801). 3. ,
/
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-A).

Adjustable attenuator
,
. - .
Transition Point
1. , (
) ,
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-A). 2. ,
, ,
(ISO/IEC 11801).
/
Transition Boxes/Systems

, .
Crosstalk
,
. .


Near-End Crosstalk (NEXT)
1.
2.
.
Drip Loop
, ,
, .
.
Loop
, .
, ,

, " ", .
Fusing
.
Plenum
1. ,
. 2. ,
,
(NEC).
Baseboard Raceway
, , ,
.
Slab on Grade
,
.
Floor Slab
1. , ,
.
2. , ,
.
Tight Buffer
,
900 .
,
, .
Surface Fitting
,
. . .
() Repeater
, ,
.
Absorbtion

, , ,
.
Drop Ceiling
. -.
Suspended Ceiling
. -.
Support Strand
,
. : .
Underground Cable
,
, . . :
; (Duct); ; .
Subduct
. .
Underfloor Raceways
, -, ,
.
Outlet Box

, / ,
/
(511/!-568-).
Cavity Wall
, , ,
.

Usable Floor Space
,
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A).
Impedance
.
, .
Bandwidth
.
.
: -
.
- .

Optical Fiber Polarity
.
( ) .
,
.

Main Terminal Room
, .

Telecommunications Entrance Room or Space
, ( )
( )
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-A).
Jack
, .
Port
/ .
Afterset Insert
, . . : ;
.
()
Foreign Voltage (Current)
, , -
.
Bend Loss
,
( ().
Return Loss
,
. 3a .
Transmission Loss

.

Ceiling Distribution System
,
- .
Ceiling Drop Pole
. .
Prefusing
,
.
.

Primary Coating
,
.
Preset Insert
, .
Diffraction
1. -, ,
() .
2. ()

.
() Transducer
, ,
.
()
Receiver (Optical) (RJ
- ,
.
()
Transceiver
,
.
,
, .
Application
, (, , )
(ISO/IEC 11801).
() Punch Down
,

. , .
, ,
.
Wire
,
(81!/1-568-, ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A).
Bonding Conductor
, .
Ground Wire
. (Bonding Conductor).

Grounding Conductor
,
.

Equipment Grounding Conductor
,
/ .

Grounding Electrode Conductor
,
/ ("")
.
() Longitudinal
.

Interstitial Space
, ,
, (,
, HVAC, , , ).

Intermediate Cross-Connect
1. ,
.
2. , .
Protector
,
.
,
Gas Tube Protector
, , ,

.
,
Protector (Ground Conductor)
,
.
1 . 0,15
.
,
Protector (Open Wire)
,
. 10- 20-
.
1250 .
Firestop
, ,
,
, (,
).
()
Fire Wall

,
.
Fire Break
, , (
)
.
Fire Shield
, ,

, .
() Pull Box
,
.
/
Pull Cord/Pull Wire
,
.

Fiber Optic Test Procedure (FOTP)
, EIA EIA-RS-455 [&].
Blank Cell

.
- ( )
Patch Cord
1. ,
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A).
2. (),
- (ISO/IEC 11801).
- ( )
Patch Panel
1. - ,
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A).
2. , .
(ISO/IEC 11801).
PIN- Pin Diode
,
.

Work Area
,
.

Radio Frequency Interference (RFI)
- , -
,
.
Bend Radius
,
. .
Cable Bend Radius

, .
,
.
Coupler
, .
Building Distribute,
, ,
(
).
Campus Distributoi
,
( ).
Floor Distributor
,
(
).

Distribution Frame
1.
( , ),
. 2.
,
-.
Distribution Cell
, ,
. : Pacpee .

Distribution Duct
,

/. .
Wiring Closet
. .
Scattering
, , , ,
anpa, .

Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)
, (ITU,
CCITT) ISDN.
AT Forum (Foster City, CA)
155 / .
Sleeve
, .

Lightguide Cable
, ,
. ,
.
Lightwaves
. ""
, , 400
700 . ,

( 700 2000 ), "" ,


,
.
Light-Emitting Diode (LED)
,
. LED
.
() Bundle
1. , . 2.
, -
.
Service Clearance
,
,
. :
; ;
, .
"" Ring Network
- ,
.
"" Bus Network
, ,
.
Pull Strength
, ,
.
()
Balun
,
, , .
()
Balanced Cable
,
( ) (ISO/I 11801).
Simplex Transmission
.
Simplex Cable
, .

Unigrounded Power System
, ,
.
. , .

Firestopping
,
, ,
.

. ASTM 814

Grounding Electrode System

,
.
. ANSI/NFPA 70, Article 250, Part H.
Cleave
,
, .
Poke-Thru System
,
/ .
Slip Sleeve
,
.
Slot
( ) ,
.
Service Fitting
,
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A).
. : .

Blended Floor System
( )
( ),
.

Impedance Matching
()
, , ,
.

Index-matching Material
, ,

.
Ground Resistivity
, .
Spiral Wrap
, ,
.
Splicing

.
. : ; .

Fusion Splice
,
, , ,
.
Media
. .
Average Wavelength
,
0,5.


Stabilized Light Source
LED , , ,
.
Standard Protection
. .

Station Equipment
. .
Core Walls
,
.

Fire Resistance Rating
( ), : 1.
. 2.
.
Rack
. .
Utility Pole
. .
Power Pole
. .
Riser
, .
.
Building Module
1. ,
.
10- ,
. , . 2.
,
, , 100 ,
100- (511/!-569-).
Dry Wall
, .

Telecommunications Infrastructure
, ,

(ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-A).
/
Telecommunications Outlet/Connector
1. ,
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-A). 2.
, , .

(ISO/IEC 11801).

Telecommunications Media

, , (ANSI/TIA/EIA568-A).

Telecommunications Entrance Point
,
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-).

Telecommunications Grounding Busbar
,
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-A).

Telecommunications Space
,
- ,
, (ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A).

Bonding Conductor for Telecommunications


,
() .

Telecommunications Closet
,
, .

(ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A).
( )
Cabinet Telecommunications, (Cabinet-T)
(, ),
, .
.
Telecommunications
1. ,
. : . 2. ,
, , , - , , ,
(ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A).
3. , , , ,
, - , ,
, (ISO/IEC 11801).
Terminal
1. ,
. 2. /. 3. ,
.

Building Entrance Terminal
.

Grounding Terminal
,
.
,
, .


Termination Hardware
, " "
(NSI/TI/I-568-).
Termination
. .

Customer Premises
() ,
(NSI/TI/I-568-).
Earth Currents
, ,
. : ,
, , ,
, . . : .
Topology
.
"" Star Topology
, /
.
Pathway
(, ),
.
() Trench
, ,
. ,
, . : ;
; .
- Trench Duct
, ,
.


Ground Potential Rise (GPR)
1. ,
, . GPR
, ,
. 2. GPR ,
, .
Carbon Protector
, ,
.
Capacitance
,
.

Generic Cabling
,
. . ,
, .
Grommet

,
.

Bit Error Rate ()
,
. : 1) , ; 2) - () ,
() .
10, , 2.5 100000
= 2.5 105 2.5 10'5.

Multiple Access Unit
, . ,
"" , ,
. MAU , .
()
Pulse Spreading
.

- Access Floor
,
.
( , ), (ANSI/EIA/TIA569).
- False Ceiling
,
. : ; .
Feeder Duct
. .
Waveshape
, ,
, 1,2x50 10x100.

. 50%
.
Photodiode
1. ,
.
2. , .
,
Attenuation-limited operation
- ,
( ,
).
,
Bandwidth-limited Operation
- ,
,
. , ,
, , .
() Hub

1. - ; Arcnet,
Ethernet Token Ring. ,
. 2. -
(, Main Cross-connect, ; CD, Campus Distributor,
).

Chromatic Dispersion
,
.


Home-Run
,
.

Center Wavelength (Laser)
. ,
.
LED
Center Wavelength (LED)
,
.
()
Central Office
, : ;
,
.
Central Member
1. . ,
. 2.
.
.

Numerical Aperture (NA)
, .

Private Branch Exchange (PBX)


, ,
.
,
.

Frequency Modulation (FM)
,
.
Sensitivity
- - ,
,
BER.

Receiver Sensitivity

BER, 10'12. ,


, ,
.
, ,

.

Spectral Width
.
, . LED
20 60 , - 2 5 .
Broadband
, ,
(, ISDN)
(, 10Broad36).
Cabinet
, , ,
.
Equipment Closet
. .
Riser Closet
. .

Equipment Cable
,

, .
.
Isoceraunic Map
,
.
.
.
Bridged Tap

.
Ethernet
, Xerox Corp.
Xerox, Digital Equipment Corp. Intel Corp..
Grounding Electrode
( , ),
, .

Electromagnetic Induction
, ,
(,
).

-Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
,
,
, .


Electromagnetic Environment
() / , .

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)
,
, . :
.

Electrostatic Induction
,
. .
Electrical Closet
,
.
.
Strength Member
- , ,
, .
Shield (Screen)
1. ,

. :

. 2. ,
,
.

Screened Twisted Pair (ScTP)
,
,
.
.

Shielded Twisted Pair (STP)
,
,
.
Emissions
, .
, .
Floor Closet
. .

Coupling Efficiency
.

Core
, .
Core Area
, ,
. : .

Building Core
1. , , ,
. 2.
,
(, , ,
) .
Cellular Floor Method
, ,
,
.
Cell
-
.

100Base-T
10Base-2
-5
10Base-T
10Broad-36
1 Base-5
AC
ACEG

ACR

A-D A/D
ADO

ADSL

AER
AIA
AM
ANSI
ASCII

100 Mbps over Twisted Pair


Thinnet
Thicknet
Ethernet over Twisted Pair
Broadband
Star/an
Alternating Current
Alternating Current Equipment
Ground
Analog Central Office
Attenuation-to-crosstalk Ratio

Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet






Analog to digital conversion

Auxiliary Disconnect Outlet

Asynchronous Digital Subscriber LJne


Aerial

American Institute of Architects


Amplitude Modulation

American National Standards

Institute

American Standard Code for


Information Interchange

ASTM
American Society for Testing and

Materials

ATIS
Aliance for Telecommunications
Industry Solutions

ATM
Asynchronous Transfer Mode

AWG
American Wire Gauge

, BUR
Buried

Bonding Conductor

BCD
Backbone Conduit

BD
Building Distributor

BEF
Building Entrance Facility

BER
Bit Error Rate

BFOC

BFOC/2.5

Bayonet Fiber Optic Connector -


Bayonet Fiber Optic Connector 2.5 -

ferrule
2,5
BIC
Building Industry Consultant

BICSI
Building Industry Consulting Service

International

B-ISDN,
Broadband ISDN, Broadband
ISDN
BBISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network
BOMA
Building Owners Managers

Association

BRI
Basic Rate ISDN
ISDN
BRISDN
BTU
British Thermal Unit

CA
CAD
CATV

Cable

Computer Aided Design



Community Antenna Television;

cable television
;

Campus Backbone Cable



CCIA
Computer And Communications


Industry Association

CCITT
The International Telegraph and

Telephone Consultative Committee
CD
Campus Distributor
()

CDF
Central Distribution Frame

()
CFC
Communications Flat Cable

CISPR
Committee International Special des

Perturbations Radio

ckt
Circuit

CLOS, CLT
Closet

CO
Central Office

Central Office Equipment



COT
Central Office Terminal

CPC
Customer Premises

Communications

CPE
Customer Premises Equipment or
Customer Provided Equipment
Horo
-CSA
Canadian Standards Association
CSI
Construction Specifications Institute

D-A D/
Digital to analog conversion

DAF
Dedicated Access Facility

DB-15
A D-Type Connector With 15 Pins D 15
DB-25
A D-Type Connector With 25 Pins D 25
DB-50
A D-Type Connector With 50 Pins D 50
DB-9
A D-Type Connector With 9 Pins D 9
DC
Direct Current

DCE
Data Circuit - Terminating Equipment

DCO
Digital Central Office

DD
Distribution Designer or Distribution

Device

DEMARC
Demarcation point

DGM
Data Grade Medium

DTE
Data Terminal Equipment

OUT
Device Under Test

DW
E/W
EF
EIA

EMC
EMI
EMT

Distribution Wire

Equipped With
...
Entrance Facility

Electronics Industries Association

ENT

Electrical Nonmetallic Tubing

ER
ESS
ETV
EX EXT
)
EXCH
FCC

Entrance Point
Equipment Room
Electronic Switching System
Educational Television
Extension

FD
FDDI
FDM
FOR
FDX
FEXT

ffs
FIPS PUB
FOCIS
FOIRL
FOTP

FOTS

freq
ft
FTP
FWHM
0,5

gnd

HDX
HF
hh
HVAC

IBC

IBI
1C
IDC
'

IEEE
IFMA

in
ISDN

Electromagnetic Compatibility
Electromagnetic Interference
Electric Metallic Tubing


( )


(

Exchange

Federal Communications

Comm/ss/
Floor Distributor
()
Fiber Distributed Data Interface
-
Frequency-Division Multiplexing
Feeder

Full Duplex

Far End Crosstalk

for further study

Federal Information Processing
Standard Publication

Fiber Optic Connector

Intermateability Standard
-
Fiber Optic Inter-repeater Link -
( )
Fiber Optic Test Procedure

Fiber Optics Transmission System -
Frequency
Foot
Foil Twisted Pair
Full Width Half Maximum

Gauge

Ground

Horisontal cross-connect

Half Duplex

High Frequency

Handhole

Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Cooling ,

Interconnecting Bonding Conductor
Intelligent Buildings Institute
1. Intermediate Closet

2. Intermediate Cross-connect
Insulation Displacement Connector
International Electrotechnical
Commission
()
Institute of Electrical and

Electronics Engineers, Inc

International Facility Management


Association

Inch

Integrated Services Digital Network

ISO
ITU-T

IW ()
JTC
KPSI
KTS
LAN
Ibf
LCL
LCTL

LEC
LED
,
LLDPE

locap

M/G
MAC
MAU
(Token
,

MDF
()
MDPE

MMJ
modem

MUX
N/A
N-BNC
NEC
NEMA

NESC
NEXT
NFPA

N1
NIC
NID
NIU
NRTL

NVP
OpD

OSHA

()
International Organization for
Standardization
()
International Telecommunications
Union
Inside Wiring (cable)
Joint Technical Committee
Pounds Per Square Inch

()
()

,


Key Telephone Service

Local Area Network
()
Pounds, force
-
Longitudinal Conversion Loss

Longitudinal Conversion Transfer
Loss
Local Exchange Carrier

Light-Emitting Diode

Linear Low Density Polyethylene


Low-capacitance, low-loss paired
cable

Messenger

Motor/Generator Set
-
Moves, Adds, and Changes
,
1. Multiple Access Unit (Token Ring)
Ring)
2. Medium Attachment Unit (Ethernet)
1. Main Closet
2. Main Cross-connect
Main Distribution Frame

, (Ethernet)


Medium Density Polyethylene



Manhole
(. hh)
Modified Modular Jack


Modulator-demodulator
-
Main Telephone Terminal

Multiplexer

Not Applicable
He
N type to BNC converter
N-BNC
National Electrical Code

National Electrical Manufacturers
Association

National Electrical Safety Code



Near End Crosstalk

National Fire Protection Association
Network Interface
.
Network Interface Card
Network Interface Divice
Network Interface Unit
Nationally Recognized Testing

Laboratory

Nominal Velocity of Propagation
Overcurrent Protection Device
Outside Plant Engineer

Occupational Safety and Health
Administration

Private Automatic Branch Exchange

Pulse Amplitude Modulation

Private Branch Exchange


Pulse Code Modulation

PDAM

PL
PLT

PMD

POI
POTS
PR
PTSS
PUR
PVC
RCDD

REP
RFI
RFQ
RH
RMS
SC
SC-D
SC
SCFOC/2.5

ScTP
SON
SNR
SP
SPD

SPG
SRL
ST
STA
STI
STP
STP-A
(
)
SW
SWB
SYNC
SYS

TBBIBC

,
'


Proposed Draft Amendment

Polyethylene

Private Lines

Plant

Phase Modulation

Physical Layer Medium Dependent
Point of Interface

Plain Old Telephone Service

Pair

Passive Transmission Sub-System


Polyurethane

Polyvinyl Chloride

Registered Communications

Distribution Designer

Repair
Radio Frequency Interference
Request for Quote
Relative Humidity
Rack Mount Space

, 13/4"
Optical Fiber Connector
- SC
(Subscriber connector)
Duplex SC Optical Fiber Connector -
Duplex 568SC Optical Fiber

Connector
Screened Twisted Pair
Switched Digital Network
Signal-to-Noise Ratio
Service Provider
Surge Protecting Device

568SC


-

Single-Point Ground

Structural Return Loss

(. BFOC/2.5)
Station

Surface Transfer Impedance



Shielded Twisted Pair
()
Shielded Twisted Pair (categorized
to 300 MHz)

300

Station Wire
Switchboard
Synchronous
System
Terminal Block
Telecommunications Bonding
Backbone

Telecommunications Bonding

Backbone Interconnecting Bonding
Conductor

Telecommunications Closet

Time-Division Multiplexing

TDR

TEF
TEL
TELCO
TERM
TGB
THD
TIA
TM
TMGB

TPPMD

TSB
TT
TTB
TTY
TVSS

UG
UHF
UL.
ULC

UPC
UPS
UTP
VHP
WA
WAN
WP
X

Time Domain Reflectometer

Telecommunications Entrance
Facility
Telephone
Telephone Company
Terminal or terminating
Telecommunications Grounding
Busbar
Third Harmonic Distortion
Telecommunications Industries
Association
Transformer Manhole/Vault
Telecommunications Main
Grounding Busbar
Telecommunications Outlet
Transformer Pad
Transition Point
Twisted Pair Physical Media

Dependent; also known as TPDDI , - TPDDI


Technical Systems Bulletin

Telecommunications Service Bulletin
Telephone Terminal

Telephone Terminal Board

Text Telephones

Transient Voltage Surge Suppressor
Underground
Ultra High Frequency
Underwriters Laboratories, Inc
Underwriters Laboratories of


" "
" ".

Canada
Universal Product Code
Uninterraptible Power Supply
Unshielded Twisted Pair
Very High Frequency
Work Area
Wide Area Network
Waterproof Outlet
Cross-connect



()

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