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1

1.1.

, IBM. 80-
150
IBM, Token Ring, AS/400, 3270 . , . IBM
(. 2). , IBM
, IBM .
1 6. Token Ring, IBM
2. IBM

1
2

17

3, 4 5 . .
, Typ 1, Typ 1A

.
, ,
, IBM
2,
.
80- ,
, .
. ,
.
1985 (Electronic
Industries Association EIA) .
:
TR-41.8.1 ;
TR-41.8.2 ;
TR-41.8.3 ;
TR-41.8.4 ;
TR-41.8.5 ;
TR-41.7.2 ;
TR-41.7.3 .
1988 (Telecommunications Industry
Association TIA). 1990
TIA/EIA-569

[7], TR-41.8.3.

, .
2

,
150 . , IBM
.

18

3.

1989
Underwriters Laboratories (UL) Anixter
.
. . 3.
TR-41.8.1 TIA/EIA-568,
1991 . ,
. 100
150 , 50- - .
1991 TR-41.8.1 TIA/EIA TSB-36 [9]. ,
UL Anixter (. . 3).
, .
TSB-36 .
TIA/EIA-568 TIA/
EIA TSB-40 [10]
. 3, 4 5. ,
, .
1995 TIA/EIA-568
TIA/EIA-568-A,
TSB-36 TSB-40. , , - .
1993 ,
TR-41.8.3, TIA/EIA-606
[95]. , , ,
.. .
19

TIA/EIA-607 1994 .
, .
, . TIA/EIA-607 , . TIA/EIA-568-A, TIA/EIA-569,
TIA/EIA-606 TIA/EIA-607 .
- ,
.
. TSB72, 1995 .
1996 TSB-75, .
1998 TSB-95,

5. Gigabit Ethernet.
TIA/EIA (ISO)
(IEC). 1995
ISO/IEC 11801 . . TIA/EIA-568-A,
, . , ISO/IEC 11801 120 50/125, . CENELEC
EN501733, 1995
. ISO/IEC 11801.
ISO/IEC CENELEC . ,
, 1999
, TSB-95 TIA/EIA [11].
4. [8]

EN Europa Norm.

20

, (. 4).

(. 5) ,
. -
ISO/IEC 1180, TIA/EIA-568-A,
TSB.
5. [12]


, , , .

. , , DIN/VDE,
ICCS
Siemens. ,
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.
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21

1.2.
1.2.1.

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1.2.4.
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1.2.5.
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1.2.6.
- , . , ISO/IEC
11801, :

100, 120 150
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26

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1.3.

1.3.1. ,
ISO/IEC 11801 , , A, B, C D (. 7). A , D .
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.
7. ISO/IEC 11801

A
B

, ISO/IEC 11801 20 ,
4- .
16 20 .
27

8.

TIA/EIA-568-A

ISO/IEC 11801

. , ,
200
D+, 300
D++.
ISO/IEC 11801 TIA/EIA-568-A . , (. 9).
, .
9.

1997 IEC
E F, 6 7.
5 (
5+ 5)
100 . 90- ,
Gigabit Ethernet.
,
ISO/IEC 11801 TIA/EIA-568A. 28

155 622 /, Gigabit Ethernet 1000 /.


6 250 , F 7
600 . 622 /,
550. . 10. 2.1.3. , .
10.
100 [13]

:
1. .
2. ffs for future study .
3. .

6 ( ).
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7. ,

. 7 1999 . 3.2.6.
A B,
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29

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5, 6 7, 1999 .

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ISO/IEC 11801 TIA/EIA 568-A ,
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1.3.2.
ISO/IEC 11801 TIA/EIA 568-A
. . 4 . 11. , .

A+B+E 10
C D 20
F G 30

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1. .
2. 10 (A+B+E) 30 (F G) .
. 4. ISO/IEC 11801

90 (
10 ). 30

(
) Fast Ethernet.
.
.
11.

:
1. 100 ( 90 )
.
2. 3 , . .

- 90 ,
Fast Ethernet .
. 500 5.
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100 . ,

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1.4.

,
.
1999 TIA/EIA ,
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5

, . , 400 .

31

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1.4.1.


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MUTO (Multi-User Telecommunication outlet)
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MUTO , .
32

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1.4.2.

TSB-72 [15]
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90 . TIA/EIA-568-A
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Gigabit Ethernet Fibre Channel.
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1.3.2
Fast Ethernet TSB-72 , , - - 100Base-FX, .
90 .
,

34

. , .
TSB-72:
;
SC ;
, ;
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TIA/EIA-606.

1.5. cable sharing


,
(. 3.1.2.1). (Ethernet 10Base-T, Token
Ring) Fast Ethernet 100Base-TX, TP-PMD, ATM) . , .
,
,
(,
) . cable sharing (,
, ) ISO/IEC 11801 EN 50173.
cable sharing
,
:
Y- (. 3.4.2.2),
(. 3.4.2.3);
(. 3.2.2.3);
(. 3.4.1);
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35

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Gigabit Ethernet, , - ;
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, cable sharing ,
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TIA/EIA-568A, ;
cable sharing ,
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);
SOHO
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1.6.
, .
. - , ISO/IEC
11801 10 .
36

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1.7.
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