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Gas leakage alarm mini project (pdf) ..

ADVANCED GAS DETECT AND ALERT SYSTEM

ADVANCED GAS DETECT AND ALERT SYSTEM


Hi friends!!! This is the mini-project which I have done successfully. This is a Live Real-Time Project designed at low cost with high accuracy. It is easy to implement. This is very much cost effective when compared to other devices in online. This Project is designed to detect the LPG Gas Leakages and to alerts the users through Audio-Visual Indications. This Project is designed to detect the LPG& 4 other Dangerous Gases from a range 200(PPM) to 10,000 PPM. Whenever there is LPG concentration of 1000 ppm (parts per million) in the area. A buzzer is connected to produce audible alert signal. This LPG Gas Sensor can be used to make wireless Gas leak detector in home security system .The LPG Gas Sensor Module is designed to enable LPG detection interface to Microcontroller without ADC Channels. By providing a GSM modem we can receive SMS ALERTS also Output image & Video :

ABSTRACT
LPG gas is supplied in pressurized steel cylinders. As this gas is heavier than air, when it leaks from a cylinder it flows along floor and tends to settle in low spots such as a basement. This can cause fire or suffocation if not dealt with. Here is a circuit that detects the leakage of LPG gas and alerts the user through audio-visual indications. This LPG Gas Sensor (MQ6), ideal sensor for use to detect the presence of a dangerous Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and it has high sensitivity to propane, butane, isobutene, natural gas. The sensor can also be used to detect combustible gases, especially methane. This circuit can detect leakages in your Home, car or in a service station, storage tank environment. This unit can be easily implemented to industrial level by upgrading its ranges. This project is designed to detect the LPG from 200parts per million (PPM) to 10,000 PPM. Whenever there is LPG concentration of 1000 ppm (parts

per million) in the area, the OUT pin of the sensor module goes high. This signal drives timer IC 555, which is wired as an astable multivibrator. The multivibrator basically works as a tone generator. A buzzer is connected to produce audible alert signal. This LPG Gas Sensor can be used to make wireless Gas leak detector in home security system .The LPG Gas Sensor Module is designed to enable LPG detection interface to Microcontroller without ADC Channels. By providing a GSM modem we can receive SMS ALERTS also..

Design Of the Project:

In this project we have used MQ-6 gas sensor. Whenever LPG gas is leaked the sensor detects and it passes signal to timer circuit. Here we have used IC 555 timer which acts as astable multivibrator.Then it will be given to Transistor driver circuit which activates buzzer and LED and alerts the user through audio-visual indications.

COMPONENTS U:

S.no 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Components used SEN-1327 gas sensor IC 555 TIMER (8 pin) Transistor Zener diode Speaker Battery LED Capacitors Resistors

Range/Type 200ppm-10,000ppm 4.5 to 15 V(Vcc) SL100 5V 0.5W,8 9V 1V 0.1uf 10k 4.7k 1k 22 560 10k ______

Quantity 1no 1no 1no 1no 1no 1no 1no 2no 1no 1no 1no 1no 1no 1no ______

10

Variable resistor On /off switch and Connecting wires

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

SEN-1327 GAS Sensor Module

The SEN-1327 gas sensor module from RhydoLABZ,kochi is used in this circuit. This LPG Gas Sensor (MQ6), ideal sensor for use to detect the presence of a dangerousLiquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and it has high sensitivity to propane, butane, isobutene, natural gas. The sensor can also be used to detect combustible gases, especially methane. This sensor has a high sensitivity and fast response time. The drive circuit is very simple. This circuit can detect leakages in your Home, car or in a service station, storage tank environment. This unit can be easily implemented to industrial level by upgrading its ranges.

FEATURES:

Uses the MQ-6 LPG Gas Sensor Easy SIP interface Compatible with most microcontrollers we can upgrade this to provide SMS alerts also Onboard Status and Power LED Onboard Pot for threshold setting On board microcontroller This sensor has a fast response time Good sensitivity to Combustible gas in wide range Long life and low cost Simple drive circuit High sensitivity to Propane, Butane and LPG

Circuit Working:
Pin details of the gas sensor module are shown in Fig. 2. An MQ-6 gas sensor is used in the gas sensor module. As per its datasheet, it has high sensitivity to propane, butane, isobutene, LPG and natural gas. The sensor can also be used to detect combustible gases, especially methane. This circuit has been tested with LPG gas and was found to work very fine. Whenever there is LPG con-centration of 1000 ppm (parts per million) in the area, the OUT pin of the sensor module goes high. This signal drives timer IC 555, which is wired as an astable multivibrator. The multivibrator basically works as a tone generator. Output pin 3 of IC 555 is connected to LED1 and speaker-driver transistor SL100 through current-limiting resis-tors R5 and R4, respectively. LED1 glows and the alarm sounds to alert the user of gas leakage. The pitch of the tone can be changed by varying preset VR1. Use a suitable heat-sink for transistor SL100