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Formula Sheet r F = f ( x, y )i + g ( x, y ) j Let I.

Line Integrals r F = f ( x, y )i + g ( x, y ) + h( x, y )k j or

1.

r r dr fdx + gdy = F(x(t),y(t)) (t)dt dt t0


tf

or

r r dr fdx + gdy + hdz = F(x(t),y(t),z(t)) (t)dt dt t0


tf

f g r = F = if y x 2. In two dimensions only

r F = then 3. If

fdx + gdy
c

( x(t f ), y (t f )) ( x(t0 ), y (t0 ))

(In 2 dimensions)

fdx + gdy + hdz


c

( x (t f ), y (t f ), z (tf )) ( x(t0 ), y (t0 ), z (t0 ))


g f

(In 3 dimensions)

4. Greens Theorem :

fdx + gdy = ( x y )dA


c R

II. Flux Integrals : Suppose is a surface given by z = z(x,y) r r r F ndS = F NdA

1.

r z z N = i j+k x y where (upward normal) r z z k N= i j x y

(downward normal)

Analogous results if x = x(y,z) or y = y(x,z)

r f g h divF = + + x y z 2.

3.

Divergence Thm:

F ndS = divFdV
G