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DDR . Double data rate .

, "DDR", .
" ". . DDR
400 200 2 (,
2 ).
, "2n Prefetch".
.
,
.
(Differential
Clock). .
. ,
. , ,
.
.http://www.overclockers.ru/lab/15689.shtml
SATA (Serial ATA) . SATA
ATA (IDE), SATA
PATA (Parallel ATA). http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/SATA
SATA Revision 1.x ( 1.5 /)

SATA 1,5 ,
1,2 / (150 /). (20%-
8B/10B,
8 2 ).
SATA/150 Ultra ATA
(UDMA/133). SATA PATA
. ,
,

.
(. LVDS).
SATA Revision 2.x ( 3 /)

SATA/300 3 , 2,4
/ (300 /). nForce 4
NVIDIA. SATA/300 SATA II SATA 2.0. [1]
SATA/150 SATA/300 ( SATA/300
SATA/150, SATA/150 SATA/300)
( ),
(,
Seagate, SATA/300, SATA/150
).
SATA Revision 3.x ( 6 /)
SATA Revision 3.0 6 /
( 5.89 / 700 /). SATA Revision 3.0
, ,
. , SATA,
. , SATA-IO
SATA SATA III, SATA 3.0 SATA Gen 3. SATA
Revision 3.0; SATA 6Gb/s.
http://www.compress.ru/article.aspx?id=10402&iid=427 ,,sas

SCSI (Small Computer System Interface, "" ( ---) ,


,
, , CD, DVD, , , . .
Shugart Computer Systems Interface .
DAS (Direct Attached Storage) p, o
, . :
SCSI, FC SAS.
.
NAS (Network Attached Storage) , . ,
, ( )
. NAS RAID .
.
, (Storage Area Network, SAN)
, , ,
,
.
USB storage, SCSI USB,
, SBP-2 FireWire/1394.
CD/DVD FireWire .
IEEE 1394 (FireWire, i-Link) ,
.
IEEE 1394 :
.
.
.
, RAID.
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/FireWire
() ,
. (
) ,
. :


.
, ,
.
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%92%D0%B8%D1%80%D1%82%D1%83%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%BD
%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%87%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F_
%D0%B1%D0%B8%D0%B1%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%BA%D0%B0
Fibre Channel (FC) (fibre channel )
. T11,
(InterNational Committee for Information Technology
Standards INCITS), (ANSI).
FC
, FC
.
iSCSI (Internet Small Computer System Interface) , TCP/IP
, .
iSCSI :
SCSI, TCP.
SCSI IP .
, TCP/IP.


1. ()
2. .
: Oracle Real Application Cluster, grid-,
.
SMB (. . Server Message Block)
, , .
,
. .
.
.
.

JBOD ( . Just a bunch of disks, ) RAID- ,


.
JBOD , IDE- SATA-,
RAID,
. , JBOD, ,
. IT- ,
. spanning (
) JBOD, RAID ,
[1].
RAID 0 (striping )
. (Ai) /
.

(+): (
).
(-): RAID 0
RAID 0 , . .
.
RAID 1 (mirroring ).

(+):
.[1]
(+): ,
.
, . .

. RAID ( )
.
.
(-): ,
, ( ,
).
RAID 1+0 RAID 0+1. RAID 1+0 RAID 10,
RAID 1 RAID 0. , RAID 0 RAID 1 RAID 0+1,

"" RAID 10. , RAID 0.


,
. RAID-1 Windows 2003
http://technet.microsoft.com/ru-ru/library/cc738132%28WS.10%29.aspx

RAID 2


, n ,
n 1 . ,
RAID 0, ,
. ,
- .
ECC
.
RAID 2 ,
, .
RAID 3

RAID 3
RAID 3 n 1
n 1 . .
RAID 2 n 1 ,
,

, ,
.
RAID 3 RAID 2:
.
:
;
.
:
,
, ,
.
.
, , ,
, .

RAID 4

RAID 4
RAID 4 RAID 3, , ,
. ,
. - ,

.
RAID-4 NetApp
(NetApp FAS),
,
WAFL.

RAID 5

RAID 5
RAID 2- 4-
,
. RAID 5 .
,
.
XOR( ). Xor , RAID 5,
, xor,
. : a xor b = c ( a, b, c
-), a , , c
xor c b: c xor b = a.
: a xor b xor c xor d = e. c e xor
c: a xor b xor e xor d = c.
5 . xor 1 ,
raid.
(+): RAID5 , ,
. RAID5 (n-1)*hddsize,
n , hddsize . ,
4- 80 (4 1) * 80 = 240 .
RAID 5
, ,
( ) ,
.
(-): RAID 5 , Random
Write ( ), 10-25%
RAID 1 ( RAID 10),
( RAID
- ). RAID 5
(degrade),
,
. RAID-0
( n ).
,
, ,
.
, RAID Reconstruction ( RAID
)
, -
RAID,
cold data (,
, ),
.

.
Parity - . RAID.
,
( ).
-
. , , ,
.

10111101 6 '1' . 0,
101111010.
01110011 5 '1' . 1,
011100111.
00000000 '1' . 0,
000000000.
,
0.
RAID .
,
( XOR) .
, RAID 5 :
1: 01101101
2: 11010100
XOR
01101101
XOR 11010100
_____________
10111001
10111001 3.
- ,
xor. 2
xor 1 3:
1: 01101101
3: 10111001

:
10111001
XOR 01101101
_____________
11010100
xor 11010100 2,
. , . -
. RAID 3 12 , 11 XOR
.
S.M.A.R.T. (. Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology)
, .
SMART ,
. :

1. , (
, , );
2. ( ,
, ).
, raw value, value
, . value

0 100 ( 0 200 0 253).


. .
, , ,
, .
SMART :
1. ;
2. ;
3.
.
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A2%D0%B5%D1%85%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%BE
%D0%B3%D0%B8%D1%8F_SMART
SMI-S SNI
(Storage Networking Industry Association (SNIA)). ISO .
- .
http://old.osp.ru/text/print/302/1576766.html
(Distributed Management Task Force, DMTF)

Jumbo- (. Jumbo Frame) Ethernet-,


,
. Jumbo- ,
MTU: 1518 16000 [1] .
CHAP (. Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol)
, , .
CHAP .
- MD5 (. Message Digest-5) . () (),
- , -
. ,
, -, .
.
TCP Offload Engine TOE ,
TCP/IP
. , , Gigabit Ethernet
10 Gigabit Ethernet, .
SMB (. . Server Message Block)
, , .
IBM, Microsoft, Intel 3Com 1980- ; (SMB 2.0)
Microsoft Windows Vista. SMB
Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows
(. Microsoft Windows Network) (. File and Printer
Sharing).
Storage Resource Management (SRM)

Storage resource management is the process of optimizing the efficiency and speed with which the
available drive space is utilized in a storage area network (SAN).[1]

Data growth averages around 50% to 100% per year. Companies are faced with rising hardware
costs and also the increased costs of managing their storage.
Storage professionals who are facing out-of control data growth are looking at SRM to help them
navigate the storage environment. SRM identifies underutilized capacity, identifies old or noncritical data that could be moved to less-expensive storage, and helps predict future capacity
requirements.
SRM has evolved beyond quota management. It now includes functions such as Storage area
network (SAN) management.
Providers of independent SRM solutions are APTARE[2], DataCore Software, Symantec and
Northern Parklife.