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1398 [ -

-






II (1481-1512)
1485
1 (1413-
1421),
*
2005 Boykov, G. Who Established the Town of Tatar Pazarclk in
\1iddle Upper Th1"ace? In: et al. UluslararaS1 Osmanll Ti.i1"k-
Bulgar ilikileri Sempozyumu ] ]-13 MaYls 2005. Bildiri1er Eskiehir, Osmangazi Oniversitesi, 2005,
253-259.



J




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XIX





1485
II










-
2 Tatar Pazarclk. Turkish Town in the Heart of Bulgaria. Some Brief Remarks its
Demographic Development 1489-1874. - In: TUrk Tarih Kongresi, Ankara 22-26 Eyltil1986. Kongreye
Sunulan Bildiriler, vol. 5. Ankara, TUrk Tarih Kurumu, 1994,2567-2581; Kiel, Tatar Pazarclk. The
Development of Ottoman Town in Central-Bulgaria or the Story of How the Bulgarians Conquered
Upper Thrace Without Firing Shot. - In: Kreiser, Ch. Neuman Das Osmanische Reich in
seinen Archivalien und Chroniken, Nejat zu Ehren. Istanbul, in Kommission bei Franz Steiner Verlag,
1997, 31-67 -

1485-1874 -
2005,194-221.
3 Tatar Pazarclk. Turkish Town in the Heart of Bulgaria... , 2568; Tatar Pazarclk. The
Development of Ottoman Town in Central-Bulgaria... , 39; ..., 199.
4 Babinger, F. Beitrage zur FrUhgeschichte der TUrkenherrschaft in Rumelien (14.-15. Jahrhundert).
R. Rohrer, 1944,68.
5
N2 4. 4,1932, 29, 96-97.
6 1923, 75-78.

1969, 184-186.
7
1973, 41.
8
II (1485)"


9
1398 5
1485






1472






(kasaba).


(1444-
1446, 1451-1481)
-



1516/19 r.
12



terminus ante quem





My14.


41.


10 1488

XV-XVI-XVII XVIII -
1959, NQ 1, 1961, 442.
1I 17/27, f. 94173, ff. 32-33.
Boykov, G. Who Established
Pazarc1k... , 256-257.
12 Osmanll (= Tahrir Defterleri (= TD) 77.
13 Asyab-i bab-3, 90 [akye], TD 77, f. 635.
14 Dink-i $ehabeddin, vakf-i cami', bab-2, 40 TD 77, f. 635.

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2007, NQ 5-6 /
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(tiirbe)

BeK
I5
.












1 1418

XIX









15
- 6, 1962,271-273,

-
- 10, 1962, 121-143.

- 60, 1966, 593-600.
1638-1639 Sezgin. i.
Filibe'deki -In: Bayrak, et al. Uluslararas! Osmal1l!
Tiirk-Bulgar Sempozyumu 11-13 May!s 2005. Bildiriler Kitub!.
011iversitesi, 2005, 347-355.
Gokbilgin. XY-XYI. Livasl.
iStul1bul, BaSlmevi, 1952, 255-261.
16 Hammer-Pu'-gslall. J. von. Geschichte des Osmanischen Reiches, Grossentheils aus biSllCI"
llnbenutzten Handschrit'ten und Pest, 1827.
Histoirc de ottoman, depuis son traduit J. J.
1835-1843).
1398 ... 7





-
- r:



Hero
J9
.



-















1420[?]
1



17 Ibid., t. 2,180-181.
18 lbid., t. 2, 180.
19 Rumeli und Bosna. Geographisch beschrieben Mustafa Abdalla Hadschi Chalfa,
Joseph Wien: Verlage des Kunst- und Industrie-Comptoirs,
1812, 55-56, -

-
1938, 1
20 Barkan, L. OS111<1nll iparatorlugunda iskan kolonizasyon metodu olarak istanbul
l"niversitesi iktisat MecmuaS1, 15, (1953-1954), 211.
21 Hammer-Purgstall, J. Devlet-i Osmaniye Tarihi: kadar
\fehmed Ata istanbul, 1329/1910-1911.
22
2005.
23 255.
254.
8
2007, NQ 5-6 I






















25 253; 81-82.
26 66-70.
27
-jnalclk, The Rise ofOttoman - In: Empire to Republic. Essays
Ottoman and Turkish Socia1 Istanbu1, Isis Press, 1-16, Lewis, and
Holt Historians ofthe Midd1e East. London, Oxford University Press, New York-Toronto,
1962, 152-167; Menage, v. Beginnings of Ottoman Historiography. - In: Lewis, and Holt
cit., 168-178. idem. TheMenaqib ofYakhshi Faqih. Bul1etin ofthe School ofOriental and
African Studies, 26:1, 1963, 50-54.
28 Tevarih-i A.1-i Osman
Anonimous Giese. Die a1tosmanishen Chroniken. Tevarih-i
Al-i Osman, in Text und Obersetzung herausgegeben Dr. Friedrich Giese. 1: Text und
riantenverzeichnis, Bres1au, 1922;
Anonim Tevarih-i Osman. F. Giese N. (haz.). istanbul,
Marmara Oniversitesi Edebiyat Fakiiltesi Baslmevi, 1992.
29 Cambridge MS Oxford MS - Bamnger, F. Die fIiihosmanischen
lahrbticher des Urudsch: nach den Handschriften zu Oxford und Cambridge. Hannover, Orient-
Buchhand1ung Heinz Lafaire, 1925.
Tarihi, AtS1Z. N. (haz.) istanbu1, Terctiman, 1 1 Eser, No. 5, 1972. Menage, v.
the Recessions of Uruj's 'History of the Ottomans'. - Bulletin of the Schoo1 of Orienta1 and African
Studies, 30:2, 1967, 314-322
Beldiceanu-Steinherr, 1. Un Legs Pieux du Chroniqueur Uruj. - Bulletin of the Schoo! of
Orienta1 and African Studies, 33:2, 1970, 359-363; Menage, v. Edime'H Ruhi'ye Atfedi1en Osmanll
Tarihinden iki Par9a. - In: ismail Armagan. Ankara, Ttirk Tarih Kurumu, 1976, 311-333.
30 -
Tarihi. Tevarih-i Osman. Ali (haz.). istanbu1, Matba'a-i Amire, 1332/1916; Giese, F.
Die A1tosmanishe Chronik des 'AsIkpasazade. Leipzig, Otto Harrassowitz, 1929; AtS1Z, N. Osmanll Tarihleri 1.
istanbul, Ti.irkiye 1949
1398 ... 9

(takvim)31


Il,












Codex
MenzeP6


inalclk, How to Read 'Ashlk
Pasha-zade's History. - In: /dem. Essays in Ottoman History. Istanbul, 1998,31-50.
31
inalclk, Fatih Devri Uzerinde Tetkikler Yesikalar. Ankara, TUrk Tarih 1954, 23; /dem.
The Rise of Ottoman Turan,
istanbul'un Fethinden Tarihi Takvimler. Ankara, TUrk Tarih 1954.
Menage, v. The Annals ofMurad 11. - Bulletin ofthe School ofOriental and
Studies, 39:3, 1976, 570-584.
Menage, v. Neshri's of the Ottomans. The Sources and Development of the Text.
London, Oxford University Press, 1964.
1984; Kalicin,
Characteristic of Neshri 's 'History ofthe Ottoman Court'. - Etudes Balkaniques,
1979. N2 2, 34-53.
33 Turan, $. ibn Kemal'in Hayatl Eserleri. - In: Kemal, i. Tevarih-i
Osman Defter. Turan, $. (haz.). Ankara, TUrk Tarih 1991, ix-xxxiii,
Menage, v. MS Fatih 4205: Autograph of Kemalpashazade's Tevarikh-i AI-i 'Othman, Book
- Bulletin ofthe School ofOriental and African Studies, 23:2,1960,250-264.
1, IV,
inalclk, Rise of Ottoman Historiography... , 14-15.
34 208.
35 Ne$ri, Tarihi. Unat, F. and (haz.), cild 1.
TUrk Tarih 1949 Cihan-NUma. Tarihi. Unat, F. and
(haz.), cild. 2. Ankara, TUrk Tarih 1957.

Unat-Koymen. Tarihi, cild 1, ix-xvi; Menage, v.
xiii.
36 Codex Menzel

Codex Manisa. GihannUma, die altosmanische Chronik des .
\le\"lana Mehmed Neschri. Auftrage der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, nach
\Qrarbeiten Theodor Menzel herausgegeben Franz Taeschner. Band I Codex Menzel. Leipzig,
ono Harrassowitz, 1951 Band 11 Codex Manisa 1373. Leipzig, Otto Harrassowitz, 1955.
10 2007, NQ 5-6 /









Sultan Mehmed Samsun'u aldl, {oglu Sultan Murad Amasya'da kodu


4
0},[Bursa'ya
giderken] isklib'e ugradl. illerinde
4J
90k42 tatar evleri gbrdii
(Sordu: evler kimindir" dedi. "Minnet Beg'indir" dediler.
hani begi" dedi. "Tatar Samagar oglu diigiin yaptl, diigiiniine vardl"
dediler. Sultan Mehmed veziri Bayazld ider memleketten
aldl, gitdi dediler. iIde begleri diigiin birbirine gider, gelir
43
,
benim seferim<.ie bulunmazlar. siirmek gerek" dedi. Minnet Beg'i yaglrtd1
44
,
getirdi, siirdii. Bunlar hepsini] Filibe. ybresine [ge<;irdi] ybresine
koydu
45
.{Minnet Beg oglu 01 eyledi}. Minl1et'in oglu Mehmed Beg
'imaret yaptl. Bir dahi yaptl. tatarlar kaldI1ar}.
[Orada makam edindiler].
.17
.
inalclk. The Rise ofOttoman Historiography... , 16.
.18










Sadeddill,
Parmaksizoglu, i. (haz.), cild 2. istanblll, Babakanllk KUltur Mustearllgl Kultiif
1974,98-99.
Solak-zade Mehmed Hemdemf C;elebf. Solak-Zade Tarihi. - (abuk, V
(haz.), cild 1. Bakanl1g1 1989, 180.
.19 Alkpaazade (Ali 90; Alkpaazade (Giese), 80-81; Alkpaazade (AtSlZ), 152; Giese
(Azamat), 57; (Babinger - Cambridge MS), 110; Beg (AtSlZ), 74.
[ ]
{}
4{) Giese).
4\ vilayetleril1de (Apz, Ali
42 miibalaga (Apz, Giese, AtSlZ); kalabal1k Beg, AtSlZ).
4.1 vilayetinde begi diigiil1 iler, birbirine gelir Ali
44 okutdu (Apz, Giese, AtSlZ).
45 kondurdllar Giese); hisar 9uresil1i 01 tatar ile doldllfdl (Uruc, MS).
1398 11




-
-












-










-


-
46 1 1417
1418 The Ottoman 1300-1481. Istanbul, Isis 1990.
88. 1300-1481. 2000, 130.
Yacel, Anadolu Bey1ik1eri 1. Turk 1988,92-94.
47

47-49.





81611413-1414
Siireyya, Sici1-i Osmani yahlld Tezkire-i Osmaniye. istanb1l1, Matba'a-i Amire,
] 31111893, cild 4,515.
12 2007, NQ 5-6 /




(1476-1481
11,
(icmal defteri) 1530

11 11



11,


XIX
















1,
1395

48
(Ali 90.
11
295-296; Sadeddin (Parmaksizoglu), cild 3,87-88.
49 inalclk, How to Read 'Ashlk Pasha-zade... , 36.
50370 Muhasebe-i Vilayet-i Rum-ili Defteri (93711530). Ankara, Devlet Genel
Miidiirliigii, 2001, 102.
51 GDkbllgin. LivaSl, 241-242.
52


Osmanll bazl Filibe Anakara
Oniversitesi,2002), 118-128.
53 (tuz yasagl) Anhegger, R., jnalclk.
me-i Sultani ber Muceb-i 'Orf-i Osmani. Ttirk Tarih Kurumu, 1956,29-30.
54
1398 .. 13





-











-






Menage, v. The of Yakhshi Faqih,
footnote 2.
55
Akrepe, XIV. ASlr1arda Rume1i'nin Tilrk1er Dair. - Tilrkiyat Mecmuasl,
10, 1951-1953,300-301. A.$lkpa.$azade (Ali 74; A.$lkpa.$azade (Giese), 66-67.
132




56 (Ali 74; A.$lkpa.$azade (Giese), 67.
57
Stirgtin1er, 211-212. inalclk, DobruQia ibn
Tevarih-i Osman, IV. Defter. /mazawa, (haz.). Ankara, Tilrk Tarih Kurumu, 2000, 327-355.
58 1
50 Decei, Etablissement de Aktav de Horde d'Or dans l'Empire
temps de Bayezid, 60. milnasebetiy1e Zeki Ve1idi Togan'a Armagan.
Istanbu1, Maarif BaSlmevi, 1950-1955, 85.
59

Badru'd-din 'Ayni, Nizamtiddin
1398 Decei, Etablissement de Aktav. '"
92.
$ami, N. Zafemame Necati Lugal). Ankara, Ttirk
Tarih Kurumu, 1987,195-197 1949). (lmazawa), 327.
Aktav
Aktay. (Imazawa), ix-xii; 502.
14
2007, NQ 5-6 /


(kllak u yaylak ta'yin ii tebyin idi.ib)60.








1 (1402 1'.)63:
vilayetinden
64
90kluk tatar <;erisi beg1erine Ak dirlerdi.
vefat



01 tatar askerini askerini toplaYlb
Su1tan

dahi yi.iri.idi.i. Engi.iri 91kd1...





...






60 (Imazawa), 329.
61
- Manyas (lmazawa), 341.
62 (lmazawa), 343. 50


63 Uruc 34; Uruc (Babinger-Cambridge MS). 103: Beg(AtSlz), 59-60:
Rulli Edrenevi, Berlin, StaatsmbIiothek, Ms. Quart 821, t"ol. 46 Decei,
EtabIissement de Aktav... , 88).
64 U1kesinden. Uruc (Babinger - MS).
65 Edirl1ede otururkell orada Beg (AtS1Z); Edirl1ede [evt olciu.
(Babil1ger - Oxt"ord MS).
Uruc (Babinger - MS), Uruc (Babinger - Cambridge MS).
67 BayaZ1d. Ruhi
68
1398 15






1402




70:








...
[

-


-



69 Nicoloudis, N. Laonikos Chalkokondyles: Translation and Commentary of'tlle 'Demonstrations
Histories'. Books Ph.D. Dissertation, King's Col1ege. London, 1992,230-231.
Laonikos Chalkokondyles. Translation and Commentary the
'-Demonstrations of'Hist01ies" (Books Athens, St. Basilopoulos, 1996,
Da,-k6, Laonici
Cha1cocandylae historiarum demonstrations. Vol. 1. Budapestini. Typis Societatis Franklinianae. 1922,

-'0 Chalkokondyles (Nicoloudis), 230-231.
-:

(Tataran-i Aktav)
Tayyib
';:-wi/gin, Rumeli'de Yilrilkler, Tatarlar Evl<1d-) istal1bul, Osmal1 MatbaaSl.
- 17.26,87-88.
TD 223) 1543/44
__ 21 Gokbilgin. YUrUkler.... 87.
16
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XIV



1472




I (1520-1566)



XIX 1881
,

-
77.









I I,
1395
72 17/27, f.
73 Edime LivfuH, 500-501.
Inyentory of Ottoman Turkish Documents
about Waqf Preseryed in the Oriental Department at the St St Cyril and Methodius National Library. Part 1
- Registers. Radushev, S. /vanova, and R. Kovachev Sofia, IMIR, 2003.
74 Erkan-l Harbiye-i Umumiye Dairesi, Filibe 1299 1881 Ttirk Tarih Kurumu
hanesi, - 137 1299
75 Rumeli Haritasl, Erkan-l Harbiye-i Umumiye Dairesi, Filibe 1317 1899
76 Generalkarte Mitteleuropa 1:200 000,43"- 42" Stara Zagora (Eski Zagra). Herausgegeben
Militargeographischen Institut in Wien, 1940.
1913
1940
77 14 1934

(1878- 1972). 1972,
19,273. 2005

1878-2004. 2005, 25, 392.
1398 ... 17

1398


Via Militaris,





1398,




-


1398
1472


-















-


-


78 Kastritsis, D. The Ottoman (1402-
1413): Politics and of Dynastic Succession. PhD Dissertation, Harvard University, 2005,
AhvaI-i Sultan Mehemmed
Halilname 'Abdulvasi
79 1472
17/27, [. 94/73, [. 32-33.
80 Vakfieler 26, (19/1142).
81 TD 77, [. 635; MAD 519, [. 125; TD 370, [. 109.
82
Kalesi, Najstatiji vakufski dokumenti Jugoslaviji arapskomjeziku. Pristina, 1972, 145-171.
18
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1 1530






1530
-



1596


FOUNDATION OF TATAR BAZARI (PAZARDZHIK) IN 1398-
SUPPOSITIONS, DISCUSSIONS, CONCLUSIONS
Grigor Boyko\!
This paper focuses the creation of the town of Tatar (Pazardzhik) at the turn of
the 14th century. Revisiting the existing theories, which disCL1sS the fOL1nders and the estab-
lishment of the town, the author argL1es that the claims of Tatar 's creation in 1480s or
1410s cannot confirmed the sources and should regarded as groundless. Based
Ottoman archival sources and Byzantine and Ottoman narratives the article puts forward
new suggestion according to which the town was established around 1398
Crimean Tatars.
83
-
2001,136-164.
- -
Semavi, Sofya ihtiman'da Gaazi Miha10glu Mahmud
imaret-Camii. - Kubbealtl Akademi Mecmuas14:2, 1975,49-61 -
... , 458-460.
84 Clayer, N. Mystique, etat et societe. Les Halvetis dans l'aire balkanique de la t'in du siecle
nosjours. Leiden-New 1994,81-82.
85
2007


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