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.. .

()
.. 1, .. 2, .. 2
1
,
2
" "
.
() ,
.
, .
Abstract. The paper considers the method of mathematical modelling of operation of a tanker maneuvering
propulsion device. The results of calculations using the tanker mathematical model including the mathematical
model of the bow maneuvering propulsion device have been shown as well.
1.

(1,04,0 ) , , ,
, ,
. , , ,
- , ,
( ) .
,
, , .
2. / ""
, , , /
"", () Ulstein Propeller 150 TV,
C3M355LZ4 645
(877 ...). - , ,
,
.


Ppr, /..
,
= 0, = 24995 , df = 8,81 , da = 9,19 ,
/
/ ,
, ,
Dk,
r,
- xpr,
(
) s,

w,
lk,
Dpr,

n, /
Hpr,
Hpr/Dpr

100 % Tpr,

220



645/877
5,5
28
10
5,8
1,6
0,11
63,5
28
29
5,0
1,58
B4-55, 4-
398
1,264
0,8
0,55
84171

, 9, 2, 2006 .

.220-223

3.
,
(Manen, 1962; Martin, 1980), :
, 4-55
,
(Chislett, 1979). ,
.. , .. , .. ( ., 1969;
, 1985), .. (1988).
, ,
Jpr Hpr/Dpr,
pr (x = 0,
).

Jpr = 0,15 + 0,75(Hpr/Dpr) + 0,024(Hpr/Dpr)2 0,034(Hpr/Dpr)4.

(1)

,
0,4 (Hpr/Dpr) 0,8.
, ,
50 % .
,
, Tpr,
Tpr = kTpr Dpr2 n2,

(2)

; kTpr ,
(Martin, 1980):
kTpr = 0,39 (Hpr/Dpr) 0,072.

(3)

:
TEpr = (1 + t) Tpr.

(4)

(4) t,

0,10,3 (, 1988) ( t = 0,2).

, , ,
. , ,
. ,
.. (1988):
k = (0,63 + 0,37cos w)(0,63 + 0,37cos s).
(5)
,
TEpr' = TEprk.

(6)

,
, , (Chislett, 1979).
(pr)
(x = cos; , ).
pr (Tpr),
(, 1988):
(7)
pr = (8Tpr/(1 + kpr)Dpr2)0,5,
kpr , ,
, (, 1985)
, (, 1988). kpr = 0,193.

.
/pr ,
(, 1985; Chislett, 1979) 0,5 < /pr < 0,75.

221

.. .

. , ,
, ,
, (, 1988).

, .. ( ., 1969):
TEpr" = TEpr'[1 (x/pr)].

(8)

.. (1981) , (,
1985), x/pr,
:
TEpr" = TEpr' k,

(9)

k :

k = 1,095 2,382(/pr) + 0,283(/pr)2 + 0,853(/pr)3;

k = 1,03 + 1,856(/pr) + 4,347(/pr)2 + 1,532(/pr)3.

(10)
(11)

. 1. k(/pr)
:
,
:
1 ;
2 (10) (11)

. 1 k (/pr), ,
(1981), (10-11).
, Chislett (1979),
. ,
, k
/pr, :
k = 1,0,
k = 1 1,4k,
k = 0,3 + 0,3(k 0,5),
k = 1,2,

k < 0,1;
0,1 k 0,5;
0,5 < k < 1,2;
k 1,2.

(12)

= cos tg,

(13)

= arctg(xpr/) , ,
. , ,
,
, .
,
, .. (1988) ,
, .. 0:
Tpr = 0,5Fpr(pr2 yy|yy|),

Fpr .
,
222

(14)

, 9, 2, 2006 .

.220-223

Tpr = 0,5Fprpr2,

(15)

,
Tpr = Tpr Tpr = Tpr 0,5Fpryy|yy|.

(16)
2

(4), t = 0,2; Fpr = 1,96 ,


-
Tepr = 1,205||, .

(17)


.
. 2.

. 2.

.
2 /
) 20 /
) 10 /
) 5 /
1
2
/
3
/

4.


.
.

Chislett M.S. Influence of ship speed on the effectiveness of a lateral-thrust unit. Hitachi Report, N 8, 1979.
Manen van J.D. Effect of radial load distribution on the performance of shrouded propellers. Int. Shipbuilding
Progress, v.9, N 93, p.192-196, 1962.
Martin L.L. Ship manoeuvring and control in wind. SNAME Tr., v.88, p.257-281, 1980.
.. - . . ., ,
360 ., 1988.
.., .., .. . ., ,
264 ., 1969.
: 3 . .
. . .. . ., , .3,
544 ., 1985.
.. .
.. .. . ., , . 358, .61-79, 1981.
223