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Section test 1

Q1. F(x) = xx! And f(x) is defined for all the natural number values of x. Find the tens place digit of 1. 0 Q2. 2. 1 3. 3 4. 5 5. 7

f(x) is a real valued function with following properties: f(1) = 3 and f(3a) = a.f(a) for any positive integer a, what is the remainder when f(390) is divided by 10? 1. 0 2.1 3.3 4. 9 5. None of these

Q3. If the tens digit of a perfect square number is 7, how many units digits are possible? 1.1 2.2 3.3 4.4 5.5 Q4. 1st 250 natural numbers on base 9 are written. How many of these numbers will be neither divisible by 2 nor divisible by 5? 2. 100 3. 150 4. 200 5. None of these

1. 50

Q5. N is natural number such that N divides (N-1)!. For what kind of values of N, will this division occur? 1. Any natural number 3. Any composite number 2. Any prime number 4. Any composite number >4

5. No definite answer can be given Q6. Given that n is a natural number, then the number (n+1)(n+2)........(n+10) cannot be a i. Prime number 1. i and iii only 5. None of these 7. In an examination a student was asked to find (3/14) of a certain number. By mistake he found (3/4) of it. His answer was 150 more than the correct answer. The given number is 1. 180 8. 2. 240 3. 280 4. 290 5. None of these ii. Composite Number 2. ii and iii only 3. I only iii. Perfect Square 4. Iii only

Find the remainder when 7 21 7 22 7 23 7 23 is divided by 25. 1. 0 2. 2 3. 4 4. 6 5. 19

9.

The number 39 312 312 3n is a perfect cube of an integer for natural number n equalling: 1. 12 2. 13 3. 14 4. 15 5. 17

10.

Of the two-digit numbers (those from 10 to 99, both inclusive), how many have unit digit greater than the tens place digit? 1. 38 2. 40 3. 36 4. 41 5. 35

11.

Which of the following can't be the difference of two four-digit numbers formed by the four digits 4, 6, 7 and 9, where each digit can be repeated? 1. 5085 2. 5095 3. 5795 4. 2095 5. All are possible

12.

The difference between the squares of two consecutive odd integers is always divisible by 1. 8 2. 7 3. 6 4. 3 5. None of these

13.

Find a positive number which when increased by 17 is equal to 60 times the reciprocal of the number. 1. 20 2. 10 3. 3 4. 17 5. 21

14.

A number consists of two digits whose sum is 7. If the digits are reversed, then the number is increased by 27. The number is 1. 25 2. 34 3. 16 4. 52 5. 36

Q15. Find the first and last digits of 243 respectively. 1. 8 and 8 2. 2 and 8 3. 4 and 8

4. 8 and 2

5. 8 and 4

Q16. Given that n is an odd positive integer, then what is the remainder when 2269n + 1779n + n 1730 - 1776n is divided by 2001? 1. 1 2. 0 3. 19 3.1999 5. 2000

Q17.

Each family in a locality has at most two adults, and no family has fewer than 3 children. Considering all the families together, there are more adults than boys, more boys than girls, and more girls than families, then the minimum possible number of families in the locality is

1. 4 Q18.

2. 5

3. 2

4. 3

5. 1

A book contains 30 stories. Each story has a different number of pages under 31. The first story starts on page 1 and each story starts on a new page. What is the largest possible number of stories that can begin on odd page numbers? 1. 20 2. 23 3. 29 4. 25 5. None of these

Q19.

Assuming that p, q, r and s are distinct prime numbers greater than 10, find the number of common multiples of 14 p7 q5 r4 and 98 p3 q15 s7 which are factors of the product of the given two numbers? 1.192 2. 96 3. 48 4. 24 5. None of these

Q20.

A number when written to the base 16 contains only 3 zeros and three 1's and no other digits. Find the maximum number of zeros in the number when it is represented in base 2. 1. 16 2. 18 3. 20 4. 24 5. None of these

Answer and Explanations:


Answer Grid: Q1 3 Q11 3 Q2 4 Q12 1 Q3 1 Q13 3 Q4 2 Q14 1 Q5 4 Q15 1 Q6 1 Q16 2 Q7 3 Q17 4 Q8 1 Q18 2 Q9 3 Q19 2 Q10 3 Q20 2

Q1.

F(1) = 11! F(2) = 22! F(3) = 33! F(4) = 44! And so on. = f(1) + f(2) + f(3) + ............+ f(19) + f(20).

Instead of finding the actual sum, we would find out the last two digits of all these numbers and find the sum of tens place digit, later on. Last two digits of F(1) = 11! = 01 Last two digits of F(2) = 22! = 04 Last two digits of F(3) = 33! = 61 Last two digits of F(4) = 44! = 56 Last two digits of F(5) = 55! = 25 Last two digits of F(6) = 66! = 76 We can see that 5! Onwards, all the factorials like 6!, 7!, ......are the multiples of 20. Hence we are not required to actually calculate the tens place digit, we can simply keep on writing the last two digits depending upon number being even or odd.

Last two digits of F(7) = F(9) = F(11) = F(13) = F(17) = F(19) = 01 Last two digits of F(8) = F(12) = F(14) = F(16) = F(18) = 76 Last two digits of F(10) = F(20) = 00 Last two digits of F(15) = 25 Hence sum of last two digits = 7 01 + 04 + 61 + 56 + 2 25 + 6 76 + 2 00 = 634 Hence tens place digit = 3

3. We are required to take the square till 99 only, because last two digits of the numbers beyond 100 will be repetitive as that of starting from square of 0. Further it can be seen that last two digits of (50+N)2 will be same as the last two digits (50-N)2 So now we will look at the numbers from 1 to 50 only. It can be seen again that last two digits of (25+N)2 is same as last two digits of (25 N)2. Hence we will now look at the squares till 25. Visualizing upon, we can see that tens place digit 7 occurs in case of 242 = 576, and this is the only case less than 25 when tens place digit of a perfect square = 7. So unit digit = 6, and this is the only possibility. 4. It does not matter if its base 9 or base 10. Number of numbers divisible in any range will remain same. Hence out of 1st 250 natural numbers, number of numbers not divisible by 2 or 5 = 250 (1250 = 100. (1=

5. Can be checked using options. Alternatively, this is one of the standard derivations from Wilsons Theorem (discussed in Remainder Chapter). 7. Ans. (3)

3 3 15 x 150 or , x 150 4 14 28
So, x 150 28 280. 15

8.

Ans. (1) Given expression = 721 ( 1 + 7 + 7 + 7) = 721 400 which is divisible by 25. Hence, remainder is zero.

9.

Ans. (3)

For n = 14, 39 (1 + 3 + 36 + 35) = 39 (1 + 27 + 729 + 243) = 39 103. 10. Ans. (3) 12 to 19 = 8, 34 to 39 = 6, 56 to 59 = 4, 78 to 79 = 2, Total = 36. 11. 12. Ans. (3) Ans. (1) (2x + 3) (2x + 1) = 4x + 12x + 9 (4x + 4x + 1) = 8x + 8 = 8 (x + 1). 13. Ans. (3) Let the number be x x + 17 = 23 to 29 = 7, 45 to 49 = 5, 67 to 69 = 3, 89 = 1.

60 x 2 17x 60 0 x
x = 3 (x > 0).

(x + 20) (x 3) = 0

Alternatively, ideally these questions should be done using options. 14. Ans. (1) Let the number be 10x + y, then number obtained by reversing the digits = 10y + x. Given is 9 (x-y) = 27 x y = 3 x+y=7 y = 5, x = 2 So, number = 10x + y = 25.

16. Hint:- 2001 = 3 23 29. Now divide the given expression one by one by each of these three prime numbers. 17. Go through the options. 18. Let us designate stories with an odd number of pages odd stories and stories with an even number of pages even stories. There are 15 odd stories and 15 even stories. Odd stories change the starting page of the next story (if odd page is the starting, then even page will be the starting of the next story, and if even page is the starting, then odd page will be the starting of the next story too), whereas even stories dont change the starting page of the next story (if odd page is the starting, then odd page will be the starting of the next story too, and if even page is the starting, then even page will be the starting of the next story too). So the odd stories must start alternately on odd and even pages. Hence 8 of them must start on odd pages and 7 on even pages (irrespective of how the stories are arranged). We can, however, control the even stories. In particular, if we put each of them after an even number of odd stories, then they will all begin on odd pages. So number of odd stories = 15 + 8 = 23. Hence, option 2 is the answer. 20. Number contains exactly 3 zeros and 3 ones. Maximum and minimum of such numbers is (111000)16 and (100011)16 = (165 + 164 + 163) and (165 + 161 + 160) = (220 + 216 + 212) and (220 + 24 + 20) In any case, the number on any base 10 will be the sum of three powers of 2 with the maximum power of 2 being 20. Hence, in base 2 the number will have exactly 21 digits with exactly three 1's and 21 3 = 18 zeros.