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I

GSM-1800 (DCS-1800) Global System for Mobile communications


.
1710-1880 MHz. GSM-900.
:
" GSM1800 1W ( GSM-900 2W).
;
" , ;
" - 5-6 .
SIM-
GSM-900.

1.1 GSM
GSM
, ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network)
IN (Intelligent Network). GSM

UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System).
1980-
, , ,
.
, ,
.

.
. 1982 CEPT (Conference
of European Posts and Telegraphs)


, GSM (Groupe Special Mobile).
:
" ;
" ;
" ;
" ;
" ;
" ISDN;
" , ..
GSM;
1.2
1989 GSM ETSI (European
Telecommunication Standards Institute), 1990
GSM. 1991
GSM, 1993 36 GSM
22 , 25 GSM
. , GSM
,
. GSM , 60
, , ,
. 1994 GSM
1,3 . 1995 5
. GSM - Global System for Mobile
communications.
GSM ,

, AMPS (Advanced Mobile Phone Service)

TACS (Total Access Communications System) .


,
,
/.
GSM GSM
ISDN . ITU-T
(International Telecommunication Union - Telecommunications Standardization
Sector), GSM :
" (bearer services);
" (teleservices);
" (supplementary services);
GSM .
GSM ,
.
,

(, 911). ,
. GSM
ISDN, , ,
,
, , X.25 X.32.
,
-. GSM,
,
SMS (Short Message Service), ( 160 byte),
. , SMS,
,
.
, , ,
.


(,
),
,
, ,
. , GSM,
.
- 400m 50km. GSM
ETSI.
1.3
MS ,
SIM (Subscriber Identity Module).
SIM- GSM
.
, SIM-
,
, .
, SIM-
. BSS :
BTS (Base Transceiver Station)
BSC (Base Station Controller). Abis,
, ,
. BSS -
- "", BTS. BTS
MS.
BTS,
( , , ).
BSC BTS,

, ,
(handover)
MSC.
1.4 MSC
, MSC. : ,
, ,
, ,
.
HLR, VLR .,

SS7 (Signalling System No. 7). SS7

- .
64 kbit/s
,
.

. SS7
,
.

, ,
, . SS7
GSM. SS7
.
HLR (Home Location Register)
VLR (Visitor Location Register), MSC,

. HLR

HLR GSM,
. , ,
VLR,
. VLR
,
,
,
VLR.
.

- 890-915 MHz ( )
935-960 MHz ( ).

80 , 10 MHz
GSM, . GSM
2x25 MHz.
,
.
, GSM, -
TDMA FDMA (Time- and Frequency-Division
Multiple Access). 25 MHz 200 kHz.
( ).
. .
. 26 , ,
, . 120
. 1/200 , .. 0.6
.
, 3 .

(dedicated channels), ,
,
(common channels), ,
.
1.5 GSM -
GSM - ,
. ,
ISDN
, - PCM
(Pulse Coded Modulation). PCM 64 kbit/s
GSM.
GSM , , ,
RPE-LTP (Regular Pulse
Excitation-Long Term Prediction). ,
64 kbit/s, 13 kbit/s, ,
.
,
, GSM
, .. .
, ,

MSISDN (Mobile Subscriber ISDN).
,
. HLR
.
GMSC (Gateway MSC). GMSC
, HLR
,

10

MSISDN HLR.
MSRN (Mobile Station Roaming Number)
,
.

11

II .
.
:
i=2
j=2
R = 12
GSM 1800
F1 = 1760-1785MHz
F2 = 1855-1880MHz
fc= 0,2MHz
, 5

(1)
(1)

MHz

MHz

[MHz]

12

2.1

(2)

F1 ME BS.
F2 BS ME.
f .
(2), :

[]

GSM 1
.

Ntr=N-1=125-1=124 ()

(2) , 124 .
GSM , 125,
124 .
2.2 cluster-.
(3).

13

(3)

k cluster-e.
i .
j .
(3), :

[]

cluster 12 .
:

(4)

M
N
k cluster-e
(4), :

[]

14

(6) , cluster M
= 10, M+1 = 11.
2.3

.

:

(5)

D
R [km]
k cluster-e
(5), :

[km]

(6)

D
R [km]
x1, x2, y1, y2 P1 P2(P1(4,6), P2(8,4)).
(6), :

15

[km]

2.4

.
,
clustere.
1
.
1
1
13

2
2
14

3
3
15

4
4
16

109
121

110
122

111
123

112
124

5
5
17
29
41
53
65
77
89
101
113

6
6
18

7
7
19

8
8
20

9
9
21

10
10
22

11
11
23

12
12
24

114

115

116

117

118

119

120

5
5,17,29,41,53,65,77,89,101,113

2.5

cluster .

cluster-a.
:
1.

cluster-

16

2.

,
2 .

3.

( cluster-e.
cluster-)
(, 4
3 5).

3 cluster-e .

P1(4,6), P2(8,4)
3 cluster-

17

[km]
.

2.6

F1ME-BS= 1760.2 MHz


F2ME-BS= 1760.4 MHz
F3ME-BS= 1760.6 MHz

ME

F4ME-BS= 1760.8 MHz


F5ME-BS= 1761 MHz
F124ME-BS= 17484.6 MHz

BS

2.71

5 124

F [MHz]

F1BS -ME = 1855.2MHz


1785 MHz

1760 MHz

F2BS -ME = 1855.4 MHz


F3BS -ME = 1855.6 MHz
F4BS -ME = 1855.8 MHz
F5BS -ME = 1856 MHz
F124BS -ME=1879.6MHz

1
BS

124

F [MHz]

ME
1855 MHz
5

1880 MHz
5
F [MHz]

4 GSM-1800

18


duplex (16).

(7)

(7), :

2.7 .

(8).

(8)

R - .
(8),

cluster (9)

(9)

19

(9), :

cluster-

(10).

(10)

L cluster .
(10),

C, (11)

(11)
, :

[]

20

:

, GSM 1800
ME BS, F1 = 1760-1785 MHz BS ME, F2 =1855-1880 MHz
, fc= 0,2MHz
1)

, 125 ,
GSM
, 124
.
2) , ,

cluster 12 .

= 10.333. ,

cluster-a ,
:

= 10 ,

:
+1= 11
3)
:

72 km.
4)
.
,
cluster-e. - 5,
: 5

21

5,17,29,41,53,65,77,89,101,113. 1-4
, 11 , 5-12 10
.
5) Microsoft Visio
cluster-e ,
.
6) .

, 374,123, L clusters

:

=7,5389.

C, C=N*L*8,
, :7478 .

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:
http://doc.aceweb.ru/full_1_34_modered.html

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