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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DECIDUOUS & PERMANENT DENTITION

Difference
&

according toAnatomical Histological

permanent

dentition

between

deciduous

Clinical

DECIDUOUS

PERMANENT
32 12C1P2M3 2 1 2 3 Eruption (in years) 7-8 Years 8-9 Years 11-12 Years 10-11 Years 10-12 Years

i). Total no. of teeth ii). Dental formula iii). Chronology of


Maxillary Teeth CI LI C 1st Premolar 2nd Premolar 1st Molar 2nd Molar 3rd Molar

20 DI 2 DC 1 DM 2 2 1 2 Eruption (In months) 10 (8-12) 11 (9-13) 19 (16-22) 16 (13-19) Boys 16 ( 14-19) Girls 29 ( 24-33) -

6-7 Years 12-13 Years 17-21 years

Chronology of Mandibular Teeth CI LI C 1st Premolar 2nd Premolar

DECIDUOUS Eruption (In months) 8 (6-10) 13 (10-16) 20 (17-23) -

PERMANENT Eruption (in years) 6-7 Years 7-8 Years 9-10 10-12 Years 11-12 Years 6-7 Year 11-13 years 17-21 Years.

1st Molar 16 (14-18) 2nd Molar 27(23-31) Boys 27 ( 24-30) Girls 3rd Molar -

Anatomical Difference between deciduous and permanent dentition


DECIDUOUS Size Smaller PERMANENT Larger

Colour

Crown-root Ratio Cervical constriction Enamel Thickness Mineralization

White in Colour (Because Less Mineralized enamel So it is more opaque and whiter Crown Shorter than root Present
Thinner Very Quickly attrited because they are less mineralize

Less Whiter ( Because Highly Mineralized enamel so it is yellowish)


Not so. Absent Thicker Less attrited because they are highly mineralize

Anatomical Difference between anterior crowns of Deciduous & Permanent Dentition


DECIDUOUS incisocervically PERMANENT mesiodistally Longer Longer Crown Dimension Mesiodistally than Incisocervically than
Developmental Labial Surface of lines incisors are smooth

Cingulum
Mamelons

Labial Surface of incisors smooth and they dont show convex with to faint any depression and vertical development developmental lines & grooves lines More prominent Less Prominent Absent Incisal ridge consist of three prominent mamelons

Length of the maxillary teeth

DECIDUOUS Crown height 6.0mm 5.6mm 6.5mm ---

PERMANENT Crown Height 10.5mm 9.00mm 10.00mm 8.5mm 8.5mm

CI

LI
C 1st Premolar 2nd Premolar

1st Molar 2nd Molar


3rd Molar

5.1mm
5.7 --

7.5mm
7mm 6.5mm

Length of the mandibular teeth

Crown height 5mm

Crown Height 9mm

CI LI

5.2 mm
6mm --6mm 5.5mm --

9.5mm
11mm 8.5mm 8m 7.5mm 7mm 7mm

C 1st Premolar
2nd Premolar 1st Molar 2nd Molar 3rd Molar

Anatomical Difference between Posterior crowns of Deciduous & Permanent Dentition DECIDUOUS Buccal & lingual surface are flatter about the cervical bulge Narrow
- Cusps are short - Ridges are not

Cervical Bulge Chewing Surface Occlusal Surface

PERMANENT More convex

Broad
-Cusps are large &

pronounced - Fossae are not deep Mesial cervical ridge Prominent

Sharp - Ridges are more Pronounced - Fossae are more deep Not Prominent

Contact Areas Size of Molars

DECIDUOUS Broader, flatter & situated more gingivally 2nd Molar Larger than 1st Molar

PERMANENT Narrower convex and situated more occlusally 2nd Molar Smaller than 1st Molar

Anatomical Difference between Roots of Deciduous & Permanent Dentition Root Formation Root Resorption Anterior Root DECIDUOUS Root fully form about one year after eruption Physiological
-Narrower

PERMANENT Take a longer duration of about 3 years Pathological


-Wider mesiodistally

mesioditaslly & longer compare to crown size - Roots bend labially Roots bend distally in their apical third to by 100

DECIDUOUS

PERMANENT

Posterior Root

- Longer & Slendar - Roots are more flare to 1st molar

- Shorter Root - Roots are less flared

Histological Difference between Deciduous & Permanent Dentition


Mineralization Enamel Thickness Surface Shape Pulp Size Pulp Horn

DECIDUOUS Less Thinner More Closely to the pulp chamber Larger Extends Closer to the Outer surface of the Cusp

PERMANENT More Thicker Not So. Shorter Not So.

DECIDUOUS
Thickness of Pulp Protective Dentin Number of Accessory Canal Porosity

PERMANENT More

Less

Increased

Normal

Present

Absent

Root Canal

Ribbon Like & Multiple Pulp Filaments with more numerous accessary canals

Not So.

DECIDUOUS Reticular & Present as a cap like Collagenous zones Fibers Apical foramen opening Blood Supply Wider

PERMANENT Not So

Narrower

More

Reduced ( Because of more calcified nodules & ground substance present )

Clinical Difference between Deciduous & Permanent Dentition DECIDUOUS Less PERMANENT More

Sensitivity to Pain Response to Infection & Inflammation Localization of Infection & Inflammation

Typical

Less

Poor

Better