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Professor V. Gevorgyan (University of Illinois at Chicago)


"Development of Novel Methodologies Involving C-H Functionalizations"

12.25-13.05

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Professor J. Mink
(Hungarian Academy of Sciences)
Application of Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy and Microscopy in Medical Diagnostic

16.10-17.00

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10.00-10.35

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Molecular thermodynamics for Fluids Containing Amphiphilic
Chainlike Molecules: toward Controlled Self-Assembly

10.35-11.10

I. Smirnova
(Hamburg University of Technology)
Aerogels and their applications in life science

11.10-11.30

11.30-14.00

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14.00-14.30

14.30-15.50

(-)

15.50-17.30

Veli-Pekka Hyttinen, - Chemical Abstracts Service SciFinder

16.10-18.00

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P. Lindquist-Reis (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)


TRLFS studies of Cm3+ aqua complexes in solution and in solid
hydrates

11.10-11.30

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Aziridines in the Synthesis of 2,5 Disubstittuted
pyrrolofullerenes and Dumbbell-like Bis-fullerene Ensembles

11.00-11.20

11.20-11.50

A. Bratov (Instituto de Microelectrnica de Barcelona)


Chemical sensors and biosensors based on interdigitated electrode array

11.50-12.20

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DEVELOPMENT OF NOVEL METHODOLOGIES
INVOLVING C-H FUNCTIONALIZATIONS
Vladimir Gevorgyan
Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Chicago,
Chicago, Illinois, USA
vlad@uic.edu
We have developed a number of direct Pd-catalyzed C-H functionalization approaches toward multisubstituted aromatic and heteroaromatic molecules.[1-8] These methods include a direct alkynylation reaction,[1,2] a cycloisomerization of alkynylbiaryls,[3] as well as a set of methods featuring a silicontether motif.[4-8] Thus, we have shown that the commonly used in organic synthesis TBDPS protecting group and its newly developed Br-DBDPS derivative
can serve as efficient aryl group donor in intramolecular arylation reaction of
phenols and anilines.[4] Further elaboration of the silicon tether concept led to
development of efficient silicon bound directing groups, such as PyDipSi and
PyrDipSi. It was shown that employment of these and other Si-tethered directing
groups allows for efficient C-H oxygenation, halogenation, and alkenylation reaction of arenes and heteroarenes.[5-8] These Si-tethered directing group are
traceless or can easily be converted into a variety of useful functionalities.
The scope of these transformations will be demonstrated and the mechanisms will be discussed.
References:
[1] Seregin I. V., Ryabova V., Gevorgyan V. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 129, 7742
(2007).
[2] Dudnik A. S., Gevorgyan V. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 49, 2096 (2010).
[3] Chernyak N., Gevorgyan V. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5636 (2008).
[4] Huang C., Gevorgyan V. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 10844 (2009).
[5] Chernyak N., Dudnik A. S., Huang C., Gevorgyan V. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132,
8270 (2010).
[6] Dudnik A. S., Chernyak N., Huang C., Gevorgyan V. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed.
49, 8729 (2010).
[7] Huang C., Chattopadhyay B., Gevorgyan V. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 12406
(2011).
[8] Huang C., Ghavtadze N., Chattopadhyay B., Gevorgyan V. J. Am. Chem.
Soc. 133, 17630 (2011).

10

-2012

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12

-2012

Jnos
MINK

Professor of chemistry Chemical Research Center of the Hungarian


Academy of Sciences, Budapest; Professor of chemistry, Faculty of Information Technology, University of Pannonia, Veszprm.
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APPLICATION OF INFRARED AND RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY AND


MICROSCOPY IN MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC
J. Mink1,2,3,4, J. Mihly1,4, . Pfeifer1,4, V. Komlsi1, V. Gombs1, B. Ills1,
Z. Bacsik3, L. Kocsis1, Cs. Nmeth1,4, L. Hajba2
1

Institute of Structural Chemistry, Chemical Research Center of Hungarian


Academy of Sciences, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary, e-mail: jmink@chemres.hu
2
Research Institute of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Information Technology, University of Pannonia, H-8201 Veszprm, Hungary
3
Department of Materials and Enviromental Chemistry, Stockholm University,
SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden

13

Institute of Molecular Pharmacology, Research Centre of Natural Sciences,


Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary
Great developments in spectrometer and computer techniques within
the last decade have enabled significant progress of vibrational spectroscopy in
biological and life science. Diseases and other pathological anomalies lead to
chemical and structural changes that also change the vibrational spectra of tissues and cells. The introduction of dynamic alignment, the increasing sensitivity
of detectors, the use of focal plane array detectors and the recent advances in
microscopic imaging techniques have opened up many new exciting routes to
applications. The new methods of spectral manipulation and the use of statistical
mathematics in evaluation of data afford the possibility of detecting minor, visually non-observable spectral differences.
Several thousand papers have been published during the last decade in
the field of medical and biological applications. It was shown by many researchers that infrared and Raman microscopy (imaging) may potentially provide new methods of cancer diagnosis, due to the sensitivity of the technique to
alterations in cellular biochemistry which accompany disease states.
A short summary of recent results will be reported together with our
novel achievements. Investigations on malignant cells and tissues of breast,
prostate and skin cancers will be discussed.
It was recently clearly demonstrated in our laboratory that the infrared
spectra of the human skin and hair showed definite correlations with the general
physiological condition of the human body. In other words it means that the
infrared spectra of healthy patients are different from those of ill people.
Especially strong spectral deviations were observed in case of cancerous patients even in very early stage of the illness. Based on our spectral library of
human hair and skin a good screening methodology was developed adequate for
mass measurements offering an early recognition of health problems.
More than 2000 patients have been examined and a special attention
has been paid for human skin IR spectra for disease recognition of diabetes.
Disease progression was estimated by comparison of the extent of spectral deviations between healthy and ill patients. In some cases diabetes was detected in very early stage. Consequently FTIR detection can be used for prevention, early diagnosis and monitoring as well.
Our basic FTIR instrumentations consists of a Varian FTS-7000 spectrometer with UMA-600 microscope (64x64 FPA detectors) and a Bio-Rad
FTS-60A interferometer with UMA-500 type (single MCT detector) microscope.
Acknowledgements: Financial supports from OTKA K61611 project
and from Childrens Cancer Foundation are gratefully acknowledged.

14

-2012

, ,

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15


MOLECULAR THERMODYNAMICS FOR FLUIDS CONTAINING
AMPHIPHILIC CHAINLIKE MOLECULES: TOWARD CONTROLLED
SELF-ASSEMBLY
Alexey I. Victorov
Department of Chemistry, St. Petersburg State University,
victorov_a@yahoo.com
Materials having mesoscale structure often show surprising structure-property
relations. These materials find growing application in various fields, particularly
in medicine, cosmetics and food industry. In soft matter the mesoscale structures
may result from self-organization of amphiphilic molecules. Typical examples
of chainlike amphiphiles are block copolymers, surfactants and ionic liquids.
Rich variety of mesostructures in these systems includes singly dispersed aggregates such as micelles of different size and shape, membranes and vesicles, and
connected structures such as networks of wormlike micelles or physically entangled copolymer gels. Self-assembled mesosctructures may rearrange profoundly in response to mild external stimuli such as changing temperature, salinity or acidity of the environment. The concomitant change in systems macroscopic properties may be dramatic. This sensitivity of soft mesoscopic systems
has been widely exploited in the design of smart materials, e.g., in drug delivery
or in chemical sensors.
There are important questions yet to be answered for soft mesoscopic
systems:
- How the morphology on the mesoscale affects thermodynamic properties?
- How to manipulate self-assembly and design the response?
Chemical engineers need tractable practice-oriented models with a solid
molecular background. Although fast computers and extensive force fields do
provide means of simulating fascinatingly complex structures, they can suggest
practical solutions only to a limited extent. Traditional molecular thermodynamics of bulk phases do not reflect fluids non-uniformity that is very important on
the nanoscale. Simplified methods based on the advances in polymer physics
and surface science are rapidly progressing for mesostructured systems. This
work summarizes our efforts to contribute to the development of such molecular
thermodynamic approaches. The systems include:
- nonionic and ionic diblock copolymer gels swelling in selective solvents,
- micellar solutions of ionic diblock copolymers or of classical ionic surfactants,
- solutions of ionic liquids, and
- polymeric membranes, e.g., Nafion ion-exchange membrane.

16

-2012
Diblock copolymers containing both strong and weak polyelectrolyte subchains
are considered. The effects of pH and salinity on the stability and properties of
self-assembled structures have been described. Spatial networks in solutions of
ionic micelles and in solutions of associating polymer chains have been modeled. Consideration of nanoscale morphology gives rise to interesting structureproperty relations reflected by relatively simple models. The models predict
thermodynamic and structural characteristics of mesoscopic systems (equilibrium size and stability of different morphologies, equilibrium swelling, the uptake
of salt, elasticity, etc.) in terms of molecular characteristics and very few adjustable parameters.
Nonionic diblock copolymer gels8-9 A molecular thermodynamic model has been
proposed that generalizes the classical Flory-Rener theory (only valid for the uniform gels) to mesoscopic diblockcopolymer gels swollen in a selective solvent.
The model is based on the self-consistent field theory of a microphase-separated
diblock copolymer in the limit of strongly segregated copolymer subchains. Microdomain size, solvent uptake and relative stabilities of gels have been predicted
for gels of lamellar, bicontinuous, cylindrical and spherical morphology.
Gels formed by diblock copolymer that contains strong polyelectrolyte subchain6-7 Our model has been extended to mesoscopic ionic gels swollen in
aqueous salt. We study
the effect of morphology on swelling and salt
uptake of the gel. The
novelty of our approach
is its applicability to
structures that have
saddle-like
curvature
(e.g., bicontinuous or
toroidal
aggregates,
micelle branching portions, etc., see figure).
A geometry-dependent
solution is obtained for
the linearized Poisson
Boltzmann equation4-6.
This solution is applicable to saddle-like structures and reduces to those known previously for planar,
cylindrical and spherical geometries. Thermodynamic functions are expressed
analytically for gels of lamellar, bicontinuous, cylindrical and spherical morphologies. A nonuniform gel takes up more salt than is predicted by the Donnan
rule. We show that this deviation from the classical Donnan rule may be sub-

17


stantial and depends on the gel morphology. Strongest deviations are found for
weakly and moderately charged gels at low salt and thus these findings have
direct biomedical relevance.
pH-sensitive block copolymer gels3 Molecular thermodynamic model of a
mesoscopic diblock copolymer gel is extended to ionomer gels that contain
weak polyelectrolyte chains. The dissociation equilibrium of polyelectrolyte is
taken into account. We study weakly acidic ionomer gels in equilibrium with an
external solution of varying pH and salinity. For gels of spherical, cylindrical,
bicontinuous and lamellar morphologies, we predict swelling and dissociation
equilibria and illustrate the effect of nanoscale morphology on the shift of dissociation equilibrium in the gel. The predicted effect of gels morphology on pH is
not dramatic but strong enough to play an important role in biological systems,
e.g., to activate pH-dependent enzymes. Morphology dependent acidbase equilibrium considered in this work may serve as prototype for establishing other
morphology dependent chemical equilibria for modeling nanoreactors.
Micellar Branching in Solutions of Ionic Surfactants4-5 Our new analytical
electrostatics have been also included in the aggregation free energy to describe
branching of wormlike ionic micelles in solution of salt. We predict correctly
the sequence of stable aggregate morphologies, including a narrow bicontinuous
zone, in dependence of surfactants tail length, head size, and solution salinity.
We illustrate that using our aggregation free energy as input in the ZilmanSafran theory makes possible to predict properties of a spatial networks of ionic
wormlike micelles.
Bending rigidity of charged wormlike particle2 Using our electrostatics for
the toroid geometry we propose a remarkably simple formula for the electrostatic persistence length that extends the classical result of Odijk, Skolnick and
Fixman (OSF) to particles of a finite thickness. For the entire range of salinities,
our formula is in excellent agreement with the numerical LPB-results for wormlike particles of varying thickness. For particles of vanishing thickness, this
formula reduces to the classical Odjik-Scholnick-Fixman expression. We also
show that the widely used naive correction for counterion condensation may
lead to a very large error.
Shape transitions in solution of an amphiphilic dilock copolymer that contains weak polyelectrolyte chain1 For diblock copolymer composed of a hydrophobic block and a weak polyelectrolyte block, we predict regions of stable
aggregate morphologies in pH-solution salinity plane. The morphology stability
maps are obtained to help controlling self-assembly of aggregates by variation
of pH and salinity of the medium. In qualitative agreement with experiment our
calculations predict coexistence of long wormlike micelles with branched and
spherical micelles in transition zones. Our calculations are compared with available computer simulation and experimental data on micelles and brushes. For

18

-2012
both weak and strong polyelectrolytes, the agreement between the theory and
experiment is satisfactory in most systems.
Curvature elasticity of a weak polyelectrolyte membrane For a weak polyelectrolyte brush, we obtain analytical description of a change produced by curvature deformations of the brush. Expressions have been obtained for the
change in equilibrium thickness and concentration profiles, elasticity constants
and spontaneous curvature of a brush in equilibrium with an external reservoir.
We study the dependence of the curvature elasticity of the diblock copolymer
membrane on the salinity and the acidity of the environment and predict a nontrivial mechanical behavior of the amphiphilic membrane at pH around pK in
the physiological salinity interval.
Ion-exchange Nafion membrane in aqueous solution of salt 10 We propose a
model to describe equilibrium distribution of ions between solution and a swollen Nafion membrane. The membrane may have cylindrical or spherical
mesoscale cavities loaded with solution. Predominance of cavities of definite
shape results in a shift of the ion-exchange equilibrium. We review possible
types of thermodynamic behavior of the membrane in solution and discuss the
hysteresis of the ion-exchange equilibrium curves. Model calculations are compared with experimental data for H+, Li+, Cs+, K+, Na+, Ca2+, and Mg2+. Our
results help to establish the link between molecular and structural properties of
the perfluorosulfonate membranes and their macroscopic behavior.
Results of modeling are overviewed briefly for other systems, including
solutions of ionic liquids and catanionic hydrogels formed by oppositely
charged polyelectrolyte chains. Perspectives for future work are given.
For financial support, the author is grateful to the Russian Foundation
for Basic Research (project 09-03-00746-a) and to Saint-Petersburg State
University (grant 12.37.127.2011).
References
[1] Victorov A.I., Plotnikov N.V., Hong Po-Da. J. Phys. Chem. B, 114,
8846(2010)
[2] Andreev V.A., Victorov A.I. J. Chem. Phys., 132, 054902 (2010)
[3] Plotnikov N., Victorov A. Fluid Phase Equilibria, 261, 26 (2007)
[4] Andreev V., Victorov A. Mol. Phys., 205, 239 (2007)
[5] Andreev V.A., Victorov A.I. Langmuir, 22, 8298 (2006)
[6] Victorov A., Radke C., Prausnitz J. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 8, 264 (2006)
[7] Victorov A. I. Fluid Phase Equilibria, 82, 334 (2006)
[8] Victorov A., Radke C., Prausnitz J.M. Mol. Phys., 103, 1431 (2005)
[9] Victorov A.I., Radke C. J., Prausnitz J.M. Mol. Phys., 100, 2277 (2002)
[10] Shiryaeva I.M., Victorov A.I. Fluid Phase Equilibria, 180, 115 (2001)

19

Irina
SMIRNOVA

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-2012

AEROGELS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS IN LIFE SCIENCE


Irina Smirnova
Hamburg University of Technology, Institute of Thermal Separation Processes,
Eissendorferstr. 38 21073 Hamburg
irina.smirnova@tu-harburg.de
Aerogels are nanoporous materials with extremely low bulk density and high specific surface area. Usually they are produced following the solgel process followed by suitable solvent removal. In the past few years aerogels have drawn an increasingly attention in different scientific and industrial applications. In this presentation a broad overview about the potential applications of organic and inorganic aerogels is given. Special attention is paid to
the fields of pharmacy, cosmetics, and medicine. Furthermore, different synthesis routes are discussed.
Having exceptionally high surface area and pore volume, aerogels are
ideal candidate for drug delivery systems. Active agents can be incorporated
into aerogels either by adsorption from liquid or supercritical solutions or by coprocessing during the sol-gel process. The chemistry of aerogel materials is rather flexible: their pore size and surface area can be tailored; furthermore different functional groups can be implemented in order to provide effective drugaerogel interactions and so to influence the release kinetics. Here the possibility
to tailor the release kinetics of drugs by changing of aerogel`s properties (hydrophobicity, density, surface area, pore size) is demonstrated. Furthermore,
dependence between the nature and amount of the functional groups on the aerogel surface and their adsorption and release properties is shown. At last, the
processing of the aerogels to pharmaceutically relevant formulations and further
applications is discussed.

21

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-2012
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23

Patric
LINDQVIST-REIS

Research scientist at the Institut fr Nukleare Entsorgung (INE),


Karlsruher Institut fr Technologie (KIT), Germany.
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24

-2012
TRLFS STUDIES OF Cm3+ AQUA COMPLEXES IN SOLUTION AND
IN SOLID HYDRATES
Patric Lindqvist-Reis,*a Mikhail Yu. Skripkin,b Bernd Schimmelpfennig,a
Reinhardt Klenze,a Jnos Mink,c and Robert Pollya
a

Institut fr Nukleare Entsorgung, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, P.O. Box


3640, 76021 Karlsruhe, Germany
b
Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Saint-Petersburg State
University, Universitetsky pr. 26, 198504, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
c
Department of Molecular Spectroscopy, Chemical Research Center of the
Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P. O. Box 77, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary
patric.lindqvist@kit.edu
Time-resolved laser fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS) is an important tool for
characterization and quantification of luminescent trivalent lanthanide ions in
solution and in solids. Eu3+ is frequently used as a luminescent probe because of
its characteristic emission spectrum, which gives information about the number
of different species and their symmetry, while its excited state lifetime provides
a measure of the number of water molecules or hydroxide ions present in the
first coordination shell. Similar information can be obtained for Cm3+, acting as
a chemical analogue for other trivalent actinide ions with similar ionic radii.
Because of its high sensitivity, TRLFS studies of Cm3+ can be carried out at
very low metal ion concentration, in aqueous solution about 10 -7 M and in solids
sub-ppm levels are usually sufficient to obtain spectra of high-quality. In this
presentation we highlight some recent work on Cm3+ hydration. The results were
obtained by TRLFS,[1-3] vibronic sideband spectroscopy,[3] and DFT.[4]
In aqueous solution and in crystalline hydrates the fluorescence emission
spectrum of the hydrated Cm3+ ion consists of one band centered between 592597 nm depending on the coordination geometry and thus the symmetry and the
ligand field strength.[1-3] For example, the Cm(H2O)93+ ion has a relatively weak
ligand field and its emission band is thus appearing at the lower wavelengths, [1-3]
while the eight-coordinated geometry of Cm(H2O)83+ has a stronger ligand field
and therefore emits at higher wavelengths.[1-2] Indeed, a redshift was observed
for Cm3+ in aqueous solution at 200 C, although the individual spectra of the
nona- and octahydrated ions were overlapping. Peak deconvolution showed that
the 200 C spectrum consisted of a mixture of nona- and octahydrated ions with
a 6:4 ratio, while at 20 C the ratio was 9:1.[1] From these data we could derive
the enthalpy and entropy of the temperature-dependent reaction [Cm(H2O)9]3+
[Cm(H2O)8]3+ + H2O.

25


Information on the crystal-field levels of Cm(H2O)93+ was gained from highresolution emission and excitation spectra of Cm3+-doped [La(H2O)9](CF3SO3)3,
[Y(H2O)9](CF3SO3)3, and [Y(H2O)8]Cl315-crown-5 hosts at 20 K.[2-3] Contrary
to the relatively broad bands that are characteristic for the spectra at 300 K, the
spectra at 20 K consist of sharp lines. In the emission spectra these narrow lines
are due to the electronic transitions from the lowest crystal-field level of the
excited 7D7/2 state to the four crystal-field levels of the ground state, while in the
excitation spectrum the lines result from the transitions from the ground level to
any of the electronic levels of the excited state. In these studies the ground state
splitting of the nona- and octahydrated Cm3+ was resolved for the first time. In
the nonahydrates the total ground state splitting was found to be small, 6-8 cm1 [3]
, while in the octahydrate it was surprisingly large, 35 cm -1.[2] We recorded
high-resolution excitation spectra between 370-590 nm and carried out crystalfield calculations for Cm3+ in [La(H2O)9](CF3SO3)3 and [Y(H2O)9](CF3SO3)3. In
addition to the electronic bands, weak vibronic side-bands were observed in the
emission and excitation spectra at 20 K. Because these vibronic transitions are
sensitive to the different vibrational modes in vicinity of Cm3+ and the fact that
most of the vibrational bands of the second and higher shells are very weak, the
vibronic side-band spectrum may thus be considered as an IR/Raman spectrum
of Cm(H2O)93+ in these hosts. The assignment of the side-bands was assisted by
comparison of the IR/Raman spectra of different lanthanide triflate salts and that
of uranium, and by performing normal coordinate analysis by accounting for the
metal-oxygen bond lengths of the X-ray structures of [Ln/An(H2O)9](CF3SO[4-5]
The analysis provided metal-oxygen stretch force constants for several
3)3.
lanthanide triflates, Y, U, and Cm. Further understanding of these structures, in
particular the likeness between the lanthanide and actinide structures in terms of
metal-oxygen bond lengths, was gained by comparison of X-ray diffraction data
with DFT-optimized clusters,[4] and structures optimized by plane-wave DFT
with periodic boundary conditions.[5]
[1] Lindqvist-Reis P., Klenze R., Schubert G., Fanghnel T. J. Phys. Chem. B,
190, 3077 (2005)
[2] Lindqvist-Reis P., Walther C., Klenze R., Eichhfer A., Fanghnel T. J.
Phys. Chem. B, 110, 5279 (2006)
[3] Lindqvist-Reis P., Walther C., Klenze R., Edelstein N. M. J. Phys. Chem. C,
113, 449, (2009)
[4] Apostolidis C., Schimmelpfennig B., Magnani N., Lindqvist-Reis P., Walter
O., Sykora R., Morgenstern A., Colineau E., Caciuffo R., Klenze R., Haire R.
G. Rebizant J., Bruchertseifer F., Fanghnel T., Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 49,
6343 (2010)
[5] Lindqvist-Reis P., et al., unpublished results.

26

-2012

Andrey
BRATOV

Senior Researcher, Instituto de Microelectrnica de Barcelona, Centro Nacional de Microelectrnica, (IMB-CNM), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientficas.

, .
.

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.

CHEMICAL SENSORS AND BIOSENSORS BASED ON


INTERDIGITATED ELECTRODE ARRAY
Andrey Bratov and Natalia Abramova
Instituto de Microelectronica de Barcelona,
Centro Nacional de Microelectronica (CSIC), Barcelona, Spain
Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is a sensitive tool
providing information on various physical and chemical properties of materials,
as well as on interaction processes occurring in the bulk or at the surface of these materials. In the present work the use of impedimetric transducers based on
interdigitated electrode arrays (IDEA) for chemical and bio-sensors develop-

27


ment is reviewed. Examples of IDEA applications as ion sensors, immunosensors, DNA-sensors and enzyme biosensors are given. Different designs of IDEA
devices are presented and the effect of the transducer geometry on resulting impedance spectra is discussed in terms of the electrical equivalent circuit components. Technological aspects of sensor fabrication are discussed and, finally, a
new design of a three-dimensional IDEA impedimetric sensor is presented along
with its fabrication technology. Due to the presence of insulating barriers that
separate the adjacent digits of the electrodes the main portion of the probing
electrical current goes close to the surface of the barrier. This permits to enhance significantly the sensitivity in comparison with traditional planar devices.
Chemical modification of the barrier surface with biomolecules (antigens, DNA,
enzymes) permits to realize direct label-free detection of subsequent analytes in
solution with high sensitivity. Examples of possible applications of the sensor
are presented.

Figure 1. Schematic presentation of the 3D-IDEA sensor (part of the upper layer is not shown); and SEM image of the sensor surface and profile
Bibliography
[1] A.Bratov, N.Abramova, M.P.Marco, F.J.Sanchez Baeza, Electroanalysis 24
(2012) 69-75;
[2] A.Bratov, N.Abramova, in: Harrison, R. V. (Ed.), Chemical Sensors: Properties,
Performance and Applications, Nova Science Publishers, NY, 2010, pp. 93-115;
[3] A.Bratov, N.Abramova, J.Ramon-Azcon, A.Merlos, F.Snchez-Baeza,
M.P.Marco, C.Dominguez, Electrochem.Com. 10 (2008) 1621-1624;
[4] A.Bratov, J.Ramon-Azcon, N.Abramova, A.Merlos, F.Snchez-Baeza,
M.P.Marco, C.Dominguez, Biosens.Bioelectron. 24 (4), 729-735 (2008) 729-735.

28

-2012

, ,

.
, ,
.
, , , , .
,
. 200 , 16 4 , .


..
- ,
-,
, , in vivo, -

29


, .. , . , ,
,
, - , , , ,
, .. , , , --, , -, - .

,
, , .

,
(, ),
. , .. , in vitro ( ).
, ,
- . (, , , - )
.
, .. ,
, , , . , . ,
, () , .
,
, -

30

-2012
, .

,
- .
.. 2005 . (2008 .), . ..,
( ) -
: , , -.
2006 2007 . .. . .. ( ) , - . 2008 ., ..
,
.
. 2011 .

31


AZIRIDINES IN THE SYNTHESIS OF 2,5 DISUBSTITTUTED
PYRROLOFULLERENES AND DUMBBELL-LIKE BIS-FULLERENE
ENSEMBLES
Konev A.S., Petrovski P.P.,Golovkina M.V.,Mitichkina A.A.
Saint-Petersburg State University,
Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation
alxon@rambler.ru
Fullerene-containing molecules find application as pharmaceuticals1,2,
imaging agents1, components of photo-voltaic devices3,4, molecular electronics
and in many other fields. 1,3-Dipolar cycloaddition of azomethine ylides across
the [6,6]-juncture in C60, known as Prato reaction, is one of the ways to introduce fullerene moiety into target molecule. The most used mode of performing
this reaction involves in situ generation of azomethine-ylides from aldehydes
and amines followed by their cycloaddition to C60.5 This reaction suits perfectly
for construction of 2',5'-unsubstituted pyrrolofullerenes. However, when one
needs to sytnthesize 2',5'-disubstituted pyrrolofullerenes, other routes should
often be sought as the stereochemical outcome of this reaction is not always
predictable. To address this issue, we have turned our attention to another option
for performing the above reaction, where azomethine-ylides are generated via
ring-opening of aziridines, and which is much less studied.
To that end, we have performed a series of model studies on the reaction of dialkyl 1-arylaziridine-2,3-dicarboxylates (1,2) with fullerene C60
and have found that the reaction is highly stereoselective and stereospecific, with cis-aziridines (1) yielding exclusively trans-adducts (3) and transaziridines (2) giving cis-adducts (4) (Scheme 1).

32

-2012
Scheme 1

The observed stereoselectivity and stereospecificity remain for much


more complicated systems, such as azirino-fused dibenzoxazepines (5) and
dibenzazepines (6), where only cis-cycloadducts (7,8) have been observed and
isolated from the reaction of trans-aziridines with fullerene (Scheme 2).
Scheme 2
100 0C

Ar

100 0C
C60

X
N

N
Ar

Ar

N
X

X= O
5
CH2 6

X= O 7, 22-31%
CH2 8, 22%

In addition to exclusive stereoselectivity, relatively mild reaction conditions (80C is sufficient for ring-opening of the aziridine ring) can be marked
among the advantages of the aziridine-mediated mode of Prato reaction. This
fact allowed us to perform the reaction of bis-aziridines (9) with fullerene C60 in
such a way that either mono- (10) or bis-fullerene cycloadducts (11) would prevail, on our choice, depending on whether harsher (100 C) or milder (80 C)
reaction conditions were used (Scheme 3).

33


Scheme 3

To rationalize the observed stereoselectivity and the selectivity in the formation


of either mono- or bis-fullerene cyloadducts in the case of bis-aziridines, we
have performed a series of quantum-chemical calculations at DFT B3LYP/631G(d) level (ONIOM B3LYP/6-31G(d) : B3LYP/STO-3G for fullerenecontaining compounds). The results of the calculations are discussed in the report.
References:
[1] R. Partha, J.L.Conyers, International . J. Nanomedicine, 4, 261 (2009)
[2] T. Mashino, K. Shimotohno, N. Ikegami, D. Nishikawa, K. Okuda, K. Takahanshi, Sh. Nakamura, M. Mochizuki, Bioorganic&Med. Chem. Lett., 15, 1107
(2005)
[3] J.-F. Nierengarten, New J. Chem., 28, 1177 (2004).
[4] J. L. Segura, N. Martn, D. M. Guldi, Chem.Soc.Rev., 34, 31-47 (2005)
[5] V. Tomberli, T. Da Ros, S. Bosi, M. Prato, Carbon, 38, 1551 (2000)
We gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project 11-03-00186-a), Saint-Petersburg State University Grant (grant no. 12.38.78.2012) and Federal Grant-in-Aid Program
Human Capital for Science and Education in Innovative Russia (Governmental Contract no. 16.740.11.0442).

34

-2012

, - .

, .
; ;
, .
-
. ,
,
- (
), INTAS (
), ,
.
50
,

-.
. 2011 .

35


1,3-

..
- ,
-,
bokach@nb17701.spb.edu
()
.
, ,
.
( ,
, ,
-),
(
). .
,
-, -
, .
1,3- , (, ), . , ,
RCN
1,3- .
1,3 ( , , -N- -N-) / ( ) . ((II) (IV))
,
( -, ). .

36

-2012
(11-0300262)
- , 1.3.1 ( 1294 09.06.2010).
:
[1] Bokach N. A., Kuznetsov M. L., Kukushkin V. Yu. Coord.Chem.Rev., 255
(2011) 2946-2967;
[2]Kritchenkov A. S., Bokach N. A., Kuznetsov M. L., Dolgushin F. M., Tung
T. Q., Molchanov A. P., Kukushkin V. Yu., Organometallics, 31 (2012) inpress;
doi: 10.1021/om201026n;
[3] Bokach N. A., Balova I. A., Haukka M., Kukushkin V. Yu. Organometallics, 30(2011) 595-602;
[4] Kritchenkov A. S., Bokach N. A., Haukka M., Kukushkin V. Yu Dalton
Trans., 40 (2011) 4175-4182.

37

4


HEAT CAPACITY AND VOLUMETRIC PROPERTIES OF IONIC
NANOFLUIDS
Shevelyova M.P.,1 Kabo A.G.2,Blokhin A.V.3
1

Belarusian State University,


Minsk, Belarus.
Young scientist.
marina.shevelyova@gmail.com
2
Belarusian State University, Minsk, Belarus. .
3
Belarusian State University, Minsk, Belarus. .
Scientific adviser : Kabo G. J.
Stable dispersions of carbon nanotubes in ionic liquids called ionic
nanofluids (INF) are considered as effective electrolytes for supercapacitors.
Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) (Sankei goken kogyo Co, Ltd) with
the average external diameter of 50 nm and length of 1.5 m were used. The
INF containing [C4mim]BF4 or [C4mim]PF6 ionic liquids were prepared by mixing and grinding of the components in a dry box. After long centrifugation of
INF with low MWCNT content at 7000g the sediment containing w(MWCNT)
= (34 1) % was obtained.
The heat capacities of [C4mim]BF4, MWCNT and INF were measured
in an adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range of 80 to 370 K. No phase
transitions were found in Cp = f(T) curve of MWCNT. It was demonstrated that
the fusion temperature of the ([C4mim]PF6 + MWCNT, 11 w/w %) INF is close
to that for pure [C4mim]PF6 and the glass transition temperature of the
([C4mim]BF4 + MWCNT, 12 w/w %) INF was close to that of pure
[C4mim]BF4. The heat capacity of the studied INF was found to be a sum of
heat capacities of pure MWCNT and the ionic liquids multiplied by their mass
fractions. The enthalpy of wetting wetH of MWCNT by [C4mim]BF4 was determined in a mixing calorimeter. It was found that |wetH| <0.5 kJmol1.

38

-2012
The density of INF was determined in the range of MWCNT mass fractions (8 to 34) % for [C4mim]BF4 + MWCNT and (4 to 30) % for [C4mim]PF6 +
MWCNT. The apparent density of MWCNT considered to be a mass of 1 m 3 of
solvent-excluded volume of MWCNT in the ionic liquids was determined to be
dC4mimPF6 = (1867 2) kgm-3 in [C4mim]PF6 and dC4mimBF4 = (1811 10) kgm-3
in [C4mim]BF4 at T = 298 K. The apparent density of MWCNT in toluene dtolu-3
-3
ene = (2280 70) kgm and water dH2O = (2170 100) kgm were close to
-3
that for graphite 2260 kgm . The observed differences between the apparent
densities can be explained if one assumes that the molecular solvents, unlike
ionic liquids, can penetrate into the nanotubes. The structural parameters of a
tube were estimated from the obtained densities.



..
- ,
-, .
.
alexakentiev@rambler.ru
: ..
- , . / . .

() - ().
.
() .

39

4. . .
( 3*10-4 ) ( 100 /).
,
, . , .
.
2 . ,
.
. 3*10 -4
.
.

.

, -, , .
( 11-0300801_a) (
-6291.2010.3).

40

-2012
-

..,1 ..2
1

-
"" . .. (),
-, .
3.
mad.scientist@mail.ru
2
-
"" . .. (), , . .
: ..
(), ,
(- -), . - , - [1, 2]. , , () .
- , . , - [3].

- - ,
.
,
[3],
,

41

4. . .
.
, ,
, - -
- . -
[4].
- - - . ,
0,4 2 ( 1)., 15 .% 0,76 30 .
:
k=0,21 -1


- - =1850
390,-Ge =2400
390, -Ge


. ,
(. 1).
-
-
- , , -,

(. 2).

-
- -

.
.

42

-2012
:
[1]
. . . .: , 1962.
129, 313.
[2]
.. . .: , 1973.
126 .
[3]
.., .., .. ,
25/1, 233-241 (1999).
[4]
.., .., .., ..
, 360/2., 220223 (1998).

(. 12.0.105.2010 (01201052803)).




..,1 ..2
1


,
-, .
II .
xshowmanx@mail.ru
2

, -, . .
: .., ..
, .
, , ,
, [1]. , ,
[2],

Ka. , -

43

4. . .
, .


.
,
, icalc i- ,
0 :
icalc =0

Ka + Ks
4C
1+ i -1 ,
2Ci
Ka

(1)

0 ; i
i- ; Ka
; Ks 1,00810 -14 2/2.
0
icalc iex.

= icalc -iex min ,


2

(2)


=
=0 .
0 K a

(3)

0
, (3).
.
6,2510-8 /. . - .
, 2
. .
25 0.1 .
,
0 , 0 , 1.
, 2. [3-7], . -

44

-2012
0 - 2/,
/.
1.

-
, N
9
7

2.

[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]

N
14
6
27
10
16

Ka
-5

1.84410
6.60510-5

Ka
1,75310-5
1,76510-5
6,31210-5
6,33110-5
6,29710-5

384.9
379.93

0
390,59
387,55
382,10
381,72
383,13

Ka
1,81610-5
1,82710-5
6,73910-5
6,82910-5
8,32010-5

Ka

0
-5

0.00810
0.01210-5

0
384,53
387,90
374,41
371,72
349,00

0.8
0.33

Ka
0,01910-5
0,00210-5
0,02010-5
0,00910-5
0,60010-5

0
1,99
0,22
0,51
0,20
11,0

2., 0
.

, - .


,
0 .
:
[1]
Apelblat. A. J. of Molecular Liquids. 95, 99-145 (2002)
[2]
.., .. . 61, 1748-1775 (1992)
[3]
MacInnes D.A., Shedlovsky T.J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 54, 1429-1438
(1932)
[4]
MacInnes D. A. J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 48, 2068-2072 (1926)
[5]
Brockman F.G., Kilpatrick M. J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 56, 1483-1486
(1934)
[6]
Strong L.E., Kinney T., Fischer P. J. Solution Chem. 8, 329-345 (1979)
[7]
7. Strong L.E., Brummel C.L., Ryther R., Radford J.R., Pethybridge
A.D. J. Solution Chem. 17, 1145-1167 (1988)

45

4. . .

-
..,1 ..2
1


,
, .
VI .
cleoyl@gmail.com
2

, , . .
: ..
-- ,
.
, , [1].
, -
,
, ,
.
. ,
,
,
,
.


-- [2].

46

-2012
(1):

i but i but

2
x ji
fi
x MTBE MTBE m
f f f f f
x

...

F
j
f
M
R R k ji R k ji k ji 1
x MeOH MeOH K x MeOH MeOH 2 2
x
eq
kij jd

(1)

i 1

i
m
f H d 1 H d f H d f H f i r f i ... r f i r f i r r r H v r H F h
d
d
d
d
i
d
d
x. p. j , i ,
Gi1
2
H G R R R
R
1

i1

F(x), /


. ,
,
, , .
. ,
( 1).
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
-1000 0

0,2

0,4

0,6

0,8

1,2

. 1.
,
2 n,
.
:
[1] Rueda L.M. Modeling and Control of Multicomponent Distillation Systems
Separating Highly Non-Ideal Mixtures/ Lina Maria Rueda - The University of
Texas at Austin - December 2005.- p. 184.
[2] . . , . . -

47

4. . .
- //
XXI : XII - , , - : - , 2011 - . 2 - C. 50-52.


..,1 ..2
1


,
, .
2.
genja_zwjan@mail.ru
2

, , . VI .
: ..
,
, 40 %
[1]. , [2].
:
, .

.

. 4 . ,
, , . , .
.

48

-2012
, 63
().

50 % ,
. ,

1:1 (TiO2, ZrO2).

, (1:1). (4) ,
.


. , . ,
Al2O[3]:
4Al() + 3O2() = 2-Al2O3()
8Al() + 2-Al2O3() = 6Al2O()
6Al2O() + 6N2() 12AlN() + 3O2()

(1)
(2)
(3)


.
, 2200
3000 .
, ,
: , , ..
. :
4Al() + 3O2() = 2-Al2O3() ( )
8Al() + 6TiO2()(ZrO2) + 3N2() = 4Al2O3() + 6TiN()(ZrN)
2Al() + 3TiO2()(ZrO2) =3TiO()(ZrO) + Al2O3()
,
, .

49

4. . .
, .
, ,
,
,
, .
:
[1] .., .., .., ..

// .: , 2007, 11. .64-67.
[2] .. , ,
. . . . ..., 2008
[3] .., .. . : - . -, 2002. 154.


LiCo0.33Ni0.33Mn0.33O2 LiNi0.82Co0.18O2
..
,
, .
3.
sonho@inbox.ru
: . .
- ()
().
, .

LiCo0.33Ni0.33Mn0.33O2

LiNi0.82Co0.18O2.

LiCo0.33Ni0.33Mn0.33O2 - ; LiNi0.82Co0.18O2 TAK

50

-2012
Technology Co. Ltd. , , - , .


.
LiCo0.33Ni0.33Mn0.33O2 LiNi0.82Co0.18O2
(, ), ,

. :
, , , .
( ,
); .

. C
,
;
. , . , LiCo0.33Ni0.33Mn0.33O2, , 2.41 2.62 / 3.

. 0.51.5% . 3%, ,
. LiCo0.33Ni0.33Mn0.33O2
LiNi0.82Co0.18O2 0.51.5% .
.

51

4. . .

. 1. LiNi0.82Co0.18O2 .

. 2. LiNi0.82Co0.18O2 ,
1.2%.

52

-2012

-,
.
..,1 ..2
1

- ,
-, .
3.
macross256@yandex.ru
2
- , -,
. IV .
: ..
- (), ,
.
, . ,
,
,
.
(), ,
, . , ,
-.
, .
50-60 , ( ).

. , ( ).
(AFM)
, .
,

53

4. . .
. , .
,
, ,
.

.
,

. A/Fe4[Fe(CN)6]3 +, Na+, NH4+, Cs+
Mg+.
+ NH4+ (502 512 ).
Na+, Cs+ g2+ (221 , 321 121 ) , .


..,1 ..2, ..3
1

. ..
,
, .
.
777aleksa777_87@mail.ru
2
. ..
, , . VI .
3
. ..
, , . .
: ..

, ,
[1]. .
, , ,
2 . [2-4] , 2, -

54

-2012
, - ,
.
, 2 , 1,610-5. , ,
,
7 2. 8,6105 -1-1 22, 2 1,0108 -1-1 2
22 [5]. , 2,
, .

, .
- :
Echerichia coli 321-5, Proteus vulgaris 1212, Pseudomonas aeruginosa 969,
Staphylococcus aureus 956, Staphylococcus epidermidis 1061,
(.
.).
, .

24-48
(), .

[6]
.
, [6],
Na+, K+,
(II) [7].
.

[8],
J3 ( = 350 ).
(/) , 0,1
.

55

4. . .

(NH4)6Mo7O244 2 [9]:
(NH4)6Mo7O244 2
22 + J

J3

. J

- J3
350 (.1)

D
.1. J3 , J:
-Pseudomonas
aeruginosa 9691;
- Echerichia coli 321-5;
- Staphylococcus aureus
956

. 2 22
.
.2 22
:
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa 9691;
- Echerichia coli 321-5;
-Staphylococcus aureus
956

56

-2012
22, -,
22
:
22 + + ; +
,

, (20 ) .
:
[1] Javaherdashti R. Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion n Engineering
Insight / R. Javaherdashti Springer-Verlag. UK. 2008. 164 .
[2] .., .., .., .., ..,
.. : , . 9, 36 41 (2007)
[3] .., .., .., ..,
.., .. . . .
. 50. 6, 60 64 (2007)
[4] .., .., .., ..,
.. : , 11, 43 48 (2009)
[5] Bielski B.H.J., Cabelli D.E., Arudi R.L., Ross A.B. J. Phys. Chem. Ref.
Data. V. 14. 4, 1041 1100 (1985)
[6] . / . ,
. . .: . 1997. 625 .
[7] . . :
. / . . . .: . . 1981. 248 .
[8] Bailey R., Boltz D.F. Anal. Chem. V. 31. 1, 117 119 (1959)
[9] Allen A.O., Hochanadel C.J., Ghormley J.A., Davis T.W. J. Phys. Chem.
56(5), 575 (1952)

57

4. . .


..
,
, .
.
dm_kanaschevich@mail.ru
: ..
,
, , ,
. , .
,
Mo, Ni, Co, W, AlN
. :
: 7:2:1.
.
, Mo, W, Ni, Co AlN, ,
Co, Mo, Ni, W

.
, ,
(S=1,18 %).

, ,
Mo W, . , ,
250-150 .
, -

58

-2012
, 150-100 , .
, MoS2,
. - 200
, . ,
, .
( 24.50).
,

70Brn (n=8,10,14)
..,1 ..2, ..3
1

- ,
-, .
IV .
igorkant@tut.by
2
- , -,
. .
3
-
( ), -, . 2.
: ..
,
60
70 (., , [1]), . ( , )
60 70 (.,
, [2-5]).
60 70,
, nBrm (n = 60, 70; m = 6, 8 , 10, 24).
, [2,6,7].
60

59

4. . .
(.,
[6,7]), - [7] . 70 . 70 - 70Brn (n=8, 10, 14) ,
, ,
20-80.
(
60Haln 70Haln (Hal = F, Cl, Br, I; n =
6, 8, 10, 14, 24)
:

, (
), -
,

, , ,
),
, ,
70()n , ,
-:
70Brn + nLi (Na, K, Rb, Cs, 1/2Mg, 1/2Ca) nLiBr + 70
:
[1] .., .. . - .: , 2005. 688 .
[2] ., . . - Germany: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2011, 265 .
[3] Semenov K.N., Charykov N.A., Keskinov V.A., Pyartman A.K., Blokhin A.A.,
Kopyrin A.A. Solubility of Light Fullerenes in Organic Solvents. J. Chem. Eng.
Data. 55, 13-36 (2010).
[4] Semenov K.N., Charykov N.A. Synthesis, Properties and Applications. Phase
Equilibria in Fullerene Containing Systems. - New-York: Nova Sciences Publishers, 2011, 91 .
[5] Semenov K.N., Charykov N.A. Chapter in Handbook on Grapes. Solubility of
Light Fullerenes and Fullerenol in Biocompatible with Human Beings Solvents.
- New-York: Nova Sciences Publishers, 2011, 41 .

60

-2012
[6] Semenov K.N., Charykov N.A. Solubility of Bromfullerenes C60Brn (n=6, 8,
24) in Aqueous-Ethanolic Mixture at 250C. Russ. J. Applied Chem. 83, 9971000 (2010).
[7] C .., .., .., ..,
.. 60Brn - 10-60. . . . 85,
62-67 (2011).

( 09-03-00350-)
- 1,2 -

..
,
, .
1.
alekseykatayev@gmail.com
: ..
1,2 ()
.
[1] (II) [2]. ,
, -
, - .
- (, , , 1
2) , (R1,R2,CH3)C(O)NHNHC(O)C(R1',R2',CH3),
R1, R2, R1' ,R2' Alk, 10.

61

4. . .

E, %
100

80

Fe(II)

Cu(II)

Zn(II)

60

Co(II)
Ni(II)
40

20

10

pH <

> CNH3, /

. ( %) pH.
NH3

- Cu(II),
Ni(II), Co(II), Zn(II), Fe(III), (.). , Cu(II) 6,5
11,0; Ni(II) 9,811; Co(II) 9,711; Zn(II) 8,011. Fe(III)
2,53,5,
Fe(OH)3 (
). -
.
[Cu(II)]:[]= 1:2; [Ni(II)]:[]= 2:1,
1:1, 1:2; [Co(II)]:[]= 2:1, 1:1, 1:2.
Cu(II) Co(II) Ni(II) .
:

62

-2012
[1] .., .., .. . . . 1, 36 (1999).
[2] .., .., .. . . .
. .: . .. , 2, 111-115
(2001).
( 110300162)
N-(2-)

..,1 ..2, ..3


1

,
, .
3.
dk_dok@qip.ru
2
, , . .
3
, , . .
: . .
N-(2-) ()
[1]. R = C5H11 - C8H17
Cu(II)
[2].
-
N-(2-) RNHCH2CH2OH, R =
C8H17 - C16H33,

: , - ,
, .
, (310 -3
-4
2,810 /), 0,1 / HCl (1,210-1 9,110-4 /),
EtOH (0,9 0,1 /). , pKa = 9,52
9,61 0,05. 0,1 / HCl 20 .

63

4. . .
, N-(2-)
, 1,5
2 . :
25 45 /2; 0,1 / HCl 30 35 /2. .
,
- N-(2-) [3].
( Cu(II),
Co(II), Ni(II))
. pH
M(II), .
: [Cu(II)]:[] = 2:1, 1:1, 1:2;
[Co(II)]:[] = 1:1, 1:2; [Ni(II)]:[] = 1:1, 1:2. N-(2-) Cu(II),
Ni(II), - .
N-(2-)
.
(II) :
Cu(II) 99,4% (. = 0,34 /); Co(II) 96,8% (. = 1,55 /); Ni(II)
99% (. = 0,60 /).
:
[1] .. - . , , ,
. .: , 2004, 240 .
[2] .. 1583358 5 02 1/24
. .., .., .., .. ..
1990. 29.
[3] .., .., .., .., .., .. . . . 8, .83, 13691373 (2010)
( 10-03-00271-).

64

-2012
-1
-

..
,
, .
2.
chaenko@icct.ru
: ..
,
,
[1].
, , (): 2, , 2,
, , [2].
,
- () [3].
-1 , in situ 2, 2,
22. 3 : )
, )
0,025 ) 2 22
.

, 1,2 NaOH,
0,05 .
(0,8-1,0 ) 5 15
-2 [1].
, - --

65

4. . .
, () [4].
, -1
-
5 10 -2 60,9 56,4 %
61,0 56,5 % (0,8 ). , .
, , 83,7 %,
83,8 %, .


.
,
-1 4,2 %. , ,
[1].
, ,
.

-1 ,
.
:
[1] .., .., .. . 17, 743-746
(1981)
[2] . . . 10, 391-399
(2002)
[3] Vertes G., Horanyi G., Nagy F. Croat. Chem. Acta. 44, 21-29 (1972)
[4] .., ..
. .: , 1974, 335 .

66

-2012



..
- ,
-, .
2.
plyshka@gmail.com
: ..

. .
() (, )
. ( )
, . , . , ,
,
, , ,
. ..
,
. , , , ,
, . , , , .
- 9-91ZrO2.
-
0.1 .

67

4. . .
.
( , 400, 600, 800 1000 , 280
400 ).

Netzsch STA 449 F1 Jupiter 20800 10 /. XRD-6000 SHIMADZU u-K (= 1,54 ) .
, .
. Horiba partica LA-950
.

SUPRA
55-VP Ziess, Xradia Micro CT-400.
40 . 1505 .
, , ,
, ,
. ,
9-91ZrO2
380 . ,

, - ,
.
. ,

400
0.71 0.57 , .
,
, .

68

-2012

,
- , .

,
SiO2 Al2O3.
..
- ,
-, .
V .
lev-logunov@yandex.ru
: ..
, ,

. [1]
2 :
,
, .
- [2],
, 1.

69

4. . .

(=0,075)
(=0,01)
NaOH (C=0,1)
(=0,075)
2
(=0,01)
NaOH (C=0,1)
(=0,075)
3
(=0,01)
NaOH (C=0,1)
1 , .
1

, -50-1, 2.

-50-1

SiO2 - 60.5% Al2O3 - 31.5% CaO - 8.5% MgO - 7.5% TO2


- 10%
1. Rz 0,032
.
2. 1.0 8,5 +/-0.5
3. , 1, 20
(12-20)*10^-4
4.
100 10^14 *.
2 .

EDX.
() ( 3).

70

-2012
1

3 , .

-


.
:
[1] .., .. , .. , .. ,
.. , .. - 80 (9) 2011, . 905-920
[2] . , .., .., .. ,
.. , .. , : .8, .1540-1546 (2011)
"".

71

4. . .
""

..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
.
codehope@yandex.ru
2
, , . 1.
: ..

,
(jamming), , [1].

( (74 %), (22
%), SPAN 80 (4 %)) (d=100 ).
, 2
(. 1).

. 1. , . .

72

-2012

,
, 3 ,
.
- - .

, [2].

- . .
(30%, 50%,
70%).
.


.

,
.
:
[1]Tcholakova S., Denkov N.D., Golemanov K., Ananthapadmanabhan K.P.,
Lips A., Phys. Rev. E 78 (2008) 011405.
[2] ..
- . 2006.
1101-97013-__
(11.G34.31.0040).

73

4. . .


..,1 ..2
1


. .. ,
, .
.
anm@isc-ras.ru
2
- ,
, . V .
: ..

,
. (), , .
, ,
.
, ,
( ), , ( ).
,
, .
, .
: ,
, .
, .
. .
-

74

-2012
.
, ,
.
50 .
2-,
,
.
, ,
. ,
, .
7097.2012.3


..
,
, .
2.
mauthksu@sibmail.com
: ..
. ,
. , , , - [1].
. , , , - ,
.

75

4. . .

,
.


: , . , ,
5,6/ 20/ 2,2/ . , .
, 160 400 .
, , [2]. :
4 U

H
,
-21...-32. - , .
3 12. ,
=5, , , 5,6 /
0,26 /. -
- ,
, . .
, CaCl2 AlCl3
. -, 2- 3- , ,
11:1 [2]. , ,
, 168:1, . , -

76

-2012
, ().
:
1. , ,
.
2. ,
.
3. ,
- .
4. ,
.
:
[1] .., .., .., .., ..,
., . .3, 2833 (2010)
[2] .. . .: , 1974, 352.
[3] .. . .: . ,
1981, 304.
(3--2)

..
- ,
-, .
1.
ivanmensh@gmail.com
: ..
,
,
, ,
.

77

4. . .
,

.
-

.
250-400
RfS-SRf, 100-120 RfS [1].
Fe-S-C . , ,
,
.

(-2)

(3--2-) (CF3OCFClCF2S)2 (S60Cl) [2] .

,
2,0
*105, /
(1.45 2/).
1,5

1,0
S60Cl
18-40 (. 1), 0,5
100-120.
0,00
1
2
3
4 , * 104, /

. 1. S60Cl
(. 1).
18.
S60Cl, . ,
, , ( 3.31 2/),
S60Cl RfS .

78

-2012
(. 2).
S60Cl 10 18 50 .

. 2. ()

() S60Cl 120 . 11500.

. 18
S60Cl , S60Cl ,
120,
.
, .
,
.
:
[1] Rodin V.M., Emelianov G.A., Vasil'eva E.S., Voznyakovskii A.P., Kim D.Soo. Fullerenes, Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures. 16, 706-710 (2008)
[2] .., .. , . 5, 852 (1955)

79

4. . .


..
,
, .
.
ura-lilya@mail.ru
: ..

, ,
. , .
.
,
,
. , , , , , .
, .
- [1].
.
- ,
.
- (NO2-) - (ONO2-),
:
2NO3 2NO2 + O2 (1)
NO 3 ONO-2
(2)
(1). , - ,

80

-2012
1.6 0.2 /100 , , [2].

16 2 KNO3 .
.
- [3].
-
D=C/G, G = 1.6 0.2 /100 - -; D , /; - -,
/.
KNO3
- -, -500 .
.
,
.
(2) - (ONO2-)
350 . ,
(I) ln I = f().
ln I = f(), .
, NO-2
- , ,
ln I = f(). ,
-500, 60
-2 - 3.
:
1. - NO2- ONO2-,
.
2.
-, 1.6 /100.

81

4. . .
3. ONO2- NO2-, ,
2 .
:
[1] .. . .: , 1975.
[2] 1544030 14.12.87 . .. , .. ,
.. , .. , . /
[3] 4192-82.


/-.
..
- ,
-, .
VI .
strekoza88-88@mail.ru
: ..
- ()
. [1,2]. ,
, / .
- - (N) ()) .
c - ()
- .

82

-2012
PNIPAM 2*10/ ,

. . -.

. ,
PNIPAM , - . PNIPAM
.
4

.1. --PNIPAM.


.
:
[1] Chakraborty T.; Chakraborty I.; Moulik, S.P., Ghosh S. Langmuir 25, 3062
3074 (2009)
[2] Wuestneck R., Kraegel J., Miller R., Wilde P.J., Clark D.C., Colloids Surf. A
114, 255-265 (1996)

83

4. . .

2,2'-6,6-

..
. ..,
, .
IV .
mitrofjr@gmail.com
: ..
- ,
, /. Am , , Am Eu.
Eu(III) Am(III) ,
-. ,

.

. 1 2,2--6,6-
(1) 2,9- (2)
2,2'--6,6- . 2,9- .
.
152Eu 243Am
-.

84

-2012
, Eu/Am
2,2'--6,6- . . - .
-


..,1 ..2
1


,
, .
.
mva09@sibmail.com
2

, , . I .
: ..


[1].
- , .
[2, 3] [4].
, ,
.
,
.
.

85

4. . .
()

.
:
(C27H29NO11HCl); (,
C9H11F2N3O4HCl);

(NaC4H3FN2O2);

(C7H15Cl2N2O2P),
(
, 1618ClN3SHCl); - (, Na22065Br4).
: Ni2+, r2O72- , 2AsO4.
,
.
, .
, . .

, - 71 . ,



. , . ( = 0,032
-1) ( = 0,0008 -1), , .
29 /
, .

.
- .
. ,
Ni2+, r2O72- , 2AsO4.

86

-2012
. .
(, , ) , .
:
[1] .. , . . . . 75 , 5, 474-500 (2007)
[2] .., .. . .-. . . 38, 3, 35-38
(2004)
[3] .., .., .., ..
.. . . . . . 52, 6, 529546 (2006)
[4] Goldberg S., Johnston C.T. Mechanisms of arsenic adsorption on amorphous
oxides evaluated using macroscopic measurements, vibrational spectroscopy,
and surface complexation modeling. J. of Colloid and Interface Science. V. 234,
204-216 (2001)

..
- ,
-, .
2.
alice.am.29@gmail.com
: ..
. , ,
. ,
-

87

4. . .
[1,2].
, , .

- () .
,
(~ 70 /). -
.
-
, . , [3, 4].

, , , .
, , ,
, ( ), ..
.
,
, - -
65 / 40 /, . ,
[2]. , , , , .
:
[1] Noskov, B. A., Grigoriev, D.O., Latnikova, A.V., Lin, S.-Y., Loglio, G.,
Miller, R., J. Phys. Chem. B, 113, 13398-13404 (2009)

88

-2012
[2] Noskov, B. A., Mikhailovskaya, A. A., Lin, S.-Y., Loglio, G., Miller, R.,
Langmuir, 26, 17225-17231 (2010)
[3] Galantini, L., Leggio, C., Pavel, N. V., J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 15460-15469
(2008)
[4] Leggio, C., Galantini, L., Konarev, P.V., Pavel, N. V., J. Phys. Chem. B,
113, 12590-12602 (2009)
( 11-03-00801_a).

. .
..
() ,
, .
IV .
Rnagrimanov@gmail.com
: ..
.

, . , . , , .
,
310.
, , . .

.
, .
-

89

4. . .
(), ,
().
.
. ( 300)
( -70).
,
[1]
-.
.
. [2]

. 1,2,4- 1,3,5 . ,
, 1,2,4- 1,3,5- . , -

.
. ,
1,2-, 1,2,4- , - , . ,

.
- . ,
. ,
- .

, -

90

-2012
, .
:
[1] Verevkin S. P. J. Chem. Thermodyn. 31, 559-585, (1999)
[2] Solomonov B. N., Novikov V.B., Varfolomeev M. A. and Mileshko N. M. J.
Phys. Org. Chem. 18, 49-61, (2005)
2009-2013 ( 1349).
DFT-
(111) IB
..,1 ..2, ..3
1

,
, .
.
igor.quantumman@gmail.com
2
, , .
V .
3
, , .
1.
: . .
- ,
.
, . DFT Me31(19,12) (111) IB
Gaussian 03. ,
- PBE.
aug-cc-pVDZ, Cu, Ag Au
LanL2DZ.
:

91

4. . .
. . RMeMe 255,60; 288,94 288,38 , . (hollow, top, bridge).
.
.
1. H (111) IB
/

Ag

Au

Cu

bridge
top
hollow 1
hollow 2
bridge
top
hollow 1
hollow 2
bridge
top
hollow 1
hollow 2

Eads, /
-169,8/-163,8
-110,9/-121,3
-180,9/-185,9
-196,5/-201,2
-198,8/-234,9
-170,1/-201,3
-209,8/-245,8
-218,2/-253,0
-211,4/-217,0
-143,8/-148,1
-220,3/-238,3
-234,2/-238,3

RMeH,
110,9/110,2
165,0/165,1
89,5/86,7
88,7/85,7
101,4/97,9
156,9/157,0
81,4/77,6
83,9/78,4
107,2/106,3
152,4/152,6
90,9/87,0
88,3/90,0

Q(H), . .
-0,155/-0,156
-0,031/-0,031
-0,190/-0,193
-0,215/-0,235
0,015/-0,010
0,131/0,134
-0,031/-0,059
-0,053/-0,081
-0,116/-0,137
0,013/0,018
-0,144/-0,179
-0,179/-0,179

(. 1) , (111) IB . hollow 1 hollow 2 (~ 15


/) ; top .
bridge
hollow 1 top.
, ,
. ,
30 /.
.
, (111) ,

92

-2012
Eads 30 /, ~15%
. Eads
.

. hollow 1
hollow 2, top. . RMe-H ,

, hollow 1 hollow 2.
, . . Q(H) Ag > Cu >Au, .
2. H
hollow 2 (111) IB
-


Cu
Ag
Au
Cu
Ag
Au
Cu
Ag
Au

Eads, /
-238,3
-201,2
-253,0
-223,4
-188,6
-232,7
-214,5
-183,5
-227,6

RMeH,
90,0
85,7
78,4
90,2
85,6
78,5
90,3
85,6
78,5

Q(H), . .
-0,179
-0,235
-0,081
-0,161
-0,215
-0,066
-0,144
-0,201
-0,056

(. 2) Eads
.
H
. ,
H H .

93

4. . .

..
,
, .
.
npa@csu.ru
: . .
( ),
. [1],
.
,
[2 10] . , : ,
,
. .
4
. [11].
Sc O Sc2O3,
Sc3+. ScH3.
, . , Ti3+ TiO2+. TiH2 TiN.

. - ,

.
. , -

94

-2012
- . .
, [12], . ,
FeO2, Fe2O3 -.
, CoO Co3O4
, NiO NiO2
. CoOx NiOx.
. Ni H2O
Ni2H.
Cu2O CuO Cu2O3 CuO2. , ,
, .
ZnO,
ZnO2,
.
.

.
:
[1]
Pourbaix diagrams / Substances & Technologies. URL:
<http://www.substech.com/dokuwiki/doku.php?id=pourbaix_diagrams>.
[2]
FactSage EpH-Web. URL: <http://www.sgte.org/ephweb.php>.
[3]
THERMEXPERT Potential pH diagram generator / Argentum Solutions, Inc. URL: <http://www.argentumsolutions.com/cgi-bin/thermexpert>.
[4]
/ Prediction Central. URL:
<http://www.predcent.org/download/supcrt>.
[5]
The Geochemists Workbench (GWB). Rockware: Earth Science and
GIS Software. URL:
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[6]
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95

4. . .
[7]
ZZ-HATCHES 19: Database for radiochemical modeling / Nuclear
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[8]
PHREEQC-2: A Computer Program for speciation, batch-reaction,
one-dimensional transport, and inverse geochemical calculations / USGS.
URL: <http://wwwbrr.cr.usgs.gov/projects/GWC_coupled/phreeqc>.
[9]
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[10]
10. Atlas of Eh-pH diagrams: Intercomparison of thermodynamic databases. URL: <www.gsj.jp/GDB/openfile/files/no0419/openfile419e.pdf>.
[11]
Phase diagram Web // FactSage Database. URL:
<http://www.crct.polymtl.ca/fact/documentation>.
[12]
:
URL:
<http://www.chem.msu.su/cgi-bin/tkv.pl?show=welcome.html>.

BICUVOX -

..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
IV .
sofyaogan@gmail.com
2
, , . 2.
: ..


[1].
,
[2]. , ,
.


- , -

96

-2012
, -, - .
( BIMEVOX), . BIMEVOX
,
.
.
Bi4V2-xuxO11-x, = 0,00 ( 1); 0,04 (2), 0,06 (3), 0,16 (4)
.
. 1-4 , [3].
Bi4V2-xuxO11-x ( 1,2,3) - ( 4).

50 200.
- .
100-400 1 4
,
.
,
.

97

4. . .
1. BICUVOX:
W,% - 4000,
, /, lnN0 -

Cu

Ea

lnN0

Ea

lnN

W/W

N0/N0

1
2
3
4

0,00
0,04
0,06
0,16

6,3
11,0
9,3
57,6

69
61
57
5

10,3
10,1
10,0
7,7

38,0
37,0
34,5
59,0

51
48
44
43

3,4
4,6
4,8
4,0

6
3,3
3,7
1,0

1098
245
183
41

1-3 ( ), 3-6 . 4 ( - )
,
100% ( S400=85%).
, , ,
(N0)
.
, ( - ).
.
:
[1] .., .., .., ...//
. . 4-
. . 35. (2000)
[2] .., .., ..// . 6.
1507 1512. (1991)
[3] . . , . . , . . . // . .
. 12. 1-8. (2010)

98

-2012


..

,
, .
2.
plotnikova-md@mail.ru
: ..

, .
. , .

Scimol, -6201 ., -201 . . ,
.
(3) 1
HCl. 25200 /.

25201,
24 .
0,3 / c ,
SOLARTRON 1280 C ().
(/2) 10 0,05
10 . ,
.
1.
.

99

4. . .
, -6201 <Scimol< 201 (83%< 84%< 91% ).
(. 1) ,
, .
Scimol (Z = 82%), 6201 . -201 . ( 76% 79% ).
-,

0,8

-600
Z", 2

0,7
2

0,6

-400

0,5

-200

0,4

0,3

1
0

0,2
-2

-1

2
3
lgi, [i, A/m2]

200

400

600

800
Z', 2

. 1 () ()3 1
HCl 0,1 /: 1 ; 2 -6201 .; 3
-201 .; 4 Scimol
,
, , ,
(24 ).
1
HCl : , .
,
.
(. 1).
Fe ,
.

100

-2012
, , , .
-6201 .< -201
.<Scimol, .
:
[1] . . . .: , 1986, 144 c.
[2] . ., . ., . . . , 2009, 238 c.


..
- ,
-, .
1.
mashulka-05@mail.ru
: .., ..

D-403, ,
298 24 . D-403
,
, . -

CeSO4 2 . -
2 1 / 94 % ,
, 87 %. :=5 . (III) . . 1 , .

101

4. . .

, , . (1)
(2):

3R2 SO42 2CeSO4 2 2R3 CeSO4 3 SO42

2
SO42
Ce SO4 3 3
3
2
SO42
Ce SO4 2

2
Ce SO4 3 3

SO

3
SO
2 CeSO
4

2
4

2
4 2

(1)
2
MgSO4

(2)

3
Mg Ce SO4 2 2

- ; CeSO SO
3

2
4

4 3

- -

- , / ( )
c- , /.
- /
( ) /:

SO2
4

1
3
Ce SO 3
4 3
2
2

(2) (3):

1/ 2

/3
2 SO42
2MgSO

1
3
1
4

3
2/3
1/ 2 1 / 2
CeSO4 2

2 CeSO4 2
Mg Ce SO4 2 2
Ce SO4 3

(3)


-

1/ 3
/3
2SO42 2MgSO
,

. 2.
f (c )

1Ce/ 3 SO 3 CeSO4 2
4 3

2/3

Mg (Ce( SO4 )2 )2

, D-403 1,190,02 / 24,



1,22 /.

102

-2012

. 1 (III)

. 2 CeSO4 2

,
(3) : =1,680,01
rG298= -1,270,05 /.
, 0,0400,001 /,
, - -.
- 10 -2 10-1
/ 3 1 /.

1,180,02 /, =1,770,06
rG298= -1,420,07 / .
0,150,02 / (1) - (0,1460,030 /).
,

D-403.
CeSO4 2 .

103

4. . .


..
,
, .
2.
samodurovav@gmail.com
: ..
.
.

, [1].
. , ,
,
.

, . , , . [2,3] ,
(
, , ).
.
.
.
. ,
, :
, .
(). , .

104

-2012
.
.
. : , . ,
, . , [2,3],

.
:
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A.M., Karasev V.V., Borovkova O.V., Dultseva G.G., Boldyrev V.V. Fomin
V.M. J. Aer. Med. Pulm. Drug Deliv. 22, 245253 (2009)
[2] Kusaka. J. Phys. Rev. E. 73, 031607 (2006)
[3] Vosel S.V., Onischuk A.A., Purtov P.A. J. Chem. Phys. 131, 204508 (2009)



..,1 ..2, ..3
1

- ,
-, .
.
semenov1986@yandex.ru
2
-
( ), -, . 2.
3
- , -,
. 2.
:
(60 70), ,
(., , [1-5]). ,
.

105

4. . .
60 25 , [1],
1.310-11 /, 70 - 1.110-13 /, [1].
(- [-, -, - -], -, -, - ..) ,
, (.,
[1,2]).
( ), (
), ( , , , , ..),
( - ),
. , , ,
.
[5]: ; -d - 60;
-ss, 60 70.
: , , . - 400
. , ; ; -d ; -ss . 310.4-81 : ; . ,

( 5 ) . (
- , /)
: < < -d -ss.
,
(-d), ( ), (-ss) ( 30 .%).
-d -

106

-2012
- 012 [3,4].
,
.

d ( 2.5 10
( 29 .%). 3

4.2 10 d/ .
, d ( ) ,
( ) , .
.

:
[1] ., . . - Germany: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2011, 265 .
[2] Semenov K.N., Charykov N.A., Keskinov V.A., Pyartman A.K., Blokhin A.A.,
Kopyrin A.A. Solubility of Light Fullerenes in Organic Solvents. J. Chem. Eng.
Data. 55, 13-36 (2010).
[3] .., .., .., .., .., .., .. -d. - 47, 253-259
(2010).
[4] Letenko D.G., Nikitin V.A., Charykov N.A., Bitukov A.R., Semenov K.N.,
Puharenko Yu.V. Fullerenol-d. Some properties and ways of application. Vestnik
Grajdanskih
Injenerov
25,
120-130
(2010).
[5] .., .., .., ..,
.., .., .., .., .. ,

.
- . 4: , . 3, 72-79
(2011).

( 09-03-00350-)

107

4. . .
-


..,1 ..2
1


,
, .
2.
e.s.semina@yandex.ru
2

, ,
. .
: ..
[1, 2] , ()
. . -
PhCOO , , 5,10,15,20-.

PBE/3z [3, 4], -6 [5]. .
. 298 .

( ):

108

-2012


1 2. , . 1 2 2-
().
Ti, -. , PhCOO
- .
.
:
[1] .., .., .., .., .., .., .. . . . . . 49, 5, 53-56 (2006)
[2] .., .., .., .., .., .. . . . . . 51, 3, 6568 (2008)
[3] Perdew J.P., Burke K., Ernzerhof M. Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol.77, 18, 38653868 (1996)
[4] . .
,
. . . -. . , 2006. 102 .
[5] Laikov D.N. Priroda, electronic structure code. Version 6. 2006.

.
- (
02.740.11.0648).
- (-1736.2012.3).

109

4. . .


TRITON N-42
..

. ..
,
, .
2.
sergievskaya@niic.nsc.ru
: ..
, ,
.
,
, ,
.
,
()
, .
Triton N-42 (
-) AgNO3
. Ag0
( = 410 ) ,
.
S- ,
. , :
. , .. .
, Ag+ (1) - (2)
, (3)
(4):

110

-2012
Ag+ + N2H4 Ag(N2H4)+
Ag(N2H4)+ + N2H4 + NO3 Ag0 + 13/6N2 + 2/3NH3 + 3H2O
mAg0 (Ag0)m
(Ag0)n + Ag0 (Ag0)n+1, nm

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

. E1 = 38 3 / E2 = 36 3 /, .
,
.

.

NaNO3<Na2SO4<CH3COONa<NH2SO3H<LiClO4
, .

Ag+
Ag(NH3)i(N2H4)j+ (i = 02; j = 01).
,

111

4. . .

, , 2,2--1,3-4-
..
- ,
-, .
V .
katuwa2012@mail.ru
: ..
,
.
. , , .
,
, .
, , 2,2--1,3--4- (-1) .
, .
, ,
, 2,2--1,3--4-.
.

2,2--1,3-4- 2,2--1,3--4- .
,
.

. .

. , (head-space method).

112

-2012

12.37.127.2011).



..,1 ..2, ..3
1



,
, .
.
faithes@yandex.ru
2


, , . .
3


, , . .
: ..
[1,2] ,
- , (), () -
, sp2-.
[3], .
.

: , 1 - , -

113

4. . .
50 % Cl
.

. , Cl , , ,
(
), .
, Cl
,
, sp2 .
, - ,
. , , 200 2
95% l . : 1107 1490 -1 .

sp2- , ,
[4]. .

, .
( ),
.

114

-2012

(5 % ), Fe Ni ( 5 % .).
:
[1] .., .., .., .. //
. 3, 1 - 5 (2007)
[2] .., .., .. . //
. 4, 366 370 (2009)
[3] .. ..: , 2003, 151 .
[4] .., .., .. . // . . . 1,
83 - 86 (2006)

,
(100), (110) (111) IB
..,1 ..2, ..3
1

,
, .
1.
starodubov@chem.vsu.ru
2
, , .
.
3
, , .
VI .
: . .
IB
. , CH2O ,
[1], [2]; .
CH2O, CH3O+ CH3O2-
.
(100), (110) (111) Cu, Ag Au
( -

115

4. . .
B3LYP). H, C O
6-31G(d,p),
LanL2MB. ,
(100) (110) Me25(16, 9), (111)
Me31(19, 12) .
1. (-Eads, /)

CH2O

Cu

Ag

Au

(100)

(110)

(111)

(100)

(110)

(111)

(100)

(110)

(111)

36.1

52.9

21.9

24.0

48.1

11.1

25.8

42.6

14.9

272.7

377.1

238.0

255.0

323.5

237.9

172.4

236.6

178.4

369.1

463.2

304.3

319.3

379.4

276.4

348.4

403.1

334.9

CH3O

CH3O2

,
, (. 1), :
Cu > Au > Ag
Me(100)
Cu > Ag > Au
CH3O+|Me(110)
Cu Ag > Au
Au > Cu > Ag

CH2O|Me(100); CH2O|Me(111); CH3O2-|


CH3O2-|Me(110)

CH2O|Me(110);
CH3O+|Me(100);
CH3O+|Me(111)
CH3O2-|Me(111)

,
(100) .
, .

,
(110) IB . Eads
, ,
. ,
,
(. 2).

116

-2012
2. (on top T, bridge B, hollow H)

CH2O
CH3O+
CH3O2-

Cu

Ag

Au

(100)

(110)

(111)

(100) (110) (111)

(100)

(110)

(111)

T(O)

T(O)

B(O)

T(O)

T(O)

H(O)

T(O)

T(O)

T(O)

T(C,O) T(C,O) T(C,O) T(C)

T(C)

T(C)

T(C)

T(C)

T(C)

B(O)

H(O)

B(O)

B(O,O)

H(O)

H(O)

B(O)

H(O)

H(O)

,
CH3O2ads HCOOads + 2Hads (111)
Cu (110) Au, Eads -22.1 / -2.5
/ . Ag CH3O2
.
:
[1] Gomes J.R.B., Gomes J.A.N.F., Illas F. J. Mol. Catal. A: Chemical. 170,
187-193 (2001)
[2] Kiler K. Adv. Catal. 31, 243-313 (1982)

-4-
..

,
, .
V .
titorovicholga@gmail.com
: .., ..

(), , -

117

4. . .
-4- () , [1-4].
-, ,
, -, .
-

.
(), (
13, , )
.
, ..

. , ,
, , ,
. ,
,
: , -, , - .
,
, , , [5].
, , ,
( , ,
, ).
.

- . , , .
(, , -

118

-2012
).
in
vitro in vivo.
(, , ).
:
[1]
.., .A., O.A. // . . . 77
(4), 648-651 (2003).
[2]
.., .., .. // . . . . -. 2009. . 298-299.
[3]
Kheidorov V. P., Ershov Yu. A., Chalyi G. Yu., Titorovich. O. V. //
Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Focus on Chemistry. 85 (8), 13581362 (2011).
[4]
.., .., .., .. in vitro -. / // VI
. .
10-13 , 2011. . 55.
[5]
.. // . 56, 11-16 (2008).


..
,
, .
.
varlamova.l@mail.ru
: ..
(, L)
, .
[1], 3d [2]. -

119

4. . .
Tl1+[3], Al3+ [4]. - Ga3+
In3+ c .
- 3+ - 298
.
AUTOEQUIL [5].
, .
,
. (III) , ,
> 9,5,
(III) > 8,0.
, :
M3++L4
ML+H+
ML + OH

ML
MHL
MOHL2


( 1).
0,
, . ,
[6]:
lg c

Z 2 A I 1 / 2
1 1.16 I 1 / 2

lg 0 bI ,

c 0
; Z2 , A , I
; b .

.

120

-2012

ML
Ga3+ MHL
MOHL

ML
In3+ MHL
MH2L
MOHL

I=0
19.03
0.15
3.55
0.07
9.15
0.06
18.77
0.04
3.91
0.06
2.19
0.20
8.05
0.04

I = 0,1
16.67
0.06
3.32
0.10
8.70
0.05
16.32
0.04
3.72
0.06
2.20
0.20
7.91
0.04

I = 0,4
15.60
0.05
3.31
0.06
8.81
0.04
15.43
0.05
3.71
0.06
2.25
0.10
8.07
0.05

I = 0,6
15.81
0.08
3.35
0.10
8.82
0.07
15.32
0.08
3.74
0.09
2.31
0.20
8.24
0.08

I = 0,8
15.58
0.06
3.36
0.07
8.86
0.05
15.27
0.07
3.80
0.09
2.33
0.20
8.32
0.08


.
, .
.
, , .
3+ . ,
(III) .
:
[1] .., .. . . . 21, 846-849 (1976).
[2] .., .. . 1, 45-47 (2010)
[3] .., .., ... XXIV , -,
279 (2009)
[4] .., .. . . . 3, 466 469 (2012)
[5] .., ... . .:, 1988, 192 .
[6] .. .
.: . ., 1982, . 267.
-
.....-11, 8999/14144 19.04.2011.

121

4. . .

IN SITU
..,1 ..2
1


..,
, .
VI .
alice_raduga@mail.ru
2

.., , . IV .
: .., ..
, .

.
.

.
Solartron 1280 .
2 10 .
. , 6 , ( 30/30) ( = -0,4 , ). 2, 5,
10 15 . .

,
(0,3 / ZnO 4 / NaOH)
. A B () i B A i .

10

122

-2012
. (I)

I A I
.
B

S
Sv dend .
Vdend
, , . , .

().

. ,
.
10 , ,
15 - .
S dend

S,2

SV,2/3
125

25

2'

20

100

3'
15

75

1'

50

10

2
25

1
0

0
0

6
9
,

12

15

. 1. S (1, 2, 3)
SV (1, 2, 3),
(2), (1) (3) .

123

4. . .


,

Na2SO4.
, 11-03-00226

. ,
CO.
..

,
, .
1.
chira@ich.dvo.ru
: ..
CuO + MxOy / ZrO2 + TiO2 / Ti, CuO
+ MxOy / Ce2O3 + ZrO2 + TiO2 / Ti, CuO + MxOy / SiO2 + TiO2 / Ti, CuO + MxOy /
SiO2 + Al2O3 / Al, MxOy , , ,
,

() .
, [1], ,
.
, .

. 1.

124

-2012

. 1. : ) SiO2+TiO2/Ti, ) CuO+Co3O4/SiO2+TiO2/Ti
, ( ) Ce-, Zr- , Zr-.

. 2. CO: )
SiO2+TiO2/Ti, ) SiO2+Al2O3/Al.

. 3. T (K)
W (/ ) CO CO2: 1SiO2+TiO2/Ti,
2-Co3O4+CuO/
SiO2+TiO2/Ti.

125

4. . .
,
BI-CAT flow4.2(),
CO CO2
150-250 C.
: Cu-Mn>Cu-Co>Cu-Fe>Cu-Ni Zr Ce-. Zr- , Si-
- Cu-Co>Cu-Mn>Ni-Cu>Cu-Fe (. 2).
CuO+Co3O4/SiO2+TiO2/Ti.
200C. ,
Pt-
, [2]. , (-).

.
220-275.
- BI-CATr-EXP. , CO (. 3).
:
[1] .., .., .., .., ..
(, , ) - .:
, 2005, 368 .
[2] .., .., .., ..,
.., .. . . . 4, 627-633 (2010)

126

-2012
-
(V)
= .
..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
VI .
sharifullina.guzel@gmail.com
2
.. ,
, . .
: .,
. , . , ,

. - ,
, , .
[1]
VV/H2O2/RCOOH [V(O2)3]-
.
-
M06/def2-TZVP (V) (. 1) C=C .
.
( ).

127

4. . .

O
O

O*

V
O

O*

O
V
O

O
V

O
O
*

. 1. (V).
; IRC
.

VV/H2O2/RCOOH.
:
[1] Alexander A. Markov, Sergei P. Dolin, Natalia I. Moiseeva, Alexander E.
Gekhman, Ilya I. Moiseev. Mendeleev Communications, Vol. 19, pp. 175-181,
2009.



,

..
()

..,
, .
1.
Shevchenko.tatyana@list.ru
: ..
,

() ().
,
, -

128

-2012
, [1].
, ,
.

[2],
.
, , . , .

, .

( 45) : ZnSO4*7H2O
- 310 /, Na2SO4*10H2O - 75 /, A12(SO4)3*18H2O - 30 / [1] () t = 250C.
0,5 - 5 /.
2,5 6 /2. 1
1,5 /2. (t)
(t) 20 / 1 , 12 / 1 . IPC-2000, P-8S. - 15 .
: , , .
, ,
. . (C) [3].
1 10 .
,
2 /. C , 1,5-2
, . t
Zn- .1.

129

4. . .

.1. t Zn- 45
: ZnSO4*7H2O - 310 /, Na2SO4*10H2O - 75 /, A12(SO4)3*18H2O - 30
/, - 2/ t 250C i = 50/2 , i = 15/2,
t / t = 12 / 1
Zn-, 6 /2 .
,
Zn-, t / t = 20 / 1 12 / 1 , i = 5, 6 /2, i =
1, 1,5 /2.
.
,

.
:
[1] .. / .. .: ,1977. 270 .
[2] .., ..
- // . - 2007. .15, 4. . 18-24.
[3] ..
/ ..,
.., .., .., .., .., .. // : . . - . .1 .-.: , 2008. -.712-714.

130

-2012

2,4,5-

..

,
, .
3.
yurkova@kinetics.nsc.ru
:
2,4,5- (2,4,5-)
. 2,4,5-,
2,4,5-, ,
.

.
2,4,5-
(266 )
.

.1. () ,
0.05 (1), 0.4 (2), 1.6 (3), 4 (4) 48 (5) 2,4,5- (410-5 ). () 500 (1) 720 (2) .

131

4. . .
- 2,4,5- -, .
720
, -
500 .
,

. 0.021
0.25 /2.

2,4,5- (k = 7109 -11
) -. - 2,4,5-, ,
. ,
- 2,4,5-
2,4,5- [1].
:
[1] .., .., .., .. , .
19, 705-710 (2011)

09-03-00330-, 11-03-00268- 2009 2011 . ( 70).
2,2-1,3--4- ,

..
- ,
-, .
VI .
marina-alex-88@yandex.ru
: ..

, .
, ,

132

-2012
, , . , , , [1, 2]. ,
,
, ,
,
. [1], ,
, ,
, .
-- , . .

. - -
,
( , ).

2,2-1,3--4- -, . 2,2--1,3--4- ( -). , -
.

- , . -

( , , ). - , 30 +40 .
- +
- + - + ( 33,5 ).
- + + - + + 0 20 .

133

4. . .
. UNIFAC [3-5] , .
.
-, , ,
[6].
:
[1] . . : // The Chemical Journal. 8, 36-39 (2009)
[2] .., . ., . ., ..,
. . ,
2365617 (2009)
[3] Fredenslund ., Jones R. L., Prausnitz J.M. // AIChE J. 21, 1086-1099
(1975)
[4] Fredenslund . et al. Ind. Eng. Chem. Process Des. Dev., 16, 450-462 (1977)
[5] .., .., .. , -, .: , 244-265 (1989)
[6] . . , . . , . . , . . . 2,2--1,3-4- , . ,
.4, 2011, 2, . 117-128.
( 10-0300419) ( A/10/01071).

134

4


MOLECULARLY IMPRINTED POLYMER STUDY ON PENCIL
GRAPHITE ELECTRODE AND APPLICATION FOR DIAZEPAM
ELECTROCHEMICAL ANALYSIS
Alubeckas A.,1 Ratautaite V.2
1

Vilnius University, Department of Physical Chemistry,


Vilnius, Lithuania.
first-year PhD student.
arturas.alubeckas@gmail.com
2
Vilnius University, Department of Physical Chemistry, Vilnius, Lithuania.
young scientist.
Scientific adviser: Ramanavicius A
Polypyrrole (Ppy) is commonly used conductive polymer for bioanalytical sensors. This polymer is studied in order to avoid some undesirable electrochemical interactions and improve electron transfer. Ppy has been extensively
investigated for many applications, such as immunosensors and identification of
small organic molecules.
Ppy synthesis can be performed in three ways: chemical initiation, photochemical reaction and electrochemical activation, applying electrical current.
Layer thickness, composition and properties can be controlled using different
potential in electrochemical cell by applying desirable amount of current. Entrapped biomolecules inside Ppy film might be extracted from the Ppy structure
applying overoxydation. This results in a Molecularly Imprinted Polymer (MIP)
[1, 2]. MIP Ppy shows good selectivity and sensibility for organic molecules [3].
Deposition of Ppy can be performed on a pencil graphite electrode (PGE) [4].
Experiment is performed synthesising Ppy on PGE in phosphatic buffer
solution using amperometry method. For molecular imprinting Diazepam molecules are used. Differential pulse voltammetry is performed for synthesised polymer. Properties of polymer are analysed using different synthesis

135

4. . .
conditions. Analytical signal change is discussed performing incubation of polymer in Diazepam solutions.
References:
[1] Ramanaviciene A., et al., J. Chem. Educ. 83, 1212-1214 (2006).
[2] Ramanavicius A., et al., Electrochim. Acta 51, 60256037 (2006).
[3] Ozcan L., et al., Sens. Actuators B 127, 362-369 (2007).
[4] Ozcan L., et al., Anal. Chim. Acta 685, 9-14 (2011).

DELOCALIZED SOLVENT CRAZING AS THE FUNDAMENTAL


APPROACH FOR THE PREPARATION OF UNIQUE NANOPOROUS
POLYMERIC SUBSTRATES AND PHOTOSENSITIVE SENSORS
BASED ON SEMICRYSTALLINE POLYMERS
Erofeev A.S.
Department of Polymers and Crystals, Faculty of Physics, Lomonosov Moscow
State University,
Moscow, Russia.
second-year PhD student.
erofeev@polly.phys.msu.ru
Scientific adviser: Prof. Dr. Volynskii A.L.
Preparation of robust nanoporous materials and matrices based on semicrystalline polymers, which can serve as efficient substrates and matrices for
photosensitive and other sensors, presents a challenging task from both technological and practical viewpoints. Solvent crazing provides a universal approach
for the solution of this challenging problem [1-3]. This approach involves tensile drawing of semicrystalline polymers as films or fibers (HDPE, MDPE, PP,
polyamides) in the presence of physically active liquid environments, and this
process is accompanied by profuse development of volume porosity. In contrast
to classical solvent crazing on glassy amorphous polymers with its well-defined
step-by-step evolution and well-localized nanoporous regions, delocalized solvent crazing on semicrystalline polymers provides uniform distribution of porosity in the sample. However, similar to classical solvent crazing, overall porosity of the sample increases with increasing tensile strain up and achieves 4555%. Fine structure of the solvent-crazed porous samples was studied by the
methods of X-ray analysis, pressure-driven liquid permeability, and porometry.
Depending on the nature of semicrystalline polymer, stretching conditions (such
as tensile strain, geometry of the sample, etc.), and nature of active crazing-

136

-2012
promoting liquid, pore dimensions of the solvent-crazed samples are found to be
equal to 612 nm. Hence, the resultant highly porous polymer samples can be
rated as classical nanoporous materials which can serve as perfect substrates and
matrices for novel photosensitive sensors based on semicrystalline polymers.
The level of resultant porosity is shown to depend on the crystallinity
of the initial polycrystalline polymers. The higher the degree of crystallinity of
the initial polymer sample, the more efficient is the delocalized solvent crazing,
and the higher the level of the volume porosity.
However, the resultant highly porous polymeric materials in their wet
state immediately after tensile drawing are characterized by exceptionally high
shape instability and shrinkage can achieve 8090%. Even when the active
liquid is removed from the solvent-crazed sample with fixed dimensions, the
samples still show shrinkage even though its value is lower. This high level of
shape instability prevents their efficient use as substrates for photosensitive sensors. In this connection, serious problems related to the improvement of shape
stability arise.
In this work, the efficient procedure providing substantial improvement
in shape stability of the nanoporous matrices based on solvent-crazed polymers
is advanced. After tensile drawing in the physically active liquid environment,
the HDPE samples with fixed dimensions are dried for 30 min and allowed to
stay at 110C for 20 min. This scenario of thermal treatment makes it possible to
fully preserve the formed highly porous structure of the solvent-crazed samples
and to achieve excellent shape stability when shrinkage is totally absent.
Therefore, tensile drawing of semicrystalline polymers via delocalized
solvent crazing and subsequent thermal treatment allows preparation of robust
highly porous polymeric materials with excellent shape stability which can
serve as efficient matrices or substrates for further immobilization of actives
photosensitive species and preparation of diverse photosensitive sensors with
stable characteristics.
References:
[1] Volynskii A.L., Bakeev N.F. Strukturnaya samoorganizatsiya amorfnykh
polimerov. .: Fizmatlit, 2005, 230 p.
[2] Volynskii A.L., Bakeev N.F. Solvent Crazing of Polymers. - Amsterdam,
N-Y, Tokyo: Elsevier, 1995, 410 p.
[3] Volynskii A.L., rzhakova .V, Yarysheva L.., and Bakeev N.F.
Vysokomolek.soedin. Ser. B, 3, 549-563, (2000).
Acknowledgements:
This work was supported by the State Contract, no. 14.740.11.0909, and by the
Grant for the State Support of Leading Scientific Schools, NSh-324.2012.3.

137

4. . .
MODELING ELECTROLYTES IN ALCOHOL/WATER MIXTURES
WITH EPC-SAFT AND COSMO-RS
Ingram T.,1 Held C.,2 Sadowski G.3
1

TU Hamburg-Harburg,
Hamburg, Germany.
third-year PhD student.
thomas.ingram@tuhh.de
2
TU Dortmund, Hamburg, Germany. young scientist.
3
Dortmund, Germany. young scientist.
Scientific adviser: Smirnova I.
Electrolytes have a pronounced effect on thermodynamic properties of
natural systems like waste water, on biological systems as well as on chemical
and pharmaceutical processes. These systems contain water to the largest extent.
However, also cosolvents are present in biological systems. Having a reliable
thermodynamic model which can describe the influence of electrolytes on phase
equilibria is essential for the design and simulation of such processes. Thus,
thermodynamic properties of electrolytes in mixed-solvent solutions have to be
considered.
In order to model electrolyte solutions nonionic short-range interactions resulting from repulsive and attractive (van der Waals) forces, as well as
long-range Coulombic interactions of the charged species must be accounted
for. The short-range interactions can be described using gE models or an equation of state (EOS). Combining such approaches with a theory describing Coulombic forces (e.g. Debye Hckel) allows for establishing electrolyte models..
Recently, two promising electrolyte models for the description of mean
ionic activity coefficients (MIACs) in aqueous electrolyte solutions have been
proposed. One is based on the equation of state PC-SAFT (ePC-SAFT) [1],
whereas the other one is based on the gE model COSMO-RS [2].
In this work we systematically investigate the applicability of ePCSAFT and COSMO-RS to more complex solutions of electrolytes in mixed solvents. MIACs and densities of mixed electrolyte solutions from literature as
well as own measurements were used in order to validate the considered models.
In accordance with previous results for ePC-SAFT only two solventspecific ion parameters have to be adjusted to experimental solution densities
and osmotic coefficients: the solvated ion diameter and the dispersion-energy
parameter. It is demonstrated that the models are able to reproduce experimental
data of the respective solvent/salt systems with reasonable accuracy.

138

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Based on the so-determined ion-parameter sets it is demonstrated that
both models are able to predict MIACs (and in case of ePC-SAFT densities) in
ternary and quaternary water/alcohol(s)/salt solutions.
References:
[1] Held C., Cameretti L. F., Sadowski G., Fluid Phase Equilib. 270, 8796
(2008)
[2] Ingram, T., Gerlach,T. ,Mehling, T., Smirnova ,I. Fluid Phase Equilib. 314,
29-37 (2012)

EVALUATION OF XENOBIOTIC EFFECT ON SOIL MICROBIAL


ACTIVITIES USING ISOTHERMAL MICROCALORIMETRY
Ullah H.,1 Ali Riaz2
1

State University of Campinas,


Campinas, Brazil.
third-year PhD student.
hameedchemist@yahoo.com
2
State University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil. secondyear PhD student.
: Simoni J.A.
All physical, chemical and biological processes are accompanied by
changes in energy which means, heat. This makes calorimetry one of the most
suitable techniques to study all these process. Soil is a typical example of this,
mainly due to the fact that its behavior is related to all these processes. Soil microorganism, microbial biomass and organic matter are the most important parameter
of soil quality and they could be evaluated, at the same time, using Calorimetry,
more generally by ITC . In this study we have evaluated the effects of seasonal
sampling as well as the influence of the experimental condition on the glucose
degradation by Brazilian soil, using Calorimetry. The results show a decrease in
the metabolism of the soil microorganisms upon storage from one month
(Hmet= -5.80 J g-1) to three months (Hmet= -2.73 J g-1) and so on. On the
other hand the oxygen atmosphere seems to decrease the metabolism (Hmet= 5.87 J g-1) in comparison with the CO2 admission (Hmet = -10.4 J g-1). This
results show the increase of the microorganism stress provoked by the adverse
condition of the carbon dioxide addition. It is an important factor in order to study
the influence of the green house effect on the soil metabolism, and vice versa.
Other results showed the increase of the metabolic energy with the increase of the
As3+ addition, from (Hmet= -9.99 J g-1) for 50 ppm of As3+ to (Hmet = -11.9

139

4. . .
J g-1) for 1,000 ppm and a decrease of the metabolism concomitant with the herbicide (glyphosate, 0.13M) addition (Hmet= -2.44 J g-1).
Keywords: soil, xenobiotics, microbial activities, isothermal microcalorimetry
Introduction:
All physical, chemical and biological processes are relate to thermal
energy, and calorimetry is the only suitable field to measure this energy. Calorimetry could be used to study from very simple process like ice melting to
those of a more complex like the microbial growing (1,2). In this work we used
calorimetry to study the soil microorganism metabolism processes under different xenobiotics conditions. The main carbon source used was glucose, which
has been used as reference in this type of study (3,4)
Methodology:
For isothermal microcalorimetric analysis the soil samples after collection were kept at 4 oC in polyethylene bags of 2 months. After 2 months the soil
were taken out and kept at room temperature for 24 hours before being placed
inside the calorimeter. After 24 hours one gram of soil sample were weighted
and put into the calorimetric cell. After placing the soil in the calorimetric cell
200 ul portion of nutrient solution, for example glucose and conduct the experiment. The typical power time curves are given in the Fig.1

Figure 1. Typical power x time plot for soil metabolism from the Isothermal
Calorimetry

140

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Result and Disscussion:
From table 1 it is suggested that pure oxygen atmosphere increase the
metabolism rate as compared with fresh air. The addition of glyphosate with
glucose, increases the rate of biomass generation due to its nitrogen providing
capability[3]. Incase of arsenic without pre contact, the microbial activity was
increase which might be due to the stress condition generated in the soil environment. Deleterious effect of arsenic on the microorganism is well documented
in the literature. The growth costant incase of 2 nd dose of glucose, pure oxygen
and nitrogen show positive correlation which clearly indicated in power time
curve given by microcalorimeter (curves not shown).
Table 1: Different microbial parameters calculated from power time curve.
Sample
Q (Jg- E %
Pt/h
Growth
1
)
constant
()
Glucose
-4,39
63
4,5
0,04
2nd dose ND
ND
ND
ND
Air
Pure Oxy- -5,81
63
9,6
0,03
gen
CO2
0,0
ND
ND
ND
Arsenic
-9,03
42
14
0,02
Herbcide
-2,02
87
12,6
1
N2
-6,62
57
11
0,01
References:
[1] Barros, N.; Salgado, J. and Feijo, S, , Thermochimica Acta, 58,11, 2007.
[2] Critter, S.A. M.; Freitas, S.S.; and Airoldi, C, Applied Soil Ecology, 18, 217,
2001
[3] Barros N, Feijoo S and Fernndez, S.Thermochimica Acta, 406,161, 2003
[4] Sposito, G. The Chemistry of Soils, Oxford University Press, New York, 43
pp, 1989
Acknowledgements: The author is grateful to TWAS, CNPq for fellowship
and FAPESP for ITC.

141

4. . .
PT@AG: ,
,
..

. ..
,
, .
.
abkhalimov@ipc.rssi.ru
: ..
[1-2]. , , , .
Pt(II), ( 6 ),
,
-. 1
,
400 300 . ,
Pt@Ag 7-10 ,
1-4 , Pt (. . 2).

142

-2012

0,6

1
0,5

0,4

0,3

4
5

0,2

0,1

0,0
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

()

. 1.
Pt@Ag : (1) Ag90Pt10; (2) Ag70Pt30; (3) Ag50Pt50; (4)
Ag30Pt70; (5) Ag10Pt90.
Pt@Ag
, , (MV2+) . , 030% . ,
[3]. ,
.
[Ag]/[Pt].

Pt@Ag.
-
,
. (MV2+).

143

4. . .

.2. Pt@Ag.
:
;
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.
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[3]
Henglein A. J. Phys. Chem. 97, 5457-5471 (1993).

144

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,
..
- ,
-, .
VI .
avagimova-natalia@yandex.ru
: ..

,
.
, . , , ,
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.
,
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,
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.% () ( ) ( ).
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146

-2012
-
Ca(NO3)2-LiNO3-H2O
.
..
- ,
-, .
V .
maryaverina@gmail.com
: . .
. , ,
, , LiNO3
Ca(NO3)2 H2O [1].


LiNO3 Ca(NO3)2 H2O
.


.
,
. , .
(, )
[2].
ab initio .
, ,
, .

.
(1 : 48
) - [3].

147

4. . .

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..
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V .
i.a.avramenko@gmail.com
: ..
()
- :
, , , , .
.
: , , , , Pt, Au, TiO2, SnO2 . [1-3]

. [4] (Cs+, Na+, K+,
Li+, H+), Ni(II),
( coated-wire electrodes, CWE).
,
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148

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,

..
,
, .
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eugeniasa@mail.ru
: . .


(, , , ,
, )
,
.


-500 [1].

149

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,
.

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7-16 .
SHIMADZU AUW 120D
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,
.
.
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. [2].
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. %

99

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10
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:
[1] , .. . 6, 143144 (2003)
[2] , . ., , . ., , . . - .: , 1976, 504 .

150

-2012
,
-

..
,
, .
3.
adigamova@ich.dvo.ru
: ..
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151

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T=300 Hc=380 =10 )
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2).
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.

. 1. Q h ()
Hc ()

. 2.

T500
. 10-25
300-500 . 700800 ,

152

-2012
. , ,
-, - .
:
1 . ., . ., . . . . . 3, 349-352
(2009)
2 . ., . ., .. . . 5, 494-500 (2010)
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. 10, 1465-1467 (2010)
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,


..
,
, .
VI .
juliya1711@rambler.ru
: ..
(BODIPY)
,
,
,
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,
.

153

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8 (.1).
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567
(Aldrich). -
, [4].

520-530
. 538 546 .
BODIPY 490 , 3,3-()
[4]. BODIPY1 2
(= 480)
567 [5]. BODIPY ( = 0,3-0,4)
, . BODIPY
5%,
( = 0,85), [4].
BODIPY1, 2 567
2 Nd:YAG- ,
BODIPY -

154

-2012
. BODIPY, .
() BODIPY
, ,
.
pKa,
.
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[1]
Benstead
M.,
Mehl
G.,
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R.
Tetrahedron.
DOI:
10.1016/j.tet.2011.03.028
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[3] .., .., .., .., ..
80, 6, 1046-1047 (2010)
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3, 420-427 (2011)
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S. J.Org Chem. 73, 21462154 (2008)

U-234 U-238

..
- ,
-, .
VI .
ev@RB7584.spb.edu
: ..

.

155

4. . .

30- , .. , .
. . . . .
1954-1955 . .. [1],
-234 ,
234U .
238
U, .
,
.
. .
, ,

. .
, .. , . ( 30 2/), .
( - 234Th)
(). , , ,
. ,
.
. . -234
. , , . , ,

156

-2012
- , ,
, (
, , ..).
, ,
, , [2,3]. ,
,
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, , . , - . ,
-234
, ,
- .
U(VI)
;
- .
:
[1]
, .. .
, , 1975, . 95
[2]
Adloff J. P., Roessler K., Radiochimica Acta. 47, 177-185 (1989)
[3]
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..
,
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V .
bettynet@mail.ru
: ..
(I)

157

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GAMES -.

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.
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- ,
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IV .
evgeniy.alt@mail.ru
: ..
,
, .

158

-2012
-. -
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,
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. ,
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-
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159

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275

275
-
298
-
327
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.
:
[1] : . .
. 2- ., . . . . . .: - .. -, 2009.
[2] .., .., .. Journal of Physical Chemistry.
2010, c. 250-259.

160

-2012


..,1 ..2
1

,
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IV .
moy_mayl@mail.ru
2
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60-80
- 5.8-6.8 /.
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162

-2012
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163

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anikanoval@mail.ru
: ..
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164

-2012
, :
K-Fe2O3 .
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, .
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,
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,
.
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165

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.
irina_anikeeva@inbox.ru
2


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3


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: ..

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.

166

-2012

. ,
,
(700 ), . ,
.
1 10 . % , , 1 % 10 % ,
.
:
[1] . . // , 9, 609-620
(2001).
[2] .., .., .. . // , 4, 366-370 (2009)


(Li, Na, K)

..

"
",
, .
.
antipinalyu@gmail.com
: ..

.
-

167

4. . .
. , , [1], [2], [3]
. ~0.05 , , 0.2 ~ 0.4 /H2. (Gr),
. [4], [5].

.

(, Li-Gr, , NaGr, , K-Gr)
. - (Me-Gr),
,
.

, -Gr
( = 1 ) = 0 4 0.2 (.1), ..
Li-Gr, Na-Gr K-Gr
12.2 %, 10.33% 8.56 % . . (DOE) (6-7 % .).

. 1. Gr-Me c 4- . , - - , , .

168

-2012

Me-Gr. Na-Gr H2
( < 250 ). K-Gr
2- 100
( = 300 ), 4- .
Li-Gr
, .. 3
= 300 5 250 .
, 4 2 Li
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, , , ,
Me-Gr .
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4. . .


-
..,1 ..2
1

. .. ,
, .
1.
art_polly@mail.ru
2
. .. , , .
.
: ..
, , . ,
, .
- Dendrolimus sibiricus superans:
(Z,E)-5,7-, (Z,E)-5,7--1-o, (Z)-5-, (E)6-, (E)-7-, (Z)-5--1-, (E)-6--1-,
(E)-7--1-, Limantria dispr: (7R,8S)-7,8--2- Dendrolimus pini :
(Z,E)-5,7-, (Z,E)-5,7-, (Z)-5-,
()-7-.
. 25,12 /.
, , 224-227 , ,
168177 .
, , 121-136 . , .
. 1,2-2,7, ,

170

-2012
,
2 .
, , .
, .
-333, , (2012-2014),

,

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, .
V .
arksergey@gmail.com
: ..
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.

,
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,
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171

4. . .
. .
- , .

, .
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. , 140
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. , (spray drying) (co-grinding).

, ,
.

172

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-
[-[(2,6-)]-]-
,

..

,
, .
2.
b.marat.c@mail.ru
: ..
, [1]. , 40-600, , , , , .
- N,N--N,N , [2].
[-[(2,6)-]-]- .
,
. ,
20 .
13
.
- , . ,
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173

4. . .


- .
--
30% .
, .
q, %
18
16
14
12

10
8

6
4
2
0
100

200

300

400

d,

. 1. -
, () [[(2,6-)-]-]- : 1 , :=0,2; 2 .
: . .
:
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1996.. 38.(10). .1663-1667.
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174

-2012



..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
2.
liliya_baikina@mail.ru
2
, ,
. .
: ..

, - .

,
: ,
.
4
40 , ;
.
5 0,4 .

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175

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.

.
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,
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,
.
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.
, ,
.
,

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.
.
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,
. , 93 %
d = 0,4 , ,
.
, , ,

176

-2012
,
.
:
[1] . ., . . . .: , 1977, 304 .
[2] . ., . ., . ., . . .
: , 2003, 80 .
[3] . ., . ., . ., . .
. 2- .
: , 2010, 352 .

-

..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
2.
nutikbaks@mail.ru
2
, ,
. V .
: ..

(), ,
. ,
, [1].
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. , - . (

177

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(1)

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(2)
(3)

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[3].
()[4].
0,1 H2SO4, . PbO2
[5]. 30-90 /2.
1
:
30 /2; - 60 /2; -
90 /2 .
9294%. 93-95%.
,

.
, ( )
-
.

178

-2012

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.., .., . //
, 6, .211-229 (2008).
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.. , .- .: , 1967, 196.

179

4. . .


..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
3.
bespalov-alex@mail.ru
2
, , . V
.
: ..
,
, . , [1].
-4 -40 .

, . .
,

. ,
, - . , , .

,
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4 ,
-40. -, ,
-40 ,

180

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.
, -4, 155 . Ag+ -40
, . ,
-40 ,
-4.
:
[1] .. .., .., .. -. - .: , 2009, 391 .

..
,
, .
3.
kirpichenko@inbox.ru
:
()
, .

pH , , . +
, ,
, . . .

181

4. . .
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[1],
[2] ,
- , .
(. 1) . 1 1 .

. 1.

0,5 Hl

0,5 NaOH


R =R0 R, R0 R
,
.
(. 2), ,

(. 3)
2

10

-ImZ, *
R

. 2. -Zr.
10 /2

R0

0
0

10

20

30

40
50
ReZ, *2

R dI 0

(. 4).

182

-2012
R, *2

65

i, /2
12

1200

-Zr

60

1000

-Zr

10
55

800

50

600

45

400

40

200

35
0

6
4
2

0
10
12
i, /2

0
0

. 3.
-Zr

U, 6

. 4.

-Zr

-
(45), [2].

, , 250
, .
-Zr .
.
I, A/2
50

. 5. -
-Zr .
NaOH HCl 0,5 .

40

-Zr
30

20


10

0
0

U,

10

[1]
.., .., .. .
15, 1488 - 1493 (1979)
[2]
.., .., .. . 35,
982-990 (1999)

183

4. . .

,

..
() ,
, .
V .
alsina@lenta.ru
:
.
L--L--L-,
, L--L-, , .

(QCM-).
, - .

.

f, , ,
.
, , ,
.

, .

184

-2012

14.740.11.0377,
. .. (
-1/2010 . ..
() ).

..
,
, .
1.
st4857@yandex.ru
: . .
E-pH Cu H2SO4 H2O
25, = 1 (), aCu2+ = 1 / SO42- = 1 10 / (.).
H2SO4 10 90 . %,
25 60
() .
(pH 3 -3) 11 : I Cu +
H2S; II Cu2S; III Cu9S5; IV Cu9S6; V Cu7S6; VI CuS; VII Cu2+,
S4O62-; VIII - Cu2+, HSO4-; IX CuSO4 5H2O; X Cu2O3 + SO42-; XI Cu2O3
+ HSO4-. :
Cu/Cu2S/Cu9S5/Cu9S6/Cu7S6/CuS. Cu2S u7S6
. Cu2S Cu9S6 , Cu9S5 . u S, .
.
.

185

4. . .
.1. E pH
Cu H2SO4 H2O 25, = 1
(), (SO42-) = 1 (0) 10
(1) / (Cu2+) = 1 /.

186

-2012



..,1 ..2, ..3
1

,
, .
V .
das50@mail.ru
2
, , . V
.
3
, , . V
.
: ..
,
.

c . , ( = 6,3)

, n4 . ,
. B
,
3H2O2 + 2MnO4 + 2H+ = 2MnO2 + 3O2 + 4H2O.
(
12 )
,

. 1*104
0,056 0,1*10-4 2,75*104 . ,

. , (50:50)

187

4. . .
, ,
n02.


( ), , . (II) 1 100 (40%).
(II)
[1]. .
:
[1] .., .., .., .. .
3, 163166 (2010)
,

..

. .. ,
, .
2.
bozhko@niic.nsc.ru
: ..
,
. . ,
s I s II, II .
, .

188

-2012
,
.
s I s II, .
. ( II ) -
s I s II. . . [1]

H2O Ne 150 200 Ma 263
283 K. [2], P=200 300 Ma 265
275 K. , s I II
s II,
( 250 , T=270 K) s II II .
:
[1] Dyadin Yu.A., Larionov E.G., Manakov A.Yu., et al. Mendeleev Comm.
209-210 (1999).
[2] Dyadin A.Y., Larionov E.G., Aladko E.Y., et al. J. Struct. Chem. 40, 790795 (1999).


..
,
, .
.
monrel@mail.ru
: ..
[1], TiCl4AlR3 (),
, . -

189

4. . .
, , TiCl4 () . .. . [2],
TiCl4 :
TiCl4 AlR3 RTiCl3 AlClR 2
TiCl4 AlClR 2 RTiCl3 AlCl2R
2RTiCl3 2TiCl3 R -H R H
AlR3, (III) . ,
AlClxR3-x, x = 0, 1, 2.
AlClxR3-x TiCl4.
TiCl4 + AlCl2R
AlClxR3-x [3]. (IV) . - IV .
k

2AlR 3

AlR3 2

ka
TiCl4 AlR 3
RTiCl3 AlClR 2
k

2AlClR 2

AlClR 2 2

ka
TiCl4 AlClR 2
RTiCl3 AlCl2 R
k

2AlCl2 R

AlCl2R 2

TiCl4 AlCl2 R RTiCl3 AlCl3


ka


(), [4]
8:92 %. 300 1. , -

190

-2012
(30 . [1-2]) TiCl4 .
k<< ka < k
ka = k : . ka ( ka k) , 30 . TiCl4
30% (IV).
Al/Ti 1.0 3.5
: . k<<
ka < k Al/Ti 1.0-1.2.
, TiCl4 Al/Ti. : AlR3 AlR2Cl AlRCl2 AlCl3
:
[1] .., .. 1,3. : , 1990. 211 .
[2] .. IIIII -, -, . .- . , . 2006. 333 .
[3] Skali M.K. Markovis A. ets Catalysis Letter.76. 3011-3015 (2001).
[4] .., .. . ... 17, 28-34 (2010).

191

4. . .


..,1 ..2, ..3
1

,
--, .
.
sborisen@ipoc.rsu.ru
2
, --, . VI
.
3
, --, .
.
: ..

, ,
[1,2].
, , .
OH
HO

OH
O

OH

O
OH

HO
O

1. , 16H18O9

.
, .
.

192

-2012
- 18.
Agilent-1200.
, [3]
.

[3,4]. 19,8% . 14,8%.
. ,
[5,6]. 20.9%
, 16.9% . ,

, , 2-3 .
:
[1] . [ ]. URL:
http://www.big-soviet.ru
[2] .., .., .., .. .
. . 1, 5761 (2008)
[3] Cliffford M.N., Johnston K.L., Knight S., Kuhnert N. J. Agric. Food Chem.
51, 29002911(2003)
[4] Farah A., Dodadgelo C.M. J. Plant Physiol. V 18, 1, 2326 (2006)
[5] .., .., .., .., .., .., .. . :
. T. 3. 2, 33-36 (2008)
[6] .., .., .., .., .., .., .. . :
. T. 3. 2, 37-42 (2008).
11-03-12141--2011, -4425.2011 c.
2012 ( 3.5193.2011).

193

4. . .



..

,
-, .
3.
borovskoi.alex@mail.ru
: ..
, . ,
: P 10 Qm , () T.. 2500 4000 .
(
V ~ 10 103 / a ~ 103 / , a - );
max .
1 D2 , ;
T1 2500 ;4000 ; p2 ~ 105 ; D2 ,

Qm 3/ . : , , , , , , , .

1.

D2 T1

194

-2012
--
, .. T1
; ;
D2 T1
(, , 2);

(,
, 3).

2. D2
T1

3. D2
T1

195

4. . .
T2 T1
,
T2 T1
--
, , ,
. , ,
T 20
p p2 1


, 6,4 D2 ,
.
,

.

-2-

..
,
, .
3.
thebryleff@gmail.com
: .., ..

. , , , (),

.
. , , -

196

-2012

, [1-2].
-
-2- ()
(93,4%) .
Mars CEM Corporation
() .
85-90
4- 1:4,5 [3].

I
II
I: R a - H; b - 3'-CH3; c -4'-CH3; d - 2'-COOH; e - 4'-COOH; f -2-NO2.

. 602, 702, 802, 902, 1002 , , :H2SO4=1:3,9.


, - (III) (IV).

II

III

IV

:

, [4].
, ,

.

197

4. . .
254 . 1.8 [5].
, .
[5]
k, 105 / -1,

60

Ia

Ib

Ic

Id

Ie
If

7,51
0,30
51,70
2,06


k, 105 / -1,

70

80

90

100

2,12
0,08
1,63
0,06
1,37
0,05
7,87
0,31
22,31
0,89
109,40
4,37

6,88
0,21
4,60
0,18
6,11
0,24
27,79
1,11
61,28
2,45
250,84
10,03

21,00
0,80
13,92
0,06
14,92
0,59
89,22
3,56
142,81
5,71
537,71
21,50

56,30
1,92
40,27
1,61
45,28
1,81
294,00
11,76

60

70

116

120

121
128

99

79

7,76
0,31
19,33
0,77
62,31
2,49

3,46
0,13
43,12
1,71
32,27
1,28
178,82
7,12

80

12,17
0,48
6,62
0,26
10,28
0,40
254,90
10,11
52,02
2,07
286,84
11,48

90

,
100

32,15 66,41
1,28 2,64
17,9
44,02
0,68 1,75
16,72 31,56
0,66 1,25

93
103
76

115

49

74

, ,
.
:
[1] .. , .. , .. . 74, (2005)
[2] Stephen Caddick , Richard Fitzmaurice. Tetrahedron 65, 33253355 (2009)
[3] . .2. .:. -, 18-20 (1949)
[4] .., .., .., .., .., .. 33, 25-28 (2010)
[5] . -2-
: . . . .
. . , 124 . (2011)

198

-2012


..
.
..,
, .
VI .
sadclown89@mail.ru
:
. .
-
:
1.
(GdPO4-nano) ( ).
2.
(GdPO4-hydro)
.
( (), ) ().
, .
,
0.5 [1,2].
() ().
- ;
, . ,
. GdPO4-hydro,
180-2200 GdPO4xH2O ( x=0.494), . ,
881-9200
GdPO4 [3]. -

199

4. . .
GdPO4-nano,
148 203 0,
(
). , , 2500.
, , . ,
, .
, ,
.
:
[1] .., .., .. . : , , , , . - .: , 1983, 288 .
[2] .., .. // . . . 8, 1064-1069 (1963).
[3] .., .., .. // . .. 5,
397-403(1964).



..,1 ..2, ..3
1

,
, .
1.
katebulavina@gmail.com
2
, , .
.
3
, , . V
.
: ..
(, )

200

-2012
.
. .
, , -.
, , , (VGCF).
, ,

. -4.
7% -4
10 . Cu2+ (1) (Na2S2O4) (2)
2+

2RSO3- H+ +Cu 2+ (RSO3- )2 Cu +2H+


2+

Red,2Na
(RSO3 )2 Cu
(RSO3 Na )2 Cu 0

(1)
(2)

,
, . 1. , Cu0--4-VGCF 23-29 .

. 1. u0--4-VGCF
: 0%, 1.17%.
( ) ,
- .

201

4. . .

-. 1
= -0.8 - -0.9 (...) - [1]
NO3- +H2O+2e- NO-2 +2OH-

(3)

. 2. u0--4-VGCF 0.1 NaOH: 1-0% Cu, 2-0.29%


Cu, 3-0.45% Cu, 4-1.17% Cu.
, -
. . 2. Cu0--4-VGCF
n = 6. , - - (3) -

,
-
.
:
[1] Badea G. Electrochimica Acta. 3, 996-1001 (2009)

202

-2012


..

.. ,
, .
2.
Meryl18@mail.ru
: ..
,
,
,
. .
, , ,
. ,
,
. , , (HMTA), .
, .
, MeAn R.
, .
Men+ + H2O = Me(OH)(n-1)+ + H+

(1)


H+ + OH- = H2O

(2)

203

4. . .
R + H+ = RH+

(3)

, [Men+], [Me(OH)(n-1)+], [R], [RH+],[+] [OH-].


, . :
CRRH+ - CMeMeOH +

=0

(4)

[H+]
. RH+ MeOH
.
[H +], [Men+], [Me(OH)(n1)+
] Me n+,
- .
,
, , , . ,
pH,
CMe . , (1) ,
,
,

. , ,
,
(), , .

204

-2012


- ..
,
, .
3.
provolento@mail.ru
: ..
, -
(), , ,
. . ,
() -,
, ( ),
. -,
.
,
.
- : 10,6 / Na2SiO35H2O + 2 / NaOH + 100 /
+ .
10 60 /.
1 (
).
- 13-36.
-5 1-0
0,03 0,06 /2, 20 .
,
, 105 ,
. 1.

205

4. . .

. 1. -
() / ().
, 40 / .
,
40 /, .
, . , , ,
, . , 30 / ,
.

, , , , , , - .

206

-2012
-

..
,
, .
3.
arfys@sibmail.com
: .., ..
,
.
, 8 10 ,
, [1, 2].
,
, SiO2, .

SiO2 , F--
[3,4]. F--
.
[5,6]
SiO2 - -
.
, , -,
. - NH4F,
CF3COOH.
-250 200 800 .
, N ,

207

4. . .
K. N .
(), ()- (-)- .

SiO2
.
, SiO2. , , , .
( 10 %),
.
SiO2 0,4 1,3 /
, , .
SiO2 .
. : K 4
, .
, NH4F, .
,
, . ,
SiO2 .
:
[1] .// . .: , 1990. . 1, 2. 1240 .
[2] .., .. .
, 2006, 178c.

208

-2012
[3] .. . - .:
. 1986, 91c.
[4] ., . : . .: . 1982,
c. 85-89.
[5] .., .., ..
2007119842. 28.05.2007
[6] .., .. 4, 350354
(2009).


..,1 ..2, ..3
1

,
, .
V .
varakina88rudn@yandex.ru
2
, , .
2.
3
, , . .
: ..
, () ,
2 M
[1]. ,
, M > 104 ,

M > 105, M 2 -

.
()
2
M .

G0(t) ( N01,
)
Gc(t) ( N0):

209

4. . .
G(t) = (1 p)G0(t) + p G(t),

(1)

G0(t) G(t) - [2]


t
G (t ) exp( 2 (t )ki ( )d ), i 1, c
i
loc
0
k0()
k(), p= N01/ N0c - ,

loc

- . -

k()
. , , () ,
. ,
k() :
k(,,) = (1 - ) k1() + k2() + k3(,),

(2)

k1() --, k2()


--, , (
= 0.05), k3(,N) ( > + 1000), [2], , - . k0() :
k0(,,) = (1 - ) k1() + k2() ,

(3)

(1)
loc .
, N01 < 30
, 2 N01.
p . , -

210

-2012
(2),
(-lnG(t)). ,
p.

2(N01),
2()

[1].

:
M ms N0 , N0=(1-p)N01+pN0c, ms
.1.
: 1 , 2

,3
,4 473 [1].

. ln c ~ T 1
,

2( M )

2(T-1)



M >105.
:
[1]. Kimmich R.,. Fatkullin N, Polymer chain dynamics and NMR. Advances in
Polymer Sci..:Springer-Verlag, 2004. - 113 p.
[2]. .., ., ..
. . . . - 2008.-T.421. N 4. - C. 511-514.

211

4. . .
-


..,1 ..,2
1

,
, .
1.
sv_vasileva@mail.ru
2
, , .
IV .
: ..
[1-3]. (-)
(), . [1-3],
,
, - . , ,
, - ,
[3,4]. - , .
Sigma ().

,
(68%).
. - 4,0 HCl (, , )
(.1). [5] >>. -,

212

-2012
9

Q, /

c/Q

y = 0,5175x + 0,6056
R2 = 0,9968

8
7

c, /3
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

. 1
- :1- , 2 - , 3

y = 0,3024x + 0,3644
R2 = 0,9947

c, /3

y = 0,4138x + 0,4878
R2 = 0,9921

10

12

14

. 2 : 1
- -, 2 - , 3

. -
.
.

Q (. 2, 1).
1.

Q , /
, 3/

3,32
0,83

2,30
0,85

1,95
0,86
-
.
, . (8,24 /) 1,4 ,
(5,92 /) 1,7 , (4,76
/), [1].

213

4. . .
, - . ,
.
.
:
[1] Kovalenko G. A. Pharm. Chem Journ. Vol. 34, . 6. 45 49 (2000)
[2] .. . . -. .2. .45. 6 382-385 (2004)
[3] Beyer H.K. Molecular Sieves Scien. and Techn. 3 203-255 (2002)
[4] Krohn J.E. Langmuir. V.21 8743-8750 (2005)
[5] . . .:
763 (1991)

-


..
- ,
-, .
3.
oleg_v87@mail.ru
: ..

.
[1-3].
( ,
).
- ,
Mn0.7Zn0.3Fe2O4, .
[4] , Zn(NO3)2 -

214

-2012
ZnO,
. , ZnO.

CH3CN. ,
, Cu2+ Pb2+.
Cu2+ Pb2+ .1.
, ,
CH3CN. ( ) , ZnO,

- . , .

.1 Cu2+ Pb2+
.
.2 Cu2+
Pb . , , Cu2+ , Pb2+. ,
Cu2+ Pb2+
Cu2+ Pb2+ ,
,
.
2+

215

4. . .

.2 Cu2+ Pb2+
.

,
, .
:
[1] .., .., ... -
, . .: , 1979.
[2] . ., .., .., ..,
.., ..
. . . -. .2 (3) 13-16, 79 (1998).
[3] Macblek F. Bartol P. A Magnetic Sorbent for Radiocesium and Radiostrontium Removal from Clay and Soil Suspensions / Journal of Radioanalytical and
Nuclear Chemistry 246 (3). p.565-569 December 2000.
[4] .., .., .., ..
. - . // . . 4, 2011, .
0. .00-00

216

-2012
,

..,1 ..2, ..3


1

,
, .
3.
vishnyakovalena@mail.ru
2
, , .
.
3
, , .
.
: ..
, ,

: , ,
, .. , , . , , ,
.
, , , ,
().
in situ , (), - ().
(, /), (), . ().
, , ( ) - (
, 4 ) , ,

217

4. . .
. ,
, ,
. ,
, 10 ( NaBH 4/AgNO3 =
1:10), (
). ,
, 2-3 , , ,
. Ag 3d
.
, ,
, ,
, , , ,
.
(, ), , , , , ( ..
), ()
. , ,
.

(a) (),
, , .

218

-2012
, , Ag2O. , , , , , ,
(.. ), () () .
.., .., ..,
.., ..

..
,
, .
2.
voi-olga@mail.ru
: ..


.

( ): (5 370 K) .
:
(1), (2) ,
(3),
, (4),
(IV) (5) (
7699-78).
. Cs (20 370) K 0,4 %, (10 20) K 1

219

4. . .
%, 10 K 2 %.
(, , ).
600 K, .
0,05 %. .
(330 370) K 7 %.

10 %
(10 20) K. 298,15 K (2810 2) -1.

: (C6H10O5) : x H2O a CO2, b H2O, c CO, d H2,
e CH4, k C().

.
T = 600 K , (600 1200) K
, (800 1200) K . 1200 K
.
.
(CO + H2) , ,
- (1650
1700) K () : = 1 : 1
1 .
.

.

220

-2012


4--1,2,3-
..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
2.
voi-olga@mail.ru
2
, , . VI
.
: ..
1,2,3- - (
, .),
.
.

- 1--4-1,2,3-. (5 370)
-10.
0,4 % (20 370) ,
1 % 2 % (10 20) (5 10) .
, , .
1--4--1,2,3- , (Ttr = 66 ). 1--4--1,2,3-
: III-II (Ttr = 224 ),
II-I (Ttr = 260 ) (Tfus = 349 K). .

1--4--1,2,3- 1--4--1,2,3 (5 370) K.

221

4. . .
3-(1,3-2-)-2- Li, Zn, Sc,
Eu, Tb Dy
..,1 ..2, ..3
1


. ..
,
, .
2.
dmvorozh@gmail.com
2

. ..
, , . 1.
3

. ..
, , . .
: ..
OLED
3-(1,3--2-)-2-
(Npoon) Li, Zn, Sc, Ce, Eu, Tb 3-(1,3--2-)-2- .
- , .
N
O

M[N(SiMe3 )2 ]n + n

M
O

HO

M = Li (n=1); Zn (n=2); Sc, Eu, Tb, Dy (n=3)


Li, Zn, Sc Dy 3-(1,3--2-)-2-,

510-530 65 (. 1).

222

-2012
1.00

0.75

0.50

0.25

0.00
450

550

650

. 1 Sc(Npoon) 3 , = 418 .

OLED-, ITO/TPD/Complex/Bath/Yb, TPD N,N'-N,N'-(3-)-1,1--4,4-, Bath 4,7-1,10- (. 2). .
Yb
Bath
Complex
TPD
ITO

2. OLED-, .
Li, Zn, Sc Dy
530-570 . Tb
535 575 .

223

4. . .
-
, 5D4 7F5. (. 3).
1

0.75

0.75

0.5

0.5

0.25

0.25

350

550

750

400

600

800

. 3 Sc(Nfoon)3 (a) Tb(Nfoon)3 (b)


OLED- ITO/TPD/Complex/Bath/Yb.
C Sc(Npoon)3 -
8500 /2 18 ,
.
( 1003-00190, 11-03-97037p).
- 1H
TI0.4V0.6H1.75 TI0.2V0.8H1.88
..,1 ..2
1

- ,
-, .
V.
annavyvod@gmail.com
2
- , -,
. .
: ..
, Ti, V, Cr .

224

-2012
( 3.2 wt.%),
,
. ,
. , , , ,
.
().
Ti0.4V0.6H1.75 Ti0.2V0.8H1.88 1H.


. 1H 1
,
.

-
T1 1H
-12 20 190
360 . , T1 ,
. . 1.

-
T1 1H Ti0.4V0.6H1.75 (
) Ti0.2V0.8H1.88 ().

. 1.

Ti0.1V0.9H1.9 Ti0.5V0.5H1.88 [1],
T1 Ti-V-Cr [2],
,

225

4. . .
.
T1 (1/T) ,
, [3].
. 2
T1 . ,

,

,
. 2. T1 1H
,

Ti0.4V0.6H1.75 ()
210

240

Ti0.2V0.8H1.88 ().
Ti0.4V0.6H1.75 Ti0.2V0.8H1.88,
.

[1]
Vyvodceva Anna, Kurenkova Elena, Conf. Abstracts Int. Student
Conference Science and Progress,256 (2011).
[2]
.., .., .., ..,
.., .., .., .., Fruchart D.,
Miraglia S. 53, 214-221 (2011).
[3]
Mamniashvilia G.I., Namoradzeb N.Z., Ratishvilia I.G., Sharimanova
Yu.G.. J. Phys. Chem. Solids 66, 1192-1199 (2005).

226

-2012
-


..
,
, .
V .
andrus-prm@mail.ru
: ..

,
. -
, ()
(), .
,
20 50 . , , ,
(.1).
[1], .
pH (.2).
, . . (),
.
.
(75 77% ) . (49%) (),
, .

227

4. . .

pH. , (.3).
( SiO2 pH=2-3 Al2O3 pH=99,5). pH 3,5 () .
(.4).
4

h,

()
t,

0
0

.1.

100

200

300

400

500

600

.2.

A
2,0
pH=9.5

1,5
pH=12.0

1,0

pH=2.5

0,5

t,

0,0
0

20

40

60

80

100 120 140 160 180 200

.3.
()

.4.
()

228

-2012
,

.
:
[1] , .. ( )/.. , .. : . . ..: , 1985. 509 .
[4]
..
() ,
, .
2.
Shamil.Galjaltdinov@ksu.ru
: ..
:
, ,
.
,
-[4]
( 1), : ,
1 ,
,
.
-
(// ), .
, , 1,2-, 1:1 [4] 1 .
1 1,2- 1*1,96 (1,2-C2H4Cl2). 1,2- -

229

4. . .
,
1 .
. 1.

. 1. 1,2-
1*1,96 (1,2-C2H4Cl2) .
, 1,2- ,
.
, ,
, , , . MRD16.4 3/ (,
, ).

[4] .
-

AG(I)-
..
- ,
, .
1.
injures@yandex.ru
: ..
d- , -

230

-2012
, , .

Ag(I) [1],
- .
O
H
8
4a
13
H
7
4
, .. - H
N 9a
3
5
9
- 5a
H
9b
2
6
- [2].
H
H
N
2a
(- 6a
1

) (2) (6), , (2) (6) [3]. 13 - ,
(6)
EtOH = 0,25,
.
,
0,25. (2) . , EtOH ~ 0,15 (2) (6)
. , -,
, (2)
, (6) .
Ag(I)
.
-
. 0,15 . .,
- AgNO3 . , , , .
0,15 EtOH < 0,5 , 1 0,5 EtOH
0,75. , ,
- , 0,15 0,5 . . ,
Ag(I), 0,5 0,75 . . .
1.10

8.18[4a]

1.00

0.90

8.20[4a]

8.60[6a]
8.61[6a]
8.62[6a]
8.62[6a]

9.00[2a]

8.20[4a]

0.80

0.70

0.60

0.50

0.40

0.30

0.20

0.10

0.00

231

9.10

9.00

8.90

8.80

8.70

8.60

8.50

8.40

8.30

8.20

4. . .
0,75 . .,
,
Ag+.
,
0 < EtOH < 0,25, ,
EtOH > 0,15, 0,1 EtOH 0,75 . 0,75 < EtOH 0,9 ,
. ,
(0 < EtOH < 0,3),
, , , ,
,
(EtOH 0,3), .
Ag(I) 0,1 < EtOH
0,7
, . ,
0,7 < EtOH 0,9 , .
,
- .
0,15 < XEtOH < 0,6 , ( AgNO3) .
Ag+ ,
(0,75 < EtOH < 0,9), ,
. .
:
[1]
Sharnin V.A., Dushina S.V., Zevakin M.A., Gushchina A.S., Grazhdan
K.V. Inorg. Chim. Acta 362, 437-442 (2009)
[2]
., . -13 -. .: , 1975, 295 .
[3]
. . .: , 1994,
478 .

232

-2012


..,1 ..2
1

-
"" . .. (),
-, .
1.
kggareev@rambler.ru
2
-
"" . .. (), -, .
.
: ..
, , .
-, , , , .
, .
. , , .
,
() ,

.
, , , , ,

233

4. . .
- . , (,
(C2H5O)4Si). ,
,
.
1000 11000 .
,
-102 SELMI.
- (- , -)
( SORBI ) .
,

. , ,
(SiO2) . (VSM-7400 LakeShore)
(7-20 ) ,
,

.
" " 2009 - 2013
1249 07.06.2010.

234

-2012


KCL
..
- ,
-, .
3.
farida-gareeva@yandex.ru
: ..
, , ,
()
200 - 300 2/, 4 - 5 . , ,
. [1], 450 0 > 18000 g

4 .

, . - , +(pH) H(pH),
, ue = 3 11 0.0001 - 0.1
M KCl <K>
( = 0 - 0.0012) .
.
, .. . ,
(
= 0) < 3.
,

235

4. . .
.


KCl. ,
4 KCl 30
70 .
:
[1] Aleksenskiy A. E., Eydelman E. D., Vul A. Ya. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. Lett.
3, 6874 (2011).
( - 4464.2012.3)

,
..
. .. ,
, .
2.
gets@niic.nsc.ru
: ..

, [1],
.
[2].
(Low Density Amorphous ice, LDA, ~0,95 /3),
(High Density Amorphous ice, HDA, ~1,17 /3)
(Very High Density Amorphous ice, VHDA, ~1,24 /3), 512 . --. SPC/E. .

236

-2012
, ,
. , ,
,
.

.
, .
1
,
.

.1 LDA VHDA. 1/, .


:
[1] Sette M.H. et al Science 280, 1550-1555 (1998)
[2] Mishima O., Stanley E. Nature 396, 329 (1998)

237

4. . .
-

..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
.
k_hilevskay@mail.ru
2
, ,
. .
: ..
LbL-

[1].
[2] -
( , , ) .
, . (k) ,
, (A) (. 1).
1
.

()
()
()

()

**
u
u/
//
u/
//
u/
//

0,5 NaCl

h*,

h,

0,56

1,12

0,27

6,09

0,9

74,48

0,56

13,51

0,83

3,63

* [2].

238

-2012
**
//
(/)n
.
/ .
/ 5 . ~10 .%.

n8-10. (/)n (/)n . , 0,3 3,0 /, / 1,0
3,0 (. 2). , (/) 8
(/)8 30-40 .%.
2 /.

(/)8

(/)8
(/)8

, /

*,
2
2,80,6
2,80,2
0,90,1
2,40,3
2,70,2
1,30,2
~5

3,0
1,5
0,3
3,0
1,5
0,1
3,0

2,60,6
2,00,2
0,60,1
2,20,4
1,80,5
0,80,2

* F
, (, ).
:
[1]
D. Volodkin, A. Skirtach, and H. Mhwald, Adv Polym Sci, V. 240, P.
135 (2011).
[2]
K. Marx, Biomacromolecules, V. 4 (5), P. 1099, (2003).

239

4. . .


-
..,1 ..2, ..3
1

- ,
-, .
III .
al.golikova@gmail.com
2
- , 3.
3
- , .
: . .
, , .

, . , . - ,
.

, .

.
. , - , , . . [1 , 2]


.

[3].
-
( ,
)

240

-2012
-
.
:
[1] ..
. . 2. .: . -, 1973, 35-53 .
[2] .. . .: , 1968, 432 .
[3] Trofimova M., Toikka M., Toikka A. J. Fluid Phase Equilibria. V. 313, 4651 (2012)


..
. .. ,
, .
IV .
golnik@inbox.ru
: ..
1877
, . , :

S k ( p, q) ln ( p, q)dpdq,
p,q

, ,
.
, ,
.
, .
p,q

241

4. . .
,
.
- , , .
, , .
,
,
.
:

S k ( ) ln

( )
d ,
( )

( ) - ,
.
, ,
- , .
, ,
.
- ,
,

.
, , ,
.

242

-2012
,
,
..
,
, .
3.
golyanskaya.sv@yandex.ru
: , ... ..
, , , , .
[1,2],
, " "
.
,
"- " , 5 /3. .
.

YBa2Cu3O7-,
123.
-2-8. 25, 45, 600 .
.
, . ,
,
u2+ > 2+ > Y3+,
, . , ( 2 3)
[3], -

243

4. . .
, , , .

, , , -
[4] , .
Y3+ > u2+ > 2+, 10-8 /2 .
:
[1] .. ..
: VIII . - , 2002, . 342-344.
[2] .., .. .
4, 150-153 (2011)
[3] .. . .: , 1969, 57 .
[4] .., .., .., . XXXIII
(4), 440-443 (1964)



..
,
.,
, .
V .
gmunko@yandex.ru
: .-.. .., .-.. ..
. .
( MW=5*106). -

244

-2012

. (,
MW=326, (6H5O)3PO), .
, , , . . () (), /, (), ,
. : 150 / 0,17 / .
.

(10 .%)
( , - ). ,
.
. ,
, ,
.
, .

,
.
/.
(3 ). . . , .
-

/. , , , .
.

245

4. . .
.

- .
()
. ,
10 % 16,4 19,7.
,

, .

. ,
. , , ,
.
.
-

6 ..,1 ..2, ..3
1

,
, .
IV .
niko_gorbunov@mail.ru
2
, , .
2.
3
, , .
.
: ..
- () [1]. ,
. . , -

246

-2012
,
. -

( ) [2].
() ( (1,,

3/2), ( q dif ,1 , /) ( (S 1, )s , /())


) ( , , , , .) 60 (l=92 ; =2 ; m(C60)=2.31 ; s=0.15 2/) (. .). , 2-
q dif ,1 - -,
60 3.00.3 /,

() (6.0 /).
60
. , ( q dif ,1 /RT)

(( (S 1, )s +R)/R)
=343 ,
[3]. 60
q dif ,1 () ( ),
. . q dif ,1 = q dif ,1 (.)- q dif ,1 (.),
q dif ,1 (.) , -

q dif ,1 =f() -. , q dif ,1 7.70.5 /, ( ).


q dif ,1 <0, ,

247

4. . .
60 .
: 60
T,

s
av, K1,C, (Tav) q dif ,1 (S 1, ) (S 1, )s q dif ,1

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1-
1-

318353
318353
323353
323368
333373
333373
328358
328358
328358
333373
333373
333383
333383
323363

335.5

7.9

335.5

19.9

338

41.9

345.5

68.7

353

114.1

353

230.9

343

4.3

343

8.9

343

29.5

353

44.5

353

122.87

358

27.6

358

50.9

343

21.1

43.
2
46.
4
49.
7
53.
0
56.
4
59.
7
39.
5
43.
1
45.
1
49.
4
51.
4
43.
3
46.
0
37.
8

-103.3

-110.1

-105.2

-110.4

-107.7

-110.8

-110.0

-111.2

-112.1

-111.6

-115.2

-111.9

-87.2

-108.8

7.8

-101.8

-109.3

8.3

-113.4

-109.8

7.2

-115.8

-110.3

8.2

-118.5

-110.7

6.9

-85.1

-111.6

-4.3

-87.4

-112.2

-2.8

-76.2

-109.7

-2.5

[3] (S 1, )s (.) (. .). ,


248

-2012

(S 1, )s (.) (S 1, )s (.) ,
.
:
[1] .., .., . . . .75. 11, .17611767. (2002)
[2] .., .. . . - . 85. 12. .213
228. (2012)
[3] .. . . .. . 40. 2. . 5 18. (1996)


..,1 ..2, ..3
1


,
, .
2.
f1123723@yandex.ru
2

, , .
2.
3

, , .
.
: ..
, ,
[1].
, ,
.
-

249

4. . .
,
- .
:
( 74), 60,
. (41,15 0,62) .
( MOCA (4,4' - ()), 110 ( ),
.
, . 100 [2].
(0,00011 . %) .
- , , , , , .

, ,
,
0,001 . % .

(1,110,02) / 3,
302,254,53%,
(87,001,31), -250-2
.
, , () .
, ,
.

(. 1). (. 1, 1) , , . -

250

-2012
(. 1, 2)
, .

1. : 1 2 0,001% .
, ,
(41,15 0,62)
0,001%
- ( ,
.) .
:
[1] , .. .
.: , 1982, 240 .
[2]
.

251

4. . .

,
..
- ,
-, .
V .
tyomka1990@mail.ru
: .., ..
,
, , , .
, . (2+), (2+)
(2+)
. ,
[1] [2], , .
(DFT) B3LYP/LANL2DZ
[M(H2O)i(CH3CN)6-i] (M Co, Cu, Zn; i = 0-6),

,
:

252

-2012

. , , ,
, ( > ). ,
, , - . , . . 1 ()(2),
.
1

CH3CN
PCM
(CH3CN)

(CC)
(C3)
sym(CH3)
as(CH3)

935
1063
1421
1485

927
1079
1440
1485

918
1039
1376
1444

(CN)

2380

2380

2253

sym(3)
as(3)

3062
3140

3070
3168

2944
3003

(CuN)

417, 426,
435
945, 950
1080
1445
1486, 1490
2323, 2345,
2354
3067
3165

Cu(CH3CN)62+
PCM
(CH3CN)
414, 423,
434
943, 954
1082
1437, 1439
1474, 1479
2326, 2351,
2358
3072, 3075
3170, 3174

388
931, 946
1038
1374
1440
2326
2945
3005

, , , .
:
[1] E. Kamienska-Piotrowicz, J. Stangret, J. of Molecular Structure 344, 69-76
(1995).
[2] E. Kamienska-Piotrowicz, Therm. Acta 427, 1-7 (2005).

253

4. . .

..

,
, .
2.
gmi.konst@mail.ru
: . .
, ,
, -
[1].
, , , [2], .
- (LiNO 3 LiN(CF3SO2)2)

.
, [3,4].
665 -1, 10 (A) C-S-C [5]. . 665 -1 DMSO,
668 -1 (DMSO)x, ,
675 -1 - ,
Li+. , , , , DMSO .
20 . % DMSO. DMSO , DMSO
, .

254

-2012
:
[1] Gores H.J., Barthel J.M.G. J. Pure Appl. Chem. 67, 919930(1995)
[2] Rothschild W.G. Dynamics of molecular liquids. N-Y: John Wiley & Sons
Inc., 1984. 415 p.
[3] Kirillov S.A. Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 37-42 (1999)
[4] Kirillov S.A. J. Pure Appl. Chem. 76, 171-182 (2004)
[5] Forel M.-T., Tranquille M. Spectrochim. Acta 26A, 1023-1034 (1970)



Ni(COD)2/ BF3OEt2
..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
V .
Maxchemgochs@mail.ru
2
, , .
.
: ..
, Ni(COD)2/BF3OEt2 ,
1930(kgNB/molNih). ,
B:Ni=5. ,
. . 1 operando-IRFT :

255

4. . .

.1 , operando-IRFT , , 200C, ZnSe.


c 10 NB.
, b 20-25 NB b.
100 NB ( in situ 2):

.2. ,
Ni(COD)2/2BF3OEt3/NB .

256

-2012
, , , Ni(0)
100 .
, .
, ,
, .
,
Ni(III) [2+2] 1,5-COD [1], Ni(I) Ni(III), Ni(COD)2/BF3OEt2.
Ni-C, - .
:
[1] Saraev V.V., Kraikivskii P.B. , Matveev D.A. , Bocharova V.V., Petrovskii
S.K, Zelinskii S.N., Vilms A.I. Journal of Molecular Catalysis 315, 231238
(2010)



..
,
, .
3.
smolyakov@inbox.ru
: ..
- () CH3( X=CH3, F, Cl, , k, m = 0, 1, 2, 3, l = 0, 1)


kXk-XlH1-l[C(OH)]-CH3-mXm

257

4. . .
(,
..) [1].
( ) ,
(X2>-[C*X(OH)]-C, )
(X2>-[C*(OH)]--X,) - [2],

. (P) X- (X=CH3) CH3-kXkXlH1-l[C(OH)]-CH3-mXm , (XC-, -C(OH)X-), (, ..)
, .. .
P (CH3-kXk-XlH1-l[C(OH)]-CH3-mXm) = a0 p0 + a1 p1 + a2 p2+ a3 p3+ +a19 p19, (1)
0 = 1, 1, 2,a19 , 1, 2
; 3, 4, 5 K3 = n(n-1)/2; 6, 7, 8, 9 K= n(n-1)(n2)/6 = 1,4,10,20,; 10, 19 5, 6, 7 8 ,
: K5 = n(n-1)(n-2)(n-3)/24 = 1,5,15,35, ; K6 = n (n-1)(n-2)(n3)(n-4)/120 = 1,6,21,56, , K7 = n (n-1)(n-2)(n-3)(n-4)(n-5)/720 = 1, 7, 28,
84,, K8 = n(n-1)(n-2)(n-3)(n-4)(n-5) (n-6)/5040 = 1, 8, 36, 120, n =
1,2,3,; p0, p1, p2, p19 , [3] - .
(1) Lo298K - ( = 3)
, /: ) p0 = 46,40; p1 = 2,56; p2 = 0,50; )
p0 = 45,61; p1 = 4,14; p2 = 2,09; p3 = -2,55; p4 = -3,18; p5 = 2,18. (1) Lo298K X- .

258

-2012
. L0298
- ( = 3) (1), /.
X .
[Y = (OH)]
CH3-C*YH-CH3
CH2X-CYH-CH3
CH3-CYX-CH3
CHX2-CYH-CH3
CH2X-CYX-CH3
CH2X-CYH-CH2X
CX3-CYH-CH3
CHX2-CYX-CH3
CHX2-CYH-CH2X
CH2X-CYX-CH2X
CX3-CYX-CH3
CX3-CYH-CH2X
CHX2-CYX-CH2X
CHX2-CYH-CHX2
CX3-CYX-CH2X
CX3-CYH-CHX2
CHX2-CYX-CHX2
CX3-CYX-CHX2
CX3-CYH-CX3
CX3-CYX-CX3

a0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

n
a1 a 2
0 0
1 0
0 1
2 0
1 1
2 0
3 0
2 1
3 0
2 1
3 1
4 0
3 1
4 0
4 1
5 0
4 1
5 1
6 0
6 1

a3
0
0
0
1
0
0
3
1
1
0
3
3
1
2
3
4
2
4
6
6

K3
a4 a5
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 0
0 1
0 0
2 0
0 2
2 1
3 0
0 3
3 2
0 4
4 3
0 6
4 4
5 6
0 9
6 9

a6
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
2
2

K
a7 a8
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 0
0 1
0 0
3 0
0 3
1 1
0 4
3 3
0 9
2 4
4 9
0 18
6 18

a9
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
2
0
3
0
4
6
0
9

K5 K6 K7 K8 2n
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
5
5
5
15
15
35

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
6
6
21

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
7

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

1
2
2
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
16
16
16
16
32
32
32
64
64
128

45,61
49,75
47,70
51,34
48,66
51,71
-

L0298
.1
46,40
48,96
46,90
51,52
49,46
51,52
54,08
52,02
54,08
52,02
54,58
56,65
54,58
56,65
57,15
59,21
57,15
59,71
61,77
62,27

.2
45,61
49,75
47,70
51,34
48,66
51,71
50,38
47,07
51,12
47,44
42,93
47,98
43,67
48,35
37,35
43,03
37,72
29,22
35,53
18,54

:
[1] .. // :
/ . , 1988. 39 68.
[2] .. // . . XII .-. . .
. XXI . . . 2011. . 260261.
[3]Cox J.D., Pilcher G. ThermoChemistry of organic and organometallic compounds. L.; N.Y.: Acad. Press, 1970. Ch. 7. P. 550.

259

4. . .
U(VL)

..

. . ( ),
, .
2.
gredinaiv@gmail.com
: ..

, ,
.
(, , ),

, ,
[(M2+)1x(M3+)x(OH)2][(An)x/nmH2O], 2+ 3+
2+ 3+ , An -
.
U(VI) Mg, Al Nd,
() Mg Al . , [UO2(3)3]4-
-Mg-Al, -Mg-Al . 3.310-3 / [UO2(3)3]4- 24 () Kd 1.0 / V/m = 50 /.
, U(VI) -Mg-Al-NO3 (Kd U(VI) 1.0 / = 24
V/m = 50). U(VI) -Mg-Al
-Mg-Nd CO32- OH- 10-3 / UO2(NO3)2 (Kd U(VI) >5103 / = 15
). UO22+ 10-1 / Kd U(VI) <25 /, 150
/ 24 .
, Kd U(VI) -Mg-Al-
100-120 / =15 V/m = 50 /.
c U(VI) -Mg-Al-24 .
, U(VI) -Mg-Nd-3 -Mg-Al-3 , H22-, 242- CO32-,

260

-2012
. , 10 -3 /
UO22+ [242-] 10-3 510-2 / d
U(VI) >5103 70 / -Mg-Al-3 170 0
/ -Mg-Nd-3. , , 10-3 - 510-2 / CO32-, U(VI) -Mg-Nd-3 (d 16 / V/m = 50 /).
-Mg-Al-3 U(VI) (d >5103
0 / V/m = 50 /).
Sr2+
U(VI), UO22+ 90Sr 90Y -Mg-Nd-CO3. Na+, Ca2+, Cl SO42-, U(VI) -Mg-AlCO3 UO2(NO3)2.
, , MgnAl(OH)6[(CO3)1/2mH2O],
U(VI) UO22+ ,
-Mg-Nd-CO3 90Sr f-, U(VI).
60o Mg, Al
Nd
..

. .. ,
, .
3.
gredinaiv@gmail.com
: ..

, ,

(),

.
,
60Co, .

261

4. . .
,
, , .
60
() Mg, Al Nd
, () Mg Al.
, 60 -Mg-Al-OH
. Kd 60
50 /
15 V/m = 50 /. 60
-Mg-Al -Mg-Nd CO32- 10-3-10-5
/ Co(NO3)2.
15 V/m = 50 / d 2104 / -Mg
Nd 5103 / -Mg-Al.
1. d 60 Mg, Al Nd
, -Mg-Al 10-5 /
Co(NO3)2 20C. (V/m = 50 /, 15 )

-Mg-Al-CO3I

6.51 0.13

p
10.5 0.2

d, /
3147 172

-Mg-Al-CO3II
//
9.0 0.2
214 16
-Mg-Al-CO3III
//
9.1 0.2
99 5
-Mg-Al-
//
9.5 0.2
31 2
-Mg-Al
//
10.0 0.2
5458 211
-Mg-Nd-CO3
//
9.5 0.2
2104
I
- -Mg-Al 0.5 / Na2CO3 NaOH, 1 : 6,
; II - [1,2]; III - -Mg-Al 0.5 /
Na2CO3 .

60 -MgNd-CO3 0.05-0.2 /
Na2CO3, NaNO3, (NH4)2C2O4, Na22
. , Na22. 15 -Mg(60)-Nd-CO3 0.1
0.05 / Na22 60
100 99% .

262

-2012
2. 60 -Mg(60)-Nd-CO3 20.(V/m = 50 /)
60, %

[MX],
/

24

7.0 0.1

100

NaNO3

0.2

24

7.0 0.1

100

1.0

11.0 0.2

100

1.5

11.0 0.2

89.0 0.2

11.0 0.2

2.0

11.0 0.2

0.8 0.1

99.2 0.2

2.5

11.0 0.2

0.6 0.1

99.4 0.2

1.0

11.0 0.2

10.5 0.1

89.5 0.1

11.0 0.2

17.7 0.1

82.3 0.2

24

10.5 0.2

46.0 0.2

54.0 0.1

Na2CO3

(NH4)2C2O4

0.2

0.2

:
[1] .., .., .. . // . 2007.
. 49, N 5. . 437-441.
[2] .., .., .. . // . 2008.
. 50, N 5. . 426-433.


..
,
, .
V .
lolafm@mail.ru
: .. , ...,

.
-

263

4. . .
120-200 .
, , , . ().
, . ,
(, ZSM-5)
, . ,
, , ,
( ) , , BEA, ZSM-12, ZSM-5, ZSM-20,
ZSM-25, MOR, .
ZSM-5
: xNa2OySiO2Al2O3zRnH2O; R
.
(), (), (), ().
, ,
. , ,
, , - .
17 .

. 17,
. , - .

264

-2012


..,1 ..2, ..3
1


. . .
,
, .
2.
Fizximik@gmail.com
2

. . .
, , . .
3
2- . ..
, , . .
: . .

,
[1, 2].
.
.
131 Ag.
. 1.

265

4. . .

. 1.

.

. 2.
.

, S
. , .
(0) (1/0).
,
(. 2).

. 3. .

266

-2012
-, - . , 20 35 .
, (. 3).
, ,
,
, .
:
[1] .. : - , . .: , 2006. 592 .
[2] .., .., .. . .: , 2002. 672 .


..
,
, .
2.
t_elena@mail2000.ru
: .,
. , ,
0,05 / , . -
.
,
. ,
.

267

4. . .
, . 20
/. , ,

(). , , 105 / . 1 / .
25 / (, ).
, , . -. :
[1, 2].
, .
: (, ), , ,
, - [3].

[4].
. . - [5].
1,84 /. .
30 ,
. , , 300 /3. 1,84 / 60
% . 3000 / 3

268

-2012
95 % ,
0,08 /. , . 0,18 /.
0,07
/ .
600
/3.
.
, ,
,
.

, .
:
[1] .., .., .. . . . 1, 4055 (1998)
[2] Malik M.A., Ghaffar A., Malik S.A. J. Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 10, 8291 (2001)
[3] Kornev J., Yavorovsky N., Preis S., Khaskelberg M., Isaev U., Chen B-N. J.
Ozone: Sci. Eng. 4, 207-215 (2006)
[4] .., .., .., .. . . 1, 12-14 (2000)
[5] .., .., .., .., ..,
.C. . . 3, 32-35 (2011)

269

4. . .

HCL-O2
..
- ,
, .
3.
m_argalik@mail.ru
: ..

(Cl2, BCl3, HCl) O2
- .
HCl : 1) HCl ,
2) [1].

HCl-O2 .
HCl-O2
(r=0.9 , l=40).
.
(E/N). (25 ),
(100 ), (2 3/ ..) 0-90%
O2, -.
,

[2, 3].
, [4]
HCl O2, - .
, HCl 90%
(, ), .
O2,

270

-2012

. , ,
.
,
.
:
[1] Efremov A.M., Svettsov V.I., Sitanov D.V., Balashov D.I.Thin Solid Films
516, 4020-4027 (2008)
[2] .., . ., .. . T.
38, 3, 163 (2009)
[3] .., .., .. .
. . . 46, 3, 118 (2003)
[4] .., .. .. 44,
2, 195 (2006)

.
..
- ,
-, .
2.
oxana.datskevich@yandex.ru
: . .
[1, 2] ,
, ,
( ).
, [1], , ,
,
. [2],

, , [3].

271

4. . .

,
, -
(II), , (II), .



.
, , .
. , , (II) , , (II).
.
:
[1] T.G. Nikiforova, Yu.V. Kabeneva, O.A. Runova, Russian Journal of Applied
Chemistry 83, 1001-1009 (2010).
[2] T.G. Nikiforova, T.V. Saveleva, O.A. Datskevich, Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry 84, 1347-1353 (2011).
[3] C.A. Marozzi, A.C. Chialvo, Electrochimica Acta 45, 21112120 (2000).

272

-2012


-

..,1 ..2
1

. .. ,
, .
1.
TanaDen@gmail.com
2
. .. ,
, . IV .
: ..
- () , , .
, [1].

BERNARD DUMAS () Hollingswoth and Vose ().
()
.

.
Quantachrome NOVA,
. . Barrett-JoynerHalenda (BJH). MIRA 2
LMU, INCA
Energy.

, ,
1.

273

4. . .
1 ,

BERNARD
DUMAS
Hollingswoth
and Vose

,
3-1

,
3-3

9.74

6.36

6.25

6.28

- - , 21


, 2-1

0.94

5.72

5.78

0.94

5.26

5.26

, .
94%.
BJH
. 2.
2 , %

BERNARD DUMAS
Hollingswoth and Vose

,
0.001-1
1-5
5-10 10-50 50-100
, %
4.38
44.67 17.38 26.53
7.02
5.88
61.75 13.07 16.37
2.95

2 , 1 .
1-5 . , , 61.75% Hollingswoth and Vose 44.67%
BERNARD DUMAS. Hollingswoth and Vose . .
() ,
Hollingswoth and Vose 2.0 2/,
BERNARD DUMAS 0.61 2/. 5 10 10 50 . - ()[2].
. -

274

-2012
, 0.3 2.5, .
:
[1] .., .., .., .. . : -
. -. 2008. 132 .
[2] .., .., .., .., .., .. // . 2009. .9, 4.
.199-208.

..
,
, .
.
timur507@mail.ru
:

, ,
[1]. . .
. , ( 700 ) [24]. (, , 1 1-) 513,15 643,15
[5].

275

4. . .

() (
P/, k , Ea).
.

1-
1-

,
518.15
528.15
528.15
558.15

0.055
0.058
0.058
0.060

48
48
48
48

V ( x) ax3 bx2 cx d
:
[1]
.. .
. -. .: , 1989. 384 .
[2]
Aronowitz D., Naegeli D.W., J. Phys. Chem. 81, 2555 2559 (1977).
[3]
Juan Li. Kazakov A., Dryer F.L. J. Phys. Chem. A. 108, 7671 7680
(2004).
[4]
Juan Li. Andrei Kazakov. Frederick L. Dryer. Int. Journal of Chemical
Kinetics. 33, 859 867 (2001)
[5]
.. , .. .
. 16 (1), 34-39 (2010).

276

-2012
-

..,1 ..2
1

- ,
-, .
3.
dzhevaga331@mail.ru
2
- , , . .
: ..
, [1]. [2] ,

0,1-0,15 - , .
, , Ce/Y 1,5
14.
[3]. .
:
; -
.
137 - 1 3 5 .
0,001 / ... 200 . - (1225OSO3Na),
0,003 . , 0,01 0,05 /. .
1 . III [4], - ( 0,5 % 0,05 %
) [5], - 0,002
, --1,

277

4. . .
NaDS NaCl, ,
DS-. [6].
. 1 , [Ln3+] [Ln3+]
.

-
0,05 /, . , 7,0.
14
(NaCl) = 0 M

12

(NaCl) = 0,01 M
(NaCl) = 0,05 M

10
8
6
4
2
0
4

10

. 1 Ce/Yb
.

, , .
:
[1] .., .. . - .: , 1981, 632 .
[2] .., .., .., ..
. 169, 204-208 (2006)

278

-2012
[3] .., .., .. , .. .
82. . 8, 1273-1276 (2009)
[4] .. III. - .: , 1966, 265 .
[5] .. . .
- .: , 1976, 480 .
[6] .., .., .. . , 16. . 3, 139-141 (1978)

2009-2012 ,
2.1.1/10089 - 2009-2013 , 14.740.11.0622.

-
..
- ,
-, .
V .
dmitrenko.me@mail.ru
: ..
, ,
. -
(). , ,
, ,
, , , .
() .
,
- . +

279

4. . .

. ,
.

-
, .

2011-1.3.1-207-008-058,
-.



..,1 ..2, 3
1

,
, .
3.
longdt83@mail.ru
2
, , . V
.
3
, , .
IV .
: ..
, (), (), , - [1-4].
(Phe), (His) (Tyr) ,
( 68 %).
Phe His
.

280

-2012
, 2982 , (His - =0,5-20,0 /,
=7,50,2; Phe - =0,5-20,0 /, = 5,60,2; Tyr - =0,5-5,0
/, = 5,60,2) His Phe (His= 0,5-18,0 /, Phe=3,0
/, = 6,5-7,40,2 His/CPhe).
Q, /

1.4

1.2
(.1). 1.0

4
0.8
(QHis>QTyr>QPhe)

0.6

0.4
. 2
1
Phe Tyr
0.2
3
C., /

0.0

0
5
10
15
20
,
.1.
: 1 - Phe, 2 - His, 3
- Tyr : 4 - -- His
. Phe Tyr
OH- , .
His.
,
NH3+- . Si-O-Al (10401020 -1) NH3+-
(34853465 -1) . His >6,5 / , .
,
,
N H , ( 1580 -1 1555 -1 3445 3420
-1, ). 3090 -1
NH3+- .

281

4. . .
.

His
(.1), 1,5 ,
. Phe
,
.


. His
His/CPhe Phe His
.
AK ,
His/CPhe=0,3.

.
:
[1] Cristine E.A.C., Henrique S., Clara C. et al. Astrobiology. 11, 409 418
(2011)
[2] Krohn J.E., Tsapatsis M. Langmuir. 22, 9350 9356 (2006)
[3] Wijntje R., Bosch H., de Haan A.B. et al. J Chromatogr A. 1142, 39 47
(2007)
[4] Faras T. de Mnorvalb L.C., Zajacb J. et al. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces. 76, 421 426 (2010)

282

-2012
-

..
- . .. ,
, .
IV .
nauka_1970@mail.ru
:
.. -
. [1]

-. [3].
, I, II, III. . [2,6]
(III) In(NO3)34,5H2O . ,
, 100 19 470
. CCl4 t = 25 2,39 /3.
: = 810 = 2,3-2,5 .
. . [2]

-8. , , (001), (010) (100)
(110). - .
, , 36 ,
.
,
.
- ., . .
5 / .
,
:
122

140

192

In(NO3)34,5H2O In(NO3)33,5H2O In2(NO3)42O

283

4. . .
230

272

In2(NO3)4 InNO3 In2O3


- In(NO3)34,5H2O UR-20. - , -, ,
, .
-3 ,
- 0,5, .
, , ,
. [5]
, , . [5]
:
[1] .., .., .. .: , 1976 ., 25 .
[2] .. , 3, .: , 1970
., 63 .
[3] .., .. , ,1958 .,310., 40-57 .
[4] .. , .: , 1972., 10-20 .
[5] .., .., .. , .: , 1971.,
20-31 ., 136-139 .
[6] .. , .: , 2010., 609-619 .

284

-2012

Zn2+
3,3-()
..
. .. ,
, .
.
nad@isc-ras.ru
: ..
CH3
H 3C
N
CH3

CH3

CH3

16 fl

CH3

2 ([Zn2L2])

CH3 14

HN

N
CH3
2 HBr

CH3

HN
CH3

12
10

8
- 6

1 (H2L2HBr)
, 4
, - 2
. - 0
500
550
600
650
700
,
. 1.

H2LZn(AcO)2CHCl3 ( c H L2 HBr = 410
2

7
/)

.
6
Zn(AcO)2 (1 0; 2 410 /).

Zn2+ 3,3-()
H2L2HBr. H2L2HBr Zn(AcO)2 ( 50
c
/ cH L2 HBr 10) Zn 2

19 (. 1), [1], [Zn2L2].

285

4. . .
(c

Zn 2

/ cH 2 L2 HBr ) : H2L2HBrZn(AcO)2Solv (Solv

CHCl3, CHCl3/1-PrOH, CHCl3/EtOH, CHCl3/C6H6).


Zn2+
H2L 2+, Ni2+,
Cu2+ , Cd2+ Hg2+, , [2], [2L2]. . 2,
2+,
Ni2+, Cu2+ Hg2+ . Cd2+
[Cd2L2].
16I

fl

20I

fl

14

= 531

15
10

12
10

H2L2HBr +Zn2+ +Cd2+ +Hg2+ +Co2+ +Ni2+ +Cu2+

I2HBr Zn2+

Cd

Hg2+ Co2+ Cu2+ Ni2+

2
0
500

, 700
. 2. H2L2HBr ( = 3107 /) :1PrOH (24:1) M2+ ( = 3106 /): 1 H2L2HBr
+ Zn2+; 2 H2L2HBr + Cd2+; 3 H2L2HBr, +Co2+, +Ni2+, +Cu2+ +Hg2+.
550

600

650

, Zn2+ ( 6 ) , 3,3-()
Zn2+.
:
[1] .., .., .., .., ..,
.. . . . 80, 10481050 (2010)
[2] . ., . ., . . . . . 37, 331340
(2011)

286

-2012


..
,
, .
3.
dunin_d@megalan.ru
: ..
N- ,
. 1 (1), 1,3- (2), 1,2-
(2), 1,2,3- (3), 1,2,3,5- (4), (5) (6),
(6), (1a [1]),
1 . 1H . (.):
2 RPz+,I- = (RPz+,I-)2

(180 6 M-1 16.6


0.8 M-1 ). ,

: 1 - 1610 / (CH2Cl2), 5 -

287

4. . .
1700 / (CHCl3), 2 - 1780 / (CH2Cl2) 1700 /
(CHCl3) , 2 - 1050 / (CH2Cl2), 3- 930 / (CH2Cl2) 970
/ (CHCl3), 4- 990 / (CH2Cl2) 1110 / (CHCl3). ,
2 6
3 5 .
, - .
.
5 0,001 21900 -1, 0,01
23500 -1.
(,
, , )
, 1:
RPz+ + I- = RPz+,I .
, . , max= 21700 -1, = 1700 / , max= 22500 -1, = 870
/ .
max = 23400 -1 40 % , = 700 / 20
% .
- 1 .
: 4,18 .
1.0 /, ( ) , .
:
[1]
Nelyubina Y.V., Antipin M.Y., Lyssenko K.A., Dunin D.S., Kotov
V.Y. Chem. Commun. 46, 5325 (2010)

288

-2012



..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
V .
nataxa1.09@mail.ru
2
, , . 1.
: ..

,
. , ,
. ,
SiC. SiC ,
. 2D SiC,
, SiC
, . , , GaAs, GaN.

3C, 2 2D SiC, 2D SiC Mg (0001)
Zr (0001),
.
- VASP (DFT), (LDA). .

3C (, , (22)
(001)), 2 2D SiC. ,
.

289

4. . .

, ,
() SiC : E=Esystem/nSiC,
Esystem , nSiC SiC,
. 5 2D SiC,
2H. , Si C
, .
5 3-SiC. 2H
(~0.33 ),
.
3C, 2 2D SiC
,
SiC, 3C 2H. () 3C-SiC
, , .

. 2H
3. 2D SiC
.
, , 2D SiC.
3C-SiC
, SiC, (2H, 4H, 6H). , SiC, .
2D SiC ,
. , , 10 %.
2D SiC Mg (0001) Zr (0001),
0,03 %.
2D SiC

. , SiC : E=Etotal-EMe(0001)-ESiC, Etotal -

290

-2012
, EMe(0001) 8 (Mg(0001)
Zr(0001) ), ESiC 2D SiC.
Mg(0001) (C-top, Si-hcp) (Si-top, C-fcc),
Zr(0001) (C-top, Sihcp). ,
2D SiC/Mg (0001)
2D SiC/Zr (0001) 0,08 . ,
. SiC,
250500, , .

(II)
..,1 ..2, ..3
1

- ,
, .
V .
pozhidaeva_kursk@mail.ru
2
- , ,
. 2.
3
- , ,
. .
: ..
. ,
. ,
. ,
, , .
,
.

291

4. . .
,
(II) .
1400 (7200 ) .1.

,
.2.


Wm (/( )) .

292

-2012

1
2
3
4
5
6

CuCl222,
CuCl222,
Cu()Cl,
Cu[CuCl4] + Cu()Cl;
Cu[CuCl4];
Cu()Cl;
CuCl2, Cu()Cl,
CuCl23Cu()2;

,
/

(II)

0,79
0,15
0,81
0,09
0,78
1,02
1,71
0,19
4,10
1,83
0,00
0,81
2,0

30,1
23,8
35,3
45,1
95,2
212,5

0,14

51,6

0,70

1,12

Wm

: 1) ( 3 22% ; 2) , ; 3)
; 4) 3--5
200 , ,
; 5) ;
; 6)
(I) (II) CuCl23Cu()2; 7) (II) , (I) ( ) (II).

293

4. . .
H2-Ar

..,1 ..2, ..3
1

. .. ,
, .
2.
rav@niic.nsc.ru
2
. .. ,
, . .
3
. .. ,
, . .
: ..
.
,
. . .
, 5 H2. , .
, .
,
.
, .
,
, . H2
Ar.
.
--.
.
, ,
.

294

-2012
,
. . -
. 260 K
~1100 ,
1% ~800 ,
2.5%
~1100 .
- : , , . NSC 1002923-E-002 -003 -MY3.


..
. "
",
, .
3.
zhidkovam@list.ru
: . .
. Dq2[Fe(CN)6]6H2O
, ,
- ,
. [1] (,
/()) Dq2+, [Fe(CN)6]4-
= 1151.
13010[2]. [1]
Dq2[Fe(CN)6], .

295

4. . .
Dq2+,
[Fe(CN)6]4- - -
[3,4], 2:1 .
Dq2[Fe(CN)6] 0,00030,0008. :
202/FA=((C0(2+))/F)1/+ 1/K0.
: 0 - , F - , - (OSCT), - ,
K0 (/).
(),

0
0,87
1,75
2,5

max,
-1
17200
17400
17500
17600

K0

46000
44000
44000
39000

54,7
38,5
21,2
18,5

(),

0,5
1
1,5
2

max,
-1
17100
17100
17000
17000

K0
65000
65000
128000
250000

61
62
84
94,8


.

.
(D). , .
OSCT 0,01 /. :
K0=4Na3/3000exp(-z1z2e2/DskTa)exp(z1z2e2K/DskT(1+Ka)).
: N , = 6,1 , z1,z2
, - , k -
, T = 298- .
. , 2Dq2+, [Fe(CN)6]4- ()
(, ),
= 130 /()

296

-2012
, 0,008 /.
1

0,9
0,8

0,7
0,6

0,5

0,4
0,3
0,2
0,1
0
0

0,002

0,004

0,006

0,008

0,01

0,012

0,014

0,016

0,018

:
[1] Kotov V.Yu, Laurinavichute V.K., Tsarevskii I.I. Mendeleev.Commun. 17,
100 (2007)
[2] .., .., .., ..
.. 50, 1011 (2005)
[3] Kosover E.M., Burbach J.C. J.Amer.Chem.Soc. 78, 5838 (1956)
[4] Hemmes P., Constanzo J.N., Jordan F. J.Phys.Chem. 82, 387 (1978)

297

4. . .
6-

..,1 ..2, ..3
1

,
, .
.
zhylars@rambler.ru
2
, ,
. .
3
, , . .
: ..
- ( , , , )
60, - , [1,2].

[60] C60Cln (n = 6, 12, 28) () 323 , .


10-5 10-4 /
( ).

[60] R (C6H5CHOH) ROO


{C6H5C()HOH} .
.
, 60Cl12
(kROO = 1,82
103 / ) 60Cl28 (kROO = 5,47 102 / ) 60Cl6 (kROO = 4,46
102 / ).

298

-2012
60Cln () 60.
.
:
[1] .., .., .. . , 12, 138-143
(2007).
[2] .., . ., . . . , 12, 122125 (2008).
,

.
..,1 ..2
1

.. ,
, .
2.
ollu4ka@yandex.ru
2
.. ,
, . .
: ..
, ,
. , . ,
, ..

, , .
.

299

4. . .
, , ,
80 .

, - ,
.

,
,
, 100 () .

, .
, ,
.
.
.
11-03-92487-_

300

-2012



..,1 ..2, ..3
1


.. ,
, .
3.
ozall@e1.ru
2

.. , , . .
3

.. , , . .
: ..

- . , .
, -,
.
, (). ,
,
.

.
0 30 %, . 60-70 . 3% NaCl 3-4 .
Solartron 1280C
2 20
. .

301

4. . .
1 .

.

.
,

. ,
,
, ,
.
, , , - . ,
.
. 2.

. 1.
( 0 % ,
9,6 % , 25,02% ). , .
(Df) , . :
Df = 3-,

(1)

302

-2012
, , ,
, , 22% (. 2).

. 2. , . .
, ,
,
.

..,1 ..2
1

-
( ),
-, .
.
ndz@list.ru
2
-
( ), -, . .
: ..
, , -

303

4. . .
, , , .
,
, .., . (). , ,
[1] ,
() ,
.

0,5-3
. ( ) 100, 500 1000
.
500 100 , 72 0,5
2. (. )
(. ) , , . , ,
.
, , - .
. ,

,
[2].

304

-2012

. () ()
,

, .
.
:
[1]
.., .., .., .. . 6, 90-98 (2011)
[1]
.., .. . 6, 99-108 (2011)

305

4. . .

..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
1.
zarydnii1987@mail.ru
2
, ,
. III .
: . .
,

.
, -
, .

().
, .
, ,
.

-10802030/-60, -10802030/-20 20% 80% 20, -115/-3,
-10802030/-3, -115/-60, -10802030/-40
40/60.
, [1]. (.1)

306

-2012

1-
-10802030/-60,
-10802030/-20 .
,
[2].

. -10802030/-60, 10802030/-20, -10802030/-3 ,
/ -, /-40 1,2-.
,
2%. 10802030/-60 -10802030/-20 .
,
[3]. - .

2- -
-10802030/-60 -10802030/-20

307

4. . .
200 ,

30-50 .
, ,
.
, - .

, ,
.
:
[1] , . . . .: , 1980. 304 .
[2] , . . . :
. , 1984. 300
[3] , . . . . 5. 3. . 97 101.

PHOTOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF KYNURENINE DERIVATIVES


KYNURENINE YELLOW AND KYNURENIC ACID
..,1 ..2
1



, ,
, .
IV .
zelentsova.ekaterina@gmail.com
2


, , . .
: ..
Cataract is a progressive clouding of the eye lens. One of the main risk
factors for cataract development is the ultraviolet irradiation. The human eye
lens contains low molecular weight compounds that absorb UV light in the 300to 400-nm region of the spectrum and protect the lens and retina from UVinduced photodamage. These compounds are called UV-filters. The reactions

308

-2012
involving UV-filters may lead to the modification of the lens crystallins and
cause the development of cataract. The aims of this work are to determine the
photochemical properties of kynurenic acid and kynurenine yellow (which are
the derivatives of kynurenine), and to analyze their possible role in the cataractogenesis in comparison with the earlier studied UV filters.
The photochemical properties of compounds under study were evaluated with the use of the following experimental data: excited singlet and triplet
lifetimes, quantum yields of fluorescence, triplet state and photodecomposition.
The photodecomposition quantum yields under argon and oxygen were obtained
with the use of steady state photolysis followed by HPLC analysis of the irradiated samples; the triplet quantum yields were determined with the use of laser
flash photolysis. The products of kynurenine yellow photodecomposition were
determined using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography with optical detecting and were confirmed by mass-spectrometry.
It has been established that under UV irradiation both kynurenic acid
and kynurenine yellow effectively form triplet states, which can react with protein residues or with antioxidants contained in a lens. Photoexcited kynurenine
yellow can also undergo the transfer into the enol form. This form is not stable
and at room temperature decomposes in sub-millisecond time scale yielding 4hydroxyquinoline. Both compounds under study are photochemically more active than the original UV filters, and their formation in a lens may contribute to
the cataract development.
Acknowledgement. This work was supported by RFBR (Projects 11-04-00143
and 11-04-12006), by the Division of Chemistry of RAS, and by the Government of the Russian Federation (state contract 14.740.11.0758).

309

4. . .
-

..,1 ..2, ..3
1


. .. ,
, .
V .
zenchenko-vitalij@yandex.ru
2

. .. , , . 1.
3

. .. , , . .
: ..

.
, , .
,
. .

. , .
,
.
, ,
.

-
. ,

. /, , , , . -
- 60.

310

-2012
-
10 0,3 /2 [1].

, , -
, .
:
[1]
.., .., ., .. .// . . 2011. . 60.
8. . 1557-1561.
( 12-08-00827-).
LIF-KBRKVO3
,
..,1 ..2
1



,
, .
2.
Ek_zolotuhina@mail.ru
2
, ,
: ..



(), ,
.. ,
, , . -

311

4. . .
. - , , , .

.
() ,
.
[1-3].
() n- , ,
.
.
Li, K || F, Br, VO3
- (.). Li, K|| F, Br, VO3
(KBrLiBr
LiVO3LiF, KBrKFD1(K2FVO3)LiF, KBrKVO3 D1(K2FVO3)LiF, KBr
KVO3LiVO3LiF) (LiVO3KBr
LiF, KVO3KBrLiF, KBrLiFD1(K2FVO3)). .

.
Li, K || F, Br, VO3
KVO3KBrLiF.
KBr-LiF LiFKVO3 Li, K|| F, Br Li, K|| F, VO3

312

-2012
KBr-KVO3. [4-6].
KVO3KBrLiF () 350...900 [7].
- . 15 /.

. E AB
KBr KVO 3 . ,
LiF E ,
(425 o) .
KVO3
KBrLiF, , . KVO3KBrLiF
.
:
[1]
.. . .: , 1978, 225 .
[2]
.., .., .. . .: , 1976, 503 .
[3]
.. . : . . -, 1997, 308 .
[4]
.., .., ..

. : , 2008, 132 .
[5]
.., .., .., .. . .: -1, 2005, 118 .
[6]
.., ..
. . III: . .: , 1977, 204 .
[7]
. . .: , 1978, 526 .

313

4. . .

..
,
, .
1.
klavdya.zubtsova@yandex.ru
: ..
(), ,
,
, .
,
. ,
, .
,
, [1].

.
()
, ( 100 ).

. ,
, , [2]. [3].

. .
.
.
[4]
Ti||Ti. Z-2000

314

-2012
0,1 100 .
20100 .

.
() 1.
1
,

20
40
60
80
100

,
6603,4
5032,8
2845,6
994,6
3254,3

,
-1-1
1,5110-4
1,9810-4
3,5110-4
1,0010-3
3,0710-4

, , . ,
.
:
[1] Armand A.M., Chabagno J.M., Duclot M. // Second Intern. Meeting on Solid Electrolytes. St. Andrews, Scotland. 1978.
[2] .. . .: , 1973.
[3] 94018443126. / .. , .. , .. , ..
. . 20.05.1994. . 10.04.1996.
[4] .., .. . 3, 313-319 (1980).

315

4. . .



..
,
, .
1.
alekseyzykov86@yandex.ru
: ..

,
.

. ,
, , .
.
( ) ,
, , , .

.

, ().
,
2 12 , 1 6 .
.
. , , .

316

-2012
7 . ,
.
210,5 . (2 ) (f = V/V), .
-
.
-
.
-
, - .

.
, 12, .
, 1 6, . , - .

1, 6 12 .
2 ()

. (0,4 : 0,6) 2 26 84 %
5:1.

( 98 %) 1, 6 12 2
.
.
-
(/ 2264 13.11.2009).

317

4. . .



..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
.
i_ira2000@ngs.ru
2
,
. .. , ,
. 3.
: .., .., ..
- , , , . ,

, -

. 1/4
.

OH
O
O
O

N
N
N
N

N
N
N
N
N
N
N
O
O
O
O
O
O
O


N
O
N
N
N
O
O
N
O
N N
N N
CF
N
N
N
.
N
O
O
1

10

11

12

13

1. .

318

-2012

24
9

13

11

16

12

Re / A

Re=k/4De, A

15

20

10

12

10

0
-0,5

0,0

0,5

1,0

E,

1,5

0
2,8

2,0

. 1. 273 .

3,0

3,2 3,4
(1000 K)/T

3,6

3,8

. 2.
(1)
1 (), 3 (), 6 (+)
12 ().


,
( 1).
. -,
. ,
, . .
,
I(t) -- (TMPD), - TMPD.
, TMPD+ R-,
,
TMPD. [1] (1)
R + e- R-

319

(1)

4. . .
(Re=k/4De)
.
[2]. .1 Re
3R- (ET), b3lyp/6-31+G*
(Gamess) .
, , Re , , . , ET < 0, ..
4 . (1).
( 12) (1).
, , . , ,
12 .
:
[1] Borovkov V.I., Ivanishko I.S. Radiat. Phys. Chem. 80, 540547 (2011).
[2] Borovkov V.I., Anishchik S.V., Anisimov O.A. Radiat. Phys. Chem. 67,
639650 (2003).

( 2272.2012.3).

320

-2012

.
..,1 ..2, ..3
1

,
, .
2.
fair_spirit@list.ru
2
, , . .
3
, , . .
: ..
() [1 4]. , [2].
,
[5]. 5%. c .
1. : B2O3 . Gd2O3, Dy2O3,
Ho2O3, Lu2O3 ..
[2].
1 3 2 Fritsch
5 .
Gd2O3, Dy2O3, Ho2O3, Lu2O3
0,5 1.%.
1400 15 .
62 /.
.
c
, .
, 1400 , 13 - 20 .
.
.

321

4. . .
1,0 .% , 3
.
, ,
,
1.% Gd2O3 Lu2O3 .
816
B2O3-0,5.% Gd2O3.
1.% 834 . , 0,5 1,0
.% Dy2O3 H2O3 857 875 848 860
, Lu2O3 860 827.
, . ln - 1/T
.
B2O3-0,5.%Ho2O3, 3 , B2O3-1,0.%Ho2O3
- . B2O3 0,5
1.%Ho2O3, 1 3
, .
- , Ho2O3
, ,
,
, .
B2O3 [B3O4,5] [B3O5]. ,
:
OH OH2.
.
.
,
,
, ,
.

322

-2012
:
[1] .., .., .. . .- .: , 1972, 544 .
[2] .., .., .. . . , 4, .4045 (1992)
[3] .. , .., . ..
. 1971, .9, 1, c. 67-73.
[4] . : . .
.: , 1970, 312 .
[5] .., .., ..
: . . C, 1985, 51, 9, 56-57 .
10-03-00282.
Ln2O3 (Ln =Gd, Dy,
Ho, Lu)
.
..
,
, .
2.
fair_spirit@list.ru
: ..
() () [1 3]. ,
[4].
B2O3 -
[5 ].

, - .
,
, .

323

4. . .

1.% (Gd2O3,Dy2O3,Ho2O3,Lu2O3). : B2O3 , ..
[2] .
3
2 Fritsch
5 . .
0,5 ,
0,08 30 . 1400 .
1200 100
/2 ,
0,061 /2 .
[6], .
, [B3O4,5]
[BO3]. 60-80%.
BO3, . ,
B2O3 . B2O3
, B2O3 BO2OH B3O3O3/2OH. B2O3
BO3OH BO2OH B3O3O3/2OH. , B2O3 .
1000 B2O3
, Dy2O3 800.
Gd2O3 1120, D2O3 800, Ho2O3
1000, Lu2O3 1030. ,
, B2O3 .

324

-2012
.

,
.

- B2O3 - Ln 2O3. , .
:
[1] .., .., .. . . , 5, .27
32., (1992)
[2] .., .., . ..
. 1974, . 12, 1, .77-82.
[3] .., .., . ..
. 1971, . 9, 1, c. 6773.
[4] .., .., .. . . : , 1999,
286-287 .
[5] .., .., .. .
: 70 .. . .: , 1974, 240247.
[6] .., .., .. . . , 4,
.4045., (1992).
10-03-0082.

325

4. . .

..,1 ..2, ..3
1

- ,
, .
IV .
densal@isuct.ru
2
- ,
, . 1.
3
- ,
, . .
: ..
,
: - [1]. (CNCbl(III))
. , . [2] ,
Cbl(III)
(GSH) (GSCbl(III)), .
CNCbl(III) c Cbl(II) [3].
[4] SO2. SO2 .

. , , pH .
, , .
CNCbl c S(IV) S = - 212 2 /(K)
H = + 31 0,2 /. ,
SO2 SO3H- .
S(IV).
:
[1]
Brown K. L. Chem. Rev., 105, 20752149 (2005)

326

-2012
[2]
Pezacka E., Green R., Jacobsen D. W. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 169, 443-450 (1990)
[3]
Kim J., Gherasim C., Banerjee R. PNAS, 105, 14551-14551 (2008)
[4]
Jensen M. P., Halpern J. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 121, 2181-2192 (1999)
(-1145.2012.3)

()

..,1 ..2, ..3
1

,
--, .
VI .
m.a.kazmina@mail.ru
2
, --, .
.
3
, --, .
.
: ..
, ,
. , , .
, , , . ,
. [1]
, [2].
[3, 4].

327

4. . .
- [5]
[4, 6] , [7].
() (), [8],
50.
(78%). : 1:1, 2:1 4:1, (
).
, - - .
-
,

1:1. - , , 1. m/z 321.0 , m/z 821.4 410.2
, ;
m/z 1143.5
1:1.

1. -
, .

328

-2012
:
[1]
.. : .
: -, 2006, 19 ., 617 .
[2]
Epinetov M.A., Toliba A.O.M. . , 1, 7-11
(2009)
[3]
.. . . , 16, 703708 (2008)
[4]
Zha R.-T., He X.-T., Du T., Yuan Zh. J. Chin. Univ., 28, 1098-1100
(2007).
[5]
.., .., .., .. .
426, 414-415 (2009)
[6]
.., .., .., ..,
..
: ,
, 9-11 , 2008, 205-206 (2008)
[7]
.., .., .., ..,
.., .., .. : 3 ( 175 .. ), , 27 .-3 ., 2009,
220 (2009)
[8]
.., .., ..,
.., .., .., .., .., .. . .-. ., 37, 3235 (2003)
11-03-12141--2011, -4425.2011 / 16.740.11.0600.

329

4. . .



..,1 ..2
1

. .. ,
, .
3.
Kirka_@bigmir.net
2
. .. ,
, . .
: ..

() , - .

.
(2,5
%) , , ,
, .
, , Fe (8 /); (Mn, Cu, Cr
..) 0,7 / [1]. [1]
80 % : = 1 : 10 ( 0,1 HCl
2,5 3,0) (
). ,
3,5 4,0 (), 2,5 3,0 (), , , (),

[2].
, , , -

330

-2012
() ( )
.

, (), - , .
, 0 6,8 7,2
5 / .
, .
, ,
.. . 1 : 10 .
2,0 3,0.

,
. , , . , , ,
, ( =
90) .
, -
-: 23 (), 20 (), 15 () 8,0 9,0
2,5 3,8.

.
, .

, .
,
, , .
:
[1] .., .., .., ..
. 5, 559 568 (2011).
[2] .., .., .. . . 6, 820
824 (2001).

331

4. . .



..
,
, .
3.
badji@mail.ru
:

(, , -)
p,,T,x , [1] [2]:

1 / p / T ;
1

1 / p / T p / T ;
1

p / T

(1)
(2)
(3)

, ,
Z pVm / RT p / RT m (Vm, m
) ,
[3,4]:
m

ni

Z 1 aij / ,
i

i 1 j 0

(4)

/ , T / T .
aij (4) p,,T,x . (4) 1.5%.
()
3.5%
().

[5]:

332

-2012

p p ( T / ) .

(5)

, :
1. , . m , . ,
m . , . , .
2. , .
3. p . p ,
.
:
[1] .., .., .. . 47, 215-220 (2009).
[2] .., ..
. .: , 1977, 248.
[3] .., .., . .
.: - , 1977, 352 .
[4] .., .., .. . 5, 265-271
(1967).
[5] .., .., ., ..
.76, 1016-1018 (2002).

333

4. . .


.
..
- ,
-, .
V .
saslabor@mail.ru
: ..
C4-C14 . .
.


..
,
, .
VI .
lidiya.adamova@usu.ru
: ..
- ,

.
, , .
,
.

334

-2012

.

(), (), (), (), (), (), (), ().
1% ,
, , 1% , , ,
. 298 10 -3 .
1, 2,
gm
1.
.
- -
NICOLET 6700 , 4000 400 -1.
. : x/m ,
1 , P/Ps .
S- , . ,

.
- 1
. ,
, 1
. 1
. 1
, .
1
.

335

4. . .
/m, /

1.5

1.5

/m, /

4
1

1.0

1.0

3
2

4
3

0.5

0.5

2
P/Ps

0.0
0.0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

P/Ps

0.0
0.0

1.0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.0

.1 : )1-; 2-; 3; 4- ): 1-; 2-; 3-; 4-.


, , , -, ,
.

(II)
..

..,
, .
3.
karandina-olga@yandex.ru
: ...,. ..

.

336

-2012
, , .
(II).
, NOx 150 . NO
50/3 .
,

(II) [1-2]. . VIII
[1]. (II).
, , , , ,
. - . 0,2%.
25, - () 12000-1, NO
20 /3 11,5 / 3. : NO (1% .) .
, -Al2O3 (II), NO 50% [3]. Cu(II), Fe(III) Mn(III),
. ,
Co(II), Pd(II) Pt(II), NO 80%.
1,6 ( Co) 3,1 ( d Pt).

337

4. . .

- (..), - .
, , .. 1268 -1 , .. 1384
-1 - .
:
[1]
Ford, P.C., Lorkovic, I.M. Chem. Rev. 102, 993-1017 (2002)
[2]
Wasser, I.M., de Vries, S., Moenne-Loccoz, P., Schrder, I., Karlin,
K.D. Chem. Rev. 102, 1201-1234 (2002)
[3]
, .., .., .., ..,
.. , 6, .30-34 (2011)
.
... ..
.

338

-2012

1--3-

..
- ,
-, .
2.
dmk78@mail.ru
: ..
() [1].
,
. , ,
[2], , , , ,
[3, 4]. 2 10
1 (. 1).

N RX

CH3COOAg

R
CH3COO

1. 1--3. RX = , ; R = , ;
= Cl, Br.
1--3-
3- . 1-3- -
, . , .

, ,

339

4. . .
, .
1--3-
( 120 23 % Alicell Super 599).
1 - . ,
- ,
- [5].
:
[1] Richard P. Swatloski, Scott K. Spear, John D. Holbrey, and Robin D. Rogers. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 49744975 (2002)
[2] C. Graenacher. US Patent 1943176. (1934)
[3] T.Heinze, K. Schwikal, S. Barthel. Macromol. Biosci. 5, 520525 (2005)
[4] M.L. Terencia, N.Basa. Ionic Liquids: Solvation Characteristics and Cellulose Dissolution. The University of Toledo, August 2010, 135144.
[5] .., .., .. . .
(2011) ( ).



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340

-2012
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2
60 (s= 0.15 ) [2]
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42.93
118.96
0.9960

0.2244
60 750 [3]
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78.57
257.18
0.9960
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5/6
139.84
197.26
0.997
0.1698
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5/6
199.60
303.21
0.955
0.3064
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277.14
552.39
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:
[1] .., .., . . . .75. 11, .17611767. (2002)

342

-2012
[2] .., .., .., .. .
. . . 74. 4, . 712 -717. (2000)
[3] .., .., .., .. // .
. . . 70. 10, . 1857 1862. (1996)


(BEDT-TTF)2IBr2
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1


,
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kirmanm@yandex.ru
2

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BEDT-TTF (. 1): '-(BEDTTTF)2IBr2 - = 208
[1, 2] -(BEDT-TTF)2IBr2 -
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150 0 .

1 BEDT-TTF.

343

4. . .
, ' (BEDT-TTF)2IBr2 ,
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g-.
,
' , '- -(BEDT-TTF)2IBr2.
:
[1] . ., . ., . ., . ., . ., . ., . ., . ., .
., . ., . . 42 167-169 (1985).
[2] .., .., .., .,
., . 138, 5, 970-978 (2010).
[3] Shibaeva R. P., Yagybskii E. B. Chem. Rev. 104 5347-5378 (2004).


..
,
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2.
entalpi@mail.ru
: ..
,
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,

344

-2012
, . ,
.
.
, , (DFT) [1,2]
VASP (Vienna Ab-initio Simulation Package) [3-5] [6].
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(10,0). ,
(n,0), n , .
. -, .
, , (9,0) (10,0)
.
.
, (10,0).
.

.
:
[1]
Hohenberg P., Kohn W. // Phys. Rev. 1964. V. 136. . 3B. P. B864.
[2]
Kohn W., Sham L.J. // Phys. Rev. 1965. V. 140. . 4A. P. A1133.
[3]
Kresse G., Hafner J. // Phys. Rev. B. 1993. V. 47. . 1. P. 558.
[4]
Kresse G., Hafner J. // Phys. Rev. B. 1994. V. 49. . 20. P. 14251.
[5]
Kresse G., Furthmller J. // Phys. Rev. B. 1996. V. 54. . 16. P. 11169.
[6]
Vanderbilt D. // Phys. Rev. B. 1990. V. 41. . 11. P. 7892.

345

4. . .

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1

. ..,
, .
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makarova7809@mail.ru
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7 , - 14 .

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-
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.
, [1,2,3,4].

346

-2012
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[5,6].
:
[1] . . - . 1. - .: . 1984, 336 .
[2] .., .. .. 28, 5, . 905 (1983).
[3] .. - . - .:
, 1992, 358 .
[4] . . . .
- .: . ., 1996, 335 .
[5] .. . - : , 1989, 240 .
[6] . . - .: , 1982,
360 .

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V .
julia.n78@mail.ru
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347

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348

-2012

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349

4. . .
:
[1] .., .., .. .
.: . , 1962, 302 .
[2] Hermans I., Nguyen T.L., Jacobs P.A., Peeters J. ChemPhysChem. 6, 637645 (2005).
[3] .., .., .. . . . 75, 256262 (2002).
[4] Hendry D.G., Gould C.W., Schuetzle D., Syz M.G., Mayo F.R. J. Org.Chem.
41, 1-10 (1976).
[5] .., .., .. . 42, 828835 (2001).

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- ,
, .
3.
vikoled@mail.ru
: ..
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.[1,2].
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350

-2012
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(, ) , , , . , . a 104 .

( ), a 103 .
[4].

351

4. . .

.1. a0 10 6
:
[1] .. //
. ,. 50, 516-522 (1986)
[2] .. : . 1 .: ,
1987, 464 c.
[3] Scriven L.E. On the dynamics of phase growth // Chem. Eng. Sci., 1,. v. 10
(1959)
[4] ..
: .: , 1972.

352

-2012

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354

-2012
:
=2906,07 /, S = -5,45 /.
:
[1]
Drljaca A., Hubbard C.D., Van Eldik R., Asano T., Basilevsky M.A., Le
Noble W.J. Chem. Rev. 98, 2167(1998)
[2]
..
.- .: , 1969, 427 .

..
,
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3.
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356

-2012

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358

-2012
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5CdO-95ZrO2, 5ZnO-95ZrO2, 5PbO- 95ZrO2. -
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, 5 10 .%
Cd, Zn, Bi23, PbO. 90ZrO2-10Bi2O3. .
:
[1] - .., .. . :: 2 . .2
.: .-. -, 2000.

359

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. .. .: , 1988.
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-2012
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361

4. . .
:
[1] .., .., ..
. : , 1965, 125 .
[2] Chakrabarti A., Steyner E. Kinetic and Reactor Modeling. Journal of American Chemical Society, 3, 91-105 (1985).
[3] , . .
. . , . 50, 6, 117120 (2007).


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362

-2012
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[2] A.N. Kudinov, D.V. Timofeev, N.I. Laguntsov J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 345

366

-2012
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[3] . . .. .. . . . . 1973.
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369

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370

-2012
(/) 5,2 4,0
- K, . -
, (/)n (n 10) . , - ( )
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:
[1]
Usov A.I. Food Hydrocolloids. 12, 301308 (1998)
[2]
.., .. . 23, 129142 (1997)



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. Me , Et , Bu , Pr
.

372

-2012

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[1] .. . 393 511-514 (2003)
[2] .., .., .. . . . . 9 1761
1766 (2011)
[3] T.S. Pokidova, E.T. Denisov, A.F. Shestakov Russ. J. Phys. Chem. A 84
375 (2010)
[4] T.S. Pokidova, A.F. Shestakov Russ. J. Phys. Chem. A 83 2049 (2009)

--2

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374

-2012
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:

[1] M.Reta. Kamlet-Taft`s Solvatochromic Parameters for Nonaqueous Binary


Mixtures between n-Hexane and 2-propanol, Tetrahydrofurane, and Ethyl Acetate [] / M.Reta, R.Cattana, J.Silber // J. of Solut. Chem. 2001. vol.
30 p. 237-252
[2] , .
[]: . . / . . .: . 1991. 763 .
[3] Y.Migron. Polarity and Hydrogen-bonding Ability of Some Binary AqueousOrganic Mixtures [] / Y.Migron, Y.Marcus // J. Chem. Soc. Faraday
Trans. 1991. vol. 87(9) p. 1339-1343

375

4. . .
[4] A.Brandt. The effect of the ionic liquid anion in the pretreatment of pine
wood [] / A.Brandt, J.Hallett, D.Leak, R.Murphy, T.Welton // Green
Chem. 2010. vol. 12 p. 672-679
[5] Y.Marcus. The Properties of Solvents []// John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
1998 242 p.

, 29 2011 . 16.552.11.7023
( 11-03-98808-__).

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376

-2012
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La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu

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.
NBO- (B3LYP/SDD)
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378

-2012
h(Ln) h(I) ,
LnI3 I. ,
(LnI) . , NBO- Ln-I LnI3
.

, ,
-, Ln-.
LnI3 Ln + 3I
Ln-I
LnI3 Ln3++3I Ln-I

3, : (R=-0,993), (R=-0,992) ,
(R=-0,998), , r(Ln-) Ln- , .
LaX3LuX3 Ehetero(Ln-X) ~31
/. E hetero, /
350

Lu

LnCl3

345

Lu

340
335

Gd

LnBr3

330

Lu

Gd

325

LnI3

320
315
310

Gd

La
La

305
300

La

295

2,40 2,45 2,50 2,55 2,60 2,65 2,70 2,75 2,80 2,85 2,90 2,95 3,00

r(Ln-),

3. hetero(Ln-X) r(Ln- X).


3 ,
Ln-X
. , LaX3 LuX3 -

379

4. . .
, ,
.
.
4f-
LnX3, , Ln- Ln LaX3-LuX3.


..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
2.
exile@yandex.ru
2
, , .
.
: ..
. ,
,
, , . ,
. , . ,
,
.
. .
, .

380

-2012
( ), ( )
( ). (FeOx)
-
.

,
,
.

, ,
, .
, . .
, , .
, ,
2.1.1/1535 10-08-00538.

381

4. . .

,
-

..
-
. ..
,
-, .
.
VLikhomanov@gmail.com
: ..

, ,
(
, ).
( Nafion) ()
(3,6--4--7-) (-141),
.
- .
1015 .
,
.
Malvern Zetasizer Nano-ZS, 0,6
6 . -141 2-3 (. 1, 1).
-

382

-2012
,
-141.
,
- . (. 1, 2-4).

. 1. -141,
-141 37% (2), 52% (3), 75% (4).
- ( 0,04 9,0 [1])
-141 ().
-141, . 900-1100 -141,
.
( Nafion)

( ), -141. -

383

4. . .
()
-141.
:
[1] .., .., .., ..
.., .82, 1, 113 (2009)

..,1 ..2, ..3


1

. .. ,
, .
.
julialkn@gmail.com
2
. .. , ,
. .
3
. .. , ,
. .
: ..
. European Bioplastics 2015 .
1,7 .. [1].

(, .) -. ,
.
,
. .
(-, - 3% - 9%

384

-2012
).
5x100.
Brabender 190 4 .
. ,
50 80 .
,
9.060-75.
1, 3 7 . ,
5x ( Axio Imager Z2m),
- .
-
PerkinElmer 4500 450 -1.
, 3360 -1,
[2].

( 15% ),
, , . - .
, 3

. .

.1 -/ 7
5 .

385

4. . .
, , , . ,
. , , , .
:
[1] The chemical journal. 5, 61 (2011).
[2] .., .., .. . : . : - .
. -., 2002, 160 .

-[4]

..
,
, .
V .
luch-nataliya@yandex.ru
: ..
, ,
.
.
-[4]
( 1) .
1
(- -)

386

-2012
// .
,
.
, , -
. ,
. ,
.

.

1 .
1 ,
, ,
.
-,

, ,
1
.
11-03-01215

14.740.11.0377.

387

4. . .

FECO FECO-SIO2,

..
,
, .
3.
squirrel498@gmail.com
: ..

,
. , .
-
, .
.
.
Fe70C30 (Fe70Co30)95(SiO2)5
. . (GIXD) (). (VSM).
(0.1-10 ) .
Fe70C30 (Fe70Co30)95(SiO2)5 . He = 371 57Fe. ,

Fe. , Fe70Co30
CsCl .

388

-2012

SiO2. Fe70Co30
; 5 3.5 ,
200 20 10 5 .

,
.



..

,
, .
V .
chemistryAndron@mail.ru
: ..
() in
vitro in vivo,
. , , ,
,
.

, . (, P450, N- ..).

(MCF) [1].

389

4. . .
-2,4- , . ,
[2],

.
.
. , (5--6--2,4(1H,3H)-),
MCF
-1428 /.
, . ,
in vitro in vivo.
:
[1] .. : - .-.:, 1988, 164-222
[2] .., , .., .. . . . 3, 432-435
(2006)

390

-2012
N,N

..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
.
ek.sabinina2010@yandex.ru
2
. , , .
.
: - ..
,
-,
. , . ,
, ,
.
-,
- .
-
( ),
, , [1].
,
, , , .
-N,N ().

,
,
.

391

4. . .
,
.
,
40-50 .
CH3
H2C

O
O

H
N
O

H
N

37oC

Brij97, C6H12, H2O, (NH4)2S2O8

N
H3C

CH3

: ,
.
. , ,
.

, o , N,N-.
, .

, , .
, , ,

, . -

392

-2012
,
5 .%.
[2].
.
[1] Mintzer M.A., Simanek E.E. Chem. Rev. 109.2, 259 (2009)
[2] .., .., .., ..,
- .. . . , 54.7, (2012).
( 16.512.11.2059)
( 12-03-00255-).


..
,
, .
1.
malanova.nat@yandex.ru
: ..
, , , ,
, . , ,
. ,
.
.

, . , , .
.

393

4. . .

,
, 350 /. -
25%.
2+ .

, 2+
- [1]:
n

1 - e-k ,

(1)
- ;
k - , , , c :
K n k1/n

(2)
n - ;
- .


.
(1), (2). (.)
n .
0,4848 0,5534 20 0 40 0, . 0,007 0,015 20 0 40
0
, .
[2],
,
=27,36 /.
lg

lg[-lg(1-)]

0
1,3
-0,2

1,8
y = 0,553x - 1,223

2,3
y = 0,484x - 1,253

-0,4
-0,6

. lg[-lg(1-)] lg

394

20 0
40 0

-2012

2+( ), (1)
. 2+, 92,11%, 3 . 22 .
:
1.
;
2. , . [3];
3.
3 . 22.
:
[1] . ., .. . .: , 1969, 381 .
[2] C .. . .: , 1988,496 .
[3] .. .
.:,1979,349.

395

4. . .
,
-

..,1 ..2, ..3
1




,
, .
.
intro-2@rambler.ru
2


, , . .
3



, , . .
: ..

, / ,
. .
, .
,
, ,
[1]. : , ,
.
,
, [2],
,

396

-2012
, (, ), . , , .
,
[3].


.
: ( ) ( ).

, -
- .
. - ,

( , , ) .

(P), (NADPH), () .

JEOL JSM7500F SEI, LEI, COMPO ADD
2 10 , .
50
60 .
. -Ag2O

100 , ( ) 1
20-30 . -Ag2O

, 15-25 . -Ag(NH3)2OH
, -

397

4. . .
. 70%
20-30 , 25% 10-15 . -Ag(NH3)2OH
.
: 20
( 50%) 100 .
. , 10 (
) .
:
[1] .., .., .., ..
. 77, 242-269 (2008).
[2] Bult, Auke. Pharmacy International. December, 400-404 (1982).
[3] Lansdown A.B. J. Wound Care. Apr;11(4), 125-30 (2002).

[Tc(CO)6]+ [Tc(CO)5X] (X=Cl,Br,I)

..
- ,
-, .
1.
danya.malcev@gmail.com
: ..
, , , . , .
, , , Tc-C. , , -

398

-2012
CO- .
,
[Tc(CO)5X] (X = Cl, Br, I) [Tc(CO) 6]+.
DFT PBE0 : SDD
DZVP . , -.
, [Tc(CO)5X] TcC , ,
. , - - ,
-, , ,
- CO- ,
eq) < 90
Cl Br I, , , - .
[Tc(CO)6]+ - .
[Tc(CO)5X] -
-
[Tc(CO)4X], , , ,
-, (.1).

.1 [Tc(CO)5X] [Tc(CO)4X] .

399

4. . .
Tc(CO)5X
Tc(CO)4X + CO
(/):
Cl
Br
I
CO
()
19.7
20.3
21.2
32.6
()
47.2
46.1
46.7
32.6

. .
Li,K // F,NO3
..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
2.
samara200687@mail.ru
2
, , .
.
: ..
.
Li, K || F, NO3.


() [1], 50 400 .

Li, K || F, NO3
- () [2].
[3, 4]. ,
Li, K || F, NO3,
[57].
:
0
KF + LiNO3 = KNO3 + LiF ( r H 298
= -58,7 /)

400

-2012
, ,

LiF KNO3.
LiF KNO3

: KNO3-LiF-KF LiNO3-KNO3-LiF.

AB (A 50.0% LiNO3, 50.0% KNO3; B 50.0%
KNO3, 10.0% LiF) CD (C 88.0% KNO3, 12.0% KF; D 88.0% KNO3,
7.5% LiF).
AB
LiNO3-KNO3-LiF, KNO3 : LiF
1. 1 105 .
CD
KNO3-LiF-KF
2 281 .
:
[1]
., . . : .
. .: , 1990, 176 .
[2]
.., .. - . , 1977, 68 . . 12.04.77
. 137277.
[3]
.. . . X, . 1. .:
, 1981, 300 .
[4]
.. . X, . 2. .:
, 1981, 441 .
[5]
.., .. . . 21, 250 (1952)
[6]
.., .., .. . . .
19, 235 (1974)
[7]
.., . . . . 7, 351 (1962)

401

4. . .

..
,
, .
1.
Katushkam85@mail.ru
: .., ..
(
) [1], Fe ( ),
.
U- .
(99,98%).

, , , .
, , , 10%
, 750 850
,
63%
830 ,
62%
890 , 35%
Pt/Al2O3. , , ,
300 2-1 580 2-1 )
.
,
0.6 .
,
,
.

[1]. , 2008, 44, 4, . 1-6

402

-2012

..

.,
, .
2.
ekaterina_maryeva@mail.ru
: ..

.
.

P-30I.
(99,99%),
.
0,25-1,25
8-15 . [1]
, , 10 .% 0,5-1 .% .
.
.
. , 0,45-0,65
. ~1,5
2O, ~1,9 Ti. Ag/AgCl(.).
.
(.1).

403

4. . .

.1. . : 89,5% C2H6O2 +


10% H2O + 0,5% KF. 0,5 /, 290 .
,

. - kS
= 0,000019 /c [2].
, , , , 12 . 25-50% . , ,
, .
,
~1 . ,
.
:
[1] Alivov Y., Fan Z. Y. Nanotechnology 20, 4056010 (2009).
[2] .., .. . .: . ., 1983, 192 .

404

-2012

,

..,1, ..2
,
, .
V .

mahlyanova.anna@mail.ru
2

, , .
1 .
: ..

, , , . , ,
.
, ,
,

[1].
Pd(0) c
P4 Pd(dba)2.

Pd(0) ,
3 , .
Pd(dba)2 4 . [P]/[Pd]=0.2
: Pd3P0.8, Pd4.8P, PdP2.0 Pd- 1 . -

405

4. . .
P/Pd, 1:3,
Pd3P0.8. [P]/[Pd] ,
(PdP2.0, Pd5P2). , : Pd(0)
PdP2 Pd5P2 Pd3P Pd6P.
, PdP2, Pd5P2, Pd3P
.

Pd (PdxP)- (Pd).
:
[1] .., .., .., .., ..
. 51, 47-55 (2010).

NI-P
..
,
, .
.
nata-kladova@yandex.ru
: ..
, , , , ,
. ,
(MEMS), ,
, , .
.

406

-2012
(New View 5000,
Zygo) - () ,
Ni-P , , 20 90
0,4-0,5 2/. 2013 358 ,
.
, Ni-P ,

( r/h>100) (.1). C , ,
, - .

.1. Ni-P : 3D , . 40


(. 1) ,
(V) (V).
1. ,

,

20
40
60
90

r ,

h ,

1,210,07
3,290,19
2,770,14
2,230,13

11,170,87
22,921,85
21,221,46
26,332,03

r

h
1238
16312
1439
10826

407

V, /c

V, /c

94556
114968
88046
57333

8,730,68
8,010,65
6,740,44
6,770,52

4. . .
. . 40-60
,
(.2).

. 2. .
358 ,
40

, ,
.
, , pH
.
Ni-P
, 0,2-0,3 .
,
, 40-60 .

408

-2012

..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
.
juliya-l@list.ru
2
, , . 1.
: ..

. 1. .

409

4. . .
- -
(), .
,
. ,
4- (4) . 3- 2
, 2- 5 (.1.).


. 2,4- 2-, 3,5- , 2,6- 2,4,6.
2- (.I)
()
NO2 (.1).
2,6- 2,4,6-. 2- 2,4,6-.
.1.

410

-2012

,



-
, 246
2-


(C-C)av
1.401(4)
1.388(4)
C-S, S-O, C-N
C-S
1.767(6)
1.814(6)
S-O
1.561(6)
1.581(4)
.
S=Oav
1.413(4)
1.425(4)

-N
1.462(8)
1.493(5)

N-O
1.225(5)
1.226(3)
.
115.6(2)
C-C(S)-C 118.7(2)
C-C-C SO3H
122.8(2)
C-C(N)-C 121.2(2)
, NO2 -162(5)
(S-C-C-C) -180(5)
, -172 (8)
(N-C-C-) -180(5)
-87(6)
(C-C-S-O) -72(5)

R(f), %
3.2
3.3
SO3H
NO2.
, - 2,4,6- S-C N-C
.
1.

2-
2,4,6- (rg-),
,

2.
,
,
,

4-

3-

2-

-7.81
-1.58
6.23

-8.51
-3.33
5.18

-8.52
-3.20
5.32

-8.48
-3.43
5.05

2,6
-8.49
-3.72
4.77

2,4,6
-8.96
-4.38
4.58

, NO2
,
.

411

4. . .
4-(3',4')

..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
V .
mandryna@mail.ru
2
, , .
.
:


. ,
, ,
. , .
.
, 4- .
(II)
-80, 1,1--2 - 2,2-(3--6-) . ,
4- ,
.
, ,
,
.
, 4-(3', 4'-) . -

412

-2012
, - [1, 2]. ,
4-(3', 4'-)
, ,
2--4-(3', 4'-).
,
,
4-(3', 4'-) .
,

:
.
. , , ,
, .
, ,
, , .
:
[1] .. .., .. 30, 103-107 (1994)
[2] .., .., .. . . . 75
90-96 (2009).

413

4. . .


..,1 ..2
1

- ,
-, .
.
e.migalovskaya@gmail.com
2
- , -,
. IV .
: ..
, ,
, .

.
, ,
, , .
(III)

.
6090 2/.


. , .
-

414

-2012
(
-), ( -).
,
- .
- , 100 800 .

: , , , , , , , , .
,
, , , , , . ,
, , ( ) , .
, , , , , .
-
,

.

415

4. . .


..
- ,
-, .
IV .
mminzar@ya.ru
: ..
, ,
[1]. , Tl+;
[2], .
. [Z+FII(N)6](4-Z) - (Fe(III), Zn, , Ni, u, Cd . .)
FeII Z+, CN.
. - (II, III).

.
Tl+
. 8 0,5 . TlNO3 . 1 , 2 , 24 48 . .
.

416

-2012

3,5

3,0

G,m-eqv/g

2,5

2,0

1,5

1,0

0,5

0,0
0

10

20

30

40

50

t,hour

,
; 1
64,4 % .
; (
) 3,09 /.
, , .
.
[1]. . . II. / . . . .
.-.: , 1965. 619 .
[2]. . . . ., .., .., .. . .: ; 1971.-320 .

417

4. . .

,
Z-
.
..,1 ..2
1


,
, .
V .
a1exandr.90@mail.ru
2

, , . .
: ..
() .
. , - .
[1]. LiNbO3 :
LiNbO3 + xH+ HxLi1-xNbO3 + xLi+,
( < 1).

LiNbO3 ( ) HxLi1-xNbO3.

, .
. 7 , 1, 2,
1, 2, 3, 4, x 0,1 0,85 [2].

. . ,
+X -X ,
Y Z . ,

418

-2012
Z 1000
+Z.

+Z- (Sipat, ). , , 5-6 . .
: - 1900, 120480 .
HNO3 HF (2:1) New View 5000 ( - 1 ).
, . , h t,
.
h-t .
, , ,
. ; , , , , .
, ,

( ),
( 1350 /).
4:2:1.
2-,
1-.
.
. ,
, , (33) : 0.0034, 0.0037, 0.0042. - [2], -

419

4. . .
, , , 1- 2-.
, , .
- ,
33 , ,
. , 33 -.
:
[1] Jackel J., Rice C.E., Veselka J.J. Appl. Phys. Lett. Vol. 41. N 7. P. 607.(
1982)
[2] Korkishko Yu.N., Fedorov V.A. J. Appl. Phys. Vol. 82. N 2. P. 171-183.
(1997)

(III)
..
,
, .
V .
system14@rambler.ru
: ..
,
, , , .
.

(III). ,


.
,
.
Ultra 55 (Carl Zeiss)

420

-2012
, . . .

1 ( )


. ,
, 5,8 .

ASAP 2400 V3.07 ( . .. , . ). 255 2/, , , 5,3 , 6,0 , .
(III) , . 100,
300, 400, 500 700 oC.
, ,
300 700 -Fe2O3 (). ,
100 .

421

4. . .
104

110

116
113

102

204

214 300

108

700 C

500 C

400 C

300 C
20

25

30

35

40

45
2

50

55

60

65

70

2 (III)
() ,
270 , 800 .

.


..,1 ..2, ..3
1

. ..,
, .
V .
webb@citydom.ru
2
.
.., , . 2.
3
.
.., , . V .
: .., ..., .

0,10,01 ,
, . -

422

-2012
, Nafion, Dow, Flemion .
( ) .
,
.
(, )
( ) , ,

, ;
, [1].

. 1. .
,

423

4. . .

.2.

. 2. .
:

,
( ), , , () () , .
:
[1] .., .., .., ..
, 135
(2011)

424

-2012
.
63
.
..
- ,
, .
.
DNMoiseev.78@yandex.ru
: ..
- , , . ,
,

[1]. ,
[2,3].
[4],
,
0.4 0.5 . , .

. , , .
, , , , .

[4], .

20 80 .
.
.1. 63
, , -

425

4. . .
40, .1.
. W0 = 4.4 10-4 -1. 10 . 20 30 30 60
. 30,
W0 = 2 10-4 -1,
. 60
. , . 20 W0 = 5 10-4
-1. .1 , 60 .
50: W0 = 1.05 10-3 -1.
10 , ,
15 , ,
.
, 40.
: 60 W0 = 1.02 10-3
-1, 80 7.1 10-4 -1. ,
80 . 30
- Ag2S, .

.1. .

426

-2012

19.29
.
:
[1]
.. , . .: , 1985, 81 .
[2]
.. .
. .: , 1970, 7 .
[3]
..
. .: , 1971, 104 c.
[4]
.., ..
. .: , 1978, 43 .


..
. .. ,
, .
2.
katrin_sunmos@mail.ru
: .., ., ..

. , 2-
.
: ,
[1-5]:

[2-5]
.

427

4. . .
:
HO2 [5-7], , R2 C (OH )OO .

2-
R2 C (OH )OO HO2 .
2- [R2CHOH] = 13,1 / 323 K () 0.001-0.01
/.
R2 C (OH )OO HO2 kp1 = 0.097 0.004/ kp2 = 0.13 0.05 / .
, 2- -
.
- 2 .

2- , -, , -, .
(IV) . ,
, -
.

428

-2012
. -- 2 (323 , [R2COH] =
13.1)

wi 10 ,
/

R2C (OH )OO ,

4.61
3.10
2.10
1.38
0.46

%
19.1
22.3
25.5
30.8
42.5

2,

HO

80.9
77.7
74.5
69.2
57.5

R2C (OH )OO ,


%
85.4
82.9
80.8
76.8
67.9

HO2 , %
14.6
17.1
19.2
23.2
32.1

, ,
2-
, - .
:
[1] .., .., ..
. : ,
1975, 334 .
[2] .., .., .. . 63. 9,
793-809 (1994).
[3] .., .., .. . 43. 6,
813-820 ( 2002).
[4] .., .. . 46. 5, 333 (2006).
[5] .., .. . 46. 6, 403 (2006).
[6] .., .. . 39. 6, 471 (1999).
[7] .., .., .. .
45. 6, 814-820 (2004).

429

4. . .

..,1 ..2
1


,
, .
V .
lsv98@mail.ru
2

, , . 2.
: ..
.

30%.
, , , .
, . ,
, ,
, , .
-
, [1-4]. 240-290 [5].

, ,
.. [6].

430

-2012

.
. , -1,2-40.
23 290 , ,
.


S-3400N Hitachi.

MYscope
Photo. - ,
STA 449 Jupiter Netzsch
, :
1. , , ,
;
2.
, , 2 5 .
;
3. ,
, ;
4. ,
, .
:

431

4. . .
[1] ., .
ESR. CARTS, , ,
1998, 129-133.
[2]

2073278.

. .., ..,
.., .., .., .. 10.02.1997.
[3] Pat. 08-045748 (71) JP. Method for manufacturing solid electrolytic capacitor.
[4] Pat. 08-355095 (71) JP. Method for manufacturing solid electrolytic capacitor.
[5] . . 3, 20-25 (2000)
[6] .. . . . 11, 6-10 (2010)

..
, "",
, .
2.
muxina@eliont.ru
: . .
,
[1], .
-
.
- (LMP),
,
.

(~10-10-10-13) [2], ,
[3],
LiMn1-xMexPO4 [4, 5, 6].

432

-2012
,
; -; - , . LMP
, .
.
LMP,
,
LMP
.

LMP LiMnVxP1-xO4 (00,15) ,
, . Pnma [7]. , [8]. ,
LiMnVxP1-xO4 , , = 0,15. ,
LMP .
LiMnVxP1-xO4 (00,15)
850 0.

820 :
Li2CO3 + (1-x)/2 Mn2P2O7 + x NH4VO3 + x MnO
LiMnP1-xVxO4 + CO2 + x NH3 + x/2 H2O
(1)
TG/DSC Setsys Evolution
16/18 . TG/DSC (1)
2 /
25-820 . (1) =0; 0,15 .
. (1)
0,00
0,15

T1,

1972
m

NH4VO3

T2, ,

1972, (+)
dH

NH4VO3

T3,
5405
5245
m

Li2CO3

433

T4, ,
5255, (+)
5185, (+)
dH

Li2CO3

T5, ,
7005, ()
6705, ()
dH

LMP

4. . .
, 820 (Ar) (H2),
Ar/O2 (4:1) 5 / 750 .
LiMnPO4. LMP .
LiMnVxP1-xO4
x .
,
LMP
.

:
[1] C. Pillot. Proc. of 26th Int. battery seminar & exhibit, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, March 18th (2009)
[2] M.Yonemura, A.Yamada, Y.Takei, N.Sonoyama, R.Kanno. J. Electrochem.
Soc. 151, 1352 (2004)
[3] A.Yamada, M.Hosoya, S.Chung, Y.Kudo, K.Hinokuma, K.Liu, Y.Nishi. J.
Power Sources. 119, 232 (2003)
[4] X.Chang, Z.Wang, X.Li, L.Zhang, H.Guo, W.Peng. Mater. Res. Bul. 40,
1513 (2005)
[5] C.Mi, X.Zhang, X.Zhao, H.Li. Mater. Sci. Eng. B129, 8 (2006)
[6] J.Molenda, W.Ojczyk, K.Swierczek, W.Zajac, F.Krok, J.Dygas, R.Liu. Solid
State Ionics. 177, 2617 (2006)
[7] N.Mukhina, V.Gorshkov, D.Kellerman. Proc. of 216th ECS Meeting, # 36,
Vienna, Oct. 4-9 (2009)
[8] D.Kellerman, N.Mukhina, V.Gorshkov, B.Tsarev, N.Zhuravlev,
E.Zabolotskaya. J. Advances in Science and Technology. 65, 269 (2010)

434

-2012
-- -

..,1 ..2, ..3
1

. . . ,
, .
.
Elena_um@mail.ru
2
. . . ,
, , . .
3
. . . ,
, , . .
: . .

-
.
.
-
, .
,
.
- ,
.

435

4. . .

. 1. 9,12,27,30- 6,15, 24,33


[32.2.2.22,5.216,19.220,23] 1(36),2,4, 16,18,20,22,34,37,39,41,43 (n=2, =596) 9,12,27,30,45,48- 6,15,24,33,42,51 [50.2.2.22,5.216,19.220,23.234,37.238,41]1(54),2,4,16,18,20, 22,34,36,
38,40,52,55,57,59,61,63,65- (n=3, =894).
-
-
- . "Agilent
1100 Series" - Microflex Bruker
Daltonics. Agilent ChemStation.
, 1.
Separon SGX RP-S C18 1504mm 5 micron, - .
.
Zorbax CN,
.

Hypersil Su C18-BOS

150 4.60 mm

5 micron

Phenomenex

Diaspher C10CN

150 4 mm

6 micron

Zorbax CN

150 4.60 mm

5 micron

1. , .

436

-2012
: 40100% MeOH 30 .
VWD1 A, Wavelength=300 nm (120131\E01-14.D)

23.865

21.595

mAU

M=596,2

22.947

500

400

28.357

20.228

300

M=892,6

25.407

26.744

22.386

27.803

200

15.838

15.150

11.562

13.390
13.836

10.574

8.277

3.532
3.863

4.468

2.402
2.625

18.699

100

10

15

20

25

30

35

min

NH

250
892.6

Intens. [a.u.]

596.2

Intens. [a.u.]

. 1. , Zorbax CN.
HN

NH
O

200

600
NH
NH
O

150
O

400
NH

NH

NH
NH

NH

100

200
50

0
400

500

600

700

800

900

1000

. 2. - 23,865 .
=596.2, n=2

400

m/z

500

600

700

800

900

1000

. 3. - 28,357 .
=892.6 ( [M-2]+), n=3

m/z

-
.

437

4. . .

.
.
..,1 ..2, ..3
1


( ),
-, .
1.
nazarychev@gmail.com
2

( ),
-, . .
3

( ),
-, . .
: ..

,
[1].
. [2] - (
: 1,3--(3',4-) : 4,4'-(4-) ),
[3], .1, , .

. 1 -.
GROMACS GROMOS53a6, - AM1 [4].

438

-2012
(2,9
0,94 ).
, ,
- . -, ,
AM1, -
Firefly [5].

- , . -
- .

.
:
[1] . . , .., .., .. . __ : ,1986, 306 .
[2] .., .., .., .., ..,
.., .. . . . . (2012),

[3] .., .., .., ..,
.., .., .., .., ..,
.. . . . . 44. 2. 257 (2002)
[4] Komarov P.V., Chiu Y.-T., Chen S.-M., Reineker P. Macromol. Theory Simul., 19, 64-67(2010).
[5]Granovsky
Alex
A.,
Firefly
version
7.1.G
http://classic.chem.msu.su/gran/firefly/index.htm


16.523.12.3001 (
11-03-00944-). .

439

4. . .
-

(II)
..,1 ..2, ..3
1

- ,
, .
3.
nvv_1985@mail.ru
2
- ,
, . V .
3
- ,
, . .
: ..
(II) - (GG-)
T = 298 K -, -.
, (. 1).
lgK. - N-, O- [1].
(II) - 0,2 0,3 . . (. 1).

440

-2012

H2O-EtOH

6,0

lgK1

5,5

5,0

H2O-MeAc

H2O-DMSO

4,5

4,0
0,0

0,2

0,4

0,6

X . ., . .

. 1. (II) - .
lgK.
(II) - - [2].
[1],
,
.
(II)

[NiGG]+ Ni2+,
(. 2).
, , .
:
[1] .., .., .. . : - .
.: , 1998, 247 .
[2] .., .., .., .. . . 31,
311-318 (2005)

441

4. . .
12
-

tG(GG )

tG, /

10
8

2+

tG([NiGG] ) - tG(Ni )

6
4
2
0
-2

0,0

0,1

0,2

0,3

0,4

0,5

0,6

X (DMSO), . .

. 2. -

(II) .
2009-2013. ( 02.740.11.0253).

:

..
- ,
-, .
V .
via33_90@mail.ru
: ..

, . , , ,
,
.. .
, .. , ..

442

-2012
. .

.
, (
) .
.
, ,

(qi q j )

lB
r
erf (qi i, lB
r
2

, - , erf(x) , r ) , .
, , ,
( ) () .

.
, .
:
, ,
(
), (
).
, .

443

4. . .

D6h, D3d, D3h, 6v
..
,
, .
.
smolyakov@inbox.ru
: ..
- (X=3)
: D6h, D3d (
), D3h, D3h 6H6+2 6v

. , D6h, D3d, D3h, 6v ,
.

P - D6h, D3d, D3h, 6V :
P = C0n p0 + C1n p1 + + Cn-1n pn-1 + Cnn pn,

(1)

p0, p1, p2, , C0n = 1, C1n nX, C2n, C3n, C4n, (K3), (K), 5, 6 7 . , n = 1,2,3,4, (1) : K3 = n(n-1)/2 = 1,3,6,10, , K = n(n-1)(n-2)/6 = 1, 4, 10, 20, , K5 = n(n1)(n-2)(n-3)/24 = 1, 5, 15, 35, , K6 = n (n-1) (n-2) (n-3) (n-4) /120 = 1, 6, 21,
56, , K7 = n (n-1) (n-2) (n-3) (n-4)(n-5)/720 = 1, 7, 28, 84, ..
(1) - D6h, D3d, D3h, 6V (. 1
2):
= n00 + n1 1 +n22 + +n1111 +n1212,
(2)
0, 1, 12 , - , n0, n1, n12
. P -
(. . 3)
= n-- + n--X--X +n--XX--XX+ nX---XX---X + K5,

444

(3)

-2012
-, --X, p--XX, 5 , n-, n--X, n--XX,
..., K ; K = n--XXX + nX---XX (. . 3).
(/): ) fG D6h: p0=
129,7; p1= -7,7; p2= 6,8; p3=4,5; p4=7,7; p5=-8,8; p6=24,4; p7=-2,1; p8=17,5;
p9=-20,8, p10=7,2; p11=13,8; p12=-31,8; ) Sof D3d
D3h (/): p0=229,5; p1= 40,4; p2=-0,2; p3=-15,7; p4=-0,2; p5=9,0;
p6=2,7; p7=9,0; p8=-28,2; p9=-14,8; p10= -28,2; p11= 46,5; p12= -90,1; )
fH - D3h : p0= 50,9; p1= -16,8; p2= -30,3; p3= -20,4; p4= -25,8; p5=
20,2; ) Sof X- (/):
p0=230,04;p1=38,15;p2=-11,25; p3=5,03; p4= -2,35.
1. (2) - (X=3) D6h,
D3d D3h, - D3h 6H6+2 6v.
X- (X=3)
K3

K5
K6 K7 n
n n
2
D6h
D3d
- D3h 0 1 n2 n3 n4 n5 n6 n7 n8 n9 n10 n11 n12
C6H6
CH3CH3
C3H6
1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
C6H5X
CH3CH2X
C3H5X
1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
-C6X2 tCH2XCH2X
1,1C3H4X2
1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
-C6X2 CH3CHX2
cis1,2C3H4X2
1 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
-C6X2 gCH2XCH2X
tr1,2C3H4X2
1 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
1,2,4-C6X3 tgCH2XCHX2
1,1,2C3H3X3
1 3 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8
1,3,5-C6X3 CH3CX3
cis1,2,3C3H3X3
1 3 0 3 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 8
1,2,3-C6X3 ggCH2XCHX2
tr1,2,3C3H3X3
1 3 0 1 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 8
1,2,4,5-C6X4 2t2gCHX2CHX2 1,1,2,2C3H2X4
1 4 2 2 2 4 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 16
1,2,3,5-C6X4 CH2XCX3
cis 1,1,2,3C3H2X4 1 4 1 3 2 2 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 16
1,2,3,4-C6X4 t+3g-CHX2CHX2 tr1,1,2,3C3H2X4 1 4 1 2 3 2 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 16
C6X5
CHX2CX3
C3HX5
1 5 2 4 4 6 1 3 1 2 2 1 0 32
C6X6
CX3CX3
C3X6
1 6 3 6 6 12 2 6 3 6 6 6 1 64

445

4. . .
2. (2) X- C6H6 D6h,C2H6 D3d, -C3H6
D3h.

fG (/)
D6h .
C6H6
129,7 129,7
C6H5X
122,0 122,0
-C6X2
121,1 121,1
-C6X2
118,9 118,9
-C6X2
122,1 122,1
1,2,4-C6X3
116,9 116,9
1,3,5-C6X3
144,7 144,7
1,2,3-C6X3
124,6 124,6
1,2,4,5-C6X4 119,5 119,5
1,2,3,5-C6X4 118,7 118,7
1,2,3,4-C6X4 123,4 123,4
C6X5
123,3 123,3
C6X6
130,2 130,2

Sof (/)
fH ()
* D3d
. -* D3h .
CH3CH3
229,5 229,5 C3H6
53,3 50,9
CH3CH2X
269,9 269,9 C3H5X
24,3 34,0
tCH2XCH2X
310,1 310,1 1,1C3H4X2
-8,2 -13,1
CH3CHX2
294,6 294,6 cis1,2C3H4X2
1,7
-3,2
gCH2XCH2X
310,1 310,1 tr1,2C3H4X2
-3,8 -8,6
tgCH2XCHX2
343,6 343,6 1,1,2C3H3X3
-65,7 -55,9
CH3CX3
306,4 306,4 cis1,2,3C3H3X3
-40,6
ggCH2XCHX2
343,6 343,6 tr1,2,3C3H3X3
-51,5
2t2gCHX2CHX2 366,6 366,6 1,1,2,2C3H2X4
-86,2 -88,6
CH2XCX3
358,2 358,2 cis1,1,2,3C3H2X4
-78,7
1t3gCHX2CHX2 366,6 366,6 tr1,1,2,3C3H2X4
-84,2
CHX2CX3
383,3 383,3 C3HX5
-76,6
CX3CX3
389,4 389,4 C3X6
-14,0

3. (3) Sof,
.
-.

CH3CH3
CH3CH2X
CH3CHX2
CH2XCH2X
CH3CX3

n0 n1
1
1
1
1
1

0
1
2
2
3

K3
S,/
-.

n2 n3 .
0 0 0 229,49 230,04 CH2XCHX2
0 0 0 269,91 268,19 CH2XCX3
1 0 0 294,64 295,09 CHX2CHX2
0 1 0 310,12 311,37 CHX2CX3
3 0 1 306,39 308,39 CX3CX3

446

n0 n1
1
1
1
1
1

3
4
4
5
6

K3
S,/

n2 n3 .
1 2 1 343,59 340,95
3 3 4 358,23 354,58
2 4 4 366,60 370,86
4 6 10 383,30 382,46
6 9 20 389,36 389,69

-2012

NaCl
..
-
,
-, .
.
1night183@mail.ru
: . .
,

, . ,
. , ,
, , ,
, , - .
SiO2 Merk
Monospher 250 2 = 250 .
(2,0-6,2) NaCl.
1,0107-3.

447

4. . .
1. SiO2 6 NaCl (M): 1 0; 2 0,05; 3 0,15.

.

2. SiO2
NaCl (M): 1 0; 2 0,05; 3 0,15; 4 1.0
3.0. .

,
, NaCl
2,0-6,2
,

(>10).


.
.
Si02.(.3).,

.

448

-2012
1
l ,
3

4
2,3

5
6
7

1
0
0

10
10 6 / 3

.3. (K,L)
SiO2 pH 3,0 (1-3), 2 (4-5)
6,2 ( 6-7), NaCl (): 0-( 1,4), 0,05( 2,5,6), 6,2-( 6,7).

449

4. . .
,


..
- ,
-, .
III .
marya20154@mail.ru
: .. ...,

,
.
, ,
,
. ,
, , , /
.


, ,
/ . , /
,
, . ,
, , , ,
.

450

-2012


-

..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
V .
sidorova.july@yandex.ru
2
, , .
3.
: ..

, .
, .
-
(Lemna minor L.), [1].
, , ()
().
~ 1 3
,
. , -, - [2].


- , .

(Hg 2 SO4 , NiSO4)
0,5%.
, t=30-40 o C.

451

4. . .
KBr[3]. Equinox 55 (Bruker).
JEOL 6610LV
500 1000 . INCA
Energy SEM (OXFORD INSTRUMENTS).
, , , : 655, 620, 605
581 1 ( Hg 2 SO 4), 619, 534 1 ( NiSO 4 ).
. , , , : 1064 -1 (--), 1319 -1 (CH2),
1118 -1 (--); 1737, 1634 -1 (=);1415 -1 (-) [4].

. , ,
,
. , ,
. , ,
. -
. , .
:
[1]
.. .. : : . . . .
.: , 2005.
[2]
Pathan A.K., Bond J., Gaskin R.E. Sample preparation for SEM of
plants surfaces // Materials today, Electron microscopy special issue. 2009. Vol.
12. P. 3243.
[3]
Duraees N., Bobos I., Ferreira E. Da Silva. Chemistry and FT-IR spectroscopic studies of plants from contaminated mining sites in the Iberian Pyrite
Belt // Portugal Mineralogical Magazine. February 2008, Vol. 72(1). . 405409.
[4] Infrared Characteristic Group Frequencies. Tables and Charts / Ed. by G.
Socrates. London: Jorn Wiley & Sons., 1994.

452

-2012
-
2009-2013 , 14.740.11.1281
- ....., 8754 /14008.
-


..,1 ..2
1

- ,
-, .
III .
pavel_olshin@bk.ru
2
- , -,
. III .
: ..
,
. , , ,
, , .
, .
, . ( ) , , .
- .
- . -

453

4. . .
:
, .
,
. ,
.




..,1 ..2
1


. .. ,
, .
2.
Nutty_nutt@mail.ru
2

. .. ,
, . .
: ..
-
.
, . [1, 2].
1x106 Da, [3]. [4]. .
, ,

454

-2012
. ,
,
, [5].
( ) ,
. , ,
. , [5],
-
.
:
[1]
DeGennes P.G., J. Chem. Physics 60, 5030 (1974)
[2]
Liu Y., Radke W., Pasch H., Macromolecules 38, 7476 (2005)
[3]
Uliyanchenko E., Schoenmakers P.J., Van der Wal S., J. Chromatogr.
A 1218, 15091518 (2011)
[4]
Uliyanchenko E., Van der Wal S., Schoenmakers P.J., J. Chromatogr.
A 1218, 6930 (2011)
[5]
Trapp O., Electrophiresis 31, 786 (2010)

455

4. . .

2,2--1,3- -
.
..
- ,
-, .
III .
frennylove@gmail.com
: ..
, . ,
, .
( , ). , . - .
, ,
, . , .

2,2--1,3-
, , . , , , ( ),
-95. ,
, .
2,2--1,3- - 20 40
.
MKS Baratron Type 616A ()
MKS 670 B. .

456

-2012

2,2-1,3- - .
.
,

.


--

..
,
, .
.
payentko@mail.ru
: ..
-
, , , .

, , [1].
- , () Gallus gallus,
. , ,
, -
. ,
,

457

4. . .
Gallus gallus,
,

=6( )[2]. .1.

. 1.

.
( ,
. . 1) .
0,1 NaOH
[3]. , .
H3C
H3C

ClN+
CH3

H3C

O
CH3
O

H2O

OH
N+

H3C

CH3

H3C

OH

Cl

(. 1)
. 1.
1.

, *1
1

0,35*10-4
( G.gallus)
1
0,25*10-4
2
0,7*10-4
3
0,4*10-4

458

-2012
,
( S,
350-400 2/ V 0,68-0,75 3/). ,
.
- , .
,
, . .
:
[1]
Pierre A.C. The sol-gel encapsulation of enzymes // Biocatalyst
and Biotransformation.- 2004.- Vol. 22, 3. - P. 145-170
[2]
.., .. -
.- : , 2004.-208.
[3]
.. . :
,1965.-458.

..,1 ..2
1

- ,
-, .
.
nikolaparnikov@rambler.ru
2
- , -,
. .
: . .

( 234U 238U), [1] -

459

4. . .
. , 234 , : . 234Th -234

. -234 , -234
-234. , ,
, ,
U(VI).

, , - .
U(IV) U(VI) .
,
--. - .
20 %,
, . ,
, , , . ,
.
, 0.990.02, 1.46
%.
0.25-0.50 6 / HCl . - .
234U 238U : AR(IV), AR(VI)
AR().

460

-2012

AR(IV)

AR(VI)

AR()



.

( )
< 0.07

0.800.02

1.020.02

(%)
U(IV)

15

0.820.02

0.990.01

0.970.01

1.140.04

0.850.01

0.940.01

31

1.100.04

0.930.01

0.960.01

29

0.890.01

0.980.02

27

-234
U(IV) 6 /
1, .
.
(< 0.07 ),
, AR(IV) < 1.
, .
, -234
234U(IV) , -238.

[1] Shirvington P.J. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 47, 403-412 (1983).

461

4. . .

[2.2]

..,1 ..2, ..3
1


. . . (
),
, .
.
pekareva_ira225@mail.ru
2

. . . (
), , . .
3

. ..
, , . .
:
[2.2] (pCp) , face-to-face. pCp , - , ,
(organic light-emitted diods). , pCp
() - . ,
[2.2] [1, 2].

- [2.2],
- ,
(PPPD), (PBD), (TFPBD)
(THPBD) (. 1).

462

-2012

PPPD, 1
PBD, 2
. 1.

TFPBD, 3

THPBD, 4

D0- F4

D0- F3

D0- F1

D0- F0

(. .)

D0- F2

, -

410 . - 1-4
397, 399, 400 395 , .

[2.2] (350 ).
-,

[2.2] , (. 2).
- ,
-

Eu3+. , , , , , .

600

()

700

. 2.

463

4. . .
, - , [2.2],
pCp .
:
[1]
L.N. Puntus, E.V. Sergeeva, D.Yu. Antonov, K.A. Lyssenko, F.Kajzar,

Pros. of SPIE, 2010, vol.7838, 7838 13-1-9.


[2]
L.N. Puntus, E.V. Sergeeva, D.Yu. Antonov, I.S. Pekareva, K.A. Lyssenko, F.Kajzar, I. Rau, Pros. of SPIE, 2011, vol. 8189, 8189-46.
( 10-03-00898).
-

..,1 ..2
1

. ..
,
, .
2.
mid-200@rambler.ru
2
. ..
, , . .
: ..

, , . . , ,
, , .
-
, .
,
.

464

-2012

, .
(Ni), , -
. Micromeritics TriStar 3020 S=10,8 2/.
(), 1 5 .% (-1 -5
), (). Ni .
0,2 5%.
, <-5<-1<.
, , ,
. ,
, ,
,
, ,
.
, ,
2.1.1/1535, , , 10-02-96015.

465

4. . .


..,1 ..2, ..3
1

. ..
,
, .
1.
senypl@mail.ru
2
. ..
, , . .
3
. ..
, , . 1.
: ..., ..
.

.
[1],
. ,
[2].
-
. UB3LYP/6311+G(d).

QST2 QST3
Gaussian03.
.
IRC.

466

-2012
1. , Ea, (/)


Ea (S0) Ea (T1)
HNO2* + HNO** HNO* + HNO2**
-1
86.40
1.66
*
**
*
**
HNO2 + CH3NO HNO + CH3NO2
-1
81.10
2.52
*
**
*
**
t-BuNO2 + CH3NO t-BuNO + CH3NO2
-1
85.68
0.11
PhNO2* + CH3NO** PhNO*+ CH3NO2**
-1
89.12
0
*
- .
( ).

.
.
. 1. . - HNO2* + HNO** HNO* + HNO2**, - HNO2* + CH3NO** HNO* +
CH3NO2**, - t-BuNO2* + CH3NO** t-BuNO*+ CH3NO2**, - PhNO2* +
CH3NO** PhNO*+ CH3NO2**
-
,
: (1)
; (2)
.

467

4. . .
:
[1]
.. , .. , .. .
. //
. 2002. . 36. 5. .366-373.
[2]
.., .., .., .., //
.2000..34.3..201-208.
(SPAN8- TWEEN8-)
-
..,1 ..2, ..3
1

- ,
-, .
V .
EPodsekina@yandex.ru
2
- , -,
. 1.
3
- , -,
. .
: ..


: , .
, ,
.
, , .
- , , , ( , ).
-. 5 - 100 [1]. , ,

468

-2012
() -, , () , [2].


. : , .

Span80 Tween80:

Span80

Tween80


(/) - . -
() . Span80 ( = 4,3) Tween80 ( = 15)
(
) [3].
. Tween80/Span80 , .
2-3 250. .
-
(Zetasizer, Malvern Instruments).
-Span80-Tween 80-,
[4].
()-- - ,
[5].
( ).

469

4. . .
:
[1] B.K. Paul, S.P. Moulik. J. Dispersion Science and Technology, 18(4), 301367 (1997)
[2] T. Neuma de Castro Dantas, A.C. da Silva, A.A.D. Neto. Fuel, 80(1), 7581,
(2001)
[3] ., ., ., .. . .: . , 2007, .447
[4] M. Porras, C. Solans, C. Gonzalez, A. Martnez, A. Guinart, J.M.
Gutierrez. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects 249, 115118
(2004)
[5] .. , .. , .. , .. , 4(2), 117 128, (2011)
(12.38.76.2012)
( 10-03-00419-).


.
..
,
, .
3.
serge.physchem@yandex.ru
: ..
(HRP), 1.1.11.7 - , ,
[1].

.
, - , , .
- ().

470

-2012

.
25 ,
0 10% . (422 ).
Specord200
(Analytik Jena). (Km)
(Vm) [2].
-, .
, .
=6,0; 1 /; 0,1 / 0,067
/.
, ,

- (. 1).

-1

100
-6

80
60

-1

-1

Vm, * * *10

-6

20

Vm, * * *10

25

-1

30

15
10
5

40
20
0

0
0%

1%
5%
, % .

0%

10%

1%

5%

10%

, % .

1 )Vm ; )Vm ;
GCMS-QP2010Plus Shimadsu
, - - 3,3--4,4-.

471

4. . .
1% . .

4000
30 .
,
, . - 3,3--4,4- ().
()
.
- 10% .
.
.
:
[1]
,.. [] / .., .., ... //
2006. .46. .303322.
[2]
,T. [] / ..
.:, 1990. 350 ., .

472

-2012
-
2,3
-1,3-
..,1 ..2
1

" ",
, .
3.
polyova.ira@gmail.com
2
" ", , .
.
: ..

, [1].
, , ,
, , [2].
2,3--1,3- . , 2,3--1,3- : ,
,
. - ,
.

, ,
-,
,
.
-1,3,4--3 -

473

4. . .
-
2,3--1,3- . ,
, , .
CUXCD1-XS
..

.. ,
, .
1.
sashka@polepishina-fm.ru
:
, . CuS. (II) .
CdS-CuS , .
CdS CuS
, . , , .
, CdCl2, CuCl2,
C2H8N2, N2H4CS 333

474

-2012
353K. 0.1. 30 180 .
50 1.

0.01 0.06 / ,
- .
2.0
( )
u/K1 , = 1,54056 . 2 20 80
0.05 2 .
FULLPROF.
CuxCd1xS , ,
a = f(x) . 0.4 . % 90%.
, (II), 3,
. CdSCuS .
CdS 3
: 0.5812, 0.5802, 0.5797, 0.5519 .

0.097 CdS
0.071 CdS
CuxCd1xS. , CuS 1.3, 3.7, 4.8,
69.3 . %. ,
CuxCd1xS .
- Scanning Electron Microscope
JEOL JSM-5900LV.

475

4. . .

. CdS (), CuS ()


Cu0.013Cd0.987S () Cu0.693Cd0.307S ()
CdS ~200-250 ,

~5-10 .
(1.3 . %)
~40-60 ,
CuS
, 300-500 .


-
..
. .. ,
, .
2.
max_pol@list.ru
: ..., . ..
- () MO-CVD.
:
.
,
Cu CuO. ,
, -

476

-2012
, Cu0.

,
,
. ,
-, ,
, .

: HCOOH Cu CuO
1:1. ,
-.
,
,
. ,
- ( ~ 25-30 )

.

477

4. . .



..,1 ..2
1

..,
, .
3.
popov1979alex@gmail.com
2
.., ,
. VI .
: ..

().
.
.
.
.



.

. , (
.., ..) , :

. : b 2.3RT 0.040
( 1) F

478

-2012
,
. , , ( ..). . ,

, , , (2).
0,040 0,050 ( 1).
, .
,
,
,
( 1, 2).
1

. 1 ;
2
4 /2,
50 .

1
2


( 2), . ,
( 2, 1). , (
).
,
, ( 2, 2).

479

4. . .
2 : 1
;
2
-450
10 , i (DC) = 3 /2;
-400
-350

Im(Z)

-300
-250

-200

-150

3
i (C) = 4 /2.

-100
-50
0
0

50

100

150

200

250

Re(Z)


( 3).
(2).
.


..
- ,
-, .
1.
ksy_po@mail.ru
: ..

- () () .
(, 99%),
.

-

480

-2012
().
.
: ( ) . 500. at
,
NaCl.
a (at-a0), 0 . 40. -
00,02 /, NaCl 0,010,03 /. ,
.
. 1 2, . , , ,

, tg2 = (1 - )
.

. , , Na+

NaCl.
, .

481

4. . .
-
Ca2+, Al3+ / F-, O2-.
..
,
, .
2.
se_pratskova@mail.ru
: ..
- Ca2+, Al3+ / F-, O2-
[1], .
Ca2+, Al3+ / F-, O2- ,
3/2 CaO() + AlF3() = 3/2 CaF2() + 1/2 Al2O3().
(1)
Ca2+, Al3+ / F-, O2-
, [2]
: Ca2+ - ( x1),
Al3+ - (2), O2- - ( y1), F- -
(y2).
, , 22
11
21
12
(1). GTo (1) G11
=
G22
G12
G21
3
= - (279 5)10 + (23 3) , .
- :
22
RT ln a (CaO) RT ln x1 y1 x 2 y 2 G11

(1,1)
(1, 2)
(1,3)
y1 x 22 [2 x1 Q12
(1 2 x1 ) Q12
x1 (2 3x1 ) Q12
]

( 2,1)
( 2, 2)
( 2,3)
y 2 x22 [2 x1 Q12
(1 2 x1 ) Q12
x1 (2 3x1 ) Q12
]
12
12
x1 y 22 [2 y1 Q(12
1,1) (1 2 y1 ) Q(1, 2) y1 (2 3 y1 ) Q(1,3) ]
12
12
x2 y 22 [2 y1 Q(12
2,1) (1 2 y1 ) Q( 2, 2) y1 (2 3 y1 ) Q( 2,3) ] ;
21
RT ln a(CaF2 ) RT ln x1 y12 x2 y1 G12

(1,1)
(1, 2)
(1,3)
y1 x22 [2 x1 Q12
(1 2 x1 ) Q12
x1 (2 3x1 ) Q12
]
( 2,1)
( 2, 2)
( 2,3)
y 2 x22 [2 x1 Q12
(1 2 x1 ) Q12
x1 (2 3x1 ) Q12
]

482

(2)

-2012
12
12
2 x1 y12 [(1 2 y 2 ) Q(12
1,1) 2 y 2 Q(1, 2) y 2 (2 3 y 2 ) Q(1,3) ]
12
12
2 x2 y 22 [(1 2 y 2 ) Q(12
2,1) 2 y 2 Q( 2, 2) y 2 (2 3 y 2 ) Q( 2,3) ] (3)
12
RT ln a( Al2O3 ) RT ln x22 y13 x1 y 2 G21

(1,1)
(1, 2)
(1,3)
2 y1 x12 [(1 2 x2 ) Q12
2 x2 Q12
x2 (2 3x2 ) Q12
]
( 2,1)
( 2, 2)
( 2,3)
2 y 2 x12 [(1 2 x2 ) Q12
2 x2 Q12
x2 (2 3x2 ) Q12
]
12
12
3x1 y 22 [2 y1 Q(12
1,1) (1 2 y1 ) Q(1, 2) y1 (2 3 y1 ) Q(1,3) ]
12
12
3x2 y 22 [2 y1 Q(12
2,1) (1 2 y1 ) Q( 2, 2) y1 (2 3 y1 ) Q( 2,3) ] ;

(4)

22
RT ln a( AlF3 ) RT ln x2 y 23 x1 y1 G11

(1,1)
(1, 2)
(1,3)
y1 x12 [(1 2 x2 ) Q12
2 x2 Q12
x2 (2 3x2 ) Q12
]

( 2,1)
( 2, 2)
( 2,3)
y2 x22 [(1 2 x2 ) Q12
2 x2 Q12
x2 (2 3x2 ) Q12
]
12
12
3x1 y12 [(1 2 y 2 ) Q(12
1,1) 2 y 2 Q(1, 2) y 2 (2 3 y 2 ) Q(1,3) ]

12
12
3x2 y 22 [(1 2 y 2 ) Q(12
2,1) 2 y 2 Q( 2, 2) y 2 (2 3 y 2 ) Q( 2,3) ] .

(5)

=(2y1 + y2)/(2x1 + 3x2);


7

-6

(1,1)
= 5,310 + 136800 130,18 + 0,055 8,810
Q12

(1, 2)
/; Q12
= 2,27107 33800 + 20,372 0,0063 + 7,8510-74
(1,3)
/; Q12
= 7,2107 + 97000 42,202 + 0,0043 + 1,210-64
/ ,
( 2, 2 )
( 2,1)
CaO Al2O3; Q12
= 157800+140,8 /; Q12
=
( 2,3)
18700+16,5 /; Q12
= 15500+57,7 /
2
AlF3 CaF2; Q(12
1,1) = - 3058300 + 2414 - 0,569 /;
2
12
Q(12
1, 2) = - 4997800 + 6812 - 2,299 /; Q(1,3) = - 5913500 + 5715 -

0,9672 / CaO CaF2; Q(12


2,1) = - 12,0
12
/; Q(12
2, 2) = - 34,5 /; Q( 2,3) = 0 /

AlF3 Al2O3.

483

4. . .

[1] .., .. .
CaO-Al2O3-CaF2. - .:, 1986, 296
.
[2] .. . . . 2,49 56 (1993).

..,1 ..2
1

"
",
, .
2.
proskurin_mukola@mail.ru
2
"
", , . .
: ..
, (ZnOFe2O4) (Bax Sr(1-x) Tiy Zr(1-)O3),

.
,
. (,
.) .
[1],
(
), , . ( , )
.
(.), ,
(t = 5557 , = 13000).
100 140 2 2,5

484

-2012
/2 , [2]
.
14

10 10
-3

6
2
10

30

50

70

90
t, C

.
:
[1] .., .., .. . . .
2, 167-169 (2011)
[2] A.A., A.A., .. " " 96, 988-993 (2007)
- PR, ND, HO,
ER, TM, YB
..

. ..
,
, .
1.
pushkarev@iomc.ras.ru
: ..
, , ,

- , , ,
. , Pr, Nd, Ho,
Er, Tm Yb .

485

4. . .
, .
Pr, Nd, Ho, Er, Tm Yb: [2-(1,3--2-)
-O,N] [2-(1,3--2-)O,N] :

,
,

(. 1).
OLED- (. 2).

. 1
(NpOON)2Nd(-OON)2Nd(NpOON)2

Yb
BATH

TPD
ITO

-
Ln2(XON)6
-

. 2 OLED-

486

-2012
OLED- (NpXON)2Ln(-NpXON)2
Ln(NpXON)2:
500

EL intensity (arb.un.)

EL intensity (arb.un.)

800
600
400
200
0

400
300
200
100
0

400 500 600 700 800


Wavelength (nm)

900

1000

1100
1200 1300
Wavelength (nm)

Nd2(NpOON)6
-- Nd2(NpSON)6
80

EL intensity (arb.un.)

1000

EL intensity (arb.un.)

EL intensity (arb.un.)

800

60

600

40

400

20

200

1300

1400 1500 1600


Wavelength (nm)

Er2(NpOON)6
-- Er2(NpSON)6

1700

400

800
600
400
200
0

500 600 700 800


Wavelength (nm)

Tm2(NpOON)6
-- Tm2(NpSON)6

900

1000
1100
1200
Wavelength (nm)

Yb2(NpOON)6
-- Yb2(NpSON)6

Pr .
(NpSON)2Yb(-NpSON)2Yb(NpSON)2
800
/c2.
( 10-0300190, 11-03-97037p).

487

4. . .
Na2O-B2O3SiO2-Fe2O3
..,1 ..2
1


. . .
,
-, .
.
Zubanova_OA@mail.ru
2

. . .
, -, .
.
: . . . .

Na2O-B2O3-SiO2-Fe2O3, (.1) [1], [2]. ( ) 300 700 , () [3]. 6-13
8 2 2 /.
-
.

488

-2012
1. ,
.

, . % , /
, SiO2
B2 O3
Na2 O
Fe2 O3

823/122
873/15
25
50
20
5
923/10
973/2
823/122
873/15
60
15
5
20
923/10
973/2
823/122
873/15
15
60
20
5
923/10
973/2

,
1,24
0,92
0,69
0,53
0,98
0,89
0,94
0,91
1,15
0,91
0,97
0,90

,
(.1)
(.1). ,
,
973 . 2 3 , B2O3
, [4].

()

489

()

4. . .

.1
.
: () 1, () 2, () 3

()

:
[1] . . , . . , . . , . . .
. ,
, . , . 9 (2), 433-440
(2011)
[2] . , . , . , . , . .
.

(, 18-21 . 2011). , . 3,
203-205 (2011)
[3] . . . - . . ,
. 62. .: , 1962. 161 .
[4] . .
Na2O-2-B2O3-SiO2. XII (, 23 . 2011), -, 14 (2011)
( 11-03-00747)
-07 .

490

-2012
-:
-
.
- ,
-, .
IV .
sevastyan@rabdano.ru
: ..
-
. ,
. [1]. .
, , - .
[2]. -
, , , .
, [3]. .. -
, .

, .
. .
: .


. ()
[4].

491

4. . .
m = 1.8
(. . 1), .

H2O , (m = 4 ).
1.5 0.9 . 3-54 C.

. 1. - -

, , ( - [2, 3]).

- .
- .
[5].

492

-2012
- .
:
[1]
Chizhik V. I. Molec. Phys., 1997, Vol. 90, No. 4, p. 653-659.
[2]
. ., . . . :
, 2002, 230 .
[3]
. ., . ., . . , 2011, 85, 9, . 1715-1720.
[4]
. . , , 2000.
[5]
Dobrowolski J. C., Rode J. E., Sadlej J. Comp. and Theor. Chem.,
2011, Vol. 964, 1-3, p. 148-154.

.
.
..,1 ..2, ..3
1

() ,
, .
3.
ilnaz0805@rambler.ru
2
() , , .
IV .
3
() , , .
III .
: .
,
,
-
.

.
(, ,
, N- ), (, N-

493

4. . .
, N,N-), (, ) (, N-, N-, N,N N,N-) , . ,
.
.

[1] - .
. , .
N- N-
, .
.
. , N- , , N- N,N. , N- ,
.
.
.
, .
, N-
.
,
, 1:2.

.
O-H, N-H C-H -

494

-2012
, , ,

1:1.
( S HBA ). , .
: ( SVW ) ( S HBA ). ,
.
:
[1] Solomonov B.N., Novikov V.B., Varfolomeev M.A., Mileshko N.M. Journal
Physical Organic Chemistry. 18, 49-61 (2005).
2009-2013 1349.
-
,

..
,
--, .
.
el_ras@mail.ru
: .., ..
,
I.

495

4. . .


-, -,
. , .



. .
-
-1
-1
-1
C=N (1612 ), C=O (1641 ), N-H (3220, 3402 )
-1
1638 .
5- .
- .
11,59 12,41 . ., , .

. 8,69 .. 4,18 5,86 . . ,
4H . 7,7 . ., .
3J=8,4 . 6,59
7,27 . .
. 5,75 6,89 .. J3 9,6
, .
,

. 1,48 1,65 .. .

10-4 / . ,
.

496

-2012
>7
,
, , (
max=450 )
7 , .
.

Pd2+, Ni2+, Cu2+. - Pd ( O-H, N-H).
CH3
CH3

Fe
O

CH3
N
N

O
O

N
H

O
O

Pd

Pd
O

CH3

O
O

CH3

O
H

N
Fe

Pd

Pd
O

CH3

CH3

CH3

Fe

Fe

(II)
(III)
C=O , C=N 10 -1.

-
. -
. .

497

4. . .
-

..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
VI .
tvromanova@sibmail.com
2
, , . 2.
: ..
()
. ( )
.
. , ,
.
- .


()

( CM2203, SOLAR, ).
=
270 = 350 .
( = 270 ) , . - : kT = 5,3108 -1 R0 = 20 kT = 1,31011 -1
R0 = 50 .

,
( 1). ,
=270 (Imax = 48
..) ( 1-7)

498

-2012

Fluorescence

510-4 ( 8)
.

,
( 2). ,

. ,
, .
.

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0

6
5

7
8
6
5
4
3
2
1

300 350 400 450 500 550 600

,nm
1 (10-5 )
: 1) (10-5 ) ; 2) 10-6 ); 3) 510-6 ;
4) 10-5 ; 5) 210-5 ; 6) 510-5 ; 7) 10-4 ; 8) 510-4 .

499

4. . .

70

Fluorescence

60
50

6
5
4
3
2
1

40
30
20
10
0

300

350

, nm

400

450

2 (10-5 ) : 1) 0 ; 2) 10 -6 ; 3) 5106
; 4) 10-5 ; 5) 210-5 ; 6) 10-4 .
( 512.2012.2).


..,1 ..2
1


,
, .
2.
ksenuya@mail.ru
2

, , . .
: ..


-

500

-2012
: , , , , [1]. (-)
. ,
,
.
.
, 1-(2-)-4,4,4--1,3 (2,2'- Eu(TTA)3Bpy
1,10- Eu(TTA)3Phen).


. -
PBE, Prirda 6 [2, 3, 4].

( ) . T SA-CASSCF, FireFly [5, 6, 7].
(W ET) (WBT) . , .. [8]. 1 5D1,

:
q = A(5D0)/(S0),
- 5D0 7Fj (j=0 4)
; (S0) (5D0) - S0
5D0 ; - S0 S1.
1.
2,2'- 1,10- -

501

4. . .
,
[9].

.
1 -

Eu(TTA)3Bpy
Eu(TTA)3Phen

T,
c-1
20310
19981

WET
10-9, c-1
1,82
1,99

WBT
10-6, c-1
0,65
3,44

(5Do)

(So)

q, % q, %

0,049
0,087

0,999
0,999

33,2
58,3

32,3 [9]
66,5 [9]

:
[1] Dzhabarov V.I., Knyazev A.A., Strelkov M.V., Molostova E.Yu., Schustov
V.A., Haase W., Galyametdinov Yu.G. Liquid Crystals. 3, 285-291 (2010).
[2] .., .., .., ..,
.., .., .. . . 7, 1533-1536 (2008).
[3] Laikov D.N., Ustynyuk Yu.A. Russ. Chem. Bull. Int. Ed. 3, 820-826 (2005).
[4] Laikov D.N. Chem. Phys. Lett. 281, 151-156 (1997).
[5]
Granovsky
A.A.
Firefly
version
7.1.G,
www
(http://classic.chem.msu.su/gran/firefly/index.htm).
[6] Schmidt M.W., Baldridge K.K., Boatz J.A., Elbert S.T., Gordon M.S., Jensen J.H., Koseki S., Matsunaga N., Nguyen K.A., Su S., Windus T.L., Dupuis
M., Montgomery J.A. J.Comput.Chem. 14, 1347-1363 (1993).
[7] Freidzon A.Ya., Scherbinin .V., Bagaturyants A.A., Alfimov M.V. The
journal of physical chemistry. Part A. 115, 4565-4573 (2011).
[8] Faustino W.M., Junior S.A., Thompson L.C., de Sa G.F., Malta O.L., Simas
A.M. International journal of quantum chemistry. 103, 572-579 (2005).
[9] Stanimirov S.S., Hadjichristov G.B., Petkov I.K. Spectrochim. Acta A: Mol.
Biomol. Spectrosc. 5, 1326-1332 (2007).

502

-2012
-
.
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1

- ,
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1.
irtysh2009@mail.ru
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Deepwater Horizon. , .
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.

503

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.
:
[1] John Mc Quaid. Washington Post. 12, 8-9 (2010)
[2] .., .. . .: , 2009, 416 .

504

-2012

,

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rychkov.dennis@gmail.com
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506

-2012


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- ,
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3.
ginger313@mail.ru
: ..

, , , , ,
[1, 5].
, ,
[2].
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.
,
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: m=0,5 , t=30 , V=50 , =0,01 /, t=298 ,
r=0,06-2,0 .
.
, . , -
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.
, , ,
, -

508

-2012
, III .

.
. :
, : = ctg =5,14456 / k = 1,4895. ,
, G = -987,168 . .

. , 1/n,
, , lgK.
298 : lg=0,040183, 1/n= 0,0266.

, ,
[4]. , ,
.
,
.
.
:
[1] .., .., .. .
17, 248-251 (1995)
[2] .., .., ..
. 3, 47-50 (2010)
[3] .. . 7, 28-31 (2008)
[4] .., .., .., ..
. 4, 28-33 (2010)

509

4. . .
[5] .., .., .., ..,
.. . 4, 25-32 (2009)

Na,Rb||I,CrO4
..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
IV .
nesteamsd@mail.ru
2
, , .
.
: ..
()

Na,Rb||I,CrO4.
[0]. ... (NaI, RbI),
.. (Na2CrO4, Rb2CrO4) .
[0].
Al2O3. 0.3 . . %.
, Na,Rb||I,CrO4
: RbI-NaI [3]; NaI-Na2CrO4 [4]; Na2CrO4Rb2CrO4 [5]. RbI-Rb2CrO4 , .
Na,Rb||I,CrO4
. 1.

510

Na2CrO4
1270

e3 536

m 635

e2 475

E1 445

NaI
661

t,

-2012

1300

1300
1270

1200

1200

1100

1100

1000

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1000

900

900

800

800

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700

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656

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600

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600

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500

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RbI

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90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

Na2CrO4

. %

. 2.
RbI-Na2CrO4

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4 500 , 35 % Na2CrO4. RbINa2CrO4 . 2.
( )
Na2CrO4-NaI-RbI
Na2CrO4-Rb2CrO4-RbI [6]
: L SR, NaI
Na2CrO4 1 Na2CrO4 Rb2CrO4 2.
, RbI
,
: 1 445 , NaI - 44%, RbI
44%, Na2CrO4 12%; E2 499 oC, RbI 69%, Na2CrO4 29%, Rb2CrO4 2%.
,
Na,Rb||I,CrO4 :
, , ,
,
.
:

511

4. . .
[1] .. . , 1996. 270 .
[2] : // . ..,
.: . . , . 2, 1981. 440 .
[3] //
.. . .: - , 1961. .1. 845.
[4] .., ., .. Na2CrO4-NaI K2CrO4-KI. . VI .. -, 2010. 168-170 .
[5] .., .., ..
. . III. . .
.: . 1979. 204 .
[6] .., .. -
. , 1977. 68 .




..
,
, .
1.
Viktor_Salnikov89@mail.ru
: ..
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, , , , [1]. .

512

-2012
, ,
. (); ;
; ;
N, . ,
,
, , .
.
(Ni)6/Al2O3 , ()
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()
PMo12
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SASOL), Al2O3-SiO2 ( -85), Al2O3 (
-100), Al2O3 ( Engelgard).
(2 . %)
300 0; 3.0 ; 33 -1; 2:
600 /.

( )
( ) -, -, ( ) , , .
, = Ni
( 2 ),
= . , , , NiMoS , S.
, ,
SiO2 .

513

4. . .
, Al2O3 Al2O3-ZSM-5. ,
( ()PMo12/SiO2 2 , ()-PMo12/Al2O3-SiO2). .
:
[1]
Schumacher L., Marshal W., Krank J., Trans. ASAE 44, 14651468 (2001).
( 16.740.11.0645)



..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
1.
lynatikk@gmail.com
2
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.
: ..
, ,
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Ni(II)
,
.
, NiCl2 (, ), (,
, , ) .

514

-2012
,
,
.

pH 5.5
.
, , .
.
.

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. , :

= 0..1; j = 0 .. 3; z = -1..-2
.
.

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n ks
, .
()
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515

4. . .

. 1.

.
, (111). , (. 2).

. 2. SEM- (5000) Ni-, , : , ,


516

-2012

..

,
, .
2.
safiina@rambler.ru
: ..
, . . - .
. .
. ,
.

[1,2].
, , , ,
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(IV ) [3]. , , .
.
2,6--4- (IIA,
) 2--4--6- (IIIA) .

517

4. . .
O

R3

R3

I.

R1=R2=C(CH3)3; R3=CH3;

II. R1=R2=
R1

R2
OH
A

R1

R2

R2

R1

O.

O.

; R3=CH3;

III. R1=C(CH3)3; R2=

; R3=CH3

IIA
IIC. , IC (
IA), 3 . IIB . 250 . IIC, .
()
.
, 1,2--(3,5--t--4-)-,
IB [4]. , IA IB. ,
IIA. , IA IIA K3[Fe(CN)6]
IB IIB, . IIB 6
. , , IA IIA .
IIIA
IIA. 3 IIIC.
. IIIB. IIIC 4-5 .
IIIA IIIB
. , .

518

-2012
:
[1] .. , .. , . . . - . .. ,
2004,. XLVIII, 3, 21;
[2] .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , . . . ., 2006. 10. 1754-1757, [Russ. Chem. Bull., Int. Ed.,
2006, 55, 1819]
[3] .., .., .., .., .., .. // VI
. -, 2010. . 345-346.
[4] Clinton D. Cook, Norris G. Nash, H. Russell Flanagan, JACS, 1955, 77,
1783.
5--1,3,6-

..
. .
,
, .
2.
sra87@mail.ru
:
- 5--1,3,6-.
333 K, 2,2--.
, [1]. , 5--1,3,6 .
, . ,

[2]:

519

4. . .
-[O2] = k2(k7)-1[RH]ln (1-t/),
(1)
[O2] , -1, t , , , ,
[O2] .
, (1). [O2] -ln(1-t/) ( 0 0.8). k7 k2 = 2.5 ()-1 [3].
5--1,3,6-
, , (8.82.1)104 ()-1.
f
( ) :
f = wi[InH]0.
(2)
f . wi = 5.510-8 ()-1, [RH] = 7.5 -1
f = 2.00.3. (wi = 1.110-7
()-1, [RH] = 6.8 -1) 1.
. ,

.
:
[1] , .., , .., , .., , .., , .. . 28, 19, 71-78 (2011)
[2] , .., , .. . : 1997. 266 .
[3] , .., , .. . 3, 6, 870-876
(1962)

520

-2012

-

..,1 ..2
1

. ..,
,
, .
V .
yuliyasekrieru@mail.ru
2
. ..,
, , . 2.
: ..

-

.
.
,
-- . [1, 2]
, 0.015 . % -
.

-
.

:
.1 Pb1.0.% Sn0.06.% 0.015.% Al,
.2 Pb1.0.% Sn0.06.% 0.015.% Al0.015.% ,
.3 Pb1.0.% Sn0.06.% 0.015.% Al0.03.% ,
.4 Pb1.0.% Sn0.06.% 0.015.% Al0.06.% .
, - -
3 . 11 2. [3],
.

521

4. . .

. IPCPro, . ( , d = 1.28 / 2, C = 4.8 ).

1.0 5 .
.
. .
. 1 () -
0.7 0.0 40 . , . ,
0.03 .% . . 1.4 2.4 (. 1 ())
, PbSO4 PbO2.
: .1 32;
.2 39; .3 19 .4 18 /2. , 0.03.%
.
. PbO2.

.
, --
0.03 . %

- .
:
[1] Gillian W. // J. Power Sources. 116, 185-192 (2003).
[2] .., .., .. // . 7, 4, 196-199 (2007).
[3] .. . - .: ,
1973, 112 .

522

-2012

.1. ,
: --- .1, .2; .3, .4, 40 4.8
H2SO4 - 0.9 0.0 () 1.4 2.4 ().
20/.
-


..,1 ..2, ..3
1

- ,
, .
1.
ilyasemenov89@gmail.com
2
- ,
, . .
3
- ,
, . .
: ..
.
.
: (,
) () -

523

4. . .
- 298K. [1, 2].

- , .

.
, .
G. ,
, .
:
[1] .., .., .., .. . .
. 80, 1445-1448 (2006)
[2] .., .., .. . . . 84, 618620 (2010)

524

-2012
,
:



..

. ..
,
, .
2.
aldorus@rambler.ru
: ..

. UV-Vis ,
() , (NaCl). ,
.
15 50 520530 .
,

. ,
, .
,
.

, .
[1],
,
(37C), 24 . ( ).
, -

525

4. . .
, ,
. , , 60C ( 5 ).
,
( ~ 300%). ,
.
:
[1] L. Xu, Y. Zhu, W. Ma, W. Chen, L. Liu, H. Kuang, L. Wang, Ch. Xu. J.
Phys. Chem. C. 115, 3243-3249 (2011).


..
,
, .
.
xotoy_82@mail.ru
:
, ,
,
( 164 3/3) [1-3]. , , , ,
.


. , ,

: , -

526

-2012
,
, .. [4-7]. ,
.

- ,
. ,
.
[5]
() [13].

, ,
. , , ,
[8-11] 279 268
5.
[12] (
99,9 %) - MIR-254,
0,3 (. 1). ()
, :
C<0.005, Si>1.65, Mn 0.09, Cr 0.02, Ni 0.08, Mo 0.014, Cu 0.06, Fe
. : ,
, . [13].
:
[1]
.. : .
// , 5, 2001 ., . 10-16.
[2]
.., .., .. . .: , 1980. 296 .
[3]
.. .
.: , 2009. 192 .
[4]
.., .., .., .. . .: ,
2008, 88 .
[5]
.., .., ..
/ , 2166348, .13 10.05.2001.

527

4. . .
[6]
.., .., .., .., ..,
273// . 2008. 3. .30-44
[7]
..
, : . 2006. 279 .
[8]
.., ..
// , 2003, . XLVII, .45-48
[9]
E. Dendy Sloan, Jr. Clathrate hydrates of natural gases. - Marcel Dekker. - 700 pp.
[10]
.., ..
. .: . 2004. 506 .
[11]
.., .., .. . . : . 1988. 272
.
[12]
.., .., . ., ...
//
, , 18, 2, 2010. . 153-157
[13]
.., .., .. // , .: 1, 2011. . 18-23
CH4

..,1 ..2
1

- ,
, .
2.
oa-semenova@mail.ru
2
- ,
, . 1.
: ..
4 - , ,
, , . -

528

-2012
- , . .
CH4 p= 40 - 200 ip= 30 - 70 .

( - ) . . ,
4 20%.
CH4 [1]. ,
(
N2 )
.
(), ( , )
.
, . ,
. , -
.
:
[1] .., . ., .. // VI
(ISTAPC 2011), , 137-139 (5-9.09.2011)

529

4. . .
-41
..
- ,
-, .
II .
Grease_91@MAIL.RU
: ..

,
.
, , H2O.

. MCM-41 [1]. .
(.1).

.1.

MCM-41

.2.
MCM-41 ( )

MCM41 - ( -

530

-2012
, ).

(/ ) .
,
,
, (.2). [2].
:
[1] Beck J.S., Vartulli J.C., Roth W.J., Leonowicz M.E., Kresge C.T., Schmitt
K.D., Chu C.T.-W., Olson D.H., Sheppard E.W., McCullen S.B., Higgins J.B.,
Schlenker J.L. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 114, 10834-10843 (1992).
[2] Kocherbitov V., Alfredsson V. Langmuir 27, 3889-3897 (2011).

..
- ,
-, .
V .
danila.sergeyev@gmail.com
: ..
, 35 %. , . , ,
.
. , .
,

:
-D-,
-D-

531

4. . .
, -L- -L- [1,2].
, , ,
.
Gromacs
[3]. ,
. .
.
:
[1] . ., . . 12, 1664-1669
(1984).
[2] Karacsony S., Kovacik V., Alfoldi J., Kubachkova M. Carbohydrate Research 134, 265-274 (1984)
[3] Lindahl E., Hess B., van der Spoel D. Journal of Molecular Modeling 7,
306-317 (2001).

La0.7Sr0.3CO0.9Fe0.1O3-d
..
, ,
, .
V .
vladimir.sereda@usu.ru
: ..

O 3,
A , B 3d-.
,
, -
, , ,
CO2-.

532

-2012

, ,
, , . ,
,
.
La0.7Sr0.3Co0.9Fe0.1O3-d
- ,
Co, SrCO3, FeC2O42H2O La2O3.
800-1100 100
.
.

La0.7Sr0.3Co0.9Fe0.1O3-d.
La0.7Sr0.3Co0.9Fe0.1O3-d, ,

. P-T-x
La0.7Sr0.3Co0.9Fe0.1O3-d
.

(
La0.7Sr0.3Co0.9Fe0.1O3-d).

,



. ,
.

533

4. . .
-
H-BN
..
,
, .
3.
sunrise.86@mail.ru
:

h-BN . [1]
h-BN: (VB)
(VN), (BN) (NB), (CB, CN). h-BN . [1]
(CB, CN) (VB, VN) h-BN. , h-BN,
, . h-BN BN
NB .

h-BN. ,

.

DFT (Density Functional Theory) [2]
PBE (Perdew Burke Ernzerhof) VASP (Vienna Abinitio Simulation Package) [3-5].
(Vanderbilt ultrasoft pseudopotential) [6].
h-BN . , . h-BN ,
6 x 6 x 1 (68 ), 8 x 8 x 1 (124 ), 10 x 10 x 1 (196 ) . . ,
.

534

-2012
(15 )
, , , .

- [7], k-
6 6 1.
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, .
- .

, . , ,
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. h-BN , ..
.
. , .
h-BN , .
-
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.
, .
hBN .
:
[1]
S. Azevedo, J.R. Kaschny et al., Eur. Phys. J. B 67, 507 (2009).

535

4. . .
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]

W. Kohn and L. J. Sham, Phys. Rev. 140, 1133 (1965).


G. Kresse and J. Hafner, et al., Phys. Rev. B 47, 558 (1993).
G. Kresse and J. Hafner, et al., Phys. Rev. B 48, 13115 (1993).
G. Kresse and J. Hafner, et al., Phys. Rev. B 49, 14251 (1994).
D. Vanderbilt, Phys. Rev. B 41, 7892 (1990).
H.J. Monkhorst, J. D.Pack, Phys. Rev. B 13, 5188 (1976).
N-(2,6--)- (2,5---)- 3,5-(-)--

..,1 ..2

. . . ,
, .
V .
zheka_30_08@mail.ru
2
. . . ,
, . VI .
: . .
-, , .
N-(2,6---)-3,5-(--)- (I) N-[2,5-(-)]-3,5-(--)- (IIA)
-.
Z- [1].
I IIA
293 323 293 353
. I .
IIA .

536

-2012

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k IA 5.3 10 3 exp

RT

11.3
k IIA 1.6 107 exp

RT
IA
405 ,
I, .
I , 5,9*10 -3 -1. (5.63113)1017 /() 1.
15 I
70% .

.



- .
:
[1] . . , . . , . . , . . // .
.., 2003, 3, . 682.
[2] . . , . . , . . . //
.., 2005, 11, . 2491.

537

4. . .

BIFEVOX
..,1 ..2
1

,
, .
V .
sin-le@ro.ru
2
, , . 2.
: ..
BIMEVOX

, , [1].
, , ,

[2-3].
BIMEVOX Bi4V2 x FexO11 , x =
0,04 (1); 0,06 (2); 0,10 (3); 0,15 (4), .
BIFEVOX - 200 3800.
,
(.).
. N N,

N N
N

100% , (

) ( ). 1
, ,

538

-2012
,
. (0,10
0,15) ,
,
.
.
. Bi4V2 x FexO11
=3800: (W), (S), (/)

XFe

W,%

S,%

18,4
10,2
28,8
12,0

72
88
94
94

0,04
0,15

Ea
lnN0
N
-41
20
-10,9
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55
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44
-6,4
15,9
31
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Ea
lnN0
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39
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63,4
19
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50
126
6,4
323
58
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, =0,10; 0,15 (lnN0), , .


=0,04; 0,06 .
, ,
.
,
.
:
[1]
.., . // Bi 4V2 x Fe x O11 . 2008. T.
42. C. 308

539

4. . .
[2]
.., .., .., ..,
.., .. //
. 2007. . 9. 3. . 272-274.
[3]
.., .., .. . // . 2006. 7. . 24.

..
,
, .
VI .
kresenka@gmail.com
: ..

. ,
.. .
.
,
.
,
.

, . (), (), ().
(TiO2), , (CaCO3), (Mmt).
, , , .
, ,

540

-2012
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- Equinox 55, Bruker
4007000 -1.
Leo VP435
Carl Zeiss,
. Axiotech (Carl Zeiss) .
Image Pro.


. ,
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3.
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: . .
()
, , . ,
20 900 0 , : , , .. ,
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U-238,
U(IV) U(VI).
20 - 50 10 100 900 0 50 0. -

541

4. . .

U(IV) U(VI) . - ,
. 300 0 U(VI), 300 550 0 U(IV).
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-
[1], , -

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,
- , , , Ce(IV) [2]. 600 0,
, , , .
(VI) 600-900 ,
,
, .. , . -
, 700 900 .
,
U(IV) . , 900
10 : U(IV) 41% 32 %,
0.78 10- . , 31.5 , 900 ,
0.79
10- . ,
,
100%- U(IV),
,
-.
U-234 U-238. 300 -

542

-2012
U(IV) 35% 45%.
U-234/U-238 U(IV) 1,3
1,2, U-234(IV)
U(VI). U-234/U-238 0,87 0,92. , : U-238
, U-234 .
:
[1]. .., .., .., ..
- .
2007. -, 29 -3 2007 . .
. . , 2007, . 316-318.
[2]. Bogdanov R.V., Zaytsev Y.M., Sergeev A.S. Scientific Basis for Nuclear
Waste Managemen. XXV, Boston, USA. 469-476 (2002).
Pd/In2O3

..,1 ..2
1



,
, .
3.
felisine@gmail.com
2


, , . .
: ..

. , , ,
.

ECLAIRS process Synfuels Int. Inc., -

543

4. . .
, ,
[1].

, Ga, In, Mn,
Zn [2].
III - ,
.
Pd/In2O3. -In2O3 (S =
5 2/) . 2
120 200
3 .
1%Pd/In2O3 (. 1).
(Pd3d5/2)
= 334.7 . (335.2 )
.
- . 443.9
(In3d5/2) [3].
EXAFS PdK. 2.76 , Pd-Pd .
4.5 Pd-In
, .
334.7

335

340

345

,
a)
)
. 1. ) - Pd3d Pd/In2O3; ) Pd/In2O3

1%Pd/In2O3 (. 1).
-

544

-2012
2 12 , 5.7 .
, ,
.
, , ,
. In2O3 .
[1] Gattis S. C., Peterson E. R., Johnson M. M. The ECLAIRS process for converting natural gas to hydrocarbon liquids. - Texas: 2004, 13 p.
[2] Patent US 7408091 B2.
[3] Moulder J. F., Stickle W. W., Sobol P. E., Bomber K. D., in: J. Chastain
(Ed.), Handbook of X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Perkin Elmer, Eden
Praine. - USA: 1992, 109 p.


..
. .. ,
, .
V .
SoldatenkoEM@mail.ru
: .,
,
, , , ,
. , , .
, ,
.
, , 2 100 .
, -

545

4. . .
.

, 1-2 .
, .

.
(..) (..). 105
, (1:1) 800 .
, ( 2)
( HCl) CaCl2 ( ).
II
. ,
, ,
20 150 ,
.

Staphylococcus aureus 92.
1000 100 / (1, 2 3 )
. , , ,
.

546

-2012


..,1 ..2, ..3
1


.. ,
, .
V .
roman_solovov@mail.ru
2

.. , , . V .
3

.. , , . .
: ..
, .
0 = 101,325 .
Pi ,
P
SS GT0 RTln i0 ,( 1 )
P
, Pi() , , .. . , CCl4, CHCl3, C6H6
Bi
ln Pi Ai
(2)
T Ci
, [1].
, [2] CP()
[3].

547

4. . .
,
(1)
, .. .
(1) (
)
,
ssCP, ssG0T
.
Pi(T) , , , .
:
[1] Dykyj J., Svoboda J., Wilhoit R.C., Frenkel M., Hall K.R. Vapor pressure
and Antoine coefficients for hydrocarbons. / Landolt-Brnstein. N.S. Vol.
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. , . . . - .: , 2003. 240 .
[3] Perrys chemical engineers handbook. 8 ed. / Ed.: J.O. Maloney. - N.Y.:
McGraw-Hill, 2008. 2582 p.
Pd,

..,1 ..2
1


. ..
,
, .
V .
roman_solovov@mail.ru
2

. ..
, , . .
: ..
, , -

548

-2012
, . ,

- . ,
, Pd , [1, 2]. ,
, Pd , [3].
Pd(II) - ( (NaPO3) (CH2CHCOONa))
.
,
( , ).
HCOONa, - CO2 (E0
= 1,900 ). ,
(), .
() .
(
) Pd2+.


2. E0(MV2+/MV+) = 0,400 ,
2+/2
( = 11,7), 2 (2) = 836 . . (1.1 ).
0,680 .
,
Pd . , ,
, 10 , ,
. ,
,
.
-

549

4. . .
.
:
[1] Narayanan R., El-Sayed M.A. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2003, v. 125, p. 8340.
[2] Liu Y.B., Khemtong , J. Chem. Comrrmn., 2004, p. 398.
[3] Kim S.-W., Kim S., Tracyl J.B. e. a. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2005, v. 127, p. 4556.
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[5] .., .., .., .. . . .
- . .. . - 2006 .. - 4 : . 50. - . 50-60.
[6] .. . . . - . .. . - 2001 .. - 3 : .
45. - . 20-30.
[7] . . . - : . , 2003. - . 288.
[8] .. . . . - . .. . - 2006 .. - 4 : . 50.
[9] .., .., ..
. - : -2000, 2006. - . 155.

..
. .. ,
, .
V .
s.slg90@gmail.com
: ..
,

. .
; AlaProGly, MetPro
Phe MetProPhe .

550

-2012
: AlaProGly (1), MetProPhe (2) Met
ProPhe (3) 6350 K.
2 3
Cpo = f(T),
; 1
226245 K (Tr1), 245265 K (Tr2) 275
287 K (Tr3). 1
,
.
,
(crII crI). 6265 K
crII, 265330 K crI.
Tr1 Tr3, ,
.
(0,05 K/s) crI ~ 210 K.
,
crI
crII.

: 0 , 0 0 0, S 0 -

G 0 0 0 0 350 K. T = 298,15 K.

.
, . , (T < 50 K) . .

551

4. . .

-
(-) :

..
,
, .
V .
jt.25@mail.ru, okssor29@mail.ru
:

IIII XX . .
, ; , , ;
.
. IIII , .
Co(acac)2,3 -
(-) -, -, -,
-, ;

. , . -
2 , LiAlH4 ( LiAlH(-BuO)3). LiAlH4 LiAlH(-BuO)3,
.

-

552

-2012
, Red/Co(acac)(2),(3) . , ,
, LiAlH4, 5 Red/Co 12. LiAlH4/Co > 20 LiAlH4
. (-) .


..,1 ..2
1

- ,
, .
1.
ifsorokin@gmail.com
2
- ,
, . VI .
: ..


.
C-49
.
, , .

.
: 1
, 2 3.
,

553

4. . .
-.


-30 .
.

. K=12-1, , , =8,7.10-4 .
( ) .
K, -1
, 10-3
T, C

1
130
9,4
59

3
42
3
50

3
95
7
43

, , .
. 10 , .

2 , -
(SOLVER P47 Pro).

. .
3 ,
, , . , ,
3 .
.

554

-2012
(, ), .
:
[1] . . . , 38-3, 234-238 (2004)
[2] . ., . ., . .
. , 35-2, 205-208 (1981)
[3] . . . , 1981, 500
[4] . ., . ., . ., . . , 49-3, 1-4 (2011)

..
- ,
-, .
2.
AnnStarikova88@gmail.com
: ..

. ,
. (CH3OSO2CF3
) , : 1 5,10,15,20- -2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18,21,22,23,24- ,
2
5,10,15,20-(4--)2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18,21,22,23,24- ,
3
5,10,15,20-(3,5---)2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18,21,22,23,24- .
pH

555

4. . .
.
- (pH=010).
, -
.

..
,
, .
2.
v-line457@inbox.ru
: ..
.
,
, ,
.[1]
, , ,
, .
,
,
, ,
. .
.

,

.
,
,
. , -

556

-2012
.
:
[1] .., .., .. ..
. 7, 35-38 (2011)
-
11-3--507


..,1 ..2
1


,
, .
2.
starostin26@yandex.ru
2

, , . .
: ..
-
.
. -
25.
, . , , ,
, , .

: 10, 27, 62,37% ( -

557

4. . .
). , MnO2,
(70, 100, 140 C) .

CarlZeiss Axio Imager m2M, Hitachi S-3400 N
, Shimadzu XRD-7000.
, ,
, . (. 1,2).

.1.
MnO2

.2. MnO2

, ,
, 25.
, MnO2.
,

558

-2012
:
[1] .. . .: , 1992, 102-105 c.
[2] .. . .: , 1969, 493-502 c.
[3] Albella J.M., Fernandez-Navarrete N. J. Electrochem. Soc., 127, 2180
(1980).
[4] Jaekun Kim, Hyungjin Yu, Kyuyeun Hwang, Kyoungho Kim. J. Korean Ind.
Eng. Chem., 6, 698-706 (2003).
[5] .., .. . 1. : . . ., , 1998, 43-59 .


,
-

..
- ,
-, .
V .
dzzubey@mail.ru
: ..
- , ,
, .
CuSO4 . , - :
0,1 CuSO4 (
). , ,
, (
).

559

4. . .
[1] ,

. , ,
, [2] , , .
(Cu2+)
().
. 1.
1. .
: V, A B7-46/1;
5-49; lk, l , ; le
, rk, rc, rf
, , .

(=()). : Uk 3-4 90 35 , 30 ( ). , [1] :
rK rf
lc 2 rK rf
2
l l
Rk
arctg

K 2c
2
2
2
2
[rK rK rf ] .rK
rK2 rK rf
rK2 rK rf

Rk , .

:
lk=15-23 , rk=100-200

560

-2012
, l=300-1000 . CuSO4 0,5-0,7 /.
. 2.
rf
Uk

CuSO4. 1: =0,44
/, lk=22,7 , lc=490
, rk=130 ; 2: =0,44 /,
lk=22,7 , lc =915 ,
rk =130 ; 3
():=0,44 /, lk =20,5 , lc=980 , rk =132 .
2 rf
. , 5-7 .
:
CuSO4
. Cu2+ .
:
[1]
. . . . . . 66, 3, 519-524 (1993).
[2]
2 . . . . . . .4, 2, 91101 (2009).

561

4. . .
,
/, /
..
,
, .
V .
stopor89@bk.ru
: . .


. 95% .

HYDRAFLOW [1-2],

, , ,
.
, ..
, 0 .


(
< 100 , [3] ,
> 1 ).

- /, -
/ ( ) . ( ,
) . -/ , , , .
:
[1] Jon Steinar Gundmundsson // U.S. Patent, number: 5,941,096. 1999.

562

-2012
[2] . : , , , 24-28
2011 , , .106-114.
[3] Takeya S et al. Particle size effect of CH4 hydrate for self-preservation. //
Chem. Eng. Sci. 2005. V.60. p.13831387.


..
- ,
-, .
2.
wwLog@ya.ru
: ..
. , 1 / [1].
() - - 0.001 / [2]. - : . -, 0.2 / [2]. .

() 293 353
5.5 0.5. >5
[3].
, 1 2.3 2 3.3 >MnIV(OH)2 5 6
.
1 2

563

4. . .
5,5 0.5, V/m=20 / 293353 .
0,020

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

0,018
0,016
0,014
0,012
0,010
0,008
0,006
0,004
0,002
0,000
0

100

200

300

t,

400

1-2 V/m = 20
/ (/), t (); 1 293 K, 2 303
K, 3 318 K, 4 323 K, 5 333 K, 6 343 K, 7 353 K
293 323 293
353
. 333 353

: ln(c0/ct)=f(t).
, , , n
Ea,

, , 323 333 .
n 2 42,0 / , 293 323
. [3] :
1. (IV) - . :
IV

> Mn

IV

<(2 ) + 2 65 [> Mn

<(2)] (2 65)

2. .
IV

[> Mn

II

<(2)] (2 65) > Mn (2) (2 65)

564

-2012
3.
. Mn2+ ,

MnO2.
, 333 353
.
,
6,65 /.
:
[1]. .. . ., , 1973. 408 .
[2]. . . .
2.1.4.1074.
[3]. Ch.J. Matocha, D.L. Sparks, J.E. Amonette, R.K. Kukkadapu. // Soil Science
Soc. of Amer. J. 2001. V. 65. No. 1. P. 58.


..,1 ..2, ..3
1

, ,
, .
.
vav779@yandex.ru
2
, , ,
. .
3
, , ,
. 1.
: ..
.
, , -
. .

565

4. . .

.
( 2494-019-58948815-2004)
-264 -264/5 5 . . 100 . . .
. 1.
, dm

35
3

30

25

20

15

10
5
0
0

10

12

14

, .

. 1. : . / 406-264/6, 2- / 406-264/6+, 3./ 406-264B/5, 4- / 406-264B/5+, 5- / 406-264/6+:406264B/5+=1:1, , 175C *12.


. -,
- , ..
. ,
.. (CH2=N-CH2+,
CH2=NH2+) .

. ,
. ,
, . , , ..
1:1 , .

.

566

-2012

-

..
,
--, .
3.
tikhomirova_ks@mail.ru
: ..
, 0,1 1
Na2SO4 () ().

. , , . , .

, ,
.
, 3PbOPbSO4H2O , , PbO , PbOPbSO4 PbSO4 . , -
PbOPbSO4 PbSO4.
[1].
- : ,
.
,
PbOPbSO4 1
3PbOPbSO4H2O 0,1 . .
[2].
3 / (. 1). , -

567

4. . .
,
[3]. .
, - . ,
0,01 , . .
.
, , >-0,35 . .

.

. 0,1 Na2SO4 (1) , /: 0,3 (2); 1(3);


3 (4); 10 (5) 20 (6).

568

-2012
:
[1] . ., . , . . - , 3, 302-310 ( 2011)
[2] . .-.: , 1964, . 2, 1168 .
[3] . , 2, 322-335, (1962)
-
60
..
,
, .
3.
viktor-bilyaev@yandex.ru
: ..
, , . . , . -
DFT PBE SBK.
, . ( ), 60.
(60)6- 60 0,5 .
, ,
-- . -
60, .
60
--

569

4. . .
.
60

B
B
2
2
,
1 1|| 1 3 cos 2 ( ) 1
R2
AB r R
AB

C6

(R 2 r 2 ) 4

1 B

( R 2 r 2 ) 4

-
, ||, , - , , , R , r , 6 - ,
6 , 6
.
. . ,

,
. .
.

(1) (2)
d 2 disp ,
d 2 e 1 2
1 2 ; 1

2
d 2
d 2
2
( 1 2)
()
( ) .
,

AB
4 C 6 6 r 4 26 R 4 15 R 4 15 r 4 50 R 2 r 2 20 R 2 r 2
||
R 2 r 2 6

4 C6

AB

13 R 4 3 r 4 15 R 4 15 r 4 50 R 2 r 2 10 R 2 r 2

1|| 1 .
B
6 1
B

570

2 6

-2012
1 : H4, C2H2, CO2 N2O.
1 ( /, /,
S_
/*, S /*, G / ) 60 H4, C2H2, CO2 N2O
S_
S
G

4
6.2
-1.8
12.6
-21.7 2.0 0.034
22
7.3
-2.2
12.7
-23.0 0.9 0.201
2
4.1
-2.0
13.1
-24.1 -0.6 2.607
N2O
2.9
-2.1
13.4
-23.9 -2.7 101.0

60, , .
PH AL2(SO4)3,
ALCL3

..,1 ..2
1

-
,
-, .
VI .
Era-Sharenkova@yandex.ru
2
-
, -, . .
: ..
-
.
,
. , , .

571

4. . .
() ,
,
[1]. -
.
,
.
[2]. [3], NaCl
CaCl2 1 10-1
.
, Al2(SO4)3, AlCl3 (20/) ().

( 30 ) . ( 200 3, 25,5 3) . LEKI SS2109UV =280 . :

Df
D0

100%

,
D0 , Df .
, Al
, ( 90%) ().

572

-2012
100
90
2

80
70

, %

60
1
50
40
30
20
10
0
0

10

pH

. pH : 1 HCl, NaOH; 2 - Al2(SO4)3 (410-4 M); 3


- AlCl3(10-4 M).
,
, ,
.
:
[1] .., .., .., ..
- .- : , 2005, 6 .
[2] .., .. 15
. .2.11, 51-52 (2004).
[3] . ., .., .. XVI

.- : .
-, 2011. . 209.

573

4. . .


..

. .. ,
, .
3.
usoltseva_oksana@mail.ru
: ..
- - - , . ,
,
- , , .
, ,
.

. ,
.

pCES, , , - K-.

-, .. [1].

- .

, ,
. , .
, , ,
K- -

574

-2012
. , -
. -.

[1] ..
. 2, 35-52 (1973).

6 -
..,1 2
1

,
, .
IV .
longdt83@mail.ru
2
, , . 3.
: ..


[1-4].
, , [1,2].
.
, (68 %).
2,62 4,03 0,02 4,64
/, .

575

4. . .

(
0,18 /),
, 0,4


(.1).
0,2

, /

(+, Na+, 2+, g2+),


.1.0

6
295 2
0
2
4
6
.
0,27 / (55,51 /).
, (1,92 /),
.

N +-H
6 .


(Q) (), 0,29 / 12,02 /.
Si-O-Al (10691052
-1) N+-H - (1600 1574 -1) .
, (.2). 6
0,53 / (108,97 /)
3,15 /. . -

0,6 Q ,

576

-2012

,
.
6 1441, 1412 -1, , , H (
1061 -1 1020 -1 3308 3274 -1 ).
:
[1] Farias T., Ruiz-Salvador A.R., Rivera A. Micropor. Mesopor. Materials. 61,
117-125 (2003)
[2] Rivera A., Farias T. Micropor. Mesopor. Materials. 80, 337-346 (2005)
[3] Sakaguchi K., Matsui M., Mizukami F. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 67, 306311 (2005)
[4] Klint D., Arvidsson P., Blum Z. et al. Protein Expr Purif. 5, 569-576 (1994)


..
,
, .
1.
fms1989@mail.ru
: ..
(C6H5-SO2-NH-NH2, )
,
, . .
- (80-109). ,
(.1).

577

4. . .
I, %

I, %

4
5

100
80

T = 368 K

80

60

8
3

20

40

50

10
0

60

40

100

T = 354 K

100

150

11
200

12

13

20

250

m/e

50

13

10
100

150

m/e
10 - C6H5SO2NHNH2+
11 - C6H5SC6H5+
12 - C6H5SSC6H5+

200

250

1 - NHNH2+
6 - SO2NH+
+
2 - C4Hn
7 - C6HnS+
+
3 - C5Hn
8 - C6H5SO+
+
4 - C6H5 ;
9 - C6H5SO2+
13 - C6H5SSO2C6H5+
5- SO2N+
.2. - 354 368

m/e=31 (NHNH2+) .
,
C6H5+.
. C
- ,
(172 ...).
,
, [1]:
4C6H5SO2NHNH2 C6H5SSC6H5 + C6H5SSO2C6H5 + 62O + 2N2

.
,
B3LYP/cc-pVTZ ( Gaussian 03).

578

-2012
SO2NHNH2 S, NHNH2 S-N, NH2 NN. NH 2
, N-NH2. , 6
0, 0.98, 2.25, 2.56, 3.28, 6.43 / (.2).
( .2 )
N-H NH2 (
, ).

.2.

* , -,
.
,
.

579

4. . .
.
[1] .., . . . M.: . 1980. 503 .

PdxCd1-xS

..

.. ,
, .
1.
natal-ku8@yandex.ru
: ..
PbxCd1xS , CdS PbS [1
5], - [6]. , CdS.
CdS
.

PbxCd1xS .
,
- . CdS

343 363 K. 60 300 .
. , 298 358 K CdS/Pb2+aq ,
(G0298 = 64,02
0
/; G 358 = 78,98 /).

580

-2012
2.0 CuK 5 70 0,030. ,
1 (. .
), Cd1-xPbxS (0 < . 0.27).

CdS/Pb2+- 343 363 K (300 ) () 0,12 0,27 2.25 . Cd1-xPbxS (0< 0.54).


, .
16,63 / . 12,5 /.
PbxCd1-xS .
:
[1] .., .., .., ..
. .32. .1. .58-64 (2006).
[2] .., .., .., ..
. .29. .2. .23-29 (2003).
[3] .., .. . .44. .1. .101-108 (2010).
[4] .., .. . .71. .7. .140-142 (2001).
[5] .., .., .. c . .5. .92-101 (2005).
[6] .., .., .., .. . .43.
.8. .1102-1108 (2009).

581

4. . .
-
-

..,1 ..2
1

- ,
-, .
IV .
iskint@mail.ru
2
- , -,
. 2.
: ..
-
() ,
5-100 . , ,

(1):
CuL(n2) + 2HCHO + 4OH = Cu0 + Ln + H2 + 2HCOO +2H2O

(1),

L ( ), .
. [1]
, LCLD, ,
. ,
,
. ,

(, ).

- -
: ,
; -

582

-2012
.
- Empilan
Tween . - .
:
[1] ., , .. , .. , .. ,
. , .. - : 80 (9) 2011
""


-
..
,
,
, .
IV .
khramtsovaea@gmail.com
: ..
() ,
, : , (,
, , , .),
. , , .
, , , - .

.

583

4. . .
[S,R]-N--2--2[S]-(6--2-) .
, , .
. , .
() ().
15

10
0

-5

-5

CIDNP, a.u.

CIDNP, a.u.

-10
-15

-10

-15

-20
-25

-20

-30
-25

10

15

20

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-2012
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: 5.1.5., 11-0301104-.



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586

-2012

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IV .
elisa-alex@mail.ru
: .., ..

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D-403, OH- ,
, . -
298 :=10.
.
-

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R3 N H 2Os GaOH 4 aq R3 NH GaOH 4 s OH aq

2R3 N H 2Os GaOH 4 aq R3 NH 2 GaOH 5 s OH

(1)

aq

(2)

3R3 N H 2Os GaOH 4 aq R3 NH 3 GaOH 6 s OH aq

(3)


:
Ga OH aOH
Ga OH OH 2NaOH
4
4

R3 N H 2O aGa OH
R3 N H 2O GaOH 4 2NaGa OH 4

(4)

Ga OH 2 aOH
Ga OH 2 OH 2NaOH
5
5
2
2

R3 N H 2O aGa OH
R3 N H 2O GaOH 4 2NaGa OH 4
4

Ga OH 3 aOH
Ga OH 3 OH 2NaOH
6
6
3

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R3 N H 2O GaOH 4 2NaGa OH 4
4

587

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, Ga/ ( ); N

3 H H 2O

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- -

. (4)-(6) (7)(9):
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1
1
Ga OH
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1
Ga OH 2
5
1
Ga OH 3
6

GaOH 4 2 NaGa OH 4

1
1

OH

NaOH

(8)

Ga OH 2 GaOH NaGa OH 4
5

3
OH 2 NaOH
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1

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2
3 3
Ga OH 5 2 GaOH 4 NaGa OH 4

(9)

-
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.

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588

-2012
:

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PbOH 3

Al OH 5 2

ZnOH 4 2

19,00,5

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- .

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oxt@isuct.ru
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589

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.
- (2-) -
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0.0 0.6 . () = 0.0 0.4 . . EtOH
Phe .
,
[Phe186] 2-
2- EtOH, Gly Ala 186 [1, 2, 3, 4].
, [5].
- ,
[Phe186] .

[Phe186] 2-EtOH , [Phe186],
trG([Phe186]), trG(186).

.

-

590

-2012
186 Ala Gly 2-EtOH H2O, .
:
[1] .., .., .., .., .
. . . 85, 10431046 (2011)
[2] Matteoli E., Lepori L., Usacheva T.R., Sharnin V.A. J. Therm. Anal. Cal. 97,
811-816 (2009)
[3] .., .., . . . . 85, 2038-2042
(2011)
[4] .., .., .., .., .
. . . 86, 42-45 (2012)
[5] .. . .: , 1984, 272 .

(2009-2011)
2.1.1/5593 2.1.1./11766 2009-2013 ( 02.740.11.0253), 964.

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1

,
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1.
korenman@vgta.vrn.ru
2
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: ..

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. 35 .
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max = 279 ).

.
35 (n = 3, P =
0,95):

592

-2012

.
.
.

67,22,5
51,22,8
33,91,9

57,42,4
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25,91,6

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24,41,5


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, . , .
2) , ( ).
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y = -0,08x + 1,9967. D . , - 33 28 .

593

4. . .


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1

,
, .
1.
tatya-chibiso@yandex.ru
2
,
, . .
: ..

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, . [1]. ,
[2].
. .
(D)
. (13,5), . (19,9), . (11,8) (1,40) [3].
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(, , , , , , ) (, , . , ) .
,
,
[4].

, , -

594

-2012

(R, %) [5].
,
. (38 . %).
, - . 38
. % , .
5 30 /3 , - 5:1. =7,5
8,5 5 (20 1). ,
SHIMADZU UV MINI-1240, l=1 , =291 .
,

, . ,
.
lgD -
-: y = 0,0969x + 1,9804,
0,9878. , , . -
D = 61,2 10,3 .

( 90 %) .
:
[1]
. ., . ., . ., . .
- . 1, 24 (1998)
[2]
. ., . ., . . . 3, 24 (2009)
[3]
. . : . : . . -. 1992, 336 .
[4]
. . . :
. . . . 2007, 246 .
[5]
. ., . ., . ., . .,
. . . 8, 1247 (2007)

595

4. . .
- ,

..,1 ..2
1

- ,
, .
.
changelina@rambler.ru
2
()
, , . 2.
: ..

97%
3% [1].
1.510 16 3.
, , 7002500 [1]. ,
912% .
1720% [1].
,
- , .
, , c . ( )
,
.

.
, , .
.

596

-2012

. 1. . 1, 2
3 80, 100, 120 /.
. 1 , ,

, . , . ,
, ,
. , . ,
.
.
:
[1] Makogon U.F. Natural gas hydrates A promising source of energy // Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. 2, 49-59 (2010)

597

4. . .
-

..
,
, .
IV .
pizeig07@yandex.ru
: ..

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,
, , .
, [1].
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1 . , , .
, (0,80-0,84 /3) . 0,84 /3. (
> 0,92 /3) .
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0,76

y = 8E-09e24,769x
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0,80

0,84

0,88

0,92
0,96
, / 3

.1. ( 2/)
(/3)

598

-2012

, (.2).
, ( 5%)
,
. (
10%)
.

3. , (
10%) ( 20 2/).
.

40

y = 19,186Ln(x) - 37,202
R2 = 0,7855

30
20
10
0
-10 0

10

15

20

25

30

-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
, % .

, /

.2. ( )
(%)
180
160
140

y = 2,801e0,2071x
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120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0

10

12
14
, % .

.3. (2/) (%)

599

4. . .
, -
, ,

.
, ,
.
:
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.: . , 2005, 145 .


25--

..
() ,
, .
2.
U_Izi_vse_chisto@mail.ru
: ..
, .

. ,
V/V0, [1,2].

600

-2012

Me
O
O
O

Me
O
1

O
O
O

Me
2

Me


2500 9 (1) 9,10- (2).

V (1) (2).
-21.80.7 -22.80.8 3/, . V0
: (1) -
, (2) .
.

.
:
1. Van Eldik R., Asano T., Le Noble W.J. Chem. Rew. 89, 649 (1989)
2. Drljaca A., Hubbard C.D., Van Eldik R., Asano T., Basilevsky M.A., Le Noble
W.J. Chem. Rev. 98, 2167(1998)

601

4. . .
(III)

-2
..
,
, .
1.
Shapovalova.Olga88@yandex.ru
: ..

,
.
,
H+ OH,
. ,
,
.
:
, , .
, .


.

,
, .
-2 :
.
-2 (III), , ,
.
(III),
.
. ,
[1] ( 2,27 2). ,
-2 ,
100

602

-2012
(. 1, )
(. 1).
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600

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10

400

5
200

0
0

0
0

200

400

600

800

1000

10

15

20

-ImZ,

5
0
5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

ReZ,

10

25

1200
1400
ReZ,

30

35

40

45
50
ReZ,

. 1.
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()
()
,

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2,64 /2.

, (III), (. 2) - (. 3).
R, *2

i, /2

44

42

40

38

36

34
1

32
30
0

i,/2

0,05

0,1

0,15 ,

0,2

. 2. . 3. -
,
, (III), - (III),
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(2) .

, (III), -

603

4. . .
, 100 ,
-2 -3,
, .

-2, (III), .

.

[1]
.., .., .. .
15, 1488 - 1493 (1979)


..,1 ..2
1


,
- , .
1.
shevaldysheva@mail.ru
2
- ,
- , . IV .
: ..

.

. , ,
. ()
, ,

604

-2012

, .


2
3
60 1
.

, 40
, 20

550
600

()

N ()
. 1. -
- ( CdSe
(-), - dTe, dTe 1:3000 (1), ).
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: (. 1).
Malvern NanoZS, - . , , 1 30 (dTe), 20%
,
.

80

605

4. . .

. 2. -
() (-), CdSe/ZnS ,
().
,
50-400 , CdSe CdSe/ZnS.
- ,
, . , ,
,
- (. 2).

. , (-),
CdSe/ZnS, 7 (.
2) , . (
11.1 8.8 ) ,
.
,
- , .

606

-2012
-

..
,
, .
1.
shirokov_ip@mail.ru
: ..
, . ()
( ).
260
2,4 - 6,7 m. (. 1).
1.
, m
0,554-1,0350
1,275-1,933
2,381-3,611
4,447-6,746
8,308-12,601

, % -
18,50
8,20
24,60
28,80
15,10


260C ,
7,3 2/. Brunauer-Emmet-Teller (BET), - BarrettJoyner-Halenda (BJH). (. 1-2).
.1. ( BET)

607

4. . .

. 2. ( BJH)

BJH: - 3,8 2/;


- 0,017 3/; - 36,1 . , 45% - 100
(.2).
2.
,
15-20
20-30
30-50
50-100
>100

, %
1,21
1,24
19,93
32,08
45,53


2-8 2/. .
20 500 , 0,005 3/.

608

-2012
,

.

-

..,1 ..2
1

- ,
-, .
III .
katusha_07_92@mail.ru
2
- , -,
. 2.
: ..
- (LCLD)
, ,
[1].
[2]. .
,
, .
-50 -100 ,
: 1) (), CuCl2,
(C6H14O6), (NaOH); 2) (), CuCl2, ().
:
1) (0.022 ), CuCl2 (0.01 ), C6H14O6 (0.15 ), NaOH (0.05 );
2) (0.022 ), CuCl2 (0.01 ), C6H14O6 (0.15 );
3) (0.022), CuCl2 (0.01 ), (m=0.68 ),
NaOH (0.05 );

609

4. . .
4) (0.088), CuCl2 (0.04 ), (m=1.023 ).
.
,
-100. 1
, -8 40.
- , .
.
:
[1]
Yury S. Tveryanovich, Alexey G. Kuzmin, Leonid G. Menchikov,
Vladimir A. Kochemirovsky, Sergey V. Safonov, Ilya I. Tumkin, Alexey V.
Povolotsky and Alina A. Manshina. Composition of the gas phase formed upon
laser-induced copper deposition from solutions. Mendeleev Communications,
21, 34-35, 2011.
[2]
.. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. . - : . . 80(9), 2011.

610

-2012
1. - , .
-100
-50
1)
:
, CuCl2, C6H14O6,
NaOH.
2)
:
, CuCl2, C6H14O6
3)
:
, CuCl2, , NaOH.
4)
:
, CuCl2, .

611

4. . .


-59
..
- ,
-, .
3.
annshmyreva@gmail.com
: . .

, ,
.

, ,
.
, .
: , -59 ,

. 1.
: (77) (1 2) .
.
, . 1 2 0,5 ,
=3,5~. / .

612

-2012
: 1.

47
77
325

, 5%
,
,
50%
FeCoB
, 5%
, 5%
, 5%
ND+PE, 5%

31
51
32
290
OVP24

()
5
7
5-10

()

7
12-15
9

111,5; 150; 205; 225;


217; 218; 228; 249
218; 221; 224,5
217; 220; 226
217; 224; 226

217; 225
217; 218; 226
217; 219; 221; 225,5

1 ; = 77 .
[1], . ,
.


217 , , , , 226-229
[2,3].
1 ,
226-228 MHz. ,
59Co

, , . 224 225
[4].
,
, .

613

4. . .

. 1.
.
:
[1] .. . . (2008).
[2] M. Malinowska, C. MenyJ. Phys.: Condens. Matter 10 49194928 (1998).
[3] Fekete D, Boasson H, Grayevski A, Phys. Rev. B 17 347,(1978).
[4] Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology, Hari Nalwa, Japan
(2001).

..
- ,
, .
2.
ym_julia@mail.ru
:
, .
, ,
.

614

-2012

. , .
,
.

[1]:
T
2Ts
(1)
s cs s s
x 0 ,
t
x 2

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2T
T
c
x
x 2
t

0 x x(s) ,

(2)

T
2Tw
T
x( s) x .
wcw w w w w
(3)
x
x 2
t
i , i , ci Ti , i s, , w ( , , ), , w
.
:

0 , p R T .
(4)
t
x

. t 0
:

Ts Ts 0 x 0 , Tw Tw0 x 0 .
x 0
, :
T
T
Ts T Ts const , s s
, 0 .
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x
x
x x(s ) , :

615

4. . .

T Tw Tw ,

T
x

Tw
lx (s ) , x ( s ) w w x ( s ) ,
x

(6)
x (s ) , l
.
. -

(wT )t ( (wT ) w wcw

Ts0 Tw0 ,
w Tw Ts 0 Tw0 ,

s Ts Ts 0 Tw0 ,

)
T

s Ts Ts 0 Tw0 , w Tw Ts 0 Tw0 .

(1) (3) :

s s

s 0 s
s

2
0
4 s

d ,

w w

w0 w

4V*

4V*

(s)

( s )

(7)
s (sT ) (wT ) , V* w t (wT ) .

2
d ~ 1 d ~ s 0 s
d 2
(8)
w
Y
s

d
d 2

d 2
s


Ts 0
d
~ s

s s 0
0
,
(9)
Ts 0 Tw0
d

0
~
~
w , w w , s s , Y wcw Ts 0 Tw0 p .



w
~ d
2 4V*( s ) Ja ( s ) 0
w
e (s)
2
d ( s )
2 4V* d
e
( s )

(10)

616

s . -

-2012

( s )
~ 1 d
~ s
s s 0
V* ~
w
Y
1 ~

2
d
s
(s)

Ja ~
l cw Ts 0 Tw0 , ~
( s ) w .

, .
, . ,
-
.
:
[1] .., .. :
. 7- . / .. , .. . .: - ; , 2004, 798 .

N--11 (N--11
..
- ,
-, .
V .
yazhgurpavel@gmail.com
: ..
-
. .
, ,
.
-

617

4. . .
, , , .

: N--11- (-Na), (N--11- ) (-Na) -Na 0.5 NaCl.
0.01 PAT1
(Sinterface Technologies, ). .
,
. , AA-Na -Na ,
. AA-Na
-Na, . -Na 0.5 NaCl
, ,
.
-Na. -Na NaCl,
. -Na
, .
.
.. .. .
( 11-0300801-) (
-6291.2010.3).

618

-2012
,

..
- ,
, .
.
yavafly@mail.ru
:
.
,
.
,

[1,2].
,
. T T0 p p0 pl 0 a a0 0 . , d ,
u . , -

p T T0 . ,
[3]. ,
: , a k .
, , pl p g ( pg pd pu ),
:
a 3
1 1
k

p p0 2 pu 0 0 1 ps k0 d 1 ,
a

a0 a
k0

619

4. . .

a
l0 k0 kd
.
(2)
0
pu 0 a0 a 3 pd 0 kd k0
a0

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Rd
(1) (2) p , a
3

k d . , k d p a .
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k0 3,7 103 , T0 288 , pd 0 0,2 , 75,5 103 /.


CO2 - Rd 189 /, , Ru 287 /.

.1 ,
p0 .

ps k0 . .

620

-2012
:
[1] . .. . . 2. M.: , 1987.
360c.
[2] .., ..
.// , 1984, 5, .34-43.
[3] .. //
. 1986. . 50. 3. . 516-521.

621


Alexey I. Victorov
Ali Riaz
Alubeckas A.
Andrey Bratov
Blokhin A.V.
Erofeev A.S.
Gevorgyan V.
Golovkina M.V.
Held C.
Ingram T.
Kabo A.G.
Konev A.S.
Mitichkina A.A.
Petrovski P.P.
Ratautaite V.
Sadowski G.
Shevelyova M.P.
Ullah H.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
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..
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..
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..
..
..
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..
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..

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528
..
553
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41
..
294
..
180
..
181
..
510
..
184
..
185
..
187
..
484
..
188
..
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..
189
..
192, 193, 329
..
161
..
194
..
196, 198
..
199
..
200
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222
..
203
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205
..
72
..
207, 209
..
209
..
212
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214, 216
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217
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..
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..
222
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74
..
589
..
224
..
227
..
505
..
229
..
230
..
233

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139
135
27
38
136
10
32
138
138
38
32
32
32
135
138
38
139
303
142, 144, 548
145
435
147
148
149
151
39
153
155
157
478
158
161
162
164
113, 166
167
170
171
173
175, 249
177

622

-2012
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
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..
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.
..
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..
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..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

235
236
238
240
241
243
244
536
252
246, 340
249
254
255
233
257, 259
260, 261, 263
263
265
187
105
267
311, 400
591
270
271
43
273
46
275
277
279
343
280
575
514
115
283
155, 285, 286
287
291
289
180
294
295
298, 299
299

623

301
376
303, 305
306
48
308
212
310
59, 105
311
50
521
314
316
318
321
323
53
326
451
440
192, 327
54
362
330, 331
298
454
58
59
493
332
334
334
336
61
339, 340
246, 340
493
453
343
265
440
221
344
346
347


..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
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..
..
..

350
353
63, 64
468
488
265
354
357, 358
384
355, 356, 358
360
321
362
363
396
65
565
113, 166
365
209
367
209
370
371, 373
596
67
224
306
326
374
557
376
378
438
367
310
380
192, 327
310
217
382
277
69
604
357, 358, 384
438

624

8
386
43
72, 73
346
388
389
391, 393
393
396
398
400
74
127
402
473
403
255
318
405
75
406
409
77
412
80
414
414
82
416
418
84
85
46
420
422, 424
87
425
571
427
430
432
418
435
89
438

-2012
..
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63
440
347
91, 115
498
122
330
442
94
444
447
450
96
412
451
453
54
454
177
456
457
273
459
594
462
547
238, 370
464
459
565
466
466
64, 99
96, 538
468
291
470
473
474
476
101
478
480
482
484
462

625

222, 485
488
491
493
495
41
523
91
500
498
217
503
505
506
321
85
508, 509
510
512
326
104
514
386, 517
582
547
519
246, 340
521
523
59, 105, 107
59
526, 528
525
528, 529
108
530
531
462
110
532
534
536
538
363, 540
541
112


..
543
..
48
..
308
..
545
..
547, 548
..
301
..
550
.. 113, 115, 166,
167
..
200
..
552
..
553
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291
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555
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91, 115
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430, 557
..
556, 557
..
280
..
405
..
559
..
562
..
500
..
294
..
279, 563
..
299
..
565
..
466
..
380, 464
..
117, 119
..
329, 567
..
240, 585
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119, 121
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289
..
170
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569
..
240, 585
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298
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609
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22, 29
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571
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435
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574
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391

..

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626

575
280
409, 577
505
327
580
108
582
357, 384
583
585
543
200
63
54
587
122
343
589
124
591
594
503, 596
598
600
602
127
523
604
128
607
609
187
612
614
422
131, 132
617
132
619
53
301
422

"
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.
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627

119992, , . , , ,
, 1, . 11,
./: +7 495 939 35 92, +7 495 939 33 16,
info@inumit.ru , www.inumit.ru

628

SigmaAldrich
Mettler Toledo

193231, . -, . . 31 .
213
\: (812) 448-91-09
: 195213 -, . .6 / 36, -
Email: info@galatrade.ru
www.galatrade.ru

629

" "

- Anton Paar () Metrohm ()
1922 1000
. 1967 U-, .
:





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119991, , 2- , . 10
: (495) 258-83-05/06/07 -: (812)920-67-15
www.metrohm.ru
www.paar.ru

630



.
:
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ICQ 308193869 - !
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www.allbalances.ru !
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195112, -,
., . 30, . 2, 112, , . . ,
"" - !

631

. -, ., . 17,
.707 - : (812)
611-10-95 : (812) 611-10-95
E-mail: spb@millab.ru;
Web: http:// www.millab.ru


, -
.
1996 .

:
BINDER
VACUUBRAND
METTLER TOLEDO
SUGA
LAUDA
MILLIPORE
BURKLE
AGILENT

X-RITE
NABERTHERM
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GOSSELIN
RADLEYS
JUCHHEIM
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ISO
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E-mail: spb@millab.ru
www.millab.ru

www.mattest.ru

633

:
..
..
..

634

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