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GEAS REVIEWER

1.) An investor has an option to purchase a tract of land that will be worth P20,000
in seven years. If the value of the land increases at 9% each year, how much should
the investor be willing to pay now for this property?

a. P9,341 b. P10,941 c. P11,521 d. P12,015

2.) Suppose that you make 12 equal annual deposits of P2,000 each into a bank
account paying 8% interest per year. The first deposit will be made one year from
today. How much money can be withdrawn from this bank account immediately
after the 12
th
deposit?

a. P35,492 b. P36,218 c. 37,954 d. P38,755

3.) What is the effective rate of interest if P1000 is invested at a nominal rate of 15%
compounded quarterly?

a. 15.86% b. 16.86% c. 17.86% d. 18.86%

4.) A man purchased a house for P425,000. In the first month that he owned the
house, he spent P75,000 on repairs and remodeling. Immediately after the house
was remodeled, he was offered P545,000 to sell the house. After some
consideration, he decided to keep the house and have it rented for P4,500 per
month starting two months after the purchase. He collected rent for 15 months and
then sold the house for P600,000. if the interest rate was 1.5% per month, how
much extra money did he make or lose by not selling the house immediately after it
was remodeled?

a. P3,000 b.P4,000 c. P5,000 d. P6,000

5.) On the day his grandson was born, a man deposited to a trust company a
sufficient amount of money so that the boy could receive five annual payments of
P20,000 each for his college tuition fees, starting with his 18
th
birthday. Interest at
the rate of 12\$ per annum was to be paid on all amounts on deposit. There was also
a provision that the grandson could elect to withdraw no annual payments and
receive a single lump amount on his 25
th
birthday. The grandson chose this option.
How much did the grandfather deposit?

a. P9,500 b. P10,500 c. P11,500 d. P12,500

6.) A man bought an equipment costing P30,000 payable in 12 quarterly payments,
each installment payable at the beginning of each period. The rate of interest is 24%
compounded quarterly. What is the amount of each payment

a. P1,700 b. P2,700 c. P3,700 d. P4,700

7.) A telecommunication company purchased an equipment for P53,000 and paid
P1,500 for freight and delivery charges to the job site. The equipment has a normal
life of 10 years with a trade-in value of P5,000 against the purchase of a new
equipment at the end of the life. Determine the annual depreciation cost by the
sinking fund method. Assume interest at 6.5% compounded annually.

a. P2,543 b. P3,668 c. P4,215 d. P5,956

8.) A plant bought a machine for P200,000 and used it for 10 years, the life span of
the equipment. What is the book value of the machine after 5 years of use? Assume a
scrap value of P20,000. Use double declining balance method.

a. P43,648 b. P59,425 c. P65,536 d. P70,923

9.) It occurs when a cutting action is applied as you would see with scissors, tin
snips, or punches.

a. Direct shear c. Torsional shear
b. Bending stress d. Torsional stress.

10.) It occurs when a member carries a load perpendicular to its long axis while
being supported in a stable manner.

a. Direct shear c. Torsional shear
b.Bending stress d. Torsional stress

11.) It is the internal resistance offered by a unit area of the material from which a
member from which a member is made to an externally applied load.

a. stress b. strain c. moment d. torque

12.) A certain support stand design to carry downward loads. Compute the stress in
the square shaft at the upper part of the stand for a load of 27,000 lb. The line of
action of the applied of the applied load is centered on the axis on the shaft, and the
load is applied through a thick plate that distributes the force to the entire cross
section of the stand.

a. 10,000psi b. 11,000psi c. 12,000psi d. 13,000psi

13.) The proportional limit is the value of stress on the stress-strain diagram curve
at which the curve first deviates from a straight line.

a. Proportional limit
b. Elastic limit
c. Yield point
d. Tensile point

14.) It is the value of stress on the stress-strain curve at which the material has
deformed plastically; that is, it will no longer return to its original size and shape

a. Proportional limit
b. Elastic limit
c. Yield point
d. Tensile point

15.) It is the value of stress on the stress-strain curve at which there is a significant
increase in strain with little or no increase in stress.

a. Proportional limit
b. Elastic limit
c. Yield point
d. Tensile point

16.) It is the highest value of apparent stress on the stress-strain curve.

a. Proportional limit
b. Elastic limit
c. Yield point
d. Tensile point

17.) It is a measure of the stiffness of a material determined by the slope of the
straight-line portion of the stress-strain curve.

a. Modulus of elasticity
b. Modulus of rigidity
c. Strain
d. Stress

18.) A ductile material is one that can be stretched, formed, or drawn to a significant
degree before fracture. A metal that exhibits a percent elongation greater than ____
% is considered to be ductile.

a. 2 b. 3 c. 4 d. 5

P10,940.68 = F,9%,7) P20,000(P/ = P
n) i%, F(P/F, =
1
1
n
i
F P |
.
|

\
|
+
=
P37,954.25 8%,12) P2000(F/A, =
i
1 ) 1 (
=
|
|
.
|

\
| +
=
n
i
A F
% 86 . 15 1
4
15 . 0
1
4
= |
.
|

\
|
+ =
eff
i
P5,015 =
) 15 %, 5 . 1 , / ( 000 , 600 ) 15 %, 5 . 1 , / ( 500 , 4 000 , 545 F P P A P P P Ans =
500 , 10 =
) 17 %, 12 , / )( 5 %, 12 , / ( 000 , 20
P
F P A P P P =
96 . 685 , 3
) 1 12 %, 8 , / 1 ( 000 , 30
P A
A P A P
=
+ =
668 , 3
10 %, 5 . 6 , /
000 , 5 500 , 54
000 , 5
500 , 54 500 , 1 000 , 53
P
A F
P P
d
P C
P P P C
L
O
=

=
=
= + =
536 , 65 ) 1 ( 00 , 200
5
10
2
5
P P C = =
psi
in
lb
in
lb
A
F
000 , 12 000 , 12
25 . 2
000 , 27
2 2
= = = = o
2

19.) A brittle material is one that fails suddenly under load with little or no plastic
deformation. A metal that exhibits a percent elongation ____ 5.0% is considered to be
brittle.

a. equal
b. Greater than
c. Less than
d. It depends on the room temperature

20.) The ratio of shearing stress to shearing strain is called:

a. Modulus of elasticity
b. Modulus of rigidity
c. Modulus of elongation
d. Modulus of stressibility

21.) It is the ability of a material to absorbed applied energy without failure

a. Ductility b. Brittleness c. Hardness d. Toughness

22.) It is the indication of the resistance of a material to indentation by a penetrator.

a. Ductility b. Brittleness c. Hardness d. Toughness

23.) It is a measure of pulling and pushing force.

a. Axial force
b. Shear force
c. Torque
d. Bending moments

24.) It is the measure of the total resistance to sliding.

a. Axial force
b. Shear force
c. Torque
d. Bending moments

25.) It is the measure of the resistance to twisting.

a. Axial force
b. Shear force
c. Torque
d. Bending moments

26.) A common bar suspended from certain support has axial load of 10kN. If the bar
has a cross section of 20mm
2
, find the stress experience by the bar.

a. 350MPa b. 420MPa c. 485MPa d. 500MPa

MPa
m x
N
500
10 20
000 , 10
2 6
= =

o

27.) Assume that a 25-mm diameter rivet joins the plates that are each 125 mm
wide. The allowable stresses are 130 MPa for bearing in the plate material and 65
MPa for shearing of the rivet. Determine the minimum thickness of each plate.

a. 10MPa b. 20MPa c. 30MPa d. 40MPa

28.) A cylinder pressure vessel is fabricated from plates which have a thickness of
20mm. The diameter of the pressure vessel is 450 mm and its length is 3.5m.
Determine the maximum internal pressure which can be applied if the stress in the
steel is limited to 150MPa.

a. 15.33MPa b. 16.67MPa c. 17.53MPa d. 18.83MPa

MPa
mm
mm
MPa
t
D
t
67 . 16
) 25 ( 2
) 450 (
150
2
=
=
=

o

29.) The wall thickness of a 3ft-diameter spherical tank is 4/17 in. Calculate the
allowable internal pressure if the stress is limited to 9000 psi.

a. 155.47psi b. 169.25psi c. 176.47psi d. 188.73psi

30.) A steel bar 40mm in diameter and 3m long is surrounded by a shell of cast iron
6mm thick. Compute the load that will compress the combined bar a total of 0.95
mm in the length of 2m. For steel E=300GPa, and for cast iron, E=150GPa.

a. 151kN b. 161kN c. 171kN d. 181kN

31.) A steel rod 3.5m long is secured between two walls. If the load on the rod is
zero at 30C, compute the stress when the temperature drops to -30C. The cross
sectional area of the rod is 1200mm
2
, =11.7um/(mC), and E=200GPa.

a. 110MPa b. 120MPa c. 130MPa d. 140MPa

AE
PL
T L
AE
PL
T L
= A
=
A =
o
o
o o

32.) A steel shaft 3ft long that has a diameter of 5in is subjected to a torque of 14kip-
ft. Determine the maximum shearing stress. G=12x10
6
psi.

a. 0.47 b. 0.53 c. 0.68 d. 0.71

33.) What is the minimum diameter of a solid steel shaft that will not twist through
more than 4 in a 6m length when subjected to a torque of 13kN-m? What max
shearing stress is developed? G=85 GPa

a. 107.6mm b. 113.3mm c. 121.9mm d. 126.4mm

mm d
x
k
x
JG
TL
d
57 . 107
10 85
) 6 ( 13
180
4
9
32
) (
4
=
=

=
t
t
u

34.) Determine the elongation in a helical steel spring composed of 20 turns of 20-
mm diameter wire on a mean radius of 90 mm when the spring is supporting a load
of 2.5kN. Use G=83 GPa.

a. 160mm b. 165mm c. 170mm d. 175mm

mm
mm GPa
mm k
175
) 20 ( 83
) 20 ( ) 90 )( 5 . 2 ( 64
4
3
= = o

kN P V
mm
V
M
d
V
91 . 31
) 25 (
65
2
4
2
4
= =
=
=
t
t
t
mm t
M mm
kPa
t
d
P
t
dt
P
b
b
82 . 9
130 ) 25 (
91 . 31
=
=
=
=
o
o
MPa
mm mm mm mm
kNkN
A
P
89 . 39
] 8 25 8 125 [
91 . 31
=

=
=
o
o
o
psi 47 . 176
) 17 / 4 ( 4
) 12 4 (
9000
4
=

=
=
p
in
in p
t
pD
o
kN P
G mm mm G mm
P
AE
m P
m
AE
PL
57 . 160
150 ] ) 40 ( ) 52 [( 300 ) 40 (
) 3 (
10 95 . 0
) 2 (
10 8 . 0
2 2
4
2
4
3
3
=
+
=
=
=

t t
o
MPa
G TE
E
T
4 . 140
) 200 )( 30 30 )( 7 . 11 (
=
+ = A =
= A
o
o o
o
o
=

= = 47 . 0
180
10 12
) 12 3 )( 12 ( 14
6
32
) 5 (
4
t
u
t
x
x
x k
JG
TL
3

35.) It is the transfer of energy from the more energetic particles of substance to the
adjacent less energetic ones as a result of interactions between the particles.

a. Conduction c. Convection

36.) It indicates that the rate of heat conduction in a direction is proportional to the

a. Fouriers Law of Heat Conduction
b. Fouriers Law of Heat Convection
c. Fouriers Law of Heat Radiation
d. Fouriers Law of Heat Absorption

37.) Which of the following is considered the best conductor of heat?

a. Gold b. Copper c. Silver d. Diamond

38.) It is the mode of energy transfer between a solid surface and the adjacent liquid
or gas that is in motion, and it involves the combined effect conduction and fluid
motion.

a. Conduction c. Convection

39.) It is the energy emitted by the matter in the form of electromagnetic waves as a
result of the changes in the electronic configurations of the atom or molecules.

a. Conduction c. Convection

40.) It states that energy can neither be destroyed nor created; it can only change
forms.

a. First law of thermodynamics
b. Second law of thermodynamics
c. Third law of thermodynamics
d. Zeroth law of thermodynamics

41.) In second law of thermodynamic, which of the following state that no heat
engine can have a thermal efficiency of 100% or as far as power plant to operate, the
working fluid must exchange heat with the environment as well as the furnace.

a. Kelvin Plank Statement
b. Clausius-Plank Statement
c. Clausius Statement
d. Kelvin Statement

42.) In second law of thermodynamic, which of the following state that no device can
transfer heat from cooler body to a warmer one without leaving an effect on the
surroundings.

a. Kelvin Plank Statement
b. Clausius-Plank Statement
c. Clausius Statement
d. Kelvin Statement

43.) It is defined as the amount of light output in lumens per W of electricity
consumed.

a. Light intensity c. Light efficacy
b. Light efficiency d. Light luminosity

44.) Carnot cycle is composed of how many reversible processes?

a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4

45.) Which of the following processes are involved in carnot cycle?

a. Two isothermal ; two isobaric
d. Two adiabatic ; two isothermal

46.) State that the thermal efficiencies of all reversible heat engines operating
between the same two reservoirs are the same, and that no heat engine is more
efficient than a reversible one operating between the same two reservoirs.

a. Throttle principle
b. Otto principle
c. Carnot principle
d. Kelvin principle

47.) A carnot heat engine receives 500KJ of heat per cycle from a high-temperature
source at 600 C and rejects heat a low temperature sink at 40C. Determine the
thermal efficiency of this Carnot engine.

a. 93.33% b. 6.67% c. 35.85% d. 64.15%

48.) A piston cylinder device contains a liquid-vapor mixture of water at 400K.
During a constant pressure process, 700 KJ of heat is transferred to the water. As a
result, part of the liquid in the cylinder vaporizes. Determine the entropy change of
the water during this process.

a. 1.75kJ/K b. 280kJ-K c. 7000kJ d. 0.57K/kJ

49.) Which of the following equation of state has two constants?

a. Vander Waals Equation
b. Beattie-Bridgeman Equation
c. Benedict-Webb-Rubin Equation
d. Strobridge Equation

50.) How many constant are there in Strobridge Equation of State?

a. 13 b. 14 c. 15 d. 16

51.) Which of the following equation of state has eight constant?

a. Vander Waals Equation
b. Beattie-Bridgeman Equation
c. Benedict-Webb-Rubin Equation
d. Strobridge Equation

52.) Consider a person standing in a breezy room at 22C. Determine the total rate
of heat transfer from this person if the exposed surface area and the average outer
surface temperature of the person are 1.2 m
2
and 33C, respectively, and the
convection heat transfer coefficient is 6 W/m
2
.=0.95 and =5.67x10
-8
W/m
4
-K
4

a. 120.5J/s b. 135.7J/s c. 143.2J/s d. 151.9J/s

53.) A piston cylinder device initially contains 0.8 m
3
of air at 110kPa and 80C. The
air is now compressed to 0.2 m
3
in such a way that the temperature inside the
cylinder remains constant. Determine the work done during this process.

a. -122kJ b. -123kJ c. -124kJ d. -125kJ

54.) It is the energy possesses by the system as a result of its elevation with respect
to the gravitational acceleration of the earth.

a. Potential b.Kinetic c. Momentum d.Impulse

55.) It states that if two bodies are in thermal equilibrium with a third body, they are
also in thermal equilibrium with each other.

a. First law of thermodynamics
b. Second law of thermodynamics
c. Third law of thermodynamics
d. Zeroth law of thermodynamics

%) 15 . 64 ( 6415 . 0
) 273 600 (
) 273 40 (
1 1 =
+
+
= =
K
K
T
T
H
L
q
K
kJ
K
kJ
T
Q
S 75 . 1
400
700
= = = A
s J W W W Q
W
K m
K m
W
x
T T Q
W
C m
C m
W
T T hA Q
total
f s convection
/ 2 . 143 2 . 143 2 . 77 66
2 . 77 =
] ) 273 22 ( ) 274 33 )[( 2 . 1 )( 10 67 . 5 ( 95 . 0 =
) (
66 =
) 22 33 )( 2 . 1 ( 5 =
) (
4 4 4 2
4 4
8
4 4
2
2
= = + =
+ +

co
kJ
m kPa
kJ
m kPa W 122 )
1
1
)(
8 . 0
2 . 0
ln( ) 8 . 0 )( 110 (
3
3
=

=
4

56.) Determine the mass of the air in a room whose dimensions are (5x6x7) cm at
105 kPa and 27C.

a. 256.1 g

57.) Heat is transferred to a heat engine from a furnace at a rate of 92MW. If the rate
of waste heat rejection to a nearby river is 45MW, determine the net power output
and the thermal efficiency for this heat engine.

a. 48.91% b. 51.09% c. 32.84% d. 67.15%

58.) The food compartment of a refrigerator is maintained at 4C by removing heat
from it at a rate of 300 KJ/min. If the required power input to the refrigerator is
3KW, determine the coefficient of performance of the refrigerator.

a. 1.67 b. 2.33 c. 3.67 d. 4. 12

59.) A 50 kg iron block at 80C is dropped into an insulated tank that contains 0.5 m
3
of liquid water at 25C. Determine the temperature when thermal equilibrium
reached. The specific heat of iron is 0.45kJ/kg-C and for water is 4.18kJ/kg-C.

a. 20. 7C b. 25.6C c. 30.1C d. 35.6C

60.) A rigid tank contains a hot fluid that is cooled while being stirred by a paddle
wheel. Initially, the internal energy of the fluid is 850kJ. During the cooling process,
the fluid loses 550kJ of heat, and the paddle wheel does 200kJ of work on the fluid.
Determine the final energy of the fluid. Neglect the energy stored in the paddle
wheel.

a. 500kJ b. 550 kJ c. 600kJ d. 650 kJ

61.) Three moles of an ideal gas are compressed slowly and isothermally from a
volume of 5 to 1.5 ft
3
, at a temperature of 320K. How much work is done?

a. -8.12kJ b. -9.61kJ c. -10.44kJ d. -11.59kJ

62.) A 4-in wall of fire brick, k=9 Btu/(ft
2
-hr-F/in), has one surface at 300F, the
other at 90F. Find the heat conducted through the area of 2ft
2
in 1 day.

a. 22, 680Btu b. 19, 650Btu c. 15,510Btu d. 10,730Btu

63.) If 80 g of iron shot at 100C is dropped into 200 g of water at 20C contained in
an iron vessel of mass 50 g, find the resulting temperature.

a. 20.1C b. 21.8C c. 22. 3C d. 24.6C

64.) When a 2lb of brass at 212F is dropped into 5lb of water at 35F, the resulting
temperature is 41.2F. Find the specific heat of brass in Btu/lb-F.

a. 1.120 b. 0.091 c. 0.321 d. 1.233

65.) How much heat is necessary to raise the temperature of 0.80 kg of ethyl alcohol
from 15C of its boiling point 78.3C?

a. 10kcal b. 20kcal c. 30kcal d. 40kcal

66.) The weight-density of air at 32F and 29.92 in Hg pressure is 0.081 lb/ft
3
. What
is its weight-density, in lb/ft
3
, at an altitude where the pressure is 13.73 in Hg and
the temperature is -40F?

a. 0.044 b. 0.055 c. 0.066 d. 0.77

g
K
m x x kPa
T R
PV
m
R
K kg m
kPa
K kg m
kPa
1 . 256
) 273 27 ( 287 . 0
) 7 6 5 ( 105
'
287 . 0 R'
constant gas '
/
3
/
air
3
3
=
+
= =
=
=

(51.09%) 5109 . 0
92
45
1 1
45
92
= = =
=
=
H
L
s
MJ
L
s
MJ
H
Q
Q
Q
Q
q
67 . 1 )
min / 60
1
(
3
min / 300
= =
kJ
kW
kW
kJ
COP
C T
C T
C kg
kJ m
C T kg
kg
m
C kg
kg
=
=

+

6 . 25
0 ) 25 )( 18 . 4 (
001 . 0
5 . 0
) 80 )( 45 . 0 ( 50
2
2
3
2 3
kJ U
kJ kJ U kJ
W U Q
500
550 ) 850 ( 200
2
2
=
+ =
+ A =
kJ J K
K mol
J
mol
V
V
nRT W 61 . 9 9 . 9612
5
5 . 1
ln ) 320 )( 317 . 8 ( 3 ln
1
2
= =

= =
Btu 680 , 22 =
4
90 300
) 24 )( 2 )( 9 (
2
2 in
F
in
F
hr ft
hr ft
Btu
L
T
kAt Q

=
A
A
=
C T
T T T
=
+ =
6 . 24
) 20 )( 12 . 0 ( 50 ) 20 )( 1 ( 200 ) 100 )( 12 . 0 ( 80
2
2 2 2
F lb
Btu
C
F F
F lb
Btu
lb F F C lb
Q Q
Q Q
water brass
gain lost

=
=
=
091 . 0
) 35 2 . 41 )( 1 ( 5 ) 2 . 41 212 )( ( 2
kcal Q
C
C g
cal
kg Q
t mc Q
30
) 15 3 . 78 )( 6 . 0 ( 8 . 0
=

=
A =
3 2
2 1
2 1
2 1
044 . 0
233
73 . 13
273 081 . 0
92 . 29
f t
lb
K x K x
T
P
T
P
mT
PV
mT
PV
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