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: ,

: Nordex Gmbh

: McFadden, Pam DOE/NREL

2001 2005.

(RETs)



: Warren Gretz, NREL PIX



: Vadim Belotserkovsky
2001 2005.

100%
75%
50%
25%
0%

-

: Jerry Shaw

2001 2005.


(US/)

40

30

20

10

$$$

(x3 2050)

1980

1990

2000

: National Laboratory Directors


for the U.S. Department of Energy (1997)

2001 2005.

2001 2005.


+ ,

+
+
+
+ ..
2001 2005.

2001 2005.

(>4 / @ 10 )
,
,


Warren Gretz, NREL PIX


Phil Owens, Nunavut Power

Southwest Windpower, NREL PIX

2001 2005.


8 000
7 000

4 000
3 000

83 000 2007 ()

5 000

7 000

14 600
6 400
6 400
3 100

6 000
5 000
4 000
3 000

2 000

2 000

1 000

1 000

2003

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991

1990

1989

1988

1987

1986

1985

0
1984

0
1983

(~20,6 @ 5 000 // 30%

:
:
:
:

6 000

8 000

(2003): 39 000

: Danish Wind Turbine Manufacturers Association, BTM Consult, World Wind Energy Association, Renewable Energy World
2001 2005.

-

:

2001 2005.

19%

:

43 000 ( < 25 )
19 000
100 000

20 000 ( < 10 )
: 50 000 75 000 2020

10 000
4 500

2 000
1 600

: ABB, Renewable Energy World, and International Small Hydro Atlas

-
2001 2005.

()

: Tsuo, Simon DOE/NREL

: Strong, Steven DOE/NREL

2001 2005.



800
700

800

(2003): 2 950

700

(~1,2 @ 5 000 //)


600

32% 2003

500

500

400

400

300

300

200

200

100

100

600

2003

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991

1990

1989

1988

1987

0
1986

: PV News
2001 2005.


()

(
)


(55/70) = 78,6%


15

((30+55)/100) = 85,0%

55

100

70

30

2001 2005.


: Gretz, Warren DOE/NREL

: Gaz Metropolitan


: Rolls-Royce plc

2001 2005.




(, )

: Urban Ziegler, NRCan

: Urban Ziegler, NRCan

: Urban Ziegler, NRCan

2001 2005.



()


..


: Gretz, Warren DOE/NREL

..

: Joel Renner, DOE/ NREL PIX


2001 2005.







..


: Rolls-Royce plc


: Urban Ziegler, NRCan
2001 2005.

12

67

32

65

30%

11

4,9

2,8

4,1

0,5

247

10

Source: World Survey of Decentralized Energy 2004, WADE

2001 2005.

2001 2005.

, / ,
..

/
: Wiseloger, Art DOE/NREL

: Ouj-Bougoumou Cree Nation


2001 2005.

:
11%
()
20 th ,

,

: 50%
: 39%
: 19%

, ,
: 19%
: 16%
: 9%
: 8%
: 4%
: 68%


: Ken Sheinkopf/ Solstice CREST

8 000
7 000
6 000
5 000
4 000
3 000
2 000
1 000
0


New
Installations
of Small
(<100 )
Scale
(<100
kW)
Biomass

Heating
Systems
in Austria

8 000
7 000
6 000
5 000
4 000
3 000
2 000
1 000
0

Ingwald Obernberger citing the Chamber of Agriculture and Forestry, Austria

: IEA Statistics Renewables Information 2003, Renewable Energy World 02/2003

2001 2005.

,



(SolarwallTM)

2001 2005.

: Conserval Engineering





: Conserval Engineering
2001 2005.

( )
/

2001 2005.

30 2

10 2

12%

2010 .: 100

35 000
: Renewable Energy World, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

: Chromagen
2001 2005.



20 50%

: Fraunhofer ISE (from Siemens Research and Innovation Website)

2001 2005.

DOE/NREL : Gretz, Warren

: DOE/NREL
2001 2005.

2001 2005.

:
800 000
9 500
10%

: 50000
, ,

30 000+

3 000+

435
: Geothermal Heat Pump Consortium (GHPC) DOE/NREL
2001 2005.

: -

/ ,

: David and Associates DOE/NREL


: Robb Williamson/ NREL Pix

2001 2005.


: Gretz, Warren DOE/NREL



..


: Sandia National Laboratories DOE/NREL
2001 2005.

+ Parks,
( , 81..)



: Michael Ross Renewable Energy Research

600
: Nordex Gmbh


: Price, Chuck

2001 2005.

2001 2005.