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EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS: A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN UGHELLI NORTH OF DELTA STATE

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TERMS AND CONDITIONS Using our service is LEGAL and IS NOT prohibited by any university/college policies You are allowed to use the original model papers you will receive in the following ways: 1. As a source for additional understanding of the subject 2. As a source for ideas for you own research (if properly referenced) 3. For PROPER paraphrasing ( see your university definition of plagiarism and acceptable paraphrase) 4. Direct citing ( if referenced properly) Thank you so much for your respect to the authors copyright.

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ABSTRACT The purpose of this research work is to find out the causes and consequences of examination malpractice among students in College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin, using some selected school in Ughelli North. Delta State as a case study. A total of 100 students and 40 lecturers were used on this study. The generated data were analyzed using simple percentages. For the purpose of this study the following recommendations were made. 1. More lecturers should be employed so that during examination, the different rooms and hall will have more invigilators during the examination, students should be properly assessed before the examination. 2. The lecturers should teach the students about reading skills to enable them develop good reading habits. 3. The management should endeavour to build more large halls.

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4.

Course system should be introduced in secondary school.

5.

The educational system should be restructured to provide for a smooth transition.

6.

Less emphasis should as from now be accorded paper qualification owners.

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CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY There is evidence in the literatures that examination are some of the controversial issues in education today because of their nature, they attract many critics some of these critics think that less emphasis should be placed or laid on

examination while others advocated understanding of subject rather than recourse to examination. Also examinations are known to play very important role in our education system. According to Ojerinde in Oyechere (2010), examination is a formal test of somebody knowledge, skills or ability in a particular subject especially by means of oral or written questions or practical exercise. According to Liman, (1996) examination is a means of testing students knowledge and competence. To Ahmed (2010) examination is any act of wrongdoing or neglect that contravenes the rules

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and regulations of acceptable practice before, during and after an examination by any after an examination by any reason. In all countries of the world examination, which are in reality and frequently in name also competitions designed to eliminate the majority of candidate and allocate the remainder to certain known vacancies. The most important quality of examination is used to determine pass or fail of students or group students in a school. This is necessary because I the opinion of Ahmed history seem to support the views that setting students against one another in trial and competition has always been repeatable means of inviting them zeal. Student who knows that he might fail an examination which will in turn determines his progress or promotion will strive to pass. Examination is also used academically for assigning grades to students secondary schools, we find students being places in division one, two and three or distinction credit and respectively determined through

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an examination. In the universities also, students are stratified into first, second, (Upper and Lower) or third class degree having gone through an examination. These grades are measure of success and prestige students with a division one pass in school certificate examination will be retained by those around him as academically precious, he is also likely to have a place in institutions of higher learning or in job situation with the society easier than a students with a division three pass. All these candidates have combined to influence a students attitude to an examination, which always culminates in an urge for success in any particular examination on whether or not he had prepared for it. Examinations are also used for other functions. According to Senekan (1996) examination is irregularities, which are

premeditated and perpetuated by the candidates or their agents with the intension of gaining undue advantage in the examination. They are designed as a basis for licensing. An

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example according to Senekan is the drilling test no one so far wishes to part a limit to the number of drives on the road or to set motorist completing against to knock out all bet a small pre-determined quantities of top-grade performance. The

authorities have every desire to ensure that those who handled cars are capable of doing so with at least a minimum of efficiency. All licensing examination is a means of screening undesirable, so as to make life safer for many of our reads. Results are governed not by an absolute standard and if performance but by the level of competence of the competitions and in the last sort. (Civil Servant) by the number of posts to be filled in the Edo State school system, the students have to fall series of the ought in educational circles and hence the need of this work.

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1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Now the causes and consequences of Examination

malpractice is known in our education system in Nigeria question such as; 1. Are the causes and consequences of examination

malpractice hindering our education system? 2. What are those factors and in what way have they hampered examination? 3. Are there other factors hindering the educational system? The aim of the research is to find out the answer to these questions during the research work and make effort to

examine the causes and consequences of the menace called examination malpractice. 1.3 PURPOSE OF STUDY The purpose of this study is to find out the causes of examination malpractice in secondary schools especially,

secondary schools in Ughelli North Local Government Area of

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Delta State, Benin City, various methods employed by students as well as the roles by teachers, parents, secondary school authorities and the society at large. 1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. 2. 3. What are the consequences of examination malpractice? Why do student engage in examination malpractice? What methods do the students use in carrying out the examination malpractice? 4. What are the contributions of teachers towards

encouraging examination malpractice? 5. Does unconducive learning environment propel students into examination malpractice? 1.5 HYPOTHESIS The following hypothesis were drawn for this study; 1. There is no significance consequence between students who engaged in examination malpractice and those who do not.

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2. There is not significance contribution of teachers to the major problem of examination malpractice. 3. Unconducive learning environment does not lead or propel students into examination malpractice. 4. Inadequate provision of instructional materials does not push students into examination malpractice. 1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY It is of great importance to note that at the completion of this research work, various secondary schools, communities, towns, state and Nigeria in general will find the result of this research work to be beneficial to a great extent, this research work would play an essential role in the standard of education and in the task of economic growth and development. The result from this research work will also provide an ample opportunity for parents to be aware of what role they must play in order to prevent their children from being engaged in examination malpractice.

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The significant of this study is to reveal the depth at which examination malpractice or misconduct have eaten deep into the fabric of our secondary schools (most especially in Edo State), to discover the forms, causes, consequences and permanent cure or permanent solution to the problem of causes and consequences of examination misconduct or malpractice. Also students been enlighten will then preserve the norms and value of the society and the ethics of examination. 1.7 SCOPE OF STUDY The researcher concentrated on Ughelli North Local

Government Area of Delta State, these are the names of the schools; 1. Orogun Girls Grammar School, Ughelli 2. Anglican Girls Grammar School, Ughelli 3. Government College, Ughelli 4. Otor-Vwodo Grammar School, Ughelli 5. Ojowe Secondary School, Orogun

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6. Standard International School, Ughelli 1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS Examination: A formal written, spoken or practical test, especially at school or college, to see how much you know about a subject or what you can do. Misconduct: Careless, wrong or illegal behaviour while in a professional job. Consequences: A result of something that happened Significance: The importance of something, especially when this has an effect on what happens in the future. Cheat: To trick or deceive somebody, especially when they trust you. Development: It is the gradual growth to be more advanced. Essential: To do something that is completely necessary, extremely important in a particular situation or for a particular activity.

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Permanent: Lasting for a long time or for all time in the future existing all the time. Causes: The person or thing that makes something happen. Ethics: Moral principles that control or influence a persons behaviour. Enlighten: To give somebody information so that they understand something better. Preserve: To keep a particular quality, feature, etc to make sure that something is kept.

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