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Deep Soil Mixing for foundation of a six storey condominium at Sentosa, Singapore

Cityview Place Holdings Pte Ltd is building a luxurious six storey condominium at Sentosa Cove, Singapore. The condominium is comprised of two buildings, one built on piles and the other on a raft foundation. At the area where raft foundations was proposed, the general soil profile was 3m of loose sandfill followed by stiff clay of SPT-N values more than 50. However, at one location, soft clay of up to Artist impression of condominium 8m (SPT-N values less than 5) was present. The presence of the soft clay would result in unacceptable total and differential settlements, if left untreated. Deep Soil Mixing (DSM) was proposed as a ground improvement SEA solution at the location where soft clay was present. The ground improvement was designed such that the settlement from the building (loading up to 180kPa) is within tolerance. The modified twin-shafts LRB155 capable of mixing two columns at the same time was mobilized to site. Deep Soil Mixing was performed to firm layer and the average column lengths are between 5m to 11m. Coring samples showed that the DSM columns were able to achieve Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS) of average 3 MPa and modulus of 390MPa. To date, the building had been constructed to six storey and negligible settlements were recorded.
Treatment Area Client Cityview Place Holdings Pte Ltd

Artist impression of condominium

Twin Shaft DSM Rig, LRB155

Main Contractor Dragages Singapore Pte Ltd Project Details Site no : 32/1820/639 Area : 1,100m2 Execution Period June 2008 to July 2008 Executing Branch Keller Foundations (SE Asia) Pte Ltd 18 Boon Lay Way #04-104 Tradehub 21 Singapore 609966 Tel: 6316 8500 Fax: 6316 8652 Email: Web: