Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 4

1.

1 HNO3 0,65,
, 186,2 NH3.
HNO3 .
: 1 65% - 650 HNO3.
NH 3 O NO O NO2 H O HNO3 .
17 NH3 63 HNO3,
NH3 186,2 HNO3
2

G=

186, 2 63
= 690
17

65% - HNO3:
G1 =

690 100
= 1060
65

,
=

650 100
= 94,2
690


Fp =

186, 2
= 0, 286
650

100%,

.
100%,
.
2. 68%- H2SO4 ( ),
125
, Ca3(PO4)2
92%.
: 125
G =

125 92
= 115
100

Ca3(PO4)2 + 2H2SO4 = 2CaSO4 + Ca(H2PO4)2, , 1


Ca3(PO4)2 2 H2SO4. , Ca3(PO4)2
115
GH 2SO4 =

115 2 98
= 72,7,
310

310 98 Ca3(PO4)2 H2SO4


.
68%- H2SO4:

G ' H 2SO4 =

72,7 100
= 106,9
68

3. ( .)
1000 ,
23%.

().
(K2SO4Al2(SO4)34Al(OH)3) 500 580 C,
. Al2O3 Al(OH)3
10 12%- NaOH
, CO2 Al(OH)3.

.
Al2O3,
Na3AlF6.
1000 Al2O3
G Al2O
=
3

102 1000
= 1900,
2 27

102 27 Al2O3 Al
.
, 1900 Al2O3.
G =

1900 828
= 5100.
3 102

Al2O3
Al2O3 =

3 102 100
= 37%, 0,37 .
828

Al2O3 0,23. ,
1
:
G =

5100 0,37
= 8200.
0, 23

4.
450C 0,25% 1 .
500C, ,
14,0.
: :
U2 = 0,25

500 450
14

= 0,2523,57;

lg U2 = lg 0,25 + 3,57 lg2 = 1,4 + 3,570,3 = 0,471;


U2 = 2,96% 1, 0,0296 1 .

5. %,
1 0,85 1,7
3 0,94.
: : 3 = + 2 + .
, 1 : GCaO = 10,85 = 0,850.
, 0,850 :
GCa3 = 0,850

100
= 1,518.
56

, 3:
1,518

G = 0,94 = 1,614.

=

100 1,614
= 95.
1,700

6.
%
( 9 /),
150000
1090 .
: ( ),
24 :
G =

9 150000 24
= 1207, 2.
26,8 1000

1090 100
= 90, 2.
1207, 2

7.

90 . ,
, 140.
89%
4,5. 0,96,
2% (k = 0,98).


140(24 365)0,3355 0,89 0,96 0,98
=
=344
1000

:
90000
=
= 262 .
344
: = 4,5262 =
1180 .
,

450850.
1180
=
= 1,82 , .. 2 .
650

262
= 131
2

= n = 4,5131 = 590.