Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 58

An Introduction to

CAR TERMINOLOGY AND FEATURES

An Introduction to CAR TERMINOLOGY AND FEATURES 1

1

CONTENTS

CONTENTS • CAR BASIC TERMINOLOGY • STAGES OF PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT • INTERIORS AND CONSOLES • DISCUSSIONS

CAR BASIC TERMINOLOGY

STAGES OF PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT

INTERIORS AND CONSOLES

DISCUSSIONS

2

CONSTRUCTION TYPES

CONSTRUCTION TYPES CONVENTIONAL BODY –OVER –FRAME UNIBODY/SINGLE BODY 3

CONVENTIONAL BODY –OVER –FRAME UNIBODY/SINGLE BODY

3

UNIBODY TYPE

4
4

CAR FRONT BODY

• ENGINE HOOD
• ENGINE HOOD

COWL ASSY/HOOD HINGES

FRONT FENDER

RADIATOR UPPER SUPPORT

RADIATOR SIDE SUPPORT

FRONT CROSS MEMBER

FRONT SIDE MEMBERS

DASH PANEL

FRONT FLOOR PANEL

5

CAR REAR BODY

• BACK DOOR PANEL
• BACK DOOR PANEL

LOWER BACK PANEL

REAR FENDER

REAR FLOOR PANEL

TRUNK OR BOOT

REAR BUMPER

6

BASIC CAR TERMINOLOGIES D pillar
BASIC CAR TERMINOLOGIES
D pillar

A pillar : the front pillar on a car's "greenhouse

B pillar : the second pillar of a car's greenhouse, usually separating the front and

rear door on a standard 4 door style sedan.

C pillar : the third pillar of a car's greenhouse, usually joining the rear door of a

standard 4 door sedan to the backlight.

7

BASIC CAR FEATURES
BASIC CAR FEATURES
BASIC CAR FEATURES 8

8

CAR FEATURES
CAR FEATURES

9

CAR HEADERS 10
CAR HEADERS
10
CAR ROOF PANELS 11
CAR ROOF PANELS
11
WIND SHIELD
WIND SHIELD

WINDSHIELDS ARE PARTS MADE OF TEMPERED GLASS OF THICHNESS VARYING FROM 1.8-2.8MM.

THE PRIMARY DUTY OF THE WIND SHIELD IS TO SAFEGUARD THE OCCUPANTS OF THE CAR AGAINST WIND AND RAIN.

ITS IS PLACED IN THE PLASTICS WEB IN FRONT HEADER PART,AND IN THE ‘A’ PILLAR AT THE SIDES.

PROVISIONS ARE MADE IN THE ‘A’ PILLAR TO ACCOMADATE THE WINDSHIELD AT THE SIDES.

ALL THE CORNER OF THE WINDSHIELD ARE COVERED WITH WEATHER STRIPS IN ORDER TO CONTROL RAINWATER CREEPAGE

12

CAR HOOD/BONNET
CAR HOOD/BONNET

Bonnet or hood is a covering part of engine ,chassis,and other internal parts.normally it is hinged to the cowl part.It is surrounded with weather strips along its periphery with two sides resting on fender .

13

COWL ASSY
COWL ASSY
COWL ASSY HOOD IS HINGED TO COWL ASSY FOR MOVEMENTS CAR COWL HOLDING THE BONNET/HOOD 14
COWL ASSY HOOD IS HINGED TO COWL ASSY FOR MOVEMENTS CAR COWL HOLDING THE BONNET/HOOD 14
COWL ASSY HOOD IS HINGED TO COWL ASSY FOR MOVEMENTS CAR COWL HOLDING THE BONNET/HOOD 14
COWL ASSY HOOD IS HINGED TO COWL ASSY FOR MOVEMENTS CAR COWL HOLDING THE BONNET/HOOD 14

HOOD IS HINGED TO COWL ASSY FOR MOVEMENTS

CAR COWL HOLDING THE BONNET/HOOD

14

BUMPERS

BUMPERS • Bumpers are formed to specific shapes in order to absorb and deliver (Energy) momentum

Bumpers are formed to specific shapes in order to absorb and deliver (Energy) momentum during a collision.

Bumpers absorbs some of the impact, which decreases damage to the car and its occupants.

Bumpers are provided with shock absorber ,In slow speed collisions, this allows the bumper to compress, and then extend back to its original position.

Bumpers are provided on Front & Rear Sides.

15

FRONT BUMPERS
FRONT BUMPERS
FRONT BUMPERS MATERIALS : ABS PLASTICS /POLYURETHANE/ FIBRE REINFORCED PLASTICS(FRP’S). 16

MATERIALS :

ABS PLASTICS /POLYURETHANE/ FIBRE REINFORCED PLASTICS(FRP’S).

16

REAR BUMPERS
REAR BUMPERS
REAR BUMPERS MATERIALS : ABS PLASTICS /POLYURETHANE/ FIBRE REINFORCED PLASTICS(FRP’S). 17

MATERIALS :

ABS PLASTICS /POLYURETHANE/ FIBRE REINFORCED PLASTICS(FRP’S).

17

FENDER
FENDER

FENDER IS A PART USUALLY MADE UP OF THIN ALUMINIUM SHEET WITH CHROMEPLATED ABS ON SURFACE.ITS SHAPE IS DERIVED FROM BONNET OR HOOD ON ONE SIDE AND WHEEL CURVATURE ON THE OTHER SIDE.IT IS NORMALLY WELDED TO APRON OF THE CAR FRONT BODY.

18

HEAD LAMPS BEZEL
HEAD LAMPS
BEZEL
HEAD LAMPS BEZEL PC LENS REFLECTOR 5 T H GENERATION DE MODULE (AFS) 19

PC LENS

HEAD LAMPS BEZEL PC LENS REFLECTOR 5 T H GENERATION DE MODULE (AFS) 19

REFLECTOR

5 TH GENERATION DE MODULE (AFS)

19

LIGHTING DEVICES
LIGHTING DEVICES

TYPES OF LIGTING DEVICES IN MARKET

1. HALOGEN BULB.

2. XENON VERSION.

3. VARIOX XENON.

4. PRE AFS MODULE.

20

HEADLAMPS PARTS
HEADLAMPS PARTS

TYPICAL HEADLAMP CONSISTS OF

HOUSING

HOUSING IS A PART WHICH HOLDS ENTIRE LIGHTING SYSTEMS.IT IS FIXED WITH 4 MOUNTING DEVICES TO FENDER APRON.AND IT HAS 2 CIRCULAR OPENINGS FOR HIGH BEAM AND LOW BEAM MODULES.IT IS MADE UP OF PP COPOLYMER

REFLECTOR

REFLECTOR IS THE MAIN PART OF A HEADLAMP UNIT WHICH IS SECURED IN THE HOUSING.IT HAS A PARABOLIC LIGTING SURFACES HAVING RECTANGULAR SERATION ALONG ITS PERIPHERY.THESE SURFACES ARE ‘A’ CLASS SURFACES CONSTRUCTED IN ALIYAS.THIS IS THE SURFACE WHICH REFLECTS THE LIGHT IN BEAM.THE MATERIAL USED FOR THIS CHROMATED PP.

21

HEAD LAMPS PARTS
HEAD LAMPS PARTS

LENS

ITS MADE UP OF POLYCARBONATE,A EXCELLENT TRANSPARENT PLASTICS.IT CAN BE OF GLASS ALSO.NOW A DAYS CLEAR LENS ARE USED IN SUV CARS WITH THE LIGHTING SERATION IN THE REFLECTOR.

THE LENS COVERS THE ENTIRE LIGHTING SYSTEMS,DUE TO ITS TRANSPARENCY ITS REFRACTS THE LIGHT OUTPUT IN A SYNCHRONIZED MANNER.THE FRONT PROJECTED AREA OF THE LENS IS ‘A ‘ CLASS SURFACE.

THE LENS IS GLUED TO THE HOUSING BY SPECIAL ADHESIVES.

BEZEL

IT IS MADE OF HIGH CLASS EPDM/ABS COMPOSITE PLASTICS.THE PRIMARY FUNCTION OF A BEZEL IS TO COVER NON-LIGHTING AREA.ITA AN ENTIRE STYLING PART OF A HEADLAMP.THE ENTIRE AESTHETIC LOOK OF HEADLAMP RELY ON THIS PART.

MORE IMPORTANCE IS GIVEN FOR ITS STYLING.

22

FLOOR SILL
FLOOR SILL

THE SILL IS THE BOTTOM EDGE OF A CAR

IT IS WELDED ON TO THE FLOOR PANELS

IT IS MADE UP OF ALUMINIUM DIPPED HIGH DENSITY ALLOY STEEL IN ORDER TO WITHSTAND CORROSIVENESS

SILL SEAM IS THE LINE FORMED BETWEEN THE DOOR PANELS AND SILL PART .IT IS NORMALLY EMBEDDED WITH WEATHER STRIPS MADE UP OF RUBBER.

THE LENGTH OF THE FLOOR SILL IS UPTO THE WHEEL WING APRON

23

SIDE PANEL
SIDE PANEL
24
24
Door panel 25
Door panel
25
AUTOMOTIVE FUEL TANK
AUTOMOTIVE FUEL TANK

THIS IS A TYPICAL PLASTICS FUEL TANK.

NORMALLY NOW-A-DAYS FUEL TANK S ARE ALL MADE UP OF PLASTICS

THE MATERIAL FOR THAT IS HDPE COPOLYMER

THE ADVANTAGE OF PLASTICS HERE IS DUE TO ITS HIGH CORROSIVE PROPETIES AND MANUFACTUREING FEASIBLITY INTO INTRICATE SHAPES

26

DIFFERENT FEATURES AND MATERIAL

CAR TRUNK REAR END CAR ROOF BIW PANEL
CAR TRUNK
REAR END
CAR ROOF
BIW
PANEL
AND MATERIAL CAR TRUNK REAR END CAR ROOF BIW PANEL 27 HOOD FRONT BUMPER BRACKET REAR

27

HOOD

FRONT

BUMPER

BRACKET

REAR FENDER

FRONT FENDER

DOOR PANELS

CAR FEATURES AND MATL.DISTRIBUTION

28
28
FEATURES CHART
FEATURES CHART

29

BODY IN WHITE CONCEPT
BODY IN WHITE CONCEPT
BODY IN WHITE CONCEPT THE BODY IN WHITE IS THE CORE SHELL OF THE CAR NORMALLY

THE BODY IN WHITE IS THE CORE SHELL OF THE CAR NORMALLY MADE OF ALUMINIUM SPECIAL ALLOY STEEL THESE ARE PATTENDED MODELS FROM THESE BODY EXTERIOR AND INTERIOR PARTS ARE DEVELOPED

30

FRONT BIW
FRONT BIW
FRONT BIW 31

31

REAR BIW
REAR BIW
REAR BIW 32

32

SIDE BIW 33
SIDE BIW
33

TYPICAL BIW WITH PILLARS

TYPICAL BIW WITH PILLARS 34
TYPICAL BIW WITH PILLARS 34

34

CAR BODY FRONT BIW FLOOR PANEL

CAR BODY FRONT BIW FLOOR PANEL 35
CAR BODY FRONT BIW FLOOR PANEL 35

35

BUILDING CONCEPTS
BUILDING CONCEPTS

Normally BIW’s are made of aluminium alloy or special molybdenum steels.

Due to lighter weights and non-corrosive properties aluminium is considered.

36

SKETCHING
SKETCHING
SKETCHING 37

37

CLAY AND PORCELAIN MODELLING

CLAY AND PORCELAIN MODELLING 38

38

INITIAL DEVELOPMENT •
INITIAL DEVELOPMENT

AS THE STYLING SHAPE OF THE CAR IS FINALISED ,THEN THE SCANNED TIFF DATA IS

SENT TO

3D -STUDIO MAX,

HYPERMESH.

THERE WITH THE HELP OF THE SCANNED POINTS,STYLING IS OPTIMISED AND ENRICHED.

THEN EACH AND EVERY VIEW OF CAR IS STYLED THERE AS AN IMAGED VIEW.

HYPERMESH IS USED TO MAKE PRE ANALYSIS OF PERFORMANCE AND FUNCTIONALITY TO AVOID COST IN CONCEPT DEVELOPING AND IN TROUBLESHOOTING

39

THE REALITY •
THE REALITY

THEN COMES THE IMAGINATIONS INTO REALITY.THE SCANNED DATA FROM THE MESH ARE TAKEN TO THE

HIGH END SOFT TOOL LIKE ICEMSURF,

ENOVIA.

FROM THE DATA CLOUDS OF POINTS ARE CREATED,AND THE POINTS ARE TAKEN TO CREATE INITIAL SURFACES

FROM THE STYLING CONCEPT,BIW IS DEVELOPED FIRST (THE CORE SHELL OF THE BODY)AND ITS EMBEDDED WITH EXTERIORS AND INTERIORS

40

INTERIOR PANEL AND CONSOLES
INTERIOR PANEL AND CONSOLES
INTERIOR PANEL AND CONSOLES 41

41

INTERIOR PANEL
INTERIOR PANEL

All the upholstery and molding which is embedded over the body shell to give aesthetic appearance are called interior panel.

42

INTERIOR PANEL TYPES
INTERIOR PANEL TYPES

INSTRUMENT PANEL AC PANEL DOOR PANEL DASHBOARD PANEL

43

INSTRUMENT PANEL
INSTRUMENT PANEL
INSTRUMENT PANEL A TYPICAL INSTRUMENT PANEL MADE OF ADDED PART OF A DASHBOARD PANEL ABS PLASTICS.ITS

A TYPICAL INSTRUMENT PANEL MADE OF ADDED PART OF A DASHBOARD PANEL

ABS PLASTICS.ITS AN

44

AC PANEL
AC PANEL

A TYPICAL AC PANEL MADE OF ABS RESIN. TESE INCLUDES AIR VENT, TRAY .ETC ITS AN HYBRID PART OF DASHPOD PANEL

45

DOOR PANEL
DOOR PANEL
DOOR PANEL EXTERIOR PANEL ARM REST INNER ASSY. TRIM SLOTS PLASTICS IP TRIM 46

EXTERIOR

PANEL

ARM REST INNER ASSY.

TRIM

SLOTS

PLASTICS IP TRIM

46

DOOR TRIMS
DOOR TRIMS

OVAL TRIM FOR ARMREST

TRIMS DONE

ON FOR

HANDLES

DOOR TRIMS ARE MADE UP OF PVC SHEETS, PP, POLYURETHANE,WHICH ARE TRIMMED TO REQUIRED SHAPES FOR FEASIBLITY.THESE ARE THEN ATTACHED TO PLASTICS OR SHEETMETAL HYBRID.PROVISIONS AND

OPENINGS ARE MADE FOR HANDLES AND ACCESSORIES

47

INNER DOOR TRIMS
INNER DOOR TRIMS
INNER DOOR TRIMS DOOR IP TRIM 48

DOOR IP TRIM

48

TYPICAL DOOR TRIM UPHOLSTERY
TYPICAL DOOR TRIM
UPHOLSTERY

POLYURETHANE

TYPICAL DOOR TRIM UPHOLSTERY POLYURETHANE PADDER OR ARM REST HYBRID TRIM MADE OF PP 49

PADDER OR ARM REST

HYBRID

TRIM

MADE OF

PP

49

WHAT ARE CONSOLES?
WHAT ARE CONSOLES?

CONSOLES ARE THE PARTS WHICH ADDS AESTHETIC LOOK AND COMFORT FOR THE OCCUPANTS.IT IS EMBEDDED OVER PLASTIC OR METAL PANEL.

50

CONSOLES TYPES -floor consoles
CONSOLES TYPES
-floor consoles

- overhead roof consoles

- seat consoles and desks

- dashboard consoles

- door pockets

- cargo storage drawers

51

.

DASHBOARD CONSOLE
DASHBOARD CONSOLE

The dashboard pod is a binnacle that sits on top of the dashboard and is ideal for mounting a radio, CB extension speaker etc. It is a small version of the instrument pod that houses the speedometer which comes standard in all vehicles. Dash pods are finished in a vinyl that matches the dashboard crash

pad. Most crash pads have a vacuum formed finish.

52

DOOR TRIMS WITH CONSOLE
DOOR TRIMS WITH CONSOLE
DOOR TRIMS WITH CONSOLE DOOR CONSOLE 53

DOOR CONSOLE

53

INTERIOR CONSOLES BIN
INTERIOR CONSOLES
BIN

CENTER

CONSOLE

STORAGE

CONSOLES

FLOOR

CONSOLES

It comes complete with a storage bin and a hinged lid that forms a padded armrest. The storage bin is upholstered on the inside and includes a removable lining that is held in place by Velcro tape.

54

CENTER FLOOR CONSOLE
CENTER FLOOR CONSOLE
CENTER FLOOR CONSOLE Half Length Center Floor Console Available for all transmission types, column shift, manual

Half Length Center Floor Console

Available for all transmission types, column shift, manual floor shift, and automatic floor shift. Suitable for bench or bucket seats. This design sits neatly under the

dashboard and supplies as much flat facia as possible

55

AESTHETIC CONSOLES
AESTHETIC CONSOLES
AESTHETIC CONSOLES INST.PANEL POLYURETHANE FOAM CONSOLES 56

INST.PANEL

POLYURETHANE FOAM CONSOLES

56

ANY SUGESSTIONS PLEASE 57

ANY SUGESSTIONS PLEASE

57

THANK YOU ! 58

THANK YOU !

58

Оценить