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5.2.

c Coastal Toursim Management (10-Year Toledo Coastal Resource Management Plan)

Tourism-induced environmental impacts are often complex, interdependent and hard to isolate from other factors such as urban development. In many ways it depends on the magnitude , scale and timing of the development and the state and sensitivity of the environment in which they are located.

Guidelines for density requirements a) The ideal density for each designated tourist village is 19 single units (5mx5m) per hectare, 11
duplex units per hectare; and 6 larger (4 to 5 bedrooms) units per hectare. b) The construction strictly regulated. of cottages or any structure on slopes greater than 18% shall be limited and

c) Cottages and other structures shall only be allowed along the foot or lower slopes with the
distance between them at least three times the length of the space each occupies.

Guidelines for Setbacks and Buffer Zones


a) A shoreline setback will be established to extend from the high water mark to 30 meters inland. b) Cottages and other structures should at least be 15 meters from the highest water level mark of lagoons and their channels, swamps and mangrove areas. c) Cottages and other structures should at least be 10 meters from the foot of steep hills. d) No activities such as clearing, grading and dredging or mining shall be allowed in these setback and buffer zones without permit from the city.

City of Toledo Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP)

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BBM

55

27,653.25 24,567.65 MAINGIT 27,504.92 24,851.23


BBM

45

BBM

26,400.73 26,929.82

56

MU NIC IP
MBM 4
25,671.24 27,793.83

25 54.04 N2 221'E m

MATAB-ANG
16
BBM

AL I TY

25,291.07 23,596.44 24,811.58 24,520.23

OF BA LA

MB

CALONG2

AN

A
54

BBM

17
24,405.69 23,558.78 24,095.40 28,160.65

BBM

15 MBM 5
24,005.20 31,516.18

R
BBM

23,626.88 22,012.86

TALAVERA

18

BBM

Fig. 5.08 Malubog Dam Site Map

22,620.15 20,811.90
BBM

47

DUMLOG
21,760.69 21,611.34
BBM

11

BBM

22,846.17 22,476.38 22,679.50 22,809.03


BBM

BBM

22,543.44 24,120.73

CAPITAN CLAUDIO
22,267.68 33,641.06

MBM 6

CARMEN
BBM

21,668.67 25,913.39

21,721.18 34,463.99

DAAN LUNGSOD S
20,847.66 20,600.58
BBM BBM

21,503.70 22,560.33 21,138.39 24,342.81 20,852.84 23,445.73

26

BBM

MBM 7

21,396.82

SANGI 20,975.10
BBM

48

13

21,038.05 22,236.28 20,739.89 23,009.02

22

BBM

GEN. CLIMACO PUTING BATO


20,129.96 27,817.05

20,366.93 22,088.17

19

BBM

20

BBM

TUNGKAY
A = 436,290 m 2 20,320.29 35,145.68

POBLACION
19,440.68 20,064.40
BBM

27

BBM

ILIHAN
35
BBM

MBM 8
19,711.41 30,067.04

PANGAMIHAN

N O
BBM

19,286.93 18,879.53
7 6 1
5 6 8 3

3 0

2 8

2 06

BBM

37

CANLUMAMPAO
TUBOD
18,990.48 26,123.05 18,643.35 22,118.69 18,756.29 22,393.06
BBM

36
18,953.88 26,608.00

BBM

12

IB O B RIDGE

33

BBM

18,414.69 17,821.85
BBM

IBO

AERAS / MANGROVE FISH POND

32
18,509.23 28,729.17

BBM

23

BBM

BAGAKAY

18,790.93 35,087.03

MBM 9

18,155.86 19,716.64

18,104.50 24,878.24

34

BBM

38
17,468.19 16,671.04 17,511.52 19,940.59

BBM

29

BBM

CAMBANG-UG
17,402.31 24,958.35

10

CABITOONAN
16,554.47 17,621.47 16,386.49 18,019.91

39

BBM

LANDAHAN

MAGDUGO
28
BBM

17,565.67 35,477.41

Malubog Dam Site

A T
BATO
MBM 1 MBM 39
un am Pin ha ga n

BIGA
16,687.62 24,950.86 16,164.32 25,625.48

25

BBM

16,416.53 22,880.47

30
16,212.11 24,319.57
BBM

BBM

14 SUBAYON
15,447.55 20,056.78 15,797.56 21,424.83 15567.97 14589.80 15,433.85 14,760.75 14,994.50 16,775.76

BBM

24 4

BBM

31

BBM

LOAY
15,091.18 29,421.74

15,955.26 35,399.53

40
15,276.59 20,818.95

BBM

43
MBM 38
14,916.57 15,882.83

BBM

MEDIA ONCE SAM-ANG


14,316.42 25,323.07
BBM

41

BBM

21
14,399.41 17,005.03

BBM

AWIHAO

53
14,603.51 32,953.37

BBM

to

MBM 14
14,157.33 33,597.50

14,696.57 34,134.88

14,799.94 35,455.29

MBM 13 MBM 15

MBM 37 MBM 36

13,980.81 17,913.19 13,562.195 18,821.359

SAGAY
MBM 35
13,020.860 20,018.782

14,016.26 21,199.84

14,137.67 22,977.10

42

BBM

44

BBM

13,976.96 26,981.38

46

BBM

POOG
MBM 34

CANTABACO DAS
12,818.62 26,713.39 12,676.28 29,628.07

CAMPO 8

13,646.78 34,335.95

MBM 16

BULONGAN
12,553.93 25,808.54 12,285.859 21,238.958

BBM

51

MU NIC IPA OF LIT PI N Y AM UN GA HA N

52
11,994.14 29,213.07 11,724.42 22,188.01 11,731.61 28,520.16

BBM

50
12,191.83 31,852.75 11,973.70 31,288.59

BBM

12,466.05 32,350.92

MBM 33

49
MBM 18

BBM

MBM 17

MBM 22 MBM 23

MBM 32 MBM 31

11,601.95 30,133.25

MBM 19

11,231.19 22,766.51

BUNGA
10,806.10 23,286.93 10,819.33 26,078.70 10,394.14 25,401.33 10,674.11 27,284.67

11,191.09 27,877.70

MBM 21
11,088.31 31,232.65

MBM 24 MBM 26 MBM 25

to Naga - Uling

MBM 20

MBM 30 MBM 29

10,378.37 24,112.49

MBM 27

City of Toledo Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP)

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Fig. 5.09 Malubog-Dam Tourism Related Potential Activities

1. Nature Trekking

2. Sightseeing

3. Rappeling

City of Toledo Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP)

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4. Boat Riding

City of Toledo Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP)

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5.3

Industry, Commerce and Trade

5.3.a Situational Analysis


The growth of industry in the city is very slow. In fact, there are only few existing industries that are presently operating which are the following: Atlas Fertilizer and Chemicals , Inc. (AFCI), Cebu Electric Cooperative ( CEBECO) and Global Power Corporation , a power generator. At manufacturing of active sector in present, fertilizer Toledo and City basically depends as on its the main industrial chemicals

manufacturing activity since the closure of ACMDC in 1994. Mining is an Toledo City with the operation of one of the largest mining company in the country some years back. The copper mines in Barangay DAS has proven reserve of well over half a billion metric tons which could last for more than a century of continued full blast operations. Other industries are of lighter type Coal are however, mining is coal another mining important such as limestone, industry in the city by and are quarrying, sand and gravel and rock crushing operations. although operations are of lesser magnitude than copper mining. There smaller operations being undertaken Talavera which individual claimants/operators on a pick and-shovel scale. There Bunga and diorite are limestone quarries in quarries in Barangays Barangay Capt. Claudio,

primarily medium to small scale operations. Other small-scale mining and quarrying activities include manual extraction of sand and gravel from riverbeds, rock crushing operations, gold panning and pick and shovel coal mining. There are a few sand and gravel concessions Ibo, Sangi being and operated in the city, mainly in Dumlog, Ilihan, Magdugo, Cambang-ug, Media-Once, Bato, Biga, Canlumampao, Cabitoonan, Bagacay. Coal and Blackstone are located in General Climaco. A medium-scale industry presently operating in the city is Atlas Mining Community Handicapped Association (AMCHA ) Multi-Purpose Cooperative which manufactures wooden and steel school furnitures. It employs at least thirty-five workers and average production is 1,000 pieces.

City of Toledo Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP)

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5.3.b Commerce and Trade


Toledos potential to grow commercial is imminent. Its

strategic location brought by its existing linkage network and the major transport corridors traversing the city made it the center for commerce and trade. The opportunity of transforming the city into a major urban center is not impossible with the flow and movement of commercial goods and services from the adjoining municipalities of Balamban the north, Pinamungajan to as far down south as Aloguinsan heavily towards Toledo. A good percentage of the businessmen from neighboring Balamban sell their goods in poultry from Pinamungajan and Aloguinsan are traded in Toledo. Commercial locations. The activities Public revolve market around and its the public market vicinity Poblacion immediate traders to and gravitate the city.

Likewise, agricultural crops mainly rice, corn, vegetables, livestock and

including the port area, as well as the government square comprise what could be considered as the citys local version of the Central Business District, the financial and communications center of the city, wholesale distribution network. The newly constructed and soon to operate Toledo City Commercial Village located at the heart of Barangay Poblacion and across the Public Market , is in this commercial complex. the first of its kind. Big and known commercial establishments of the country are expected to be the locators A Travelers Inn and Passengers Station are likewise part of this commercial establishment. The other hub of business activities in Toledo City is the Don Andres Soriano Public area in Barangay DAS. This area comprised generally of a Public Market that is basically a commercial arcade by available. It services the whole of the eastern and southern the major destination point and transport terminal and the center of services and

itself where a wide range and variety of goods and services are quadrant of the city. The other business hub that is found in the city is in Sangi where there are also a number of business establishments located in an area along the road.

City of Toledo Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP)

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The City Government operates a system of three public market facilities, one in Poblacion, Matab-ang Public Market and the Don Andres Soriano public market, both generally classified as major municipal public markets. Table 5.20 shows the existing industrial establishments in the city , its classification, raw materials, production and employment data.

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TABLE 5.20 Existing Industrial Establishments City of Toledo, 2006


Raw Material Production Employment

Name of Industrial Establishments

Intensity (I,I,I)

Industry Classi fication

Capital ization Material

Source

Product

Volume

Value

AFC Fertilizer & Chemicals Inc.

Large Scale

1.B

*Ammonia *Sulfuric Acid *Urea *Ammonium Sulfate *Diammoniu m Phosphate *Muriate of Potash *Rock Phosphate *Sulfate of Potash *Others

China Japan Indonesia

Various Fertilizer

230 Metric Tons/

4B Pesos

Total No. of Workers 287

Prof.

Skilled

SemiSkilled 26

Unskilled

71

183

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TABLE 5.20 Existing Industrial Establishments City of Toledo, 2006


Raw Material Production Employment

Name of Industrial Establish ments

Land Area Occupied (has./sq.m)

Industry Classification

Capital ization

Material

Source

Product

Volume

Value

Total No. of Workers 155

Prof.

Skilled

SemiSkilled NA

Unskilled

CEBECO III AMCHA MPC

1,000 Sq.m 21,627.70 Sq.m

Large Scale Medium

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

59

96

NA

2.8M

Wood Steel

Cebu City

School Furni tures

1,000 pcs

P550/ pc

35

15

City of Toledo Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP)

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LIST OF RAW MATERIALS FOR INDUSTRIES


RAW MATERIALS I. Agri-Products 1. Corn 2. Mango 3. Coconut 4.Banana 5. Rice 6. Cacao 7. Jackfruit 8. Rootcrops (Camote,etc) II. Minerals 1. Copper 2. Gold 3. Coal 4. Sand/Gravel 5. Stones (Blackstone,etc ) III. Forestry Products IV. Livestocks (Pigs ,cows, goats,etc.) V. Poultry VI. Fishery 6 50 16 5 5 3 7 3 10 50 12 10 5 5 5 10 7 15 10 16 5 20 7 40 10 35 100 202 265 Awihao 38 13 50 20 40 5 5 Bato 75 25 85 40 578 3 10 15 Bagaka y 25 10 45 35 3 12 20 Biga 30 5 15 25 5 10 20 100,00 0 1,000,000 10,000 1,000,00 0 1,000,000 10,000 3,120.000 Bunga 25 23 60 50 23 3 15 25 Bulongan 35 15 70 60 5 20 25 Calongcalong BARANGAYS Cabitoo Cambangnan ug 5 20 15 28 45 15 5 20 25 Cantabaco 10 25 23 10 5 5 Campo 8 15 36 20 5 10 10 Capt. Claudio 45 55 58 20 5 25 45 Canlumampao 58 150 45 135 7 30 20 Carmen 75 125 75 135 5 35 30 VOLUME (tons) 451 91 764 496 956 46 197 243

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LIST OF RAW MATERIALS FOR INDUSTRIES


RAW MATERIALS I. Agri-Products 1. Corn 2. Mango 3. Coconut 4.Banana 5. Rice 6. Cacao 7. Jackfruit 8.Rootcrops(Camote, gabi,etc) II. Minerals 1. Copper 2. Gold 3. Coal 4. Sand/Gravel 5. Stones (Blackstones, etc.) III. Forestry Products IV. Livestocks (Pigs,cows,etc) V. Poultry VI. Fishery Daan lungsod DAS Dumlog 30 10 50 45 40 5 10 25 Gen. Climaco 75 20 75 120 45 7 15 35 Ibo 10 5 10 5 Ilihan 10 5 35 10 2 5 5 5 5 30 5 20 BARANGAYS Luray Landa Loay II han 15 10 40 35 20 25 45 Mag dugo 15 35 45 15 5 15 Matabang 45 5 50 60 30 5 10 35 Media Once 50 18 78 75 5 7 20 50 Pangami han 30 20 60 50 5 12 25 Puting bato 27 20 75 80 5 15 30 VOLUME (tons) 327 113 533 570 147 24 97 275

20,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 (Blackstones) 100,000 1,000,000

20,000 100,00 0

10,000

20,000

70,000 1,500,000

10 5

50 15

15 5

10 5

15 240

25 10

45 100

25

35

255 380

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LIST OF RAW MATERIALS FOR INDUSTRIES


RAW MATERIALS I. Agri-Products 1. Corn 2. Mango 3. Coconut 4.Banana 5. Rice 6. Cacao 7. Jackfruit 8. Rootcrops II. Minerals 1. Copper 2. Gold 3. Coal 4. Sand/Gravel 5. Stones(Blackstone) III. Forestry Products IV. Livestocks (Pigs, cows, etc) V. Poultry VI. Fishery Poblacion Poog 20 10 25 28 5 5 10 10 Sangi 5 5 5 5 Sam-ang 25 15 35 40 5 15 15 Sagay 35 10 40 45 5 10 15 Sto. Nino 5 5 5 10 20 BARANGAYS Subayon Talavera 25 18 35 50 10 60 38 Tubod 5 5 20 7 5 Tungkay 15 5 10 25 Volume 145 63 220 261 37 15 70 69 Total Volume ( tons) 923 267 1517 1327 1140 85 364 587 10M MT

15 14

5 5

10 10

100,000

100,000

100,000

300,000

4,920,000

10

15 5

20 10

25 10

10 5

15 10

50 15

7 7

15 5

172 42

629 687

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5.3.c Goals and Objectives:


Toledo Citys economy is still basically anchored on agriculture. More than 94% of employment opportunities of the city are in agriculture. The main objective of the sector is to make Toledo City with the following specific goals: o Develop the capacity of agro-industrial plants in the city for complete processing , storage and packaging of agricultural products including aqua-marine products o Increase the productivity of industrial workers for greater production and income an Agro-Industrial City

5.3.d Strategies and Proposed Programs./Projects: a. Establishment and Development of City Agro-Industrial Center
that would provide technical assistance and services to increase employment and enhance better economic opportunities.

b.

Technology

Network

Program

that

will

facilitate

the

establishment of on-line network linking with the local data bank ad creation of a new market for technology information including information on skilled labor force inventory for the industrial and agricultural sectors.

c. Promotion of Ecological Security and Environmental Awareness Programs


involves the promotion of waste management activities the various human activities in industries and to prevent and control wastes, air, noise and solid waste pollution resulting from commerci use. The need to establish a drainage and wastewater master plan for environmental protection is also necessary.

d. Identification of areas suitable for Industrial Estate Project Sites to include the establishment of Industrial Estate Development
Guidelines environmental articulating guidelines, legal framework, design criteria, of institutional incentives, advantages

infrastructure provision and the local peoples consenus making process in coordination with national agencies.

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5.3.e

The Study on the Cebu Integrated Area Development Master Plan


The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the

Regional Development Council Region VII conducted a 1994.

study on the Cebu

Integrated Area Development Master Plan between July 1993 and March The study team identified Toledo-Balamban (District 3) to be among the potential sites for site covers a proposed desired/potential Industries: Resource-based ( Steel and steel materials) Cement Production Construction Materials Agro-processing Machinery Light Industries However, the study team identified the following problems that needs to be addressed in relation to the establishment and development of the potential industrial estate which includes the following: Opening of new industrial truck roads Establishment of ferry linkage with Negros Effective Land Use Plan Comprehensive Urban Development Fig. 5.10 show the Potential Sites suitable for development of Industrial estates identified by the Study conditions and by Team, in consideration of physical a number of planning criteria such as availability of land, industrial estate development. The potential of 150 hectares with the following area

proximity to urban centers and resources, conditions of infrastructure, zoning local governments, potentials of economic activities in the hinterland, and relations to on-going and/or planned projects.

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Fig 5.10 Potential Sites for Industrial Estates Development

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5.4
1.

Forestry Background
The classified public forest lands of Toledo City are found

in 21 of its 38 barangays where 66 percent of its population

of

over

140,000

people are settled as marginal farmers on extensively denuded forestlands. At present, only 1,050 hectares of Toledos forests remain. The average annual per capita income is a meager Php5,388.32 which is almost half less than the provincial annual per capita poverty threshold of Php10,485.00. As early as in the 1960s, flashfloods from mine tailings devastated some 200 hectares of prime agricultural cropland in Barangays Cambang-ug, Magdugo, Canlumampao, and Ilihan. This mercury-poisoned land remains inhospitable to vegetation and therefore uncultivated until today. In August 1999, a fish kill which extended up to 50 kilometers in the Municipality of Asturias was attributed to the high volume flush of highly acidic water remanating from the Atlas Mine Site. The effect was also felt at the Malubog Dam where tilapias were found dead in the waters. Recently, a landslide killed 10 persons inside the Atlas Mining Compound. Timber poaching, firewood gathering and charcoal making, kaingin system and hillside farming, chainsaw operations, quarrying, furniture making, wood craft and llegal fishing are among the more persistent forest-based livelihoods. Presently, the Sapangdaku River is the primary source of sand and gravel for construction companies and for the reclamation project in Cebu City. Thus , illegal extraction of sand and gravel has also proliferated. Of the eight (8) watersheds, the Sapangdaku River Watershed provides the main source of irrigation water for some 200 hectares of ricefieldss in Barangays Cambang-ug and Canlumampao. It is also the primary source of sand and gravel aggregates of Cebu City . The Malubog Dam in Barangay Gen. Climaco is the source of potable water for the inhabitants of Barangays Lutopan (DAS) and Poog. The Toledo Power Corporation produces electric power from the water collected at Sigpit Dam at Barangay Media Once.

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2.

Forest Land Use Plan a.. Scope and Limit


The Plan was prepared by the Toledo City FLUP Technical Working

Group in compliance with City Executive Order No. 2002-11, with technical assistance provide by the USAIDassisted Philippine Environmental Governance ( EcoGov) Project implemented by Development Alternatives, Inc. (DAI) and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources. EcoGov technical assistance is based upon a Memorandum of Agreement entered into by and between the City Government and the DENR on March 20, 2003. The Plan provided a framework for improving the management of forests and forestland assets within the administrative jurisdiction of Toledo City. It complements the Comprehensive Land Use Plan, which deals with the alienable and disposable lands, in terms of providing measures that help meet the water production and food production goals of the City Government. The FLUP is basically an allocation- plan involving the Citys 5,994 hectares of classified forestlands. In other words, the Plan does not deal with crop suitability recommendations for specific land attributes because land capability or suitability assessments were not considered essential to the planning. Instead, focus was placed in achieving immediate closure of the long standing open access utilization regimes on the Citys classified public forestlands. Under the Plan, closure of open access conditions is proposed to be achieved Management by placing all is forestlands under a 25-year renewable CoManagement Agreement between the City Government and the DENR. The CoAgreement 01 and provided under DENR-DILG Joint the City Government to Memorandum issue subCircular No. 2003empowers

agreement to various forestland users, actual occupants and other investors.

b. Land Classification
The City of Toledo has 38 barangays of which 21 barangays have forestland areas. Table 5.21 shows the land classifications of forestland barangays. the citys

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TABLE 5.21 LAND CLASSIFICATION OF FORESTLAND BARANGAYS Barangay 1. Bagakay 2. Biga 3. Bulongan 4. Bunga 5. Cabitoonan 6. Campo 8 7. Cantabaco 8. Capt. Claudio 9. Daanglungsod 10.DAS 11.Dumlog 12.Gen. Climaco 13.Ibo 14.Loay 15.Luray II 16.Matab-ang 17.Media Once 18.Pangamihan 19.Poblacion 20.Talavera 21.Tungkay TOTAL Area 1,048 1,370 1,210 558 521 243 1,495 190 1,209 217 1,219 333 969 159 903 1,180 419 237 736 363 15,695 FL 430 954 210 310 10 79 680 850 10 325 13 602 42 540 10 50 130 350 33 3 330 5,994 A & D ( has.) 618 416 1,000 248 511 164 436 645 180 884 204 617 291 429 149 853 1,050 69 204 700 33 9.701

c.

Existing Forest Cover

Table 5.22 show existing forest cover on the identified forestland areas of the City of Toledo. Forest resources are severely depleted due to kaingin, forest fires, timber poaching and wood gathering for charcoal making and wood for fuel. Kaingin activities are mostly found in Barangays Biga, Gen. Climaco, Bagacay, Cambang-ug, Media-Once, Loay and Bulongan. An estimated total of 300 cubic. meters of timber and 600 cubic meters of non-timber products are harvested every year. There are 5 lumberyards and two woodcraft/furniture shops that are utilizing forest products in the city.

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TABLE 5.22 FOREST COVER PER BARANGAY AS OF SEPTEMBER 2003 Barangay Bagakay Biga Bulongan Bunga Cabitoonan Camp 8 Cantabaco Capt. Claudio Daanglungsod DAS Dumlog Gen. Climaco Ibo Loay Luray II Matab-ang Media-Once Pangamihan Poblacion Talavera Tungkay TOTAL TOTAL 430 954 210 313 20 79 684 860 10 235 20 662 42 543 10 50 137 358 33 67 500 6,217 NF 27 40 25 40 20 120 45 20 25 5 10 10 10 20 15 432 3Farms 5 95 38 30 90 25 85 55 10 15 10 20 10 10 498 Agrofor 5 25 30 15 5 65 25 10 20 15 10 25 20 85 355 Agri 85 175 60 90 5 37 125 395 60 10 215 10 120 5 38 80 65 1,575 Brush 97 285 37 113 15 179 280 24 205 125 10 29 188 21 10 1,618 Cogon 211 334 20 25 10 7 105 90 10 36 10 142 17 258 10 5 15 40 33 31 330 1,739

d.

Watershed Profile and Prioritization

Watershed are water drains converging streams and rivers coming down from ridges in the upland areas. The city has eight (8) major watersheds that flow to the Taon Strait, as follows: 1) Mainggit Watershed, 2) Matabang Watershed, 3) Talavera Watershed 4) Dumlog Watershed, 5) Sapangdaku Watershed, 6) Ibo Watershed 7) Tajao Watershed and 8) Cabiangon Watershed. The Sapangdaku Watershed is the biggest in terms of population, length and area. It is composed of 3 major sub-watersheds namely: Malubog Sub-watershed, the Cantabaco Sub-watershed and the Sigpit-Cambang-ug Subwatershed.

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TABLE 5.23 COMPOSITION OF THE DIFFERENT WATERSHEDS CITY OF TOLEDO Name of Watershed

Barangays T.L.

Area A&D 274 40 -

Total Area

1. Mainggit Watershed

1. Sto. Nio 2. Matab-ang 3. Capt. Claudio

20 552

274 60 552 886

2. Matab-ang Watershed 3. Talavera Watershed

1. Matab-ang 2. Capt. Claudio 1. Matab-ang 2. Capt. Claudio 3. Talavera 4. CalongCalong 1. Capt. Claudio 2. Talavera 3. Dumlog 4. Carmen 5.Putingbato 6.Gen. Climaco

30 36 303 13 -

658 24 115 12 444 52 578 262 82 60 303

688 24 712 115 12 480 52 659 881 262 95 60 303 1,798 31 122 168 398 976 363 427 189 1119 149 198 726 506 391 805 243 948 97 927 187 1120

4. Dumlog Watershed

1. Capt. Claudio 31 2. Dumlog 122 3. Carmen 168 4. PutingBato 398 5. Gen. Climaco 662 314 6. Tungkay 330 33 7. Pangamihan 358 69 8. Sangi 189 9. DAS 235 794 10. Luray II 10 149 11. Ilihan 198 12.Canlumampao 726 13. Magdugo 506 391 5. Sapangdaku 14. Poog 15. Cambang-ug 805 Watershed 16. Camp Different Watersheds;79 of Toledo 8 164 - Continuation of Composition of the City 17. Bagakay 430 518 18. Poblacion 33 64 19. Loay 543 429 20. Biga 10 177 21. Landahan 684 456

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22. Sam-ang 23. Tubod 24. Daanlungsod 25. Cantabaco 26. Media Once 27. Bulongan 28. Bunga 1. Ibo Watershed 1. Poblacion 2. Landahan 3. Sagay 4. Sam-ang 5. Ibo 6. Cabitoonan 7. Bato 8. Awihao 9. Subayon 10. Tubod 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Bunga Sagay Cabitoonan Bato Awihao Subayon Bulongan Bunga Sagay Sam-ang Awihao

137 210 313 954 42 10 -

1192 443 27 416 73 95 90 141 390 20 295 304 450 6 24 173 302 218 112 60 557 446 23 549 3 214 70 63

1329 653 340 1370 73 95 90

14,085
141 390 20 295 346 460 6 24 173 302 2,157 218 112 60 557 446 23 1,416 549 3 214 70 63 907

2. Tajao Watershed

4. Cabiangon Watershed

e.

Rehabilitation, Protection and Management of Watersheds


Based on the prioritization of the eight identified major watersheds

in the city, Sapangdaku Watershed has been found to be the most significant for rehabilitation, protection and management. Considering its contribution to the local economy and due to budgetary constraints, it is just fitting that this watershed will be given utmost attention. However, other watersheds will also be given due consideration when necessary funds are available. Table 5.24 highlights the recommended actions for the eight (8) watersheds.

TABLE 5.24 Recommended Actions for Toledo Watersheds

City of Toledo Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP)

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Watersheds 1. Mainggit Watershed 2. Matab-ang Watershed

3. Talavera Watershed

4. Dumlog Watershed

5. Sapangdaku Watershed

Recommended Actions Extend technical and financial assistance to upland farmers to improve farm productivity and accelerate rehabilitation of degraded areas Extend agroforestry, soil & water conserving technologies and other permanent cropping systems in the upland. Protect and manage the watershed through issuance of tenure particularly at Brgy. Capt. Claudio Extend technical assistance to upland farmers. Mangrove development shall be encouraged. Fishpond lessees shall be included in the protection of the Talavera river. Extend agricultural technologies to farmers to improve productivity Conduct information, education & communication to promote reforestration Organize a Sapangdaku Management Board to rehabilitate , protect and manage the watershed Appoint City ENRO to prepare and implement the Sapangdaku Watershed Plan The Irrigators, Sand & Gravel Permitees, Atlas Commission, Barangays in the watershed should be included in the management of the watershed Close the open access forestlands, community will be co-managers Intensify agricultural extension services particularly to the upland farmers A co-mangement agreement with the DENR & other stakeholders shall be initiated The formation of a Bantay Kinaiyahan Task Force is necessary wherein Barangay Officials and the community will be mobilized and deputized by the LGU and the DENR The Malubog Dam shall be constantly monitored, fishing activities shall be regulated to maximize output and the improper waste disposal at the catchment area should be prohibited A continuous IEC program shall be conducted in affected barangays particularly on the existing laws and DENR Administrative Orders and guidelines Extend agricultural services to upland farmers. Coastal area management plan is necessary Extend agricultural services to upland farmers Extend agricultural services particularly on agroforestry, soil and water technologies

6. Ibo Watershed 7. Tajao Watershed 8. Cabiangon Watershed

f.

Re-aligning Infrastructure and Support Services Page 22

City of Toledo Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP)

The LGU and the DENR should coordinate and collaborate in channeling support services and infrastructure for the effective protection, management and rehabilitation of the Sapangdaku Watershed. Investments in agricultural extension, community organizing, savings and credit, farm to market roads, watershed planning, irrigation systems, bridges, reforestration, plantation crops development, and post harvesting facilities should be initially organized and coordinated in support of this prioritized watershed. Immediately, the LGU should organize and facilitate a series of meetings with DA, DAR, DENR to focus and re-align their respective extension services especially in agro -forestry systems, permanent cropping systems and crop production system with soil and water conservation perspective in support of the Sapangdaku Watershed. An action plan for organizing, mobilizing and monitoring support may be developed and agreed on during the series of meetings.

g.

Institutionalizing the FLUP Implementation


The FLUP should be adopted by the Sangguniang Panlunsod (SP)

or City Council

through a resolution/ordiance as a legitimate tool to address

the problems that affect the citys natural resources. Once legitimized, the City Environment and Natural Resources Office should be created to mobilize and start the FLUP Implementation. This action should be initiated DENR. On the basis of legitimized FLUP, the LGU acting on behalf of the SP resolution should enter into a Memorandum of Agreement with the DENR-PENRO for the joint efforts in allocating, managing , monitoring and resolving conflicts in the forestlands. The LGU can also use the legitimized FLUP as the basis in organizing investment so that both the public and private sectors can re-think strategies and re-align resources to support rehabilitation, protection and development of the Sapangdaku Watershed. by the SP and the City Mayor after the review, adoption and endorsement of the FLUP to the

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Fig. 5.11 Bigger Watershed and Drainage Map, Toledo City

City of Toledo Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP)

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Fig. 5.12 Land Classification Map

City of Toledo Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP)

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Fig. 5.13 Forest Cover Map

City of Toledo Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP)

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Fig. 5.14 Watershed Map, Province of Cebu

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