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ALSPA CSR620

DIGITAL AUTOMATIC SYNCHRONIZER FOR GENERATOR VERSION A1 COMMISSIONING MANUAL


DIFFUSION :
ACCESSIBILITY

CONFIDENTIELLE
CONFIDENTIAL

RESTREINTE
RESTRICTED

CONTROLEE
CONTROLLED

LIBRE
FREE

DATE

NOM
NAME

SIGNATURE

ETABLI
ESTABLISHED

RANGE 620

BACLIN CHEHU MONTEL

VERIFIE
CHECKED

APPROUVE
APPROVED

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P S M 7 0 A 4 5 2 8 5
C

Power

Electrical and Control Systems

REV
PA 400 D

STAT. GFE

F/F FIN
SH/SH END

Nb F
N of SH

1/39

39

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TABLE DES MODIFICATIONS / MODIFICATIONS TABLE
REV A B C ETABLI
ESTABLISHED

VERIFIE
CHECKED

APPROUVE
APPROVED

DATE 19.01.99 12.09.00 22.02.02 First issue

MODIFICATIONS

STAT. GFE GFE GFE

BACLIN BACLIN BACLIN

CHEHU CHEHU CHEHU

FERRAUT MONTEL MONTEL

Change of corporate name Up to date for connecting details

PA 401 C

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P-SM70-A45285.2/C

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CONTENTS 1 2 3 4 EQUIPMENT ACCEPTANCE ........................................................................................ 4 ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS........................................................................................ 5 CONNECTION INSTRUCTIONS.................................................................................. 6 EQUIPMENT ADJUSTMENTS ..................................................................................... 7 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 5 5.1 5.2 6 7 8 GENERAL PARAMETER CONFIGURATION .................................................................................8 FREQUENCY EQUALIZATION CONFIGURATION ........................................................................8 VOLTAGE EQUALIZATION CONFIGURATION ............................................................................8 SYNCHRONIZING CONFIGURATION ......................................................................................9 MEASUREMENT CONFIGURATION .......................................................................................10 FOR AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY 19 TO 60 VDC ...........................................................11 FOR AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY 80 TO 150 VDC .........................................................12

PRELIMINARY CHECKS ............................................................................................ 11

PRELIMINARY TESTS ............................................................................................... 13 PASSWORD, DIALOGUE.......................................................................................... 16 APPENDICES ........................................................................................................... 17 8.1 APPENDIX 1: SYNCHRONIZER MENUS AND SUB-MENUS ........................................................17 Access to main menu ..........................................................................................................17 8.1.2 Parameters Visualization Menu ..................................................................................18 8.1.3 Parameters Configuration Menu ................................................................................24 8.1.4 Status Visualization Menu..........................................................................................30 8.1.5 Default visualization menu.........................................................................................34 8.1.6 Default acquittal menu..............................................................................................35 8.1.7 Calibration menu......................................................................................................36 Initial Configuration Menu...................................................................................................37 8.2 LIST OF MESSAGES ..........................................................................................................38 8.3 LIST OF ALARMS ..............................................................................................................39

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1 EQUIPMENT ACCEPTANCE This package corresponds to one Alspa CSR 620 Version A1 automatic synchronizer and contains: - One appliance equipped with EEPROM memories, configured for an A1 version. - Plug-in rear connectors for P1, P2, P3, P6 (when necessary) external connections. - Two attaching brackets (for panel mounting). - One set of ferrites for electromagnetic compatibility.

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2 ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS On reception of the equipment, make sure it is in good apparent condition, otherwise make all necessary reservations with the haulage company. Assemble the equipment either in a 1/2 rack 19" 3U or flush-mounted on a panel using the two attaching brackets provided for the purpose.

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P-SM70-A45285.5/C

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3 CONNECTION INSTRUCTIONS Refer to the connection diagram of the technical manual. Connections will be on rear plug-in connectors P1, P2, P3, P6 (when necessary) by spring type connection (the spring is spread for the passage of the wire using a screwdriver with access in the upper part of the connector). To comply with instructions concerning electromagnetic compatibility, it is advisable to : . Clip a 1-turn ferrite onto the auxiliary power supply cable as close as possible to the synchronizer connector. . Clip a 1-turn ferrite onto the asynchronous side analog input cable. . Clip a 1-turn ferrite onto the synchronous side analog input cable. . Use the threaded rod at the back of the unit, provided for the purpose, to connect the unit as directly as possible to ground via a flat ground braid. . Connect ground as directly as possible to the synchronous and asynchronous voltage measurement cable shields.

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4 EQUIPMENT ADJUSTMENTS To ease commissioning operations, the equipment is set up with standard ex-works values as indicated in the table below. Note : At the end of the manual, consult the complete and detailed menus with their use for display, configuration, etc.
General parameters Modbus speed Modbus parity Modbus stop bit format Modbus address Language 9600 Bauds even 1 bit 1 English/French (depending on project) Synchronizing Closing time CB1 US1 Nominal U max. F max. Minimum slippage Min. slip time Max. dephase Dead network type Dead Umin. Dead Umax. Dead network time delay Dead network time (order) Anti-pumping 0.20 s (depending on project) 8% 0.1 Hz 0.02 Hz 3s 1 None 70% US 10% US 5s 0.30 s 2s

Frequency equalization Gain F Period Action max. Action min. Load sharing Slip Voltage equalization Gain U Insensitivity Period Action max. Action min. 5s/V 0% US 3s 70% (of period) 10% (of period) 5 s/Hz 3s 70% (of period) 10% (of period) 0s 50% F max. Measurements Phase compensation Voltage compensation Asynchronous voltage calibration Synchronous voltage calibration Phase calibration 0 100% Factory setting Factory setting Factory setting

Note : Switching to the configuration mode during a synchronizer "working" phase will cause an alarm to be generated and thus inhibit its operation for the time needed for configuration. This is a safety measure designed to avoid any risks of inadvertent order transmissions.

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1.14.1 GENERAL PARAMETER CONFIGURATION This menu is used for setting up the MODBUS serial link and choosing the language for man-machine dialogue.

1.24.2

FREQUENCY EQUALIZATION CONFIGURATION These parameters can be left as set in the works for the initial tests, then corrected during these tests. Note : The synchronizer does not ensure absolute equalization of the FA=FS frequencies. It adjusts a very slight slippage at coupling, depending on F max. (maximum frequency deviation on coupling). This slide is adjustable from 10% to 90% of F max, with FA>FS. This operation means that there is no need for a release pulse when the system is blocked with FA=FS and 0.

1.34.3

VOLTAGE EQUALIZATION CONFIGURATION These parameters can be left as works settings for the first test, then corrected.

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P-SM70-A45285.8/C

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1.44.4 SYNCHRONIZING CONFIGURATION Synchronizing with lead time - Adjust the closing time parameter for CB1. This parameter corresponds to the time separating the order transmitted by the synchronizer (at the output contact) and the effective closing of the coupling circuitbreaker. This time is the total of the circuit-breaker closing time and the intermediate relay pull-in time. The most reliable method consists in recording, for instance using the synchronizer calibration function. - Check that the value of rated voltage US1 corresponds accurately to the nominal rms value of PT for the synchronous voltage (circuit-breaker network side). - Adjust Umax. the maximum voltage deviation permitting coupling, to the desired value. - Adjust Fmax., the maximum frequency deviation permitting coupling, to the value desired for coupling with the lead time. Synchronizing without slippage: - Set the parameters permitting coupling without slippage to the desired values: minimum slippage, time delay, maximum phase-shift. Dead network coupling: - Configure the dead network parameters as necessary: dead network type, voltage presence side under-voltage, voltage absence side over-voltage, time delay, closing order duration. Circuit-breaker anti-pumping: - Adjust the corresponding time delay to set the minimum time to separate two synchronizing orders.

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P-SM70-A45285.9/C

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4.5 MEASUREMENT CONFIGURATION - Check that the phase and voltage compensation parameters correspond to the actual installation: . The value of the phase compensation parameter is added to the asynchronous side phase value. . The value of the voltage compensation parameter is applied to the voltage on the asynchronous side.

IMPORTANT NOTE:

- As a safety concern, phase and voltage compensation parameters are configured to be inoperative in the works. It is important to check that they agree with the installation when the synchronizer is put into operation and after any modification liable to induce a difference (phase or voltage) between the network and generator voltages. - The calibrations of the synchronous and asynchronous voltages, and of the phase, are carried out in the works and do not normally need to be reworked. However, if the need does arise, it is then necessary to inject standard signals into the network and generator inputs and to calibrate the corresponding values (menu "P.C. Meas" = measurement parameters configuration), to obtain, on the equipment: - U synchronous = value of standard network voltage - U asynchronous = value of standard generator voltage - Phase differential = 0 (for network and generator standard voltages that are accurately in phase). ("State Visualisation" menu, "Measure V." sub-menu).

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P-SM70-A45285.10/C

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5 PRELIMINARY CHECKS - Check the connection of the equipment on the rear connectors. 5.1 FOR AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY 19 TO 60 VDC

A B CD

- Check the rotating fields either side of the circuit-breaker, using the habitual method. AB P-SM70-A45285.11/C

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5.2 FOR AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY 80 TO 150 VDC

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- Check the rotating fields either side of the circuit-breaker, using the habitual method. AB P-SM70-A45285.12/C

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6 PRELIMINARY TESTS - Switch out the synchronizing order supplied by the equipment by disconnecting a wire or by inhibiting the circuit-breaker. - Once the network and alternator voltages are connected, energize the equipment. The display will then indicate "CSR620 WAITING" once the starting self-test is complete. - Set the alternator frequency to a value close to that of the network. - Check that the synchronization operates properly, generating speed orders corresponding to the system status. If necessary, readjust the speed equalization parameters in the "Frequency Equalization Parameters Configuration" menu to obtain correct speed equalization action. - Carry out manual coupling and check, in the "Measurement visualization" menu, that: The frequency deviation is zero. The voltage deviation is zero. The phase deviation is zero. IMPORTANT : If the phase deviation is not zero under these conditions, there are several possible cases: 1. For a phase deviation || 5 and 0, readjust the phase calibration factory settings on the circuit-breaker using the "Measurement Parameters Configuration" on the menu. See the corresponding paragraph for this calibration. 2. For a phase deviation || > 5, there are two possibilities: 2.1 There is an error in the phase identification. 2.2 A phase adjusting has been configured on the equipment and it is not compliant with the installation. In this case, reconfigure this parameter correctly in the "Measurement Parameters Configuration" menu.

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When the machine is synchronized and there is no active and reactive power exchange, if the voltage difference is more than 0, readjust the calibration function settings of the synchronous and asynchronous voltages in the "Measurement Parameters Configuration" menu. See the corresponding paragraph for these calibrations. - Unsynchronize the alternator Form a voltage deviation between the network and the alternator, by manually adjusting the alternator voltage regulation. Check that the synchronizer corrects this deviation. Observe the obtained response and if necessary, readjust the equalization parameters (in the "Voltage Equalization Parameters Configuration" menu to obtain the desired action. Repeat the test until a satisfactory response is obtained. If necessary, set insensitivity on the equalization. - Check that the equipment supplies the synchronizing order slightly before switchover into phase. This time corresponds to the lead time set on the synchronizer. - Check that the synchronizing order is locked when the voltage deviation exceeds the displayed value. - Check that operation in the dead network mode is compliant with settings for the inhibition and transmission of the corresponding synchronizing orders (validation of voltage thresholds, time delays, action direction, etc.). - Once all these checks have been performed, it will be possible to carry out real synchronizing. Note: The "Circuit-breaker closed Status" logic input switches the synchronizer to the "Waiting" mode. The same applies in the absence of logic information such as "Circuit-breaker closing request" and "Authorization to close dead network". Accordingly, the equipment can remain powered and connected at all times, without needing to be switched out when coupling is accomplished. Precautions to be taken during commissioning: - Avoid disconnecting the rear connectors when the equipment is energized so as not to run the risk of generating short-circuits that could cause accidental deterioration or the inadvertent closing of the circuit-breaker. - When the synchronizer is put into service, check the agreement of the phase and voltage adjustment parameters with the installation.

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P-SM70-A45285.14/C

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ADVANCE TIME CALIBRATION This function enables Alspa CSR620 to measure the effective time between the transmission of a coupling order and the reception of closed circuit-breaker information. This means that the operator knows accurately the advance time to be set on the equipment, and thereby can obtain a zero phase-shift synchronizing. To make this measurement, the following conditions must be established: - Absence of voltage on both sides of the circuit-breaker (if necessary, for optimum safety, disconnect the circuit-breaker on the network side and on the alternator side). - Absence of synchronizing request information. - Absence of alarms. - Presence of dead network closing enabling information. Once calibration is complete, the circuit-breaker closing time duration will appear on the Alspa CSR620 display. The introduction of this value as an advance time is left to the initiative of the operator.

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7 PASSWORD, DIALOGUE - The principle of man-machine dialogue is the display of pull-down menus and pull-down sub-menus. - All these menus and sub-menus are detailed below in the Appendix. - When requested, enter the following password: Left Escape Left Escape

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8 APPENDICES

8.1 8.1.1

APPENDIX 1: Synchronizer menus and sub-menus Access to main menu

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8.1.2 Parameters Visualization Menu

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8.1.2.1 General Parameters Visualization Sub-menu

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8.1.2.2 Frequency Equalization Parameters Visualization Sub-menu

The association of gain adjustments and the speed pulse period contributes to the desired correction: - the higher the gain, the quicker the deviation will be compensated - the shorter the period, the more speed orders will be transmitted. When the calculated duration of the speed pulses exceeds the configured min/max. limits, the duration indicated by the corresponding limit is the one that will be applied.

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8.1.2.3 Voltage Equalization Parameters Visualization Sub-menu

The association of the gain adjustments and the period of the U pulses contributes to the desired correction: - the higher the gain, the more quickly the deviation will be compensated - the shorter the period, the more U orders will be transmitted. When the calculated duration of the U pulses exceeds the configured min. and max. limits, the duration indicated by the corresponding limit is the one that will be applied. The set insensitivity range is a way of avoiding the transmission of excessively short pulses when the deviation to be compensated is very small. In this way, the associated electromechanical systems are not pointlessly fatigued.

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8.1.2.4 Synchronizing Parameters Visualization Sub-menu

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8.1.2.5 Measurement Parameters Visualization Sub-menu

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8.1.3 Parameters Configuration Menu

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8.1.3.1 General Parameter Configuration Sub-menu

Notes: To change digits and modify the value of that digit only, move the cursor with the or keys, then increment/decrement the digit selected by means of the keys. To validate the configuration, type . or

To exit without validating the configuration, type . In both cases, the cursor then moves to the upper line of the display.

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8.1.3.2 Frequency Equalization Parameters Configuration Sub-menu

and

: See notes in paragraph 8.1.3.1.

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8.1.3.3 Voltage Equalization Parameters Configuration Sub-menu

and

: See notes in paragraph 8.1.3.1.

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8.1.3.4 Synchronizing Parameters Configuration Sub-menu

and AB

: See notes in paragraph 8.1.3.1. P-SM70-A45285.28/C

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8.1.3.5 Measurement Parameters Configuration Sub-menu

and

: See notes in paragraph 8.1.3.1.

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8.1.4 Status Visualization Menu

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8.1.4.1 Measurements Visualization Menu

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8.1.4.2 Logic Input Visualization Menu

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8.1.4.3 Logic Variables Visualization Menu

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8.1.5 Default visualization menu This menu contains all the internal or external alarms detected by the synchronizer.

- Some alarms will be self-acknowledged as soon as the observed default has disappeared. - Other alarms must be acknowledged in the corresponding menu so as to enable the system to return to the "working" mode. They are indicated by an "*". - Other alarms may not be acknowledged. For this purpose, it is necessary to return the equipment to the works for repair.

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8.1.6 Default acquittal menu

Pressing on the

key will acknowledge the displayed alarm.

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8.1.7 Calibration menu

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8.1.8 Initial Configuration Menu

Using this function, the equipment is reinitialized with the initial works configuration parameters. Caution: These parameters are not the standard works settings of the table in paragraph 4. These are basic parameter values enabling the software to operate, but without any tie-in with adjustments made for delivery. Accordingly, after having activated this function, it is necessary to go through all the configuration parameter settings, one by one, to obtain a synchronizer having parameters compliant with the installation (table of paragraph 4). This is particularly true for everything concerning adjustments and calibrations in phase and voltage.

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8.2 LIST OF MESSAGES

Message Test in progress RAM test fault Default present! Enter password now : Work in progress

Significance Displayed on startup, when the equipment is energized throughout the self-test period (a few seconds) The startup self-test has detected an operating problem in the RAM The user is attempting to enter into calibration dialogue when there is a fault present. Type the password to obtain access to the continuation of the dialogue The user is attempting to access a dialogue mode (calibration or initial configuration) while CSR 620 is in the "working" mode. Access is then denied. The startup self-test has detected an internal problem. The startup self-test has detected an internal problem. The startup self-test has detected an internal problem. The visualized parameter is outside the acceptable measurement range and therefore cannot be displayed Appears after incorrect password entry test Appears after second incorrect attempt at password entry

ROM LSB disabled ROM MSB disabled 2 ROM US disabled Out of range Wrong password Try again Wrong password

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8.3 LIST OF ALARMS

Alarm No default present Interference IT of level

Significance Appears in default visualization menu when there is no default. Internal problem detected. This alarm disappears one second later unless it is fleeting. If the problem persists, return the equipment to the works for troubleshooting. Internal problem detected The equipment has not been works customized and is unsuitable for operation as it is Internal problem detected. If the problem persists after deenergizing then commissioning, return it to the works for repair Same as above Internal problem detected. Alarm can be acknowledged by user Internal problem detected. Alarm can be acknowledged by user Overall downloading of configuration by MODBUS link underway Internal problem detected. Alarm can be user acknowledged Internal problem detected Internal problem detected Problem occurring during modification of configuration. Alarm can be user acknowledged Problem of configuration in menu concerned. Modify the incorrect parameters in this menu, then confirm the configuration Internal problem detected Frequency FA or FS outside measurable range Voltages UA or US outside measurable range

Problem xxxx task Undefined equipment Interface missing or off Interface unknown type UCMU type 1 ISYN type 2 Bad config. Heading Reconfig. via Modbus Bad config. version Config. problem Even RAM/PROM Config. problem Odd RAM/PROM Config. Pb. PROM writing Config. Pb xxxx Menu Default test channel xxxx F x Frequency CB out range Ux Voltage CB out range

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Alarm No reread of given order Bad CB closing time Significance Internal problem detected. Alarm can be user acknowledged The measured circuit-breaker closing time is different by at least 50% from the configured circuit-breaker closing time. Alarm can be user acknowledged Internal problem detected. Alarm can be user acknowledged Internal problem detected. Alarm can be user acknowledged

Unjustified reread order Offset Meas Xn too large

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P-SM70-A45285.40/C

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