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"SCHAUM'S oul/2nes Sy RUS The perfect aid for better grades! Covers all course fundamentals—supplements any class test Teaches effective problem-solving 185 fully worked problems Ideal for self-study! Use with these courses: (GA Electric Power Systems {of Introduction to Electrical Enginegringtect SCHAUM’S OUTLINE OF THEORY AND PROBLEMS OF ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS SYED A. NASAR, Ph.D. Professor of Electrical Engineering University of Kentucky SCHAUM’S OUTLINE SERIES McGRAW-HILL New York San Francisco Washington, D.C. Auckland Bogoté Caracas Lisbon London Madrid Mexico City Milan Montreal New Dehli San Juan Singapore Sydney Tokyo Toronto SYED A. NASAR teceived the Ph.D. degree in electrical engincering from the University of California at Berkeley. He is Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of Kentucky, Lexington. He has been involved in teaching, research, and consulting in electrical machines for over 25 years. He is the author of two Schaum’s Outlines, Electric Machines and Electromechanics and Basic Electrical Engineering. He is also the author or coauthor of 19 books and over 100 technical papers and is the editor of the monthly Electric Machines and Power Systems. Dr. Nasar received the Aurel Viaicu award of the Romanian Academy of Science in 1978 for his contributions to linear machines. He is a Fellow IEEE and a Fellow IEE (London) and is a member of Eta Kappa Nu and Sigma Xi. Schaum's Outline of Theory and Problems of ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS Copyright © 1990 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a data base ‘or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher. 111213 14 15 1617181920 CUS CUS 065 ISBN O-O?-O4S9L?-? Sponsoring Editor, David Beckwith Production Supervisor, Denise Puryear Editing Supervisor, Meg Tobin Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Nasar, 8. A, Schaum’s outline of theory and problems of electric power systems J Syed A. Nasar. p. cm. — (Schaum's outline series) Includes index. ISBN 0-07-045917-7 1. Electric power systems. I. Title. TK1001.N38 1990 621.31—de20 89-34889 cP McGraw-Hill A Division of The MeGrase Hill Companies