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te! Ny - pr os About the Authors Mrs. Indumati Rao has received degrees from the Universities of Mysore, Kanpur and Purdue (U.S.A.) and certificate in Education from Oxford University (U.K.). She has worked for over four decades in the field of education. She has contributed to developing new methods of teaching and teaching aids. Mrs. Rao has worked as a geography expert in many institutions. She has participated in several teacher orientation programs conducted by the Karnataka State. She has authored books in Geography. At present, she is working as the Honorary coordinator of the multimedia group at Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced | Scientific Research. C. N. R. Rao is Linus Pauling Research Professor at the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research and honorary professor at the Indian Institute of Science. He was at the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, and has been a visiting professor at University of California, Santa Barbara. He is a member of many science academies including the Indian National Science Academy, the Royal Society, London, U.S. National Academy of Sciences, Russian Academy, French Academy, Pontifical Academy and Japan Academy. He was President of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, and is now President of the Third World Academy of Sciences. He has received several medals and prizes which include the Marlow Medal of | the Faraday Society, Centenary Fellowship of the American Chemical Society, Einstein Gold Medal of UNESCO, the Centenary Medal of the Royal Society of Chemistry, London and the Hughes medal of the Royal Society. He has published more than 1300 papers in the areas of Chemical Spectroscopy, Molecular Spectra and Chemistry of Advanced materials. He has authored 38 books and has been active in science education. He was awarded the Karnataka Ratna in 2001 by the Karnataka Government. He is the first recipient of the India Science Prize, the highest scientific award recently instituted by the Government of India, and the Dan David International Prize for Science (2005). He was recently awarded the “Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur”, the highest civilian award of France (2005). so named the “Chemical Pioneer of 2005” by the American Institute of LEARNING SCIENCE Part 3 The world of chemistry: Of molecules and materials, Air around us, All about water. Indumati Rao C.N.R. Rao With the assistance of Jatinder Kaur Sanjay S. R. Rao JAWAHARLAL NEHRU CENTRE FOR ADVANCED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, BANGALORE - 560 064.