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2002

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353

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, 2002. 191 .
ISBN


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.............................................................................................. 5
1.
............................................ 10
1.1.
- ................................ 10
1.1.1. ............................ 10
1.1.2.
...................... 15
1.1.3.
.............. 21
1.2.
................................................................................ 30
1.3. ............................................................... 36
............................................................................................... 45
2. -
......................................... 46
2.1.
....................................................................................... 46
2.2.
................................................................................ 60
2.3.

........................................................................... 81
............................................................................................... 88
3.
............................................................................. 89
3.1. .
............................................................................... 89
3.2.
...................................................................... 104
3.2.1. .................................................................. 104
3.2.2.
.............. 114
3.3. ................................................... 116
3.3.1. ................................................................... 116
3.3.2. , ................................... 122
3

3.4. ................................................... 127


............................................................................................. 130
4.
................................... 133
4.1.
................................................................. 133
4.2. :

......................................................................... 138
4.3. -
......................................................... 150
............................................................................................. 156
................................................................................... 157
......................... 161
.................................................................................. 182


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[Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996].
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ythology 1980; New Larousse encyclopedia of mythology 1974; Standard
dictionary of folklore, mythology and legend 1997 .].
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1979 .
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, , , , , , [ 1996; , 1998; Ashley 1977;
Cohen, Potter 1994; Delys 1996; Dictionary of twentieth century culture 1994;
Gillie 1977; Halley 1996; Hole 1978; Horror 100 best books; Kightly 1986;
Longman dictionary of language and culture; Miller 1996; Nowlan 1993; Neuburg
1982; Partridge 1990; Pringle 1987; Schafritz, Williams, Calinger 1993; Slotta
1994; St.James guide to fantasy writers 1996; The concise encyclopedia of living
faiths 1983; The London encyclopedia; The Wordsworth dictionary of the
American West 1995 . ].


. , , . - . , ,
,
[-
1993; - - 1993; A dictionary of American proverbs 1992; A dictionary of modern
New Zealand slang 1999; Mackay 1968; Macquuarie book of slang 1996;
Newydd 1956; Orsman, Hurley 1999; Partridge 1977; 1984; The Oxford
companion to Australian folklore 1993; Wentworth, Flexner 1975 .].
,
[ 1971; Briggs 1976; Collins paperback
English thesaurus 1996; Holder 1995; Lewin; Websters collegiate thesaurus
1976; Websters new dictionary of synonyms 1984; Websters new explorer
thesaurus 1999 .].
33

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[Focloir Gaelge-Bearla ODonaill 1978; Ireland: a cultural
encyclopedia 1983; Mackay 1968; Maclean 1996; Newydd 1956].
[
1991; : 1998; 1993; : 1995; Crystal 1995; Encyclopedia Americana 1992; Encyclopedia Britannica
1998; Encarta 1998; The Cambridge historical encyclopedia of Great Britain
and Ireland 1995; The Oxford illustrated encyclopedia of Britain 1997 .].
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1998; - 1993; Belllinger 1999; Dictionary
of ethics, theology and society 1995; Ellis 1987 .].
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doll.
doll, dell, - l .
dick, duck , duck , doll
dalle
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, ., [. : Edwards 1974: 1].
fatum
. . , VII .., , :
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fate ( .
[The compact Oxford English dictionary in 22 volumes 1996; Edwards 1974:1].
wyrd, (, ,
to dree ones weird ).
fates the wyrde systres,
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47

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., 1627 :
Good luck befriend thee, Son, for at thy birth
The Faiery Ladies dannct upon the hearth.
[. : Edwards 1974: 7]
. ,
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.
fairies . faie, fae, fe.
fay. Fay XIV .
fairy , ,
, fairy 1393 [The compact Oxford English dictionary in 22 volumes
1996:563], fay . [ 1997].
fata , fatum
c. Fata
[The Oxford dictionary of English
etymology 1996: 348]. fata .
fay , The Oxford Russian dictionary 1997 , fay ,
[The Oxford Russian dictionary 1997: 821]. The Wordsworth
dictionary of phrase and fable fairy fay [The Wordsworth dictionary of phrase and fable 1993: 395].
fairy ,
The Fairy Queen fairy . fairy ,

. Fairy faerie, faiery (.
ferie, fae-fay) 48

, (.
conte de fes tale of the fairies fairytale ,
1750 , fairyland [The Wordsworth dictionary of phrase and fable
1993: 325], les dames faes ). fatare ,
. Fays . , fay - . XIX Fay.
fairy ,
.
banshee (, ), . Banshee
bean sidhe, -.
fay, faege ,
XV , fayness,
fay-tokens, fye-tokens . , fay feige .
fay , , . fay, fey
the fey-folk , .
.
fey, .
fey otherwordly.
, XVIII . fairy
. ,
. , fairy
, -. , . , , ,
, fairy
[Edwards 1974: 15].
fairy :
49

fairyland,
fairyfolk ( )
fairy of the mines, fairy of the sea ( , ),
[., .: Compound English dictionary in 22 volumes 1996:
563]. fairy : faryism, fairyhood,
fairydom, fairyology, fairyologist, fairyship,
. fairy : fairystory, fairytale , fairy rings ,
fairyloaves, fairystones , fairy sparks ,
, fairy money , , ,
[., .:
The Wordsworth dictionary of phrase and fable 1993: 395].
, , , ,
: fairy plant (foxglove) (, foxglove , foxglove folks gloves, folk ) [Edwards
1974: 26]. fairy fairy-bell, fairy-cup, fairy-fingers, fairy-thimble, fairy-weed, fairypetticoats. fairy
, , : bell , cup , fingers
, thimble , weed , petticoat .
fairy .
fairy , , . , , , queer [Wentworth, Flexner 1975: 176].
Fairy 1925 .,
[Edwards 1974: 25]. fairy , [Macquarie
book of slang. Australian slang in the 90s 1996: 81].
fairy: away (off) with the fairies (pixies)
, , shoot a fairy
. fairy
[Wentworth, Flexner 1975: 176].
50


, , , ,
; , - [Edwards 1974: 6].

, , , , , .
, ,
, [c., .: Briggs 1967: 350].
, (.
, ). .
, ,
- : good folk, little people, good
neighbours, wee folk, the people of the hills, the seely (blessed court)
, , , , , () . , . . Daoine
Sidhe people of peace [Briggs 1959: 324].
the old people ,
wee people
, wee .
fairy Lil Fellas little fellows .
Farisees, Feriers Ferishers. , , : Danes . , the Dane Hills. : the crowd, the mob ,
themselves. ,

.
fairies ,
51

Frairies, Feriers, Ferishers, Farises, Farisees pharisees.


ferrishyn fear sidheon fairy men
[Briggs 1959: 27 28].
bathing fairies , trooping fairies , , cowling sprites
, seely court , , unseely
court , guardian fairies -. , : ,
, , , .

people, men ones, .
: little, small (Slegh Beggey the little people ),
little people , , fairy,
.
: good, guardian , , : hidden , tiddy , hill , trooping , : fairy aristocrats .
gentry . Fair Folk Farefolk,
Faring Folk
faran 6- , :
, . fairy , fair .
(fair complexions),
.
[Edwards 1974: 26], Tylwyth Teg fair family
- . Tylwyth
Teg yn y Cold , Tylwyth Teg y Mwn
. Bendith y Maman . : , , , 52

,
.
., Tylwyth
Teg: - -.
, , . XVI Coed y
Dugoed Mawr , the Red Fairies . . , , , .

, ,
[Sikes 1973:12, 127 134].
: 1) , ; 2) , ;
3) . , ,
. . , ,
, XX ....

,
.
Liosalfar Dockalfar . alfr aelf, elf. elf ,
. , , , , . 1000
A salve against the race of
elves c .
, , Elf disease (aelfsagatha)
, water-elf disease (waeteraelf-add) ,
.

, : Alfred, Alfric
[ 1996].
53

elf, elv
, el , ellyllon.
, . , ,
,
1764 ..
. .
, , alfr aelf, , elbe
, alp albus
. alp alf , ielfety , alphos
,
, ribhu , , lobh
. , , [Edwards 1974].

. . . dapper elves ,
, .
, [Edwards 1974; Briggs 1959; 1967].
elf elf-locks
, elf-arrows , elf-shot , .
,
. Seelie Court, Unseelie Court
, .
,
V ,
.

,
. , .
54

,
- ,

. , , people, folk, spirits, gods , : hill, sky, mischievous, Christmas, guardian.
,
: , , , , , .
: , , , , ,
. little people ,
, sky people , , hill people , .
ghosts.
, .
,
good people, seelie court. , - , .
, household spirits, : , , , , , puck,
pixie, brownie, boggard, goblin. -
- .
, Christmas spirits. , ,
, , .
, spirit
, , , ,
.

: , , , .
55

, : Greencoaties, Red
Caps, Blue Caps, Grey neighbours.

. un unseelie
court . - people, folk . , , .
.
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351]. ,
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1991: 396]. ,
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[ 1998: 384].
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, ,
[ 1983].
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[ .:
57

1998: 421].
.
little people, wee people, small people.
,
.
,
. ( , - , , ) . ,
.
, , : ,
, . ,
, , . , , : , : . [
1998:516].

. (. , ,
, -to-*corto ), kyreti , kereti , . . [ 1987,
.4: 347 348].
.
, ,
.
[ 1991: 90 93].

[ 1999: 88]. .. ,
[ 1978, .1: 157; .4: 597].
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1996: 271].
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, .
: , .
- ,
59

.

, .


, , .

2.2.

.
..
, , . , .
- , , , ,
, , . , .
, , , . , . XX . . . .
, , .
., ,
,
[Dictionary of ethics, theology and society
1995: 462]. - .
c .
60

. , [Russel 1991]
.
- . , , , , . , .
, , , . . Varieties
of religious experience ,
, , [. : Russel
1991: 14].
. , , . . . . ,
,
.
, , .
,
.
, ,
. , , , .
,
. , , ,
[tterell 1997]. 61

: A
(Ahura , zdah )
, . ,
o, -, ,
, . , . , , , [. : otterell 1997: 16].
( , ) (
, ).

, , , .
, , , .
. ,
: (yester ba-tob),
(yester ba-ra), -yetser.
, (bene-ha-elohim) . : .
: , ,
,
. , ,
[. Russel 1991:
253]. ,
. ,
aggadah -,
: , .

diabolos (dia , fallo , diabolos )
hasatan , , . , . satanas [ 1996: 155 156;
C 1998: 110].
62

, ,
, (., deorsum fluens
); , dia, duo bolus,
morsellus , , ,
[ 1998: 110 111]. ,
. ., : , ,
, [Russel 1991: 220]. , , , , .
, . , , , [Russel 1991: 222].
devil
diabolus, diabolos (c. diavolo, diable, diabo) , VI .
,
, ,
, , , : deofol-deoflu. deo- di-, . dev-, div- -v-, dule . 22- 20 : duobul, dioful, deoful, deofol,
deofel, deouel, deull, deil, devel, divel, devil, dioful, diovul, diowul, diowe, dioue,
diwe, dewe, diefel, devul [The compact Oxford English dictionary in 22 volumes
1996: 567 568].
devil
demon ,
, devil demon .
.
daim , , , dasmant .
63

, , , . XVI sciens, callidus


et multarum rerum peritus , [C 1998: 85].
,
. agathos daimon ( ) , .
,
[ .: C 1998: 84 89].
demon daemon, .: O Anthony!
Thy Daemon that thy spirit which keeps thee is noble, courageous, high
inmatchable! ( ! , !).
. devil demon fiend .
Websters collegiate thesaurus,
devil do evil devil [Websters collegiate thesaurus 1999:200].
( , , ..),
, ,
. - ,
.
, , , - devil ,
.
devil
. devil , , , , .
, devil.
devil,
.
daughter devils daughter [Partridge 1977: 253].

64

devil
, poor devil.
, ,
printers devil
: , , , .
, ,
devil, - a devil drawer.
, , ,
, , devil.
,
, , ,
: Indian devil , sea-devil -,
, devils gold ring , devils horse , devil-bird
, , devils needle, devils darning needle , mountain devil
. devil , , .
devil , . : devilstether , devils root , devils rattlebox, devils
club , devils plaque , devilspitchfolk , devils-paintbrush -, devilsmilk ,
devil [.,
.: - 1979].
devils walking stick . , ,
, : , , ,
.
: , , , , , ,
. , , devils dung
.
devil , , ,
, ,
.
65

- devil : 1) , ( ), 2)
, 3)
, , 4) , 5)
, [., .: [-
1976].
, devil (, ) to devilicate , .
devil , .
devils dust -, , . devils dust
, .
devil! , Devils Thumb Stout. Devil Mountain.
Devil Cocktail . ,
. . devil , 1820 [Partridge 1990: 251].

. devils bones,
devils teeth, the devils plaything, devils picture
gallery, devils books, devils pictures , , , . , ,
, devils,
old gentlemans bedstead, devils bedpost, four poster.

,
. devil : devils backbone , devils
kitchen , devils slide , devils corkscrew
. Devils bite , , , o ,
, , ,
. Devils Lake Reservation , . 66

Devils promenade [
1996:256]. (Devils Postpile National Monument).
, 900
, 322 . ,
hole , nostrils , throat , elbow ,
,
: tower , slide ,
den , bridge , dyke , , , frying
pen , cheesewring [., .: Brewers
dictionary of phrase and fable 1984: 328].
, . Devils Bridge , . Devils Dyke
. Devils Punchbowl
[: 1978: 137].
, devil
( ).
American devil , [Partridge 1990: 251].
devil
, : devil, devil on horseback
, . ,
angels on horseback . -
.. , [ - 1972,
.1: 372]. Devilled kidneys .
devils food cake
angel food cake :
. , , devil-on-thecoals.
67

devil, devils
. devil, devils own ship XIX . 4- devil dogs . devils claws
. , the
devil himself .
e devils colours, devils livery , .
, blue ()
blue devils, .
devils tattoo
, .
, , devils smiles .

. ,
attorney-Generals Devil , devil on two sticks
.
, ,
the devils dinner-hour .
, :
devil-catcher, devil-driver ( , XVIII ). , , ,
devil pitcher , devil scolder , devil
dodger , , . devils door [Brewers dictionary of phrase and fable 1984: 328].
Devils claw (claws) .
, , devils guts
: , . .
68

devil
. devil,
, , , , devils dozen
, 1600 [Partridge 1990].
devil disease [Holder 1995].
devil . -: devilkin, devilet, deviling, little devil c
: -kin-,
-let-, -ing- little. c
deviless. devilhood, devilhead,
devildom, devilship
.
, devilee, devilize . daredevil
daredevil
devil
daredevilry, daredeviltry .
- to devil , ,
. 22- : , ,
, , , , , , , 1823 [The compact Oxford English dictionary in 22 volumes
1996:571]. devilled, o 1800 , [The Barnhart dictionary of etymology 1988: 273].
Devil-may-care
devil-me-care
. devil-may-careness (-carishness, -lessness) c . . , devil-may-care,
XVIII , deil-ma-core [The Oxford dictionary
of English etymology 1966: 262].
, devils own luck ,
devils Mass .
69

devil ,
: How (what, when, where, who) the devil do I know!
! ! the devil a bit/ a penny devil :
! ! devil XVIII . - devil
: She is here. The devil she is! . ?!
, XVI : devil take
(fly, send, snatch) (, , ). the devil doubt you c
I dont , the devil doubt you XIX
XX . this is the devil! , .
little, young devil
XVII .
devil
.
devil
. . 50 , devil. :
the devil is not so black as he is painted ,
, between the devil and the deep , give
the devil his due , talk of the devil and he will appear
, pull devil, pull baker , as the devil loves holy
water , go to the devil, XIV [c.: Partridge
1990] [The Wordsworth dictionary
of phrase and fable 1993].
12 . aye
are, ere where, hole holy, syne soon, ain own, na aye never :
the deil grew hole, syne da monk was he ,
, the devils aye good to beginners [Mackay 1968: 156].
40 70

: He must needs go whom the devil drives ,


, Its hard to keep out the devil, but it is still harder to drive him out
, , Where theres money
youll find the devil , [A dictionary of
American proverbs 1992]. , , : talk, shame, give,
fight, : never, enough,
even, always, , .
, : the devil looking over Linkoln , ,
the devil in Dublin City (
Divelun) ( ).
.
, , , Devils Parliament ,
1459
[Brewers dictionary of phrase and fable 1984: 330].
,
, : Robert the Devil, VI , , the French Devil ,
III XIV, Devil Dick , (1759 1809) [Brewers
dictionary of phrase and fable 1984].

, Turning the Devils Boulder, 5
.
, , ,
. , . Ringing the Devils Knell [., .: A
dictionary of British folk customs: 250, 294 296; Day 1998].
, : , -. , The name is familiar. Who played who in the movies
1993 30 71

, , , , , , [Nowlan, Nowlan 1993: 703 704].


,
.
deuce, , ( Dus), deurse
, duus, daus
, . e, [The Oxford dictionary
of English etymology 1996: 262]. 2000 Deus! ! . duos ,
deuce [Websters collegiate thesaurus 1999: 200]. . deuce
deus [The Oxford dictionary of English etymology 1996:
262]. , deuce : deuced,
deucedly,
[., .: Collins English dictionary 1995].
dickens , XVI ,
Dickens what the dickens! ! [Collins English dictionary 1995: 437],
dickensian ,
dickens.
demon,
XV , daemon , daimon , , . demon c daemon,
daimon , , . demoniac , demoniacal, demonic
, [The Oxford dictionary of English
etymology 1996: 255]. (
, , , ,
- demon of inspiration
).
, ,
- , ,
, demon at cycling , demon cyclist [ollins
72

English dictionary 1996: 421]. : He is the demon for work , .


demon drink . demon ,
, ,
[Macquarie book of slang 1996: 60].
Daemon demon , .
20 , fiend , Lucifer Old Scratch , Old Horny , Old
Dad , Old Gooseberry , Old Gentleman debbil, dybbuk [Lewin, Lewin: 108].
the
Hirondelle, , the Iron Devil [Jennings 1984: 120].
devil - , - . ,
, . , ,
, , : -
. C ,
.
,
.
Old Nick, Clootie, The Old Boy Himself , , , . speak of the devil
, -
.
, his Satanic Majesty , the Prince of Darkness , the Old Gentleman - Old Nick, Old Scratch,
Old Harry . Old Scratch ,
., skratte ,
[Lawrence 1993: 18].
73


.
,
, .
XI .
, , , .
: ,
[ 1999, .1: 278].
..
[ 1978, . 1: 439], ..
[
1994: 159].
: , ; , ; , ; ,
; ,
[ 1978, .1: 439]. , .
..
, , - (,
, , , ), () ?, ? [ 1987: 522].
, , -
. , ( VI , X), , .

.
. . - - 1618 1619 : 6:9: tchort ( ,
74

diavolo). : 1495 [ 1999, .2: 384]. . ..


, .
(s) ker-[*(s)kor-:
*(s)kr-] , , , ,
, [ 1999, .2: 384].
, , kusy.
. .
. orto kyreti kereti , ,
, . , , [ 1987, .4: 347 348].
.. [ 1980,
. 4: 597]. ..
cort [ 1991: 611].
.. .. , . , kort
, cortti (tt-) , ,
, . (
) (. ) [
1994: 364]. ..
. crt , , , crtiti .
ikirti , pakyreti ,
kireti , ikirus .
, curtus, , ..,
, [ 1958: 1209 1210].
, , ,
, [ 1999, .2: 384].
.
:
, : , , . , . : , , , , ; , , ,
75

.
,
, , , , .
.. , .
: ;
; ; ,
! , :
( ); (), ; (
) [ 1980, .4: 597 598].
,
.
-:
, , .
, , . , : ( ,
, , , ) , ,
; , - [ 1994:524];
() (, ) ( ). ! , -
! . , - - . , , ,
- , : (
), ( ), (), - ( ) .
:
!, , , !, , - ! . , : , , , , , . , , .
-, : , , , .
.. ,
76

, : , .
: , , , , , , (), , . ,
devil, , ,
,
.
, . , , , : ( ,
), , ().
-- : , .
, ,
. ( ),
, , . , , . , , . .
.. . .
,
, .
,
, , .
, .

.
.

[ 1994: 766].

77

,
.
.
, , ,
. . ,
, , , ,
. , , , .
, .
.
, ,

. , [
1999:78]. , . -
. , , , , . , , . , ,
, , ,
.
, : i, , bes,
bies, . *bhoi: *bhi
, * bojati(se) ,
-bh- [ .: 1999, .1: 87]. baisa
, , baisus , baiduti , baiss
, , baidit .
foedus , , , bestia
. [ 1986, .1: 160]. .. bhayate , bhisayate , bestia [ 1958: 60]. .. .. 78

, . , . ,
, (. beiten
) [ 1994: 20 22].
. , , , ,
.
,
, . , , [ 1978, .1: 158].
.
: , , , . , , , . [ 1999: 85]. , , . , ,
, [ 1994:43].
[. .: 1978, .1: 157, 438
439], , , -,
- .
, .

, , ,
, , , , , , , .
.. : ,
, .
. , ,
, ,
, (, ) , Atropa Belladonna, , icuta virosa. , ,
- ,
79

.
.
,
.
: - , ; (
), ; ,
; . : , , ;
; [
1978, .1: 157 158; 1987: 35].
- , , , ,
, ,
: , ,
[ 1987:
35].
, .
, , : , . :
- , , ,
, .
- .
,
devil, , ,
, , , ( , , , , , ).

80

2.3.


,
,

,
.
.
,
, , .
, ,
,
[
1990: 473]. [, 2000: 597]. :
, [ 1962].
, (
, , ) [ 1998: 139]. , . , , . ,
- [ 1996: 7 9; 2000].
, , , [ 2000: 16]. , ,
[ 1993: 27].

81

,
. ,
, .
.
. ( , )
. ,
.
,
, .
: , . :
, : , , [, 2000:527].
.., [. : 2000: 527], .
,
. , , ,
. .. .. ,
. : , . , , , ,
[, 2000: 529 531].
(, , , )

. 82

- . ( , -
). , ,
. , 80 . ,
. , -,
. . ,
London Londinos, londos
, . ,
Londinos 1 .
, ,
-: (York) Ipor Hyperion, (Colchester) Camulodunum, , Camulus .
, ,
, .
.
, - -
,
Gogmagog Hills, Gogmagogs [: 1978:186]. XVIII .
: by Gog and Magog
(. !). .
,
,
Raw-head Bloody-bones . , , 1
:
Llyn-don (don) (Llyn), Laindon
lunnd , King Lud, I ..
(Kaerlud ) [ .: Ackroyd 2001:11].

83

[Spence 1998:169; Delaney 1993;


Green 1995; Ackroyd 2001].
Ogmios ,
.
. Ognios, Corineus
. ., , ,
. , Magog
, , [Spence 1998:170].
XVIII , , Guildhall
[: 1978:196], .
, Gremagog
- [Ackroyd 2001:16].
: (, ) ( ).
. , . (. , ). , ,
. - , , . Bran the
blessed ,
, Long man of Wilmington , Cerne Abbos
Giant , Giant of Grabbist ,
Gentle Annis , ,
.
.
[ 1997]. - Jeanie of Biggersdale the cauld lad of Hilton
, .
84

, , . . .
, , : Jenny Green teeth
. , .
, , , ( ). Annie, Peg, Billy, Nelly, Mike, Jimmy, Jeanie . , , , . : Robin Good, Robin Good Fellow
, , . ,
, , . Old Nick, Nickie, Nicker [Holder
1995: 253] , XVII , , ,
Nickel St Claus .
: Old Harry, Old Ned.
C, , , , . Jimmy Squarefoot

(
Nelly Longarms, Robin Round-cap, Hairy Meg, Scantlie Mab ).
, , , , , . Allison Gross, , , . Aiken Drum (aik 85

oak), ( , ) .
,
.
Billy Blind ,
Belly Blin, Blind Barlow. Wee Willie Winkie, Billy Winker .
: Lob-lie-by the fire , Master Dobbs , Tom Tit Tot Rumpelstiltskin
[. : Briggs 1976].
.
. Davy Jones Davy
XVIII . , Davy
duppy.
Davy Jones , .
Jones , . Davy Jones Locker [Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996:137; The Wordsworth
dictionary of phrase and fable 1993: 302].
XVII
, . .
, ,
.

.
-, , ,
(, , , ) (, ,
, ).
, , . ,
.
86


(. . 4).
, c .
, .
, ; , , .
.
, .
, : ,
( ).
. ,
, . . ..
[ 1998: 15 23]. , , , [ 1995: 244]. , : , .
. ,
. ,
. [ 1998: 521]. , , ,
. : , , . , , , , , [, 1995: 169 170]. , ,
.
87

, , .

, .
,
.
,

,
, .

1.
, .
2.
, . , ,
,
, .
3. , , , ,
. , , , ,
,
.

88

3.

, ,
, , ,

,
!
.

3.1. .

. ,
, ,
, , ,
- (. .. - [ 1986]). ,
, ,
.
89

, :
, , -,
. -
, , , (, , , , .). -
, ,
, ,
. , ,
, .
. , .
,
,
..:
, , :
, , ,
,
[. : 1998: 96]
, . , .
. ,
, ( , , , , ..).
. XI .
, .. ,
, , ,
, , [.
: 1996: 159].

- , .

90

, , .
, .
- , . -,
, , . - ,
. ,
, .

, ,
, , , , .
, , .
,
, ,
, , .

, , , , .
,

. ,
, , ,
, [ 1997:174; 1998 : 178].
-.
,
, [
91

1991: 396; 1996: 591]. ,


, [ 1998: 390].
-,
. , ,
[
1997: 177 178; 1991: 222].
, .
;
.
.
. .
, , . . , .., , :
, [. :
1992: 16]. . ,
. VI , .
,
. , , .
, , , . , :
( , , , , ) .
,
, (,
, ..).
, , - !- . , ,
92

, , - , ,
, , .
,
.
, , , ,
. : , , ,
-, , , , , .
-, , , --,
. : , , , .
: c, , , , , -, ,
[ 1998: 491-493], , . ,
- , [Larousse
dictionary of world folklore 1996: 147].
,
, .
, , .
,
,
, , , ,
,
, , .
,
: ..
[ 1978. .1:
466; 1998: 28].

, ,
(, , ) . , , plezaj,
[ 1991: 445].
, . ,
93

, ( ) [ 1998: 344]. , ,
[ 1998: 124].
. , :
, , , . , , . .
-.
, , , () , , , .
, [Larousse dictionary
of world folklore 1996: 396].
,
: , ,
. , ( .. , ) [ 1998: 259].

( -, -) .
, , .
,
. , , . - . . (. , - ), . ,
kaukas , [ 1986, .2: .231 232], , , , , (. ,
, mora, mara mara , , nightmare ). . ,
, *mokos .
94

.
, [ 1998: 215].
, , , .
, , , , , , , : , , -.
, , , .

: , , , .
. , ,
, , , : , , , [ 1998: 131; 1997: 137].
: .
,
: , , , , (,
, , ),
. ,
, , , .
,
. , .
, ,
( ). ( ), .
, , ,
. , ,
(, , , , , ), , -
, --, --. :
95

, , ,
( , , ).
, .
, ,
,
, -.
.
, ,
, : , [ 1997].
,
, ,
, , , [ 1998: 259, 524 525].
, , , , , .
,
: -, , , , ,
, , , - [ 1995: 1].
. ,
. : ,
-, , , -, , [ 1991].

, ,
. , , , , , 96

. .
, , .
.
household spirits , ,
( ),
, . , [ 1996: 149]. , XVI ,
, Titter, Titty () , Tiff () ,
Sucking () , Sugar . ,
: catch, pluck,
haunt. ,
: Greezy (), Greedyguts () [ 1992:
193 194].
, - ,
. , .
,
, , .
household spirits, ,
, . bath fairies
, XVIII
[
1997: 50] , .
97

brownie
, [Edwards 1974: 103]. XII
, ,
. . . broonie [Scott 1887], , , [Edwards 1974: 104].
, , , , brown.
, brownie
: broun ,
[Mackay 1968: 18 19]. Brownie XVI . Brown , c phrune , babhrus , beaver, *bhru [Partridge 1990].
, , . . -, [ 1991: 82 83]. ,
[ : 99].
brown (
, ),
Brownie-Clod the cauld
Lad of Hilton , . Bodachan
, [Briggs 1976: 29].
booman . bwca, bodach,
bwbadoch , . bwbach [Edwards 1974: 115].
Fenoderee, ,
, [Larousse dictionary of world folklore
1996: 179].

. Robin Round-cap
Puddlefoot , , 98

,
[Briggs 1976 :331]. Billy Blind (Billy Blin, Belly Blin, Blind Barlow) Aiken Drum ( oak
), Half-Hannkin , John Tucker ,
. Tom Tit Tot
. Dobby, Master Dobbs .
Glaistig -,
c [Briggs
1976; 1997: 118].
Silky . Blue-cap , .
Hairy Meg, Maug Moulach ,
.
1883 , St.Nicholas Magazine . [Encyclopedia Britannica 1998: vol. 4].
, .
. brownie: , , , [Partridge
1977: 251], , , . ; , . . Brownie , . brownie a brownies point
- [Encarta 1998].
Girl Guide , ,
, . .. The
Brownies, , .
, ,
.

99

dobe (dobie, doby) abode


. lobs ( ) hobs
( , , ) , lobberkin [
1997: 258].
puck, pook (puca,
puke, pouke, powke, pooke, pouk, pucke, poake, puca, puki -; c pwca pukis ). ,
poc [Edwards 1974 :145].
, , sweet puck ,
, .
- . , ,
- . pukje, puge [Larousse dictionary of world
folklore 1996 :356; Sikes 1973 :18-20].
- Puckle, Puch pukehole .
, [Edwards
1974: 148].
Pixies , pucksy puck.
Puggie Stone. . Pug, the lesser devil , . , Niskas Peisgi. .
, Pechts, Pechs , [Spence 1998].
Picti .
, pysk, pjusk. 1630
pixy-path ,
1746 [The compact Oxford English dictionary in 22 volumes 1996]. pixie-led .
pixylated , [The Barnhart
dictionary of etymology 1988: 800]. pisky, ,
100

pyske (pysk) [Partridge 1990].


Hobgoblin . XIV ,
hob
, XV , . ,
hob ,
Robin, Robert [The Oxford dictionary of English etymology 1996: 443]. Hob
, 1530 [The compact Oxford English dictionary
in 22 volumes 1996 :772]. . , hob hob [Edwards 1974:131]. . XII
gobelinus , , , , Gobel (
Gobeau), Kobold,
kobalos, cobalus -, .
- *gobelin [The
Oxford dictionary of English etymology 1996: 404]. ,
, [The Wordsworth dictionary of phrase and fable 1993: 470].
,
, .:
[
1997: 483]. , Hob
. . ..., hobhytta [Briggs 1976]. to
play the hob ; hob [Edwards 1974: 134].
Robin
Good fellow, . 20
. XVI .
cellar demons ,
cluricaun (cluracan) (.
biersal , ). clurican leprechaun, c, .
lithbragan
101

luacharman, 1604
lubrican [The compact Oxford English dictionary in 22 volumes 1996: 961].
( ) : lupracan, luchorpan , leith , brog, brougue
, c, [Larousse dictionary
of world folklore 1996: 270 271]. Leprechaun ,
.
Killmoulis, ( kil ).
Church Grim
.
, . ,
,
VIII ,
[Gordon 1998].
-,
, ,
- , ( .
, .
,
.).
- will o
the wisp , .
, feu follet ignus fatum , , fuoco fatuo. Will - William, wisp
, . will othe wisp , , [The compact dictionary of English language in 22 volumes 1996].
Joan with (in) the wad
, , - , .
, Joan , wisp wisp [Edwards 1974: 195].
weeze othe wisp, weeze, was wisp . , wase, waice ,
102

,
. , wisp, wase, wad . Willis with
the wisp (spunkies , sponk )
will othe wisp.
a man of spunk . William with the little flame (Liam me
lasoigne) Jack of the bright light Jack o Lantern
(Jack with the lantern , , ,
,
. Jack o lantern (Peg, Peggy, Jyl, Jillian) [Briggs 1976; Edwards
1974].
the Wat ( Walter) . ,
will othe wisp .
, .
. , , .
, . , .
,
. , ,
. ,
.
,
(., ., ,
).

.
, ,
.

103

, , , .

, ,
,
( ).

, . , . ,
. .

3.2.

3.2.1.

[ 1997: 148].
.
bug ,
XIV , , y
. .
1535 , Bug Bible, Thou shalt not nede to be
afrayed for any bugger by night [Edwards 1974: 80]. . . Baga.
Bhaga, ,
Bagaios. , ,
, [Sikes
1973 : 33].
[The compact Oxford English dictionary in 22
volumes 1996]. bug c bwg c [., .: Brewers dictionary of
phrase and fable 1984: 165]. bog,
104

boggard, bogle, bogle-bo, bugaboo, bugbear


bogey. bug bwg, bwgan , , bwgwl
, [The Oxford dictionary of English etymology 1996: 124].
fuga
fugare [Edwards 1974: 84].
bug : Fear boys with bugs.
bug-eyed
bug ,
.
Bug ,
, , : bug as a lord
. bug XIX , big bug
, . XVI XVII bug-words, bugs-words , , . , , ., , , , . ,
[Edwards 1974] . ,
[The Oxford dictionary of English etymology
1996:124]. .
, [Partridge, 1990]. , budde bug , [ .: Edwards 1974: 86].

bug: may bug , potato bugs .
Bug .
bug-hunter , .
bug
, , , , , . bug XIX
, , , o bug , : Hes got the travelling bug 105

[The Oxford Russian Dictionary 1997: 685]. , bug [Wentworth, Flexner 1975: 68].
, ,
, 1922 bug. ,
. ,
bug .
bug
[Macquarie Book of Slang 1996:28], .
bug.
,
bugs, (, ).
bug o .
,
: bug , , , 5 ,
.
, bug
1925 , , , bug.
C bugs, , , bug, . bug , , .
bugs
, (
1922 ), . , , bugology, bugologist .
to bug
,
. : , , , , , [Wentworth, Flexner 1975:68-69].
bumble-bugs , to
bumble . 1944 doodle-bugs
-, doodle [The Oxford dictionary of English
etymology 1996: 284; Edwards 1974: 89].
106

C bug : bugger , , ,
buggy , , , , , [.Wentworth, Flexner 1975: 69 71].
-Bug-, -buggy-, -bugs- , , .
... Bug , ,
money-bug, car-bug,
bug -- .
buggy ,
,
: air-buggy, gas-buggy. , buggy : hell buggy , Irish buggy
.
, . bugs
: stir-bugs
[Wentworth, Flexner 1975: 627].
bug: bug doctor , bug test
, , bug house , bug
torch , bug-juice
, , (
y ). , bug, : bug in ones ear c, , ,
; to put a bug in (ones) ear , , , ; to bug out , , to bug up
, , , [Wentworth,
Flexner 1975: 69 70; The Oxford Rushian dictionary 1997: 684]. ,
bug devil bug all! bug it! bug them! Im bugged if I know! [Wentworth, Flexner
1975: 69 70; The Oxford Rushian dictionary 1997: 684]
bug XVI
bugbear , , , , , - bull-bear, bull-beggar,
bully-beggar. ,
107


[Edwards 1974: 89].
bugaboo . Bucca-boo,
. . ,
, , Bucca Dhu, , [Briggs 1959]. ,
, bw, bug.
Boh . Boh [The ompact Oxford English dictionary in
22 volumes 1996]. boare , ,
bugaboo. , , , . . c bugaboo
1971 : Let me lay to rest the bugaboo of devaluation.in America
your dollar will be worth just as much tomorrow as it is today
.
, [. : Edwards 1974: 92].
boggy-bo,
buggleboo, bogill-bo, bogle ,
, . , , bogle. bogle . . .
: Whiles holding fast his gude blue bonnet,
Whiles glow ring round wiprudent cares
Lest bogles catch him unawares (
, ).
bogle bogge boggelman,
Boggle-about-the-stacks ().
boggle , , to
boggle . to beat about the bush,
to bogle () to bogle
about the bush .
boggle boggar , . ,
, .
.
bug bogey, bogeyman ,
108

(Old Bogey), , . Bogey


, . , , bugge .
bogey c bugbear bwg. Bogie , , bogy [Larousse dictionary of world folklore
1996:73-74].
bogey Colonel Bogey Bogey , [Standard dictionary of folklore,
mythology and legend 1997: 158].
Boggart barguest , .
barguest Berg-geist ,
.
bodach (bodagh, buddough)
, .
. , bodach , .
bug . bug , .
Nursery Rhymes
.
, ,
, . Bloody Bones,
Rawhead and Bloody Bones, Old Bloody Bones, Tommy Rawhead , .
, .
[Briggs 1967: 338 339]. : Jenny Greenteeth , Nelly Long Arms . - -, , , : ,
(.
, , , ).
109

, . :
Lazy Lawrence , , Churnmilk Peg , , Gooseberry wife , , .
.
, . , , : Wee Willy Winkie, Billy Winker
. Sand man , , ,
[Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996:383].
Mumpoker Nanny Buttoncap . Tom Poker .
Tankerabogus Tantarabogus . ( t, k, r ).
-
. - , (. ). Hobyahs - ,
, , .
, , ,
[ 1997: 483;
Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996: 221]. -, .
Cipernapers ( , kip ,
, ),
Tom Dockin. , bendith y mamau . Black Annis - . .,
, . Woad Farm , ,
. ( , ,
110

, .) ,
(. ), Keridwen, ,
. Anu
Danu, Black
Annis [Spence 1998: 172 175].
.

.
bug, bogey, boggart. .. , , ,
, , [ 1978, .1:
138]. , (. bugbear), , , .
, , [ 1978, .1: 138].
, - [ 1998:28]. , , , , , . , , , , , (. , ). , . , , .., , [ 1998:273]. ,
, .. , , [ 1979, .2: 212].
, , ,
[ 1983; 1998: 90].
,
, , ,
[ 1998: 138].
, , .
. .. ,
[ 1978, .1: 34].
, , , [ 1998:138].
.
( ),
. , , , , , , .
Rhinobatus, [ 1980, .4: 105].
111

,
(,
). , , , . , , . , , :
poludnica, polednice, poludnica.
, () , , , ,
, , , [ 1998: 414; 1980, .3: 251]. , , ,
, [ 1998:
414 416]. ,
, , .
.. , , , [ 1980,
.3: 251].
, , , ( ), (), , , .
. [ 1998: 417 418].
, -, -, , , ,
, , ,
[ 1998: 268 271]. , - ,
,
. , , , . ,
, [ 1979, .2: 195]. , , , , [ 1980, .3: 119].
, :
, , [ 1998: 570 571].
, , (-), ,
, [ 1998: 358 360]. , .
( ) , , 112

, [ 1998: 208].
, , , , ,
[ 1997: 173 174].
; , . .. , [ 1980, .4: 400].
, ,
, .

. . ..,
,
, , [. : 1998: 500].
: ,
.
, . , , . (--, --, --, --).
: , (, ) () , ,
, (, ),
( ).
, , .
. (. ).
, , .
, , , ,
, .

113

3.2.2.


, .
. ,
, ,
-, ,
, .
- , . , , ,
.
XX .
, (, , ),
, .
[New Websters dictionary of the English language 1988: 667]. gremlin
. .- Spectator,
1917 ,
[. : Edwards 1974: 213]. , , . , . gremlin
goblin [The compact Oxford English dictionary in 22 volumes
1996]. gremlin gremian . . , goblin Fremlins
[Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996: 208 209].

Fremlins ( ,
).
gremlin, goblin
gruaimin . . , grinning goblin
114

(grinlin>grimlin>gremlin),
[Partridge 1977].
Gram Gramlein,
Gremlin.
,
[ .: Edwards 1974: 213
224]. . , , , - ,
, , , , [Edwards 1974: 224].
, [ 1997: 125 126].
,

. . , [ 1997:
117 118].

, , .
, , , , .

. , ,
. ,

(, , ).

115

, . ,
. , . ,
. . , .

3.3.

. , ,
.

3.3.1.
.
, , , ,
. ,
.
,
,
( , , , , , , ).
.
. , , ,
[Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996: 447]. . , , ,

116

[ 1978, .1: 220]. ,


(. ) [ 1991: 127].
, (
vodnic, wodny muz, wodnykus, povodnj, vodni
moz). , .
: , , , ,
, , , ,
, , , -, -,
, [ 1998: 94].
, : , , .
, ,
, [ 1982: 282 303]. , ,
, , , , , .
, ,
( ), (, , , ) [ 1983].
(, ) .
[ 1978, .1: 220].
: , , , , , : , ,
, ( ?) . ..
, , , ,
[ 1998:93-94]. , , , .
, .
.
117

: , , () .
: , ,
, -, - .
,
, , [ 1996: 590]. , : , . () , [ 1998: 380). ( ), .
(, ,
e, , [ 1978, .1: 35],
, , , , [ 1979, .2: 264],
[ : 691], , [
1980, .3: 14] , ,
. (
, ). - [ 1995 ?:
258].
,
, , ,
[ 1998: 338].

, [ : 268]. , . .. , [ 1983]. ,
, (), , , .
[ 1998: 561 565]. .. ,
[ 1995: 273],
.. , .. .. ,
, , .
. 118

, , , --.
, , , ,
, ,
, :
. ,
, [ 1998: 565; 1995: 273].
.. -
( ) [ 1998:
565; 1995: 275]. .
.. , , .. [ 1995: 270], ,
; , , *suj , , , ,
, *desn , , [ : 277]. ,
. -- .
,
. ..

[ : 279]. .. , [ : 278 286].
, . , , .
, : , , , , , , [c.: 1998; 1980, .4: 117].
, ,
, ,
, 119

[ 1991:
92]. , ,
[ 1997: 472].
, ,
.

, , . , , , , , rosalia.
, [ 1999:
36 39].

Rhusalia. ,
.., , [ . : 1998: 464].
-

[ 1994: 598].
( ) [ 1996: 595; 1997: 511].
, , , .

. , , mermaids, . Mermaid XIV
. XIV mermaiden, XVII
merman. mere () + maid ()
mer(e)min, meremenen ( ) meremanni, merininna, meermin
marmennill [The Oxford dictionary of English mythology 1997: 571]. sea men, sea maids -

120

, .
.
Ben-Varrey, , merrow , [Larousse
dictionary of world folklore 1996: 301]. silkee, selkee seal ,
sealh , selich
[The compact Oxford English dictionary in 22 volumes 1996:1439].
, , . ceasg
,
.
roane
[Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996: 370]. Swan maiden
,
, ,
(
).
, , , .
:
mermaids
, cunts
with scales, matagouri mermaid
, ,
, -, . [A dictionary of modern New Zealand slang 1999: 85 86].
mermaids purse
sea purse [Collins English dictionary 1995:
979]. , .
kelpie, kelpu , . 1747 .
. [The Oxford dictionary of English etymology 1996: 503].
calpa, cailpach , , , . 121

. .. , , , calpach [ 1991: 284].


, ,
(. ,
- ).
nakken, nykur nennir.
,
[The compact Oxford English dictionary in
22 volumes 1996: 911]. , , [Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996: 256
257].
kelpie
.
Tangie tang y
, , , [The Wordsworth
dictionary of phrase and fable 1993: 1061].
dracae
. , , drouk, drook, .
() [Briggs 1959; 1967;
1997: 157 158].
, . , , , , , , .
, ,
.
.

3.3.2. ,
. , .
, , [ 1999: 32 34]. ,
[ 1999].
122

, , ,
. : , . (. ) [, 1974]. : , , , , - , , ,
, .
: , , ,
, [ 1998: 284 285]. , , :
, , , , , , , , [ : 277]. : , , .
: ( ), ( ), , ,
, , , , , ( -), , ,
, , , , . , , , , . , , , , .
: , , , , , , -
, .
: , ,
. : , ( , ), : ( ), , , ( ,
, ) [ 1996: 602],
.

[ 1998: 326].
: , ; ,
; ; [ 1979, .2: 279].
123

, ,
, : ? ! !
; ; ; ( ;,
; . .
,
, , - [ 1998; 1995; 1991]. : , , .. , , Frau Holle, [ 1998: 169].
.. , -
, , ,
, - -, [C 1995: 12]. * . .. *jaga, *jega , ,
, , ,
- *ieg ^a; [ ].
, . , . , ,
, , , , [ 1998: 391]. , , , - . . . , , , , [ : 408 410]. ,
, : , , , .
, ,
: 124

, , [ 1996].
, ,
.
, , : -,
, . : Bigfoot , [Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996: 66], baginis
, -. , . ,
, ,
.
,
, . Dwarfs
. . , .
dwerg , dwergumal .
, - wood-mare, mare mara
- [Edwards 1974: 66]. . dvergr, dweorg, Zwerg .
: ,
dhwaras, , , serphos [ : 68 69]. dwarf 1823
.
. Kobold ,
( ).
,
; , [The Wordsworth
dictionary of phrase and fable 1993:239]. , 125

, nickel .
Wichtlein , Hous-schmiedlein [Sikes 1973:29].
knocker
[ 1997:411], coblynau ; [Larousse
dictionary of world folklore 1996:118]. Coblynau
: (knocker, thumper), . . [Sikes 1973: 26]. ,
Cutty Soams, ,
(. to cut ), ,
Blue Caps, [.:
Briggs 1976: 362].

gwyllion - ( ). , , , , . ,
, , Tylwyth Teg . gwyll , , a, . qwyllion elllylon ,
[Sikes 1973: 53].
urisg, urisk - ,
, [ 1997: 439].
, ,
, . Gnomii, gnomus ,
XVI , . .
, gnomon , .
. , ge-nomos
[Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996: 203]. , , .
.
. 126

the gnomes of Zurich


1956 . .
. , , . . , .,
, Gnomes of Whitehall [Edwards 1974:80].

, , (, ). , ,
. ,
, .
, .
: , , , , . , . , , , , , ,
, , [ 1998: 328].

. - , .

3.4.
,
- .
,
, , , . .
127

, , , . .
, ,
: (), , , , ,
. ,
( ).

. -, - , , -.
, ,
, [ 1998: 178 179].
,
, , .
, , .

,
. , , [ 1991: 626]. , , [ 1998: 561].
( ).

Halloween, , [. : Day 1998;
Cohen 1994; Potter 1997; Kightly 1986].
,
,
(. , , podlaznik, polozic, polazar, polezaj).
, , [ 1991: 445]. Hogmaney
[Day1998].
128

. ,
. - c
, IV
, .
Sinter Claus 1773 . St. A Claus,
,
Bertchta Knecht Rupert (
, [Encarta 1998]. Sante Klaas
, - Santa laus , Father Christmas [Larousse dictionary of world
folklore 1996: 383].
,
. , ..,
-, - - [ 1998].
, . ,
, , .. ..,
- [ 1991: 376].
. Cailleach bheur , cailleach bera ,
. ,
, , , ,
[Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996:88].
e . , .
: , ,
, , , [ 1998].
(, ) ( ) , ,
. , (
129

.. ). - ,
[ 1995 ?: 263 ].
Hoopers , ;
Howloa ( to howl ), ,
; Dooinney-Oie , [Briggs 1967: 246]. .
,
. ( ).
,
.
,
, , , , (. , (. 2.1)).
, , : , , , , ( ), , , .
: (
), ( ), ( ),
(), ( ), ( ). , .
, ,
, 12 , [. : 1998: 306 324;
1983].

1. -
. 130

- .
2.
, . . .
3.
, ,
.
, ,
, , -
XVII :
,
. - , .
4.
. , .
( ,
).
5. , , , , , , . , , ( , ).
6. , , , . , .
7. , , . 131

, (, , ).
8. , ( ,
). .
,
. , .
.
, .
9.
- (, ,
). . ,
, , ,
, - .

132

4.


.
.

4.1.

, . : , ,
.
, ., ,
,
- .
, .
, , , , 133

, .
, . , ,

. ,
, . , ,
, ,
,

. . ,
, , ,
. , . , ,
, .
, [ 1996: 328].
,
,
, (.
..) [ 1998: 418].
, ,
. , ,
, ,
[
1996: 340].
, , , [Zipes 1992]. ,

. , . , , ,
. 134

, , , .
. , - , . .
- ,
,
- , , , , .
-
[Denby 1971: 113 123].
- , , . . ,
[Zipes 1992: 118].
, . Doc, Happy, Grumpy, Sneezy, Bashful, Sleepy, Dopey
, , , , , , , .
-, , . ( ) - . ,
1936 , ,
. , . , . ,
., : ,
recovery , , escape , consolation
. , 135

, , ,
[Zipes 1992: 142 143].
, . , , , , () [Cotterell 1997]. ,
, , , . [ 1998: 150].
:
, . , .., ,

[ 1998: 150].
, . -,
,
,
( , , ), . .
, .
, c ,
the Kennedy Curse [Gordon 1997].
, , , ,
. ( ), () (), , [Giesecke 1998: 211 212], , .
, , , ,
. , 136

. , . A Cultural History of the English


Language , , , , ,
[Knowls 1998: 10].

. , ,
.
[ 1998: 18].
, , .
. XIX - , , , ,
, ,
[ 2000: 171 172]. . . - - (), . , .

. ,
.
. -
. , .

,
. , .

,
137


. , ,
, .
, , .

4.2. :

- : , , [ 2000:
73]. , , - . ,
[ 2000: 73 74].
, ,
. -
.

, , , . ,
, , [Encyclopedia of
American religious experience 1988: VI, 86]. , , 138

, - .
.
- , .
, ,
, -
. .
, , , , , .
, , , -, .
, XVII
[ 1996: 379 393],
, , , , . , , , , . ,
.
, . ,
, ,
. , , . ,
, . ,
, [ 1993: 191]. . , , 50 [The Forbes book of business quotations
139

1997:59]. .. , , . , .
, , . , , , .
, , : ,
, ,
. , XX
, ,
,
.
,
, , , , . () , .
,
,
, , , .
( . [Dorson 1991]) . ,
. , , .
.
, , (, ,
, , )
, . , ,
, , [Dorson 1973: 14 15]. 140

,
(-,
).
.
, .
.
, , , , ,
, .
, , ,
. , . , [ 1996].
. , ,
. :
. . .

, ,
. , - , ,
, . Democracy in America . ,
1825 . ,
, , . , ,
, .
141

. ,
, . - , ,
, , , ,
. (Lovingood ), , . -.
, , , -- - . , . , , ,
, ,
, , , .
, ,
. , , , . , . ,
, . . The Gospel of Wealth (
) , ; .
, ,
, .
, ,
(, , ,
, ), .
. 20
30- XX ,
, . 142

[Dorson 1973; 1976],


[Wordsworth dictionary of phrase and
fable 1993; Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996 .]
.
, , , , , . XX , ,
.
-. -.
Red River Lumber Company.

, .
XIX XX Country Boy , , . .
XX
. . .
Action Comics 1938 .
[Neuburg
1982: 184 185]. , , . . ,
, , , ,
, , ,
, , .. [The Forbes book of
business quotations 1997: 62]. C
, . c
.
,
143

( ): Aquaman (1941),
Captain America(1941), Captain Marvel (1940), Captain Wings(1941), Flash
(1940), Green Lantern (1940), Hawkman (1940), The Human Torch (1939),
Iron Man(1963), Plastic Man (1941), The Spectre (1940), Spider Man (1962),
The Spirit(1940). Supergirl
(1959), Wonderwoman (1943) [Neuburg 1982: 184].
.
Iron, Spider, Aqua, Plastic Hawk (, , , , ) man
Marvel, Wings, America
(, , ). : , ,
, (Torch, Lantern, Spectre, Flash). : Supergirl
Wondrwoman -. (
), , : , .
. . 007, , . - , , ,
.
,
.
, : ( , , ..) (, , , )
.
( ), (
unisex, , person man chairmanchairperson, salesman salesperson). ,
, . .,
., . ,
.
, 144

, , -.
, ,
, , , .
. , . , ,
, , ,
.
druglore
, , . , ,
, .. . -,

.
. XVII ,
, , , .
.. Folklore from
Adams county Illinois [Dorson 1973: 51].
, , . , . , . The Puke from Missorri , the Sucker from Illinois
Mose the Bewery bhoy , Jonathan the Yankee Cepres
. Yankee .
(Crocket-backwoodsman), (Fink the
keelboatman), (Patch the mill hands), (Mose the
city toughs), (Jonathan the farmer). .
,
, -
,
. ( . ),
145

16 , 22 .
,
,
. (Billy the Kid),
, ,
, . - : , , , , ,
, .
(1870 1900),

, . machismo . ,

.
Lumberjack
, - . lumberers, woodcutters
, - . woodsman , logger , lumberman , shantyboy , logger beast , . , , . , . ,
, , -.
-, ,
[Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996: 96].
. 44 ,
. ,
[ .: Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996: 249 250]. .
- . ,
146

- . - . -
, , , ,
. : ,
. , , ,
[Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996: 341 342]. -
Red River Lumber Company .. , , ..
Detroit News Tribune. 1910 , 20- XX
-.
, .
, . ,
. ..
. , ,
, ,
. ,
.
- , ,
. - , , . 30-e XX . 7-
. ,
, , ,
. - XX . ,
, , , , ,

.
, 147


.
, .
; , , , . ( , , , ..).
XX . ,
,

[Dorson 1973: 250].
, , , -, .
, . -
, , . ,
. , ,
- . , , ( - , ,
). ,
() ( ) . ,
- , , , :
, [ 2000:
180].

, .
, , , 148

. , . - -, ,
[Dorson
1976:78]. -
, [Cassirer 1955: 235]. , [David,
Thompson 1992: 4].

, ,
.
, , , ,
, ,
[Kammen 1991: 28].
, , ,
.
Johnny Appleseed
(1774 1845), , . , , . , ( - ,
)[Larousse dictionary of world folklore 1996: 250], , ,
.
, , , .
,
-, , .
, , .
149

- ,
, .

4.3. -

.
: ,
, - ( -, Volga , *Olig .
,
[Puhvel 1987:236]).
.
, , ,
,
[ 1988: 3]. , , (
, , ), ,
, . , .
, ( ), XVII , ,
, . ,
, 1917 . , , , . , .
. , , , , 150

. , , , ,
[, 1998: 58 59].
- : , , , . , , , -
. ,
, , .
- , . , , , , - . .
, , .
,
. , , , ,
, 1917 . XX ,
.
, . homo
sovieticos , , [Haynes 1995: 155 156]. - , , , . , . , ,
,
. , - (,
,
).
151

, ,
. , , ,
. , , , , , . . .
1999

,
, , - .
.
, . 1936 ,
. 30- . ,
: , , . , ,
-.
, , , , , , , , . , , .
,
, ,
, (, , ) (biggy , boy, kid ). (self-made
man), XX .
, ,
-.
152

. , -
, , , . , , ,

.

.
,
,
, : ,
, , ,
. , -,
-?
. . : ,
() , ,
. ,
:
, , ,
, ..
. ,
, ,
, .
[ 2001: 403]. , . ,
, ,
153

- , -
-, . .
- , -
. ( ,
, : ?.)
,
, , . .
, , , , ,
.
( , ,
, , ). , ,
,
.
,
. . , ,

. , , , XX ,
.
, [. : 2001: 137].
(, , )
.
, , , , , , . ,
, , , -
. - ,
, ,
. ,
.
154

, ,
( . :

.

). [ 1958: 249]
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181



:
elf
elf arrows
elf locks
elf shot
Alfred, Alfric
fairy , ,
(.), ,
. ( ),
.
(faryism, fairyhood, fairydom, fairyology, fairyologist, fairyship)
banshee, bean sidhe (., .) ,
,

fairyfolk
fairyloaves, fairystones
fairy money ,
fairyplant (foxglove)
fairy sparks
fairystory, fairytale
fairyworld, fairyland
fairy-rings
away(off) with the fairies (pixies)
to shoot a fairy
fairies aristocrats
bathing fairies
guardian fairies -
trooping fairies
fay ,
(.) , ,
Fay
fayness, fay tokens, fye-tokens (.)

182

fay, fey ,
.
fey-folks ,

:
court seely court, unseely court ,
crowd
Danes ,
folk good folk, wee folk, fair folk, faring folk , ,
,
lil fellas
mob
neighbours
ones ,
people le of peace, little people, the people of the hills, the old people, sky people,
tiddy people, hidden people , , , , , ,
themselves
Bendith y Maman (.)
Tylwyth Teg
Green coaties
red caps
blue caps
grey neighbours
:

(, , , , )
, ,

183

,


Devil (duobul, dioful, deoful, deofol, deofel, deouel, deull, deil, devel, divel, devil,
dioful, diovul, diowul, diowe, dioue, diwe, dewe, diefel, devul) ,
, ,
,
, ,
, ,
,
,
,

to devil , , , ,
, , ,,
(devilkin, devilet, deviling, little devil
deviless
devilhood, devilhead, devildom, devilship, devility, devilism, devilshine,
devilness, devilry, devilade, devildom
devilee, devilize
daredevil, daredevilry, daredeviltry
devilled, devilfied, devil-like, deviling, devilish
devilly, devily)
devil:
American devil (.)
Attorney Generals Devil
blue devils , , (.)
devil catcher (dodger, driver, pitcher, scolder)
devil disease
devil dogs

184

devilfish , -, , ,
devil-in-the-bush
devil may (me) care -
devil monger
devil-on-both-sides
devil on horseback
devil on the coals (.)
devil on two sticks -
devil shrieker
devil tree
devil-bird ,
devils apple ; ,
devils apron ,
devils backbone, bite, corkscrew, kitchen, promenade, slide

devils bite
devils bit
devils bones
devils books, devils good books (pictures), the devils plaything,
devils picture gallery
devils bedpost, four poster, old gentlemans bedstead
devils claw ; ; (.)
devils claws
devils club ,
devils coach-horse
devils darning needle, devils needle
devil s daughter
devils delight ,
devils dinner hour (.)
devils door (.)
devils dozen
a devil drawer (.)
devils dung
devils dust -,
devils fig
devils finger (.)
devils flax (.)
devils flower
devils food cake
devils gold rings
devils grass
devils guts ; ; (.)

185

devils hair (.)


devils horse
devils ironweed (.)
devils leaf
devils livery (colours) (.)
devils luck ;
devils Mass
devils milk
devils own luck
devils-paintbrush -
devils paternoster , ,
devils pitchfolk
devils plaque
devils rattlebox
devils roots (.)
devils shoestring (.)
devils smiles
devils tattoo
devils tether
devils toe-nail
devils tongue (.)
devils tree (.)
devils trumpet
devils walking stick
devils weed
devilwood
devil-worship
as the devil
Better the devil you know than the devil you dont know

for the devil of it


Indian devil
like the devil looking over Lincoln , ,
poor devil ,
printers devil
the devil himself (.) c
How (what, when, where, who) the devil do I know!
the devil a bit (a penny)
the devil among the tailors , ,
the devil and all ;
the devil and all to do
the devil and all to pay

186

The devil finds work for idle hands


The devil is dead
The devil is good to his own
The devil is not so black as he is painted ,
The devil knows many things because he is old
the devil of it
the devil rebuking ,
The devil rides on a fiddlestick
The devil sometimes speaks the truth
The devil take (fly, send, snatch) !
The devil take the hindmost
Between the devil and the deep sea
To fear smb. s the devil fears holy water
To give the devil his due
To go to the devil , ;
To paint the devil blacker than he is
To play the devil and all with smth
To pull the devil by the tail ;
To pull devil, pull baker , ?
To raise the devil
To serve the devil for Gods sake ,

To speak and talk of the devil and he will appear


To whip the devil round the stump (post) (.)

When the devil is blind


When the devil is dead, he never lacks a chief mourner ,
When the devil was sick, the devil a monk would be

With the devil at ones heels
deuce
deuce-ace
Deuce take you !
It played the deuce with me
The deuce is in you
What the deuce is the matter? ?
dickens
dickensian
What the dickens!

187

demon
demoniac, demoniacal, demonic , ,
demon at smt.
demon for work
demon drink
daemon
debbil, dybbuk (.)
fiend ,
Old Scratch, Old Horny, Old Dad, Old Gooseberry, Old Gentleman, Old Nick,
Old Harry, the Old Boy Himself, Clootie,

(, , , , , , , , , , , , , , )
, , (.)
(.)
(.)
(.) , , ,
(.) , ,
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(.)











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188


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, , , , , , , , ,






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189





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190



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191

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192

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