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1.

.
1.1


15.2 7.6 :
- qo n = 22 / 2 ;
- f11.2
- 245(Ry=240)
- 245(Ry=240);
- -08.
2 :
1.
2. .

.
1.

2.

1.2

n0 = 150;

2, 06*105
1 =
=
= 2, 26*105 ;
2
2
1
1 0,3


l 4* n0 72* 1 4*150
72* 2, 26*105
=
1 +
=
1 +
= 98, 44.
t
15 n04 * q0n
15 1504 * 22*103

l - ; t .
l = 1 = 100
l
= 1, 01 .
98, 44
t = 10 .
t =

:
q n = * t * g = 7,85*0, 01*9,81 = 0, 77 / 2
g = 9,81 / 2 ( )
= 7,85 / 3 ( ).

:
q n = q0n + qn = 22 + 0, 77 22, 7 / 3 ;

b0 = 1 , :
p n = q n * b0 = 22, 7 *0, 01 = 0, 227 / ;
E1b0t 3 2, 26*105 *103 *0, 013
1 I =
=
= 0,188
12
12
f0
5 p nl 4
5 0, 227 *14
=
=
= 1,572;
t 384 E1 It 384 0,188*0, 01

3 f 02
= 3*1,572 = 7, 415;
t2
f 0 - .
0 :
3 f 02
;
t2
= 7, 415;

0 ( 1 + 0 ) =
2

, 0 ( 1 + 0 )
x = 1 + 0 ;
2

x 3 + x 2 = 7, 414.

x = 2,346;
0 = x 1 = 2,346 1 = 1,346.

Fcr H :
2 E1 I 3,142 *0,188
=
= 1,854 ;
l2
12
H = 0 Fcr = 2, 495 .
Fcr =

-22

p = ( f 1q0n + f 2 qn ) b0 = ( 1, 2* 22 + 1, 05*0, 77 ) *0, 01 = 0, 272 / ;


f 1 f 2 - .

l :
M0 =

pl 2 0, 272*12
=
= 0, 034 .
8
8

:
M=

M0
0, 034
=
= 0, 0145 .
1 + 0 1 + 1,346

:
= b0t = 0, 01*0, 01 = 1*104 2 .

:
W=

b0t 2 0, 01*0, 012


=
= 1, 66*106 3 .
6
6

( = 1) :
H M 2, 495 *103 0, 0145 *103
= +
=
+
= 112 p Ry c = 240 .
A W
1*107
1, 66 *107

, , ,
, :
f R f = 0,9*180 = 162 p z R z = 1, 05*167 = 175 ;

, R f = 180 ( . 2 C8 08 )
R z = 165 ( . 1 245 )
f = 0,9; z = 1, 05; ( .1.1 ).
:
H
2, 495 *103
=
= 1,54 *103 = 1,54 .
f R f l f f c 0,9 *180 * 0, 01*1*1

kf

k f = 4 .1.2 t = 10 Ryn p 430 .

.
1.3.1 1. .
1.3

q = ( f 1q0n + f 2 qn + f 2 qn. . ) = ( 1, 2* 22 + 1, 05*0, 77 + 1, 05*0,35 ) *1 = 27,576 / ;

n
q0 = 22 /

( )
q = 0, 77 / ( )
q n. . = 0,35 / 2 ( ,
qn. . = 0,3...0,5 / 2 ).
:
n

M =

ql 2 27,576 * 7,62
=
= 199 .
8
8

-33

1 = 1,12 Wxn :
Wxn =

nM
0,95 *199 * 103
=
= 639 3 ;
c1Ry c 1,12 * 240 * 1,1

.9 36 Wx = 743 3 g = 48,6 / .
h = 360
b = 145
d = 7,5
t = 12,3
R = 14
S x = 423

I x = 13380

1 Af / ( f - , A ).
f

bf t

14,5 * 1,23
= 0,827
A ( h 2t 2 R ) d ( 36 2 * 1,23 2 * 1,4 ) * 0,75
.4 c1 = 1,1 .
=

:
q = ( 1, 2 * 22 + 1, 05*0, 77 ) *1 + 1, 05* 48, 6*9,81*103 = 27, 709 / .
M max Qmax :
ql 2 27,709 * 7,6 2
M max =
=
= 200 ;
8
8
ql 27,709 * 7,6
Qmax =
=
= 105 .
2
2

:
n M max 0,95 * 200 * 10 3
=
= 232 R y c = 240 *1,1 = 264 ;
c1W x
1,1 * 743
Q S
0,95 * 105 * 423 * 10
= n max x =
= 42 Rs c = 140 *1,1 = 154 .
t I x
0,75 *13380
=

:
f
5 qnl3
5 28,3* 7, 63 *105
1
1
f
=
=
=
p =
;
5
l 384 EI x 384 2, 06 *10 *13380 346 l 250
f l = 1 250 - ( .7);
q n = ( q0n + qn ) + qn. . = ( 22 + 0, 77 ) *1 + 48, 6*9,81*103 = 23, 247 / .

12 :
g
48,6
= 7850 * 0,01 +
= 127,1 / 2 ;

1
3
= 7850 / .
g1 = * t +

1.3.2 2.
.
.

t = 10 l = 3 ( l - ); = 1 ( -
); q = 27,576 / ( q - ).
M max :
ql 2 27,756 * 3 2
=
= 31 ;
8
8
1 = 1,12 , Wxn :
M
0,95 * 31 * 10 3
W xn n max =
= 99,6 3 .
c1 R y c
1,12 * 240 *1,1
M max =

.9 16 Wx = 109 3 , g . . = 15,9 /
:

h = 160
b = 81
d = 5
t = 7,8
R = 6,5
I x = 873
S x = 62,3

4
3

.
F1 , 2-
.
F1 = 2Q =

2ql1
= ( f 1 q0n + f 2 qn ) al1 + f 2 q. . l1 = (1, 2* 22 + 1, 05*0, 77) *1*3 + 1, 05*0,156*3 = 82
2

l1 = 3 - ;
q . . = mg = 15,9 * 9,81 = 156 = 0,156 .

F1
,
g .. = 0,5 / .
q =

7 F1
7 *82
+ g . =
+ 0,5 = 76, 026 / ;
l
7, 6

:
M max =

ql 2 76, 026*7, 62
=
= 549 .
8
8

:
5

Wxn

n M max 0,95*549*103
=
= 1763 3 .
c1 Ry c
1,12* 240*1,1

-5 . 9 55 Wx = 2035 3 , g . . = 92, 6 /
:

h = 550
b = 180
d = 11

t = 16,5
R = 18
I x = 55962c
S x = 1181

, :
7 *82
+ 92, 6*9,81*103 = 76, 4 / ;
7, 6
76, 4*7, 62
M max =
= 552 ;
8
76, 4*7, 6
Qmax =
= 290 .
2
.4 1 = 1,115
Af
18 * 1,65
=
= 0,561
A ( 55 2 * 1,65 2 * 1,8) * 1,1
q =

:
n M max 0,95*552*103
=
= 231 p Ry c = 240*1,1 = 264 ;
c1Wx
1,115* 2035
Q S
0,95* 290*1181*10
= n max x =
= 58 p Rs c = 140*1,1 = 154 ;
t I x
1*55962
max =

f
5 q nl 3
5 64, 26*7, 63 *105
1
f
=
=
=
p
5
l 384 EI x 384 2, 06*10 *55962 313 l
qn =

= 250 ;

7 F1n
7 *68, 78
n
+ q
+ 0,91 = 64, 26 /
. . =
l
7, 6

F n = q n + qn l + qn l = ( 22 + 0, 77 ) *1*3 + 0,156*3 = 68, 78


( 0 ) 1 . . 1
1
n
q
. . = 92, 6*9,81 = 908 / = 0,91 / .

,
1( l ef = 1 ). .1.3 :
l ef
b

100
= 5,56
18

l ef

,
lim

b = 180 - 55.
6


l ef

l ef

. 1.3:

b
b b E
= 0,35 + 0,0032 + 0,76 0,02
=
t
t h Ry
lim

18 2,06 * 10 5

= 0,35 + 0,0032 * 15 + (0,76 0,02 * 15) *


= 15,7
55
240

b t 15, b t = 181,65 = 10,9

15.
,
.
12 2- :
g n. . g .
15,9 92, 6
g2 = g +
+
= 7850*0, 01 +
+
= 125,3 / 2 .

b
1
3
n

2- .

1.4 .
1.4.1 ( 2- ).
f
.7 l = 1 n = 1 400 .
0
(
R
=
240

;
t
=
2
...
20 ) .
: 245 y
F 2- :
2ql
= ql = 76, 4*7, 6 = 585 ;
2
5*585
q =
= 192 / ;
15, 2
VA = VB = 1462 .
F=

M max = VA ( 1, 6 + 6 ) F1 (3 + 6) = 1462*7, 6 585*9 = 5846 ;

Qmax = 1462 .

M = M max = 5846 = 1, 02*5846 = 5963 ;

Q = Qmax = 1462 = 1, 02*1462 = 1491 ;


= 1,02 - .

:
F n = q n l = 64, 26*7, 6 = 488 ;
VA = VB = 1220 ;
M n = ( 1220*7, 6 488*9 ) = 4978 ;
n
q
=

5* 488
= 160 / .
15, 2

:
7

Wx

n M 0,95*5963*103
=
= 21458 3 ;
Ry c
240*1,1

t = 12

( t 7 + 3h = 7 + 3 *1,52 = 12

h = L 10 = 15,210 = 1,52 )

hopt
hopt = 1,1

Wx
21458
= 1,1
=147 .
t
1, 2

:
Ry M n
240 4978
= 2*0,1*1520* 400
= 118 .
E M max
2, 06*105 5963
. 9, .5 h = 1500 :
h = 1500 10 = 1490 .
3 Qmax
3 1462*10
t
=
0,95 ,
2 h Rs c 2 149*140*1,1
Rs = 140 . 1 245.
t = 1c .
hmin 2 Ln0

,
:
230
149
=
= 4,97 p 5,5 .

5
1 2, 06*10

:
Af

Wx h t 21458 149*1

= 119 2 .
h
6
149
6

2
48025 ( Af = 48* 2,5 = 120 )

:
bef
tf

23,5
E
2, 06 *105
= 9, 4 p 0,5
= 0,5
15 ,
2,5
Ry
240

bef =

b f t
2

48 1
= 23,5 .
2

, I x Wx :
8

t h3
1*1493
+ 2 Af a 2 =
+ 2*120*872 = 2092222 4 ;
12
12
t
h
149 25
+
= 87 .
a = + f =
2
2
2
2
2I
2* 2092222
Wx = x =
= 27172 3 ;
h
154
2
h t t h2
149 + 2,5 1*149
S x = b f t f + f + = 48* 2,5
+
= 11865 3 .

8
2
8

2 2
Ix =


:
n M max 0,95*5963*103
max =
=
= 208 p Ry c = 240*1,1 = 264 ;
Wx
27172
Q S
0,95*1462*11865*10
= n max x =
= 78 p Rs c = 139, 2*1,1 = 153 ;
I x t
2092222*1
Rs = 0, 58Ry = 139, 2 .

bf

b1f

, :
bf h
1

10

b f 154

b f 180

bf

bf

b f 240 .

1
b f = 30 .
1
I 1x , Wx1 S f ( ):

t h3
1*1493
+ 2 A1f a2 =
+ 2*30* 2,5*872 = 1411012 4 ;
12
12
1
2I
2 * 1411012
W x1 = x =
= 18325 3 ;
h
154
tf
h
149 2,5
3
S 1f = b1f t f + = 30 * 2,5
+
= 5681 .
2
2
2
2

I 1x =


8 08 ( Ry = 0,85R y ).
qz 2 qLz + 2W x1 0,85 R y = 0;
192 z 2 192*15, 2* z + 2*18325*0,85* 240*103 = 0;
: z1 = 11,93 z2 = 3, 262 .

qz2 ( L z2 ) 192*3, 262 ( 15, 2 3, 262 )


=
= 3738 ;
2
2
L

15, 2

Q1 = q z2 = 192
3, 262 = 833 .
2

M1 =

:
M 1h 3738*149*103
1 = 1 =
= 197 ;
Wx h
18325*154

1 =

Q1S 1f
1
x

It

833*5681*10
= 33,5 .
1411012*1

:
= 12 + 312 = 1972 + 3*33,5 2 = 205 p 1,15Ry c = 1,15* 240*1,1 = 304 .

.

. :
=

h
t

Ry
E

149
240
= 5,08 2,5 .
1 2,06 * 10 5

,
= 5,08 5,5 . = 5,08 2,5
.

a = L m1 = 15200 9 = 1688 = 169 .
max = 2h = 2 * 149 = 298 .

:
h
1490
+ 40 =
+ 40 = 89,6 .
30
30
br = 90 .
br =

: t p 2br

Ry
E

= 2 * 90

240
= 6,14 .
2,06 * 10 5

t p = 8 .

10

.

z = 1, 6 .
q z ( L z ) 192*1, 6 ( 15, 2 1, 6 )
=
= 2089 ;
2
2
L

15, 2

Qz = q z = 192
1, 6 = 1152 .
2

Mz =

1-1 :
M z h 2089*103 *149
= 1 =
= 110 ;
Wx h
18325*154

Qz 1152*10
=
= 77 ;
h t
149*1

loc =

F
580, 64
=
= 25, 24 ;
l0t
23*1

ql
= ql = 76, 4*7, 6 = 580, 64 ;
2
q = 76, 4 / ;
l0 = b + 2t f = 18 + 2* 2, 5 = 23 .
F =2

11

0, 76 R
0, 76

cr = 10, 3 1 + 2 2s = 10,3* 1 +
2
ef
0,882

h
149
= =
= 0,882;
a 169
a Ry 169
240
ef =
=
= 5, 768;
t E
1 2, 06*105
:

140
5, 7682 = 85, 666 ;

3
b1 t
30 2,5
= f f = 0,8*

= 2, 475;
hef t
151,5 1
a
169

25, 24
= 0, 229 f 0,172 (0,172-
h = 151,5 = 1,115; loc =

110
ef
loc . 8 ) :
cR
39,89* 240
cr = 2 2 y =
= 287,8 ;
5, 082

a
2 = 39,89 . 8 hef = 1,115 .
:

loc ,cr =

c1 Ry

2
a

21,334* 240
= 153,9 ;
5, 7682

a
1 = 21,334 . 8 hef = 1,115 = 2, 475 .

a =

a
t

Ry
E

169
240
= 5, 768;
1 2, 06*105

+ cr

cr loc ,cr

2
2

25, 24 77
110
+
+ =
+
= 1, 09 p c = 1,1.
287,8 153,9 85, 666
cr

.
z = 7, 6
q z ( L z ) 192*7, 6 ( 15, 2 7, 6 )
M z =
=
= 5544,96 ;
2
2
L

15, 2

Qz = q z = 192*
7, 6 = 0
2

, 2-2 , :
=

M z h 5544,96*103 *149
=
= 197 ;
Wx h
27172*154

Qz
0
=
= 0.
h t 149 *1
12

loc = 25, 24 .

:
r = 85, 666 .

:
3

3
bf t f
48 2,5
=
= 0,8

= 3,96.
hef t
151,5 1
a
169
hef = 151,5 = 1,115 loc = 25, 24197 = 0,13 f 0,129

:
cr =

c2 Ry

39.89* 240
= 287,8 ;
5, 082

2 = 39,89 . 8 a h = 1,115.
ef

:
loc ,cr =

c1 Ry

2
a

22,348* 240
= 161, 2 .
5, 768

c1 = 22,348 .8 a h = 1,115 = 3,96.


ef

+ loc

loc ,cr

2
2

25, 24 0
197
+
+ =
+ 85, 666 = 0,84 p c = 1,1.

287,8
161,
2

cr

.
z = 4, 6
q z ( L z ) 192* 4, 6 ( 15, 2 4, 6 )
M z =
=
= 4681 ;
2
2
L

15, 2

Qz = q z = 192
4, 6 = 576 .
2

2-2 , :
M z h 4681*103 *149
=
=
= 167 ;
Wx h
27172*154

Qz
576*10
=
= 39 ;
h t
149*1

loc = 25, 24 .


:
cr = 85, 666 ;
cr = 287,8 ;
loc ,cr = 161, 2 .

:
13

+ loc

cr loc ,cr

2
2

25, 24 39
167
+
+ =
+
= 0, 798 p c = 1,1.
287,8 161, 2 85, 666
cr

1.4.2 .

8-08; R f = 180 ( .2); R z = 165 ( .1.1);
f = 0, 7; z = 1 ( .1.1).
f R f = 0, 7 *180 = 126 p R z = 1*165 = 165 .
:
z

kf
T=
V=

T 2 +V 2
4, 642 + 25, 242 *10
=
= 1 = 10 .
n f R f f c
2*0, 7 *180*1*1

Qz S 1f
I

1
x

1152*5681
= 4, 64 / ;
1411012

F 580, 64
=
= 25, 24 / .
l0
23

k f = 10
.1.2 c .

1.5

F = Qmax = 1491 .
:


:
14

n F 0,95*1491*10
=
= 35,8 2 ;
R p c
360*1,1
R p = 360 . ( . 1 245) .
As


bs = b f = 300 .
:
A 35,8
=
= 1,19 .
bs
30
ts = 16 .
ts

:
=

n F 0,95*1491*10
=
= 220 p Ry c = 230*1 = 230 ;
Am
0,962*67

Am = bs ts + 0, 65t

E
2, 06*105
2
= 30*1, 6 + 0, 65*1
= 67 ;
Ry
240

ts bs3 1, 6*303
Iz
=
= 3600 4 ;
12
12
Iz
3600
iz =
=
= 7,34 ;
Am
67

z =

149
= 20,3;
7, 34

. 5 z = 20,3 = 0,962.
:
kf

1, 2 n F
1, 2*0,95*1491*10
=
= 0, 4 ;
n ( R ) min l c 2*0, 7 *180*1( 149 1) *1,1

( R ) min = min ( f R f f ; z R z z ) = min ( 0, 7 *180*1;1*165*1) = min ( 126,165) = 126

.1.2 k f = 5 .
2- ,

1,3Qmax . 40 .
,
:
=

1,3Qmax
k f li

( R ) min c .

k f = 10 :

1,3Qmax
1,3*1491*10
=
= 140 .
k f ( R ) min c
1*126*1,1

,
:

= 2*530 + 360 2 1418 .


15

,

.
kf

Qmax

l ( R )
i

min

1491*10
= 1, 49 .
2*(38 2) *126*1.1

k f = 15 .
1630.
t p = 25 .


:

k f = 8 .(k f = 6...8 ) .
hn :
hn =

N
2982*10
=
= 67 .
4k f ( R ) min c 4*0,8*126*1,1

N = 2Qmax = 2*1491 = 2982 .


hn = 70 .

:
tn =

N
2982*10
=
= 2,37 ;
lef R p 35*360

lef = b + t p = 30 + 2* 2,5 = 35 .
lef - ;
R p = 360 ; - .1.
tn = 25 . (. 9, .9.1).

1.6. .

16


.
.
4 FA
4* 290*10
=
= 4, 4;
2
ns d Rbs b 1*3,14*1, 62 *365*0,9
ns = 1 - .
FA = Q = 290 ; - ;
FA
290 *10
n=
=
= 7,8;
1, 6 * 0, 7 * 365 * 0,9
;
d tmin Rbp b
n=

8 16 4.6
19.

,
.

FA = Q = 290 . -
, ,
3 2 FA .
l =

FA
3
3
290 *10
= *
= 39, 2 .
2 ( R ) min c 2 0,8 *126 *1,1

k f = 8 . ( ), ( R ) min = 126 .

18011010 .
80 .
lu = b f + 80 = 180 + 80 = 260 .

.

t = 8 .
17


1008.
2- . 16-
:
la = 2 * 2d 0 + 3d0 = 4 *19 + 3*19 = 133 .
d 0 = 19 ( ).
2d 0 - ;
3d 0 - .

160 .
:
t

1,5Q 1,5 * 290 *10


=
= 0,5c .
hRs c 55 *140 *1,1

2.
.
2.1 .

245 ( Ry = 240 ; t = 2...20 ).



N 0 = 2Qmax = 2 *1491 = 2982 ( Qmax = 1491 - ).
l = H h . . h . . h. = 8,5 0,16 0,55 = 6, 25 .
H = 8,5 - ;
h . . = 0,16 - ;
h . . = 0,55 - ;
h. . = 1, 54 - .
, 0 = 0,8 :

n N0
0.95 * 2982 *10
=
= 134 2 ;
0 Ry c
0,8 * 240 *1,1

2- .
3608 :
Af =

A A
2

134 36 * 0,8
= 52, 6 2 .
2

t f = 18
b f = 380 , Af = 38 *1,8 = 68, 4 2 .
:

18

A = 36 * 0,8 + 2 * 38 *1,8 = 165, 6 2 ;


2

0,8 * 363
36 1,8
4
Ix =
+ 2 * 38 *1, 4 +
= 51977 ;
12
2
2

2 *1,8 * 383
= 16462c 4 ;
12
I
51977
ix = x =
= 17, 7 ;
A
165, 6
Iy ;

Iy

16462
= 9,97 ;
165, 6

max = y =

l
625
=
= 62, 69;
i y 9,97

iy =

min = 0, 790.

:
=

n N 0 0,95 * 2982 *10


=
= 216 p Ry c = 240 *1 .
min A
0, 790 *165, 6

.
:
=

Ry
E

= 62, 69

240
= 2,14.
2, 06 *105

.2.2 2.1:
u = 1, 20 + 0,35 = 1, 2 + 0,35 * 2,14 = 1,95;
uf = 0, 36 + 0,1 = 0,36 + 0,1* 2,14 = 0,57;

:
hef
t
bef
tf

h
36
E
2, 06 *105
=
= 45 p u
= 1,95
= 57,1;
t 0,8
Ry
240

18, 6
= 10,3 p uf
1,8

E
2, 06 *105
= 0,57
= 16, 7.
Ry
240

, .
:
hef
t

36
E
= 45 p 2,3
= 67, 4.
0,8
Ry

2.2 .
, 2-
, . :
N 0 = 2982 ; l = 625c ; = y = 1; Ry = 240 .

, 0 = 0,8 :
r =

n N0
0,95 * 2982 *10
=
= 73, 77 2 .
2 x 0 Ry c
2 * 0,8 * 240 *1

40 :
19

r = 72, 6 2 ;
ix = 16, 2 ;
m0 = 57 / ;

I x = 19062 4 ;
Wx = 953c 3 ;
S x = 545 3 ;

h = 400 ;
b1 = 155 ;

Wy = 86,1 4 ;

d = 8, 3 ;
t = 13 ;
R = 15 ;

i y1 = 3, 03 ;

I y = 667 4 ;

l 625
=
= 38,58;
ix
16, 2
x1 = 0,898;
N
0,95 * 2990, 4
= n
=
= 218 p Ry c = 240 *1 = 240 ;
2 x1 Ar 2 * 0,898 * 72, 6
N = N 0 + Gst = 2982 + 8, 4 = 2990, 4 ;
=

Gst = 2 f lm0 g = 2 *1, 2 * 6, 25 * 57 * 9,81*103 = 8, 4 .

2- 40.

2.2.1 .

ef x ;

r = 30.
ef = x2 r2 = 38,582 302 = 24, 2;
iy =

yl
ef

1* 625
= 25,83 ;
24, 2

2-
i y = 0, 52b;
i y = 0, 41h.
20

iy

25,83
= 49, 67
0, 52 0,52
b = 45 = 450 ;
b 2b1 + 100 = 2 *155 + 100 = 410 .
b=

y ,
:
I y = 2( I y1 + Ar a 2 ) = 2(667 + 72, 6 * 22,52 ) = 74842 4 ;
b 45
=
= 22,5 ;
2 2
Iy
74842
iy =
=
= 32,1 ;
Ar
72, 6
a=

y =

l
625
=
= 19,5;
i y 32,5

:
d pl = (0,5...0, 75)b;
d pl = 250 ;
t pl = 10 .

:
l0 = r i y1 = 30 * 3.03 = 90,9 ;

l0 = 90 .
:
lr = l0 + d pl = 90 + 25 = 115 .

:
r =

lo
90
=
= 29, 7;
i y1 3, 03

:
ef = y2 + r2 = 19,52 + 29, 72 = 35,53;

5 ef = 35,53 y = 0,909.
=

nN
0,95 * 2990, 4 *10
=
= 215 p Ry c = 240 *1 .
2 Ar y
2 * 72, 6 * 0,909

,
:
Q fic = 7,15 *106 (2330

E N
2.06 *105 2990.4
)
= 7.15 *106 (2330
)
= 35, 08 ;
R y x1
240
0.898

1 = min = 0.898;

21

Q fic lr

35, 08 *1,15
= 44,8 ;
2c
2 * 0, 45
= 2a = 2 * 22,5 = 45c = 0, 45 ;
1
1
M = Q fic lr = * 35, 08 *1,15 = 10,1 * .
4
4

T=


k f = 10 , k f = ts l d pl .
.
24 .2 R f = 180
245 .1 R z = 165 .
:
f R f = 0, 7 *180 = 126 p z R z = 165 *1 .

.
:
l = d pl 2 = 25 2 = 23 ;

A = f k f l = 0, 7 *1* 23 = 16,1c 2 ;

k f l2

W =

0.7 *1* 232


= 61.7 3 ;
6

:
=

M 10,1*103
=
= 164 ;
W
61, 7

T
44,8 *10
=
= 28 ;
A
16,1

:
= 2 + 2 = 1642 + 282 = 166 p R f f c = 180 *1*1 = 180 .

- .

. :
ld =

ld

sin

= 45

sin 45

64 .

635
Ad1 = 6,13 2 ; imin = 1, 25 .

:
d1 =

Q fic
2 A sin
1
d

35, 08 *10
= 40,5 ;
2 * 6,13* sin 45

:
s =

N
2990,9 *10
=
= 205 .
2 Ar
2 * 72, 6

:
d11 = s cos2 = 205 * cos 45 = 102,5 .

:
22

= d1 + d11 = 40,5 + 102,5 = 143 p Ry min c = 240 * 0.847 * 0, 75 = 152 .


l
min = 0,847 .5 d = d i = 641, 25 = 51.
min

k f = 5 , :
l =

Nd
87, 6
=
; 19 ;
f k f R f f c 0, 7 * 0,5 *180 *1* 0, 75

N d = Ad1 = 143* 6,13*101 = 87, 6 .


0, 7 *190 130
0,3*190 60 .

y :
ef = y 2 + 1

A
2 * 72, 6
= 19,52 + 28,8 *
= 26,8 p x = 38,58;
Ad
2 * 6,13

10ld3 10 * 643
1 = 2 = 2
= 28,8;
c lr 45 * 45

lr = c = 45 ; d = 2 Ad1 .


A . =
tp =

n N 0.95 * 2982 *10


=
= 78 2 ;
Rp c
360 *1

A
l . .

78
= 0, 48c
161

l . . = l + 2t = 1560 + 2 * 25 = 1610
hp =

nN
0.95 * 2982
+1 =
+ 1 = 26.5
k f ( R ) min c
0.8 *1* 0.7 *180 *1*1.1

2.3. .
2.3.1. .
4000
5000. 245 ( Ry = 240 ),
12,5 ( Rb = 7,5 );
N 0 = 2982 . N = N 0 + Gs .
Gs = 2 1 m0 lg = 2 *1, 2 * 6, 25 * 57 * 9,81*103 = 8, 4 ;
N = 2982 + 8, 4 2990

B a1 + 2ttr + 2c = 400 + 2 *14 + 2 *86 = 600 ;


ttr = 10...16 - ;

- ;
= 80...100 .
:
Rb ,loc = 1, 2 Rb = 1, 2 * 7,5 = 9 .

23

:
L

N
2990
=
*103 = 0,553 .
BRb ,loc 0, 6 * 0, 7

BxL = 60 x70 .
:
N
2990
=
*103 = 7,1 ;
BL 0, 6 * 0, 7

qf =

1 b a = 442 387 = 1.14 .2.4 = 0, 058 .


b = 450 2 * 4,15 = 442;
a = 400 2 * 6,5 = 387 /
M 1 = q f a 2 = 0, 058 * 7,1* 3,872 *101 = 61, 6 * .

2:
b1 125
=
= 0,3 .2.4 = 0, 032 .
a1 400
M 2 = q f a12 = 0, 032 * 7,1* 402 *101 = 36, 4 * .

:
M3 =

q f c2
2

7,1*8, 62 *101
=
= 26, 2 * .
2

:
t

6 M max
=
Ry c

6 * 61, 6 *10
= 3, 74 ;
240 *1,1

M max = max( M1 , M 2 , M3 ) = M1 = 61, 6 * .


t = 40c .
,
8 08 ( R f = 180 ).
24

nN
0,95 * 2990 *10
=
+ 1 = 43, 7 ;
n f k f R f f c 4 * 0, 7 *1, 2 *180 *1*1,1
n = 4 - ;
k f = 12 - .
htr

htr = 40 .
:
tr =

6 M tr 6 *1664 *10
=
= 45 p Ry c = 240 *1,1 = 264 ;
ttr htr2
1, 4 * 402

tr =

Qtr
266.3*10
=
= 48 p Rs c = 140 *1,1 = 154 ;
1.4 * 40
ttr htr

qtr b12 21,3*12,52


M tr =
=
= 1664 * ;
2
2
Qtr = qtr b1 = 21,3*12,5 = 266,3 ;
qtr = q f (

a1
40
+ ttr + c) = 7,1( + 1, 4 + 8, 6) *101 = 21,3 / .
2
2

,
, ( k f = 10 ):
=

nN
0,95 * 2990 *10
=
= 148 ;
f k f li 0, 7 *1* 273,32
= 2 * 70 + 4 *12,5 + 4 * 0,83 + 2 * 40 = 273,32 .

2.3.2. .
245( Ry = 240 ).
12,5 ( Rb = 7,5 ).
N = 2990 .
B

N
=
Rb ,loc

2990
= 58 ;
9

B = 600 .
:
qf =

N 2990
=
*103 = 8,3 ;
2
2
B
0, 6

:
b.
a. b
.
Ab = 60 * 60 = 3600 2 ;

25

= 39, 6 * 38 = 1504,8 2 ;
= b 2 ;
b=


1504,8
=
21,9 ;

3,14

Ab
3600
=
33,8 ;

3,14

b 21,9
=
= 0, 6;
a 33,8
b a f 0,5 .

:
M = q f * At * c = 8,3* 500 * 5, 48 *101 = 22274 * ;
t - ;
b1 = 38 ;
B = 60 ;
h = 10, 2c .
b1 + B
38 + 60
At =
*h =
*10, 2 = 500 2 ;
2
2
2 B + b1 ) h ( 2 * 60 + 38 ) *10, 2
(
=
=
= 5, 48 ;
3(60 + 38)
3( B + b1 )
t pl =

6M
6 * 59,8
=
= 3, 76 ;
38 * 230 *1,1
b Ry c
1

t pl = 40 .
.
2- : M r -
M t - . 1
:
M r = kr N = 0, 02 * 2990 = 59,8 * ;

M t = kt N = 0, 0377 * 2990 = 112, 7 * ;


kr kr - = b = 21,9
= 0, 6 .
a
33,8

:
6 M r 6 * 59.8 *10
=
= 224 ;
t2
42
6M
6 *112.7 *10
t = 2 t =
= 423 ;
t
42
N
2990 *10
=
=
= 54, 4 ;
2 bt 2 * 3,14 * 21,9 * 4

r =

= r2 + t2 r t + 3 2 =
= 2242 + 4232 224 * 423 + 3* 54, 42 = 378 f Ry c = 240 *1.1 = 260 ;

, t pl = 50 .
26

6 M r 6 * 59.8 *10
=
= 144 ;
t2
52
6M
6 *112.7 *10
t = 2 t =
= 270 ;
t
52
N
2990 *10
=
=
= 43 ;
2 bt 2 * 3,14 * 21,9 * 5

r =

= r2 + t2 r t + 3 2 =
= 1442 + 2702 144 * 270 + 3* 432 = 246 p Ry c = 240 *1.1 = 260 ;

:
1. .

m1 = 7850 * 0,380 * 0, 018 * 6, 25 * 2 + 7850 * 0, 008 * 0,36 * 6, 25 = 812, 475;

2. :
.) .

m2 = 2 * 57 * 6.25 + 2 * 6 * 0, 01* 0, 45 * 0, 25 * 7850 = 818, 475.

.) .

m3 = 2 * 57 * 6, 25 + 2 *13* 0, 64 * 4,81 = 792,538.

:
.

27

:
1. . ., . ., . .

.. , 1986. 366.
2. . . .
: , 1991. 131 .
3. . .. :
, 1986. 560 .
4. . 1. :
. .
: , 1997. 527 .
5. 2.01.07-83. . :
, 1986. 34 .
6. II 23-81 . . :
, 1982. - 93 .
7. II 23-81* . .
: , 1982. - 94 .
8. .
9. .
. . : . , 1990. -40 .
10. . ., . .
-
1202 . : , 1977.
11. Calculul structurilor metalice. Eurocode 3. Exemple de calcul. Ed- Dubina
D., Rondal J., Vayas I. Published by Bridgeman Ltd., Timisoara ,-1997,

28

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